Category: Politics

Forming Transitional Government of National Unity without addressing violations is playing into the hands of President Salva Kiir and JCE.

BY: ELHAG PAUL, Feb/09/2016, SSN;

Why is the chairman of Joint the Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), President Festus Mogae not exercising his powers to veto the Establishment Order of President Salva Kiir? The Compromise Peace Agreement of August 2015 has granted him all the necessary powers he requires to manage the transition period in South Sudan.

Why then does President Mogae feel impotent and unable to act in the face of a clear violation of the agreement by President Kiir, which he accepts and acknowledges?

President Mogae already has the support of the African Union (AU), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and Troika (United States of America, United Kingdom and Norway). With these powerful African organisations and powerful Western governments of which two are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council behind him, President Mogae should consider himself as a well resourced governor.

Therefore, with his immaculate leadership credentials, President Mogae should be able to exercise those powers without any hesitation to live up to his reputation.

President Mogae should not walk on a tight rope or sit on the fence as he is doing now with the issue of demilitarisation and the 28 states threatening the Agreement on Conflict Resolution in South Sudan (ARCISS).

As the person with the ultimate say in the country he needs to govern, and governing effectively calls for President Mogae to act at this critical time decisively.

President Kiir whose term of office expired in July 2015 enjoys the presidency now because ARCISS legitimised his continuation in power. Otherwise his continuation in that office would be unlawful.

His support base in the form of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) has gained a massive amount of confidence so much so that they openly challenge powerful groups internally, namely the Nuer and externally, the international community.

Sudan Tribune defines the JCE as, “The Dinka Council of Elders is not a traditional group but a self-appointed group comprising influential Dinka politicians and relatives of Pres. Salva Kiir who advice him on how to run the affairs of the country in the interest of ethnic Dinka.” Please see, ‘Jieng Council of Elders warn of war over new states’

From this definition it is crystal clear that the JCE does not in any way represent the people of South Sudan.

President Kiir and the JCE consider themselves invincible because they control all the resources of the country and they have Jienganised the entire security sector. They feel confident and comfortable to destabilise the country in the interest of their tribe.

To get a feel of their confidence please read their statements and press releases, some of which are quoted in this piece.

The JCE without a doubt is responsible for the entrenchment of tribalism in South Sudan in opposition to democracy and pluralism.

As described in the USA Senate meeting the Jieng “hijacked” the state of South Sudan and they are using it to commit grave crimes against its people.

Please see, ‘Independent South Sudan: A Failure of Leadership’

So the problems of the 28 states and the difficulties around demilitarisation of Juba on the in-tray of President Mogae directly emanate from the abuse of the state by the Jieng.

The JCE as a body is deeply implicated in the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer and killing of South Sudanese in general in pursuance of their interest which is to install themselves as the elites in the country.

The African Union Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan points an accusing finger to some members of the JCE as being instrumental in the planning and organisation of the Nuer ethnic cleansing in the country.

With this kind of background it should naturally be expected that President Kiir and the JCE are going to create obstacles on the road to peace. After all they initially refused to endorse the agreement. They were only brought in kicking and screaming by Troika.

The obstructions President Kiir and the JCE are heaping on ARCISS may be a continuous thing along the route. So far it seems the guarantors of the peace agreement do not have a plan B to deal with such inconveniences.

If this is the situation, I suggest that they should consider what is proposed here as one. Yes, the chairman of JMEC, President Festus Mogae said, and here I would like to say that most South Sudanese would agree with him, South Sudan should not be plunged back into war.

The driver of the vehicle of violence wreaking havoc in South Sudan is President Kiir and the JCE. To bring a genuine peace to the country, the JCE should be sanctioned. Its entire membership should be put under a rigorous regime of sanction.

In addition to this those implicated in the ethnic cleansing of December 2013 should specifically be referred to the International Criminal Court.

In a sense this will be like hitting the head of the snake in the house hard enough with a stick to disable it from biting anybody to restore a state of peace.

Without the JCE, the ‘scarcely literate’ President Kiir with his militia will not have another option but to implement ARCISS smoothly. It is noted President Mogae has said threats from this tribal body is unacceptable.

Though this is welcome, it is not enough without firm action to address abuses. It is important for President Mogae to make a statement of ‘no nonsense’ at this stage to drive the message to the system in Juba that he means business, that is if he wants to put a stop to the cycle of violence in South Sudan, as he expressed in his report to the 55th Extra Ordinary Session of IGAD Council of ministers held in Addis Ababa on 30th January 2016.

President Mogae needs to take a tough and firm action to put the JCE in its right place in regards to his own position.

It must be remembered this threat of war is not the first time the JCE has made such threats. During the consultation stage of the proposed compromise peace agreement the JCE dished out similar threats.

Please see, ‘Jieng Council of Elders rejects imposition of peace on South Sudan: A clear message to the potential perpetrators of South Sudan destruction.’

In this letter the JCE threatens and warns IGAD mediators by saying, “Any person who under estimates the will of liberators to defend the price of their liberation struggle is simply toying around with fire.”

The impression projected here deceptively portrays the Jieng as an invincible people who solely liberated South Sudan on their own. This elaborate facade ignores the facts documented about South Sudan’s liberation struggle in its totality.

This JCE’s heroic and jingoistic presentation does not take into consideration the reality that had Equatoria not intervened in the mid 1990s to rescue the SPLM/A from total defeat by Khartoum, SPLA would not be able to crow as they do now.

Furthermore, were it not to be for Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni’s uncalled for interference in South Sudanese affairs in December 2013, President Kiir and the JCE’s regime would have been consigned to history.

General Peter Gadet Yaka could have easily disarmed the ethnic cleansers in Juba and instituted a new system. So the JCE should spare the people of South Sudan this empty talk.

The current destruction in the country ignited by President Kiir’s Machiavellian plan to rid himself of the opposition operationalised through lies of a coup has been fought for the president mainly by foreigners: Uganda’s UPDF, Sudan’s Darfuri rebels and SPLM/A-North.

Even with its glaring weakness, President Kiir and the JCE stubbornly appear focused on pursuing the madness of war to achieve their failed objective of December 2013.

Which brings us to the irrational call of AU, IGAD and Troika for a transitional government to be formed “immediately” while leaving the contentious issues pending.

It is my belief that this decision influenced by a combination of Eurocentric and Afro-dictatorial thinking, devoid of any local perspective of South Sudan is resetting the country for another round of violence.

Unfortunately, this demand to form a transitional government ignores the fresh history of ethnic cleansing in the country.

Aljazeera interviewed Dr Riek Machar on the subject recently and it appears the concerted pressure brought on him has finally broken him. He seems to have caved in, indicating he would accept forming a TGONU.

Machar has failed to ask himself: why did President Kiir and the JCE violate the agreement? What was the violation supposed to achieve for them? What does suspending the implementation of 28 states exactly mean?

Which governance structure will apply in the mean time? What makes him sure that when the TGONU is formed and they later fail to agree that this issue will not lead to conflict and violence like in 2013?

The answers to these questions and others should have been taken into consideration in assessing the issue. How Machar reached his decision is baffling.

Please see ‘Q&A The Future Peace in South Sudan’

Everybody should ask herself/himself as to why ethnic cleansing happened in Juba in December 2013. The short answer is that in the struggle for power in the SPLM/A a simple thing like disagreement over the voting model to choose a leader set the country on fire.

Who were the leaders then? The same lot of the various SPLM/A factions which ARCISS ironically has empowered again.

With this knowledge in our hands, why does the international community want a transitional government set up of the same people with serious issues of disagreements left unresolved?

Is this not setting up a scenario similar or worse to that of December 2013?

It is common talk among South Sudanese at home and in the Diaspora that President Kiir and the JCE are still itching to complete their ethnic cleansing of the Nuer which started two years ago so they can intensify their aggression on Equatoria.

South Sudan has been traumatised more than enough by experiencing the brutality of SPLM/A. Everything should be done to avoid another political eruption that will compound their trauma.

Therefore, ARCISS should be implemented as agreed without deferment of issues of violation like the 28 states programme of President Kiir and the demilitarisation of Juba and so on.

It is better to delay the formation of a transitional government of national unity than to rush and end up with another catastrophe.

Better still if President Mogae exercises his powers as an arbiter on issues of difference in South Sudan to bring a quick solution to this simmering problem.

Without emphasis, if President Mogae continues to manage ARCISS in the manner he has since coming to the post, he runs the real risk of finding himself severely undermined, despised and turned into a laughing stalk of the SPLM/A.

He needs to come to terms with the reality found in the various internationally produced reports that he is dealing with a bunch of seasoned criminals who are well experienced in manipulation, mendacity and lawlessness.

These are masters of tying knots of confusion around the simplest of things to convert it into a nightmare in order for them to win.

Remember, these criminals know that ARCISS’ ultimate objective is to make them account for their crimes and they are not fools.

They will try every trick in the book including those not recorded to derail the agreement, and playing into their hands with the demand to form a TGONU with their violations shelved is helping them with their script of wreaking havoc on the agreement.

When it suits them they will cooperate and when it does not, they will vilify and demonise JMEC without thinking of the consequence of their loaded words.
Please see, ‘South Sudan’s senior officials’ irresponsible use of language’

Finally the insistence of the international community for President Kiir and Riek to form a government of national unity without the contentious issues of 28 states and demilitarisation of Juba, properly cleared carries a very serious risk to the successful implementation of ARCISS.

But worse still it runs the risk of exposing the people of South Sudan to the possibility of another conflict.

A month prior to the sad and tragic events of December 2013, the international community was warned through an article, ‘South Sudan Needs Intensive Care’ published in the various South Sudanese websites but the message fell on deaf ears.

As a result South Sudan exploded with tens of thousands of innocent civilians losing their lives and the displacement of millions more. The crucial question now is: can President Mogae reflect and act accordingly to avert another catastrophe in South Sudan?

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

The Oil Revenues’ deal between South Sudan and Sudan: Does it make sense?

BY: Dr. Lako Jada KWAJOK, FEB/01/2016, SSN;

Today in Juba, the SSP (South Sudanese pound) plummeted to a new low with one US Dollar equal to 30 SSPs. It was down from one Dollar to 5.5 SSP nearly a year ago. Our national currency lost 545% of its value in a space of 10 months. It’s a rapid downturn of uncertain outcome.

The US Dollar has an inverse relation to the crude oil price. As crude oil prices continue to fall, the situation can only get worse with a stronger US Dollar and a rapidly diminishing value for the SSP.

It’s now very likely that crude oil prices could drop to the prices before the oil embargo that was imposed by the Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur war between Arabs and Israel in October 1973. Then the price of crude oil was under 10 US Dollars per a barrel.

When we reach that, which is entirely plausible, only God knows what would happen to the working class in South Sudan. The layperson is feeling the impact of the drop in crude oil prices differently depending on where he or she lives in the world.

In Juba, the price of a litre of petrol soared from 6 SSP a month ago to 22 SSP today. While motorists are reeling from the high prices of petrol and diesel at the pump in South Sudan, their counterparts in the West are making significant savings out of low fuel prices.

Governments are creating more jobs; entrepreneurs are expanding their businesses and companies are hiring more workers. They are now smiling and laughing all the way to their banks as their fortunes are gradually getting bigger and bigger.

Right now a motorist, say in France which does not produce crude oil is far better off in terms of fuel expenses than his counterpart in South Sudan. Jesus! We do produce oil and yet our motorists have to pay more!

A memo issued by the South Sudan’s Petroleum and Mining ministry on 17/01/2016 regarding oil production which is 165,000 barrels per day reads, “We are left with no option at the moment rather than shut it down because it’s not feasible. We cannot sell the oil at a loss.”

But before the recent fall in oil prices, were we selling the oil at a profit? Let us examine the deal struck between the regime in Juba and the Sudan government in August 2013.

South Sudan agreed to pay $ 9.50 per barrel for the oil produced in Upper Nile state and $ 11.00 per barrel for that produced in unity state as transportation fees. The total charge made to $ 25.00 per a barrel by including the repayment of a 3 billion USDs compensatory package over a three years period.

Apparently South Sudan agreed to pay the Sudan a transitional financial assistance that is the average of the accepted oil transportation fees. It’s important to know for comparison that the greater Nile pipeline that transports our oil is 1,600 Km long.

At the time of the above agreement; crude oil prices were hovering between $ 41.00 and $ 42.00 per barrel.That means South Sudan was getting between $ 16.00 and $ 17.00 per barrel while Sudan was scooping a fixed $ 25.00 per a barrel.

Therefore, I don’t understand what the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining calls as, “selling the oil at a loss,” when it’s quite evident that it has been all along selling it at a significant loss.

Furthermore, Sudan’s Minister of Finance, Badr AL-Din Mahmoud told Sudan’s lawmakers that Juba failed to honour its commitments by not paying the transportation fees hence his government was forced to take its share in kind according to the cooperation agreement signed by the two countries.

No permission sought, and prior notification not given to our government – the Jallabas just helped themselves to our oil as they did before. It shows without ambiguity which country has got the leverage in the oil revenues issue.

The regime in Juba only has itself to blame for this unusual situation where the producer of a strategic commodity gets much less revenue than the “middleman.”

The August 2015 deal is a big blunder with tremendous negative consequences for the South Sudanese economy. It’s obvious that it resulted in loss of an immense amount of revenue that could have helped our economy.

Responsible governments do not negotiate and enter into such agreements without full knowledge of previous deals and experiences of other countries. Much of the relevant facts are in the public domain and accessible to everyone.

For example, Chad has been paying Cameroon 40.09 Cents per a barrel as transportation fees for its oil pumped from three oil fields in Doba, southern Chad to an export facility near the city of Kribi on the Atlantic shore. The length of the pipeline is 1,070 Km. It has been the case since the completion of the pipeline in 2003.

It was only on 30th October 2013 that the two countries agreed to increase the transportation fees to $ 1.30 per a barrel.

The Iraqi oil that is being pumped through pipelines from oil fields in Kirkuk to Baniyas (800 Km) and Ceyhan (970Km ) in Syria and Turkey respectively has comparable transportation fees to the Chadian oil.

In the USA, the pipeline that transports crude oil from oil fields in Alberta, Canada to Cushing in Texas is 4,924 Km long. The transportation fees are $ 3.78 and $ 4.54 per barrel for light and heavy crude oils respectively.

I don’t think the government negotiators were totally unaware of the above facts. However, their extraordinary leniency is quite puzzling. One would have expected them to rise above personal and party interests and focus on the interests of the country in the long term.

Three explanations could be relevant to why we ended up with such an unprecedented deal.

Firstly, the regime negotiators were negotiating while bearing in mind the need to preserve extra special relations with Sudan. They were our fellow countrymen in the past and could well be the same in future when the country is reunited again.

Therefore extreme leniency on the part of our negotiators is justified to alleviate the plight of our future fellow citizens who are suffering from a bankrupt economy like ours.

We should not underestimate the fact that Dr John Garang and many in the SPLM top hierarchy were and still supporting the idea of a unified New Sudan.

The former Federal Minister of Petroleum in the Government of National Unity (GoNU), Dr Lual Deng was quite vocal against secession on the eve of the referendum and we know he was not alone among the SPLM cadres.

It’s easy to understand why we were dragged into this unfair deal as the negotiators were likely to be his former colleagues who share similar views with him. When you add to that the insistence not to retire the names SPLM and SPLA to history museums and history books and the maintenance of strong ties with SPLM-N, things seem to fall into place.

There could be a line of thinking within the SPLM party that SPLM-N could one day ascend to power in the north with the facilitation of reunification and the realisation of the dream of New Sudan.

Secondly, we are just witnessing the result of unmerited appointment of people in high positions in the government based on tribalism and nepotism. It’s obvious that our negotiators were not up to the task.

The portrayal of our politicians as amateurs and buffoons by the Jallaba’s media could have some truth in it.

Thirdly, it must be understood that the regime negotiators were under enormous pressure to strike a deal at any cost because they needed money quite badly. It was a pretty weak position to begin with in such negotiations and the other party was well aware of that fact. They were no match to the Jallabas who managed to dictate the terms of the agreement.

Crude oil prices are known to be extremely volatile. It relates to its geopolitical qualities and history has shown the use of it as a weapon at least once.

Therefore it’s quite risky to depend wholly on oil revenues and neglect the utilisation of other resources for an alternative source of income.

We have seen how Russia, which is a superpower, was on the brink of economic collapse due to falling oil prices and heavy dependence on oil revenues. The Russian Rouble lost 40 % of its value against the US Dollar within weeks and few months and the Russian economy is not yet out of the wood.

The problem is that you cannot know for sure how much revenue you will get the next day let alone next week, next month or next year. Hence you cannot have an accurate forecast of revenues in few years to come.

Economic plans need accurate or near accurate revenue projections and this is why you hear about a 3-years, 5-years or 10-years plans. Obviously, these cannot be based solely on oil revenues due to their inherent volatility.

Our negotiators gave the Sudan something it wouldn’t have dreamed of – actual revenues for the next 3 years. By getting a fixed amount of $ 25.00 per a barrel, it knows exactly how much revenue it will get in the next three years regardless of the volatility of the oil prices.

The only caveat to that is a drop in oil production which seems quite unlikely. The Sudan can start a 3-years economic plan using the said funds or allocate them to a major project like building a hydroelectric dam.

While the Sudan seems to enjoy its new-found fortune, we are running out of cash and rapidly heading towards total economic collapse. Our negotiators shouldn’t have agreed to a fixed transportation fees that high.

Last week crude oil prices fell to $ 26.00 per a barrel and we do know that our oil sells at a lower price. It means whatever oil sales we get will not be enough to pay the Sudan and South Sudan goes away empty handed.

Again they shouldn’t have relinquished our right to reduce the transportation fees unilaterally when there is such a drop in oil prices.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Troika’s application of opinionated and insular benchmark in resolving South Sudan Conflict is impractical

By: Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa* Australia, JAN/30/2016, SSN;

Recalling the unanimous consensus reached at by two of the overbearing yet indifferent Troika outfit, namely the United Kingdom and the United States of America demanding that the SPLM in Opposition and the current authorities in Juba formed a transitional government of National Unity (TGNU) as soon as possible without first resolving the controversial and burning issues or even making reference to the unconstitutionality of the 28 states that the President of South Sudan has proclaimed on the recommendation of the outrageous tribal coterie known as the Jieeng Council of Elders (JCE).

The JCE is the tribally constituted group of egotistical and blinkered men from the dominant Dinka ruling cluster who have regrettably become the de facto government of South Sudan that presents a perturbing portrait in the country today.

The president of South Sudan is under the sway and constant surveillance of this group that did create the 28 states in the country.

Worryingly, the duo Troika members whose individual countries normally pride themselves on lengthy runs of constitutional practices and centuries of liberal democracy, have today fallen prey to the propaganda machine of the government of South Sudan in Juba, such that their application of opinionated and insular benchmark in resolving the South Sudan conflict does seem extremely perilous.

The White House and 10 Downing Street must understand that at the moment, they are handling an intricate and one of the most ticklish African political problems that emphatically lends excessive credence to tribal extolment accompanied by intrinsically embedded and unrestrained sense for brutality – an exploit far removed from the contemporary practices of civilised norms.

Troika should employ the existing template (Peace accord document) consistently and not haphazardly to rectify the woe. It must also be emphasised that the ceasefire, demilitarization and the creation of an interim constitution must be prioritized before the creation of a transitional government.

Troika members and their countries must equally be informed that the creation of the 28 states in South Sudan was designed by the JCE coterie with a subterranean intent and content, and that is to politically position this hegemonic tribal entity with limitless ambition for dominance at a vantage point in an attempt to capture power in a supposedly emerging democratic ambiance at the expiry of the transitional government in 30 months’ time.

If the 28 states decree is implemented, the sluice-gate would be thrown wide and a perpetual bloody conflict would ensue in the entire country, as one ethnic community, the Dinka would have arbitrarily curved out 12 states for themselves with all the oil resource at their disposal, while leaving 16 states for the rest of South Sudanese that make up the remaining 63 tribes living in the country.

The conspiracy was also designed to balkanize the legendary Greater Equatoria region into JCE’s “manageable” enclaves, and that is certainly a recipe for a further civil war which unacceptable and must thus be halted.

This concealed manoeuvre by the JCE that the Troika group of countries have yet to fully comprehend represents a real menace to the people of South Sudan.

Hence, the false argument being trumpeted by the JCE-managed repressive police state and its bureaucracy in South Sudan that the creation of the 28 states in the country was a popular demand by South Sudanese, is futile, deceptive and an idealistic postulation that does have a counterpart in the realm and confines of integrity.

Thus far, there has been no plebiscite or referendum conducted in the country to determine the size of South Sudanese for and against the 28 states.

This is simply a hoopla campaign mounted by the government and the JCE to impose their unidimensional and narcissistic view on South Sudanese.

The SPLM-IO would certainly not accept this apparent risk of rushing into forming the TGNU without clear safeguards that ensure the viability of the government once it is constituted for the next 30 months’ period.

Lamentably, the Ambassador of the of the UK in South Sudan has fallen short of understanding the format of the South Sudan peace implementation formula and the real nature of the government in Juba and has accordingly missed the point by succumbing to hyperbolic counsel from the regime in Juba, that the transitional government could be formed in the country without the need for strict implementation of the contents of the peace agreement concluded between the SPLM-IO and the government of President Salva Kiir, and that would still be fine.

In his unmindful comment as the official representative of the British government in South Sudan, Mr. Timothy Morris stated to the expectant media houses in Juba that the parties to the peace agreement should go ahead with the implementation of the peace agreement and discuss the shape of the country later, and that the issue of the 28 states should not delay the implementation of the peace agreement.

Mr. Tim does seem to suggest that the peace document is of less value as long as both parties are genuinely committed to forming a government of National unity and that Troika has the mandate to impose what it deems fitting to install peace in South Sudan.

The UK Ambassador should be prepared to educate South Sudanese and name the countries in the world that are governed without a constitution?

The Ambassador must understand that we are not dealing here with a sort of a “Versailles Treaty” in which the victors of the war against Germany in the WWI had the sole prerogative of dictating what the vanquished state had to do.

This is an African problem rooted in tribal intricacies and power rivalries that you have minimal or no clue about.

The debacle can only get resolved via the available roadmap at the disposal of the contending parties, that is, the document of the peace accord. The UK alongside other pertinent parties should only superintend the implementation of the peace agreement as given and no circumvention of its articles and clauses permitted.

After all the UK had been a party to the current shambles in South Sudan. It is worth recalling that in 1922 in the course of its colonial occupation of the former Sudan, the UK had imposed a rule known as the “Closed District Ordinance”, contained in the so-called “Southern Policy” which effectively restricted the movements of the people of north Sudan to the southern part of the country and vice versa, only to dismantle the bantustanization rule in 1947 which created a much bigger problem of integration of the two parts of Sudan.

Similarly on the 19 August 1955 a civil war had already broken out in country prior to Sudan securing its formal political independence in January 1956. Britain had decided to leave the mess behind and left Sudan embroiled in gruelling civil war that had to end half a century later, in 2005.

Today Tim Morris has the audacity to tell us how the South Sudan’s peace accord should be implemented when his country, the UK had desolately failed to demonstrate one sixty years ago.

Furthermore, both the British Ambassador and Mr. Duddridge, the UK Minister for Africa Affairs who share the same view on the South Sudan’s conflict should be seriously reminded that the peace agreement signed in August 2015 provides among other matters, the Ceasefire between the combating forces; the 25km radius Demilitarization of Juba and other cities and the evacuation of hostile foreign fighting forces in South Sudan, namely the Justice and Equality and other rebel groups arrayed against the government of President Omar Hassan Al Bashir in Khartoum.

Thanks to President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda for being familiar with the nature and mechanics of the conflict in South Sudan as demonstrated by his order to withdraw the Ugandan military previously deployed in South Sudan to support the government of President Kiir from being militarily defeated by the SPLM-IO’s combat forces.

Finally, it defeats logic to emphasize on speeding up the formation of the transitional government as being dictated by Troika without first ensuring the execution of the aforementioned matters.

The IGAD body and the AU should consistently focus on the implementation of every article and clause of the agreement as enshrined in the peace accord document and above all ask President Kiir to rescind his decree of the 28 states for the benefit of ushering in peace and stability in South Sudan.

Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa*
Former lecturer,
Graduate School of Business and Law (GSBL)
RMIT University
Emily McPherson Building 13,
379 – 405 Russell Street Melbourne
VIC 3000 Melbourne

A High Profile Land Grabbing in Juba by Minister of Defence, Kuol Manyang

BY: Dr. LAKO Jada Kwajok, Jan/19/2016, SSN;

Two important things among others need consideration when someone decides to acquire a piece of land for the purpose of building a home. Top of the list is the neighborhood that requires a little research before he could go ahead with his project.

The points of interest are – whether the neighbours would be welcoming to him and also his willingness to establish good relations with them. Civility between neighbours is something of utmost importance as it’s unhealthy to live in a hostile environment.

Issues like proximity to workplace and presence of amenities close to the property usually take a secondary consideration.

Second on the list is to seek land acquisition legally using the available and well-established administrative process. It applies to inhabited and uninhabited land as there is, I believe, no such thing as no man’s land in South Sudan.

The case I am about to present to you is one of a kind because the culprit not only ignored the above but came up with something probably no one ever did worldwide. It’s the use of military force to own a piece of land for residential purposes.

Months ago, the Minister of Defense Kuol Manyang Juuk, sent bulldozers and graders across Juba bridge to an area on the eastern bank. He took a large piece of land, divided it among his folks and started building houses.

When the land owners discovered what was happening, they went to claim their ancestral land; only to be faced by military tanks guarding the grabbed land.

In fact, when the tanks were seen moving across the bridge, some locals thought an imminent offensive against SPLM/A-IO was in the making. The fact that he used tanks to secure that piece of land for his personal use speaks volumes of the sort of government we have.

Also, it shows he knew beforehand that the property has got owners. Therefore, he has to intimidate and scare them off.

Well, this is what the Minister of Defence can do in order to grab a piece of land in South Sudan. The big irony is that he would not dare to move those tanks into Abyei, Heglig or Mile 14 that are South Sudanese territories under occupation by Sudan.

Government and state regulations that control acquisition of land mean nothing to this guy. He has done a lot of bad things while in the bush and known for crude behaviour coupled with poverty in etiquette.

Some may recall when he was the governor of Jonglei state few years ago, he physically assaulted a very junior employee in the presence of an audience. The locals were in a state of disbelief seeing the top ranking official in the state displaying an act of thuggery.

His governorship of Jonglei state has been nothing but a total failure with widespread insecurity and communities on the verge of famine.

Anywhere in the world he would have been sacked long ago and forgotten, but not in South Sudan where there seems to be no end to outrageous phenomena. He instead got promoted to the position of Minister of Defense.

Even on one occasion, he was delegated to represent the president in one of the regional head of states meetings. South Sudan is at a significant disadvantage with such kind of people representing it in the international arena.

If he cannot handle a very junior employee by persuasion or the use of disciplinary measures and had to resort to violence – how on earth would he interact intellectually and withstand the pressure of the shrewd politicians he would be up against in international negotiations?

They would be challenging his views to weaken his position and gain an advantage. Would he slap them on their faces or beat them up if he cannot get his way?!

I have no doubt in my mind that he would be out of his league and easily outsmarted and outmanoeuvred with the consequence of South Sudan signing bad deals.

In 2005, the Bari community was split between those against and those for making Juba the capital of South Sudan. It’s hard to know which side was the majority. But it took only a year or so to make the overwhelming majority favour relocation of the capital from Juba to anywhere in South Sudan.

Why did the popularity of Juba as the capital of South Sudan plummet so quickly?! The main reason for this change of heart is the widespread land-grabbing that affected the whole community.

I remember watching a program over SSTV where the host tried to embarrass the late Dr Philip Tongun, by asking why do the Bari people want relocation of the capital that brings development to their areas?

He received an excellent answer from the great community leader that stunned him and I quote: ” Juba has been the capital of South Sudan for a while, and if having the capital is the vehicle that brings development, then the Bari people are not special to have that privilege alone, other communities should have the chance.”

The Bari community has been the target of negative propaganda as being obstructive and refusing to give land for government use. But in reality did it ever refuse a government request to relinquish land for building a school, a hospital or for the construction of a bridge or a highway?

It even gave the government a large piece of land on the eastern bank for building government departments and institutions. The government showed no interest in the offer and it soon became apparent to the locals that it wants the land without the people.

As they started to understand the whole situation, they became convinced that the aim is to relocate them from the land they inherited from their ancestors.

Subsequently, the failure of the government to curb the menacing insecurity and lack of basic services delivery, made the community conclude that it’s better off without Juba being the seat of the capital.

Land grabbing is commonplace in greater Equatoria. It’s rampant in Ma’di land, Yei area and parts of Western Equatoria state. Acts like what the Minister of Defence has done can only breed hatred and increase the likelihood of clashes between communities.

What started as a dissent from a portion of the Bari community has now spread to involve the rest of Greater Equatoria. The majority do not want the capital in Juba or anywhere in greater Equatoria.

I would say to everyone who lost a plot or a piece of land – don’t be disheartened or lose hope. Do not stop claiming the ownership of your property. Those who now think they have won by building on your lands would later learn how naive and shortsighted they have been.

They have built homes not on rocks but on moving sands. Without a doubt, there will be time for reckoning and they could be dispossessed of what they built using similar means – the way they acquired them or their illegal ownerships being made to crumble under the weight of lawsuits.

People like the Minister of Defence can seize lands belonging to others by force. But it will never confer legitimacy to the properties they possessed by the means they have used.

Calling the area Juba 2 or whatever name would not help to legitimise it, the locals will never accept the status quo.

Not long ago someone on this forum pointed out that many villages remain abandoned in Jonglei state. The MPs from those areas stay all the time in Juba and do not visit their constituencies.

Everywhere in the world people like to visit their villages and hometowns. There is nothing like having a house in your own village. It remains a puzzle why these people don’t like their ancestral land and prefer to grab other people’s lands.

The minister could have easily gotten a piece of land in Bor town without resorting to illegal possession of land around Juba. In that way, he would be contributing to the building of his hometown.

He ought to know though that the game is far from over. The land owners have just started warming up, and he should brace himself for a relentless claim on his illegal holding with only one possible result that is the return of the grabbed land to their legitimate owners..

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Taban Deng Gai: The Little Evil of Ruweng People has spoken again

BY: Santino Aniek, New York, USA, JAN/16/2016, SSN;

Last week when we were listening to the little evil of Ruweng people’s speech, what we heard was a crime, chauvinism, bigotry, and rhetoric that were threats to Ruweng people. Everyone in our community by now is aware of the horrific speech during the convention a few weeks ago by Taban Deng Gai, and it should be condemned in stronger terms.

His position on the issue of border between Panrieng and Biemnom that is now being discussed on Social Media has displayed an ignorance or intentional bias, and it is extraordinarily ridiculous, which deserves a serious response.

As always the case, his people in Unity state had continued to speculate whether Panrieng and Biemnom share a border, perhaps they are unaware of the location of Panrieng and Biemnom.

With that being said, I find it particularly disturbing that I’m clearly more concerned about this rhetoric, crime, chauvinism, and bigotry, which he is trying to convey to South Sudanese people.

Given the enormous situation facing our people, it was shocking and unbelievable to all of us to hear that Panrieng and Biemnom do not share borders, however, I feel that many in our community are not familiar with much of the cruelty Taban Deng has been imposing on our community all these years, and I have to help our people to understand some characteristics of this little evil of Ruweng people has.

However, my thought about the speech of comrade Taban Deng Gai and the question we need to ask ourselves is this: How did we get here and why was Ruweng made a state in the first place? What should this little evil of Ruweng people have done before the establishing of Ruweng State?

Guess what, Ruweng State is coming to stay forever and will never be overturned by the likes of Taban. On the contrary, this loaded language by this little evil will never build up cohesion any time soon because we will never let Taban succeed.

These kinds of misleading language will not reduce the confidence of our people and this will bind them even more strongly to the will of unity.

Unquestionably, until our neighbor from Unity State get serious about the society’s structure, and learn a lesson about their barbaric treatment, then those who are not happy about the formation of Ruweng State can talk as they desire, but at this point in time, the people of Ruweng want it to be left alone, whether Biemnom and Panrieng have border or not.

As record has indicated, each and every South Sudanese community has experienced this barbaric treatment for too long and now you cannot ask others to care about you anymore and if Taban Deng Gai and his company does not want to care about themselves, then it is their own problem.

As this resilience challenge continues, we distinguish that the only human being, who is refusing to recognize Ruweng State today, is the same person who was supporting Riek Macher’s 21 States proposal a few months ago.

More importantly, it appears that we are facing extinction, unless we wake up before it is too late and defend this gift by President Kiir because this is a confession at its best and if we are not careful, senseless war will return to South Sudan sooner than later.

Comrades, no one is going to save Ruweng people. Whether we are sinking or we are swimming now, we need to have the courage, and save ourselves from these lies and death, and take this little evil off our backs once and for all.

Nonetheless, I agree in part with this little evil who seems to be opposing our natural habitat given by Nhialic of South Sudan because they have been practicing this barbaric treatment for too long and when the initial judgment is the vehicle for breaking away from Unity State, denial increased.

Moreover, they have been massacring our people with no justification whatsoever all these years and this is why Ruweng State was established as a result of disappointment between the two communities of Unity State.

Personally, no one should be in a position that condones suffering and also has a track record of allowing such a barbaric treatment to continue by oppressing other communities, and at the end of the day refusing to recognize the separation between the two communities.

Imagine if it is Ruweng people refusing for the little evil’s community not to have their own state. I’m sure we will be set on fire in broad daylight like other sisters and brothers who were set on fire in 1992 and in 2013 in Bentiu.

In fact, my analysis of the current state of this inflammatory speech by Taban because of Ruweng people has been once again free from Unity State is sorrowfully flawed.

Although, this little evil thinks that they are the victims of the 28 States created by President Kiir, but when this reality of their barbaric treatment became the word of the day, they start blaming other communities of breaking away without fully understanding the scope of other communities’ long suffering.

Comrades, it is extremely outrageous. How can you extrapolate your bad behavior to the entire South Sudanese communities? Those folks who are crying today are the same people who wanted to have their own state few months ago and they are the same people trapped in the absolute wasted lives that affected the entire nation.

Most importantly, our commitment to one another vs. the non-commitment shows ineffectiveness of our unwillingness to live together in Unity State.

In addition, the relationship we have been having all these years ensures a majority of Unity State communities have remained in systematic purgatory of miserable suffering and death caused by this little evil.

Let me refresh my history as a once resident of this community of Unity State. Initially, I did beat these odds and I did overcome this culture of traps, and now I finally realized how intentionally these people have been defunding and destroying our people’s lives causing our innocent people significantly every thing Nhialic has given them all these years and now this evil is complaining about our breaking away from Unity State is nothing, but pathetic indeed.

Where should our innocent people look for help, comrade Taban? Who should they ask for help when everyone around them in Unity State hated them to death?

President Kiirdit is the answer here and he responded beautifully by creating 28 states, which our neighbor in Unity State hated the most.

South Sudan’s system of government has never been for equality and due process then this piece of legislature by President Kiir. Passing this law is going to make much of a difference and the majority of South Sudanese people particularly the Ruweng people will defend this decree from internal and external enemy.

If this declaration can let each and every community live in peace, then there is no need this little evil crying baby to make it a big deal here because this is the same Federalism, which people in his camp have been talking about when Riek Macher introduced it to the nation.

Returning to this old system is pivotal issue that will spark other senseless wars in South Sudan. This entire rhetoric is misleading, can often confuse people, and will take people back to another battlefield, which no one is ready for including this little evil.

Comrades, if you see yourself as a victim of my word, I apologize; I’m not talking to you personally, but to those who never have a vision for the country they wanted to lead by themselves.

In fact, I’m a product of South Sudan’s history… the good, the bad, the horrible, and I know how long we have been suffering in the hand of this little evil because of his bad action and lack of vision.

Mind your own business, and stay out of our lives period.

And to limit my thought on this speech, my parents never taught me how to become a victim of circumstances; they knew that being a victim would not get me anywhere.

Personally, this is the problem of a certain community within South Sudan, it would take serious people who are experts in brain and behavior relationships to attempt to change these circumstances, otherwise, let’s accept this divorce once and for all.

It is actually very funny to watch this mouthpiece meltdown during the 28 States declaration by President Kiir. What these people fail to realize is that we are tired of these eunuchs of their misleading and the criticism of President Kiir all these years.

These people have no clue about the system of government and they have an intuition to criticize President Kiir of creating 28 States while Riek Macher did the same thing and no one say even a word.

More importantly, President Kiir has divided the beef, comrades, and it is up to each and every community to go and cook their beef, otherwise, those who are not happy with this decree must hang themselves because President Kiir is alive and kicking as well.

Generally, as far as President Kiir is having access to power, nothing is going to change this decision at all.

Consequently, it is true that we are dealing with people who spent their entire life in a different culture, with different beliefs, with different perceptions contrary to our beliefs, and so it is time for our cousins in Unity State to let us go in peace.

In addition, it is likely that nothing will change Taban’s mind as nothing will change our mind from their beliefs in Unity State.

Furthermore, the best we can do is being accepting and tolerant of one another, respect human lives, and that of course is easier said than done.

When people are in an immoral situation like Unity state people are in, there are conflicting beliefs, attitudes, perceptions, and culture and the best is to remove ourselves from that conflict; it sounds like President Kiir has done just that.

In fact, President Kiir has just told the South Sudanese people to go to their cities and live their lives.

Still, those who have this wishful thinking that this decree will be overturned in the near future; know this, this piece of legacy of President Kiir will be protected.

On the other hand, it is really sad that the power sharing is hijacked by this little evil of Ruweng people. But, comrade Taban is not new to the people of Ruweng because he had made a career in politics at the expense of the same people.

I just don’t see leaning toward another senseless war favoring Taban Deng Gai, I know all the entities that have been alienated won’t help him. Let us hope that the unity within the party will come with changes or the backlash will doom chance of Taban Deng Gai of creating another chaos in South Sudan.

Yes, indeed, Taban will not be prosecuted for what most certainly appears to be a violation of war crimes and can ever be applied to the South Sudanese citizen without the citizen being able to use what I will call the Taban-defense or get-out-of-jail-free for as many wars crimes that he has committed so many times and could not be prosecuted.

If he is not prosecuted then any south Sudanese cannot or ever will not be held accountable for this humanity crime in our country.

Sadly, I watched the Taban comedy hour last week, my general impression is that he is good in creating conflict, in fact very well, and the best demagogue I have ever seen in my entire life.

He is a first class liar whose position can be summed up by trust me, that Biemnom and Panrieng do not have a border, and what a conspiracy theory.

In reality, if I had not seen this guy spending 8 years in power as the governor of Unity State, one could be fooled. It is not interesting that Taban is advocating for another conflict in South Sudan having lied about the border between Panrieng and Biemnom.

This is a constitutional right for Ruweng people to live where Nhialic put them, not to be threatened by guileful politician whose days of unmitigated misery has resulted into a failed leadership and has never provided adequate and appropriate choice of words.

What gives him the right to lie about the border between Panrieng and Biemnom that he tried many times to eliminate its people and he could not even succeed for the second time?

Likewise, why does he always demonize the people of Ruweng when we are a very responsible community?

I would like to remind him that this tactic has never worked in the old Germany, or in Israel where terrorists are in the civil society and guys like Taban Deng Gai took his time to lecture Ruweng people about the border he has no knowledge about it while he imports more issues from Addis Ababa to Juba that has needed immediate solution.

Moreover, I have always wondered if people like Taban Deng Gai can learn anything, lesson, and thus cannot be proportionately paid the price for the problem he has generated all these years.

This is generational crime by the system that Taban has set up when he was a governor of Unity State for more than ten years to exploit the lives of Ruweng people for his own benefit still hurting our people.

In addition, Taban has made a career in politics through crimes and he is now threatening the peace loving people of Ruweng so that he can protect his position and wealth for his family and his community in Unity State.

Equally, this provocative statement by Taban is very disturbing to all Ruweng people. Let me move in here and head things off before we get too far out of control starting to talk about what we need, who we need to focus on, and what kind of person we need to be watching here.

I cannot imagine, but I think what is really important here is, going forward, that we need to declare Taban sooner than later as the first enemy of Ruweng people because if Taban gets his hand on any power, he is going to dig up the rock.

Nonetheless, the future of our country depends on a great politician, I mean; may be a pretty good politician like any other politician, but Taban is not one of them because his past record will never favor him as a good person.

It is the only chance we have to begin the process of reversing this transformation that Taban has begun to threaten the Ruweng people. I’m not trying to be divisive here, but I’m trying to stay focused on what we need to do and what needs to happen before Taban made his next move.

Indeed, one cannot help, but wonder how many suicide attempts, but Taban Deng is trying to eliminate Ruweng people that will never happen. In adding, Taban will not properly understood, is not brilliantly articulated in thinking, all of that is what we need to know about him, and not only that we need to stop this little evil before harming our people again.

In conclusion, Taban took a victory journey during his inflammatory speech even though he has little to celebrate. The failure of Taban Deng Gai is apparent to ordinary South Sudanese across the country, but he continues to engage in denial and self-congratulation without knowing that history will never be kind to him in the future.

Taban says freeing Ruweng people in Unity State was over the top; yet, the savagery of his action all these years tells us that the only thing over the top is Taban’s nonchalant disposition regarding the threat of this little evil of Ruweng people.

While lecturing the Ruweng people about the border of Panrieng and Biemnom, he cannot even identify the border between Northern Sudan and South Sudan because comrades you all know that Taban was the Governor of Unity State during the PCA, but he did not claim Panthou as part of Unity state from the regime in Khartoum.

However, I would like to remind former Governor of Unity State comrade Taban that Khartoum Peace Agreement and the current Addis Ababa Peace Agreement were not signed as a result of Panrieng and Biemnom border conflict, but these two agreements were signed as a result of Taban’s recklessness behavior all these years.

In reality, if Taban is serious about the border, he needs to come up with another strategy for defeating Khartoum regime and destroying the real enemy of South Sudan before talking about the border between Panrieng and Biemnom.

Thus far, he has only come up with empty rhetoric and movable threats to the people he never defeated because Taban has tried many times to achieve his goalmouths of wiping Ruweng people off the map of South Sudan.

Subsequently, the vast majority of Ruweng people are nonviolent and chose to ignore Taban Deng Gai’s repeated calls to physical aggression and violence, but nonetheless, given tactic approval for such actions by our silence, and have done so over the decades need to stop.

Yes, this has repeated itself many times with barbaric ways, but this atrocity sits at the heart of our people and is one of the basis for this little evil actions need responsiveness right now.

The perpetuation of our neighbor from Unity State violence against Ruweng people with the intention and domination needs to be addressed now and settled once and for all.

Our neighbors from Unity State must come to peace in and of themselves. In authenticity, what I have learned throughout the course of my life is that there are things that we cannot control, but this little evil of Ruweng people must control his action.

Finally, we as Ruweng people cannot ignore the danger that is being inflicted on us by people like Taban Deng Gai, but neither can we ignore the strength and the ability of our great community to embrace the best and the highest ideals of humanity.

Santino Aniek is a concerned South Sudanese lived in Upstate New York, U.S.A. He can be reached at and find me on Facebook, on Skype, and on twitter @saniek

Does Morality Count in the Real World of South Sudanese Politics?

By John Juac, Windsor, Canada, JAN/04/2015, SSN;

Strolling downtown Juba, the capital of the newly independent South Sudan, can be intimidating. After dinner, you take a stroll round the city and settle down to relax. Then you see people cross the street when they see a police officer or soldier coming in their way- not from a sense of guilt but from a reasonable fear of being assaulted or robbed in broad daylight.

During the night hours, streets are virtually empty, and “it is too risk to get out of your apartment room or house because you could be gunned down by an unidentified intruders,” said an insider in a recent telephone conversation.

With a population of almost a 10 million, South Sudan has been in a political turmoil after independence, and its citizens have not enjoyed political freedom and economic progress.

The simplest way to explain South Sudan’s problems is that it has never known good government for five years of its existence as a sovereign state. The former rebels-turned rulers in the new state have spent a long-time in power enriching themselves, intimidating their political opponents and actively frustrating a transition
to constitutional democratic rule.

They behave like old African chiefs and draw no distinction between their own property and that of the state. But let none of their citizens protest. Even now, in putative democracies in the neighboring states, it is a crime to criticize their governments’ wrong policies that hurt people and tarnish the images of the country abroad, the insider complained.

Some South Sudanese journalists have spent time in prisons while others have been murdered by the government security apparatus for criticizing the “thin-skinned” head of the state.

Human rights activists and NGOs- both the local and international- have been harassed, and life has been made more fragile by the depredations and abuses of the powerful.

Continued rule for a generation must turn a man into an autocrat and must result in certain disastrous situations too. So Arthur Conan Doyle has warned any political ruler to avoid that. “When one gets a good ox to lead the team it is pity to change him,” said Doyle. “If a good ox, however, is left to choose his own direction without guidance, he may draw his wagon into trouble.”

Doyle, author of The Great Boer War (1901), was referring to Paul Kruger, the first president of Transvaal which later became part of the Republic of South Africa. Kruger held office for 18 years and drew a tiny Island into a deadly war.

An observer has argued that later African presidents like Salva Kiir could be described so indulgently. Kiir has overstayed his welcome and chosen his own direction without guidance, and thereby drawn his nation into the never ending-internal crisis.

He came to power through the barrel of the gun in 2005, succeeding long-time guerrilla leader John Garang, who died in a helicopter crash.

He was re-elected as president in multiparty polls in April 2010, when the region was still part of Muslim Arab Sudan.

In July 2011, when South Sudan became independent, he became president of the new state. But the political independence has not brought peace and prosperity. Two years after decolonization, the president became so “greedy and egotistical” that tongues started wagging within his own party, the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM).

There was a growing dissension within the ruling party over the way the country was being governed and a decision by Riek Machar to challenge Kiir for the leadership of the ruling party and then the presidency in 2015.

Some leading members of the ruling party in particular felt that Kiir ignored the party in filling positions, ignored in fact the cabinet, and made decisions based on the advice of a narrow group of advisors from Great Bar El Ghazal, his home region.

Thus, the growing unhappiness within the national government about the way the president was managing affairs later degenerated into a power struggle between him and his vice president, and the new country went downhill. At the end of December 2013, the country exploded in an orgy of violence and a sense of shock and anxiety set in.

The civil war broke out and was quickly manipulated into a tribal slaughter, which first started in the national capital and then spread with an extraordinary speed and intensity countrywide.

Today, the international community is overwhelmed by the horrible crimes committed by both parties to Sudan Sudan’s internal war and continued humanitarian crisis.

It has killed thousands of people, maimed many more and displaced a million from their homes in countryside littered with landmines.

The warring parties signed a peace agreement in August, 2015, to end a 21 month-old conflict, but the implementation of the truce is not flourishing in the country governed by an intoxicated despot.

“With both government and opposition allegedly stockpiling weapons, many of the ingredients remain in place for a protracted conflict,” warned an international human rights body quoted in Sudan Tribune, December 20, 2015.

So the violence may not end very soon in South Sudan, where two rival tribes had been massacring each other for as long as anyone could remember.

Like other African leaders, Kiir has trouble giving up power; he can’t charm anyone into believing him. The fiercest critic within the opposition group asserted that “Kiir is more a man of rhetoric and calculation than a man of principles.”

He and his personal entourage have divided the central government, the party, the army and the entire country along ethnic and regional lines, hoping to keep their hold on power.

They are certainly not putting themselves at the disposal of their political rivals. Before the end of December 2015, Kiir announced the selection of governors-both for the new and the old states- switching off the lights on the peace agreement he signed with domestic rebels.

Indeed, the move has confirmed the continued allegations in social media that South Sudanese peace agreement is being kept on a life support.

Here are some questions that keep coming up in one’s mind: Where are the trained personnel to administer these subunits and provide better services to the people in the country’s various communities?

How would such 28 states function in the absence of peace and stability? Where would the money come from to finance them?

Since South Sudan is an oil exporter, no any question concerning cash flow problems for the president. But being heavily dependent upon the oil products, whose prices are shrinking in global markets these days, is more danger and a domestic threat.

Furthermore, patronage and corruption have a complex stranglehold on national life. For the international watchdog agency like Transparency International, South Sudan is a shabby place that has betrayed the hopes of its people and now lies hooked on corruption.

Corruption is taking off, even though Kiir and his finance minister seem to have kept the disease in check. Corruption is no doubt spreading and is ruining the economy.

With the dysfunctional economic system that has suffered the added burden of the dysfunctional political system, Kiir’s announcement is wrongheaded policy and no less, no more. He is fighting a losing struggle.

His reputation and that of the ruling SPLM have severely been tarnished by ten years of misrule, and so what general conclusions can be drawn from this sorry tale of the South Sudanese president?

Certainly, some southerners are tempted to think that the country will be better off under Machar than under Kiir. Of course, one does think so too. However, Machar is extremely controversial within the SPLM.

He split from the SPLM in 1991 and fought against it for years during north-south conflict. He united back with SPLM in 2001 and Kiir subsequently invited him to be vice president, but theirs was a difficult relationship.

Kiir assigned Machar only limited authority or responsibilities. According to the observer, Machar’s ambition thus poses a major challenge for the SPLM.

Denying him a path to the presidency, Machar could be a threat, either by leaving the SPLM and forming an opposition party, or worse, by drawing on his Nuer force from within the national army, and posing a military threat.

On the other hand, providing him a path to presidency would surely arouse strong opposition within the SPLM.

To imagine that morality counts in the real world of politics is to succumb to wishful thinking. The politician is wise to the power game. He knows that people are all in it for themselves. Machiavelli put it best, when he observed that, “in general, people are ungrateful, fickle, pretenders, evaders of danger and eager for gain.”

When push comes to shove, these unflattering assumptions concerning human motivations are about the only things that make Machar’s work account as a political rebel.

Machar and Deng Gai often speak out against Kiir’s undemocratic government, and in the process reveal a scandalous lack of democratic literacy. Scanning through their statements with benefit of hindsight, it is safe to say that they do not have democratic credentials at all, and it is a useful measure of intellectual honesty they admit that.

In fact, Machar and Gai are only motivated by power craziness and not by democratic politics. Practical judgments are now more important than moral ones, and there is little pressure for a democratic change. They believe that they are likely to lose than gain from political upheaval.

Even the existing opposition groups do not want to change a harshly repressive system very much, as they await for their turn to exploit it themselves.

Machar presided over the repressive regime when he was the vice president of Kiir, a man his supporters called a benevolent dictator. He supported Kiir’s suppression of political debate through the first nine years of their rule. Journalists were arrested over reports that criticized their government and their ruling SPLM. There were reported seizures of the national newspapers, or distributions, by the authorities.

Machar and Gai have agreed to enter a proposed government of national unity and they have done admirable job, even though the chances of success are domed. Hugs in power are not the people of principles and therefore would not honor the terms of the agreement concerning a government of national unity.

The absence of checks and balances, including free press and an independent judiciary, have allowed personal ambitions to weaken the foundations of the nation.

The rebel leaders know very well that the corruption political system would not give them a second chance. So what would they do? Throw up their hands at the lack of real cooperation and leave a government of national unity to return to their northern strongholds and the country suffers through a government of national division.

Good policies and leadership are essential. Leaders must set a good example to the rest of the people in their lives and in their activities. But Kiir and Machar have not tried to demonstrate these during their years in the public life.

They want to achieve their egotistical goals by mass killings and mass displacements. So they must now leave South Sudanese people alone to establish an open political system, stable government and good economic policies in spite of daunting conditions.

John Juac

The future of South Sudan hangs in the balance, is Kiir a psychopath?

By: Gwado J. Ador, DEC/28/2015, SSN;

Things may not work well as we might have thought in 2016; nevertheless, there is little window of opportunity to restore our robbed liberty and to bind our wounds by God’s will!

After careful analysis and evaluation, I have found out that our future will still hang in the balance as long as Kiir is being recognized as legitimate president or considered for any leading role in the future Government of National Unity.

However, there will be no prospect for peace, and no hope for it even in the near future; because, Kiir has not yet settled whether peace could prevail in South Sudan or not. He thinks this could only happen unless under his own terms!

There was no any point for Kiir to proceed with the implementation of his controversial decree or unilaterally dividing the country in 28 states and appointing governors to them, which was obviously against the interest of the majority in various areas of South Sudan.

Although federalism has been popular demand, most of the people in South Sudan have rejected fragmentation on the bases of tribal affiliation as designed by Kiir and his fellow henchmen. I could remember he was hesitant to sign peace agreement in August, because of his heightened fear from unknown. But later he yielded under extreme pressure to sign the peace agreement in Juba.

Naming states’ governors of the “36” controversial order on Christmas Eve is yet another indictment of Kiir before the international public opinion. The peace mediators are still mounting pressure on him to respect his part of commitment.

But he is always as slippery as hard snow melting in shining sun. He says something and does the opposite. Doesn’t this alone mean something for us? Is he “mentally sound?”

Although I am not a psychiatrist or claims to know symptoms of a psychopath and how does a patient behave or react to situations, I believe Salva Kiir is suffering from “psychosis.” He is a dodgy character, unstable and unpredictable who keeps on saying something and negates it the following day!

Still fresh in mine, I could remember reports of Kiir having suffered from “hallucination” because he had nightmares. He saw late Dr. John Garang visiting him occasionally at night, showing sense of “denial and disapproval” as an accomplice in the plots which claimed his life!

So if this is true it will still haunt him even more for sometimes!

What was wrong is to have a bunch of idiots who were supposed to help console and advise him wisely, but instead they have been giving him misleading information so as to create irreparable rift among the people of one origin and past misfortune.

These self appointed opportunists (Jieng Council of Elders JCE) have caused a great damage in South Sudan for which they and their offspring will regret in the years to come.

Again, our politicians whom we have entrusted to represent us have turned their backs against us. They should have questioned the illegal JCE for having infringed into our affairs. No body mandated JCE to decide our fate, neither there any mention of them in the constitution.

Our politicians have been acting instead as patronages sponging off public funds, and their duty included, keeping president Kiir retain his seat and making him tyrant who’s promised to rule for life!

More often than not, they find themselves colluding with him against public interest. They don’t react to all sorts of humiliations and abuses being labeled against their people on daily basis and yet still they claim things are pretty fine in South Sudan.

I believe they have blindfolded themselves and don’t even feel how far things have deteriorated and affected the security of their loved ones at homes, because they reside in fortress-like houses and have racket businesses and stock exchanges all over places.

The recent attack on civilian targets in Shilluck (Collo) areas, which came as a “Christmas surprise” has proved beyond any reasonable doubt that Kiir is bent to crush his opponents, including innocent civilians in Collo Kingdom and elsewhere!

Certainly, the future of South Sudan under Kiir will still witness no any departure from past blatant abuses of human rights, tribal squabbles, agonies, arbitrary arrests and looting of public funds including general unrest across South Sudan.

I have strong conviction that his scheme of “28 States” will not work immediately for now or even in the near future because of the following simple facts.

First and foremost, our state of economy is flatly zero. Remember last week, the Minister of Finance David Deng Athorbei and Governor of the Central bank Kornelio Koriom came out publicly auctioning the remaining Dollar notes in the public coffer.

Where on earth shall we get money to spend for all these states of which most of them have virtually no basic infrastructure or even skilled manpower?

Secondly, the magnitude of distrust in certain parts of Upper Nile, especially Collo Kingdom, and Unity State will remain festering for sometimes with innocent civilians being maimed on daily basis in Juba as a result of Kiir’s policy of divide and rule.

Western and Eastern Equatoria, and some spots in Jonglie State including certain parts of Western Bhar el-Gazal will continue witnessing latent hostilities. Juba city on the other hand will remain a centre to score political vendettas and untold rampages by criminal thugs.

Kiir and his “Jieng Council of Elders” have shown persistent drive towards implementation of 28 States, a situation carefully designed, which will certainly give Dinka the upper hand in more than (10) ten States.

Having proceeded with such controversial order “36”, president Kiir might have intended to send a clear message to peace lovers that he is not any longer interested in the peace deal. This has come as a blow to peace mediators and their international friends, especially after Dr. Riek Machar, leader of SPLM –(IO), has sent some of his senior members in good will to Juba.

Finally, as long as Kiir still defies public interest and the international good will to bring about a just peace in South Sudan. I must confess and bet on that, under no illusion, the future of South Sudan will still hang in the balance under uncertainty of Kiir’s attitude towards peace and stability in South Sudan. END

Hopelessness in Juba camps as South Sudan marks two years of brutal war

Daily Nation: DEC/16/2015, SSN;

In Summary
*Two years later after civil war broke out in South Sudan more than 185,000 people are still sheltering inside UN camps across the country, still too frightened to leave.
*In Juba, many of those in the camps are from the country’s second biggest ethnic group, the Nuer, who were among the first to be targeted as troops loyal to President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, fought it out with those allied to his ousted deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer.
*UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last month warned that the broken ceasefire and failure to meet deadlines cast doubt on the parties’ commitment to the peace process.
*An African Union report – which listed a string of abuses, including forced cannibalism and dismemberment – gave little credence to Kiir’s claim that the war was a coup plot, and included testimony that ethnic violence had been planned.

They came for a night fleeing fighting, hammering on the gates of the United Nations base as gunmen rampaged through South Sudan’s capital killing and looting.

Two years later, more than 185,000 people are sheltering inside UN camps across the country, still too frightened to leave.

“There is no freedom,” said Bong Kubuong, 39, a father of three and one of the 27,000 people living inside two camps in Juba, miserable but safe from a war marked by atrocities, including ethnic massacres, gang rapes and accusations of forced cannibalism.

“We stay here with the hope that one day things will change,” he said, describing how he spends days walking in circles around the camp fence.

“You can stroll around within the camp parameter but without getting out because you can be killed.”


In Juba, many of those in the camps are from the country’s second biggest ethnic group, the Nuer, who were among the first to be targeted as troops loyal to President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, fought it out with those allied to his ousted deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer.

“They were looking from door to door and when they found you are a Nuer, they would kill you,” said Deng Diang Chuol, sitting in the crowded camp in Juba, remembering how the war began on December 15, 2013.

Officially there is peace after an August deal – at least the eighth ceasefire agreed upon.

But fighting and active recruitment of armies of child soldiers continues.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last month warned that the broken ceasefire and failure to meet deadlines cast doubt on the parties’ commitment to the peace process.

Both sides are accused of having perpetrated ethnic massacres, recruited and killed children and carried out widespread rape, torture and displacement of populations to “cleanse” areas of their opponents.

“By this time, we expected to be out of the camp but we cannot do that because we are afraid,” said 37-year-old Chuol who lives in the camp with his son.

“Our hopes are slim. This is a peace agreement on paper. There is no indication of implementation.”


The army and rebels have repeatedly accused each other of breaking the internationally-brokered ceasefire, and the key deadline last month for Machar to return to Juba was missed.

“What has been put down on paper can only be a reality when leaders show political will to implement the deal and stop subjecting innocent South Sudanese to suffering,” said Edmund Yakani, a Juba activist.

Some estimate that 50,000 have been killed, including reports of children tossed into fires, but no record has been kept.

Civil war began when Kiir accused Machar of planning a coup, setting off a cycle of retaliatory killings that have split the poverty-stricken country along ethnic lines.

An African Union report – which listed a string of abuses, including forced cannibalism and dismemberment – gave little credence to Kiir’s claim that the war was a coup plot, and included testimony that ethnic violence had been planned.

About 2.3 million people have since fled their homes. END

Concerned Madi citizens respond & condemn Gov. Lobong’s existential threats against the Madi

From:- David Aju Kanyara, Republic of South Sudan, DEC/12/2015, SSN;

Disappointed and outraged over the provocative and desperate speech of the governor of Eastern Equatoria State, Louis Lobong Lejero, in his unannounced visit to Pageri and Mugali in the weekend [of 28 November], we the Ma’di youth and law abiding citizens, who gave 99.5 percent of our votes to send Lobong into the office of the top state job, are sorely disappointed with the careless and dangerous selections of words uttered by the governor of EES in particular his threats to our very core existences.

It has become crystal clear that Lobong’s position and feeling towards the Ma’di people is to be treated as “antagonistic, betrayal and hostile”.

We advised Lobong’s that his loyalties first must be with the people who gave him his job rather than paying blind loyalties to Kiir in the expenses of endangering the Ma’di in their native land, we cautioned the governor that his unfortunate selection of words amounts to instigation of ethnic cleansing by the Dinka tribal army of south Sudan against the unarmed Ma’di civilians.

Now he has clearly confirmed his stand as far as Ma’di issues are concerned, we have nowhere to turn with our grievances, both the Head of the nation and the state have declared open hostilities to our Ma’di nations with a clear intent for genocides. With this in mind, we sound the “Kelemete” and call upon the able bodies to rise and not sit in their houses and wait for sudden death to strike them.

In this “Kelemete” “a call to duty” of all the able bodies to be on full alert and unyielding watchfulness and to do absolutely anything and everything that will promote our survival as a people; we guarantee this much, we shall not stand and wait for our annihilation.

It is an absolute disgust when the angry Lobong expressed his animalistic raw emotions, first of all the man sounded desperate and anguished about his stomach, with the recent development and growing number of rebellions in his backyard right in Ikoto, and Idolu just 35 km away from his bedroom, he knew with growing number of rebellions, this will lead to loss of his job.

He fears Kiir more than those who voted for him, knowing if he cannot contain the rapid expansions of rebel activities in his state, Kiir will not spare him, hence Lobong who was visibly angry claimed he was send by Salva Kiir to warn the Ma’di people about the repercussions of supporting rebels, and he warned the Ma’di by supporting rebels they are now all rebels, and next time if there is any eruptions of gunfire the people of Ma’di will bear the brunt of government’s furors.

He went on saying “by giving food and harboring rebels” the Ma’di people have now become “prime target” for the now specialized genocidal army of Kiir.

Mr. Lobong as a head of state you don’t threatened your electorates but supports them and guides them and motivates them into right paths but instead we must assure you, that you have officially alienated we the Ma’di people. We are tired of you and we have had it with you.

From the Killing of Ajugo to the humiliations of our youths and leaders, you did nothing to protect your people but always worrying more about your position than lives of those your govern.

You have never, not even once stood for the Ma’di people in all the tortures we have faced under this tribal government. All in all because it was you who is running to Juba with fallacy of information, oh Ma’di people have done this and that, why can you handle issue of family like a man?

In your capacity as a governor, if the word governor is uphold to its standard and true meaning, you are supposed to be an executive person with the spirit of consultations and good choices of words of maturity and wisdom, not words of accusation and threats.

What benefit would you get by accusing the Ma’di; by the way some of these people you have accused of being rebels are your children’s direct uncles, because your wife is a Ma’di, which makes her a rebels too and your children half rebels!! You too are harboring rebels in your house Mr. no so Wiseman.

Lobong we would like to remind you here again, in our previous articles directed to you after you have murdered the paramount chief of Nimule two years ago, we wrote, reminding you about the “curse and bad omen” you will bring on your children born out of your relationship between you and your wife Natalina Tarakpwe.

Mr. Lobong, you have lost trust among our people today, it is very disturbing to hear those utter nonsense coming from your mouth, when will you mature?

Mr. Lobong you have enough of everything both wealth and politics but yet you are not satisfied. You said Ma’di people should be happy and satisfied yet we have nothing to be satisfied about, instead you should be satisfied because you robbed us from the benefit of 2% from custom revenue collection from Nimule.

Since you become a governor in 2010, you keep roaming between Nimule-Torit and Juba looking for more satisfactions by accusing people falsely, we remind you Mr. Lobong, this false accusation of the innocent in which some people ended up dead, be reminded the blood of those innocent will follow you to your grave and you will have no peace even in your final resting place, hopefully hell.

While speaking to few people in Mugali the treacherous or disloyal governor made it plain that he will not tolerate the Ma’di people, he added that the Ma’di people should be satisfied and happy, but he fell short in giving clear examples of why should the deprived Ma’di people whose lands are invaded by Jiengs under his very nose, whose youth have dropped out of schools due to insecurities, ordinary people subjected to daily unbearable intimidations, repressions, extortions, tortures, threatened with terror of Kiir’s killing machines, be happy and satisfied, this you said Mr. Bright?

Yes we would have been better off today if our land is not invaded and if our people are not subjected to harsh and hard living environment.

Additionally the likes of Lobong and Kiir expect Ma’di people to be happy because of Juba-Nimule highway, Mr Lobong, the highway which become a curse and epicenter of death for our people have not benefited any household of our community, this so called highway has killed more than 100 of our people since its inauguration in 2012, and will continues to kill because its construction lacks safety and above all the highway is not meant to benefit the Ma’di people, but rather the highway has enriched some government officials and the Jiengs in particular including yourself, because the employees along the Juba-Nimule highway, including at Nimule border crossing are no other ethnic groups but Jieng.

This highway is here because it has to be here simply because it has been there for more than 100 years and simply because it is the closest region to reach Uganda, not because we the Ma’di asked the government for it and it has been constructed in response to our request and not because the government did it with favors to the Ma’di people.

We can assure you this much, if there is another way to connect Uganda from Rumbek or Awail, Bor or Bahr el Ghazal directly, we are sure the jieng would deprived the people of Ma’di if there would be other alternative to divert this road so that it would bypass Ma’di region Kiir and the JCE would have done it in a heartbeat.

Our Call to Ma’di youth and to all those who are still undecided, now you have heard directly from the mouth piece of Kiir, do you still want to sit and say this government is your government?

Today Martin Kenyi has brought to us the golden opportunity to free ourselves from the lion’s den but if you want to sit and wait for Lobong to come and finish you, the choices are yours, now the official stand is clear from Torit, you are all labeled rebels and next time there is any gunfire eruptions, you will not be spared as they will send helicopter gunship to terrorize us which they have already done in western Equatoria and here in Magwi county.

So my people it is better to die in active duty than to be kill in the houses while there will be no words to mark your grave with, when you died in action, you will be held a hero and a liberator of your people.

They sing peace with their toothless mouths and pursue wars and death! IGAD is quiet and they know not how many of our people are tortured and killed all over the Equatoria land and Nuerland!

They started the killings in South Sudan and they have not laid down their arms yet and Lobong has given ours sons to die in the front land in greater Upper Nile now he comes to threaten us.
Gunfight are sure to erupt because Kiir’s dogs are roaming everywhere in Madiland even in the bushes, they are fooling the nation and the international communities; they have no interests in Peace.

As We write, they are torturing civilians all over the Ma’diland and the so Called IGAD-Plus only recognizes Jieng in this country and they are quiet about the tortures of our people are facing.

So we must defend ourselves until they show they are serious about true peace and leave us alone, not performing lip services while killing us day and night.

Lobong can Kill but will not be able to break our backs, today because we are stronger than few years ago, and if they could not do that to handful and thinner tribe of Murle, how could they do that to the people with long history of liberation, our forefathers fought and defeated the Tuku-Tuku, they fought the British with their bare hands and the defeat them, they lead the war against the Jalabas and made the lucky ones run dripping with blood while they the Mundukurus, shouted allahhuabar, who is Lobong?

Now that the man declared a genocidal intent against us, forgetting, had it not been your vote he would have not become a governor.

In our view we have no more options left other than that of self-defense, he wants our heads, let this man’s head become a trophy. Why would he visit our land unannounced if he thinks he is able and capable to inflict death on us, why address his anger towards civilians and children?

Our guess is because he knows we have men and we shall not go down silently, we all can bleed, we have not gone to rob other people’s land, The “Lemi”is in our site as we fight for our universal right, we have to sacrifice next time brothers, when this evil and traitor makes unannounced visit in our land insulting and calling us names such as rebels, while we are still sitting in our houses without guns.

We know there is only one road from Mugali to Torit, so the moment he utters those unschooled words, let “Jomboloko” and Mount Gordon shallow him alive and teach him unforgettable lessons.

Now with this new threat against Ma’di people coming from their worthless son in law who also stand accused by vast majority of sons and daughters of Equatorians for implicating and falsely accusing his former two colleagues, governors Wani and Bakosoro, Lonbong was directly believed to have leaked the secret documents of the three Equatorian governors which eventual led to the dismissal of the two governors outstanding sons of Equatoria who have eloquently spoken openly about issues of Equatoria including issue of federalism.

Since he is a favored slave of Kiir as he is also believed to be not only loyalist to Kiir but rather born by Dinka mother, Lobong and Kiir have biological blood relation, it is also credibly now revealed in the case of governor of Central Equatoria state Juma Ali Malou who is half Dinka and Jema Nuna Kumba who is half Dinka Wau.

It is crystal clear that now Equatoria is govern by Dinka Nephews and niece, those individuals will always threaten the peaceful people of Equatoria to benefit their uncles and in return they will not be remove from their posts, if you think we lying have you have seen Jema Nuna out of job since since 2005?

Only she was moved from one ministerial post to the other even though her performance bears no good record of excellence.

My fellow Equatorian, the Dinkas have encircled us and it is up to us to free ourselves. Our people say, “Kodra sa Kodra kasira.” No matter how many die, there shall always be survivors!

There shall always be South Sudan and there shall always be Equatroians.. And Ma’di people will not bow to intimidation designed to force us to relinquish our God given ancestral land; we shall shed the last drop of blood to save this land.
VIVA Madiland and Equatoria viva!!

David Aju Kanyara. On behalves of concerned Madi
“A voice of voiceless”

SPLM a pathological organisation

BY: ELHAG Paul, 29/NOV/2015, SSN;

The behaviour of the SPLM/A since its inception has demonstrated symptoms of organisational illness, but this has continued to be ignored by the people either due to ignorance or opportunism.

Pathological organisations often reflect the collective ill mind of its members and this comes out clearly in the manner it conducts its business. SPLM/A’s pathology manifested itself initially with the killing of Samuel Gai Tut and Akwot Atem.

In his book, “SPLM-SPLA: Inside an African Revolution,” on page 260, Dr Lam Akol referring to an armed confrontation in the early stages of the movement points out that, “Samuel Gai Tut himself was killed during the fighting. This was on March 30, 1984. His body was not discovered until two days later. On receiving the news, Dr John Garang and Kerubino Kwanyin Bol flew by a helicopter to Adura where Kerubino lashed the decomposing body of Gai Tut fifty strokes while Garang looked on in appreciation. The body by then was beyond recognition were it not for the characteristic finger of Gai Tut.”

This surely is not normal behaviour, lashing a dead body is certainly the actions of a deranged mind. In this bizarre behaviour there are issues of pathological hatred and an abnormal thought process devoid of South Sudanese cultural beliefs and values.

With hindsight, the question can be asked: why was the body of Samuel Gai Tut (a Nuer) mutilated and that of his Jieng colleague not? Can this specific act portend the deadly relationship between the Nuer and Jieng in the SPLM/A?

The answer to this question only helps in understanding what has transpired since then, but can not provide a clue to the pathology of the SPLM/A as an organisation.

To understand the likely source of this malaise we have to go back to 1970s. On 3rd March 1972 when Anyanya forces under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu won regional autonomy for South Sudan, he allowed Mr Abel Alier to be the President of the High Executive Council, the highest body governing South Sudan.

Alier, unlike Lagu who devoted his time to develop a new generation of South Sudanese military leaders, engaged in promoting tribalism.

At the time an idea emerged from the Jieng politicians and intellectuals that they the (Jieng) are “born to rule”. The Jieng intellectuals led by late Dr Justin Yac and others loudly verbalised this phrase and put it into action.

In spite of the fact that this was an illusion, Alier systematically began to tribalise the government. He Jienganised the police force through Major General Ruben Mach.

What was bad was that most of the police force now consisted of illiterate officers who hardly knew how to write their names let alone taking a statement from a suspect or statement about an incident.

Pumped up with the belief of superiority they began to misbehave and abuse the people which led to Kokora. Kokora is a Bari word meaning division.

Basically the Equatorians called for Kokora (division of South Sudan into three self governing regions) to free themselves from Jieng abuse.

As can be seen, the implementation of the ideology of “born to rule” was concocted at the expense of the other tribes and of the unity of the South Sudanese people.

With the explosion of corruption in the Sudanese army in the Southern Command, Division 105 stationed in Bor led by Col. Kerubino Kwanyin rebelled sparking the war in 1983.

The coincidence of the rebellion and the redivision of South Sudan into three regions motivated the Jieng who hated the new system to flock to the bush.

The very promoters of Jieng supremacy joined the new rebellion and assumed positions of responsibility, and they continued on with their project in the emerging movement.

Please see, Fudging the Issue: President Kiir and Corruption in RSS

From 1983 to 2013, this group operated in the SPLM/A effectively but clandestinely. Albeit Dr Garang himself was a believer of this idea of the born to rule, he had greater ambitions of realising the born to rule ideology in his own project, ‘the New Sudan’.

The evidence for this can be gleaned from the way he filled all the important positions in the movement with his tribes mate, while he worked hand in hand with the Jieng supremacists.

The desire for dominance by the Jieng leaders therefore is not a new thing, it has been there for a long time and what is happening in Juba today is the pursuance of this policy.

Following the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in Juba in December 2013, they the Jieng leaders came out openly under the name of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

Unsurprisingly all the members of this group are the same personalities in Abel Alier’s government in the 1970s, who coined and spearheaded the ideology of the “born to rule”.

Why this group decided to come out at that particular time is unclear.

Perhaps this could be due to a new found confidence that they now have fully tribalised the army through the amalgamation of their various militia groups such as Dootku Beny, Mathiang Anyoor and Gelweng into the national army in addition to controlling the levers of the state.

In a sense their crimes of ethnic cleansing have given them confidence and assurance of possession of power.

Now that this group has come out publicly it is important to examine the characters of the membership of this group in future, so as to understand why this organisation exhibits such belligerence.

So the insanity that started in the 1970s with the utterance of few short-sighted individuals became group insanity taking its own self perpetuating life, infecting the SPLM/A.

As the organisation is supposed to be a liberation movement, those at the head of the liberation struggle automatically become the rulers. To oppose them, or to point to their mistake becomes an act of treason.

SPLM/A becomes Jieng and Jieng becomes SPLM/A. In fact the minutes of the Jieng meeting of 2009 in Ark Hotel in Kampala, Uganda declares this point.

Equally, SPLM/A becomes the state of South Sudan and the state of South Sudan becomes SPLM/A. The three are moulded into one.

Thus by default the Jieng are the party and the state. This abnormality comes out clearly in the letters of the JCE to IGAD in opposition to the then proposed Compromise Peace Agreement.

Please see, ‘JCE Response to the Latest IGAD Proposal on Power Sharing’ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Response%20to%20IGAD%20Proposal%20on%20Power%20Sharing%20(1).pdf and ‘Position of the JCE on the IGAD-Plus Proposal Compromise Agreement‘ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Position%20on%20Proposed%20Compromise%20Agreement%20(1).pdf

SPLM/A as a result has become a tool of the JCE’s ideology of supremacy. This ideology is doomed to fail with incalculable consequences to the followers for two reasons.

First, internally it is unlikely to survive due to issues of management, contradictions and lack of a coherent supportive narrative. The ideology entirely depends on extreme violence for its survival.

Secondly, externally it constantly faces fierce resistance from the other tribes who believe in another ideology namely democracy.

The JCE’s insanity now is manifested in their claim of being the legitimate conveyors of South Sudan’s wishes as exemplified by the recent letters referred to above.

Corralling the masses like cattle under duress in order to deceive the world that the ideas of the JCE are a legitimate representation of the people of South Sudan will not work, especially as it is only in order to serve the interests of the JCE.

This unsustainable act of political fraudulence will not let the government off the hook, nor will it stop the hemorrhaging of support for the Juba regime.

This process is already in action. The supporters of this pathological ideology of the ‘born to rule’ are simply burning their bridges with all the other people of South Sudan for a short lived glory.

In its popular broadcast, South Sudan in Focus, Voice of America on the 22nd September 2015 shed some light on what is going on in the country in an interview with Mr Pagan Amum:
“John Tanza (VOA): which tribe is trying to hijack the SPLM?

Pagan Amum: of course you know, what is happening now in Juba, you have a Dinka or Jieng Elders Council which is almost becoming the leadership of the party that is in power.

It is the one that is determining every policy and it is the one that is making campaigns against other tribes in South Sudan (like the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer; the dispossession of Equatorian tribes, Chollo and Fertit people of their lands etc). It is very very unfortunate.”

For Amum to reach this correct conclusion about his beloved pathological organisation is very encouraging. He specifically played a very important role in nurturing this microbe that has critically infected South Sudanese society.

He doggedly defended the dysfunction and abuses of the SPLM/A blindly thinking they were liberating a country for all.

SPLM/A has a lot of unstable personalities in its leadership. This is no exaggeration or idle insult, but the fact and reality of the situation.

One of the main traits of the SPLM/A that distinguishes it from all other political organisations that existed in South Sudan is its extreme nonsensical brutality without any accountability.

This says a lot about the mind set of this organisation and the minds of the people who run it, and the minds of its members.

The SPLM in its totality, including all its factions are beyond any comprehension the evidence is plentiful.

For example, a clear examination of Dr Peter Nyaba’s book, Dr Lam Akol’s book, Minutes of the Rumbek meeting of 2004, the report of African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan, Human Rights Watch reports and others, will testify of such incomprehensible behaviour.

If an organisation wilfully remains chaotic and kills its own people, kills its young people, kills its women, kills its own members, this clearly shows that fundamentally something is wrong with it.

They castrate boys and leave them to die. They rape women and after that abomination they shoot them dead.

They throw babies and toddlers into fire etc.

The question is: how can a society have a future without women, children and the educated? Killing these groups is killing the very basis of the society itself and the country.

The article, Fight of the Beast in the Luak, was precisely written to make people think about the dire situation in the country but the message fell on deaf ears, and unfortunately the cost has been monumental in terms of lost lives, and the continuous destruction to our country South Sudan.

SPLM/A’s actions prove beyond reasonable doubt that it is not a humane organisation and it needs to be restrained for its members and South Sudan’s own good.

It is a danger to South Sudanese society as well as itself, and if left unchecked it will certainly destroy South Sudan.

Take for example the lunacy of the ‘Establishment Order.’ Without any feasibility study on the issue of states and boundary changes; without any respect for the interim constitution; and without honouring of the Compromise Peace Agreement, the SPLM goes ahead and imposes the creation of 28 states with the potential to further destabilise the country. Do you see the irrationality?

This pathological insanity that has firmly gripped SPLM/A can easily be seen by normal rational people as concerning.

However, if one wears the shoe of the supremacists that believe in the ‘born to rule’ ideology this very insanity makes sense from their perspective.

Let us look again at the behaviour of Dr John Garang and Kerubino Kwanyin with the body of Samuel Gai Tut.

Garang’s look of appreciation at the mutilation of Samuel Gai Tut’s body was an act of establishing the ultimate power for the Jieng in the new movement, and indeed from that time onwards Garang supported by Dr Justin Yac, Salva Kiir, Koul Manyang Juuk and others continued to inflict brutalities on the people of South Sudan to assert the idea of Jieng supremacy.

For example the massacres of the Nuer in the mid 1980s, the massacres of the Uduk people at the same time, the massacres of the Taposa people in the 1990s and so on.

At the root of the pathological behaviour of the SPLM is the objective of establishing the Jieng as the ultimate rulers of South Sudan. To the JCE, there is nothing wrong with SPLM.

Simply put, it is their tool of achieving the prioritisation of their interest in South Sudan.

The monopolisation of institutions by the Jieng is not a new thing. It has been there since Garang’s time and what President Kiir is doing now in Juba is the continuation of that agenda.

The execution of this supremacist program has not been done without the support of others.

From Garang’s time allies have been co-opted from other tribes to help this supremacist agenda.

In a nutshell the pathology of the SPLM/A is embedded in the delusional idea of the ‘born to rule’, which started in the 1970s during the self rule of South Sudan, and was later transferred to SPLM/A by the same pioneers of the idea who now call themselves officially the Jieng Council of Elders.

In conclusion, SPLM/A is unsalvageable. It is terminally infected, and in order for South Sudan to be rescued SPLM/A has to be disbanded or people should just walk away from it so it dies of its own accord.

Whether it is SPLM-IO or SPLM-G10 or SPLM-DC or SPLM-IG, they are all equally infected either pursuing tribal interest or individual personal opportunism.

The outcome of their programs has brought disaster for the people of South Sudan. The people now need to organize and mobilize under a new multi-tribal body that is truly representative of the people of South Sudan, to face down this insane monster SPLM/A once and for all.

Such a new body must be seen to do the right thing for the country as a whole.

In ‘Legitimacy of Violence as a Political Act,’ Noam Chomsky argues that, “A new society rises out of the actions, that are taken to form it and the institutions and the ideology it develops are not independent of those actions; in fact, they are shaped by them in many ways. And one can expect that actions that are cynical and vicious, whatever their intent, will inevitably condition and deface the quality of the ends that are achieved.”

Is it any wonder that the behavior of SPLM/A is all over the place?

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul