Restoring Peace in South Sudan: An Expert’s Opinion

BY: Jared Genser, USA, MAR/31/2014, SSN;

Just over two years after its birth, South Sudan has plunged into crisis. Last month, only weeks after government and rebels signed a ceasefire agreement, violence reignited in Malakal, in the country’s northeast. Both parties to the conflict accused the other of violating the ceasefire.

Regardless, at least ten people were killed in the incident, the most recent in a series of clashes that have pushed the world’s youngest nation into civil war, threatening to become an all-out conflict, with widespread fighting posing dire consequences.

The optimism that accompanied the country’s independence has diminished since fighting broke out on December 15, 2013, between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and those loyal to his former vice president Riek Machar.

The roots of this violence can be traced to a power struggle that took on an ethnic element. In July 2013, Kiir fired Machar, who he viewed as a political threat.

With Kiir being Dinka, South Sudan’s largest of more than sixty ethnic groups, and Machar being Nuer, its second-largest, the conflict between the two men took an ethnic tone.

In the days following the outbreak of violence, fighting between Dinka and Nuer escalated and spread across the country, with political leaders and militias betraying their national affiliation in favor of their ethnic identity.

Kiir immediately called the violence a coup attempt by Machar that had been put down by the government. However, on December 16, fighting erupted again, when army commanders loyal to Machar rebelled against the government.

In an effort to quell this violence, both parties attended negotiations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Out of these negotiations came a ceasefire on January 23, 2014.

Hailed as the first step towards ending the conflict, the agreement supposedly paved the way for peace talks.

Subsequently, the ceasefire was violated by both sides less than a month after its adoption.

The South Sudanese people, who fought for independence only to see their country descend into warfare, deserve more than a ceasefire that has no sticking power.

Since December, 739,000 people have been displaced internally and another 196,000 have become refugees. This is on top of a death toll of 10,000 and counting.

Extrajudicial killings, sexual violence, and targeting of individuals based on ethnicity have been widespread.

With a second round of peace talks stalled, the South Sudanese need a cessation of hostilities that is respected by both sides.

The international community was instrumental in the country’s independence. It is time for the international community to step up to restore optimism to South Sudan.

First, the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) must be expanded.

Following the outbreak of violence, the Security Council authorized a reinforcement of UNMISS, increasing its size from 7,000 to 12,500.

However, the operation is struggling to protect 80,000 civilians sheltering in its bases. Reinforcements will be useless if peacekeepers’ freedom of movement is restricted.

Although the government has qualms about the UN presence, it should allow the transfer of more personnel and assets.

The East African bloc Intergovernmental Authority on Development, IGAD, on the other hand, has made inroads where the UN has failed.

Going forward, it is critical that they work together and UNMISS be allowed to reach its capacity.

Second, the international community must help South Sudan develop its democratic institutions.

The creation of a new constitution should be supported by advisers from the African Union and other parties who could provide insight on best practices while allowing for civic input in the process.

The constitution-drafting body should first undertake a census, then register voters, and finally hold a constitutional referendum.

Elections, scheduled for 2015, should be contingent on the completion of a constitution.

In the aftermath of Machar’s failed coup, the country currently has no viable opposition parties.

It is essential that parties other than the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Army be able to grow.

Third, conditions must be created to bring the national dialogue to Juba, South Sudan’s capital. Shuttling parties back and forth to Addis Ababa will only prolong what has been a very slow process.

Once an agreement is reached, UN peacekeepers should report violations and ensure accountability for perpetrators.

In the long term, an internationally-supported court to bring justice for crimes committed should be considered. These efforts would promote healing of historical and new wounds.

Reestablishing stability in South Sudan will not be easy, but it is essential that the international community act now to support and protect its youngest member.

Not doing so means further chaos for South Sudan.

Jared Genser is an international human-rights lawyer and editor of The UN Security Council in the Age of Human Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

28 Comments

  1. Elhag Paul says:

    Dear Mr Genser
    Thank you for making what I consider a valuable contribution. Most of your article is helpful, however I am disappointed with the following and I quote: “In the aftermath of Machar’s failed coup, the country currently has no viable opposition parties.” “Third, conditions must be created to bring the national dialogue to Juba, South Sudan’s capital. Shuttling parties back and forth to Addis Ababa will only prolong what has been a very slow process”.
    By asserting that there was a failed coup you are actually making things worse by encouraging those responsible for ethnic cleansing to feel they are right. This is misleading and making things worse for South Sudanese.
    Again to suggest that the national dialogue be brought to Juba, you are directly echoing what the government wants in order to terrorise whoever is going to attend the dialogue not to talk. You need to understand that the current government in Juba is a totalitarian regime which does not hesitate to kill in order to remain in power. No, as South Sudanese we do not want the dialogue to be brought to Juba for obvious reasons of security. It needs to remain until completion in Addis Ababa. I hope you are not buying in to the government position due to the intimidation your organisation has faced. History clearly shows that appeasing dictators does not pay. In the 1930s the world appeased Hitler and what did it get – a kick in the teeth. For moral and deterrence reasons SPLM needs to be faced squarely and held to account for the gross abuse of power and human rights.

    • Morbe says:

      I strongly agree with the argument. Thnx

      • Raan Naath says:

        Jared Genser,

        You sound like a paid-pen by Salva Kiir. Your assertions of a failed coup and support for Juba reconciliation are typical of those that want the dictatorship to survive in Juba. It is shameful for you to write such unfounded allegations as well as unhelpful views. You better stay away.

  2. Tongun Lo Loyuong says:

    Here we go, another do gooder and a disgraceful “lawyer” to the law profession. As a lawyer, what makes you come to the conclusion that what took place was “Machar’s failed coup” which as a result as you concluded has rendered South Sudan without vibrant opposition parties? Where is your factual evidence to support the coup allegations when the conclusion has since been reached by most that the core factors that define a military altercation as a coup, such as the element of surprise, and occupation of key state institutions, were lacking to suggest that there was a coup? Jesus, when will you people begin to understand and appreciate South Sudan’s power politics and ethnically complex socio-cultural dynamics without rushing to premature conclusions?!

    • Chul Mi Bor says:

      Well said Mr. Tongun Lo Loyuong.

    • But Mr. Tungun what do you call of some one who has designed a new flag and Money? Now as we talk, new Money are circulating in the Rebel Controlled areas, if the man was not aiming at seizing power by force and take the leadership of the Country, then why he designed a new flag and Money in the first place? a flag which is totally different from what we currently have for the Country? I am really puzzled of how I could call such a person if he was not a power hunter who cares less about the peoples lives, there were many choices in front of Dr. Riek Machar to ascend to the top position of the land, either make his own Party and run for elections come 2015 or even run for elections as an independent candidate.
      being a democrat necessitates that, one take peaceful democratic means than resorting to violence means and allow the bloodletting of the innocent civilians, now we are ashamed to call ourselves south Sudanese among the citizens of the world, the learned people such as you Mr. Lo loyuong should focus on how peace and reconciliation be brought back to the Country but not to add fuel into an already burning fire.

  3. Jared Genser South Sudan is a tribal community where most tribes don’t know each other and thus making communication difficult. Not to mention the overwhelming distrust among them resulting from lack of communication. United Nations Security Council (UNSC) was right to placed south Sudan on chapter seven.

    I am supprised why UNSC is so lazy implementing the terms of this chapter? This is the only way if the international community has a responsibility for a stable South Sudan. An international administration body to impose stablity in South Sudan for atleast 3years before South Sudanese are entrusted the security and the safety of South Sudanese citizens.

    The formation of the deterant force by IGAD is aimed to fight against the SPLM/A in oppostion; and to reach a military solution rather than a negotiated peaceful settlement. Uganda a member of IGAD is supporting and engaging in the fight along the forces loyal to Kiir (the Kiirler). This behaviour of IGAD disqualifies their neutrality. So IGAD has intrinsically failed to broker peace in South Sudan.

    Because of IGAD’s role Kiirler, who believes is killing, is stubborn and refuses to give concessions for the sake of peace.

    The only hope for peace in South Sudan is the international community lead by UN and AU. IGAD is unwelcomed.

    Kiirler is no longer popular for the atrocities he committed against south sudanese people and the Nuer people in particular. He MUST step down immediately from the top office.

    Had the international community continued to ignore their role in South Sudan, war will continue until Kiirler is ousted. An interim government lead by a neutral person is the objective of the SPLM/A in oppostion.

  4. Thomas Omot says:

    Mr. Genser,

    Great insightful piece of expert opinion on South Sudan, indeed!!

    However, I would disagree with your thought on the role of International Community, especially UNMISS in helping stabilize the current crisis and restore renewed optimism in South Sudan for the my one main reason:

    The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) MUST NOT be expanded, contrary to your call for its expansion, due to the complete failure of its primary mandated mission in the first place.

    UNMISS has irresponsibly failed to protect civilians caught in the middle of the current conflict, neglecting to further cater for civilian needs in their now execrable and contemptible camps, and choosing to knowingly or unknowingly breach its mandate by adopting an inclined position with respect to the emergent political crisis in the young state.

    Until recently, there is no doubt that UNMISS has had a significant role to play, particularly at both pre-CPA and post-CPA times, creating immense optimism for the millions of South Sudanese who’ve for many years, modestly yearned for FREEDOM and DIGNITY. To their surprise, most South Sudanese have begun to distrust UNMISS especially its current leadership, vehemently calling for a speedy change at the top.

    Such appeals by South Sudanese for the exit of the so-called permanent representative, have stubbornly been ignored by UNMISS and their New York-based boss. This would likely add a negative impact to the already growing poor relationship between UNMISS and South Sudan.

    The recent interception by South Sudan security forces of UN-labelled trucks – which were dispatched graciously as delivering humanitarian aid to civilians – transporting unauthorized weapons to Bentiu, is more revealing of the growing distrust of UNMISS.

    And so tell me Mr. Genser, isn’t genuine to question why globally banned weapons such as landmines could still be transported in disguise as humanitarian aid in UN trucks? Is it because South Sudan is a third world country, and thus qualifies as a dumping site for barred weapons? Why, in your expert analysis, you ignored to comment on this weapons interception issue?

    One can only conclude that UNMISS’s leadership simply wants to prolong its stay in the country and advance some evil neo-imperial interests, by fueling conflict as a pretext for more international involvement in the young state.

    To sum up, supporting the IGAD-led and mediated peace process of finding a lasting solution to the current crisis might be the right approach, but not an expansive multinational and ill-defined involvement. From your own words, you agree that IGAD is already making great advancements towards finding durable peace in South Sudan, excelling in the presence of a failing worldly body. I choose to support this course and let IGAD keep moving inwards

  5. Smith Opok says:

    Doesn’t look like expert opinion. Because the author has very limited knowledge of the root causes of the conflict

  6. Choromke Jas says:

    Fake!

  7. lofu lo loku says:

    Jared hal side insight about South Sudan history. I know he is hired by kiir rotten government to write this man made story to convienvce south Sudan massrs.

  8. Pan says:

    “UNMISS must be allowed to reach its capacity.” What a damn joke. Let UNMISS occupy Europe. What kind of expert is this?

    • Joana Adams says:

      Mr. Jensen,
      What is expert about your opinion? What you have narrated above, have been said by many South Sudanese scholars and opinion writers many times over. Are they not experts in their own affairs? Being patronising is rather offensive if I may say so. Actually you would have sounded more serious if you acknowledged the role of South Sudanese in understanding, articulating and advocating about the root causes and possible way out of the current conflict. Your piece is so shallow, next time when you write an opinion and call it expert, please make sure that it really is. Not all South Sudaenese are ignorant lot. We just happen to have the wrong people in the position of power. Hopefully that will change soon.

  9. Eli says:

    Mr. Genser;
    Your opinions are appreciated as an observer. I would however like to correct you of few points: In today’s world of instantly being able to see and hear what happens across the globe, we need to be careful not to rush into conclusions by siding with one party while ignoring the other. For, we who follow the media and try to share our opinions on the internet or whatever media channels have the responsibility not to mislead our readers.

    Indeed your concern about the grave humanitarian situations in South Sudan is very concerning to most of us. Although we all want to bring the current instability to an end as quickly as possible, you as an international observer need to have an informed point of view not only from the media or the authority in Juba but of the indigenous population. Yes most of them are innocent and they do not have any part in the violence.

    Here are some of the points I feel to correct you about from your article:

    “With Kiir being Dinka, South Sudan’s largest of more than sixty ethnic groups, and Machar being Nuer, its second-largest, the conflict between the two men took an ethnic tone”.

    Over the years the Western Media always refer to Dinka and Nuer as the only two largest and some refer to them as the most powerful tribes, that means if there is any disagreement in South Sudan we should bow down to these two tribes or else hell breaks loose. And every conflict is always portrayed as being ethnically motivated.

    These notions are wrong and need to be corrected. For your information the Dinkas and the Nuers are no more the largest tribes, there has never been a genuine census conducted in Southern Sudan. How can we for sure know the exact number of each tribe if others live in remote villages with no access since creation?

    Do you know that we in the Equatoria States are more united not only based on tribal entity but of our level of reasoning and civility that if we are asked to vote for common sense our number could even double both the Dinkas and Nuers?

    The other negation to the so-called largest tribes is that it makes them feel like they deserve to rule the country just because of their number. Running a State’s affairs should never be based on which tribe one comes from.

    Unfortunately “democracy” has been misinterpreted in some African contexts. Over the years; this old mentality of large tribes must rule or to be a leader one must come from, a line of kingdom-ship is starting to disappear in some African countries although not fast enough.

    If you want to know the truth; the Dinkas, the Nuers plus the rest of Upper Nile tribes also called the Nilotics have been in conflicts for centuries, their conflict is simply about “cows and bulls” that is; they have being rustling cattle and they attack each other for years, just that there was no news media in those days to report these happenings.

    If you in the West want to resolve the differences between Dinka and Nuers start to import Texas long horns (cows and Bulls) to South Sudan in return for the oil, not just talking.

    Although this may sound derogatory but there is a lot of truth in it; or how about let’s help them by developing a ranching system and fencing the land so that borders are clearly marked and all cattle are identified by owners names so whenever someone steals others cows it can be traced and returned and the perpetrators are taken to court for theft, and then agricultural lands be allocated to produce animal food. Just a suggestion but it should be tried and let’s see the outcome.

    This talk in Addis Ababa is in fact excluding the people who are the problem solvers, the Equatorians, the peaceful and more gracious and humble people of the whole country, they are also farmers which means they will produce enough food and they like to develop the country, majority of Equatorians are Christians, more educated, non violent and they get along with each other very well even with their Muslim neighbors including with their Nilotic brethren as it can be seen today all the Nilotics left their hometown and moved to Equatoria to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere.

    But yet the people of Equatoria have been sidelined and have not been invited to take part in these talks; simply the reason behind is Equatorians suggested the Federal system of governance; the conflicts in South Sudan will never be resolved if the discussion is between these two tribes Dinka and Nuer and few members of SPLA/M.

    There are some few brainwashed individuals who have been bought by the “bloody oil-money” who will keep their mouths shut to avoid losing the oil-money benefits. These individuals are only there for their personal interests (stomachs), and they do not represent the views of the mainstream peace loving Southern Sudanese.

    Unfortunately the World works in the opposite, it is always the corrupt and the killers who get the spot, like the fighting parties. Just to support my argument here is a statement made by a prominent former SPLA/M member about the role Equatorians could play and he is not from Equatoria:

    Support for Equatorian leadership
    “Former Presidential Advisor Tijwok Agwet argues that neither Machar nor President Kiir should be president of the country. “We the Nilotics have failed; give chance to Equatorians to try,” he wrote in a statement on 6 February 2014, referring to the Nuer and Dinka tribes, as well as his own, the Shilluk, which are considered Nilotic.

    Agwet argues that leaders of the Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile regions failed the country and “are to be advised to leave the idea of becoming Presidents for the Republic of South Sudan at the moment till election time.

    “People of Greater Equatoria, being the most peaceful in the Republic of South Sudan, are to be advised to come out with candidates for presidency and the chief of general staff of the army (SPLA). They will put the army and governance systems in order. And will conduct a fair, peaceful and just election for whoever would want to contest for presidency,” he said.

    “The other regions are urge to rally behind them with the same loyalty they had for us all these years… The new leadership must be given 2-3 years,” he emphasized, adding that those who lead in the interim period should not contest for political positions thereafter.”

    The other point you brought forward here is:

    “Third, conditions must be created to bring the national dialogue to Juba, South Sudan’s capital. Shuttling parties back and forth to Addis Ababa will only prolong what has been a very slow process”.

    Jared; I really hope that you are not one of those oil drunken expatriates who are representing those giant oil companies trying to resolve this conflict so quickly so that you can get your hands on the dirty oil-money. You as a lawyer out of all people should be talking about the genocide that took place as a result of the so-called “attempted-coup”.

    Please don’t fool us by appeasing the vampire; innocent blood of women, children, old people, university students, hospital doctors, business men and women has poured just for being of particular ethnicity, regardless being it Nuer or Dinka they have committed crimes against humanity, and justice must be served before any vital settlement to these conflict.

    I mean President Salva Kirr being the leader should have control his temper as the leader of the nation not to react by declaring war on innocent civilians. He MUST face justice first and then all those involved in the crimes and then we can talk about national reconciliation let alone peace process.

    We MUST all stand together and condemn the killings just as the “free World” is doing to Bashir Al Assad of Syria; the Ukraine-Russia conflict and the rest. What happened to sanity? I mean humanity has lost its value so much that we are ready to settle for oil-money but not care for human life?

    And some of us call ourselves defenders of “Human Rights” and yet we encourage these very humans who ran for their lives to safety to come back to the belly of the beasts?

    Juba City is the belly of the beast as long as SPLA security forces under Kirr are there; and that’s why those seven alleged coup plotters charged with treason refused to come back to face the jungle justice of Kirr and his military junta.

    I mean Jared; would you send your American children and women or in this regard your loved ones (family) to North Korea or Syria for vacation if someone asked you to? Really? So, why do you want others to lose their loved ones?

    I would like to analyze more on your article but due to space restrictions I will end here but remember South Sudan will be peaceful and God willing one day all the peoples of the world are welcome to come and enjoy freedom, peaceful atmosphere regardless of who they are. Until then we seek for JUSTICE.

    FROM EDITOR: MR. ELI, THERE IS NO SPACE RESTRICTIONS BUT I WOULD SERIOUSLY SUGGEST THAT YOU CAN DEVELOP YOUR PIECE INTO A NICE REBUTTAL TO JARED. YOU HAVE ALL THAT’S NEEDED TO AIR YOUR VIEWS IN OPINION PIECES SIMILAR TO JARED OR ANYONE ELSE ON THIS WEBSITE. BEST REGARDS

  10. Eli says:

    To Editor
    Sorry for the long letter but I really have to answer Jared this way, it is okay if you would like to brake the message into two or more, thank you for letting our voices be heard.

  11. southdaan says:

    This is a fake author do not listen to him. He had a different name…. his name kirrller

    • Omang Rollo says:

      Thank Jared Genser, you are a true lawyer. next time when you write your article, please talk about food supplies for the war displaced, that is the language many of these donkeys who are putting you down will understand. they will kiss the sole of your shoe and some will even give you back rub massages.

  12. M. Akulia says:

    Mr. Genser,

    You are absolutely right in your assertion that “The South Sudanese people, who fought for independence only to see their country descend into warfare, deserve more than a ceasefire that has no sticking power”. You are also absolutely right in affirming that “With a second round of peace talks stalled, the South Sudanese need a cessation of hostilities that is respected by both sides”.

    I can assure you that South Sudan has very competent people inside the country and in the Diaspora who have the ability to lug South Sudan from the current Dysfunction and hell hole at lightning speed. Simply put, the people of South Sudan already have experts in their midst who will ensure the creation of a new constitution that represents the wishes of every single South Sudanese. These experts know exactly what is needed and all the steps necessary for sustainable peace, a proper constitution and democratic elections. The only impediments to their noble vision for South Sudan are the “leeches” that now require the international community working in unison to dislodge them!

    What the international community of which South Sudan has taken its rightful place needs to do is join the “chorale” demanding that the current Dysfunctional government of South Sudan vacate power immediately so that South Sudan’s very competent people inside the country and in the Diaspora can put in place a properly constituted interim government that will embark on establishing the rule of law and solid democratic institutions immediately.

    The East African bloc Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is exhibiting a laissez-faire attitude that is culpable. Their slapdash approach is iniquitous at best and it is costing the treasured lives of South Sudanese. IGAD needs to step aside and hand over the honourable task of instituting the rule of law in South Sudan to a more competent body.

    There was no coup in South Sudan and the country has viable opposition parties so your claim that “In the aftermath of Machar’s failed coup, the country currently has no viable opposition parties” is erroneous. The only reason you haven’t heard about South Sudan’s viable and full grown opposition parties is that the current maniacal government of South Sudan has guns to their heads and it is stifling their participation in the peace process because there is currently no democracy in South Sudan!

    Juba under the current maniacal government is like a Lion’s Den full of hungry and uncontainable lions which means that bringing national dialogue to Juba is like signing a death warrant for the participants so I beg to differ from your proposition that “Third, conditions must be created to bring the national dialogue to Juba, South Sudan’s capital”. That said, an effective national dialogue will unquestionably occur after the current demented government of South Sudan vacates power and makes way for South Sudan’s very competent people inside the country and in the Diaspora to put in place a properly constituted interim government that respects the rule of law and democratic principles.

    An independent and rock-solid judiciary is part of the vision being proposed by South Sudan’s very competent people inside the country and in the Diaspora. “The people” will most definitely bring perpetrators of all crimes including crimes against humanity to book through a proper judiciary not Salvatore Kiir’s reproachable kangaroo court. They will also institute a proper strategy for peace and reconciliation not the hurried shenanigan currently being flaunted by Salvatore Kiir to hoodwink the people of South Sudan and the international community.

    Re-establishing stability in South Sudan can happen quickly and chaos will be averted if the international community joins the “chorus” demanding that the current Dysfunctional government of South Sudan vacate power immediately.

    I hope that you will join that chorus Mr. Genser.

    I thank you for your post and contribution. I am pleased to affix my voice to this discussion.

    M. Akulia

  13. Arop Ater says:

    Jared
    I agree with you that what happened last year was an alleged atempted failed coup master minded by Riek Machar and there are substantial evidences that he has instigated the coup in 2013 when he ran away and declared him self the leader of mutiny, secondly, Riek said he told the splm leadership to be the party flag bearer of 2015 elections. thirdly he ordered for president Kiir to step down and he to become the president when he was interviewed by aljezira. Mr. Jared, the nuers stupidly insult any one saying the truth about the cause of this senseless war or blaming it on Riek. the solution my brother is to call off the peace talks in Ethiopia which has been draging it feets and war should continue. the situation might repeat itself if there’s no real winer in this war. the world will see south sudan a peaceful country if this war is fought like it was fought with Arabs. give it names like genocide or massacre will prolong the peaceful settlement

    • Nuer-Another Israel in East Africa says:

      Arop Ater:

      Yes indeed Mr. Arop Ater. War is the solution without any support from outside. Let Museveni go home! Let it be between the SPLA and the rebel twisting their arms. The surest thing is, Salva Kiir will not like it. He wants Museveni on his side by all costs. Without Museveni, the solution is very simple.

      This is our internal problem and we should solve it on our own. Why seek Museveni and waste our resources to pay mercenaries? His Kiir not confident on his own ability to solve the case. For how long will outsiders solve our problems?

      It was the USA who gave us our independence through CPA. We weren’t able to define things for ourselves. Now, we want Museveni to interfere in our own internal affairs. Why?

  14. Elijah Samuel says:

    A disgrace!

    • Majongok says:

      Let it all flow. There is no need to insult one another here. The South Sudanese are not stupid. They will know at the end of the day who is telling the truth. The fact of the matter is both sides have made mistakes. Their respective arguments is like adding salt to injuries. We South Sudanese deserve better for sure.

  15. AW Joseph says:

    Jared
    Your writings reminds me of the previous colonial judges in Africa who would always find natives guilty of all the crimes they were accused of.
    You have not taken into account the notion of the presumption of innocence when you seem to believe Dictator Salva Kiir’s version of what happened on the 15/12/2013 in Juba GIEDA, without taking into account the other side of the story.
    Next time do more research and aquent yourself better with the actual situation on the ground before arriving into conclusion.

  16. Rial Nyang says:

    The Dinka and their co should atleast understand that there was no coup. Americans and British said there are no criteria for a military coup.Ateny Wek who was once a fierce critic of the lame-duck president salva now turns out to be a disciplined house boy.Only museveni who rules the South by remote control can ignorantly continue to say that there was a coup.Aleu refuses to testify in court because he knows there are no evidences amounting to a coup. It is a matter of time ,salva will stand before the ICC with hands and legs cuffed to answer for the lives of over 6 000 Nuer he massacred in cold blood with his ill trained dinka militias commanded by illiterate CDR Malong.The most ruthless and womanizer.Mac Paul liberated his mind from the bondage of Kiir dictatorial camp.There is no coup.Kiir should receive evening lessons to bring him to the standard of judgement and for him to define a coup.The Dinka Illiterate and finicky General Marial Chinuong disarmed the Nuer so that they could slaughter Riek machar.Message to Kiir,your father Museveni will leave and you will one day account for your deeds infront of Dr Riek Machar.Just release the four detainees cos there is no case to argue.Shame on the Dinkas!!!

  17. Morbe says:

    Mr. Niall Nyang. Accept a piece of advise if you don’t mind. Let us differentiate between Gn.Salva Kiir and his special forces that killed Civilians from Dinka as a tribe. It is not the Dinka Tribe as whole that sat and told him to commit evil; I don’t believe that.; please let us hold Gn. Salva Kirr as a leader and hiss cronies as individuals for misusing power I trusted to the by South Sudanese people from all the tribes.

    Let us also remember among the Dinka Tribe you have innocent Children, Women, the Elderly, Tribal Chiefs and Adults who are not in agreement with Gn.Salva for the killing of innocent lives in Juba. So why accuse them collectively. Please two wrongs can not make one wright. Let us try to be objective and circumspect in pointing fingers. Please accept this brotherly advise.

  18. Jared Genser,

    I know you are one of Kiir pay gents who will never think positively. People who consistently calling this war a tribal war between Nuer and Dinka and consistently criticize Nuer are just being foolish and they are truly brainless individuals. Their true reasoning ability is occupied by money. Their brain failed to make reasonable judgment of their country future. Nuer are just defending themselves against terrible regime. Nuer did not declared war on anyone in South Sudan. However, we are not sleeping dogs who bark when the enemy is far away and keep quiet when the enemy is near by. We are not politicians who spread the words of war when there is no war and pretend to be peacemakers when the war is emerged. We like to live in peace with others when there is peace, but we do not pretend to live in peace when there is no peace. And remember that in every country not only South Sudan, whenever, a country is in crisis like ours, no one is considered neutral. Every citizen must take part in the war either politically or militarily. You must either be with the government or with those who try to change the corrupt regime. Even though you are not in the war zone, you must think and judge the factors that triggered the war and then take size based on your finding that is true citizens participation in their country.

  19. jijury says:

    What a disgraceful Lawyer, where is your expertise on this article? you just repeated over and over again what has been mentioned before there is nothing new to what you wrote here. In case you didn’t know, 1. Museveni killed Garang because he was not happy when Dr. John Garang signed CPA with the government in Khartoum. 2. He wanted Dr. John Garang to remain in the bush so he can benefit from it. Museveni finds a criminal with a chicken brain that he can use to kill his own people.

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