The Root causes of Political Violence in South Sudan – What’re the Solutions?

BY: DR. LAKO Jada KWAJOK, JUL/31/2016, SSN;

From the outset, I must admit that this article was initiated by a desire to address some misconceptions that came up in Professor Mahmood Mamdani’s article, “Who’s to blame for the political violence in South Sudan? What’s the way forward? I also wanted to elaborate on my suggestion regarding United Nations trusteeship as the best solution for the crisis in South Sudan.

Professor Mamdani expressed many views some are controversial and some are similar to my personal views. To understand why a politically and ethnically engendered violence engulfed South Sudan 2 years after independence, we must go back to how the SPLM/SPLA came into being.

Some years back, retired Major General James Loro, the former President of the Transitional High Executive Council (THEC) was asked over SSTV about how the SPLM/SPLA started. The answer he gave was not the one the TV host hoped to hear. In fact, the audience wouldn’t have gotten the opportunity to know what the General disclosed if the show wasn’t live.

So what did the good General say? Being an honest man he stated that it started as a mutiny by Battalion 105 on a background of embezzlement of funds and salaries belonging to soldiers.

The accused officers upon being ordered to report to Juba immediately for investigation decided to stage a mutiny capitalising on the widespread dissent in the Jieng community against the re-division of South Sudan into three regions.

They joined forces with the Anyanya 2 movement that was active as a low-grade insurgency in the area since the Akobo uprising in 1975.

Loro’s statement is credible as he was a former commander of Battalion 105 which means he might have known the facts from his former subordinates. Moreover, he was the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Southern Division in Juba at the time of the mutiny.

Following that statement, the General never featured again on SSTV. Late Dr. John Garang was on leave and happened to be in the area. Using his leadership charisma, education, and political talents, he managed to hijack the mutineer’s movement and transformed it into what is now known as SPLM/SPLA.

However, he was up against stiff resistance from the Anyanya 2 group which ultimately succumbed after he succeeded in soliciting support for his group from Ethiopia. Garang was ruthless in his quest to consolidate power. Prominent leaders like Samuel Gai Tut, Akuot Atem, Joseph Oduho and Martin Majier were eliminated in an undignified manner.

The culture of violence is deeply-rooted within the SPLM/SPLA. In fact, it was born with it. When you hear the SPLA war songs like “Shaala Abowk Adi Talaga,” meaning (Even your father, put a bullet in him) – would there be any wonder regarding the numerous atrocities committed by the SPLA against the civil population?

Even if someone’s father were a traitor, it would be quite extreme and shocking for one to execute his dad. Those kinds of songs and even worse were taught to young recruits and child soldiers over 30 years ago. Some of those recruits are now the commanders and the high-ranking officers in the SPLA army units.

The above makes it too easy to understand why many citizens rate SPLA as the number one threat to their lives before disease, environmental catastrophes, and famine.

There is a further dimension to the violence that tends to be overlooked. It was reported at the beginning of the conflict that President Kiir addressed recruits exclusively drawn from his ethnic Dinka tribe saying in Dinka language, “The power I have, belongs to you and if some people (meaning Machar’s group) want to take it away from me, would you allow that to happen?”

Some of the rhetoric used was quite damaging to national unity. The recruits were told that the country is theirs and the rest are aliens. Equatorians are Ugandans, and the Nuer came over from Ethiopia. Just imagine what would be the outcome of such rhetoric continuously fed to illiterate people who hail from communities where cattle rustling is commonplace.

As we know, cattle rustling more often than not involves looting, rape and wanton killings. The new reality is that the cattle rustlers have now been authorised by the state to do the only thing they know. Thus it wasn’t a surprise to many when they ran amok on several occasions, killing innocent civilians and ransacking whatever in their way.

It’s a behaviour that stands in stark contrast to what people saw from the Anyanya movement. We never witnessed or heard of atrocities committed against civilians during the Anyanya war. In general, the Anyanya fighters were reputed for being protective and supportive of the civil population.

A hybrid political authority led by an African team to run South Sudan as suggested by Mamdani, would most likely deliver a partial solution to the problem or even further complicate the situation. The reasons are the following:

Firstly, the crisis in South Sudan is not only political but has social and humanitarian dimensions. The regime has pitted communities against each other and inflicted immeasurable damage to the social fabric of the country. As a consequence of its brutality that caused massive population displacement, famine has occurred or looming in many parts of South Sudan. Given the immensity of the problem, it’s less reassuring that an African team would be up to the task. The track records of previous AU missions that saw failures more than success stories evoke little confidence that things would be different this time around.

Secondly, the African regional forces that are sanctioned by the regional leaders to be deployed in South Sudan could be likened to giving a patient a pill that would cure his/her illness but in the long term would produce severe side effects that could prove lethal. The forces are to come from Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Sudan. Apart from Rwanda, all the rest have clear geopolitical interests in what is going on in South Sudan.

Many issues are unresolved between South Sudan and Sudan among them are, the disputed area of Abyei and others, the oil fields in Heglig and the transportation fees for South Sudan’s oil. Many South Sudanese are unaware that the Elleimi Triangle which is currently part of Kenya, does belong to South Sudan. Without a doubt, time will come for the case to be brought up. Ethiopia does have a large Nuer and Anuak population in the western province bordering South Sudan. We have seen how the war in South Sudan affected Ethiopia due to movement of refugees and attacks by the Murle militia across the borders.

The case of Uganda is a little bit worrying because it has shown a lack of neutrality by joining the war on the side of the government. The Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) has been stationed in Western Equatoria since 2005 in the quest to eliminate the threat of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Despite the fact that the LRA is nowhere to be found, yet the UPDF continues to be deployed in Western Equatoria.

More troubling is that of late the locals have been complaining about the presence of the UPDF in Eastern Equatoria where some appear to be involved in illegal mining. With South Sudan being the primary market for Uganda’s exports, it will do whatever in its capacity to influence the course of events in South Sudan. Ugandan influence may not necessarily be beneficial to the people of South Sudan.

It’s not a secret that there has been ups and downs and even open hostility in the relations between these regional powers. Therefore, the risks of South Sudan becoming a stage for settling scores or its political factions and militias being used to fight proxy wars are real. South Sudan could end up being “devoured” by the regional powers.

Thirdly, the AU and the IGAD neither have the resources nor the expertise to launch a massive humanitarian operation on the scale that is required in South Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people need to be returned to their homes that would also require help with reconstructions. Some areas need swift actions to limit the spread of famine. From where would the AU and the IGAD secure the funds if both couldn’t pay the bills for transporting SPLM/A-IO forces to Juba?

Fourthly, Accountability is fundamental to achieving a lasting peace in South Sudan. It will also hasten the process of healing and reconciliation between the communities. As we know, the AU stance on indictments by the International Criminal Court (ICC) remains nothing but antagonism. President Omar Al Bashir of Sudan had been indicted by the ICC since 2008. Despite being served with two arrest warrants he managed to evade justice because of lack of cooperation from some countries. President Museveni of Uganda has openly declared that he would not cooperate with the ICC.

In the light of the above, would it be feasible for the Hybrid Court of South Sudan to function without being influenced by the regional powers? It’s obvious that the only credible way to hold the perpetrators of atrocities responsible for their actions is to send them to the ICC at The Hague.

The option that would bring about sustainable peace and ensure a relatively smooth transition towards a united South Sudan is full United Nations Trusteeship.

The regional powers could contribute forces provided they wear the blue helmets and be under the UN designated military command. The UN would form the administrative body that would run the country for five years. Competent South Sudanese would be selected to join the administration through a national vetting committee. The committee would be principled by transparency and having the right qualifications wins someone a job.The five-year period would give the political parties and the candidates enough time to prepare for elections at the end of it.

As for Mamdani’s question, I quote, “how to isolate the perpetrators of political violence from their supporters?”, the answer is – it’s impossible at present. The question suggests a group of elites manipulating and misleading the masses for their personal benefits.

Outsiders would be amazed to know that some top-ranking SPLA commanders who command thousands of soldiers or militias are barely literate or not at all. It’s a cultural thing that links the perpetrators with their supporters.

The civil war wouldn’t have happened if the SPLA was truly a national army composed proportionately of all the ethnicities in South Sudan. Hence, the only solution is for the SPLA and the entire security forces to be disbanded.

The new administration would use the five-year period to build a professional army and a well-disciplined police force. In essence, South Sudan needs a government of institutions where the constitution guides the judiciary, the military, and the entire security organs for the common good of the country.

Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok

30 Comments

  1. Lokosang says:

    Dr Lako, I believe the narrative of general James Loro was 100 % correct. Indeed when Dr John Garang finished his PHD from IOWA University in 1981, he was appointed as the deputy director for military research and an infantry battalion commander. He came with idea that military units should be productive. The budget which was given to battalion 105 under Major Garbino Kwanyin Bol was misused. When Gabino was summoned to Juba he refused that is why a force was sent to Bor to arrest him. As you mentioned, Dr John exploited that opportunity to form a liberation movement.

    I disagree with you in some of your comment in regard to your view of SPLM/A that and I quote ” The culture of violence is deeply-rooted within the SPLM/SPLA”
    That description is not in the doctrine of the SPLM/A to promote crimes but, yes there were some commanders and soldiers who were not adhering to the rules of military engagement that is why some crimes were happening from time to time. Having known the culture and behaviour of some tribes I believe if you Dr Lako were in place of Dr John, I don’t think you would have stoped those crimes.
    Some soldiers and commanders were punished of crime but, if you were not in the bush you would not know about it.
    Also you have to differentiate the time when SPLM/A was a gorilla movement and when it becomes the government of the day.

    As the gorilla movement no human being regardless of his/her capability of administration, can control the behaviour of some soldiers in remote areas of Sudan you know it.

    When SPLM signed the agreement and become the government of the day, it has been hijacked by war lords like Salfa Kiir, Paul Malong, Kual Manyang, Michael Mokui and many others, that is why you see such behaviour do happen.
    It is the duty of the government to put law and order so that those who misbehave are severely punished.

    In conclusion, SPLM has a vision for the country which no any party in South Sudan has. I believe if implemented correctly South Sudan should have been the best country in Africa. Hence SPLM as an entity is not bad but, it is the elite in Juba who hijacked the movement that is why I disagree with them.
    We all need to unite to removed those hyenas in Juba so that we put a good system of governance in place.

    • Eastern says:

      Lokosang,

      Let begin to unpack you from your point of departure with Dr Lako where you disagreed with his view on the violent nature of SPLA [SPLA/SPLM]. It’s only those leaving in denial cannot agree with this candid observation. Anybody who’s ever set foot in South Sudan should’ve observed that SPLA is an institution harbouring very violent people – the institution has not had a functional military court martial not before the recent hastily set up that tried and handed dead sentence to the two soldiers in Wau. Violence, theft, rape and any evil acts committed by gunmen you can think of are the hallmarks of SPLA. They were given the impression that after their pass out from training fields in Ethiopia, the Kalashnikov rifles they were handed can provide for them anything you can think of. That mindset was showcased on grand scale in Juba not only on civilians but on UN WFP warehouse for relief foodstuff.

      SPLM may have a vision, I am not sure though, the name “SPLA/SPLM” to people like me is an anathema! I pity the global west and some African leaders in the region for working closely with a government led by the type of people in “charge” of the country in Juba. Real shameful.

      You tried very hard to delink the SPLM that signed the agreement with the one now running the country. That just shows how shallow you see thinks. Kiir in one of his addresses said he was the “midwife” of SPLM. Please that claim through the following link: https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/salva-kiir-splm-started-me

      If the founder of this monstrous organisation runs the country the way he envision, for crying out loud, Lokosang who are you to delink SPLM when they were gorilla [I think you meant guerrilla] and SPLM now leading South Sudan when the “midwife” has been at the helm in both cases!

    • Force_1 says:

      Mr Lokosang;

      Base on your narration of SPLM/A history from day one to this day; I would utterly admit that you were truly in the bush or you may have been following the movement closely wherever you were and you know everything there is about the movement and no question about it whatsoever.

      The likes of Lako Jada creates their own reality and truths about SPLM/A and think or make an assumption that it’s the truth about the movement but it isn’t in any way shape or form. You have completely debunked his rusty knowledge of SPLM/A movement know how.

      Next time when Lako Jada wants to write anything about SPLM/A history or it inception; let him contact you for an advise or how to say or write anything about the movement and I am confident you would be generous enough to schooled him about anything he asked of you! I am glad that; someone who is not “a Jieng” as you are has complete knowledge of SPLM/A history and be able to school the author of the article the way you did and I couldn’t more delighted.

    • Dr Lako Jada Kwajok says:

      Dear Lokosang,

      I don’t buy your assertion that some commanders and soldiers are not adhering to the rules of military engagement because it didn’t exist. I also don’t believe that Garang couldn’t have stopped those atrocities. A leader should be able to discipline his subordinates and weed out the wrong elements which Garang didn’t do. I would like to quote El Hag Paul in his article on 29/11/2015 under the title ( SPLM a pathological organisation ) ” Kerubino lashed the decomposing body of Gai Tut fifty strokes while Garang looked on in appreciation.” That alone speaks volumes about the man. I’m sure you are well aware of atrocities committed under Garang’s watch, the Gaajak Nuer, The Mundari and the Didinga massacres are few to mention. Some may say those atrocities occurred during the Liberation war where there was no rule of law. Well, how do they explain the numerous atrocities that were committed after the SPLA became the so-called national army? No one would fault the good things that were stipulated in the SPLM/SPLA manifesto, but how far did they go in terms of implementation? The Khmer Rouge of Pol Pot also had a vision and some good objectives but their deeds were awful.

      • info@southsudannation says:

        Dr. Lako and Lokosang,
        Actually, in reference of the fact of the whipping of the corpses of Guy Tut and Akot Atem, the instructions came directly from Dr. John Garang himself who reportedly enjoyed and took great pleasure in the lashing of those corpses (refer to the book ‘EMMA’).
        Those of Garang, Kerubino, William Nyoun, Salva Kiir are clinically psychopaths and murderers. Just imagine that today in power in Juba, pres. Kiir can order the killing of South Sudanese, like Isaiah Abraham and others, and still, without any sense of remorse, he would drive to St. Teresa Church, Kator, Juba and pretend to pray.
        Lately, Kiir personally orchestrated the massacre of Nuers and others on July 8 in Juba just like that of December 2013. People are dying daily from his misrule and yet he is sticking on misruling.
        Kiir deserves the same fate of Pol Pot, Hitler, Mussolini and worse.
        Editor

        • Gatdarwich says:

          Editor,

          You’re absolutely correct, Patriot– true Nationalist! The treasonous killer Nyankiir, Malong, Kuol, and the entire Jenges Council of Evils, “deserves the same fate of Pol Pot, Hilter, Mussolini”, Saddam, Ghadaffi, Garang, and Lucifer full stop
          Ngundeng will, and shall imminently let the patriot forces cremate them period
          Mighty Ngundeng is powerful–he enabled the 1370 SPLA–IO forces crushed, embarrassingly defeated over 30, 000 thousand of Malong’s non-battle tested militias–2,000 plus killed at Jebel Kujur, and miraculously empowered Dr Riek’s forces to destroyed dozens war tanks with PKMs. Historic battle—war tanks completely destroyed with Ak-47s and PKM machine guns. Mighty Ngundeng is indisputably the greatest full stop

  2. Mr Lako it is very unfortunate that a man of your claver belittling your self in such a forum.
    The issue of our liberation struggle is simple and known even to children. It is Political , cultural, religous, Arabsation , Dominstion, slavery, lack of equal development and opportunities including many others things.
    1972 Addis Ababa agreement was sign on the basis that after six years the southerners will be allowed to choose their own destination and that promise was not honoured instead the Arabs were busy dismantling every aspect of the agreement. When the S. Sudanese saw what was happening they became angry. A group of politicians and army officers from the former Anyany one came up with a plan to mount resistance in all the three major town in S . Sudan in one day so that, we can push the Arabs out of S. Sudan was and for all. This plan was leaked to Khartoum by a betrayer like you who is trying to distorted and dispute the SPLA resistant. When Khartoum learned of this plan, they embark on a plan of transferring the Anyany one to northern Sudan. Some Anyanya one officers again this time made a plan of forming army brigades that composed mostly of S. Sudanese armed men and these two brigades one was station in Bor under the command of Karibino and the other in Pibor under the command of William Nyon. When Khartoum released this plan, they tried to recall these two battalions to be transferred to Northern Sudan and this time our gallant men and woman refused the orders to relocate their forces to N. Sudan hence the birth of the SPLA. When Khartoum tried to use force to transfer these forces, there was a fight and resulted to birth of both SPLA and SPLM. So the account you give is untrue and even it can lead one to suspect you may be the one who betrayed the first attempt given your open support to the Arabs..
    communication is always difficult . Many people have always been misunderstood or their statements have been distorted by those who thing they are wise men. I would always advice people who will not want to damage their reputation to ask for a clarification for any statements or song composed by someone. The SPLA war revolutionary songs does not mean they have to kill their parents or mothers. This is a childish interpretation. When saw the then Sudanese army, you find our own fathers and mothers were there. Example is our father James Loro. So in front line I do not know whether you are not going to shoot you father , brother, sister or even your son who is in the goverment forces. Lako is trying to cover his evil plan damage the reputation of SPLA. The SPLA have a history of not even killing the enemy soldiers of Khartoum. The red cross can give you how may prisoners of war have been released by SPLA. If they can release our worst enemies captured in combat, how come that, go and kill their own people.
    The problem lies on people like you who ate proud because they are educated and you want to undermine the government and when you find it is not easy to achieve your evil plans, you ended up using divisive politics. That is why in most of your writing , you always preach tribalism and destruction of SPLA disbanding them. A greedy person like you only will think of his needs first but not the needs of the people. How do you think S. Sudanese will buy you selfish ideas when we have seen the destruction going on Irag and Libya caused by such polices. I know people who always think of their stomach like you are ready to take any gamble without analysis the consequences.
    The jobseekers are the one fuelling the war through preaching hatred then instead of addressing the real issues. For example the current war is about power greed and Riack Machar manipulate it to be a tribal war and all is because he want the top position in the country. The country is hold hostage by proud people who think they are educated while in reality they have no vision. I believe it a person like lako has a vision he would not Advocate for UN to take the country.

    • Kabaka says:

      Just wondering, your comments looks that of an accomplice. You may be part of the team perpetuating the evil engulfing the country now☠

      That said, I would want to reitareit this; that this country has gone into abyss when people like you are in command! You would rather give a solution to the situation, otherwise for me as an intellectual, SPLA/M is defunct, I say again, DEFUNCT! South Sudan will not prosper under the regime now given the current circumstance!

      Bring your brains not for self enrichment but for the citizens benefit as Dr Lako is doing. Nothing is new to the citizens, it is a well known information and you will not change that.

      If it were for PR purposes, fine but get a better alternative including being sincere about your postings. Otherwise, today is you but do not regret tomorrow!

  3. False Millionaire says:

    Mr Lokosang,
    Thanks for the lesson.Excellent!!!

  4. Eastern says:

    Dear Dr Lako,

    This is an excellent piece. One of the things people don’t want to discuss candidly is the bitterness of division of South Sudan into three regions: Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal. That bitterness was visited on the Equatorians during the protracted war waged against the Sudan government by SPLM: Equatorian civil population bore the brunt of that war which was mostly fought in Eastern and Central Equatoria with Juba being at the epicentre.

    It’s again Juba the bull’s eye. In fact this time round, the fighting started at the nucleus of SPLA/SPLM at J1in Juba. It was here that the country was going to witness the demise of top SPLM personality. The current war of attrition between factions of the monstrous organisation is to the detriment of Equatoria region where armed men with alligence to Kiir set lose on the civil populations leading to mass exodus to neighbouring countries mostly Uganda. JMEC the shadowy body without any impact is now begging Kiir to stop his hunt for Dr Machar and return to the peace implementation table: http://www.eyeradio.org/jmec-urges-kiir-stop-pursuing-machar/

    With people going around singing an already monotonous song that “SPLM has a vision, blah, blah” the country is in a very big trouble. First of all, SPLM should have de-linked itself from the army but that not being possible since the “midwife” is the Alfa and the Omega, the country is in a long haul. The only light at the end of the tunnel is United Nations Trusteeship. South Sudan is a member of the UN so the leadership in Juba should be made to eat the humble pie of giving the country to the UN. Otherwise the act of SPLA in Equatoria is not a jinx but a reality!

    • Dr Lako Jada Kwajok says:

      Dear Eastern,

      It’s understandable that the regime supporters are scared of international intervention because it will mean the end of the looting spree that they are benefiting from. Also, the evil plans of the JCE would precipitously fall apart. They would like the status quo to continue indefinitely. There is no even an iota of patriotism in what they stand for. It’s all blind tribalism intermixed with greed. Some are shamelessly lecturing us about sovereignty that has long been lost with the UPDF entering South Sudan. UN Trusteeship was successful in Tanganyka that became Tanzania after unity with Zanzibar. The list includes Cameroon, Togo, New Guinea and East Timor plus other countries. Cameroon is known worldwide because of the brilliant results of its football team in international tournaments. That is what a UN Trusteeship could deliver. In contrast, South Sudan is known worldwide for the wrong reasons and among them is forced cannibalism.

    • Hard Target says:

      Never worry Easterner

      The Equatorians won’t be dominated for ever, the Hutus in Rwanda though their numerical advantage over the minority Tutsi was enough to rule forever, well where are they now???? Th battle line is drawn, it’s a do or die affair but they the SPLA know too well that it’s not going to be Easy to battle in this Jungle

  5. Toria says:

    False M , Force_1 and all the diehards
    For you the diehard supporters of SPLA anything an outsider like Lokosang supporting SPLA is your hero. Lokosang who is obviously the only non Jenge is tickling your ears because he has no clue whatsoever about this terrorists organization called SPLA, maybe he was bribed by offering him a Dinka lady as you always distribute your girls to sell outs like Lokosang. Well put by the writer and Eastern here, we who joined SPLA in the 1980s knew exactly what it was about, to revenge Kokora, to loot and destroy, but because we also wanted our own country we ignored and endured the pains of watching our relatives butchered by you jenge lawless demagogues. But we also knew this time is coming when we will once again sort out our own scores after breaking away from Sudan. It was Anya nya two that had a clear vision which was an extension of the Anya nya One vision (had it not been betrayed by the jenge cowards), Anyanya revolution wanted the independence of South Sudan from day one. Then came on the scene Dr. Garang who grabbed the opportunity just like every other Jenge hijackers and told his naked jenges that it is their moment for revenge against the Equatorians who kicked them out of our great lands. He stole and redirected the ammunitions shipments from going to Khartoum into the hands of his tribal illiterate jenges and he personally instructed these primitive beings to go and do anything they want with this guns. “sala abuk adi talaga, sala umak adi talaga……. that this gun I give you is your food, your wife, your father, your mother and everything……. that before his death he will hand guns into the hands of every jenge…and so on and on..” That was part of visions of the Monster Garang and terrorist SPLA until to date as we speak it never changed. We are well aware of these truths and distorting them makes you great liars of all time. Garang and Salva Kirr have always being in competitions throughout until his death, the Bor vs Bahr ghazal feuds was the igniters of all the internal divisions in this notorious organization until Kirr got the opportunity through Museveni to eliminate Garang paving the way. Unfortunately Kirr has no vision of his own but that of Bor dinkas in using the Bahr ghazalians to wage their wars with the Nuer, the Murle and rest, that caused the 1991 another internal conflict and to this date it is the Bor dinkas still running this organization and they are using this stooge Salva Kirr in the form of JCE as we speak. If you want to point fingers look no further than your noses. The people with V alphabet on their foreheads are the most rotten onions in the bag. Kirr will falter and jengeism as an entity will eventually lose this war, so if I was you fellows hang onto your guns really tight like the Republicans in the US and wait for the Democrats are coming after you soon or later.

  6. kOKORA II says:

    DEAR FELLOW COUNTRY PEOPLE AND EXPERTRIATES:

    YOU ARE BEING ADVISED TO EVACUATE JUBA IMMEDIATELY, FOR THERE IS NOT ENOUGH TIME TO PUT THIS WARNINGS ON EVERY NEWS CHANELLS BUT WHEN YOU HEAR IT PASS THE NEWS TO EVERYONE, YOUR RELATIVES OR LOVE ONES IN JUBA TO EITHER GO TO UN COMPUNDS OR LEAVE JUBA IMMEDIATELY.
    THIS WARNING IS ALSO EXTENDED TO ALL INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, BE WARN THAT WHAT IS ABOUT TO BEFALL JUBA IS IMMESURABLE, YOU MUST TAKE COVER BEFORE TOO LATE.

    • Force_1 says:

      Kokora II
      Wait a minute! Aren’t you the “Kokora II” the ones who wants the Jiengs out of Equatoria either by force or by any means necessary? Why would you be the ones in a dare need to either be in the UN compound or rushed to take cover in the foreign countries? Aren’t you the ones Jiengs suppose to be running away from?

      You see; this is the distinction between saying things that are way over your head and saying reasonable things you should to be saying! When you started fires; and the fire ends up out of control; the fire isn’t gong to distinguish the difference between those who started it and those who didn’t; everybody is going to suffer the consequences even though you think you live more than ten thousands miles away; because your villages aren’t 10,000 miles away as well.

      You don’t get to panic by the consequences of your creation’ but you bear or take full responsibilities over them. You guys here on this site seem to be saying or write things that are way “below your pay grade” and panic later when you saw the prices of your ignorance.

      • Force_1 says:

        I apologies for the typo; it’s above your pay grades not below your pay grade”! Again my apology for the wrong choice of word!

    • Simba says:

      If you are asking all civilians to run to UN which is an international organization and yet you also ask international organisations to flee,then your warning is baseless. Go to school.

  7. mading says:

    Lako and James Loro you are clueless about what was going on regarding the situation in battalion 105,John Garang did not happen to be on vacation at that time for no reason. and I will not talk more about it ,also you Lako blamed Dinkas for cattle rustling in South Sudan as they are the only ones doing it, but check your Equatoria tribes Eastern part particularly. the last one is about Anyanya one, do more about Anynya one brutality on civilians in South Sudan.

  8. Lokosang says:

    Dear readers, for those who disagreed with me in my comment, don’t rush to conclusion before making objective analysis to understand my intention.
    First I concur with the writer of the article about the narrative of General James Loro.

    Secondly I am not in different with you in sense that those who are in charged of the government in the name of SPLM/A have failed us and therefore should go. My interest is on the vision and objectives of the SPLM which I believe if implemented we would not be in the current situation. Let me give an example, if Mr X has good ideas and concept that can benefit all of us we can not abandoned his ideas and concept because Mr X is a bad person and that is why SPLM/IO and other political parties in South Sudan is struggling to remove those war lords in Juba in order to implement the same vision and objectives which I mentioned.
    You all know that those of Lado Gore, Dr Riek Machar, Dr Lam Akol and many contributed to the SPLM/A vision but yet they disagree with war lords in Juba.

    Anyway we can agree to disagree but it does not meant I support the government.

  9. Kokora there is something good going on if all goes well bridge yourself
    for a breaking news. A big fish in SPLM in opp may be nearing a journey of no return.

  10. Toria says:

    Force_1
    I think you misunderstood what Kokora II is saying. I think he is issuing a warning to the residents of Juba that we the Freedom Fighters may launch an attack on Juba at anytime and if you or your relatives are in Juba tell them to get out or if they have no means to evacuate on time at least go to UN compounds and stay there for your own safety. This is actually the true spirit of national liberation movement is to warn you and give you ample time before the next offensive coming to the Capital.

  11. False Millionaire says:

    Toria,
    Please admit that u need psychological treatment for your ill brain.
    Where were u from the 8th of July when the nuer and jieng plunged into a pool of blood in the heart of RSS’ power zone named J1 with Kiir,Riek and Igga inside the palace?
    There is nothing short of saying that u must be a typical mad man from another planet.
    Before the events of Juba 2,u were one of those who gave the false impression on this forum that u would fight on the side of nuer if the events of Juba 2 ever break out.But when the fight broke out,u ran to Congo from the first minute.
    Isn’t it that becouse u think u are too wise and the others being too foolish to understand that u had wanted the nuer to sacrifice their lives to achieve a victory with u waiting to hijack it without losing a finger?
    Why don’t u just stay silent in a refugee camp in Congo without giving a bad name to such sacred vocabularies as,”freedom fighters”?
    Keep dreeming about launching,”an attack on Juba”.But the reality is,without nuer’s daring courage in u,u will be closer to dying in exile than ever tip toing to set foot on the edges of Konyo Konyo with a mere idea of a military operation in your head.

  12. comrade yien Mathew says:

    Hi Dr.Larko Jadaa,
    What you are dreaming will not be possible i and and my other comrades fully commit ourselves for really change in the country but what have u done, u EQns resort so much to wars in internet which can not bring a change.U are now crying for United nations intervention to take over the country leadership,this is impossible it is simple for a coward person like u to walk footing from uk to South Sudan with in a week than UN to install themselves to S.Sudan leadership.

  13. Toria says:

    False M
    Few days later following the murder of my colleague and Late Brother Major Gismala, after his body was laid to rest. https://africajournalismtheworld.com/…/south-sudan-killed-or-splm-io-officer-thought… I issued a counter offensive order in which the enemy forces paid heavy price. https://africanspress.org/…/news-updates-salva-kirr-was-crying-in-juba-te…
    “The fighting started a day after Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO) forces shot dead five government soldiers at a checkpoint in the city’s Gudele neighbourhood. They claim it was in self-defence, but it is likely to have been in retaliation to the killing of SPLM-IO lieutenant colonel George Gismala in Juba’s Kator district on 2 July by unidentified gunmen believed to have been National Security forces loyal to President Salva Kiir Mayardit, and a series of attacks on SPLA-IO personnel in Juba in recent weeks, including attacks on First Vice-President Riek Machar’s bodyguards near his Jebel Kujur residence in mid-June”.
    Although we were outnumbered and had light ammunitions we gave the enemy bloody nose.
    Our forces are not far from Juba waiting for orders to strike where it hurts.

  14. Eli Wani says:

    Dear Citizens
    DO NOT BE FOOLED BY SALVA KIRR AND MALONG AWAN’S HOME BOYS WHO ARE DUMPED IN THE BUSHES OF EQUATORIA WITHOUT FOOD, THEY ARE WEAK UNDER FED EMANCIATED AND UNTRAINED ILLITRATE SCHOOL AGED CHILD-SOLDIER MILITIAS THAT THEY DEPEND ON TO SAFEGUARD THE CAPITAL.

    WE HAVE CAPTURED CHILDREN IN ARMY UNIFORMS IN EASTERN EQUATORIA MOST OF THEM ARE FROM KIRR’S HOME TOWN, THESE KIDS SHOULD BE IN CLASS ROOMS NOT BATTLE FIELDS. THEY ARE THROWN INTO LIONS DENTS BY THOSE CORRUPT FAT CATS BIG BELLIES IN JUBA TO BE DEVOURED WITHOUT EVEN UNDERSTANDING WHY THEY ARE FIGHTING IN THE FIRST PLACE.

    IF THIS PICTURE RINGS A BELL IN YOUR MINDS. DO YOU REMEMBER IN LATE 1980S AND 1990’S WHEN THE JALABAS WOULD SENT THEIR SCHOOL CHILDREN TO DIE IN THE NAME OF RELIGION AND OUR LANDS? DO YOU REMEBER WHAT HAPPENED TO THEM AT THAT TIME? AND NOW THOSE STUPID SO-CALLED LEADERS IN JUBA ARE DOING EXACTLY THE SAME THING, BUT THIS TIME WE ARE KILLING OUR OWN SCHOOL CHILDREN AND WHY?
    WHY ARE YOU PARENTS SILENT TO CHALLENGE YOUR OWN ROTTEN SONS LIKE KIRR AND MALONG WHO ARE WORSE THAN THE ARABS TODAY? http://www.southsudanliberty.com/news/index.php/latest-news/1202-mugali-spla-juba-base-stormed-by-armed-men-setting-the-soldiers-in-run-for-their-lives-living-behind-valuable-guns-and-ammunition

    DEAR DINKA PEOPLE OF BAHR GHAZAL
    ALL YOU PARENTS FROM DINKA OF BAHR GHAZAL, WHEN WILL YOU WAKE UP TO STOP THESE MAD MEN SALVA KIRR AND MALONG AWAN FROM FINISHING YOUR TEEN AGED BOYS IN THE BATTLE FIELDS WHERE THEY HAVE NO CLUE HOW TO FIGHT.
    RISE UP AND TELL KIRR AND MALONG AND KUOL MANYANG IF THEY WANT TO FIGHT LET THEM COME TO FACE US MEN TO MEN IN THE BUSHES AND WE WILL TEACH THEM LESSONS THEY WILL NEVER FORGET IF THEY SURVIVED.

    WE ARE STERNLY WARNING YOU TO TAKE EXTRA PRECAUTIONS AND OUR WELL DISCIPLINED FORCES ARE MARCHING ON THE WAY TO JUBA.
    http://www.southsudanliberty.com/news/index.php/latest-news/1200-heavy-fighting-along-juba-nimule-road-between-gov-t-forces-and-opposition-spla-io-forces

    FOR SOME OF YOU WHO STILL THINK THIS WAR IS BETWEEN DINKAS AND NUER ARE ONCE AGAIN FOOLING YOURSELVES. WE ARE A VERY FORMIDABLE WELL-ARMED, WELL TRAINED AND ACTIVE COMBATANTS THAT SHOULD NEVER BE UNDER ESTIMATED ANYMORE.

    ALTHOUGH WE ARE ALL UNITED UNDER THE COMMAND OF C-in C AND CHAIRPERSON DR. RIEK MACHAR OF SPLA-IO, WE TAKE OUR DIRECTIVES FROM TOP LEADERSHIPS OF OUR GALANT COMMANDERS IN THE FIELDS WHENEVER READY WE WILL STRIKE THE ENEMY FORCES VERY HARD AND SOON. BUT IF THOSE WHO ARE BEATING THE DRUMS OF WAR IN JUBA WANT TO RESOLVE THIS POLITICAL ISSUES MILITARILY, WE ARE VERY READY.

    TO THE RESIDENTS OF JUBA
    REMEMBER YOU ARE BEEN WARNED AND YOUR BLOODS WILL NOT BE ON OUR HANDS.

    • Ww says:

      El Wani,

      so When are you coming to take over Juba??? You wasting space with empty threats. stop embarrassing yourself. James Gatdet has stopped with all his cheap proganda and so should you. YOU ALL YOU ARE SCARED LIKE CHICKENS AND AND DECIDED THAT IT IS BEST TO ISSUE EMPTY THREATS IN THE MEDIA. CIVILLIANS ARE LEAVING BUT YOU KNOW YOU WILL NEVER COME TO JUBA FOR SURE. ISSUING WARNINGS IN NAIROBI, KAMPALA, OR UNMISS CAMPS AIN’T GONNA DO IT. COME TO THE BATTLE FIELDS, WE ARE WAITING FOR YOU.

  15. alex says:

    Can we allow Jobseekers to rule us. If they can not find job in the West world what experience is he going to bring.
    Only lies in the net.
    Now 3000 rebels surrendered to government forces in Terekeka what yesterday what can Eli say

  16. False Millionnaire says:

    Toria,
    Please do yourself a favor. Go fool someone else. U have betrayed yourself because what u have narrated neither sticks to an eye witness first hand account nor one from an actor of the évents in question. Why couldn’t u have the courage to admit that u are hiding on a mango tree in exile some where in Congo ?!!!

  17. Toria says:

    False M
    Dr. Hassan Al Turabi once lamented “South Sudan will never develop with Dinka in power………..”, because of Jenges greediness and stupidity this dead man’s voice can be heard clearer today than ever. People like this retarded False m had lost their minds to claim that Americans are about to instill another jenge in power. Your hero John Garang fooled the world once and now your chance is gone forever, the best you can do is keep dreaming. I have a very low expectations of you subhuman wasted jenge insects. Soon or later we will send you back to your mosquito infested swamps.

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