Category: Uncategorized

Latest Breaking News: Why Army Chief of Staff, Ajongo, was killed by Pres. Kiir…

APR/21/2018, SSN;

It’s now emerging from various sources inside the Juba government that it was President Salva Kiir and others who decidedly conspired to assassinate by poisoning the SPLA Chief of General Staff, Lt.Gen. James Ajongo Mawut, who supposedly was announced to have died in Cairo, Egypt, last Friday, 20, 2018.

However, his death is shrouded in mysterious circumstances and even the exact cause of death.

Reportedly, during an important meeting at Bilpham, the SPLA Headquarters, that was attending by the President, Salva Kiir, the Defense minister, Kuol Mayang, the ruthless Chief of National Security, Akol Kur and some member(s) of the Jieng Council of Elders, the President ordered the Chief of Staff to travel to an unnamed country to purchase and bring CHEMICAL WEAPONS FOR USE IN UPPER NILE REGION against the opposition forces fighting against his Kiir regime.

Further, the Chief of Staff was informed that according to prevailing protocol, his presence and signature were necessary and important during the purchase and transportation of these chemical weapons, which are actually banned by the international community.

During the meeting, all the Army commanders in attendance and the Chief of Staff and his military commanders strenuously objected to the use of these banned weapons in the wars in South Sudan.

After this, it’s reported that the angered dictator, President Kiir ordered the Chief of Staff and his officer commanders to exit from the meeting, whence thereafter the president and his inner group brought forward the plan to dismiss the Chief of Staff but his co-conspirators seriously objected to the idea.

Their reason was that this will seriously create a situation similar to that of General Paul Malong, who, after his dismissal as Chief of Staff, created a serious crisis that eventually ended with Gen. Paul Malong creating his own rebel group against Pres. Kiir.

Hence, the President didn’t proceed with idea of dismissal of Gen. Ajongo, instead, the next plan of the president and his conspirators was to kill Gen. Ajongo by poisoning.

Then, it’s reportedly said that the body was sent on a plane to Egypt where he was later officially declared as died.

Mawut, who joined the SPLM/A, southern Sudanese rebel movement in 1983, became army chief of staff in May 2017 after Gen. Paul Malong was sacked.

Guilt-Ridden Puritanism at Kiir’s J-1: Practicing Nazism without Nazis in South Sudan

BY: Makoi Majak, Law Student, Jomo Kenyatta University, Kenya, APR/21/2018, SSN;

The deadliest conflict in human history was triggered by an irresponsible German leader whose ambition to control the world power backfired on humanity, and later on him. Today the name Hitler is synonymous with the holocaust.

Like Adolf Hitler, South Sudan President Salva Kiir has recorded his treacherous acts in the history of South Sudan and I’ve taken some pain to explain it below. Herein, I have made a correct and fair comparison of the two leaders of Germany and South Sudan and their spanner-boys, respectively.

I have tried to avoid dwelling so much on Hitler and Gen. Himmler due to the fact that their inhumane acts are in the public domain.

The Spanner-boys: Heinrich Himmler vs. Akol Koor

Himmler was chief of the notorious Reichsführer-SS and assistant of the Gestapo, two of the most murderous organizations in human history, his men were bound by an oath to torture and kill without question. Of course, laws justifying torture and other criminal discrimination were made. Himmler’s word was taken on any subject and only came second to the Führer.

On Hitler’s behalf, Himmler formed the Einsatzgruppen and built extermination camps. As facilitator and overseer of the concentration camps, Himmler directed the killing of some six million Jews.

On the other hand, Gen. Akol Koor is chief of the South Sudan’s National Security and Intelligence Service and of the murderous Unknown Gunmen, whose men, with Kiir’s blessings, can torture, kill in the broad daylight and would never anticipate a question.

Much is known about this man, Gen. Koor, yet very little is said of him. He had successfully managed to gag the media from reporting anything about him.

Secondhand information about him has it that Mr. Akol is a fairly, if not, very short person. He is a polite, introverted and curiously unimpressive folk – some of the character traits common with deadly beasts.

He walks tilting to his left side – a walking disorder arising from disability in the leg attributed to his days in the military college. His task is to do the dirty and cruel works that Kiir himself would not do.

It is believed that Mr. Akol hatched up the infamous Unknown Gunmen as an armed agency within the department of NSS whose primary objective is elimination. The organization employed violence privately to create fear, uncertainty and terror in the city of Juba.

This so-called Unknown Gunmen have managed to get away with all sorts of murder: from political assassinations to ethnic targeting of intellectuals, vocal youth in the society. Youth and intellectuals perceived to be critical of Beny Kiir’s regime have met brutal deaths in the streets of Juba, thus robbing the country of its future leaders.

The Perpetrators: Hitler vs. Kiir

Führer Adolft Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Germany (1933-1945). Hitler’s propaganda had played on the population’s fear of no hope. Germany’s economy had hit the ground stumbling under the reign of Paul Von Hindenburg.

But when Nazi party took over, they set the ground running – the economy was “booming” and there were no “work-shy” loitering the streets.

Hitler was a man who would make Germans proud for restoring their lost pride and nationalism.

He had to do away with people, Jews who had at one time in history made fortunes out of the Arian Germans, wherein Hitler hailed. Despite his good motive for Germany, Hitler destroyed the very same thing he called the “great” country.

Hitler was not alone in his vision; he had his enablers – men who were devoted to destruction of the “inferior race.”

Beny Salva Kiir, the de facto Chief of Gokrial, ascended to the helm of power through his father’s superstition prowess. In fact, people say that Kiir’s father had thrown a spear in the sky and since then that spear never fell down back on earth, signaling that Kiir will not fall from power.

He came with one vision clear in his face which he would achieve in a flash of a second.

Unlike the Fuhrer, Kiir maimed our economy by encouraging corruption and practicing nepotism. Today it is his Gokrial’s kinsmen who decide how much public money should go to the state bank and how much the President’s men should take home.

He bewitched most South Sudanese to seeing things on a reverse. Their newly acquired religion of hate known as “Kiiristianity” has sought to portray Beny Kiir as a saint among the unholy. This unruly belief has been imposed with commercial tenderness upon his guilt-ridden puritanism.

Many atrocities committed by Kiir’s tyrannical regime are undocumented, only those which happened in full glare of the International media such as the December 15th massacre of Nuer and the July 6th failed attempt to assassinate Dr. Riek Machar in J-1 have found a permanent space in our memories.

Salva Kiir orchestrated most bestial of crimes in our history and that we will live to rue his existence in our human population.

Conclusion:

The unsuspecting South Sudanese have been taken for a ride by the liberators.

Mr. Kiir and his spanner-boy, Akol, are building their “Nazi” empire through our blood and resources. Our high tolerance for corruption, nepotism and abuse of the rule of law has reached its threshold and we must act now while it is not too late to do so.

The people should not be afraid of the bad leaders, bad leaders are afraid of a united people.

After all, the rise and fall of Hitler have significantly proven that the people have the power. They can give it to you for sometime but once they detect that you are misusing it they’ll withdraw it.

Remember, nothing lasts forever. Kiir will fall; not if, but when!

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

MAKOI MAJAK (The Super Citizen): is a student pursuing an LL.B Law Degree at the School of Law, Jomo Kenyatta University.

Looking beyond Gen. Paul Malong’s Rebellion: What’s he up to?

BY: Nicola Bringi, APR/19/2018, SSN;

Right after the Juba massacre in 2013, Gen. Paul Malong, a Dinka, then governor of Aweil State, was brought in as SPLA Chief of Staff, to replace Gen. James Houth, a Nuer, based on the recommendation of the so-called Jieng council of elders, to preserve and guarantee the security and continuation of the status quo regime.

Basically illiterate, he was given the job by the Jieng council of elders to ensure all those who oppose President Salva Kiir are crashed and bulldozed, so he began with the mass killings in Juba against the Nuer and any non-Dinka tribes.

Paul Malong then ruthlessly expanded his operations to the Upper Nile, Wau and non-Dinka towns and villages around Wau. The ground troops, infamously known as the ‘Mathiang Anyoor,’ mercilessly burned down houses and killed civilians while helicopter machine guns were in the air to wipe out those who tried to flee the aggression.

All of these operations were targeting civilians who have nothing to do with politics. The main agenda of the Jieng Council is to wipe out the non-Dinka tribes in Wau and surrounding areas so that the Dinka can take over their land.

To execute these plans, Governor Rezik Zakaria was instructed to move the capital of Wau County from Wau City to Baggari town. When the indigenous tribes of Wau went on a peaceful demonstration to protest this decision, they were brutally gunned down; 13 protesters were killed and 15 were injured.

This is all happening with complicit directives of President Salva Kiir, and in the presence of Gen. Paul Malong and Salva Mathok in Wau as they supervise the execution of the plan.

One of the reasons for Malong’s recent so-called rebellion is because Pres. Salva kiir has not implemented the Dinka agenda tough enough, for he is only ruling by the Dinka council of elders ideology.

According to Paul Malong, he wishes for South Sudan to be turned into a Dinka Kingdom with himself as the King.

The second reason for the Paul Malong rebellion is a pretext coordinated by the Jieng council of elders to fool the opposition and enable Malong to infiltrate among them and create division to ultimately weaken them; that way the Jieng council and Salva Kiir regime will continue to rule South Sudan for an unlimited time.

Interestingly, in the Malong’s rebellion declaration paper, he mentioned that he is for Federalism, which is his plan C.

According to Jieng council, they will turn to it if they fail to defeat the oppositions and stop the angry South Sudanese people, or if their government collapses.

The Dinka jieng will have nowhere to go or stay as both Equatoria and Upper Nile will not tolerate their arrogance. As such, The Jieng council now needs to prepare for the worst-case scenario.

To safeguard the future of the Jieng council, Malong must declare a pretext rebellion and go to Bhar El Ghazal region and complete the unfinished plan of 2012 by capturing and taking control over Bhar El Ghazal.

Then, whereby they can declare their Federal or confederal state, or even declare Bhar El Ghazal a separate country as a pressure point for reconciliation with the opposition made of the other regions.

Clearly, the mass atrocities that took place in Western Bhar El Ghazal in 2012 were executed under the direct supervision of Gen. Paul Malong, Governor Rezik Zakaria, Salva Mathok and Damiano Alieu, under the direct orders of President Salva Kiir and the Jieng council.

The Fertit Land of Raga was forcefully annexed to Aweil creating the so called Lol State. With this new revolving Jieng Council plan, Wau will be the nominal capital of Jieng Bhar El Ghazal Federal government.

This is all a prime example of divide-and-rule policy. Eventually the Fertit who are the indigenous tribes of Wau will be expelled from their land, just like what the Dinka did to the Jur tribe in 1958, in both Aweil district and Tonj district.

As a result, the Jur tribe was compulsively uprooted from their land and left to take refuge in areas around Wau whereby they were kindly received by Fertit tribes and now live in harmony. (See Ethno-Geography of Bhar El Ghazal written by Santa Andria).

Based on this narration, we, the people of Western Bhar El Ghazal need to maintain safety and prepare ourselves for any potential harm.

Nicola Bringi
A member of Western Bhar el Ghazal community.

To Pres. Trump & US Congress: South Sudan Crisis Must Stop

FROM: Dr. George P. Imurro & Peter G. Kuel, Political Activists, APR/16/2018, SSN;

Dear, Pres. Donald Trump and the US Congress:

We, the undersigned representatives of South Sudanese activists’ civil society organizations in the United States, are writing to express our deepest appreciation for the direction you have taken about the crisis in South Sudan since you took office.

We, the South Sudanese American in US, thank you for your leadership for trying to bring to an end the suffering of people in South Sudan who are anguishing under their corrupt leaders.

The arm embargo, the sanctioned of some corrupt leaders and your administrations’ continue to support the ongoing peace effort in Addis Ababa, as well as the unwavering humanitarian aids to the displaced people in South Sudan have shown how much you as a person and the American citizens empathies and compassions for the humanity and thank you!

Indeed, we are concerned for the ongoing crisis in South Sudan and appealed to your administration to use its ultimate power as one of the world leaders with a special role to play in global politics to take strong measures and thrust South Sudan regime in order to implement possible solutions and halt the immense suffering of the people of South Sudanese.

Salva Kiir and Taban Deng Gai will never do anything to stop the killings if nothing touches them.

To date, it has been over 4th years since the conflict was unleashed on the South Sudanese people upon declaring a false coup by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on December 15, 2013 in Juba, South Sudan.

During this horrific conflict, the previous US Administration did not do much; consequentially, the regime’s perpetrators unrelenting with their violence and placements did not come to an end.

The regime in Juba had been enjoyed the absence of a decisive leadership from Washington DC, and that’s why the regime had never held on an agreement since no one made it accountable for the violations. The killing of innocent civilians have kept on the rise.

In the absence of serious, credible and dependable actions from the international community, especially the United States during the last administration, hundreds of thousands of innocent South Sudanese have been killed; more than 4 million people displaced with about 2 million internally displaced and sought refuge in neighboring countries assisted by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

The US taxpayers spent billions of dollars to save the lives of the displaced persons in South Sudan while the regime, other the other hand, with help from Uganda and few other countries, was spending the Oil Revenue on weaponry to continue killing of its own people.

The South Sudanese internally displaced persons are living in dire conditions in UNMISS camps in Juba and around the country, while president Salva Kiir continued to receive financial support from other countries in the region and internationally.

By far, the last ambiguity of U.S. policy toward South Sudan has created an environment where the regional bloc – Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) started behaving dishonestly in bringing to an end the war.

Such ambiguity gives Salva Kiir’s regime undeterred leverage to inflict humanitarian sufferings and amass an unprecedented power to pursue an ethnic cleansing policy in all the three regions of the country.

There is no doubt that this war will continue to intensify if the United States Government does not take a decisive leadership role to end the war in South Sudan.

However and historically, it was the United States that made it possible for South Sudanese people to achieve their hard-earned freedom of statehood. Notably, it was during the Bush Administration that a bipartisan coalition of members of Congress known as the “Sudan Caucus” was enacted.

Those members of Congress, American Christians and Bush Administration worked very hard to ensure South Sudanese get the recognition they deserved from Sudan.

In 2005, a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed because of their hard work leading to 2011, where South Sudanese got their Independence from Sudan.

The South Sudanese American Activists and communities at large will rally today, April 16, 2018 in Washington DC, appealing to your administration Mr. President Donald Trump and The Congress to take the leading role and stop the war in South Sudan.

You have to bring President Salva kiir to face International Criminal Court for the human rights crimes such as:

• The genocide of Nuer civilians, women and children on December 15, 2013;
• The Massacre of Nuer civilians at the UN camps in Jonglei State on April
17, 2014
• The Massacre on Shilluk and Nuer civilians in the UN camps in Malakal-Upper
Nile state on February 18, 2015,
• The Massacre of Western Bhar Ghazal people in Wau starting from June 24,
2016,
• The targeting and continuing ethnic killing of Equatorian people,
• The rape and displacement of Nuer civilians in Bentiu,
• The case of “Unknown Gun Men” terrorizing citizens in Juba including
activists, foreigners, and Journalists.

We, therefore, recommend that the US enacts the following measures:

• Declare Salva Kiir illegitimate president for his role in the genocide of ethnic Nuer, Chollo, Equatorians, and Western Bhar Gazal’s Fertits in Juba and in other states,
• Ensure justice and accountability for the gross violations of human rights committed by Salva Kiir’s regime in order to end the culture of impunity in South Sudan.
• Impose targeted sanctions on the regime in South Sudan—including freezing all assets, and the Oil Company, Nile Pet and arms embargo.
• Assist the International Community to provide Humanitarian Assistance (health, education, food and shelter) to the war-affected areas in South Sudan.
• Assist UNMISS to increase protection of displaced persons who are stranded in UN protective camps across the country.
• Redirect Oil Revenue to Humanitarian assistance instead of leaving it to regime to buy weaponry to kill its own people.

We thank you, Mr; President Donald Trump, for you time and consideration.

Sincerely,

1. Alliance for South Sudan In Diaspora- Dr George Phillip Imuro,
imurot@yahoo.com
2. South South Sudan International Advocacy for Human Rights-
Peter Gatkuoth W Kuel peterkuel@yhoo.com

Cc: US Congress
Cc: South Sudanese-American Civil Society Council
Cc: file

Don’t Blame Citizens for the Leadership Failure & Collapse of Country

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda, APR/16/2018, SSN,
Daniel Juol Nhomngek ;

Viewing South Sudan critically points to one conclusion that it’s a collapsed nation. In other words, it is a failed state. According to Wikipedia, the failed state is a political body that has disintegrated to a point where basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government no longer function properly.

The failure of the State comes about when a nation is weakened as its standard of living declines, which eventually leads to the total governmental collapse.

In this respect, Fund for Peace characterizes the failed state as having the following characteristics:
(1) loss of control of its territory, or of the monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force therein;
(2) erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions;
(3) inability to provide public services; and
(4) inability to interact with other states as a full member of the international community.

The above common characteristics of a failing state make a central government so weak or ineffective that it has an inability to raise taxes or other support due to rampant corruption, and consequently, has little practical control over much of its territory and hence there is a non-provision of public services.

In the failed State, there is a lot of widespread corruption and criminality as there is intervention of non-state actors, the widespread appearance of refugees and the involuntary movement of populations and sharp economic decline occur.

All these scenarios exist all over South Sudan.

In South Sudan, there is a lot of widespread corruption throughout the country as witnessed in some of the states. The clear examples of these states where corruption has reached the highest levels are:

In Gok State, the governor is running the State like personal enterprise as he has taken control of everything while using state powers to silence citizens who are conscious about the duties of the State that Gok State are not executing.

The Governor in Gok State has criminalized majority of the youth who are vocal of his mismanagement of the State. While some youth are blindly supporting him because he is from their county. Therefore, every person in Gok State who criticizes the Government is seen as interested in politics and therefore outlawed.

In order to survive in Gok State and get some employment, one must at all the times praise the governor even at the face of very clear apparent failure. Some of the youth by implication become submissive as conditions demand.

Another state with high levels of corruption and mismanagement is Western Lakes. In this State, the Governor is running the State like one-man enterprise as already pointed out in the discussion on Gok State.

To make the matters worse after failing to unite the people of Western Lakes through implementing the rule of law, the government is now trying to use force to bring people together that he is creating unity, which may lead to the destruction of the community settings.

What the governor of Western Lakes should have known is that unity of the people is not brought through the use of force or putting people in one room but it is brought through making unity attractive as the Late Dr. John Garang Mabior used to say.

Another State that is corrupted is Ruweng. In Ruweng State, the governor is using force to silence those complaining about his mismanagement of the State. This is despite the fact that citizens of South Sudan inhabiting Ruweng State are being affected by careless production of oil. The plights of citizens in Pariang who are affected by oil production are not heeded to.

Though I have only mentioned the three States above, it should not be understood that there is no corruption in other states no referred to. In fact, there is a lot a lot of corruption going on there.

When it comes to the issue of criminality, there is now rampant crime at every level and in every state of South Sudan as the States are using the intervention of non-state actors to champion their interests and to protect leadership not the citizens. This explains the strong presence of unknown government though they’re known.

Indeed, the issue of unknown gunmen has now even become a major concern to every citizen as they are killing big people as well as common citizens that are perceived as threat against the government.

This has led to the widespread killings that are not accounted for but the State does not even take any measure to protect citizens which means that they are killing in protection of the State.

Apart from the above crime, there are also a lot of widespread cattle wrestling or raiding which has made the keeping of animals to be a very risky project in various cattle communities in South Sudan.

This has deprived the citizens of the source of their livelihood that has pushed them to the streets in all major cities to beg in order to earn a living.

In terms of public service, there is none at all. Public servants working inside South Sudan and different embassies of South Sudan are now over ten months without salaries yet we still believe that there is a State.

The failure to pay government employees and the soldiers in particular has pushed some of them to engage in robbery and begging on the streets in different States.

It is very sad indeed and raises the vital question as to what does the State mean to those who believe that there is a state called South Sudan?

It is the fallacy of our understanding of the word STATE. A state that does not give her citizens services is the illusive State that exists in the state of minds of those who believe in its existence.

The absence of the State or inability of the State of South Sudan to control crimes is explained by the fact that the rampant crimes coupled with the ongoing civil war have led to a very serious refugee crisis.

The widespread appearance of refugees and the involuntary movement of populations and sharp economic decline are the clear description of South Sudanese State, which are the signs of non-existing state.

However, what surprises me and others who are well informed about the vital nature of the government and leadership is the fact that many individuals though educated keep on blaming the citizens of South Sudan for the collapse of South Sudan State and economy.

This shows that they have totally failed to understand the role of leadership in maintaining law and order and state stability in general. The question that they have not addressed their minds to, is if citizens where the ones responsible for the state stability why then do, we need the government?

In order to understand this question properly, there is a need to define the term government. The government is defined as a body that has the power to make and enforce laws within an organization or group.

In the broadest sense, “to govern” means to manage or supervise, whether over an area of land, a set of people, or a collection of assets. It is for this reason some writers point out that a God-ordained government acts like a restraint on man’s selfishness and regulates his societal interactions when necessary.

As it is already pointed, the primary duty of a government is to reward the people who do good things and punish the wrongdoers. In that respect, the overall supervisor of any government is the head of state. The head of state plays an important role of being an impartial guardian of the constitution and representative of the people.

The Government plays the role of: ensuring a secured and stable environment to enable free trade, innovation, development, quality education and production through securing the national borders, and protecting against internal threats such as racketeering, intimidation, violence and corruption, and defend the country from any external threat to our way of life.

As seen in the above discussion, government and leadership are what define the state and without them the state will be a failed state as it is the case of South Sudan. It is somehow said to see that in spite of this fact, some people who claim to be educated keep on blaming the citizens for the crisis in South Sudan.

Blaming citizens for the collapse of the country is the failure to understand that leadership and government are everything. The country that does not have an effective government and leadership is the failed country.

The effective government in this context is that government that delivers quality public services, the government that has the quality civil service, which is independent from political pressures.

To sum up, it must be stated that the problems of South Sudan are not due to the weaknesses of citizens but the ineffective leadership that has made the government ineffective.

The author is South Sudanese lawyer residing in Kampala and he can be reached through juoldaniel2003@gmail.com

Is Kiir allowing Egypt back again to dig the controversial Jonglei Canal as Nile talks fail with Ethiopia?

By FRED OLUOCH, THE EASTAFRICAN, APR/08/2018, SSN;

Egyptian politicians are said to be lobbying their government to negotiate with Pres. Kiir’s government in Juba to resume the digging of the controversial Jonglei Canal in South Sudan as an alternative plan as discussions on the use of the Nile waters aborted.

Sudan’s Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour on Friday announced suspension of the tripartite talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia without reaching a consensual solution regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Samir Faraj, former governor of Luxor region along River Nile is among those pushing for the revival of Jonglei Canal project, arguing that the canal would enable Egypt to get additional 4.7 billion cubic metres of water annually from the White Nile.

Since the start of the digging of the controversial Jonglei Canal in the late 1970’s, South Sudanese and environmentalists around the world wholly rejected the project because of its humongous negativity on the environment and the its deleterious impact on the lives of the riparian tribes along the Nile.

Then, at it’s announcement, students and citizens across South Sudan demonstrated against the digging of the Jonglei Canal and many heroic lives of students and citizens were needlessly lost during Abel Alier’s puppet government in Juba.

Egypt is embroiled in a dispute with Ethiopia over the Renaissance dam, which Cairo maintains is a threat to the flow of the 50 billion cubic metres of water the country receives annually from the Nile.

Cairo is worried that it will interfere with the flow of water to the Aswan High Dam, given that Blue Nile contributes 80 per cent of the waters to Egypt.

But Ethiopia remains adamant, saying that the $4.8 billion dam that is expected to generate electrical power of up to 6,000 MegaWatts, is for the benefit of its people.

This week, talks on the tripartite agreement on the utilisation of Nile waters and the impact of the GERD, resumed in Khartoum.

In Summary
***Egypt is embroiled in a dispute with Ethiopia over the Renaissance dam, which Cairo maintains is a threat to the flow of the 50 billion cubic metres of water the country receives annually from the Nile.
***Egyptian politicians are said to be lobbying the government to negotiate with Juba to resume the digging of the controversial Jonglei Canal.
***Those pushing for it say it would enable Egypt to get 4.7 billion cubic metres of water more annually from the White Nile

Fluid bilateral relations

The last time the issue of Jonglei Canal came up between South Sudan and Egypt was in 2008, when the then Sudan vice-president and now South Sudan President Salva Kiir visited Cairo and discussed the prospects of resuming work on the canal after Juba’s Independence.

The then Egyptian prime minister Ahmed Nazeef, told the media that the project was on the agenda of the Supreme Committee between the two countries.

Juba has not issued any statement on the issue as it remains emotive. But a diplomatic source in Juba told The EastAfrican that Cairo has dropped interest in the Jonglei Canal project due to the current political instability in South Sudan, and the fluid bilateral relations between Juba and Khartoum.

Egypt was the financier of the project, with loans from its development partners, and had hired the Bucket Wheel used for excavation from the French government.

Egypt wanted the additional water from Jonglei to help grow food for its burgeoning population. Since the mid-1970s, however, water has become the limiting factor for agricultural expansion in many parts of northern Sudan, since new irrigation projects need more water.

Ecosystem

Research had shown that the digging of Jonglei Canal would have serious repercussions on the delicate ecosystem of the Sudd region that include negative effects on the aquatic, wild, domestic plants and animals, and interference of the farming activities of the people in the region including displacement.

Other negative impact include reduction of rainfall as the region will dry up after the canal takes water to Egypt and Northern Sudan, because the Sudd moisture contributes to the formation of rain in the region.

Shuttle diplomacy:

Despite the environmental concerns, former director of water resources in Kenya, John Nyaoro, told The EastAfrican, Egypt would gain up to additional 10 billion cubic metres from the project.

“While the waters that leave Lake Victoria through the White Nile is 40 billion cubic metres, only 20 billion arrives in Khartoum where it meets the Blue Nile from Ethiopia. If the Jonglei channels are opened to allow quick flow water, it would solve the problem of stagnation which results into loses through evaporation,” said Mr Nyaoro.

But the GERD remains a big concern to Egypt and President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been crisscrossing the Nile basin countries trying to lobby against the dam and amendments to the 2011 Nile Treaty that allowed greater use of the waters by riparian states.

Egypt considers damming and major irrigation projects by the riparian states on the Nile waters as a major threat to the flow of water it receives.

-Additional Reporting by Joseph Oduha

Press Release to Collo people: Your survival under threat

Press Release to Collo people wherever they may be;

Collo people have always been in the frontline in various issues relating to land. Based on the banks of River Nile, Collo bore the brunt of different invaders’ wars starting with the Europeans through to the Turks before Sudan’s independence.

After independence, Collo was instrumental in the two liberation struggles that resulted in the Addis Ababa (1972) and Naivasha (2015) peace agreements respectively.

In spite of being in that difficult/strategic position with limited military power, Collo people have always remained patriotic in defense of the Southern Sudan.

It is with pride and pleasure that we state clearly that Collo people have never betrayed the people of South Sudan nor did they forge any alliance with a foreign force against the South.

However, in spite of the apparently rare bravery and patriotism, Collo people’s reward from the neighboring tribes and their usually dominated governments in the South were conspiracy, betrayal, discrimination, killing, land grabbing etc.

Sadly, Collo people have become weak and divided resulting in their ancestral lands being annexed to Dinka Padang.

Not only that but Collo children have been fighting and killing each other on instructions from outside the tribe. Currently their towns and villages are occupied by other tribes and hostile government troops.

Consequently Collo has become the largest group in displacement and refuge.

The negative impact of these factors is obvious on Collo people wherever they are found. The one-time brave and proud people of Nyikango have now been reduced to anonymous, uncounted and non-respected population.

The tribes who, in the past, used to think hard about how best to approach Collo on important issues, use boastful and sometimes threatening language these days.

Some wise sons and daughters of Collo have seen this deplorable situation their people are living in and decided that a solution should be found soonest.

Collo armed groups are now discussing and indeed have gone a long way in bridging the wide gap between themselves. They are working on how to put the sad past away and look into the future for the benefit and survival of Collo nation.

As said the talks are advancing and are expected to reach a happy deal soon.

Because there are no secrets in this global village in which we live today, this genuine endeavor by Collo forces have reached the ears of the enemies.

This caused them sleepless nights until they came up with a counter measure that they think will abort the peace efforts of Collo groups.

A Dinka-Collo meeting was quickly manufactured and convened in Juba last week. The carton gathering announced total peace between Dinka Padang and Collo people.

This process is no more than a feeble attempt of distraction as peace cannot come when Collo lands remain occupied. Other more serious methods are being employed to keep Collo divided and at conflict with each other.

Yes, a few Collo who are weak in principles, and therefore, do not feel the suffering of their people, will no doubt join these plots and help the enemies in trying to completely destroy our great Collo nation.

These elements are already spreading anti-unity propaganda amongst Collo in Greater Khartoum. However, we trust the bulk of Collo faithful and are warning them to be alert and watchful about the activities and actions of the opportunists in our midst.

We should not allow them the chance to mislead the innocent and the vulnerable ones in our society.

This is one thing all concerned Collo should be doing these days until the enemy realizes that Collo people, how poor they may be, cannot accept to be exploited in any way.

Furthermore, we think it a duty for all credible Collo to support, encourage and pray for the peace effort being exerted by the armed groups mentioned earlier on.

That initiative should be made to succeed by all means. Our survival hinges on it as it is seen as unity of purpose that should be followed to its logical conclusion.

The famous slogan goes as follows: United we stand; divided we fall.

May God Almighty bless the efforts of all those working for the unity and survival of Collo people.

Long live the great Collo people.
Downfall to conspirators and opportunists

Samson Oyay Awin
Chairman,
Collo Community Council, Khartoum
5 April 2018

Is IGAD complicit in the confinement of Dr. Riek Machar?

By Duop Chak Wuol, South Sudanese, APR/05/2018, SSN;

In most organized societies, keeping someone in detainment who did not commit any crime is a criminal act punishable by law. However, in its 61st extra-ordinary session held on March 26, 2018 in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) released a communiqué stating that it decided to lift the house arrest it imposed on the leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-In Opposition (SPLM/A-IO), Dr. Riek Machar.

In addition, IGAD demanded that the rebel leader must first denounce violence before it can decide where he should be relocated. The East African regional bloc also asserted that Machar must only be transferred to a country without borders with South Sudan and that a group of designated IGAD ministers will propose and decide where the armed opposition leader will be moved to.

If such a resolution sounds like a conspiracy to you, then you are probably correct, because it fits within the meaning of a carefully-orchestrated political plot.

The statement was not only unreasonable — it was, in fact, a glorification of Salva Kiir’s tyranny and an insult to those who lost their lives in the civil war.

IGAD’s decision to lift Machar’s unlawful imprisonment is a welcome move. I strongly believe that placing Machar under house arrest was questionable. By signaling the release of the armed opposition leader, IGAD identified its blunder for the first time.

However, I wonder why the regional bloc wants the SPLM-IO leader to be relocated to a different nation instead of allowing him to go to any place of his own choosing?

There is absolutely no rational explanation as to why a group of IGAD leaders united themselves to keep an innocent man in confinement against his will when, meanwhile, Kiir committed massacres and enjoyed freedom in Juba.

IGAD leaders should explain to the people of South Sudan why they are willing to punish Machar while simultaneously failing to bring the war to an end. The bloc should also explain why it is interested in preventing Dr. Machar from participating in South Sudan’s politics.

IGAD’s main goal is to work for a peaceful solution to the ongoing civil war, instead of choosing a seemingly one-sided approach.

If the bloc does not change its current stance on South Sudan’s situation, then I suggest that the African Union (AU) and the international community take over the peace process.

The South Sudanese are also interested in knowing whether IGAD is merely an entity for East African leaders to protect themselves or is instead interested in solving regional issues.

It is worth noting that South Sudan’s conflict has become a lucrative business for some countries. What these nations need to know is that tens of thousands of people have died because of Kiir’s political madness.

Protecting Kiir by passing pro-Juba resolutions will not only escalate the war but will increase South Sudanese anger towards Kiir.

The Republic of South Sudan should not be a testing ground where civil liberties and human rights are traded for money, regional interests, or hidden intentions.

If IGAD is working for the goodness of the people of South Sudan, then it must not justify Salva Kiir’s ruthlessness by coming up with motions that are contrary to its own vision.

The March 26th decision by IGAD to transfer the rebel leader to a country outside of the East African region only strengthens the suspicion already present in the minds of millions of South Sudanese that the regional bloc is marred by bribery, illicit deals, greed, and conspiracy.

Is the confinement of Riek Machar an act of complicity? What crime did Riek Machar commit against Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, or Eritrea?

Is IGAD conducting itself impartially in relation to South Sudan’s peace process? Why are the leaders of the East African regional bloc seemingly working in the best interest of Juba’s atrocious regime?

What exactly is IGAD trying to tell the people of South Sudan and the international community? Is IGAD trying to legitimize the regime of a murderous tyrant?

Dr. Machar did not commit a single crime against any IGAD member state. If the bloc’s resolution is not an act of collusion, then I am not sure what it really means.

I agree with the idea that leaders should denounce and condemn violence. However, the notion that Machar is the only leader who should denounce violence is rather fallacious. The conditions set by IGAD are absurd.

Transferring Machar from South Africa to another country should not be called a release — it is, in fact, an extension of his current confinement. The reality is that the bloc is not ready to release the rebel leader.

If IGAD is impartial in its quest for peace, then it must ask all South Sudanese leaders, including Kiir, to denounce violence.

IGAD has been somewhat instrumental before, but the people of South Sudan know that most of its decisions have been anti-SPLM/A-IO.

I am not quite sure whether this apparent help-Kiir-at-all-costs policy is influenced by Kiir’s ally, Yoweri Museveni.

There is nothing wrong with supporting your friend or counterpart, but giving your full support to a leader who slaughtered tens of thousands of his fellow citizens without any good reason is rather reprehensible.

The ethnic carnage Kiir carried out in December 2013 in Juba was so brutal that only a leader who does not care about the suffering of South Sudanese would support it.

The leaders of IGAD should work towards finding a lasting solution to the conflict and not allow themselves to be used by Kiir. Salva Kiir is a cunning person.

He used the 2013 fake coup as evidence to purge Machar and other South Sudanese leaders who he saw as a threat to his leadership. There was no such a thing as a coup in this instance, contrary to what Kiir would like everyone to believe.

The real coup was the bogus one he orchestrated in Kampala with the help of Museveni.

It is good to remind people that in 2016, when the SPLM-IO leader was forced to go to Juba to implement the August 2015 imposed peace agreement, he was nearly killed.

What I find ironic about this specific narrative is that when Machar survived the July 2016 assassination attempt and fled Juba, there was not a single IGAD leader who came out and criticized Salva Kiir.

One would argue that the only thing the East African regional bloc wants is to keep Kiir in power, regardless of what the people of South Sudan want.

Peace is better than war. I am certain that the South Sudanese want peace to return to their country. IGAD must know that peace will not be achieved by imposing anti-peace resolutions on the SPLM/A-IO leader.

Kiir is the one who started the current civil war and Machar is the victim.

Thus, for the bloc to insist that Dr. Machar should continue living in exile instead of completely lifting his house arrest to live a free life is not a plausible decision the armed opposition should endorse.

The bloc must choose between keeping its tainted image, or else risk being declared by the South Sudanese as “not a credible, neutral, or impartial entity.”

Complicit or not, the people of South Sudan are fully aware of IGAD’s pro-Juba stance.

The author can be reached at duop282@gmail.com.

South Sudan Suffering Population and the Indifferent Politicians

BY: DANIEL JUOL NHOMNGEK, KAMPALA, UGANDA, APR/05/2018, SSN;

When the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, made remarks at the Consultative Meeting on South Sudan with UN, IGAD and the African Union that — “first of all, it is clear to me and, I’m sorry to say so, but I’ve never seen political elite with so little interest in the well-being of its own people,” some people expressed outrage that it was against the sovereignty of South Sudan for him to make such remarks.

However, he was and he is still right up to now. In my opinion, he made a very precise observation about the conduct of South Sudanese leaders. The leaders of South Sudan do not have any interest in serving citizens as their interests solely lie in power and wealth.

The desire by the leaders to have power and resources has reduced the human values in South Sudan to nothing. This is because South Sudanese have become less human beings since what the leaders look at is not how to improve their welfare but how to enhance their power and acquire more and more wealth.

Thus, citizens have been reduced to objects and because of that they have lost intrinsic human values due to the indifferent conduct of the leaders of South Sudan.

In other words, in the politics of South Sudan, welfare of the citizens no longer matters.

But what matters in South Sudan to politicians are wealth and power. Hence, leaders use citizens just like objects to maintain their power and wealth.

Therefore, the way human values and citizenry are understood in South Sudan explains the problems being faced by the people at present. The following problems:

The first problem is the shortage of foreign currencies, which was caused by corruption facilitated among others through the Letters of Credit (LC). By implication, the shortage of foreign currencies has pushed up prices, which in turn has led to runaway inflation.

Unfortunately, the runaway inflation has become worse because it is not matched with the increase in salaries or business activities. The overall implication of this nature of inflation is the emergency of abject poverty facing all citizens except some of the leaders and their families.

The second problem is the deteriorating conditions of the citizens. The liberation war of 1983-2005 whose negative impact was not reduced and the present war which is the continuation of that war has had a negative impact on citizenry.

The war in particular has psychologically affected citizens but South Sudanese authorities have not come up with policies that deal with post-traumatic stress that result from the psychological consequences of the past war and the present.

In a study recently conducted by the US-based National Centre for Biotechnology information, it has been found that at least 40% of the participants asked across South Sudan showed symptoms of post-traumatic stress. The prevalence of post-traumatic stress caused by the war has made majority of the citizens live in hopeless lives.

The loss of hope has led many of the citizens to committing or attempting to commit suicide. Hence, on 15 September 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that South Sudan has one of the highest suicide rates in the world.

In addition, on 29/03/2018 News24 reported that suicide in South Sudan rises as years-long war grinds down South Sudanese. The many suicides in South Sudan are caused by the post traumatic stress that has affected the citizens uncontrollably.

Thus, the post-traumatic stress has had a great toll on many citizens though the authorities live as if things are normal with citizens.

The third problem is that of the Unknown Gunmen. Many citizens are being killed across the country and in Juba in particular, without accountability. It appears that the Unknown Gunmen is the government project intended to deal with its critics.

The government on many occasions has been accused of forming the unknown gunmen which is said to be an organ of the National Security.

In fact, what made many people to believe in that theory is that it is common with the unknown gunmen to target the civilians perceived to be against the government and those with property yet the government has never made any attempt to apprehend any member of the unknown gunmen.

The forth problem is the problem of communal violence among rural, and in particular, the cattle keeping communities. This is a type of violence perpetrated across ethnic or communal lines. It is where the violent parties feel solidarity for their respective groups, and victims are chosen based on group membership.

The above type of violence is the kind of violence that is eating up South Sudanese communities found in different states in South Sudan. For instance, this type of violence is common in Gok State, Western Lakes, Eastern Lakes, Tonj, and Gogrial State and in some of the states in the Upper Nile.

The presence of the communal violence has led to many citizens abandoning their original homes as their livestock are stolen or robbed and their crops destroyed yet the government does not even try to get a solution to this kind of violence, which shows that politicians of South Sudan are indifferent to suffering of ordinary citizens.

The fifth problem is the drilling of oil in disregard to the safety of the local citizens of South Sudan inhabiting areas where oil is found. This has resulted into waste water not processed being disposed of in unprotected areas.

Recently, the report prepared by the German NGO, Sign of Hope, estimated that 180,000 people face life-threatening risks from oil-related water pollution.

The Sign of Hope further reported that heavy metals, from leaking pipelines and refineries have affected the soil and citizens. This has further resulted into massive displacement of the people in oil producing areas.

Despite negative effects on citizens of unmonitored mining of oil, the government of South Sudan does not care about the welfare of citizens as it is busy drilling oil purposely to sustain the war against the rebels with illusive hope of winning it.

This fact has been confirmed by the recent report which made it clear that the leadership in South Sudan is using oil revenues from Nile Petroleum Corporation-NilePet and the National Oil and Gas Corporation of South Sudan to fuel the ongoing conflict.

Though the government rubbished this report by denying it in totality and instead put up a defence that it has been using oil money to pay salaries to the employees.

This is not true because civil servants including those working in different embassies of South Sudan are going to ten months or more now without being paid. This therefore confirms the fact that the government is lying, but in reality, it is using the money gained from oil to fund the war.

Sadly enough, as South Sudan‘s elite uses the country’s oil wealth to sustain the war as well as to terrorize the civilians and to get rich, the country is sinking deep into financial quagmires.

The economic uncertainty and limbo have made the country hostile for its own citizens to live in.

In general, South Sudan can properly be described as the sick man in East Africa since it is a country with suffering population but indifferent leaders.

In fact, the suffering has not spared any person including the soldiers who now beg on the streets though they are the ones defending the same leaders to remain in power.

Those widows whose husbands have been killed defending rebels or government are now begging on the streets because people in South Sudan are viewed like machines that become useless as soon as they are not able to produce more.

In summary, looking at the war as the war of power struggle not reforms, it is not easy for the leaders to reach compromise to achieve peace in order to save citizens. For that reason, there is no hope for achieving peace in near future.

This fact has been clearly confirmed by the recent statement from the First Vice President that he did not see any prospect of achieving peace very soon since the differences between the government and the oppositions are too wide.

NB// the author is South Sudanese Lawyer residing in Uganda and he can be reached through juoldaniel2003@gmail.com

“Only a Dinka can be South Sudan president:” Kiir warns Jieng Council of Elders set to meet in June to choose Kiir’s replacement

Apr. 2nd 2018 (The Nation Today); The Jieng Council of Elders is set to meet in June this year to choose the possible alternative to replace the current South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir Mayardiit, an ethnic Dinka who’s been in power since July 2005, shortly after John Garang’s death, The Nation Today has learned.

In an exclusive interview, Joshua Dau, one of the so-called elders of the Dinka community and the co-chair of the Jieng council of elders (JCE), told the Nation Today from Nairobi, Kenya, that the Jieng council of Elders will convene in June this year to elect an alternative to replace president Salva Kiir Mayardiit,

Mr. Dau emphatically stated that president Kiir has accepted to step down BUT ONLY ON THE ONE CONDITION THAT HIS SUCCESSOR AS NEXT SOUTH SUDAN PRESIDENT MUST COME ONLY FROM THE DINKA (JIENG) COMMUNITY.

“The President, H.E General Salva Kiir Mayardiit has accepted to resign without any reservations. He only had a very minor concern about where his successor would come from. He said the successor should come from the Jieng people and this is something minor. To chose the successor, we have called a meeting for June 2018 to decide who will succeed Salva Kiir as our new president,” Dau told The Nation Today on Monday.

Asked whether the Jieng Council of Elders thinks that President Salva Kiir has failed, he replied: “No, he has done a very great achievement. Kiir has built a foundation on which the next person who will be chosen in July by the Jieng Council will continue to build the nation.”

Dau did not mentioned whether the Jieng Council would propose nominating a non-Dinka South Sudanese citizen for the top job.

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) is a group of veteran politicians from the country’s largest ethnic Dinka group and closest associates of the country’s president, General Salva Kiir Mayardiit.

They claim to only represent the interests of the Dinka community.

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS…..

“South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has pledged to concede defeat should he fairly lose the planned presidential elections when peace comes to the war-torn country,” according to latest news from Radio Tamazuj today.

“It remains unclear who will vie against Kiir, 66, who has been in power since 2005. No elections were conducted since South Sudan became independent from Sudan in July 2011.

Speaking at a dinner party organized at the State House on Monday evening, the South Sudanese leader expressed interest in the next presidential race when peace is restored in the country.

However, Kiir said he will respect South Sudanese citizens’ decision in the event that he loses the election. “If peace comes today and we go for elections and somebody beats me in the election, I will not go to fight. It will be my end of my term in the office,” he said.

Kiir’s term in office will expire in August this year if no election conducted and peace accord signed with the rebels.” End of quote.