CREATION OF STATES IS NOT BASED ON A NUMBER OF COUNTIES BUT RATHER ON A SIZE OF POPULATION: A RESPONSE TO THOSE WHO ARGUE THAT GOK PEOPLE HAVE ONE COUNTY AND THEREFORE DO NOT DESERVE TO BE A STATE.
BY DANIEL JUOL NHOMNGEK, KAMPALA-UGANDA, NOV/18/2015, SSN;
In response to those who argue that since Gok people have one county and therefore do not deserve to be a State, I would like to stress at onset that such an argument is a fallacy and also a failure to reason logically.
In my understanding, the creation of administrative units or states is not based on counties but it is based on the size of population, which means that Gok people deserve to be a state based on the result of the last census.
The result of the census of 2008 put the population of Gok people to one hundred and seventeen thousand people (117000). Thus, those who argue that one county cannot be a state fail to understand one fundamental factor considered in the creation of a state or any administrative unit.
What is considered in the creation of the State or any administrative unit is a size of population which acts as a determinant in the allocation of resources. This means that neither geographical area nor administrative unit plays any major role in the creation of the state but it is the size of population that matters.
In relation to Cueibet County, being one county does not mean that it cannot be a state. In fact, to point out the truth, Cueibet County remained as One County since 2005 because it was left in that status for the benefit of some political actors who did not want Gok Community to progress.
In other words, it was just an administrative misnomer intended to ensure that Gok people did not have access to services and resources; it was an administrative corruption in short.
However, now as the President of South Sudan has done it, I think it was the plan of God as God has been watching at how much Gok people have suffered.
Because of that I have hope. I have hope of Gok people remaining as state since it is the plan of God and as far as I know what God has planned no human beings can go against it or can undo it.
People of Gok from Cueibet county are people of God; they are there for the interest of South Sudan. During the war in 1990s for instance, many communities in the then Southern Sudan turned against the SPLM/A to the extent of SPLA almost losing the war.
However, Gok people stood their ground against the Arabs under the leadership of the son of Gok Community, Daniel Awet Akot, and because of that Cueibet became the storm eye for the liberation of South Sudan.
Remaining the centre for liberation, the SPLM/A gained momentum in the fight against Arabs as Gok people played a fundamental role in standing with the SPLM/A. Gok People generously and jealously protected the interest of the SPLM/A from 1983 to 2005.
In 1990s when the SPLA was almost defeated, it was only in places like Goomcok, Mayenthon Jokdau, YinhAkong and Ciitcook Awetdit found in Cueibet in which the SPLM/A remained active and strong liberation army.
It was from the aforementioned places in which SPLM/A started another onslaught and rebellion which eventually resulted into the birth of CPA or Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005.
Thus the effort of Gok community gave birth to South Sudan today since the people of Gok created the centre and strong base in which South Sudanese protected their interests.
As a result of their determination, they paid heavily. For example, all their cows, grains and other valuable things that provided sources of their livelihood were completely used up by freedom fighters leaving them in abject poverty and recurring hunger in which many of them died.
Moreover, due to their patriotism and love for South Sudan, Gok people sacrificed a lot in terms of human beings. For example, many youths were recruited to help SPLM/A which was then under Late Dr. Garang to fight Arabs.
To be specific, each executive chief could recruit as many as thirty young people per a year for over ten years i.e. from 1990s to 2003 yet in Gok community there are only forty five executive chiefs. Thus from foregoing analysis if one can make a calculation, it is easier to come to the conclusion that from 1990s to 2000s, youth of Gok community constituted a core of freedom fighters in which many died as a result of war.
Hence, it is not in consonant with logic to hear some people reason and argue as they do about the creation of States and Gok State in particular. Such reasoning as already explained above leaves much to be desired and it is the basis of injustice.
In summary, as a matter of good conscience and natural justice, Gok people should be compensated with nothing but their own state, which is the prudent thing that the Government of South Sudan has done.
They cannot be compensated in anything except the development of their areas and to ensure that their children are educated, elders are cared for and health centres are made available to ensure that Gok people do not die of preventable diseases.
It is therefore wrong to think that if Gok is one county it cannot be a State. It must be repeated that a state is not based on Counties but on the size of people and based on the result of census of 2008, it is important to conclude that Gok people deserve the state.
THE AUTHOR IS THE BAR COURSE STUDENT IN LAW STUDYING AT LAW DEVELOPMENT CENTRE IN KAMPALA UGANDA AND HE CAN BE REACHED VIA: JUOLDANIEL@YAHOO.COM; +256783579256