Power, burgeoning parasitic capitalism & ethnic nationalism: South Sudan Self-destruction

From: Peter Adwok Nyaba , South Sudan, APR/08/2017, SSN;

Introductory remarks:
The legendary riddle of ‘chicken and egg’ corroborates the current realities of South Sudan civil war, whose effects have rendered irrelevant its causes and triggers, but at the same time have left the culprits, the victims and the mediators bewildered.

The absence of policy tools to address the crisis (writes Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba) left the region and the international community with only two options: confine Dr. Riek Machar to South Africa, and give President Salva Kiir six months to clear the SPLM/A (IO). The consequences now register as dire humanitarian situation, refugees and famine.

A few days ago, Mr. Festus Mogae, Chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) paid a visit to Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, the SPLM/A (IO) leader holed up in South Africa since November 2016. The purpose of the visit was to ask Dr. Riek to renounce violence, declare unilateral ceasefire and come back to Juba to join the national dialogue (ND) President Salva Kiir decreed last December. It was like adding insult to injury.

Mr. Mogae’s mission proves the very truth that the cause of the war is trying to catch up with its effects in view of the message he delivered. Mr. Mogae’s mandate is to monitor and to evaluate the implementation of the agreement on resolution of crisis in South Sudan (ARCISS).

Since July 2016, Mr. Mogae has been telling the world the opposite of what actually was happening in South Sudan. Intimidated by Information minister, Makuei et al, Mr. Mogae is reduced to a messenger; ferrying messages from President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) to Dr. Riek Machar.

This new assignment undoubtedly puts Mr. Mogae in an embarrassing situation of admitting that ARCISS is definitely dead and this necessitates a return to the drawing board.

The genesis of the crisis:

The Republic of South Sudan unfortunately did not avoid the pitfall most post-colonial African countries fell into on independence -organizing power and politics based on personality, ethnicity and regionalism instead of ideas and political programs.

We’ve somewhere attributed this to ideological poverty and the paradigm shift the SPLM made in the nineties in the context of thawing of the cold war and the collapse of Soviet Union. The recoil from revolutionary politics to liberal and neo-liberal brought in its wake the ethnicization of SPLM public power and authority.

The signing of comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) heralding the independence as especially following the tragic demise of Dr. John Garang de Mabior and the ascension of Salva Kiir Mayardit to the helm, the assumption that it was Dinka power, started to take roots.

The witch-hunt against the so-called Garang’s orphans was to remove from the SPLM/A hierarchy non-Dinka as well as non-Bahr el Ghazalians. There was no way of removing Dr. Riek Machar and the Nuers. So, the power configuration appeared Dinka-Nuer alliance in the political, military and civil service.

It was taken for granted that the Dinka (Salva Kiir) would be president because of their numerical weight. The Nuer (Dr. Riek Machar) would deputize him and the Equatorian (James Wani Igga) remain the Hon. Speaker of the National Legislature.

Translated into executive portfolios, in a cabinet of thirty, there were sixteen Dinka, six Nuer, two Chollo, one Azande, one Bari and one Balanda. This power arrangement engendered political exclusion, discrimination and marginalization of the smaller ethnicities.

In the army, the Dinka had the highest numbers in the officers’ corps while the Nuer were seventy percent of the soldiers.

The Dinka and Nuer controlled between themselves the civil service top positions not based on merits but political patronage. Many Dinka and Nuer people returning from the Diaspora especially US, Canada and Australia had no knowledge of skills demanded by the senior positions they occupied leading to paralysis of the system.

The political contradictions inherent in such a power configuration were bound to erupt into violence. This occurred on 15 December 2013 with the target massacres of ethnic Nuers in Juba.

Initially, the perception among many South Sudanese was that it was a Dinka-Nuer affair, explaining the indifference and lack of solidarity with the Nuer victims. This neutrality remained until combative Dinka ethnic nationalism now at the centre stage directing the war started aggressing and provoking other ethnicities to take up arms.

In August 2015, the government of South Sudan, the SPLM in opposition, the SPLM former political detainees, the other political parties, the Women Group, the Faith based Group and Civil Society Organizations signed the peace agreement.

In April 2016, the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) was established. Barely two months in the implementation of ARCISS war erupted again. Two factors contributed to this renewed war, namely, were the Establishment Order 36/2015 (EO36/2015) and the refusal to establish cantonment camps for SPLA IO in Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal.

The violent events in July 2016 leading to the collapse of both the TGoNU and ARCISS have created new realities

The rise of Dinka ethnic nationalism, with its ideology of Dinka (Jieng) ethnic supremacy über alles, and the formation of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) as a power broker around President Salva Kiir became the rallying point for unity of all Jieng sections and subsections in what apparently has become a Jieng war against all others.

This may appear simplistic, but the rise of Dinka ethnic nationalism has efficaciously transformed the character of the conflict into a ‘Dinka war,’ in the guise of the government of South Sudan (SPLA), against all other nationalities opposed to Dinka hegemony and domination.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit admitted this in the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) on 19 October 2016 that “the Nuers have rebelled and the other ethnicities refused or have boycotted the SPLA and therefore I had nowhere to look for troops to fight the war” (sic).

The upsurge of Dinka ethnic nationalism and the formation of the JCE are sides of the same coin of right wing politics in South Sudan. It is not the first time the Dinka political elites have fostered ‘Dinka Unity’ as a counter to one of their number losing power.

The call for ‘Dinka Unity’ emerged in late seventies of the last century in order to protect Abel Alier’s presidency of the High Executive Council (HEC) in the defunct Southern Region. It has now emerged as an important factor in the conflict to protect the power of President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

However, unlike its past variant, Dinka ethnic nationalism (now organized under the auspices of JCE chaired by Justice Ambrose Riiny Thiik) has come against a backdrop of an alliance between the Dinka politico-military-business elite – a parasitic capitalist class, (Salva Kiir has nurtured since 2005) and the regional and multinational comprador capitalism interested in the extraction, development and exploitation of South Sudan vast natural resource potential.

Consequent to, and through this alliance, President Salva Kiir consolidated his hold on political and executive powers by engineering a totalitarian regime as a vehicle to facilitate this extraction.

To accomplish this he had to paralyze the organizational and political functions of the SPLM as the ruling party. Thus, instead of institutionalizing, President Salva Kiir personified power and governed through presidential decrees and orders.

He embarked on the formation of ethnic and regional caucuses in the legislative and executive organs of the state and encouraged the emergence of ethnic and regional associations and lobby groups as a means of entrenching a system of political patronage.

In the course of a few years, the Dinka ethnic nationalism, Salva Kiir’s kleptocratic totalitarianism, and the natural resource extraction opportunities blended into an explosive admixture, which drives the nefarious policy decisions fueling the conflict in South Sudan.

These policy decisions like the Executive Order 36/2015 speak to this explosive admixture in the context of capitalist utilitarianism in the form of land for investment in mechanized commercial agricultural farming and livestock ranching.

This makes the Order the most contentious piece of legislation. It not only divides South Sudan into 28 dysfunctional states, but also awards the Dinka 42% of South Sudan land area making it the most contentious piece of legislation.

This order, through alteration of administrative boundaries and creation of new states, dispossesses and transfers to the Dinka ownership ancestral lands of other nationalities in Western Bahr el Ghazal [Fertit in Raga] and Upper Nile [Chollo, Maaban, Koma and Nuer].

This decision was not in response to explosion of Dinka population but in a colonial pattern, to evict people, if necessarily by force of arms, to make land available to foreign investors.

That it also permits pastoral Dinka communities unhindered access to, and settlement with their herds in, sedentary agricultural areas in Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal has led to the growth of anti-Dinka sentiments throughout South Sudan with the consequence that innocent Dinka civilians were caught up in the fury.

The fallacy of existential threat:

The killing of innocent Dinka on the roads in Equatoria has prompted some Dinka intellectuals, to raise the point that there is an existential threat to Dinka people in South Sudan. This could not be further from the truth.

If there is any existential threat in South Sudan, it is the smaller ethnicities in Western Bahr el Ghazal who in addition to the socio-economic and political exclusion, discrimination and marginalization they have suffered over the decades, are now faced with brutalization, dehumanization, physical and cultural extinction consequent to annexation of Raga to some parts of Awiel.

The Acholi, Madi, Moro, Balanda and others face existential threat consequent to destruction of their livelihood and culture. The invasion by pastoral communities into their sedentary agricultural ecology is an existential threat.

The Chollo are facing an existential threat from their Padang Dinka neighbours who with the support of the government of South Sudan, in the person of President Salva Kiir, are dispossessing them of their ancestral lands on east bank of River Nile.

What I want to emphasize here is that it is the small ethnicities because they do not possess economic or political/military power who face this existential threat but not those large ethnicities in possession of state power.

These intellectuals, some feigning liberalism, have raised the existential threat only to justify their tacit support for Salva Kiir’s totalitarianism. Many of these intellectuals were known opponents of President Salva Kiir yet they refused to join the armed opposition to the regime.

They have not condemned the horrendous crimes ‘Dotku beny’ and ‘Mathiang anyoor’ (Dinka militias) committed since 2013. They have drummed up that due to this existential threat it has forced the Dinka to rally behind Salva Kiir and the JCE.

This is thrash and the only credible explanation for this rhetoric is ethnic solidarity. The truth is that the conflict has become one against sixty-three and that by whatever magic, the one cannot win against sixty-three.

This brings us to another disturbing reality linked to state formation and nation building in South Sudan. The ethnic and regional dimensions of the war are becoming prominent with the emergence and proliferation of armed oppositions groups ethnic and regional in character.

The struggle against Dinka ethnic nationalism and the burgeoning parasitic capitalist class, we categorized as the ‘explosive admixture’, in the absence of a unifying ideological thrust renders the three categories harbingers of South Sudan’s self-destruction. This plays out negatively.

First, the presence of many separate and competing armed groups without a political agreement to enable them cohabitate and operate against the regime in close proximity is bound to generate frictions, tensions and even violence. This occurred in January between the SPLM/A (IO) and the newly formed (Dr. Lam Akol’s) National Democratic Movement (NDM).

This weakened the two groups through loss of human life and military hardware thus playing into the hands of the government. The least thing opposition groups should do is to fight among themselves no matter how difficult the situation.

Secondly, the ethnic backlash pushes to the background, if not into the oblivion, the state formation and nation building objectives, which raise the possibility of South Sudan disintegrating into ungovernable pieces. The competing regional political, economic and security interests will definitely accentuate this scenario.

The military presence in South Sudan of Uganda and Ethiopia might encourage Kenya and the Sudan to send their troops under the guise of maintaining peace ala Somalia while in fact they are balance their respective interests.

Thirdly, proliferation of armed opposition spells their weakness thus prolonging the life of the totalitarian regime. This will have the negative psychological impact on the people, who politically and ideologically, have not sufficiently prepared for a protracted war. As their social and economic situation continues to deteriorate, in face of the deepening economic crisis of the regime and famine, many of them will flee into refuge in the neighbouring countries.

Fourth, in spite of the ethnic power fanfare and pride, the Dinka are not culturally homogenous. There is latent power struggle between the eastern (Bor) and western (Rek) Dinka, which could erupt into violence as the social and economic situation become untenable.

This plays into the second scenario accelerating the disintegration invoking the UN trusteeship peddled by some political leaders. UN trusteeship of South Sudan will freeze without resolving the fundamental contradiction, given the heightened ethnic furore.

What should be done?

South Sudan is going through an irreconcilable contradiction between the totalitarian regime and the masses of the people. The emerging ethnic character apart, the resolution of this contradiction will not be on the basis of power-sharing and effecting superficial reforms in the system.

The ARCISS is outmoded that any group hinging its hope on its resuscitation will be courting the perpetuation of conflict. The existence of many armed and opposition parties is indicative of the multiple layers of the problem, which therefore necessitates its deeper knowledge and scientific understanding.

It’s obvious we are aware of the problem facing the people of South Sudan. What seems not very obvious to all the political groups is that their continued independent actions work to prolong the suffering of the people of South Sudan.

In August 2016, Dr. Lam Akol initiated what was then dubbed “Consultative Meeting of the Opposition Groups.” It was one-step in the right direction. The political leaders might want to take the resolutions of that meeting a step further in the form of negotiating a charter and programme for working together to remove the totalitarian regime.

The region and the international community have no more policy tools for unlocking the impasse and it will be defeatist to continue waiting for them to come up with the solution while the regime is killing our people as happened a few days ago in Magwe County in Eastern Equatoria.

48 Comments

  1. The Spearhead says:

    Peter Adwok Nyaba

    If the political portfolios were made base on numbers; do you think the Chollo people would have more than two positions of leadership over the Azande, Balanda and Bari people? You only mention six ethnic groups out of 63 tribes in South Sudan. You can’t speak of being marginalized when you took more than two positions when the rest of 57 tribes had none in the positions of leadership. You didn’t get those positions just because you had a loud mouth but you had those positions because you were available!

  2. Eastern says:

    Dear Dr. Peter Adwok,

    This is an excellent and honest piece. How I wish you could serialise such writings to help guide the search and discussions on the political solution to South Sudan’s political problems.

    Political ingenuity is not attained by amassing the number of hours in political science class, it’s in born. Dr. Peter Adwok is South Sudan’s political genius by all measures!

    I will suggest that the regional leaders, I will refer to as political naïveté, seek an audience with Dr. Peter Adwok for a “clear” sneak peek, into the political cauldron of South Sudan. The aforesaid leaders may have some understanding, but they just want to build political capital from the status quo….

    I recommend 40 hours contact hours for Mr. Festus Mogae with Dr. Peter Adwok for lectures on the political history of South Sudan. This will help the naive man from Botswana who once led that country!

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Eastern,
      I am one of those South Sudanese who has been very skeptical and unsure of the appointment of ex-president Mogae. I seriously doubt if any Swazi, or Botswana leader ever knows much about South Sudan?
      Mogae is now being obviously manipulated by the Makueis and company because he is completely unfit, unsuitable and incapable.
      Editor

  3. Samuel Atabi says:

    Dear Prof Adwok,
    No one has ever accused you for mincing words; your latest contribution attests to this. Over the last few years some of us have shouted ourselves hoarse on the need for all the opposition groups to hold a grand conference for unity (an equivalent of the Afghan “loya jirgas”) against the tribal regime in Juba. Our effort is yet to bear fruits. The meeting you talked of, that was organized by Dr Lam Akol in Nairobi, was a hurried affair and had left out key players, like Dr Riek Machar, who would have given a ballast to the wandering opposition groups.
    I do not understand the psychology of our leaders, in South Sudan, or even in Africa as whole. There is a penchant among these leaders to assume the air of being God gifts to the masses and to appoint the least qualified to be their deputies. Dr Garang was guilty of this cowardly attitude when he appointed Salva Kiir as his assistant, thinking he could manipulate him: now see what has happened to us when Kiir assumed leadership. Dr Riek Machar is also guilty of this disease when he appointed a well-known con artist, Taban Deng Gai, as his deputy. True his character, Taban has not only betrayed but has also usurped the power of Dr Machar, with disastrous consequences.
    All of those who think they can lead South Sudan should think again and adopt the humility of the father of modern leadership, Moses of the Bible. When God asked him to lead the Israelis out of Egypt, Moses was humble enough to say that he was not up to the job; he was not a good speaker. But God insisted and appointed his brother Aaron to assist him. Moses also listened to and implemented the good advice given by his father-in-law, Jethro. It was Jethro who advised Moses to introduce decentralization of power in the executive and judicial administration. In this way, Moses was able to take his difficult people out of the bondage in Egypt. We all need to repent and be humble to accept that we may not be good enough to lead our people and encourage others who show true leadership to assume the role .
    A friend of mine, while discussing the situation in South Sudan with me recently quipped that, although the dictatorship now in Juba cannot sustain the current unjust system and shows all signs of imminent collapse, the way the opposition is splintering may make sure that this “unsustainability” lasts for hundred years! A contradiction of terms?

    • Peacemaker says:

      We should always take what our politicians tell us with a pinch of salt. Politics is the game they play very well. Sometimes with honesty and at other times unscrupulously to fit their intentions and interest.
      I’m rather dumbfounded to realize that someone in the caliber of Dr. Nyaba could be as helpless as me and does not know the direction the unpleasant events in the country is taking given his position in the movement.
      If I were him I would prefer to work in silence so as not give the impression that the balance of power is shifting to Mr. Mayardit. The one thing I know and sure of is that there will be no central power in control the country by next July 2017. The country has already began disintegrating even without firing a bullet.

      • info@southsudannation says:

        Peacemaker and others,
        In fairness to Prof. Peter Nyaba, we’d be loudly applauding his frankly precise albeit vitriolically bold writings and opinions, which have shed a lot of light on the disastrous way this tribal monstrosity, the SPLM/A, has been mismanaging the affairs in this unfortunate and accursed nation of South Sudan.
        In Chapter Four of his latest book, “South Sudan: The State we aspire for,” he wrote that, ….”..the weakest survive the political turbulence and contradictions and come to inherit power…,” and that…”all members of the former SPLM Political Military Command, which was virtually transformed into its current leadership hierarchy, demonstrate a streak of intellectual and/or political weakness and incompetence.”
        “…that Kiir, Dr. John Garang’s long-time number-two man (1992-2005), not because of ANY SPECIAL TALENTS BUT WHO, LIKE A CATHOLIC MONK, PERFUNCTORILY RANG THE CHURCH BELL.”
        Kiir as Dr. Peter Nyaba concluded, inherited the SPLM leadership not by any special talent but by the ‘malice of fate.’
        As you correctly inferred, the country has indeed began its disintegration and what all those in opposition to the Kiir’s tribal misrule must jointly do is to expedite this inevitable disintegration and splintering of the varied regions into separate nations.
        What the NAS of General Thomas Cirillo has clearly spelled out, South Sudan must be divided into three or more nations, each separate …. the predicted ‘Balkanization’ which we’ve seen to have succeeded in the case of former Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). Now Europe has fully come to recognize their wisdom and racial superiority that the White man is more intelligent than the hopeless and block-headed Black man.
        Whether its Bosnia, Macedonia, Czech, Slovenia, Bosnia, Belarus, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan and so on, are all successful nations. During the Olympic Games, each one of these nations proudly carry their flags high.
        Why can’t this hopelessly misruled country of South Sudan be transformed into potentially successful and separate countries called Upper Nile, Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal, Western Sudan nation, Boma nation, etc…?
        Editor

        • Peacemaker says:

          Mr. Editor, You’re right. We want to see the country divided into three or more tiny States, and we want that to happen through their own making so that they take the blame. Honestly, in our part of the country coexisting with the dinka in one place may only happen after two or three future generations. Political settlement of the conflict will not necessarily bring these people together to live in peace. What the dinkas did to us is beyond repair. They would be lucky if the fragmentation happens before we pay back!

  4. William Dimo says:

    Truth never dies!
    That’s precisely what happened in our country. Thank you Dr, Peter Adwok for your insight and analysis.

    South Sudanese intellectuals like you needs to speak out without fear, because we need this truth as anew generation to learn from it and understand that our leaders failed to implement peace at the same time they failed to implement rules of laws and permanent constitutional that undermine the powers to prevent the brutality of president and its JCE not to commit crimes against civilians.

    The failure of leaderships is a failure of the state and the hatred tribalism of the authoritarian regime destroyed the dream of our nation.

    corrupt politicians who committed atrocities against civilians will not escape justice and accountability.
    All these massive killing of civilians all over South Sudan is to scared other ethnic groups to silence.
    The 64 ethnic in South Sudan could be divided
    as the Dinka represent 10% and Nuer 9% and the rest 81% in our population are 62 ethnic in South Sudan.

    In which if all 62 ethnic took the same feelings of the two ethnic groups that fight in the interest of ethnic, I believe the South Sudan would change for better because currently these two groups think they are everywhere and everything that is wrong thinking.

    In a democratic values and principles they’re not majority to be a threat to instability if the rest of 62 including those who love peace from these two heads took up arms together as one with 62 to stop the two camps of Kiir JCE and Riek. I believe peace would be prevail in South Sudan and we would be able to develop our country.

  5. False Millionaire says:

    The intellectual elegance,the theme,the intentions and the striking discriptions to the bone do not alter the fact that this article is a reproduction of the former article that delt with an alleged issue of,”jieng plan to rule south sudan for 200 years”.The attention the former article had drown was such that it was highly commented.It’s those comments which are still valid as expressions of reaction to this article.
    It’s most irresponsible to underestimate the danger the country and the society have been exposed to and relish to display a stagnant state of mindset.If the intention of this article is to incite the masses into rebellon against one single tribe named dinka as a way of overthrowing a dinka lead government in juba,that objective had already been achieved and that makes of this article a waste of time and effort.
    Dr Nyaba forgets that he is an MTN apologist and proceeds to day dream of dinka intellectuals joining the rebelion.This ranting should never have been exoected of him giving the fact of him being a self proclaimed revolutionary.He should know so much about those of Lenin,of Mandela and of Ghandi.What we have in RSS is a heightened inter communal struggles.The objective is to get to power.Once there one turns around and call upon the rest of the tribes which were set up to fight against one another to reconcile.Shamefully after an immeasurable human suffering is inflicted.
    The jieng intellectuals like Dr Lual Deng now sitting in Juba are among the big fish to be eliminated in the list of MTN hunting.Even if he is against Kiir and his rule,he has no choice than to sit and wait for the sky to come upon him without any recourse to join the murderous disguised as revolutionaries.
    In reality,if the worse come to the worst,it isn’t the jieng who are threatened with extiction.The tragedy would take many victims but will still leave many jiengs surviving to keep living in RSS as they have always done from the begining of the creation.
    If an idea of a well defined and well structured rebelion for common objectives couldn’t be formulated and put to work to accommodate evey citizen,it’s best for the jieng not to join any rebeilion but to work to form their own movement if they feel fed up of Kiir’s regime as they are today.

  6. Alex says:

    All the suffering in S. Sudan is brought by SPLA in Opp who are fighting for power. We will not leave them to hijack any power by force. They have worked hard with their backers to ethnicse the war but they fail. We are now eyeing Pangak to be captured then bury the IO movement for ever.

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Alex Londani,
      Keep day-dreaming, you capture Pagak, they capture Yei, Kajo-koji, and the circle goes on and on.
      You need a political solution, preferably, something like what happened to the former Yugoslavia…..divide up the country.
      Besides, who ever said we were a ‘one-people?’ The stupid British and Belgians just narrowly missed to curb out Equatoria into the former East African Protectorate and the Belgian Congo.
      Editor

      • alex says:

        Mr info
        Read what your former IO army spokesperson say, IO is a family business. It is only people like you when thrown a piece of bone then, they begin to dance around Riack.
        About capturing Kajokeji, Kaya, Yei and many other towns you claim, better ask those journalist who have been to the camps in Northern Uganda and let them tell you if it is true that indeed those towns you mentioned is under SPLA in OP. You only deceive those who relay on your fake news. I have access to many reliable sources of news and you can only manage to deceive people with limited knowledge. With the intransigence of IO you will see, soon we will bury this party and you will regret. Your false believe is still driving you wild but when the reality comes to table, that will be the time when your head will be on fire.

      • Dinka Enclave says:

        Info@southsudannation

        Divide the country my a…, do you think this is a WFP and every time you ask of UN intervention so that they can handle the power to you like a food ratio. Did Dr. John Garang asked for UN intervention? When are you going to grow up cowards. If you want to fight, fight fight and don’t talk. No Dinka without South Sudan and no South Sudan with Dinka and if you don’t like just move to Uganda, DRC, Kenya, Ethiopia or CAR.

  7. Bismark says:

    This is yet another important piece from a great leader from the motherland. May God bless you and give you a long life. Please compile all your stories about the country in form of a book for generation to read as a part of liberation struggle.

  8. Thon says:

    False Millionaire:
    Rightly, you have hit the nail into the end game of Dr. Nyaba; that is mobilizing all tribes against Dinka. that attitude does not make Dr. Nyaba different from the Dinka intellectuals he called names. Dr. Nyaba titles are different but have one aim to mobilize against Dinka ethnicity as if the ongoing tragedy is not enough. The good news is that IOs and other opposition armed groups, Dr. Nyaba confessed, are weakened by lack unity among them and competition for leadership on regional and ethnic basis. let us pray for peace in South Sudan from its politicians, Nyaba and non-Nyaba.

  9. mading says:

    Here, he come Hassan A .Trubai of South Sudan again. This Adwok is so angry at Dinkas, because he is jealous of our numbers that he will not be able to do us harm that he always intended in his heard. He preached his anti Dinkas message last year, when it did not worked, he went silent for a while. Now he is at it again but his evil deed against Dinkas will not work this time like in the past. Adwok Nyaba is angry at Dinkas Padang, because of the land dispute between Chollo and Dinka Padang. Now he is acting like he is concerned about South Sudan, but he has hidden agenda toward Dinkas.

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Mading,
      What an irony! Isn’t it the jieng who have the ‘hidden agenda’ of occupation and forced displacement of other tribes from their ancestral lands?
      That is what’s happening in Padang, Parajok, Yei, Yambio and of course, the blatant occupation taking place in so-called Jebel Dinka in Juba.
      Please, look at yourself and see where you are taking this accursed nation.
      Editor

      • Hardball says:

        Editor;

        There you go again with your trivial argument of “Occupation” you remember we had this debate before and ends up retiring calling it: “meaningless debate”; just to rephrase what you mean at that time; and don’t want to go on with it anymore?
        Shouldn’t you have known it in the first place to not bring up mindless occupation nonsense? I don’t know; is it an old age that is rendering you insane or is it just pure incompetent! I have no idea but only God knows.
        The more you people play this game of not being equal to Jiengs; the more you minimize yourselves as being lesser of value than your Dinka counterparts to compete against them. You’re going to be lesser and lesser the more you play yourselves as being not equal to Jiengs!
        A good luck

        • info@southsudannation says:

          Hardball,
          Indeed, we badly need that good luck, although you should be the last person one should ever expect such a wish from!
          Seriously, as is being reported by various international media, the jieng Kiir government has embarked on ‘ethnic cleansing’ or genocide, that looks like greatly surpassing the Hutu Rwandan crimes against non-jieng tribes.
          As a jieng, of course, you might not be personally feeling the impact of this ongoing ‘occupation’ that Kiir and the jieng council of elders have embarked upon on others in the rule of occupation, but to those who are severely bearing the brunt of this so-called ‘occupation,’ it’s all serious and very palpable.
          Finally, those speaking out, fighting physically against and silently resisting the yoke of this ‘jieng oppression,’ with the determination now being witnessed by the rise of the Fertit and others in Western Bahr el Ghazel, the Murle group, the IO coalition of multiple ethnicities in greater Upper Nile and greater Equatoria, the Cirillo’s and the Bakasoro’s, the Lam Akols, the Rebecca Nyandeng Mabior’s, the Pagan Amum’s, and the Mabior Garang’s, this is surely not a struggle of little people or ‘lesser’ and ‘incompetent’ species of humans.
          Good luck to you, also.
          Editor

          • Hardball says:

            Editor;
            That isn’t the point either; wishing you “a good luck” doesn’t necessarily means your chances are likely in any way shape or form possible but it’s a mere sarcasm!

            You’re the people who think murdering innocent Dinka civilians on the highway will overthrow the government but little that you know is that; the likes of President Kiir, Malong and Makuei’s families aren’t the ones travelling on those highways to deterred the government to give up anything; their families are overseas living sounds and securely but that’s how far your brains believe that it will solve the issue of the country.
            If you were people with functional and reasonable brains; you would have automatically known that it would create more revenge and hardship to the country and since you don’t have that ability to think rationally; this kind of revenge killing will go on for more decades to come and I wish you would live long enough to witness its outcome.
            You and your families may be hiding overseas or in the neighboring countries for now but you’ll still test the bitter pills when you come back unless you stay there indefinitely.

            Rebellion doesn’t deterred SPLA; since you have never been in the bush; you have no idea how many rebelled against SPLM/A in the last almost 4 decades of struggle against the North but they all ends up coming back to the same SPLMA rendering SPLMA to reign supreme.

          • info@southsudannation says:

            Hardball,
            You are indeed a ‘hardball’ to accept persuasion. It’s just extremely difficult to help you see the gathering dark clouds in the horizon over the country and as they say, ’empires inevitably and eventually collapse.’
            Everybody else with some implicit involvement of some jiengs, is now up in arms against your dynasty and Kiir’s prolongation in power only exacerbates the inevitability of the collapse of his tribal empire.
            Keep dreaming…. but just advise Kiir to keep one eye open…
            End of dialogue.
            Editor

  10. Chief Abiko! says:

    Dear: Alex

    You now putting the suffering of South Sudanese people only on SPLA-IO. But,you distant yourself from the suffering of South Sudanese people.Why you and Kirr are fearing Riak Machar to be on your side?But,like A BIG SHEEHP. Taban Deng Gai on your side? Since Kirr replaced him in Riak Machar place,Kirr,said the atmosphere is now better without Riak Machar.He said he would implemented the peace talk agreement that was signed 2015.

    Now,the country is going to two-years without any implementation at all! If you think that the government is going to crush Riak Machar military,do it! Good luck!Your government in Juba,is under collapse! Believe me or not! The ball is your court! You pick,or you leave! Either way best for you! Back to you! No grudge on freedom of expression!

    Sincere Healing Anger!

    Abiko!

    Missouri,USA

  11. Kokora 11 says:

    Dr Nyaba
    You are right, there is no other alternative but for the non-dinkas to unite at all cost and defeat jenges once and for all and after their defeat we will make sure they are completely taken out of picture in political arena of SS

  12. Okuc says:

    Dr Nyaba,

    Let me quote you.” The presence of many separate and competing armed groups without agreement to enable them cohabitate and operate against the regime in close proximity is bound to generate friction, tensions and even violence. this occurred in January between the SPLM/A (IO) and new ( Dr. Lam Akol’s) National Democratic Movement ( NDM) “.
    Are you feeling remorse of what you have encouraged with your boss Riak or is it a misleading campaign after your failure to achieve the aim behind the attacked carried out by Johnson Oloney ?
    The regime led by Kirr and his mentors ( JCE) is not strong it can be defeated militarily despite the numbers and arsenals they have got. The rag tag army which is composed of illiterate militias can’t defeat well organised opposition had not because lack of political shrewdness by your boss who had an opportunity to organised a well defined objectives to remove Kirr regime in 2013, instead he was duplicating the failed strategies which led to the crisis South Sudan is going through.
    The Jieng are not powerful despite the state resources they are using to buying the non-Dinkas who are ready to serve them in their pursuit to turn South Sudan into Jieng republic, but they will fail in achieving that feat.

  13. Roberto Kasongo says:

    Dr. Peter Adwok,
    You articulated the issues face non – Dinka in South Sudan very well but I was intrigued about the behaviour of SPLA – IO, Dr. Rick Machar. The peace deal between the tyrant regime of Kiir and opposition party is dead. I do not understand why Rick accepts to meet Mr. Mogae. There is no peace to be monitored or evaluated. Hence, meeting Mogae is pointless. The former president of Botswana works for the genocidal regime of Kiir. He and Slave Taban Gai are the reason that Rick is kept away form South Sudan. They are responsible for the killings of non- Dinka and displacement of civilians to neighboring countries. Rick should have not met Mr. Mogae. Meeting the former president of Botswana gives the impression that the peace deal is alive and being implemented.

    Roberto Kasongo ( Bana Equatoria )

  14. Samuel Atabi says:

    Mr Editor,
    We are now a country by name only. Things have fallen apart. The ambassadors, soldiers and the entire civil service have not been paid their salaries for months. There are no social services for the people, which people have voted with their feet to go into IDP or refugee camps. There is no security for people, as thugs roam city streets killing, robbing and raping women. A country which is unable to provide these basics has failed. The Dinka Council of Elders must hang their head in shame.

    The component parts of the country are now tenuously linked to each other. With very little push, they will break apart and go their own way. I must state here that I do not believe in what I am about to describe. But to understand the extreme political animus between the Jieng and the Equatorians and to educate the JCE, it must be ventilated. From my own experience, which might be wrong, the Equatorians have never accepted the Dinka as a people with whom they share history, culture or citizenship. The division of the then Southern Region in the early 1980s, known as Kokora, was perhaps a clear manifestation of this. And what is at the root of this non-acceptance? Believe it or not, it is about clothes and nakedness.

    By late 1800s, people in most part of Equatoria were introduced to Western clothes which they adopted and wore with pride. In some cultures, the introduction of wearing of clothes was a great relief, particularly for sons-in-law who were always mortified every time they met with their mothers-in-law; the men were obliged to run and hide at every such an encounter. Then in 1960s or earlier, naked Dinka men started to appear in Equatoria. As might be expected this was of profound embarrassment to the Equatorian women, some of whom used to run and hide every time a naked Dinka man was approaching. But with time the women got used to the nakedness, after which they started calling the men ARYAN JENGE. These naked men helped the women in the market and bars by fetching raw water from the Nile and hewing woods for the kitchen fire. It was at this time that the Equatorians might have begun to look down on the ‘Jenge’ as strange and, dare I say, ‘inferior’ strangers.

    The horrendous number of rapes by Mathiang Anyoor being reported against the Equatorian women carries double pains. It is claimed that, to the psychological pains, shame, humiliation and the physical injuries, suffered by the women, is added an abomination of being raped by people they consider to be ‘inferior’. Some years ago, a well-known Bari Chief, called Andrea, of Kator B Court in Juba, gave expression to this claim. A Bari girl had eloped with a northern Sudanese Arab. When she appeared before the Chief for this offense the Chief was reported as chastising the girl thus: “Why did you have to run away with an Arab; was it not possible for you to do it with even Aryan Jenge if you were so desperate?” Apparently to the Chief, both the Arab and the Jieng were undesirable suitors to Equatorian ladies.

    After 2005, with the ascendency of the Jieng to political power, Dinka men and ladies started to dress very well, some would say too well. On Juba streets, most of those wearing designers’ suits, shoes and dresses were Dinka people. Among many Equatorians with whom I happened to discuss this phenomenon, it was dismissed as a psychological over-compensation on the side of the Dinka, because they now want to put their nakedness behind them by overdressing.

    If the intention of JCE in killing and raping the Equatorians is to physically eliminate and humiliate them, then they have succeeded. However, if the scorched earth policy being implemented is to subjugate the Equatorians as a prelude to perpetual political domination, then, as indicated above, JCE has utterly failed. The atrocities have now convinced the Equatorians beyond doubt that their future lies with a separate country away from the Jieng.

  15. Waleh Lo matat says:

    Dear Dr. Adwok Nyaba,

    Thank you so much for this excellent piece of analysis regarding the root causes and the current state of political and humanitarian situation in S. Sudan. Nonetheless, given your prominent position as a political advisor to SPLM-IO, don’t you think it is high time for Dr. Riek being the leader of the largest armed opposition group to encourage his team to initiate and lead a process of negotiation that culminate in establishing a grand armed opposition movement that could expedite the topping of the brutal regime in Juba? It is ironical and equally hypocritical to criticize the emergence of new opposition groups in the Country while knowing very well that Dr. Riek and many IO supporters as the recent events have indicated do not tolerate any other opposition groups in South Sudan. It is an opened secret that Dr. Riek and many IO supporters strongly believe that these new opposition groups may undermine their God’s given rights to assume the leadership and governance of the war ravaged S. Sudan after the collapse of the regime in Juba!!

  16. mading says:

    Roberto. Riek Machar is not fighting for anything then to get his job back, you remembered, when he was given his VP job in 2015 peace agreement. He ran back to Juba. Editor, nobody occupied his or her own country, Dinkas belong to those places you mentioned as South Sudanese, that is why many of their relatives died in those places during our war with Arabs, and Dinkas are not complaining that their relative were sent to go and died in foreign lands. For you to call Dinkas occupiers is miss leading, also I want to let Adwok Nyaba know that he need to be quiet for a while, because he had enough blood of South Sudanese on his hands since 1991.

  17. mading says:

    Samuel Atabi. I said before that talking very loud all the time does not mean that you are right all the time. Because that is what you Equatorians are well known for, you talked about equatorians introduction to western clothes in 1800s’- 1960s’ and not Dinkas as Europeans came to equatorial only at that time. which is a lied, Atabi what is this talk for nothing of you jur people ? Taposa and Didinga people are still wearing animal skins as clothes in Equatoria to day, and you talk down dinkas like the way in your comment. Are these people are not Equatorians.? Talk big to feel good for nothing waste of time.

    • Eastern says:

      mading,

      You are the one now left in the open making noise that the dinkas are right in what they are doing; can you also ask yourself to shut the hell up!!!

      Until you and ilk realise that the Dinka 200 years project is an anathema, South Sudanese will continue to have restless country, without peace…

      • Dinka Enclave says:

        The problem is not the Dinka, but the generalization of the Dinka people in the name of Kiir Government. They want to sink the whole Dinka with Kiir Government. They believe that the departure of Kiir Government means the departure of all Dinka and this will never work. Remember we are all in the same boat and if this boat sinks we are going to sink all to gather regardless of Kiir, Dinka, Nuer or Equatoria. There is no single opposition out there who is calling for the unity of the South Sudanese people other then the anti-Dinka propaganda and tribalistic mindset. This type of rhetoric will neither help South Sudan nor the moment in Equatoria and in Nuer lands.

        • Eastern says:

          Dinka Enclave,

          We are not in the same boat; the dinkas (Malong, Kuol, Makuei, Akol Kur, and many other dinkas in powerful places) are up in the trees lining the river bank! Don’t be stupid!

          The moment you dinkas begin dissociating with this tribal arrangements in Kiir’s government where the JCE pokes filthy nose in national affairs, I will continue to urge non-Dinka South Sudanese to do the same!

          Try something else not this low grade rhetoric!!!

          • GatCharwearbol says:

            Eastern:

            Remarkable point, pal! …. Dinka Enclave is deceiving nobody but himself. If he thinks we are newbie to their cunning, he needs to think again. We’ve been in the same country with them and know their serpentine nature like the back of our hands. In fact, Kiir and Malong are not the murders of our innocent South Sudanese; they only give orders to those of Dinka Enclave. To claim that he is not part of this killing machine is to pull the wool over our very eyes. It is the Dinka as whole executing Kiir and Malong’s plan. Let him cease his lies.

          • Dinka Enclave says:

            Eastern

            This is the 21st Century where there is no place for Kokora 3. Let me put it stright, stupidity and lining up in the tree or not, we are all on the same boat because people like you won’t understand the truth. There is no South Sudan without Dinka and no Dinka without South Sudan. Dinka and South Sudan is the flip side of the same coin. Your kinds are like the chemical reaction that goes in two directions and when it gets hot in here you ran to Uganda, DRC and Ethiopia calling your self the Kakwa of DRC,the Madi of Uganda, Acholi of Uganda and so forth. For us the Almighyt Nhileic have given us South Sudan as our home and holy land and no one can temper with that. You can not have South Sudan with your anti-Dinka propaganda because it has never work before and it is not going to work for ever. Those of Joseph Logo, Joseph James Tomobura, General Cirilo Senior and many more Kokora’s engineers had tried it before and it never works for them. Dinka has never wages any real war against any tribe but it is those tribes who have always provoked Dinka and drowned them into violence like what happen in 1991 and December 15 of 2013. This as well goes back to the 1980s and 1990s where you used to drag innocent Dinka along Munderi-Juba road and killed them in cold blooded maniac like they were like worthless creatures. The same goes to the so called Fertit of Wau who collaborated with Mundukuros murderous during the liberation struggle against the Dinka. You should thank kiir for saving your asses this time and I am asking the Almighty to let Kiir go so that we can face the truth.

    • Holo Kor says:

      Mading, a man born with grotesque culture is easily aroused in defense of his some what terrible social forms.
      These are horrible social forms/norms-are the very traits that bear the characteristic(s) of those of, Mading and his Dinka tribe.

      Well Mading, in your response to Samuel Atabi on the subject…”nakedness”, of the Dinka tribe and you, Mading in your response and of course, and to make you happy (or) equal at least, you has or have attributed your “nakedness” to Didinga and Toposa. Really! But you just keep on going around the subject, anyway,hem and haw and forgetting your Dinka’s hard-to-bear culture behand you, why? You should have explain to us. The bad culture of Dinka (but), not that of the Didinga and Toposa is that making the rest of us, the South Sudanese victims but, the Dinka culture is. Plus your poor leadership but, I cannot forget that saying which says that leadership is this type…” A leader is one who, out of madness or goodness, volunteers to take upon himself the woe of the people. There are few men so foolish, hence the erratic quality of leadership.” John Updike. So, Mading, where is your leadership in this? So your leadership is, the building of castle in the air. That is what it is.

  18. False Millionnaire says:

    Mr Mading,
    Please forgive him.Equatoria is CE and CE is Equatoria. That narrowness alone will narrow down it’s bearer in the depth of a narrow corner.
    When have equatorian been universally united clothed cultured masses when such brutes as mundari strike hard blows on barians and go about their business naked along the Nile?

  19. Lualdit says:

    Dr. Nyaba, is a great observant. He definitely diagnosed the problems of South Sudan with clarity. The question is, why are the opposition not coming up with clear strategy to solve the problem? The opposition don’t need to be under one umbrella to deal with the evils in the country. What’s is needed is to coordinate the battle throughout the country. Let there be an offensive simultaneously in Equatoria, uppernile and bare gazal. Three or four battles scheduled on the same days for several days and the result will be clear. Jaang don’t have enough gas for their old tanks and gunships. They will not have reinforcement to turn to when the battles is ranging everywhere at once. The international community will be force to act against the Jaang government. The strategy is simple. I just can’t fathom why it’s difficult to execute by the oppositions. Success is 80 % psychology and 20% strategy. We have gotten down the psychology part, but the opposition need strategy. Until war is taken to warab Jaang will continue to feel invincible.

  20. Toria says:

    Lualdit
    I do agree with you 100%, I hope Dr. Riek, Thomas Cirillo, Dr. Lam and the rest of Opposition leadership read you short and precise comment here and start to act on it and not waste time. Time is precious before more lives are lost.

    To all our Gallant leaders and forces, all we need is a green light to go ahead and start the offensive against the Juba regime in all corners of the country to bring them on their knees asap.

  21. Toria says:

    False Millionnaire
    You are right Equatoria is not united up until few years back, because Equatorian just don’t dive with their heads into every issues without asking potential questions. Equatoria is heterogeneous society meaning there are many cultures and tribes in Equatoria than both Upper Nile and Bahr Ghazal combined but yet they do have much closer understandings compared to the latter(s). Just to point out that unity doesn’t just happen, it is forged and created with purpose and sense of direction. After Anya nya 1, Equatorians were much more united and stronger and that was when the Jalabas in Khartoum panicked and realized the dangers, their downfall was coming from Equatorians and so they bribed coward betrayers, the Dinka elites like Maulana Abel Alier and others to start weakening our unity, not only Abel and cohorts weakened Equatoria but the whole country was affected resulting into the re-division of SS into three regions of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr Ghazal. And then comes SPLA’s Dr. Evil Garang who was one of the worst rebel leaders in the history of SS, he started to sow the seeds of hatreds towards Equatorians and created disunity up to date, he eliminated all the brilliant Equatorian leaders leaving the puppets to humiliate us. However Dr. Garang played it intelligently with the help of JCE once again the Jenges won in dis-uniting us. Now, the poor Salva Kirr just picked up where John Garang left and then he even made it worst, he took it to the point of no return as we speak. Finally Equatorians and rest of non-dinkas found a new ground for unity, today there are good new reasons for real UNITY to defeat jenges once and for all, the Jenge has given us enough reasons to unite and even at the end of it we might just break away. Balkanization is on the way.

  22. tit4tat says:

    mading;
    Either you are confused or just ignorant. I have quoted your statement here below, please reread again and see if it makes sense. You appoint yourself as the Dinka defender and spokesperson but you don’t even know history, what are you talking about and people like you make others laugh at Dinkas and the whole country.

    “Editor, nobody occupied his or her own country, Dinkas belong to those places you mentioned as South Sudanese, that is why many of their relatives died in those places during our war with Arabs, and Dinkas are not complaining that their relative were sent to go and died in foreign lands.” (sic)

    So, you are claiming that Dinkas belong in Pagak,Yei, Kajo-koji, etc……..? What brain do you have really, do you understand how stupid you sound? If that is the case then why didn’t Anya nya One not claim Dinka and others land after 1972 agreement? That’s because we fought so that each tribe will live in peace and honor on their own ancestral lands you idiot. And again if you say when people die in a place immediately they should claim that place? Then all the Turkish, the British, the Egyptians, the Arabs soldiers who died in South Sudan should come back to claim that South Sudan still belongs to them? Also you said Dinkas went to fight in foreign land? that is already documented that Dinkas are foreigners in all non-dinkers’ lands and so they will leave soon or later just like those foreign invaders who were kicked out.
    Finally find the link below here to disprove all you dinkas bogus claims that you liberate SS alone. Ask the Nubians, Equatorians, Nuers, Ugandans, Eritreans, Ethiopians etc. Everyone knows dinka cowards used to hide behind the front lines like women while the non-dinkas died in the front lines, who can dispute that?
    http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62149

  23. Eastern says:

    Dinka Enclave (above),

    You reign supreme. There is no South Sudan without dinka and there’s South Sudan without the Equatorians. Thank you.

    Case closed!

    Eastern

  24. mading says:

    tit4tat. We just talked on this web whatever we want to say, but if we sit down to talk face to face. You will not call me stupid for saying that Dinkas belong to those places as South Sudanese.

  25. tit4tat says:

    madding
    If I meet you face to face anywhere in SS, I will not only call you stupid but I will spit on your scarred bloodless face, and then I will kick your rear end back to your cow kraal, you are very stupid.

  26. mading says:

    That will the day you will run to Uganda, and never come back coward tit4tat.

  27. Gatdarwich says:

    Dr. Nyaba,

    The minority tribes who have mistakenly assumed that they are excluded from the Dinka ethic cleansing campaigns against non-Dinka tribe– which begin with the Nuer genocide in December in 2013–have learned the hard way! These so-called minority tribes have undeniably now learned the exact opposite. Equatoria, Fertit, Balanda, Lou, Chollo, and Murle lands are now burning. Clear indications of wrong assumptions. As per the opposition groups, it’s seems like they are gradually coming together to collectively speak with one powerful voice. They have recently written a letter to the AU, UN, and other world body demanding to recognize that ethnic cleansing–genocide has been taking place in South Sudan since 2013. Very commendable first step from the opposition groups!

  28. Taban says:

    Very poor, biased, misinformed analysis by Adwok Nyaba. I don’t think there are many South Sudanese that can believe Dr Adwok. His character is known to all of us. Well, we know what Adwok represents and his motive.

    • Eastern says:

      A Taban remains taban for life! I quote “I don’t think there are many South Sudanese that can believe Dr Adwok. His character is known to all of us. Well, we know what Adwok represents and his motive.”end of quote.

      Who is the “us” and the “we” that this TABAN is refering to here? Taban here better joins Taban Deng Gai in Juba to implement peace which is being “monitored and evaluated” by Mr. Festus Mogae….!

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