JUN/27/2018- Various Sources;
Dr. Riek Machar’s rebel group are now demanding amendments to the framework agreement signed with the Kiir’s Juba government in Khartoum on Tuesday, June 26, 2018.
The rebel movement’s director of information and public relations, Mabior Garang de Mabior, said that they were opposed to the dividing of the country into three regions, the invitation of foreign forces and the resumption of oil production prior to a comprehensive negotiated settlement.
“South Sudan is one country and cannot be divided into three,” said Mabior in reaction to proposals that the country should have three capitals—Juba, Wau and Malakal.
So far, however, there are no details as to what is behind the proposal of having these so-called ‘three capitals in the country’ and what kind of governance system is envisioned for the country.
According to a document leaked to the media on Tuesday, the two sides had agreed to a peace deal, including the declaration of ceasefire in the country.
However, rebel leader Riek Machar was later quoted saying that his side needed two days to review the peace deal.
Dr Machar said in Khartoum that they had asked to be given two more days for consultations within their party and with other opposition factions before signing the deal.
Unconfirmed reports coming out reportedly from sources within the meeting hall say that there was allegedly some kind of intimidation and pressure on Dr. Riek Machar from the notorious Sudanese National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) to sign the agreement or else no single opposition groups members would be allowed to leave Khartoum.
Dr. Machar had requested the secretariat to allow him to further consult the other opposition forces but that was clearly impeded and Machar had no way out except to sign the agreement.
Further, it’s being revealed that the head of the Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), Salah Goss, reportedly exerted pressure on the South Sudanese political groups to initial the so-called ‘peace deal.’
Khartoum peace talks resumed in Khartoum on Monday under Sudanese President Omar Bashir and his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni.
According to the Framework Agreement, the two rivals — President Salva Kiir and Machar — agreed, among other things, to allow the Khartoum government to secure the oil fields in South Sudan in coordination with the Juba administration, and to rehabilitate the wells to restore the previous levels of production.
They also declared to work together again for the third time after their long disagreement proved difficult for peace and stability.
President Bashir on Monday promised to end the war in South Sudan and pave the way for rigorous development in the war-torn state.
“I would like to assure everyone that Sudan will work hard and try all measures based on our experience during the war and peace times to ensure that this initiative is a success.
“We shall use our experience in the management of national and community dialogues to address all the issues,” President Bashir said.
Interestingly, however, the Sudanese leader is a suspect wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes and crimes against humanity and genocide committed in western Darfur region.
South Sudan attained independence from Sudan in 2011 but descended into a civil war two years later.
The war erupted following a power wrangle between President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Dr Machar.
The conflict has caused one of the largest humanitarian crises in the continent, according to the UN.
About two million South Sudanese have become refugees in neighbouring countries.
The International Crisis Group estimates that more than 100,000 lives have been lost in the young nation from from 2013 to 2015 alone.