Question of Leadership After the End of South Sudan Crisis

By: James Okuk, PhD, Juba, MAY/23/2014, SSN;

Quote: “If a sect or republic is to survive for any length of time, it must return frequently to its beginning.” – Machiavelli.

It is the question of leadership within the SPLM that brought South Sudan to the current shame of devastating rebellion. It is also the question of the same leadership that is now being negotiated in Addis Ababa in order to end the unbearable crisis of the rebellion. I am saying these because South Sudan has not been lacking the substance for its building but achievements-oriented leadership. What is meant here is the good leadership that is achieved, not by formality of structures, but the integrity of the participants and their willingness to work together with larger vision inspiration.

Fair enough, a political roadmap for peace negotiations has been drawn and agreed upon on 9th May 2014 by the highest authorities of the government and the rebellion in the country. The first significance of that roadmap is recommitment to the implementation of the previously violated agreement on cessation of hostilities. The second significance was a new commitment to the inclusive negotiations of the substance of the peace talks where all the stakeholders are supposed come up at the end of the process with a satisfactory and comprehensive peace document to be signed finally by the highest bosses in the city and jungle of South Sudan.

With the peace roadmap at hands, it is now the time to get down into serious business of ending the war practically by addressing the root causes of the crisis. The hot stage is to commence. Different proposals have been floated already, both from national and international perspectives. Most of the proposals carry commendable consensus on the substance of the expected peace agreement document, though they differ on issues of leadership in the coming post-crises era.

There seems to be a consensus from the spectra of stakeholders that the next era should avoid fatal political errors. Nonetheless, this will not occur unless utmost attention is paid to what Political Philosopher Antonio Rosmini said in his book, the Summary Cause for the Stability or Downfall of Human Societies, that “Anyone who errs in politics, must first err in logic.”

What is then the expected sound logic and truth that needs to be known in the question of leadership after the end of current South Sudan crises?


The first comprehensive proposal was released on 1st February 2014 by ‘South Sudanese Professionals in Diaspora’ (i.e., Prof. Laura Beny, Prof. Charles Bakheit, Dr. Eluzai Hakim, Dr. Mairi J. Blackings and Dr. Martin Mikaya) under the title “Unleashing the Potential for Good Governance in the Republic of South Sudan: A Proposal Addressing the challenges to Nation Building, National Healing and National Reconciliation Following the Mid-December Crisis”.

Jotted down on 24 pages, the professionals took off the substance of the proposal from the premise that “the model of government adopted on 9th July 2011 when the South Sudan became the world’s newest nation is faulty, does not work well and has not served the people of south Sudan well.”

Therefore, the newly proposed sound model, according to them, should be “A federal system of government based on the three traditional geographical regions of Bahr El Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile” and have to be lean and efficient with the aim of releasing “money for vital developmental projects.”

In the epilogue of the paper, they concluded that President Salva Kiir Mayardit should be the one leading the nation up to the time of the next elections so as to avoid setting “a dangerous precedent.” Meanwhile, he should form an inclusive government that will conduct the national census, complete the writing of the constitution and run “the forthcoming election on time.”


For me, the proposal of the aforementioned professionals is commendable as far as the substance of the peace agreement and its government is concerned. However, they failed to be decisive on who should lead the inclusive government in case the elections could not be conducted on time in the first quarter of 2015:

Will it be “a dangerous precedent” too to postpone the elections?

Will it be Gen. Salva Kiir continuing as the President of the Republic even after the elapse of his ‘legitimate term’ on 9th July 2015?

Where will Dr. Riek Machar, Dr. Lam Akol and the rest of leaders of political parties be in the inclusive government of post-crisis South Sudan?

Where will the ten current existing States be when the government structure gets reduced to the three traditional geographical regions, and will the three regions be called Bahe El Ghazal, Equaotira and Upper Nile States or will have new name?

I think it is high time for the ‘South Sudanese Professionals in Diaspora’ to improve on their good proposal and be clear on the crucial issue of leadership of their proposed “inclusive government”. This is so important because, as Napoleon Bonaparte said, “A leader is a dealer in hope.” Also they need to be clear on the new or the renewed nomenclature of the federal states so that it is known that South Sudan is going to have three, and only three federalized states.


The second comprehensive proposal has been advanced on 10th May 2014 by the Ebony Centre under the title: “Mandating the proposed interim government with the laying of the foundation for resilient institutions and effective governance in the post-conflict South Sudan: A Policy Paper Presented at the 2014 First Development Policy Forum.”

According to the 20-page proposal, the current government structure should be maintained (state, county and payam) as it was stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005), Interim Constitution of Government of Southern Sudan (2005) and Transitional Constitution of South Sudan (2011). The type of the proposed national government should be a mixture of Presidential with Parliamentary systems whose size should be lean and effective with mandate for achieving specific objectives:
1) Conducting day-to-day business of the government;
2) Implementing peace agreement;
3) conducting reviews and reforms that ensure the laying of firm foundation for South Sudan.

The proposed leadership of this government shall be the following:
1) Five-Member ceremonial and rotational collegial Presidency symbolizing national unity/consensus/trust and social cohesion;
2) Executive Prime Ministry with two deputies,
3) Eighteen Ministers; and
4) Twelve Commissions/Authorities members. The total number of the executive constitutional post holders of the interim national government shall be thirty eight only.

The composition of the proposed national government shall encompass regional and gender balance with a mandatory representation of an Army General and a Woman in the Collegial Presidency; the head of which is rotated every six months based on the three traditional regional representations.

The tenure of the proposed interim government shall be thirty six months (i.e. three years), starting from 9th July 2015 when the term of the current elected government ends constitutionally.

The criteria for selection of candidates for the proposed interim government shall be as follows:
1) Persons with certain qualities of personality and character, supported by relevant technical knowledge and experience;
2) Persons with career trajectory largely outside the realm of party politics;
3) Persons with no further ambitions in the political realm, particularly elections in the 10-year time following the end of interim period.

The current sitting national and state parliamentary committees shall be tasked with proposing specific eligibility criteria for short-listing of the candidates. But separate parliamentary committees will undertake the vetting of the candidate so as to ensure their diversity, integrity, experience and qualifications.

To this effect, the Intellectuals of Ebony Centre went ahead to propose that President Salva Kiir shall appoint One Hundred national lawmakers from the Eighty Nine Counties of South Sudan each, One from Juba Capital City and Ten from some crucial specialties. The total number of national MPs shall be one hundred only.

If this is not working, they proposed a second option of extending the tenure of the current national legislature to the interim period (i.e., another three years).

Otherwise, they finally proposed that the Collegial Presidency takes the legislative functions since what is mostly needed in the interim period, after all, is execution of specific government programmes and not legislations.

The proposal acknowledges that legitimacy of the interim government should come from the people, but since it is difficult to do this directly any of the following options could be adopted to do it indirectly:
1) Broad national consensus garnered from all inclusive national dialogue conference;
2) Extraordinary Act of the current National Legislature with clear terms of reference;
3) Extraordinary Presidential Act decreed by the current President.

The proposal of the Intellectuals of Ebony centre is hinged on the premise that South Sudan needs a new start based on acceptance of the responsibility by all its elites that they are the masters of their own country and its destiny, and that the system of governance they have adopted in 2005 is not effective and resilient institutionally.


I think the proposal of the Intellectuals of the Ebony Centre is a good start as far as the substance and leadership of the post-crisis interim/transitional government is needed for rigorous discussion. The substance they presented is not complicated. However, their proposal on leadership of the interim government is controversial, especially the idea of five-member rotational Collegial Presidency:

How can somebody becomes a Head of State within the presidency institution and then later step down to become a Deputy Head of State or a normal member? Will this not create protocol irritation of humiliation?

Are the representatives of the Army and Women within the Collegial Presidency allowed to become Head or Deputy Head of State or they shall be condemned only to ordinary membership of the Presidency?

Given the criteria of selection is it not going to be an interim government without participation of Political Parties? How will interim politics make sense without involvement of political parties in the government?

Is the Judiciary of South Sudan so perfect that it does not need reviews and reforms in the interim government?

Are the States and Counties governments going to be re-structured like the national interim government and how?

What is the significance of reference to the three traditional regions (Bahr El Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile) when there are already states representing the decentralized mode of the government of the Republic of South Sudan?

I think it is high time for Intellectuals of Ebony Centre to come out clearly with their answers to these questions in order to improve their commendable proposal.


An appeal in regards to leadership aspect of the post-crisis government was released by Peter Biar Ajak on 12th May 2014 under the title “The Alternative Proposal: Consideration on the ongoing peace negotiations between South Sudan’s Government and the Rebels SPLM/A IO”.

The 13-page proposal presented a persuasive appeal to President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar to consider a bold decision of not taking part in the upcoming negotiated transitional government of national unity for these reasons:
1) to create the most optimal environment for national reconciliation and institutuitional development;
2) to manifest the most noble leadership in the region and the world;
3) to restore confidence to a young nation overtaken by self-doubt;
4) to put aside selfish ambitions or grievances and consider larger interest of the people of South Sudan; and
5) to ensure glory of their names, the sake of South Sudan’s national interests and the promotion of regional security interests.

According to Mr. Biar, President Kiir and rebel leader Dr. Machar should be doing the following as they retire willingly for the interim period:
1) draw up the agenda for the interim government; its work plan, budget, security forces and public service in order to restructure the state;
2) supervise the government work plan during the interim period while sitting in a group of six guarantors (including the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin, Gen. Lazaro Sumbeiywo, and Gen. Mohamed Ahmed M. El Dabi);
3) sign a mega deal for laying a solid constitutional foundation for the country, clears its payroll, its army, police and all its institutions;
4) actively engage in national reconciliation process, and later seek public office in the elections if they want to return to power;
5) monitor the implementation of the agenda within the context of regional and international mechanism;
6) enjoy the old age of freedom fighter comforted by the memories of honorable acts while their legacies remained secured.

The foundational premise on which Mr. Biar took the courage to present his thought in the “Alternative Proposal” is that “It is not possible for a significantly reformed state to emerge in South Sudan if Kiir and Riek return to the helm; past mistakes are likely to be recommitted.”

That is, the leadership style (either combine or separate) of Kiir and Riek cannot be successful during the interim period. The evidence proves that both of them were given nine years to lead South Sudan but they continued to make bad mistakes that landed South Sudan into crisis:
1) they missed the opportunity from the abundant oil money that could have facilitated the implementation of the SPLM/A promise and obligation on the delivery of ‘New Sudan Vision’; 2) they betrayed the high expectation of the marginalized people whose cause they were advocating, especially when they allowed the centralization of spree of corruption in Juba that caused macro-economic imprudence;
3) they resigned governance to the realm of personal and factional struggle for power that depends on ethnic and tribal clientele networks;
4) they allowed war-lordism and entrepreneurship in violence to serve as the means to secure a seat at the political table without minding about simmering ethnic hostilities that risk exploding into genocide;
5) they created a South Sudan full of undesirable social indicators like widespread unemployment, acute malnutrition, dire poverty, and high infant mortality rates;
6) they created a political system characterized by highly volatile and individualistic forms and personnel structure;
7) they resisted separating political powers that would have imposed limitation on authority so as to underscore the importance of institutions instead of individuals in sustaining the existence of the state and fulfillment of its functions; and
8) they repeatedly defied calls to act responsibly on sensitive political issues.

Also according to Mr. Biar, the leadership of Kiir and Machar is a failure because both of these principals don’t understand political philosophies that underscore that the purpose of being a leader of a country is to ensure:
1) security from all threats to human life and dignity; past, present and future aimed at improving the living standards of the citizenry within the solidarity on the common good;
2) knowledgeable, political and ethical community are guided by constitution and the rule of law in the course of performing civic duty;
3) Government authority that promote prevalence of justice and order that allow all to live a more fulfilling life through a social contract or consent of the members;
4) right of the citizens to change a government that fails to perform the substantial functions it was contracted for; and
5) building competent and credible institutions for development and democratization.

In short, both Principals seem unable to cogitate well on the concepts of state as widely accepted in political intellectualism and academia:
1) Sovereign jurisdiction over a territory and population;
2) legitimacy through sense of nationhood at home; and
3) legal and diplomatic recognition as equals abroad.

That is, not all South Sudanese at the moment believe that either Kiir or Riek is their right leader. Not all of them are convinced that they could be a one nation under the leadership of either Kiir or Riek. Not only these, but South Sudan diplomacy has become so degraded abroad due to the disastrous crisis created by Riek and Kiir, paving ways to justified dictatorial intervention of super powers.

Given all the above weaknesses, missed opportunities and lack of understanding by Kiir and Riek, Mr. Biar proposed that an alternative leader after the persuasive (not forceful) exit of the two principals should come from the SPLM/A only. For him, the SPLM/A is “to critically look among the mid-level cadres of potential for a leader with intellect, sound judgment, vision and charismatic ability who would implement the peace agreement with rigor and determination.” The alternative leader has to implement the peace agreement that will be signed by Kiir and Riek before they retire, and restore the image of the country that they tainted.


I think the proposal of Mr. Biar is commendable because it is avoiding the common culture “pushing out leaders” from leadership positions in a militaristic manner. Instead, the proposal is trying to cultivate the culture of “persuasion for voluntary relinquishing of power” in a diplomatic manner. Nonetheless, I doubt whether his persuasion seeds will fall into the right hears, especially with the fear from The Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC), which might spoil the retirement enjoyment and legacy of the two Principals.

But Mr. Biar did not care about what kind of government system, what size, what composition, what tenure or what legislative processes are to be adopted during the interim period. He seems to believe that, at the end of the day, everything will trickle down to leadership. Bad leadership can water down good proposals of what and who need to be led. Good leadership can initiate right things that need to be done and persuade people to join hands in doing this. I think Mr. Biar is right here.

However, Mr. Biar recommendation for SPLM/A mid-level cadres as the only panacea for South Sudan leadership during the interim period could be seen as naivety and lack of recognition of other stakeholders of South Sudan.

What faction of the SPLM/A he is talking about (‘SPLM/A–Government’, ‘SPLM/A–Opposition’, ‘SPLM/A–Former Detention’, SPLM–Democratic Change)?

If Mr. Biar means the current SPLM/A system that claims to be a political party while at the same time owing an army, then this will continue to be a crisis. Whoever tries to emerge from within that systemic deformity could also prove a failure in leadership even if he/she is bright or surrounded by the brightest.

It would be better to encourage formation of political alliances or mergers, and then device a new system (far from anything called SPLM/A) within which a new leader could emerge for leadership of the new government. It is time to get rid of Sudanese names in South Sudan political parties. We need a new era for South Sudan based on political maturity; not a renewed error of SPLM/A hangovers of dictatorial ‘uni-partism’ and lack of recognition of other stakeholders in the country.


The political maturity can come if a considerable attention is paid to what Denis Cleary philosophized that “The supreme, mortal error is to lose sight of the substantial reality which sustains society, and devote total attention to what is accidental…A materially privileged people, full of whining malcontents, is not a society on the march to greater well-being, but a group in need of salvation.”

The maturity that is direly needed for ending the current crisis is to get back to the drawing board and the beginning, remembering what Gen. Salva Kiir’s said during the occasion of the Announcement of Final Referendum Results, 9th February 2011, that “Our purpose is to give to our children what the war took away from us: peace, rule of law, food security, health care, good education, running water, clean water, electric power, and opportunity for pursuit of happiness and prosperity. Let us all work to give our children hope for a better future.”

The peace agreement that is being cooked in Addis Ababa through mediation of IGAD and facilitation of the U.S, EU, Trioka and other friends/partners, and that is waiting to be endorsed finally by all the stakeholders, should dispel the hopelessness created by the SPLM/A leadership in the middle of the journey of the new state and nation building.

It should bring back the happiness that was demonstrated by all South Sudanese during the voting for the referendum for self-determination and at the declaration of independence.

Notwithstanding, the desired South Sudanese salvational happiness lies outside the former deformed system of the SPLM/A that has tried to run the new country wrongly on a bush liberation mentality.

The expected comprehensive peace agreement should put it clearly that an interim period is too short for a successful federal system in South Sudan. Political science shows that centralism is the best practical option for governments of interim periods.

As federalism is the most popular demand of the people of South Sudan, it should then be stipulated in the forthcoming Addis Peace Agreement that the centralized interim government have to prepare the ground for implementation of Federal system of government immediately at the end of the interim period, in order to start the beginning of the normal period of the elected governments.

That federal system should be a union of the current ten states rather than the traditionalized geographical regions of Bahr El Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile.

Also the expected peace agreement should not allow the civil society groups, the faith-based organizations and other non-political entities to participate in the government. Instead, they should be encouraged to remain as pressure groups to both the government and political parties.

The members of such non-political entities who have interest in active politics should join political parties. It is the members of political parties only that should be allowed to be in the government.

The programmed activities of political parties should be funded by the government. This is in the interest of promoting multiparty pluralistic democracy in the Republic of South Sudan. Participation in peace negotiations should not be equated to participation in the government top positions.

However, members of the civil society, faith-based and other non-political entities could be hired on contract basis to do some specific duties for the government or for political parties.

The expected peace agreement should put it clearly that no independent candidates shall run for elections in to government seats in South Sudan. This is to discourage individualism in politics because politics is supposed to be a socialized public affair. Any one who is unhappy with his/her political party is free to cross to any other political party but not to become himself independently.

A political party that is popular in a particular state should be allowed to operate as a state political party and not a national one. It should not get into the federal union directly but indirectly through alliance with national political parties that enjoy popularity across a sufficient number of states.

Lastly, the past should become history. The future should usher new hope. The present should appreciate the good history and maintain the right steps in the journey towards a prosperous and bright future for the Republic of South Sudan.

The new era should not be erroneous. It should be led by leaders who are dealers in hope and not selfish perpetrators of unnecessary sorrow.


Dr. James Okuk lives in Juba. He is reachable at


  1. monychol says:

    Good ideas, nonetheless,the actors are not debating ideas but beating the drums of war.

  2. YKC says:

    Federal system should base in line with confederation system of each state, if South Sudanese people are in need of peace and stability for future generations because this conflict is not real about Kiir, its Chronicles of dinka mindset that need to be diagnosed.

  3. Bismark says:

    Sir Okuc,

    Federal government of South Sudan curved out of previous three regions of South Sudan is the best option we can have as a nation. It cements national unity effectively because historically it has been so. We had been united before in the parameters of those regions and as such it should be honoured. It should be recalled that all the tribes of South Sudan belonged to those regions before Jallaba created many states out of them to promote its policy of divide and rule.

  4. Eastern says:

    Dear Dr. Okuk,

    This is yet another good analysis you have done. SPLM/A is a deformed and bloodied name. The name Sudan is now associated with barbarism, bloodbath, famine, backwardness and many other evils.

    We need to rise up from the ashes of anything Sudanese!

    • john says:

      Mr. Okuk it is blackround given, but the Spla under gen. kiir has fall to it kneses and to help it up again it need new leader that is for every south sudanese. The guy is a mad man look when he came to Ethiopia and signed a secese fire with Riek he said ” he shall always remain as a leader of South Sudan.” And when he went back to Juba he posponded the election for 2015. I mean What of kind a kiir think he is.? A leader who consistituted himself with his tribal men to get ride of his rival’s tribe. Like What happen in Juba when thousands of Nuers were masscured, and he dennys that there were Nuers who were killed in Juba instead of coming out clean he covered it up by imposing curfew on the street of Juba. The new head of government should be Dr. Riek Machar. Why? Because he had reacted positively when he fired two governors and when he himself too was fired as vice president. He told country to remain colm, then yet agian kiir still implicated Riek and force him to run to bush and form a rebellions against kiir’s leadership after he nearly got kill by Kiir’s security forces. So Dr. Riek is a leader that can unite South together for the common goal of building a national reconcilation, and help South Sudan toward democracy which the country lack right now under Salve Kiir’s leadership. So, for the sake of peace our best choice is Dr. Riek Machar.

      • alex says:

        You do not know what you are talking of. Take Riek to rule your family and clan but not people of South Sudan. Do you think we have forgotten the killings in Bor, Bentue and Malakal? He will only unite his group not even the whole tribe where he comes from. He has no political programme so who will elect such leaders. Greedy leaders has not place in South Sudan. He should go and teach maths or physics because he has no leadership qualities.


  5. Andrew Jenge says:

    Well done Mr Okuk. Just know that all the interim proposals by these different groups you mentioned are driven by vested interest individuals such as Luka Biong, Prof. Deng, Prof. Jok and likes who want to maintain status quo at the expenses of us.

    So as I mentioned before on this site, it is upto people such as yourself to educate the public about what is going to happen, keeping quiet now is a disservice to this nation and compromise to your own life and the one of your people if you care.

    Way forward, yes federalism based on 10 (and half – Yau Yau state!) states is the answer.

    All non political actors should be avoided since most of them are self interest or in Kiir’s pocket but their views can be taken on board in any discussion.

    All brief case political parties should go back to their respective state, only SPLM/A – Kiir and SPLM/A IO should be allowed to sort it on federal stage. Since some of these political parties are representing Kiir in Adis Ababa, they should be allowed to remain with Kiir, and G11 should have choice of either join Kiir or SPLM/A IO, if not each individual is free to go back to their states and retired.

    Interim period, state governments should include Kiir, SPLM/A IO, other political parties and independents.

    The interim federal should oversee the making of new constitution, total overhaul of government institutions, and carry out credible census before election. End!

  6. Beek says:

    Professors are too big to join the government.Those should be allow for Advisories and educations in order to bring South out from illiterates.

  7. Beek says:

    Another thanks to Kiir here, Pagan Amum have been rehab or rehabilitated in those four months in Prison because he was dying of Alcoholism, John Garang had destroyed him. You can’t allow people to steal lot of money like that in which can not CHEW once.

  8. monychol says:

    Beek, how can you talk of Pagan alcoholism and Kiir’s alcoholism had been and had actually became the national security threat.The mess that the country is in now is because of Kiir usual drunkardness.Kiir has never separated himself from alcohol during the movement and his drunkardness get worst in Juba when the money came.Kiir has been signing checks to his relatives while drunk and even the talks of coup was alcohol hallucinations in Kiir’s mind.Salva Kiir is currently a serious alcoholic who needs rehabs or get out of the presidential palace.There is no country that the first famly can be alcoholic starting from Kiir,Ayendit,Mayar,Manut,and that big kiir bodyguard is also drinking.Only the girls are not drinking. but will drink like mom and dad and their brothers.
    What country on earth that the first the first family can be alcoholics and expects anythink good.

    • Beek says:


      Kiir has to know himself,he has to drink,but not too much because he is doing very difficult job.That of Pagan Amum was beyond limit,his lips become so red.

    • Beek says:

      Kiir private life should be respected, he got medical Doctors ,Psychiatrists and psychologists. He is a human being,but he is not like you and me.

      • monychol says:

        Beek, you people are children.You think Kiir and family private lives have to be respected?Then why won’t Pagan private life be respected? Kiir’s family have no private lives because they are ocupying the public space.They are not private citizens but public officials whose every actions are open to public scrutiny and you must accept that or tell them to leave our space with their bad behaviors.

        • Beek says:

          Monychol,You have to do something,government money is very DANGER.Riek has stolen lot of money from state and now his record is no good.

        • Beek says:

          Drink a oil if you want,but be very carefully about matchboxes.

        • Beek says:

          Riek will not give you a gallon of oil if he becomes president today,what Riek told you was wrong.

          • monychol says:

            Beek, let me be clear with you because we knows that you guys donot understand well like the rests of us.If we says Salva Kiir’s elected term is nearing and by law he must leave does not means that Riek Machar will be installed, okay.It means that somebody fresh shall be the leader and the method of appointment shall be decided at the table in Addis Ababa because there are no elections in South Sudan due to war.Somebody among us all the eligible citzens including you and I Kiir and Riek included but must be based on consus of all stalk holders not controll of one an or one group.

    • Beek says:

      If Riek Machar become the president of RSS today,he will give you a GALLON of oil for free because South Resoucres are National income.

      • monychol says:

        Beek, election term of Salva Kiir is ending on July 9th 2015.From here if he does not resign and leave the state house he will be deem illegitimate to rule and anyone who will be attempting to remove him by all means will be justified to do so .Because they will be fighting agailnst illegal president..The international community and the region shall cease to support Kiir I think you have read Museveni’s comments.
        Your childish ideas of having elected Kiir are coming to an end and also your closed minded thoughts that anybody who does not support Kiir support Riek are also absurd and stupid Rek brain dead mentalities South Sudan is not condemned to two men nor is it the property of two men.It is not only Riek or Kiir who loves South Sudan.Any including you and I can lead this country probably better then the two men.
        I can do it maybe you cannot do because God had told you that you can not lead but be always led by another men

  9. kikisik says:

    Thank for the excellent analysis keep it up! I think it is high time President Kiir (Innu) decide to step aside for peace to be achieved. I know President Kiir (Innu) is been misled by his inner circle from Bahr el Ghazal. Now if worse comes to worse, (ICC) the President will be the one to face the music, all the dancers would be gone.
    “Leaders comes Leaders goes, but South Sudan will remain forever”

  10. D. Pal Benykeer says:

    Dear.Mr. PhD or Okuk

    Observing your previous writing and comments in this credible and significance website. I found it increasingly difficult to really believe what you tend to describe. Initially, I was your supporter when you were writing constructive and logical articles against the failed President Kiir. However, i can not comprehend what is actually happened which led to your sudden change of heart.
    Presumably, perhaps you finally involved in president Kiir financial appeasement of his critics, like Buoy Maleek of Canada.Basically, there is something you and Buoy dangerously failed notice. This Dinka president surely his not going to last longer as you might which to continuously accumulate more wealth.

    Concerning the so called professionals and intellectuals of Ebony whom presented the proposal for the interim government failed to connect the dot. Their ignorant about the situation in South Sudan has shown by suggesting that president Kiir should continue to lead in the interim period .Meanwhile, Mr. Peter Biar Ajak proposal seems to hold water. But he also failed by his exclusion of Dr. Machar from interim period.

    • D. Pal Benykeer,

      I don’t understand how do you think! Does it mean that criticizing President Kiir day and night is the only way a writer looks constructive and logical? This is a very funny perception, indeed! I don’t vie into it because it is seriously fallacious. The way I think is the way of standing on the side of the truth regardless of who will be pleased or hurt at the end of it. If President Kiir happened to be on the side of the truth that I believe in, then that is good because I want our leaders to be on the truth side. If he happened to stand on the side of falsity, then that is bad because it will put the country into troubles. My persuasion is always that our leaders should learn how to stand on the side of the truth so that they are appreciated rather than being criticized every time.

      The core truth I stand for is the good of South Sudan and not whether what you call a Dinka President last longer in power or not. The good of South Sudan lies in good leadership that needs to be ensured in South Sudan.

      • Andrew Jenge says:

        Well Okuk, D. Pal Benykeer is right that how I see it too! The three Shilluk Drs ( Nyaba, Lam and Okuk)/ three musketeers have let down Shilluk Kingdom. I wonder why Lam Akol would represent Salva Kiir in Adis Ababa, why would Gen. Oling take a bullet on behalf of a Dinka when he know that this same Dinka has rape, and grap Shilluk land?

        You suggested that political parties with representative across the ten states should be allowed to contest in federal politic. SPLM DC has merged with one of the parties two days ago so does that mean it can contest federal election. Well the rule has been changed, you representative across the ten states has to be elected MP not just a mere representative! I hope a true son of Shilluk will rise up and take responsibilities of leading Shilluk Kingdom not Lam Akol and Pagan Amum groups, for they are all scumbags!

  11. Omang Rollo says:

    Okuk is the head of Lam Akol janitorial crew, He is a tribalist just like Lam himself, please don’t bother reading his articles.


    • Omang Rollo says:

      Just one sentence from Okuk and say what you know, you will not be far away from the truths at the end, He still talks of Lam, when he himself have a PHD and acumen to match it, What that tell you? [ a loyal confused pig who does not want to stand alone in a the cold ]

  12. Makur Panyon says:

    “The past should become history. The future should usher new hope. The present should appreciate the good history and maintain the right steps in the journey towards a prosperous and bright future for the Republic of South Sudan”. (end of quote from Dr. James Okuk)

    But who bear this nation at heart?
    who envision a bigger picture of a prosperous South Sudan?
    who sense the plight the war victims, the displace, the wounded?
    who cares about the looming hunger befalling our young nation in days to come?

  13. Makur Panyon says:

    “The past should become history. The future should usher new hope. The present should appreciate the good history and maintain the right steps in the journey towards a prosperous and bright future for the Republic of South Sudan”. (end of quote from Dr. James Okuk)

    But who bear this nation at heart?
    who envision a bigger picture of a prosperous South Sudan?
    who sense the plight of the current war victims? the displaced and the wounded people
    who cares about the looming hunger befalling our young nation in days to come?

  14. Dmajak says:

    If federation is going to solve all the problems that are facing Our brothers and sisters in South Sudan, we should go for it and do it through natioanal referendum by going to polls not violents. Some of our nationalists are blaming Dinka for all the mistakes did happen in our country, but they can finger pointing for all politicians in South Sudan for failing our good nation about ten years with mismanagement of natural resources. Many dinkas are suffering like fellow south Sudanese in Equatoria or Nuer. if you count those people with fat account and tall buildings in Juba, some of them are from different regions of South Sudan such as Pagan, Wani, Kiir, and Riek machar. on the top four, we had one Dinka that consume all the dinka shares so dinka will will ask Salva Kiir to get back dinka share and nuer will ask Riek to give them back their shares.

  15. GatCharwearbol says:

    Opportunists will never cease to amuse us all. Yesterday, it was Dr. James Okuk who wishes Nuer to extinct in the hands of his Godfathers, Salva Kiir and Museveni.
    Today, he is running backward like he seen danger in front of him. Could it be because Museveni wants to run backward as well? Is the Coffer running dry? Something is fishy here when the diehard supporters of genocidal leader are beginning to think clearly. Welcome back to real world, Dr. James Okuk. Please tell your boss to do so as well.

    • GatCharwealbol,

      The article is not about Nuer nor is it about running forth and back. The article is about the expected good leadership after the end of the current South Sudan crisis. I don’t want to downgrade myself to a status of poor-minded individuals who occupy their time discussion personalities rather than issues and events.

  16. Alier Gai says:

    No body knows that federal government has been existing with in the ten states, and yet its demand is just a request for what was already given to southern citizens by the same government. That repetition is like this: why do we have ten states if we do not have federal system? It is simple to know. However, what is lacking now is the grassroot leadership to execute states law and federal law with the production of quality government inside the states, to counties, to payams, to bumas and to homesteads as well. But, we are not equal in knowing the right word for its use, and so is the federal system with its outside attraction. We have to act at states level to striaght our path before we ask more from the government to break down what we can do by ourselves. Lawful practice is needed at the states level to measure supply for the demand and for another federal system.

  17. GatCharwearbol says:

    Federalism is the ticket. We want the Presidency to rotate between our three regions. When it is Bhar El Ghazel region’s turn, they should be the only stakeholders to elect someone able from their camp. No vote from other two regions and the same to when it is Equatoria and Upper Nile’s turns.

    We know the greedy will not agree with this because it is a threat to their greediness. The Dictatorship of Kiir must come to an end. Federalism must replace this Authoritative government.

    • Andrew Jenge says:

      With due respect, I thought you were better than this, unfortunately you are not! You mean federalism based on three regions of South Sudan?! What a rotten idea?! That means Dinka will dominate minor and marginalised tribes in Bahr el Ghazal, Nuer will dominate in Upper Nile and Bari will do so in Equatoria. We need federalism based on the ten states each and everyone must go back to their own state. Do not be cocky and derail what Riek Macher is fighting for!

    • alex says:

      Poor man,

      If that is the federalism you are fighting for, no one will accept it because a president is going to lead the whole nation not the region or people from that region that elect him only. These are cheap politics a competent leader should be able to be connected to all citizens of Southern Sudan not just to a region because he/she is going decisions on the behalf of the whole country. You people do not have any agenda if you want to lead or rule south Sudan, you need to convince all South Sudanese people.


  18. Alier Gai says:

    We will do that leadership rotation in the hell not here my dear. The way it is spoken is equal the crime of greed in the same region (the leadership being practiced by disorganized leaders for their own good is not the majority wishes) rather than a nation as a whole to choose its leader to serve them like their choice, not like that particular regional’s choice you are advocating for. Federal system in the process of dinkacracy will always determine the way out, no matter how you become so short to say “thank you, dinka.” Good choice of words for a new beginning to dr. Okuk to stay away from immature talks about politics. But how long ago he was one of those supperficial thinkers on the internet? Hope he repents to no return to shame. By the way, the article he has written is not serving the face of a nation, for he tries to implement federal government on the internet while the system is existing there in his own state and county. What a change the man has become! Too many wrongs in one right mind.

  19. Alier Gai says:

    I misread someone’s comment and I thought that dr. Okuk turned around to fight punches after he hummered somebody. My bad dr. Okuk; I am with now. You are on a high to the nation, not to the village of back and forth movement. Again, I apologize for speaking on behalf of someone. Thanks.

  20. Nelson. G Parus says:

    Both of them has the same understanding and the same behaverious. what will help south Sudan is , change the whole life
    systle of people of south Sudan.

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