Troika’s application of opinionated and insular benchmark in resolving South Sudan Conflict is impractical

By: Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa* Australia, JAN/30/2016, SSN;

Recalling the unanimous consensus reached at by two of the overbearing yet indifferent Troika outfit, namely the United Kingdom and the United States of America demanding that the SPLM in Opposition and the current authorities in Juba formed a transitional government of National Unity (TGNU) as soon as possible without first resolving the controversial and burning issues or even making reference to the unconstitutionality of the 28 states that the President of South Sudan has proclaimed on the recommendation of the outrageous tribal coterie known as the Jieeng Council of Elders (JCE).

The JCE is the tribally constituted group of egotistical and blinkered men from the dominant Dinka ruling cluster who have regrettably become the de facto government of South Sudan that presents a perturbing portrait in the country today.

The president of South Sudan is under the sway and constant surveillance of this group that did create the 28 states in the country.

Worryingly, the duo Troika members whose individual countries normally pride themselves on lengthy runs of constitutional practices and centuries of liberal democracy, have today fallen prey to the propaganda machine of the government of South Sudan in Juba, such that their application of opinionated and insular benchmark in resolving the South Sudan conflict does seem extremely perilous.

The White House and 10 Downing Street must understand that at the moment, they are handling an intricate and one of the most ticklish African political problems that emphatically lends excessive credence to tribal extolment accompanied by intrinsically embedded and unrestrained sense for brutality – an exploit far removed from the contemporary practices of civilised norms.

Troika should employ the existing template (Peace accord document) consistently and not haphazardly to rectify the woe. It must also be emphasised that the ceasefire, demilitarization and the creation of an interim constitution must be prioritized before the creation of a transitional government.

Troika members and their countries must equally be informed that the creation of the 28 states in South Sudan was designed by the JCE coterie with a subterranean intent and content, and that is to politically position this hegemonic tribal entity with limitless ambition for dominance at a vantage point in an attempt to capture power in a supposedly emerging democratic ambiance at the expiry of the transitional government in 30 months’ time.

If the 28 states decree is implemented, the sluice-gate would be thrown wide and a perpetual bloody conflict would ensue in the entire country, as one ethnic community, the Dinka would have arbitrarily curved out 12 states for themselves with all the oil resource at their disposal, while leaving 16 states for the rest of South Sudanese that make up the remaining 63 tribes living in the country.

The conspiracy was also designed to balkanize the legendary Greater Equatoria region into JCE’s “manageable” enclaves, and that is certainly a recipe for a further civil war which unacceptable and must thus be halted.

This concealed manoeuvre by the JCE that the Troika group of countries have yet to fully comprehend represents a real menace to the people of South Sudan.

Hence, the false argument being trumpeted by the JCE-managed repressive police state and its bureaucracy in South Sudan that the creation of the 28 states in the country was a popular demand by South Sudanese, is futile, deceptive and an idealistic postulation that does have a counterpart in the realm and confines of integrity.

Thus far, there has been no plebiscite or referendum conducted in the country to determine the size of South Sudanese for and against the 28 states.

This is simply a hoopla campaign mounted by the government and the JCE to impose their unidimensional and narcissistic view on South Sudanese.

The SPLM-IO would certainly not accept this apparent risk of rushing into forming the TGNU without clear safeguards that ensure the viability of the government once it is constituted for the next 30 months’ period.

Lamentably, the Ambassador of the of the UK in South Sudan has fallen short of understanding the format of the South Sudan peace implementation formula and the real nature of the government in Juba and has accordingly missed the point by succumbing to hyperbolic counsel from the regime in Juba, that the transitional government could be formed in the country without the need for strict implementation of the contents of the peace agreement concluded between the SPLM-IO and the government of President Salva Kiir, and that would still be fine.

In his unmindful comment as the official representative of the British government in South Sudan, Mr. Timothy Morris stated to the expectant media houses in Juba that the parties to the peace agreement should go ahead with the implementation of the peace agreement and discuss the shape of the country later, and that the issue of the 28 states should not delay the implementation of the peace agreement.

Mr. Tim does seem to suggest that the peace document is of less value as long as both parties are genuinely committed to forming a government of National unity and that Troika has the mandate to impose what it deems fitting to install peace in South Sudan.

The UK Ambassador should be prepared to educate South Sudanese and name the countries in the world that are governed without a constitution?

The Ambassador must understand that we are not dealing here with a sort of a “Versailles Treaty” in which the victors of the war against Germany in the WWI had the sole prerogative of dictating what the vanquished state had to do.

This is an African problem rooted in tribal intricacies and power rivalries that you have minimal or no clue about.

The debacle can only get resolved via the available roadmap at the disposal of the contending parties, that is, the document of the peace accord. The UK alongside other pertinent parties should only superintend the implementation of the peace agreement as given and no circumvention of its articles and clauses permitted.

After all the UK had been a party to the current shambles in South Sudan. It is worth recalling that in 1922 in the course of its colonial occupation of the former Sudan, the UK had imposed a rule known as the “Closed District Ordinance”, contained in the so-called “Southern Policy” which effectively restricted the movements of the people of north Sudan to the southern part of the country and vice versa, only to dismantle the bantustanization rule in 1947 which created a much bigger problem of integration of the two parts of Sudan.

Similarly on the 19 August 1955 a civil war had already broken out in country prior to Sudan securing its formal political independence in January 1956. Britain had decided to leave the mess behind and left Sudan embroiled in gruelling civil war that had to end half a century later, in 2005.

Today Tim Morris has the audacity to tell us how the South Sudan’s peace accord should be implemented when his country, the UK had desolately failed to demonstrate one sixty years ago.

Furthermore, both the British Ambassador and Mr. Duddridge, the UK Minister for Africa Affairs who share the same view on the South Sudan’s conflict should be seriously reminded that the peace agreement signed in August 2015 provides among other matters, the Ceasefire between the combating forces; the 25km radius Demilitarization of Juba and other cities and the evacuation of hostile foreign fighting forces in South Sudan, namely the Justice and Equality and other rebel groups arrayed against the government of President Omar Hassan Al Bashir in Khartoum.

Thanks to President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda for being familiar with the nature and mechanics of the conflict in South Sudan as demonstrated by his order to withdraw the Ugandan military previously deployed in South Sudan to support the government of President Kiir from being militarily defeated by the SPLM-IO’s combat forces.

Finally, it defeats logic to emphasize on speeding up the formation of the transitional government as being dictated by Troika without first ensuring the execution of the aforementioned matters.

The IGAD body and the AU should consistently focus on the implementation of every article and clause of the agreement as enshrined in the peace accord document and above all ask President Kiir to rescind his decree of the 28 states for the benefit of ushering in peace and stability in South Sudan.

Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa*
Former lecturer,
Graduate School of Business and Law (GSBL)
RMIT University
Emily McPherson Building 13,
379 – 405 Russell Street Melbourne
VIC 3000 Melbourne
Australia.

13 Comments

  1. Dutajiengdit says:

    Did we fight b’se of 28 states in the first place or something else?
    Let Machar come to juba and wait for the elections of 2018 and if he wins he can reverse the 28 states thru a referendum why do south sudanese want to achieve everything at ago that is not how things work, at times sacrifice is needed for certain things

    • Gatdarwich says:

      The pseudo 28 states are obstruction to successful implementation of August peace agreement.

      This is peace deal is not 2002 SPLA-Nasir and SPLA-Torit reunification.

      No formation of the government national unity before constitution amendments, pseudo 28 states suspension, and security arrangements.

      You Jenges must drill in thy treacherous brains that any No to the fake 28 states revocation and security arrangements implementation is a peace deal killer period.

      No more room for trickery and manipulative tactics.

      • Gatdarwich, you just don’t get it do you? Make no mistake, 28 States will be there forever and whoever doesn’t like it should better choose to go to hell or exile. 28 creation is overwhelmingly supported by the public of the ROSS and we do not care whether Riek Machar along with the majority idiots and his lost followers like it or not. Maa Gatdarwich, liel mor. Your dream will not come true. You guys need to get civilize, be able to Judge and have good reasoning don’t go to school and stay primitively the same cognitively. You better think about the future of your kids and self first because Riek Machar is ready anytime to jump in a diaper suit, but you have a lot of life ahead. The 28 states will bring peace to ROSS incase you are a retard and can not figure it out on your own. I know you all rebels just so you could rob. All you have in mind is elusion and that will not save you. your tactics are garbage. Just give it up and come back and be good citizen.

  2. alex says:

    Mr Dutajiengdit this people are not sure of winning in the next elections

    If there claim that most S. Sudanese support them is true then the issue of states shouldn’t be a problem because during the making of the permanent constitution the people will decide how many states they want. Secondly, as you mentioned, Riack will be able to reverse the decision if he win the elections after the 30 months. The question to be asked now is, are this group really sure of their winning or they want to impose themselves on the S. Sudanese people? Do they really have the majority of the people on their side and if so why fear?
    Let us wait and see because they have been so loud in their media propaganda. Bababala has distance himself from their elected MP

  3. Gatdarwich says:

    Peter,

    This is very commendable and educative article. You’re hundred percent correct on unambiguously stated
    The government of national unity can not be formed without first amending the national constitution and security arrangement provisions completed. The August 2015 peace agreement clearly stipulates which provision has to be tackled first before moving to the next—all the provisions were prioritized according to thier importance and urgency.
    The issue of the pseudo 28 states is indisputably an obstruction to both the constitution amendments and security arrangements. It’s undeniably impedes the implementation of the first and second provision of the August 2015, peace agreement. So, it is absolutely illogical and conspiratory for the TROIKA nations to treacherously talk of promptly forming the government of national unity without legal and security foundation in place!

    • alex says:

      Gatdarwich and Peter your song is going different with what people are singing.
      Could you read IGAD recommendations please. Formation of the transitional government of national unity can go ahead despite the 28 states formation. So no time to waste on nonsense.

      • Alex, You sound codswallop (rubbish), how do you interpret the word “suspend”?
        Peter

        • alex says:

          Mr Peter reread the article
          The parties must form the transitional government and the issue of 28 states to be nogoatiated
          by all the parties. They should wait the boundary commission”s report. So the question is will Riack come to Juba to form the government or he id waiting the transitional constitution? Riack has swallowed a hook which he will not be able to get out. What will you do now because you were arguing he should no go to Juba. What a s tough decision.

        • alex says:

          Brother Peter, I am not speaking rubbish. You need to reread the text very clearly.
          The minister of information yesterday evening clarified the text exactly as I told you.
          Secondly , the chairman of JMEC the former Bosowana president was interviewed in SSTV and he said the transitional government should be formed without the constitution and the issue of the 28 states is a political issue which the parties must discuss it and reach agreement. What is suspended is the op rationalisation of further steps in implementing the 28 states. You need to tell your supporters the truth. I t is the same mistake your group rushed to sign the peace agreement without reading it clearly with the hope of winning international favour but now you find yourselves struggling in implementing the peace. Your group find it difficult to sign the security agreement and they claim they thought it was a workshop minutes. John Kerry have to tell your leader that now it is time to come to Juba though he was trying to raise his own security issues as a way of dozing the commitment. Now your advance team is still arguing that Your leader can’t come the constitution is formed and Juba is demilitarised. You people are fun of rising issues that require money and you people are bankrupt. You did not know how money is being made but you just knows scathing money. Now there is no time to waste. You have to implement the peace. Your group have worked hard to draw the Western world to remove president Kirr from power but your logic don’t work. You manafuctued alot of lies but it didn’t work. Thanks the truth sets one free. The world now knows you are the problem maker.

      • Gatdarwich says:

        Alex,

        Please reread the IGAD recommendations because you are completely and evidently ignorant of it.
        IGAD and the TROIKA nations unequivocally told Killer Nyankiir to unreservedly suspends the 28 pseudo-tribal states, unimpeded security arrangements implementations, unobstructed constitution amendments, and urgently forms the Government of National Unity.
        So, the formation of the transitional government comes after:
        (1) virtual 28 states suspension ( 10 states reactivated)
        ( 2) security arrangement completion(demilitarized Juba—The traitorous, Killer Nyankiir’s and Malong NyanAwandit’s militants -moved to 25KM away from Juba. Only 1,500 SPLA-IO plus 1,500 SPLA-IG–security forces will be stationed in Juba)

        (3) constitution amendments(based strictly on August 2015 peace agreement documents)

        Alex,
        As you can stupidly and embarrassingly see, the Formation of the Government of National Unity is number FOUR(4).

        In short, whose “song is going different” or not inline with the IGAD’s or the TROIKA nations’ musical rhyme?
        Is it Patriot Gatdarwich and Patriot Peter’s or it is indisputably the inane treacherous Jenge with alias ALex’s kraal roaring song-music?

        Peace!

        Patriot Gatdarwich

        • alex says:

          Gatferwick I can not argue with someone you who is still very young in
          politics. If you attend to the SSTV news and the interview of the chairman of JMEC yesterday,then you might have been embarrassed. You say I am stupid but it turned that this term fits you properly but I am a person who have respect for other people. I will not use that word on you. You have humiliated yourself enough in this net. You have exposed how shallow you are in your understanding. Even the English in the communique can be understood by a primary school kid. So brother I do not know you and I am sorry for you to humiliate and embarrass your self in such an international forum. It is really sad for intergerity of our people. Brother sleep well

          Alrc

  4. Buoth Anyaar says:

    Will stupidity human being understood that the current leader of South Sudan, is ready forward with the Nation and his people. So since 1991 those who unthinkable, selfish stupidity with selfinterese always trying and pushing the primitives to bring down the Nation. You crude people need to understand the agenda from 1991 instead taking the 28 states as your stupidity agenda. The government will be always remain firm forever. And I’m sure you fool must be back the same way you came from 1991 stupid agenda. Even though you want it or not. Whereabouts will you go?

    Manh Buoth Anyaar

  5. Deng Monymor says:

    28 States are not going anywhere. They have been implemented already and our people are busy experiencing “Town to people” experimentation. In case internet rebels think they will fight if the Order is not reversed, let them break their computer screens first in order to show us that they are real; otherwise, keep shouting while raging yourselves to madness.

    Deng

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