Category: Politics

Kenya and Uganda facilitating Corruption in Kiir-led South Sudan

Remarks by John Prendergast, Co-Founder, The Sentry

Press Event with Sigal Mandelker, Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, U.S. Department of the Treasury

Nairobi | June 13, 2018;

In my short introductory remarks, I’m going to try to quickly answer six important questions:

1. WHY DOES SOUTH SUDAN MATTER TO KENYA?

The government and rebel leaders in South Sudan who are destroying their country through atrocity crimes such as village burning, mass rape, child soldier recruitment, and obstruction of humanitarian aid are the same people who have looted the world’s newest country of billions of dollars of natural resource wealth.

The Kenyan real estate and banking sectors are critically important getaway cars for this South Sudanese looting machine.

Kenyan commercial interests have facilitated the exodus of the spoils of corruption, and laundered the stolen assets of South Sudanese leaders, their family members, and their business partners. Kenya represents a key entry point into the international financial system for these elites and, along with Uganda, remains a preferred destination for them to stash their assets.

Kenya has also been connected to South Sudan through the thousands of South Sudanese refugees it has hosted, as well as being a leader in the peace processes involving South Sudan for decades, both before and after its independence.

2. WHAT RISKS DOES SOUTH SUDAN POSE TO KENYA?

The integrity of the Kenyan banking system continues to be under threat from its ongoing exploitation by those who facilitate illicit financial flows from South Sudan.

This exploitation will increasingly imperil Kenya’s economic growth and access to the international financial system, as corrupt South Sudanese leaders look across the border to stash ill-gotten assets in bank accounts and real estate, including right here in Nairobi.

If Kenya is seen by the international financial community as the regional destination for the proceeds of corruption from South Sudan, it risks serious damage to its image as a safe place for multinational banks and other companies to do business.

As shown by the U.S. Treasury’s Advisory yesterday warning banks about the connection between corrupt senior foreign political figures and their enabling of human rights abuses, regulators are increasingly concerned about the use of the U.S. and international financial systems to move or hide illicit proceeds or evade U.S. and multilateral sanctions.

We should do everything possible to ensure that Kenya is well-positioned to protect the health of its financial industry and demonstrate to multinational banks and businesses that Kenya won’t tolerate money laundering by South Sudanese elites.

Combating this perception through taking action is critical to safeguarding Kenya’s reputation as a safe and well-regulated financial system for companies around the world who are right now deciding whether or not they invest or transact in new markets like Kenya.

A recent study by the Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money Laundering Group (ESAAMLG), the top anti-money laundering watchdog in the region, showed that the negative trend has already started.

In the study, Kenya falls near the top of the list in every category of “de-risking,” where global banks decide that some business relationships are just too risky to maintain.

This is not a problem just faced by Kenya, and the impact of de-risking can be seen elsewhere in the world. De-risking, combined with reputational damage to a country’s industry, has severe consequences for the economic growth and financial prosperity of countries that are seen to be lax in complying with international standards for anti-money laundering and financial transparency.

Furthermore, the IGAD regional mediators trying to resolve the South Sudan conflict currently lack the leverage necessary to stop violent kleptocrats from using their forces to burn, imprison, silence, torture, starve, impoverish, kill, and rape to maintain or gain power.

South Sudanese peace talks are stuck in part because President Kiir and his allies do not want to let go of their exclusive grip on the crudely-constructed looting machine masquerading as a government.

The primary point of leverage is going after the stolen assets of South Sudanese leaders and their collaborators, finally creating a long-threatened consequence for being peace spoilers and state looters.

3. WHAT IS THE CHOICE FACING KENYA?

Kenya has a fundamental choice to make. Does it want to realize the economic goals for prosperity outlined in its Vision 2030 plan, the long-term development blueprint for the country and one which will make Nairobi the banking capital of East Africa?

Or do the government and banks here want to put the positive trajectory of the economy at risk by tolerating the illicit financial flows of South Sudan’s corrupt elite that will ultimately drive away investors and international banks?

Now is the time to fix it and to act to change the trend. Kenya can’t afford for the international business community to wonder whether it has become the next illicit financial hub, exploited by people like President Kiir and his commercial enablers.

4. WHAT ACTIONS CAN KENYA TAKE?

It’s vital that Kenyan banks and their regulators lead the way in implementing strict standards for anti-money laundering, anti-corruption, and sanctions enforcement to protect the country’s financial system from abuse by the violent kleptocrats and corrupt elite in South Sudan who pump their ill-gotten gains into Kenyan bank accounts and real estate holdings.

The U.S. is ramping up its use of the policy tools of financial pressure, including the particularly effective combination of network sanctions, which target not just an individual but their support systems of frontmen, enablers, and businesses, and anti-money laundering measures, such as those that warn the financial community of the risks posed by certain kinds of transactions or that require U.S. correspondent banks to terminate their relationships with foreign financial institutions of concern.

5. WHY WOULD A KENYA-U.S. PARTNERSHIP BE TIMELY?

Kenya needs to protect its financial sector from being penetrated by illicit financial flows, and the international community should support its efforts to do so.

Today we’re talking about a war criminal’s money, but tomorrow it could be terrorists. The U.S. and Kenya can work closely together on this shared agenda to ensure that South Sudan’s war criminals, state looters, and sanctioned officials must look elsewhere in order to hide their ill-gotten gains.

6. WHY IS TODAY’S VISIT IMPORTANT?

While many of the violent kleptocrats and their commercial enablers may have thought that they’ve won and successfully clung onto power while still doing business in U.S. dollars, I have someone that I want them to meet who thinks otherwise.

Treasury Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Sigal Mandelker, the top U.S. official in charge of financial sanctions, anti-money laundering, counter-terrorist financing, and protecting the U.S. financial system from a whole range of financial crimes, is making the first ever visit to Africa by someone in her position, and I’m so glad that she is here.

She’s a tough former prosecutor who led the U.S. Department of Justice’s teams in going after those responsible for committing human rights abuses, cyber crime, money laundering, and promoting U.S. national security and law enforcement priorities, and a strong advocate for using all of the legal authorities and financial tools at her disposal to impact the ability of President Kiir and his networks of commercial enablers to steal from their people.

Under Secretary Mandelker’s trip to Uganda, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo this week raises the stakes for the violent kleptocrats and their corrupt elites who don’t believe that the United States will follow through on its threats of pressure, and for that I would personally like to say, “thank you.”
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For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, +1 310-717-0606, gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE SENTRY

The Sentry is composed of financial forensic investigators, policy analysts, and regional experts who follow the dirty money and build investigative cases focusing on the corrupt transnational networks most responsible for Africa’s deadliest conflicts.

By creating a significant financial cost to these kleptocrats through network sanctions, anti-money laundering measures, prosecutions, and other tools, The Sentry aims to disrupt the profit incentives for mass atrocities and oppression, and creates new leverage in support of peace efforts and African frontline human rights defenders.

The Sentry’s partner, the Enough Project, undertakes high-level advocacy with policy-makers around the world as well as wide-reaching education campaigns by mobilizing students, faith-based groups, celebrities, and others. Co-founded by George Clooney and John Prendergast, The Sentry is an initiative of Not On Our Watch (NOOW) and the Enough Project. The Sentry currently focuses its work in South Sudan, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, and the Central African Republic.

In less than two years, The Sentry has created hard-hitting reports and converted extensive research into a large volume of dossiers on individuals and entities connected to grand corruption, violence, or serious human rights abuses.

The investigative team has turned those dossiers over to government regulatory and law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and around the world, as well as to compliance officers at the world’s largest banks.

Learn more at www.TheSentry.org.

Backdoor Peace Deals & the collimate rise of Promising Youthful Politicians

BY: Simon Yel Yel, Juba, JUN/13/2018, SSN;

No sane person can condemn the government or Gen. Akol Koor for reaching the peace deal with inconsequential members of the SS-UF. This is not to say that the government dreads to confront the twonk Gen. Malong militarily in the battle field if he chooses so.

It is because the government had already decided (since the genesis of this war) to take the path of peace to salvage the country from this infinite crisis by giving out government positions to whomever has rebelled if that can make them cease from killing the innocent South Sudanese people.

This is why Gen. Akol has reached this peace deal with SS-UF break-away group of Lino Ajang Ajang.

Frankly speaking, there is not a lucid person who has witnessed these destitutions and destructions brought upon this country by the ongoing senseless war who’s ready again to be lured by the discombobulated Malong into killing JUNUBIIN under the pretent of ‘arresting the carnage’.

That is why Ajang has led this exodus of a few hundreds if not thousands youth and some elders to Juba. Their exit confirms that they want peace.

Though Malong pretended to negate Ajang’s importance to the movement by rhetorically disparaging him with all evil terms at his disposal in the press release he signed, his dearest private wish could be that for a divine thunderbolt to reduce his once poster boy into a pile of ashes.

In fact, Malong is still mourning for losing Ajang to Gen. Akol. With the return of Ajang and many others, the self-praising lion (SS-UF) roar will soon turn into a disappointing meow. No strength to roar again.

Ajang is gone! I can now bet without fear. Most of his members will come to Juba while carrying their parts of SS-UF on their heads.

Make no mistake about it. Ustaz Ajang Ajang won’t be the last person from Awiel youth who are currently following Malong to realize that the Malong’s SS-UF is an ideologically barren organization with no political clout and hence can’t be an alternative for effecting any changes in this country.

This is because SS-UF is a motley military desperados, political opportunists, and power-hungry politicians. It has no ideological raison d’être for existence rather than a vehicle for seeking to share government positions.

To say the least, its establishment is a Hail Mary to bargain for government positions. It is not to topple Salva Kiir’s regime.

There is an emerging clique of promising youthful politicians in our country to which Ajang belongs. This group pasquinades the good name of Youth. They are an embodiment of political harlotry and sycophancy in our country.

I’m talking about the likes of Agel Riing Machar, Albino Bol Dhieu, Gordon Buay Malek, and Mabior Garang Mabior. If not all of them, then most of them are products of our unfortunate politics of rebellion and back-door peace deals. However, they are little men to be watched.

Let me start with Ajang. Once upon a time he was the most popular youthful politician in the country. A few months later, his political ambition appears to be in rigour mortis after he lost the Presidency of the National Youth Union which he claimed to have been robbed from him.

Apparently lying in tatters, he decided to rebel against the government. His adversaries were celebrating that he has worn the accoutrements of a person doomed to failure.

Yet here he is again, a few weeks later, appearing in his best suit at the country’s top airport coming to implement the peace deal he negotiated and signed with the security tsar.

Luckily, his deal appears to be more lucrative and densely loaded with many goodies than Agel’s. I am talking about the goodies it contains, for instance, the three ministerial positions in three states in Barh El Ghazal region, etc.

However, the misery of this deal is that there is no expiry date stamped on those goodies. The question on whether these goodies are real and eatable rests on the speed of implementation of this deal in the first two months.

He may, like Brigadier General Lul Ruai, risk everything and fail. I am talking about the spectacular failure of Lul’s movement for the greater Akobo people.

He may, like FVP Gen. Taban Deng, come through being dismissed as derisory and climb at last to the top of the sebaceous pole and turn this chimera and herculean mission into a practically doable mission.

We have no idea what will happen tomorrow, and that is one reason why he is a force to reckon with and to watch.

Ajang is a tactician and perilously scheming political ninja with posters of Chairman Mao and Machiavelli on his face. He is precise and capable of making complex decisions.

His cheerful charisma has meant that he always been able to attract camp-followers. No wonder that is the reason some people from both political divides can’t bear him and are desperate to find ways of discrediting him as a political opportunist and unwanted concubine.

Ajang earned his epaulettes when he was the President of Juba University Students’ Union. He indubitably demonstrated his leadership abilities and superior intellect in the Union office.

Owing to his unquestionable abilities, proven tenacity and splendid ideas, Ajang decided to run for the Presidency of the National Youth Union in 2015.

It is worth mentioning that he has cut an image as Malong’s poster boy among his peers. The most noticeable difference between him and his peers is that, he doesn’t throw bombs or speak haphazardly. He has no rhetoric of his peers.

There are some surface-level similarities between Ajang and his friend Mr. Agel Riing; however, there are also extremely glaring dissimilarities. Ajang has no insolence and ruthlessness of Agel.

The quisling Agel is a go-getter who goes against the grain to guarantee his own political survival and relevance; while Ajang believes in being given.

He is an egomaniacal introvert who believes that he is always right. To jog your memory, every line in the backdoor peace deal he reached with Gen. Akol in 2016 starts with “I” and ends with “only me.”

This explains the reason why he singlehandedly came alone to Juba. He doesn’t command any following.

He is politically amoral and immoral creature. He is an exemplary impetuous opportunist and quintessence of the political avaritia that has swallowed our country.

He is such a beefy telegenic gentleman who loves the cameras and television shows that he feeds with rhetoric. That is the spokesman of the FVP in a capsule.

Unlike the toothy grin Ajang or the knavish Agel, the cagy Albino Bol is considered by his peers to be the regime’s blue-eyed boy. That is another way of saying that he is more Muslim than Prophet Mohammed in term of how much he supports the government in relation to Micheal Makuei Lueth, if that is possible.

He has a visceral repugnance for whoever opposes him and the government. His name calls forth a good-boy foaming at the mouth with microphone in hand. He is certifiably wordsmith. His critics say he is a serial perfidious like Judas.

With his coruscating wit and incomparable oratory, you may be tempted to think that he is a philosopher of our generation.

Unlike the one-foot amputee Prof Adwok Nyaba, the President of National Youth Union has never rebelled. He is cutting an image as the darling of the establishment.

As for Ambassador Gordon Buay, the less said the better. The former rebel General is the number two diplomat in South Sudanese embassy in Washington. Though he is not a cartoon, he could be one as a living creature can be. He is entirely inarticulate and rambunctious. However, the spite he spits causes his enemies sleepless night.

We may guess alike either the son of the former SPLA fighter is a virtuosic bloviator or a rented filthy mouth. He incarnates what the government supporters want and don’t. He charms them with the same magnitude he daunts them.

To remind you, the backdoor peace deal which brought him to the government was negotiated and signed without the involvement of the IGAD and TROIKA. It is one of the living examples of the successful backdoor peace deals.

The former rebel spokesman and once self-declared President of South Sudan in 2011 on YouTube is cutting an image as a born again nationalist who is ready to die on Facebook front line.

Incontestably, he is the moral boosting chief propagandist. He bravely commands Facebook Division.

With all these, he is a regime’s diplomatic sabre rattler with a squirt gun in his hand in Washington.

There is another person. I am taking about the rambling Mabior Garang Mabior. He is first born son of the former SPLA/M leader. This creature has turned the name of his father into a badge of honor to brag about.

He thinks he will infinitely use his father name as a passport and shield to protect and sail him to any political destination he wants.

Every year Mabior confirms that he is the only stranger in Jerusalem. He is Riek’s loyal foot soldier who can’t change his mind comes high water.

The old adage is true here, it goes like this; “only fools and dead men don’t change their minds.” Therefore, Mabior can either be a fool that has never existed or a dead-walking man of the 21st century.

Like his sorry physique, Mabior has no kind words for his detractors. He believes Dr. Riek is the only right man to govern South Sudan. Anything less than that, he would rather die in the opposition fighting for Riek.

You can easily misidentify him for an outlawed drug aficionado or a financially stranded DJ who couldn’t afford to buy a hair lotion and rub it on his unkempt dreadlock hair.

I can assure you, with one minute glance at him, you will construe that there is nothing political and futuristic in his physique and character. But he has written history you know! He was the youngest South Sudanese minister in 2016.

His heart is two-thirdly and one-thirdly stolen by the drugs and politics respectively. To him, women are tertiary needs and possibly could be insignificant. That is why the rumors have it that he is currently still unmarried while he is approaching forty years.

To describe these youthful politicians wholesomely, they are political little men in a rush who are too desirous to catch up with big men by all means. To say the least, the philosophical apophthegm of Mr. Alexander Eichener, “for a hyena, a bone is just a bone; no matter whether it lies in the bush, near the pit latrine, or in the vegetable garden of a white man. It is still a bone” accurately fits the bill of their misbegotten political philosophy.

What disturbs me is seeing them committing some fouls when consummating the politics of genuflexion and obsequiousness to ensure their personal interests are met.

Let me say this before I conclude. General Akol Koor is a good and honorable man by all measures. The peace deals he reached with Agel Riing and Ajang Ajang speak volume.

He is a man who loves peace. He loves the country to prosper too. I don’t care about what performances of his successors would be later, but I know he will top them.

Don’t accuse me of typographical error and flattery. The truth is: Gen. Akol is not like the late Khartoum’s Ibrahim Shamsaddin or Salah Abdallah Gosh, the current Director General for National Intelligence & Security Service, or even closer to Major Bob Astles, the former head of murderous State Research Bureau during the regime of former Ugandan President late Gen. Idi Amin.

Gen. Akol values human life. He doesn’t kill. And if you deny, then tell me the names of politicians or any political activist he has jailed and killed?

If none, then come to me and I will tell you the names of politicians and political activists that were supposed to be buried six feet under the ground long time ago if he were really as bad as Salah Gosh.

Gen. Akol has human proclivity that sinners and offenders are not ought to be killed, but transformed and readmitted into the society. He believes that peace can only come if we forgive ourselves and allow the freedom of expression of our diverging views without intimidation.

That is why he is now making peace deals with political dissidents.

Can you imagine with me how many people would have been exiled, jailed and possibly prosecuted if he had fully implemented the controversial security act? Hundreds of people, right? But zilch.

Don’t say that I am living in Mars. I am living in Juba. The assertion that unknown gunman is a subterfuge of the Internal Security Bureau is an obloquy by any standard and is as nonsense as the narrative that the President Kiir had planned to kill Dr. Riek in J1 failed coup attempt on 8th July 2016.

No an iota of truth in it. No spy agency/secret police in any country that kills people in that deception form.

I will end where I began. The return of Ajang Ajang with some members of the SS-UF to Juba in a backdoor peace deal negotiated and signed by Gen. Akol is a hot slap in the faces of warmongers.

It is a live evident that Gen. Akol wants peace and in the same note, it rebuts the fabrications that Gen. Akol has a political vendetta with Malong and his dismal was pushed by him.

Methinks Gen. Akol should extend this olive branch to other rebel groups. For him to succeed in this, my noggin tells me that he has to implement this deal at hand in a good faith so that it serves as example that Gen. Akol makes, implements, and keeps peace deals.

This will motivate whoever wants to make a backdoor peace deal with the government.

I am not delusional; some rebel commanders in the bush can easily reach a backdoor peace deal with the government if there is such a window opening. I support such backdoor peace deal not because it is the manna from heaven that will rain the desired everlasting peace on us, but because I have no hope in IGAD bringing an everlasting peace to South Sudanese.

And if such a deal can somehow alleviate our suffering though it may not bring a complete peace, why not giving it an experimental trial?

Disclaimer: I don’t hold brief for Gen. Akol or anyone of these promising youthful politicians on this. As a citizen of this country, I felt that I should share my independent thoughts and feelings with my fellow citizens.

Mr. Simon Yel Yel is reachable via simonyel2017@gmail.com or via 0914474471

Kenya’s Raila Odinga’s delicate task in mediating S. Sudanese rivals

BY: DENG Vanag, Secretary for Information, Public Relations and Spokesperson for Federal Democratic Party/South Sudan Armed Forces, FDP/SSAF. JUN/10/2018, SSN;

South Sudanese public, having been divided over the questionable role of the mediating party and subsequent mistrust the division has caused, the regional bloc IGAD that is the mediating party has evidently lost the confidence it needs to bring about meaningful peace deal to the war-torn country.

Principal cause of mistrust in the IGAD mediation is Western-backed Uganda and Kenya which previously took a militant stand favoring Kiir’s regime, while other member states recoiled under their sweeping influence.

The unwarranted influence led to IGAD’s premeditated and self-inflicted failure that resultantly ropes Raila Odinga into near impossible task to bring down the Jericho-like walls of mistrust setting the belligerent factions apart.

The herculean task eminently awaiting is without denying former Honorable Prime Minister’s natural gift of tact, optimism and patience forming the bane of any successful diplomacy.

Coupled with the need to juggle his known crashing hammer in Kenyan political scene with tender kid gloves and bulldozing ‘’Tinga’’ or tractor with caring hand hoe in his delicate new diplomatic venture.

While hardened determination to prove his worth shall serve to inject some spectacles into his twilight Presidential ambition and desired statesmanship at home and abroad respectively.

Success which will on the other hand magnify failure of IGAD whose peace efforts to end the war are at all times blighted by an obvious covert operation to prob up an ally in Kiir, lest his fall could cause contagious effects to his kind in the neighborhood.

This doesn’t however mean Raila’s new role as peace envoy is safe from what may be thorns thrown in his way as he marches to face off an evidently daunting task.

For once, Raila himself is not in the good books of the regional control freak, Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni who always sees the former’s success as a potent threat to scuttle his own regional ambition.

Much as in the light of traditional diplomacy, neighbors are not the best mediators in the next-door squabble, despite knowing its internal political intricacies more than the far-off onlookers, due to its spills-over that divide them alongside warring factions.

Which makes the mediator to enter the bruising blame game with heavily laden baggage of preconceived line of thought to resolve the crisis.

With him {Raila} already being dubbed in both Kenya and South Sudan as yet another Riek Machar, Salva Kiir’s main rival, a remark which may be taken as sheer joke and allegation, but not completely out of context per se.

While Kiir is not fond of dealing with negotiations since they began in early 2014 with an open mind, but under more enduring influence of close minded tribal elite in the name of Jieng Council of Elders.

Without taking heed of crumbling economy as the result of devastating civil war that displaced half of the population from traditional habitat and another half being fed on an international goodwill.

All at the behest of hundreds of thousands the war has claimed and maimed with far reaching ethnic divisions to last beyond the leadership’s lifespan of the incumbent and that of his future immediate successors to reconcile.

While unlike Kiir, Machar is his own man except being more vulnerable in the negotiation given his incarceration whom Raila can easily move from his preconceived stand for Kiir to exploit to his own advantage.

Something not to be taken lightly by the former’s handlers still haunted by past experience of defaulted deals to the latter’s advantage of continuous state power stranglehold.

Whereas Odinga shall be hard pressed, as matter of necessity, to introduce real inclusivity into the process, previous efforts had been lacking and have led to their catastrophic failures.

That is by stepping out along the way to embrace all warring factions, including SSOA of which PDF is the constituent member than remaining decked in the closet by mediating just Kiir and Machar, as if they were the country and the country is them, both actors and observers alike have been wrongly hoodwinked to believe.

Known to be an independent minded persona when acting in personal capacity, however, the mission on which he Raila finds himself is a delegated authority by the Kenyan state that may be fraught with red lines to toe.

Moreover, the state he represents already stands accused of incidents favoring one side of conflict that saw three rebel members, namely James Gatdet, Dong Luak and Aggrey Idri, being deported to an enemy regime in handcuffs, with last two whereabouts still remaining unknown.

A position which is currently and fortunately on the minds of revitalization as Dr. Ababu Namwamba, Foreign Affairs Administrative Secretary has been quoted as saying in some sections of the Kenyan press, quoted accordingly:
‘’We are not talking about abstracts here. We are talking about human lives.
As the party to this negotiation, you cannot walk away with hundred percent wish list.’’

Deng Vanang;
Secretary for Information, Public Relations and Spokesperson for Federal Democratic Party/South Sudan Armed Forces, FDP/SSAF. He is cordially reachable at: dvanang@gmail.com

Riek Machar only to return to Juba WITHOUT ONE SINGLE SOLDIER: Kiir declares

From different sources, MAY/12/2018, SSN;

In the latest development, South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, has set ONE non-negotiable condition, that his arch-rival and rebel leader of the SPLM/A-IO, Dr. Riek Machar, will only be allowed to return to the country without ONE SINGLE SOLDIER OF HIS.

“Riek Machar can come back to Juba here, but without even a single soldier. If they (IGAD) say he will return with his army, I will never accept,” Kiir said at a ceremony of the army flag handover to the new army chief in Juba on Thursday, as reported by Radio Tamazuj.

The South Sudanese president said he would accept his arch-rival, Riek Machar, to return to the country ONLY as a civilian, vowing he would guarantee his protection and safety in the nation’s capital Juba.

“I told them that you people [regional leaders] Riek Machar is a South Sudanese citizen. As government of South Sudan, we have not cancelled Machar’s citizenship. So I told them to bring Riek Machar,” he said.

Kiir said during the SPLM Liberation Council in Juba recently that he wants his exiled former deputy to return to the country, saying he has FORGIVEN him.

However, it’s not clear whether president Kiir’s declared conditionality is also applicable to the other numerous armed groups in the bushes fighting his government such as Gen. Thomas Cirillo’s NAS, Dr. Lam Akol’s group, Gen. Johnson Oling’s, Gen. Paul Malong latest formed armed group and the others.

Machar fled the capital July 2016 after heavy clashes between his forces and troops allied with President Kiir.

He is being held in South Africa to prevent him from going back to his country. The decision was reportedly taken by the region in order to keep him away in the hope of preventing war in South Sudan.

“We cannot allow our chairman to return to the capital without heavily armed forces that are equal to the forces of the government in Juba,” that was the response to president Kiir’s intransigence and stringent conditionality by Mr. Peter Gatkuoth, the deputy head of Machar’s armed SPLM/A-IO opposition’s information committee to Radio Tamazuj.

The official’s remarks came days after President Salva Kiir publicly admitted he had allowed the rebel leader, currently exiled in South Africa, to return the nation he fled from after the July 2016 skirmishes.

Kiir said this during last week’s National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting of the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM).

Also, while addressing a military parade in Bilpham, the army headquarters in Juba on Thursday, May 10, 2018, president Kiir said his call for Machar’s return comes from THE BOTTOM OF HIS HEART.

“I said it all from my heart and I told the IGAD Council of ministers that ‘DON’T FIND A PLACE ELSEWHERE FOR DR. RIEK MACHAR TO BE TAKEN TO,” Kiir stated, meaning Machar should only be brought to him in Juba.

But Gatkouth said the exiled armed opposition leader needed to be protected especially after what occurred when he returned to Juba in 2015.

“Machar will return to Juba when there is a negotiated peace agreement through the revitalization forum. We are committed to peace because we know our people are suffering,” he stressed.

“Only a Dinka can be South Sudan president:” Kiir warns Jieng Council of Elders set to meet in June to choose Kiir’s replacement

Apr. 2nd 2018 (The Nation Today); The Jieng Council of Elders is set to meet in June this year to choose the possible alternative to replace the current South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir Mayardiit, an ethnic Dinka who’s been in power since July 2005, shortly after John Garang’s death, The Nation Today has learned.

In an exclusive interview, Joshua Dau, one of the so-called elders of the Dinka community and the co-chair of the Jieng council of elders (JCE), told the Nation Today from Nairobi, Kenya, that the Jieng council of Elders will convene in June this year to elect an alternative to replace president Salva Kiir Mayardiit,

Mr. Dau emphatically stated that president Kiir has accepted to step down BUT ONLY ON THE ONE CONDITION THAT HIS SUCCESSOR AS NEXT SOUTH SUDAN PRESIDENT MUST COME ONLY FROM THE DINKA (JIENG) COMMUNITY.

“The President, H.E General Salva Kiir Mayardiit has accepted to resign without any reservations. He only had a very minor concern about where his successor would come from. He said the successor should come from the Jieng people and this is something minor. To chose the successor, we have called a meeting for June 2018 to decide who will succeed Salva Kiir as our new president,” Dau told The Nation Today on Monday.

Asked whether the Jieng Council of Elders thinks that President Salva Kiir has failed, he replied: “No, he has done a very great achievement. Kiir has built a foundation on which the next person who will be chosen in July by the Jieng Council will continue to build the nation.”

Dau did not mentioned whether the Jieng Council would propose nominating a non-Dinka South Sudanese citizen for the top job.

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) is a group of veteran politicians from the country’s largest ethnic Dinka group and closest associates of the country’s president, General Salva Kiir Mayardiit.

They claim to only represent the interests of the Dinka community.

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS…..

“South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has pledged to concede defeat should he fairly lose the planned presidential elections when peace comes to the war-torn country,” according to latest news from Radio Tamazuj today.

“It remains unclear who will vie against Kiir, 66, who has been in power since 2005. No elections were conducted since South Sudan became independent from Sudan in July 2011.

Speaking at a dinner party organized at the State House on Monday evening, the South Sudanese leader expressed interest in the next presidential race when peace is restored in the country.

However, Kiir said he will respect South Sudanese citizens’ decision in the event that he loses the election. “If peace comes today and we go for elections and somebody beats me in the election, I will not go to fight. It will be my end of my term in the office,” he said.

Kiir’s term in office will expire in August this year if no election conducted and peace accord signed with the rebels.” End of quote.

Nyandeng: IGAD must use the stick to get Kiir out as president, not diplomacy

By FRED OLUOCH, THE EASTAFRICAN, MAR/07/2018, SSN;

Warring parties have failed to find solutions to a political crisis that started in 2013. Fred Oluoch spoke with John Garang’s widow Rebecca Nyandeng on the challenges facing South Sudan.

QUESTION: In 2013, you wanted to be the chairperson of SPLM and by extension the presidency. What was your objective?

NYANDENG: At that time, I wanted to inject democracy into SPLM. Two, I was the only woman then who could aspire to the post of the chairperson and I wanted to set an example for women.

If President Salva Kiir had allowed us to contest and he won, we would have accepted and shaken his hand.

I was satisfied with the leadership my husband and I had provided to the people of South Sudan, but after his death I realised that there was a major problem with the way our party was being run, so I offered to set things right.

That has not come and I guess it will not come because what the people of South Sudan want now is peace, and not who is leading them.

This is the last agenda after all of us sit down and decide who is the most suitable to lead and unite them. Even if you have ambitions, you cannot succeed with the current mess.

Again, we have to evaluate the root cause of the problem — which is lack of leadership with the capacity to address the basic needs of the people.

So we need to bring somebody with that capacity to deal with these issues and unite the people. If we focus only on the top leadership, then it is like a house with only the roof minus pillars — which will not stand.

QUESTION: Do you think South Sudanese are receptive to women?

NYANDENG: They are because the movement has taught the people that women can lead. Many women fought in the bush for 21 years and commanded a lot of respect.

But as women we still need to make more people understand that in leadership, you go for the person who can set things right, not the gender.

QUESTION: Having participated in Phase II of the revitalisation talks in Addis Ababa, do you hope for peace any time soon?

NYANDENG: We did not achieve much because the government refused to sign the Declaration of Principles that will guide future negotiations. But I cannot say that it is the end of everything, because as a politician you have to give hope to your people. The challenge was that delegates came to the negotiation hall with a fixed mind set on percentages and positions in government.

It was like negotiating with enemies and not people who belong to the same country. This bitterness, rigid positions and suspicion must change if we are to make progress in the future.

QUESTION: The opposition were resolute that President Kiir be excluded from the transitional government because he has abrogated the 2015 peace agreement. Do you agree with that?

NYANDENG: Yes, I was part of the groups that asked if Dr Machar is isolated and yet he is a major player, why is President Kiir there and yet he cannot bring peace?

We maintained that if the incumbent must be in the transitional government, then Dr Machar must be brought back, because you cannot say that one key signatory to the 2015 agreement is in and the other is out.

So we asked President Kiir to step down honourably and the two of them will be respected because they are our liberators and we don’t want to humiliate them. We want them to retire honourably and give room to new players because they have shown they cannot work together.

QUESTION: Do you think the Igad mediators and partner states are genuinely trying to bring peace to South Sudan?

NYANDENG: The majority of Igad states want peace but there are individual countries, which I cannot name, that are pursuing their interests. The biggest challenge is that Igad and the African Union cannot face President Kiir and tell him to step down.

They are using the carrot and not the stick. Igad should make the stick visible by calling out those who violate the agreement and the consequences that follow.

It happened in Liberia, Ivory Coast, Gambia, South Africa, Sierra Leone and recently Zimbabwe. Why not use the stick for South Sudan? If we and Igad fail, then the African Union and the UN will come in. END
—————

In Summary:

Nyandeng’s Biography:

**** Born: 1956

**** Education: Rebecca Nyandeng did her high school in Iowa, US before, enrolling at Iowa State University where she studied Economics. However, she did not finish her degree course because her husband, Dr John Garang, decided to go back home after finishing his PhD.

**** Role in liberation struggle: Served in the SPLA army as alternate commander. She was promoted to the rank of LT General in the army but later retired.

**** Experience: Mrs Nyandeng served as an executive director of WODRANS, a non profit-making organisation, that takes care of orphans, widows and the disabled.

**** Positions in government: Minister for roads and transport and presidential adviser on gender and human rights.

Editorial: Who dies, if our South Sudan lives? Message to Machar, Lam Akol, Nyaba, Cirillo, Pagan, Changson, Oling, Gadet and others….

EDITORIAL, JAN/21/2018, SSN;

Specifically, this a New Year message to those opposition leaders mentioned above and all the lesser ones in the same category who’re unnamed, who’ve all assumed to themselves the titles of commanders-in-chiefs of their numerous armed opposition groups.

In spite of your multiplicity as opponents of Satan Kiir’s Juba regime, and despite all your well-written and proclaimed manifestos and declarations to oust his regime, it’s very apparent that you all clearly lack the strategical sagacity and patriotic unanimity as to how to expeditiously attain your declared goal.

The most important question to you all rebel leaders/commanders is this: who should indeed die first if your main objective is to liberate our dear South Sudan nation from the current tyrannical and terrorist brand of leadership?

This current Civil War in the country is an intra-SPLM/A war, period. It’s a war that originated from SPLM/A government’s shameless greed and gluttony of looting the national money and other natural resources with some or most of you mentioned above either actively or discretely participating in the crime.

Yes, it’s our shameless thieves fighting for every bit of the meat!

Moreover, whilst each one of you’d consciously served at one time or another in the Kiir’s authoritarian statecraft and tribalized patronage system that vaporized billions of the nation’s dollars, you, the SPLM/A ‘leaders’ were conspiratorially silent on Kiir’s nihilistic brand of leadership.

Since our so-called ‘independence,’ the political landscape of South Sudan has regressed into a more primitive state characterized by polarization, insularity, vengefulness and lack of compromise. Kiir’s prevailing assertion of tribal politics is “either we rule or we die.”

As eloquently documented by THE SENTRY of the Enough Project of Clooney and Prendargast,”the cause of the current brutal civil war was the falling out between the country’s top politicians.” That’s Kiir and Machar, and their thieving gangs that included some of you, unfortunately.

Further, according to the Enough Project, “the key catalyst for the war was the competition by all of you for the GRAND PRIZE—(the control over the state assets) principally led by both Kiir and Machar. This war obviously only serves the interests of South Sudan top leaders.”

So, not only are Kiir and Machar the main beneficiaries of the looted billions of US dollars, all ye SPLM/A top leaders, now rebels, are/were co-conspirators/beneficiaries who’ve also made off with millions, whilst the majority of our citizens are silently groaning in the misery or fleeing out of the accursed country in their hundreds of thousands.

  • WHY RUN FIRST TO THE BUSH OR EXILE WHEN YOUR TARGET IS IN JUBA?
  • Unfortunately, it’s clearly evident that you, now the self-presumed saviors, are inexplicably fragmented, antagonistic and self-destructive in the current political and the armed struggle against the Kiir regime.

    What’s intriguingly bothersome is the fact that you, all supposedly professional SPLA military men, typically decided to FIRST run away for personal safety to foreign capitals whilst leaving behind your main target, Satan Kiir, standing tall right there in Juba.

    You, rebel opposition leaders/commanders of South Sudan, should clearly understand the current dynamics of international politics which is that nowadays, the international community generally abhors and shuns so-called armed rebel-guerrilla groups fighting to topple a so-called ‘legitimately elected’ government, however detestable that government or leader is, and they also vehemently condemn abuses and crimes against innocent citizens.

    What you, rebel-generals presently fighting Kiir, must undertake first is let go of that legacy of the liberation movement which is evidently still deeply embedded in your behaviors.

    You’re no longer bush rebels and, as Hilda Johnson, the former UN Representative in Juba exactly wrote in her book, ‘South Sudan: The Untold Story,” quote: You can’t keep going back to that (former) comfort zone, that’s when something happens, you first run to the bushes.’

    As we’re helplessly noticing the consistent fragmentation of the myriad of so-called rebel groups that are presumably in the forests of South Sudan, it can only be surmised that with so many so-called ‘rebel armies,’ many of which are more or less tribal militias, your uncoordinated guerrilla war against Kiir will be messy, unproductive and self-defeating.

    Emphatically, you’re now or were once high-ranking men of the National Army (SPLA) of the newest independent nation called South Sudan. As such, like those armies in Nigeria, Ghana, Egypt, Sudan, lately Zimbabwe, and so on, who, when their governments mess up the affairs of the nation and they wanted to act, they do NOT ever run to the bushes at all.

    You know what action they took. With a few soldiers as is usually the case, those heroic commanders (from Gamal Abdel Nasser, Abboud, Gowon, Thomas Sankara, Idi Amin, Ghadafi, Bashir, Mobutu, Samuel Doe, Obasango et al) boldly marched onto the Presidential Office/Palace, arrested, ousted or dealt decisively with the resident and took over power, on the behalf of their people.

    One wonders, why didn’t any one of you, with your soldiers/armed supporters under your command, operationalize such an expedient military action to deal with Satan Kiir right there and on spot in Juba, with the intent of deposing/terminating his regime, ending his presidency and saving the country?

    Such a heroic and bold action, specially as you’re supposedly sworn to die for the country, would’ve decisively had a positive political trajectory and perhaps today, many innocent lives would’ve been spared.

    The dilemma in South Sudan presently is that there’re just too many of you so-called ‘rebel’ commanders-in-chiefs and too many so-called ‘armed rebel’ opposition groups, fake or real, all supposedly sworn to topple the Kiir dictatorship, regardless of whether they’re physically roaming in the bushes, the foreign capitals or just in the imagination of their self-proclaimed commanders/leaders.

    Sadly, however, among all of you, true or fake rebel commanders, there is evidently no unity of purpose, no strategic coordination of your military forces/resources and no political commonality.

    It’s worth reminding you that the nation and the people are more important that an individual, specifically in light of the atavistic and satanic dictator Kiir who’s infamously now in the same category as Adolf Hitler and Mussolini. Soon it may emerge that Killer Kiir has killed more South Sudanese than the Jellaba Arab Northerners ever did!

    Someone once said that “Nobody likes war, we all hate war…..it’s a brutal necessity forced on them by the ambition of a tyrant.”

    Indisputably, it’s very clear that Kiir himself, who’s unrepentantly a murderous dictator, has fatally strangulated the State and is perpetuating a reign of terror and chaos in the whole country that tragically impacted not only everyone else but most tragically his own jieng tribesmen who’re ceaselessly killing themselves in their own wars.

    By all international parameters, South Sudan is definitely now a failed state, like it or not. The Satan Kiir and his accomplices are today wholly responsible and they must be either ousted or terminated, by whatever means necessary if we’re to salvage the people and the young nation.

    The Arab Spring that had swept North Africa was quickly tolerated and applauded by most people, and the newer regimes that usurped power were immediately recognized and even abetted by the international community, regardless of whether the deposed leaders were killed, exiled or imprisoned.

    However, it’s now imperatively urgent that all the numerous anti-Satan Kiir rebel groups should and must come together, align their political objectives, their armed forces and whatever resources they possess so that these assets are properly utilized in the dethroning of the big target, instead of hopelessly wasting resources fighting petty wars among themselves.

    In our current messy predicament, the international community wont or doesn’t really care how you depose of your inept leader but they’ll willingly thereafter help South Sudan on it’s road to recovery and in the resolution of the multiplicity of problems as a sovereign country.

    YOU, REBEL LEADERS/COMMANDERS, ARE SEVERELY COMPROMISED

    There is preponderance of evidence that also many of you, so-called ‘rebel commanders/leaders,’ are allegedly compromised by your previous collaboration with Satan Kiir in either the massive looting of the nation’s wealth or in the commission of the egregious crimes against humanity on the people by some of you at the behest of Kiir.

    Succinctly, according to Hilda F. Johnson, “In a way, the SPLM leaders kept each other in the check, since most of them knew about others’ malfeasance.”

    This means that Satan Kiir practically knows what crime or crimes each of his opponents, (that includes some of you) have committed, how much dollars each one of you has stolen and stashed away…practically every scandal on each general, minister or party official.

    This is what is currently enabling Satan Kiir to blackmail some of the self-styled rebel commanders/leaders, overtly exemplified by the so-called Gen. Taban Deng Gai, Machar’s former deputy, now Kiir’s vice president, who’s slavishly killing his own people at the behest of Satan Kiir.

    The SPLM/SPLA organisation, unfortunately and historically, has been an organization that severely desensitizes and numbs it’s recruits/members to acts and crimes of inhumanities and abuses that were or are being so openly and commonly committed by its own leaders.

    This is akin to the ORIGINAL SIN, imbued in most of you, that you still carry in your political genes, attested by the intra-rebel killings going on among yourselves in Upper Nile (Nuer-on-Nuer, Shilluk-on-Shilluk) and in Equatoria (Bari-speakers against Bari-speakers) and in Bahr-el-Ghazel (Jieng against Jieng).

    Your ONE single and URGENT purpose NOW as committed ‘liberators’ once again, with all your claimed or available expertise, resources and the valor and heroic sacrifices of your unpaid soldiers-cum-volunteer fighters, is to expeditiously terminate the treacherous and contemptible Satanic Kiir’s divisive regime in the nation.

    Surely, this new struggle to oust the Satan from power must not be another long drawn-out ‘war of liberation’ like the SPLM/A war against the North, which was needlessly prolonged for over two decades because of the prevalence of and aggravation by the incessant inter- and intra-tribal antagonisms and hostilities exacerbated by most of you who’re now, once again, standing up as reincarnated liberators/leaders and saviors of our people.

    Dear our so-called ‘Rebel leaders:’ after many years of your previous long service to the Satan Kiir, be it as ministers, governors or Army generals, and after quietly but knowingly prolonging and expediting the reign of terror and death at the behest of the Satan, it’s time you all say your MEA CULPAS and start to ACT TO TERMINATE THE SATANIC REGIME immediately.

    Finally, let Rwanda not repeat itself in South Sudan just because of the culpability, inequity and incapability of the one person.

    Open Letter from Rumbek Community in Diaspora to President of Republic of South Sudan, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit and the International Community

    From: Rumbek Community Members, JAN/11/2018, SSN;

    Dear President Salva Kiir Mayayrdit and International Community:

    We, sons and daughters of Rumbek Community in diaspora: Australia, USA, Canada, Europe and many other places of refuge all over the world, are very much concerned and disappointed about the death and suffering of our people in South Sudan in general and Rumbek area of Lakes State in particular. Communities in Lakes State have been experiencing cycle of violence, encouraged and left to fight amongst themselves.

    When the peace agreement (CPA 2005) was signed and government of South Sudan was instituted under your leadership, you did nothing to stop this violence. But the first responsibility of any government in the world is to provide security and peace for its citizens. Instead, your government failed completely to do this in Lakes State.

    Communal fighting in Rumbek became worst from 2013 when a tribal war broke out between your forces and forces of Dr. Riek Machar, the former Vice of Republic of South Sudan. We strongly believe that your government began to directly supply the rural youth with guns, and as a consequence law and order completely broke down. Some of your supporters in Lakes State government argued that rural youth should be armed to go and fight the SPLA-IO.

    The people of Rumbek (Politicians, chiefs, women, youth and representatives from Diaspora), have tried their best to reconcile their communities and to bring peace to the area, but these attempts have failed because your governments in Juba and Lakes State did not do their part.

    There has been about ten-community peace conferences/meetings held in Rumbek to discuss how to bring peace in the area, but they have all come to nothing because your government did not implement the resolutions of peace meetings.

    You have been quoted in one of your meetings with youth of Rumbek as saying “Agaar people are very intelligent people and they are killing themselves to go and book a good place underground before we could go there”. This was in July 2015 on the occasion of opening a Women Hospital in Rumbek which was named after you as Head of State.

    Do you think that another tribal government is going to be set up after death? This is a very irresponsible statement and indeed insulting to the people of Rumbek. Also in a peace conference in Rumbek on 17th Feb. 2015, you admitted that there are people in your office who are working against you; you said it in Dinka language (“anↄἠ kↄc jὂὂr hꜫn tὲn mὲktὲbic”).

    This was in response to a factual confrontation that guns which were only found in the hands of your security personnel in Juba were found being sold to rural youth in Rumbek area. You have completely failed to fight corruption in your office although you are informed about these corrupt practices every time.

    The biggest problem identified in many peace meetings is illicit supply of arms to the civilian rural youth in the villages. Sources of arms supplied to Lakes civilian rural youth are from government stores. Well known generals in the office of President Kiir are illegally selling arms to the youth in Rumbek. Whenever communities fight in Rumbek, the generals rush their arms to sell them to both sides of the fighting communities. They are profiting out of trading guns and ammunitions for the lives of our people.

    To prove it, there was a time in 2014 when a big truck carrying arms was caught on a road check point in Wulu County of Lakes State. The truck driver gave telephone number of the owner of the arms (a general in the office of President Kiir Mayardit) to the security guards on the road. The general threatened the road security guards to let the truck go to Rumbek otherwise he would deal with them.

    The same owner telephoned Governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol, and talked to him from Juba. The owner of the arms in the truck threatened the Governor, Matur Chut Dhuol, to take care of his property and the truck was driven to Rumbek, only to disappear the following day. As a result, the arms in the truck were taken and sold to the fighting youth in the villages of Rumbek.

    It is almost impossible to bring peace to Lakes State, Rumbek area, and the whole country if the government cannot provide security. Maintenance of security in South Sudan requires that corruption of selling government arms to civilian youth must be stopped.

    Peace exists where there is law and order and no corruption. Without peace there cannot be any development also. Insecurity and corruption are enemies of peace and development.

    The People of South Sudan are worst off now than in 2005 when peace agreement was signed between South and North Sudan, because the government of President Salva Kiir has promoted insecurity and corruption. The number of internally and externally displaced people speaks volumes about the situation in South Sudan.

    According to UN sources in South Sudan, half (6.5 million) of the population of South Sudan was declared in 2016/2017 to be under starvation. Most schools and health facilities are not functioning. Agricultural production in rural areas of South Sudan has been reduced to the minimum because of insecurity, so hunger and malnutrition are rampant. Roads have not been maintained for the last four years and transport has broken down between cities and towns. Furthermore, roads are insecure because of armed youth groups everywhere.

    It was recommended in previous peace conferences that the government in Juba should disarm civilian youth in Lakes State and neighbouring states, and establish security stations in borders of every state e.g. Madol between Lakes and Unity States.

    After establishment of security and maintenance of law and order, people accused of committing crimes (e.g. killing of people and Cattle rustling) should be apprehended and taken to court for settlement of cases. Justice must be done and seen to be done and impunity stopped if peace is to be built and maintained. Unfortunately, all these resolutions fell on deaf ears and nothing was done by the dysfunctional governments of President Kiir in Juba and Lakes State.

    UNITE TO CHANGE KIIR’S OPPRESSIVE REGIME

    It is our considered opinion that all people of South Sudan must unite and change President Kiir’s oppressive regime by all necessary means. No one faction, political party or tribe can do this alone. A united opposition will then institute a government of national unity to bring peace and stem out corruption, and begin a process of development in all communities of South Sudan.

    Priority of development will be focused in the most marginalised communities; for example Murle, Taposa, Kachipo and people of Raja. Universal free education of all children (boys and girls) of South Sudan, road network construction and food production will be on the top of the agenda of the new government, besides provision of security through a united national defence force.

    The new government will employ people in every department based on merit and capability of the individual, and ministers will be appointed based on each expertise, experience and non-corrupt records. All civil or political employees will be accountable to the people as per the institutions charged with such responsibility in the constitution.

    Nobody should be above the law, including the president of the country. Everybody should be accountable and equal before the law. Rumbek community in diaspora firmly believes that unity of all South Sudanese can bring about these positive changes to South Sudan as a whole including Rumbek community.

    The destiny of the people of South Sudan is one, whether we have a bad government like that of Salva Kiir, or we form a good, unity, inclusive democratically elected government of South Sudan.

    Furthermore, Mr. President, your method of unconstitutional appointment of governors, ministers, ambassadors and employees in all departments fuels communal conflict in many parts of the country because it is corrupt and based on no merits.

    In 2010, governors were directly elected by the people in each state according to the constitution. Mr. President, you have been violating the constitution that is supposed to be a covenant between you and the people like other nations of the world, in that you dismiss and appoint state governors, and other stakeholders using presidential decrees than through constitutional authorized procedures..

    Current presidential decrees of mini-tribal division of states shall be abolished, and any proposal of federalism will be scientifically researched, debated and decided by people and their parliaments if worthy to be adopted as it has happened in many other countries of the world. Such a federal system should be based on socio-economic and geographical factors only.

    APPEAL TO INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY:

    We appeal to international community, African Union member States, IGAD members and all people of goodwill to revive the peace agreement (ARCSS) which was signed in Addis Ababa in August 2015. Peace in Lakes State and in Rumbek in particular will follow if this peace agreement is fully implemented in spirit and letter.

    We in diaspora are very much appalled by death toll rising each day in our state, and do not see any light at the end of the tunnel as long as the civil war continues in South Sudan. If President Kiir does not want the terms of this peace agreement, he should be forced to resign like what happened with former President of Gambia, Mr Yayha Jamie and President Mugabe recently.

    This agreement promises peace and unity for the people of South Sudan. The agreement guarantees democratic system of government through a fair and transparent elections. The agreement declares to fight corruption, to establish justice, law and order.

    The agreement transforms national security organs from being a tribal militia to a national defence force that includes every tribe. Recruitment into national defence force will be on the basis of capability and merit; not tribal affiliation or political support. We strongly believe that implementation of the peace agreement in South Sudan shall also bring peace and development to Rumbek people and all people of South Sudan.

    Revitalization of the agreement should not be based on whether President Kiir accepts it or not. After all, his term of office has expired since 2015. In fact failure of the agreement in 2016 was because President Kiir was allowed to head the transitional government of national unity (TGoNU).

    This time around, the head of transitional government should be somebody who would not contest in the upcoming elections. This will ensure that the next elections would be free, fair and transparent.

    ADDRESSING THE ROOT CAUSES OF PROBLEM IN SOUTH SUDAN:

    The people of South Sudan needs peace and development, not chronic humanitarian aid. Although humanitarian aid rescues victims in emergency situations, providers of international humanitarian aid only address symptoms of the problems. Humanitarian aid is a temporary solution to the problems of South Sudan.

    Addressing the root causes of the problem in South Sudan – insecurity and corruption in the government – should be the priority of friends and people of South Sudan. Therefore bringing and building peace in South Sudan is a basic and permanent solution and a first demand of the people of South Sudan.

    Developmental projects and other socio-economic services will automatically follow in an atmosphere of peace, good governance and unity of South Sudanese people when we all unite to successfully change the corrupt and divisive government of President Kiir.

    To shed light on the severity of the problem, we have tried to collect data of people killed in Rumbek Agaar community sectional fighting since the beginning of the conflict in 2001. We could not find full data from all sections of Agaar Dinka sections, but this is a beginning, and we will continue to do more research in this matter in the future.

    We intentionally left out casualties from other neighbouring communities that have been fighting amongst themselves or Agaar sections, because of unnecessary sensitivity of such a data. Below is a table showing combined casualties from both sides of Agaar sections fighting one another. The number of causalities could be more.

    Agaar sections Fighting against Agaar section People killed on both sides Remarks
    Pakam V Rup 463 Since June 2014
    Rup V Kuei 116 Since August 2013
    Gony V Thuyic 166 Since 17th Sept. 2001
    Dhiei V Kuei 36 Since Nov. 2010
    Kok-Awac V Kok-Ker 138 Since Feb. 2013
    Dur-Bar V Dur-Chek 64 Since Sept. 2013
    Panyar V Nyuei 73 Since March 2013
    Panyar V Aliaab 37 Since Oct. 2014
    Gony V Aliaab 12 Since Nov. 2014
    Dur-Bar V Rup 25 Since June 2016
    Total 1,130

    Conclusion

    We strongly urge our people of Lakes State and people of South Sudan in general to unite and get rid of President Kiir’s corrupt and divisive government. They should also discontinue revenge killings and maintain peace and justice amongst themselves. We appeal to UN and NGOs to provide humanitarian assistance to those displaced internally in Lakes State by this communal fighting.

    President Kiir’s recent decree state of emergency in Lakes State is a false propaganda nuisance and too late. Why did he not implement all the resolutions of previous peace conferences? This is just a delaying tactic to stay in power.

    If he is serious about disarmament in Lakes State, he should first arrest generals who sell arms to civilian youth of Lakes State, and make positive, effective and efficient changes in Lakes State government. Disarmament must be carried out in all parts of South Sudan.

    UN/UNMISS should also be involved in the disarmament process to adopt best practices used elsewhere in Africa or other continents. Meanwhile, disarmament must not be used as a means of looting and killing civil population in Rumbek or anywhere in South Sudan.

    . Signatories
    1- Mr. Johnson Makuei Mangar -Chairman of Rumbek Community in Western Australia
    2- Fr Matthew Mading Malok -Chairman of Konybai Peace Initiative
    3- Mr. Beny Mature Mathiang -Treasurer of Rumbek Community in Western Australia
    4- Mr. Eli Magok Manyol -Member of Konybai Peace Initiative
    5- Manyang Maker Tulba – Rumbek Community Youth Leader in Western Australia

    To Leaders of Bor, Twi and Duk: Save your jieng community from obliteration

    BY: MajorComings, DEC/10/2017, SSN;

    My leaders, this is your time. This is your moment. You must act in the best interest of your community to saving it from apparent obliteration.

    I am an insider and so, I compose this message with a heavy heart. It has to be prudently snooped to! It has to be taken with absolute care and urgently acted upon. It is an open secret, BorPeople (Twi, Bor and Duk) are needed to depopulate East bank and live as IDPs in their own country, and so their dignity is done with.

    To live with humiliation for rest of their lives. This must not be allowed to materialise, though, indicators of mass evacuation are so worrying. This community is capable to annex as far as Boma, and as far as Terkeka, and Akobo.

    This is the community whose more than 150 local chiefs were summarily killed in the 60s by Jallaba and continued to resist Jallaba that come with tanks and bombs.

    Who is this Akol Koor and Pibor to BorCommunity? The greatest weakness of this community is lack of unity. And this is what we need to build on. The community has human intelligence no other community has in South Sudan. It has everything else to subdue its opponents.

    This is the community that shattered Cobra Militia, in only a fortnight war. The so-called Murle power that propelled the idiotic Yau-Yau into the ministerial post. Only that, our ringleaders who led the war to Murle territory weren’t material oriented otherwise, they would have asked for government posts.

    This outright defeat angered particularly, Akol Koor of national security and his acolytes who were so determined that BorYouths were heading for a defeat. And this anger was typified by the Jameza Bor civilians massacre where 42 civilians (RIP) were instantaneously executed by security special force under the pretext of Mundari apostates.

    Akol did this with an intention of creating another war between BorPeople and MundariPeople. When this didn’t work in his favour, he ordered that the national gunships be used to attack BorYouth’s position in the Murle territory and this was where they fell out with General Paul Malong Awan, the then former Chief of General Staff.

    Gen Paul opposed Akol’s unthoughtful view and they clashed and unfortunately, Kiir took Akol’s side and unjustly fired Malong. May God be with General Paul wherever he is. This was a compelling manifestation of the dubious mining business Akol, Yau-Yau, Kiir, Konyi, and Akot Lual are cossetted in. These horrific crimes such as the wanton killing were meant to distract BorYouth who were matching at Pibor after clearing outposts of Pibor and indeed, diversion transpired.

    Akol, Akot Lual, Konyi, and Kiir Miyar won. Their mining business in Boma is much more significant than BorCommunity lives. Sad, but is the fact.

    Akol, Akot, Yau-Yau trained more than 10,000 MurleYouth Militia in the undisclosed training centre in Pibor. It is from this group where Akol went and brought 3,000 to Juba to disarm and fight Malong with. When Kiir refused to accept this confrontation, this 3,000 plus few IO-Taban soldiers were taken to PanPandiar in Bortown under General Dau Aturjong Nyuol who is an IO himself.

    Didn’t Juba learn from what General Gatdet of Riek Machar did to General Ajak Yen Ajak and BorCommunity in 2013? Why was Dau Aturjong put on top of General Malual Majok this time again? Did Kuol, Makuei, Thon Leek, Deng Dau question this? No, they didn’t.
    As this is the case, the well-being of BorPeople is of paramount and you the above mentioned leaders must step in and refurbish the dashed hope now than later.

    The Juba’s Bor politicians such as Kuol Manyang, Makuei Lueth, Thon Leek, Deng Dau, and army generals in the likes of, Malak Ayuen, Manyok Barach, Jok Riak, Malual Majok, Jongkuc Jool, Malual Ayom and many more are not for the betterment of BorCommunity. They are only there for their salaries and nothing else. Did anyone hear them utter a word when BorYouth were targeted and rounded up in Juba? No, they didn’t.

    Truth is, they all are caged up and are living at the mercy of Akol Koor. It’s simply uncouth to see General Kuol Manyang Juuk the then giant of South Sudanese liberation reduces to a mere puppet! He wasn’t anyone Akol could undermine and disrespect in those days. Sad, but Kuol is what he is, a puppet. He is a minister by name but someone between Akol and Akot is running the real show. We can’t even talk of Gen. Mamur Mete. He is totally out of the show. He is completely marginalised.

    Back to the topic, as I write, more than 10 BorYouth including their chairman (Majur Achol) to whom, Nhial Majak Nhial (the contemporary Bor Traitor) sold for just a mayoral post are languishing in custody and nobody of the aforementioned leaders showed leadership. Nhial, the Bor biblical Esau who sold his birthright for food is now comfortably recruiting more traitors home and abroad to undermine, sabotage BorCommunity’s will of wanting to protect itself.

    Nhial is Akol Koor hired thug whose reputation is in tatters. Akol is very tactical in choosing, he goes for a hopeless thug, and this tells people what he is. Nhial even stole from Hon. Kuol Manyang despite, trust KuolDit bestowed on him. This is the man who made away with millions of dollars from Jonglei State when 2013 crises struck. Nhial will kill more BorYouth through Akol if nothing is timely done.

    I encourage these three communities (Bor, Twi, and Duk) to bring down traitors before they do more damage to the community. A traitor deserves his head cut off and this the stage we are at. These innocent men whose names were handed by Nhial to Akol Koor were collected in their residents and are now still being unlawfully held until today, some are brutally tortured to a coma, Maluak Alony and Majur Achol are examples.

    All those who are arrested are either members of “Camcieth” BorYouth group or those who mobilised resources to support BorYouth back home so that they can protect vulnerable elderly and kids back home against Murle attack. Who on the Earth will call this a crime? Self-protection isn’t a crime universally.

    These youths have not committed any crime deemed a national threat. Their only crime that I now know of is the recent organisation of the BorYouth to counter Murle attack. Just see here, the accusations labelled against Majur Achol (Juba-Bor youth chairman) are that he mobilized 10,000 Bor youth and supplied them with weapons. This is rubbish, but who won’t do this if your community is recurrently attacked and the government appeared lenient and taking a side?

    Mobilisation did take place in Bor and Majur didn’t do any of it even governor Aguer to whom Nhial implicated too didn’t know of the plan. The mobilisation was informed by periodic attacks on BorPeople. It was done by MithBoor who are still at large. Be warned, they are ready to take over Pibor as the government seems to find pleasure in bloodletting and destruction.

    That spirit of mobilisation didn’t go down well with the RSS government which had been turning a blind eye in the face of numerous deadly Murle attacks against innocent citizens of these three counties. Akol Koor, Akot Lual, Konyi, and David Yau are behind the current crack down of innocent youths. Akol Koor and Akot Lual are sympathisers of Murle evil act against their ill-perceived political enemy (BorCommunity) according to some of “Wet Ka Aghorti”. And this is very untrue.

    When Murle attacks BorCommunity they keep silent for example, Jalle massacre days after Taban was sent to quell Buor not to retaliate and upto this time nobody has condemned the attack let alone recovering the stolen, robbed children, and cattle.

    On 28.11.2017 just three months apart, Pibor State attacked Duk County in Jonglei State killing scores of people and drove away with captives and herd of cattle and Juba government didn’t utter a single word, just after hyped cyber outcry, Taban sent a good-for-nothing message on 30.11.2017 but when “Buor” go to Murle to retract their abducted kids and rustled cattle Juba intervened quite immediately. This is a clear case of double-standard only traitors in BorCommunity won’t see this.

    It’s also imperative to bring to your attention that Akol and his security boys had been the prime suspect behind extrajudicial killings of young intellectuals from BorCommunity who were murdered in cold blood. The examples of those killed in cold blood by Akol Koor are,
    1. Akuach Jok (RIP), a promosing lawyer from Makerere University
    2. Diing Chan (RIP), known as (Isaiah Abraham) of Tiger and Tumsa battalion, a liberator on his own account who tuned a wide read columnist.
    3. Dr. Ding Chol Dau (RIP), a neurosurgeon physician by profession whose pay stands at this $395,000 a month in the West. Regrettably, he left this luxury pay behind for love of his nation and people.
    4. Ayor Mach (RIP) a veteran soldier
    5. Akol Garang (RIP) a veteran soldier
    6. Barach Mayendit (RIP), a veteran soldier
    7. Aguer Bul Yai (RIP)
    8. Deng Garang (RIP), a soldier
    9. Kut Apollo (RIP), a promising lawyer too from one of the Kenyan universities.

    And the list goes on. And no any perpetrator has ever been brought to book. No justice served whatsoever. Their loved ones and the entire BorCommunity is still yearning for justice. The targeted killing was ignored when BorPeople were killed, now the targeted killing is taken to Aweil and Abyei and has caught attention it deserves.

    Akec Mawel (RIP), known as (MonyDit waa), and Bol Miyen Deng (RIP) are first casualties. It has to be noted too that numerous Awiel youths are being arbitrarily held in the infamous jail known as MajokPiny in Juba, an action that has scared AwielBoys and most of well-educated who came from the USA, Australia, and Canada have started fleeing the country profusely. The bloody MajokPiny is where victims are held up, tortured, and killed by Akol Koor’s terrorist forces. In fact, most of General Malong’s followers are furtively eliminated without being publicly known. This means, there could be a lot more victims this author may never know.

    I need to unequivocally express my gratitude to the following two sisters who made videos siding with BorPeople, Awut Chan on her Facebook made it very clear on 27.11.2017 that “Akol Koor security is destroying Kiir’s reputation deliberately and Kiir thinks he is being protected. She went on to say, Akol Koor of security is finishing young generation and this is absolutely appalling for a young nation”. Thanks you for speaking up sister.

    Second, the controversial Daniella Valentino Wuol whose many online commentators thought was a hired gun by Internal Security Bureau (ISB) condemned Akol Koor and his ISB for targeted killing. She broke ties with security and the government of RSS when General Paul Malong got locked down by Akol Koor. She has now gone public convicting the death of Bol Deng Miyen (RIP) in the hands of organised forces (special operation) as Awut named them on 25.11.2017. She recommended a removal of devilish Akol Koor and a lot of people are sharing Wuol’s view.

    What this writer needs to add on these, Akol Koor is slowly setting up his government within Kiir government. He is secretly recruiting and positioning the likes of Nhial Majak for future crucial positions as he aims for taking over from Kiir.

    Like two Awuts clearly stated, Akol Koor is the first enemy of general Kiir if truth be told. With the way he is closing in at GenKiir, he looks like he gona kill Kiir without Kiir realising it. We are all aware that security is the primary responsibility of any functional government but Juba government is incapable of providing security to its vulnerable subjects. Instead, it kills at will as well as setting up communities against each other.

    The followings are the main reasons why BorYouths are currently being targeted;
    1- Akol fears such an organised force can overrun Juba should any issue arise between Bor and Juba.
    2- Akol wants to inflict fear through torture, intimidation and murder so that no one ever champions such an idea of community based protection and so the community becomes vulnerable.
    3- Akol and his ISB want names of those in the diaspora who mobilise resources to support BorYouth back home and I have been made aware by a reliable source within ISB that some names of prominent diaspora members had already been obtained by ISB through Nhial Majak. 90 or so names are with security.
    4- Akol intents is to completely destroy BorYouth’s spirit of mobilisation and the willingness to take responsibility and protect their vulnerable ones and properties such as cattle.

    I need to reiterate once more time that the ISB was able to successfully identify these youth members through recruitment of members of BorCommunity as informants headed by Nhial Majak and Ajak Bior. These informants come from previous Bor County. Particularly, they are from Anyidi. Akol Koor recruited these unpatriotic and hopeless traitors from this county and these collaborators have lured some hungry mobs and job seekers on to their dirty business and this has complicated the whole BorCommunity as they recruit as far as Duk County. But for BorCommunity to go forward we must go backward and revisit the liberation history.

    In the 80s or thereabout, a gentleman from Makuac Payam turned a dangerous traitor, he stationed himself up in Bor and falsely accused all that come to Bortown as ‘Anyanya’ which led to many innocent civilians losing their lives in the infamous ‘Pane-Nyok-Agaany’ (butcher theatre) in the hands of Jallaba. Fortunately, God of PaneBoor did wonder. Malueth, famously known Kolokoth, got into trouble with his masters, he ran back to the village in Makuach. His own mother notified the SPLA in a nearby station and Kolokoth was picked up and taken to MacDeeng currently BaaiDit Payam and was fire-squad by General Kuol Manyang. Anyidi County, need to help BorPeople in sorting itself out.

    My request to you leaders of these three communities in diaspora most notably USA, Australia, and Canada is to call for an urgent meeting and produce position paper which may contain the following demands;
    1. Call for immediate and unconditional release of innocent BorYouths currently suffering in the secret prisons of National Security.
    2. Akol Koor must be removed as head of security and the entire ISB entity needs an overhaul.
    3. Murle must be disarmed by the government in January and February in 2018. If the government fails, then BorYouth will invade Pibor.
    4. All BorCommunity stolen cattle, and children including the dead need to be compensated. This has to be done in the first six months of 2018. If nothing happens in these given months, BorYouth will invade Pibor.
    5. Do media briefing and involve international media houses such as CNN, BBC and many other.
    6. Liaise with other leaders back home including those in neighbouring countries such as Kenya and Uganda to get some updates on the accurate names and numbers of those in jail cells. I was informed that they are looking for about 95 youths or so to arrest.
    7. Reach out to the United States and United Nations Agencies such as Amnesty International and human rights groups.

    Final note:
    There is no one from BorCommunity to rely on in South Sudan. People like Makuei, Kuol, Atem Garang, Thon Leek, Deng Dau and many more have all been cowed and they are unable to speak up about what is currently happening to their subjects. They care about their positions but not their people as I stated earlier. We, in Juba here, live in a constant fear. They know what is happening is unconstitutional because until now none of these young people had been produced in the court of law as required by the constitution.

    It was last Sunday at Emmanuel Jieng Cathedral Church where I conversed with someone after service and he told me Akol asked for money to release some of these boys but not Majur and Maluak. I am humbly asking you diaspora leaders and people of goodwill to take up this responsibility and be the voice of these innocent BorYouths and your peaceful BorCommunity. I believe your voice will be heard and something will be done about this raging injustice.

    BOR Youth leaders in Diaspora:

    1. Akol Aguek Ngong, Bor County Chairman in (USA)
    2. Kuer Dau Apai, Twi East Community Chairman in (AUS)
    3. Herjok Apeech Herjok, Bor Community Chairman in (AUS)
    4. Manyok Ayuen Nhial, Greator Bor Community Chairman (USA)
    5. Thon Panchol Kueng, Chairman of BorYouth (AUS)
    6. Chol Mawai Majok, Chairman of TwiYouth (AUS)
    7. David Hoth Thon, Duk Community Chairman (USA)
    8. Ayiik Chan Ayiik, Duk Community Chairman (AUS)

    By, MajorComing. Reach me at MajorComing@gmail.com

    Riek Machar is Failing the Opposition against Kiir’s tyranny

    BY: Samuel Atabi, South Sudan, NOV/20/2017, SSN;

    In her November 15, 2017 remarks at the Holocaust Museum, the US Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, said two things which gave me both hope and caused me despair on the war in South Sudan.

    When she repeated the words of Elie Wiesel (a holocaust survivor and a Nobel Laureate) that “We must always choose side” in the face of extreme human sufferings, I became truly hopeful that this time round the US government will side with the people of South Sudan vis-à-vis their leaders.

    But when she spoke of “….South Sudanese government is engaged in a brutal protracted military campaign against a FRAGMENTED (my emphasis) opposition,” I despaired.

    We South Sudanese who have philosophically ‘taken side’ with the opposition forces are extremely dismayed by the divisive and fragmented activities of the group.

    In any conflict, such as that which is taking place among the South Sudanese opposition, positive, unifying and magnanimous overtures are expected from those who wield the most power.

    In this case, the majority of the suffering South Sudanese expects Dr Riek Machar, the leader of the largest and most powerful of the armed opposition, the SPLM-IO, to take the first initiative to unite the opposition.

    However, information now available in the public domain unequivocally indicates that Machar and his outfit are the source of the internecine fighting within and the fragmentation of opposition to which the ambassador referred.

    The consequence of this internal division is the weakening of the opposition forces which are now ranged against the brutal and tribal regime in Juba.

    A recent report by John Young (Isolation and Endurance: Riek Machar and the SPLM-IO 2016-17) brings into the open what many have been suspecting about the true character of Dr Machar.

    According to the report, Machar is opposed to the unity of all groups fighting the government in Juba; instead, he prefers to absorb all of them in his SPLM-IO, where he will remain dominant.

    He has contrived to make SPLM-IO weak by resisting institutionalization of the movement and formalization of its policy.

    This weakness can then ensure his grip on the power and therefore, marginalization of potential opponents.

    Most of SPLM-IO nominees to the parliament in Juba, following the August 2015 agreement, are young and political novices; again this is contrived to ensure his monopoly of power.

    Prior to the report, many people suspected that Machar was …politically and intellectually insecure;
    …that he was distrustful of his peers and colleagues, even those from his own Nuer tribe (several Nuer Generals and leaders have abandoned him);
    …that he was a control freak who took advantage of the politically inexperienced youth to enhance his dominance;
    …that he disdained the advice of his colleagues and peers (a harsh and close associate describes him ‘as obdurate as a donkey’);
    …and that he was militarily careless about the lives of his colleagues and those of his young followers.

    The last point is abundantly proven by the death of thousands of Nuer and other South Sudanese soldiers who were his followers at different military confrontations.

    In 1991, when Machar separated from the Garang-led SPLA, thousands of his followers were killed on his account.

    When he changed his mind and left his erstwhile allies in Khartoum, again the man abandoned thousands of his soldiers at the mercy of the Arabs.

    Prior to 2013 pogrom, during which thousands of Nuer and other South Sudanese civilians were literally slaughtered, Machar failed to recognize the risks when Kiir, Malong and others were recruiting private militias to carry out this slaughter; he criminally failed to plan countervailing measures against the impending genocide.

    When he fled Juba in 2013, he gain abandoned his own body guards to the guns of the Jieng militias.

    Following his return to Juba in 2016, as a consequence of the August, 2015 peace agreement, he again acted to type: he led hundreds of his own body guards to death traps when they accompanied him to the July 8, 2016 night meeting at J1.

    As if that was not enough, it is now clear that Machar had no plan for his forces for orderly withdrawal from Juba in case of military confrontations; these confrontations were expected even by non-military observers.

    In the disorderly withdrawal, which later took him to DR Congo, hundreds of his body guards perished. Among the dead was a senior general from Equatoria, Lt Gen Martin Kenyi.

    This litany of military disasters clearly amounts to accusations of incompetence and extreme dereliction of duty and responsibility for which any military general deserves to be court marshalled.

    In October (16-18) 2017, six of the South Sudanese groups that are opposed to the Kiir government met in the town of Nyahururu in central Kenya to consult on how to work together in their effort to liberate the people of South Sudan.

    Unsurprisingly, the leadership of the SPLM-IO declined to send a delegation to the meeting.

    The outcome of this consultative meeting is the ‘Nyahururu Declaration’ in which the parties, SPLM-FD, FDP, NDM, SSNMC, NAS, and NAM, have agreed to form a broad alliance to achieve their objectives; they have also agreed to respect the autonomy of each group to exist separately but as a part of the alliance.

    Again, the suffering South Sudanese can only view with consternation the absence of the SPLM-IO, which they expect to have given leadership to the emerging alliance.

    Ultimately, Riek Machar, in the wake of new political and diplomatic reality on the issue of South Sudan, will have to make up his mind as to his own future and that of his organization.

    He has two main choices:
    1- he can lead his group into the fold of the new opposition alliance and constructively contribute to the freedom of South Sudanese;
    2- he can continue with the present, lonely, destructive and divisive trajectory and become politically irrelevant in the politics of South Sudan, both in the short and long term; unless, of course, he capitulates to Taban Deng Gai and rejoins the JCE-controlled regime in Juba.

    The choice is his.