BY: Abraham Garang, JUBA, APR/21/2013, SSN;
As a true patriot, I don’t advocate any party in the South, but support good governance and believe in criticizing government when doing the country’s affairs inappropriately. And I desire to see my country transformed as a democratic country that’s intolerant of tribalism but promotes the distribution of the country’s resources for development of all ten states of South Sudan equally and fairly but not only one State.
Furthermore, I am also worried about corrosion in South Sudan politics in 2015 as the country approaches the upcoming general elections. In which some people declared themselves to run for the top seat, these candidates for presidency and vice presidency are as follows: Dr. Riek Machar for presidency, James Wani for vice presidency, Pagum Amum for presidency, and the wife of South Sudan founding father, Rebecca Nyandeng, but her candidature is not somehow considered and is not believed as a threatening politician. However, what makes her to yearn for presidency is the fact that her husband was the founding father of South Sudan.
Since that day those politicians declared their willingness for political race in upcoming general election, that’s when the conflict started between Dr. Riek and Salva Kiir. What worries Mr. President is the fact Dr. Riek wanted to reconcile with Bor community for the massacre that occurred in 1991 in which Mr. President is not interested in peace and reconciliation within the communities.
As a result, he craves to use the 1991 tragedy as his contender’s weakness and encourage other communities not to vote for Dr. Riek when the time comes and especially Bor community who had suffered during the massacre.
But what frets me most is when Dr. Riek becomes unsuccessful for the presidency and Mr President re-elected again as president of South Sudan and his running mate, James Wani, becomes vice president, as a result.
President Kiir and his advisers will influence their Dinka communities and James Wani will do the same with his, and these communities will summon together against Nuer and certainly they will defeat Dr. Riek Machar. Then what will occur?
I believe Nuer will rebel against the newly elected government because Nuer communities everywhere support Dr. Riek Machar simply because he is a Nuer regardless of what he’d done in the past and his policies.
This case will be like exactly what happened in Kenya: but I don’t know that if Dinka’s will be the kikuyu and Nuer will be the Luo and the Equatorians will be the other minority communities that deserve a duty position like Kamba and Kalenjin. This is precisely what will happen in 2015 general elections and this is what makes president Kiir optimistic what will happen and his advisers told him so.
If you think deeply, this is what Dr. Riek Machar is doing, he wants to make sure that Bor community is solidly alongside him when the time comes, and this is why President Kiir removed the delegated vice president’s powers because he knew if Dr. Riek apologies to Bor community, there are some Bor leaders in the SPLA/M party that are not happy with the way president Kiir’s governance of the new nation of South Sudan.
And this perhaps will lead those Bor leaders to influence their communities to vote for Dr. Reik Machar during the election time. If you look at this case scenaro, that is exactly what our politicians are currently working upon. But what will happen to our communities if our politicians encourage tribalism?
However, president Kiir must modify his political mess and shun encouraging tribalism in the country in order for him to remain as our president. But what exactly does he need to modify?
First, he needs to encourage all the citizens to work together regardless of their political affiliations, states and tribes and work as brotherhood and sisterhood and speak the truth and betterment of their country.
Second, freedom of expression, he needs to allow writers and journalists to write their opinions, he must stop ordering security forces to glance for those who criticize government.
Sadly, however, Mr President did not comprehend that, those who criticize government are precisely those who want government to alter, not hatred of the government. But those who abhor you are those in your office not the writers and journalists, those in your office projected you as a dictatorship.
Again, if Mr President doesn’t alter his mess that he has created then, I believe, he must not return to office regardless of his tribal influences that he made to prevent Dr. Riek Machar as our next president as well as removing those delegated vice presidential powers.
But what’s important is what the government senior official declared to the public clearly that if you’re a writer and you wish to publish your opinion, then you must first register in order to shun carnage of some other writers who’re not registered.’ Journalists are the watchdogs of democracy and such an act must be stopped.
In this case, I will not vote for a president who’s intolerable to freedom of speech and expression in the upcoming election, because I am tired of president Kiir leadership since he came to power in 2005. I don’t know how I will describe him: killing political activists and sacking uncorrupted officers?
Mr President has been given a chance to lead the people of South Sudan due to the death of our late Dr. John who died in suspicious circumstances in a helicopter crash after returning back from Kampala in which various factions who’ve data of his death blame the weather for the crash.
After those pathetic days, the people of South Sudan had given comrade Salve the leadership of SPLM not because he was capable of leading the people of South Sudan, but there were no other alternative actions.
But since he came to power, Mr President has failed the whole country in terms of political affairs, economics and national security, job opportunities for youths, food Security, education, medicare and infrastructure.
For these problems and for encouraging tribalism, I’m really worried. And, therefore, I don’t think I will vote for president Kiir if he doesn’t alter his political manners and shun listening to those advisers who’re misleading him sometimes.
By Abraham Garang
Live in Juba, South Sudan