Category: Politics

“Only a Dinka can be South Sudan president:” Kiir warns Jieng Council of Elders set to meet in June to choose Kiir’s replacement

Apr. 2nd 2018 (The Nation Today); The Jieng Council of Elders is set to meet in June this year to choose the possible alternative to replace the current South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir Mayardiit, an ethnic Dinka who’s been in power since July 2005, shortly after John Garang’s death, The Nation Today has learned.

In an exclusive interview, Joshua Dau, one of the so-called elders of the Dinka community and the co-chair of the Jieng council of elders (JCE), told the Nation Today from Nairobi, Kenya, that the Jieng council of Elders will convene in June this year to elect an alternative to replace president Salva Kiir Mayardiit,

Mr. Dau emphatically stated that president Kiir has accepted to step down BUT ONLY ON THE ONE CONDITION THAT HIS SUCCESSOR AS NEXT SOUTH SUDAN PRESIDENT MUST COME ONLY FROM THE DINKA (JIENG) COMMUNITY.

“The President, H.E General Salva Kiir Mayardiit has accepted to resign without any reservations. He only had a very minor concern about where his successor would come from. He said the successor should come from the Jieng people and this is something minor. To chose the successor, we have called a meeting for June 2018 to decide who will succeed Salva Kiir as our new president,” Dau told The Nation Today on Monday.

Asked whether the Jieng Council of Elders thinks that President Salva Kiir has failed, he replied: “No, he has done a very great achievement. Kiir has built a foundation on which the next person who will be chosen in July by the Jieng Council will continue to build the nation.”

Dau did not mentioned whether the Jieng Council would propose nominating a non-Dinka South Sudanese citizen for the top job.

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) is a group of veteran politicians from the country’s largest ethnic Dinka group and closest associates of the country’s president, General Salva Kiir Mayardiit.

They claim to only represent the interests of the Dinka community.

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS…..

“South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has pledged to concede defeat should he fairly lose the planned presidential elections when peace comes to the war-torn country,” according to latest news from Radio Tamazuj today.

“It remains unclear who will vie against Kiir, 66, who has been in power since 2005. No elections were conducted since South Sudan became independent from Sudan in July 2011.

Speaking at a dinner party organized at the State House on Monday evening, the South Sudanese leader expressed interest in the next presidential race when peace is restored in the country.

However, Kiir said he will respect South Sudanese citizens’ decision in the event that he loses the election. “If peace comes today and we go for elections and somebody beats me in the election, I will not go to fight. It will be my end of my term in the office,” he said.

Kiir’s term in office will expire in August this year if no election conducted and peace accord signed with the rebels.” End of quote.

Nyandeng: IGAD must use the stick to get Kiir out as president, not diplomacy

By FRED OLUOCH, THE EASTAFRICAN, MAR/07/2018, SSN;

Warring parties have failed to find solutions to a political crisis that started in 2013. Fred Oluoch spoke with John Garang’s widow Rebecca Nyandeng on the challenges facing South Sudan.

QUESTION: In 2013, you wanted to be the chairperson of SPLM and by extension the presidency. What was your objective?

NYANDENG: At that time, I wanted to inject democracy into SPLM. Two, I was the only woman then who could aspire to the post of the chairperson and I wanted to set an example for women.

If President Salva Kiir had allowed us to contest and he won, we would have accepted and shaken his hand.

I was satisfied with the leadership my husband and I had provided to the people of South Sudan, but after his death I realised that there was a major problem with the way our party was being run, so I offered to set things right.

That has not come and I guess it will not come because what the people of South Sudan want now is peace, and not who is leading them.

This is the last agenda after all of us sit down and decide who is the most suitable to lead and unite them. Even if you have ambitions, you cannot succeed with the current mess.

Again, we have to evaluate the root cause of the problem — which is lack of leadership with the capacity to address the basic needs of the people.

So we need to bring somebody with that capacity to deal with these issues and unite the people. If we focus only on the top leadership, then it is like a house with only the roof minus pillars — which will not stand.

QUESTION: Do you think South Sudanese are receptive to women?

NYANDENG: They are because the movement has taught the people that women can lead. Many women fought in the bush for 21 years and commanded a lot of respect.

But as women we still need to make more people understand that in leadership, you go for the person who can set things right, not the gender.

QUESTION: Having participated in Phase II of the revitalisation talks in Addis Ababa, do you hope for peace any time soon?

NYANDENG: We did not achieve much because the government refused to sign the Declaration of Principles that will guide future negotiations. But I cannot say that it is the end of everything, because as a politician you have to give hope to your people. The challenge was that delegates came to the negotiation hall with a fixed mind set on percentages and positions in government.

It was like negotiating with enemies and not people who belong to the same country. This bitterness, rigid positions and suspicion must change if we are to make progress in the future.

QUESTION: The opposition were resolute that President Kiir be excluded from the transitional government because he has abrogated the 2015 peace agreement. Do you agree with that?

NYANDENG: Yes, I was part of the groups that asked if Dr Machar is isolated and yet he is a major player, why is President Kiir there and yet he cannot bring peace?

We maintained that if the incumbent must be in the transitional government, then Dr Machar must be brought back, because you cannot say that one key signatory to the 2015 agreement is in and the other is out.

So we asked President Kiir to step down honourably and the two of them will be respected because they are our liberators and we don’t want to humiliate them. We want them to retire honourably and give room to new players because they have shown they cannot work together.

QUESTION: Do you think the Igad mediators and partner states are genuinely trying to bring peace to South Sudan?

NYANDENG: The majority of Igad states want peace but there are individual countries, which I cannot name, that are pursuing their interests. The biggest challenge is that Igad and the African Union cannot face President Kiir and tell him to step down.

They are using the carrot and not the stick. Igad should make the stick visible by calling out those who violate the agreement and the consequences that follow.

It happened in Liberia, Ivory Coast, Gambia, South Africa, Sierra Leone and recently Zimbabwe. Why not use the stick for South Sudan? If we and Igad fail, then the African Union and the UN will come in. END
—————

In Summary:

Nyandeng’s Biography:

**** Born: 1956

**** Education: Rebecca Nyandeng did her high school in Iowa, US before, enrolling at Iowa State University where she studied Economics. However, she did not finish her degree course because her husband, Dr John Garang, decided to go back home after finishing his PhD.

**** Role in liberation struggle: Served in the SPLA army as alternate commander. She was promoted to the rank of LT General in the army but later retired.

**** Experience: Mrs Nyandeng served as an executive director of WODRANS, a non profit-making organisation, that takes care of orphans, widows and the disabled.

**** Positions in government: Minister for roads and transport and presidential adviser on gender and human rights.

Editorial: Who dies, if our South Sudan lives? Message to Machar, Lam Akol, Nyaba, Cirillo, Pagan, Changson, Oling, Gadet and others….

EDITORIAL, JAN/21/2018, SSN;

Specifically, this a New Year message to those opposition leaders mentioned above and all the lesser ones in the same category who’re unnamed, who’ve all assumed to themselves the titles of commanders-in-chiefs of their numerous armed opposition groups.

In spite of your multiplicity as opponents of Satan Kiir’s Juba regime, and despite all your well-written and proclaimed manifestos and declarations to oust his regime, it’s very apparent that you all clearly lack the strategical sagacity and patriotic unanimity as to how to expeditiously attain your declared goal.

The most important question to you all rebel leaders/commanders is this: who should indeed die first if your main objective is to liberate our dear South Sudan nation from the current tyrannical and terrorist brand of leadership?

This current Civil War in the country is an intra-SPLM/A war, period. It’s a war that originated from SPLM/A government’s shameless greed and gluttony of looting the national money and other natural resources with some or most of you mentioned above either actively or discretely participating in the crime.

Yes, it’s our shameless thieves fighting for every bit of the meat!

Moreover, whilst each one of you’d consciously served at one time or another in the Kiir’s authoritarian statecraft and tribalized patronage system that vaporized billions of the nation’s dollars, you, the SPLM/A ‘leaders’ were conspiratorially silent on Kiir’s nihilistic brand of leadership.

Since our so-called ‘independence,’ the political landscape of South Sudan has regressed into a more primitive state characterized by polarization, insularity, vengefulness and lack of compromise. Kiir’s prevailing assertion of tribal politics is “either we rule or we die.”

As eloquently documented by THE SENTRY of the Enough Project of Clooney and Prendargast,”the cause of the current brutal civil war was the falling out between the country’s top politicians.” That’s Kiir and Machar, and their thieving gangs that included some of you, unfortunately.

Further, according to the Enough Project, “the key catalyst for the war was the competition by all of you for the GRAND PRIZE—(the control over the state assets) principally led by both Kiir and Machar. This war obviously only serves the interests of South Sudan top leaders.”

So, not only are Kiir and Machar the main beneficiaries of the looted billions of US dollars, all ye SPLM/A top leaders, now rebels, are/were co-conspirators/beneficiaries who’ve also made off with millions, whilst the majority of our citizens are silently groaning in the misery or fleeing out of the accursed country in their hundreds of thousands.

  • WHY RUN FIRST TO THE BUSH OR EXILE WHEN YOUR TARGET IS IN JUBA?
  • Unfortunately, it’s clearly evident that you, now the self-presumed saviors, are inexplicably fragmented, antagonistic and self-destructive in the current political and the armed struggle against the Kiir regime.

    What’s intriguingly bothersome is the fact that you, all supposedly professional SPLA military men, typically decided to FIRST run away for personal safety to foreign capitals whilst leaving behind your main target, Satan Kiir, standing tall right there in Juba.

    You, rebel opposition leaders/commanders of South Sudan, should clearly understand the current dynamics of international politics which is that nowadays, the international community generally abhors and shuns so-called armed rebel-guerrilla groups fighting to topple a so-called ‘legitimately elected’ government, however detestable that government or leader is, and they also vehemently condemn abuses and crimes against innocent citizens.

    What you, rebel-generals presently fighting Kiir, must undertake first is let go of that legacy of the liberation movement which is evidently still deeply embedded in your behaviors.

    You’re no longer bush rebels and, as Hilda Johnson, the former UN Representative in Juba exactly wrote in her book, ‘South Sudan: The Untold Story,” quote: You can’t keep going back to that (former) comfort zone, that’s when something happens, you first run to the bushes.’

    As we’re helplessly noticing the consistent fragmentation of the myriad of so-called rebel groups that are presumably in the forests of South Sudan, it can only be surmised that with so many so-called ‘rebel armies,’ many of which are more or less tribal militias, your uncoordinated guerrilla war against Kiir will be messy, unproductive and self-defeating.

    Emphatically, you’re now or were once high-ranking men of the National Army (SPLA) of the newest independent nation called South Sudan. As such, like those armies in Nigeria, Ghana, Egypt, Sudan, lately Zimbabwe, and so on, who, when their governments mess up the affairs of the nation and they wanted to act, they do NOT ever run to the bushes at all.

    You know what action they took. With a few soldiers as is usually the case, those heroic commanders (from Gamal Abdel Nasser, Abboud, Gowon, Thomas Sankara, Idi Amin, Ghadafi, Bashir, Mobutu, Samuel Doe, Obasango et al) boldly marched onto the Presidential Office/Palace, arrested, ousted or dealt decisively with the resident and took over power, on the behalf of their people.

    One wonders, why didn’t any one of you, with your soldiers/armed supporters under your command, operationalize such an expedient military action to deal with Satan Kiir right there and on spot in Juba, with the intent of deposing/terminating his regime, ending his presidency and saving the country?

    Such a heroic and bold action, specially as you’re supposedly sworn to die for the country, would’ve decisively had a positive political trajectory and perhaps today, many innocent lives would’ve been spared.

    The dilemma in South Sudan presently is that there’re just too many of you so-called ‘rebel’ commanders-in-chiefs and too many so-called ‘armed rebel’ opposition groups, fake or real, all supposedly sworn to topple the Kiir dictatorship, regardless of whether they’re physically roaming in the bushes, the foreign capitals or just in the imagination of their self-proclaimed commanders/leaders.

    Sadly, however, among all of you, true or fake rebel commanders, there is evidently no unity of purpose, no strategic coordination of your military forces/resources and no political commonality.

    It’s worth reminding you that the nation and the people are more important that an individual, specifically in light of the atavistic and satanic dictator Kiir who’s infamously now in the same category as Adolf Hitler and Mussolini. Soon it may emerge that Killer Kiir has killed more South Sudanese than the Jellaba Arab Northerners ever did!

    Someone once said that “Nobody likes war, we all hate war…..it’s a brutal necessity forced on them by the ambition of a tyrant.”

    Indisputably, it’s very clear that Kiir himself, who’s unrepentantly a murderous dictator, has fatally strangulated the State and is perpetuating a reign of terror and chaos in the whole country that tragically impacted not only everyone else but most tragically his own jieng tribesmen who’re ceaselessly killing themselves in their own wars.

    By all international parameters, South Sudan is definitely now a failed state, like it or not. The Satan Kiir and his accomplices are today wholly responsible and they must be either ousted or terminated, by whatever means necessary if we’re to salvage the people and the young nation.

    The Arab Spring that had swept North Africa was quickly tolerated and applauded by most people, and the newer regimes that usurped power were immediately recognized and even abetted by the international community, regardless of whether the deposed leaders were killed, exiled or imprisoned.

    However, it’s now imperatively urgent that all the numerous anti-Satan Kiir rebel groups should and must come together, align their political objectives, their armed forces and whatever resources they possess so that these assets are properly utilized in the dethroning of the big target, instead of hopelessly wasting resources fighting petty wars among themselves.

    In our current messy predicament, the international community wont or doesn’t really care how you depose of your inept leader but they’ll willingly thereafter help South Sudan on it’s road to recovery and in the resolution of the multiplicity of problems as a sovereign country.

    YOU, REBEL LEADERS/COMMANDERS, ARE SEVERELY COMPROMISED

    There is preponderance of evidence that also many of you, so-called ‘rebel commanders/leaders,’ are allegedly compromised by your previous collaboration with Satan Kiir in either the massive looting of the nation’s wealth or in the commission of the egregious crimes against humanity on the people by some of you at the behest of Kiir.

    Succinctly, according to Hilda F. Johnson, “In a way, the SPLM leaders kept each other in the check, since most of them knew about others’ malfeasance.”

    This means that Satan Kiir practically knows what crime or crimes each of his opponents, (that includes some of you) have committed, how much dollars each one of you has stolen and stashed away…practically every scandal on each general, minister or party official.

    This is what is currently enabling Satan Kiir to blackmail some of the self-styled rebel commanders/leaders, overtly exemplified by the so-called Gen. Taban Deng Gai, Machar’s former deputy, now Kiir’s vice president, who’s slavishly killing his own people at the behest of Satan Kiir.

    The SPLM/SPLA organisation, unfortunately and historically, has been an organization that severely desensitizes and numbs it’s recruits/members to acts and crimes of inhumanities and abuses that were or are being so openly and commonly committed by its own leaders.

    This is akin to the ORIGINAL SIN, imbued in most of you, that you still carry in your political genes, attested by the intra-rebel killings going on among yourselves in Upper Nile (Nuer-on-Nuer, Shilluk-on-Shilluk) and in Equatoria (Bari-speakers against Bari-speakers) and in Bahr-el-Ghazel (Jieng against Jieng).

    Your ONE single and URGENT purpose NOW as committed ‘liberators’ once again, with all your claimed or available expertise, resources and the valor and heroic sacrifices of your unpaid soldiers-cum-volunteer fighters, is to expeditiously terminate the treacherous and contemptible Satanic Kiir’s divisive regime in the nation.

    Surely, this new struggle to oust the Satan from power must not be another long drawn-out ‘war of liberation’ like the SPLM/A war against the North, which was needlessly prolonged for over two decades because of the prevalence of and aggravation by the incessant inter- and intra-tribal antagonisms and hostilities exacerbated by most of you who’re now, once again, standing up as reincarnated liberators/leaders and saviors of our people.

    Dear our so-called ‘Rebel leaders:’ after many years of your previous long service to the Satan Kiir, be it as ministers, governors or Army generals, and after quietly but knowingly prolonging and expediting the reign of terror and death at the behest of the Satan, it’s time you all say your MEA CULPAS and start to ACT TO TERMINATE THE SATANIC REGIME immediately.

    Finally, let Rwanda not repeat itself in South Sudan just because of the culpability, inequity and incapability of the one person.

    Open Letter from Rumbek Community in Diaspora to President of Republic of South Sudan, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit and the International Community

    From: Rumbek Community Members, JAN/11/2018, SSN;

    Dear President Salva Kiir Mayayrdit and International Community:

    We, sons and daughters of Rumbek Community in diaspora: Australia, USA, Canada, Europe and many other places of refuge all over the world, are very much concerned and disappointed about the death and suffering of our people in South Sudan in general and Rumbek area of Lakes State in particular. Communities in Lakes State have been experiencing cycle of violence, encouraged and left to fight amongst themselves.

    When the peace agreement (CPA 2005) was signed and government of South Sudan was instituted under your leadership, you did nothing to stop this violence. But the first responsibility of any government in the world is to provide security and peace for its citizens. Instead, your government failed completely to do this in Lakes State.

    Communal fighting in Rumbek became worst from 2013 when a tribal war broke out between your forces and forces of Dr. Riek Machar, the former Vice of Republic of South Sudan. We strongly believe that your government began to directly supply the rural youth with guns, and as a consequence law and order completely broke down. Some of your supporters in Lakes State government argued that rural youth should be armed to go and fight the SPLA-IO.

    The people of Rumbek (Politicians, chiefs, women, youth and representatives from Diaspora), have tried their best to reconcile their communities and to bring peace to the area, but these attempts have failed because your governments in Juba and Lakes State did not do their part.

    There has been about ten-community peace conferences/meetings held in Rumbek to discuss how to bring peace in the area, but they have all come to nothing because your government did not implement the resolutions of peace meetings.

    You have been quoted in one of your meetings with youth of Rumbek as saying “Agaar people are very intelligent people and they are killing themselves to go and book a good place underground before we could go there”. This was in July 2015 on the occasion of opening a Women Hospital in Rumbek which was named after you as Head of State.

    Do you think that another tribal government is going to be set up after death? This is a very irresponsible statement and indeed insulting to the people of Rumbek. Also in a peace conference in Rumbek on 17th Feb. 2015, you admitted that there are people in your office who are working against you; you said it in Dinka language (“anↄἠ kↄc jὂὂr hꜫn tὲn mὲktὲbic”).

    This was in response to a factual confrontation that guns which were only found in the hands of your security personnel in Juba were found being sold to rural youth in Rumbek area. You have completely failed to fight corruption in your office although you are informed about these corrupt practices every time.

    The biggest problem identified in many peace meetings is illicit supply of arms to the civilian rural youth in the villages. Sources of arms supplied to Lakes civilian rural youth are from government stores. Well known generals in the office of President Kiir are illegally selling arms to the youth in Rumbek. Whenever communities fight in Rumbek, the generals rush their arms to sell them to both sides of the fighting communities. They are profiting out of trading guns and ammunitions for the lives of our people.

    To prove it, there was a time in 2014 when a big truck carrying arms was caught on a road check point in Wulu County of Lakes State. The truck driver gave telephone number of the owner of the arms (a general in the office of President Kiir Mayardit) to the security guards on the road. The general threatened the road security guards to let the truck go to Rumbek otherwise he would deal with them.

    The same owner telephoned Governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol, and talked to him from Juba. The owner of the arms in the truck threatened the Governor, Matur Chut Dhuol, to take care of his property and the truck was driven to Rumbek, only to disappear the following day. As a result, the arms in the truck were taken and sold to the fighting youth in the villages of Rumbek.

    It is almost impossible to bring peace to Lakes State, Rumbek area, and the whole country if the government cannot provide security. Maintenance of security in South Sudan requires that corruption of selling government arms to civilian youth must be stopped.

    Peace exists where there is law and order and no corruption. Without peace there cannot be any development also. Insecurity and corruption are enemies of peace and development.

    The People of South Sudan are worst off now than in 2005 when peace agreement was signed between South and North Sudan, because the government of President Salva Kiir has promoted insecurity and corruption. The number of internally and externally displaced people speaks volumes about the situation in South Sudan.

    According to UN sources in South Sudan, half (6.5 million) of the population of South Sudan was declared in 2016/2017 to be under starvation. Most schools and health facilities are not functioning. Agricultural production in rural areas of South Sudan has been reduced to the minimum because of insecurity, so hunger and malnutrition are rampant. Roads have not been maintained for the last four years and transport has broken down between cities and towns. Furthermore, roads are insecure because of armed youth groups everywhere.

    It was recommended in previous peace conferences that the government in Juba should disarm civilian youth in Lakes State and neighbouring states, and establish security stations in borders of every state e.g. Madol between Lakes and Unity States.

    After establishment of security and maintenance of law and order, people accused of committing crimes (e.g. killing of people and Cattle rustling) should be apprehended and taken to court for settlement of cases. Justice must be done and seen to be done and impunity stopped if peace is to be built and maintained. Unfortunately, all these resolutions fell on deaf ears and nothing was done by the dysfunctional governments of President Kiir in Juba and Lakes State.

    UNITE TO CHANGE KIIR’S OPPRESSIVE REGIME

    It is our considered opinion that all people of South Sudan must unite and change President Kiir’s oppressive regime by all necessary means. No one faction, political party or tribe can do this alone. A united opposition will then institute a government of national unity to bring peace and stem out corruption, and begin a process of development in all communities of South Sudan.

    Priority of development will be focused in the most marginalised communities; for example Murle, Taposa, Kachipo and people of Raja. Universal free education of all children (boys and girls) of South Sudan, road network construction and food production will be on the top of the agenda of the new government, besides provision of security through a united national defence force.

    The new government will employ people in every department based on merit and capability of the individual, and ministers will be appointed based on each expertise, experience and non-corrupt records. All civil or political employees will be accountable to the people as per the institutions charged with such responsibility in the constitution.

    Nobody should be above the law, including the president of the country. Everybody should be accountable and equal before the law. Rumbek community in diaspora firmly believes that unity of all South Sudanese can bring about these positive changes to South Sudan as a whole including Rumbek community.

    The destiny of the people of South Sudan is one, whether we have a bad government like that of Salva Kiir, or we form a good, unity, inclusive democratically elected government of South Sudan.

    Furthermore, Mr. President, your method of unconstitutional appointment of governors, ministers, ambassadors and employees in all departments fuels communal conflict in many parts of the country because it is corrupt and based on no merits.

    In 2010, governors were directly elected by the people in each state according to the constitution. Mr. President, you have been violating the constitution that is supposed to be a covenant between you and the people like other nations of the world, in that you dismiss and appoint state governors, and other stakeholders using presidential decrees than through constitutional authorized procedures..

    Current presidential decrees of mini-tribal division of states shall be abolished, and any proposal of federalism will be scientifically researched, debated and decided by people and their parliaments if worthy to be adopted as it has happened in many other countries of the world. Such a federal system should be based on socio-economic and geographical factors only.

    APPEAL TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY:

    We appeal to international community, African Union member States, IGAD members and all people of goodwill to revive the peace agreement (ARCSS) which was signed in Addis Ababa in August 2015. Peace in Lakes State and in Rumbek in particular will follow if this peace agreement is fully implemented in spirit and letter.

    We in diaspora are very much appalled by death toll rising each day in our state, and do not see any light at the end of the tunnel as long as the civil war continues in South Sudan. If President Kiir does not want the terms of this peace agreement, he should be forced to resign like what happened with former President of Gambia, Mr Yayha Jamie and President Mugabe recently.

    This agreement promises peace and unity for the people of South Sudan. The agreement guarantees democratic system of government through a fair and transparent elections. The agreement declares to fight corruption, to establish justice, law and order.

    The agreement transforms national security organs from being a tribal militia to a national defence force that includes every tribe. Recruitment into national defence force will be on the basis of capability and merit; not tribal affiliation or political support. We strongly believe that implementation of the peace agreement in South Sudan shall also bring peace and development to Rumbek people and all people of South Sudan.

    Revitalization of the agreement should not be based on whether President Kiir accepts it or not. After all, his term of office has expired since 2015. In fact failure of the agreement in 2016 was because President Kiir was allowed to head the transitional government of national unity (TGoNU).

    This time around, the head of transitional government should be somebody who would not contest in the upcoming elections. This will ensure that the next elections would be free, fair and transparent.

    ADDRESSING THE ROOT CAUSES OF PROBLEM IN SOUTH SUDAN:

    The people of South Sudan needs peace and development, not chronic humanitarian aid. Although humanitarian aid rescues victims in emergency situations, providers of international humanitarian aid only address symptoms of the problems. Humanitarian aid is a temporary solution to the problems of South Sudan.

    Addressing the root causes of the problem in South Sudan – insecurity and corruption in the government – should be the priority of friends and people of South Sudan. Therefore bringing and building peace in South Sudan is a basic and permanent solution and a first demand of the people of South Sudan.

    Developmental projects and other socio-economic services will automatically follow in an atmosphere of peace, good governance and unity of South Sudanese people when we all unite to successfully change the corrupt and divisive government of President Kiir.

    To shed light on the severity of the problem, we have tried to collect data of people killed in Rumbek Agaar community sectional fighting since the beginning of the conflict in 2001. We could not find full data from all sections of Agaar Dinka sections, but this is a beginning, and we will continue to do more research in this matter in the future.

    We intentionally left out casualties from other neighbouring communities that have been fighting amongst themselves or Agaar sections, because of unnecessary sensitivity of such a data. Below is a table showing combined casualties from both sides of Agaar sections fighting one another. The number of causalities could be more.

    Agaar sections Fighting against Agaar section People killed on both sides Remarks
    Pakam V Rup 463 Since June 2014
    Rup V Kuei 116 Since August 2013
    Gony V Thuyic 166 Since 17th Sept. 2001
    Dhiei V Kuei 36 Since Nov. 2010
    Kok-Awac V Kok-Ker 138 Since Feb. 2013
    Dur-Bar V Dur-Chek 64 Since Sept. 2013
    Panyar V Nyuei 73 Since March 2013
    Panyar V Aliaab 37 Since Oct. 2014
    Gony V Aliaab 12 Since Nov. 2014
    Dur-Bar V Rup 25 Since June 2016
    Total 1,130

    Conclusion

    We strongly urge our people of Lakes State and people of South Sudan in general to unite and get rid of President Kiir’s corrupt and divisive government. They should also discontinue revenge killings and maintain peace and justice amongst themselves. We appeal to UN and NGOs to provide humanitarian assistance to those displaced internally in Lakes State by this communal fighting.

    President Kiir’s recent decree state of emergency in Lakes State is a false propaganda nuisance and too late. Why did he not implement all the resolutions of previous peace conferences? This is just a delaying tactic to stay in power.

    If he is serious about disarmament in Lakes State, he should first arrest generals who sell arms to civilian youth of Lakes State, and make positive, effective and efficient changes in Lakes State government. Disarmament must be carried out in all parts of South Sudan.

    UN/UNMISS should also be involved in the disarmament process to adopt best practices used elsewhere in Africa or other continents. Meanwhile, disarmament must not be used as a means of looting and killing civil population in Rumbek or anywhere in South Sudan.

    . Signatories
    1- Mr. Johnson Makuei Mangar -Chairman of Rumbek Community in Western Australia
    2- Fr Matthew Mading Malok -Chairman of Konybai Peace Initiative
    3- Mr. Beny Mature Mathiang -Treasurer of Rumbek Community in Western Australia
    4- Mr. Eli Magok Manyol -Member of Konybai Peace Initiative
    5- Manyang Maker Tulba – Rumbek Community Youth Leader in Western Australia

    To Leaders of Bor, Twi and Duk: Save your jieng community from obliteration

    BY: MajorComings, DEC/10/2017, SSN;

    My leaders, this is your time. This is your moment. You must act in the best interest of your community to saving it from apparent obliteration.

    I am an insider and so, I compose this message with a heavy heart. It has to be prudently snooped to! It has to be taken with absolute care and urgently acted upon. It is an open secret, BorPeople (Twi, Bor and Duk) are needed to depopulate East bank and live as IDPs in their own country, and so their dignity is done with.

    To live with humiliation for rest of their lives. This must not be allowed to materialise, though, indicators of mass evacuation are so worrying. This community is capable to annex as far as Boma, and as far as Terkeka, and Akobo.

    This is the community whose more than 150 local chiefs were summarily killed in the 60s by Jallaba and continued to resist Jallaba that come with tanks and bombs.

    Who is this Akol Koor and Pibor to BorCommunity? The greatest weakness of this community is lack of unity. And this is what we need to build on. The community has human intelligence no other community has in South Sudan. It has everything else to subdue its opponents.

    This is the community that shattered Cobra Militia, in only a fortnight war. The so-called Murle power that propelled the idiotic Yau-Yau into the ministerial post. Only that, our ringleaders who led the war to Murle territory weren’t material oriented otherwise, they would have asked for government posts.

    This outright defeat angered particularly, Akol Koor of national security and his acolytes who were so determined that BorYouths were heading for a defeat. And this anger was typified by the Jameza Bor civilians massacre where 42 civilians (RIP) were instantaneously executed by security special force under the pretext of Mundari apostates.

    Akol did this with an intention of creating another war between BorPeople and MundariPeople. When this didn’t work in his favour, he ordered that the national gunships be used to attack BorYouth’s position in the Murle territory and this was where they fell out with General Paul Malong Awan, the then former Chief of General Staff.

    Gen Paul opposed Akol’s unthoughtful view and they clashed and unfortunately, Kiir took Akol’s side and unjustly fired Malong. May God be with General Paul wherever he is. This was a compelling manifestation of the dubious mining business Akol, Yau-Yau, Kiir, Konyi, and Akot Lual are cossetted in. These horrific crimes such as the wanton killing were meant to distract BorYouth who were matching at Pibor after clearing outposts of Pibor and indeed, diversion transpired.

    Akol, Akot Lual, Konyi, and Kiir Miyar won. Their mining business in Boma is much more significant than BorCommunity lives. Sad, but is the fact.

    Akol, Akot, Yau-Yau trained more than 10,000 MurleYouth Militia in the undisclosed training centre in Pibor. It is from this group where Akol went and brought 3,000 to Juba to disarm and fight Malong with. When Kiir refused to accept this confrontation, this 3,000 plus few IO-Taban soldiers were taken to PanPandiar in Bortown under General Dau Aturjong Nyuol who is an IO himself.

    Didn’t Juba learn from what General Gatdet of Riek Machar did to General Ajak Yen Ajak and BorCommunity in 2013? Why was Dau Aturjong put on top of General Malual Majok this time again? Did Kuol, Makuei, Thon Leek, Deng Dau question this? No, they didn’t.
    As this is the case, the well-being of BorPeople is of paramount and you the above mentioned leaders must step in and refurbish the dashed hope now than later.

    The Juba’s Bor politicians such as Kuol Manyang, Makuei Lueth, Thon Leek, Deng Dau, and army generals in the likes of, Malak Ayuen, Manyok Barach, Jok Riak, Malual Majok, Jongkuc Jool, Malual Ayom and many more are not for the betterment of BorCommunity. They are only there for their salaries and nothing else. Did anyone hear them utter a word when BorYouth were targeted and rounded up in Juba? No, they didn’t.

    Truth is, they all are caged up and are living at the mercy of Akol Koor. It’s simply uncouth to see General Kuol Manyang Juuk the then giant of South Sudanese liberation reduces to a mere puppet! He wasn’t anyone Akol could undermine and disrespect in those days. Sad, but Kuol is what he is, a puppet. He is a minister by name but someone between Akol and Akot is running the real show. We can’t even talk of Gen. Mamur Mete. He is totally out of the show. He is completely marginalised.

    Back to the topic, as I write, more than 10 BorYouth including their chairman (Majur Achol) to whom, Nhial Majak Nhial (the contemporary Bor Traitor) sold for just a mayoral post are languishing in custody and nobody of the aforementioned leaders showed leadership. Nhial, the Bor biblical Esau who sold his birthright for food is now comfortably recruiting more traitors home and abroad to undermine, sabotage BorCommunity’s will of wanting to protect itself.

    Nhial is Akol Koor hired thug whose reputation is in tatters. Akol is very tactical in choosing, he goes for a hopeless thug, and this tells people what he is. Nhial even stole from Hon. Kuol Manyang despite, trust KuolDit bestowed on him. This is the man who made away with millions of dollars from Jonglei State when 2013 crises struck. Nhial will kill more BorYouth through Akol if nothing is timely done.

    I encourage these three communities (Bor, Twi, and Duk) to bring down traitors before they do more damage to the community. A traitor deserves his head cut off and this the stage we are at. These innocent men whose names were handed by Nhial to Akol Koor were collected in their residents and are now still being unlawfully held until today, some are brutally tortured to a coma, Maluak Alony and Majur Achol are examples.

    All those who are arrested are either members of “Camcieth” BorYouth group or those who mobilised resources to support BorYouth back home so that they can protect vulnerable elderly and kids back home against Murle attack. Who on the Earth will call this a crime? Self-protection isn’t a crime universally.

    These youths have not committed any crime deemed a national threat. Their only crime that I now know of is the recent organisation of the BorYouth to counter Murle attack. Just see here, the accusations labelled against Majur Achol (Juba-Bor youth chairman) are that he mobilized 10,000 Bor youth and supplied them with weapons. This is rubbish, but who won’t do this if your community is recurrently attacked and the government appeared lenient and taking a side?

    Mobilisation did take place in Bor and Majur didn’t do any of it even governor Aguer to whom Nhial implicated too didn’t know of the plan. The mobilisation was informed by periodic attacks on BorPeople. It was done by MithBoor who are still at large. Be warned, they are ready to take over Pibor as the government seems to find pleasure in bloodletting and destruction.

    That spirit of mobilisation didn’t go down well with the RSS government which had been turning a blind eye in the face of numerous deadly Murle attacks against innocent citizens of these three counties. Akol Koor, Akot Lual, Konyi, and David Yau are behind the current crack down of innocent youths. Akol Koor and Akot Lual are sympathisers of Murle evil act against their ill-perceived political enemy (BorCommunity) according to some of “Wet Ka Aghorti”. And this is very untrue.

    When Murle attacks BorCommunity they keep silent for example, Jalle massacre days after Taban was sent to quell Buor not to retaliate and upto this time nobody has condemned the attack let alone recovering the stolen, robbed children, and cattle.

    On 28.11.2017 just three months apart, Pibor State attacked Duk County in Jonglei State killing scores of people and drove away with captives and herd of cattle and Juba government didn’t utter a single word, just after hyped cyber outcry, Taban sent a good-for-nothing message on 30.11.2017 but when “Buor” go to Murle to retract their abducted kids and rustled cattle Juba intervened quite immediately. This is a clear case of double-standard only traitors in BorCommunity won’t see this.

    It’s also imperative to bring to your attention that Akol and his security boys had been the prime suspect behind extrajudicial killings of young intellectuals from BorCommunity who were murdered in cold blood. The examples of those killed in cold blood by Akol Koor are,
    1. Akuach Jok (RIP), a promosing lawyer from Makerere University
    2. Diing Chan (RIP), known as (Isaiah Abraham) of Tiger and Tumsa battalion, a liberator on his own account who tuned a wide read columnist.
    3. Dr. Ding Chol Dau (RIP), a neurosurgeon physician by profession whose pay stands at this $395,000 a month in the West. Regrettably, he left this luxury pay behind for love of his nation and people.
    4. Ayor Mach (RIP) a veteran soldier
    5. Akol Garang (RIP) a veteran soldier
    6. Barach Mayendit (RIP), a veteran soldier
    7. Aguer Bul Yai (RIP)
    8. Deng Garang (RIP), a soldier
    9. Kut Apollo (RIP), a promising lawyer too from one of the Kenyan universities.

    And the list goes on. And no any perpetrator has ever been brought to book. No justice served whatsoever. Their loved ones and the entire BorCommunity is still yearning for justice. The targeted killing was ignored when BorPeople were killed, now the targeted killing is taken to Aweil and Abyei and has caught attention it deserves.

    Akec Mawel (RIP), known as (MonyDit waa), and Bol Miyen Deng (RIP) are first casualties. It has to be noted too that numerous Awiel youths are being arbitrarily held in the infamous jail known as MajokPiny in Juba, an action that has scared AwielBoys and most of well-educated who came from the USA, Australia, and Canada have started fleeing the country profusely. The bloody MajokPiny is where victims are held up, tortured, and killed by Akol Koor’s terrorist forces. In fact, most of General Malong’s followers are furtively eliminated without being publicly known. This means, there could be a lot more victims this author may never know.

    I need to unequivocally express my gratitude to the following two sisters who made videos siding with BorPeople, Awut Chan on her Facebook made it very clear on 27.11.2017 that “Akol Koor security is destroying Kiir’s reputation deliberately and Kiir thinks he is being protected. She went on to say, Akol Koor of security is finishing young generation and this is absolutely appalling for a young nation”. Thanks you for speaking up sister.

    Second, the controversial Daniella Valentino Wuol whose many online commentators thought was a hired gun by Internal Security Bureau (ISB) condemned Akol Koor and his ISB for targeted killing. She broke ties with security and the government of RSS when General Paul Malong got locked down by Akol Koor. She has now gone public convicting the death of Bol Deng Miyen (RIP) in the hands of organised forces (special operation) as Awut named them on 25.11.2017. She recommended a removal of devilish Akol Koor and a lot of people are sharing Wuol’s view.

    What this writer needs to add on these, Akol Koor is slowly setting up his government within Kiir government. He is secretly recruiting and positioning the likes of Nhial Majak for future crucial positions as he aims for taking over from Kiir.

    Like two Awuts clearly stated, Akol Koor is the first enemy of general Kiir if truth be told. With the way he is closing in at GenKiir, he looks like he gona kill Kiir without Kiir realising it. We are all aware that security is the primary responsibility of any functional government but Juba government is incapable of providing security to its vulnerable subjects. Instead, it kills at will as well as setting up communities against each other.

    The followings are the main reasons why BorYouths are currently being targeted;
    1- Akol fears such an organised force can overrun Juba should any issue arise between Bor and Juba.
    2- Akol wants to inflict fear through torture, intimidation and murder so that no one ever champions such an idea of community based protection and so the community becomes vulnerable.
    3- Akol and his ISB want names of those in the diaspora who mobilise resources to support BorYouth back home and I have been made aware by a reliable source within ISB that some names of prominent diaspora members had already been obtained by ISB through Nhial Majak. 90 or so names are with security.
    4- Akol intents is to completely destroy BorYouth’s spirit of mobilisation and the willingness to take responsibility and protect their vulnerable ones and properties such as cattle.

    I need to reiterate once more time that the ISB was able to successfully identify these youth members through recruitment of members of BorCommunity as informants headed by Nhial Majak and Ajak Bior. These informants come from previous Bor County. Particularly, they are from Anyidi. Akol Koor recruited these unpatriotic and hopeless traitors from this county and these collaborators have lured some hungry mobs and job seekers on to their dirty business and this has complicated the whole BorCommunity as they recruit as far as Duk County. But for BorCommunity to go forward we must go backward and revisit the liberation history.

    In the 80s or thereabout, a gentleman from Makuac Payam turned a dangerous traitor, he stationed himself up in Bor and falsely accused all that come to Bortown as ‘Anyanya’ which led to many innocent civilians losing their lives in the infamous ‘Pane-Nyok-Agaany’ (butcher theatre) in the hands of Jallaba. Fortunately, God of PaneBoor did wonder. Malueth, famously known Kolokoth, got into trouble with his masters, he ran back to the village in Makuach. His own mother notified the SPLA in a nearby station and Kolokoth was picked up and taken to MacDeeng currently BaaiDit Payam and was fire-squad by General Kuol Manyang. Anyidi County, need to help BorPeople in sorting itself out.

    My request to you leaders of these three communities in diaspora most notably USA, Australia, and Canada is to call for an urgent meeting and produce position paper which may contain the following demands;
    1. Call for immediate and unconditional release of innocent BorYouths currently suffering in the secret prisons of National Security.
    2. Akol Koor must be removed as head of security and the entire ISB entity needs an overhaul.
    3. Murle must be disarmed by the government in January and February in 2018. If the government fails, then BorYouth will invade Pibor.
    4. All BorCommunity stolen cattle, and children including the dead need to be compensated. This has to be done in the first six months of 2018. If nothing happens in these given months, BorYouth will invade Pibor.
    5. Do media briefing and involve international media houses such as CNN, BBC and many other.
    6. Liaise with other leaders back home including those in neighbouring countries such as Kenya and Uganda to get some updates on the accurate names and numbers of those in jail cells. I was informed that they are looking for about 95 youths or so to arrest.
    7. Reach out to the United States and United Nations Agencies such as Amnesty International and human rights groups.

    Final note:
    There is no one from BorCommunity to rely on in South Sudan. People like Makuei, Kuol, Atem Garang, Thon Leek, Deng Dau and many more have all been cowed and they are unable to speak up about what is currently happening to their subjects. They care about their positions but not their people as I stated earlier. We, in Juba here, live in a constant fear. They know what is happening is unconstitutional because until now none of these young people had been produced in the court of law as required by the constitution.

    It was last Sunday at Emmanuel Jieng Cathedral Church where I conversed with someone after service and he told me Akol asked for money to release some of these boys but not Majur and Maluak. I am humbly asking you diaspora leaders and people of goodwill to take up this responsibility and be the voice of these innocent BorYouths and your peaceful BorCommunity. I believe your voice will be heard and something will be done about this raging injustice.

    BOR Youth leaders in Diaspora:

    1. Akol Aguek Ngong, Bor County Chairman in (USA)
    2. Kuer Dau Apai, Twi East Community Chairman in (AUS)
    3. Herjok Apeech Herjok, Bor Community Chairman in (AUS)
    4. Manyok Ayuen Nhial, Greator Bor Community Chairman (USA)
    5. Thon Panchol Kueng, Chairman of BorYouth (AUS)
    6. Chol Mawai Majok, Chairman of TwiYouth (AUS)
    7. David Hoth Thon, Duk Community Chairman (USA)
    8. Ayiik Chan Ayiik, Duk Community Chairman (AUS)

    By, MajorComing. Reach me at MajorComing@gmail.com

    Riek Machar is Failing the Opposition against Kiir’s tyranny

    BY: Samuel Atabi, South Sudan, NOV/20/2017, SSN;

    In her November 15, 2017 remarks at the Holocaust Museum, the US Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, said two things which gave me both hope and caused me despair on the war in South Sudan.

    When she repeated the words of Elie Wiesel (a holocaust survivor and a Nobel Laureate) that “We must always choose side” in the face of extreme human sufferings, I became truly hopeful that this time round the US government will side with the people of South Sudan vis-à-vis their leaders.

    But when she spoke of “….South Sudanese government is engaged in a brutal protracted military campaign against a FRAGMENTED (my emphasis) opposition,” I despaired.

    We South Sudanese who have philosophically ‘taken side’ with the opposition forces are extremely dismayed by the divisive and fragmented activities of the group.

    In any conflict, such as that which is taking place among the South Sudanese opposition, positive, unifying and magnanimous overtures are expected from those who wield the most power.

    In this case, the majority of the suffering South Sudanese expects Dr Riek Machar, the leader of the largest and most powerful of the armed opposition, the SPLM-IO, to take the first initiative to unite the opposition.

    However, information now available in the public domain unequivocally indicates that Machar and his outfit are the source of the internecine fighting within and the fragmentation of opposition to which the ambassador referred.

    The consequence of this internal division is the weakening of the opposition forces which are now ranged against the brutal and tribal regime in Juba.

    A recent report by John Young (Isolation and Endurance: Riek Machar and the SPLM-IO 2016-17) brings into the open what many have been suspecting about the true character of Dr Machar.

    According to the report, Machar is opposed to the unity of all groups fighting the government in Juba; instead, he prefers to absorb all of them in his SPLM-IO, where he will remain dominant.

    He has contrived to make SPLM-IO weak by resisting institutionalization of the movement and formalization of its policy.

    This weakness can then ensure his grip on the power and therefore, marginalization of potential opponents.

    Most of SPLM-IO nominees to the parliament in Juba, following the August 2015 agreement, are young and political novices; again this is contrived to ensure his monopoly of power.

    Prior to the report, many people suspected that Machar was …politically and intellectually insecure;
    …that he was distrustful of his peers and colleagues, even those from his own Nuer tribe (several Nuer Generals and leaders have abandoned him);
    …that he was a control freak who took advantage of the politically inexperienced youth to enhance his dominance;
    …that he disdained the advice of his colleagues and peers (a harsh and close associate describes him ‘as obdurate as a donkey’);
    …and that he was militarily careless about the lives of his colleagues and those of his young followers.

    The last point is abundantly proven by the death of thousands of Nuer and other South Sudanese soldiers who were his followers at different military confrontations.

    In 1991, when Machar separated from the Garang-led SPLA, thousands of his followers were killed on his account.

    When he changed his mind and left his erstwhile allies in Khartoum, again the man abandoned thousands of his soldiers at the mercy of the Arabs.

    Prior to 2013 pogrom, during which thousands of Nuer and other South Sudanese civilians were literally slaughtered, Machar failed to recognize the risks when Kiir, Malong and others were recruiting private militias to carry out this slaughter; he criminally failed to plan countervailing measures against the impending genocide.

    When he fled Juba in 2013, he gain abandoned his own body guards to the guns of the Jieng militias.

    Following his return to Juba in 2016, as a consequence of the August, 2015 peace agreement, he again acted to type: he led hundreds of his own body guards to death traps when they accompanied him to the July 8, 2016 night meeting at J1.

    As if that was not enough, it is now clear that Machar had no plan for his forces for orderly withdrawal from Juba in case of military confrontations; these confrontations were expected even by non-military observers.

    In the disorderly withdrawal, which later took him to DR Congo, hundreds of his body guards perished. Among the dead was a senior general from Equatoria, Lt Gen Martin Kenyi.

    This litany of military disasters clearly amounts to accusations of incompetence and extreme dereliction of duty and responsibility for which any military general deserves to be court marshalled.

    In October (16-18) 2017, six of the South Sudanese groups that are opposed to the Kiir government met in the town of Nyahururu in central Kenya to consult on how to work together in their effort to liberate the people of South Sudan.

    Unsurprisingly, the leadership of the SPLM-IO declined to send a delegation to the meeting.

    The outcome of this consultative meeting is the ‘Nyahururu Declaration’ in which the parties, SPLM-FD, FDP, NDM, SSNMC, NAS, and NAM, have agreed to form a broad alliance to achieve their objectives; they have also agreed to respect the autonomy of each group to exist separately but as a part of the alliance.

    Again, the suffering South Sudanese can only view with consternation the absence of the SPLM-IO, which they expect to have given leadership to the emerging alliance.

    Ultimately, Riek Machar, in the wake of new political and diplomatic reality on the issue of South Sudan, will have to make up his mind as to his own future and that of his organization.

    He has two main choices:
    1- he can lead his group into the fold of the new opposition alliance and constructively contribute to the freedom of South Sudanese;
    2- he can continue with the present, lonely, destructive and divisive trajectory and become politically irrelevant in the politics of South Sudan, both in the short and long term; unless, of course, he capitulates to Taban Deng Gai and rejoins the JCE-controlled regime in Juba.

    The choice is his.

    Accountability, National Dialogue, and Elections: Which one of them comes first?

    BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, South Sudan, OCT/14/2017, SSN;

    Conflicts or wars are the offspring of failures to have constructive dialogues in resolving problems between parties. The parties could range from countries, groups of allies, organizations, and others.

    Even the mafia outfits and the drug cartels do fight wars among themselves. Civil wars are no different but are often the result of revolutions by peoples against their governments. They all represent the end of diplomacy and a way to bring into play new dynamics and realities on the ground or to strengthen the position of the winners in case of future negotiations.

    Carl Von Clausewitz’s famous aphorism “War is the continuation of politics by other means”; is not always right. Terrorist organizations like AL Qaeda, Boko Haram, and ISIS believe in conquering the world to impose their ideology. There is no room for any democratic dialogue with them. It’s either their way or the highway.

    Of all the civil wars that had happened in the world, the one happening in South Sudan right now; stands out. It’s unparalleled and senseless when you ponder over its causation. The American Civil War was triggered by controversy over slavery and States’ rights. In Europe, the Spanish Civil War was a struggle between ideologies – the Republicans, Communists and anarchists on one side, and the Conservatives and the Monarchists under General Fransisco Franco on the other.

    What is seen in South Sudan never happened anywhere in the world. A bitter power struggle within the SPLM party; degenerated quickly into widespread hostilities. In the world of cool heads and common sense; a domestic fight would not be allowed to spiral out of control to involve the neighborhood let alone the city or the whole country. The irresponsibility and recklessness displayed by those who issued the orders and ignited the war are mind-boggling.

    War is a grave and expensive undertaking. Thus, it’s the responsibility of the leaders to avoid it at all costs and more so when a Civil War looms. The Commander-in-Chief needs to think wisely before endangering the lives of ordinary citizens or sending troops in harm’s way.

    Likewise, the high-ranking politicians and Generals have duties and obligations towards the citizens of South Sudan and shouldn’t allow themselves to be led like a flock of sheep by the Commander-in-Chief. Presidential orders that are against the Constitution and the interests of the South Sudanese people are non-binding.

    The December 2013 Juba massacre of the Nuer civilians embodies the situation when leaders abandon their essential duties to the people and go against the Constitution. Instead of safeguarding unity and doing the people’s business, they got embroiled in a power struggle in pursuit of personal interests.

    The South Sudanese people did not participate in starting the war but fell victim to it. The appalling lack of concern by the SPLM party leaders regarding what befell the common man and the country as a whole; amounts to treason.

    Now the people who opened the gates of hell and pushed the country into a brutal civil war that was uncalled for, are very vocal regarding an urgent need for a National Dialogue. Let it be clear, national dialogue per se is not an option but a necessity because the very existence of South Sudan and indeed any viable State hinges on a vibrant national conversation.

    In fact, national dialogue is not a one-off exercise but rather a continuous process. The moment that process stops, the State ceases to exist and disintegrates.

    National dialogue, however, needs to be conducted within the context of full accountability and transparency. It’s only by doing so, that reconciliation and healing could be achieved.

    It’s evident that the perpetrators of the conflict are working hard in a bid to use the controversial national dialogue as a vehicle to evade justice. They want the country to open a new page with the status quo maintained.

    The tens of thousands of lives that have been lost seem not to matter to them. The destruction of the meagre infrastructure, people’s homes, and properties are to be swept under the carpet. No one is to answer for those heinous crimes.

    They are propagating the lame argument that accountability and justice for the victims, would create more instability and impede national dialogue. Unfortunately, this notion is shared by some influential opportunists in the international community and the regional powers.

    The fact of the matter is that national dialogue will never materialize in the absence of full accountability. It’s outrageous that the same leaders who brought death, disease, and famine upon the people of South Sudan, have the nerve of wanting to continue ruling the victims.

    There are people within the SPLM party and government who are true nationalists and patriots. They do not bear the responsibility for the atrocities committed by the regime though they carry the moral part of it.

    Such people, who constitute a significant number of the government followers, would not be affected in a major way by the accountability process. The reason is that when Human Rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity do occur, you don’t go after the low-ranking officers or officials but after the leading officers and the prominent politicians.

    In simple terms, if a battalion commits a massacre of unarmed civilians, you do not prosecute the foot soldiers but the commanders who issued the orders.

    The Nuremberg Trials, over half a century ago, saw the prosecution and sentencing of top Nazi leaders. Goering, Ribbentrop, Keitel and others received capital punishments. The low-ranking Nazi officers and officials were spared.

    In the far east, General Tojo, the Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army and afterwards Prime Minister of Japan and 5 of his colleagues ended up being hanged for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

    Closer to home, the perpetrators of the Rwanda genocide were prosecuted, and some were handed down death sentences. Still closer to home, in April 2012 former Liberian President, Charles Taylor was sentenced to 50 years in prison at The Hague for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

    People across the globe already know that gross Human Rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed in the Republic of South Sudan. Our country is not an isolated island in the middle of nowhere.

    We are part of this world and fall under the prevailing international law. The people of South Sudan expects the international community to desist from cutting corners or applying double standards.

    What it needs to do is to follow the above precedents since they have yielded the desired results. The same remedy that brought peace and prosperity to Germany, Japan, Rwanda, and Liberia should be good enough for South Sudan.

    Thus, many South Sudanese are dismayed by the mixed messages emanating from IGAD, the Troika, the regional powers and some in the international community. There appears to be a concerted effort by some well-known players to overlook accountability and allow the current regime to continue ruling the country.

    In essence, they want more of the same with a bit of spices added to it. It all boils down to the fact that a regime change would bring along undesirable consequences to them. In the presence of a responsible government in Juba, their meddling into our internal affairs would abruptly cease.

    Also, the unprecedented trade deficit coupled with the corrupt and unjustified leniency in government dealings would come under heavy scrutiny by qualified and competent South Sudanese. It would be the end of the extended honeymoon that they have enjoyed since 2005.

    The policy of exuberant support to an unpopular regime by a neighbouring country is short-sighted and risky. It’s even much worse when the government of a neighbouring country engages in doing the dirty work for the regime at hand. It creates animosity between the oppressed people and that government which could spill over to instigate hatred between the two peoples.

    Dictatorial regimes do get overthrown; people don’t. Hence, for the long-term, it’s wiser to be in people’s good books rather than being friendly with the regime while hated by its populace.

    We all know how the unlimited support by the USA to the Shah of Iran played out. That policy not only failed to save the Shah regime from collapse but created extreme animosity for decades between America and Iran. Also, as a result, the US incurred trillions of Dollars losses in trade, and arguably the ordeal bred international terrorism.

    Last February, while on a visit to Yei River State, Kiir announced his intention to stand for elections in 2018. It must be remembered that Kiir’s Presidency was never straightforward. He was elected as President of the Transitional Government of Southern Sudan in April 2010.

    Presidential elections were never carried out following the independence of South Sudan on July 9, 2011. Sabotage by the SPLM party and the joy of freedom that blinded many South Sudanese, somehow, allowed Kiir to become the first President of the Republic of South Sudan without elections.

    As we all know, no elections were conducted in 2015 and Kiir extended his tenure in office for three years along with the National Legislative Assembly (NLA). In reality, Kiir has been all along a de facto President rather than an elected one since independence from Sudan.

    Many see Kiir’s contemplated candidacy as an audacity of the highest order. They wonder what achievements would the President run his election campaign on?! And most importantly, how would he rid himself of the responsibility for the Civil War to meet the requirements for candidacy?!

    Free democratic elections need an environment of full security, free speech, free press and free movement across the country. Those elements are lacking in the prevailing situation in South Sudan.

    With millions of citizens in the refugee camps across the borders, and more in the famine stricken parts of the country, how could the participation of such groups be guaranteed?! Moreover, where would the money to fund the elections come from if the economy is already in tatters?!

    Genuine national dialogue cannot take place in the absence of accountability for the simple reason that, it’s all about resolving issues that fall under it.

    Matters relating to atrocities and land grab must be settled before national dialogue could be realized.

    Hence, in the context of the civil war, accountability and national dialogue are inseparable.

    In my view, accountability should precede national dialogue, or both be conducted simultaneously. It must be understood that accountability does not only mean bringing suspects to book but also weeding out criminals from ever taking up public offices.

    Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

    Grievances of Chollo Community against Govt. of South Sudan’s aggression, discrimination and exploitation

    To: Ambassador Ismail Weis, Head of IGAD Delegation to Khartoum, Sudan

    Date: 10th October 2017, SSN;

    Chollo Community Council would like to express their gratitude and appreciation to IGAD representatives for accepting our humble request to meet you, so that we can once again express our grievances, ironically and sadly, against our own government.

    1. Historical note about Chollo’s problem:
    Padang Jieng began to claim Chollo ancestral lands on eastern side of White Nile and Sobat Rivers in late 1970s. These unfounded claims seem to have during much part of the SPLM war. But they resurfaced towards the end of war period particularly in Panyigur meeting, where the Padang Jieng claims were strongly challenged and eventually silenced by the late Dr. John Garang, with historical facts that stopped were in favour of Chollo.

    After the untimed death of Dr. John Garang in 2005, the SPLM government led by President Salva Kiir, decided to implement Padang Jieng’s agenda by force using the national army – SPLA. Army units were established in Chollo villages. The distance between every adjacent units was just four (4) kilometers. The so-called enemy army was not deployed in that intensity. The soldiers were harassing, terrorizing citizens at gun point and raping girls and women.

    The hidden objective was to pressurize Chollo people to abandon and evacuate their ancestral land to make it free for Padang Jieng to occupy.

    Further, from 2005 until the death of Gen George Athor, government forces South of Malakal town prevented members of Chollo community from building their houses under the pretext that those areas were still operational military zones. While at the same time Padang Jieng were being encouraged to build in the same locations.

    2. Chollo Land grabbed:

    The official land grabbing started in 2009, when President Salva Kiir issued a decree annexing Chollo Land in Pijo to Padang Jieng without consulting Chollo living there. Presidential decree No 36:2015 added salt to injury by annexing all Chollo lands east of White Nile and Sobat rivers to Padang Jieng. Indeed, misuse of presidential powers and armed provocations by Padang Jieng militias led Chollo community to arm themselves in defense of their ancestral land especially after appeals from Chollo politicians to the government of President Kiir fell on deaf ears.

    3. Involvement of Chollo community in the current war:

    a) Initially Chollo community was not a party to this mad war. Chollo was intentionally dragged into it by the warring communities of Jieng and Nuer. These two were quarrelling over party and government leadership in Juba. Instead of confining their quarrel to Juba and their tribal areas they exported it to Malakal and surrounding Chollo areas killing anybody in sight. The harrowing tragedies and tribulations that occurred in Malakal compelled many members of Chollo community to take arms to protect themselves from the merciless killers invading their land.

    b) When Chollo deserted Malakal town to seek peace and safety on the western side of the Nile the Nuer and Dinka couldn’t spare them. Both tribes crossed after Chollo. Chollo had no choice but to fight back in self-defense.

    c) What is taking place in Chollo kingdom now is the government of South Sudan implementing the well planned strategy of uprooting Chollo community from their ancestral land in fulfillment of the unfounded claims of Padang Jieng. The strategy is also being implemented in many forms, all of which are negatively affecting Chollo community.

    The infamous land grabbing order No 36/2015 is one way towards that dirty strategy. The bloody incident of 17and 18 February 2016, which took, at least forty (40), innocent lives of Chollo civilians inside the UN Protection Camp in Malakal is another. Bombarding and destroying Wau Chollo/Shilluk and surrounding villages in which many citizens were killed and injured using war planes from a neighbouring country is an ethnic cleansing act feeding into the strategy. In fact no known place where there is Chollo gathering is left by the government of President Kiir. Kodok, Tonga and more recently Aboroj were fiercely attacked and destroyed.

    As result of those war crimes many innocent civilian lives were lost, and the few survivors deserted those places in desperate need for safety until they reached South Kordofan and White Nile states of Sudan. They now live miserably in the camps of Liri and Khor Worrol and others in different places.

    4. Way forward:

    a) Cancellation of presidential order 36/2015 and return to ten states with borders as of 1/1/1956 is the starting point towards a permanent solution. This will give back Chollo grabbed land on both sides of the White Nile and the Sobat rivers. This redress of grievances may slowly restore the broken trust between the neighbouring tribes of Chollo and Padang Jieng.

    b) This baseless war must be brought to an end by all means through intervention of UN, International Communities, AU and IGAD.

    c) The current government should be dissolved and a new five-year Transitional Government is formed, without President Kiir and Dr. Machar, to establish rule of law institutions, make a constitution and hold free and fair general elections. As community, we see that peace can’t be achieved in South Sudan if the government of Salva Kiir remains in power, because it was the one that created that war and it is one resisting peace initiatives all the time.

    d) Dr Machar should account for Chollo girls and women his forces abducted from Malakal in 2014.

    e) Both President Kiir and Dr Machar should answer for war crimes and genocide against Chollo civilians. President Kiir used war planes and chemical weapons against unarmed civilians while Dr Machar ordered pulling dead bodies into White Nile River in Malakal after killing them in large numbers.

    f) To restore the broken relationship between warring communities, the reconciliation and social healing processes must be carried out by neutral body that will be acceptable to all warring parties.

    g) The International Community should urgently rehabilitate Wau PoC and Aboroj camp, fence them and deploy strong protection forces there to accommodate the few elderly and vulnerable Chollo who still remain in Chollo land to save their lives because the government of President Kiir is still targeting them.

    Best wishes and regards for your team.

    Samson Oyay Awin
    Chairman,
    Chollo Community Council, Khartoum Sudan

    CC. UN Secretary General, New York.
    CC. AU, Addis Abab, Ethiopia,
    CC. Troika Countries.
    CC. International Community.
    CC. JEMEC
    CC. Chollo Community in Diaspora

    General Thomas Cirillo Has Been Granted Amnesty? This is a trap!

    From: Toria , South Sudan, SEPT/18/2017, SSN;

    In a recent development, the unlawful sitting President of South Sudan granted an amnesty to C-in-C of NAS Gen. Thomas Cirilo. I have an urgent message to Thomas. Please don’t fall for this trap.

    This is nothing but a pretext to lure you and other Equatorians back into Juba for their next sinister plans, they have calculated that your move into the bush is the biggest threat to them and so they will do anything to get rid of you particularly by assassination.

    Lies of Juba Regime:
    “Analysts say the move to free the former political detainees without any pre-condition demonstrated Kiir’s determination to resolve the country’s civil war.”

    “He also claimed the country was dominated by Dinka tribe and the army turned into a tribal militia that “targets non-Dinka ethnicities”.” Nothing has changed.

    There are some points that you need to take into consideration as to why Juba regime is doing this:
    1. They have reckoned with your heavyweight personality that tipped the balance against their survival.
    2. Juba regime is already too deformed to be reformed; there is nothing that the so-called National Dialogue could do to change anything as long as Kirr remains in power
    3. You, Sir, Cdr Cirillo, in one of the only remaining truly Equatorian leaders and we CAN NOT risk to lose you like the many Great Equatorian leaders that perished at the hands of Garang’s SPLA.

    Kirr is no different and he will kill anyone whom he feels will challenge his authoritarian regime and you have already called for removal of this illegal President when you left.

    That alone is a treason which could be used against you.

    “The National Salvation Front (NAS) is convinced that to restore sanity and normalcy in our country, Kiir must go, he must vacate the office without further bloodshed,” that’s what you partly wrote in your six-page letter of resignation.”

    Brother; PLEASE DON’T COME TO JUBA!!!!!

    4. The people of Equatoria are with you, and you have given us all the reasons to fight for our rightful ancestral soil, this is not the time to rush back to Juba without having the proper agreements.

    That’s WE the children of Equatoria must get back every inch of our forefathers’ lands from these Dinka squatters.

    The only peace will come when roaming Dinka herders relocate back to their regions without preconditions particularly removing their cattle away from Equatoria so that we have the land for agricultural developments.

    5. Finally, I could go on more but I would like to end my argument that the only time revolutionary people will put down arms will come when we are all ready for peace.

    Kirr and his cohorts are not ready for peace, they are trying to force the opposition forces into submissions which is not the way forward.

    Unless there is mutual respect for everyone in South Sudan, we have yet to about.

    Hitler and the Nazis were forced to surrender and then Europe was in peace.

    Juba Kiir’s regime and their JCE Cohorts are all criminals and until they are taken to the ICC, they must not get away with Crimes they committed.

    IF THERE IS ANY AMNESTY TO BE GRANTED, THE KIIR’S SPLA CRIMINALS MUST FIRST GO TO THE ICC AND COME OUT CLEAR.

    HOWEVER AND WHATSOEVER, THEY ARE ALL CRIMINALS AND THEY BELONG BEHIND BARS.

    EDITORIAL: South Sudan falling apart before our eyes

    BY: The EastAfrican Editor, JUL/29/2017, SSN;

    In Summary:
    “What started as political differences between President Salva Kiir and his deputy Riek Machar in December 2013, has now morphed into a free-for-all war of survival in the face of a collapsed economy, high unemployment among the youth and famine caused by many years of war.
    South Sudan is heading into the political abyss. The country is disintegrating before our eyes as it sinks into unstructured fighting in various states.”

    The international community should now wake up to the horrors in South Sudan, where new ethnic militias are emerging to fight each other and use rape as a weapon of war.

    The latest report released by Amnesty International chronicles widespread rape where in some instances assailants mutilate women’s private parts with knives after raping them, leaving them to suffer a slow death.

    Men have not been spared in the now widespread revenge attacks, where some have been sodomised, while others have been castrated or tortured with needles.

    Amnesty International chronicles gruesome acts committed against citizens of South Sudan by government soldiers.

    All these are happening while the world appears to have forgotten South Sudan, and regional states are too divided to come up with a workable solution to end a civil war that has gone on for almost four years, claimed over 60,000 lives and left over four million displaced — two million are displaced within the country and another two million have fled to neighbouring Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan.

    What started as political differences between President Salva Kiir and his deputy Riek Machar in December 2013, has now morphed into a free-for-all war of survival in the face of a collapsed economy, high unemployment among the youth and famine caused by many years of war.

    In the past two weeks, fighting has intensified in Upper, Bentiu and Unity States, Keji-Keji in Yei along the border with Uganda and Imatong town, near the border town of Nimule, where both parties continue to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity with abandon.

    Yet partner states of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (Igad) appear to have given up on South Sudan.

    The August 2015 peace agreement cannot be implemented, while the country is in no shape to hold elections in 2018 as per the agreement. If the world does not come to the rescue, South Sudan is likely to turn into another Somalia where ethnic militias will dismantle the country into small enclaves.

    The people of South Sudan are hoping that the fact-finding mission by Igad that begins work on July 24 will revive commitment by the region and the international community to come up with workable solutions to stop the war.

    It is now obvious that the experiment common in Africa of forcing warring parties to share power has failed miserably in South Sudan.

    Igad continues to insist on the implementation of the August 2015 peace agreement, which both parties agree is dead and cannot be implemented in its original form since more armed groups have emerged, fighting for reasons far removed from what sparked off the civil war in 2013.

    It is time the international community accepts that President Kiir and Dr Machar will not work together, and comes up with a completely new political solution that involves all the stakeholders.