By: John Akech, UGANDA, FEB/27/2013, SSN;
The republic of South Sudan attained her independence on the 9th of July 2011, the independence came as the result of referendum which granted south Sudanese the option to vote for self determination in which south Sudanese overwhelmingly chose for their independent country with over ninety eighty percent vote in favor.
In the tense, larger and troubled Jonglei state, there has ever been a stronghold of the militias activities which has been the main cause of insurgency to the government of South Sudan as well as the ruling party of Sudan people’s liberation movement in the South.
Pertaining to the 2010 April election in which Governor Manyang was democratically elected as state governor and in the same way a flag bearer of the SPLM. As a result of election, the renegade general George Athor Deng Dut launched a rebellion in his home town of Pigi county which was fighting the incumbent government of governor Manyang and the whole country of South Sudan.
The author thought Governor Manyang must resign to save the lives of the innocent civilians of Jonglei state, this is because, the Jonglei state government has fully failed to protect its citizens and their properties within Jonglei state.
Civil population of Jonglei state since the signing of the comprehensive agreement [CPA] which ended the long civil war between South Sudan and the then Sudan, that yielded the prevailing peace and stability and allowed the population of South Sudan to enjoy peaceful fruits of CPA except for the people of Jonglei state who continued shedding blood.
And this is because of the weak system of governance. All these because of the poor governance and lack of clear strategy from the government to disarm the civil population of South Sudan in general and Jonglei state in particular.
Therefore the personal weakness of Governor Manyang or may be because of the fragility of the state of Jonglei and it civil population thereof, it’s imperative that the incumbent Governor must resign to pave way for the peaceful co-existence of civil population of Jonglei state.
Peoples of Jonglei state at first suffered under the atrocities of then militias and rebels of late George Athor in which inhuman atrocities and human rights were totally abused by the rebels and its Khartoum alliance militias. And as per that only a small peace prevailed after untimely death of renegade Athor.
But the ongoing peace was again disturbed by the insurgency of David Yau Yau, who rebelled against the government of South Sudan after he lost his legislative consistency contest of Gumrua payam of Pibor county to his SPLM challenger.
The murle community is another threat to the government of South Sudan and in particular to the state of Jonglei and mostly to the communities of Dinka Bor and Lou-Nuer. The murle militias are on timely committing numerous atrocities. However the government of Jonglei state failed to disarm its civil population in which several lives has been lost every day as the result of inter-communal fighting in between the tribes.
In flashback, the former and the first governor of Jonglei state, Philiph Thon Leek Deng, was questioned by the communities of Lou-Nuer, Dinka Bor and the legislative assembly of Jonglei state plus the state intellectuals, however then governor surrendered his position to Kuol Manyang in February 2007 in which they exchanged their various positions in which Manyang assumed the position of governorship and Thon became national minister of Roads in the government of National unity in Khartoum Sudan.
This move was done because Manyang pledged to maintain insecurity and curb down cattle raiding and inter-communal fighting among the communities plus the activities of militias which where hosted by Pibor Community.
In 2012 and 2013 the death toll has really increased in Jonglei state in which David Yau Yau militias and his own tribe of Murle are killing Lou-Nuer and Dinka Bor on daily basis because those communities were disarmed and murle were not disarmed or either rearmed by Yau Yau.
My personal advice, if the Governor Manyang is not able to contain and maintain the security of Jonglei then he should resign the same way the then Governor Philip Thon allowed him to take over should be done by him. Let Manyang allow an able person who will contain the security and disarm the local population of Jonglei state.
There is no need whereby civilians should die on daily basis because of cattle raiding, militias killing and Yau Yau activities like the recent massacres of over hundred peoples in Akobo and raiding of more than ten thousand heads of cattle in PJkeer payam and jale payam plus unmentioned events or incidents which are occurring always.
Governor Manyang’s personality and his positive contribution during the south-north Sudan war of twenty one years are fundamental and unforgettable to all South Sudanese who were the part of liberation struggle, but today his administration has failed to curtail the insurgency of militias and murle tribe which always launch meaningless attacks on numerous peace-loving tribes of jonglei state plus their continuous hosting of Khartoum militias before and after the war.
The author is a South Sudanese lives in Uganda, he can be reached for comments at firstname.lastname@example.org