The SPLM and the Rise of Autocracy in South Sudan

BY: Duop Chak Wuol, RSS, SEPT/06/2013, SSN;

Summary: This critique is an attempt to show how the SPLM runs and manages South Sudan, why it fails to live up to its promises, and the consequences that the people of South Sudan might face.

The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) is a political party in South Sudan. It was founded on democratic principles and waged a successful war against Khartoum’s brutal regime of more than twenty-four years. Yet despite the resolution of this bloody, decades-long struggle between Sudan and South Sudan, the hope for a democratic government that the people of South Sudan once had is slowly fading.

Both Khartoum and Juba are still complaining about each other for their own self-legitimizations, the young nation is overwhelmed with immense internal conflicts, and the leaders of the new republic are still struggling with ideas of Marxism-Leninism. The international community is thus left to choose between facts and lies as the liberated new country faces a gloomy future.

The SPLM: Legacy, forgotten promises, and deceptions

The successful 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that was signed between South Sudan and Sudan effectively made the SPLM the ruling party of South Sudan. The hopeful legacy of the SPLM has since been diminished and continues to diminish. The SPLM has had near-total control of political, economic, security, and military sectors, among others.

However, its promise is being undermined as it imposes autocratic practices that were among the very reasons it waged war against Sudan’s ruling party, the National Congress Party (NCP), from 1983 to 2005.

The SPLM runs and manages the country using a constitution that was designed, passed, and implemented to serve its own autocratic predispositions. This is the turmoil the young nation now faces, and it is contrary to the motivations of the people of South Sudan, who sacrificed their lives for the democratic promises of the SPLM.

The SPLM was founded on democratic principles and sought to liberate the marginalized Sudanese from Khartoum’s ferocious regime. The movement faced international isolation with some of the world’s most influential nations not recognizing its legitimacy, including the United States, United Kingdom and many other European nations, all of which cited communism and inhumane practices during the struggle as reasons to condemn it.

Nevertheless, the ideology of secular Sudan, first introduced and practised by the late South Sudanese leader Dr. John Garang, was instrumental in helping the SPLM regain the trust of some of the world’s most powerful players. Garang’s attempt to secularize Sudan was intended to transform the nation into a democratic state.

The SPLM was indeed involved in horrendous acts during its struggle, and it is now apparent that the concern initially raised by the Western countries about the practice of autocracy in the movement is being realized by the people of South Sudan. Under the leadership of the SPLM, those who were assumed to be visionaries during the struggle have since become vision-less.

Since assuming power as the ruling party of South Sudan, the SPLM-led government has backtracked from its democratic principles, subsequently demonstrating that it neither respects nor follows its own policies.

It was not long ago when the people of South Sudan embarked on a path to nationhood after years of being denied it by the Khartoum regime. However, they came to realize that their decades-long struggle led to more of the past they were trying to overcome; the common goal that the people of South Sudan fought for is slowly vanishing before their very eyes.

In 2007, I wrote an article titled The Untidy Path to Normalization in Southern Sudan (Sudan Tribune, October 7, 2007), which described the difficulty of creating a viable country under the SPLM and suggested the steps southern leaders at the time should take to achieve the goals set out under its democratic principles.

I also explored South Sudan’s internal conflicts and examined the causes and effects of ethnic conflicts in South Sudan. At the time, I was confident that the SPLM was moving in the direction that the party envisioned during the liberation struggle. It has since become clear that this was a naïve view.

I would like the South Sudanese to know that in a democratic country that which is good for an individual does not necessarily coincide with what is good for the collective—it usually does not. It is this very tension between individual and collective interests that creates a sense of responsibility in society.

Humans are not perfect, and that is why they establish laws to guide behavior. Hence, it is just as important for the ruling party of South Sudan to establish laws that are humane and respect human rights.

Such a commitment to and dedication for all South Sudan’s citizenry must be the central overarching vision of its rulers; only then can citizens enjoy the fruits of living in a just society. Without such a dedicated commitment on the part of rulers of South Sudan, the country devolves into a failed experiment, wherein its citizens are made to witness their ruling party continuously infringing upon and disrespecting laws on a large-scale.

When the government is not held accountable by its own laws, such laws do little to maintain social order and integrity.

The SPLM fails to understand that a political party with a moral vision for its citizens and country must always be guided by the principles of this vision when justifying its actions, rather than hiding selfish interests by coming up with false justifications that make it appear as though it is acting in the common interest of the people it governs, while in fact acting in the contrary ways.

However, this is not the case in South Sudan under the SPLM; the elites of the ruling party of South Sudan appear to have no plans for the nation. They enjoy describing their successes that they achieved when they were in the bush during the struggle, and assert that they should be accepted as the leaders who liberated the South Sudanese from Khartoum’s dreadful regime. No one would doubt or question these leaders’ bravery or loyalty during the long violent and agonizing wrestle for freedom.

But now as the smoke clears, these leaders, and everyone else fighting for a free South Sudan, must come to terms with the startling fact that their fight for justice has managed to carve out of the madness merely a potential for the establishment of a democratic country.

This potential must be made actual with equal bravery and dedication once evidenced on the battlefield. It is our new field of battle – but this time we must fight for peace and justice.

Most of these leaders are not interested in considering and constructively responding to criticism; they are satisfied with praises honoring their courage in the bush, but they cannot rest on their laurels.

If the SPLM is to be the only political party to provide essential services to the people of South Sudan, then it must make major changes. Failure to do so will force the competent South Sudanese to question the legitimacy of the party to act in the interest of the people who put it in power.

The ruling party must either act now to restore its tainted image or it must prepare for what could be a crushing end to a historic political party which was founded on a veneer of democratic principles. No government can shrug off critical issues that are vital to the survival of the nation and expect to remain in power without losing support and legitimacy.

Still, the SPLM-led government has shown an incredible capability to deal with public outcry without properly addressing concerns. It does this by using communist-style media tactics whereby it applies laws and implements peoples’ demands without verification.

In Juba, for instance, extra-judicial killings, tortures, illegitimate detainments, and intimidations are common. On occasions when the government knows the public is outraged, the SPLM will proclaim the launch of an investigation. Consequently, many investigations are broadcast, but none ever appear to satisfy the public because they are phony inquiries.

These deceptive manoeuvres are indicative of a lack of moral leadership within the ruling party. This is a clear indication that the party lacks an internal rationality, which is essential to rule for the interests of the people.

The elites of the ruling party are good at manipulating people. They do this with propaganda, intensifying media presence and releasing political pronouncements only when they know that the political pressure is overwhelming. This is one of the reasons the SPLM continues to manage and run the young nation like a one-party communist state.

When the president dissolved his cabinet on July 23rd, his cronies went to the media and publicly appealed to the people of South Sudan, claiming that everything was going to be fine. I am not sure if things are going as smoothly as the SPLM’s elites claim, though I am sure they now know the gravity of the situation.

Furthermore, during their appeal to the nation and the international community, some of these tyrannical admirers went on to claim that the next government was going to be more “lean and inclusive.”

Nonetheless, the SPLM has been known for many years as a party that does not follow its own principles. Thus, one is left wondering the extent to which the new government really matches the portrayals of the president and his cronies.

However, one thing is clear: the people of South Sudan know who is who and what is what in the government as well as in the political dome of the SPLM. This is the 21st century, and there are no longer concealments behind which the government can hide.

Since Salva Kiir Mayardiit took power after the death of Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Kiir persistently removed, appointed and reinstated most of his government officials. The recently purported dissolution of the cabinet is implausible, because Kiir consistently used his constitutional powers during an interim period (2005-2011).

The public is well aware of the SPLM’s dubious tactics, which nevertheless continue to be publicized by political sycophants of the ruling party.

Most of the SPLM’s elites do not care about the future of the country. They only make the situation worse by organizing political yes-men and ordering them to do anything that can appease and pacify the troubled citizenry. With directives from behind the scenes, the SPLM’s political yes-men are required to do anything that their bosses want them to do in a show of political adherence.

In spite of prevalent public criticisms, the elites of the ruling party appear to have their own agendas, which are at odds with the desires and demands of the South Sudanese people. The SPLM-led government must understand that political power resides with the citizens, no matter what the party’s code of belief dictates or how powerful the government becomes.

It is equally important for the ruling party to recognize that societies are greatly influenced by their cultures as well as other social norms that prove useful in their lives. The SPLM has lost its values and become a political entity run by a few power-hungry individuals.

These individuals cemented their authority by rallying behind their cliques, meanwhile labelling anyone who questioned the direction of the party as a foe, traitor, tribalist, jaalaba or Khartoum’s agent.

This is precisely where the deception and lies of the SPLM become clear, as it favors only those who preach the mentality of corrupted political discourse. This is a treacherous path that any reasonable political party would not pursue.

The future of the Republic of South Sudan under the SPLM leadership is uncertain. Any rational citizen of South Sudan cannot simply dismiss the autocratic tendency, which is now being put into practice by the Juba’s autocrats. This is clearly a failure to adhere to the democratic principles, where instead those that came to power usurped it autocratically, for their personal interests rather than the interest of the public; South Sudanese should not allow this tyrannical wave to take shape.

I know most citizens of South Sudan understand that communism has contributed to the behaviors of many current leaders of the new republic because of the movement’s initial manifesto—a manifesto which was a product of Ethiopian former dictator Mengistu Hailimariam’s communist texts.

The current political quandary requires competent leaders of a political party who promote peoples-based ideas, not leaders who seek to oppress their citizens. It would be a mistake for me not to acknowledge the gravity of political intrigue which is now going on in the country.

This young republic is unquestionably sitting under a self-made time bomb—a bomb that is being built and managed by the SPLM.

It would also be a moral mistake not to point out that the SPLM has become disconnected from its political principles. The party’s elites must thrust aside their despotic mentalities, promoting that which fits the needs and desires of the citizens rather than seeking out personal gains. This is how successful nations are run.

The elites must also take actions to implement the democratic principles upon which their party was first founded, as well as cease embracing and preaching democratic songs without actually fulfilling their messages. This is the 21st century, and there is no longer any room for a tyrannical way of thinking.

In addition, the country can only move in the right direction if the right political leaders are employed in such a way as to successfully implement the party’s policies with careful moral reasoning. A nation with a history of rebellions is a nation with incompetent leaders.

Furthermore, the leaders (e.g. parliamentarians, etc.) who work for the people must understand that their citizenship statuses are no different from the ordinary people who they represent — both the citizens and their leaders have the same rights under the law to obey or disobey principles. In addition, the lawmakers must likewise know that they are working for the people and not the government.

And yes, undeniably, despite these serious failings, it should be noted that the SPLM has nevertheless made some encouraging progress, particularly within the education sector. Many of the South Sudanese can now send their children to school, which was impossible when the South was under Khartoum’s regime.

And yes, it must be acknowledged that the steps the SPLM must take towards changing its present mindset are intricate. Accordingly, the people of South Sudan should not expect this to happen overnight because communism was the actual doctrine that the current ruling party of South Sudan was using during the struggle.

In light of this situation, we have to ask why, if at all, the South Sudanese should support a party that does not keep its promises. Why would the South Sudanese fight against northern Sudan in the first place?

Is it possible that the SPLM has lost its valiant values of sacrifice and honor upheld in the long battles in the bush; and, has now become merely a political entity run by a few power-hungry individuals?

Why are the leaders of South Sudan recycling the old ideas that they fought so hard to change? What kind of a country has South Sudan become? Can a rebellion against the government be used as a means of establishing a democratic society? And finally, can South Sudan have a promising future under SPLM’s rule?

Tribalism and Regionalism in South Sudan’s Politics

The politics of tribalism and regionalism have become problematic in South Sudan. The citizens of this nation know how tribalism kills and destroys. The South Sudanese have an extensive history of tribal conflicts. In a country like South Sudan, it is easy to find people doing things in tribal groups, as tribal interests are always associated with national issues.

This is not to single out the young nation, precisely because this phenomenon happens in any nation where tribalism is seen as a political expedient; it is a stratagem that keeps South Sudan moving downward.

In the Republic of South Sudan, tribal politics are used by most political leaders as a contrivance to serve themselves and their tribal affiliations due to the fact that the country is ethnically divided.

This kind of grouping is influenced by tribal interests, and those who dare to question or challenge this hooded-system are treated by their tribal hoodlums as traitors. Such challenges often result in isolation and in some instances the so-called traitor is unjustly condemned to harsh treatments or even death.

These tribally-motivated practices must be addressed so as to understand, minimize, or perhaps eliminate those aspects that are destructive to the well-being of society. I call these tribally-motivated practices “the mentality of who is your uncle.”

The reason I choose the above name to describe South Sudanese tribal rehearsals is because it is common in South Sudan to see one tribe advancing its ideology in pretext of unity and togetherness for all tribes while secretly working to undermine the interests of the other tribes.

The ethnic and regional politics were tried before by other governments including the former Soviet Union, and they failed miserably. Indeed, I sincerely doubt if the regionalization of politics of the Republic of South Sudan will work best for the SPLM because it is likely to encourage regionalism, tribalism, and sectionalism.

It is evident that the moral and political objectives that all the tribes of South Sudan fought for were precisely and unequivocally to ensure the establishment of their own country; it was not to tribalize or regionalize the young republic after independence. The people of South Sudan fought together to have their own country.

Tribalization and regionalization threatens the young republic after hard-won independence. However, the South Sudanese should learn from other nations that once tragically employed tribal and regional conflicts to function as so-called good politics. The 1994 Rwandan’s genocide is a good example of a nation filled with both tribal and regional hatreds.

I do not believe that the citizens of South Sudan want their country to be a “failed state,” because I know that they are proud of their identity and cultural norms, but they also suffer from hearts full of toxic, tribal ideologies. In a society like South Sudan, tribal conflicts will always be there, but they can be minimized if political leaders think collectively.

I would not argue with sadists on this particular issue because I know that their ultimate purpose is to see the people of South Sudan fail and suffer. People should not waste their time listening to politicians who care only about elections, power and recognition.

The right people to listen to are those leaders who think and act like statesmen—these leaders are people who act collectively, think deeply about the future of the country, work to better their nations and show rationality in any calamity, regardless of any political risk that may stand in their way. The leaders of this young nation must act in this manner if they wish to minimize or avoid the looming regional and tribal politics.

The fact of the matter is that the Republic of South Sudan is a nation still deeply infested with tribal ideologies and the SPLM-led government must be smart to avoid digging its own political grave.

Possible Consequences

There are consequences that the SPLM-led government must prepare for if it is serious about its own political potential. However, if the ruling party fails to change its current political attitude and cast off its autocratic tendencies, then the following outcomes may be all but inevitable:

(1) South Sudan will be deeply divided on regional and tribal lines—this could encourage or incite ethnic or regional rebellions, deepen mistrust between communities in the already fragile society, and further destabilize the new nation.

(2) The ruling party will lose its vital grounds and regional politics will ascend—this could cause an uprising against the ruling party.

(3) National parliamentarians will be influenced or guided by regional or tribal politics, not national or party politics.

(4) A popular and possibly stronger political party will emerge, and the SPLM will eventually lose its hold on the political, economic, security and military spheres.

(5) A new rebel movement that is far more powerful than any current or previous rebel group could surface.

These five outcomes are probable unless the Juba’s autocrats adjust their autocratic propensities.

In all successful societies, everyone must be willing to make sacrifices and the SPLM’s elites and citizens alike are not immune from these social responsibilities.

The future of this country can only be build by leaders who think and act like statesmen who, acting in the capacity of fellow countrymen, actively fight for the growth of their country, the future of their youth, the cultivation of the unique talents of their people, the preservation of their country’s environment, the enactment of compassionate laws protecting the poor, elderly, and disabled — this is the future, and much needed and anticipated statesman of South Sudan; they are individuals who will cultivate justice and peace among their people.

I understand that cultural norms are very important in almost any society, but this will not suffice if the people of South Sudan are to have significant influence on the future of their country.

There is no need to stick to a tradition that costs lives. It makes sense for tribes to defend their interests, but tribal agendas can contribute to the development of a nation only if they are collectively acknowledged and accepted by all tribes that make up the nation.

It is also important to admit that most of the current political leaders of South Sudan and their supporters prefer to fabricate a reason to cover up their misdeeds so as to uphold their tribal doctrines, rather than do the right thing for the well-being of their country.

The claim that one tribe is supreme over other tribes in South Sudan is a perilous wishful thinking. This kind of mentality cannot build a prosperous South Sudan.

Building a successful, democratic nation can only be done by political leaders who think and act like statesmen, people who think collectively, not by leaders who think and act like autocratic politicians and crave power.

Can we ever legitimately assert that some tribes are morally superior to others? Can this ever be compatible with a unified country that supports all of its citizens, despite tribal membership? These questions are for you to consider and draw your own conclusions.

Building a successful democratic nation can only be done by political leaders who respect the laws, and behave like statesmen. The people of South Sudan did not fight for an autocratic government or a one-party state; they fought hard to have a nation where opposing views are respected.

The SPLM’s deceptive politics should not be used as the policy of the government, and they must not be tolerated. The government must work with tribal leaders in tackling ethnic conflicts.

The SPLM should implement policies that match its founding principles, eradicate its autocratic tendencies, and lead as a national political party if it is to regain the peoples’ confidence. Otherwise, it risks ongoing diminishment of its own legacy and legitimacy, and eventual collapse. END

Duop Chak Wuol is the Editor-in-Chief of the South Sudan News Agency (http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/). He can be reached at duop282@gmail.com. Note: The views expressed in this article are his and should not be attributed to the South Sudan News Agency.

58 Comments

  1. Puot says:

    Duop,

    This is good piece. However, the content would not sound well to those who sit comfortably in Juba. I wish they read and take notice of what’s surrounding them. Again, well stated piece, sir.

    Puot

    • Raan Naath says:

      Brother Duop Chak Wuol,

      Great article. Keep on publishing such educative analysis. Of course the so-called liberators are like hungry wolves that pretended to defend the sheep from the HYENA only to resort to devouring the sheep themselves.
      They forgot the reasons for which they fought against the Khartoum’s successive regimes. SPLM needs an internal revolution in order to direct it to the right path, or else there is a need for alternative new strong political party in South Sudan. Salva Kiir and his likes are big failure…

  2. John G says:

    RSS is a complicated country.

  3. Col. G.Yuoi Latjor says:

    Duop Chak Wuol,
    No doubt, you are the 1991 SPLM/A deserter that ran back and forth to Khartoum. The five points you possibly dream to happen to South Sudan should SPLM/A not change its political stance to accommodate militias like you in the government will never ever happen. Get this right. Majority of South Sudanese now think beyond ethnic and tribal lines and care a lot about the future of their children.

    The founding principles of the SPLM/A are unchanged and that is one of the reasons president General Salva Kiir Mayardit keeps on calling senseless militia warlords to abandon butchering their own people and join their brothers and sisters in rebuilding South Sudan. Enough has been said and speculated about SPLM/A being incapable to liberate its people from the Khartoum’s successive regimes but now the opposite is quite embarrassing to militias. You must love your own country and defend it just as you do now in your second country.

    • Kim Deng, Juba says:

      Col. G. Yuoi Latjor,
      You are either narrow-minded or didn’t read the article. People like you are the ones who don’t want to admit the things addressed in this article. Clearly, you still have that mentality of those SPLM naked-folks who always call those they disagreed with Jaalaba or other useless names.
      I don’t understand people who cannot admit their bad actions. Accusing people with useless tone will never help you. And by the way, who is Kiir? The thief or dictator? What name do you want for your illiterate president? What a disgrace. Deal with it or wait for your destiny.
      Deng

    • Duop says:

      Col. G. Yuoi Latjor:
      My suggestion to you is to revisit the section you seem to have issue with; I am happy that you expressed your views and brought up that familiar song (e.g. “1991 SPLM/A deserter”, etc.)— you made my day, sir!
      Open “dialogue” is the only alternative solution to our problems… we cannot hide our own internal issues and expect a peaceful nation.
      Best regards,
      Duop

      • Col. G.Yuoi Latjor says:

        Chak
        I have read the entire article of yours carefully and analytically. Your advice could be good but the manner you have approached your analysis is somehow troubling to those of us who experienced the 1991 factional wars. Keep inciting the public against the SPLM/A but don’t forget the consequence this could bring to your innocent people.

        • Duop says:

          Col. G.Yuoi Latjor: I also agree with you in some part. The problem I see within the leadership of the SPLM is that they know there are serious problems in the country but they don’t want to address them. I am not sure if they understand the consequences of these issues. If our leaders set a good path for us then we can follow their footsteps, but, they are not doing it.
          Here is another issue, whenever an individual tries to talk publicly about these sensitive issues, the SPLM’s elites will quickly accuse such a person of divisive names. I am sure we all want our new republic succeed but the SPLM is not ready to change its communist mentality.
          Best regards,
          Duop

    • Gatkuoth Lok says:

      Being imprisoned by bigotry, does not help a person to grow, Mr. Yuoi Latjor. Stay healed.

    • Emmanuel says:

      Col. G.Yuoi Latjor,
      what bro Doup Chak Woul wrote here is an article/opinion, an analysis of what is already happening or may happen to our beloved country given the current situation and leadership of our ill minded leaders (at least he believes so)… a professionally written piece… such way of writing that any one can called it professional no matter whether you agree or disagree with what is written in there. We, including you…are supposed to proud of having a south Sudanese of this calibre………..

      Mr. Col …. please don’t get me wrong I am not trying to defend the writer (he can do it more better for himself than me).. but after reading the article and your reply I was disappointed …… to see such a comment from a fellow south Sudanese who called himself a Col. … is a colonel in the army… then our army should look for new recruits…….

      He is talking ideas and you are busy talking about his person….. if you don’t agree with his ideas …. why can’t you write yours or at list criticize his ideas not his person…. ashhhhhhh LORD HAVE MERCY UPON SOUTH SUDAN
      (Chinua Achibe once said…”If you don’t like some one’s story, write yours)

  4. Mankien town says:

    Dear Doup ,
    you have made it all, this is how the country should be guided.
    Breaking news — now Koul Manyang Juuk tells the president yesterday to sack James Hoth Mai in a move to eliminate Nuer officers and politicians.
    this is a indication of disaster, ethnic tension the country will face soon,
    Nuer politicians and army officers have discovered the tactic of all Dinka government and doing thing which already has been know by everybody in the streets is a necked politics.

  5. majongdit says:

    Mankien town,
    How old are you? How do you bring the nuer politics into the mix?
    I think the article focuses on SPLM rule, not about Nuer and Dinka. You need to know that the SPLM is not Dinka. SPLM is a political party in South Sudan with a very diverse membership. Most of your Nuer people are members of SPLM including your county commissioner and a your village chief.

  6. majongdit says:

    All along, I thought South Sudan News Agency is the official news body for the government. If it is not the case for South Sudan then its absolutely a pity.
    South Sudan News Agency must be dismantled and again transformed, re-established and restructured to meet the global standards of a country’s news agency.
    I strongly demand that Mr Buay, the Editor in Chief of South Sudan News Agency to immediately resign.
    If one disagrees with a system and fails in doing anything to put anything right then there is no other option than to quit.
    If SPLM and the SPLM led government is doing nothing as believed by Buay then those of Buay just leave the way.
    SPLM has delivered to you a whole country. SPLM undergoes so many hurdles in the nation building withsome being ushered through by a bad neighbour, Sudan, and the people within the same ruling system that we used to describe during ghe bush days as “Tabuur Kamis”. Buay suits such a list.

    FROM EDITOR: MR. MAJONDIT, YOU HAVE APPARENTLY MISTAKEN TWO SEPARATE ENTITIES, THE SS NEWS AGENCY OF MR. DUOP ISN’T THE SAME AS YOUR OTHER IMAGINED AGENCY OR RELATED TO BUAY. KINDLY CHECK THE FACTS.

    • Alice John Dhiey, London says:

      majongdit, if you don’t what a dreamer then you are the dreamer here. Loser Gordoan Buay has no link with South Sudan News Agency. You can accommodate him there in Juba.

      South Sudan News Agency (SSNA) is a private
      News Agency of South Sudan (NASS) is owned by Juba government

      Do you understand the different?

  7. Petros says:

    You S. sudanese leaders are confusing the world. you asked for freedom, you got it, and now you are destroying your country.

  8. Bhanyker says:

    Some might wonder, how a failed governor who couldn’t rescue his own state be appointed as defence minister? The answer is crystal clear and obvious, it’s to eliminate the Nuer officers and replace them with President Kiir’s loyalist Dinka officers, so that Mr President can implement his plan without any objections.
    Therefore, the suggestion made by Mr Koul Manyang, that the President should sack Chief of Staff, Hoth Mai is not surprising to everybody including Gathoth himself, and the rest of the Nuer officers.
    Gatdiet, Lam and Gony. My message to the Nuer officers in the army who still thinking that there is a government in South Sudan, should now think twice.
    Kiir and Kuol Manyang, mean business. You could be killed, arrested or disappeared any time from now, we all know Kuol Manyang hatred towards Nuer people. Please be vigilant the situation is serious….

  9. AW Joseph says:

    Col. G. Yuoi Latjor,
    Each and every South Sudanese knows the actions of the SPLM/A OYEE. You corrupt petty criminals are rotten from top to bottom. Wait and see, 2015 election. We are not Kenyans or Ugandans who can be manipulated and oppressed for so long without any reaction. We will liberate ourselves from the fake liberators!!!!!!

    • AW Joseph:

      I thought you were an Arab. What did you do better in South Sudan than the SPLM and those corrupted politicians in Juba? Your patriotic help is mostly needed in Darfur, Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains and not in South Sudan. We will peacefully exercise our constitutional rights in order to vote out those corrupted individuals instead of waging a senseless war to kill our own innocent people just for the interest and benefit of the individuals. Anyhow, thank you for sympathizing with us, however we don’t need your fake help. Have you ever heard or seen Hyena/Lion liberating a sheep?
      “The truth must be told even if it hurts”
      Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang!

  10. Lare Justice says:

    Duop Chak Wuol,
    Great article sir! however, my concern is about what is taking place in our beloved young nation at this very moment. I think we as a country need to do more about what is taking place as our President Cancer Salva Kiir is concerned. Since our lawmakers can’t and won’t dare to impeach our President, we those who think this madman is a CANCER to our young nation should convince the army specially those who are concerned about Salva Kiir’s leadership and overthrow this Warrap State blind coward leader just to save more lives.
    Because the upcoming 2015, will be very nasty and deadly with Salva Kiir Kuethpiny Lual return to power. So, Salva Kiir must go and go now by all mean whether by the use of AK-47 or any means. President Kiir, himself is our major problem as far as South Sudan is concerned.

    • Col. G.Yuoi Latjor says:

      The 90% from 75 people issued with letters to return the disappeared money could be from the SPLM/A party politicians you are claiming to have been ignored by President General Salva Kiir in his recent appointment. I am not a politician anyway.

  11. Lual Nyanthon says:

    Col. Yuoi Latjor, You sharply discredit this brilliant man called Duop Chak for disclosing facts for South Sudan’s political future road map; I believe you must be idiotic or short sighted individual who lacks critical analysis. Duop’s conclusion is not far from fact and I can tell you that what’s taken place within the SPLM is not a national or party interest but cell egos. Look, Kiir has now turned blind eyes against all SPLM senior members who disagreed with the direction the Country is being driven by the thugs or Warrap elites.
    You need to understand the meaning of SPLM or envisage the difference between bush and post-CPA eras, who was our yesterday’s enemies and who are the today’s enemies.
    Back in those old days in bush our enemies were Jallaba and Khartoum regime and the SPLM was our umbrella created to promote our Political agenda. Now, South Sudan is a Independent nation. System of elimination is now an order of the day as we have seen in last two months, the president has fallen in love with new friends and discarded the veterans who sacrificed their lives for freedom of the nation.
    What do you think the response of the current situation from those people whom Kiir had betrayed will be? Party loyalty is now fading away and will soon be replaced with tribal loyalty as said by Duop Chak.
    Nuer, the second majority to Dinka in South Sudan understood that Dinka launched a cold war to eradicate them using SPLM as the tool.
    To be honest, comrade, those individuals giving wrong advice will soon regret and I believe the focus will not be between the SPLM and whoever will take cause to their hands but Tribal war will bring down our nation.

    To do the Math, Kuol Manyang must not forget the 1991 episode in case there will be a war in South Sudan. Nuer dominated the three states or the Greater Upper Nile meaning if the SPLM will lose the control of the country, Dinka in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile ststes will pay heavy price than those in the Greater Bhar el Gazel.

  12. GD says:

    Lual Nyanthon,

    Did you really understand what the article is about. You are still talking about Dinka and Nuer. Why don’t you people stop being so narrow minded and try to discuss issues rather than blind tribal loyalty?
    Kiir did not just dismiss Nuer people, he dismissed a whole cabinet that was made up of different tribes. You state that “Dinka in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states will pay heavy price than those in the Greater Bhar el Gazel.” This is the kind of sentiment that needs to be eradicated if we are to succeed in our nation building. Please stick to issues and stop this tribal nonsense.

    GD

  13. Mankien town says:

    Dear Majongdit,
    for your information I’m not an splm member I’m an independent south Sudan and I am mature entourage in terms of education, logical thinking, and am the pure Dinka from Rumbek but don’t like the way we Dinka run the government of people. The government does not belong to us as Dinka only, it belongs to all south Sudanese.

    now go to sudantribune in Friday news and check about the removing of the chief of staff, the time when the president on friday with Koul talked in presence of every soldier, be realistic and flexible on your argument.

    Mankien Town

  14. Lare Justice says:

    Bhanyker,
    You said it all brother. If the so called Failed governor Kuol Juuk wants chief of staff Gathoth Mai fired from our very army, the rest of the Nuer/Naath might want to think twice because after Gathoth, that will be the end of the Nuer/Naath in our army.
    Now before and after Salva Kiir and Bor Dinka Kuol Juuk’s move to dismiss the chief of staff Hoth Mai, all Nuer/Naath should have a game plan ready to respond to Dinka in terms of Nuer/Naath of Greater Upper Nile vs the coward Dinka of Bhar El Gazal or whatever you like it. I mean everything should be on the table here my fellow Naath, we as a community or tribe must make some moves before it’s too late to act. The other 60 plus tribes in the South South Can not do anything or the International for that matter to stop these coward Jang slaves Dinka. At least we can do is make a major move toward that tiny Bhar El Gazal or whatever.

    El

    • Lare Justice:

      Dear Gatgualeen:

      As Brothers, Dinka and Nuer fought over the cows which were given to them as heirs by their ailing and dying father long time ago. They also fought again during the liberation of South Sudan. Now you have declared war on Dinka for the Food and money. Cowards, Don’t you think that Dinka is ready and willing to fight the war for the liberation of Food and money? Dinka loves food and money as much as Naath people. Why don’t you, Riek and Kiir’s supporters settle this issue of the food liberation by yourselves once and for all.

      Can you guys meet somewhere in Mayom or Mankien County, Unity State and settle your differences there? The people of South Sudan have suffered long enough and I don’t want them to continue to suffer anymore. Please let this war of food be fought by the people of Warrap State and Unity State. Let Kiir and Riek’s supporters fight their war on food, money and leadership. You guys have failed the people of South Sudan with your greediness, aggressions, stupidity and lack of leadership. Fool, Who do you think you are in South Sudan?

      “The truth must be told even if it hurts”
      Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang!

      • Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang;

        I never appreciate any of your comments but today I am so happy for you for making this comment. You reminded me about a terrible conflict, which nearly occurred in Ikotos between Bol Madut and Kuol Manyang in 1994. Bol Madut and Bar-El-Gal military people moved to west Ikotos is also call new Ikotos. Kuol Manyang and Bor friends moved to South Ikotos. Nuer and Nubian Soldiers remained in center of Ikotos we did not know what to do. Luckily, before any bullet was fired Salva Kiir arrived in Ikotos and approached Bol Madut immediately and asked him to leave Ikotos now for Bar-El-Gale.

        Thus, Bol Madut left Ikotos the following day for Bar-El-Gal. When Bol Madut arrived in Bar-El_Gal he (Bol) tried to mobilize the people of Bar-El-Gal to fight with Bor People. However, the civilian elders in Bar-El-Gal told Bol Madut that we would elect some elders to go with you so you Bol Madut and Kuol Manyang can fight with hands, sticks, kick boxing or spears but no guns, no Bar-El-Gal or Bor would be involved. In the end, Bol Madut campaign about fighting Bor people came to an end.

  15. Chutzil says:

    I am supporter of SPLM but I agree with your analysis. Let’s voice our concern before our new country plunged into fire fits. may almighty lord bless our country and all people in it. peace & love for all.

  16. Anyar Ngeth Lueth says:

    South Sudan is already a failed state, no more to wait. All dictators are anti-truth. Now you are their enemy in Juba.

  17. kikisik says:

    Mr. Doup Chak Wuol,
    Although, your article was well written, I disagree with one of your paragraph and quote, ‘I do not believe that the citizens of the republic of South Sudan want their country to be a ‘failed state’- You’re definitely right, but South Sudan is already a failed state.
    A nation can be termed as a failed state if it is disrupted by internal political violence, corruption, insecurity, nepotism, tribalism, poor control of its borders, growth of criminal violence, no effective education system, poor judiciary system as it is a derivative of the executive rather being independent and as such, the government can no longer deliver a positive political services to their citizens, as a result the government loses legitimacy in the eyes and hearts of its citizens.
    Despite all the above indicators, the government of South Sudan become irritated when a Think-Tank declared South Sudan the fourth, after Somalia, DRC, and Sudan. The reason the government gave was that the country was still 2 years all compared to others.
    The question becomes -how can a two year old nation have more millionaires in just a short time?
    In the light of all these, brother Doup, the citizens of South Sudan had already known sadly that their country is a failed state. To me, South Sudan has fallen rapidly through the weaknesses to the very edge of the abyss of failure.
    All these failure are a result of poor leadership of the SPLM and errors of the president that have destroyed the country for their personal gains. The president and his associates have refused to deliver more than political goods to the people of South Sudan and his corrupt rule has bled the resources of the country into their own pockets.
    In conclusion, I would like to thank you for taking your time to write this article. Well done- keep it up!

  18. Col. G.Yuoi Latjor says:

    Young men,
    I am a freedom fighter and have been on several frontlines. I took part in major battles of which either Nuer or Dinka is the majority. I am not forgetting other tribes that made positive impacts to help liberating South Sudan. As a Nuer by birth, I don’t think government belongs to ethnic group; it belongs to the nation, a collection of individuals.

    Those fighting in the name of my own tribe, Naath Nuer, do not know what they are arguing for. There is a great difference between the actual criticism of a government and an incitement of public against the government for nothing.

    SPLA soldiers once in uniforms, fought real battles with Khartoum regimes, slept under trees, faced 1991 factional wars, let us not forget there were disgruntled Dinka and other smaller tribes in 1991 split, should not even think and speculate about another possible tribal war within.

    RSS is now a full govt. whoever tries to destablize it will face tough war. Thanks to General Hoth Mai for warning that politicians do not have soldiers of their own. Nation does and for that case, he is wise enough to caution soldiers who might be siding with politicians whose interests are to incite tribes against tribes.

    South Sudan has lost innocent people during the 1991 and any attempt by people like Chak to speculate another possible ethnic war is unacceptable.

    Enough with the mentality of tribes because no nation can be built with ethnic tension impeding progress in mind. Powers of many politicians are always for greed not for the development in most cases.

    You young people that have a chance to go to schools should rebuild South Sudan not by saying so and so are illiterates and for that matter they cannot lead South Sudanese well. This is arrogant tune at worst.

    Who should have fought the liberation struggles if all of us once abandoned wars for education abroad? We must be cautious about talking of illiterate SPLA soldiers that liberated this land, we are all proud to secure and live in it peacefully.

    • Deang Timothy says:

      Col. Gaach
      Thanks a lot for reminding the boys of their responsibility to rebuild S. Sudan. Whether one is educated or not, won’t be the case here. Salva Kiirdit and you fought our enemies from differing fronts. I could remember when your forces captured Kurmuk in 1988 and went on capturing Melut which Arabs retoke later. Lam Akol did nothing but to help Riek.

    • Duop says:

      Col. G.Yuoi Latjor,
      there is no suggestion as you alluded to– it is all about the mentality of the ruling party. You cannot rule like a tyrant and expect everything to be fine. I think the best way for you is to declare your true intention without battling against your own self. The problem in RSS is that whenever a person questions the SPLM’s rule, those political “sycophants” in Juba open their eyes so huge that even an elephant in the bush could sense them.
      Duop

    • Canon the destroy says:

      And now Dinka by Conversion of Wealth

    • Dear Col.G.Yuoi Latjor:
      Sir, Are you really a Nuer or Dinka/Kiir Mayardit in disguise? If you are truly a nuer, then you are my kind of Nuer and South Sudanese Nationalist. I believe that you truly have a valid reason to fight for the liberation of this Country. Sir, you have made your true and patriotic voice heard on this forum which is full of tribal and regional hatred and confusion.

      In fact, the vast majority of my South Sudanese Brothers and Sisters have labelled me as a Mother of all evils and tribalism on this forum just for telling the truth and standing up against the vicious liars and tribalsits on this Forum. Some of our potential political leaders such as Bentinue Ramaran, Gatcharwearboal and many others have put their shallow minds in Kiir and Riek Machar’s political Briefcases and they are not able to think for the common interest and betterment of our beloved Country. Those thugs are very educated, yet they need to be liberated from the mental slavery. Please let us put our AK47 machine guns aside and work collectively to liberate these individuals from the mental slavery. We must act now and act faster and decisive otherwise they will soon perish in Kiir and Riek Machar’s political Bedrooms or Briefcases.

      Thank you Col. G. Yuoi Latjor for your great comment. I sincerely applauded you for standing up and stepping out from the crowd of tribalists. Our Country needs people like you to speak up for the truth and to demonstrate the dedications and love for the Country. Keep it up and stay blessed, Guondit/Benydit!

      “The truth must be told even if it hurts”
      Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang!

      • Bull of Africa says:

        Dear Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang:

        I fail to grasp why you always attack GatCharwearbol with or without any reason. I have followed closely your debate for long. Writing or commenting was not appealing to me since but today; I decided to jump into the bandwagon.

        As I read and dissect your differences, it is only one thing. You are a big fan of Salva Kiir. On the other hand, GatCharwearbol is a big fan of Dr. Machar. This is the only bond of contention between the two of you. I have to admit that both of you at some occasions cross the line to attack each other tribes. This is where you threw unnecessary punches and traded uncalled for accusations.

        With this in mind, if I were to judge both of you, I would say your insults and his are equally equivalent. Both of you have dragged what was started as national issues to tribal level. You cannot push aside the whole blame to GatCharwearbol and portray yourself as the clean one. This is just my personal take on what I have read and identified from both your writings.

        I hope you will not see me as your enemy. South Sudan belongs to Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang, GatCharwearbol, and the largest masses. It is up to you to turn back from what you have been portraying yourselves to be and go for what is common to all of us; the liberation of South Sudan from descending into dictatorship.
        Thank you both for your contribution on this site. You have both made sensible and uncalled for statements. Sometime, it is what it is.

      • Deang Timothy says:

        Lukudu Gatkuoth
        Col. G Yuoi Latjor is a warrior and educated Nuer’s son.

      • Col. G. Yuoi Latjor says:

        Dear Gatkuoth
        Yes, I am by birth and by tribe Nuer and citizen of South Sudan.

  19. Leader says:

    Dear ALL,
    Has this site become a forum for these unreasonable Nuer crude politicians? They post their articles and commenT on it as if they are the only people.
    Why do these people like rumor-mongering, where did you get this information about Kuol telling Kiir to remove Gen. Hoth?
    What is wrong with him being removed since it is normal practice in any government? Remember other senior commanders with whom they were appointed in 2005 have since been relieved.
    I think it is good for him to be sacked so that he becomes a Nuer and not a Dinka stooge. According to you, anybody who supports the government is a Dinka stooge and a militia is a Nuer.

    • GatCharwearbol says:

      Leader,

      Go to Sudantribune.com and read it for yourself. Who do you expect to read it for you? Kuol and Kiir have already planned to remove Gathoth Mai. It is none of my business since Gathoth is already your stooge as you mentioned. But I guess his loyalty has come to an end. It is high time for Kiir and Kuol to find another flunkey.

      I know you do not like to hear the fact, but it is time for you to suck it up. This article is not about Nuer or Dinka, it is about SPLM missteps that you have been defending. Your sacred cow (“Kiir Mayardit”) and Kuol are the ones who want to remove Gathoth. Now stop pointing fingers to the wrong direction.

  20. Mankien town says:

    Leader,
    The removable of James Hoth Mai comes with the time James opposed any militias training in Luri bridge road to western Equatoria state and the hiring of some Uganda army given to him by dictator Museveni to Kirr, when he planned to remove Machar. James wants to remove any military element in politics and remain neutral, and he James refused to recognize such private army to the president.
    Nuer officers and politicians realized now that the case was not about changing of government or SPLM as many may think, it was just tribal politics, he who wants to get rid of other tribes.
    south Sudan will not realize her independence unless they bring non-tribalist president. The current president uses Dinka elders as his advisers to confuse him such as Telar.
    please never beat the drums of war, peace is better for our beloved nation. thanks
    Mankien Town.

  21. Jijury says:

    I commented on this article last night, unfortunately I think it didn’t please Mr. Editor so he deleted it.

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Mr. Jijury,
      Your comment couldn’t be published because of the insinuations you mentioned, you are inferring to killings which are rather disturbing.
      Editor

  22. Well, who cares? An outcome you are wishing for is going to be faced by all including you rebels. You can pray to God to give you what you have been dreaming of. Stop complaining when people know you for who you are!

    • Kim Deng says:

      KUCH, WILLIAM M, There is no complain here. Now I see you are one of those blind supporters of SPLM who do not care about problems we face. I doubt you read the whole article. What you did was: You saw those points mentioned and then your corrupt mind went blooped. The article suggests SPLM corrupts to change their way of leadership or if they are not for it then they might face those points. What a disgrace to dealing with empty minded SPAM-blind folks.

      Deng

    • Anyar Ngeth Lueth says:

      You see, south sudanese who are anti-peace don’t like truth. They have hard time digesting the article.

  23. Mr. Kim Deng,
    You are an enemy in the ranks, no doubt!

  24. bolabokdit says:

    Duop Chak,
    The whole subject of government and how to govern can be quite precise, almost a technical science. In my mind the person who works tirelessly and determines the goal can not forget his suffering lightly. If one is interested in having a better government one should not say unnecessary things. Let me tell you even in western world, freedom has limits; you don’t go beyond your limit. In well-ordered society all problems are published and made known generally, but what I see in our nation is that there is no difference between political analyst and editor; real politician from an ordinary citizen….and so on and so forth, it is very scary.

    • Duop says:

      bolabokdit,
      you have touched good points. I agree with you that there are limits in any democracy. I also concur with you that our political analysts, editors, politicians, and ordinary citizens are in one boat… it is not a good thing and I agree! We can speculate as to why these different traits merged but I am not in position to address them here. I hope you understand!
      Best,
      Duop

  25. Mankien town says:

    BREAKING NEWS.
    On 17/09/2013 newly vice president James Wani will travel to New York to address the 192 countries for the first time that comprise the world body which is the united nation General assembly. source in UN general Assembly said south Sudan will be given a priority to address the challenges that affect her growth such as the investment opportunity, Donors engagement, and so on. so, one may ask who will address the follow questions,
    1) Abyei issue
    2) security and border issues
    3) good governance and accountability
    4) democracy and development
    5) tolerance, dictatorship to the young nation.
    since it’s not like sitting in the vice president chair in Juba and saying ‘Ya comrades,’ as it’s far different from Juba, south Sudan needs some one to give an excellent Speech to the world, and therefore it needs people with excellent English and good gestures.

    WHY choose the weak team to represent South Sudan?
    Mankien Town

  26. Akuma ToK says:

    Thanks Mr. Editor, for this fundamental article. FYI – in our culture as Monjieng/Dinka, we are hypocrites, oppressors, lairs, etc. We claimed that we are the only freedom fighters, born to rule without considering the contributions of other tribes during the struggle for freedom, CPA Interim period, pre- post independence. Now, to derive you to the point, all these crises happening within SPLM/A are implementations of Dinka domination tactics towards other tribes in S.Sudan starting with Nuer.

    As a typical Dinka, I denounced all these devil acts, because we are all equal before God, the presence of other tribes and Dinka constitute South Sudan. I know my fellow Dinka tribes mates will deny my identity as a Dinka but truth should be said, as the adage goes “Speaks the Truth and it shall set you free.”

    • GatCharwearbol says:

      Akuma Tok:

      I do not know if you are really a Monyjieng or Nuer or even an Equatoria pretending to be Dinka. If you are truly a Dinka as you claim, you are indeed following the footstep of Mr. Isaiah Abraham who is known on this website as a true nationalist who does not entertain tribalism. Before his untimely death, Mr. Isaiah Abraham wrote many articles in attempt to educate many Dinka that your attitude and tendency of tribal fanatic will not do any good rather than harm to The Republic of South Sudan.

      The arrogance attitude of we are born to rule has conjured up more enemies than friends to my Dinka Cousins. I give you kudos for your enlightening comment with regard to the unproductive attitude the Monyjieng men and women have been showing to South Sudanese.

      I am also more pleased with your name Akuma Tok which our late freedom fighter, Dr. John Garang de Mabior used in several occasions. Akuma Tok, which means one government that we all can look after without intimidating other small tribes is what we yearn for. If I am not wrong, you must be from Dinka Bor community as Dr. John Garang. I know for a fact that there decent people in Bor Community compare to Bhar el Ghazel who have made looting their primary objective over rebuilding the nation.

      Since I begin reading and writing comments on this site, several Dinka and Nuer seem to only support their tribe instead of supporting what is sensible for the common good of our people at large. You are the second Dinka that have made sense and broke this cycle. Mabior Garang De Mabior was the first one to actually denounce what Kiir and his supporters are doing. Mabior has come out in to the open in support of Dr. Machar notwithstanding the common allegation of Dr. Machar massacring the Bor Dinka in 1991. Just for the record, Mabior halts from Bor community. But his logical thinking transcends over simple tribal attitude that many only seem to easily fall into. Thank-you, Mabior Garang De Mabior and Akuma Tok, you are the true nationalists.

  27. koji kirjok says:

    Slowly but surely, there is still hope as government has been running a lot of obstacles 2005 CPA. yes, it true but it has been never allow to be free as it may be mean on paper signed. The current reshuffle showed the screening of balancing regional representatives in the government which may be expected at state and county levels. the recent oil flow and on going negotiation with Khartoum will at least clean some tears.

  28. AW Joseph says:

    Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang & others
    Who gave you the right to classify South Sudanese citizens? For your information I am 100% Central Equatorian. I do not blame God for your stupidity. It is Greed, Corruption, Nepotism, Tribalism, Incompetence and Idiocy in the DINKA government that has brought South Sudan to this level. No DINKA government will deliver us human rights, Freedom of speech, Jobs, Security and a peaceful South Sudan on silver plate.
    We just need to remove this government peacefully through election in 2015 and Riak Machar will lead us because we in Equatoria love him. If that does not happen then South Sudanese will rise up and fight until this government is gone. Lukudu Gatkuoth Garang, remember that when we kicked DINKA out of Equatoria in the 80s no gun was fired. KOKORA is our gun, we will use it AGAIN!!!!!

  29. Mankien town says:

    E- have deleted out most part of my comments I wrote yesterday which were very interesting for my readers
    including the case of dictator Museveni relation with Kirr.
    anyway thank you,
    Mankien Town

    FROM EDITOR: LETTERS ARE EDITED FOR CLARITY, REPETITION, LANGUAGE, LENGTH, ETC…… OTHERWISE, YOU MIGHT AS WELL SEND IT IN AS AN ARTICLE OR OPINION PIECE…..

  30. Hello, Mr. Kim Deng,
    I know you don’t agree with my points of view, but nor do I agree with yours either. However, truth most be told. I rather be with my illiterate president as you mentioned than to be with well educated and hypocrite one. It is simple as that! Thanks!

  31. koji kirjok says:

    Nobody is an orphan to south Sudan or to any tribe in south Sudan, unless some one called him/her self to be so. What i know hungry season, demand on food always remains the lead. South Sudan is for all of Us and it will be ours for ever.

  32. Raam mi Raan says:

    Thanks Colleague Duop.
    You have mentioned all the short comings of the SPLM and Salva Kiir, the Killer.

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