Justifying the Fallacy of Bashing Both Sides in South Sudan Conflicts

By James Okuk, PhD, JUBA, MAR/24/2015, SSN;

As long as both the SPLM-IO and the GRSS continue to use violence means for securing their political interests, facts and fictions will always get mixed to produce propaganda fallacies in attempts to justify one’s evil actions. The article of Stephen Par Kuol is not absolved from such one-sided bias. It is his right to be biased for the interest of the SPLM/A-IO, but he doesn’t have a right to force it on our throats without a response.

Mr. Stephen has already damaged his credibility when he lied that he was an eye witness of ‘genocide’ in Juba while he lived in comfort in New Sudan Palace Hotel and was driven on a standard car to Juba Airport for flight check-in to Nairobi as the city was under threat of rebel attacks.

Even myself who lived in 107, dodged some bullets to escape death narrowly on 16 December 2013, swallowed the bitterness of my house being attacked and looted badly with damages, and communicated with some of my neighbors who managed to reach UNMISS camp alive, cannot temper with my credibility to lie with a conclusion that ‘genocide’ took place in Juba.

Yes, some targeted killings took place but not ‘genocide’ as the SPLM-IO propaganda machine used to lie to the international community.

Also not all those who were killed in Juba during the outburst of the crisis hailed from one ethnic group. Other ethnic groups were affected too, including some foreigners.

If 20,000 members of one ethnic group were killed in Juba on 15, 16, 17 and 18 December 2013, then who would have been left among them in 107, Kor William, Gudele and Jebel to run for a dear life and take refuge in UNMISS camps?

Even those who took refuge in UNMISS camps were not all from one ethnic group. That was why you could see signposts in UNMISS camps pointing to one ethnic group on one side and other ethnic groups on the other side.

Armed Forces Status Issue: The amalgamation proposal is a recipe for another future eruption of senseless violence. The case of the CPA’s model of the Joint and Integrated Units (JIUs) is still fresh in our memories where the two armed forces clashed thrice in Malakal, for example. Thus, neither integration nor amalgamation of the armed forces of the two warring parties will work as long as there is no trust and good faith between them.

Also the proposal of proportional representation of the 64 tribes in the national armed forces will not set a good precedent for a one nation-building because it will, instead, entrench tribalism as criteria for tackling national issues of South Sudan.

Hence, it could be safer if the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement model is adopted for tacking the issue of armed forces of the warring parties. Thank God that veteran Gen. Joseph Lagu is still alive and kicking for consultancy on this matter.

Public Disclosure of Debts: If the SPLM/A-IO has already given a verdict that the debts of President Kiir’s Government are illegal then why should it be disclosed at will?

Why should Dr. Riek’s Resistance Movement negotiate with a kleptocrat and an illegal president if at all there is honesty in what the SPLM/A-IO posits? They should not stick to overthrowing him via violence means if they thought it was an easy matter to usurp power that way?

But is the SPLM/A-IO legal itself to demand for legality of another? It should be the citizens who have not taken arms against the state to demand such disclosers of government debts; not outlaws rebels.

Also the law-abiding citizens of South Sudan will not bother themselves asking for disclosure of debts of rebellions because rebels are never accountable to the citizens; only the legitimate government.

The Coup or No-Coup Narratives: This has not been falsified yet because no court verdict has taken place so far. The case has been stayed only until further notice.

But how do you call shootings in an army barrack which make politicians escape from their homes and declare rebellion resistance movement against the government within a very short period?

If it is running for dear lives why not run to non-violence asylum in another country rather than to violence rebellion in the bushes? Remember that a victim cannot resist, hence, no rebel can be regarded as a victim in the current crisis of SPLM failed leadership in South Sudan.

That is why the Intra-SPLM Arusha Reunification Agreement forced all the so-called SPLM leaders to apologize to the people of South Sudan and be ready to answer any proven war crimes against humanity. Victims don’t apologize.

Peace Talks in Bad Faith: In Pagak consultative conference, the SPLA-IO generals told Taban Deng Gai to carry on with peace negotiations in Addis but they will continue to conduct the violent approach on the ground with Paul Malong until President Kiir is gone for good.

Where is the good faith to demonstrate from the SPLM-A-IO even if the GRSS failed to bring peace out from around the corner of Makuei Lueth?

Hence, comes double standards of contradiction of mixture of both dialogue and violence at the same time but with the result of collapse of negotiations and continuation of warfare. This makes the region and the world skeptical about seriousness of the warring leaders of South Sudan in bringing good news to their people.

Thus, an agreement could possibly be forced on their throats by/before July 2015 as their hands are held on pens to sign it unwillingly with international guarantees for its implementation.

Diplomacy is an anti-thesis to Militancy: Diplomatic language is a language of nice and flattering expressions in order to cool the environment for tackling hot issues and gain something out of the deal at the end of the day.

The diplomacy of blaming and condemning both the warring sides is a correct one as long as the SPLM/A-IO and GRSS senseless war continues. This language may only change if the principals agree or are forced to end the war by any means.

So, it would be better for Stephen Par Kuol to keep his appeal to the regional and international community to himself because they are doing what diplomacy is supposed to do when there is no will for peace from the warmongers.


Dr. James Okuk is lecturer and public analyst in the area of politics. He lives in Juba and can be reached at okukjimy@hotmail.com


  1. Dr. James Okuk,

    Instead of dying Nuer massacre in Juba, you need to start worries about the fate your Dr. Lam Akol in the hand of your favorite president.

  2. Deng Hanbol says:

    Dr. James Okuk,
    The last time I heard about your news was that you were charged with a criminal offence by the Dinka kingdom. However you were bailed out by your leader Dr. Lam. So, it’s sad to deny that there was no ethnic Cleansing against Naath people on Dec. 2013. Mr Okuk, you made irresponsible Article to ignore the Nuer massacre and therefore, you need to think a bout the serious consequences of your statement.
    Any way, the generals of the SPLM-IO are determined to defeat the genocidal regime in Juba. For your information, your name, traitor Johnson Olony’s name as well as Nuer traitor Thomas Douth Guait’s name are on gen. Peter Gadet’s list. Mr.little red, have you heard bout the 1974 incidence in Malakal between Nuer and Shullk? if so, please be prepared for the worst.

    • Deng Monymor says:

      Deng Hanbol,
      Dr. Okuk is trying to tell the truth; if that bothers you and makes think of repeating 1974 history, everybody nowadays has understood your own history of violent nature and mechanism has been put to deal with this nature for all. Remember this, this would the last forgiven ever given!

  3. General Thoon -Anyar Auien says:

    Nuer instigators, vocal shameless falsifiers, maintaining to that inaccurate figure of 20,000 Nuer & only Nuer , been massacred in Juba, while watering down all the other none Nuer Killed in Juba, plus Nuer perpetrated Killings in Bor, Akobo, Malakal, and Bentiu was a real revelation of the inner intransigence, dreadfulness of those group of Nuer, who were parasiting inside victims notion. But on contrary they are the Instigators, perpetrators, saboteur, and butchers from the time immemorial, evidently in the history of the Sudan 2nd civil war.
    I doubt if those Nyigats are going to withstand for another three years (2015-2018) in the Jungle with constant shortage of food, weapons & ammo, low morale, & depleting fighting force.
    Because all the able youth and warmongers are aimlessly drinking and raping in the POC UNMISS camps or luckier ones with relatives outside were in diaspora or in the neighboring country capitals cities, enjoying their war loots from the greater upper Nile region.
    More detrimentally your dreams of getting support from Khartoum, turn out to be TOM & JERRY play, do you know why because 2002 is not too far away and still afresh in the NCP memories, your re-bouncing character is of concern chap.

  4. Apuk says:

    This is an exceptional excerpt Dr. Okuk. I hope if there were good listeners to internalize your ideas would be better

  5. Bol says:

    Dr Okuk,
    This is a very well thought response, but who can reason with the unreasonablles ? GRSS has certainly failed in many aspects, however putting the whole blame on it is a pure insanity. We should be looking for peaceful common ground, not more carnage. International community may not bring peace as we saw its failure in other countries. Dr Machar could have enhanced democratic transformation by peacefully leading the opposition, but he chose to rebel. Will he ever make it or is he going to end up like Mr Janos Savimbi ? Time will tell.

  6. Thon Giei says:

    Dr. James Okuk:
    Never before have you taken off your political eye glasses. You need to continue in the path that you have shown in this message, being a voice for the voiceless victims who died due to the violence that was triggered by the bullets of the rebells

  7. Hoiloom says:

    Bol, UPDF will not stay forever in our land and you shouldn’t put too much trust on them. The oil that is keeping them in our land is not generating much revenues for the government. You should instead be asking yourself if Salva Kiir will survive the war. As for Okuk, well keep denying the Nuer massacre. What goes around comes around. Your best friend Kiir of today maybe your worse enemy tomorrow. Nuer can and will stand their ground but can the Shilluk? Time will tell..

  8. Bol says:

    UPDF is not all over RSS…why don’t you go where there isn’t UPDF ? You should thank God that President Kiir is not deposed by more radical elements who won’t negotiate with you, but seek you arrest and court martial for your Generals.

  9. Kuach says:

    I was following Dr. James Okuk’s rebuttal article with keen interest hoping he would also provide alternatives to any point he refuted, but to my surprise, he offered a very open-ended criticism without providing alternative. For instance, in the issue of amalgamation or integration of the two armies. Mr. Okuk actually disagreed with both amalgamation and integration but then he never provided his opinion, hence, leaving readers, like myself, in suspense.
    I thought Mr. Okuk is a PhD holder as his tittle suggests, but it is quite ridiculous how can a highly learned fellow make such a mistake. “Yes, some targeted killings took place but not ‘genocide’”. The people were targeted on the basis of what? is it ethnic? race? religion? Well, in his PhD language, what does “genocide” mean? Genocide is ” an acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” It is ridiculous Mr. Okuk that you can’t differentiate between letter-B and bull’s foot.
    That they should have sought asylum!! 🙂 Was that how you reason? You are right, since your boss Dr. Lam did it in 2010, you thought it is a rational thing to do. I don’t know who will buy into your distorted logic.

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