BY: DENG DUOT DENG (DENG-Ajith), Queensland, AUSTRALIA, JAN/27/2013, SSN;
The period of 1920 to 1933 and even few years after the war was over was a time of political uncertainty, economic instability and social confusion for Germany. The Weimer government was very unpopular amongst the Germany people during this period as it was blamed for the many complications Germany faced. Many Germans saw it as incompetent and incapable of governing Germany effectively. This time was ripe for Hitler with his high intellectual military statute.
Consequently, there was a common longing amongst the various classes within Germany for a powerful and radical leader to return their country to strength and wealth; and return their sense of pride as a nation and a race. Hitler realized these desires of the German people. He exploited the climate of despair and despondency to gain the support of the disillusioned in every class, with his attractive policies and decisive promises of the action.
On the one hand, South Sudan was in the same situation Germany was in it throughout those years. Gen. Kiir was nominated to lead the Sudan People Liberation Army/ Movement (SPLA/M) not because of his capabilities and his capacities. He was not nominated by the South Sudanese people to stand after their political direction. But he was appointed due to the political climate of rebel movement at the time. This was after the fatal plane crash that killed the charismatic leader, the late Dr. John Garang De Mabior. Moreover, this appointment was done because of the SPLA/M had the so-called policy of ‘SPLA/M seniority.’
Naturally, this policy usually stated people have to be nominated on the basis of their ranks in the rebel military and who followed who. There were many well qualified leaders like Dr. Lam and Dr. Riek Machar and other unforeseen individuals within the rebel movement. However, Gen. Kiir was put to be the chairman of SPLA/M in a few days as a result of fundamental principles of SPLA/M.
Also, there were groupings with in the SPLA/M movement. Others classified themselves as late Garang Boys while others like Dr. Lam Akol and Dr. Riek Machar were raising stars who believed they were capable to lead the movement based on their education, prestige and military rank as well.
This was the same manner, Hitler selected his military personnel and others who’re close and did not like previous Weimer governance of Germany system of government.
Well, it’s what exactly happened in South Sudan or within the SPLA/M. There was this belief that if any other person was nominated to lead the SPLA/M like Dr. Lam Akol or Riek Machar, they will lead SPLA/M back to Khartoum under a united Sudan.
Apparently, I was one of the people who believed in that principle of not electing Dr. Lam and Dr. Riek Machar. Not only that, there were also some allegations which were true like the 1991 SPLA/M split. Yet neither Kiir nor Riek Machar were my best interests to lead the movement.
I think the appointment of Kiir to lead the rebel movement was an assumption and confusion of the inner circle members of the SPLA/M at time. Gen. Kiir was only a good person during the movement because he just followed the direction of another man called Late John Garang who was the head of SPLA/M since it was first founded in 1983.
The Weimer Government was seen to have failed, once again in the eyes of the German people. As a result, the German people desired a powerful and active leader to return their nation’s dignity and wealth.
No question about that, we got South Sudan Independence through the hard work of all the South Sudanese across the World. Under whosoever leadership, we were still going to get a popular vote to be a separate nation, no matter. I can give Kiir credit here and there because that was under his leadership any way. But the question remains.
Gen. Kiir Government got independence and what next? Likewise, Hitler got the land back that the German people hoped he will get. He even went further to make few invasions. Meanwhile, Gen. Kiir current administration has given away our land like the 14 miles South of the river in Northern Bhar Eh Gahar. Leave alone the other lands being sold out to foreigners without public consultation. Every single agreement the SPLM Party makes with the Khartoum government results in us as South Sudanese losing against the North.
This is evident because we as South Sudanese are complaining but the Khartoum administration with their public besides them are celebrating in the streets of their Capital and local towns.
Given all this reasons makes me to draw my conclusion that the current administration has failed and will continue to fail if kept in power for too long. It is a time for us South Sudanese to come out and do some standing and make change for good cause not by brutality like the Arab-spring and other unnecessary systems. The belief of democratic value is to hold non-violent system.
In the same way, Hitler also appealed to a common hatred amongst the German people. This was a hatred of Jews. Likewise, Kiir’s current administration is playing the same game Hitler played against the Jews. The death of Lawyer Akuac Jok and now the death of political writer, Isaiah Abraham, showed that Generals-turned-politicians’ government is waging war against the media of South Sudan.
Jews were business people who made the economy of the Germany work and running well. The same to Journalists in South Sudan, whatever they said against government will make our government work really hard to provide us with what we expect from them.
This SPLM Party must consider the voice of South Sudanese on matters in wider views. It is the most influence things that can happen in any nation. Also our south Sudanese people who are giving their best analytic and expressed their views on national issues are facing death as consequence and threatening messages to silence them. This is what Kiir’s government is capable of doing.
Furthermore, Hitler earned the support of many Germans through his fierce determination to expel the communist threat to Germany. In doing so, Hitler appealed to industrialist and upper-class landowners in particular. Consequently, through their promises and efforts to crush communism, Hitler acquired the support of the industrialist and upper-class landowners who saw him as a strong and radical leader able to save Germany from communist revolution.
The South Sudanese elected the current President of the Republic of South Sudan with his co-generals into power in 2010. There was misleading SPLA/M Party ideology if Gen. Kiir administration was voted out, we’d face the consequence of voting for unity. The SPLM also accused other Parties, for example SPLM-DC, as being with the rebel groups or they are going to vote for unity government.
It was not whether Kiir has performed well or not. They made a lot of campaign if you stand as an independent person trying to challenge the SPLM Party member with their Military wing of SPLA. They will call you a rebel or that you are being backed by the Khartoum government.
If I can re-call it well, Dr. Luka Biong Deng came to Australia after the general elections took place. He was asked to speak to South Sudanese residents in Queensland by the SPLM chapter Leaders. This event took place at the Multicultural Development Association (MDA) Headquarters in Brisbane South bank. He briefed people really well as to how all the SPLM Party run-up won their seats.
He further mentioned that, “the only independent Governor who won the elections was from Western Equatorial and he is not from the SPLM Party.” He further added that they, SPLM Party, “knew him, the governor, very well and that because we knew him very well, he can stand behind the SPLM Party rules and principles.”
From that point, I knew they made huge corruption and I told my friend who was sitting next to me that this government has committed crime called “corruption.”
From this perspective, the same happened to the governor of Unity state that he loss governorship to Mrs. Angelina Macher. Also, in Jonglei, Kuol Manyang Juuk did not allowed George Athor Deng to campaign in some counties such as Twic East. So by any means necessary, this was planned corrupt system. I hope we didn’t fight for them to come and make this massive corruption. If we talked like we do now, they’ll kill us lik Isaiah Abraham.
I draw my proclamation that Gen. Kiir’s administration is exactly the same as Hitler Administration was in Germany. The governor of Jonglei is keeping silent while Isaiah Abraham is from his state. There has been heartless cold blooded murders and assassination taking place in Juba capital without any cause. The Jonglei government must condemn the killing of innocent people in such a way. What makes him became a governor if he does not respond in this difficult time?
There was an extract from a 1930 Nazi propaganda pamphlet which stated: ‘We are nationalists because we, as Germans, love Germany. And because we love Germany, we demand the protection of it national spirit, and we battle against its destroyers.’
This was also evident from the SPLM Party of South Sudan. They used to tell and continuously telling us, “We are the Party who fought for your freedom and brought about the comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).” They created all those well-written songs of Red-Army and Koriyom battalions. They went further with that un-meaningful slogan of SPLA/M Oyee, South Sudan Oyee and finally anyone can use that slogan in any function.
But the only thing they forgot was that we the people of South Sudan took up armed and fought against Khartoum regime. This is without thinking there was going to be a Juba regime where power is then given to inner circle and misapplied in a context affecting the citizens. It was not about SPLM Party vision and set of rules. We fought under united rebel group not being SPLM Party that was not essential theme of our freedom fighters.
Equally important, Hitler promised the peasants economics and relief. The youth of Germany were attracted by Hitler’s impressive promise to make the fatherland and motherland glorious once more. His administration conjured a sense of purpose and reason for hope in the future of many young Germans.
Comparable with us, the current administration or the political Party SPLM is way behind the Nazi? Why? This is because SPLM never listened to it peasant and other classes within the South Sudanese society. For instance, the recent agreements that were signed in Ethiopian capital never valued the need of pubic submission. The 14 miles approximately 22.5 kilometers was given away without proper reasoning.
The problem of 25 per cent Women in the SPLA/M Party.
However, the 25% of women the SPLM party promised to represent them in the assembly is heartless lie. This is because the minister’s wives and single mothers who have closed relationship with the ministers in the Government of South Sudan are the ones now earning that 25% representation. Which means, this not a government, it is only about friendship and closed relatives to be chosen instead of well qualified person who can speak out and can make a lot of changes.
I hope there will be an election to come one day. We will justify our happiness by taking out every single one of them from power especially the SPLM Party corrupted members. I can see they totally forgot us. I promise we will never forget every single problem the SPLM Party has done to the entire nation of South Sudan.
I doubt none of these SPLM Party members understood what it means to be a democratic society and live in a country where people have the back up support. They are taking wrong approaches and useless measures like the shooting and killing of people who are speak out.
Well, we are brothers and sisters of the same nation who need better governing system. We acknowledge him for the time he had given himself to fight for our freedom during struggle. However, at this time we lost faith in the current way he is presiding the show. We applauded people when they had done great job.
Gen. Kiir is our president therefore, we have total right to admire him and blame him. Especially when things go wrong like the current state in our nation capital and in the streets of our local towns and villages. This political environment went beyond to foreign land like United States of America, Europe, Canada and here in Australia plus other regions in the entire World where South Sudanese are residing.
My brothers and sisters, if you are defending this government of Kiir and Riak, I can quite frankly tell you that you are wasting your time. The SPLM Party does not belong to any single tribe or ethic group like Dinka, Nuer or Equatoria plus other small tribes within Republic of South Sudan.
Let’s deal with Gen. Kiir administration in democratic style. The current leaders can go tomorrow and we will remain as 77 tribe of South Sudan and the next leader or criminal can come from one of the 77 communities within the Republic of South Sudan. I recommend defend your ‘SPLM Party’ and absolutely forget about Kiir as a person.
The disagreement within the SPLA/M during the struggle
Remember, to Late Dr. John Garang, we blamed his administration like the way they murdered highly education people like Judge Martin Majier Gai. Under Garang administration, their mismanagement which has led to the disagreement of so many important people and greater fighters like Late Arok Thon Arok, Late William Nyoun Bang an finally Kerubino Kauyin Bol. They were arrested and detained without a single crime they had committed.
These people never killed civilians like the way Dr. Riak Machar ordered and murdered thousands of people and he is now currently serving as vice President in the current administration of Gen. Kiir. I acknowledged Kuir E Garang, who stated that, “we will hold them accountable even if they reach 90 years old.”
Keep in your mind the Germans political outcome after the war ended, there was the Nuremberg Trials in the aftermath, the first international war crimes trial to be held, it took place between 1945 and 1949. The reason behind the choice of Nuremberg as a venue was significant as it was there that the Nazi party had held its annual rallies.
There will be a trial which I can suggest to be called the Nasir trial which will embrace Dr. Riak Machar Teny accountable for his wrong doings. He never justified what made him split and killed innocent children, old women and men. If it was because he disagreed with Late Dr. John Garang, why not disagree like Late Arok Thon Arok and William Nyoun with their followers.
Consequently, Dr. Riak, would not be the sacrifice in the eyes of the South Sudanese public due his crime he had committed. I think Riak is meeting the Geneva Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Abolition of the Statute of Limitations on War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.
The recent trial conducted by International Criminal Crime (ICC) of former Bosnia Chief intelligence officer who commanded the battalion that led to cold-blooded murder of thousands of Bosnia-Muslims in early 1990s. I think Dr. Riak Machar would remember that part of history since it took place at the time he was killing large number of innocent people.
In brief, it is clear that Hitler with his administration beside him appealed to the many and varied classes within Germany. He utilized the environment of political and economic confusion and despair within Germany during the period of 1920 to 1933 to accomplish the support of the various classes.
Consequently, Hitler gained so much political support as it seemed he was the one capable of solving their problems, and of returning Germany to prosperity and strength.
On the whole, South Sudan has experienced political uncertainty, economic instability; social challenges which are facing this young nation. These matters have become part of the South Sudanese culture due to lack of improvement from the current administration. There are millions of natural resources on the ground which can result in advancement this young nation. By this time, the international investors would have started moving in with their national business. But the current system is not capable of using their brain power in perfect way so the country can progress sensibly.
Finally, the Generals turned politicians’ period of Kiir as President of Republic of South Sudan since 2005 to 2012 has been full disappointment to South Sudanese. Instead of him using his brains to developed a nation and defend the nation from the aggression from Sudanese Army Force (SAF), he turned to his own people like the recently killing of political commentator named Isaiah Abraham (Diing Chan Awuol). This is categorically a bad government, with bad system and bad policies. At the same time, bad people like Gen. Kiir and Dr. Machar. They eliminated high profile persons like Hitler’s administration.
By: DENG DUOT DENG (Deng-Ajith)
Deng Duot Deng is a South Sudanese. He is residing in Queensland, Australia. He can be reached at email, firstname.lastname@example.org