BY: Brian Adrian, SOUTH SUDAN, DEC/01/2014, SSN;
IGAD started a commendable job that South Sudanese have been hoping for since the leadership struggle started. This is by trying to bring the two warring parties to a negotiating table and settle their differences peacefully. IGAD being the regional body, it is in a better position to easily understand the on going situation in South Sudan and is well place as South Sudan is a member IGAD.
However, as much as this is a blessing, it is more of a curse since members nations have developed different interests in the Sudanese conflict and now South Sudan.
IGAD’s credibility and fairness in finding a lasting, peaceful political solution to the problem that emerged on December 15, 2013, is tinted by some member countries of the Body that have openly taken sides on the conflict and participating in the on going war in South Sudan.
Ugandan Government stated clearly that they are tired of Riek Machar and that “they have tolerated and been patient with him.” (Henry Okello Oryem, Uganda’s minister of State International Affairs: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article49386).
Uganda President who has been acting as the devil’s representative in eastern Africa has done it again. Museveni is notoriously known to love meddling in other sovereign nations affairs for his own gain.
One good example he has been accused of is the death of Former Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) President, Laurent-Désiré Kabila who lost his dear life on January 18, 2001.
He is also accused by some people of being responsible for the death of South Sudanese icon John Garang, July 30), 2005, who led the struggle from 1983 till his unfortunate, untimely death.
The reasons for these two assassinations is said to be Museveni’s desire to have weak inexperienced leaders who will look upon him as their God Father or Big Brother.
He wanted to be a kind of Uncle Sam for East Africa and the Great Lakes Region. While this seems to have worked in DRC, with President Joseph Kabila, putting his national interest and love for his people, it has worked perfectly in South Sudan.
Realizing that his scam did not work in DRC, Museveni resulted into creating and supporting Rebels against Kabila’s Government, a fact, proven beyond doubts by the United Nation.
Kenya on the other hand, has been contributing positively in finding a lasting peace for Sudan in general. However, the statements made recently by Kenyan leadership seems to be suggesting otherwise.
It may be common sense that the two leaders seem to be protecting the Lamu project. However, what they are forgetting is that the Oil in South Sudan, is found in Unity State, Upper Nile, and Jonglei, where if civil war became a reality, they will be under rebel control and hence the Lamu project will hit a dead end considering the populations there.
It is widely believed by the South Sudanese that he is being controlled by Uganda President, Yoweri Museveni. Museveni is said to be the one bringing him to power, through the assassination of John Garang. This can be seen by his several trips to Uganda whenever there are concerns in South Sudan.
The two became very close that President Kiir is seen as a puppet of Museveni.
It is also a common belief that, at one of the visits, Museveni took Salva to a graveyard where some of the Freedom fighters he killed were buried. He is said to be the one who advised Kiir to build his own army, which Kiir did.
Kiir went to his home County and recruited young men that were trained in a place called Luri. This force was to be used as mercenaries against any political rival and his people. They were just trained to fight to defend what Kiir told them was their leadership which was under threat.
These men can’t speak any language except their mother tongue hence a perfect force for the elimination anyone who dares want to take their leadership and wipe out his people.
The former Vice President and his colleagues knew this but were so occupied by the democratic methods that they didn’t question Kiir’s moves or try to counter it. They wanted an SPLM leadership meeting to solve the differences and hence party elections to elect new leadership.
Presidents Museveni and Kiir were ready to carry out their wicked plan. Kiir became very arrogant in South Sudan that he started to threaten political opponents. He dissolved the entire Cabinet leaving a leadership vacuum within the Young Nation.
This was done with the consultation of President Museveni. They were expecting the Nuer to reject the removal of Riek Machar and declare war on the President. Museveni was ready for this and started deploying his forces into South Sudan few days before the announcement.
To their disappointment, the Nuer were aware of the Constitutional right of the President and remained calm. In was suggested that Riek Machar be removed and replaced with a Nuer to divide the community. However, the Presidential advisers on this case decided to play with his mind.
They decided to hide the truth of the matter by telling him that the Nuer he (the President) suggested to take over from Riek refused. This made the President kind of mad and started acting like a mad man.
The entire South Sudan was quiet waiting for what will be the result of his uncalculated actions.
Only four men were making the decision for the Nation. President Kiir (Dinka), Kuol Manyang Juk (Dinka), Daniel Awet (Dinka) and James Wani Igga (a Bari seen as a puppet of the three). It was common on street to hear people talking of Dinka making unpopular decision for the Nation. But the entire nation remained silent eagerly waiting to witness what they were planning for the country. Others were worried.
Cabinet was formed without the Vice President. This was a test to see the reaction of the Nation. But South Sudanese knew the President had the power to appoint anyone to work with him. James Wani then was appointed but the nation remains silent as usual. This was a big disappointment for the two angels of the Devil who were so thirty for blood.
The Current Crisis in South Sudan
Having done the above without anyone saying a word, the President then started acting like a drunken monkey with a gun. He then went to the party where his leadership was being challenged. He decided to run the party like the nation he has been playing around with. This caused uproar since the party belongs to the people and not one person.
The dictator, President Museveni and his grooming puppet Dictator realized at once that this is the opportunity they have been waiting for. Salva Kiir was himself confused on how to go on with this.
NB: The Secretary General Pagan Amum wrote to the Party Chairman (the President) several times to call for a party convention for the Party to elect new leadership or confirmed the leaders. The President failed to do so.
Not knowing how to go on with the issue, he decided to dissolve the party structures giving a lame reason that the party did not hold a convention on time and hence structures should cease to exist except his office as chairman.
This is a very primitive reasoning because he was the one who failed to call the meeting.
Secondly, his office is one of the Structures that should cease to exist because it was created by the same convention like the other structures. This create a big confusion with both party Vice Chairpersons (Former and Current Vice President) stating that the structures are there while others including the Government spokes-person saying they were dissolved.
The party’s senior members opposed to the way the President was running the party decided to hold a press conference that was to be followed by a public rally the following Saturday. Not knowing what he was doing, confused and scared of the public rally, the Chairman then decided to call for a meeting of the National Liberation Council, which he dissolved earlier.
The meeting was held but it lack reconciliatory gestures from the President. He started attacking some members while threatening others and attempting to unilaterally sacked the party Secretary General. This forced some members to boycott the following days session.
That Sunday night, the President’s tribes men, the Dinka, started to distribute ammunitions among themselves and disarming the Nuer officers among them. The Nuer became suspicious and resisted. The Dinka then fired at the Nuer officers and fighting broke out.
The President quickly put on military uniform and before knowing what went wrong, started to blame the former Vice President of a coup d’état. Any reasonable person will question this. How did the President come to this conclusion within few minutes? Fighting continued throughout the night and the following morning.
The President’s tribes men had an upper hand since they were well prepared for this and controlled the heavy weapons and managed to take control of the barracks.
After the fighting ceased, they then came out killing anyone Nuer they come across. I am aware of a lady who gave birth 3 days before the incident, who was shot twice into the chest and died leaving the infant. The infant is now in the UNMISS near Juba Airport with his grandmother.
One reverend from the Presbyterian Church was killed while in Church Uniform. Many people were killed in the area of Munuki, Gudele, 107, Khor William, Manga II and Jebel. What the Dinka did was to kill the people and throw the bodies on the street. Vehicles collect the bodies later and dumb them in mass grave made by excavators. The images were discovered by UNMISS in Juba. They reported 3 but did nothing.
The ceasefire was declared in bad faith, as only one faction of the warring parties was involved. This was a calculated move to sideline the other faction so that Museveni, Kiir and those they managed to convince can have a reason to attack them and support the current genocide against the Nuer.
What they did was to ask Kiir what he wanted them to do. Kiir knew he started something he cannot handle. He thought his man-staged coup will kill his opponent. God was bigger than Kiir and Museveni. This will not work.
It is the choice between being killed or being a second-class citizen, and we chose to die in search for freedom, justice and equality. We can’t liberate ourselves from colonization of North Sudan just to be recolonized by Uganda. Museveni should be ready to kill all of us or his days are numbered.
The AU and the UN should take over the peace process in South Sudan since some IGAD members have shown interest to the conflict and chosen sides. Museveni have showed it clearly that he is with President Kiir, his fellow dictator, and will do anything to keep him on power. His plane has been bombing South Sudanese and his troops are on the ground in large numbers.
We cannot have a mediator who is part of the conflict. The world should take charge to stop this pending massive civil war. Museveni should learn that South Sudanese are people who will choose to die than being enslaved. He is now threatening to invade the people of South Sudan and decide their fate.
The other South Sudanese are now seeing what is happening and are not wondering what the real reason is for the fighting. This is fight to liberate South Sudan from Uganda tyranny and colonization. We need our freedom.
In summary, I would like to highlight the President created all these mess as heightened by another concerned South Sudanese on SouthSudanNation.com.
1. Unconstitutionally relieving the VP along with the entire cabinet in August 2013.
2. Unconstitutionally suspending the Secretary General of the SPLM Pagan Amum
3. Blocked every avenue for dialogue within the SPLM by refusing to convene the SPLM Political Buro meeting to internally discuss SPLM and to set agenda for the Liberation Council meeting.
4. Issued an order to dissolve SPLM structures namely the Politburo and the National Liberation Council forcing the press conference on the 6th Dec by those opposed to him and also affected by this monumental dissolution.
5. And finally convening a surprise meeting of the NLC to divert attention from and obstruct a public rally to be staged by the opposition forces within his party.
Riek and company suspended the public rally in response to calls from religious leaders, attempted to attend the NLC meeting but were further humiliated by an ignorant and arrogant president Kiir which resulted in their walk-out.
6. A day later it now transpired that Kiir ordered for the presidential guards to be disarmed and then only the Dinka presidential guards to be rearmed which directly led to the military confrontation between Nuer and the Dinka members of the presidential guards.
7. He further gave a criminal instruction to his militia to indiscriminately attack and kill Nuer soldiers, civil servants or citizens in Juba.
The South Sudanese’s current government should therefore cease to exit and the United Nations take over the management of the Country and prepare election within one year. Otherwise the song that, “WE DON’T WANT TO SEE ANOTHER RWANDA” will be meaningless.
This is not about Riek Machar any more but South Sudanese fighting for their independence from the Tyranny of Uganda and the looming Kenyan involvement.
Long Live South Sudan