BY: David Lokosang, South Sudan, NOV/10/2014, SSN;
I don’t understand the logic behind the proposal of the interim government of national unity as being peddled by IGAD. There is nothing called interim government of national unity unless IGAD countries just want to please both sides to the conflict and to hell with innocent civilians who were killed by Kiir’s tribe militias in Juba and those killed in Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and other areas as the result of direct retaliation to what had happened in Juba between 15 – 24 of December 2013.
Without any doubt, an ‘Interim government’ and a ‘Government of national unity’ are two completely different systems of government serving different purposes.
The main difference between an Interim government and the government of national unity is this:
an Interim government normally is formed when a country has gone into and through serious national crises such that the leadership in charge or the government in charge created a mess and is therefore incapable to bring a solution.
In such a situation, therefore, either the president is to resign or the whole government is to resign and then the ‘Interim government’ is formed out of and by a neutral body (preferably technocrats) to clean up the mess and put up a good strategy how to govern the country effectively and efficiently.
The interim period would be normally one and half or two years. The responsibility of the interim government is to run the affairs of the state during the interim period, and includes all the stake-holders who would be tasked to prepare a new constitution, a system of governance, the laws governing political parties, form an electoral body and make necessary arrangement for national election at the end of the interim period.
For instance, when former Sudanese president Nimeiri was ousted in April 1985, Gen. Thowar El dahab formed an interim government for a period of one year. At the end of that period, national election was subsequently conducted and that was how Sadig El Mahde became the prime minister of Sudan for the second time.
The second example is in Ukraine. When the former Ukraine president messed up with the affairs of the state, he was ousted by the people of Ukraine and some one had to be selected to form an interim government and then recently we have seen an election conducted and there is now a newly elected president in that country.
Government of national unity
In contrast, the Government of national unity is normally formed to accommodate other political parties in the country and you can find this type of government mostly in Third world democracy and the main aim is to address certain grievances but in the Western democracy only the winning party occupies all the ministerial position.
Clearly, as an example of the government of national unity is the current government of South Sudan which includes other political parties. Sudan, Iraq, and other countries have governments of national unity that include other political parties in the government.
As a matter of fact, what happened on December 15th is not a coup attempt but it was a failed assassination attempt instigated by the president, Kiir, and his warlords.
All embassies in Juba including the UN have substantial evidence that there was no coup attempt. It is only the dictatorial regime and its supporters that still are dancing about the alleged coup. Even the closest ally to the regime, dictator Museveni, has recently denied the coup rhetoric.
The reason behind the coup attempt rhetoric was to down play the call by the majority members of SPLM Political Bureau and the National Liberation Council to transform SPLM from a national liberation movement to a national political party.
In this regard there are a number of issues that needed to be addressed but the war lords in Juba objected to the proposed changes. They want to clink in power only to serve themselves and their relatives but not for the general good.
Why the conflict within the SPLM party twisted to be a tribal conflict between Dinka and Nuer? It is the work of the inner circle around the president, those of Telar, Paul Malong and others and with an evil advice either from Beshir or Moseveni behind the current crises.
The simple logic behind it is that if you kill innocent Nuer, all the nuer will take arms and rally behind Dr. Riak Machar. Therefore it will be easy to mobilize other tribes to finish the Nuer and in that sense they will rule the country without opposition.
Truth speaks for itself, there is nothing done by the current government of Salva Kiir for the full 9 years since 2005 up to now.
SPLM/A fought the regimes in Khartoum because of social, political, economical, religious, ethnic and cultural discriminations, denial for freedom of expression, lack of democracy yet we still experience those things happening in a government that we thought to be the protector of human rights, freedom of expression and Anti-discrimination.
If our government in Juba does these things then what is the difference between the various regimes that have come and gone in Khartoum with the current government in Juba?
Evil behaviors can not be replaced with evil but with good and honest behaviors. Our visionary leader Cde Dr. Garang once said and I quote: “A colonizer has no colour or tribe, even your own brother can be a colonizer,” and this is exactly what is happening in South Sudan.
Some people believed they are more equal than others and therefore they deserve to run all the apparatus of the state. They enjoy luxurious life while the majority of people are suffering. This is not what we fought for!
We fought to form a democratic system of governance in the new nation. We fought for equal opportunities based on merit. We fought to build infrastructures of the 21st century, take towns to rural areas with all the basic services so that there is no reason for the ordinary citizens to come and look for those basic services in major villages like Juba, Malakal and Wau.
Don’t take my description offensive because for a town to be called a town or a city to be called a city, it is not only the buildings that matter but the town planning that matters. There must be a sewage system, proper roads network, electricity, clean water, modest health system, security of all citizens and proper system of governance.
I profoundly believe that if Salva Kiir (Kin) is still the president of South Sudan, there will never be peace, social economic development, justice, equality and freedom. My belief is based on the fact that he lacks a vision. He lacks wisdom and capabilities to run a nation.
How many times he changed the government? Where is the program of a hundred days? How many zero tolerance ultimatums he issued because of corruption? Has any one seen any progress done in South Sudan accept more rampant corruption and abuse of human rights and powers?
He was there as a second man to Cde Dr. John Garang but he did not benefit any experiences and knowledge from him. He is not even fit to be a commander because he lacks military strategies. The reality is that there is no real government in South Sudan. Those are groups of war lords working to serve themselves and their families and relatives but not the people of South Sudan. Therefore they must go.
In my own opinion for peace to prevail in South Sudan, President Kiir should resign and pave a way for an interim government to be formed, which by the definition above, will exclude Kiir as president. That’s why the proposed IGAD modality of an interim government is unacceptable.
He should not be a party to the interim government but should engage fully to negotiate a way out of current mess and reach a permanent solution. He is the one who recruited the militias from his own region. And it was the current chief of the general staff Paul Malong who was in charge of the killing of the innocent Nuer in Juba and elsewhere in different locations in South Sudan.
President Kiir himself accepted the master plan when he was addressing the New Sudan Youth Gathering on May 16th and I quote: “I order the recruitment of reserve army in case there is a war but some politicians and military personnel refused salaries and weapons to them and now these reserve army are the ones who fought in Juba and are the ones fighting in Bor, Malakal and Bentiu,”
In other words, it is these reserve army who executed the killings of innocent Nuer in Juba on December 15th and will continue killing innocent civilians elsewhere.
Hence, a corrupt and murderous people can not be rewarded by giving them another 2 years to steal more and kill more innocent people. I therefore appeal to all members of the SPLM party wherever they are and all the people of South Sudan to join ranks and work together for regime change as the only way forward for a genuine change in our new nation.
19th October 19, 2014