Why Dr. Riek, Nyandeng & Pagan are Reasonable to Remain Calm!

BY: Tongun Lo Loyuong, FINLAND, NOV/23/2013, SSN;

This piece is a mild response to “South Sudan Needs Intensive Care,” written by the prolific South Sudanese author, Brother Elhag Paul, and posted on South Sudan Nation website on November 19th, 2013. As much as there is often some truth in what Mr. Paul writes including in this last article, on this occasion I am convinced that he got it wrong.

This is particularly related to Mr. Paul’s rallying cry for Dr. Riek, Momma Nyandeng and Pagan to urgently react and wrestle power from president Kiir in light of his introduction of Koc Beny (help, protect or serve the president) policies epitomized in the illegal building of a battalion of militia from his region dubbed “Republican Guards.”

Kiir seems poised to go down kicking and screaming, which is why Dr. Riek, Momma Nyandeng and Pagan are reasonable to remain calm.

The same applies to all South Sudanese. Else we risk contributing to a premature unmaking of our beloved South Sudan if we go down the path of violence as a means to resolve political differences.

Before delving into the substance of Mr. Paul’s latest article, let me register that I have been one of those who admired most of Mr. Paul’s literary masterpieces. The eloquence with which he presents his cases can persuade even the devil! His command of the foreign language is second-to-none.

Even with those pieces that at face value come across as highly ethnically charged and hence a disservice to our nation-building and peace-building aspirations in South Sudan, I have often found myself motionless and unable to make up my mind.

This is true even for someone who is academically trained as a theologian (an Islamic expert) and a peace scholar (policy expert) and would like to think of himself as a peace-practitioner such as myself.

Moreover, as a writer and a blogger, I realize the daunting task and the time consuming nature but also the will and dedication committed to piecing ideas together into a coherent literary narrative, never mind as persuasive as most of Paul’s articles are and not least written in second or third language.

In that sense I would expect appreciation of my own time spent in composing an op-ed first and foremost, disagreement with the substance of the presented argument notwithstanding.

For that, Mr. Paul’s intellectual contribution to promote lasting peace with justice in South Sudan is much appreciated.

It is in these kinds of intellectual engagement that we enrich each other on the way forward in the difficult task of nation-building, a task made even more daunting in an ethnically charged and tribally committed society of the like of South Sudanese society.

However, it is here that I fundamentally disagree with Mr. Paul’s last persuasion on how political change can be expedited to foster positive social change in South Sudan.

Obviously one would have to gauge the underlying assumption of Paul’s last piece in order to provide an adequate and fair response.

There are several assumptions that can be read.

First, it is clear as is the case with most of Paul’s writings that the piece is borne out of frustration with president Kiir’s leadership failure, and what Paul rightly sees as Kiir’s possible “wish to cling to power at all cost to protect his personal gains and to advance Jienganization.”

Paul is particularly nervous about what he has repeatedly aired as Jieng’s expansionist and domination agenda in South Sudan.

In this last article alone the phrase “Jienganization,” which Paul has coined to capture the substance of his fears occurs not less than three times and its variable, “Jieng,” dominates the piece.

I do believe there is some legitimacy in Paul’s grave concern with some Jieng’s behavior. I have in the past voiced similar concerns in an article entitled “the Dinka Problem in South Sudan (I),” that predicted some of the current happenings, such as the commitment of president Kiir’s community to see to it that Kiir remains in power until “2020 and beyond” come rain or shine.

However, following public uproar, threats and what not, I quickly rejected the idea of continuing with that debate and decided to change the title in the subsequent piece.

I realized that though some Jieng members appreciated the effort and saw the good intention of the article for what it was as a constructive criticism, most were consumed with emotion and saw that the community was under attack.

This meant that the moment was not ripe to write about tribalism in South Sudan. I will revisit the topic soon though.

But let us come back to where thence my disagreement with Mr. Paul lies when it comes to the whole debate about the Jieng of South Sudan momentarily.

Second, another of Mr. Paul’s underlying assumption in most of his writings is the evidently deep love and passion to see peaceful co-existence and mutual recognition between the varied and many tribes of South Sudan reign, in order for development, prosperity and the delivery of the much coveted social and economic services to the people of South Sudan can commence in earnest.

And third, as reflected in most of his writings too, Mr. Paul dislikes the ruling party Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) to the core, and would like to see the demise of this party yesterday rather than today.

This is clearly reflected in his statement urging the triad of Dr. Riek, Momma Nyandeng and Amum to act now before it is too little too late, even as Mr. Paul is convinced the three are as corrupt as Kiir.

It seems for Mr. Paul it is more a case of trading off a greater evil for a lesser one, and if with it comes the collapse of the SPLM party, it will be much welcomed as akin to striking two birds with one stone.

To this end, Brother Paul writes: “Time is of the essence here. This seems to be the only opening left for any of them or all of them combined to challenge for the leadership. Failure will mean – as stated already – a one way march to the garbage bin of politics.

It will be next to impossible for any of them to make a political come back in South Sudan for the simple fact the SPLM (their beloved organisation) is already waning with its unforgettable history of massive corruption, crime, Jienganisation, and killings.

If they choose to be binned, perhaps that may even help them to retire to enjoy the millions of dollars they looted from the state coffers. However there is no guarantee that the next government will not call on them to account with possible confiscation of the illegally gotten gains.”

I cracked when I was reading this section of Mr. Paul’s article.
However, here is the gist of my reservation with Mr. Paul logic in this piece.

As I mentioned above, I have had and still do have my share of concerns with the manner by which Kiir and his tribes-mates have carried themselves since the CPA came.

It particularly irritates me when they falsely lay claim to all credits for the delivery of South Sudan’s independence, which in turn has served as a pretext to legitimize their sense of entitlement to dominate public offices, privatize national resources, disregard academic merits for employment opportunities and occupy other communities’ ancestral land.

It is equally painful to regard a fellow human being never mind a compatriot as coward, slave and what not.

Together these policies and sentiments are pushing South Sudan to the brink of violent mayhem across everything— ethnicities, clans, political interests groups, you name it.

However, it is worth emphasizing that what South Sudan is presently going through is no longer Jieng versus Nuer, or the Nilots versus Equatorians.

To his credit, president Kiir has problematized the issue to the extent it has trickled down to strictly power politics. The “Jienganisation” contribution to it is that Kiir’s Jieng’s section has thrown their weight behind their boy.

But this is also true of many pockets in different sections of South Sudanese ethnic groups who benefit from the status quo to have equally pledged their allegiance to Kiir’s government and political aspiration to remain in power to the year 2020 and beyond.

Another “Jienganization” of the problem would be that some members of the Jieng communities stand to benefit from illegal land occupation in Juba, Nimule and elsewhere with state backing, as the much public uproar in recent months suggests.

But while this is true, land conflicts are much more complex than at face value. Even Nuer clans are reported to have clashed over land ownership issues in Unity State just yesterday.

Moreover, a quick glance at court cases in Juba pertaining to land ownership suggests the problem permeates and has even divided not just tribes and clans but even family members.

In short, reframing the manner by which we approach some of these challenges is refreshing and moves the debate to where it belongs, namely the absence of clear land distribution legislation and away from the redundancy of this tribe versus that tribe.

My favorable line of “Jienganization” of politics in South Sudan is one that I have previously held and still stand by it, namely the moral dilemma confronting the Jieng society, and their continuous silence to publicly as a community take Kiir to task.

As I argued in the “Dinka Problem in South Sudan (I)” (see my blog: http://tloloyuong.wordpress.com/2013/08/22/the-dinka-problem-in-south-sudan-part-i/), though some sections of Jieng have also been on the receiving end of Kiir’s policy misgivings, if only by virtue of the distortion of the Jieng tribal image as a result of some of Kiir’s policies, no Jieng community has come out to publicly condemn or question Kiir.

The man is not only above the law, but also seems to be literally above the tribe! And the only section of the Jieng community that has influenced the issuing of a public statement is Kiir’s own section and possibly other sections from the Greater Bahr El-Ghazal State.

But as we all know the communiqué that came out of that conference endorsed Kiir’s aspiration to remain at the helm to 2020 and beyond.

But even the line of thinking that Kiir has distorted the image of the Jieng’s tribe and therefore should invoke the wrath of the Jieng’s communities is simplistic.

As Mr. Paul himself acknowledges in the opening line of his article, other unfortunate Jieng’s clans have not been spared from the negative impact of some of Kiir’s policies.

He notes, “The current leadership of SPLM has steered the organisation to serve the interest of Warrap further creating divisions within the greater Jieng group.”

One would probably even find disgruntled Jieng’s with Kiir even in the president’s home State of Warrap.

Simply phrased current South Sudanese political conundrum seems more complex than the generalized argument of “Jienganization” or tribal politics would allow.

The same applies if use Barization as a term to describe in South Sudan’s political discourse, because, safe for some pockets of Wani Igga’s supporters within the various Bari clans, there is little support for the man, and most of us remain out here in the cold unable to find jobs despite of our racked up graduate degrees.

If it is prudent then to conclude as a result that Igga has distorted the image of the Bari tribe by way of being the second powerful symbol of the unjust system in Juba, the same may be concluded about Dr. Riek for Nuer, Dr. Lam and Amum for Shilluk and so on and so on, which does not hold.

The point here is that no one is clean from these individuals and if their tribes must be taken to task as a result, then we are doomed!

These are politicians and because of this they are literally above their tribes as noted above in relation to Kiir. Therefore they must be treated accordingly.

In fact Paul’s argument disintegrates at first time of asking when he calls for an urgent halt of Jienganization symbolized in the removal of Kiir from power, only to appeal to Momma Nyandeng as one of the saviors.

Is not Momma Nyandeng another Jieng? Who is to guarantee if she assumes power that she won’t embark on another aggressive Jienganization policy, perhaps even more aggressive than Kiir?

What about Shillukization that may result from Amum’s ascension into the First Office, or alternatively potential Nuerization when Dr. Riek assumes power? Again if Paul’s latest logic is correct then we are doomed.

The truth of the matter is that these categorization of South Sudan’s political discourse is deconstructive to peace-building aspirations in the land.

And another truth of the matter is that Kiir has challenged all of us; he looked us in the eye and told us I am staying put in the first office. And I have a Koc Beny militia now to go with it. He has not blinked and therefore we must concede and give the man a second chance in the office, if it was up to me.

It will be idiotic to challenge Kiir by the use of force and drag this country back to all out war, with yet another humanitarian disaster that may result, and for what, for political power struggle for presidency?

South Sudan is more important than the office of the president. Enough with violence already.

The only viable way Kiir can be ousted is the non-violent way of the ballot box and not the flying bullets as some of us are often quick to want.

For this reason, I believe Dr. Riek, Momma Nyandeng, and Mr. Amum are reasonable to remain calm and bid their time even with the latest litany of political provocations, including the overhaul of SPLM’s party structures.

In fact one would argue that one of the intentions of the dissolution of the party structures is probably to provoke knee-jerk reaction and incite the recourse to violence by Kiir’s political opponents.

Think about it, if I was Kiir and I want another term in the first office at all cost. My party seems poised to withdraw confidence in my candidature to remain the party’s flag bearer come next elections.

The legacy of my regime is tainted with corruptions, nepotism, failure of delivering services, gross human rights violations, absence of rule of law, all sorts of growing pressure against my regime from left, right and center, and my term is running out in just over a year.

But I believe I could correct all these wrongs given an extension in my tenure for a second term, or whatever my motives are for being desperate to remain in power, my best shot is probably to provoke my political opponents into resorting to violence against the state.

In so doing I will draw the legitimacy of declaring a nation-wide state of emergency, suspend the constitution indefinitely and with it goes all chances of the conduct of national democratic elections in 2015.

That way I will remain in power legitimately until peace and stability is restored, upon which the state of emergency will be lifted and the constitution will be restored.

Such a political move should give me enough time to wreck some policy changes and correct the wrongs if that was my intention for seeking to remain in the office for a second term.

Alternatively, I will still have enough time to pursue my objectives whatever they are if I could lure my opponents into violence.

If this is true, then it goes to show that the man will stop at nothing, and is ready to throw the baby state out with the bathwater.

Therefore, let the man be. We live to fight another day in the civility of the ballot box come 2015 and assuming the elections are held as Kiir himself has pledged last Week. My two cents!

Tongun Lo Loyuong is reachable at tloloyuong@gmail.com; and can be followed on twitter @TongunLoLoyuong. Numerous other food for thought and intellectual exercise on South Sudan’s issues can be found at: http://tloloyuong.wordpress.com/


  1. Raan Naath says:

    Brother Tongun,

    You are absolutely right. In my own analysis Salva Kiir is cornered from all corners by the giants opposing him in the SPLM. He has lost majority of the politburo and the national liberation council. This explains why he doesn’t want the meeting of the above structures to take place. To him they are useless and need to be dissolved. But he doesn’t have a constitutional provision empowering him to dissolve them. Now poor Kiir is left with very limited options: either to choose to be crazier, tribalize the whole political process (if he succeeds) and fight by the gun to maintain his eroded leadership, or he simply quits SPLM (leave it to the giants) and forms his own political party. The next few days and weeks are very critical in decision making. Dr. Machar and his like-minded majority members of PB and NLC should now allow Kiir to play delaying tactics, they should press him to convene meetings or make a decision expelling him from the chairmanship of the party.

    • Raan Naath says:

      I mean they should NOT allow Kiir to play delaying tactics…

      • Dan says:


        Good observation there mate. There is nothing like Nilotes versus Equatorians.
        In fact almost all the tribes in Equatoria region with the exception of fews such as the Azande are Nilotes. Those who were taught the history books written by Dr. Hassan Turabi like our brothers Tongun and ElHag Paul should be forgiven. They were only taught about Palestinian cause.

  2. Joseph Okello says:

    When it comes to nilotes versus equatorians, I believe there are some ethnicities in equatoria who are nilotes, for example, Acholi and Pari are nilotics and scores of nilotics are also found in Western and Northern Bahrel gazal. This fact cannot be wanned. Let’s talk of tribal politics that is rocking our country, some nilotics are also victims of this tribal politics taking place in this country

  3. kikisik says:

    Mr. Tongun,
    Good comments- although I respect your opinion but I disagree with you. I knew Paul comments will be look at as if he is trying to incite violence, but the fact remains things are not going well in South Sudan at the moment. This Kiir leadership has run out of ideas that is why things keep boiling up- mistakes after mistakes You are right the legacy of President Kiir is tainted with corruptions, nepotism, failure of delivering services, gross human rights violations, absence of rule of law, all sorts of growing pressure against his regime from left, right and center.

    What is going on in South Sudan doesn’t need a rocket scientist to figure it out. What else could people do/say? A lot had been written on this forum and thing keep going from bad to worst. This is a sign that something bad is going to happen though I pray to God that it shouldn’t. Nobody wants South Sudan to slip into chaos except our president because of his failed policies.

    Going back to your comments, quote, “The truth of the matter is that these categorization of South Sudan’s political discourse is deconstructive to peace-building aspirations in the land,” which peace are you talking about? Are you not seeing what is happening in Jonglei, insecurity in Juba, land grabbing in Juba and other parts of South Sudan, insecurity in Ma’di land cause by the so-called- IDPs(Dinka)- unless you are from different world. The other thing is whether we like it or not South Sudan is going to be dominated by tribal politics for a while especially the present policies practice by Kiir government. Here I am not saying tribal politics is bad if it is practised for the benefits of the society.

    How do you know for certain that there is going to be an election come 2015?- To me I doubt given the current political atmosphere. How much damage do you want Kiir to cause to the country- enough is enough kiir must go whether peacefully or through any means. South Sudan doesn’t belong to one tribe.
    “Leaders comes leaders goes, but South Sudan will remain forever”

  4. bolabokdit says:

    Mr. Tongun Loo
    This is a very sober article, sober way of thinking. I quote this from your article “The point is that no one is clean from these individuals”. In fact Dr. Riak, Pagan Amum and Nyandeng are from the same party SPLM with Kiir, so they are not better than Kiir. I am another person who is tired of El hag articles as Majokdit put it. There is no reason to hold all Jieng community accountable when the government that failed to meet public demand. The manner in which Mr. El hag categorized Jieng is not constructive to peace building and aspiration in our country. Let us not point fingers at each other’s tribe instead let’s bind together to take the problem head-on.

  5. Kong Puok Tongluot - Finland says:

    Mr, Tongun LL
    This is a good advice, Mr, Tongun, but you must consent to the significant truth written by Elhag Paul. Dr. Riek Machar, Madam, Nyadeng De Mabior, SG, Pagang Amum Okiech have been opposing incompetent Salva Kii’s wrong doing in SPLM. Please try a bit of lobby for better in 2015.

  6. Major says:

    I’m totally agreed with the author of this article that Dr Rick, Nyadeng De Maboir and Pagan or whoever wants to challenge president Kiir within the SPLM should remain silent for the sake of peace and stability of RSS. However we need to know their plan “B” as it’s already clear that their plan “A” to unseat Kiir from Party leadership has is a gone case since Kiir has managed to get a way with it by dissolving the party’ structures. I think most of us would not hesitate to agree that president Kiir’s tactics to neutralize his opponents are working.

    But the question is, will the people of RSS vote for him again as their best candidate for the future of RSS in the upcoming election 2015? The answer yes. Because there are still some quarters in our society particularly those opportunists or his tribesmen and women who have not yet realized that Kiir, with his initial of no revise gear policy,is not moving forwards.
    There are lot of evidence in Kirr’s leadership failure, with which it’s possible for every RSS citizens to become acquainted even if they have no firsthand information of them. For example, it’s apparent that president Kiir has been held hostage and become a victim in the hands of faithless men who are taking his incompetence as an opportunity by feeding him with immoral thoughts which will eventually lead him into political misconduct and mismanagement of country’s resources. It’s already on the news that four shipments of oil have gone to paid the debt of $4.5 billion and “the borrowing must again be paid out of domestic collections from non-oil revenues”.
    What the hell on earth that a government should behave like that by playing with the nation’s resources while the common citizens are dying of hunger and diseases? There is no doubt that people of RSS are cowards and selfish if not, those civil societies and human activists should be the answer to this madness. They could mobilize mass protests against this unspeakable rotten to the core leadership of Kiir Mayurdit. Unfortunately all eyes are on politicians as they are the ones to bring change which will be too late too little.

  7. okuc says:

    Mr Tongun,

    I disagree with your argument that Kiir should be given another chance to remain in office for more years beyond 2015. The regime of Kiir has failed to run the country despite the oil resources at his disposal because of corruption and rest of ills his government embarked upon.
    You are right, the opponent of Kiir shouldn’t rush to incite violence to remove him from office because this would give him an excuse to launch a war whose consequence we do’don’t want but Kiir shouldn’t be allowed to continue in office because he has militia. The man has already destroyed the country and the fabric of people of South Sudan more than any leader in the History of South Sudan. So he should go.

  8. Albino Kosti says:

    Our president Kiir has ruined our new born nation for almost ten years. The country and its people are suffering a lot during Kiir’s Government rules. There are no programs of development in the country for ten years. South Sudan is going down to hell if you people of South Sudan will keep Kiir in power after 2015.

    Mr. president has done nothing about border demarcation for ten years. He also gave away to the enemy some areas like 14 Miles in Aweil region, not to mention El Higliege or Panthoug in Unity State. Therefore I don’t see any good achievement of the current government of South Sudan to cling to power. We must do something to save the country.

  9. J says:

    Bad governance is satanic manipulation

    Bad governance is a manipulation from the kingdom of darkness. That is why the Bible says that we wrestle not against principalities and powers but against spiritual wickedness in high places. In the realm of the spirit, Satan has taken over so many thrones of governance. There are demons that sit on some thrones and when any leader is appointed or elected and he gets there, he takes orders from the demons and therefore, forgets to deliver on the electoral promises he made. He then tightens the noose on the citizenry in order to cause confusion and instability in the socio-political and economic landscape of the nation.

  10. Tyson says:

    I am sure in the country where you are hiding, any slight incompetence in the government, the people will make noise, the parliament will impeach the President. etc, etc. It takes less than 3 months to clear up the government of the day!!!
    Why should those aspiring for leadership against Kiir continue to bury their heads while Kiir has totally destroyed the country?
    Buying time for Kiir syndrome to continue raining havoc is unacceptable. It is political miscarriage that will result into eventual political infertility.
    I consider your advice as TOTAL HISTORIC MISTAKE that will continue to judge our consciousness in generations to come.

  11. Daughter of Equatoria says:

    You are just too soft towards this failed president. This failed president has done more harm than good to the people of South Sudan. People like you with weak thoughts can drag this country to more sufferings with your prepared vote for this failed president. He does not by any means deserve a second chance no way!
    What a president that threatens lives of citizens with illegal militia?Preparing this country for another Somalia, so be it; or Libya’s incident so be it. Oppressed people are sick and tired of him.
    What a country with no border with the North? kiir should have tirelessly worked on issues of National interest especially issues at the border with Sudan but he is burying himself to creating serious tensions between his own people out of greed.
    what a president? He may rig 2015 elections but he must not be given that chance. The opportunists may vote for him but not the minority suffering ordinary/common citizen,
    Mr. Tongun, do not ask every citizen to give kiir another chance because that is not proper, that is your own opinion any way. It appears to me you don’t really share your thoughts and dreams with the suffering common man. Are you on another planet?

    • Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

      Ouch, Daughter of Equatoria:
      Calling me “soft,” “with weak thoughts” and being from “another planet” is tantamount to hitting me below the belt, particularly when these words come from the lips of a “soft-sex” and a sister. Not trying to perpetuate gender discrimination here but what happened to our women being exemplars of compassion, loving kindness and custodians of peace ideals in our societies? Have forgotten that women are peacemakers in our societies?

      All the same. I appreciate your comment and understand your frustration and the frustration of the oppressed. My appeal for peaceful settlement of political differences is to precisely prevent a deja vu of further suffering of our oppressed people by being dragged to yet again another protracted war, innocent killings, displacements and humanitarian crisis. We have suffered enough. And besides, we are yet to exhaust all peaceful means to address current political predicament in the land.

      All I am saying is that we should give peace and democracy a chance. Time is on our side, we are only just over two years old as an independent country proper. That is what all communities of nations see. They don’t see the ten years of the CPA. If violence must be inevitable to resolve current political issues at least we want the international community and good willing members of the human family to be on the side of the oppressed. Certainly this will not happen if Riek and the others decide to pick up arms, but will instead play handsomely into the hands of Kiir.

      If violence erupts Kiir will be justified and have legitimacy to declare nation-wide state of emergency, suspend the constitution, and postpone any democratic elections until peace and stability is restored as he deems it. That might take decades, and by which time he may have cemented his place as a dictator in the manner of Egypt and Sudan and other countries in the region. Not only that but he will receive the backing of the international community, since in their eyes he’s still the legitimate, democratically elected president of South Sudan. But if we give him a second chance not as a president but as a chair of the SPLM.

      Obviously the decision to give a second chance in the office of the presidency rests with South Sudanese during the upcoming elections. This way, at least South Sudanese will have the chance to vote him out if they so choose. As for his opponents, they can run as independent candidates or may be even form a coalition and rally behind one opposition candidate. The process will be under the full supervision and close scrutiny by the international community, and may the best candidate win.

      Mind you this will be done with the experience of the 2010 elections and five years of Kiir’s performance in the first office in mind. All I am saying is let the people decide. And should the elections be rigged or one of the candidates decides to use force to claim the first office, at least the ICC will be even closer a la Ivory Coast!

      • Daughter of Equatoria says:

        Mr Tongun,
        Not all women as you said are exemplars of compassion, loving kindness and custodians of peace ideals in our societies and peacemakers. There are women in this modern world that are terrorists, an example is the white widow Samantha Lethwith.
        You very well defended yourself here, but in your piece you did sing to the citizens to give kiir a second chance, something that at least 95% of the marginalized and oppressed people in RSS are discontented by his leadership. Of course this moment isn’t right to confront kiir with his militia, but the atmosphere during that process of voting and post election atmosphere will give the signal. I strongly disagree with you, I don’t think Elhag is saying Dr Riek,Mama Nyandeng and Amum should pick up arms now to confront kiir, but I think he doesn’t like the idea of silence in them, may be he is anticipating a verbal cold war to challenge the president with his recent actions.
        Do not misinterpret Elhag, Mr.Tongun.

    • Rut says:

      My sister, the worst thing is dragging this nascent country to unlimited and unnecessary suffering. I am on the ground and determined to see incompetent kiir leave office pacefully or forcefully. Many like me, I know, with exception of those under kiir’s nutrition program are the ones calling for his second chance for fear of losing their benefits.

  12. Leader says:

    Mr. Tongun Lo Loyuong,
    I appreciate your wisdom in this piece. The Man called El Hag Paul does not mean well for this country, I must say.
    No sane human being can heap the failures and mistakes of one leader on a particular tribe just because that leader comes from that tribe and even when that tribe is also a victim of poor leadership.
    Majority of the enlightened and educated Dinka are against the leadership of Pres. Kiir.
    Some Dinkas like Isaiah Abraham and others have been able to challenge Kiir leadership here in Juba and paid the ultimate price, something the likes of El Hag Paul can’t risk doing.
    There is no where a whole tribe can come out and tell the president that they don’t like him or he should resign.
    If other tribes can’t call meetings to ask for Kiir’s resignation, why do some people expect the whole Dinka community to come together and call for the resignation of Kiir?

    • GatCharwearbol says:

      Dear Leader:

      Nobody wants the whole community of Jieng to call for Kiir’s resignation. You understand the danger Kiir poses in our nation and you yourself came out into the open to denounce what Kiir is doing. This is what is needed to show other people who are watching. But your people are just adding fuel to the already burning fire of Kiir’s bad leadership stove.
      Unlike you, there are many Dinka out there who are shooting people as a way to protect Kiir’s bad leadership. This is why people like Elhag Paul generalized the entire Community of Dinka.

      Try to scan through the comments of people like Majongdit, Jay Johnson, Lukudu Garang, and hosts of others and you will not fail to understand why Elhag Paul can easily jump to conclude that it is all Jienge. The corruption machine of Kiir has to be made inoperative. And it is the job for all of us including the Dinka, if you are not in bed with Kiir.

    • Daughter of Equatoria says:

      It is not all about kiir’s resigning no body asked you and your tribe for that matter, am quoting”There is no where a whole tribe can come out and tell the president that they don’t like him or he should resign.
      If other tribes can’t call meetings to ask for Kiir’s resignation, why do some people expect the whole Dinka community to come together and call for the resignation of Kiir?”
      What is expected is condemnation by what you call your “enlightened and educated Dinka” orators or writers if at all there are any.If indeed Isaiah Abraham is a dinka the dinka community could have protested his assassination by this regime of kiir as they are known for family mob in the case of former Finance Minister Arthur Akuein. It could have been possible since the State’s powers are monopolized by dinkas, right? But Isaiah’s case is different may be because he is not an opportunist like you Leader.

  13. Leader says:

    Mr. Tongun,
    I hate the leadership of pres. Kiir and I want him gone like yesterday, but I am also against the use of violence to achieve that end. Violence will never remove pres. Kiir and would create unnecessary causalities and drag the country back to war.
    Again the like of Riek, Pagan and Nyandeng are not the best alternatives although I appreciate their work in challenging Kiir’s leadership. They have been tested before and we know them. Riek will never curb corruption and tribalism despite his much talking. He is more corrupt than Kiir.

    I do believe that for the good of this nation, Kiir should be told by SPLM members in the NLC and PB to retire and give chance for others to try their abilities. ALL citizen and Civil Society Groups must do their best to achieve this end.

    • Major says:

      Mr. Leader,

      I can tell you that every intellectual person in Jieng community including the president kiir’s family, knows that Kiir is not capable and his way of governing the nation is wrong. No doubt about that. However, there is a worrying scenario of who is going take the nation’s top seat from him. According to you, if this is going to be Riek Machar, a Nuer, whom you considered as an enemy number one of Jieng, hence, it will be better for RSS to collapse under Kiirr regime than Riek to take it over. I think Mr Leader, this is where your argument is based on. Because you said that Riek “will never curb corruption and tribalism and he (Riek) is more corrupt than Kiir”. Wow….That is a clear sentiment against Dr Riek or where he comes from, not on his capacity to lead, which is anyway your political right to say so. Nonetheless, my advice is that, instead of implying on what is already known, you guys should give chance to Dr Riek if you really want to be free from tribal rhetoric; because according to my own view, Dr Riek seems to be well prepared to fix those challenges. Let Kirr admit that he is not capable and his way of solving the problems of RSS is not working. With the best of my knowledge about Dr Riek, he will never stick on power against the will of the people of RSS if he fails to deliver.

  14. Gatkuoth Lok says:

    Good article. It is the maxim and rational truism to use all means necessary for any one to act in the 21th century and so do Dr. Machar, Nyadeng and Amum. At this time the three are able and free to make tough choices and decisions, but not now and that we think it best to act when needed. They will act by necessity and when justifiable to do act.

    Paul’s committed fallacy of generalisation on Jieng is good for correction for you agreed with him that they do not dare to say any thing of Kiir’s administration for the sake of correcting their son happened president.

    Paul coined the word Jienganisation because he has in place all characteristics which the word encompasses in its embodiments. So Mr. author, methinks you sound nonsensical to coin the aforesaid words prefixed by Ethnic groups names of shulluk and Nuer. Wait a bit, do not hurry. Otherwise you are reasonable.

  15. Choromke Jas says:

    Why did the French have their revolution! You remember the Night of the Long Knives? Why was Hitler tackled by Allies? Why did Garang form the SPLA? Why was there Mau mau in Kenya? Why did the ANC fight the Boers? Why did Castro fight Batista. Why did Giap in Vietnam fight the French and the Americans? etc.
    There comes a time when human patience can no longer hold in the face of existential threat as Kiir is now posing to the people of the South.
    Who owns the oil money now? Is it the people of the South or Kiir and his militia? 600m USD spent without ceremony? How many of these kinds of financial terrorism are in the pipeline?
    Did you say he should have another 5-year term? You must be from Mars. The Southerners have reached the end of their tethers.
    If the political pretenders do not act, in a more controlled manner, then when the population erupts spontaneously and messily, you cannot count out… unspeakable things.

    • Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

      My brother Choromke Jas:
      I thought we were friends! All the same. I hope my response to our sister Daughter of Equatoria above partially answers some of your concerns. But let me add that I view politics as a game of chess where the winner is often the one who proactively anticipates the next move of her opponent, while secretly exploiting gaps and waiting for the ripe moment to corner the opponent and check mate or throw the technical knock out (TKO) righthand!
      What I mean by this is that those revolutions you talked about were carefully planned and masterminded. Can you say that since Kiir’s government overhaul in July that his opponents have had enough time to craft their next moves or trigger a popular revolution that is legitimate and will be embraced by the people of South Sudan from all walks of life, and will harness the backing of the international community?
      Personally I doubt. In fact I believe Riek made a big mistake by declaring his intention to contest the first office that early. If I were him I would have kept my mouth shut and not start using the reconciliation process to begin to score political points even if I was the one who came up with idea.
      The result of those half-baked political moves made Kiir nervous and rightly so. Now the man will do whatever it takes to remain in the office, and if he goes down he will make sure he does not go down alone as his recent policies are indicating.
      Therefore in my view what is needed is calm until the next elections rather than for Kiir’s opponents to embark on a premature “revolution.” Two wrongs do not make a right you know. Even if the army decides to launch a coup d’etat it will not receive the blessing of all stakeholders unless it is prompted by a popular uprising a la Egypt.
      Else it will be counter-productive, may initiate violent carnage, and instigate the cutting off of much needed aid by the donor community. It may also lead to further economic strangulation by those who hold the keys to our sources of economic lifelines, such as Khartoum and possibly the friends of the president down south, east or west of our borders! See there’s little option for those who want change but to bide their time, especially in the absence of vibrant civil society that could have mobilized the people to come to the street and call for regime change. Even assuming the civil society is able to mobilize the people, who is to guarantee that Koc Beny militia won’t shoot masses to kill? These are my calculations!

      • Choromke Jas says:

        In my home area, a lot sand grains shine golden. For the first time visitors, these look like gold. You shined like gold when we first met through your very well written articles. But this one, my brother, was a disaster.
        I can only speculate: either you are trying to play a devil’s advocate by pretending to sucking up to Kiir or you have taken your eyes off the ball, and blinked.
        If it was the former reason, you should have by now laughed off the attack on you.
        No, you are neither a devil advocate nor an agent provocateur. So, it leaves me with the latter. Why?
        May be Joana, below, is right. Have you been appointed by Wani Igga to take on El Hag Paul for three pieces of silver?
        If the Iggas and the Kiirs of this world have some feelings, they should by now be melting under the relentless attack (justified) from brother Paul.
        So, for us to remain friends, come clean, man. Leaders who change the history of their people must remain courageous, unrelenting and visionary. You have this quality, I hope. Retrace your steps and we all will know you are a strong human. Otherwise, you have blinked and the enemy is dancing.

  16. Joana Adams says:

    There is nothing wrong with hitting spineless men below the belt. Disagreeing with El Hag is one thing and campaigning for the one-eyed man who is ruining the land of the blind is quite another. I do not believe what El Hag says can compel Kiir’s political opponents to take up arms unless they independently and consciously make the decision to.
    Academic studies of peace building have never brought peace on the table anywhere. During the Cold War era, peace was attained when the two super powers had equitable powers. Today Israel is holding the tramp card in the Middle East not from the position of weakness but from the position of power.

    Before we talk of peace we need to ask the question, does Kiir actually want peace in South Sudan? Clearly not. If he was interested in peace he wouldn’t be provoking fellow compatriots to this extent. This is no longer about political power struggle, it challenging the manhood of this guys. This is politics gone mad. I believe in Kiir’s cattle camp culture humility is taken to mean cowardice. Sooner or later, Kiir’s abuse of state powers will have to be halted. How it’s done is at this stage irrelevant. You cannot reward someone for wrong doings all the time.

    Did I hear that 4.5 billion was borrowed during the oil shut down and now has to be paid back at the expense of running cost of the government let alone development projects and service provisions? When and from which financial institutions did Kiir unilaterally borrow this money without the knowledge of the ministry of finance or the National Assembly? Is this why Kosti Monibe was sacked so that he cannot verify the truth or falsehood of this claim?
    If one man can bypass all the government and party constitutions, which constitution is Mr. Tongun talking about? Was any money borrowed at all? Or is Kiir trying to defraud the country in broad day light to build up an army come 2015?

    The International financial institutions such as the World Bank or the IMF must or even the African Development Bank must not protect a dangerous international criminal and must disclose in the interest of transparency, humanity and world peace, whether this claim is true or false. The claim that part of this money was borrowed from governments is simply a lie. Which credible democratic governments will loan a reckless government, huge some’s of money without following legitimate processes?

    I have no words to describe the terrible destruction which Kiir is doing to this country. Is he doing this just because he hates one man- Riek Machar or does Kiir have more sinister motives.

    I’m not interested in power or in lobbying for position so I find it difficult to defend Kiir. But my heart bleeds for my country. I wish I could see what the others can see then perhaps my soul could find some peace.

    • Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

      Ah sister, Joana:
      By branding me “spineless” and deserving of being hit below the belt, you are head-butting me in a game the rule clearly defines as boxing. If I were Mike Tyson I would have probably bit a chunk of your ear off a la Hollifield (jokingly)! It is almost as if you have just broken an empty bottle of warragi on my head only to tend to the bleeding wound afterwards. That’s how I feel. In other words, I still love you!
      Now turning to the article, I can only assume you have read it fully and well. If you only skimmed it, I urge you to take the time and read it in full. How on earth did this article end up being construed as “campaigning for Kiir,” or self-centeredly “lobbying for a position” at the expense of the suffering South Sudanese poor defeats me. Even ElHaj Paul will not arrive at such an ill-informed conclusion. Being intelligent and open-minded that he is, I am certain he sees the article for what it is, namely refreshing the debate, even as he will see the peace value and culture in common with what he (Paul) and the article seek to promote in South Sudan. That is what I intended in writing this piece.
      The one line on Kiir being given a chance at the party level and not necessarily at the national presidential level was meant to serve the task of peaceful resolution of political differences as the only amicable way forward in the land. Now how did that become an egotistic crave for my piece of the pie in Kiir’s establishment, and why at the eleventh hour?
      All the same. As I have clarified my position to sister daughter of Equatoria and brother Jas above, we need to play by the rules of the game even if violence becomes the only means to effect positive social change in South Sudan. It is only this way can we find popular support at home and in the global human family. I am not familiar with SPLM’s constitution, but I have heard that the book has now been opened to see if the dissolution of the party structures is lawful. If it turns out as many suspect that Kiir has turned to embark on a rampage violation of their sacred party constitution reminiscent of his forays with South Sudan’s transitional constitution, it is reported that the party book may well be thrown at him and he will be impeached at the party level. God forbid, if violence should erupt as a result of such an eventuality, at least chances of attracting sympathizers are greater. Depending on who has the stronger argument on what is lawful but many including key global policy and lawmakers will be persuaded into taking sides as opposed to have Kiir opponents resort to a knee-jerk venturing into seeking to wrestle power from Kiir by the use of force or rebellion a la Yau Yau and late Athor. That’s all there’s to my argument.

      • Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

        And by the way sister Joana, if you are still in doubt, Kiir has fallen from grace with the international community, which is why he’s now turned north to the Arabs. The international community too have complained bitterly about how their own members have fallen victims to the gross human rights violations in the land. But what is their response? “Cautious optimism.” And they will continue to maintain such a position until it becomes evident beyond any reasonable doubt that such a position is untenable to maintain. That’s simply how sovereignty and international relations work. We need to play by their rules if change were to succeed!

  17. A.W Joseph says:

    Mr Tongun Lo Loyuong
    I know your toothless uncle Wani Igga is the second man in Kiir’s Despot leadership. Apart from being a Dinka puppet and Salva Kiir’s Shoe shine boy; what has Wani Igga done to the people he represent.

    Never get carried away that Wani Igga is the next in line in King Salva’s Dinka Kingdom

    I can’t believe that describing daughter of Equatoria as a soft sex can be said by none other than you given your level of intellectual maturity, leave alone your academic background which you claim to have obtained in the 21st. Century. Above all living in the Western World where men & Women are treated equally regardless of their gender. What will your fellow workers or your boss who might be a woman think of you if she happened to come across this careless words. To be honest I expect better than this from you.

    If you are trying to cut a piece of the cake from your incompetent Uncle find a better way without tarnishing your image or compromising your reputation.

  18. Well I'll Be says:

    Sad. Decades of fighting for a ”Cause” (supposedly) and whining for a country and it’s 100% apparent there is a complete LEADERSHIP VACUUM in South Sudan, in every sphere.

    The RSS community online squabbles viciously; the RSS diaspora kills each other at discos over a ‘dis’ or a latest hip hop rag or else divides itself into narrow regional bodies with tribe-only membership; the “intellectuals” hate and suspect each other; the tribes within hate and suspect each other and seek big and petty revenges from sun up to sun down; the civil society and churches are bitter, marginalized and compromised by their own instances of corruption; for the most part, the Parliament is a coward and in permanent slumber; the university students have mimicked their parents and nurse their idleness with sentiments of hate; the village chiefs are demoralized, powerless and confused; women and children are regarded as disposal beyond their services to the EGOS of men; the OOPS has no moral foundation or fortitude; the Opposition is disingenuous and so damn mad, they eat despair for breakfast everyday.

    God Help South Sudan. Even the atheists have to admit it’s going to take a miracle to turn this **** around.

  19. Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

    Lest I be understood, I use Dr. Riek here to symbolize all those who have fallen from grace for expressing their intention to run for the office of the president and those who for various reasons have found themselves on the receiving end of Kiir’s wrath and are left out in the cold following the government overhaul in July.

  20. Joe. Lo kadi says:

    Dear Tongun,

    I appreciate your in depth analysis of the political situation in the country and what would be the consequences of any violence should it erupt which I do not think will happen at least for now. When I am fore seeing violence will occur will be after the result of the 2015 election or if Kirr and his cohort play with south Sudanese mind and try to postpone the election. That will not be easy like the way he is now doing with his useless SPLM party’s structures.

    Again, it will be so splendid if the opposition (which I hope they are working it out secretly) could come up with a formidable party guided by vision for the future of the country and capable of challenging the OYEE party.

    I am convinced beyond reasonable doubt that Salva and most of his ‘YES” men has no chance of making it to the presidency unless they rig the election or if it is not there.

    The conviction that violence is not a solution just because we are tired of it or blood should not be poured works for now. But mind you no body on this earth would like to be dictated upon and above all most of us had sacrifice a lot to liberate our self from the North and would not be happy to see another dictator cropped up specially form our own whom we have been singing the liberation song together in the jungles of the south just the other day. We can sacrifice more for the betterment of the country so that our kids never face the same again.

    The issue of tribalism, corruption nepotism and etc…. sprang up as a result of lack of proper system of governance and legislation in place. Our parliamentarian are more of stooges than people’s representative. They have become answerable to the executive than their own constituencies. Look at the constitution they blindly passed and other bills that allows the president to bull around are all there own making.

    Can we make a change?
    The answer is yes and simple. Coming 2015 election we should do the following:
    1- Get rid of the current MPs from all level of government (not including those that have demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt that they are and still can performed better).
    2- Give the president zero votes to show him the way to his cattle camp.
    3- If the election is rig or postponed indefinitely, either we take to the street the Tunisian, Libyan and Egyptian style or
    4- The jungle of the south can still accommodate us for a while.

    There we shall say proudly that we are “BEGINNING UHURU” until then Uhuru is not yet.

  21. kikisik says:

    “Fools, through false shame, conceal their open wounds.”(Horace)
    Mr. Tongun, your article reminds me of my childhood when I used to hide my pain and pretend I have none. I am also very sorry for your sexism words to the daughter of Equatoria. We even forgot the tradition of giving respect to our ladies- you are forgiven may be man doesn’t respect women in Finland.
    Going back to your article about Kirr second term, you may be among the few Equatorians who are going to vote for Kirr to give him a second term- I don’t blame you….that is your choice. But believe me, Lo Tongun, Kirr will never achieve your dream of a second term unless all the South Sudanese are blindfolded should there be election come 2015.
    “Leaders comes Leaders goes, but South Sudan will remain forever”

  22. malith Alier says:

    Mr. Tongun,
    your objection to Paul’s article is lost in translation.
    You have accused Jieng that they have thrown their weight behind their boy, right. One commentator observed that the likes of El Hag Paul have made it easier for Jieng to unite. Jieng will unite if they sensed that every other tribe around bays for their blood. However, I urge those in exile to come home and preach peace instead of hatred in their suffering in foreign lands. Many write depressing articles out of loneliness as they feign knowledge and wisdom.

  23. Isaac Deng says:

    A politician who is not politically ambitious is simply a deadwood or bootlicker. It’s good to know that Dr. Riek, Nyandeng & Pagan are all ambitious politicians with dreams to wrestle power from Kiir and there is nothing criminal or wrong about it. The biggest headache for president Kiir so far remains how to get rid of internal senior rivals within the ruling SPLM party. Dr. Riek, Nyandeng & Pagan have not only questioned Kiir’s weak leadership style and the direction the party is heading but also continue to disagree with his unclear national policies. The rebellion within the SPLM is real and might intensify as we approach 2015. President Kiir is panicking today more than ever before, because the party’s top position has been threatened for the first time since 2005 by unholy alliance of majority SPLM ranks and files.

    The recent political scheming, recruitment scandal of 3000 private militias exclusively from Kiir backyard and the application of jungle laws to dissolve party’s structures are signs of panicking President who is spending sleepless nights to protect himself from the high risks of imminent internal revolt and slip of power away. If you notice, President Kiir continues to hit back at Dr. Riek and Pagan at every political rally because he thinks their unholy marriage blessed by the mother of the nation, Nyandeng, will truly complicate his winning calculation formula for 2015.

    Currently, there is a leadership vacuum within the SPLM party and in the country, and if Dr. Riek, Nyandeng and Pagan can unite the oppositions or brings on their side educated young men and women and the dismissed former rich ministers who are now left on cold, believe me such political manoeuvrings will make their campaign more exciting to the population of South Sudan who are very eager for new political change.
    Nevertheless, Tiger security and his “republican guards” new recruits will be put in good use to intimidate opponents and also billions unaccounted oil money will be used to buy voters while his business associates who are stealing from the state through multimillion dubious contracts come to his rescue in terms of financial resources and logistics.
    Kiir has tested the sweetness of sweeping powers and will not afford to accept a defeat because the consequences of losing in 2015 election means also a lost not only to his political power base but larger economic interest and other immense privileges too. Until the people’s power rise to the occasion and override dictatorship in all its forms, confused oppositions, parasitic politicians, chiefs and low self esteemed intellectuals will be the first groups to jump onto Presidential bandwagon ululating for food.

  24. Lare Justice says:

    South Sudanese:
    what a bunch of confused people. You guys been blaming the current President for all of these messes and want him gone now but yet you don’t like Dr. Machar, Pagan Amum nor Mama Nyandeng the very people that are fighting for Democracy in this nation. God help this poor nation. For your information, if any of you South Sudanese think that this Warrap State’s cattle keeper Salva Kiir Kuethpiny Lual is the main problem here and want him gone today but do not like Dr.Machar to take over the leadership from this blind Kiir, than who else is there to lead tell us the name so the country would follew that leader. What a shameful nation led by the blind man Salva Kiir. Dictator Kiir must go and go now by all means.

  25. koji kirjok says:

    Communities of today are trying to hear different views from opposition opinion guys rather than hearing challenging words from the same group who were in the-same system. let us see from those who replace them, the vice was the chief administrator for the country affairs including development and changing ideology of the people from negative to positive once. he was also the acting president when he the president is out of the country, no differences later.

  26. Dear all,

    Those who think Dr. Riek to replace President Kiir are big lairs, of course if Kiir mislead the country then Riek would not be a good choice just for some reasons not known to the people of South Sudan. let the history of 1991 judge whether Riek will lead South Sudan or not. It is now a good chance for ICC to come in to investigate Riek for having made hundreds of thousands children orphans, and these are the same people he wants to rule.

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