Category: Politics

People of South Sudan and International Community reject Pres. Kiir’s Order establishing 28 States

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, OCT/08/2015, SSN;

On Friday 2nd of Oct., 2015, President Salva Kiir Mayardit announced the “Establishment Order Number 36/2015 for the Creation of 28 States in the Decentralized Governance System in the Republic of South Sudan.” People of South Sudan in the country and Diaspora and the international community were dumbfounded and taken aback after learning President Salva Kiir has once again made another erroneous, tribalized and ill-conceived republican order establishing 28 States in the war torn country.

The President’s republican order did not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement by Kiir himself and rival Dr. Riek for the resolution of South Sudan conflict, it’s feared the order would jump start the Somalization of South Sudan.

In the light of this Presidential Order, people of South Sudan in the country and around the globe have reacted against it negatively after realizing that their hopes for peace returning to the war torn South Sudan is implausible, trashed and thrown overboard by Kiir’s ill-advised order.

Subsequently, in unison and with the international community, they categorically rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

They (South Sudanese) called the order many names including “ill-advised, “mean spirited” “clear violation of the Compromised Peace Agreement,” “unconstitutional,” ill-informed,” “rejuvenation of Kokora,” “unwise” “unstudied,” misappropriation of lands by Dinka and dinkanisation of South Sudan.”

Meanwhile IGAD-Plus, European Union, African Union and Troika have also condemned and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The parties have called on Kiir to “revoke” and “defer” the order because it “violates and goes against the spirit” of recently Compromised Peace Agreement.

More in depth, lecturer of Juba University, Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam Akol, the leader of Official Opposition in South Sudan have identified constitutional blunders referred to in the order.

For example, ‘Article 166(6) (a), (b) and Article 101 (b), (f), (k) and (u)” were wrongly quoted showcasing how poorly the document was hastily derived.

Mr. Okuk further pointed out the nonexistence of Kodok or Malakal Counties which also referred in the order and the two counties in Warrap and Lake States that became two independent States of their own in the new order.

Both Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam stated that the order is a “violation of the IGAD-PLUS’ mediated Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, which was signed by President Kiir himself in Juba on 26th August 2015 and ratified later by the National Legislature so that it becomes supreme over the Transitional Constitution (2011 and amendments” and that the establishment of 28 States “may be suspected as rejuvenation of ‘Kokora’ but on tribal enclaves.”

With these serious flaws and unforgivable mistakes in the order, Dr. Okuk concluded by calling for the nullification and reversal of the order by Kiir because it undermines President Kiir’s constitutional stand.

More so, it is feared that the republican order would unquestionably jump start the balkanization of South Sudan.

On the other hand Peter Gai Manyuon in Nairobi Kenya, called the Presidential Order Establishing 28 States as a “dinkanisation … idea” and tribalistic Leadership characterized by primitiveness, nepotism and political materialism.”

Mr. Manyuon on his part also rejected the order and call on President Kiir to reverse the order because it violates the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement to the Resolution of South Sudan’ conflict.

David Blair reported that “President of South Sudan was accused of “violating” a peace agreement by unilaterally creating 28 new states.”

Also, the Raja County’s tribal leaders of Western Bar El Ghazal States have strongly rejected the order and condemned the annexation of Raja County to Northern Bar El ghazel State.

Tor Madira Machier in Egypt, Cairo, called Kiir’s creation of 28 states as a means to “promote ethnically based political hatred {campaign} among tribes, returning to war and it undermines IGAD-plus peace deal.” And therefore, it must be nullified.

Moreover, leaders of Greater Equatoria have rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The leaders stated “the President has broken his oath by not consulting the members of the National and State Assemblies that represent the people of South Sudan; and therefore, the President’s action to create 28 states is unconstitutional.”

The Equatorians’ leaders trashed the decree calling it a clear violation of the recently signed peace agreement and called on IGAD to intervene because the agreement states that “no party should be allowed to undermine the peace agreement by unilateral actions that are not stipulated in the agreement.”

Meanwhile, the SPLM/A –IO, the SPLM–Political Detainees, the South Sudan Civil Society, the South Sudan Faith Group and other partners in the Compromised Peace Agreement also condemn and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

In the released statements, they clearly stated that the Presidential decree is a “violation” of the Compromised Peace Agreement.

Further, the SPLM/A-IO stressed that “it is a clear message to the world that President Salva Kiir is not committed to peace and the Movement call on IGAD–Plus to take a strong position.”

The Troika (USA, Norway and UK) stated that “this announcement directly contradicts the Government of South Sudan’s commitment to implement the peace agreement it signed on August 26” and call on President Salva Kiir to “defer” the order.

Considering these strong opposition outcries, condemnations against the order and the flaws it contained, it is therefore self-evident that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has made a mistake for scrambling and partitioning of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 new States.

The move is unpopular and must be annulled in order to avoid subsequent bloodshed in the country.

In closing, I personally echo the strong rejections of Salva Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. And I therefore call on IGAG-PLUS, Troika, African Union and Friends of South Sudan to remind Salva Kiir of dire consequences should this unconstitutional decree remained un-reversed in the next two weeks.

The decree does not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement, it inadvertently called for the balkanization of South Sudan into tribal enclaves, and I am afraid the resultant of this unpopular decision would be an uncontrollable bloodbath across the country.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

‘We, Dinka, have failed South Sudan:’ True words of Nhial Bol on Kiir’s tribal junta

Failed State, Incompetent tribal elites, Dictatorship and Murderous Military Junta tribal Government are not Myths in South Sudan: The True Words of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, Transcribed by J. Nguen, CANADA, OCT/05/2015, SSN;

For the last 4 years, South Sudanese advocates time and time again came out openly and criticized Salva Kiir’s mismanagement of South Sudan state of affairs and rightfully called his government a tribal Government that’s only benefiting few crooks from Salva Kiir’s home State of Warrap.

At times, these few Dinka comfort themselves with blinded false dismissal and their line of defense is tribal rhetoric of African political discourse statement as if Africa is a tribe runs by clannist chiefs.

The truth is, some few Dinka open–minded youth and nationalist figures like Mabior John Garang and Dr. Dhieu Mathok and many others have joined this noble call and placed Salva Kiir’s government where it justly belongs, as a tribal enclave establishment for only few incompetent Dinka.

The justification of the claims is the Juba Nuer Massacre on the 15th of December 2013 by illiterate armed Dinka militias, trained and ordered to kill innocent Nuer civilians. The order to kill was directly from by President Salva Kiir himself.

Some have claimed that the strategy was meant to swiftly install Dinka’s government rule for life in South Sudan, which I cautiously agreed in part. The strategy’s must-do-list is to first clear misconceived imminent threat and this has failed considering the resistance and outcry in the country after the fact.

Another evidence of this tried tribal informed episode is the recent the partition of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 States. Sad but I reserved this issue of “scramble and partition” of South Sudan to 28 States to my next piece.

For now, I must remained focus to Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s media outburst against the die-tried Dinka government establishment.

Below is the transcription of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s own words on the SBS Radio originally and orally spoken in Dinka dialect.

The benefit of transcribing this important broadcast is for the world to understand and remain informed about South Sudan’ state of affairs in the eyes of a left out Dinka man from the looted nation’s cake by none other than his own tribesmen.

As such, I must say, I’m not a savvy linguist but rather a political advocate dedicated to unearth the truth, so as to nothing but truth can reveal about current South Sudan’s state of affairs.

On Sept 11, 2015, Nhial Bol Aken went on air alleging that his newspaper, “The Citizen,” was shut down simply because he, Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, did not support and stand with the Dinka government sponsored mission.

I say Dinka government if you will, because his newspaper was closed down by government’s security apparatus directed by the men from the top who happened to be Dinka by choice and who coerce Dinka and non-Dinka alike to support Dinka’s mission of domination.

For example, the Minister of Information in the Government of South Sudan, Mr. Makuei Lueth and some security apparatus informed Mr. Aken that he has not committed wrongdoing but his only mistake was that he “failed to stand with Dinka.”

Further, Mr. Aken was alleged to have questioned the logic behind this beat up tribal rhetoric by asking honest questions: “Where do Dinka stands? And what is the Dinka mission? If it’s a question of peace, it is already signed; and nobody would refuse peace and even Satan will not.”

Mr. Aken went on to say, “I find it logical that when someone asks anyone to stand with them at any point in any political discourse or otherwise is it naturally sound to ask what these people stand for in scheme of things, bad or worse and why such support is necessary? I believed our people, the Dinka in the government are confused.”

QUESTION: Is there a Dinka government or nation being fought purely for Dinka?
I, myself, I’ m confused because I don’t understand what our Jeng (Dinka) people in the government are doing.

There are threatening and killing people in the name of Dinka. I had a TV channel and the government used to take people from here to video tape on their behalf and broadcast it but at the end I decided I don’t want to be associated with hate speech.

What I don’t understand is what we the Dinka are doing? If it’s a question of food, we the Dinka are fighting for, then, I, Nhial Bol Aken cannot be party to that. Even, God said, human beings can find food anywhere so long there are healthy and working. Besides, during referendum, it was not Dinka community that voted for our independence but all South Sudanese have voted for this nation to exist today.

So, I repeat, if the question of tribe and food are what the Dinka (Jieng) are fighting for, then I’ m certainly not a party to that whatsoever.

Our people are confused and it’s only the question of food in their thinking. It’s not how to build this nation and have a prosperous South Sudan for all South Sudanese.

QUESTION: Is there a threat on your life?
Yes, my life is under threat. However, I come from a large family and if the government chose to kill me, and then let them do so. The most important thing that the Jieng community want to do right now is to unite in order to uproot those bad people who came into our midst.

These people are incompetent and incapable of running this country. They failed politically and as well as Dinka running the nation. Their sole goal is to die in power running a collapsed State. They have failed but they do not have the guts and courage of accepting failure.

QUESTION: You were supposedly investigated by South Sudan’s National Security apparatus, so at what point did these National Security personnel become a Jeng’s National Security, where they would coerce you to support Jieng’ interests? Were they trained as Jeng?
The National Security here in South Sudan is for Jieng and by Jieng. It’s like the way we used to run our affairs as Dinka in Dinka’s ancestral lands. This is how it is. I have been questioned by these security numerous times but there has never been a time I have been investigated or questioned by any other person from other tribes in South Sudan than Dinka. Therefore, this is the stark evidence of Dinka’ rule.

The Dinka are the ones running South Sudan Government. They occupied all positions in the government and yet the country is on the verge of total collapse. So, if they have failed like it has been the case here, why can’t they invite other non-Dinka to help them (Aken lamented).

QUESTION: What is Mr. Makuei Lueth saying to you as a Minister of Information in the Government after your newspaper was shut down?
Well, I do not blame Mr. Makuei Lueth. It’s only the security personnel running the affairs of South Sudan. There are above the law and listen to no one. I personally asked Makuei as to why newspapers in this country are being shut down? Mr. Makuei said, the security personnel told me that because you, Nhial Bol Aken didn’t pay taxation. Then, I represented to him the receipt of payment and he suddenly changed the question.

Well, “the security also said you insulted the government.” I subsequently answered Makuei in form of question, how did I insult the government. There was no proper answer provided.
Before, you fully answer this question, is the taxation issue a national security matter or ministry of finance?

Like I told you before, these people are completely confused. Makuei Lueth is working with those from Bhar El Ghazal Dinka (where President Salva Kiir comes from) and these people, they do not listen to no one, and this is the problem.

Even I told Makuei that when we were in Khartoum, Sudan, things like these were not daily occurrences. And all I would say, it’s only those who refused thievery that are being targeted and isolated in South Sudan.

When Sudan was one, we were complaining of humiliations, suffering and marginalization, what happened and why did we fight for the last 21 years then?

We allowed bad people to run the affairs of this nation. Did you guys ever hear of President Kiir visiting Gogrial where he was born and Bor to see suffering people, let alone other places? No. So, if the head of the State is afraid visiting States for security reasons, then, the question becomes how he is going to govern the nation?

For example, Abel Alier used to visit affected areas, those affected by natural disasters but Kiir never did. This is how things are in South Sudan. However, if they think luck and miracle will save them, there are lying.

QUESTION: Now, you are being targeted because you write about corruption and thievery in the office of the President and people were jailed and even dismissed, are these the things you are being targeted about?
This issue of corruption and thievery, it was the President himself who brought it up and wrote to 75 persons about corruption and thievery of 4.5 million dollars. When did it happen that it was me? It was not me. The mission of the media is dissemination of correct information; I don’t know why we should be targeted.

QUESTION: People say the reason you are still alive is because you come from Bhar El Ghazal and if you were from other community, you would be dead by now. Do you accept this as a correct statement?
No. What kept me alive to this day is my strong heart, not because I am from Bhar El Ghazal. People from Bhar El Ghazal are dying here daily. When you have strong heart, you will survive even though people have malicious plans against you. Sometime, people who have these malicious thinking about others people often find something that kills them.

I never killed anyone. Even, I never killed an insect. Why should I be killed and what did I do wrong that warranted my killing? What I was telling them is that, my people, stop looting and thievery. It’s a shame considering the greatness of Dinka community good name, to stoop this low, by stealing other people’s money. This is not a good thing and it has tarnished Dinka’s name for good.

Considering our good name as Dinka, it’s indeed humiliating that we the Dinka are now the ones stealing and being called thieves by others and even involved in these practices. We should be the ones setting good examples and not stealing.

As we have failed to run this country, then, we should openly admit it and give this noble task to those who can do it better than us.

QUESTION: Did any Minister in Government call you about this issue?
Yes the minister of public service and minister of higher education did call. A person who work for Public Service called me and said we would like to buy your newspaper, “The Citizen” to conduct our SPLM’ elections. I told him what is “The Citizen” is going to help you with?

First, the Central bank (Bank of South Sudan) has collapsed and security sectors are in a mess.

Second, you have the entire nation’s wealth, what is this Citizen newspaper going to help you with? However, if you insist, you can come and we will sit down and negotiate the sale. But, if you want to buy me off, I have my own time, not now.

And I also talked to Makuei Lueth and told him that it’s true that a foot soldier from Warrap State, where President Kiir comes from is more powerful in this country than a military General from other tribes, including generals from other Dinka sections and so you should stop fooling yourself.

QUESTION: Is it true that there is no Judiciary processes in South Sudan because there no court cases being presided over by independent judges?
It is not the question that judiciary has no function rather than the fact that people took the law into their own hands. They intentionally identified who should be disciplined by torture and who should be killed.

However, in this case, if a man keeps torturing a woman on a daily basis, there will be a time that woman will run away and leave that man, food and everything in the house. So, our problem as Dinka right now is everyone in South Sudan will desert us. We the Dinka as a community have reached a melting point.

QUESTION: So, what is the next step for you and what message would like to share with those who are going to listen to this recording?
I have decided and I am not returning to the media, particularly The Citizen as an editor. I am no longer a neutral. My message to our people is that let us unite and uproot these bad apples. From now on, I will speak openly.

QUESTION: You used to be a good reporter back in the days, are people not going to start laughing at you because you quit reporting and closed down your TV channel and now newspaper?
You know, in Khartoum, we were fighting the war of freedom and national independence but now, what are we fighting for? I’m not aware of the reasons we are fighting for and I cannot support failures.

I’m sure I’m not the only one taken aback by the problem we have in this country. Those of you who are in foreign countries are not happy as well. Our children go to foreign countries for schools because we do not have schools of our own.

Why do our people have to wander around like crazy in foreign lands yet we are wealthy? South Sudan is one of the richest countries in Africa because we are indulged with untapped massive natural resources. So, what we need is unity. We Dinka must sit down and decide our fate and we can do that collectively.

QUESTION: Now, if you are going to speak out, are you not going to be jailed because former Governor of West Equatoria was jailed and released?
Well, these people of ours are not afraid of anything. Even God, there are not afraid of God. If they were afraid of God, can they not save the lives dying in the ragged hospitals in Juba?

If they decided to jail me because of our nation’s affairs, be it, because I am not afraid.
The former Governor of Western Equatoria state was jailed and released, there are no laws followed. Why can they take him to the judge to be tried?

The last time I met Makuei Lueth, he told me the reason another newspaper was shut down was because it was for Nuer. It was supporting Riek Machar’s rebellion with money.

I told him openly that you were once in the rebellion, if you had money or someone has money for you at the time, would that money not be used to buy bullets? For example, would that newspaper, the one you closed down not use that money to buy bullets if they indeed have the money?

Makuei looked at me in the eye, but surprised because I asked that question. I told him yes, you were once in the rebellion and this is what you should do with money if you had the money at the time.

Besides, I told him, if the newspaper was mistaken why can’t you take them to court to be judged by a legal judge? Why do we have to humiliate ourselves this way when in fact we are from one nation? These people (Nuer) that you are treating like this will one day lead the ministry of information that you are leading and you will see.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

First Vice President: Power Sharing and the Agony of Rebellious Politics in South Sudan!

BY: Mayak Deng Aruei, USA, SEPT/30/2015, SSN;

The revolving news in South Sudan centers around the pulling out of the SPLA-Government forces in various Barracks in Juba. In order for a meaningful Peace to return to South Sudan, Regional powers and world’s superpowers have concluded that forces loyal to the Government are to be relocated to some 25 kilometers (15.6 miles) away from the South Sudanese Capital (Juba), and to allow for the reorganization of all the armed forces after the first 18-months of the Interim period.

Thy shall not fear the national army more than the common enemy up north. The fear is deeply rooted in all that took place in mid-December, 2013 and early-January, 2014, a very contested account that shattered the nation’s economy, bewildered citizens and created a power vacuum throughout the country.

For close to two years, unapologetic Government’s supporters fooled around, misled themselves, failed to sell their nationalistic agendas to the world at large, and the Region through the remote control of the world’s influential nations rewarded the man South Sudanese called a “serial Killer” with a very powerful position in the upcoming government.

The sharp turn in diplomatic puzzles led to the negotiated peace, and then came the designated First Vice President of the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGNU) of the Republic of South Sudan.

What followed shortly thereafter was the invitation of the Rebels’ leader (Riek Machar) by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), and subsequent failure by the elected president to attend the meeting of world’s leaders.

The already ailing and unpopular Government of President Salva Kiir dished further when the real vice president of the Republic of South Sudan (James Wani Igga) was not received by US diplomats at the Port of Entry.

Peace is here, but the reputation of the Republic of South Sudan has been tarnished. Our oneness as South Sudanese remains more like salt in the deep Sea.

First of all, South Sudanese loyal to President Salva Kiir are very frustrated to see Dr. Riek Machar return to Juba powerful than when he left on a hot pursuit, but these angers are end-results of the unpatriotic running of the national programs.

The ongoing mocking of the supposedly elected government is residue that can best be credited to uncle-ism that have engulfed South Sudan for the past 9 years and left the nation to the mercy of scavengers.

When the political deadlock was at its highest peak during the peace negotiations, US Secretary of State, John Kerry, had this to say about the conflict in South Sudan: “Legitimacy is not a presumed right of any government. It is conferred by the people, and it is sustained only by demonstrating leadership to protect and serve all citizens—responsibilities the government has neglected.”

That was a bombshell on the South Sudanese warring factions, and it has been shown in conduct.

A nation cannot employ incompetent Representatives & still expect the Government to be respected around the Globe.

As of now, South Sudanese are famous: they are known as brutal killers in Africa (thousands killed in 6-weeks time), the most corrupt people in the Region ($ 4.5 billion stolen by 75 officials), and they are Tribalists of all time (tribal militias murdered innocent and torched villages mercilessly).

In relative terms, what does Dr. Riek Machar’s new assignment mean to South Sudanese?

For those who have been following the political development in South Sudan for the past 21-months, there is good reason to be worried.

In couple of weeks, South Sudanese will have the most powerful First Vice President ever. His new roles have already shaken the foundation of the political establishment in South Sudan.

Just two days ago, the two leaders (Kiir & Riek) made very unusual moves.

On the side of the Government, President Salva Kiir Mayardit assigned Lt. General Bapiny Monytuil of the South Sudan Liberation Army(SSLA) to the post of deputy chief of general staff for Moral and Political orientation, a position once held by General Isaac Mamur, later given to General George Athor Deng, then General Chol Thon Balok and now to General Bapiny Monytuil.

With Dr. Riek Machar taking on the second position next to the president, he promoted prominent warlords (General Gatwech Dual, General Dau Aturjong Nyuol and notorious General John Olony Thabo).

The fact that the two armies would be managed separately for the first 18-months of the Interim Government, people should be very concerned.

Adding to the already fragile political situation in the country, Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-IO is to appoint two Governors (Unity & Upper Nile states).

Having said that, Caretaker Governor Joseph Nguen Monytuil of the Unity state is gone, and Caretaker Governor General Chol Thon Balok of the Upper Nile state and who’s position has been given to Joseph Nguen Monytuil’s brother is also gone.

In the words of Burkina Faso Revolutionary, Captain Thomas Sankara, “a soldier without any political or ideological training is a potential criminal.”

That is exactly what South Sudanese militias have been doing for the last 9 years of self-governing (2006-2015).

Since Dr. Riek Machar’s new national role is likely to affect Government’s armed militias, the gear is likely to go in reverse, and today’s Government supporters would be tomorrow Rebels.

Having emerged from many decades of long and devastating war with the Sudanese governments in Khartoum, South Sudanese were supposed to be vigilant about things that undermine effective governing and destruction of nation’s economy.

Twice in the history of South Sudan, the IGAD nations stood by our side: negotiated the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA-2005), and again negotiated what is now termed as the IGAD-Plus Compromise Peace Agreement, and which ends the senseless war in the Republic of South Sudan.

It is time for South Sudanese to recognize the importance of living harmoniously in a multi-ethnic State, get to learn to live as nationalists, divorce tribal mindset in its entirety and keep up with their neighbors.

How long are South Sudanese going to be refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and elsewhere?

Good life is not measured by paying too much attention to one’s own tribe and blindly supporting failed leaders just because they hail from one’s own tribe.

Of course, your eyes turned dark-brownish & skin turned purple-bluish for all the reasons known to you. The fact remains that most people representing South Sudan in foreign nations do not see international standards as models that they should be adopt, and the youth who have been politically marginalized are now left with bad experiences, memories that would be known as part of the bitter past come 2025.

Just three days ago, Mark Zuckerberg of the Facebook disclosed to the gathering of world’s leaders that his Company will partner with other wireless carriers, and make sure that people around the world have access to free, basic mobile phones in 5-year time.

But without real peace in the Republic of South Sudan, those kids who are now five years old would not be able to learn in an environment where connectivity is no longer a problem.

And for that matter, South Sudanese around the world must do something about the rebellious politics in the country, and where dissatisfied politicians join hands with armed gangs to make a forced change.

Mind you that when the wicked take over the country, sectarian violence becomes the new norm (C.A.R, DRC and Somalia are prime examples of fragile nations in Africa).

The current state of affairs in South Sudan is unpromising, the dissenting voices & the diluted voices have destroyed the country, and not much that people should be hopeful for, and under the combined leadership of the duo (KiiRiek) who would be the principals in the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGNU).

In the hearts and minds of desperate South Sudanese is a stable South Sudan where citizens would resume their farming and rearing of cattle. But, do we really have a leader to restore the lost hopes?

Prior to South Sudan being set ablaze, majority of South Sudanese were in need of real institutional reforms, but presidential contenders and those who had much to lose mishandled the SHOW, and the whole thing went out of hand.

The war of words was supposed to be over misappropriation of nation’s developmental funds to support for armed tribal militias who have been operating in remotest South Sudan’s areas for almost a decade.

While many South Sudanese in both camps (Government and Rebels) are worrying about jobs in the upcoming TGNU, what worries this author and few others is a kind of nation’s unity that eliminates INTELLECTUALS.

In the watch of Dr. Riek Machar, young learned South Sudanese were murdered by security agents (notably John Akuach and Isaiah Abraham).

In the same catch all chase, countless have been humiliated, intimidated to stop advocating for equality before the law & others instructed to quit reporting on government’s activities and institutionalized corruption.

How can we possibly have a functioning democracy if the educated are subjected to all sorts of humiliations?

Politicians, Dr. Riek Machar included, keep telling the world about their love of democracy, but they are short of practicing the very principles that promote and protect real democracy.

With its many forms, DEMOCRACY has one objective: rule by the people and respect for democratic processes.

Given the way leaders have kept the war alive for a very long time without a political solution, the return of peace to the Republic of South Sudan ought to be considered as a golden chance to prepare the nation for a new bright future.

It is fair to say unequivocally that the designated First Vice President of South Sudan is a huge liability on the people of South Sudan, a curse on those who keep supporting him to wage fruitless wars against his own people.

Up until the time President Salva Kiir reacted to his unseating by his deputy (Riek Machar), the two leaders were more like pepper and salt.

When Insiders pressured the President to let go his longest serving vice president, the political landscape tilted and tribal sentiments begun to take their unconventional course.

The national convention meeting (2013) as many recall, was the beginning of the real political transformation in the country.

Unfortunately, the unwillingness of the ruling elites to allow for institutional-structural change led to what the world terms as senseless war, and which has consumed many innocent lives in a very short period of time.

In any political wrangling, tones shift and citizens are rewired, and they see politics as a game of raw numbers.

With world’s pressures having dismantled desires to win the war militarily, the factions resorted to character assassination.

A civil war in a country where 98% of the economy is dependent on Oil, 21-months of arms race is a major disaster.

A number of rebels who ran out of money switched sides, and shamelessly appeased the President and repented their ill-acts in front of the only State-owned Television (SSTV).

You know what? All peace-loving South Sudanese who care-less about nepotism in government will have a chance to return to South Sudan, chill with their country-chicks and contribute to nation’s economy by putting their hard-earned education to work in private sector.

Too bad that that those who make living by collecting intelligence in Bars and Nightclubs will lose their Hotels fees.

How about earning a living by means of innovative activities, creative thinking and entrepreneurship?

From the rocky areas of the Sub-Sahara Africa to the cold deserts of the Northern Hemisphere, South Sudanese are waiting anxiously, and to have a unified national government again.

We grieve, bleed in hearts, shed tears, but at the end, finding a politically mature leader would be the only way for South Sudanese to restore the lost hopes, and for them to resolve South Sudan’s national political discourses once and for all.

In concluding this heartsick ramble-lock, South Sudan is seriously hurt and majority of South Sudanese are tribally polarized to see the real cure.

When darkness takes over the only source of light, visibility become a major problem.

To the dismay of those who know where the battery can be recharged but don’t have the permission to restore the power, they become the losers of tomorrow’s madness.

The world as a whole has witnessed the awful atrocities committed by warring factions in South Sudan. In the words of renowned Journalist, Nhial Bol Aken, “when they (SPLM’s leaders) unite, they loot the nation’s resources, when they disagree, they kill people.”

Junubiin, what are we hopeful for? We know for sure that Dr. Riek Machar is not a returning Messiah and President Salva Kiir is neither a good Shepherd nor a visionary Leader.

There is one thing to bear in mind: the first 18 months of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) would be a hell of a wait. Thy shall not trust self-confessed repeat offenders.

The author is Mayak Deng Aruei, a concerned South Sudanese currently in the USA. He is a Doctoral Student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is also the author of the ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan’s Marshland’s Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.’ He can be reached at

Women held as sex slaves by Kiir’s South Sudan army ‘rape camps’

BENTIU, SOUTH SUDAN: Daily Nation, SEPT/28/2015, SSN;

IN SUMMARY: The plight of perhaps thousands of South Sudanese women and girls from just a single state, Unity State, abducted and subjected to repeated, brutal rape and slave-like working conditions by Kiir’s SPLA soldiers and allied militia, has remained hidden until now.

One woman was abducted by soldiers and taken to a military camp, tied up and raped repeatedly for two months.

Another was kidnapped with her 15-year-old sister and raped every night for five nights. A third was taken to a forest with her 12-year old daughter where both were raped.

The abduction of women and girls for use as sex slaves — some of them held indefinitely, tied up with hundreds of others in secret rape camps — is a disturbing new aspect of South Sudan’s 21-month conflict, already characterised by well-documented war crimes and human rights abuses.

Nigeria’s ‘Chibok girls’, abducted by Boko Haram in April 2014, and Iraq’s Yazidi women taken as sex slaves by Islamic State are well-known.

But the plight of perhaps thousands of South Sudanese women and girls from just a single state, abducted and subjected to repeated, brutal rape and slave-like working conditions has remained hidden until now.

Dozens of interviews conducted by AFP in the northern Unity State reveal a systematic pattern of abduction and rape perpetrated by government soldiers and their allied militia during a recent offensive.

The investigation focused on attacks by government forces but both sides have perpetrated ethnic massacres, recruited and killed children and carried out widespread rape, torture and forced displacement of populations to “cleanse” areas of their opponents.


Nyabena’s experience is typical.

The 30-year old mother was seized when soldiers attacked her village in Rubkona County in April. Men and boys were shot. Homes were looted and burned to the ground. Women and girls were rounded up. She was among 40 taken from two neighbouring settlements and wells up with tears when she talks about being torn away from her five children.

They were marched to Mayom County. Nyabena was held in Kotong, a stronghold of Major-General Matthew Puljang, commander of a tribal Bul Nuer militia aligned with South Sudan’s army, the SPLA, which has been battling rebels since December 2013.

From April to July this year the SPLA and Puljang’s militia carried out an offensive that United Nations investigators described as a “scorched earth policy” in an August report.

Fighting and flooding limits access to large parts of South Sudan, leading aid workers to refer to southern Unity State as “an information black-hole”.

A human rights investigator said: “Nobody knows what’s happening in Mayom County,” where many of the women were taken. One military expert estimated that “thousands of women” were abducted during the offensive.

“In all the southern Unity counties it’s been the same: those women who escape are lucky. Those who don’t are raped and abducted or killed,” said the rights investigator. “The abduction of women seems to be systematic. It might be for a day, or longer, or forever.”

Those who escaped recount their stories with numb, quiet voices. Nightmares plague some who wake up terrorised, thinking they are still captive.

After her abduction Nyabena was put to work during the day, carrying looted goods and food, collecting water and hoeing farms. She was guarded constantly during the day and tied up at night with other women.

“When one of the soldiers wanted to have sex he would come, untie us and take us away. When they were finished they would bring you back and tie you to the post again,” she said, stretching her elbows behind her back to show how she was bound. She said being raped by four men a night was common.

Women who refused to work or fought against their rape would disappear. “In the morning we discover they are missing,” she said. Of the 40 she arrived with in April, 10 disappeared this way.


Nyamai, a 38-year old mother of five, was taken from her village in Koch County. She was guarded constantly and tied up frequently. As many as 10 soldiers would queue up at night for their turn raping her.

“Please, let one guy deal with me, don’t come all of you,” she pleaded, and was beaten with a stick in response.

In another case, three of Nyatuach’s unmarried, teenaged daughters were abducted in May during an attack on their village in Rubkona County. Two are still missing, but her 17-year old daughter escaped with three of her nieces.

They returned “very sick, very thin”.

“Their bodies were weak and they were leaking fluids from so many men having intercourse with them,” Nyatuach said, a common symptom of fistula, an incontinence-causing tear in the wall between the vagina and bladder or rectum, that can be caused by particularly violent rape.

Others were raped repeatedly until, bleeding and unable to take any more, they were set free, or killed.

“When the girls were broken they would dispose of them,” said Nyatuach.

Rebecca found her 12-year old daughter again the day after their village in Koch County was attacked.

“When they took me, those people used me,” the girl told her mother. Rebecca boiled some water and washed her daughter with hot cloths.

“We can do nothing,” she told her. “It’s like that.”

*Names have been changed to protect the identities of those interviewed.

Stupidity or Irresponsibility? What’s become of Central Equatoria State governor and ex-governor?


Whilst thousands of innocent and traumatized citizens in Wonduruba, Katigiri and the surrounding areas have been forcefully displaced as victims of ethnic cleansing, and whilst many are still being murdered by the day by none other than the so-called national army, the very SPLA, a situation which the Episcopal Bishop Paul Wani Yugusuk aptly described as ‘totally disastrous,’ there emerges ex-governor Clement Wani Konga and his protégé, Governor Juma Ali Malou, in an unprecedented charade donating millions of South Sudanese pound houses to ex-presidents Lagu and Alier.

The unprecedented incident took place on September 21, 2015 broadcast on national television, perhaps intentionally calculated by Konga and Malou, in collaboration with the genocidal government of president Salva Kiir as a deliberate diversion from the plight of the suffering Wonduruba and surrounding areas citizens who barely have no food, shelter and security.

Untimely irresponsible as well as stupid the occasion was, these two self-seeking Central Equatoria so-called ‘leaders’ have no business donating gratis such ostentatious luxuries to the two national ex-presidents when that should rightly be the responsibility and jurisdiction of the national government of president Kiir to take care of such charity.

But more painfully, however, for those refugees of Wonduruba and precincts, neither governor Malou nor his godfather, ex-governor Clement Konga have publicly condemned the so-called national army, SPLA, for the perpetuation on this targeted ethnic cleansing and more irresponsibly, neither of the two ex-militia/military men had the guts to personally and officially visit Wonduruba massacre scene.

Fortunately, Bishop Paul Wani Yugusuk, who visited the crime scene though himself not a native of that area, pointedly described the situation this way: ‘This is a total destruction where even the Central Equatoria flag was pulled down and torn.’

Further, the Bishop regretfully surmised about the devilish actions of the SPLA: ‘I don’t know what kind of heart do we have as South Sudanese.’

First, going back to the deliberate and inopportune diversionary action of the Central Equatoria governor Malou and his godfather, ex-governor Konga, perhaps any Central Equatorian and any concerned citizen has the right to ask the question: Under what mandate or law did ex-governor Clement had to build houses freely for ex-presidents using state money?

From his own mouth and loudly reiterated by his prodigy, governor Malou, ex-governor Clement revealed on national television that he had always “promised to do something big for the two ex-presidents.”

Surely, by his own confession, this was seemingly either a personal delusion of magnanimity to atone for some past bad political/human crimes he commissioned/committed or just sheer stupidity and irresponsibility to callously misuse state money by the two governors.

Certainly, one can conclude that the money used was not approved by Central Equatoria State parliament or by the people themselves in full transparency.

The sensible alternative for this redundant expenditure, if indeed it can be so described, would have been for these two fortunate Mundari tribesmen to utilize that money to build a secondary school in their under-development Mundari land, an area just north of Juba that has been substantially and perpetually neglected by the rulers in Juba.

As a matter of fact, among all the Bari-speaking tribes in Central Equatoria State, the Mundari tribe has been unfortunately ‘marginalized’ since the earlier 1950’s, with only one elementary school.

Incidentally, the same Abel Alier, as first president of the Regional government in 1972 contributed in the marginalization of the Mundari by not building a single school in the large area of the Mundari.

Down the years, the Mundari under governor Clement Konga became recruits to militia gangsterism raiding neighboring tribes and finally, in the last war, the Mundari fell victims to Islamist recruitment as jihadist fighters for Khartoum Islamic government till the comprehensive peace was concluded in 2003.

With their latest political fortitude of having two consecutive governors of Central Equatoria state from Mundari, one would have thought that Clement and Juma Ali Malou would have prudently utilized any money available to help their own misused and exploited people by building at least a senior school and some college in Terekeka town or good roads, anything would be better that building presidential palaces.

Second, since these two former presidents of the extinct South Sudan regional government were constitutionally retired and fully pensioned by their former employer, the Sudan government under the Arab North in Khartoum, one thing is sure, that’s Lagu and Abel were both gratuitously and graciously recompensed in cash and kind in spite of their legendary antagonistic politics.

Moreover, never once has news come to the public that Lagu and Alier were going naked, thirsty, hungry or homeless, and neither was it reported that their families were eating from the trees or the garbage, in comparison to the majority of the less fortunate South Sudanese orphans and widows!

It might be of interest to recall that by the time both Lagu and Alier were bitter rivals who never saw each other eye-to-eye, they both in alternation served as presidents to the detriment of one another, be it in Juba or in Khartoum.

Then, at the time when Lagu and Alier were cutting each other’s throat for political survival against the other, Clement was just a middle level Sudan Army officer nowhere then in the South Sudan regional political limelight, whilst the younger Juma Ali was in utter oblivion.

Third, not only has governors Maloud’s and Konga’s combined irresponsibility and stupidity gone wilder and bizarre, but shockingly and incredibly, these soulless and unrepentant duo publicly promised that in perpetuity of their foolishness, the next South Sudan presidents, starting with Kiir, when they retire, will likewise be automatically accorded the same generosity of free millions-of-pounds houses, thanks again to the generosity of the same Central Equatoria State, Amen!

If anything, this is the direct responsibility of the so-called Government of the Republic of South Sudan to gratuitously provide the lawful amenities like houses and pensions to those ex-presidents and other constitutional post holders, by law.

Oh, God, president Salva Kiir must be graciously counting his blessings brought about by the sheer stupidity of these two Equatoria political buffoons…. he will be now planning renting out his numerous properties in Juba and Yei and across East Africa, reaping billions more on top of the alleged 1.5 billion dollars already allegedly stolen, according to his former comrade, Edward Lino, now in opposition.

Isn’t that what is truly prophesied in the Scriptures about the rich getting richer while the poor getting more poorer, as even the little they have will be taken away!

Certainly, the Central Equatorian poor will be impelled into more poverty, thanks to the stupendous blunders of their supposed son/leaders!!!!

Lastly, whilst making it publicly abundant that I have nothing personal or political with the two beneficiaries of the irresponsibility and dumbness of the governor and his ex-governor and current mentor, my deepest concerns relate to the unfortunate timing of the occasion and, secondly to the perpetuation and the formalization of this uncalled for tectonic generosity.

In all reality, Central Equatoria state, under the blatant corruption regime of the ex-governor and that is now being palpably replicated by the new governor, who is a direct appointment of the evil Kiir’s government, is neither the Kuwait nor Dubai of South Sudan.

Central Equatoria, admittedly, is a microcosm of the kleptocratic government of South Sudan under president Kiir, and as such it closely duplicates all that is bad and despicable within the Kiir’s government.

With its own share of gross iniquities and misrule, theft and pillaging of its limited resources for the benefit of a few in the Clement Konga’s government circle, Central Equatoria is the last one state to offer such exorbitant benefits to the ex-presidents in ‘perpetuity’ as elaborated by both Konga and baby-governor Malou.

For the information of governors Konga and Malou, it’s indisputably apparent that President Kiir is now on his final “political death-bed,” the man is beyond any feasible political resuscitation and whatever happens, he’s starkly facing the one-way out into oblivion.

Moreover, after irresponsibly and callously exacerbating the ethnic/tribal animosities as well as fatally murdering the solidarity that once enabled our people to resist the Northern Jellaba Arabs during the struggle for independence, Kiir has devastatingly turned his guns on fellow citizens.

What just recently took place in Wonduruba and surrounding areas is a glaring reflection of a so-called leader who has irreversibly turned into a serial killer of his supposed co-citizens just for the survival of himself and his tribal clique.

South Sudan is an asphyxiated nation run by the decrepit SPLA and militia generals who’re clearly now behaving like hired tribal assassins killing for a pay.

God forbid, another Wonduruba could be soon unsurprisingly replicated anywhere, anytime sooner in Central Equatoria or the other Equatorias.

Clearly, it seems Governor Juma Ali Malou doesn’t look like a responsible and serious leader of the state to press for total redress, justice and prosecution of those SPLA soldiers and their top commanders who went on rampage raping and killing young boys and old women for no reason whatsoever.

Central Equatorians should rightfully demand from governor Malou the immediate eviction of all the so-called land grabbers and property grabbers from Central Equatoria state even if he has to put his job on the line.

In conclusion, rise up, governor, if you really care for your people or else this proves the rumor that you are just a puppet of the fading, soon-to-be-extinct president Kiir.

Did the President’s Recent State of the Nation Address Meet the Threshold of an Ideal State of the Nation/Union Address?

BY: Juma Mabor Marial, Advocate, SEPT/21/2015, SSN;

Sometimes, one gives up on public affairs when the nation has ended up on a road to nowhere. This is the conclusion I made when I stopped writing and concentrated on my private businesses. I deliberately stopped writing to avoid putting myself into loggerhead with those who thought I might have been infringing on their authority.

But even as I was busy with my private businesses, I didn’t neglect my civic duties of sharing with colleagues and other like-minded intellectuals the challenges and wrong path our nascent country was taking.

I didn’t however share a lot on the on-going conflict and its dynamics or the peace negotiations basically on the assessment I had made and against the experiences and the difficulties those who contributed faced as most of them were easily branded as rebels sympathizers or government mouth-pieces.

It was and it is still a risky venture to undertake and that is why I decided to remain neutral at least until the objectivity and rationalism is restored.

This may not be the topic of discussion but I thought about this disclaimer because I wish to once again share with the public my reaction to the recent State of the Nation/Union Address by the President of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir.

For some of us who may not be familiar with the meaning and objectives of the State of the Nation/Union Address, I want to share a little bit on the theory before we could move on to the content and analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the recent State of the Nation/Union Address by the President.

A State of the Nation/Union Address (SoN/UA/) is a political model in which the President reports on the status of the nation. The address not only reports on the condition of the nation but also allows the President to outline his or her national agenda and national priorities.

It is here that the President can recommend any measures that he or she believes are necessary and expedient.

The SoN/UA is often broadcast to inform the nation about its present economic, political, and social conditions. It is also a vehicle for the President to summarize the accomplishments and plans of his/her program of government both for a particular year and until the end of his/her term of office.

In the United States of America, the President addresses a joint session of the United States Congress, typically delivered annually.

The address not only report on the condition of the nation but also allows the President to outline his or her legislative agenda (for which they need the cooperation of Congress) and national priorities.

One Senator, Miriam Defensor Santiago, blasted the organizers and called the event a “thoughtless extravagance” where “peacocks spread their tails and turn around and around, as coached by media in a feeding frenzy.”

This criticism is too heavy to be replicated in South Sudan or one risked other consequences, but let us now move back to the situation and critically look at the state of the union address of our President.

Unlike in the United States of America and many other countries of the world, the State of the Nation/Union Address of the President of the Republic of South Sudan is not delivered through the legislature or given on a specified calendar date. This may be by design or default.

It is unfortunate that, the few technocrats that control the timetable of the President sit and decide any weekend that the President should address the nation on this date and rush the announcement to the media thus obliging everyone to anxiously wait for what the surprise state of the nation address would deliver.

This can of course not be blamed on these secretaries in the office of the President but it should be blamed entirely on the framers of the Transitional Constitution and the legislators for not having thought it important to incorporate a specific calendar date for the state of the nation address as an integral provision of the supreme law and other enabling legislation.

Their attempt to cater for this event is vaguely articulated under article 78 of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 which states that ‘the President may personally or by a message, address the national legislature or either of its houses.

The national legislature or either of its two houses shall accord priority to such request over any other business. The President may also request the opinion of the national legislature or either of its two houses on any subject matter’.

This is the highest ambiguity that any constitution would allow because the letter and spirit of this provision is to the extent that, it gives the President the privilege and the freedom to call on parliament any time he deems fit and appropriate to address the nation, i.e. If the state of the nation address is to be given through the parliament.

Again, if one looks at article 101 (t) of the Transitional Constitution on the functions of the President, this is where you would find the proviso on the annual state of the nation address but whether this one is being implemented is another glaring question because for instance, how many state of nation address did the President made since South Sudan gained independence, one would likely suggest four on approximate but whether they were four or more is another area that need research.

But that is not the issue of contention here; the question is the substance of what the context of the State of the Nation/Union Address that the President has been giving and is yet to be giving entails.

Having said this, one would not be surprised by the substance of what the content of the address entails as it is prima facie a rush and unplanned event where some note takers think it is just but a bullet point exercise that is not worth wasting time to prepare.

Throughout his state of the nation address, the President has continued to keep the nation (citizens) glued to the televisions and their ears fixed on the radios waiting for something that never come at the end of the day.

In his recent state of the nation address, the President was expected to inform the nation (citizens) about the relationship with the foreign and diplomatic community and affirm whether the gaps that were apparent have been bridged after he signed the peace agreement.

People were also eagerly waiting to hear the security status of the country and what are the developmental and infrastructural plans for the country, the commitment to peace agreement and the challenges and achievements that the government is able to report.

He was also expected to talk about the economy.

The President didn’t do much in all the above areas except that he spent his entire time talking about the Compromised Peace Agreement that he had signed and reiterated his insistency on a number of reservations that he made when he signed the pact.

This is not a bad elaboration to have been made by H.E. because, as the head of state, he must share his commitment on the peace by enlightening the citizens on the deal and asking them to support him in the implementation in order to have a sustainable peace in the country.

The President scored highly on this item and he was applauded across the country and around the world for this statesmanship. Those who assisted him from his office on the literature and philosophy in giving the world and the people the assurances of his commitment to peace were equally appreciated.

However, it was unfortunate to realize that the state of the nation address was only organized to talk about the signed peace agreement and left out other crucial issues like the state of our foreign relation as a country, our development master plan, the achievements that the President and his government might have made despite the strife in the country, the infrastructural plans, the economic status and the challenges that the nation faced as a result of the conflict and other external factors.

Precisely, the President was expected to assure the citizens that his decision to append his signature on the Compromised Peace Agreement (CPA) has improved the foreign relations of South Sudan and her international friends.

He was also expected to give a rough summary of what his government has achieved despite the on-going conflict, talk about the northern corridor project, the EAC engagement, the cooperation agreement with Sudan, the implementation by his government of the GPAA peace agreement, the improvement on the healthcare, education and infrastructural development.

The President should have also taken it as his government achievement the declaration of cease-fire even if it is being sabotaged by the enemies of peace.

He should have informed the nation of his government short and long-terms plans. The recently pasted vision 2040, what it entails in terms of development, infrastructure, education, healthcare systems, democracy, security and other well-fare issues.

After that the President should have talked about the challenges that his government is facing in its attempt to deliver services to the nation and this is where it would have been convenient for him to justify his calls for the nation to support him in the implementation process so that the country can return to stability and redefine its destiny.

Again because the organizers of this event thought it was just a breakfast activity, they made the President, someone I have always considered a Wise man and hold with highest respect repeat himself over and over again on one item called the implementation of the peace agreement.

My ultimate discontentment came about when the President came to the end of his address with regard to the state of our economy and informed the nation that and I quote; ‘I know some of you wanted me to talk about economy, but I decided not to talk about it purposely because I know, even if I talk about it [economy], we will just be discussing it here, but there is nothing that can be done about it’.

This is where he scored NIL, as a President, you are like a doctor, a teacher, a father in the house and everything.

You may be aware of the difficulties and the challenges just like all of us knows that the economy of the country has nearly collapsed but the last person to declare that is the President because like a doctor, you cannot tell the patient that the disease is incurable lest you risk them taking their lives before you leave that room.

As a father, you cannot tell your children that, I know you are hungry but there is no food and therefore, you have to live with it.

I know the President was giving this statement from the position of honesty but what he should have known is that there is more to his office than just being honest, he didn’t have to express himself in the negative but rather, he should have turned it positive by informing the nation that, he is aware of the economic difficulties the country is facing as a consequence of the conflict and the only way out would be for all the citizens to join him in implementing the agreement that he has signed with the rebels as this will enhance improvements in the economic sector.

This statement would not mean doing something about it but rather, it will help in restoring hopes among the citizens and that is why the Presidents are called the fathers of the nations because they are the symbols of hope for the nation even in situations where the people are in despair.

The President should have realized what his actions and his statements could do when he signed the peace agreement on 26th August, 2015, the market reacted positively to this development and the dollar that was exchanging at 17 SSP in the black market lowered to 11 SSP just in a matter of hours, this is doing something about fragile economic situation because economy usually reacts to political developments.

His statement that there was nothing that could be done about the worsening economic situation opened flood gates for unscrupulous business practitioners to abuse the market and after that day, the dollar that was trading at 14 SSP shot up to 16 SSP while the local shopkeepers increased their prices by 40% and when asked about why they are doing that, they would simply reply, ‘there is nothing we can do about it’.

It is not surprising though that our President is not known for motivating the citizens in the situation of despair, for instance, when the first graduation ceremony was made in the University of Juba early this year, the President told the graduants that they should not hope for being absorbed into the government since there are very few positions in the government.

This was not to encourage them to be job creators because he felt short in declaring that aspect, instead, he was telling them that there was nothing his government could do about the high rate of unemployment even as most of them graduate into the job market.

Summed up together, it is unfortunate to conclude that the recent State of the Nation/Union Address by the President just like many other statements that he gives in public occasions failed to meet the threshold required by an ideal state of the union practice.

Most importantly, the President and those who organize these functions with him must also understand that the hopes and expectations of the people of South Sudan are usually anchored upon their office and anytime they come out to say something in form of the state of the nation address, people eagerly anticipate a solution to a number of challenges that are facing them.

But for the President to declare that there is nothing that can be done about something like economy is suicidal and to some larger extent an absolute declaration of despair.

Finally, I can’t blame the President so much because he cannot do all by himself but my disappointment goes to those who are in his office, they should be the ones to read the minds of the public and advice the President to tailor his state of the nation address in such a comprehensive manner as to cover all the aspects regarding the country’s political and socio-economic situation.

They should also advice the president to usually gives assurances and guarantees where the citizens are about to give up. These are the tasks for which they are being paid and maintained.

Otherwise, if they allow the President to speak the way he did in the recent state of the nation address, then, they could be deliberately sabotaging his relationship with the citizens or altogether showing ineptitude. I don’t know which one of these is relevant but a serious investigation must be made on those two scenarios.

Juma Mabor Marial is an advocate
Reachable at

Pres. Salva Kirr versus Dr. Riek Machar: Who’s the Peace Maker?

BY: Eli Wani, South Sudan, SEPT/15/2015, SSN;

It is official that Dr Riek Machar, will lead a delegation of SPLM-IO, to New York for a high-level meeting organized by the United Nations (UN) secretary Chief, Mr. Ban Ki Moon.

Why does Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon want to meet with Riek Machar publicly even before taking oath as the First Vice-President of the Republic of South Sudan?

Is this the beginning of the regime change process in full swing as I have predicted in the past?

There is something to note here, be aware that when the US puts any regime in its crosshairs as being hostile to American interests, the US is determined to eradicate or replace the regime with its own choice.

At this point America hasn’t found a suitable candidate but they are now openly starting to try options with Dr. Riek, he is seen to be intellectually more matured in his diplomacy as opposed to the mouthy cowboy in black hat.

Other important proofs are that Dr. Riek Machar has been appointed to lead the future reforms, he also is granted equal powers to veto the president’s unbecoming lawlessness of issuing decrees and useless threats of “reservations.”

In the event they both disagree and they are deadlocked in making some difficult decisions, the Trusteeship United Nations Government will step in to decide for them or make a judgement, and then they will be made to sign without reservations.

My analysis is that in the future the TROIKA and UN are looking to groom up a pro-western candidate to take over.

Unfortunately or rather fortunately for Pres. Kirr and the incoming First VP Dr. Riek, they have signed the very deal that was solely dictated by the International Community in particular the US, Norway and Britain, seconded by IGAD but not including Pres. Yuweri Museveni’s Entebbe IGAD meetings and not including Pres. Kirr’s grievances.

All in all, both the SPLM/A parties have handed over full rights for the International Community to take over the trusteeship of South Sudan, which in my observation is a fair game.

Otherwise if left alone in the hands of SPLM/A, South Sudan is on the brink of total collapse and the “lording SPLM/A party” is ready to destroy everything on its path with the help of Museveni’s UPDF and the Northern Sudanese Opposition groups.

Therefore any un-calculated mis-step taken by SPLM/A is under severe scrutiny and it will result into very severe consequences and whoever is deemed as the trouble causer will pay very dearly, or perhaps there won’t be anything called SPLM/A in the future. What a blessing… eh?

I for one welcome with open hands the UN, the TROIKA, the AU, and anyone that will decimate our terror and remove these home-grown terrorists out of the way to give chance for the nation to start afresh.

SPLM/A have no choice but to abide by the rules of International Peace Keeping.

They have signed out their rights, as stated by White House Press Secretary, Jay Carney; “We only recognize the signed agreements, any other grievances can not be included in the IGAD Plus agreements”.

The deal is done, it is irreversible, SPLM/A have surrendered their wills and only the International Community is in charge of the general security and the nation.

How will they go about the process remains to be seen, although it is not hard for those who run the world to find suitable options to keep peace and give our citizens some rest.

Hence, I am glad to say “Only an Iron can break a stone”, in this case the Iron is the International Community and United Nations while SPLM/A being the stone.

Bullies like SPLN/A must be stopped by any means before they destroy everything. Thank God they have limited capacity and the general public of South Sudan should have no sympathy for them.

This is a very significant progress that the opposition has gained ground, this very important meeting will be held on 29th September, 2015, in the margins of the seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly, according to the reports.

Dr. Riek Machar, will lead a delegation to New York for a high-level meeting on South Sudan. Dr. Machar has been officially invited to the meeting by the UN chief during which world leaders will participate.

The meeting will be held at the level of heads of world governments to gain support for the implementation of the so-called compromised peace agreement signed in August by Riek on 17th and Kirr on 26th to end the conflict in South Sudan.

So where is Pres. Salva Kirr in this picture? Well, there are many scenarios here; but I will try to mention few as follows:

First, the International Community is looking at Dr. Machar as the best alternative based on records of dealing with peace negotiations as Dr. Machar played a vital role during the CPA compared to Salva Kirr.

Second, the UN and TROIKA are giving Dr. Machar credit for signing the compromised peace deal without hesitation on the 17th while Pres. Kirr is seen as a procrastinator due to his reluctance and delay in signing on 26th of August, and with threats of “reservations”.

Third, if Kirr and his cohorts dishonor this peace agreement, the UN and International Communities will sanction Salva Kirr’s Juba regime and they will in turn appoint Dr. Riek Machar to lead while they intervene militarily to remove Kirr’s SPLM/A-Juba.

The two SPLM/A parties have signed the IGAD Plus compromise peace agreement, and had been ratified by their legislative bodies.

As we wait for its implementation which has commenced with the UN urging the parties to commit to its full implementation or face sanctions.

Even after both the leaders have come out and ordered their respective forces to cease fire there has been incursions while both sides accusing the other.

We the people of South Sudan urge the parties to respect and abide by the treaty and we also beg the International Community to stand tall and use every necessary measures at your disposal to bring peace in our nation of South Sudan, the warring parties must be held accountable for ALL the crimes they have committed.

United Nations have taken to the ICC many war criminals in the past and we urge the ICC to also do the same in South Sudan.

Eli Wani is a concerned South Sudanese activist working to bring a lasting peace, tranquility, justice and fairness to everyone, in pursuit of liberty and freedom, seeking for happiness to ALL people of all walks of life.

The Problem of Pastoralists in Equatoria

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, UK, SEPT/10/2015, SSN;

Pastoralists activities were never a major security concern to many communities in South Sudan 10 years ago. However, it had been a big problem for some parts of South Sudan bordering our northern neighbour. For decades, it had been a seasonal threat to the Dinka populations of northern Bahr El Ghazal, Warrap and to some extent the Abyei area.

The encroachments and raids mostly emanated from one or two tribes namely the Misseriya and the Rizaigat tribes of Southern Kordofan and Southern Darfur states respectively. Year after year, the encroachments and attacks were carried out in those areas and usually end when the rainy season starts.

Of course sometimes they do not attack the local population, nevertheless there is certainly an animosity in the relation between them and the communities in those areas. It was never a case of invasion and settlement as these are nomadic tribes that move from one place to the other.

We have never heard of them going beyond those areas and reaching for example Equatoria. There is no need for them to go that far as the grazing lands they require are abundant in those areas closer to their ancestral lands.

The only time that the Equatoria region was affected was when the Umbororo came to western Bahr El Gazal state and subsequently parts of western Equatoria state. But the Umbororo were just like the Misseriya and Rizaigat, they left the area by the end of the dry season.

Despite some isolated incidents, pastoralists encroachment on Equatorian community lands was never a topical issue 10 years ago.

Why did the pastoralists activities turn into a belligerent practice that poses constant threat to the livelihood of the Equatorian communities?! Is their encroachment on other people’s lands born out of necessity?! Do they really need to move to Equatoria?! Is there an ulterior motive that is driving them in droves towards Equatoria?!

Numerous questions begging for answers. It is my assertion that there is something sinister underneath the seemingly outrageous activities of the pastoralists and many Equatorians have now come to realise it. The following points will shed more light to what is in the making:

Everywhere in the world, pastoralists movements are dictated by their need for grazing lands and water for their livestock. Their life usually follows a particular pattern again guided by the whereabouts of good grazing lands and water resources.

It is a way of life that has been going on for generations. However some are lucky with plenty grazing lands and water resources in their areas. Hence they have limited movements within their areas.

Therefore it raised eye brows when pastoralists came all the way from Warrap and northern Bahr El Gazal with their cattle to settle around Juba. Others took their cattle from Lakes state to settle in western Equatoria state. And yet another group drove their cattle all the way from Jonglei state to Nimule harassing all the communities on route to their destination.

In the case of the northern Bahr El Gazal and Warrap pastoralists, there is absolutely no logical reason to make them come all the way from their home states to look for grazing land in Equatoria given the fact that they allowed the Misseriya and Rizaigat to use their land for grazing.

As for the other pastoralists, it hasn’t been known that they lack grazing lands in their areas. In fact grazing lands are quite plentiful and some were never used before in those areas.

In terms of availability of water supplies, it has never been recorded that people or animals died of thirst though people did die of hunger in those areas. In reality there is too much water in those areas and this is why they tend to suffer seasonal floods.

Therefore the pastoralists descent on Equatoria is not due to lack of grazing lands or water supplies but is part of a plan.

The people who came to Equatoria departed from what pastoralists normally do. They did not return to their lands following the end of several dry seasons and continued to refuse going back.

It is a further confirmation that concerns about the survival of their livestock were not the reasons that made them to bring their cattle to Equatoria. They came to Equatoria with only one thing in their minds which is settlement.

They are among the bits and pieces of a plan orchestrated by the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) and Kiir’s regime with the aim of creating some demographic realities on the ground.

The Jieng have never been comfortable with the fact that they are found as indigenous people in all the states except greater Equatoria.

The wild dream of changing history and circumventing laws of nature is unfortunately entertained by members of the JCE and many Jieng politicians including those in the government.

In their fantasy they envisaged the Jieng becoming the majority tribe in greater Equatoria. What are they going to do with the indigenous population?! Would they stop them from procreation?!

Or we are about to see what Stalin did to the Tatars of Crimea in 1944 by removing the whole population from its motherland?!

They seem not to be concerned of the vacuum left in the Jieng lands by many pastoralists converging on Equatoria. The Misseyriya and Rizaigat could exploit the presence of vast empty lands in the Jieng areas and create a permanent settlement in them.

But does it really matter to the JCE and the tribalistic government of Salva Kiir. Abyei, Panthou (Heglig), Kilo 14 and areas in northern Upper Nile State are still under occupation by the Sudan government.

Salva Kiir regime didn’t even have the decency and courage of supporting the outcome of the unilateral referendum conducted by the civil population of Abyei. For them executing their plan in Equatoria is more important than losing their own lands to the Mundukuru’s.

In the case of western Equatoria, there are vast areas there that are known to be infested with the Tsetse flies which are the vectors of the Trypanosome parasites, the cause of “sleeping sickness”. The Trypanosome parasites are more lethal to cattle than to human beings. You don’t have to be educated to know the fundamental fact about this matter.

The villagers in Equatoria and the adjacent areas know that there are flies out there which are not good for cattle raising. This is partly why the Azande and the Moru people are not cattle owners. Those areas are also not suitable for cattle as they are not the natural habitat for them. We have not heard of large herds of cattle in the Amazon jungles.

Anyone who goes on a venture to establish a business of say, raising camels or growing apple trees in western Equatoria would certainly run bankrupt in a short space of time. It would be seen as a foolish undertaking.

Perhaps in future after eradication of the Tsetse flies and the introduction of modern animal husbandry, the Azande and the Moru people could turn to be successful cattle owners.

We do know that most of those pastoralists would value cows more than human lives. They cry in tears for the death of a cow and go into a long mourning more than they would do for their deceased relatives.

With all that in mind, how plausible that a typical pastoralist would willingly take the unusual decision of moving his cattle to western Equatoria?! Will his act not be against rational thinking?!

The only explanation is that he is executing a plan. In such a situation, loss of cattle in the short term is sacrificed for future gains conceived by his leaders.

The presence of pastoralists in Equatoria has been bad news for the Equatorian communities. Their behaviour is quite far from what would be expected from people who regard the Equatorians as their fellow countrymen.

The situation is so strange that it is the intruders who are causing problems rather than the land owners. Not only that they failed to establish good relations with the local communities that generously accommodated them but they succeeded in making themselves the target of dislike.

It is all down to their behaviour that does not respect the local norms and people’s properties. For example destroying people’s crops can only be seen as deliberate acts because we have never heard of Dinka pastoralists growing crops for the sake of feeding their cattle.

They totally depend on wild grass to feed their livestock and they don’t have to spend a penny to buy animal feeds.

The pastoralists are also armed to the teeth and spreading a wave of terror across Equatoria. The announced government policy was to disarm the civilian population which is expected from any responsible administration.

But this was done in partiality by disarming the Equatorians and keeping a blind eye for the Dinka pastoralists to acquire as many arms as they would like and covertly arming them as well.

The end result is that the Equatorian villagers are left defenceless as the SPLA and the police force would not defend them when attacked by the pastoralists. It is the malicious plan in play.

The SPLA has been shown on several occasions to side with the Dinka pastoralists. When there is friction and violence between them and the local communities, the SPLA instead of diffusing tensions or apprehending the culprits, is seen to allow the pastoralists to bring reinforcements from their areas.

The SPLA is a facilitator and an accomplice in spreading insecurity all over Equatoria. What has been happening around Juba, Nimule, Mundri, Maridi and other parts of Equatoria gives enough evidence. We have seen some of the cattle camps being guarded by SPLA soldiers in uniform. It is a disgraceful abuse of power and government resources.

This brings me to what came in the news fews months ago. It was reported in the news that 3,000 heads of cattle that belong to the president were transported to Warrap state. They were loaded onto several trucks and were heavily guarded by SPLA soldiers.

This caused a lot of apprehension along the route to Warrap as some communities in western Bahr El Gazal state were concerned about the influx of such a large number of cattle and the damage they could cause to their crops or properties.

Those who have seen the cattle said they carry presidential badges. It is likely the first time in history that the presidential title has been bestowed to animals. President Kiir will never disappoint us as a constant source of ridicule.

But on a serious note, it was the true embodiment of a blatant abuse of presidential power, corruption and destabilisation of the local communities.

In the first place, why would the president bring such a large number of cattle all the way from Warrap to the Juba area?!

And now by returning them to Warrp state, is it out of admission of poor judgement or it was a tactical withdrawal to absorb the criticism of the Equatorian communities and also to be seen doing what he had decreed over the SSTV and the news outlets?!

But Kiir is not the only pastoralist, there are thousands of them who are not going to remove their animals from Equatoria willingly because the plan is to keep them there. We have seen something similar from Kiir when he wrote letters to 75 of his top officials to return the 4 billion US Dollars embezzled by them.

As we all know they ignored him because he was also involved and hence toothless against them.

Corruption was clearly exhibited by using government resources for personal matters. The SPLA is supposed to be a national army hence should not be in the business of guarding personal properties, be it president’s property or anyone else’s personal property.

These soldiers are being paid wages from the government coffers and not from Kiir’s pocket. It is clear that the cost of logistics for transporting that large herd of cattle from and back to Warrap must have reached several thousands of US Dollars. Of course no one would believe that it was not the government that paid the bills.

The local population endured unbearable suffering in terms of destruction of their crops, intimidation and killings. Some villagers found it unsafe to stay in their villages thus had to move to Juba.

These are people who have been living peacefully in their villages around Juba, cultivating the land for whatever crops they could grow using traditional methods. With the end of war with the Mundukuru’s, they hoped the national government would provide basic infrastructure and help them with modernisation of their farming practices.

They were full of hope and optimism and never foresaw the death and carnage brought to their land by the pastoralists.

Before independence and in the early years following it, they were wondering why the pastoralists were left to commit crimes with impunity?! And why would the SPLA use brutal acts against them knowing that they are unarmed civilians?!

For example the SPLA recently used tanks in shelling an area north of Juba. Now everyone knows what is going on. It is a wicked plot that is underway all over Equatoria. The goals are to spread a wave of terror in the area, forcing people out of their lands and paving the way for Jieng settlement.

What the plotters are underestimating is the magnitude of resistance that would face their satanic plan. As for president Kiir, the sheer number of the cattle he brought to Equatoria before returning them to Warrp, justifies giving him the title “Leader of the pastoralists.”

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Justice versus Reconciliation: Hunting for Killers in South Sudan

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba Lawyer, SEPT/09/2015, SSN;

No doubt that terrible crimes have been committed in South Sudan by the ten months old adversaries to the conflict. The SPLM/OI, a rebel group led by Dr. Riek Machar, a man who, inspired by his grandfather’s prophecy, spent the last ten months slaughtering innocent civilians, fooling innocent youth and recruiting children to fight on his side.

The government on its side, in the name of constitutionally protecting and defending the territory and keeping law and order, can’t go off the blame since a certain finger points back at it of having a hand in the mass killing at the onset.

No one knows exactly how many people have died although the UN agencies working in South Sudan estimates ten thousand people have been killed but that isn’t the comprehensive exact data of those who have been massively murdered and buried in hidden mass graves in all the areas of operation.

Due to hatred between the Dinka and Nuer, it is undeniably true that many innocent people from both tribes have lost their lives simply because they came from either of the tribes.

This is truly manifested by war songs recorded in so many videos in the territories controlled by the SPLM/OI, sung in Nuer dialect that “between us (Nuer) and Dinka, no sorry, no peace”.

Reconciliation may be a cheap tactic to embark on since it can be manipulated by the leaders but obtaining justice for the victims maybe a dream of a century to fulfill.

With the signing of peace between the government and few SPLM/OI, obtaining justice will unlikely yield its needed fruits because nobody, neither from the government nor the opposition will accept to be thoroughly made and held accountable and responsible for all the atrocities and destruction that has been caused and inflicted by their cohorts and subordinates.

This state of denial and blame-games between the adversaries will not give justice a chance to be realized but the parties may opt for a cheap path, that’s reconciliation which is important also but not on the equal merit with justice because peace and reconciliation pave the way for justice to be effected and the victims to recuperate.

While prosecuting a handful of those responsible for all the terrible crimes committed is a major contribution towards ending impunity in South Sudan, it is just a partial response to the problem but more is needed to be done to avoid slipping back to the past if the future is to be free of impunity.

If prosecution is not the best way to go, then an essential element of providing justice to the victims of human rights violations and abuses is the provision of reparation packages.

Many people are disappointed and many more will be too disappointed that no justice was done to the victims of 1991 massacre in Bor with restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition of these sad and sorrowful abuses.

Same may happen to the 2013 conflict victims for it has been done time and again by the very same people, movement and leaders.

However, a major stumbling block to justice which has shielded perpetrators of the past crimes and provided a breeding ground for militias and warlords is an amnesty or presidential pardon which the president used several times in an attempt to forge peace and reconciliation.

But no justice was ever awarded to the victims because the prerogative power of amnesty seems to outweigh the quest for and delivery of justice for the victims of conflict.

This has been done for the benefit of the notorious warlords in the past who became the culprits of today.

However, for impunity to be successfully challenged in South Sudan, the provision of Amnesty or presidential pardon must be removed from the statute books so that those who rebel and kill innocent people must pay for their evil acts.

This will act as deterrence to future militias and warlords and will provide for a long-term strategy to end impunity and build an effective justice system for the future.

Today’s culprits of all crimes must be hunted down and brought to book of justice and also to allow the recuperation of all the victims.

Tong Kot Kuocnin is a Master of Laws (LLM) Candidate at the School of Law of the University of Nairobi and a practising Legal Counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates – Juba. He can be reached at:

Open Letter to the UN Security Council: When will Sanctions & Arms embargo take place?

By Daniel Amum, SEPT/05/2015, SSN;

The United Nations Security Council, United States of America and international community had been singing the song of sanctions and arms embargo for long especially in relation to the case of South Sudan. It seems that the biting drama was meant to pressurize the warring parties to sign Compromise Agreement to end the criminal and baseless war, which was waged to accomplish personal ambition and for establishment of an Empire for a certain tribe.

This was in order to dominate public and political affairs in South Sudan on the illusive claim that they were the liberators as if they were the only community that shed precious blood in destructive war between North and South.

The Government reservation in the Compromise Agreement had surfaced clearly these days: first after signing the agreement and announcement of cease-fire, the government continues to send barges and boats loaded with soldiers and weapons to terrorize its subjects in Upper Nile State.

That was clear indication of violation of cease-fire, which they declared to the world. They were supposed to stop the movement of armies to different locations after cease-fire, but they never respected what they proclaimed, maybe they thought the world is blind and not watching on them, forgetting that the world is a small village, for what happening in any corner can be known within a minute.

Second, when the South Sudan government lost its barges and boats to Opposition Forces, they brought in gunships using cluster bombs to bombard western side of Malakal town, which is populated by civilians, who were forced to evacuate the ghost town to village areas for safety such Tonga, Watjwok, Lelo, Detang and Waw Shilluk.

As result of intensive criminal and cruel bombardment carried out by mercenary Ugandans, the survived people from Malakal massacre were compelled again to desert those areas to run into bushes for their dear lives.

Certainly the hungry and thirsty animals will accomplish the government elimination project, because Chollo are not wanted people to live, for the South Sudan Government wanted only their land to be occupied by the president Kiir’s community.

Third, the Government by moving its forces to Lelo and Detang, may mean runaway people will have no access to water.

In fact those notorious SPLA soldiers were kidnapping civilians around UNMISS Protection Base in Malakal and murdering them in daylight, and then in remote areas what will they do with runaway people? I think the answer is the cleansing.

In case the United Nations Security Council wishes to save the remaining people from the barbarous Government of South Sudan, they must implement the sanctions and arms embargo on South Sudan government and Uganda Government respectively because Uganda was the one that support president Kiir to kill his own citizens.

Indeed, no logic to treat symptom of disease without eradicating the disease, the disease is Uganda and the symptom is Salva Kiir.

The United States of America must accept the blame that their winning child called Salva Kiir had become more disobedient, and should recall how many times he lied to them and never did anything to correct his silly behavior.

Despite the crimes he committed in broad daylight, American government continues to support him. In this case, are you not a part of such crimes being committed by your wild child?

Recently, Secretary Kerry spoke with President Kiir and expressed concern regarding recent cease-fire violations, a senior State Department official said. “President Kiir confirmed to the secretary that he is committed to the implementation of the peace agreement and the cease-fire.”

United States of America must ensure southerners that the imposed incompetent president had really changed his attitude, for people are fed up with empty promises.

At this moment you shouldn’t be mislead by president Kiir signing of the Compromise Agreement, because Kiir still killed his subjects in Upper Nile State.

Indeed, I wonder how come Kerry underscored that the United States would work to support the implementation of the peace agreement and continue to provide humanitarian aid. And president kiir never changed his ideology of elimination of certain communities in South Sudan.

To confirm that Kiir is not serious, you could observe that from the speech given by vice president James Wani Igga, when he reiterated that the government must drop out reservations for the sake of peace, and he stressed that the government has never done a lot to ensure the peace, because there are some groups didn’t want peace. He gave this remark in the Labor ministry when they were launching smart cards for foreign workers in South.

Another example, the United Nations has confirmed that helicopters carried out attacks in western Upper Nile State on Wednesday, as earlier reported by the SPLM/A-IO rebel group.

In press statements, the rebels said that they were attacked by government helicopters at their bases on the west bank of the Nile, near the state capital Malakal. Does the United Nations Security Council need more evidence to convict or impose sanctions and arms embargo on the South Sudan Government?

Stephane Dujarric, the Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General, commented on Thursday, “In response to questions that were asked at the briefing on the situation in South Sudan, I can say that the UN Mission (UNMISS) is reporting that two attack helicopters were firing rockets in the direction of the west bank of the River Nile in Malakal in Upper Nile State yesterday.”

“Heavy explosions, including mortar shells, as well as heavy artillery and small arms fire were also heard coming from Malakal towards areas located on the west bank. UNMISS also reports instances of firing in Malakal earlier today.”

In conclusion United Nation Security Council must take swift decision against the government of South Sudan not just condemning them in strong terms as usual. The shallow-minded people need action not words for they never listen but they just see by their eyes.

The United States of America must pressurize their merciless president called Kiir to implement the Compromise Agreement or face consequence of being out of leadership by all means.

The America people shouldn’t forgot the people of South Sudan in heart, for whom they toiled and supported to gain the independence that was hijacked by selfish leaders.

International Community and friends to people of South Sudan, we are aware that you have contributed so many resources, facilitated and even endangered the lives of your own people for sake of the devastated and destitute people of South Sudan.

But the truth of the matter is this, pouring in resources without challenging the chronic problem is just a waste of resources, time and energy, which will not give a tangible result.