Category: Politics

Why the SPLM must be dismantled?

By: Peter Gai Manyuon, NOV/25/2015, SSN;

Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) is a party that was formed in 1983 where Dr. John Garang became the head of the party after eliminating senior comrades within the movement those days.

Moreover, when the death of Dr. John Garang came accidentally in July 2005, President Kiir took the leadership of the party and eventually, the mission and vision of the party became the looting of resources, manipulating the rule of law, killing professional Journalists in the Country on daily basis, abusing human rights, lack of democratization processes in the country, raping, torturing, cannibalism, mass killing and genocide in the Juba city and eliminating any one who objects dictatorial Leadership existence in South Sudan.

Killing civilians on 16th, 17th and 18th of December 2013 in Juba was because of belonging to a certain ethnicity. Those are genuine points to dismantle the party for good in South Sudan for civilian’s safety unless those who have psychological disorder might dispute the reality.

The question might come, is it the SPLM or President Kiir wh’s the curse? The answer is, both the SPLM and President Kiir Kuethpiny are the curse to the nation.

Why God created Kiir Mayardit in South Sudan? Why God took away the lives of good people during the liberation struggle and left this current President in Juba?

More interestingly, audiences/masses might ask for the definition of the SPLM as the Party in South Sudan.

According to my own observation, SPLM can be defined in various ways but first it can be refer as the party that was formed by killers, hooligans, thieves and tribalist leaders in 1983 and is continuing killing the civilians on basis of ethnicity and political affiliation and the leadership structures are controlled by one ethnicity that calls itself rulers of the Nation.

In other words, it can be defined as the “Red bag” that contains rotten thieves, tribalists that always work on what each individual gets and puts aside the interest of civilians in the Country.

It could as well be defined as the “black house” where you could get prostitutes, thieves, tribalists, illiterates, cowboys and village boys combine together in order to loot the resources of the country using the slogan of “SPLM oyeee, SPLM akuma bi tana,” and divisive language characterized by primitiveness, hooliganism, sectarianism and nepotism.

In fact, its formation in 1983 was basically to fight for the rights and aspirations of South Sudanese from North Sudan, which was eventually changed after the Independence of South Sudan in 2011 to looting and dictatorship tendencies in the Country up to this particular period of time, where there is a council of elders that always determine the future of the Country.

What a disgrace and shame?

Subsequently, after the departure of Dr. John Garang in 2005, the current dictator President Salva Kiir Mayardit was endorsed by the group of SPLM Oyees to lead the people of South Sudan up to this particular period of time where South Sudanese divided themselves based on ethnicities and communities across the country.

Newsite meeting of 2005 that proposed Kiir to be the leader in South Sudan is what has lead to the massacre of the civilians in Juba 2013.

Anyone who endorsed this illiterate incumbent President in Juba has fully contributed to the killings of the civil population as well.

Hence, since the inception of the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011 up to date, SPLM has been known as the party that is being lead by hooligans and professional thieves that aim at looting the resources of the South Sudanese that could be used instead for developing infrastructures, hospitals and schools that citizens should benefits from.

SPLM is known as the party that always killed innocent civilians on basis of ethnicity. How can such a useless party exist in South Sudan?

Most of the civilians were killed in December 2013 in Juba due to the crisis that emerged within the party that had no connection with civilians in the Country.

If SPLM is the party of Ethnicity not for a Country, then this is the right time to dismantle it for good in order for civilians to stay peacefully across the Country.

The safety of civilians across the country should be the major concern rather than the stomach gains and riches of the SPLM.

Most of the SPLM leaders are tribalists, corrupts, illiterates that is why most of them don’t value human lives and suffering across the Country.

Tribalism is being practiced by the leaders within the SPLM as the ruling party.

Most of the civilians were killed on the basis of ethnicities and madness that is among the South Sudanese who claimed to be politicians while their upstairs is empty educationally and they lack maturity in thinking as well.

SPLM leadership has failed the Country and therefore should be dismantled immediately.

This party is problematic to everybody and has now turned to a tribal party that is mandated to castrate boys, rape girls and women and carryout genocide across the Country specifically in the Southern Unity State of Leer, Koch, Mayendit.

The current killing that is going on in Southern Unity State is motivated by the leaders who called themselves SPLM leaders.

People assume that all the civilians in Southern Unity State should be killed in order to reduce votes of Dr. Machar in 2018 coming elections. That is absolutely a childish thinking.

Moreover, Corruption within the SPLM members is something known internationally, regionally and locally.

Most of the top fifteen (15) members who are part of the disappearance of 4.5 million dollars are SPLM Leaders.

Anyone who supports SPLM party to exist in South Sudan is a curse to the country and therefore I call upon the living God of the universe and of South Sudan to deal with such persons properly.

Anyone who is celebrating the unification of the SPLM members is primitive and doesn’t project the suffering of South Sudanese in time to come.

Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on Human Rights and Democratization. He could be contact on

Why Pres. Kiir and Riek Machar must relinquish ethnic federalism ideology in South Sudan

BY: Chol Deng Yol, South Sudan, NOV/24/2015, SSN;

South Sudan, the world’s newest independent state, remains one of the most troubled country facing both external and internal threats from aggrieved neighboring country (Sudan) and internal power struggling among the SPLM Politicians.

The SPLM’s domineering political party, after secession from Khartoum, had dramatically robbed the people of their hard-won independence and returned the country back to civil war, pitting the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups against one another.

The South Sudanese civil war that started as a political dispute has been interpreted through the lens of ethnic bitterness, fueled by tribal animosities that remained unresolved since the inception of SPLM/A in 1983.

Just but to mention a few, the war has immensely claimed lives and destroyed peoples’ sources of livelihood.

It has led to the proliferation of small arms and ammunitions in civilian communities deepening tribal animosity, creating perceptions of insecurity besides breaking down of cultural values.

It has displaced thousands of people and destroyed schools and hospitals. The economy has indicatively shrunken.

As a redress to South Sudanese atrocities, the IGAD Plus has helped the warring parties to sign a compromised Peace Agreement which is yet to be implemented.

Apparently, the scars carried by Kiir and Machar’s survivors, inside and outside the country, are still raw and the recently signed ‘Compromised Peace Agreement’ that prompted return to status-quo of the former foes does nothing to free SPLM and SPLM-IO from the guilt of killing their own citizens.

With the loss nationhood innocence, Riek and Kiir must come to terms with their new ethnic federalism ideologies, otherwise trying to move forward will have deadly consequences.

Dr. Riek in his “SPLM-in-opposition’ Movement Manifesto was the first leader to split the country into 21 ethnic federal states only to be pebbly surprised by President Kiir in his unilateral decision that ordered the creation of 28 ethnic federal States.

The decisions taken by both Machar and President Kiir do not meet people‘s aspirations at all as they both have elements of tribal supremacy over power and resources.

Whether with 21 or 28 states, South Sudan is not ready for it at the movement, period!

South Sudanese are resilient people who need peace and prosperity, not federal states.

Regardless of the legality of creation of more states, the question that hangs in the mind of every South Sudanese is that, if we could not developed the already existing 10 states of the republic of South Sudan, how are we going to develop 21 or 28 ethic states given the rifts and tribal animosities caused by this senseless war?

In countries like Ethiopia and Nigeria, ethnic federation is applied in the context and strategy of resolving ethnic conflict on a permanent basis.

However in South Sudan, it is likely to exacerbate the already complicated unresolved political, economic and social issues.

One of the major peculiarities of the proposed federalism in South Sudan is how to designate the territorial location of an ethnic group given the history of internal seasonal migration and patterns of settlement, especially among the nomadic communities of Greater Upper Nile regions.

It will be very difficult for the federal government to demarcate ethnic territorial boundaries without experiencing multitudes of claims and counter claims from local tribes.

It will create another protracted war along ethnic lines.

In all the federal states inhabited by more than one ethnic community, there exist evidences that there will be problems of treating unequal ethnic groups equally.

In reality, tribes will be different in terms of territorial size, population and economic potentials which may complicate allocation of federal powers among various tribes.

Will federal seats be allotted on the proportion of population size or ethnic representation? It is very complicated to determine it.

Since the contested system of ethnic federalism in South Sudan is anchored on the very idea and principle of self-determination of the tribes, it will be likely that local communities at the borders, out of frustrations, may one day decide to secede which will ultimately result in disintegration of federal states.

In a nutshell, whether the decision to split the country into 21 or 28 ethnic federal states was based on former colonial districts or on popular demand model, the timing for adopting federalism in South Sudan is but just far from now.

It is high time we prioritize fixing things right by embracing peace and reconciliation.

We need to amend and restore our broken social fabrics without disintegrating into tribal webs that will further fan clannish wars.

We need to preserve our sovereignty and national pride in unity not in disunity.

As the English people put it that “a stitch in time saves nine,” in the interest of national pride and tranquility of our beloved motherland, it is imperative that our leaders in the persons of President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar listen to the voices of reason and immediately back down from their personal egos and tribal interests.

They must both relinquish their models and making of ethnic federalism ideology in South Sudan.

By Chol Deng Yol,

Jieeng Council of Elders, the Erosion of Jieeng’s Values and the ‘Jieengization’ of South Sudan

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, NOV/19/2015, SSN;

First off, let’s remember that the elders I’m talking about are not the REAL ELDERS, but the dollar-intoxicated, Prado-Driving, educated political ‘elders’ in Juba. I’m not referencing the real elders in Jieeng Villages!

Elders, the world over, are supposed to be the voice of reason and wisdom. They should be the people to calm down a young and fiery generation, who are always interested in solving everything through myopic physical means. However, this is not the case in South Sudan as the nation has had every order of things turned upside down.

Elders have lost wisdom and reason as they are the first to beat the drum of war and division.

Personal benefits are put above the health and long term well-being of all citizenry! It’s very sad but there seems to be no end in sight. We are free falling!

Undoubtedly, it’s no secret that South Sudan is a tribalized nation and it will take a seasoned, self-sacrificing strategist to formulate a long-lasting and acceptable panacea for the chronic malady of tribalism.

So far this strategist is either not given a chance to help save South Sudan, or she/he doesn’t’ exist.

Since 2005, after the death of late Dr. John Garang De Mabior, South Sudan continued a downward spiral toward failure, naïve tribalism and unbridled corruption. The saddest part of all this affair is that the perpetrators of the problems don’t seem to realize the danger they caused and continue to cause.

Since the days of Sudan African Nation Union (SANU) with the likes of Father Saturnino, Joseph Oduho, Aggrey Jaden and Deng Nhial, tribalism has always been a problem.

Tribalism also caused Oduho to form Azania Liberation Front (ALF) and Aggrey forming Sudan African Liberation Front (SALF), all of which short-lived.

Tribalism also dogged the Southern Sudan Provisional Government (SSPG) with Gordon Muortat and Aggrey Jaden. The formation of Nile Provisional Government (NPG), the Anyidi Republic and the eventual takeover of the liberation struggle by Joseph Lagu resulted from both personal ambition and tribalism.

After the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement, the power-play between Joseph Lagu and Abel Alier was an epitome of instrumentalized tribalism. Energies and resources were focused on tribal rivalry as development was shamelessly ignored.

In a word, tribalism isn’t something new in the South. However, one always hopes that past historical mistakes be corrected in an attempt to create a helpful way forward.

Unfortunately, in South Sudan, past mistakes are reimagined, reformulated, and instrumentalized for power and wealth.

This brings me to the infamous Jieeng Council of Elders (JCE). Instead of making sure all tribal elders in South Sudan come together to not only help children understand tribal values, histories and historicity across tribal lines, but also make sure they institutionalize tribal wisdom in a helpful manner, JCE has become a divisive, boot-licking, dirty group bent on making South Sudan a Jieeng republic!

Jieeng are supposed to be peace-loving people, people who try to bring people together. It’s either I was wrong, or our elders have changed.

JCE, headed by the likes of Martin Majut Yak and Ambrose Riiny Thiik, has become a great liability to South Sudan.

Where on earth do you find young people advising elders not to be divisive and hawkish? Where have the Jieeng values gone that I can clearly see the danger they are causing South Sudan when they can’t see it?

If these are the elders we have, then South Sudan is doomed to fail beyond the current failure-pit level. Are these the elders young people should consult for wisdom?

Martin Majut recently told a Jieeng radio presenter [SBS Radio] that “Jieeng liberated South Sudan, so we [Jieeng] deserve to be the rulers.”

Are these the elders we should admire? Why do I know that such a statement is wrong when an elder can’t see it?

Ambrose Riiny Thiik recently admitted that the idea of the unconstitutional 28 states was their idea. It’s no wonder the president accepted it without putting any thought into how dangerous the idea could be.

How did we, the Jieeng, become this callous, greedy, divisive and short-sighted? Have Jieeng values become completely eroded that elders are now behaving like children?

A nation where younger people advise elders to be wise, conciliatory and inclusive, is a nation whose values have been eroded.

How can Jieeng elders allow Nuer to be massacred in Juba? Where is the wisdom of Jieeng in making sure Nuer are safe in Juba and out of UNMISS camps?

It’s no surprise that President Kiir has no elders to give him wisdom to lead. His being advised by corrupt, myopic, blood-thirsty, greedy old man who’ve abdicated their duty as elders is taking us to the grave.

This erosion of cultural values has resulted in South Sudan being seen as Jieeng property. The country is shamelessly Jieeng-dominated, but it’s only young people who can see such domination.

The elders don’t see it. Where does that happen?

The country has been shamelessly Jieengized but we still believe South Sudan will be a country in which all the 60 plus tribes can coexist.

Almost all ambassadors are Jieeng, most state commissioners are Jieeng, SPLM as we’ve seen recently seems Jieeng-dominated, most influential ministers are Jieeng, people who speak on behalf of the government and South Sudan are Jieeng.

This is a sad reality our elders find funny but it’s very dangerous. The president is Jieeng, his spokesperson is Jieeng, the minister of foreign affairs is (technically) Jieeng, the spokesperson of foreign minister is Jieeng, the government spokesperson is Jieeng, the chief of general staff of SPLA and the SPLA spokesperson are Jieeng, the defense minister is Jieeng, the the police Inspector General is Jieeng, the government peace delegation is basically a Jieeng entity.

How the hell do we expect South Sudan to prosper?

How come my elders love war when I, a young person, don’t like war? How come my elders are tribally divisive when I don’t like tribally divisive policies? How come I realize that Jieeng domination of South Sudan is dangerous for our collective future when my elders don’t?

I’m not saying we [Jieeng] are the only tribal people in South Sudan. Every single tribe is divisively tribal.

However, the government is led by one of our own and it’s imperative we show South Sudan that we are not this divisive and incompetent.

South Sudan is now a complete failure and the leader is Jieeng!

South Sudan is now at war and the leader is Jieeng!

I know the damage to Jieeng values and integrity has already been done; however, it’s not too late for the elders to stop ‘eating’ and instead bring back Jieeng wisdom and voice of reason if we actually had it.

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically” and “Is ‘Black’ Really Beautiful?” For contact, visit

Pres. Kiir should dismiss many Ministers for sake of Peace Agreement

By James Okuk, PhD., JUBA, NOV/13/2015, SSN;

When Chapter One on Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) as per August 2015 Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) gets implemented by the end of this year, many ministers and deputy ministers who are enjoying the privileges of power now will lose their positions and go home so that others who shall be favored by President Salva Kiir Mayardit could get appointed to fill the new posts for peace.

From an average calculation, the GRSS shall lose 25 Ministers from the current cabinet and only retain 6 while getting 13 new faces for TGoNU. That means more politicians shall be mourning the exit while fewer rejoice the entry.

According to the agreed power sharing formula the GRSS shall retain 53% Ministerial portfolios (16 Ministers) while South Sudan Armed Opposition shall be rewarded with 33% (10 Ministers); and the Former Detainees shall be awarded with 7% (2 Ministers) while Other Political Parties shall be thrown 7% of Ministerial portfolios (2 Ministers).

Each Party will get its share from the 30 national ministries in accordance with the random lottery on:

1) Governance Cluster (Cabinet Affairs; Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation; Defence and Veterans’ Affairs; Interior; Justice and Constitutional Affairs; National Security; Parliamentary Affairs; Information, Communication Technology and Postal Services; and Ministry of Federal Affairs; Minister in the Office of the President) in addition to Deputy Ministers for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation; Defence and Veterans’ Affairs; Interior; Justice and Constitutional Affairs; and Information, Communication Technology and Postal Services;

2) Economic Cluster (Finance and Planning; Petroleum; Mining; Agriculture and Food Security; Livestock and Fisheries; Trade and Industry; Energy and Dams; Transport; Roads and Bridges; Environment and Forestry; Land, Housing and Urban Development; Water Resources and Irrigation, Wildlife Conservation and Tourism) in addition to Deputy Ministers for Finance and Planning; and Agriculture and Food Security;

3) Service Delivery Cluster (Higher Education, Science and Technology; General Education and Instruction; Health; Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development; Gender, Child and Social Welfare; Culture, Youth, and Sports; Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management) in addition to Deputy Minister of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development.

No party shall be allowed to have a bullying monopoly on selection of ministries in each cluster. For example, if the GRSS selects in its first chance of lottery the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and its Deputy, it will not guarantee retaining the Ministry of Finance and Planning, the Ministry of Defence and Veternas’ Affairs and the Ministry of Interior with their Deputies, and any other Ministry until the second chance for lottery avails itself but by not repeating the first choice in the first cluster.

The SPLM-IO, the Former Detainess and Other Political Parties (who are not currently represented by ministers in the National Cabinet) shall not feel the pain of losing like the GRSS and its allied political parties.

That is where the warning of Vice President Wani Igga makes sense as many current ministers are seen unhappy with the changes that are coming with the implementation of the peace agreement. They sleep less every day in worries and hope that every morning comes with no changes so that their ministerial positions are not threatened.

Some of these ministers have reached to the extent of not caring about the suffering of people of South Sudan. However, it is not up to them because peace should be greater to any current ministerial position of war time.

President Kiir should by now know very well who are fit for his 10 ministers and perhaps 3 deputy ministers for the time of peace in addition to the small share he shall give to those of Martin Elia Lomuro, Joseph Ukel and Bishop Gabriel Roric, perhaps.

He should punish the ministers who have shown themselves these days to be against peace agreement and never appoint any of them to serve in the coming peace Cabinet.

If they want to threaten him with new rebellion let them try because they will hate the consequence of going against peace.

They shall not get sizable supporters of war like what Dr. Riek Machar, Mr. Taban Deng and other SPLM-IO leaders got when they were removed from power in 2013.

If things had gone well with good faith of implementing Chapter One on TGoNU by now and after 90 days from the time of the signing of ARCISS the new government would have been the one ruling the country.

But as the common wisdom optimizes that it is always better late than never, the peace-loving citizens and their regional and international friends are still hopeful that the TGoNU is going to be formed soon.

Starting from the mid of this month of November 2015 and onwards after the IGAD Extraordinary Summit had taken place in Juba, politics is not going be the same again for South Sudan. Those who are still sleeping for the past should get shuddered to come to terms with the new reality of peace.

The term and mandate of President Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Vice President James Wani Igga, and the serving 10 State Governors of the Republic of South Sudan shall be extended for duration of the Transitional Period (30 months) until general elections time unless some situations that demand exceptions come up, but which should be handled in accordance with the provisions of the ARCISS or amendments agreed upon by the signatory parties and Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC).

The TGoNU (dominated by three SPLM factions with 97%) shall be obliged to carry out the following duties:

1) Restoring peace, security and stability in the country;
2) Expediting relief, protection, repatriation, rehabilitation and resettlement of IDPs and returnees;
3) Facilitating and Overseeing national reconciliation and healing process through an independent mechanism including budgetary provisions for compensation and reparations;
4) Overseeing and ensuring that the Permanent Constitution-making process is successfully carried out;
5) Working closely with the IGAD-PLUS Member States and Organizations and other partners and friends of South Sudan to consolidate peace and stability in the country;
6) Reforming the public financial management, civil service, and security sector;
7) Ensuring prudent, transparent and accountable management of national wealth and resources to build the nation and promote the welfare of the people;
8) Rebuilding the destroyed physical infrastructure in conflict-affected areas and give special attention to prioritizing the rebuilding of livelihoods of those affected by the conflict;
9) Establishing a competent and impartial National Elections Commission (NEC) to conduct free and fair Elections before the end of the Transitional Period and ensure that the outcome is broadly reflective of the will of the electorate;
10) Making all efforts to conduct National Population and Housing Census before the end of the Transitional Period;
11) Devolving more powers and resources to States’ and County levels; and
12) Carrying out normal functions of a democratic government of peace time (i.e., government by the people, of the people, for the people and with the people).

There should not be any lame excuse that there is no money for peace when, in fact, there has been money for war, corruption and looting of public wealth kleptocratically.

Of course and as far as we know the SPLM leaders, the success of such peace project shall still remain in a tricky balance without a sustained pressure from regional and international powers.

We shall have challenges of capacities and characters of the SPLM politicians (be they IO or IG or G10) who shall be appointed as Governors, Ministers, Deputy Ministers, Commissioners, etc, for the execution of the transitional peace tasks as enumerated above.

Worst still, it has already been seen how the SPLM historical politicians have become a cause of curse for the new country in contravention to the original vision of the freedom fighters.

Some people have described the SPLM leaders ironically that when they differ they kill the citizens instead of themselves but when they agree they loot the public money and assets in a spree shameless manner. Either way the SPLM is no longer of good use for South Sudan.

But what can the people do when IGAD-Plus and the whole world has decided to force the cursed SPLM on the throat of South Sudanese for the next coming three years in the name of peace?

They have to continue being patient. Some of us are sensing it that it is not going to be the same because sooner than later during the transitional period, the SPLM would be forced to go for transformation.

It has to change its name and create alliances for genuine popular political reality or disappear for good into history archives like KANU of Kenya.

Dr. Lam Akol is already ahead of the rest of the historical SPLM leaders because he has formed the National Alliance (NA) for a genuine non-violent democratic competition for power.

What he still needs terribly is a free political space and level ground for the success of his democratic and enlightened political endeavors in South Sudan.

He is not a leader by chance. The Republic of Nigeria did it recently and President Mohammadu Buhari is now putting his country above on the right track.

The People of South Sudan want nothing less than peace for prosperity!
Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics. He is reachable at

The Beginning of the end of their kingdom of terror!

BY: Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok, NOV/03/2015, SSN;

The long-awaited AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCOISS) report has finally been published. It took nearly a year for the report to be released following numerous postponements. Without doubt political pressure and being wary not to influence the peace negotiations, played a role in delaying the release of the report.

It’s an opportunity for the AU to lead and contribute to establishing peace and stability in the war torn South Sudan. As many of you know, the AUCOISS is composed of well known respectable African personalities chaired by the former Nigerian president General Olusegun Obasanjo.

It’s worth mentioning that the AUCOISS report was commended by the major world players, the UN and the human rights organisations. The facts about what actually took place from the findings of the independent investigators are now in the public domain.

It’s a massive step in the right direction in the quest for justice for the victims and their families. The report drew conclusions that could be summarised as follows:

*There was no evidence of a coup attempt.

*Widespread and systematic killings took place in Juba in December 2013 and were carried out pursuant to a state policy and were coordinated and also possibly planned.

*Juba was subdivided into operation sectors which are, Amarat neighbourhood commanded by General Salva Mathok, Gudele and Mia Saba neighbourhoods which was commanded by General Bol Akot, Mangaten which was commanded by General Garang Mabir and Khor Woliang ( with two dots atop letter o ) which was commanded by General Marial Chanuang.

*Roadblocks and checkpoints were set up around Juba and were manned by policemen and soldiers. The officers were checking identities and arresting suspected Nuer men.

*Eye witnesses accounts of torture, rapes and killings committed by SPLA soldiers were reported.

*Kuol Manyang , the minister of defence was quoted that ” a militia loyal to Kiir killed most of the people here ( in Juba ) from 15 – 18/12/203 “.

*Testimonies from an ex-combatant of the Kiir’s militia states that the fight in Giyada was the signal for the militia to start the rampage.

The release of the report at this point in time appears to conform with a diligent and methodical approach to the problem. In my opinion, it was a difficult undertaking by the AU to investigate the events of December 2013.

The difficulty stemmed from the fact that many of the presumed perpetrators are powerful figures in the government and the SPLA and have exclusive command over large forces . In essence it was a case of investigating atrocities committed by warlords and people know how dangerous this could be.

The next step I would expect would be the announcement of the formation of the Hybrid Court of South Sudan ( HCSS ) as stipulated in the compromise peace agreement. According to the rules of the HCSS,” a person who planned, instigated, ordered, committed, aided and abetted, conspired or participated in joint criminal enterprise in planning, preparation or execution of crime, shall be individually responsible for the crime “.

Also it states that, ” No one shall be exempted from criminal responsibility on account of their official capacity as a government official, an elected official or claiming the defence of superior orders.

Furthermore it states ” The HCSS shall not be impeded or constrained by any statutes of limitations or the granting of pardons, immunities or amnesties “.

The above account means that, the militia, soldiers, commanders and top government officials shall bear responsibility individually in line with their role in the crimes committed.

The report has cleared a big obstacle to serving justice by dismantling the anonymity of the culprits and exposing them to the world. By doing so the presumed perpetrators are now individuals with definite names, positions and could be traced and found.

This has huge implications in terms of starting the process of indictment, prosecution and trial of the perpetrators. Clearly it would have been meaningless to bring up cases against anonymous individuals in a court of law.

Because of the valuable information made available by the report, a family that has lost a member or members in the Amarat neighbourhood now knows the commander of the perpetrators and could file homicide charges against General Salva Mathok in the HCSS.

Similarly those families who have lost their loved ones in Khor Woliang neighbourhood can take General Chanuang to court for similar charges. The same applies to the other operational sectors and the commanders will not escape prosecution and trial.

In a democratic government it would be the duty of the the Attorney General in the would be formed Transitional Government of National Unity ( TGoNU ) to file homicide charges against the perpetrators on behalf of the state and the victim families.

Obviously this is not feasible as some of the perpetrators would be members of the TGoNU and a case of conflict of interest would arise. Therefore it will all be down to the HCSS to ensure that justice is served.

In reality this matter will not end with the trial of the foot soldiers only. It will certainly reach the top man in the hierarchy and the top officials. the statement that the massacre was an execution of a state policy with premeditated coordination and planning should worry those on top of the regime.

Additionally the quotation from the minister of defence and the testimony of the ex-combatant of the militia leaves little cover for the president.

There is still a lot more to come and I believe when the heat of prosecution takes its toll on the perpetrators, we shall witness cracks in the wall of silence built by the regime around the massacre.

Certainly a point will be reached when every man will be for himself for survival. And only then the whole truth will be out.

I doubt that anyone could read the report without feeling the pain and utter disgust of the abhorrent acts that were carried out in Juba in December 2013. It is quite shocking that a citizen could be forced to eat the burned flesh of a relative or another citizen by the security forces that were entrusted with the duty of protecting citizens and maintenance of law and order.

It’s again mind-boggling that someone would come up with the satanic idea of compelling a fellow countryman obviously at gunpoint to drink human blood. These crimes are probably unheard of in the history of the world.

It even dwarfs the type of crimes committed by ISIS and probably ranks with Hitler’s gas chambers in terms of the effect on the psyche.

Since I read the report, I have been trying to understand why the perpetrators acted in such savagery against their fellow citizens.

A lot of questions came into my mind, who are these people ?! Have they had normal upbringing like the majority of us ?! Have they thrown their traditional and cultural values out of the window ?! All these heinous crimes just for the sake of clinging to power ?!

Many South Sudanese, me included, feel deeply ashamed of sharing citizenship with such kind of people. They have brought shame and disdain on the whole country.

The good news is that the report signifies the beginning of the end in two different ways. From the victim families perspective, it’s the beginning of the end of their horrible ordeal as the criminals will soon face justice and receive the punishments they deserve.

This would help them reach conclusion of their bereavement and allow them to move on with their lives. As for the culprits, it’s the beginning of the end of their kingdom of terror and impunity. Also those who thought they would remain above the law are in for the shock of their lives.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Uganda Pres. Museveni’s venture in South Sudan

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, OCT/28/2015, SSN;

After many confusing and often contradictory press releases regarding UPDF withdrawal both from the South Sudanese government and its Ugandan counterpart, we finally got an input from someone on ground in Bor town.

General Malual Ayom, the SPLA commander in Bor town, said last week, I quote ” for the first time in 2 years , the Ugandan flag which was erected in January 2014 was now lowered and the SPLA flag was erected in place at the barracks previously occupied by the Ugandan troops “.

His statement confirmed that the withdrawal took place or was about to happen. What the General also know and the rest of us is that a similar flag is still flying high in western Equatoria state and in some parts of eastern Equatoria state as well.

It has always been the case over the last 5 years or so. According to the General, the total number of the UPDF in Bor area is 2000. We do not know, in fact no one of the public will ever know whether all will return to Uganda or some units will be re-deployed in other parts of South Sudan notably western Equatoria state.

There is no way to verify total withdrawal from South Sudan soil given the fact that the government is against the withdrawal in the first place coupled with lack of independent monitoring mechanism at the frontier.

When the UPDF entered South Sudan territory 22 months ago, the reason given was protection of Ugandan nationals and evacuation of those caught up in the fight and willing to leave South Sudan soil. The mission was then expanded to securing and defending government institutions and strategic facilities.

As the number of the UPDF continued to increase within the South Sudanese borders, we heard president Museveni threatening Dr Riek Machar of imminent defeat should he not give up the fight.

What was not mentioned was the main reason for intervention which is protecting Uganda’s huge economic interests in South Sudan.

It also turned out that a secret deal was struck between the two governments where the government of South Sudan pays the wages of the Ugandan soldiers in US dollars.

This fact came to light when the minister of defence, Kuol Manyang Juuk inadvertently disclosed to the media that the government of South Sudan is the one paying the bills.

The Ugandan authorities got irritated and criticised leaking such matters to the media which further supported the presence of such a deal. However, the realities of the war and the results were quite contrary to the announced reasons and objectives.

The protection of the Ugandan citizens, if anything, was the last thing in the minds of the Ugandan authorities. As we know the majority of the Ugandan citizens live in Juba; their security like the rest of the South Sudanese people never improved, in fact it has gotten worse since the arrival of the UPDF.

We have not seen any evacuations of Ugandan citizens back to Uganda so far.

Furthermore, the bulk of the UPDF was deployed hundreds of kilometers far from where the Ugandan citizens are concentrated. This has led some Ugandan lawmakers to question the activities of the UPDF in places as far as Unity state and Upper Nile state.

To a sharp observer, it’s a de’ja vu reminiscent of the second Congo war. In 1998, president Museveni in collaboration with president Kagame of Rwanda, invaded the Democratic Republic of Congo ( DRC ). The reasons given were, to prevent ” genocide ” against the Banyamulenge who are an ethnic Tutsi population in the eastern part of the DRC.

Also that Laurent Kabila, the father of the current president, who was propelled to power by none other than the two presidents, failed to secure the borders with Uganda thus allowing the opposition to launch attacks from bases inside DRC.

But the fact of the matter was that the UPDF was deployed thousands of kilometers to the west of the Uganda frontier and assisting a movement aiming to topple Kabila.

The whole thing didn’t go well and the allies ended up fighting each other in Kisangani in June and July 2000. Even the Banyamulenge got tired of being used as a political pawn by their brethren and fought with the Rwandan army in 2002.

Museveni’s intervention in the DRC did not bring peace and stability to that country but on the contrary it led to devastation on a large scale. The invaders were accused by the international bodies of plundering the country’s massive mineral and timber resources.

The International Court of Justice ruled in December 2005, that Uganda must pay compensation to the DRC for human rights violations during the second Congo war. In the case of South Sudan, civilians have reported rapes, killings and lootings by the Ugandan army in western Equatoria state.

The use of cluster bombs by the UPDF is another issue that would certainly be brought up against Uganda by the human rights organisations and could lead to punitive measures put in place by the international community.

The UPDF has now been stationed in western Equatoria state for at least 5 years and we now know that LRA activities have waned or are non-existent in the area.

Experts in the field are also of the opinion that the LRA is on the decline and ceased to pose any significant threat. It is now confined to remote jungles in the Central African Republic or it might have already disintegrated.

The questions that come to mind are, Why is the UPDF still present in western Equatoria state ?! Do we really know what the Ugandans are doing in relation to the rich natural resources in the area ?! What would prevent them from repeating what they did in the DRC albeit this time in South Sudan ?!

It is clear to every observer that Museveni’s military intervention in support of the government did not fulfill the intended goals. Dr Riek Machar is still standing tall and even getting more diplomatic attention and international traction than the president.

The war that erupted in Juba and quickly reached Bor in December 2013, has spread to all parts of South Sudan. The loss of human lives and the destruction of properties and the meagre infrastructure is quite immense by any measure.

Now the UPDF as an ally of the government forces cannot distant itself from the carnage that has befallen South Sudan. It is evident that the Ugandan intervention has made the situation far worse than it has been.

This is similar to what happened in the DRC and that country achieved peace and stability only after the departure of the UPDF.

Some of the statements from the Ugandan authorities gave the impression that they consider themselves a regional power entitled to interfere in everyone else’s business.

It was reported before the conflict that president Museveni once said he would hang himself if security in Uganda becomes like the state of affairs in South Sudan.

Also many Ugandan officials and Generals have been saying that the SPLA is poorly trained and deficient in all aspects of military command and operation.

Though security in South Sudan is probably one of the worst in the region, nonetheless Museveni is not in a position to lecture the South Sudanese about security because he continues to need them for keeping the LRA at bay.

The LRA rampages all happened under his watch and he had to seek help from outsiders to solve his internal problems. Some of the criminal activities now prevalent in Juba were never there before and mostly emanated from Uganda or to some extent from the other neighbouring countries. Armed robberies, counterfeitings and assassinations were almost unheard of in South Sudan before the open border policy.

The Garamba offensive aka Operation Lightning Thunder took place between 2008 and 2009. The attack was carried out by Uganda, the DRC and South Sudan against the LRA rebels who were lured into the Garamba National Park in the DRC. The Americans provided the intelligence, satellite communications and money for fuel and logistics.

The aim was to uproot the LRA as a final solution but apparently things didn’t go well and Joseph Kony managed to escape and remained elusive.

The fact that the Ugandans sought the help of the SPLA makes what their Generals have been saying ironical. It also reveals a fundamental fact that Uganda has never been a formidable regional power in the past or at the present time.

This could happen in future but certainly not now when it is unable to conquer the LRA on its own.

Before the conflict, president Museveni was probably the only foreign leader enjoying universal popularity among the South Sudanese people. He has done a lot of good things for us.

We are all grateful and appreciative of the help and support given to us by the Ugandan people under the leadership of president Museveni during the liberation war.

The relations between South Sudan and Uganda was on track to become an example of cooperation and mutual respect furthering peace and stability in the region.

Our African heritage taught us that when you find two brothers fighting each other you don’t side with anyone of them but with both in the sense that you remain neutral and try to help stopping the fight.

By participating in the bloodshed, president Museveni became a part of the problem and never a part of the solution.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Pres. Kiir’s Machiavellian tricks: Machar be forwarned!


Riek! Wake up. Get your act together. Leadership is about uniting people to achieve greater goals than an individual own ambition. As it is experienced by South Sudanese, it can be argued that you missed key opportunities for decisive leadership time and again throughout the 1990s and 2000s, without any recognisable achievement, be it in personal development in the art of management or in the protection of the South Sudanese people in stabilising our new country.

It is indisputable that the organisations led by you so far starting with SPLM United in 1991 to the current SPLM-IO are riddled with divisions and implosions due to internal management problems.

The compromise peace agreement which you rightly signed has brought a new political reality in South Sudan.

This reality albeit is supposed to bring peace, it can also be a deadly trap for all sorts of unforeseen games. Thus it is imperative that vigilance must be prioritised.

President Salva Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) initially misread the determination of international community to change the rules of the game with this agreement and they blundered big time.

President Kiir’s refusal to sign this agreement on 17th August 2015 exposed the regime as a war monger. President Kiir laid bare their nasty political character damaging their credibility.

This agreement if I am not mistaken will prove to be the watershed in the demise of President Kiir’s influence and power in our new country.

Although the regime of President Kiir and its supporters now obsessively sing peace in the hope of regaining their lost image and international support, no one is actually listening to them.

The damage is done. Brand SPLM/A is tainted beyond repair, especially SPLM in government because it is abundantly clear that it intends to be a spoiler of the signed compromise peace agreement.

The spiraling of multiple centres of violence in the country, such as in Unity, Upper Nile and Equatoria States evidences beyond doubt what is to be expected.

This peace agreement may not hold unless President Barack Obama puts his foot down to silence the guns once and for all and IGAD-Plus ceases its duplicity in favour of President Kiir’s government.

IGAD-Plus and its dishonesty in handling the mediation has been consistent. It raises serious questions as to whether this body is really serious about bringing peace to South Sudan.

The first agreement IGAD struck with the warring parties was the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23rd January 2014. Juba failed to honour it and it continued to violate it with support from Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF). IGAD did nothing to restrain its member (Uganda).

Then on 9th May 2014, it struck its second agreement which mandated participation of all stakeholders in the country.

Yet, even before the ink could dry, IGAD violated its own agreement by reducing the talks to President Kiir and Riek Macher thereby tribalising the talks between the Jieng and the Nuer in exclusion of the other over sixty tribes.

To understand this point you need only to look at the composition of the negotiators on both sides.

This skulduggery of IGAD continued up to the Compromise Peace Agreement of 17th August 2015. IGAD-Plus itself now is in violation of its own latest agreement.

According to the agreement all foreign troops and non-state actors must vacate South Sudan within 45 days. 10th October 2015 was the deadline for such fighters to leave South Sudan.

So far Uganda has not honoured the agreement and its troops are staying put. What does this mean?

On the other hand President Kiir has unleashed his dogs of war on Equatoria.

Now yet again President Yoweri Kagutu Museveni of Uganda and President Kiir are violating this agreement left and right and nothing tangible is being done to hold them to account.

The pattern clearly indicates that IGAD-Plus is sympathetic to the regime in Juba and it does not care about the people of South Sudan. Else, why are President Museveni and President Kiir openly allowed to get away all the time with murder?

Whether President Obama will prevail over president Kiir and IGAD-Plus, especially the criminal JCE that decides the former’s policy, Riek must think ahead and begin to deal with the issues of unity among the Nuer and the entire South Sudanese.

The purpose of this piece is to suggest what Riek may do to cripple President Kiir, by putting the home of the Nuer in order to minimise any fallout from the expected rapid decline of SPLM’s grip on South Sudan.

President Kiir and the JCE are deeply unhappy. The evidence can be gleaned from the two letters of the JCE circulated widely before the culmination of the compromise peace agreement.

Please take time and read: ‘JCE Response to the Latest IGAD Proposal on Power Sharing’ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-President Kiir’s Machiavellian tricksPresident Kiir’s Machiavellian tricks0Response%20to%20IGAD%20Proposal%20on%20Power%20Sharing%20(1).pdf and ‘Position of the JCE on the IGAD-Plus Proposal Compromise Agreement‘ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Position%20on%20Proposed%20Compromise%20Agreement%20(1).pdf

An important event to bear in mind is when the President signed the CPA on 26th August 2015.

Prior to the signing, the unity of the ruling clique fractured with the chief of the army General Paul Malong Awan, the minister of Information Michael Makuie Lueth, and others bitterly expressing rejection of the agreement. Makuie even went as far as to call the agreement a “sell out”. This was the first time senior members of the government behaved disrespectfully to the president.

Soon after the JCE hurriedly met and the whole atmosphere abruptly changed. Makuie and the rest converted from refuseniks to peaceniks. This switch obviously is not for nothing; President Kiir and the JCE want to improve their shaky image.

But interestingly, this change in behaviour is accompanied by more violence throughout the country except Bahr El Ghazal.

In a sense the regime drivers (the Jieng) have re-united under a new strategy of “playing the peace supporter” while at the same time spreading violence to undermine the peace deal.

It is arguable that since the peace was signed in the last week of August 2015, South Sudan has witnessed more violence with loss of innocent people than at any other time in the entire period of the conflict.

The objective of the regime is clear. It wants to destroy the Compromise Peace Agreement so that the regime continues in power in a state of chaos as always.

For it is only in a state of chaos that the coffers of the state can be looted and the people terrorised with impunity. This is one consequence of the intention of President Kiir and the JCE to destroy the CPA.

Another ploy of the system to destroy the peace is the weeding out of the regime supporters who belong to other ethnicities from positions of power and influence.

For instance, the dismissal of the two governors of Central Equatoria and Western Equatoria, the former being replaced by a Jieng from Yirol masquerading as a local boy. A person whose background is as dubious as most of the lot running the system.

The removal of these governors was done to strengthen the regime’s grip on areas they want to destabilise as vehicles for tearing the peace to shreds.

Although the previous governors were not completely with the people, their local support and their outspokenness was seen as an obstacle for the regime to execute its evil plan.

Those two would not condone the destruction of their homes without protest and exposure of the duplicity of President Kiir as exemplified by speeches they made in Mundri and Juba a few months ago.

A further trick of the regime for promoting destruction of the peace is the declaration that the government is broke and it cannot implement the agreement unless the international community pays for it.

For example, Vice President James Wani Igga and minister in the office of the president Riak Awan Gol last week in New York begged the Americans for cash for construction of military barracks outside the 25 mile radius of Juba stipulated in the agreement.

Surely, if President Kiir is serious about peace and the welfare of the South Sudanese people, the regime should not be going round begging for money. It can boldly ask for loans for the purposes of the implementation of the CPA, as it does for securing the loans for buying the military equipment they use to kill the people.

One may ask why is the government not doing that? It is because they want to destroy the peace. Why is President Kiir determined to destroy the peace agreement? The answer is straight forward.

It has nothing to do with the interest of the Jieng tribe. This may sound strange but it is the reality.

The whole destruction taking place in the country to derail the peace has a single purpose of saving the president, the JCE, and the Jieng Generals from facing accountability for the mass atrocities they committed against the Nuer and the South Sudanese people.

Implementation of the agreement means arraignment of the architects of this evil project which indirectly amounts to questioning the JCE’s long held foolish ideology of ‘Born to rule’.

Therefore, President Kiir and the JCE have all the reasons and motivations to want to derail the peace agreement. What is going on now is not about the interest of the wider Jieng but self preservation of the members of the clique in power.

The Jieng people in this situation are being used as a tool of those fighting for their survival.

Given this, Riek who unfortunately is not a leader in the true sense of the word appears oblivious to this fact. The Compromise Peace Agreement needs a transformational leader.

Riek is not. He is a crooked leader set in his ways. He has no insight into his own leadership style which constantly generates divisions and splits.

He has had chances to learn and improve but he squanders it always by sticking to familial politics mixed with national issues. No doubt his poor leadership will show up soon whether the agreement collapses or holds.

If the agreement collapses it will be because his complacency and lack of effective diplomatic charm to engage with the powers that matter.

If it holds it will be solely on the Americans if they do decide to say enough is enough with the regime in Juba and give President Kiir and the JCE the red card.

President Kiir naively now thinks he has got the Americans where he wants them by bringing in the Russians as Juba’s protectors against sanctions.

This invitation of new international players beyond the regional powers is likely to worsen the situation in South Sudan.

The country could become a political football of the big powers with it being left uncared for in the foreseeable future, unless the people of South Sudan seriously play their role patriotically.

Please see, ‘South Sudan lauds diplomatic efforts to block UN sanctions.’

The opportunity has once again availed itself to Riek to play constructive politics.

I suggest that the most potent weapon to end President Kiir’s rule is the unity of the people of South Sudan, especially with the help of the Compromise Peace Agreement.

President Kiir’s deadly weapon against Riek and the whole Nuer people is his Machiavellian tricks of divide and rule involving a formidable section of the Nuer to fight the Jieng war.

It is a Nuer killing a Nuer with supervision of the master. Please see, ‘They burned it all.’

This is what the Arabs say “Adrab al abid bel abid” meaning hit the slave with a slave. During the war of liberation, Khartoum exploited this strategy effectively by deploying the Nuba, Darfuri and Ingessana against South Sudan and it worked.

President Kiir and the JCE have adopted this strategy to destroy the Nuer. With this plan there is no need for the Jieng to be involved in the dirty business of open ethnic cleansing as the job gets done by the victims themselves.

The Nuer are slowly but surely getting rid of themselves and those who will survive will then be cleared by the regime. Do you see how clever President Kiir and the JCE are being?

Like Dr John Garang used to say in Arabic: ‘Souf zol da awanta kief?’ meaning, “look at how tricky this guy is.”

As said, President Kiir already plays Machiavellian tricks by promoting the Nuer Weu (Weu is said to mean mercenary – lovers of jobs and cash) to constantly prise them away from their kith and kin to decimate them.

For instance, after President Kiir signed the agreement he promoted Nuer Generals to deepen the rift among the Nuer for the JCE’s benefit. Please see, ‘Kiir promotes SPLA generals.’

If Kiir really cared about the Nuer he would not have cleansed them in Juba in December 2013.

Unlike President Kiir, Riek misses the point in the game of promotions. What he did was to appoint more Generals without a beneficial strategy. Please see, ‘Armed opposition SPLM/A (IO) promotes its senior generals.’

If Riek wants to show some leadership, he should now step in firmly and pay a price for rebuilding cohesion among the Nuer, by making the Nuer allies of President Kiir to be the men to promote the compromise peace agreement.

It is in such a project that Riek can begin to build the future of the Nuer and by default that of South Sudan.

The Nuer allies of President Kiir, derogatively referred to as Nuer Weu are apparently motivated by jobs and cash.

Now as the peace agreement awards governorship of Unity and Upper Nile States to SPLM-IO, Riek should exercise real magnanimity to his adversaries.

He should allow governor Monytuil to continue in his current position in Bentiu to achieve a long term strategic objective of saving the Nuer. I do not have to talk about Malakal because it is obvious to who it should go.

What is important to realise is that these arrangements are only useful psychologically at this early stage of development of the state of South Sudan.

In future people will be appointed on merits, qualification and ideological orientation regardless of ethnicity, religion, sex etc.

In the short term it may be seen as a weakness but in practical terms it may instantly unite the Nuer and this will stop the constant fratricide.

At the same time it will avail the Nuer an edge in their confrontation with the Jieng.

So Riek needs to talk to Monytuil now, give him what he wants and make him to be the peace maker and builder among the Nuer.

The present poor and destructive relationship among the Nuer demands realpolitik.

This is a doable project and if Riek takes it seriously the benefits are enormous.

First and foremost, Nuer fratricide comes to an end and Nuer land will be in peace.

Secondly, one of President Kiir’s strategies to derail the Compromise Peace Agreement involves the Nuer Weu as essential cogs of the killing machine; with it taken away the regime will be thoroughly deprived and weakened.

Thirdly, all the strategic battle fields in Unity and Upper Nile States will change hands without exchange of bullets.

Fourthly, the Nuer people will be the ones credited with bringing peace to South Sudan.

Fifthly, President Kiir will have to decide whether to genuinely accept peace or face being booted out of J1.

President Kiir’s and JCE’s power is bolstered by Nuer Weu. So long as the Nuer remains divided the mayhem in Nuer land will not stop and peace in South Sudan will remain a mirage.

The telling thing is that the JCE practice unity to remain strong and in power while they promote divisions among the Nuer and others to “defeat” and subjugate them.

Ambassador Telar Deng emphasised this point by saying, “Our (Jieng) internal front should remain united. This is the only way to defeat our enemies.”

There you are. Monytuil!f Buay! Puljang! Beliu! Are you listening? Are you thinking about the future and welfare of your people? The ball is in your court.

What is suggested here is not without precedent. The one example that comes straight to mind is the talks between Apartheid South Africa and the African National Congress led by late Nelson Mandela in early 1990s.

That negotiation was tortuous and when the deal was struck there were powerful forces in the Apartheid government determined to derail it as is the case now with President Kiir and the JCE in South Sudan with the Compromise Peace Agreement.

Very important African persons were targeted to create chaos and derail the agreement.

Depressingly, Chris Hani, a luminous ANC leader was assassinated by a hired polish immigrant. Fortunately, this evil deed did not bring on the effect desired by enemies of change.

Then the system continued to use Mangasuthu Buthelezi, the Zulu leader of Inkatha against the ANC. Inkatha, like the Nuer Weu, indulged in killing black people with impunity.

The implementation of that agreement was at a knife edge. It was the brilliant leadership of Mandela that saved the situation.

Against the wishes of his own party, he extended a hand of friendship to Buthelezi and offered him the post of minister of home affairs in the transition government.

By entrusting security to Buthelezi, Inkatha was defanged and it had to behave and obey the law. With the agent of Apartheid feted, satisfied and well accommodated, South Africa was pulled from the brink of catastrophe.

Riek needs to do something with the Nuer Weu like what Mandela did with Buthelezi. He also needs to bring in all those others, Changson, Dechand and so on for the sake of a lasting peace in the country.

He can not sit there while the Nuer are deliberately being divided by the JCE to decimate themselves to extinction and call himself a leader.

What type of a leader is Riek who can not think outside the box to save his people?

The Bantustan federalism President Kiir introduced with his so called “Establishment Order number 36/2015 AD” fortunately enough is uniting South Sudanese and mobilising the international community against the tribal regime in Juba.

Even his Nuer allies are not happy. This offers the best opportunity for Riek to boldly open up channels of communication to unite the people against the regime in Juba.

For ultimately should this CPA flop, the scene will have been prepared for a show down between the forces of democracy versus the forces of Dinkocracy.

For quarter of a century Riek has rightly or wrongly been fighting for changes in the SPLM/A. This battle can not be won with a deeply divided Nuer people and a disarmed and abused 62 ethnicities.

Remember, President Kiir and the JCE have hijacked the sovereignty of South Sudan and its resources (material, human and financial). This has given them an advantage in the struggle and this must be countered with unity of the people.

To complete the struggle for changes or preferably the dissolution of the SPLM/A, Riek must embark on uniting the people. If he does not, let him be warned.

Saint Just, Antoine Louis Lfox De, The French revolutionist said during the decade long French Revolution, “Those who make half-way revolutions only dig their own grave.”

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

People of South Sudan and International Community reject Pres. Kiir’s Order establishing 28 States

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, OCT/08/2015, SSN;

On Friday 2nd of Oct., 2015, President Salva Kiir Mayardit announced the “Establishment Order Number 36/2015 for the Creation of 28 States in the Decentralized Governance System in the Republic of South Sudan.” People of South Sudan in the country and Diaspora and the international community were dumbfounded and taken aback after learning President Salva Kiir has once again made another erroneous, tribalized and ill-conceived republican order establishing 28 States in the war torn country.

The President’s republican order did not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement by Kiir himself and rival Dr. Riek for the resolution of South Sudan conflict, it’s feared the order would jump start the Somalization of South Sudan.

In the light of this Presidential Order, people of South Sudan in the country and around the globe have reacted against it negatively after realizing that their hopes for peace returning to the war torn South Sudan is implausible, trashed and thrown overboard by Kiir’s ill-advised order.

Subsequently, in unison and with the international community, they categorically rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

They (South Sudanese) called the order many names including “ill-advised, “mean spirited” “clear violation of the Compromised Peace Agreement,” “unconstitutional,” ill-informed,” “rejuvenation of Kokora,” “unwise” “unstudied,” misappropriation of lands by Dinka and dinkanisation of South Sudan.”

Meanwhile IGAD-Plus, European Union, African Union and Troika have also condemned and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The parties have called on Kiir to “revoke” and “defer” the order because it “violates and goes against the spirit” of recently Compromised Peace Agreement.

More in depth, lecturer of Juba University, Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam Akol, the leader of Official Opposition in South Sudan have identified constitutional blunders referred to in the order.

For example, ‘Article 166(6) (a), (b) and Article 101 (b), (f), (k) and (u)” were wrongly quoted showcasing how poorly the document was hastily derived.

Mr. Okuk further pointed out the nonexistence of Kodok or Malakal Counties which also referred in the order and the two counties in Warrap and Lake States that became two independent States of their own in the new order.

Both Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam stated that the order is a “violation of the IGAD-PLUS’ mediated Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, which was signed by President Kiir himself in Juba on 26th August 2015 and ratified later by the National Legislature so that it becomes supreme over the Transitional Constitution (2011 and amendments” and that the establishment of 28 States “may be suspected as rejuvenation of ‘Kokora’ but on tribal enclaves.”

With these serious flaws and unforgivable mistakes in the order, Dr. Okuk concluded by calling for the nullification and reversal of the order by Kiir because it undermines President Kiir’s constitutional stand.

More so, it is feared that the republican order would unquestionably jump start the balkanization of South Sudan.

On the other hand Peter Gai Manyuon in Nairobi Kenya, called the Presidential Order Establishing 28 States as a “dinkanisation … idea” and tribalistic Leadership characterized by primitiveness, nepotism and political materialism.”

Mr. Manyuon on his part also rejected the order and call on President Kiir to reverse the order because it violates the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement to the Resolution of South Sudan’ conflict.

David Blair reported that “President of South Sudan was accused of “violating” a peace agreement by unilaterally creating 28 new states.”

Also, the Raja County’s tribal leaders of Western Bar El Ghazal States have strongly rejected the order and condemned the annexation of Raja County to Northern Bar El ghazel State.

Tor Madira Machier in Egypt, Cairo, called Kiir’s creation of 28 states as a means to “promote ethnically based political hatred {campaign} among tribes, returning to war and it undermines IGAD-plus peace deal.” And therefore, it must be nullified.

Moreover, leaders of Greater Equatoria have rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The leaders stated “the President has broken his oath by not consulting the members of the National and State Assemblies that represent the people of South Sudan; and therefore, the President’s action to create 28 states is unconstitutional.”

The Equatorians’ leaders trashed the decree calling it a clear violation of the recently signed peace agreement and called on IGAD to intervene because the agreement states that “no party should be allowed to undermine the peace agreement by unilateral actions that are not stipulated in the agreement.”

Meanwhile, the SPLM/A –IO, the SPLM–Political Detainees, the South Sudan Civil Society, the South Sudan Faith Group and other partners in the Compromised Peace Agreement also condemn and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

In the released statements, they clearly stated that the Presidential decree is a “violation” of the Compromised Peace Agreement.

Further, the SPLM/A-IO stressed that “it is a clear message to the world that President Salva Kiir is not committed to peace and the Movement call on IGAD–Plus to take a strong position.”

The Troika (USA, Norway and UK) stated that “this announcement directly contradicts the Government of South Sudan’s commitment to implement the peace agreement it signed on August 26” and call on President Salva Kiir to “defer” the order.

Considering these strong opposition outcries, condemnations against the order and the flaws it contained, it is therefore self-evident that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has made a mistake for scrambling and partitioning of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 new States.

The move is unpopular and must be annulled in order to avoid subsequent bloodshed in the country.

In closing, I personally echo the strong rejections of Salva Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. And I therefore call on IGAG-PLUS, Troika, African Union and Friends of South Sudan to remind Salva Kiir of dire consequences should this unconstitutional decree remained un-reversed in the next two weeks.

The decree does not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement, it inadvertently called for the balkanization of South Sudan into tribal enclaves, and I am afraid the resultant of this unpopular decision would be an uncontrollable bloodbath across the country.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

‘We, Dinka, have failed South Sudan:’ True words of Nhial Bol on Kiir’s tribal junta

Failed State, Incompetent tribal elites, Dictatorship and Murderous Military Junta tribal Government are not Myths in South Sudan: The True Words of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, Transcribed by J. Nguen, CANADA, OCT/05/2015, SSN;

For the last 4 years, South Sudanese advocates time and time again came out openly and criticized Salva Kiir’s mismanagement of South Sudan state of affairs and rightfully called his government a tribal Government that’s only benefiting few crooks from Salva Kiir’s home State of Warrap.

At times, these few Dinka comfort themselves with blinded false dismissal and their line of defense is tribal rhetoric of African political discourse statement as if Africa is a tribe runs by clannist chiefs.

The truth is, some few Dinka open–minded youth and nationalist figures like Mabior John Garang and Dr. Dhieu Mathok and many others have joined this noble call and placed Salva Kiir’s government where it justly belongs, as a tribal enclave establishment for only few incompetent Dinka.

The justification of the claims is the Juba Nuer Massacre on the 15th of December 2013 by illiterate armed Dinka militias, trained and ordered to kill innocent Nuer civilians. The order to kill was directly from by President Salva Kiir himself.

Some have claimed that the strategy was meant to swiftly install Dinka’s government rule for life in South Sudan, which I cautiously agreed in part. The strategy’s must-do-list is to first clear misconceived imminent threat and this has failed considering the resistance and outcry in the country after the fact.

Another evidence of this tried tribal informed episode is the recent the partition of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 States. Sad but I reserved this issue of “scramble and partition” of South Sudan to 28 States to my next piece.

For now, I must remained focus to Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s media outburst against the die-tried Dinka government establishment.

Below is the transcription of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s own words on the SBS Radio originally and orally spoken in Dinka dialect.

The benefit of transcribing this important broadcast is for the world to understand and remain informed about South Sudan’ state of affairs in the eyes of a left out Dinka man from the looted nation’s cake by none other than his own tribesmen.

As such, I must say, I’m not a savvy linguist but rather a political advocate dedicated to unearth the truth, so as to nothing but truth can reveal about current South Sudan’s state of affairs.

On Sept 11, 2015, Nhial Bol Aken went on air alleging that his newspaper, “The Citizen,” was shut down simply because he, Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, did not support and stand with the Dinka government sponsored mission.

I say Dinka government if you will, because his newspaper was closed down by government’s security apparatus directed by the men from the top who happened to be Dinka by choice and who coerce Dinka and non-Dinka alike to support Dinka’s mission of domination.

For example, the Minister of Information in the Government of South Sudan, Mr. Makuei Lueth and some security apparatus informed Mr. Aken that he has not committed wrongdoing but his only mistake was that he “failed to stand with Dinka.”

Further, Mr. Aken was alleged to have questioned the logic behind this beat up tribal rhetoric by asking honest questions: “Where do Dinka stands? And what is the Dinka mission? If it’s a question of peace, it is already signed; and nobody would refuse peace and even Satan will not.”

Mr. Aken went on to say, “I find it logical that when someone asks anyone to stand with them at any point in any political discourse or otherwise is it naturally sound to ask what these people stand for in scheme of things, bad or worse and why such support is necessary? I believed our people, the Dinka in the government are confused.”

QUESTION: Is there a Dinka government or nation being fought purely for Dinka?
I, myself, I’ m confused because I don’t understand what our Jeng (Dinka) people in the government are doing.

There are threatening and killing people in the name of Dinka. I had a TV channel and the government used to take people from here to video tape on their behalf and broadcast it but at the end I decided I don’t want to be associated with hate speech.

What I don’t understand is what we the Dinka are doing? If it’s a question of food, we the Dinka are fighting for, then, I, Nhial Bol Aken cannot be party to that. Even, God said, human beings can find food anywhere so long there are healthy and working. Besides, during referendum, it was not Dinka community that voted for our independence but all South Sudanese have voted for this nation to exist today.

So, I repeat, if the question of tribe and food are what the Dinka (Jieng) are fighting for, then I’ m certainly not a party to that whatsoever.

Our people are confused and it’s only the question of food in their thinking. It’s not how to build this nation and have a prosperous South Sudan for all South Sudanese.

QUESTION: Is there a threat on your life?
Yes, my life is under threat. However, I come from a large family and if the government chose to kill me, and then let them do so. The most important thing that the Jieng community want to do right now is to unite in order to uproot those bad people who came into our midst.

These people are incompetent and incapable of running this country. They failed politically and as well as Dinka running the nation. Their sole goal is to die in power running a collapsed State. They have failed but they do not have the guts and courage of accepting failure.

QUESTION: You were supposedly investigated by South Sudan’s National Security apparatus, so at what point did these National Security personnel become a Jeng’s National Security, where they would coerce you to support Jieng’ interests? Were they trained as Jeng?
The National Security here in South Sudan is for Jieng and by Jieng. It’s like the way we used to run our affairs as Dinka in Dinka’s ancestral lands. This is how it is. I have been questioned by these security numerous times but there has never been a time I have been investigated or questioned by any other person from other tribes in South Sudan than Dinka. Therefore, this is the stark evidence of Dinka’ rule.

The Dinka are the ones running South Sudan Government. They occupied all positions in the government and yet the country is on the verge of total collapse. So, if they have failed like it has been the case here, why can’t they invite other non-Dinka to help them (Aken lamented).

QUESTION: What is Mr. Makuei Lueth saying to you as a Minister of Information in the Government after your newspaper was shut down?
Well, I do not blame Mr. Makuei Lueth. It’s only the security personnel running the affairs of South Sudan. There are above the law and listen to no one. I personally asked Makuei as to why newspapers in this country are being shut down? Mr. Makuei said, the security personnel told me that because you, Nhial Bol Aken didn’t pay taxation. Then, I represented to him the receipt of payment and he suddenly changed the question.

Well, “the security also said you insulted the government.” I subsequently answered Makuei in form of question, how did I insult the government. There was no proper answer provided.
Before, you fully answer this question, is the taxation issue a national security matter or ministry of finance?

Like I told you before, these people are completely confused. Makuei Lueth is working with those from Bhar El Ghazal Dinka (where President Salva Kiir comes from) and these people, they do not listen to no one, and this is the problem.

Even I told Makuei that when we were in Khartoum, Sudan, things like these were not daily occurrences. And all I would say, it’s only those who refused thievery that are being targeted and isolated in South Sudan.

When Sudan was one, we were complaining of humiliations, suffering and marginalization, what happened and why did we fight for the last 21 years then?

We allowed bad people to run the affairs of this nation. Did you guys ever hear of President Kiir visiting Gogrial where he was born and Bor to see suffering people, let alone other places? No. So, if the head of the State is afraid visiting States for security reasons, then, the question becomes how he is going to govern the nation?

For example, Abel Alier used to visit affected areas, those affected by natural disasters but Kiir never did. This is how things are in South Sudan. However, if they think luck and miracle will save them, there are lying.

QUESTION: Now, you are being targeted because you write about corruption and thievery in the office of the President and people were jailed and even dismissed, are these the things you are being targeted about?
This issue of corruption and thievery, it was the President himself who brought it up and wrote to 75 persons about corruption and thievery of 4.5 million dollars. When did it happen that it was me? It was not me. The mission of the media is dissemination of correct information; I don’t know why we should be targeted.

QUESTION: People say the reason you are still alive is because you come from Bhar El Ghazal and if you were from other community, you would be dead by now. Do you accept this as a correct statement?
No. What kept me alive to this day is my strong heart, not because I am from Bhar El Ghazal. People from Bhar El Ghazal are dying here daily. When you have strong heart, you will survive even though people have malicious plans against you. Sometime, people who have these malicious thinking about others people often find something that kills them.

I never killed anyone. Even, I never killed an insect. Why should I be killed and what did I do wrong that warranted my killing? What I was telling them is that, my people, stop looting and thievery. It’s a shame considering the greatness of Dinka community good name, to stoop this low, by stealing other people’s money. This is not a good thing and it has tarnished Dinka’s name for good.

Considering our good name as Dinka, it’s indeed humiliating that we the Dinka are now the ones stealing and being called thieves by others and even involved in these practices. We should be the ones setting good examples and not stealing.

As we have failed to run this country, then, we should openly admit it and give this noble task to those who can do it better than us.

QUESTION: Did any Minister in Government call you about this issue?
Yes the minister of public service and minister of higher education did call. A person who work for Public Service called me and said we would like to buy your newspaper, “The Citizen” to conduct our SPLM’ elections. I told him what is “The Citizen” is going to help you with?

First, the Central bank (Bank of South Sudan) has collapsed and security sectors are in a mess.

Second, you have the entire nation’s wealth, what is this Citizen newspaper going to help you with? However, if you insist, you can come and we will sit down and negotiate the sale. But, if you want to buy me off, I have my own time, not now.

And I also talked to Makuei Lueth and told him that it’s true that a foot soldier from Warrap State, where President Kiir comes from is more powerful in this country than a military General from other tribes, including generals from other Dinka sections and so you should stop fooling yourself.

QUESTION: Is it true that there is no Judiciary processes in South Sudan because there no court cases being presided over by independent judges?
It is not the question that judiciary has no function rather than the fact that people took the law into their own hands. They intentionally identified who should be disciplined by torture and who should be killed.

However, in this case, if a man keeps torturing a woman on a daily basis, there will be a time that woman will run away and leave that man, food and everything in the house. So, our problem as Dinka right now is everyone in South Sudan will desert us. We the Dinka as a community have reached a melting point.

QUESTION: So, what is the next step for you and what message would like to share with those who are going to listen to this recording?
I have decided and I am not returning to the media, particularly The Citizen as an editor. I am no longer a neutral. My message to our people is that let us unite and uproot these bad apples. From now on, I will speak openly.

QUESTION: You used to be a good reporter back in the days, are people not going to start laughing at you because you quit reporting and closed down your TV channel and now newspaper?
You know, in Khartoum, we were fighting the war of freedom and national independence but now, what are we fighting for? I’m not aware of the reasons we are fighting for and I cannot support failures.

I’m sure I’m not the only one taken aback by the problem we have in this country. Those of you who are in foreign countries are not happy as well. Our children go to foreign countries for schools because we do not have schools of our own.

Why do our people have to wander around like crazy in foreign lands yet we are wealthy? South Sudan is one of the richest countries in Africa because we are indulged with untapped massive natural resources. So, what we need is unity. We Dinka must sit down and decide our fate and we can do that collectively.

QUESTION: Now, if you are going to speak out, are you not going to be jailed because former Governor of West Equatoria was jailed and released?
Well, these people of ours are not afraid of anything. Even God, there are not afraid of God. If they were afraid of God, can they not save the lives dying in the ragged hospitals in Juba?

If they decided to jail me because of our nation’s affairs, be it, because I am not afraid.
The former Governor of Western Equatoria state was jailed and released, there are no laws followed. Why can they take him to the judge to be tried?

The last time I met Makuei Lueth, he told me the reason another newspaper was shut down was because it was for Nuer. It was supporting Riek Machar’s rebellion with money.

I told him openly that you were once in the rebellion, if you had money or someone has money for you at the time, would that money not be used to buy bullets? For example, would that newspaper, the one you closed down not use that money to buy bullets if they indeed have the money?

Makuei looked at me in the eye, but surprised because I asked that question. I told him yes, you were once in the rebellion and this is what you should do with money if you had the money at the time.

Besides, I told him, if the newspaper was mistaken why can’t you take them to court to be judged by a legal judge? Why do we have to humiliate ourselves this way when in fact we are from one nation? These people (Nuer) that you are treating like this will one day lead the ministry of information that you are leading and you will see.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

First Vice President: Power Sharing and the Agony of Rebellious Politics in South Sudan!

BY: Mayak Deng Aruei, USA, SEPT/30/2015, SSN;

The revolving news in South Sudan centers around the pulling out of the SPLA-Government forces in various Barracks in Juba. In order for a meaningful Peace to return to South Sudan, Regional powers and world’s superpowers have concluded that forces loyal to the Government are to be relocated to some 25 kilometers (15.6 miles) away from the South Sudanese Capital (Juba), and to allow for the reorganization of all the armed forces after the first 18-months of the Interim period.

Thy shall not fear the national army more than the common enemy up north. The fear is deeply rooted in all that took place in mid-December, 2013 and early-January, 2014, a very contested account that shattered the nation’s economy, bewildered citizens and created a power vacuum throughout the country.

For close to two years, unapologetic Government’s supporters fooled around, misled themselves, failed to sell their nationalistic agendas to the world at large, and the Region through the remote control of the world’s influential nations rewarded the man South Sudanese called a “serial Killer” with a very powerful position in the upcoming government.

The sharp turn in diplomatic puzzles led to the negotiated peace, and then came the designated First Vice President of the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGNU) of the Republic of South Sudan.

What followed shortly thereafter was the invitation of the Rebels’ leader (Riek Machar) by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), and subsequent failure by the elected president to attend the meeting of world’s leaders.

The already ailing and unpopular Government of President Salva Kiir dished further when the real vice president of the Republic of South Sudan (James Wani Igga) was not received by US diplomats at the Port of Entry.

Peace is here, but the reputation of the Republic of South Sudan has been tarnished. Our oneness as South Sudanese remains more like salt in the deep Sea.

First of all, South Sudanese loyal to President Salva Kiir are very frustrated to see Dr. Riek Machar return to Juba powerful than when he left on a hot pursuit, but these angers are end-results of the unpatriotic running of the national programs.

The ongoing mocking of the supposedly elected government is residue that can best be credited to uncle-ism that have engulfed South Sudan for the past 9 years and left the nation to the mercy of scavengers.

When the political deadlock was at its highest peak during the peace negotiations, US Secretary of State, John Kerry, had this to say about the conflict in South Sudan: “Legitimacy is not a presumed right of any government. It is conferred by the people, and it is sustained only by demonstrating leadership to protect and serve all citizens—responsibilities the government has neglected.”

That was a bombshell on the South Sudanese warring factions, and it has been shown in conduct.

A nation cannot employ incompetent Representatives & still expect the Government to be respected around the Globe.

As of now, South Sudanese are famous: they are known as brutal killers in Africa (thousands killed in 6-weeks time), the most corrupt people in the Region ($ 4.5 billion stolen by 75 officials), and they are Tribalists of all time (tribal militias murdered innocent and torched villages mercilessly).

In relative terms, what does Dr. Riek Machar’s new assignment mean to South Sudanese?

For those who have been following the political development in South Sudan for the past 21-months, there is good reason to be worried.

In couple of weeks, South Sudanese will have the most powerful First Vice President ever. His new roles have already shaken the foundation of the political establishment in South Sudan.

Just two days ago, the two leaders (Kiir & Riek) made very unusual moves.

On the side of the Government, President Salva Kiir Mayardit assigned Lt. General Bapiny Monytuil of the South Sudan Liberation Army(SSLA) to the post of deputy chief of general staff for Moral and Political orientation, a position once held by General Isaac Mamur, later given to General George Athor Deng, then General Chol Thon Balok and now to General Bapiny Monytuil.

With Dr. Riek Machar taking on the second position next to the president, he promoted prominent warlords (General Gatwech Dual, General Dau Aturjong Nyuol and notorious General John Olony Thabo).

The fact that the two armies would be managed separately for the first 18-months of the Interim Government, people should be very concerned.

Adding to the already fragile political situation in the country, Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-IO is to appoint two Governors (Unity & Upper Nile states).

Having said that, Caretaker Governor Joseph Nguen Monytuil of the Unity state is gone, and Caretaker Governor General Chol Thon Balok of the Upper Nile state and who’s position has been given to Joseph Nguen Monytuil’s brother is also gone.

In the words of Burkina Faso Revolutionary, Captain Thomas Sankara, “a soldier without any political or ideological training is a potential criminal.”

That is exactly what South Sudanese militias have been doing for the last 9 years of self-governing (2006-2015).

Since Dr. Riek Machar’s new national role is likely to affect Government’s armed militias, the gear is likely to go in reverse, and today’s Government supporters would be tomorrow Rebels.

Having emerged from many decades of long and devastating war with the Sudanese governments in Khartoum, South Sudanese were supposed to be vigilant about things that undermine effective governing and destruction of nation’s economy.

Twice in the history of South Sudan, the IGAD nations stood by our side: negotiated the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA-2005), and again negotiated what is now termed as the IGAD-Plus Compromise Peace Agreement, and which ends the senseless war in the Republic of South Sudan.

It is time for South Sudanese to recognize the importance of living harmoniously in a multi-ethnic State, get to learn to live as nationalists, divorce tribal mindset in its entirety and keep up with their neighbors.

How long are South Sudanese going to be refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and elsewhere?

Good life is not measured by paying too much attention to one’s own tribe and blindly supporting failed leaders just because they hail from one’s own tribe.

Of course, your eyes turned dark-brownish & skin turned purple-bluish for all the reasons known to you. The fact remains that most people representing South Sudan in foreign nations do not see international standards as models that they should be adopt, and the youth who have been politically marginalized are now left with bad experiences, memories that would be known as part of the bitter past come 2025.

Just three days ago, Mark Zuckerberg of the Facebook disclosed to the gathering of world’s leaders that his Company will partner with other wireless carriers, and make sure that people around the world have access to free, basic mobile phones in 5-year time.

But without real peace in the Republic of South Sudan, those kids who are now five years old would not be able to learn in an environment where connectivity is no longer a problem.

And for that matter, South Sudanese around the world must do something about the rebellious politics in the country, and where dissatisfied politicians join hands with armed gangs to make a forced change.

Mind you that when the wicked take over the country, sectarian violence becomes the new norm (C.A.R, DRC and Somalia are prime examples of fragile nations in Africa).

The current state of affairs in South Sudan is unpromising, the dissenting voices & the diluted voices have destroyed the country, and not much that people should be hopeful for, and under the combined leadership of the duo (KiiRiek) who would be the principals in the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGNU).

In the hearts and minds of desperate South Sudanese is a stable South Sudan where citizens would resume their farming and rearing of cattle. But, do we really have a leader to restore the lost hopes?

Prior to South Sudan being set ablaze, majority of South Sudanese were in need of real institutional reforms, but presidential contenders and those who had much to lose mishandled the SHOW, and the whole thing went out of hand.

The war of words was supposed to be over misappropriation of nation’s developmental funds to support for armed tribal militias who have been operating in remotest South Sudan’s areas for almost a decade.

While many South Sudanese in both camps (Government and Rebels) are worrying about jobs in the upcoming TGNU, what worries this author and few others is a kind of nation’s unity that eliminates INTELLECTUALS.

In the watch of Dr. Riek Machar, young learned South Sudanese were murdered by security agents (notably John Akuach and Isaiah Abraham).

In the same catch all chase, countless have been humiliated, intimidated to stop advocating for equality before the law & others instructed to quit reporting on government’s activities and institutionalized corruption.

How can we possibly have a functioning democracy if the educated are subjected to all sorts of humiliations?

Politicians, Dr. Riek Machar included, keep telling the world about their love of democracy, but they are short of practicing the very principles that promote and protect real democracy.

With its many forms, DEMOCRACY has one objective: rule by the people and respect for democratic processes.

Given the way leaders have kept the war alive for a very long time without a political solution, the return of peace to the Republic of South Sudan ought to be considered as a golden chance to prepare the nation for a new bright future.

It is fair to say unequivocally that the designated First Vice President of South Sudan is a huge liability on the people of South Sudan, a curse on those who keep supporting him to wage fruitless wars against his own people.

Up until the time President Salva Kiir reacted to his unseating by his deputy (Riek Machar), the two leaders were more like pepper and salt.

When Insiders pressured the President to let go his longest serving vice president, the political landscape tilted and tribal sentiments begun to take their unconventional course.

The national convention meeting (2013) as many recall, was the beginning of the real political transformation in the country.

Unfortunately, the unwillingness of the ruling elites to allow for institutional-structural change led to what the world terms as senseless war, and which has consumed many innocent lives in a very short period of time.

In any political wrangling, tones shift and citizens are rewired, and they see politics as a game of raw numbers.

With world’s pressures having dismantled desires to win the war militarily, the factions resorted to character assassination.

A civil war in a country where 98% of the economy is dependent on Oil, 21-months of arms race is a major disaster.

A number of rebels who ran out of money switched sides, and shamelessly appeased the President and repented their ill-acts in front of the only State-owned Television (SSTV).

You know what? All peace-loving South Sudanese who care-less about nepotism in government will have a chance to return to South Sudan, chill with their country-chicks and contribute to nation’s economy by putting their hard-earned education to work in private sector.

Too bad that that those who make living by collecting intelligence in Bars and Nightclubs will lose their Hotels fees.

How about earning a living by means of innovative activities, creative thinking and entrepreneurship?

From the rocky areas of the Sub-Sahara Africa to the cold deserts of the Northern Hemisphere, South Sudanese are waiting anxiously, and to have a unified national government again.

We grieve, bleed in hearts, shed tears, but at the end, finding a politically mature leader would be the only way for South Sudanese to restore the lost hopes, and for them to resolve South Sudan’s national political discourses once and for all.

In concluding this heartsick ramble-lock, South Sudan is seriously hurt and majority of South Sudanese are tribally polarized to see the real cure.

When darkness takes over the only source of light, visibility become a major problem.

To the dismay of those who know where the battery can be recharged but don’t have the permission to restore the power, they become the losers of tomorrow’s madness.

The world as a whole has witnessed the awful atrocities committed by warring factions in South Sudan. In the words of renowned Journalist, Nhial Bol Aken, “when they (SPLM’s leaders) unite, they loot the nation’s resources, when they disagree, they kill people.”

Junubiin, what are we hopeful for? We know for sure that Dr. Riek Machar is not a returning Messiah and President Salva Kiir is neither a good Shepherd nor a visionary Leader.

There is one thing to bear in mind: the first 18 months of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) would be a hell of a wait. Thy shall not trust self-confessed repeat offenders.

The author is Mayak Deng Aruei, a concerned South Sudanese currently in the USA. He is a Doctoral Student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is also the author of the ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan’s Marshland’s Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.’ He can be reached at