Khartoum has a case against Juba on SPLA-North activities


Sudan and South Sudan have agreed to disagree. The two countries were made to sign an agreement known as Cooperation Agreement two months in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, the very agreement sponsored by the African Union. The agreement at the moment is running into trouble when the devil(s) emerged in the details. The Security Agreement in particular is overshadowing others in the process of implementation.

Each country has stuck to its old school of finger pointing. The euphoria that was created as a result of the deal (Cooperation Agreement) is quickly turning into anxiety, apprehension and uncertainty.

South Sudan is being denied oil transportation through the Republic of the Sudan as there are reports of aerial bombardments by Khartoum against South Sudan. The United Nations Mission on the ground is conspicuously in the hiding, while the African Union is lip tied on accusation and counter accusations between the two countries of the Sudan.

Chronically, the Sudanese leaders from day one have charged that South Sudan is supporting and harboring their dissidents and are arming rebels fighting their government. The world has all along stack odds against Juba on this matter of SPLA-North; that Juba should sever its link with the rebels fighting Khartoum regime. The United States of America in (USA) in particular was critical, a confirmation of which that led to scandalous alleged apology written by President Salva to President Obama Hussien of the USA.

South Sudan Information Minister has since attempted to undo the damage to no avail. What on earth could it be that a leader of another country will have to kneel down to another leader in another part of the world? South Sudanese conscience was wounded if the purported letter was indeed written and dispatched to Washington.

But the sequence of theories helps us understand where did things go wrong in the first place for the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. Before anyone jumps to poke blame against the Republic of the Sudan for A and B matters and condemn it, there is an compelling need to reexamine our approach toward Sudan and see whether there is somewhere we can find accommodation for our good relationship.

We should also be an active solution-oriented partner than being stuck in our comfortable closet of being dismissive of Khartoum. Therefore the charge that our country is supporting SPLM/A-North must not be thrown out of the window just because Sudanese were our enemies.

By the way, I don’t like this name call ‘South Sudan,’ it confuses us with the Sudan. Who are the Sudanese and who aren’t? After July 9, 2011, I should have named my country something else. Nile or Azania remains my favorites names, not an amorphous thing call ‘South Sudan.’. Anyway we are straying.

Our differences with Khartoum were all about our political destiny and that was squarely achieved on July 9, 2011. It was the hardest part of it all! The Sudanese to their credit made a bold move to recognize us, and the rest of the world joined them. We parted ways in a civilized manner something that surprises many. We are no longer enemies with the Republic of the Sudan but just neighbors.

They need us and we need them. Differences that are there are normal between and among neighbors. Neighbors quarrel and still maintain their socio-economic ties. Even Israel is doing the same with Egypt and others.

We must not let SPLA-North spoil our relationship with the Sudan. For the sake of peace at the border, it’s time to ask the rebels fighting the North to stop their activities now. We want borders open and movement of goods, people and services to flow. We need South Sudan and Sudan relations so urgently.

The argument by South Sudan leaders that the matter of SPLM/A-North is an internal matter doesn’t hold water. It is not enough in itself. How about our charge that Dr. Lam Akol of the Democratic Change and Major David Yau Yau are supported by Khartoum, isn’t that not an internal affair of our country?

Why do we call their differences with their rebels ‘internal affair’ and never call ours the same?

We must choose between peace and war and not both. Peace is what our people want, not war. Khartoum will continue to find a reason to disturb our hard-won peace. They will go for feeble-hearted and apologists like Dr. Lam to press their case against us.

Khartoum might not be realistic in their demand on disarmament of their dissidents, but we aren’t being truthful. One of the Azania’s (South Sudan) strategic goal is peace and development so as to improve the living standards of our people. Our leaders must demonstrate to Khartoum their willingness to open a new chapter, so for our people to enjoy peace and development after ages of neglect.

Denying must be flavored. South Sudan isn’t doing its diplomatic responsibility. Khartoum has stolen the show there. Everything is upside down as we chase after rotten image. The United Nations Mission in our land is breathing fire on our necks. They are everywhere wiring nasty things against us.

When it comes to issues like the bombardment of South Sudan, unfortunately they are nowhere and when it comes to negativity on anything against South Sudan they’re in hand to report to New York and Brussels. I suspect they have given a word that South Sudan is indeed supporting SPLM/A-North. The United Nations Humanitarian Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) decried one moment when they spotted soldiers of Revolutionary Forces in Yida Camp. No single leader from South Sudan came out to deny or refute what the UNHCR was saying, a proof that something is indeed going on right there.

Our leadership in Juba should not live the lie that the world doesn’t know who arms rebels fighting Khartoum. UN Mission is informing them about every activity in our land. Moreover Khartoum has their own informers, Southerners whose loyalty is divided, especially those on the payroll of Khartoum, those that claim to be opposition groups but they aren’t. The Democratic Change of Lam Akol is on top of things.

We have also many Northerners around and they could provide relevant information about the presence of some rebels around some cities in the country. May be there is no hard proof that Juba is in indeed supporting rebels, but the simple truth that we never severed our links with the SPLA-North more radically keeps some doubts hanging that South Sudan is backing the rebels fighting the regime in Khartoum.

It will be painful to do just that radical move, however; these people (Nuba Mountains, Fur, Masalit, Zangawa, Funj, etc) are closely associated with South Sudan. We will help them on matters of peace and development. The world should have helped them in their political predicament.

But we are also not any better; we ought to talk to Northern rebels to join the march for peace and stop using our territory as spring board to topple our neighbor. We can go further to pledge material support for their development and not guns and ammunitions. Through force a change will not be meaningful in Khartoum, after all, the rebels have no unified agenda for change there.

Dr. Khalil Ibrahim’s outlook was more unifying than our current tribal warlords. South Sudan would have been available then if they had joined our struggle to effect change in Khartoum. After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), particularly after independence of South Sudan, we have evolved into a different entity.

As for Khartoum, they must show maturity and patience against the Republic of South Sudan. They got to kick out Lam Akol and stop supporting David Yau Yau or any other clandestine groups. Time for injecting new spirit and cooperation is here. They got to respect the agreement they have signed with the Republic of South Sudan. They should cease fire on the air against innocent civilians.

Their rebels aren’t Southerners and our people can’t going to die again like that. They should allow oil production to resume and stop their rogue media from making inflammatory remarks against South Sudan leaders or the ruling political party in the country (the SPLM).

If Juba is wrong Khartoum must not go wrong also.

Isaiah Abraham lives in Juba;


  1. Yuot Mayik Bol says:

    Dear Isaiah Abraham,
    I have followed your newspaper articles for some time now and you have raised many key issues which concerned South Sudan in all aspects. Recently, one of your articles piqued my interest when it discussed the issue of Sudan and South Sudan agreeing to disagree which I view as an inconsistency. This article was historically incorrect in that Khartoum, on several different occasions has broken or chosen not to honor any agreements. An example would be the Addis Ababa agreements which were broken and ultimately led to the 22 year civil war we are currently recovering from.
    It is a mistake for government officials in Juba to assume that we will achieve stability in South Sudan only by limiting the ability of the people to defend their personal freedoms and liberties. We can all agree that had it not been for the SPLA movement, the Republic of South Sudan would not be an independent state today. In order for South Sudan to retain the gains it has made by becoming independent, it must mobilize the country on all fronts, and defend against threats such as the North. Regrettably, this is a conflict which cannot be solved using words alone.
    Abyeii, Blue Nile, and the Nuba Mountains are all areas which historically have sided with South Sudan, and now are conflict-laden regions, this is an embarrassment. We must continue to support our brothers and sisters in these regions, and the SPLA/M should defend them.
    On the other hand, the government of the Republic must make it abundantly clear to the North that military action against the peoples of these regions will not be tolerated and that there will be repercussions. By not coming to the defense of our people living in these areas we are abandoning them and that is wrong, these people fought hand in hand and had as much to do with the liberation of South Sudan as anyone did. Khartoum needs to enforce the CPA and realize that military actions on the side of the south will occur if these prior agreements are not met.
    The situation with the oil pipelines is another one which is deeply concerning. There are security concerns which have risen from the oil disputes and although a valuable resource, oil is not worth the loss of lives. As a nation, South Sudan should be looking into different resources, other than oil at least until we can secure pipelines in other countries which is an option currently being explored.

  2. Mtatu says:

    This is one of the weakest articles you have ever wrote. It is full of inconsistencies and contradictions. How on Earth can you talk of Dr,Lam Akol and David Yau Yau’s presence in Khartoum and when it comes to the whereabouts of Arman and Malik Agar, you tend to blame Juba ? Have you ever hard of David Yau being to London or Paris? Yasir Arman and Malik Agar are always reported to have attended conferences in World’s major cities like London, Paris, Johannesburg and Addis Ababa . This tells you that the duo are in the whole world not this small dusty city called Juba. If you want to be fair in apportioning blames for the failure of Cooperation Agreement, you please blame Sudan, S.South Sudan and the whole World for the failure. Khartoum should instead explain itself on the current activities in Kiir Adeem, Likwangule and Opra Nihas. Please be fair to Juba!

  3. Kenyi Alex says:

    Hi Isaiah Abraham,
    You made a good religious and economics observation on South Sudan’s political Position. However, Khartoum is just baking louder then Juba in terms of accusations and running the International references. Sponsoring SPLA-N is the best way of paying the Khartoum Regime for what they are doing in Junglei and North South Sudan. The political game theory is for real in this two Sudans. If Khartoum tries rebellion, Juba tries Coup and the reverse is true in each others’ Country. Khartoum Wants a weaker government that is easy go in Juba by all means to lengthen their stay in Power. To do the latter in South Sudan, they must bring in an ally in Khartoum. The winner will take it all. Who then can act first?
    As an economist I have a question for our Parliamentarians in South Sudan parliament; How did those other African Countries who have no single barrel of oil survive to date?

  4. Mach Achiek says:

    This is the article that got him murdered by the government. However, the mediocre leadership of Salva Kiir must learn that nations don’t trade and at the same time wage war against one another. Now is the time to think big and secure the interest of South Sudan before you decided not to let down your former comrades in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
    With failing economy, South Sudan will achieve nothing and so will the SPLA-N. This is politics as usual.
    Whether you like it or not, it is in the interest of South Sudan to push for peace in South Kordofan and Blue Nile even if that peace is a weak peace like Addis Ababa 1972. Think when was the last time you meet Dr. John Garang and recall how he played politics. Two decades working with one of the greatest political thinker and you learn nothing, nothing and nothing.

  5. wani says:

    Rest in peace, Isaiah, you talked facts that cost your life, may God reward you abundantly! My condolence to your family.

  6. Ajak Makor says:

    Mach Achiek, why did you just came to one conclusion that late hero Isaiah Abraham was killed by the government? Didn’t you realize that the man had hit every where in this article attacking Dr Lam and Major Yau-Yau who belongs to Isaiah’s own Shield Seven in SPLA?
    He harshly attacked the UN mission in South Sudan, attacking Khartoum as well as the government in Juba, simply he was trying to attack any perceived enemy of the interest of the people of South Sudan or Azanians as he wanted.
    His intention to hit haphazardly is clear from the different comments that ratted this article as naive and baseless, because he was attacking an idea and its reverse at one time, to the extent that he was questioning the name South Sudan to be the name of our Country and suggested controversial names of his choice.
    One thing I had wanted to tell him was that we are all Sudanese from different directions, and DR Congo and Congo are a better example, they are all Congolese, either from Kinshasa or Brazzaville, and so we can all be Sudanese from Juba or Khartoum.
    One thing remained clear and unchanged in his writings that he was a devoted die-hard member of SPLM.
    Again, did you realize how he hailed late Dr Khalil Ibrahim of Darfur, which might be a continuation dream of the New Sudan Ideology?
    Mach Achiek; you are at liberty to accuse whoever you think is the assassin, but please leave conclusions open, because one day the truth shall be revealed, and such a respected man with clear ideas can not just vanish in one night, whether we agreed or disagreed with his approaches.
    I can not claim that I am so grieved more than his family, but believe me, Isaiah’s death is not the concern of his close family members alone, in fact journalists as well as security officials should work hard to solve this mysterious death of a pen, other wise all critical pens will go in hiding, or hibernate.

  7. Daniel says:

    Isaiah has died because of telling the truth and the enemy of truth killed him. Those corrupt figures who think they’re better and they liberated us should know the contribution of all south Sudanese and thus, south Sudan became a nation and thank you.

  8. James Lual Garang says:

    Opinions are not worth of killing anyone who tends to differ from you. If you eliminated all the thinkers, writers, and then you want people like Yau Yau and the likes?

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