Marginalization, Revolution and Lado Enclave: Discourse and Counter-discourse.

By: Buot Manyiel Buot, RSS, MAR/11/2013, SSN;

Even before the very outset of the Equatoria Conference 2013, our media was already flooded with discourse and counter-discourse with regards to marginalization of Equatoria by other “Sisterly Regions.” After the conclusive “happy ending” of Equatoria Conference 2013, the discourse proliferated to the highest climax given the implications of the Resolutions in the aftermath of that Conference.

In fact, the Resolutions are upshots of the alleged discontent amongst the denizens of Equatoria-land, who are apparently harboring silent pain of “institutionalized Marginalization” occasioned by the current Leadership of the Republic of South Sudan. The ensuing politicking and public scuffle which subsequently followed this marginalization stuff really underscored the magnitude of the scheme and the motive involved.

It offered rare insights that the virtues of patriotism, nationalism, political intercourse and unity in diversity are on the verge of sacrificial altar. It is therefore imperative that in order for this Nation to progress, it must rise up against divisive sentiments and say Yes to social harmony and National Unity. After all, we all fall and rise together as a Nation, as a people.

As a matter of fact, the dogma of marginalization commands very diminutive usage in the vocabulary of African body politics, and South Sudan specifically. The idea was expertly crafted by our fallen Hero, late Dr. Garang De Mabior and his pioneering comrades for strategic reasons. If any group invokes marginalization stuff and brings it into play at this point in time, then that group surely could have forgotten the cause for which we sacrificed 2,000,000 martyrdoms.

As a responsible and dutiful citizen, I intend to offer a call for National Duty to every South Sudanese, in form of homework, to compare and contrast objectively the Marginalization which the SPLM/A leadership campaigned against during the real revolution/liberation era and the current Marginalization sung by the segment of Leadership of Equatorialand.

Surely, there is a sharp contrast to draw. Conversely however, we have three prominent South Sudanese – Alfred Taban, Joseph Akim Gordon and J.K. Lupai. These gentlemen are leaders on their own rights and are entitled to their freedom of speech and opinion.

Nevertheless, in blatant disregard to constitutional requirements and adherence to regulatory framework of our Country, their writings always almost contravene the principle of responsible reporting and fair comments on public issues and the records are res ipsa loquitur.

Ironically, as though in a bid to outclass their other counterparts, Joseph Akim and K.Lupai chose to sacrifice pragmatism and embarked on a gigantic demonization drive of certain tribes through their writings. Am no tribal bigot, but I subscribe to a given tribe through biological default or design.

We appreciate our tribal strata because such diversity is a source of national pride and unity. But I suspect Joseph and Lupai may harbor personalized hatred against certain tribes and leaders, otherwise, how do you explain away the tendency of two prominent intellectuals who meticulously target and vilify specific leaders of certain tribes?

These self-proclaimed “paramount chiefs” of looming “Equatoria Kingdom” think that the Region is terminally marginalized at the behest of other regions and that all able-bodied denizens of Equatoria-land must rise up to confront this challenge head-on and never surrender to perceived colonization.

Now they fall within the category of experienced character assassins through their writings. Fortunately or unfortunately, their vilification crusade only helps to fuel antagonism and deeply polarizes the political divide across the spectrum.

But then for the best interest of our national unity and respect for the two gentlemen, they will never feature much in this article, for we don’t have to discuss personalities or tribes. I must forewarn though, that Rwanda has scars of bitter experience that emanated from such fiery writings. Who wants a replica of Rwanda scenario anyway? Certainly nobody.

Indeed, these gentlemen have their country in heart and some of them have gone at lengths to sacrifice their lives at great personal risks. Today, we have a sovereign country in form of a Republic. My advice for them is to write on issues that unites us. And without much ado, let me drop in line to expound the theme of this article.

I must admit at the very onset that many people are disappointed by the resolutions that culminated from Equatoria Conference 2013 because they fall short of expediency. Equatoria Conferees should have passed such Resolutions, at least, after relative contemplation of the ultimate intended purpose.

The Resolutions to be honest do not confer any justice or rationale or temperament or appetite to the body politics of this Country. The Resolutions are already indicted in the court of public opinion, and the subsequent public verdict heavily weighed against the Resolutions, because their culpability to a large extent outweighed the underlying good intention.

Indeed, these resolutions involve higher probability of harm than good against this nation and certainly higher degree of unreasonableness, that is to say, a very substantial culpable deviation from a politically avowed national covenant we all subscribe to as South Sudanese – to unite for a common purpose.

The resolutions to say the least are unconscious disregard to the doctrine of National Unity as defined in our Constitution. The Resolutions are also terrible reminiscence of much-loathed Kokora cancer and disgraced 1990s splits. This is vital point to underscore.

Equatorians assert that Marginalisation of the 21st century era is an all-eye-catching political aggravation because it propels the public into consciousness when it is invoked and therefore, for necessity purposes it must be introduced primarily to enrage the potential discordance, and hence discharge public restiveness, and probably as a leverage, to safeguard the social, economical, legal and political interests it (Marginalisation) cherishes.

But I must insist that marginalisation in today’s politics is a very mysterious and intractable notional volition because it merely connotes a political fiction where a very subjective yardstick is invoked into play to determine that anyone whose certain political rights are apparently impinged, ought to be categorised as Marginalised, even when there is no objective criteria.

In the Equatoria case, nonetheless, marginalisation hysteria operates in the abstract and serves no purpose at all.

Columnist and writer, Ateny Wek Ateny, advocated for full nullification of such Resolutions, because the message contained therein blurred/marred rationality and therefore null and void. And to preclude the dangers of falling into the abyss of xenophobic inclinations, a word of caution should be asserted that opinion writers who unfairly generalise regions as unjust are chauvinists, and I must honestly underline here that there are good intentioned Equatorians who possess prudence to prevail over emotional discordant.

During the course of the conference, for instance, there were good intentioned statesmen, the likes of Uncle Joseph Lago, Uncle Wani Igga and many others who have never wavered and dedicated their lives in the whole course of revolutionary period. I respect/admire them, for they exhibit qualities of wisdom and prudence which exemplify anyone who aspires for virtue and nobility in their deeds.

But I wish they should have prevailed over the conferees because these statesmen understand and appreciate the necessity of acknowledging the limits to such actions.

I also wish they should have urged their fellow conferees not to be driven on by blind impulse but by deliberate and definitive and conscious resolve to attain specific objects. I doubt whether Equatoria Conference Resolutions 2013 are deliberate or definitive or are intended to attain specific object.

Paradoxically, veteran Journalist and leader, Mr. Alfred Taban, editor of Juba Monitor newspaper, disturbed and stirred the nation on the 26th Feb, 2013, when he had this to say and I quote, “A rebellion usually starts with complaints. When grievances are not addressed, you usually end up with rebellion or even secession. That is what those in Authority should understand,” unquote.

I have specific concern with the last dictum, (that is what those in authority should understand). What does the word “authority” imply? Gen. Wani Igga is the (Speaker) President of National Legislative Assembly, Gen. Alison Mogaya is the Minister of all-powerful Interior Ministry, Kosti Manibe is the Minister for Finance, and the list is honestly long for Equatoria leaders holding ministerial positions in Juba.

Surely the hold positions of authority. Do they have to understand that their kith and kin are about to initiate a rebellion because of non-representation in the Juba government? It baffles the entire nation what may have propelled this nationalist to vomit such fiery sentiments.

As you may have known, Alfred during the dark days in Khartoum was a reporter for BBC. He was a popular voice of the voiceless that every Southern Sudanese admired, for he fought for the cause of his people as evidenced by countless unjustified arrests of his person, including assassination attempts on his dear life by NISS security apparatus. He had to beat all the odds in the face of relentless intimidation, arrest, obstruction and censorship. Alfred was a symbolic object of resilience.

He later founded Khartoum Monitor newspaper which Khartoum “rightly” suspected of being a mouthpiece of the rebel movement, the SPLM/A. After the CPA was inked in 2005, Alfred helped in numerous aspects to ensure that Southerners vote for secession. In the 2010 general elections, Alfred expressed his inalienable right of being elected as leader. He applied for Governorship of CES, but the then notorious Electoral College rejected him, preferring the uncontrollable Wani Konga.

Since then, he became critical of the government policies, vocalizing his writing against the government and even compromising the editorial policy of his Newspaper.

After the conclusion of Equatoria Conference 2013, he incidentally called for the creation of the Republic of “Lado Enclave,” a utopian Nation-state to be populated exclusively by Equatorians, and only Equatorians. He was conceding to the fact that by establishing this impending Lado Enclave Republic, the Equatorians shall have averted the “abject Marginalisation” tricked on them by other Regions.

But then, he was apprehensive of the dangers posed by such imaginary Country and suggested that the compromise shall be avoidable at the preference of Equatorians by opting for a revolution in a real country, South Sudan, to claim what is rightfully stolen from them. i.e. equal representation in the army, security agencies, custom, and every other arms and wings of government.

To be continued…..

Reach the author via buotmbuot@yahoo.co.uk

26 Comments

  1. Issack Deng says:

    Buot Manyiel Buot,
    I am lost and failed to understand the basis of your intended message. It is full of jargon and hard to follow this entire article.

  2. Eastern says:

    Mr. Manyiel,
    this is another writing on the wall. You don’t need all those paragraphs to lecture Equatorians to understand. You rightly quoted Alfred Taban to have said: “A rebellion usually starts with complaints. When grievances are not addressed, you usually end up with rebellion or even secession. That is what those in Authority should understand.” It is very true that a rebellion usually starts with complaints (the current situation). When the grievances are not addressed, which the current government is ignoring, the situation will end with rebellion or secession. Equatoria will secede from the rest of South Sudan. You can’t talk of Equatorians holding key portfolios in the current government. These are not people who could discern the gross marginalisation. I consider them as stooges and sycophants of the regime.

  3. Konybai says:

    One Question for Alfred Taban is,
    have you made wide consultation about the Lado Enclave Country since not all Equatorians worship Lado?

  4. Great Article. there Buot.

  5. d Majak says:

    Hey Buot,
    you did a great job. We should blame our government for allowing such conference to be held in first place because this will cause division in three regions of south Sudan. I am glad our brothers and sisters in upper nile never have similar events in that region, but they are doing better than other regions in terms of representatives.

    • Chaka, Jill says:

      How many generals from upper nile and the surrounding regions picked up arms against our current government and how many from Equatoria? Are you talking from a guilty mind?

  6. riek says:

    Excellent article in every measure! Problem is our little brothers can never be pleased. Their complaints are indicative of low self-esteem symptomatic of an insecure populace. You would have thought that they would all sing, dance and dine after the Dinka and Nuer lost their loved ones in Equatoria during the hot times of war.
    How long are the cowards have to be baby-seated? The oil revenues from Unity and Upper Nile are shared by all the states; the cabinet posts hinge in their favour; the only tarmac road cut through their land. And let’s not forget, bar Mamur and Wani Konga, the rest of them were on the mountain or became part of Idi-Amin nation.
    What explains the mess that is Anthony Magaya who was slaughtering southerners left and right during the liberation struggles? What explains the coward that is Wani Konga who meaninglessly killed southerners and now he is the ‘son’ of Equatoria?
    What could possibly explains the madness that is Louis Lobong who was commuting between north and south?

    • Eastern says:

      Riek,
      you need to do your research very well. Both during the war and now, it is the Dinkas who have a large population outside the country as refugees. Go to Kakuma and Dadaab in Kenya and Adjumani in Uganda. In Khartoum, Dinkas are still STRANDED or stuck there in large numbers. Stop berating Uganda, it is a country that has offered a lot to realisation of this new republic you now call South Sudan.

    • John Wani says:

      Dear Riek,
      I do not know what you mean by little bothers. You think we are little bothers having brought you from your cattle camps…….. Who do you think opened up your eyes to see light and distinguish between a fellow south Sudanese and an Arab? we in equatoria are academic giants in this country. we are the brains behind the little development in this country.

      while Equatorians died in their thousands in eastern Sudan due to diseases and the bullets, the Dinaks were busy stealing gold in Kapoeta and southern Bari, driving cows from Bahr el Ghazal and the Nuers were busy eating the oil money with the arabs. today they call us cowards as if when the sons of Equatoria started the rebellion with a few guns and bows and pangas they were led by a Dinka or a Nuer.

      I just want to challenge you that among the Dinkas and the Nuers who can match the military capabilities of General Mamur, Thomas Cirillo, Jadalla, Abraham Wani and many others. you know this very well that these sons of Equatoria are feared like gods in the SPLA.

      You talked of Oil money being divided equally as if every one tasted your oil. some of us are being taxed more than 500 dollars a month and have not seen any oil money since the advent of CPA. now that there is no oil, are people not living their normal lives in Equatoria? You should know that your oil money is being eaten by you and your relatives in GOSS. what Equatoria is getting is left over of the taxes paid by their sons and daughters, the balance of which is being eaten by your brothers who manned the customs.

      You should know that there comes a time when Equatorians will NOT entertain your barbaric behaviours, corruption, gluttony and above all your greed for materials and power. it is almost reaching a boiling point for you to prove that we are cowards.

      I do not know whether (interior minister) Magaya slaughtered your mom or dad, but I believe the Dinkas slaughtered themselves in their struggle for power. for you to claim that sons of equatoria killed your people is purely a fallacy.

      By the way can you tell me who killed Kerubino Kwanyin, Makur Alayo, Marin Majer, William Nyuon and many others? if it was Wani Konga or Magaya, I will eat my head.

      • Dear John Wani,
        Your Comment to Riek is great, however I’m somehow lost in some part of your comment. Why did the Equatorians go and commit suicide in Eastern Sudan while the Dinka’s gallant sons and daughters were battling the Arabs at their backyards in Equatoria? If your statement above is true, then our Equatorian heros/heroines had died in vain and that is why Riek and Dinkaland call you cowards. Please don’t go and die again next time in Awiel or Malakal should the LRA attack you in Equatoria. A hero or heroine must die in his/her backyard.

  7. South Mole says:

    Cowardly Dinkas yapping as usual about Equatoria this and Equatoria that.

  8. Dinka land says:

    Riek, what you wrote is an educative, informative and a reminder to these stupid and useless people who don’t give thanks to their liberators.

  9. umoja says:

    Dinka land, riek and all,

    You should adore Equatorians, remembr when you were fighting over power in 1991 massacre between Dinak and Nuer, it was Equatorians that were fighting arabs up to kassala in Northern Sudan under Thomas Cirilo.

    Now wait, you will see how you Dinkas and Nuers will fight over the presidency. You should also adore equatorians for hosting you from your war of cows, see today you dinkas and Nuers have left your states and taking refugee in Equatoria from Nimule, Yambio, yei etc.

    Who does not know you dinkas and Nuers dying for food? have you forgetten Arok Thonk who left SPLA and joined arabs, Kerbino Kuel, Willian Nyon, kerbino and list goes endless. Of recent, Gerogae Athor.

    You better think twice of the comfort zone you don’t enjoy in your states but rather in Equatoria will turn bitter if you don’t change. Wait in 2015 many dinkas and Nuers will rebel because of positions.

    Umoja

    • Umjoa.

      Thank you for telling the truth and predicting the future of these two confusing, rivalry tribes, Dinka and Nuer. They will definitely fight over the presidency of the ROSS if Dr. Riek Machar is not elected president in 2015. As the saying goes, when the two elephants fight the grass under their feet suffers. The people of Equatoria will undoubtedly suffer when Dinka and Nuer fight over the leadership of the South Sudan in 2015. So please, let’s get those busters out of Juba and to Ramciel before they start their senseless war in 2015. Let them go and develop their own cities and towns in their homeland.

      Please, let me give you the precise spelling for the names of those fallen heroes. Their real names are spelt as follows:
      Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, William Nyuon Bany, Arok Thon Arak and George Athor Deng Dut. For your information, The current minister of interior, Alison Magaya was a commander in the Arab army and was fighting his Boss, General Kiir Mayardit in Juba in 1987. Was he fighting the SPLA in Juba for Food or fame? When did General Peter Cirillo join the SPLA? Did he join the liberation movement in 1992 or 1994 and where was he before he joined the SPLA?

      Take care, brother and let us continue to fight for the total liberation of the Greater Equatoria online from this st…d Riek and Dinkaland.

  10. Martin. L says:

    Reik and Dinka land,
    you have started the fireworks! Now, let us see if you have enough guts to finish it! Brother Eastern, John Wani, and Umoja have challenged your foolishness.

  11. riek says:

    John Wani:
    Little man, you cannot be more ludicrous to suggest that Equatorians (meaning!?) saved Southerners from Arabs. Really? While you quite rightly mention your only three generals who participated in the second liberation, it would have been interesting to tell us about Equatorian foot-soldiers. Put it differently, give me the name of one battalion that was predominantly Equatorian. Actually, give me one town that was captured by Equatorians.

    • John Wani says:

      Reik,
      Know that your theory of tyrany of numbers can not work in south Sudan since the Murle has proved that theory wrong. we have able commanders who can bring the foolish majority to their knees.
      You call your many cattle raiders foot soldeirs? they joined the SPLA to get guns after training and they go and settle their cattle

  12. riek says:

    Eastern:

    You think the likes of Cirilo, Kosti Manibe, Magaya, Wani Igga, Clement and the rest of Wani are all stooges? Well, it will be hard to help Equatorians then. Like cowardice, being a stooge is a character.

  13. GatCharwearbol says:

    Dear All,
    Remember that we all liberated ourselves. Equatoria voted overwhelmingly against the unity of Sudan and they are part of the 98 percent who made it possible for this young nation to emerge. Singling out Equatoria as cowards is childish. If Nuers and Dinkas are the brave, why didn’t they defeat Jallaba? Instead, we end up liberating ourselves through the ballot. This is the cowardice indication of Nuers and Dinkas.

    True, I have been to Juba and Nimule. There are countless Nuers and Dinkas residing here. What happens to their places or their ancestral land? Why everyone moves to Equatoria?

    Please take this advice from me. Let us stop bragging about our tribes. It is taking us nowhere. This should be time for us to embrace unity instead of division.

    • Dear GatCharwearbol
      I never thought there was a little brain and loving heart left in you after all this hatred and furious fight or argument online between us lately. However I’m sensing or hearing a different kind you today by the way you give the above advice to your compatriots. Your advice makes a lot of sense to me and I therefore offer you a brotherly kiss on your bold head. I sincerely pledge not to argue with you if you keep your head off the sand for now. Take care, Ramraan!

  14. Lokong Baba says:

    Dear readers,

    It seems we are all aware that, when the pioneers of the liberation movement started on August 18, 1955, a few can rememnber who they were. It has been clear from the beginning that those who should be remembered as pioneers of the liberation are: Emedeo Tafeng, Ali Gbatala, Renaldo, Lutada and their collegaues, many are not named here.
    When the liberation movement resurfaced in 1964, those I can vividly remember in Yei River District, one named ‘Lasuba Todayo’, who used his personal fortunes from trading illegally (opium) smuggled from South Sudan by steamer from Juba to Kosti and sold in the black market, went and bought a ‘303’ single-shot, 10 Round rifle and started the movement single-handedly by ambushing prison warders carrying water from streams near Yei to town, killing two of them and taking their 303 rifles and their munitions.
    When the liberation struggle intensified in 1965, thanks to the failed Congo (Simba) (DR) when they were swept away by the mercenaries brought in by Moise Tshombe (then Prime Minister) many entered western Yei District through Abba, Eastern Congo and their weapons were taken over by southern Sudanese by then in exchange for food and that was how the liberation struggle gathered pace and Equatorians mobilized the youth and able-bodied men to join training camps.
    Most prominent Equatorians were Joseph Agumba, Mande Konjo, Philip Angutua, Mathew Morroco, Peter Lorwe, Sumuni (Simon) Jada who held army officers ranks and led fighters into ambushes in Yei River District.
    We had those of Samuel Lasu (Lotole), January Kaden, Hitler Bali Jambo, Hilary Baba and others. Some were sent to Bahr el Ghazal and others to Upper Nile to mobilize the population and recruit fighters and showed them where to get weapons in Congo by black market

    More comments will follow from where I stopped.

    NB: When the Sudanese army were moving through villages in south Sudan by then, they would ask the population among the Nilotic tribes: ‘Where are the outlaws?’ They would say, they are found in Equatoria.

    • Martin. L says:

      Dear Lokong,
      well done. Most of our brothers here on this website are young to remember those early liberation days, and think our struggle started in 1983! Please continue with your constrictive comments.

  15. Gatkuoth lok says:

    Equatorians have their inlienable rights to be protected. They also deserve a fair and just representation. And the arguments given by almost every Equatorian are more informed than those fallacious ones against theirs. Khartoum was able to mobilise cronyists many of them held constitutional posts, even some became vice presidents in the North while other south sudanese dedicated their lives to liberate Sudan as a whole: Garang’s pursuit or south sudan: Machar’s pursuit: proven right by 98.84 percent south sudanese men and women of goodwill.
    So federalism as supported by Equatorians is workable because it will help our Democracy reflect its essence to help the rule of law to flourish and accountability be realized and corruption be radically reduced to a lower degree. The aforesaid ideals are not working in a dictatorial regime.
    Thank you all, even you who abused our ethnic groups, because of individual people’s mistakes, next time don’t even attack personalities leave alone our respective regions and Nations.

  16. riek says:

    Wow, the hit and run brigades are out of the woodwork. Lokong, while you are trying to invent the contribution of Equatorians, history will always be judged on the results not starting and leaving it hot for others to burn. Resilience and results is what makes Sudan Second civil war distinct from Anyanya-esque cowering. Yes, majority of the followers of Sudan Second Civil are not from the rain forest neither are they from the mountains!

  17. Eastern says:

    Thank you so much Lokong. Please write detailed piece out the valuable information that you have and share it with us on this forum. Many thanks once again.

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