LATEST: NO Peace deal in Addis between Kiir and Machar

From Agencies: NOV/08/2014, SSN;

Leaders of two warring parties in South Sudan have failed to reach a peace deal Saturday, November 8, 2014, in the IGAD mediated talks in Addis Ababa.

The extraordinary summit of five African Heads of State in Ethiopia has failed yet again to hammer out a power-sharing deal between South Sudan President Salva Mayrdit Kiir and his former deputy, Dr Riek Machar, despite earlier reports that a pact was signed under international pressure to end violence soon to enter its second year.

This is even after President Uhuru Kenyatta, who is Chairman of East African Community (EAC) and Ethiopia’€™s Hailemariam Desalegn, who chairs the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), steered two day intensive talks.

The talks, which kicked off on Thursday (November 6) reportedly stretched into the night on Friday and into the wee hours of yesterday (Saturday), with Presidents Kenyatta and Desalegn determined to resolve a power-sharing deal between Kiir and Machar.

The country’s state-run news agency said closed-door talks in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa had seen President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar engaged in two days of intense negotiations, but had boiled down to no agreement.

“In the meeting, Kiir and Machar engaged in a blistering discussion, with President Kiir asking Machar to drop his rebellion and join his government while Machar lectured Kiir on the goodness of federalism and other democratic alternatives that can be utilized to solve the current crisis,” the news agency reported.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional body that was supervising the talks, adjourned the meeting for two weeks, and asked both sides to cease hostility, the agency said.

Earlier reports said that Kiir and Machar had agreed to commit to an unconditional, complete and immediate end to all hostilities, after the UN Security Council and leaders of East African nations threatened to impose economic and travel sanctions on the leaders of the world’s youngest country.

The reports, citing a statement by IGAD, said that any violation of the deal would invite asset freezes and travel bans throughout the East African IGAD member states.

The IGAD members also reserved the right to directly intervene in the violence and to prevent weapons from transiting through their countries to South Sudan.

At some point the efforts of the Kenyan and Ethiopian leaders seemed to pay off, with Kenya’s Foreign Affairs Cabinet Secretary, Amina Mohamed, even tweeting summarily on Friday night “€œthere is a deal on South Sudan. Parties agree on immediate cessation and on all other issues except one€.”

After the resolutions were released, she again tweeted: “The final communique contains sanctions against violators of the cessation of hostilities, asset freezes, travel bans and arms embargo.”

Before entering into a second straight night of talks to try to bridge the differences between the Kiir and Machar parties, the regional leaders led by Kenyatta and Desalegn affirmed they would not rest until a comprehensive peace deal was reached.

Manoah Esipisu, spokesperson for the Kenyan presidency, was equally optimistic: “€œMy understanding is that the leaders are determined to make progress as they see this as a pivotal stage in the negotiations.”€

“But it is, as expected, a difficult process,”€ he told the press in Addis Ababa.

It would have been the third deal to be reached, since two previous accords have failed to end violence as clashing fighting continued, especially around the country’s oil installations.

South Sudan descended into violence at the end of last year when fighting broke out between soldiers and rebels loyal to Machar and government loyalists backing Kiir.

Nonetheless, Presidents Kenyatta and Desalegn succeeded in getting the South Sudan’€™s political leaders to commit to an unconditional and complete end to hostilities.

IGAD, also accepted the request by both parties for a further 15 days to consult and iron out the remaining outstanding issues.

The Government of South Sudan led by President Kiir and the SPLM/A (in opposition) under former Vice President Machar also agreed to immediately stop recruitment and mobilisation of civilians.

In a communique issued at the end of the 28th Extra-ordinary Summit of IGAD Heads of State and Government, also attended by President Yoweri Museveni (Uganda), Omar Bashir (Sudan), Ismail Guelleh (Djibouti) and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud (Somalia), the leaders warned the warring parties that any violation of the cessation of hostilities agreement would invite stern interventions to protect life and restore peace and stability.

Freeze of assets:
The final communique contains sanctions against violators of the cessation of hostilities, asset freezes, travel bans and arms embargo.€ IGAD threatens Kiir, Machar with asset freeze over South Sudan conflict.

The Summit was also attended by Dr Dlamini Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Mahboub Maalim, Executive Secretary of IGAD, and the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan, Seyoum Mesfin of Ethiopia, Gen Lazaro Sumbeiywo of Kenya and Gen Mohammed Ahmed Mustafa El Dabi of Sudan.

There were also representatives of the United Nations, the People’s Republic of China, Denmark, Japan, the European Union, the Troika (the Governments of Norway, US and United Kingdom) and the IGAD Partners Forum (IPF).

28 Comments

  1. AGUMUT says:

    My question is, how South Sudan going to function without communication NETWORKS when Riek still got HACKING documents!

  2. J. Philips says:

    This guys want to keep the status quo and will not stop senseless war in order to steer south Sudan away from war

  3. mindra says:

    Thanks alot
    well done for this articles,i wish this sanction was to be declared earlier,this people by now would have reached adeal to this current war,
    Now it is kiir and Machar to discharge their bullets which is in the magazine awaiting,well done IGAD State but advise president museveni to stay away from confusing mr kirr if you really wants peace to returns to southsudan

    Mindra from loa local pageri payam ,madi corridor Eastern equatoria

    • Deng Akol says:

      There are people who fueled up the fire here but when it erupted out of control; they usually ran to their respective corners and claimed the war is between Dinka and Nuer! Make no mistake about it; this time some are not going to be so lucky like last time. The next fire is not going to be seen in the far distant anymore but in one’s own backyard.

      • zone of fire says:

        Deng Akol this song of yours become monotonous. when will that one’s own backyard come? so that south sudan will come back in real peace? we were been waiting for it like nothing but it become a song to dance. let me assure you that it will not happen bcos anyone in this country know its capacity of doing things. i know other ppl do thing senselessly like what happen in december and at the end started crying like a child calling others from in and out the country for help. my
        you did not yet see the grey zone of what you are singing. try and you will see it

      • Wani Adalla says:

        Deng Akol
        Your are the perpetrators of war. If U think the net effect will be others minus U war mongers, then I am sorry. We will divide South Sudan into three regions and see who will really live peacefully.

        • GatCharwearbol says:

          Wani Adalla:

          You couldn’t make yourself any clearer. War doesn’t affect only one side. If you become a participant in this business, you will feel the heat and side effect of it as well. When Salva Kiir and his Dinka elders ordered the killing of Nuer in Juba, they thought it was only going to affect Nuer. But look at where it got us now, some of them begin collapsing before the bullets get next to them. Some won’t sit steal and the business has been running from country to country in search of military back up. Deng Akol should be careful of what he wishes for, because it might just happen.

  4. Hw wil peace come & the country will command two separated forces. RIEK & KIIR Must go. Or the shld bring their children home to be suffer like us.
    FROM EDITOR:
    TRULY, NEITHER KIIR NOR MACHAR FEELS THE PAIN OF YOURS AND MILLIONS OF OTHER SOUTH SUDANESE SUFFERING DUE TO BOTH INEPT AND SELFISH LEADERS IN JUBA

  5. Mapuor says:

    To hell with the negotiations,after all the government is in full control of the whole country!

  6. Choromke Jas says:

    If I were Riek, I would accept the deal with the separate army commanded by me and paid for by the government. I would shorten the Transitional period so that people can go for a guaranteed election with my forces standing by while the memory of Kiir’s bloody acts are still fresh in peoples minds. Any monkey tricks can elicit swift actions from my army stationed in various parts of the country. It is a good deal, go for it with those caveats.

    • Bol says:

      C J,
      Kiir can still win because you or your parent will vote for him in GE states by hook or crook, 4 GBHG states voting for him and Raila Odingo stays in opposion for life !.Its all about numbers is n’t it ?

      • Choromke Jas says:

        Hook sor crooks cannot happen when the alternative army is in place. Soon, you will see garrisons emerging in unlikely places in the South giving loyalty to Riek. Kiir has been shown the alternative to intransigence by the world powers that is why he can accept parallel armies. It is beyond my expectation as one proposer for this. That is why I insist that Riek take up the deal. By the way Raila had no army; Riek now has one paid for by the Kiir government. Can one ask more than this?

        • GatCharwearbol says:

          Dear Choromke Jas,

          Although Kiir and Museveni are tempering with this deal, it is the best Dr. Machar has negotiated. Dr. Machar must have read your previous comment. This separate Army is the ticket and I urge Dr. Machar to jump on it and press for election in 2015. Let us see what the outcome of that election will turn out. We know like nothing that Kiir and his company will coerce people into electing them or face death if they whined. But people hearts cannot be won by coercing.

          • Choromke Jas says:

            Dear GatCharwearbol,

            Thank you. Indeed, there is no need to prolong the sufferings of our people; the elections must be held in 2015. The soldiers must be given freedom to choose which army they want to belong. I forsee, a huge desertion from the Juba SPLA. The UNMISS should supervise the security of the elections, of course with the participation of the two armies. I have never been optimistic!

  7. Junubin says:

    Maputo,
    Do mean the Ugandian government?

  8. w.o.k says:

    peace would never come about until all ethnic groups of s.sudan are well equipped with good guns and enough ammos like the rest!

  9. martin. L says:

    Brother Mapour, we need negotiations; and our people need peace and healing. We’ve suffered enough. Let us joint hands together and get rid of this false sense of pride and arrogance for sake of future generations.. peace is paramount to our country!

  10. LONG says:

    The country is already morgage to Uganda and Sudan, by Kiir and Riek respectively, While Reik has limited options, Kiir is like a sinking sailor clinging on a rid(Uganda) to keep him alife – Let’s swallow our pride and talk the truth

    The really men calling the shot are the God father, Bashir and Museveni our leaders are just like cards for settling score while we suffer.

    M7 will do anything to make sure the two Sudans won’t live in peace because that translates into something else given the long hostility the two nations have. A South Sudan ruled by anti M7 will be too much for UPDF to handle given the cultural if not genetic ties between Northern Ugandans(who make up the build of real combatants yer marginalized) and South Sudanese. on the other hand Bashir is tired of M7’s bully who is a mere Western Power broker in the region to executing American and Uk interests – I wonder for how long?

    One thing is certain, we will one day cross swords directly or indirectly with Ugandan

  11. AGUMUT says:

    It seems the so-called Nuer and Dinka plus Jur Chol (what ever LOU) don’t even understand between COOK or FRY.

  12. nyaluk says:

    Yes we do need peace and noting but peace Martin L. I agree with you 100 percent, But Salva does not need peace for South Sudan all he wants is war and to destroy our lands and our people we need to join hands and be strong. No one is going to help us but ourselves. 🙂

  13. Kulang says:

    Let’s just wait and see if Riek can actually sell this deal to likes of Gatdet, Tanginya, Gatwech and Gatkuoth which I’m highly doubtful of. Right now Salva is probably praying to his gods of chaos, hoping that the individuals I mention above reject the deal so that the rest of the region can send their troops in to help him. Which is a massive bluff by the IGAD with the exception of Uganda who’s ready to send in every thing within days and apparently already have plans.

  14. Lobolo-Hitti Onyo-Majileikwa says:

    Mr Kulang,

    There is a misconception that if the commanders of SPLA/M reject the peace proposal, a regional intervention will commence. This misconception is being popularized by the government to advance a split within the rank and file of SPLA/M in order to weaken the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar and undermine the liberation of South Sudan from a merciless regime in Juba. While a peace agreement everywhere, including in South Sudan, is never imposed, the IGAD Summits on South Sudan crisis believe in imposed solutions to end the war without necessarily addressing the roots cause of the conflict in the first place.

    One of the imposed solutions IGAD Summits are advancing as a threat is a deployment of IGAD force to fight to end the war in South Sudan. IGAD Summits have not pointed out which side is the force going to fight. Is it going to fight the side of Salva or that of Dr Machar. If it is the side of Mr Salva, what about the agreement between Mr Salva and Mr Museveni allowing UPDF, an army Uganda, which, herself, is an IGAD member states, to defend the side of Mr Salva. If it is the side of Dr Machar, why? Since South Sudan is also an IGAD member state, what will her army do in case of attack by the armies of other IGAD member states? The regional war IGAD Summits is looking for will be all against all – South Sudanese against South Sudanese; IGAD armies against each other; and African union against itself. If IGAD is not careful, the situation in South Sudan will kill it, just as the CPA rendered irrelevant one of the founding articles of the Organization of African Unity, now African Union, which does not allow change of colonial borders, by tearing the once-up-a time largest country in Africa into pieces. IGAD must know this is South Sudan and South Sudan know South Sudan better than IGAD. While IGAD views itself as a mediating party, South Sudanese considers it a stakeholder because of the enormous economic interests its member states have in South Sudan.

    The other imposed solution IGAD Summits is advancing, equally as a threat, is supporting the involvement of the Great Lakes Region in the conflict. This is creating total confusion in the negotiation because, on the one hand, you have IGAD as a mediating stakeholder, on the other, you have the Great Lakes as a threatening ticket. This is besides the East African Community and other regional organizations. This is a buildup for a second Africa’s world war, after that fought among IGAD, Great Lakes and East Africa Community members in the DRC, in which the country was destroyed and resources exploited. Once IGAD allows one of its member states, already involved in the conflict, to organize a Great Lakes intervention in South Sudan, I am afraid the whole region would be on fire.

    True, since Mr Salva is only interested in being President, he has less to loose. Dr Machar, on the other hand, is very much interested in addressing the root causes of the current crisis, and in particular, what motivated the government of Mr Salva to kill its own people in thousands. The commanders of SPLA/M, including those you have mentioned, too are interested in the same. Therefore, the choice between accepting the peace compromise and rejecting it will depend on what the agreement can offer in holding those who massacred our people in Juba responsible for their actions. Until then, Mr Salva has one choice to make: just resign!

    Thank You

    • Kulang says:

      Thanks for your enlightening comment, personally I find the extremely aggressive approach taken by the Great Lakes Region against the Revolutionary Movement taking place in our country rather alarming, even more so because of the dire consequence their opposition poses a to my Naath people considering how we already bear the brunt of the suffering. In the country. But I also wonder wether irrational Museveni is aware of the connection the current rebellion has to countries like Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan because he seems to be under the false impression that Dr Riek Machar has no allies within the East African community which is clearly not the case. You also mention DRC l, I fear this is where South Sudan is heading if these regional forces are allowed to be deployed and I’m also aware that Salva Kiir couldn’t careless about the territorial integrity of our nation, he’s ready to deal with the devil if it would let him remain the president.

  15. False Millionaire says:

    c j:

    With due respect,please don’t be naive.Or may be that’s becouse you don’t know nuer’s n dinka’s mentality.So never dream that the suffering of our people would end tomorrow.Why?becouse general Gadet is due in Warrap to teach the dinka the lesson they will never forget n general Malong must prove him wrong before peace.

  16. Kulang says:

    To those people who talk about the current war remaining where it belongs in Nuer and Dinka land, I guest that makes perfect moral sense that the conflict should remain in the home regions of the belligerents. But this is obviously very unrealistic thinking, as we all know if a fire is allowed to burn long enough it will inevitably engulf everything else around it. My point is that if this war continues to endure then it will spread to every corner of South Sudan. This unrealistic way of thinking is what makes the equatorians belief they can sit it out, wait for the sun and not do anything political or otherwise.

  17. Lobolo-Hitti Onyo-Majileikwa says:

    Indeed, Mr Kulang,

    Yes, I mentioned the DRC to demonstrate, as an example, the policies Mr Museveni is experimenting on Uganda’s neighbors.

    In the DRC war, which Uganda projected and orchestrated between 1998 and 2003, with an estimated 5.4 million deaths, eight African states – Namibia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad and Sudan – fought against each other, while exploiting the riches of the DRC aggressively. There is something interesting about the countries involved in the DRC war, which is, their connection to or association with the Great Lakes Region (GLR) and membership of the IIGLR.

    According to Museveni’s Uganda, the GLR is a number perceptions, which could mean one thing yesterday, quite another today and a different one tomorrow, depending on the context of the conflict in the region.

    One Ugandan perception defines the GLR as an agglomeration of all or even parts of all countries bordering and around these Lakes Victoria, Tangayika and Nyasa, which, therefore, include Burundi, the DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda plus Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. In this case, Uganda made, and continue to make, the DRC her victim with Rwanda. Since South Sudan does not border and is not around these lakes, an intervention from them is unlikely.

    The second Ugandan perception divides the GLR into core countries – Burundi, the DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda – and parts of countries – Congo Brazzaville, the Central African Republic, Chad, South Sudan, Sudan and Zambia. In the first case, Uganda can influence a joint military intervention with Kenya and Rwanda against the side she dislikes the most, while continuing to engage Tanzania as a political mediator through inter-SPLM dialogue. In the second case, Uganda is isolated. As a whole, though, an intervention involving this group of the GLR would involve our immediate neighbors, some of which, like Sudan, do not go along with the Ugandan attitudes towards South Sudan.

    The third Ugandan perception defines the GLR as constituting Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. This is the perception Uganda is seemingly advancing in South Sudan because it isolates Sudan with which she has a strained relations, and involves the two arch enemies – Ethiopia and Eritrea – which, on the one hand, do not go along, and which, on the other, are not friends of Uganda either. Therefore, an intervention involving these would unite Sudan and Eritrea against Uganda and collide Eritrea with Ethiopia, the host of the IGAD mediation, among others.

    The fourth Museveni perception takes the region to mean the same as the Interlacustrine Region. That is the area between and around Lakes Victoria (Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania), Tangayika (Tanzania), Kioga (Uganda), Kivu (DRC), Edward (DRC and Uganda) and Albert (DRC and Uganda), which, therefore, includes Burundi Western parts of Kenya, North Western Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda and Eastern parts of the DRC. This is the perception Uganda had used and is still using to destroy and destabilize the DRC, since it involves the richest Eastern DRC, which the Museveni government considers as part and parcel of Uganda.

    The fifth Ugandan perception is that includes Burundi, the DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, though there are situations when Zambia is also included.

    As you can see, all these perceptions involve Uganda, hence the GLR is in Uganda and Uganda is in the GLR, or else Uganda is the GLR and the GLR is Uganda. With this position, Uganda has been and is inciting an elastic regional war of attrition, exploitation and employment of UPDF in the region. The DRC is not at peace because of this. Uganda is in the CAR for the same reason. Now South Sudan is just about to become a victim of the same policy. Uganda is, therefore, a establishing country whose peace and stability depend on a chaotic and unstable neighborhood.

    If Mr Salva does not recognize this, he does not know why we fought for decades to achieve independence. For this reason alone, he deserves to resign and preserve his residual legacy.

    I apologize for some errors, if any.

    Thank You

  18. Kulang and Lobolo-Hitti Onyo-Majileikwa

    Thanks Kulang and Lobolo-Hitti Onyo-Majileikwa. You are patriots South Sudanese who may be able to solve South Sudanese problems in the future if get chance to be in higher authority. For those who call this war as a war between Dinka and Nuer regardless of who is at fault are matured in bodies but they have babies brain or their brain freeze. Second, they are cowards and they do not have capability to think outside the box. They cannot event solve their own family problem. If the majority of South Sudanese think like them, South Sudan would be like Tibet.

    The people of Tibet like to have peace but they are so cowards to fight for their freedom as a result they had lost their country. South Sudanese who think the war is between Dinka and Nuer locked their brains with padlock and refused to sort and analyze things before they arrived in their own houses. Without others these kind of people who think they are not part of the problem, would never have a country. Anyway let them be happy and cheers for the Darkest days South Sudanese are going through, but one day these heartless individuals’ happiness will turn into sadness.

  19. Dear Nephew:Lobolo Hitti-Onyo Majileikwa:

    Your explanation for your comment and for your respond to Mr.Kulang,for Uganada President Yoweri Museveni problem,is really good! He President Yoweri Museveni,he exploits the WEAKEST LEADERS in some countries in Africa in the continent for his best interests alone in the region! He will not mess with A STRONG LEADERS those of a rebel leader of Democratic Republic of Congo the late Mr.Laurent Kibila,President,Mobuto Seseko,President Robert Mugabe,President Mr.Jacob Zuma of South Africa and others as well.He makes himself a great influencer for African Union and Inter-Governmental Authority Development(AU-IGAD).

    The countries such as Kenya,Somalia,Eritrea,South Sudan,Sudan,Ethiopia,Uganda,and Djibouti.These countries,they are VERY LOW IN ALL PART OF POLITICAL PERSPECTIVES IN THE GLOBE GLOBALLY! They are not absolutely of A SOLUTION FOR SOUTH SUDAN PROBLEMS! It is rather of a wasting of time for me! Thank you very much for your insight! Take care!

    Missouri Kansas,USA

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