National Democratic Movement (NDM) Position on the United Nations Security Council’s visit to South Sudan.
The leadership of the National Democratic Movement (NDM) which was formed under the savvy leadership of Dr. Lam Akol in August 2016, with the objective of rescuing our nascent state from the jaws of a weak, uninspiring and ruthless dictatorial regime in Juba under President Salva Kiir and his Jieng Council of Elders, welcomes the recent historic visit to Juba by members of the United Nations Security Council, 1-4 September.
We believe that the deployment of the envisaged Regional Protection Force (RPF) under the command of the United Nations to take charge of security in Juba will enforce security in the national capital thus saving lives of the innocent civilian population and creating a conducive political environment for the germination of free political discourse and ensuring the full implementation of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCISS).
The deployment of Regional Protection Forces could be further strengthened by adoption of new political road map to resuscitate the ARCISS.
In this regard the National Democratic Movement would like to urge the United Nations, Security Council (UNSC), African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to exert pressure on the government of South Sudan to revoke all decisions and actions taken by President Kiir in violation of the ARCISS and declare them null and void.
These include:— the imposition of the Establishment Order No. 36/2015 dividing the country into 28 states;
— reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA);
— all decisions taken since the renewed conflict took place in July 2016;
— the establishment and operationalization of the Hybrid Court for South Sudan as stipulated in the Peace Agreement and to dialogue with the stakeholders in the country to renegotiate the security arrangements in the Peace Agreement, especially the formation a new national army and other security organs.
The National Democratic Movement express deep concern regarding the oscillating position and the protracted diplomatic discourse the government of South Sudan has embarked upon pertaining to the deployment of the Regional Protection Force.
In fact the joint communique issued in Juba between the Government of South Sudan and the visiting United Nations Security Council’s delegation provided light at the end of a dark tunnel regarding the operationalization of resolution 2304 (2016) in particular, the deployment of the 4000 strong Regional Protection Force.
The Communique which was read on Sunday by the Cabinet Affairs Minister, Martin Lomuro stated inter alia that ‘to improve the security situation, the Transitional Government of National Unity gave its consent to the deployment as part of the UNMISS of the regional protection force recently authorized by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2304.’
However, on Monday 5th September barely before the ink joint communique was dry, Cabinet Affairs Minister Martin Lomuro and the Minister of Information Michael Makuei held a press conference in Juba denying government’s consent to the deployment of the regional protection force.
Dr. Martin Lomuro told reporters that in order for the regional protection force to be deployed in South Sudan, the government must agree on the number of troops, the contributing countries and arms to be carried by such a force!
On the other hand, Michael Makuei further added that there will be no force if the conditions are not met and that ‘4000 is the ceiling, but we are not duty bound. We can even agree on 10.’
The oscillating position by the government of South Sudan on the deployment of regional protection force as demanded by the UNSC Resolution 2304 (2016) was a shock to many but hardly surprising from an irresponsible and arrogant dictatorial regime of Kiir.
The government of South Sudan has lost credibility, respect and honour as far as the implementation of provisions of the ARCISS is concerned as well as any other commitments intended for the fostering of peace and stability in the country.
The continue intransigence by the government on all outstanding issues pertaining to the implementation of ARCISS, is a poignant reminder of Kiir’s failed leadership in administration of country’s affairs.
Therefore, we call upon the United Nations to show a unified leadership and consensus shown in their visit to Juba and to take serious actions against the dictatorial regime in Juba including and not limited to the immediate imposition of targeted sanctions regime. Enough is enough the time for diplomatic rhetoric is over; it is time for action.
Amb. Emmanuel Aban
National Democratic Movement (NDM), Representative to the United Nations