Category: Politics

Economic vulnerabilities that will milk South Sudan into sunset

BY: GARANG ATEM AYIIK, Independent Economic Commentator, South Sudan, SEP/29/2014, SSN;

1. Introduction
John Perkins in his book, ‘Confession of Economic Hit Man,’ explained how he and his colleagues designed economic assistance programs in Saudi Arabia that will make huge in-flows of petrodollars to United States; and make Saudi Arabia more intertwined to United State economy.
The objectives, according to Perkins, was to make US benefits from Saudi natural resources; and inhibits Saudi from implementing punitive economic policies against the United States as she did in 1970’s during the Yom Kippur war. John illustrated how Countries around world were made vulnerable to be submissive to United States.

The programs in Saudi took forms of capital intensive programs with long term contracts management and maintenance provisions to keep United States in business in Saudi. The programs according to John were intended to ensure United States milk Saudi to Sunset economically.

Though the above scenario has different connotation, its applicability to South Sudan is precise. South Sudan got her independence in July 2011. She formed a government on a background of emptiness in terms of infrastructure, social services, institutions and human capital.

This circumstance provides an opportunity for wrong policy prescription in forms of assistance programs designed to disadvantage South Sudan economy.

2. Economic Vulnerabilities
This article explores possible scenarios economic agents with interest in South Sudan can design economic assistance programs with an intention to milk South Sudan till Sun set; identify South Sudan economic vulnerability to monitor and propose policy recommendations.

A two decade war eroded South Sudan social services, institutions, human capital and work attitude. As a result of these gaps, immediately after Comprehensive Peace Agreement, well wishers and self seekers ran into South Sudan by air, land and rivers.

Ten years later, an arm of experts, advisors and businessmen are rooted in South Sudan. The legitimate concern is why experts, advisors and businessmen haven’t passed on their expertise and altitude towards the local people and institutions?

The failure of capacity building in South Sudan can be explained by two reasons; tactical behaviors by consultants not to pass capacity to locals so as to retain their jobs; and tactical behavior by public employees not to employ capable locals to reduce knowledge pressure underneath them.

I am not a believer of lack of capacity but capacity mismatch. The above scenario has serious economic implications.

First, South Sudan will be indebted to capacity building;
— second, local resources will be repatriated out in forms of salaries and profits putting pressure on South Sudan pound;
— third, lack of employment will increase, increasing social problems and these are typical problems of economic hit men – economic vulnerability.

Any public officer or institution that benefited in forms of economic assistance for more than two years, thereafter has no capacity is guilty of the above explained selfish behaviors.

You must have met those consultants whose souls almost fade when their contracts expired.

Rwanda and Singapore demonstrated that countries that have confidence in their young people; place them central to economic policy; and encourage local content and solutions make long economic strides than those that depend on outsiders—- reduction of economic hit man influence.

After all, John Perkins explained that consultants and international institutions are first for themselves and their masters. So why do policy makers place these actors central to South Sudan economic needs?

In 2012, pissed off by behavior of Sudan, South Sudan halted oil flow through Sudan. Though this was a onetime decision, its lessons live on. Whether oil flows through Sudan, Kenya or Djibouti, it is possible that economic interests and geo-economic dynamics can halt oil flow. This is an area vulnerable to economic hit men.

An economy that runs on one resource is like a driver on long road without spare parts. The uproar caused in Uganda, Kenya and around the world by recent circular by Ministry of Labor in regulating foreign nationals’ jobs in South Sudan points to possible economic and diplomatic war in case interests clash.

It is a clear manifestation of how those who come to help live to protect their interest. South Sudan needs to reduce economic vulnerability by developing good roads networks with all its neighbors for possible road transport in case the existing pipeline(s) is compromised; develop local oil refinery for local consumption and possible exports and improve road networks links to existing refinery plan; and diversify productive sectors from oil.

Lack of a pipeline, refinery and huge dependence on imports through Kenya subject South Sudan to possibility of bullying, arm-twisting and name calling with little alternative and economic breathing space.

Perkins explained how international financial institutions and consultants suffocated nations with natural resources for economic vulnerability. This is done through huge loans for submissiveness, geo-economics and politics. South Sudan needs strong institutions on public loans so that she is not suffocated.

In 1970s, Malaysia used to send her employees to Kenya Institute of Management for training in Kenya, more than fifty years later, Malaysia has enjoyed economic growth as Kenya continue to swim in poverty and underdevelopment.

South Sudan needs to conceptualize her economic path like Malaysia. In a world built on capitalism; in a world where consultants and international partners have different interests as explained by John Perkins in his book; in a world where Kenyans demonstrated against Chinese working on Thika road and condemned South Sudan for acting in her interest in the same circumstance, South Sudan is better off in the hands of her Citizens.

3. Conclusion and Recommendations
South Sudan interests are better in the hands of South Sudanese. The government needs to integrate this into migration, labor policy and education financing. Do we need a circular when a permit and visa can do the job silently?

If South Sudan doesn’t have capacity, why doesn’t South Sudan take money to Universities where capacities are made!

John Perkins demonstrated that countries with natural resources are more vulnerable to world geo-economic and political dynamics. South Sudan needs to place its people, business and capacity central to economic expansion and policies to address economic vulnerabilities.

There are lessons from countries like Rwanda, Malaysia and Singapore that South Sudan can learn. Whether to be like Kenya or Malaysia, South Sudan has herself to choose. Central is the manner and capacity to make economically conscience decisions.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan economic policy commentator base in South Sudan. He can be reached at

South Sudan: The nation ran from outside its borders

By: Yien Lam, SOUTH SUDAN, SEP/20/2014, SSN;

As the matter of fact, I still see some people that are dubious and question the legitimacy of the foreigners in South Sudan affairs, specifically the Uganda role. Those individuals who are still thinking as such may have missed the point in my view. Uganda has been allowed to do whatever it can in South Sudan.

If it was not because this is a rogue government, there should be no inconsistency between president who invited the Ugandans and his minister of labour. Their message should be consistent in my view if not in the views of many.

These two leaders are expected by others to have enough knowledge about what to say on the media and what is not if it was not the government that lost its legitimacy.

As I know if not you, South Sudan has been ran outside its border by Uganda to be specific. Would anyone be able to deny that rather than Kiir and his likes? Of course not! Kiir and his sympathizers would have been ditched if south Sudan was not ran by foreigners.

This is simple and nobody would have missed it in terms of rationality. If that is so as many know, what would prevent the foreigners to be the most employed people in the country? People, let as give sincerity a chance in our country’s affair.

In this case, however, even if it is being ran outside its borders. Kiir and his likes already dug their holes in which they will be buried because there is no country’s president that can systematically killed one ethnic group within his own country.

Never in the world! This is the first and will be the last. In addition, Kiir Mayar and his government ran out of options. It is now a matter of time for them to pack their belongings and go.

In this case as the saying goes, “what presents you to sleep at night is created by you,” this is exactly what is happening now with Kiir Mayar. Believe it for certain, Kiir Mayar is not sleeping as normal as he used to be before his fake coup attempt.

As the theme goes, South Sudan became what I term as “a state in Uganda.” This was and still so because Uganda has more interest in south sudan than anyone else in terms of foreign employment.

For example, all peddlers who are running everything in Juba markets now are Ugandans. In addtion, military deployment in south sudan is paramount and is the key of all that keeps the kiir’s government in life support and I don’t know for certain how long it’s going to be for the regime to govern as such. Be the judge as I said in my article in March this year title below.

“Can tranquility be brought back to South Sudan by IGAD without UN?”

Well, as the question needs thorough answer, mind is no. IGAD cannot and will never bring a tangible peace in South Sudan because some of its member states are deeply involved in South Sudan crises.

As a concerned citizen of this great Nation, I sincerely believe that peace will not yield any fruits because of member states of this organization — Uganda in particular.

Without Uganda backing kiir, peace could have been achieved long ago. For that matter, I truly believe an IGAD in which Yoweri Museveni of Uganda is the member of, cannot bring peace. The Uganda is preoccupied by interest in the country and the hatred of what would be democratic system.

For that reason, the Uganda leader sees it as the threat to his leadership. That was why the cessation of hostility signed on January 23th of this year was violated by him and kiir’s government repeatedly.

This is a pure and clandestine plan for them that the others know not about it. It was done so by that a leader to ruin South Sudan in pretext of protecting the infrastructures of the country.

They have seen IGAD of doing nothing in terms of keeping its commitment. This is the one reason why the fighting still dragging on for nearly three months now. When you look at this, how in the world peace could be achieved with Kiir’s government while Yoweri Museveni is already playing his game?

In other word, how can you deal with snake without taking its venom out? Should that be possible? To me, I honestly doubt the ability of that organization to produce the tangible result in terms of peace with the absence of the UN.

Kiir could have not insisted to refuse peace repeatedly as he did ever because he does not have any Army of his own that he can count on rather than Museveni’s. In this regard, if we know it as such, how does an organization like this could make peace while its member states are deeply assisting other side than another?

Realistically, Peace cannot be negotiated with organization that lacks neutrality in my view. This would be like fighting a hand-cuffed individual. Nonetheless, fighting with two dictators whose common interest is to crash anyone who happens to come through their ways is tough if not complicated.

But truth cannot be bought but time can. It is always hard for the truth to be heard. But never perish as the lies may have been. Time for the truth to be revealed will come. This will only be a matter of time. Truth may be skinny. But will never die. Kiir and Yoweri Museveni of IGAD may do whatever they can in order to dictate the truth. But will emerge at the end.

However, The United Nations needs to be careful though. It should not allow its staffs to be abused as such with no actions taken. This will not be good for its integrity in the world. It must know that, all dictators are being deterred by action. Without action as it seems to be the case in South Sudan crises, will only influence the abusers to do more in the days, months and years to come.

On the contrary, UN must be the only mediator that could bring a viable peace in South Sudan because it has no interest of any kind whatsoever. Its interest always is to save lives of human beings which is not the case now in South Sudan since the cessation of hostility was signed.

If that is the reason or the meaning of the United Nations as I know, it will be good for the organization to speed its effort of resolving the South Sudan crisis than delegating its powers to an untrusted organization.

The toothless organization known as IGAD has been conquered by some of its leaders’ interest whose aims is for self-seeking rather than bringing peace in South Sudan. For this purpose, I urge the international community to act as quickly as possible because IGAD has shown its colors as not only bias also inactive organization whose member states have already interfered in the country’s affairs.

Due to that, it cannot be trusted to bring peace in the Country. This is a very urgent message to the world’s body to act as soon as possible. Otherwise, South Sudan will be football field for anybody.

UN needs to work collectively as fast as it possibly could. It could not wait to none other than itself. This would be so because Uganda’s attitude will never change.

As the matter of fact, this was the reason why it defied the world condemnation of its troop’s withdrawal. If Uganda defied Norway, United States, European Union and so forth as all know. Who else does the world think Uganda will respect? IGAD! NO! This does not make any sense at all.

In my view, that would only be the collective of all, that is the reason why I suggested United Nations as the right body to put its feet on this issue. There is no other organization that I can think off would fit to that category to solve and bring back calmness into South Sudan ever.

Nonetheless, if United Nations does not act as it should, this will be worse and its comparison will not be found because President Kiir and his mercenaries will continue whatever they initiated in Juba on December 15th last year.

The world needs not to continue watching remotely as it has been for the last three months, otherwise the consequences of its inaction will have ripple effect on South Sudanese. Therefore, I urge UN to intervene sooner than later.

In short, Kiir, M7 and the IGAD cannot and will never bring peace in South Sudan crisis. They are instead fueling it in order to keep the game running. If United Nations wants to save lives in South Sudan as it always does around the world, it must step in for peace to be achieved in the country.

Otherwise, peace will never be seen in that country as long as the Country is being led outside its borders.


South Sudan Circular on Terminating Foreign Nationals by Mid-October 2014: False, Facts & Policy Options

BY: Garang Atem Ayiik, SOUTH SUDAN, SEP/19/2014, SSN;

1. Introduction
This week, Ministry for Labor issued a Ministerial Order that ordered all companies, and NGOs to terminate all foreign nationals working in South Sudan by mid-October 2014.

The same circular went further to mention some specific positions to be advertised and filled with nationals with the assistance of the Ministry. Specifying the roles to be South Sudanized, adds further confusion ‘to all’ mention in the circular.

This circular is already making head-line. Kenya Citizen TV reported Kenya Amb. To South Sudan having said that all African ambassadors in South Sudan are considering approaching South Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs to discussed this issue.

As usual, though this is a good policy intended to helps localized opportunities to South Sudanese, it seems the Government of South Sudan has done this out of emotions with little due process, without due diligence to diplomatic implications, and operationalization considerations.

This article aims to discuss the impact of this circular from an economic policy perspective, suggest possible implications and policy options.

2. What does the circular mean?

South Sudan through Ministry of Interior, ordered foreigners nationals driving motor cycles in South Sudan early this year. There was rapid and immediate uproar from Uganda. This got the attention of Ugandans Parliamentarians, with some members looking at South Sudan as attacking her economic interest.

Some members of Uganda Parliament asked the Government of Uganda to pays South Sudan with the same coin. However, these calls died down after it received low reception from the executive.

Though the motors cycle boys’ case was a tangential issue, this circular touch on economic hearts of Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopian, Eritrea, Africa and the World at large.

In a world runs on principle of self interest, will these nations allow South Sudan to edge them off the economic cake and did South Sudan anticipate these nations reaction and her respond?

This is viewed from the background that these nations contributed to significantly to well-being of South Sudan and to some extent; these nations consider themselves as stakeholders in South Sudan.

As an economic student, from theoretical perspective, I surely agreed with the need to put monies in the pockets of South Sudanese. These has multiples merit, first, incomes for the local will be re-invest in South Sudan and hence encourage local economic growth;

Secondly, reduced repatriation of salaries will reduce pressure on South Sudan Pound; and thirdly, improves standard of living for South Sudanese through employment creation.

With all the due advantages, the circular was a wild miscalculation. In late 2013, the Government through Central Bank issued order to devalue South Sudan pound from 3.16SSP to 4.5SSP.

Though at that time, I supported devaluation, I knew the way the devaluation was framed, it was not going withstand test of public pressure. There was no economic helmet to short term economic stones.

Again, the government is at it – a good intention but a wrong thought process and approach. Already Kenya media is leading hype with report of its 30,000 nationals being targeted for termination.

If it is true what Citizen TV reported its evening news of 16 Sep 2014 that Africa ambassadors in South Sudan are planning to see South Sudan Foreign Affairs Ministry on this, it is likely that South Sudan does not have economic and diplomatic muscles to withstand such pressure.

It is possible like the devaluation directive with all the due advantages, this circular will at some point be rescinded. In 2012, as graduate student at University of Nairobi, I overheard two Kenyans saying ‘tumewaletea peace, na wajinga are killing our people’. Translated to ‘though we bring them peace, stupid South Sudanese are killing our people’.

This was at period of hype reporting in Kenya whenever dead body was brought from South Sudan. The media reported another body from South Sudan. This reporting disregarded the realities of South Sudan.

This circular creates the following impact: one, it will create an opportunity for hype reporting in Kenya, Uganda and other nations about how thankless South Sudan is;

Second, it will creates a diplomatic war that South Sudan has no capacity to win, and mostly at such times when she is very vulnerable due to internal challenges.

Thirdly, it paints South Sudan business environment as gloomy and unfriendly. Such directives are done through regulatory frame-work and not through attention-calling approach.

In all economic jurisprudence, no government can participate in directing investors on who run their business, government give guidance and follow up compliance.

Already there are reports that South Sudanese are some of most reliable workers in the world. With this in the air, what will convince investors to invest in South Sudan when they are compulsory provided an option of employing from unreliable labor in the world! This circulate pollutes South Sudan business environment.

This circular point to serious policy contradictions within government establishments. At some point, the government is a number one pro-East Africa Community whose key principles included liberalization.

This circular is a total departure from this understanding. Though it is author’s believes that this circular will never be implemented in spirit and letter, it will cause diplomatic and economic damage.

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

At such times, the government does not need to piss off her allies and investors. In economic policy, it is about incentives, understanding the respond of the economic agents involved and prepare for perceived reactions. South Sudan should know better.

Can government tries fiscal policy – say a firm that employ 80% of South Sudanese work force, get tax preferential treatment! There are ranges of policy options to choose from;

It was not necessary to create unnecessary diplomatic and economic war. The government needs to coordinate and analyze her decisions. Was it really necessary to ask for namely calling from the region?

Already there are quotas in some sectors to be employed as South Sudanese. The government should make NGOs and private sector to comply with this for now instead for asking for lofty dreams;

Decisions such as devaluation, or directive to pay local staffs working with NGOs that cannot withstand test of time and realities should be avoided. These decisions portray lack of understanding, and appreciation of local and geo-economic realities;

The government has soft and friendly ways of implementing this directive in non-attention calling fashion. Doing audits to sustain compliance with employment quotas, and do human resource audit in South Sudan and thereafter, regulate entrance through work permits and entry visa. The government can use sectors’ regulators to ensure compliance.

The government has an option of refusing to issue permits and visas base on judgment of cadres that she needs to import.

After all, it is a legal non-sense to ask an employer to terminate an employee with a valid work permit and entry visa to South Sudan;

Economic decisions need to be institutionalized. Economic policy requires systematic analysis likely insufficient on an individual capacity.

It is better to subject policies to independent policy test through think tanks and expert advisers. Otherwise, South Sudan might continue to make short-sighted harmful economic policies.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan Economic Policy Commentator base in South Sudan. He can be reached

Will the Ministry of Labor Order to replace aliens with nationals be implemented?


This question is very easy for the Minster of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development to answer because it is apparent that no government minister could issue orders and fail to follow up on them.

Nonetheless, as a citizen of this country and very familiar with the way things have been happening, I am a bit skeptical of how this question can be answered adequately. However, before I could attempt to give any answer to such question, I wish to give my readers a brief background of what I intend to share with them on this particular issue.

Over the past few days, international, regional and national airwaves have been hit by the news that the government of the Republic of South Sudan and particularly its ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development has issued orders to all government institutions, NGOS, private sector, commercials banks and private companies to sack some aliens employed in their institutions and such vacated positions be given to south Sudanese citizens.

The ministry has given all concerned institutions one month up to mid October 2014 to implement this order. What impressed jobless south Sudanese most is the articulation and clarification made by the Undersecretary of the ministry of Labour and public service when she said among other things that, during the war, foreigners were the ones occupying most of the jobs in south Sudan because some educated citizens were at the battle fields while the rest were overseas and now that the country is three years old, the citizens have come back and should be given the opportunity for employment.

The customary blanket excuse that south Sudanese do not have required skills and knowledge has been rubbished by the undersecretary which makes things easier for me not to delve further in counteracting that argument.

Although the citizens of south Sudan both employed and unemployed have applause the idea by the ministry, there are enormous challenges that are associated with this order including but not limited to the misinterpretation of the order by the foreign and neighboring countries, yesterday, I got a phone call from Kenya enquiring that the government of south Sudan has been said to have given all the Kenyans in south Sudan up to October to leave the country and this, the caller said is what they heard on Kenyan televisions and read in their newspapers.

Even if I am not a ministry of Labour spokesperson, I felt obliged to answer and give clarifications in my capacity as a citizen of south Sudan to this caller that, the order was not about chasing the Kenyans or foreigners away from south Sudan but it was about the foreigners that occupy jobs for the local citizens.

The caller was convinced and satisfied with the answer but what I do not know now is whether this one Kenyan I have talked to will be able to convince and clarify to all the 40 million plus Kenyans that have heard in their national televisions and newspapers that south Sudan has not given their citizens less than three weeks to leave the country.

Having been to Kenya for several years myself, I have been a victim of prejudice of the Kenyan media when things would happen back here and they are reported subjectively on the other side, my Embassy in Kenya then was nowhere to protect me and other vulnerable south Sudanese from abuses by the Kenyan citizens, I don’t know if things have changed now.

In Kenya and I think also in Uganda, any little mistake that happened in south Sudan is amplified and it is immediately taken out against the south Sudanese citizens in their countries.

The funny thing is that, even the Kenyans and Ugandans who are in this country and benefiting greatly get worse and fail to convince their colleagues that south Sudan and the people of south Sudan are not what they say they are in reality.

Instead, those Kenyans and Ugandans who stay here report negatively about south Sudan and I can confirm this when in December 2013, the crisis broke out in south Sudan and the Kenyan government evacuated its citizens.

Upon their arrival in Kenya, the Kenyans who were in south Sudan gave some unbelievable reports that they were raped, killed and their money taken and this was on the national televisions and all the newspapers.

The irony in these stories was, the people who were giving account of what happened to them in south Sudan including being killed were the ones talking and one wonders, how would a dead person resurrect and give account of how s/he was killed.

Funny enough again, some of these stupid Kenyans came back to south Sudan even before the south Sudanese themselves and before the first cease fire was signed and this tells you that, maybe, because Kenyans and Ugandans are very selfish people, they didn’t want their other colleagues to come to south Sudan and get the business opportunities that the few of them are monopolizing.

I don’t have anything personal against Kenyans or Ugandans in this particular case but I am just trying to give some few examples of the hypocrisy that the foreigners have about this country although they are the real beneficiaries as most of them are employed in the private sector, NGOS, government institutions and commercial banks.

Now is the time when the real screening should be done, just like the ministry of Labour has realized, there is no reason why 99.9% of the employees should be foreigners whether in the NGOs, Private sector, private companies, commercials banks or hotels.

This has been the trend since independence and it is unfortunate that this decision has come a little too late as these foreigners have already milked the country dry of the resources that are not rightfully theirs.

For instance, in the commercial banks here in south Sudan, you would realize that apart from having employed all foreigners, these foreigners have come up with a very witty policy of running this country dry of its resources by allowing their citizens to transfer their money from accounts here to accounts in Kenya or Uganda and south Sudanese are denied these services.

The few south Sudanese employed at such banks are being intimidated and threatened with losing their jobs if they raise any alarm as most of them are junior staff.

It is also in these commercial banks that the foreigners instead of giving hard currencies allocated to them by this country’s central bank to all their customers, they only allocate them to their citizens who instead of travelling outside or sending them to their families take it back to the black market and bring the money back to their colleagues to be transfer to their home countries.

This routine contines while the ordinary south Sudanese who should rightfully get these services are suffering, the same activities are what are happening in the private sector and NGOS where the human resource managers are foreigners as they take advantage of their positions and invite their colleagues from their countries and employ them in positions where south Sudanese are supposed to be employed.

This is the reason why, in almost every company, commercial banks and NGOs where foreigners are, you would find that from the executive director to the receptionist or even a cook, all of them are foreigners.

So, the ministry of Labour having seen these cheating and illegal businesses was justified in issuing such order in order to salvage the country from sliding into a xenophobic condition because the opinions in the streets against foreigners from the citizens of this country are not something that someone would wish to linger for too long.

Ok, having said all these justifications, is the order implementable? The question is hard, why, because, as reported in the Voice of America Radio this morning, this is not the first time such order has been issued.

The previous ministers of Labour have issued such orders before but they weren’t implemented because these sectors that employ foreigners have vested interests in each and every alien that they employ.

Some of these foreigners are either their business associates, their in-Laws, their friends or their wives and husbands, yes, one can employ his/her wife in these sectors if they have acquired south Sudanese nationality by naturalization but the question is, do all these foreign wives and husbands working in our government institutions have such documents? I don’t know.

Another thing is that, all these aliens working in commercial banks, private sector, private companies and NGOS and dealing in unscrupulous businesses are working in cohort with the mighty in this country and therefore they are so connected to the extent that, ordinary citizens have been rendered voiceless and useless to raise any concerns even when things go wrong in their watch.

The foreigners in the commercial banks in particular are very much protected as they help in facilitating the illegal activities of these big people in the issues that I have highlighted above.

Nevertheless, it is good that, the successive ministers in the ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development have continuously realized that unemployment is what this country is struggling with.

As such, they are one after another diagnosing that employment of aliens in the above mentioned sectors is the reason why south Sudanese do not get jobs and therefore a solution has to be found although there are too many roadblocks ahead.

In that case, I wish to assist the ministry by suggesting the following recommendations:

1. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should give this order to all the targeted sectors and attach to it a circular for such sectors to form committees to study files and recruitment of the staff in each sector with priority on non-nationals to be first eliminated.

The ministry of telecommunication has led in this area and I applause the minister for that initiative.

2. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should form its own oversight committee to also go after all these sectors and make their own screening to ensure that no stones are left unturned in those sectors that people want to continue maintaining the status quo.

3. Just like the minister of telecommunication said, screening and reviewing the files of the staff should not only be to remove foreigners, but it should also be to check the performance of each staff and give recommendations for their promotions or otherwise, because, here, sacking aliens does not mean employing illiterate south Sudanese.

4. In keeping in touch with our neighbours and other countries of the world, the ministry should ensure that, a copy of this order is copied to all our embassies abroad and the ambassadors should be asked to share this information with the host countries such that it is not misinterpreted to mean that south Sudan does not want foreigners in the country.

My fear is that, if this information is not corrected, our citizens in the other countries will be abused and mistreated particularly in Kenya and Uganda because I have experiences in how the media from these countries and their citizens take something from south Sudan in a subjective and wholesale manner.

5. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should if it goes through this order ensure that, capacity building and on-job training of the civil servants is given a priority in all sectors such that in the next few years, south Sudan should not be a laughing stock to foreigners who think that they are here because south Sudanese do not have the required skills and knowledge to be employed in managerial and administrative positions.

6. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development in collaboration with the ministry of justice, ministry of commerce, trade and investment should ensure that all licenses for those commercial banks, private companies, NGOS are withdrawn if they fail to cooperate and implement the orders.

In conclusion, I appreciate the decision by the minister of Labour, Public Service and human resource development for keeping with the spirit of his predecessors to open up jobs opportunities to their fellow citizens, the only difference for honourable Minister now is how he would implement this policy because its implementation has always been the problem not the issuing of orders.

As for south Sudanese, it is our right and we should not be embarrassed to demand for employment from our government and ask the foreigners to leave our jobs.

In every country, there are jobs that are reserved for nationals and south Sudan should not be an exception.

Finally, all sectors must collaborate and cooperate with the government and particularly the ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development in ensuring that this policy is implemented because lack of employment opportunities for south Sudanese youth has tremendous impacts on the economic, security and general development of this country.

Juma Mabor Marial is a Trainee Advocate based in Juba
Reachable at:

Only direct talks can return peace to South Sudan

BY: Peter Kleto, South Sudanese, SEPT/15/2014, SSN;

South Sudan has been plunged into civil war due to disagreement in the top leadership of the SPLM party. The disagreement on the wording of the four basic SPLM documents, the constitution, the Manifesto, the code of conduct and rules and regulations and how the theory can be implemented practically led to the disunity within the SPLM, hence leading to its paralysis and to the extent where we are now at.

The peace talks mediated by IGAD started in January 2014 with the signing of cessation of hostilities which in actual sense did not materialize as there was war ongoing and accusations and counter-accusations on each other by the warring parties was frequent.

For those who have been closely following up the peace talks in the Ethiopian Capital, Addis Ababa, you may agree that IGAD member states were and are still engaged in trying to bring the conflict to an end once and for all.

The various committees under the auspices of the African Union such as Peace and Security Commission, the AU Assembly which forms the legislative body of the African Union is also working hand in hand with the IGAD countries to try to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in question; because south Sudan is an inseparable part of the African continent and is a member state of the African Union.

Let me say here that the goal that IGAD is playing is great and the two parties should also be congratulated for taking the initiative to present themselves to the negotiating table in Addis Ababa despite the anger that they may have in their hearts.

In the same way, IGAD has also been seen playing the role of a negotiator as seen from recent document which was full of flaws showing it was not negotiated by the two parties.

The document was prepared in unknown location and then presented to the leaders for signature. Where is the spirit of mediation and negotiation here?

Historically, South Sudanese are well known for handling their conflicts by themselves and I am sure if the two sides were to be engaged in direct talk, this conflict could have ended since January 2014 and more suffering and bloodshed could have been avoided a long time ago.

The following are some of the suggestions for the peace talks:

1. IGAD should play the true role of a mediator and not negotiator

2. The two warring parties should engage in direct talks

3. IGAD, the AU and the international community should encourage the warring parties to compromise

Without engaging in direct talks, South Sudan should not expect peace to return soon as most of the outsiders are just for their interests and not for the interest of South Sudanese.

It is only South Sudanese who can truly feel the pain of what is happening in the country.

Some of us are hoping that the current negotiation in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, will bring us joy and peace and not sorrow.

It is very important for the two delegations to think for the interest of the people and to rise above their personal interests as south Sudan is bigger than each one of them.

In conclusion, it is shameful for us to be fighting each other when we have been fighting for democracy, freedom, justice, equality for close to 200 years and we should expect others to laugh at us because our leaders have just forgotten the true mission of the liberation struggle for other things.

We need a country where every citizen is equal, a country where all are happy and are proud of, a country where you can freely pursue happiness without thinking of being killed, intimidated or harassed.

A country that sees all of us as South Sudanese and children of one flag and not on our little ethnic groups.

I hope the delegations look at this matter deeply and come back to their various destinations with peace.

Thank you.

Peter Kleto can be reached at

The case of SPLM-Juba: Devils acting quickly with a messy disappearance at the end

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, SOUTH SUDAN, SEP/14/2014, SSN;

I would rather say it is disgusting having this turned-criminal political group calling itself a political party and insidiously run the affairs of the Country. SPLM party has failed beyond reasonable explanation, and its failure has absolutely been our severe pain that we have been enduring for the last 9 years after the CPA.

SPLM is a party of former rebel commanders who have acquired little civil leadership system apart from their commanding political ruling. Really disgusting!

It’s worth mentioning that when you walk with a thief, it’s obvious that you can become a thief. The same applied to walking with criminal, murderer and so on; you would sooner than later become criminal and murderer or whoever you follow and walk with.

Most of the SPLM members and leaders are patriotic, but have been affected by their walking together silently in gullible manner. As we speak, there are those greedy and corrupt ones calling themselves SPLM-G9, and the other disgraceful group running the Country calling itself the SPLM-Juba.

There are also the transformers under the name SPLM-IO. Not to forget to mention that there are also SPLM-In-neutral and SPLM-in-nowhere. All the above mentioned groups are currently in hostile and bloody confrontation politically and militarily.

As stated above, not all are bad in the SPLM, but most are really not only bad, but also worse.

The most dangerous group is the SPLM-Juba which has the resources of the Country in their hands, deceiving the world and the ordinary citizens that they are the government of South Sudan, claiming that they were democratically elected.

In this article, I am only going to narrate my heartfelt disappointment by the arrogant acts of the SPLM-Juba and their allies in the government. I have tried as much as I could to make this article very short and brief, in spite the fact that the bad deeds of those people that needs to be mentioned are numerous

Right after the outbreak of the incident of December 15th in Juba, the SPLM-Juba has chosen a deceiving politics over the world and South Sudan; bloody propaganda, war mongering and war escalation is in their utmost interest.

They tried as much as a human being can do to sell their coup narrative almost all over the world, but fortunately no single person or Country ever accepted their version; they have always been coming back to Juba with embarrassments.

The Salva Service Television (SSTV) (as its broadcasting explains) has been used to sell their coup version to the citizen of South Sudan in the Country and abroad. They use their unfounded statement like “One People, One Nation” Guffaw! are we one people?

How can we be one when you disgracefully massacred our families and relatives in Juba? How can we be one when our innocent civilians are suffering in UN bases while you keep shipping in some more deadly machine guns to kill us?

How can the nation be one when you are denying education to our Children in Akobo, Maiwut, Leer and Fangak?

A devil in an action is just as fast as its messy disappearance at the end of its action. That is exactly the case of our brothers in Juba. We should and must understand that they are working messily toward their ending. They will do as worse as they can to utilize and destabilize this Country before their last minutes as it’s always the case with devils.

They have currently hired some youths and adolescents from the streets to go and collect the names of oblivious civilians in their villages as SPLM members.

Especially in greater Equatoria, it’s clear that once you refuse to submit your names as a member of the SPLM and a supporter of Salva Kirr, you are suspected to having a link with the SPLM/A-IO and your life will be in danger.

In greater Bahr el Gazel, it’s done on the basis that Nuer want to take our leadership and we must all register to vote for Salva Kirr in 2015.

It was just few months ago when Salva Kirr himself came up and openly said that the election wouldn’t happen in 2015 as scheduled, due to the security situation facing the Country. It was accepted because it was/is the only choice we should choose about the election schedule.

How possible it’s to conduct an election in this destabilized and unfriendly environment? Are people going to vote only in Bahr el Gazel and not in Upper Nile? Is it a means to loot and waste the Country’s resources or a trick to get rid of SPLM-IO?

In Juba, innocent civilians are disappearing almost every single hour and especially at night. Who is kidnapping and killing people? Why kidnapping and killing them?

Ask anybody in Juba and they will only tell you that; better those days of 1992 when they were under inhumane torture from the Khartoum regime during the struggle. Why victimizing our very own people inhumanly like that again this time?

Innocent Nuer civilians that are scattered almost in the whole of South Sudan are subjected to frequent harassment, detention, torture and killing.

The security agents of the government ask them some ugly questions like: Do you know Riek Machar? Do you know Taban Deng Gai? Do you know Husein Mar Nyuot? And do you know Charleman Chawaj?

Most stupidly, they expect you to say NO! I don’t know any of them before they can let you go. Frankly speaking, those serving under Kirr’s government are nihilistic to any other thing in this universe with an exception of money, alone.

As a matter of fact, there will never be an election in 2015 and the SPLM-Juba is finally coming to its ending. It’s you and only you who will say enough is enough! So that killing, torture and kidnapping of our innocent civilians are stopped.

Our children and women are badly traumatized by the government we call ours; they are hopeless and helpless with tears dropping daily and uncontrollably from their eyes.

The above mentioned points about what is happening to our people are obvious indications that the devil is finally coming to its ending.

However, I would like to also stress that there has never been a shortcut to freedom and democracy from any form of system a Country or society undergoes through like dictatorship.

Look at how South Africa was finally freed from apartheid by Nelson Madella and take a look at the story of Tanzania as well. Liberia is enjoying democracy after long struggle for independence and self governance which was followed by bad governance.

We can say by now that freedom and democracy are just a few miles from now. The devils are disappearing messily as soon as you would imagine. We will then practice the real and honest expression like “One people, one nation”

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: . You can also access and follow his words on

Why the SPLM must be dismantled?

BY: DENGDIT AYOK, Egypt, SEP/04/2014, SSN;

QUOTE: “When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.” Holy Bible, King James Version, (Proverbs 29: 2).

I am writing under a severe pain, after surviving a deadly attack carried out against me by South Sudanese thugs in Cairo, three weeks ago, which left my left leg’s bone completely fractured, but with hope of walking again in the nearest future. There are other serious wounds in different parts of my body.

I will remain here in bed and on wheelchair for three months or so until all the wounds are healed. The attackers intended to kill me, but the will of the life giver has overcome their evil plan. Praise God and may His name be extolled forever!

I am writing in reaction to the views of some readers, commentators and friends on my last piece published on this website under the title: “SPLM: A Party that is Awaiting Horrible and Clumsy Political Burial”.

Over the past five weeks, many persons have questioned me about the wisdom of my path in calling for dismantling of the SPLM, a party that they admire so much to the extent of referring to it as “The mighty SPLM, the liberator of the people of South Sudan”, and “founder of South Sudan nation”.

At the heart of their concerns, their inquiries have been loud: Why are you speaking against the SPLM and calling on South Sudanese for its dismantling and your father was an SPLM member? “Why are you joining the voices of dissents?” “Aren’t you damaging your father’s legacy,” they asked?

And when I hear them asking such questions, I am nevertheless greatly saddened, though I often understand the gist of their concerns, for such questions mean that the inquirers have not really known me and what I propose for the well-being of our beloved nation. Indeed their questions suggest that they do not know the world of ignorance in which they live.

In the light of such tragic misunderstanding, I deem it of significant importance to try to state clearly and precisely why do I propose that the SPLM should be dismantled, sent to the dustbin of history and made a thing of the past.

Life and history give eloquent testimony to the fact that inept, corrupt and dangerous political entities like the SPLM were dismantled by the people, for not fulfilling the ambitions and aspirations of their masses.

It is true that my late father Hon. Ayok Deng Agor, a veterinarian by profession; was a prominent member of the SPLM since 1986, when he decided to join the people’s liberation army to fight together with his comrades and fellow South Sudanese for the liberation of this land, ‘land of great abundance’, from Jallaba’s marginalization and suppression.

He remained loyal to the SPLM and the objectives of the revolution. Although he was a man in authority and bearing the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the SPLA and with numerous soldiers under his command, he never robbed anything from his poor fellow South Sudanese at gun point, as it was the case with other disloyal and dishonest SPLA commanders during the war of liberation.

He became the first Speaker of Warrap state Legislative Assembly after the signing of the CPA and he delivered to the people of Warrap their first ever legal document, the interim state constitution, with his colleagues and fellow law makers, on a golden plate.

He died in February 2011 after he had sensitized his people and mobilized them to vote for independence at the referendum. He became very glad like all South Sudanese when the results came out in favor of the independence.

Hitherto, I can say that he was a loyal SPLM member and a real patriot who didn’t like the current mismanagement of the affairs championed by the SPLM and its corrupt elite. His party has betrayed South Sudan and if he was alive, he would not have accepted this.

May those who ask me why Am I calling for the dismantling of the SPLM and my father was an SPLM member, be hereby kindly informed that the fact that my father was an SPLM member does not prevent me from calling for its dismantling and getting rid of this party that has become a source of pain and tragedy to the nation.

For those who think that the SPLM should be reformed, I say the SPLM is too deformed beyond repair, and we are deeply in need of a new way beyond this thick darkness that is surrounding us.

The SPLM leadership has resisted all the calls made by its members for reformation four years ago and the result of that resistance created internal differences that has dragged the nation into this senseless war.


1. When the greatest soldiers of our nation ignited the second armed revolution at Bor and Ayod garrisons respectively in May 1983, which later on resulted into the inception of the SPLM/A; they were led by patriotism and loyalty to their homeland and their people. Loyalty to the people of South Sudan was the engine of the revolution.

The SPLM gradually begun to lose loyalty to the cause of its people after the war was ended by the signing of the CPA and the death of its leader John Garang. By losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan whom the war was fought in their name, the SPLM has greatly betrayed them.

The SPLM has betrayed our people for not remaining loyal to the objectives of the revolution which are supposed to serve the interests of our people as articulated in its first manifesto.

2. After gradually losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan, the SPLM became very much engaged in a very dirty and detrimental business; embezzlement of public money and sending them into special bank accounts in foreign lands.

We are all aware of the SPLM major corruption cases such as the scandal of $60 million that had disappeared between the SPLM leaders when it was just coming from the bush to the city, after the conclusion of the CPA, the grain scandal, the letters written by the President to (75) officials urging them to return the stolen funds, theft at the presidency, the scandal of the transferred money from Juba to Nairobi to Dabbi Group for purchasing fire extinguishers to be used in government’s institutions. This is only at the level of the national government led by the SPLM, leave alone the state governments.

On the other hand, the SPLM-led government has since 2005 up to 2011, received very huge sums of money from the donor countries and from the 50% share of the oil revenues designated for South Sudan in the CPA. All this money was not used for delivering services to the people of South Sudan.

All these monies have gone to the SPLM’s belly that’s never satisfied. The SPLM–led government is soaked in rampant corruption that has left the nation poor, barren and underdeveloped. The SPLM-led government has drastically failed to connect the ten states with network of tarmac roads.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior once said at the signing ceremony of the CPA that South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the days of Adam and Eve.

This happened due to foreign colonization and monopoly of power by the intruders in the former unified Sudan in post independence era under the successive governments of Khartoum; and it is the same thing happening today. South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the SPLM assumed power.

There is only one tarmac road in the entire country, the Juba-Nimule road, but it was not constructed by the SPLM-led government. It was done by the US government.

Up to here, one can say that we haven’t yet seen the SPLM tarmac roads, and if we wait, we will never see them because we had waited enough since 2005 up to 2014.

The SPLM government has failed beyond reasonable doubt to deliver basic services to the people of South Sudan. It could have built numerous schools, good modern health facilities, construct at least one huge dam in Fula area in Nimule to generate electric power for the entire country, but the monies that were supposed to be used for providing such services, have gone into the SPLM’s belly for good!

The SPLM has good strategic plans for delivering services to the civil population, but it did not implement them for being disloyal to the people and becoming self-centered.

There is a small booklet titled: “SPLM Strategic Framework for War to Peace” that was prepared by the SPLM leadership in 2004, which is the SPLM’s vision on development programs for the post war era in South Sudan.

It includes all the programs that the civilian population needs in South Sudan. It includes: developing institutional infrastructure for better governance, road transport, railway, air transport, telecommunication, town planning and public utilities, dykes in flood prone areas and water harvesting in water scarce areas, micro-dams for small scale hydro-electric generation for rural electrification, windmills for water at the sustainable homestead level, prioritizing agriculture as the engine of economic growth and poverty eradication and many more social programs.

The SPLM has abandoned all these programs and it became engaged in looting the resources of the nation.
Instead of embarking on the program of nation building, the SPLM established and entrenched a kleptocratic regime in the country. Kleptocracy means ‘rule by thieves’ and it is also defined as a form of corrupt political power, where the government exists to increase personal wealth and political power of its officials or the ruling class at the expense of the wider population.

Free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, says the following about the effect of the kleptocratic regime on a nation:
The effects of a kleptocratic regime or government on a nation are typically adverse in regards to the faring of the state’s economy, political affairs and civil rights.

Kleptocracy in government often vitiates prospects of foreign investment and drastically weakens the domestic market and cross-border trade.

As the kleptocracy normally embezzles money from its citizens by misusing funds derived from tax payments, or money laundering schemes, a kleptocratically structured political system tends to degrade nearly everyone’s quality of life.

In addition, the money that kleptocrats steal is often taken from funds that were earmarked for public amenities, such as the building of hospitals, schools, roads, parks and the like – which has further adverse effects on the quality of life of the citizens living under a kleptocracy.

The quasi-oligarchy that results from kleptocratic elite also subverts democracy or any other political format the state is ostensibly under.

This is now the real state of affairs in South Sudan.

3. The SPLM lacks good governance, democracy and art of dialogue. This is evident by its recent political differences over the issue of secret and open vote that had sparked armed confrontation in Juba between President Salva Kiir’s and Riek Machar’s supporters on the 15th of December 2013, and which has developed into a full scale tribal and atrocious war, that has devastating the whole Upper Nile region.

4. The SPLM has failed to transform itself from a gorilla movement to a political party that operates on institutionalism. Since its emergence from the bush in 2005 up to now, it has remained a group of army generals that combine politics with militarism and mix up party affairs with state affairs, a thing which has made the SPLM above the country.

Authentically and indisputably speaking, the SPLM since 2005 up to date has remained a politico-military party contrary to the international political norms and the spirit of the transitional constitution; hence it became catastrophic to the nation.

For many arrogant SPLM members, SPLM is South Sudan and South Sudan is SPLM, no difference between the two in their view! South Sudan under the SPLM rule is the only nation on earth where a party is above the entire nation. South Sudan must be above all parties and all institutions.

5. The SPLM is comprehensively responsible for the mass murder of Nuer tribesmen and women in Juba in the wake of the December 2013 political differences between its leaders, and the murder of Dinka tribesmen and women in Bor, Akobo, and Unity state as well as in the oil fields.

Lack of free democratic dialogue within the SPLM hierarchy led to a crisis that had divided our people along tribal lines. In fact, it is the SPLM’s tribal mind that has paved the way for tribal war and the killing of our beautiful diversity.

The presence of Nuer, Dinka, Acholi, Bari, Didinga, Balanda, Taposa, Kachipo, Murle, Nyangwara and all our various tribes together is what makes South Sudan South Sudan. Targeting one these tribes means targeting South Sudan.

The SPLM has killed and it is stilling killing the nation by dividing South Sudanese along ethnic lines. It is fully responsible of this war regardless of the obvious different the two of its warring factions. They were one before the split. They are both accountable for the status quo.

This makes the dismantling of the SPLM a must for all ‘great patriots’ of South Sudan.

6. The SPLM is also responsible for massive internal displacement of the civil population into UNMISS camps in Juba and in the three states of Upper Nile region. It is fully responsible for the terrible humanitarian conditions faced by the internally displaced peoples and those other displaced peoples taking refuge in the neighboring countries.

All these things happened as a direct result of the SPLM internal differences that its leaders have failed to handle wisely and peacefully.

7. By resorting to solving its differences through the barrel of the gun, the SPLM has given credibility to Khartoum analysts’ views before the independence that had claimed that, “South Sudanese cannot rule themselves; they will divide themselves along tribal lines and butcher themselves as soon as they get the independence”. It should have proved them wrong.

A party that gives credibility to prophets of doom and enemies of the nation and prove them right, though they are wrong, must be dismantled.

SPLM’s bad governance has made us a laughingstock to the world. Khartoum had laughed at us when our people started to quit the country they voted for its independence back to Sudan, the very country we separated from.
The northerners yelled at us: ‘did we not tell you that you will not rule yourselves and that you have no ability to run an independent state?’

Their writers and their newspapers have been confirming to the general public there in Sudan how far they have been true in saying that South Sudanese cannot rule themselves.

Some of our people who ran to Khartoum have even confessed our alleged inability to rule ourselves to Khartoum’s mass media. This happened due to SPLM bad governance, lack of political maturity and blind power struggle.

8. The SPLM lacks clear vision of how the program of nation building should be carried on. How the people of South Sudan should be united to become indeed one people and one nation and to have South Sudanism as their common identity and strongly embraced it.

9. The SPLM has failed to maintained security and stability of the nation. Since 2005 up to now there have been campaigns for cattle raiding and murder of civil population by criminals. We have Lakes, Warrap, and Unity and Jonglei states as good example in this regard.

The SPLM-led government has been unable to put an end to this lawlessness, deter crimes and criminals and restore law and order. The country has always remained fragile and unstable under the SPLM rule. Security has never improved over the past eight years or so.

This permanent insecurity across the country has scared the investors and prevented them from coming to invest and help revive the national economy.

10. The SPLM-led government has let down the people of South Sudan when their army liberated Panthou. The withdrawal of troops from the area was a terrible mistake that has betrayed our people.

The government of Sudan won Panthou through diplomatic campaigns in the international circles, while the SPLM diplomacy and its diplomats were deeply asleep. We then lost Panthou for good when the UN Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-Moon ordered President Salva Kiir to withdraw the army from the area. Noticeably, this shows that the SPLM lacks clear formulated foreign policy that serve our national interests in the international political sphere.


A new strong political movement must emerge and appear in our political arena to peacefully compete with the SPLM. This new movement must bear a clear program for nation building; it must used peaceful political mechanisms for dismantling this tragedy called SPLM.

Among the tools and mechanisms that it should use is political mobilization. It must reach out to the people of South Sudan wherever they are in and abroad to explain to them how bad the SPLM has been mismanaging the country, looting their resources, and finally dragging their country into a useless war and prepare them to participate in dismantling it.

This new political movement must be the champion of national salvation from the current terrible rule of the SPLM that has very much hurt the nation.

You and I must be members of this movement for change so that we get rid of the SPLM mess and save our people from this dangerous kleptocratic SPLM rule.

We must conduct political rallies, symposiums and seminars aimed at enlightening the people of South Sudan to see how bad the SPLM has been running the country they loved so much and paid for it dearly.

Our people must see how bad the SPLM is so that they vote it out of the office in free, fair and transparent elections which shall surely usher in a new political dispensation that will serve the people of South Sudan and keep peace and stability and turn the country into an oasis of justice and prosperity.


This new movement must be true and righteous. The Holy Bible says in the above quote that when the righteous (those who do what is right for their people) are in authority, the people rejoice. It also says that when the wicked (those who do evil things) bear the rule; the people mourn.

SPLM is a wicked party that did not make our people rejoice, it has made them mourn. SPLM is an evildoer. South Sudan is now mourning under the wicked rule of the SPLM as this senseless war rages day after day, killing tens of thousands of innocent.

This is a call for righteousness for South Sudan. This is a call for a righteous government that will make our people rejoice and prosper and live in a lasting peace.

Together, let us get rid of the SPLM and all its factions; be it SPLM-Juba, SPLM-IO, SPLM-DC, SPLM-federalism, SPLM-decentralization or any other type of SPLM.

Mr. Ayok is reachable at

Lul Koang & Philip Aguer: Two symbols of lies & greed for power

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, AUG/31/2014, SSN;

South Sudanese can sometimes be excused in many things because the country is new and its institutional strength is weak. However, it’s good to note that human beings are rational entities and being credibly logical is expected of everyone.

Being rational doesn’t require a country to have been independent, or to have been a democracy, for centuries.

It has become apparent that neither the government of South Sudan nor the rebels under Riek Machar can be trusted. They all lie with a flamboyant blitz!

While the voices and faces that’re made to convey the messages in both camps are, to a given extent, mere vessels of the forces behind them, it’s good to note that spokespersons are not mere automatons.

They are humans. They have to know that they are the conveyors and custodians of the horrors Dr. Riek Machar and President Kiir have brought to this young nation.

Philip Aguer Panyaang, the SPLA spokesperson and Lul Ruai Koang, the rebels’ spokesperson, act as protectors of President Kiir’s desire to remain in power as long as he wants and of Riek’s desire to ascend to power by ‘all means necessary!’

Colonel Philip Aguer Panyaang lies for the government in a very illogical and consistent manner. Brigadier General Lul Ruai Koang has a very imaginative lies processing capacity. All just for Riek Machar to get what he wants.

And to top it up with their don’t-care attitude, President Kiir and Dr. Machar don’t give a rat’s foot about the civilians. They’ll only sign the peace agreement if only they get what they WANT: POWER!

After getting what he wanted in the would-be peace agreement in Addis Ababa, President Kiir signed both the Cease Fire Agreement implementation matrix and the Agreement leading to formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

However, Riek refused to sign the agreement papers because the agreement put him on the receiving end. Machar only opted to sign the Cease Fire agreement implementation matrix.

Well, now, the rebels are saying they didn’t sign the matrix but only that they recommitted themselves to the COH agreement signed on January 23 and reaffirmed on May 9. Who knows?

President Kiir loses nothing in this agreement. His door is open to take part in the next general election; he keeps he puppet, Wani Igga as his Vice President and also has an authority as to who is selected as the Prime Minister by SPLM-in-Opposition.

Riek Machar on the other hand has a difficult choice. If he chooses to be the Prime Minister then he’s illegible to contest the next general elections after the Transitional Period.

If he chooses someone else to be the Prime Minister and Kiir still remaining the president, then his chances of winning the next election are close to impossible. Kiir would use his resources to make sure that he prepares the way for his re-election.

Riek is therefore in a tough spot and refusing to sign the agreement will reflect him as the one prolonging the war and this could open the way for sanctions against his group. Tough luck, doc!

To make the matters worse for Riek Machar, his commanders on the ground, the likes of Peter Gatdet, are not making things any easier for him.

Peter Gatdet, against all available human logic, warned UNMISS that he’d shoot any plane that passes through his territory. Now a UN chopper ‘crashes’ in the same area Gatdet controls. It would be logical to assume that Gatdet just fulfilled his promised.

Even if the investigation is to still to be done for the cause of the crash to be determined, one can’t blame much the people accusing the rebels.

Would you blame the government for exploiting Gatdet’s mischievous warnings? Logically? No! Factually? Maybe yes!

The rebels need to control both what their commanders say and do. The rebels are shooting themselves in the foot.

This, of course, doesn’t mean the government couldn’t have done it. While it would be a wild imagination to say that the government forces shot it down knowing that Gatdet had said he’d shoot down UN plane, to set up rebels, it’s good to remember that the government forces control Bentiu and they are in the area and they’ve been recently involved in clashes with the rebels.

So why would it be the rebels that shot down the chopper (if it was indeed shot down) and not the government forces?

What the SPLA spokesperson, Colonel Philip Aguer said is what we always expect him to say: “They did it!” The same thing applies to the rebels. Rebels’ spokesperson, Brigadier General Lul Rual Koang, denied the accusation like he’s always done: “We didn’t do it!”

With such attitude of these two camps, how can one really expect South Sudan to be peaceful?

It’s lies after lies and greed for power. Can one blame the two spokesperson? Maybe not! However, they have to think about their role in the current tragedy even if the lies they tell and the greed for power comes from above them.

Is anyone surprised that Kiir signed both documents but Riek didn’t? You’d be sleeping if you are surprised!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’. For contact visit or follow him on Twitter @kuirthiy

Latest NEWS: South Sudan rivals sign new peace & given 45 days to form unity govt


South Sudan’s warring leaders have signed a fresh ceasefire deal vowing to end more than eight months of conflict, according to mediators who threatened sanctions should the agreement fail once again.

East Africa’s regional IGAD bloc, which mediated the talks between President Salva Kiir and his sacked deputy Riek Machar, called on the leaders to forge a unity government within 45 days.

In Article (8) of the latest IGAD of August 25, 2014, IGAD leaders “express disappointment that the 60 days in which the Transitional Government of National Unity TGONU was to be formed have passed without the formation of the TGONU; and now call upon the stakeholders to negotiate and complete the agreement within 45 days.”

Article (13) further calls on the parties to fully mandate and empower their representatives to the peace process to ensure that the remaining negotiations can proceed without further delay; and directs the mediation continue in spite of any stakeholder boycotting the negotiations.

Thousands of people have been killed and more than 1.8 million have fled civil war sparked by a power struggle between Kiir and Machar, who met on Monday for the first time in more than two months.

An IGAD communique welcomed the “signature by the warring parties” to the deal, “which obliges the parties to bring the conflict to an end”.

Three previous ceasefire commitments have been broken within hours.

“As a region, we have to show any party which violates agreements that there are consequences to misbehaviour,” Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said at the summit of east African leaders, the AFP news agency reported.

“We are sending a clear message to the leaders of South Sudan. So delaying in the procedure will not be acceptable – if not the region will take action.”

Kiir and Machar last met in June, when they agreed to form a unity government within 60 days. They missed that deadline amid continuing war. END

Rumbek: Another Side of the Burning Home!

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, South Sudan, AUG/20/2014, SSN;

Just as the country is wavering by rebellion where individuals lost their beloved ones, bulk displacement of people, where others are almost starving in the camps, yet our people in Rumbek are still killing themselves amid crisis in South Sudan.

In Rumbek, past events are forwarded to the present. The weight of the past, the traditional ways of doing things is massive. The past tension of 20th century is forwarded to the 21th century. He who killed my uncle in the past is still remembered as an enemy when compensation and reconciliation were done. Why do we reverse the past gears?

I like the way Agar people act politically, but partially hate their individualistic approaches to their local issues as Agar and clans.

The wrongs of the past should be forgiven. And if we look to the past, let’s do so for the lesson it had taught us. An act of revenge increases the problem to hopeless sense. However, there is no smoke without fire, but people should stop revenging because all of us are one. There is a need to sit down and solve our own problems.

I have been anticipating for years to see politicians from Lakes state coming forward as leaders or the sons and daughters of Lakes states to condemn the tragedies that have been rocking Rumbek for years if some of them have never been the part of the insecurity in the state.

Many of us in South Sudan have social, political problems or grievances to be spoken but not the nature of Rumbek’s. There is solution to everything, and the people of Rumbek should say enough is enough to their own problems. I am not saying that my Agar people – who are Dinka are not good. I love them and wanted them to live peacefully. Buka ye puot e rot. Tetke aleei wiic wek yeeth, {literally translated: do not fight. Wait for an enemy to invade you!}

Former governor, Daniel Awet Akot tried his best to forge calmness but the situation increasingly intensified during the time of Chol Tong and Matur Chut. And again, those who are asking for governor Matur’s removal are yearning for the worst.

Governor Matur came to stay. No surprise. Just tell them. It’s you – the ordinary people who are the problem to yourselves – nature or mentality not the governor! And if it’s the governor who is the problem, then let it be known than trouble innocent people.

During the opening ceremony of Mayardit Hospital in Rumbek, President Kiir urged the people of Rumbek to stop fighting. He also added that people are not killing themselves in Aweil or Twic in Warrap because they have lost many people during the protracted civil war in Sudan. There is no need for people – same family to kill themselves. The crowd listened to the President’s speech at Rumbek freedom square – and after a week, a paramount chief was killed in Rumbek. What is really forcing people in Rumbek to kill each other?

They state authority had sacked some paramount chiefs when Engineer Chol Tong was the governor but the same problem is still yearning. People should respect the law. As community chiefs, local leaders tried to solve the problem but invincible, I urge the youths to reconcile, live together. The civil society, youth organizations and woman groups should join hands and critically look into the problem. The research institutions should also carry out studies to pioneer the root causes of the problem for a lasting solution.

While Bishop Deng Bul is in Rumbek – urging people to obey the law and work together as one people, however, the problem lies within the people. These people should be asked to speak out their minds before featuring solutions, lest the problem shall not stop. Did they stop doing the obvious in Rumbek when President Kiir begged them to cease killing each other? Will they stop fighting when Bishop Deng leaves Rumbek?

Those who are thinking of solving anything in Rumbek are supposed to begin with the youths where the problem kept starting. When the house is on fire, neighbors see the smoke and begin coming for rescue. Many people fight fire with water, sand soil, and green leaves of trees. And if the house is burning and we began asking the owner of the house for the root cause of the fire than pour the water on the fire, then are we helping to stop the fire?

Our people know how to fight the fire with water, oil and sand. However, we must decide which method is the right method to stop the fire burning the house, lest the house will be burned into ashes.

In other parts of the country, youths or individuals have been politicized by politicians to act against their rival fellow politicians, is it the case in Lakes state? The Youths in the cattle camps shouldn’t be political camps cattle herders.

The social intimidating complexity by the people of Rumbek deserves brotherly actions, concrete thoughts based on grass-root consultation with local community or chiefs. The problem is from within – cohesively needs law-enforcing agencies to take proper measures against ring leaders.

Moreover, people sometimes don’t obey the law when favoritism, interference are done by individuals within law-enforcing agencies, in which others may feel their cases seemed to be vulnerable and think of revenge as the last solution. All in all, Rumbek may need law-enforcing agencies’ forces from different states in the country for fairness and social neutrality.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a South Sudanese columnist and blogger, lives in Aweil. He can be reached via