“There is time for everything, time for sadness, happiness, poverty and a time for having wealth.”
BY: Diu Tut Deng, JUBA, FEB/17/2014, SSN;
The elaboration on the South Sudan Seven weeks’ conflict tells us that the war was because of irresponsibility that means it is a baseless war which has caused 10,000 lives. The war broke up with the ethnic cleansing for the first time in the history, since old Sudan.
Nuer were targeted simply because they are Nuer together with Dr. Riek Machar, the current SPLM/A in opposition leader. The president Gen. Kiir Mayardit started to plan this senseless war since 2006 and evaluated his planning in 2012-2013 when he found that the presidential guards unit was dominated by Nuer NCOs and he has got no way to relieve them.
Mr. President was advised by kinship advisers to train Special Forces for the target, especially Riek Machar and his Nuer people, Kiir implemented this and ordered Paul Malong Awan and Bol Madut to recruit 15,000 youths from Dinka Rek of Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
The Special Forces were recruited and trained illegally without consent from Chief of General staffs General Hoth Mai who is Nuer and the SPLA Director for training, General Thomas Cirillo who is from Equatoria.
These forces were trained in Warrap state, the home state of Mr. President Kiir and later transferred some to Juba Luri, the great farm of the President where his cattle are camped and a private barracks for Mr. President.
These private guards completed their training in Luri with nothing in mind except against Nuer a target because they’re a threat to Dinka Government (this is the way they call Government of South Sudan as Dinka government).
Because Riek Machar declared his intention to run for SPLM chairmanship in 2015 elections as SPLM flag bearer, they’re told Riek would change the system which many had termed Dinka dominant system or Dinkocracy or whatever name you call it.
Dr. Riek also wanted a federal system of governance and liberal democracy and against corruption, which a good number of elite Dinka opposed.
The rift grown up within the special army of Mr. President Kiir, trust no one except Dinka tribe and speak Dinka language, after the training their military weapons were brought from Uganda toward the end June 2013 and beginning of July the same year.
SPLA spokesperson appeared on SSTV announcing to the public that “you will hear sound of the big Gun at the side of the Luri and don’t get frightened, it’s part of military training.”
In the middle of July 2013 President Kiir graduated his private army privately without knowledge from his Chief or Director of training, he addressed them in Dinka till the end of the program which eye witnesses said that he was talking about Nuer…Nuer …Riek..Riek..1991… and the new reshuffle underway.
On 20th July 2013, he brought 7,000 of his special forces into Juba, most of whom are found rooming around J-2 and the president’s residence in Hai Amarat and others in Jebel and Southern Barrack.
President was well aware that even if he dissolved the Cabinet his army would have to calm down the situation plus the addition of the army brought from Uganda, UPDF.
For this reason Kiir gained the momentum and on 23rd July 2013 he fired his Vice President Dr. Riek Machar Teny.
Tension started immediately because Pres. Kiir had the intention to arrest Dr. Riek, who’d spoken out about the weakness of the President before he was removed.
In the mean time, tensions increased between the original presidential guards composed of a good number of Nuer commanded by Maj-Gen. Marial Chinoung, a Dinka and deputized by brigadier Yien Makuach, a Nuer, and the newly recruited all-Dinka presidential guards.
Now Kiir had to silence Riek Machar by using State powers and his special forces of his tribesmen to arrest this “notorious man who wanted to compete against me,” according to him.
On the scheduled date of SPLM National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting the tension had risen and the president even had refused to shake hands with Dr. Riek who is his deputy in the party.
This let Dr. Riek to boycott the meeting with his group on the second day. Then on that second day of the meeting Kiir ordered Marial, the commander of the presidential guards, to disarm Nuer soldiers and the following day arrested all those who had boycotted the meeting.
The execution of the president’s order took immediate effect; Marial started to move from meeting venue Nyakuron Cultural Centre to the Barracks and armed Dinka soldiers in the units and at 8:40pm they were done in the rearming.
At the meantime, the rumors of the rearming was already detected by Nuer soldiers in the same units but they knew where their rifles were, being in the third store which was dominated by Nuer guards.
But then one of the Dinka, a major, moved toward the store and told Nuer store keepers to stay back from the rifles store and said “this is the order from the major General Marial that those in the afternoon have to be replaced by others now.”
The Nuer soldiers dishonored the major order and became totally alerted on their disarmament. At 9:39 pm the same major with five soldiers came back to store keepers and fired at store guards.
This was believed to be the first bullet which has escalated to something different now, when the bullets were exchanged the major was killed on spot and the Nuer Soldiers managed to break the store and arm themselves.
Then the fights were on and the Nuer Soldiers in the presidential guards took control of the Barracks in the first place and the Dinka soldiers with the other Nuer soldiers who thought it should be government fighting the mutinies retook from them and then the retake continued till Monday 16/12 2013 at 2:00 pm which marked the last withdrawal from the Nuer conflicted Presidential guards.
What happened in South Sudan on the December 15th-2013 clearly doesn’t qualify as a coup d’etat, which in military doctrine should be plotted by military powers not political powers; there must be military commanders who were involved in the coup.
The most problematic was that the country’s policy was overlapped by a Dinka policy and Army policy was also overlapped by the Dinka policy as well as SPLM party is overlapped too.
Second issue was that the Dinka fear to lose the independence dividends which are only enjoyed mostly by them if there was to be political change in the country.
In the context of this provocative war President Kiir termed it “failed coup,” in the fact that he would want to gain international support which was unfortunate.
After he has seen the lack of international support he begun to plan and use money to cover the tribal cleansing that was done in Juba which almost half of the Nuer tribe was butchered in Juba.
Many analysts and other political commentators in the world termed it the killing of Nuer tribe by the government forces (President’s Special Forces) is the “mere genocide like Rwanda genocide of 1994”, but my personal viewed is not like Rwanda genocide simply because, the Tutsi and Hutu had killed each other.
But the reality came differently for the South Sudan case, because Nuer were killed in cold blood; if it was to be coup those victims have nothing to do with the military coup because most of them were civilians, children and women and if it was to be war between Dinka and Nuer they would have to depended themselves.
It was triggered in the funny way to let Dinka massacre the Nuer in the Name of the government disarmament door-to-door search of guns which is in fact developing Dinkocracy, according to ElHag Paul (the system which promotes Dinka interest and cleansing of non-Dinka).
I have also learnt something that the Nuer massacre was not from the blue, it was usual system of south Sudan government whenever there is a threat to government from any figure whether politically or otherwise, the reward would be the killing of the members of so and so tribe.
The good example for this was the mutinies of Johnson Uliny (Shilluk) and David Yau Yau (Murle) whom their tribe members were massacred respectively and now the Nuer massacre which is overall.
President Kiir has faced some challenges after Nuer Massacre which he thinks some of whom have survived his mass killing, and he doubt whether he will be free at the end or not.
Then the only best way is to use money to be given to Nuer Politicians and generals so that they would never mind of who died in his/her family members or his former voters and cover the image of trickier tribal war which he has fuelled.
This has done some moves from the Nuer politicians and generals who have received a lot of monies which we called now the blood money that feed in the bad history.
The President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda has also received these monies and let the Sons and daughters of the Republic of Uganda to die in mass just simply to gain millions of dollars of the blood money to feed for the selfish wealth in the future after losing power.
The issue now is on the people who were licensed by their own people to go and talk on their behalf in the South Sudan National legislative assembly (SSLA) as well as state assembly contrary to the mandate, the legislators has discarded in surprise disguise of the massive death of their constituencies members.
Nuer were butchered while their MPs were silent with Dollars and S. Sudan pounds after and before the mass killing in Juba.
The fragile situation was specifically on them (the Nuer), none of the Minister/MPs from Nuer sons and Daughters resigned with the exception of the members of the state council and august house who were personally targeted because of their ethnicity.
No matter how best they were supporting Kiir in the Parliament and in the National Liberation Council (NLC), all their effort were in vain and now they have gone into exile.
Nuer will asked some questions to their elected MPs, one of the time, if they are told vote for me, they will reply who are you? I am so and so, I don’t know you, when we were killed you didn’t says anything while investing with our blood, please die out.
When we fought in the bush, we fought for democracy, what happened now the Cde, C- in -C and the President of the Republic of South Sudan Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit dictates people like nothing?
This showed that the Party led Government under Salva Kiir has abandoned the core value in which this organization (SPLM) was formed and fought for it in 1983 up to independence of South Sudan.
His dictatorship tendencies swayed leadership tribally, which has driven the tribal lobbing in ministerial positions to every South Sudanese politician.
This is the spirit of divide and rule policy which rifts the communities and causes annihilation in South Sudan.
Inclusion I would like to urge those who called government of south Sudan our government (Akuma bi tana ) we will not give this power( Akuma kene, a ca bi gam) that this God gift Land which we call now Republic of South Sudan is not for one tribe neither one region nor one man show.
It’s for all south Sudanese and it needs democracy which we will see ourselves in the mirror of the good governance.
The war itself will not help Dinka government or Nuer, I believe the Nuer massacre in Juba and the burning of their houses by the government forces in Malakal, Bentiu will not help and will not make them surrender.
I know very well that if the rebels fought Ugandans and North Sudan based rebels to the last man, surely, they will reach Juba if the barrel of the gun is the solution.
For now I don’t see the signs of reconciliation which the majority have spoken about, but it’s nothing but just on the lips, president cancelled it and no more no less.
The writer is the south Sudanese and a survivor of the Nuer Massacre in Juba in miyethaba(107 area) and slept for two good nights with 180 dead bodies in the room where they were collected and roasted with bullets in my elder brother home in miyethaba area and on 17 I was arrested on my way again when I tried to escape to UNMISS for safety but luckily enough I was save by man which I was told later to be Geng Mathuok Gengdit by his former colleague who is soldier with him. But I thanks God that my spirit is still safe. And may God bless Geng. And can reach by email: firstname.lastname@example.org