UN threatens South Sudan with arms embargo

By FRED OLUOCH, Posted Saturday, September 10/2016, THEEASTAFRICAN;

IN SUMMARY
***South Sudan faces an arms embargo by the United Nations Security Council after President Salva Kiir’s government appeared to be reneging on an agreement to deploy a 4,000-strong protection force in Juba.

***South Sudan government spokesperson Micahel Makuei said in a statement that Juba “consented” to the deployment of the regional protection force, but did not “accept” its deployment, adding that anyone who enters South Sudan without consent is an “invader.”

***There are already 12,000 troops of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) protecting the 1.6 million internally displaced people in various parts of the country.

South Sudan faces an arms embargo by the United Nations Security Council after President Salva Kiir’s government appeared to be reneging on an agreement to deploy a 4,000-strong protection force in Juba.

The Council had threatened an arms embargo if Juba did not co-operate on the protection force by the September 15 deadline.

“If they don’t co-operate and if the deployment doesn’t happen, the UN Security Council will have to consider the steps that we’ve laid out, which include targeted sanctions and an arms embargo,” said US ambassador to the UN Samantha Power.

Later in the week, the US special envoy to South Sudan Donald Booth told Congress that the US will support an UN arms embargo on South Sudan.

After the UN Security Council members made a four-day visit to Juba and secured an assurance from President Kiir on the deployment, top government officials are now saying that Juba will not accept troops from the frontline countries and that the international community should look elsewhere.

South Sudan government spokesperson Micahel Makuei said in a statement that Juba “consented” to the deployment of the regional protection force, but did not “accept” its deployment, adding that anyone who enters South Sudan without consent is an “invader.”

That means Kenya, Ethiopia and Rwanda, who were to provide the 4,000 regional protections force, have to weigh their options, even as South Sudan ambassador to Kenya Chol Ajongo told The EastAfrican that no single country from the region has been mentioned as having a conflict of interest.

“The government accepted the deployment on principle but the technicalities are still being discussed in regard to the number of troops, the countries they come from, the type of weapons they will be carrying and where they will be stationed,” said Mr Ajongo.

Twenty four hours after President Kiir met with the United Nations Security delegation, presidential spokesperson Ateny Wek Ateny issued a statement saying the government would not accept deployment of troops from countries sharing immediate borders with the young nation “because they have already developed conflicting interests with the country.”

While Uganda and Sudan had been ruled out due to “vested interests” in South Sudan, Juba has also been uneasy with Ethiopia, which has been giving refuge to rebel leader Riek Machar for most of the two and half-year civil war.

Kenya has been striving to remain neutral but some South Sudan government officials are not happy that Nairobi allows Dr Machar to talk to the press freely whenever he is in the country.

Dr Machar — who is currently in Khartoum — has delayed his intended visit to Addis Ababa because it would compromise Ethiopia’s deployment, the Horn of Africa country is supposed to provide the bulk of the 4,000 regional protection force.

Former Sudan People’s Liberation Movement secretary-general Pagan Amum — a member of the former detainees who is currently in self-exile in the United States — said the Security Council should now think of plan B because the South Sudan government is “playing games with the world.”

According to Resolution 2304 sponsored by the US and passed by the UN Security Council last month, the regional protection force is supposed to secure Juba and protect the internally displaced in the UN camps; provide security for the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); protect humanitarian agencies and protect key installations like the Juba International Airport.

However, the government is opposed to foreign forces taking over the airport as they consider the move an “invasion” and an infringement of the country’s sovereignty.

“We don’t want a situation where it would appear that foreign forces are coming to protect the people of South Sudan from their government. They have to co-operate with the government at every stage,” said Mr Ajongo.

Civilians and foreigners, including relief workers, were targeted in the July fighting by South Sudanese soldiers who raped women and executed a local journalist.

There are already 12,000 troops of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) protecting the 1.6 million internally displaced people in various parts of the country.

On Thursday, the UK announced that it will provide an additional 100 troops bringing the total number to 400, to bolster UNMISS.

The UK troops, who have been in South Sudan since June, are involved in vital engineering work to strengthen the country’s infrastructure as well as providing advisory support to UNMISS headquarters in Juba. END

6 Comments

  1. Eastern says:

    What a futile threat. UNSC is increasingly showing Kiir (Kiirler) that it’s impotent! Please bring the sanctions into being. Kirr is an obstinate man!

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Eastern,
      Indeed, it must be US President Obama’s weakness and lame-duck position as an outgoing president that is prolonging our misery in South Sudan.
      President Kiirler has been well informed by the educated jieng intellectuals (JCE) about the US politics and that’s is why we are painfully seeing the stubbornness of Kiirler in dishonoring any agreements or commitments made to the UN Security Council.
      Editor

  2. Tyson says:

    Olouch,
    South Sudan is in cross road with criminal leadership in Juba. There is leadership vacuum with Machar failing to take the opportunity and unify the many irritated voices all over South Sudan. Machar is stuck with no ideas -only waiting for mercy from the skies.
    The JMEC is as toothless as chairman himself.It lacks clear analysis of the situation and this is the recipe of dumping retirees to manage or negotiate with mafia and rogue regimes, while innocent people continue to die daily. This is another retirement package!!
    Internationally, the UNSC is another talking shop with no nerve to handle simple matters around the globe yet; it wants to take a leading role. The July crises in Juba are leaving examples of how useless the so called blue barrets are! They are tourists, sex seekers from vulnerable populations and exploiters. They will never solve any problem because any UN mission is hot cake employment opportunity. The more the crises are prolonged, the better for them. No wonder, they continue to watch, while the rogues in Juba continue to kill people. Getting civilians or people to so called protection camps is useless. This cannot happen in Asia or Europe but in Africa in the watch of IGAD and AU.

    There is no string global leadership either in America or in Europe. these countries are part of the evil chain in prolonging misery on the innocent blood of God’s children. God’s wrath is on them. These nations are gradually having their share of the problems. Their grand grand children will suffer unless they repent!!! The Obama regime is a laughing stock. The only courage it attained was the slaughter of Osama Bin Laden. We indeed miss Mr. Bush and Republican leadership in Washington. Mr. Bush gave Bashir and Garang ultimatum that brought the peace agreemen in South Sudan. In Liberia, Mr. Bush gave Taylor marching orders and it happened to bring peace to that country..

    Within the sub-region, all IGAD countries have dirty hands except Rwanda. So the situation is useless!
    As South Sudanese, we have to solve our problem. We hope to unify our ranks and get a leader to remove those criminals by force.
    The Jieng tribal government has brought misery to the country and it down the drain of history. The Nuer (Naath) equally are being divided because of looted national dollars. They appear like headless chicken. Indeed, if the Naath are sensible, they could not have allowed themselves to be chased like ducks. The Naath were more in the SPLA, they commanded more positions in within the SPLA, Gen. Hoth was the Chief of staff and Machar the Vice President. Yet they allowed illiterate and mad cowboy herder, Malong to recruit and arm militia in their watch. They watched and welcomed the death on innocent Nuer blood. This is unforgivable and Nuer cannot continue is Machar and cohort are headless!!
    In this ugly scenario, the only leader to lead this country will come from the other tribes but not the Jieng and Naath. It is not the numerical tribal strength that matters but someone who is visionary and get this country from the ditch.

  3. Martin. L says:

    “We don’t want a situation where it would appear that foreign forces are coming to protect the people of South Sudan from their government.” Mr. ambassador, your government kills and scares a living hell of innocent South Sudanese! Look no further than UNMISS protection sites all over the country. YES South Sudanese need a protection from their own government!

  4. laku says:

    To those who dream about sanctions,

    What do you need obama sanctions while you have manpower who can carry the guns and fight the war against oppressor kiir. calling somebody to help always turn into disasters sometimes because those those helping having their own agenda too. Be Wise and think twice about what you are yawning for. Have you thought about what happened to Libyan when they asked for outside hands to liberate there country from Gazaffie regime. Yes, sanctions can be impose but it is not a solution too if south sudanese don’t fight the war . Think about the sanctions that was imposed on Cuba for more than forty years. Did it aid getting rid of Casetro government? The answer is big No except the ordinary citizens are the one who did suffered the most. We don’t need to run for hiding all the time. It is happened during Anya -Anya one and during SPLA/M struggle too. So this time, let’s line up to fight or do not ask for a vice or speaker post later.

  5. Gatdarwich says:

    No more all sides are blamable phrase. Killer Nyankiir and the traitorous Malong are in some deep shit holes.
    Almighty Ngundeng is great period

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