Category: Press Releases

WE’LL RULE FOREVER: Declares the Jieng “Popular Movement Party of Dinka”— Press Release

NOV/13/2018, SSN;

This is an unsigned and nameless Political Statement purportedly written and circulated by a jieng group calling themselves as The Popular Movement Party of Dinka, and here below is the statement.

“It’s known that we were the Dinka who fought in wartime from 1983 tp 2005 when we signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

And then the leadership of South Sudan receives the team of Salva Kiir.

We see that we, as the Dinka, received the team of Salva Kiir.

We see that we as the Dinka, we have the right to rule South Sudan as long as we paid 99% of the price of freedom and independeance in Southern Sudan and have the power and resources, weapons and power, army, police and militia.

“Our Political Project:”

Rule South Sudan and control it completely.

“Our Vision:”

Unification of the Dinka in Southern Sudan and beyond.


1/ Stop the rebellion of Dr. Riak Machar in South Sudan and everyone who begs for himself.

2/ Create a strong relationship between the Dinka in South Sudan and in other countries.

3/ Provide the necessary efforts to be the next president of the Dinka.

4/ Marriage from other tribes.

5/ Find a mechanism to contain the other tribes in one culture, that’s the Dinka.

6/ The extension of the Dinka language as the official language in South Sudan.

7/ Make the city of Wau as capital of Bahr el Ghazal major and all the Dinka the right to own residential land with the possible change.

8/ Creating an environment that is not suitable for security in the places where the Fertit and Jur tribes are located, so that they can hope where they come from.

9/ Use their children against them.

10/ Non recognition of the opposition in Western Bahr el Ghazel and Western Equatoria and must be dealt with by other names.

11/ Making the peace agreement impossible to implement.

12/ All the Army, Police and Militia must be members of the Dinka and must coordinate with the judicial system not to hold them accountable no matter what they did.

13/ Attack and destruction of areas of the presence of the opposition and the distance from the area of Bazia and Nksa and Bagari and the city of Wau from each Fertit.

14/ All managers in Wau must be regular troops from the Dinka tribe.

15/ Do not give regular forces and staff in the ministries salaries at all time.

16/ Annexing the Raja lawl area and creating different policies to displace them from their land.

17/ To dispose of the sons of the Fertits and the absence of their entry, whether that by night or by day, and the lootiong of their vehicles and other properties.

Our Achievements:

1/ The flag of the State of South Sudan is the SPLM wing of the Dinka.

2/ The image of Dr. John Garang is in the currency.

3/ The partition of South Sudan into 32 states.

4/ Changing the car plates of the names of the states (sso).

5/ More than 70% of the Jur and Fertit areas are currently inhabited by Dinka, starting from Mboro city, Raja, even Farajallah in Wau. END


The Editor cannot verify the authenticity of this press release)




Urgent Message to Equatorians in Uganda: Avoid the planned Kampala meeting by Kiir’s agents

Press Release: OCT/19/2018, SSN;

An Equatorian meeting is planned to take place tomorrow in Kampala organized by the Kiir government to provide a cheap platform for jieng-inclined Equatorian leadership.

Those invited to address the meeting are:
1- Mr. Martin Lomuro, minister in kiir’s government.
2- Aggrey Tissa Sabuni, Kiir’s government nominee to the East African community assembly and former finance minister, and,
3- Mr. James Wani Igga, 2nd Vice president to Kiir.

These persons arrived in Kampala accompanied by the director of National Security for External Affairs along with some national security and intelligence officers.

The first two persons mentioned above to address the meeting are defunct chairpersons of the Pojulu and Kuku communities, respectively.

The comedian vice-president, Wani Igga, is also in Kampala but we are yet to establish whether his mission is associated with this meeting.

This meeting came after several failed attempts of organizing meetings at Pojulu, Bari and Kuku levels, aimed basically at hosting these jieng Dinka agents, Lomuro, Tisa and Igga.

The meeting is now planned under the architect of Mr. Julius Tabuley and Amule Michael. These two persons are using the Equatoria students union to provide the necessary structure for this meeting and the particular student being manipulated is Mr. Peter Lokonga.

Those of Mr. Amule exploited the economic challenges facing the students by providing this union with financial assistance and even some individual bribes.

Some students are promised ranks and offices and some kind of facilitation.

The purpose behind the meeting is to mobilize the Equatorians to accept the recently signed Addis Ababa R-ARCISS (the Revitalized Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan) and to voluntarily go home just like that.

For your information, the Dinka are not happy with the strong position held by Equatorians against this peace which has not addressed the root causes of the conflict.

Should Equatorians resist this peace then the continuity of these pro-Dinka leaders in the Kiir’s regime will be put into jeopardy.

For this matter, these leaders are doing everything in their power to gain some favor. We shall have a team tomorrow in the meeting and we shall brief the Equatorians all over the world on those who attended.

Their names and who said what, because this is history in the making which our next generation must know about these Equatorian traitors.

For those parents with children in Universities and colleges in Uganda, please, try to advise your children not to be misguided by these futureless leaders. After all, they have planned enough for their children.

They intend to use your children as wood or fuel to meet their selfish objectives.

Please, circulate this message as much as possible, the more you circulate it, the more you can save one life and expose these Equatorian enemies.

Shame to you, Lomoro.
Shame to you, Tisa.
Shame to you, Igga.

BY: Equatoria Youth White Paper Management.

Political Prisoners’ Standoff with JUBA Regime’s Security at notorious BLUE HOUSE, Jebel Area


Ref: Political Prisoners Standoff with JUBA Regime’s Security BLUE HOUSE Headquarters, Jebel Area, Juba.

LATEST: Armed inmates at the National Security detention facility in Juba took two guards hostage to protest against lengthy detentions without trial, a detainee said.

The inmates started rioting on Sunday morning.

“Masked armed men came to the prison at 2 am and tried to pick some of us, so the prisoners retaliated because this has been happening for a month. Armed men often come at night and pick some prisoners and they never come back,” said Kerbino Wol, an entrepreneur who was arrested in May this year.

Kerbino told Radio Tamazuj that deep-seated anger and frustration due to lengthy detentions without trial was a significant factor behind the riot at the National Security detention facility.

“We are about 300 detainees here. Most of the detainees are foreign nationals. We need justice,” he said.

The detainee, who was accused of supporting the opposition, pointed out that the prisoners broke into arms and ammunition store and that more than 100 prisoners are currently armed.

“But we are asking for a non-violent approach and we are urging the authorities to give us our rights,” he said.

Wol called on the international community to guarantee their release immediately. RadioTamazuj

South Sudan National Movement for Change Youth League (SSNMC-YL) with grievous disappointment has learned today, the 7th October, 2018, about a standoff between political prisoners who are held for many years without being charged with specific crimes committed, continuously denied access to lawyers, family members and languishing in the regime infamous Blue House with elements of the notorious National Security Service in the capital Juba.

Therefore, we, the youth, in all the oppositions would like to unequivocally warn the government against using force to bring this standoff to an end as we had already learnt from our sources that one of the detainees is wounded on his knee by the security force bullet.

The signed R-ARCISS by other parties and specifically the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (COHA), Protection of Civilians and Humanitarian Access of 21st December 2017 stipulates that All Prisoners of War (PoW) and detainees shall be released immediately under the supervision of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

We, the SSNMC Youth League, would like the world at large to know now what the dictatorial regime of President Kiir is doing records while denying the existing of political prisoners leave alone the urgent need for their release.

Such behaviors give credence to the position of our leadership about the signed R-ARCSS that Kiir’s dictatorial and ethnocentric regime is not serious about achieving lasting and sustainable peace in South Sudan.

Hereafter, we, the youth are warning the Juba dictatorial regime of any use of force action that may endanger the lives of these political prisoners which Kirr regime keeps denying about their existing.

Whereas SSNMC YOUTH LEAGUE urgently calls upon the IGAD, AU, UN and TROIKA to warn the dictatorial regime of any action that may endanger the lives of these political prisoners as such actions may trigger another development of which it will fall out of control.

We urge Kiir’s government to immediately release all political prisoners including those who are jailed in Western Bahar El Ghazal, Western Equatoria, Goroum detention center in Juba, Riverside detention site in Juba, Eastern Equatoria state and South Sudan at large, without any pre-conditions.

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LATEST: Eastern African Standby Force (EASF) ready to deploy to South Sudan to monitor new peace deal


The Eastern African Standby Force is ready to deploy troops to South Sudan if requested by the African Union, despite failing to intervene in the Burundi crisis in 2015.

The 5,800-strong force attained full operational capability in December 2014, but has remained in obscurity despite the conflicts in Somalia, South Sudan and Burundi.

This is unlike its equivalent in the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas), which has been active and intervened in conflict-prone areas, with the latest intervention coming in January 2017 when the force removed Gambian president Yahya Jammeh.

EASF director Abdillahi Omar Bouh told The EastAfrican that deployment requires heavy resources.

“In South Sudan, the Igad must first deal with the mediation, which is already complete. The question now is, should Igad deploy troops or EASF? Igad has already given the task to Djibouti, Uganda, Somalia and Sudan. We have written to the chairman of Igad requesting that EASF be asked to go to South Sudan,” he said.

On the Burundi crisis, he said Bujumbura did not ask for help.

“In case a member state is in crisis, they are called to a Policy Organ Committee meeting to explain the situation because we cannot deploy without the permission of the affected member. Burundi said they had no problem.”

EASF is made up of troops from 10 partner states — Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.

Among the key challenges the force faces is that three countries—Burundi, Comoros and Somalia—are yet to ratify the agreement that established the force in 2014.

The future of the Eastern African Standby Force (EASF) is in doubt due to bickering between partner states and the slow pace of regional integration.

This is despite efforts by member countries to rejuvenate the force, which is mandated to enhance peace and security in the region.

The East African Standby Force (EASF) has begun recruiting civilians who will be trained, growing its numbers even before the force is deployed in the region.

Even though having a standby force to respond to regional or continental political crises is considered prudent, the large force is mostly seen as toothless and passive especially in the face of violence in Burundi and Somalia.

EASF director Issimael Chanfi said the ongoing recruitment is part of the African Union guidelines that civilians working for the force must fulfil specific training requirements for them to be included on the AU roster.

“This is an ongoing process, and we are going to all member states conducting interviews and recruiting. We are just preparing them for future deployment where they may be called by the AU,” said Mr Chanfi.

The AU determines where and when the force will be deployed.

“Responding in a crisis depends on many things: The force is made up of 10 countries; these have to endorse deployment, and then the final endorsement has to come from the AU,” said Joshua Kariuki, in charge of rostering and co-ordination at the EASF secretariat. “Ours is to make sure we have the required people, who are fully trained and equipped for the job. The rest we leave to the AU to decide.”

LATEST: Kiir’s SPLA forces increasing violation in Yei River State

SEPT/04/2018; Press Release

On the regime’s increased violation of the ceasefire in Yei River State.

It is unfortunate that Juba as one of the key partners to the ongoing peace process is in the most serious violation of the ceasefire by launching series of attacks on SPLA (IO) positions, creating a setback to reconciliation efforts.

In addition to their recent attack on our positions in Kupera, another gun battle erupted when the SPLA stormed our positions at Kendiri and Managalatore in Kajo-Keji County yesterday and today. Yesterday the warmongers were ruthlessly crushed and repulsed.

Today’s attack started at around 800AM. They came with two land cruisers pick ups mounted with 12.7 and one APC but the formidable SPLA (IO) under Brigadier General Moses Lokujo is still in military engagement with the attackers.

We are also aware that the regime is planning to further attack our positions in Kupera and Mukaya payams of Lainya County and other areas that are yet to be known in the State.

After suffering a humiliating defeat at the battle of Jamara and Kupera which led to a great loss that included the death of their senior military officers, the government decided to deploy more troops in Yei yesterday. Today the regime’s Governor of Yei River State transacted money to Oliver Duku, the regime’s Liaison Officer in Moyo District to procure more fuel for their force in Kajo-Keji. All these are in preparation for the planned attacks against our positions.

We call upon the CTSAMM and UNMISS to expeditiously investigate and halt these violations and take necessary remedial actions against the warlike regime in Juba.

Nevertheless, we shall continue to observe the ceasefire and only conter-react in the face of any confrontation campaign against our positions.

Wayi Godwill Edward
Office of the Governor
Yei River State.
Press Release, SEPT/02/2018, SSN;
On the SPLA-IO’s recapture of Jamara and Kupera from pres. Kiir’s army

This morning our gallant forces under a joint command of Brig. Gen. Emmanuel Lemi Lo Mukaya, Col. Samuel Gai and Col. Noel Lomeri, launched a coordinated counter-attack after the Kiir’s SPLA captured Jamara and Kupera last Wednesday.

The anti-peace SPLA have been successfully flushed out and we have seized full control of our territory.

Thirteen Kiir’s SPLA soldiers went missing in action and scores are wounded while the rest are miserably scattered into the bushes and are being pursued by our brave force.

In light of the constant aggression from Juba, we would want to remind our supporters and all South Sudanese that SPLM/A (IO) remains fully committed to the peace process as the less costly solution to the catastrophic war.

However, we will mercilessly respond to any further provocation from the belligerent regime in Juba.

Wayi Godwill Edward
Office of the SPLM (IO) Governor.
Yei River State.

Press Release: Kiir’s SPLA attack SPLA IO in Yei River State

On the regime’s ceaseless military action against SPLA (IO) in Kupera,Yei River State .

The government forces from Yei Town and Pakula barracks have been on military offensive against SPLA (IO) in Kupera Payam of Lainya County for the last four days.

The continuing deadly military operations started in the morning of August, 29th 2018 when the regime’s Governor of Yei River State dispatched his commissioner Emmanuel Khamis Richard and Executive Director Edward Lubad of their purported Kupera County to raise their flag in the area that has been under our firm control over the last two years.

The commissioner and the Executive Director who have now raised their flag at Jamara Center, about three miles away from Jamara 7 were heavily escorted by SPLA force with several land cruisers pick up mounted with heavy artilleries, two military trucks and two APCs.

The attack started at our outpost of Jamara 7 and has escalated into Kupera after our forces tactfully withdrew to prevent civilians’ casualties since the belligerent regime’s force randomly shelled the area with heavy artilleries. Since then they have been taking more forces from Yei Town to reinforce their fighting force in the front line. As I write now the war of occupation is continuing in Kupera Payam.

This is a clear violation of the ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, the SPLM/A (IO) Chairman and Commander-in-Chief and has resulted into fresh displacements of thousands of civilians from an area which was relatively peaceful over the last years to the refugee settlements in Uganda.

We categorically condemn this continuous act of hostilities from the regime’s government in Yei and we demand that the CTSAMM’s MVT in Yei and UNMISS should quickly intervene to investigate and verify this incident and to ensure that the anti-peace elements behind the move are made to account.

Nevertheless, we would want to inform our civilians to be calm as SPLA (IO) is taking all measures in its power to restore calm in the area.

Wayi Godwill Edward
Office of the Governor
Yei River State.

PDM Rejects Initialing Khartoum Agreement

In light of the news and public statements issued jointly by the SPLM/A-IO and SSOA delegation to the Khartoum HLRF on initialing of the Draft Revitalized ARCSS this day 30th August 2018 in Khartoum, Sudan, PDM would like to reiterate its rejection to initialing of the Draft Revitalized ARCSS, and as a member of SSOA, PDM along with other members have not authorized Mr. Gabriel Chanson Chang, the interim Chair, to initial this Agreement in the name of SSOA as an opposition Bloc.

This action by SSOA interim Chair, therefore contravenes and violated the collectively agreed position of SSOA members that initialing and signing of the Revitalized Khartoum Agreement shall be in the name of each constituent SSOA member organization and not SSOA as a Bloc as did the interim Chair.

The consensus of SSOA members has not been rescinded by any collective decision, nor by a counter consensus of SSOA members in the last few days.

In the view of PDM, the original and preceding consensus still stands without change. The action of SSOA interim Chair to initial Khartoum Peace Agreement today is procedurally illegal and is without legitimacy, hence it carries no effect and is therefore null and void.

PDM wrote on 25th August 2018 stating its position to SSOA interim Chair in response to a request for viewpoints submission from all constituent SSOA members about this very issue.

To date, no decision was reached to grant consent to SSOA interim Chair request.

PDM would like to reiterate that the people of South Sudan call for a federal system of governance during the transitional period, based on three autonomous regions of Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr al Ghazal with their borders as they stood on 1st January 1956.

PDM stands for a people-centric power sharing between the people of three autonomous regions of Upper Nile, Equatoria, and Bahr al Ghazal, with 33.33% power sharing for each region.

PDM does not support the elites-centric power sharing between SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO, SPLM-FDs, SSOA and OPP.

PDM supports the 3-autonomous regions solution with their 21 former districts and 79 counties of the 2005 CPA.

This approach renders the referendum on number of states and boundaries redundant as provided for in the Khartoum elites-centric power sharing agreement.

Dr. Hakim Dario
PDM Chair

PDM position on SSOA members signing as a bloc

To: Hon. Mr. Gabriel Changson Chang
Interim SSOA Chair
Mobile: +254 725 331 244 (Direct/WhatsApp)

Date: 26th August 2018;

Dear Mr. Gabriel Changson, interim SSOA Chair

Re: SSOA Delegations recommend that SSOA signs as a bloc

Further to your communication on the above, dated 25th August 2018, requesting SSOA leaders’ position on SSOA Delegations in Khartoum recommending ‘SSOA signs as a bloc’, am therefore writing on PDM’s behalf to communicate our response.

Firstly thank you for the letter, PDM position remains as before that SSOA does not initial or sign the agreement as a bloc.

All SSOA members initial and sign the agreement individually, each in the name of their organization, providing that they are satisfied with the final text of the proposed draft Agreement.

PDM is flabbergasted by the claim of the interim Chair that there is need to sign or initial the Agreement as a bloc to protect certain unnamed SSOA members.

Since when did protecting certain unnamed SSOA members has become such an overriding obligation that is critical to negotiation in good faith, and to initialing and signing the Khartoum agreement?

PDM is of the view that protection of all parties to the HLRF process, which includes SSOA members, lay with the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan Office, who are responsible for inviting all parties to the HLRF process in Khartoum.

However, the main reason offered by the interim Chair to sign as a bloc is “to protect some of our organizations that experience some difficulties these days”.

This statement is misleading and not persuasive. It’s also not evidence based, it doesn’t say which organizations needed protection and why, nor what “difficulties” they faced!

There is no justification either for hiding and not sharing any factual information or evidence from SSOA leaders about who those “organizations” are and what “difficulties” they are likely to face as a result of either signing in the name of their own organization or not.

The agreement text, in PDM’s view, should also record who the members of SSOA are, by way of signature, so that SSOA can be legally identifiable as associated with the specific names of its identifiable constituent members. This is not currently the case.

Secondly, the objective of SSOA was not about protecting some unknown, implied or un-named constituent member organizations, which are unidentifiable, but rather to negotiate in good faith in a legitimate peace process as parties to the HLRF.

PDM does not therefore agree with nor approve of initialing or signing of the agreement as a bloc in the name of SSOA without record of each constituent member’s initials or signature.

Any member of SSOA shall do so only in the name of their organization as a constituent member of SSOA. This position as adopted by all SSOA members, was borne out of the 27th June 2018 coerced SSOA signature as a bloc on Khartoum Declaration of Agreement (KDA).

Dr. Hakim Dario
PDM Chair

LATEST Breaking News: Uganda Army invades and occupies Yei River State, South Sudan

AUG/29/2018, SSN;

Highly reliable sources from the ground have reported that a heavy deployment of Uganda Soldiers UPDF has illegally entered and invaded South Sudan Yei River State Counties, these are:
1)- Bamure of Kajokeji County
2)- Jalle Border of Kajokeji County, and
3)- Kaya Town of Morobu County.

This information comes directly from opposition forces on the ground as the situation develops, especially as this is an omnious military action aimed to preempt resumption of war between Yoweri Museveni’s ally, Kiir and the rebel forces fighting the Kiir army.

Museveni has been the only chief supporter of the South Sudanese president Kiir and has always aggresively responded by illegally entering South Sudan to rescue Kiir from any rebel military advances in the on-going ‘civil war’ in the country.

Rebel opposition forces and intelligence on the ground have also corroborated this latest development of Ugandan troops already having entered South Sudan and have called on all the opposition forces to be fully alert on the ground.

Furthermore, the opposition rebel forces categorically reject the presence and illegal deployments of foreign troops if there is a chance for real success of the on-going peace talks in Khartoum.

The rebel opposition wishes to inform the IGAD mediators of this omnious development and their absolute rejection of any deployments of foreign troops and illegal entry of military conveys of Ugandan or any other country’s troops inside South Sudan Towns.

The rebel forces on the ground are therefore appealing to their leaders in the on-going Khartoum so-called peace talks to seriously take this information and immediate action is urgently needed to prevent any aggression happening to our Soldiers.

Meanwhile, South Sudan rebel SPLM/O-in-Opposition chief, Riek Machar, along with the SSOA (South Sudan Opposition Alliance) on Tuesday refused to sign a final peace deal with the government that aims to end a brutal civil war, a Sudanese mediator said.

“The main South Sudanese opposition groups, including the SPLM-IO (Machar faction), refused to sign the final document demanding that their reservations be guaranteed in it,” Sudanese Foreign Minister Al-Dierdiry Ahmed told reporters.

The warring South Sudanese parties have held weeks of talks in Khartoum in search of a comprehensive peace deal to end the conflict in the world’s youngest country that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced millions since it erupted in December 2013.

    Khartoum Peace Agreement will make South Sudan a colony of Uganda and Arab North Sudan:

Furthermore, the famous Ugandan Prof. Mahamoud Mamdani speaking lately in Kampala has asserted the recent agreement in Khartoum is “not a South Sudanese peave agreement. It is an agreement between Sudan and Uganda.”

That if this agreement holds, Prof. Mamdani asserts, it will make South Sudan an informal protectorate of Uganda and the Sudan north, indefinitely.

What is in South Sudan is an army of Generals and not a national army. That South Sudan has no national government.

He is saying South Sudanese should look for their own peace agreement. That there is no peace agreement right now.

North Sudan wants to be rehabilitated by the USA through their Khartoum agreement. And that Bashir’s spy chief, Salah Gosh, is in contact with the Americans.

Uganda wants to recoup its financial losses and to avoid further economic losses.
(Reliable and independent sources)

Nuer Supreme Council accepts resignation of Festus Mogae as JMEC chairman

For Immediate Release
Monday, August 20, 2018

The Nuer Supreme Council (NSC) has learned that the Chairperson of Joint Monitoring Evaluation Commission (JMEC), H. E. Fetus G. Mogae requested to RESIGNS from his position by the end of September 2018.

The Council received this commendable development through Social media, in a Press Release which claimed that Mr. Mogae has written a letter of resignation to the Chairperson of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), H. E. Prime Minister of Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali.

In this regard, the Council welcomed H. E. Fetus Mogae’s decision to resign and we urged the Chairperson of IGAD, H. E. Prime Minister of Ethiopia Dr. Abiy Ahmed to accept this praiseworthy decision.

Through IGAD’s heads of State and Government, Mr. Mogae was appointed as the chairperson of JMEC and whose mandate was and still is to monitor, support and report on the violations and non-implementations of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS).

In performing this mandate, the Council acknowledged that Mr. Mogae has tried his best by remaining neutral and impartial during the early stages of the implementation process of the Agreement but failed to adhere to this principle as required by the charter, especially when the ARCSS was violated in July 2016 by the regime in Juba.

During that time to present, Mr. Mogae appeared compromised and acted at times as regime in Juba’s official spokesperson. He acted indifference at a time when a great deal of integrity and impartiality are required. This behaviour seriously contradicts his role and mandate that he was tasked for.

Therefore, since, the warring parties in South Sudan have recommitted to the revitalizing of the ACRSS after it has collapsed in 2017, the Council endorses Mr. Mogae’s decision to vacant his post. We believe such a commendable decision will boost confidence and ensure fresh start for all parties.

In closing, the Council thanked H. E. Mr. Mogae for his service to the people of South Sudan and we wish him well in his future endeavors and quest for helping humanity.

J. Nguen
Chairman of Nuer Supreme Council

Why PDM rejects Khartoum Agreement on Outstanding Issues of Governance

People’s Democratic Movement, August 6, 2018,, UNITED KINGDOM, SSN;

The PDM wishes to share with the people of South Sudan its views and reasons for why it rejects Khartoum Agreement on Outstanding Issues of Governance as proposed by Sudanese mediators, and hence did not append its signature to the agreement for a number of reasons, chiefly:

 The agreement does not put the people first before SPLM factions of IG and IO.

 It is a bilateral agreement in the context of SPLM unification between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar, to maintain the status quo, giving a renewal of lease of legitimacy for the failed TGONU.

 The agreement, with IGAD’s blessing, is rewarding impunity, illegality of 32 states and violations of the Constitution TCSS 2011 and ARCSS 2015 by President Salva Kiir. The IGAD, AU and the International community is not standing with the people of South Sudan, are oblivious of over 4 millions of the population in refugee camps, IDPs and POC sites who are not consulted in the decision making process for a sustainable peace in the country.

 The agreement entrusts corrupt leaders with power to lead fundamental reforms in the country that they failed to deliver since independence in 2011.

 ARCSS 2015 made provisions for adoption of federalism, and three years on, the Ministry for Federal affairs established by terms of ARCSS 2015 has reached no conclusion nor made a recommendation for the type of federalism suitable for the country. The agreement, unjustifiably, does not provide for implementation of a federal system during the transitional period.

 Federal Governance during the transitional period, based on three (3) autonomous regions with their borders of the three provinces of Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr al Ghazal as they stood on 1st January 1956, provides the most optimal number of federal units of governance amid the country’s collapsing economy.

 By comparison, ten (10), twenty one (21) or thirty two (32) states represents excessive burden on the country’s economy during transitional period, and results in a bloated government of over 100 Ministers at state level alone, 550 members of national legislature, 50 senators, 32 governors, 32 state legislative assemblies and their MPs.

 The Agreement does not promote a people-centric power sharing between the people in three federal regions on 33.33% for each region, and not allocation of power to political elites and their movements by a stroke of a pen. The mediators proposal for power sharing is elites-centric, with high concentration of parties to the agreement from one or two regions only, which makes elites-centric power sharing unfair to the people of South Sudan three regions of Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr al Ghzal.

 In SSOA alone, there are 9 parties, 3 from Equatoria, 5 from Upper Nile, 1 from Bahr al Ghazal and a host of other political parties in Juba, without a fair formula for power sharing between them, IO and the IG

2. PDM proposes that the responsibility sharing at all levels of government shall give representation and power back not to the elites but to the people in the three regions. Therefore the responsibility sharing shall be only through the people in accordance with the following percentages for each autonomous Region of Upper Nile, Equatoria, and Bahr al Ghazal:
a- Upper Nile Region: 33%
b- Equatoria Region: 33%
c- Bahr al Ghazal Region: 33%

Through regional people’s convention in the pre-transitional period, the parties to the Agreement shall seek mandate by the people in each region for each region’s share of 33%.

This is to ensure legitimate and fair participation of the 64 ethnicities of the people of South Sudan in the decision-making processes.

This avoids elite-centric responsibility sharing, which allocates percentages to elite political groups by the stroke of a pen without putting people first and their participation in the process.

Addressing root causes to the civil war:

The critical issues that have surfaced post-ARCSS which have not been incorporated in the Agreement and proposed structures of the Transitional Federal Government and its institutions are:-

 The root cause to the civil war is the determination by ethnic-based political elite to dominate power in South Sudan since 1972, when South Sudan became for the first time ever, a self-governing autonomous region in Sudan. The 2013 incident which triggered the present war was, therefore, the latest manifestation of this same attempt to dominate power in our country.

 The power-sharing proposals on %ages for IG, IO, SSOA and OPPs, tabled during the last phase of Khartoum talks are unrealistic, and any such effort to bridge the divide between the parties to the HLRF on power sharing should be holistic and beyond mere arithmetical computation of the Executive and the Legislature composition.
A holistic power sharing approach should now become synonymous with ‘inclusivity’ of the people from all of the 64 ethnicities who are not represented in the HLRF but are entitled to participation in various arms of government and institutions. At present these institutions are dominated by one single ethnicity, the Dinka.

 Power-sharing should be based on a broad set of pillars and principles that include at a minimum, the following five core categories of institutions and territorial or regional population:-

1. The Army and the Security Sector
2. The Executive
3. The Legislature
4. The Judiciary
5. The Territory or Region Population Representation

1. The Army and the Security Sector.
The present army is a tribal, Dinka army. Even President Kiir has acknowledged this fact.
The power-sharing (inclusivity) proposal in the army rests on the call by the Opposition that a new army, in which all the 64 ethnic groups are represented, equitably and qualitatively be established.
This should follow a review of the entire security sectors-the army, the police, National Security Service, Wildlife, Fire Brigade, and Prison- to come up with new doctrines and criteria, which must encompass equal representation of the ethnic groups.

2. The Executive.
In the Agreement, the mandate for being a president must ultimately come from the people. Therefore, the rump population in the regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile should and shall organize respective People’s Convention to nominate whom they want to be the President.

This Convention must also nominate those they want to be their Ministers at National and Regional levels. They shall also nominate the Governor of their region.
It is not right that SPLM/A-IG or SPLM/A-IO leaders should be the ones selecting Ministers from other regions, the people of the region shall select their Ministers so that they are made accountable to the people.
The distribution of the Ministerial portfolios shall be non-discriminatory; members from any ethnic group should be able to head key ministries of Defence, Finance, Petroleum, or Central Bank etc.

3. The Legislature.
The People’s Convention mentioned above should and shall also nominate who they want to represent them at National Legislative Assembly and the House of Nationalities, and at the State or regional legislatures.
It is not acceptable that SPLM/A-IG or SPLM/A-IO should pick a Speaker of the National Assembly on behalf of Equatorians, for example.
The Transitional Federal Government shall upon its inception, institute the House of Nationalities to which each ethnic group shall nominate two of their respective representatives.

4. The Judiciary.
The present Judiciary, headed by a member of Jieng Council of Elders (from the President’s ethnic group), serves at the behest of the Presidency. Recent judgments by courts portray strange jurisprudence, where excessive sentences of death by hanging or imprisonment for life are meted out to the perceived opponents of the regime.
Defendants who are abducted from foreign countries and returned to the country illegally are permitted to be tried by the courts against all modern best practice and internationally accepted standards.
Therefore a complete overhaul of the judiciary shall be implemented, first by a wholesale resignations of the judges at all levels; followed by the institution of a new Judiciary Service Commission based on transparent, non-discriminatory and meritorious criteria in the appointment of the members, who in turn will follow the same principles in the recruitment of judges.

5. The Territory or Regional Population Representation.
The stranglehold by certain ethnic groups elites on the centralized government shall be broken through the establishment of autonomous Regional Governments.
Through the Federal Government, fair distributions of budgets, independent regional judiciary and local government shall be instituted.
This principle shall be applied to the creation and thereby establishment of three (3), autonomous Federal Regions or States consisting of Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile with their borders as provinces as they stood on the 1st of January 1956.
The merits of sub-division into more number of states shall be discussed at an appropriate time in the constitution making process.
The people of South Sudan in all of their 64 ethnicities are sovereign and they shall be consulted and shall participate in the Agreement implementation during the pre-transitional and Transitional Period.
Their views, which were collected during the pre-HLRF consultations by the IGAD Special Envoy shall be incorporated in the Agreement; and the people shall be the final arbiters on the number of Federal States in the emerging new South Sudan during the Transitional period in the Constitution making process.

Dr. Hakim Dario
PDM Chair