Category: Uncategorized

Number of States, A Prerogative of Constitution making process: NADAFA Alliance

FDP/ARMY, People’s Democratic Movement, MAR/24/2019, SSN;                

The National Alliance for Democracy And Freedom Action (NADAFA) is dismayed by the IBC, an institution established under the flawed R-ARCSS, calling for a referendum by email to establish the preferred number of states in South Sudan.

The IBC’s action is a futile and fundamentally flawed exercise to confer a non-existent legitimacy on the illegal establishment of 32 states by the unprecedented, unconstitutional dictatorial decree of President Salva Kiir, made at the behest of the Jieng Council of Elders.

The decision on the number of states in South Sudan is a prerogative of the constitution-making process by representatives of the people, not a matter to be decided by the IBC over the people.

The exercise by the IBC is hence meaningless and wasteful of time and resources, as much as it is elitist and non-inclusive of the majority of the ramp population in Upper Nile, Equatoria, and Bahr al Ghazal.

The IBC is further indicted by its poor amateurish choice and use of unprofessional, free personal gmail accounts on the Internet for conduct of public interest business in South Sudan in this day and age.

It is a known fact that non-amateurish and reputed institutions such as IGAD, JMEC, and International bodies often set up and use official and verifiable business email accounts for their professional work, and not dependent on free yahoo or gmail accounts that are hosted in other countries outside their control over data privacy, information security or data sovereignty considerations.

Furthermore, using Internet to get views disenfranchises millions of South Sudanese who do not have access to the Internet.

The available data from sources such as the Commission on National Dialogue survey, showed that 88% of South Sudanese favor 3 states or 3-regions solution based on the former 3 autonomous regions of Upper Nile, Equatoria, and Bahr al Ghazal within a truly decentralized Federal system.

The 32 states which are under the purview of the IBC’s mandate for a decision was a violation of the Transitional Constitution 2011, and which decision should simply be revoked, annulled and voided by a competent Court or Tribunal due process.

While the pre-Transitional period of the R-ARCSS 2018 is nearing its end in a month to go, recent revelations of witness accounts in Bahr al Ghazal indicate that the JCE Government is continuing recruiting soldiers and training of exclusively more Dinka militia in the President’s home state of Warrap.

This is all taking place outside of and in violations of the R-ARCSS provisions to implement it in letter and spirit.

NADAFA has with profound concern and dismay followed the lack and deficit of political will of the parties to the R-ARCSS to implement it in letter and spirit as President Salva Kiir executes coerced recruitment of Dinka militia into the army in Gogrial against the will and consent of the local Dinka community elders in Bahr al Ghazal who refused forced recruitment of their sons into the army.

This JCE government policy poses continuing threats to peace and stability in the country under President Salva Kiir.

NADAFA calls on the masses of our people to stand up in support of continued negotiation for a just and sustainable peace in South Sudan, which addresses the root causes of conflict in a new peace agreement that is owned by the people and puts the people first in peace building and constitution making, but not one owned by the elites and for the elites.

The recent visit to the Vatican in Rome by President Salva Kiir offers nothing new, but rather a desperate distraction to deflect attention away from the looming crisis of R-ARCSS failure to meet key deadlines and implementation benchmarks.

The visit came to try bury bad news and deflect attention of the people of South Sudan from ongoing Kiir’s Government atrocities, murders, killing of innocent citizens and human rights abuses lately in Wau.

As things stand, the country is at a crossroads, R-ARCSS has failed, and IGAD too has failed as an impartial mediator between the parties, for taking the side of Salva Kiir’s Government while the conflict continues.

NADAFA therefore appeals to the Secretary General of the United Nations and the Security Council to:

  • appoint a UN Special Envoy for South Sudan, whose mandate would be to take over mediation of the conflict from IGAD and mediate impartially to reach a just and sustainable peace which addresses the root causes
  • Support establishment of an escrow account for South Sudan oil revenues under international supervision mechanism until a new peace agreement is reached which puts the people and constitution making process first
  • Further to the recommendation on escrow account on oil revenues, the recent report by the UN Commission for Human Rights in South Sudan has established that oil companies, through Nile Petroleum, contribute to the perpetration of crimes against humanity and war crimes, hence the proceeds from oil sale should be sequestered into the escrow account.
  • Mobilize international support for the new peace process under a UN Envoy, together with Troika countries and international partners forum.
  • Support constitution making and state building efforts in South Sudan to encourage cohesion and minimize the risk of state disintegration under the incumbent tribal JCE Government

In the event the Government of President Salva Kiir fails to cooperate with the new peace process, the UN and international community should impose sanctions and consequences on the JCE regime, declaring it a pariah state without a legitimate government.

NADAFA and allied forces and peoples of South Sudan would use all legitimate means to remove the JCE regime from power and protect the people of South Sudan from its atrocious human rights abuses, which it had continued to commit with impunity. END


CC: H.E.Ambassador. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy to South Sudan

CC: President Salva Kiir Mayardit, Head of TGONU, SPLM-IG

CC: Hon. Angelo Beda, Co-Chair of The National Dialogue Committee

CC: Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Chairman and C-in-C, SPLM-IO

CC: Mr. Peter Gatdet Yak, Chairman, SSOA

CC: Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Chairman SSNDA

CC: Mr. Deng Alor Kuol, Representative SPLM-FDs

CC: Mr. Peter Mayen, Other Political Parties, OPP

CC: Ambassador Lt. Gen. Augostino Njoroge, Interim Chairperson RJMEC,

CC: Ambassador Chris Trott, Ambassador Erling Skjønsberg,,TROIKA

CC: Mr. Mousa Faki Mohamat, Chairperson of AU

CC: David Shearer, Head of UNMISS


Name Organization Signature
Dr. Hakim Dario


People’s Democratic Movement





Mr. Gatluke Reat


Workers Party of Upper Nile


Mr. Thomas Peter



Federal Democratic Party /Army






NEW: How many states should South Sudan have and why?

BY: Dominic J.B. UKELO, South Sudan, MAR/03/2019, SSN;

 The Republic of South Sudan should either have the legal ten states or if needed there should be establishment of new twenty-one states, based on the borders of 1 January 1956.

Firstly, below are the reasons why the country should have ten states:

  1. When the southern part of Sudan gained its independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011 and became the Republic of South Sudan, the Republic of South Sudan inherited ten states from the Sudan and the country was founded based on the ten states that stood on the border of 1 January 1956. Therefore, the South Sudan Constitution was also built based on the ten states.
  2.  And further, in 2015 the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) was based on the ten states as well. Leading to the ten states to become the legal structure in the country.

Secondly, following are the reasons why the country should be expanded to twenty-one states:

  1. From the first beginning when the Republic of Sudan gained its independence in 1956, the Sudan inherited nine regions, with clear borders, from the Anglo-Egyptian administration. The Sudanese regions stood on the Anglo-Egyptian borders and encompassed thus as: …Bahr el Ghazal, Blue Nile, Darfur, Equatoria, Kassala, Khartoum, Kordofan, Northern Province and Upper Nile.
  2. The southern part of Sudan (currently the Republic of South Sudan) by then was characterized by three regions: Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria, and Upper Nile region.
  3. After the Addis Ababa agreement, the High Executive Council of southern part of Sudan, divided the three southern regions into twenty-one districts, with clear borders.
  4. These districts were according to the borders of 1 January 1956 and were named as: Akobo, Bor, Fashoda, Fangak, Gogrial, Juba, Raja, Kapoeta, Maridi, Northern Upper Nile, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Pibor, Torit, Rumbek, Sobat, Tonj, Unity, Wau, Yambio, Yei, and Yirol. Therefore, these districts would be qualified to become twenty-one states without border disputes.
  5. Also, it is worth mentioning that, immediately after the independence of the country, land reform in the Republic of South Sudan started against the backdrop of historical injustices around land. It therefore aimed to address those injustices and avoid future conflicts.
  6. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) provided the legal basis for a countrywide land reform, and the authority in the Republic of South Sudan conceptualized the wartime slogans “the land belongs to the community” and “taking towns to the people” to develop the Land Act and the Local Government Act as frameworks on land reform in the country.
  7. Per the CPA, South Sudan was to institute the South Sudan Land Commission (SSLC), which would be decentralized to the lower levels of the government (states, counties, payams, and bomas) this way: each of the ten states was to have a State Land Commission (SLC), each State Land Commission was to be decentralized to a County Land Authority (CLA), each County Land Authority to a Payam Land Council (PLC), and each Payam Land Council to a Boma Land Administration (BLA).
  8. The agreement also provided for the establishment of local government structures in south part of Sudan based on the ten states, instituted by the government in Khartoum. And the county, payam, and boma system, instituted by the SPLM/A during wartime.
  9. Accordingly, South Sudan was divided into ten states, each subdivided into lower levels of counties, payams, and bomas, respectively headed by paramount, head, and executive chiefs who by the virtue of this upgrade became local government officials.
  10. The Land Act gives the authority of land administration in rural areas to community leaders. And the Local Government Act acknowledges chiefs as government officials and traditional leaders. This caused chiefs to assume duties of land administration.
  11. The complementerity between the Land Act and the Local Government Act led to the local government structures forming the basis of land reform.
  12. At South Sudanese independence, the government adopted these acts as the legal frameworks on land. In coordination with land-governing institutions at the lower levels, the South Sudan Land Commission would develop national land policies and advise relevant government institutions on land matters.
  13. The Land Act distinguishes between public, private, and community land respectively owned by the state, private entities, and communities on a basis of autochthony (meaning ‘native or indigenous’). Land in all rural areas falls under the category of communal land. With more than eighty per cent of its population living in rural areas, a great deal of land in South Sudan is communally owned.
  14. As land belong to community, therefore, the South Sudanese community should be consulted first, in any attempt to establish new states in the country. And any planned new states should be based on the clear border of 1 January 1956.
  15. Based on the above mentioned, after extensive consultation with communities, the country can be divided into twenty-one new states, based on the borders of 1 January 1956.
  16. The proposed twenty-one states have clear boundaries and draw clear borders among communities
  17. The proposed twenty-one states do not annex any land from any community. Therefore, creating no conflicts among the communities in the Republic of South Sudan.


Hon. Dominic J. B. Ukelo

22 March 2019

Finance Minister, Salvatore Garang Mabior: The Bastion for our Economic Recovery, Growth and Prosperity.

By: Simon Yel Yel, MAR/23/2019, SSN;

Thought not blood, unmeasurable ink has been spilt over the Minister for Finance and Economic Planning, Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabior. But the truth remains: He is not corrupt as being misleadingly alleged. That’s the reason I don’t buy all these corruption allegations born of consummate hatred and insipid circumlocution which have been circulating on the online media for sometimes now. It’s merely a political attrition in play.

All these platitudinous sermons carry no shred of truth by any imagination. They are being purposely contrived and propagated by his political nemesis to settle political scores.

However, his legacy is imprinted in a hard stone. Even if he is thrown into political oblivion by this exotic politics of subterfuge and egregious lies – and I am sure he will withstand all the odds and continue climbing the ladder of stardom and greatness, his legacy is written in the hard rock.

Upon his appointment, he has successfully managed to ameliorate the living conditions and that is why the country is now economically convalescing.  Get your popcorn and let me peel your eyes. His achievements are ineffable and here are the headlines.

  1. The salaries of civil servants:

When he was decreed by the President to head the ministry of Finance, he got civil servants in all states hadn’t received their monthly salaries for eight months. Do you know what he did? He appropriately collected the oil proceeds and other sources of revenues and approved the salaries of six months to be paid to civil servants in all states intermittently. It went well as planned.

And as you are now reading this article, the minister has closed this salaries gap from six months to only two months. This gap was created and maintained by his predecessors for the reasons known best to them. The minister achieved this unthinkable thing in just less than one year in the office. Now, there is no issue of delayed salaries again in the states.

  1. The salaries of the foreign missions:

Unless you are living in the Mars, if you don’t know this. When Hon. Garang was appointed into this docket, our embassies weren’t receiving their salaries for a period close to thirteen months. As things stand now, he paid their salaries of eight months. The embassies which were half-closed are now fully operational. This is a courtesy of the Hon. Minister.

Hey, don’t shoot me dead or grill me for obsequiousness. These are incontrovertible facts that a man living as far as in Maban area knows. I am not extolling him. But it is the truth I am telling you.

One may wonder which type of a stainless steel is Hon. Garang made of and how did he rise up to the national politics. Let me reveal to you these tips of the iceberg: Hard work and professionalism. That is his motto. His rise is not by a pure serendipity.

Yes, Hon. Garang is not a member of what Dr. Majak Agot called the ‘gun class.’ However, he has won the president‘s trust due to his trending madness of a workaholic. Indeed, his zeal for a good work, virtuousness, patriotism, loyalty, and professionalism coupled with undisputable administrative experiences of producing a strong and synergistic work output, which are very rare traits in many politicians, are the desiderata for such a top job.

He is a true nationalist who doesn’t subscribe to the politics of tribes and sections. He is a committed personality who aspires for the economic welfare of all South Sudanese. To many, he is a role model and indeed a source of inspiration to many young economists.

When he was appointed to head that ministry, he immediately found out that the ministry of Finance has become the hotbed of corruption cartels and indeed a paradise of get-rich-quick wannabes. That’s why he has done some house keepings which made the beneficiaries running amok.

As if it was bound to happen irreversibly, when he uprooted and dismantled these networks of cartels, they tend to besmirch his reputation by hiring some writers to disseminate the fabricated outright lies to corrupt the minds of the public, as well as the leadership of the country.

But the truth is this: Hon. Garang has done what all his predecessors has never done. He looked the corruption cartels into the eyes and told them to jump into the River Nile. He is not for rent nor to serve the interest of the few for him to remain in that seat for eternity. If doing right things can cost one’s job, let be it. His heart whispered to him.

Hon. Garang has firm principles and he can’t compromise them for materials gain, comes high water.  That’s why he has reshuffled some staffs in the ministry of Finance and Economic Planning and sealed off their siphoning channels where the public money is being drained off from. Bravely, he concealed all the shoddy business contracts of these corruption cartels of finagling wealth and dwarfing our economic growth.

All these administrative actions aimed at rescuing the economy and reforming the system, have earned him some detractors. His detractors fall into three categories which often intersect:

The first group is made of some prominent business men who have been looting the public money in the ministry of Finance through fake contracts. They often lie to minister to have brought some food items or having completed some developmental projects, and laugh all the way to the bank with cheques worth millions of dollars.

Now, Hon. Garang has brazenly told them that he is in charge and can’t connive such an economic crime to happen at his watch while folding his hand. You either be honest and earn what rightfully belong to you or jump into River Nile. He declared to them.

The second group is composed of his political competitors and political power brokers. It is the most dangerous group. They work day and night to generate something out of nothing which is capable of producing unpleasant odor and smear it on Hon. Garang. The main aim is to corrupt the President’s mind and give him the boot, and indeed for his popularity to fall.

However, these political power brokers don’t understand that President Kiir doesn’t give his ears to outright lies. He only believes his ears and eyes. And that is why he sacked Hon. Kosti Manibe in 2012 on his first squinting. It wasn’t done on allegations like these. But on what he personally saw.

Also, they don’t understand that Hon. Garang has no price tag. No price depreciation when it comes to him. His popularity can’t be caused to freely fall flat by these egregious lies. Despite all these attritions, he is as constant as gold’s price.

The third group is composed entirely of corruption cartels in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning. This group is composed of directors and junior staffs.  They begrudge the Hon. Minister because he has reshuffled them and sealed off all their siphoning points.  This is a group that strives on corruption as a way of making a living. That’s why even the average staff with a paltry of 3,000 SSP salaries could buy mansion in Uganda and Kenya and take their kids broad to study.

This interwoven unholy trinity supports, facilitates, cover-ups, and benefits from the corruption which has invaded the Ministry of Finance for long. They (the three groups of detractors) are Siamese triplet. They think alike and have the same interest. They are littering the online media platform with these unfounded allegations because the minister has sealed off all their sources of illegal money. That’s the reason they are wreaking havoc on the media. All what they want is someone (the minister for Finance) who they can drive and control. There is no truth in what they are propagating.

That is the compendium of Hon. Garang’s detractors. Can you believe them? Of course not.  That’s why I say, Hon. Garang is the victim of exotic politics of subterfuge, egregious lies, and dangerous distortions.  He is being targeted for doing a right thing.

Conclusion: Hon. Garang is the bastion of our economic growth and prosperity. This is because no great institution can formulate programs for itself or execute programs by itself. That is why always it is important to have a public servant with a sense of nationalism, fear of ignominy and God, zero tolerance for corruption, uncompromising professional integrity, to formulate and execute the programs for any institution.

And this public servant is none other than the Minister for Finance and Economic Planning, Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabior, the bastion of economic recovery, growth and prosperity in the Republic of South Sudan.

(Disclaimer: I don’t hold brief for neither Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabior nor anyone on this. These are facts from Suk Malisha. If these fact angered you, get burst at your own risk).

Simon Yel can be reached via

“Tycoon” thief, Malong Yor ‘Junior,’ son of Gen. Paul Malong, arrested for theft in Kampala

By Ephraim Kasozi,, Daily Monitor, Kampala, UGANDA, MAR/21/2019, SSN;

Kampala. Three people including a South Sudan businessman, Mr Lawrence Malong Lual Yor, have been remanded to Luzira Prison over alleged fraud in connection with obtaining money by false pretence.

Mr Malong, 30, from South Sudan and a resident of High Neem No. 3 in Juba and Mirano Hotel in Kabalagala, a Kampala suburb was jointly charged with a broker of Congolese nationality, Mr Mike Okitalunyi Lota, a resident of Munyonyo in Makindye Division, and Gavana Thaddeus Zikusooka alias James Byaruhanga, a businessman in Kajansi Central Town, Wakiso District.

In Summary

  • Mr Malong, a businessman and socialite known for posting photographs of himself lying on the bed full of dollars, was arrested by the Internal Security Organisation (ISO) operatives in November 2018 in regard to investigations that linked him to gold scams in which several foreigners had lost billions of shillings.

They were arraigned before the Magistrate’s Court at Buganda Road presided over by Ms Joan Ketty Acaa and were read charges of obtaining money by false pretenses, which they denied.

Ms Acaa then remanded the suspects until April 4, 2019 for further mention of their case. This was after the defense lawyer Mr Fred Erisata, asked the court for a shorter adjournment to enable the suspects apply for bail.

Prosecution contends that between February 2017 and December 2018 at different places in Kampala, Malong, Lota and Zikusooka obtained $1.9 million from businessman Wegnew Desire purporting that they were selling him 150 kg of gold whereas not.

Mr Malong, alleged son of ex-General Paul Malong Awan, a notorious businessman and socialite known for posting photographs of himself lying on the bed full of dollars, was arrested by the Internal Security Organisation (ISO) operatives in November 2018 in regard to investigations that linked him to gold scams in which several foreigners had lost billions of shillings.

How it happened
In an interview, Mr Wegnew a South African based businessman of Ethiopian origin explained that the suspects approached him purporting to sell him gold at $23,000 per kilogram.

“When I paid them money for the kilogram, they told me that the shipment was not possible for small amounts. They asked me for more money such that they can ship five kilograms. I flew to Dubai but while there, they called me to Uganda and they told me to give them more money such that they could sell me 150 kgs,” he said.

According to Mr Wegnew, Mr Malong offered himself as a license holder for gold trade while Mr Lota was the seller.

In the bid to raise money for the entire 150kgs, Mr Wegnew revealed that he acquired loans from South Africa where he is on the verge of losing both his businesses and his home. END

Open Letter to Minister Martin Elia Lomuro: “Gen. Cirillo, unlike you, is a Nationalist of the highest order!”

Honourable Dr. Martin Elia Lomurö, South Sudan Minister of Cabinet Affairs, Juba – South Sudan.

BY: Laila B. Lokosang, Ph.D, South Sudanese, MAR/18/2018, SSN;


I am prompted to write this open letter after reading an article published by the online newsletter Nyamilepedia, dated 14th March 2019, which quoted your ill-tempered lambasting of one of our nation’s heroes of the 21-year struggle, Lieutenant General Cirillo Swaka. The reported platform in which you made those disparaging statements is the Egyptian Capital Cairo.

In an expression of a typically personal attack, you insinuated that the move by the General against your government is motivated by nothing other than thirst for positions, personal ambition, vanity and fame.

I care to challenge you that this attribution is totally inaccurate, uncouth, spiteful and uncalled for. This is what you’re reported to have said:

“The agreement is not renegotiable because South Sudan has become a country renowned for anarchy. Everyone simply rebel [to] create a party, create a movement, create a front in order to be considered as a great nationalist who is fighting for the people of South Sudan.”

In the interest of posterity and setting the record straight, I wish to reject this position as fundamentally flawed and an attempt to tarnish the image of not only Gen. Thomas Cirillo, but also to dispirit any genuine revolutionary who springs up in the wake of the widely reported prevalence of injustice, corruption, gerrymandering and general evil spirit in our country.

As someone who knows you very well for over 40 years, who’s worked with you and at one point been one of your close associates (in the service of our community affairs; 2008-2012), I write in an expression of total frustration with your outrageous attitude, which is full of vindictiveness and contempt against those who’ve chosen to disagree with you and the government you serve.

I desist from any temptation to parade what has made me to distance myself from you, as doing so might be subject to misinterpretations. I, therefore, limit myself to responding to the above unfortunate characterization of a high profile veteran in the eyes of many.

I care to make before you, the world and God the following points of arguments:

  1. -General Thomas Cirillo Swaka is NOT a self-centered and self-interested person in every respect. All those who know the gentleman can testify to this value judgment. I personally know a handful of people who’ve admirably talked good of him as a person full of humility, selflessness and has humane heart.
  2. General Thomas Cirillo has many things to show that he’s a patriot and nationalist of the highest order; not just someone who wants to be “considered a great nationalist who’s fighting for the people of South Sudan.” The General attended professional military officers’ colleges and qualified. He was promoted through the ranks to his current position based on merit.
  3. He commanded forces during active combats, got injured three times and almost paid the ultimate price when an enemy bomb ripped his skull open. His track record as a valiant soldier stands out. While he was joining the SPLA/M in 1992, General Cirillo survived days of rocky terrains, thorny thickets and harmful insects to reach his destination.
  4. Therefore, your contemptuous sentiments alleging that he’s a mere wannabe is insulting to the man’s very struggle for dignity, freedom and justice – the fruits of which you’re now basking in.
  5. If you’d taken time to read the establishment documents of the National Salvation Front (NAS), you’d find out that it wasn’t established (in March 2017) in speculation for recognition; certainly not quite what you intended when you created your South Sudan Democratic Front (SSDF) – a typical briefcase party that has existed in your closet since day 1.
  6. The National Salvation Front is a corporate, people-centered revolutionary movement. It’s agenda is change and, more so, ushering in salvation for the people of South Sudan who’ve been exploited for far too long since time immemorial. Apart from its conceptualization and configuration, NAS has verifiable setups and operating systems. That’s why it took almost two years for the movement to spring to action.
  7. General Thomas Cirillo left his position as the SPLA Deputy Chief of General Staff for Logistics and Training voluntarily. He’s stated the reason for doing so in his famous February 2017 resignation letter. It was a well-planned exit from Juba, executed without alerting his potential enemies. Those who create mutinies and ending up eliciting positions don’t do this; they’re fired from their positions and then later take to the bushes or to neighboring capitals.
  8. Truly, those who shelter in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones! You created your now moribund SSDF and recruited mediocre political rookies into it. Then you boot-licked your way into Kiir’s dynasty. You may recall when you told me in your office (at the time you’re the Minister for Animal Resources and Fisheries) in February 2012. You said: “Of course, the policy of our party is to work with the government”! This tells it all.
  9. You’re a strategic political schemer. Which opposition party worth its salt would work with the very system it is opposing, without the benefit of any written pact? Of course, your motive was to convince me if at all I was wondering why you’d disclose in confidence the weaknesses of the regime, while you paradoxically stick in there. But, don’t think everybody has your kind of heart!
  10. There’re still people in this world who’d rather die with their principles than brushing aside their dignity against all odds. Of course, you know our own Elder Aggrey Jaden, leader of our first Anya-Nya liberation movement, whose legend lives on until today. I wonder why you’re on course to self-destruction, let alone burning your legacy!
  11. Instead of using your Pojulu Community chairmanship to earn respect for yourself, you’re cheaply using it to accumulate wealth albeit on rotting corpses of massacred civilians, including a few just in front of your official residence!


As you’ve known me for a long time, I’m not in competition with you in any sense of the word. My aim is simply to set the record straight. I’m also here to say that it’s totally absurd to smear your detractor in order to survive in your comfort zone. Only members of the Mafioso or a cult organization do that!

I’ve authored this open letter so that opportunists don’t get away with their moral crimes. I strongly advise you to not let your ego get the worst of you as to burn bridges!

South Sudan is big enough to accommodate all of us.

Laila B. Lokosang, Ph.D

Citizen of South Sudan and your ‘home boy’


Pres. Kiir shouldn’t go to Vatican: A letter to His Holiness, Pope Francis

His Holiness Pope Francis / Apostolic Palace /Vatican City, Vatican City State, 00120

Ref: South Sudan President Salva Kirr Manyardit, should have NOT been invited to Rome (By the time this article was published, Kiir was already in the Vatican as shown by picture attached).

I want to thank you for the passion, the faith, the courage and the support for the marginalized and unrecognized victims of wars, violence, sexual abuses such as the recent conference in Rome on Sexual abuses and sexual violence that you have brought to the papacy.

With a heavy heart, I am saddened to learn that the President of the Republic of South Sudan, President Salva Kirr Mayardit, who murdered 400,000 innocent people of South Sudan, will be travelling to Rome on Saturday, March 16, 2019.

Your Holiness, Pope Francis,

It is on the record that you said, “Your being Catholic entails a greater responsibility: first of all to yourself, to be committed to being consistent with the Christian vocation; and then to contemporary culture, to contribute to recognizing the transcendent dimension in human life, the imprint of the creative work of God, from the very first moment of conception.”

In this case, the President of Republic of South Sudan could not be any more opposite to your Highness.

I studied Philosophy of Religion, where I had a chance to study His Holiness, Pope John Paul II’s FIDES ET RATIO at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. In this particular case, Pope John Paul II had argued “The different faces of human truth, important moments in the encounter of faith and reason and the knowledge of faith and the demands of philosophical reason.”

I am therefore convinced that, yes, with all the works by Your Holiness, there is a room to forgive and acknowledgement of reasoning behind our decision as Christians.

However, we also have to hold ourselves accountable as fellow Christians for the sake of humanity.

During my second year at the University, I became a Nietzschean, for the very this fact that Nietzsche said, “God is dead” and “God will remain dead, because we have killed him.”

I personally think that this visit by the President of the Republic of South Sudan has proved just that. I had then, at the University of Western Ontario referred these lines from Nietzsche to the lost of direction from fellow Christians communities when it comes to confronting injustices and failing to stand with our fellow humans being once they need us.

However, we always remain hopeful and Your Holiness, you are the proof of that hope. I hope Your Highness receives my letter and reflect on this matter.

This President of the Republic of South Sudan has killed 400,000 of South Sudanese and still killing them.

Your Holiness, at the time the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Who, then, is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” He called a little child to him, and placed the child among them. And he said: “Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like little children, you’ll never enter the kingdom of heaven. Therefore, whoever takes the lowly position of this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. And whoever welcomes one such child in my name welcomes me.” — Matthew 18:1-5.

Your Holiness, the President of the Republic of South Sudan could not be more opposite than this, he’s killing the children of South Sudan. Therefore, before entering The Vatican, he’d answer the current situation in South Sudan.

Although there is only one day left before the President of South Sudan visit your Highness in Rome, I wish this visit could have not taken place to begin with.
Thank you, Your Highness, for your consideration.

Gatluke Chuol Reat
Leader of Workers’ Party of Upper Nile
South Sudan, Malakal

Phone: 613-600-3841

Federal Democratic Republic of Upper Nile

Malakal, Malakal

Exclusion of PDM from Consultations with R-ARCSS non-signatories

March 14th 2019,

Dear Excellency Ambassador Ismail Wais,

IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan

Your Excellency, I hope this finds you well.

PDM is aware of your esteemed office lately making every effort to reach out to and engage with all the non-signatories of the 12th September 2018 R-ARCSS.

PDM is aware of your recent meetings to consult only with Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka of NAS, Paul Malong of SSUF/A, and Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak as came in communications from your office.  Your office has excluded reaching out to PDM as one of the non-signatories listed in the R-JMEC report to be engaged by your esteemed office, but so far ignored in your letter of invite for consultation with the said non-signatories.

The selective consultations with NAS, SSUF/A and Oyai Deng is seemingly because they are all military generals with the potential to use armed means if not already doing so as in the case of NAS against Government aggression on their positions in Yei.

The fact that PDM is a non-signatory too does not seem to register in your invitations for consultations, against IGAD directives on engagement with the non-signatories.

The approach of excluding other non-signatories who were party to the HLRF process is therefore discriminatory against PDM and NADAFA allies of which PDM is a member. Furthermore, PDM stance and declared position to open up the R-ARCSS for renegotiation to incorporate our demands is not any different from the position of NAS and SSNDA.

Yet for whatever unexplained reason, your role as IGAD Special Envoy with a mandate to reach out to non-signatories of R-ARCSS is inconsistent for excluding PDM and NADAFA from any consultations with all non-signatories.

This conduct and partiality of your office; for excluding NADAFA and PDM from consultations or any meetings with all the non-signatories whether individually or collectively as a group is regrettable and is grossly unfair and inconsistent with IGAD’s directives to your office.

It’s not that PDM are expecting any real break through in your consultations with the non-signatories given that your office and IGAD are repeatedly refusing to reopen R-ARCSS to incorporate the demands of the non-signatories.

However, we are concerned that the partiality of your office in its selective consultations which excluded PDM and NADAFA, is instructive of the importance your office places on those with the means to use force rather than peaceful negotiations to effect changes in South Sudan.

Having stated the above, PDM and members of NADAFA have concluded that IGAD is choosing and encouraging conflict over reopening R-ARCSS for negotiation to incorporate fundamental demands of our peoples and constituencies that we represented during the HLRF process, and which demands so far still remain unfulfilled.

The consultations with the non-signatories of R-ARCSS which excludes PDM and NADAFA alliance falls short of full conformity with the directive of the IGAD Council of Ministers of the 66th Extraordinary Session of Addis Ababa.

Accept assurances of our highest regards.

Dr. Hakim Dario,

Chair, People’s Democratic Movement (PDM)

Gen. Cirillo: Juba deal ignored root causes of conflict, rewarded political elite

By: FRED OLUOCH, TheEastAfrican, MAR/13/2019, SSN;
The leader of the National Salvation Front (NAS), a group fighting government forces in Central and Western Equatoria in South Sudan, Gen Thomas Cirillo Swaka spoke to Fred Oluoch about his faction’s refusal to honor the peace deal.

Q: Why did you refuse to sign the Revitalized Peace Agreement despite having participated in the negotiations?

We went to the negotiations in good faith to find lasting solutions to the problems in our country. Unfortunately, the negotiations took an unprecedented turn, where the issues we brought up were either ignored or dismissed.

The mediators embarked on coercion to force the parties to sign an agreement that did not address the issues of the conflict and would not therefore bring just and sustainable peace in South Sudan.

The agreement became a document for rewarding political elites with positions in the government. The issues affecting the people of South Sudan were not addressed.

Q: What aspects of the agreement don’t you agree with?

There are several issues that we believe are the root causes of the conflict in South Sudan, which the R-ARCSS has failed to address.

It was not tailored to address governance such as federalism, number of states, composition of parliament in the interim period and accountability.

Q: Don’t you think the people of South Sudan are tired of peace talks and agreements that are never honored?

We in NAS believe that the peace agreement, as it stands today, has not addressed the root causes of the problems in South Sudan, and hence will not lead to sustainable peace.

We are committed to the struggle for the rights of our people, which we believe can best be achieved through a negotiated settlement rather than following the path of aggression and war that is being pursued by the Juba regime.

The people of South Sudan cannot be tired of peace negotiations, since it is the only way to achieve a sustainable peace.

Second, NAS has not opened any offensive. Instead, our military positions have been attacked by forces of the regime, who are also indiscriminately shelling villages and committing war crimes, causing thousands of people to flee to the bushes and to Congo. We are fighting in self-defense.

The regime in Juba should be held accountable for not only the breach of the cessation of hostilities agreement, but also for the atrocities being committed against civilians in the country.

Q: Why did you take up arms?

We took up arms to resist the oppressive system installed by the Juba regime. We are dealing with a regime that leaves no space for any exercise of democratic rights, a regime that kills, plunders and rapes the very people whom it is supposed to protect and deliver services to.

The Juba regime believes in violence and so taking up arms for self-defense was a last resort for the people to ensure their survival against this brutal regime.

The grievances in South Sudan are issues of governance, security, land-grabbing and ethnic hegemony, which NAS and the South Sudan National Democratic Alliance believe should be resolved in negotiations and not swept under the carpet if there is going to be any just and sustainable peace in the country.


Gen. Cirillo’s Biography:

  • 1980s: Trained at Sudan’s Elite Military College and earned the rank of a major.

  • 1991: Joined the SPLA after the Nassir Massacre that saw Dr Riek Machar split from the late John Garang.

  • 2005: Headed the Joint Integrated Units under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

  • February 2013: Became SPLA Deputy Chief of General Staff in charge of Training.

  • February 2017: Resigned from the post of Deputy Chief of General Staff for Logistics.

  • March 2017: Formed the National Salvation Alliance to fight against the government forces

  • September 2018: Distanced NAS from the peace process and declined to sign the Revitalized Peace Agreement.

Q: Why did it take you five years since the war began in 2013 to realize that you could not work with President Salva Kiir?

South Sudan became an independent country in July 2011, after two decades of war, but just two years into its independence it imploded.

The mismanagement of the country started from the outset, when the former freedom fighters turned into the oppressors of the people of South Sudan.

While I was hoping that the 2015 agreement would bring peace, stability and development, the Juba regime in July 2016 orchestrated fighting to destroy the agreement and the president embarked on issuing decrees that were in complete breach of the peace agreement.

Unfortunately, despite all the advice and warnings, the Juba regime did not change and so resistance became the last option for the people.

Q: Since you had been an ally of President Kiir for a long time, why do you think the people of South Sudan should trust you to do things differently?

President Salva Kiir and I were comrades in the war of liberation and not allies. He was our senior commander and we all contributed, to the best of our individual capacities, to liberate our people.

As liberators we were bound by the task to free our people from the bondage of subjugation and injustice.

President Kiir has now departed from the path of being a freedom fighter to becoming an overseer of the very type of injustice that we fought against.

What is ailing South Sudan is the departure from vision for a country where there is justice, equality and a government that functions on state institutions that are devoid of tribalism, corruption and kleptocracy.

Q: SPLA remains a conglomeration of militias. Did you try to initiate reforms when you were second in command?

I have always been keen on reforms and professionalism in the SPLA (now renamed SSPDF).

When I was the deputy chief of staff for training and research in the SPLA, we developed a strategic transformation program to transform the guerrilla revolutionary army into a national professional army that should adhere to the civilian democratic governance by the people. END

LATEST: Gen. Cirillo, NAS leader rebuffs IGAD invitation in Addis Ababa

South Sudan NAS rebel faction leader Thomas Cirillo has rebuffed the invitation to meet the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (Igad) Special Envoy Ismail Wais.

The regional bloc on March 1, sent a letter to Gen Cirillo requesting his presence at a meeting slated for Friday in Addis Ababa- Ethiopia.

Gen Cirillo is the leader of the National Salvation Front (NAS) faction, which refused to sign the September peace agreement that re-united President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar.

NAS spokesman Suba Samuel said the Igad invitation was exclusively to Gen Cirillo, and not his faction.

Recently threatened

“It not possible to attend the meeting on the 8th because that letter is addressed to the leader of the National Salvation Front alone,” Mr Suba was quoted saying by the Eye Radio in Juba.

The regional bloc recently threatened to designate Gen Cirillo as a ‘peace spoiler’ over his resistance to accept mediation.

Igad further ruled out any renegotiation of the September peace deal.

President Kiir has since agreed to offer Gen Cirillo a position in the upcoming unity government, if he joined the revitalised peace deal implementation.

There’s no “Res nullius” land to be seized in South Sudan.

BY: Moses Nyara, South Sudan, MAR/04/2019, SSN;

Rights over land in South Sudan are never lost or abandoned so as to become res nullius (Latin: Means ‘nobody’s property’). The idea that  the land must belong to the government isn’t only a deliberate  plan to extinguish seisin (English: means legal possession especially of land) of the land in South Sudan but a threat to the existence of the South Sudan State.  

South Sudan isn’t a settled territory. The South Sudan Nation State didn’t result from a conquest. 

Land rights in South Sudan predates any nation State or government. There has never been acquisition of sovereignty over any land in South Sudan. Not by the French, the British or the Arabs.

Our ancestors fought viciously against such a vice. There is no one to whom we must swear fealty (means a feudal tenant’s sworn loyalty to a lord) or make homage.  

The utterance in Bahr al Ghazal region by the Dinka during the so-called dialogue meeting in Wau that the land must belong to the state is nothing but an attempt to introduce the English doctrine of tenure and must be resisted.

The lands of South Sudan belong to its people. Land ownership is held by hereditary right. Lands are the absolute properties of their owners and not subject to any rent, service, or acknowledgment to a superior.  

The utterance in Bahr al Ghazal has nothing to do with peace dialogue. There is a deliberate plan to extinguish seisin in South Sudan through introduction of the doctrine of tenure.

The doctrine of tenure originated in the system of social and political organization known as feudalism which is practiced in England.

At the heart of the doctrine of tenure is the theory that all land in England is held either mediately or immediately by the sovereign. Thus, no person has absolute ownership of their land. Rather it is held ultimately by grant from the crown.

On acquisition of sovereignty, the government becomes the absolute and beneficial owner of all land. When you buy land, be it from the government or from any person for that matter,  you don’t buy it once and for all. You pay your money for a grant of tenure.

The condition of the grant is that you must render services to the Crown in return for the grant of the land. The doctrine envisages an ongoing relationship between the crown and the tenant.

The application of the doctrine is South Sudan effectively means  that the government of the day will seize all the lands and render its citizens landless.

It’ll force the inhabitants of the land into a dependent land holding- the holding of land in return for rendering of services.

The land will become a source of many land relationships such as justice and policy. For example, such a policy would be paying of land tax or the requirements to develop your land in a particular manner.

If the tenant failed to fulfil her or his obligations to pay rates to develop the land, then the land is liable to forfeiture – the land is forcefully taken away from the citizen.

The effect of the doctrine is that the state is not just the sovereign of the citizens and territory with the realm, but it’s the absolute lord paramount over landholders and their land.

The  political party or president in power will be free to grant large tracts of land to any persons or persons who’d supported him in battle or elections.

The party and government of the day will be free to reward their supporters to ensure their continuing loyalty, thus raising corruption, large-scale resettlement of populations and even a new colonization of South Sudan.

Nothing will stop the government from driving away the inhabitants of a piece of land in South Sudan and giving that land to a Chinese or Arab developer if the people of the land are not able to develop it to the requisite standard the government has set.

There are plain examples of such acts. The Ethiopia’s government has been accused of forcing tens of thousands of people off their land in the Gambella region so it can be leased to foreign investors.

There’s  increased interest by foreign investors on African land and South Sudan is a prime target. Less because its leaders are corrupt but more so because its inhabitants are ignorant of the law.

The question is whether the people of South Sudan are prepared to cease sovereignty and allow the state to take jurisdiction over the lands of which their fathers and forefathers shaded blood in defense of it.

More importantly, whether the people consider the government of the day a government of the people by the people and for the people. A government worthy to be cede the right to?

The author, Mr. Moses Nyara  can be reached via: Disclaimer: the views are solely mine and do not represent any institution or government.