The AU Commission Final Report: Genocide & other things missing

BY: Dr. Sebit Sindani, NOV/09/2015, SSN;

I have just finished reading the 315 page AU final report on the crisis in South Sudan. This is a comprehensive report and I must admit that the Commission has done a splendid and commendable work in terms of the investigation and talking to witnesses on both sides of divide.

The Commission traced the history of conflicts in Sudan and during the SPLM struggle. Of particular interest is the repeated reference to 1991 SPLM split. The Commission delved into all the factors that could have precipitated the conflict in South Sudan. It concluded that gross human right abuses, crimes against humanity and violations of humanitarian law took place in South Sudan.

However, the eminent Commission stopped short of concluding that genocide was committed in the country when it detailed many scenarios that could constitute genocide. It also made valuable recommendations that may form the basis for restoration of peace and unity in South Sudan. However, the issue of genocide is what informs my dilemma here.

Let me be forthright here to declare that I am not here to dispute the conclusions of Commission neither am I here to challenge any iota about the competence of the Commission or its diligence to carry out its work. I repeat here that indeed the Commission did a fabulous jog despite constraints in terms of continuous insecurity in the country and limited resources as it contended in the report.

I am not also here to justify that genocide has taken place in South Sudan but I am, from the findings of the commission, trying to match its the findings with factors that UN considers to constitute genocide and leave it to my readers to determine whether genocide was committed or not during this conflict.

Genocide is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part1; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”

The key word here is “intent to destroy”. Before I can try to point out whether there was any intend to destroy a committee during this conflict, it is prudent that I discuss the UN Analysis Framework that it uses to determine if there is likely risk for ge3neocide to occur or if genocide has actually taken place. This is quite important for my readers to objectively compare the findings in the report with the eight categories of factors in the UN analytical framework so as to make their own conclusions.

The Office of the UN Special Adviser on the prevention of Genocide (OSAPG) uses an Analysis Framework that comprises eight categories of factors that determine whether there may be a risk of genocide in a given situation or genocide has taken place. These eight factors include:
1. Inter-group relations, including record of discrimination and/or other human rights violations committed against a group
2. Circumstances that affect the capacity to prevent genocide
3. Presence of illegal arms and armed elements
4. Motivation of leading actors in the State/region; acts which serve to encourage divisions between national, racial, ethnic, and religious groups
5. Circumstances that facilitate perpetration of genocide (dynamic factors)
6. Genocidal acts
7. Evidence of intent “to destroy in whole or in part …”

According to the UN, these eight categories of factors are not ranked, and the absence of information relating to one or more categories does not necessarily indicate the absence of a risk of genocide. However, the most significant thing is the cumulative effect of the factors. UN concludes that if these factors become none existent in any country, then the risk of genocide is assumed to decrease.

In order to understand the situation in South Sudan, it is worth looking at what UN considers as issues to be analyzed under each of these factors that can determine risk of genocide. By analyzing each one we may be able to determine whether AU Commission might have inadvertently missed to conclude that genocide was committed in South Sudan. Therefore, in this article, I will consider each analyzable issue under each of the eight factors and try to match them with crucial findings in the report.

1. Inter-group relations, including record of discrimination and/or other human rights violations committed against a group
According to the UN the issues to be considered here are:
• Relations between and among groups in terms of tensions, power and economic relations, including perceptions about the targeted group;
• Existing and past conflicts over land, power, security and expressions of group identity, such as language, religion and culture;
• Past and present patterns of discrimination against members of any group which could include:
I. Serious discriminatory practices, for instance, the compulsory identification of members of a particular group, imposition of taxes/fines, permission required for social activities such as marriage, compulsory birth-control, the systematic exclusion of groups from positions of power, employment in State institutions and/or key professions2;
II. Significant disparities in socio-economic indicators showing a pattern of deliberate exclusion from economic resources and social and political life.
• Overt justification for such discriminatory practices;
• History of genocide or related serious and massive human rights violations against a particular group; denial by the perpetrators;
• References to past human rights violations committed against a possible perpetrator group as a justification for genocidal acts against the targeted group in the future.

Considering the situation in South Sudan, three things stand out clearly before the conflict erupted in South Sudan, First there was tense relations between Kiir and Riak groups over power. The report clearly indicated that the conflict originated over split in the movement. This couple with Kiir’s mobilization speeches in Bahr el Ghazal that the power that the community fought for is been threatened and this community should not allow it to be taken away under any cost.

The mobilization of the army in Bahr el Ghazal testifies to this factor that tension over power was high. The community strongly believes in power in South Sudan as birth right and felt that the community of Riak was threatening this right to rule and exploit the country.

The second thing that came out of the report was the clear reference to the past conflict between the Dinkas and Nuers particularly in reference to the 1991 split in the movement. It is a known fact that many people particularly Dinkas lost their lives during that conflict and up to date nobody was held responsible despite the fact that Riak is reported to have taken responsibility for that unfortunate incident and publically apologized to the Dinka community.

Whether the Dinka leadership appreciated that apology or not, is unclear but it appears some Dinkas were looking for opportunity to avenge.

The third issue to consider here is reference to the past rights violations against a possible perpetrator group as justification for genocidal act. The AU report is full of statements uttered by senior SPLA commanders and government officials in reference to the 1991 so-called Bor genocide.

The president is quoted clearly in the report as pronouncing in the NLC meeting that 1991 incident would not repeat itself again. This means that the president himself was already contemplating a chance of revenge and indeed what happened in Juba must have been done to avenge the Bor incident. This is why despite the fact that though the group opposing the government had only 4 Nuer community, the mass killings in Juba targeted only the Nuer community.

2. Circumstances that affect the capacity to prevent genocide. The issues to be analyzed here include:
• Existing structures that can protect genocide such as effective legislative protection; independent judiciary and effective national human rights institutions,
• Whether these structures effective
• Whether vulnerable groups have genuine access to the protection afforded by the structures;
• Patterns of impunity and lack of accountability for past crimes committed against
• the targeted groups;
• Other options for obtaining protection against genocide, e.g. presence of
• peacekeepers in a position to defend the group, or seeking asylum in other

Although the report noted that South Sudan has a constitution with clear chapter on human rights, parliament, judiciary and human right commission, these institutions are rendered toothless and the president usurped all the powers to use decrees to rule the country.

In fact the executive created a situation where these institutions became the mouthpieces of the government. Since the war broke out in South Sudan, the parliament and judiciary went into a state of coma while the commission on human rights could only write weak reports that tend to exonerate the establishment.

On the other hand the ethnic group that faced extermination in Juba had no chance to seek redress instead, up to date, they have been hunted like rats in their own country. Even when they get shelter from the UN compounds, they have never been free from killings. The report demonstrated vividly the attack on the UN compound in Bor where several people died, the continuous killing and raping of men and women who try to venture out of the camps to get firewood or any other items of necessity.

In South Sudan, the government has killed and detained people and looted government coffers without any accountability. This is the level of impunity the report has correctly articulated.

3. Presence of illegal arms and armed elements. The critical issues to be looked at here include:
• Whether there exists a capacity to perpetrate genocide – especially, but not exclusively, by killing;
• How armed groups are formed, who arms them and what links they have to state authorities, if any;
• In cases of armed rebellions or uprising, whether a state has justified targeting groups from which armed actors have drawn their membership.

The AU Commission is very clear on the fact that there existed in South Sudan two groups of armies who had the capacity to perpetrate genocide. There was the regular army particularly the presidential guards and the Mathiang Nyoor recruited from Bahr el Ghazal and trained in Luri under the watchful eye of the president and supported by him. This army was rejected by the SPLM general command because it was not a part of the national army. It is reported that this army was the one used to systematically kill innocent civilians.

The report also pointed out that tanks were used to not only destroy houses including Riak’s house but also to directly fire on civil populations not only in Juba but in many areas particularly during the scotch earth policy that ended in the mass murder and destruction in Leer in Unity state.

The report is also very vivid on the formation, training and deployment of the Mathiang Nyoor soldiers. It is clear from the report that this force was recruited from one community, trained in Juba and initially deployed in Juba to clean roads for purposes of surveillance on the location of the targeted community.

During the initial days of conflict, the perpetrators of the conflict divided the town into three command areas that systematically carried out their genocidal act on civilians with absolute precision. They collected civilians and butchered them mercilessly in various areas including police stations. In order for the government to justify its genocidal activities, it concocted its “dodo” coup theory; a theory which the Commission found out to be grossly false.

This theory was aimed at hoodwinking the international community to believe that the killings in Juba occurred during cross-fire between combatants. Thus the dead were not intended targets. If so why was it that only one community became the victim of crossfire when Juba is populated with all tribes of South Sudan? In fact the report revealed that soldiers when from house to house seeking out particular groups for extermination.

4. Motivation of leading actors in the State/region; acts which serve to encourage divisions between national, racial, ethnic, and religious groups. The issues that need to be analyzed are whether there were:
• Underlying political, economic, military or other motivation to target a group and to separate it from the rest of the population;
• The use of exclusionary ideology and the construction of identities in terms of “us” and “them” to accentuate differences;
• Depiction of a targeted group as dangerous, disloyal, a security or economic threat or as unworthy or inferior so as to justify action against the group;
• Propaganda campaigns and fabrications about the targeted group used to justify acts against a targeted group by use of dominant, controlled media or “mirror politics”;
• Any relevant role, whether active or passive, of actors outside the country (e.g., other Governments, armed groups based in neighboring countries, refugee groups or diasporas) and respective political or economic motivations.

Although the Commission is not explicit on these issues, there was already huge propaganda within SPLM that depicted the opposition as dangerous, disloyal and a security threat without any evidence. The recruitment of Mathiang Nyoor and their deployment in Juba to defend the president means there was already a perverted feeling within the establishment that there was a dangerous group that intended to usurp power from the so-called elected government. The report is clear on the activities and pronouncements made before and during the NLC meeting in which the President threatened the opposition and prevented it from actively participating in the deliberations of the meeting.

5. Circumstances that facilitate perpetration of genocide (dynamic factors). The issue here is whether there were any development of events, whether gradual or sudden, that suggest a trajectory towards the perpetration of genocidal violence, or the existence of a longer term plan or policy to commit genocide such as:
• Sudden or gradual strengthening of the military or security apparatus; creation of or increased support to militia groups (e.g., sudden increases in arms flow) in the absence of discernible legitimate threats;
• Attempts to reduce or eradicate diversity within the security apparatus;
• Preparation of local population to use them to perpetrate acts;
• Introduction of legislation derogating the rights of a targeted group;
• Imposition of emergency or extraordinary security laws and facilities that erode civil rights and liberties;
• Sudden increase in inflammatory rhetoric or hate propaganda, especially by leaders, that sets a tone of impunity, even if it does not amount to incitement to genocidal violence in itself;
• Permissive environment created by ongoing armed conflict that could facilitate access to weapons and commission of genocide.

The AU Commission is replete with the fact that these issues existed in South Sudan before the massacre took place in Juba and during the subsequent period of the war. The military buildup continues up to date with recruitment in Bahr el Ghazal despite the signing of the ceasefire.

The report pointed out that the government was getting wary of the number of Nuer soldiers in the army because 60% or more of the SPLA forces were from Nuer community and there was certainly a need to offset this balance. This can only be done through more recruitment from other communities or by initiating a war of attrition so as to reduce this numbers and this is what might have transpired. During the conflict, the government recruited and armed militia groups in Upper Nile and Bentui to persecute the war.

The report also mentioned the security laws the government introduced in parliament aimed at carrying out unprecedented arrest of opponents and journalists without any warrant of arrest. The National South Sudan TV became an instrument of hate, propaganda and promoting hatred on the pretext of military moral orientation. This was aimed at encouraging people to rise against one ethnic group.

6. Genocidal acts. The issues here include:
• Acts that could be obvious “elements” of the crime of genocide as defined in Article 6 of the Rome Statute, such as killings, abduction and disappearances, torture, rape and sexual violence; ‘ethnic cleansing’ or pogroms;
• Less obvious methods of destruction, such as the deliberate deprivation of resources needed for the group’s physical survival and which are available to the rest of the population, such as clean water, food and medical services;
• Creation of circumstances that could lead to a slow death, such as lack of proper housing, clothing and hygiene or excessive work or physical exertion;
• Programs intended to prevent procreation, including involuntary sterilization, forced abortion, prohibition of marriage and long-term separation of men and women;
• Forcible transfer of children, imposed by direct force or through fear of violence, duress, detention, psychological oppression or other methods of coercion;
• Death threats or ill treatment that causes disfigurement or injury; forced or coerced use of drugs or other treatment that damages health.

For those who have read the AU report, they must have seen the graphic description of the killings, abductions, torture and mutilation of bodies in Juba. The report has detailed the scale of raping and the intention to use sexual violence as a tool of war. The ethnic cleansing that is happening in Upper Nile and Bentui with an intention of creating single ethnic group federal states.

This goal has been consummated by the recent unilateral decree by the president creating 28 states in South Sudan. The aim is to have states where Nuer and Shilluk cannot co-exist with Dinka and to deprive the Nuer and Shilluk the oil resources in Upper Nile and Bentui. The destruction of houses, looting of cows and destruction of growing fields in Bentui is a means to create conducive atmosphere whereby the citizenry will slowly die of hunger and other famine related disease. The issue of cannibalism has been depicted in the report. This is worse than coerced use of drugs or other treatment known to mankind that damage health.

7. Evidence of intent “to destroy in whole or in part …”. In order to establish any intent to commit genocide, there is need to analyze the following:
• Statements amounting to hate speech by those involved in a genocidal campaign;
• In a large-scale armed conflict, widespread and systematic nature of acts; intensity and scale of acts and invariability of killing methods used against the same protected group; types of weapons employed (in particular weapons prohibited under international law) and the extent of bodily injury caused;
• In a non-conflict situation, widespread and/or systematic discriminatory and targeted practices culminating in gross violations of human rights of protected groups, such as extrajudicial killings, torture and displacement;
• The specific means used to achieve “ethnic cleansing” which may underscore that the perpetration of the acts is designed to reach the foundations of the group or what is considered as such by the perpetrator group;
• The nature of the atrocities, e.g., dismemberment of those already killed that reveal a level of dehumanization of the group or euphoria at having total control over another human being, or the systematic rape of women which may be intended to transmit a new ethnic identity to the child or to cause humiliation and terror in order to fragment the group; The destruction of or attacks on cultural and religious property and symbols of the targeted group that may be designed to annihilate the historic presence of the group or groups;
• Targeted elimination of community leaders and/or men and/or women of a particular age group (the ‘future generation’ or a military-age group);
• Other practices designed to complete the exclusion of targeted group from social/political life.

Since the outbreak of the conflict in South Sudan in December 2013, the South Sudan TV has been turned and used as an organ to propagate hate and propaganda aimed at creating hatred against targeted community. The widespread killing, the burning and mutilation of bodies, killing of victims by asphyxiation and forcing of victims to drink human blood and eating human flash shows nothing other than clear intent to dehumanize the victims. This is also intended to depict the idea of having total control over other human beings. The Commission heard of use of cluster bombs on civilians by the government or government surrogates.

The widespread destruction of homes in Unity state, the hunting of civilians hiding in marches, killing of children and widespread destruction of property and means of living is reported by the Commission. This act underscores the perpetrator’s goal to reach the foundation of their group.

8. Triggering factors. These are events or circumstances that might aggravate conditions or spark deterioration in the situation, pointing to the likely onset of a genocidal episode. These ‘triggers’ might include:
• Upcoming elections (and associated activities such as voter registration or campaigning; revision of delimitation of electoral boundaries; a call for early elections or the postponement or cancellation of elections; disbanding of election commissions; imposition of new quotas/standards for political party or candidate eligibility);
• Change of Government outside of an electoral or constitutionally sanctioned process; Instances where the military is deployed internally to act against civilians;
• Commencement of armed hostilities;
• Natural disasters that may stress state capacity and strengthen active opposition groups;
• Increases in opposition capacity, which may be perceived as a threat and prompt preemptive action, or rapidly declining opposition capacity which may invite rapid action to eliminate problem groups.9

In the case of this conflict the report is very clear that the SPLM elections, the increasing opposition capacity and strengthening of the opposition capacity was perceived as a threat to the power that be. This might have prompted a pre-emptive action from the side of the government

Having analyzed the factors that could lead anyone to deduce whether there was genocide in South Sudan, it is important to come back to the issue of intent. Was there intent to create genocide? The report has mentioned two crucial points that could be important when considering whether there was intent or not on the side of perpetrators of the conflict.

One is the repeated reference to the 1991 SPLM conflict. In fact the report was explicit that many high ranking SPLM and government officials have referred to the Bor massacre as an issue in South Sudan. Is it possible that the intent here is revenge?

Secondly the report also mentioned the overwhelming number of Nuer soldiers in the Army which was estimated to be more than 60% and this was largely attributed to Kiir’s policy of integrating the Nuer militia into the SPLM.

Could the intent here be that the power that be in South Sudan realized the threat posed by this huge number of Nuer soldiers and therefore the need to downsize the number to manageable size?

Of course other causes such as control of resources and power can also be advanced but all in all I leave it to the readers to pass their judgment on the final AU report.

Sebit Sindani

17 Comments

  1. upiu says:

    Dr. Sindani,
    i wasn’t sure what your analyses was trying to portray here, but it seems you’re venting on non-declaration of genocide in South Sudan. Genocides and massacres, coups and rebellions share a lot in common than clearly understood.
    South Sudan is being destroyed by two camps of genocide and coup fanatics.
    The people who are using coup to kill are no different than those who are using genocide to kill. They are one and the same.
    If the coup and genocide debates haven’t been settled by that report then the nation of South Sudan will continue in its current course of bloodbath.
    Proving that a coup and/or genocide actually occurred in the context of the current South Sudan is a nightmare for a properly trained academics and that is why the authors of this report fell short and could not by uncertain terms call either of them.

    • Upiu,

      Are you trying to say Kiir has done the right things by massacring Nuer because Riek make a coup? or What is your argument is about at this point? Your comments is too vague. Please make it clear. Even if there was a coup, the Nuer civilians should have not been massacred. All Sudanese Presidents got to power through coups, but there never been a massacre of one tribe in Sudan not even the immediate family members of the oppositions had never been target by the government of the Sudan.

      • upiu says:

        Bentiu,
        I do not by any means condone the killing of South Sudanese by any party or person, Kiir or Riek. what is currently going on in Unity state is more dreadful than the terminologies used to describe those gross human right abuses that have occurred elsewhere in the country and that needs to stop. The AU report has it that people were killed in Juba under the watch of Kiir and Riek assumed the responsibility of those who went on killing rampage in the name of avenging genocide. They both need to account for their roles in the mechanism suggested by the AU report. That to me, if successful, will bring some justice to the families devastated by this senseless war.
        Crying over the non-inclusion of certain terminologies in the report is not helping the cause of those who continue to die as a result of the reckless actions of these two men and their accomplices.

  2. Alier-kon says:

    Dear Sebi,
    well I can say your article is more interested and is favoring the all party in conflicts which is good now nobody is complaining of injustice in this writing as you mentioned clearly the burning issues since 1991 up todate.
    the incidences of 1991 necessitating Dinka to take action against Nuer as they planed their war to killed Dinka all.
    so is there any Question if Dinka make an revenge?

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Alier-kon,
      How can you, Dinka, even think of revenge?
      If you remember your history, Dr. Garang, Kiir Mayardit, Kuol Manyang, Kerubino, Daniel Awet and the entire SPLA Dinka in 1991 and there after, launched serious military retaliatory raids on Nuer and thousands were killed in ethnic cleansing. That was the reason Machar and his military supporters had to withdraw to Khartoum and eventually surrendered after the ethnic cleansing of Nuers.
      Secondly, Kiir is now president of the country, how can he also plan and execute a policy of ethnic cleansing against his own people? This is utterly an inexcusable and prosecutable crime.
      Finally, in the eyes and judgment of many including foreign countries, Kiir is now a war criminal and a genocidaire who only deserves a very long sentence in prison in The Hague or in the African Hybrid court in Dakar.
      Editor

  3. Francis Mangok Angeir says:

    Dr. Sebit,

    It is unfortunate, our African just think how to kill themselves, but Western World think how to intervene cellphone and airplane. How long African people need to stop killing one another and begin to think like humans? Reading your article and studying about peace, I have seen other plan mass killing if South Sudanese are not careful because South Sudanese politicians know very well how to make revenge, but they do not know how to mix a car and bike. Many South Sudanese go to school to learn how to kill, but not how to think to make the development it is very sad.

    Politicians and South Sudanese intellectuals have no vision, but their visions are to mobilizes generation to fight and kill one another on their behalf. By reporting all these happened in Juba that day, what is your intellectuality thinking that bring South Sudan to end this revenge mass killing as you put it? Bringing what happened in the passed to present time without political motivation that would encourage people to embrace the peace it would never bring the peace.

    Questions: why AU released this reported today during the peace? What is the plan behind of this report? South Sudanese have to think for their future otherwise AU is not logically in a favor of peace. What make them to delayed the report until today when they have seen South Sudanese are almost to implement the peace for their country? I love to see you South Sudanese ignore this report and continue to bring the peace to those children and women who are still alive. God will bless those who seek for peace, but He will curse those who seek for war.

  4. Gogo says:

    Dr. Sindani,
    As you have refused to clearly take side and put your conclusion that what took place in the country in December 2013 was a genocide so are the AU body. Genocide is seen to be too big requiring a lot of responsibilities which nobody is there ready handle. Right from the beginning of the conflict the AU and all the international bodies have been trying to be soft to the government in order to stimulate it to use its partially organized resources for maintenance of some order in the country. Unfortunately it has not been happening. Although some believe that most of the violations that resulted to the chaos in the country was done by the government they shy off including you in your article. The AU even did not want to publish the report now for the same reason, But they had to do it because of the presidents decree of creating the 28 states. It was just intended to deter the president from going ahead with the decree because it is seen as one of the stubborn behaviors that would cause another chaos in the country. So pointing out bad behaviors of some individuals make good minded people retract from repeating another bad thing. So it is only the neutral people with less or zero action to take when genocide has occurred that can call it with its real name because they are not obliged to any responsibilities of dealing with it.

  5. False Millionaire says:

    Unfortunately the show down between nuer and dinka has allready become an old story that’s becoming a boring issue.
    Now the attention should be turned to an inevitable show down between equatorian and jieng masses.
    The internet anti jieng tribal campaign by such intelectuals as Elhag Paul,Dr Kwajok and many others has taken a practical root on the ground in RSS.
    Every car,a truck,a boda boda or a matatou traveling in roads out side the towns in western and centeral equaroria is stopped by armed equatorians,searched for illegal goods and left to proceed after the illegal goods are unloaded.
    It must be drown to every one’s attention that the term,”illegal good”,is a code to indicate dinka and when captured,he is tortured and done away in pain.Many instances of this nature are building up a crisis that is most likely to explode in the likewise of dinka/nuer tragedy.
    God have mercy!!!

  6. Defender says:

    Sindani,

    The omission of the word genocide from the report is not meant for the lack of evidence but it was political. If the Commission so willingly indicated that genocide was committed, it will force global powers to trigger mechanisms and must provide considerable amount of funds and response to address the issue. Given the other geopolitical issues of great importance to the global community, chief among them, the war of terror, ISIS and slowing global economy, there is no appetite for the world powers to divert attention from these issues to pursue regional conflict that its excess can still be addressed within the confine of war crime and crime against humany. The egregiousness of the crimes committed can still be persecuted effectively without invoking the genocide clause.

    As well, if the genocide clause was invoked, it will take the issue from the hands of African Union/IGAD and pushes it to the global arena, and with it comes the question of targeting africans by the west. Hence throwing a huge political clout over what is clearly not so. So, the omission of the word genocide from the report suggest that they want to confine the operationalization of the court within african context and control, to give AU and IGAD some clout to assert the mantra of African solution to African problems.

    The question that remains to be asked it this: can african prove their worth and bring those who committed these crimes to book and hand them lengthy sentences so that others would not contemplate repeating it again in our situation? This is the bigger and most important question that we need to ask. This will surely come to light during to the operationalization of the mechanism of the hybrid court as well as the whole peace agreement.

  7. Alier-kon says:

    Dear info@southsudannation,
    those whom you mentioned in your reply are not associated to genocide that had happened in 1991 in Bor and to make you shamed and hopless people that, you did not know who took arm again John Garang to claimed bush leadership which never happened in the world wide when you know the common enemy to fight than your brothers.
    it was not agreed that if one of the other ethnic is leading people then his tribe men will be victimized based on their ethnicity. secondly are Dinka not a human being? you need to clarify to us and. do you have a vedio to depicted your claimed of cleansing done by Kuol , Kiir and malong etc in 1991 when Nasir coup occurred? for your information I hope you will be the one to come get thses guys to hague and hybrid court to deservers what you wish in your heart and it will not happened as we are alive as Dinka unless we, the Dinka are not present on this earth or in south Sudan.

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Alier-kon,
      it’s obvious your concept of that tragic history is very much convoluted, you therefore tend to see what others don’t see.
      editor

  8. Log says:

    Mr., False Millionaire
    If you duel around and read a lot of books you will come across some statements which say that, “the same measure you use against others shall be used against you” if what you have stated here is really true then you don’t need to blame people like El Hag etc. From December 2013 up to date Dinka militias using state resources have been going house to house killing people along their ethnics lines as shown in the AU report . what do they expect in return. Do you expect to harvest pearl or banana when you had shown red pepper on the soil? Absurd. But yet statistics have proved that almost all the people killed along the roads in the equatorial regions ( Juba _Kajokeji, Juba _ Yei etc) are Equatorians. Are you trying to say here that it is Dinkas killing them due to their shift in plan of action. Sorry for your comments.

  9. Choromke Jas says:

    The opinion of the report authors is not final on whether genocide took place or not. Mercifully, they recommend further investigation about the whole crises to establish the truth. Your article is an excellent primer for those lawyers who will be arguing this case in the Hybrid Court. Remember, some countries, for purely national interest reason, had shied away from calling the killings in Darfur “Genocide”. But campaigns by human rights groups and civil society later succeeded in establishing the Darfur killings as “Genocide”. This, I am sure, will also happen to our case. Brilliant analysis.

  10. Gatdarwich says:

    Dr. Sindani,

    Killings won’t stop in South Sudan as long as, the Incompetent, Dinka-tribal-chief, power-hungry-greedy, and traitorous, Killer Kiir, and the JCE(Dinka council of national resources looters) are still in charge. Juba’s genocidal regime is a pure Kakistocracy period.

    • It seems the term ”traitorous” has got new meaning or definition for South Sudanese if a NUER and Nyamnyam aka equatorians can also refers to a Freedom fighter (Liberator) like President Kiir as traitor.

  11. Gatdarwich says:

    Dr. Sindani,

    What happened to the Nuer in Juba on 15 December, 2013 was a genocide period.

  12. Alier Gai says:

    What was behind the plot against the government was a declaration to jieng annihiliation; but the evil planners failed their intended purpose and then denied it. You know the what from the beginning Mr. Gatdarwich.

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