Category: Politics

Salva Kiir’s Attack on His Own Legitimacy Claim

By: Riang Yer Zuor Nyak, South Sudanese, JAN/21/2015, SSN;

When the war started in December 2013, Salva Kiir, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, Michael Makuei, Ateny Wek Ateny, and many others could be seen on televisions, local or international, talking about Salva as a legitimately elected president, or the government as a legitimately elected one. Beginning from August of last year, IGAD joined the singing and started referring to Salva as the “elected, incumbent president”.

The SPLM/A’s response to this claim has been consistently that Salva and his government are not elected ones. Rather, they are constitutional. Any claim of legitimacy should spring from the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011. Using the 2010 election as the source of his legitimacy would be futile attempt to twist an obvious reality.

The 2010 Elections
In April 2010, the Republic of the Sudan conducted national elections for all positions, except for those of the County Commissioners. This was because the Interim Constitution of the Republic of the Sudan and the National Election law did not recognize such positions.

The positions to which the law authorized election included the position of the President of the Government of Southern Sudan. Salva Kiir was elected to this position as head of the autonomous regional government. This was in line with the provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

The national election law gave the holders of the elected positions five years to serve before the next elections. The anticipated time for the next elections was April 2015, and this is still the case for the Republic of the Sudan.

The Independence in 2011
In fulfillment of the provisions of the CPA, South Sudan conducted a referendum in January 2011 on whether it should remain part of the Republic of the Sudan, or it should secede from the union to form an independent state of its own. The people of South Sudan overwhelmingly chose secession over the unity of the old Sudan.

On July 9, 2011, the Republic of South Sudan was born as the newest or youngest state in Africa in particular and the world in general. On that day, a new and independent transitional constitution was promulgated to establish the new state. It is this constitution that gave Salva Kiir his new four-year mandate as the President of the Republic of South Sudan. As such, his term began counting from that day to the 9th of July 2015.

The Legitimacy Question
Any one elected or appointed under a constitutional provision can claim legitimacy. However, such legitimacy is usually bestowed up on certain conditions and behavioral requirements. Once the person ceases to meet those requirements, or once those conditions disappear, legitimacy can be lost. This is not different with Salva Kiir.

Under the Interim Constitution of the Republic of the Sudan, 2005 and the Interim Constitution of the Government of Southern Sudan, 2005, Salva Kiir was elected to administer the region for five years. His mandate was to last up to April 2015. Within that period his legitimacy would run uninterrupted if he did not commit any behavioral mistake, or if he did not cease to function due to other conditions.

However, Salva’s time was interrupted on July 9, 2011 when South Sudan broke away from the rest of the Sudan. As a result, condition (remaining as part of the old Sudan) disappeared. Allegiance to remains as the current Republic of the Sudan ended, and a new allegiance to the new state with a new constitution began.

This condition ended the April 2010 mandate, as it ended the former autonomous status of what was then one of the regions of the Sudan. That mandate went together with the electoral legitimacy, for you could not have one without the other.

Under the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva was given a new mandate as the President of a new sovereign state. The new constitution gave the president four years before a new election could take place under a new and permanent constitution. The new term and mandate gave a legitimacy that would run through July 9, 2015.

The End of the Constitutional Legitimacy
Salva Kiir started the process of ending his constitutional legitimacy, leading to the current situation, a long time ago. He intentionally violated the constitution here and there, and a step-by-step process. The last step was the eruption of violence on December 15, 2013. Some of these violations are discussed below.

1. Appointments of Ministers
What I believe to be the first violation of the new Constitution came after the proclamation of Independence. Salva appointed ministers to his cabinet and sent their names to the newly reconstituted legislative assembly in a sealed envelope. He only needed the assembly to approve what was in the envelope without seeing exactly whose names were on the paper for approval. This went against Article 113 which gives the National Legislative Assembly the power to approve presidential nominations of ministers.

Article 113 (2) states that “Appointment of the Ministers of the National Government shall be approved by a resolution of the National Legislative Assembly adopted by a simple majority vote of all members.” This gives the Assembly the power to scrutinize the nominee to see if they meet certain constitutional criteria as provided in sub-Article 3.

Sub-Article 3 provides that “Ministers of the National Government shall be selected with due regard to the need for inclusiveness based on integrity, competence, ethnic and regional diversity and gender.” The act of forcing the Assembly to approve a list without scrutinizing individual nominees before they could become ministers did not give the Assembly the chance to meet such a constitutional obligation. It follows that the process was unconstitutional.

2. Recruiting and Training of Tribal Militia

The other significant violation came with the recruitment of a personal tribal militia, which has become known as the ‘Gel Weng’. Article 151 (3) of the Constitution does not provide him with the option of organizing his own private army without a provision of a law. It states, “No person or persons shall raise any armed or paramilitary force in South Sudan except in accordance with this Constitution and the law.”

If he saw an urgent need for his personal militia, then Salva should have gone to the National Legislature to get some sort of approval or some legislative act of authorization, as this type of undertaking needed a law and money, and the National Legislature supposedly holds the national purse as stated in Article 55 (3) (d), read together with Articles 87 and 88.

Article 55 (3) (d) says that the National Legislature has the competence to, among other things, “…authorize annual allocation of resources and revenue, in accordance with Article 87 of this Constitution…”

While Article 87 talks about allocation of resources and revenues, Article 88 talks about general budget proposals and estimates to be presented by the President to the National Legislature for approval and enactment of an appropriation bill.

Therefore, the whole undertaking of recruiting, training and deploying the Gel-Weng was very unconstitutional.

3. Removal of Governors

In 2013, Salva started revoing state Governors allegedly exercising a constitutional provision. Article 101 (r) of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan allows removal of a Governor only when there is a crisis in the state. It states that the President may “…remove a state Governor and/or dissolve a state legislative assembly in the event of a crisis in the state that threatens national security and territorial integrity…”

In Lakes State, there was a crisis—an insecurity that remains to exist as of current. Salva removed Chol Tong on the pretext that there was insecurity in his state. In Unity State, there was no insecurity of any sort. Yet, he removed Gen. Taban Deng Gai without explanation. Those who were aware of the political differences between Salva and the two gentlemen knew that the removals were politically motivated. The Constitution does not provide for politically motivated removals.

After removal, the Constitution provides for temporary replacement, which Salva did by appointing care-taker Governors. After that, an election has to take place within sixty days. Article 101 (s) states that the President shall “…appoint a state care-taker Governor who shall prepare for elections within sixty days in the state where the Governor has been removed or the state legislative assembly so dissolved in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, the relevant state constitution and the law…”

This provision of the Constitution has not been fully honored by Salva Kiir. He appointed care-taker Governors who have served beyond sixty-day Constitutional requirement. Elections have not been organized ever since the care-taker Governors were appointed.

In addition to the two initial care-taker Governors, he has appointed two more care-taker ones, replacing Kuol Manyang and Paul Malong Awan, respectively. Therefore, as of now, there are four Governors who are serving unconstitutionally. Their mandates do not stem from the Constitution. They owe their legitimacy to Salva Kiir, not to the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011.

4. Taking and Retaining Political Power

At the beginning of the violence, Salva and his group were constantly talking about a coup plot that they had discovered and foiled. They kept talking about their murderous acts as protecting the Constitution, or against unconstitutional act of trying to take power by force. Article 4 (1) states that “No person or group of persons shall take or retain control of State power except in accordance with this Constitution.” Two words: ‘take’ and ‘retain’ are very important elements of this provision.

As their statements reveal, they are doing what they are doing, pretending to be preventing unconstitutional takeover of the political power. But, all evidence point to the lack of violent takeover on the part of Salva’s political opponents. Instead, Salva and his group are the ones trying to retain power through violence, which is unconstitutional.

5. The Deaths of the More than 20,000 Ethnic Nuer in Juba

The deaths of the more than 20,000 civilians began on the 15th of December and it continued until all the remaining ones had to take refuge in the UNMISS compounds. They were specifically targeted on the basis of their ethnic backgrounds. Every indication points to such an act as premeditated. This act of unjustly killing people went against the very Constitution that they claim to protect.

Under the Bill of Rights, Article 11 of the Constitution talks about life and human dignity. It states, “Every person has the inherent right to life, dignity and the integrity of his or her person which shall be protected by law; no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her life.” The way these people were murdered was such that they had no right to life, no human dignity and the integrity of their persons was never respected. The law simply failed to protect them as their lives were taken arbitrarily on the streets, in their homes and in their cars.

It was an ultimate act against the Constitution.

Now, Is Salva A Legitimate President?

I shall begin by saying that Salva is not an elected president, and any claim of legitimacy should not come from the 2010 election. It follows that he is, instead, a constitutional president. Any claim of legitimacy should come from the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011.

However, by his behavior in office, he has eroded away all the constitutional legitimacy that was bestowed on him by the Constitution. Right now, he only stays in power because he can. His attempt to organize an election to legitimize his rule so as to meet the constitutional deadline is a sign that all along, he has been talking of himself as an elected president, just to fool the people and win their support—internally and externally. He really knows that he is not an elected president.

After all, he admitted his lack of electoral legitimacy by stating, quoted on the 13th of January 2015, that “Those of Riek [Machar] and their friends are trying to hold the country back from going for elections so that they keep the government in hang, so that when the term of this government comes to an end in July, they come out and say you have no legitimacy, which I don’t think our people will accept”.

He further stated, “The simple reason for going for elections is to avoid power vacuum and losing legitimacy.” That is one big brutal attack on his own electoral legitimacy claim, as it is clear from his two statements that he is after the constitutional mandate when he talks of the loss of legitimacy in July.

Another problem that Salva is facing is lacking of things to say. The only thing that he can always come up with is some intelligible attack on Dr. Riek Machar. In his statement, he talks of “Those of Riek Machar and their friends…” as “…trying to hold the country back from going for elections so that they keep the government in hang…” Before Salva’s statement, Riek Machar had not made any statement since the talk of the election began this month.

It was only after his (Salva’s) statement that James Gatdet Dak, the Press Secretary of Dr. Riek Machar, was quoted on the 17th of January 2015 as having made a statement to this effect. He was quoted to have said that “’Our leadership rejects this and asks the South Sudanese and the international community to reject it.’”

So, where does Riek Machar come in, in Salva’s statement? He just attacked Riek Machar before Riek Machar said anything. Was he trying to pre-empt so that he could later say, see, I told you that Riek Machar was against the election? It was just a sign that he was not even comfortable with what he was saying, and was trying to blame someone for something.

Anyway, it also shows that he knows that he has completely struck down his constitutional legitimacy by ruling the country in contravention with the Constitution. That is why electoral legitimacy has always taken precedent over constitutional one.

So, if not a legitimate president by election, and not a legitimate president by constitution, can Salva really still go around and talk of himself as legitimate? Legitimacy comes and goes. When it is there, then it is there. But once it goes, it no longer exists. Just because it was for Salva, that doesn’t mean that it will always exist for him. He can try as many as he wants to run an election to restore it. But, he will not regain it by running the elections that he and his group are talking about.

I personally believe that the elections that they are talking about in Juba will never take place. Talking about them only betrays Salva’s usual claim of legitimacy on the basis of the April 2010 election, a thing that places his supporters in a tongue-tied position at a time when their only point of support is electoral legitimacy.

There are many reasons for me to take the position that the elections will never happen. I will talk about these reasons in my next article. In the meantime, let us all keep listening to Juba on this issue.

The author is a South Sudanese. He can be reached at riangzuor@yahoo.com.

Truth Has its Own Way of Forcing Itself Out

By: Riang Yer Zuor Nyak, SOUTH SUDAN, JAN/17/2015, SSN;

Whenever one decides to live one’s life on lies or by not telling the truth, either as a result of a disorder or whatever the reason might be, the big, slow-moving animal that we call TRUTH always find its own way to leap out of hand. This is a reality that the government of South Sudan should start realizing, if it has not yet done that.

Since the beginning of the war in December of last year, Salva Kiir, Michael Makuei, Paul Malong, Ateny Wek, Malak Ayuen and Philip Aguer have consistently led their group and supporters in the campaign of diverting the attention of the people of South Sudan from the reality of the war situation in the country. They have consistently referred to the SPLM/A and its activities as tribally motivated. By tribe, they mean the Nuer.

On many occasions, the war is portrayed, by them, as being fought between the Nuer and the other 63 South Sudanese tribes (at least, that is what they want others to believe). They kept repeating it as if members of the other 62 tribes (minus Dinka and Nuer) have no brains of their own to think and judge for themselves.

It is a desperate attempt to belittle the Opposition so as to make others perceive it and its activities as tribal affairs. They use the fact that the majority of the fighting forces on the SPLM/A side come from that tribe as evidence to support their propaganda.

They deliberately try to bury their heads, and brush aside what they did in Juba beginning from the 15th of December so that it does not look as the possible reason as to why the majority of the fighters on the SPLM/A side could come from the Nuer community.

The six have failed to see that others could deduce from their statements that since the majority of those fighting (Mathiang Anyor) on their side are from the Dinka community, then the other side of the tribal coin that they have been displaying is the Dinka tribe.

The simple thing that these six guys should understand is that if the SPLM/A can be referred to as a Nuer organization simply because the majority of the fighters come from the Nuer community, then the government can also be referred to as a Dinka business simply because the majority of those fighting on behalf of the government come from the Dinka community.

If this is how they see it, then there should be no public vilification of the Governor of Central Equatoria for saying that the war is between the Dinka and the Nuer. One cannot have it both ways. It is either this or that without a middle way.

Governor Clement Wani Konga
On the 9th of January 2015, Governor Clement Wani Konga made a statement to his government officials, which was basically asking the whole of the Equatoria region to stay neutral in the current war so as to assume the position of peace-makers. According to the Sudan Tribune, the statement spoke of the lack of value in joining the war, and that “It is the only chance for the people of Equatoria coming together so as to bring an end to this war between [the] Dinka and Nuer [tribes]”.

Ateny Wek Ateny
On last Saturday, a day after the Governor had made the statement, Ateny Wek Ateny (Salva’s press secretary) went public, calling the statement of the Governor “irresponsible”. In supporting his negative position, Ateny stated that “It is unfortunate governor Clement Wani Konga had failed to know he is part of the government to make such irresponsible remarks”.

He went further to say that “We believe the current war is not between the Dinka and Nuer, but a war caused by people who wanted to change the government through unconstitutional means”. In that same statement, according to the same source cited above, Ateny continued to state “Also with the rebels, there are people from different tribes, including people from Equatoria. There are also Dinka on the side of those in the rebellion”.

How I See the Thing
I want to state, at once, that I disagree with the Governor on his position that the war is fought between the Dinka and the Nuer. I believe that the war is fought between a people who have been mistreated and finally and systematically attacked on December 15, 2013, and a government that has proven itself to be anti-people and genocidal.

As for Ateny, I can only congratulate him for admitting that he has lost the battle by attacking the Governor for saying what he (Ateny) and his group have been using as a weapon in their propaganda campaign. On this, a brief analysis follows.

First, Ateny appears to suggest that being part of the government means one is not allowed to speak one’s mind. If this is the case, then that is mental bondage.

Second, if the government is not happy with describing the current war as tribal, then Ateny and his group should start leading the way by, first, publicly condemning themselves for have called it a war between the Nuer and other tribes, and, second, by promising the public that they will stop themselves from saying it again after. It is after this that they should be in a position to condemn and stop others from saying the same.

Taking such a step should not, now, be difficult since Ateny has already made a concrete admission that there are Equatorians and Dinka on the side of the Opposition as there are on their side. The problem has been that the government has always been in denial when it comes to the realities of this war.

But, at this point, an admission is made on the issue of the nature of the parties to the war. This issue now seems to be settled.

The other issue is that Ateny, in his statement, has redefined the war as one “…caused by people who wanted to change the government through unconstitutional means”. It is interesting. Who are these “people”? To him, people in his statement refer to the leaders of the SPLM/A. By “unconstitutional”, he is referring to the discredited story of a coup attempt.

At the time when things just got started, the coup story was a big thing to talk about. The government insisted that it had evidence pointing at those who were arrested in Juba as collaborators with Dr. Riek Machar, Gen. Taban Deng and Gen. Alfred Lado Gore who had already been declared as principals.

They insisted that the detainees be tried for their part in the alleged coup attempt. At the end of the trial, the detainees were released, forcing the court to stop making its judgment. That decision was made in anticipation of a court decision that was going to be unfavorable to the government, given the enormous lack of credible evidence. That formally ended the coup story.

As for the three leaders who were not present during the trial, it was said that their case would remain open as there were alleged evidence pointing to them as masterminds.

However, evidence as disclosed by Gordon Buay turned out to be recordings of communications with the troops long after the war had broken out. Is that really an evidence of a coup attempt that was supposed to have taken place before the war? One does not need to be a lawyer to throw this out of the file. It is just rubbish.

The truth of the matter is that Salva Kiir and his group are the ones who have resorted to an “unconstitutional” means of maintaining power. Instead of going through legitimate processes, he decided to go violent on his political opponents and interrupted a democratic political process within the SPLM Party; he went on to commit genocide by systematically going after one tribe that he perceives to be a natural constituency of one of his main political rivals.

Government’s Inconsistency
From the statements made by Ateny, it appears very clearly that the government of Salva Kiir does not have one consistent way of explaining the war to the people of South Sudan in particular and the international community in general.

Their position is determined by the audience that they find themselves talking to. Sometimes, it is a war between the government and coup-plotters; sometimes, it is a war between the Dinka and the Nuer; sometimes, it is a war between the Nuer and the other 63 tribes of South Sudan. They find it difficult to get the magic explanation as to who is fighting who.

This inconsistency on the part of the government in explaining the war is an embarrassing evidence that the war was actually cooked by a few who had failed to ask themselves the question of how to explain the whole undertaking to the people of South Sudan once it happened.

The main thing to them was to come up with the plan to get rid of the unwanted elements of the society. They were simply going after the idea of being the unchallenged power center in the country. Can such a people be allowed to lead a country, such as South Sudan? It is one of the most unfortunate things there are.

Conclusion
The war in South Sudan has been raging on for more than a year now. For all practical purposes, it is a war between the people of South Sudan and an anti-people government. All can see it. Those who have courage speak out about it; those who do not have the courage have resorted to keeping silence, just to avoid confrontation with a murderous government.

On its part, the government, mostly through the six individuals mentioned above, it has been a war between the government and coup-plotters, or between the Dinka and the Nuer, or between the Nuer and the other 63 tribes of South Sudan. Over time, the same government has gone through some elimination process. The coup story has crumbled; the tribal card now seems to be out based on the statement made by Ateny in response to the statement that had been made by Governor Clement Wani Konga a day previously.

With the coup story out of the way and with the characterization of the war as tribal, the war stands now in the eyes of everyone involved as a national crisis that must be faced for what it is.

The interesting thing at this point is that it takes Governor Clement Wani Konga’s statement for the government to change its position and tell the truth about the nature of the parties to the war. That is one of the strange ways that TRUTH can force itself out.

The author is a South Sudanese. He can be reached at riangzuor@yahoo.com.

Juba elites using 1991 propaganda to blackmail political leaders

By James Gatdet Dak, SPLM/SPLA-IO and Chief Spokesperson, JAN/12/2015, SSN;

Judgmental people not only love to recall things that occurred in the past and attributed to people they dislike, but also many of them sometimes choose to live in the bondage of the past.
While it is not a bad idea to excavate and understand the past in order to enrich and shape the present, it is however harmful when the intention is to selectively choose to live in the negative past and become unappreciative of the positive side of that past.

It is even worse when the past is being unfairly used as an instrument of propaganda and to blackmail individuals, leaders or a specific group for reasons only known to propagandists and blackmailers.

Blackmailing is the act of putting pressure on a person or a group to do something they do not want to do, for example by making threats of exposure in order to feel guilty and succumb to the blackmailer’s demand of doing or not doing something.

Therefore political blackmailing is the threat of exposing, or the actual exposure of an element of truth, but more often invented stories with the aim of causing damage to a political opponent(s). This is by slandering him or her, trying to deprive him of the possibility of engaging in political activity or making it difficult for him.

Political blackmailing is applied by an individual or elite group of individuals, who have connived after identifying themselves based on either political power interest, tribal or racial grouping. They put into operation slanderous methods in a protective paranoia against a perceived threat to their interests.

These unscrupulous power hungry individuals would always seek to neutralize that threat, using some classic methods of misrepresenting their opponents in public gatherings, media and other formal or informal platforms as a weapon of political struggle and revenge.

This misrepresentation of the past in order to maliciously distort the present and pollute the future is much prevalent in South Sudan. A good example is the song of recalling the 1991 incident and continuing to remind some leaders about the event.

This song although losing its impact has been an attempt by the interest-group to blackmail certain political leaders so that they may feel guilty and frustrate their conscience on initiating further political changes or reforms.

In the case of the ruling Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM) it also aims at trying to abort a genuine call for federal system of governance and democratization of politics. It is a witch-hunt against those who demand for freedoms and rights in the country. The regime has been using various means to misrepresent the genesis of the political crisis, notably using the state media at its disposal.

MANIPULATION USING THE MEDIA
The elite leaders in Juba are exclusively monopolizing the state media in spreading their propaganda and trying to blackmail opposition leaders and deny other political opinions from being relayed to the public. At the same time they suppress freedom of speech and expression in public and social gatherings and subject independent media to undemocratic and unlawful censorship.

The regime uses a propagandizing form of communication in distorting facts of the political situation and trying to influence the attitude of a community by presenting a tribally motivated one-sided argument.

Such tactics include the use of logical fallacies techniques in order to suppress information or points of view by crowding them out, inducing groups of people to dismiss other political points of view and divert their attention elsewhere.

This dictatorial method by SPLM-In-Government aims at silencing and at the same time discrediting opposing arguments by appealing to fictitious nationalistic feeling or memory of their past accomplishments and contrast negative incidents allegedly attributed to an individual leader and specific community. This is a falsifying method of distraction by nationalism.

The propaganda machinery, lacking a viable program for the nation, has resorted to creating a connection between a past horrific incident with the current distinct political situation. The group appeals to a fictional consensus in trying to create the perception that their opinion is the only opinion, so that alternative ideas are dismissed from public consideration.

The dictatorial elite also use intimidation to inflict fears into the wider audience in the outer ring of their community strong base in order to influence the opinions and actions of others towards some specific end.

The feared incident is therefore exaggerated and the pattern of fear mongering is usually one of repetition in order to continuously remind the bombarded audience of the past 1991 incident. This is to reinforce the intended effects of this tactic to frighten citizens and influence their political views.

This strategy can however backfire if the fabricated events are derided as an attempted distraction from the true national issues at hand.

Such people unnecessarily imprison themselves in the bondage of the seemingly benefiting past, gnashing their teeth as they scan their brains searching for things that went wrong 30 years ago. They are bound to bias and lack of fairness in which they look for small dots which they can use negatively to try to justify and condemn a present situation.

This reminds me of utterances by none other than the president of the Republic at the Nyakuron Culture Center in Juba on Saturday, 14 December, a day before the 15 December violence when he warned SPLM political reformists against repeating 1991.

You cannot seek and achieve independence brought about by self-determination and yet contradictorily despise the leader(s) who enormously contributed to this great achievement. It is a sinful contradiction. However, it is understandable given the desire to blackmail.

It is however harmful and unhelpful to refer to the past partially without fairly examining its pros and cons. It is equally politically incorrect to pursue blackmailing as a political tactic in order to abort leadership succession and reforms.

Of course people unnecessarily died because our leaders in 1980s could not agree on the main objective for the movement, which later on became the self-determination.

They also unfortunately die today because someone entrusted to lead the nation has not learnt from the past and decided to violently resist various positive reforms in the country. This has resulted to the imposed war on the people.

Nevertheless, a leader or person would not want to see his people die unnecessarily. He or she would first of all suggest and pursue peaceful options to achieve the set objectives. Our reformist leaders have never thought that the country would be plunged into this deep violent crisis by a dictator and force them to stage an armed resistance.

There are however situations when the unnecessary becomes necessary by way of imposition or alternative option. There are also times when a certain unintended situation becomes unavoidable. We are all humans and therefore not with a 100% perfection.

Logical people with positive outlook concentrate on the big picture which is the intended positive part of a situation. Concentrating on untended negative side is too judgmental and unappreciative.

We are now faced with the situation in which there is need to change the status quo in South Sudan. We have a new oppressor. An oppressor has no colour or name, because even your brother can attempt to strip you of your many rights, including the right to life, which you are entitled to resist by all means available.

We may recall that South Sudanese leaders who led political resistance and eventually took up armed resistance movements, not once but three times, against successive Khartoum regimes since 1955 did not do it out of warmongering.

The situation was imposed on them. It was not possible to restrict their struggle to a peaceful dialogue and achieve freedom.

The interest group in Juba has declared war on the people of South Sudan who are simply aspiring for freedom, equality, justice and prosperity through reforms. The elite leaders in Juba have been fighting this war with the assistance of foreign agents. It is high time we rendered their propaganda and blackmailing tactics useless. Let us come together as a united people in supporting these reformist leaders for the betterment of all.

The author is a Spokesperson in the Office of the Chairman, SPLM/SPLA. He can be reached at gatdetdak2013@gmail.com

Reasons why national elections shouldn’t be held this year

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda, DEC/04/2015, SSN;

As citizen of a great nation like South Sudan, it is imperative to add my voice to the various dissenting voices over the credibility and viability of holding the forthcoming general elections in South Sudan in on June 30, 2015.

I was really outraged and totally put off when I saw the chairperson of South Sudanese Electoral Commission proudly announcing the date of elections. His action amounts to democratic mockery, which ultimately amounts to sham procedural democracy that perpetuates abuse of South Sudanese democratic rights.

It indicates the persistent and insistent nonchalant attitude of our leaders towards South Sudan sufferings and miseries. Our leaders have not put in picture the fact that South Sudanese children and youth need reforms in the system and development but not political power as the government in the person of the chairperson of electoral commission is trying to achieve.

Holding elections at this time is an attempt to evade the greater crisis that South Sudan is facing, which is a sign that South Sudanese authorities are living in self-denial of the fact that South Sudan in which we are living in today is different from what was expected during the liberation war.

During the liberation war, many people not only leaders harbored the belief that if South Sudan would become an independent nation, there were going to be no any problems. This belief was deducted from the fact that there was a unity among South Sudanese, which made leaders to imagine that South Sudan would be a peaceful country when it got independence, which is not the case now.

Contrary to that belief, there are more crises in South Sudan than in any time of history of Sudan. Therefore, the government is just pushing on with elections despite the atrocities that have been committed to impose the picture of South Sudan it imagined to be during the war.

Besides, by announcing the elections at this time yet what’s needed are security, peace and development, it appears that South Sudanese government has forgotten why South Sudanese people took arms against the Khartoum government in 1983.

If I can very well remember (as the preamble of the Transitional Constitution of 2011 and the Revised Edition of SPLM/A Manifesto of 2008 still carry them), the SPLM/SPLA took arms against the government of Sudan to achieve lasting peace, democracy, rule of law, justice and social justice in particular, respect for, protection, promotion and fulfillment of human rights for all South Sudanese, and in South Sudan as a country.

The constitutional principles as listed above were ones that pushed the SPLM/A to engage into long and deadliest war that lasted for more than twenty years. Scars of that war are still fresh as we often see disabled, orphans, widows and widowers around us, and in addition, its memory is still fresh and bitter in the minds of the living in South Sudan.

However, despite the above facts and to my surprise, SPLM government within less than a decade (since the independence of South Sudan) behaves as if it has forgotten completely why South Sudanese took up arms against Khartoum, and this makes one wonder, “how soon has SPLM forgotten the cause it took arms against Khartoum government in the first place!”

In fact, one of the SPLM’s slogans when it was fighting the liberation war was “freedom and democracy for all South Sudanese.”

Hence in this article, I will try to explain why I do not support the idea of holding general elections in 2015, because if the SPLM presses ahead with the elections as planned, democracy may lose its real meaning in South Sudan, and also, it may result into more chaos which may further aggravate an abuse of human rights of all South Sudanese.

One of the reasons I do not support the idea of holding general elections at this time is that South Sudan needs not to hurry to be at the same stage with the USA or UK in democratic practice but it must be, if it desires to achieve lasting peace, slow in cultivating the values of democracy.

This is because democracy is a culture whose values must be given a cultural medium to grow in slow pace undisturbed.

Otherwise, if we practice democracy like marriage we may end up causing injustice as insensitive majority dominates minority with their ideas and self-centred interests.

The real political system is not one that is only built on political values but it should also be built on human values.

Democracy that is answerable to human needs is the true democracy other than the one that is regularly conducted which is devoid of morals and full of political, economic and social injustices.

For democracy to be called democracy, it must be done in accordance with the international and national standards as recognized by all citizens. This means that democracy should not be carried out as a way of which one plans to retain or maintain himself in the power or cheating one’s way through the power.

Democracy must be in line with the interest of all citizens as a way of promoting peace, justice, rule of law and national stability or their welfare in general. These are factors which determine and guide democracy and peace in the country.

Democracy is the game rooted in the rule of law and security, and without the rule of law and security, democracy will never make any sense and it will or may lose its original meaning.

Originally, democracy was defined to mean the government of the people, for the people and by the people, which means that democracy was specifically intended to satisfy the people or citizens’ desire for good governance in the country in which it is practiced.

Good governance has its distinct features that are characterized by the respect of human rights, strong rule of law, true democracy and strong security system, which is explained by the existence of the rule of law.

Strong security system should not be understood to mean having a lot of security personnel but it should be understood to mean one where fewer crimes are committed and also many citizens have confidence in the system. In other words, the rule of law must exist and protect all citizens equally.

As understood in the definition of democracy in the foregoing paragraph, democracy was purposely developed as a means of which citizens of a country express their freedoms and personal liberties in secured arena to choose who to govern them and how they should be governed.

Secured arena in this context means the situation in which people or citizens live a life with no fear or threat of their lives and future.

It, therefore, implies that all citizens that exercise democracy must do so with absolute or minimal restricted liberties.

The reason is that excessive restriction or impairment of personal liberty in exercising democratic rights is “a social time bomb”.

The “social time bomb” means the existence of strong tensions between groups within the country, which is dangerous to the stability of a nation since citizens all times feel insecure, cheated, betrayed and abandoned.

There are several ways of restricting democratic rights. Democratic rights can be impaired directly or indirectly. Direct impairment of democratic rights may come about like what happened in 2010.

The manner in which the 2010 general elections were conducted was dubious and unprofessional. In reality, there was a direct interference with the exercise of democratic rights of South Sudanese by the SPLM GOSS as it was conducted under the slogan “Vote for the SPLM”.

However the credit should be given to the 2010 elections since it was understandable as it was conducted to the substantial question of the “national interest”.

This was because 2010 general elections were acceptable to the majority of South Sudanese which, by implication became another form of democracy though it was illegal in the eyes of the international standards governing elections.

Nonetheless, since 2010 elections were accepted by the majority, it was in line with the meaning of democracy which is in line with my understanding of democracy.

Democracy, in my understanding, means legal and factual conspiracy of the majority to dominate minority with their opinions and ideas through legalized methods and procedures. That was exactly what happened in 2010.

Hence, whatever outcomes of those general elections, they were and are still legitimate including the government which was elected through that methods and procedures (the current SPLM Government).

However, the time and the situation in which South Sudanese and South Sudan are now, are totally different from 2010, and if the SPLM hopes that the elections of 2015 is going to work in its favour, then, it is a mistaken belief that the SPLM Government is bound to regret in future.

The SPLM is going to regret in future because instead of 2015 elections are going to unite the country, they are going to divide the country even further and more uncertainty still awaits South Sudan ahead.

This is because many politicians who feel cheated will either join Riek or stage their own rebellion like what Late Athor or Yau Yau did if elections will not go in their favour, which will lead into more bloodshed and rampant deaths.

For that reason, the best way to maintain peace and unity in South Sudan is not to rush into premature and premeditated elections which will produce automatic results for the cliques in the ruling party who planned the elections, first things must be done first.

What South Sudanese need first are not elections but they need: the permanent end of war, development, justice, rule of law, education and improvement in health, which the money allocated for elections, can do.

In addition, the formation of interim government should be the first priority of the government. The role of interim government is to govern the country for the next three years in order to reform the whole governance system.

Besides, the interim government will help in writing and passing the permanent constitution that will guide the government on how to govern the country by providing term limits; preferably, two terms and how the national government should relate with the state governments.

The Permanent Constitution can also control the powers of the president, bearing in minds how the excessive powers granted to the president now have affected the country and its politics.

After the adoption of the permanent constitution, the security reforms should be the next on the interim government’s agenda. Security in this respect includes reformation of judiciary and all organized forces in South Sudan.

Why security reform is important in this regard is because it helps in restoring and maintaining the rule of law in the country.

Rule of law means that all persons whether government officials or ordinary citizens must respect law and work in accordance with the law, and moreover, all people should be treated equally before and under the law, that is, the law should be above all the people in the country.

Rule of law is the most important and fundamental element, which every country that is striving to achieve good governance must adopt, respects and maintain. For instance, some of the states are in crisis in South Sudan today because the governments therein have ignored the rule of law.

The major example is that of Lakes, which is in indefinite political, economic and social crises today. In actual sense, I do not accept the contention of the government of South Sudan that people of Lakes State are not law abiding citizens. In indeed, they are law abiding citizens but the State itself is in leadership crisis.

For instance, the current governor is the military ruler who has got used to grabbing money from the army and therefore he has just transferred such tendency of grabbing anything to Lakes State, hence, allowing the rule of law to slip away as he is busy struggling to acquire wealth from the poor citizens of Lakes.

Coming back to our discussion as to why I do not accept the idea of holding elections now, it is important to point out that there is a need for the development and maintenance of the rule of law in South Sudan before any meaningful democracy is conducted.

As explained above, there is a lot that need to be done before the elections are held and those who came up with the idea of holding elections in South Sudan at this time have done it in bad faith.

They are in actual sense on a wild goose chase as they attempt to sooth the present crisis in the country with the idea of tyrant and blind democracy that does not see the reality of South Sudan.

The reality of South Sudan at present is that there is immense human sufferings of South Sudanese citizens due to poverty and insecurity caused by the virtually absence of the rule of law in the country.

To elevate human sufferings in South Sudan now and in the future, first things should be done first and elections should be the last stage in solving South Sudanese crisis because it is not the real solution to out problems.

Based on the foregoing discussion, it is important to add that our government should be concerned with protecting the interest of the nation and the citizens.

It should not only look at the side of political advantage but should protect human values although it means violating the existing laws to achieve it.

The government often puts forward an argument that it would like to legitimize the existing government and this is one of the reasons why it is carrying out elections.

Such an argument does not hold water because South Sudan has a parliament which has an authority to change the law to accommodate any changes that may affect legitimacy of the government.

Moreover, the doctrine of state necessity can be used to make something that is otherwise would have been illegitimate legal in order to achieve or maintain the welfare of the citizens.

This means that where the welfare of the citizens is in danger due to the national crisis, the state can change the law to bring change and stability as it was witnessed in Uganda in 1966 in Ex Parte Matovu case.

Notwithstanding the argument in the foregoing paragraph, such an argument should not be taken as a general rules that will be used in future to violate the rule of law. Otherwise, the fact remains that the welfare of the people is the general principle as one of the proponents of the doctrine of state necessity advocated for.

In summary, for the government to escape future crisis and restore peace, justice and stability, it must adopt proposals as discussed above before holding any elections, otherwise if the government depends on the advice of individuals who have specialized on how to get, maintain and retain power, then, South Sudan will indefinitely dwell in crises.

The Author is Concern South Sudanese citizen living in Uganda and can be reached through:
juoldaniel@yahoo.com

Nimule: Scores injured in clan clashes between Dinka Tuich & Bor

From: ANDREW OLWENY, Nimule, South Sudan, DEC/29/2014, SSN;

Inter-clan clashes erupted among the IDP Dinka Tuich and Dinka Bor in the town of Nimule. Residents of Motoyo village and Nimule trading center were set in panic as gunfire erupted among the Dinka IDP residing in Nimule.

According to eye witness who called our local correspondent in Nimule, a gathering at a traditional wedding went awry leading to several people being wounded, some with serious threatening injuries requiring life saving treatments in the neighboring hospital in Uganda.

Official figures of causalities and those wounded remain undisclosed by the local and state authorities. It is believed that the Juba government very quickly intervened to abort the situation and restricted media access and keeping a lid on the incident thus media houses were not able to report on it including the state owned SSTV.

To the best of our knowledge SSLN is the first to report after confirmations from our regional corespondent.

Per the confirmed report, the clashes erupted when the two clans of tuich and other clan from Bor gathered to celebrate a traditional marriage, however a disagreement soon ensued resulting into gunfire exchanges between the two clans.

This incident highlights the fact that while the locals are being disarmed, the Dinka IDP (so-called Internally Displaced Persons) are fully armed and without disruptions by the Kiir government.

Are these truly IDP’s, or implanted colonies, is the questions that need answers from the Juba authorities.

This is the worst such incident to have taken place in Nimule which, never registered such gunfight between civilians in her entire history to date.

The gunfight lasted for more than 25 minutes this caused panic and many families spent sleepless night in hiding. The Dinka Tuick chief, in Nimule, as ironically as it may sounds, was said to be in police custody, countless ammunitions and guns were recovered from the scene.

According to the caller who spoke to South Sudan liberty on condition of anonymity, the gun owners were definitely not part of national security personnel.

It is safe to assume that these are unlicensed and illegal guns smuggled into Nimule by high ranking military and government officials to inflict heavy losses on the Madi, should they dare seek to reclaim their ancestral lands, from the imposed internally displaced persons who left their home villages in Jonglei more than 20 years ago, and had since refused to repatriate to their ancestral land after the CPA and independence of South Sudan in July 2011 but have laid claim on the Madiland against the wishes of the locals and this is the reason why.

The relationship between the IDPs and the host community has been strained and the Kiir government has repeatedly ignored the appeals of the locals to repatriate these cattle keepers rejected by the locals precisely due to their violent cultures and their dependence on cows which can not be mixed with those whose lives depend on the land for survival with the cows eating up their crops.

Since the incident occurred on 29 December 2014, non Dinka and the native Ma’di people who have been already traumatized with constant intimidation and inaction from the state authorities in Torit and the national government in Juba, repeated their calls for these violent IDPs to go back to their ancestral lands and to let the Madi enjoy their lives in peace.

This unprecedented incident has caused more than 200 civilians to cross into neighboring Uganda, mostly from the Dinka IDPs.

The Nimule Police department (NDP) confirmed to our correspondent that indeed the incident has taken place and they lament to admit the discovery of such staggering quantities of guns and ammunitions in the custody of non-security personnel.

They said they were puzzled by the magnitude of the guns found in the neighborhood. They also said the Tuich Dinka chief is in their custody and will give an explanation as to how such guns got to Nimule and how they were kept under his watch.

A Local Ma’di native who asked for his identity to be concealed, expressed his disbelief and anger with the security and police in Nimule, that he has no faith in the system and it is just a matter of time that the chief will be freed and those who caused the incident will not face the court of law and their guns will be returned, if not Juba will simply supply some more.

“It is the presence of these guns that make the Dinka lay claim in Nimule and Madilnd, while they very well know that their government does not allow the locals to own guns and confiscate even the few the locals have, this is not a government for all but for the Dinkas, the law does not apply to them.” he concluded.

It is worth mentioning that in Nimule the Dinka IPDs run a parallel judiciary, chiefdom and local police to the regular state police and local authorities.

No Dinka has ever been tried in the state set system to date, there is therefore no doubt that those illegal gun owners and those who took lives in this incident will not be charged in courts of law anywhere.

That to you is the South Sudan of today!

ANDREW OLWENY
SSLN,
NIMULE.

Rebels Leader confuses democracy for violence, the tragedy of pseudo comprehensions

By: Gabriel Pager Ajang, Political Science & History Instructor, Wright Career College, USA, JAN/01/2015, SSN;

Juba wrestles with question of violence. Rebels have not only embraced violence as their norm but have also accepted it as a means of achieving ends. Before December 2013 infamous war, rebels in the Greater Upper Nile confused violence for democracy. Several leaders have used violence as their guiding principle of ascending to power or securing leadership.

In the Greater Upper region, violence is rampant. It has been encouraged by the larger population as a platform of getting wealth. Since 2006, it has been documented that the youth in Jonglei state have engaged in vicious cycles of violence. Cattle are rustled for pride and treasures in those several disreputable several cycles of revenge.

Rebels confused democracy or freedom for violence. They tragically call themselves “freedom fighters.” This is the tragedy of pseudo-understanding of democracy. This episode is detrimental to statehood and disastrous to citizens.

Rebels’ leader, Dr. Riek Machar presented an implausible argument about democracy. Format or a proposal which is inconceivable and a kind of ill informed model of democracy that is not grounded in the principles of Western democracy. It is an ideal that suggests that take power at all cost.

Riek models of democracy isn’t convincing because it is premised on the confused or misguided bravery of South Sudanese youth and mythical prophecies of Ngundeng. His model butchers the meaning of democracy.

Rebels’ deliberate orchestration of violence against the State of South Sudan is criminal. They have reduced Bor Town, Malakal and Bentiu to the demolitions the Stone Age era. And these riveting facts defeat rebels’ arguments of developmental and democratic programs.

With current facts and state of affairs, the rebels are the worst enemies of South Sudan. The current violence continues to destroy South Sudan. Violence is a flawed argument for achieving democracy. It is implausible and irrational argument for development and combating corruption in South Sudan.

Violence has destroyed the little development that we have seen in Bor Town, Bentiu, and Malakal and counties surrounding these cities. Violence is not a means of achieving democracy; it is actually a means of rejecting democratic platforms.

Rebels’ leaders fraudulently understood the actual meaning of democracy. The principles of democracy are grounded in the preservation of individual liberty, preservation of property, freedom and protection of all citizens and political participation. Rebels’ pseudo-democracy has harmed several thousand families of South Sudan.

Hence, it is time for rebels to stop confusing bravery with suicidal mission and democracy with prophecies of Ngundeng. It is even questionable whether the prophet’s Ngundeng understood democratic ideals. T

herefore rebels must rethink and take new recourse. They must cease relying on Ngundeng prophecies that have made Greater Upper Nile epicenter for unleashing violence against the state.

Juba survived those dark days. The administration narrowly thrives through thick and thin of 2013-2014. South Sudan survived because people of Equatoria and Bhar El Ghazel regions have had engaged in limited form of violence.

Citizens in these regions have exercised restrained and citizenship. I gave people of these regions credits for choosing peace over violence. And as New Year begins, let us all seek for peace. Peace comes through constructive dialogues.

The problem is our leaders in the SPLM have lost the meaning of democracy and constructive views in translation. People that presented constructive arguments but opposing views of government are branded as rebels.

We have seen in December of 2013, the SPLM leadership (SPLM-Government, and Rebels both) clearly confused democratic ideals with violence and freedoms of expression were seen as threats.

The Leaders of the SPLM (rebels included) abandoned meaningful dialogues and opted for libels, uncanny salacious statements… an episode which eventually threatens the State. Such statements and confusions muddled state of affairs, and the whole situation got out of hand and spiraled into violence.

The state of disorder was caused by the absence of trust among leaders and their complete failure to recognize a legitimate government. The public disorder ensued as the country plunged into her tragic state of affairs.

The inability of the SPLM leaders to follow one leader, the failure of the SPLM leaders to accept Kiir as their president created an anarchic situation.

On the other hand, the administration subsequent rejections of honest counsel in areas of reforms and institutions of government led to nihilism or insurrectionist disorder surged and the whole condition transpired into turmoil which dangerously ripened on the December 2013.

The fact that violence is used as means of ascending to power and to some extent accepted by Juba is itself a threat to our statehood.

Nevertheless, the honest, thoughtful and well researched informed proposals that have helped several nascent countries develop in the past are currently seen as threats by Juba. All these make me wonder, what sort of country do we want to leave for next generation?

What would the poor citizens whose properties have been destroyed, parents were killed and the livelihood shattered say? Could these people be seen as threats or be branded as rebels if they raise complaints to the government?

Nation building is not realized from vacuum, it comes through serious conversations. It is realized through encouraged competitive healthy and well developed ideas. These are then accelerated by constructive and meaningful dialogues among leaders and citizens.

For instance, we have existing South Sudanese customary laws, the Arab/Khartoum cultural laws, and the Eastern Africa/Western informed population. In such diverse environment, the government has a responsibility to gradually integrate these diverse views now or these could prove catastrophic in the future.

Constructive views and meaningful dialogues are enhanced by freedom of expression. The diversity of the laws and cultures of Arab, Africans and the West can enrich South Sudan society, institutions of government, if feasible political engagement is permitted.

However, just like Juba confuses freedom of expression with threats, rebels confuse democracy with violence. Freedom of speech isn’t a threat to government. It is a format of raising concern issues that affect citizens in remote villages to state and central governments.

Rebels on one hand have butchered the meaning of democracy. They unilaterally proposed 21 states and change of South Sudan name to Federal Republic of South Sudan.

Honestly, a High School student is smarter than Riek Machar. These proposals can never be done by rebels alone. Democratic leader would seek consent from the governed (citizenry).

Good leader would propose referendum to be held to find out whether name of the country can be changed. Another referendum can be held for citizens to vote whether states can be splits into 21 or not.

Again, only citizens could make these calls, it is neither Juba nor rebels factions. I hope writers continue to dissect all these confusions. It is time we schooled Dr. Riek Machar and Adwok Nyaba on this subject of democracy and their illiterate saga in this conflict.

The previous and current rebellions and accumulative vices besides international and regional interests are the actual threats to South Sudan. These threats can never be confused with freedom of expression.

Freedom of expression could perfect union of the diverse tribes, especially if freedoms of expression are fostered to enhance transformational ideas and with clear case of rejecting violence.

Juba must understand that any rejection of freedom of expression or seizure of newspapers can be used by the international entities of making their case against the government. Hence, Juba needs to respect citizens’ opinions as along as they are not harmful to citizens and not a threat to statehood.

In this New Year, I hope we focus on peace, and reconciliation.

I do acknowledge that the freedoms of expression in the country and pushing for reform have been hijacked by the rebellion. Now, there is a fine line between raising legitimate issues that need quick resolution and platform of rebels.

The more we brand people as rebels or pro-government the more we could kill constructive debate, a debate that is desperately needed for development and viability.

Our country isn’t black and white. We do not hold monolithic view or one view. Diverse views or constructive dialogues must never be confused with rebellion.

Rebels are fighting for democracy and their ideals of democracy are deeply rooted in evil or Jok rach (Ngundeng) mythical superstitions. Ngundeng’s concepts of leadership are alien to democracy.

Apparently, all democratic ideals reject usage of violence as a means of securing power. Times again and again Riek has not only used violence but embraced Ngundeng prophecies to catapult to power. He wants to become president through violence. He wants to kill his way into leadership.

I am sure Ngundeng could accept bloody president but God will not accept such unlawful means of securing power.

The SPLM internal divisions and tribal conflicts have brought this nation to its knees. In this year, I would recommend to the SPLM leaders to reconcile their disputes; unite their ranks in order to propose programs that would address regional and international interests and tribal conflicts in South Sudan.

Tribal conflicts warrant specific proposal from the SPLM leadership. Our country wants lasting peace if the leaders do not like it. However, the international and regional interests could derail South Sudan economy and sovereignty if the people and leaders of South Sudan are not united to preserve their interests and sovereignty.

It is about time they concur that they are destroying very essence of the independence that they fought for more than two decades. As the New Year comes, people of South Sudan must choose peace. This new year, South Sudanese can choose peace over violence.

Country belongs to all of us, and as we begin this New Year, I urged all the leaders, both SPLM leaders in many camps (in Government, Rebels, G11) to welcome diverse perspectives, and more constructive dialogue that reject violence.

In the course of the last year and one month, we have engaged in sectarian politics and violence and that did not help us. The surfaced deep seated issues of the liberation struggles and post-independence that are occasionally exacerbated by grudges and unresolved problems of the past.

All these need to be resolved. As we begin this year, we must understand that the greatest threats to South Sudan viability are ethnic related conflicts, the SPLM internal disputes and international and regional interests.

Therefore, let’s all reconfigure our behaviors and look for ways in which we can remedy these glitches and find peaceful ways of solving problems. I hope New Year comes with renewal of the hearts and minds of our leaders so that peace is realized in the Republic of South Sudan.

I affirm that we will recover, we will over setback, we will overcome obstacles, will resolve this conflict and emerge stronger than ever because we are people of South Sudan.

We live by common pride in nationalism and patriotism and these ideals have secured our independence and will continue to lead this nation to prosperity and brighter future.

May peace be upon the people of South Sudan!

Gabrial Pager Ajang, Political Science and History Instructor at Wright Career College
He can be reached at ajangassociates@gmail.com

Pres. Kiir initiates a new militia training camp in Jie, E. Equat. State, says Governor

BY JUSTIN S KWAJE, JUBA DEC/29/2014;

South Sudan Liberty News received a direct report from Torit, by a very reliable source close to the governor of Eastern Equatoria State, Mr. Louis Lobong Lojere, that the governor has grown inpatient and distanced himself from what the SPLA spokesperson, Col Philip Aguer, had earlier stated, that his government discovered three rebel training camps in EES state, one at the border of Acholi and Ma’di in Lobonok Payam, a second inside Nimule and the third in the disputed area of Jie located between EES and Jonglei State.

This new development came one week after the SPLA reported having finished a search in the Nimule Corridor from mountain to mountain, home to home, for rebel activities and came back empty handed.

Meanwhile the informant disclosed that governor Lobong categorically rejected this false Juba accusation to implicate the People of EES, and that Lobong was very angry and said the so-called ‘uncovered rebel training camp in Jie did not belong to any rebel groups but it is rather a camp opened for dubious reasons by the President Salva Kiir himself.’

He further worrisomely stated that this is to train additional Presidential guards also known as Kiir’s private militias. The record of this militia is tarnished with the blood of fellow citizens killed in December 2013 in Juba, thus this is not good news for the people of EE state and its malignant design is directly aimed to put down any uprising in Eastern Equatoria State and in the Greater Equatoria as a whole and the Governor wants nothing of it in his state.

He concluded that whatever begins with bad will ends bad, but the great people of EE will not allow a massacre of the scale of Juba or any for that matter in their territories. “This report given by the government was simply a decoy an Kiir is actively plotting against the people of Equatoria through the use of his tribal Militias, just as he did against the Nuer!”

Therefore, he, Lobong has no knowledge, as the top man in his state, of any paramilitary training camp in EES other than that one in Jie, operating under the direct order of Kiir to produce additional private Presidential guards, our informant narrated to us.

This new development coming from a close source to Gov. Lobong must be treated with grave concern and urgency by the public and political leaders of South Sudan, as many can recall and have fresh memory of the Juba massacres carried by this same private militias trained by Kiir at the expense of tax payers’ money.

We are placing this alarming development in the top news to let our compatriots know that Kiir and his henchmen are gearing for yet another tragedy in our nation.

We are about to witness a second gruesome state-sponsored massacre in the lapse of less than two years, tragically enough there are people still ignoring this unfortunate event and still in the misguided propaganda that Kiir is a legitimate elected President, therefore he cannot relinquish power.

“An election does not give one an absolute power to tramp upon even those who elected you. Lucifer was created holy but when he committed sin against the One who created and put him in the place of beauty and power, he lost his legitimacy; thus was cast out of heaven.”

“So who is Kiir that once elected he can not be touched despite becoming irrelevant and illegitimate by the acts of raising an illegal militia, inventing a coup and massacring the very people who elected him?” added a state offical.

Our informant reports Kiir and his Bahr El Ghazal generals have tried all that is possible to provoke the Equatorians to armed fight so that they, the generals, will use this as a pretext to crash the Equatorians, which they believe is easy for them to accomplish.

These Generals are now very apprehensive because the people of Equatoria on their own have started resistance to Juba.

Our informant also revealed to us that other private militias under Kiir would soon open at the border of Western Equatoria state with Warrap, Lakes and Western Bahr El Ghazal states, strategically to serve the Jieng power over the rest of South Sudan.

Meanwhile the commander of SPLA Division II who is responsible in overseeing the areas of Nimule, Pageri, Opari and Moli, issued a provocative remarks that, “let the Ma’di begin the war, they, the soldiers, will destroy all the concrete buildings in Nimule within a day.”

This uncivilized rhetoric set most Madi businessmen and elders in anger, “this is an unfortunate remark coming from the Division II commander whom the vice President James Wani Igga had just said last weekend that the mandate of Division II is to protect the civilian population with their properties.”

“Were we misled by Wani Igga to sit and wait so that we will witness the whole demolition process of our homes?” said an elderly businessman in Nimule.

The commander of Division II himself is a Dinka, though the particular Division II on paper is under the the overall command of Gen. Obutu Mamur.

It must be pointed out that the locals are filled with fear and anxiety that they have been subjected by their own government to constant intimidation, fear and terror created by the Division II army since their arrival in the Madiland in pretext of going after rebels.

Since when did civilians become a legitimate military targets other than only in the Kiir led government?

“We in EES call upon the UN to pressure South Sudan to respect human rights of all South Sudanese and work towards institutional reforms in order to achieve a just and lasting peace,” concluded the state official.

But this message from the international communities falls on deaf ears in Juba. The question now is, will Lobong continues to be a “Yes Sir, Man,” as he now seems to have seen the light, since the tribes that will be crashed, if Kiir can, are most likely his own Toposas and the Madi?

And will the already toothless Juba parliament sit with folded arms and allow a second massacre to happen when they have the constitutional mandate to impeach and to stop Kiir from bleeding our nation?

The Future of this nation no longer is in the hands of Kiir, if left in his hands the shadows of death shall overrun our nation.

My fellow countrymen and women, the future of this country lies in your hands and mine, not that of Kiir and his henchmen! The more Kiir remains in power the more Souls will be lost and perish.

Justin S Kwaje
SSLN, Juba

Peace with no hope to end War & healthy solution for South Sudanese is a nightmare

By: Thon Palek Akol, South Sudan, DEC/27/2014, SSN;

About a year ago, the youngest world new Nation was in the flames of fire and still going. Now all lenses are reflected toward Addis Ababa where opposition led by Riak Machar and government of South Sudanese are trying to iron out their differences after substantial loss of innocent lives. However, what is going on behind closed door in Addis Ababa is not exactly what ordinary South Sudanese people want to hear.

With respect to IGAD body, one cannot deny their firm willingness by standing tall during Comprehensive Peace Agreement about ten years ago. One was hoping to see the same kind of trend because they have what it takes due to their copious experiences for solving East African problems.

According to my understanding, IGAD is mandated to solve our regional problems by being “beneficent and non-maleficent” that means to act in the best interest of South Sudanese people and do no harm. South Sudanese people need peace and peace for all, and that is a crystal clear message to the World bodies and IGAD.

Putting pressure on both contending parties is not a stigma; the stigma is when the world organizations and IGAD want to reward a single ethnic with what they want. Which I believe it will create other political uprising and leave the rest of 63 tribes with no options but empty hands.

The stigma is when South Sudanese people are dying day and night for over 365 days without solid possibilities of cease-fire, and the world is watching. That is a “stigma”, and that is what bothers me and pounds my heart in the middle of the night. I believe you should all do the same when you all sit around the negotiating table.

Demanding:
Now what is different between Riak Machar and ISIS if he is holding the whole nation life hostage because his demands are not met, and the nation is going down the drain?

Riak Machar demands do not yield edible fruits instead his demands are a future potential fuel for another outbreak. I heard him talking about democratic change, but I realized he would not make a democratic change by having two armies in one nation.

I love change, but change will not come from Riak Machar because he does not see the coexistence of other tribes in South Sudan on his monolithic vision. Change is imminent when people are ready for a change, and that is the vast majorities of South Sudan people to make a significant decision.

All of his demands are contradicting with what he called his “principles.” That meant there is no sympathy and compassion coming out from him, and for those who are living in harsh conditions in bushes, and refugee camps.

His long lists of demands will prolong peace process and hasten other burdens on our people. People of South Sudan are not looking for positions that Riak is craving. IGAD should do more to reduce the anguish of our population because even if you give Riak all of his demands it will not suffice the lone Wolf of South Sudan.

Riak’s camp and the government of South Sudan will agree on this today and tomorrow Riak’s camp is going to come up with more strains. A good example should be our detainees. They are silenced and burning inside not because they do not have voices. They do and even if you allocated them with 0% they will take it for the sake of the population and the nation to get back on her feet “that is the principles”.

Principles of, not options of armies and being stewardship by standing behind with innocent’s people and that is what we should respect not principles with a handful of innocent blood.

When you look at his proposal, two armies will not solve our internal problems. Our domestic problems will be solved by the most affected people. By giving a chance to people of Greater Upper Nile region to make wise choices for coexistence of the communities for them (Dinka Bor, Dinka Padang, Nuer, and Mabans people) to forgive Riak Machar and Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Direct communication will also be essential to nurture broken hearts with a smooth approach, and that is what people will need to heal wounds.

I will give you an example in the recent war; I lost my maternal cousin from Shilluk with his wife and five kids when the opposition captured Malakal during the second occupation. Leave alone uncalculated death on my paternal side. Now we are coping with this tragedy because the whole family has been sent to their early graves.

Therefore as families from two interracial ethnics, we forgave their killers because not all Nuer are killers and vice versa not all Dinka are killers. Even if we see his killers, we will still forgive them, and I hope other families who lost their loved ones are ready to do the same.

People do not need what will prolong war and add more burden. We want to relieve pain by forgiving one another. Forgiveness is a duty of the nation and communities who have been severely and profoundly damaged. What happened in Juba should not be a license to kill innocent people in Bor, Malakal, Renk, Baliet, Pigi, Akaka, Maluth, Panriang, Maban, Unity State, Panyakang, Tuonga and by opposition as we all witnessed.

I believe all of these communities are not going to demand anything one day, just for the sake of peace to emanate. They are not interested in what Riak is doing. They know the value of a human being cannot be replaced with positions or properties. They just need genuine reconciliation. Dinka and Nuer have a universal mutual friendship since our ancestors placed us along the Nile.

Yes, history can tell us that Dinka and Nuer do regular fights, but not a destruction fight like what we have witnessed in the past year. South Sudan will not bring back those people who vanished, but we are going to get back properties we have lost because South Sudan is naturally rich with natural resources and agriculture schemes.

It’s supposed to be a time for us to pay the world back, not for the world to give us everything we need every day. We have agriculture capacity that can produce anything we need, and the rest of the world as Dr. John Garang mentioned it in his thesis that South Sudan is the “bread basket of the Middle East”. South Sudan is so blessed, but I am so sad because we do not see that blessing.

Compensations of Properties:
Another fishy scent is what oppositions describe as properties compensations. Ultimately it’s another loophole of corruption opposition presented to enrich themselves in the future, with the South Sudan resources and to cement their kingdom. If he is for a democratic change, he should demand by balancing societal efficiency against interests of the ethnic. And then make properties compensations for a national consideration in the near future.

Pope Francis asked the question this way, “Who am I to judge?” So who are we going to pay properties compensations? Paying properties compensation will not alleviate deep pain that already settled thick down on the bottom of hearts.

Instead, it will be an incentive for others to do the same thing because South Sudan bushes are still not yet full of rebels. IGAD should look back and see what happened during Naivasha Comprehensive Peace agreement. Dr. John Garang did not ask about properties compensation from Khartoum, and he was not a blind man.

Dr. John Garang knows society interest is above individual’s interest, and that is why he stood firm for the right of majorities and minorities alike. All of the nuisances going on in Addis Ababa should cease in order to allow the peace process to prevail and to reduce suffering. Peace is the only hope people are looking.

If Riak knows there is something called properties his forces should not turn the main cities and villages into gravel or ashes.

Conclusion:

IGAD as the judging body should dismantle rewarding the demanded packages if they want a peaceful solution in a long run and to end the yearlong senseless war. Peace with no hope how to end the war, and healthy solution for South Sudanese people is a “Nightmare”.

All of the Riak camp demands for are an invitation to another disaster or to prolong war that does not benefit anyone but his “principles”. Unless if IGAD wants to see another bleeding again after this one. Let us again build strong love, acceptance, understanding, generosity, kindness, and above all forgiveness for one another. This war should not weaken us, instead it should give us strength to heal the disarray of the hearts.

Thon Palek Akol is a concerned South Sudanese
Contact : e mail: tomka2@juno.com

Imaginary Juba’s Nuer massacre & media propaganda reporting

By: John Bith Aliap, Australia, DEC/20/2014, SSN;

“A liar begins with making falsehood appear like truth, and ends with making truth itself appear like falsehood,” opined William Shenstone.

The Rep. of South Sudan – the youngest nation on earth has been hit with unspeakable crises, championed by Riek Machar, the sacked vice president after he plotted to overthrow the legitimate government of South Sudan.

And despite the gravity of his crime, Machar is now bouncing his way yet again under the cover of the West as he did in 1991 when he authorised the killing of more than 35, 000 innocent Dinka Bor civilians after he attempted to oust Dr. John Garang, the ex-leader of the SPLM/A from the power, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/04/south-sudan-massacre-among-man-many.

Right from the beginning of the current crisis in South Sudan, the Western media outlets have been flooded with unfounded stories about Nuer massacre in Juba – where at least 20, 000 – 50, 000 ethnic Nuer are alleged to have been ethnically targeted by Kiir’s government.

“We estimate as many as 20,000 – 50,000 people died in Juba during the first week alone”, said one Western aid worker, who asked that his name nor that of his organisation be published due to the sensitivity of the issue. See this report at http://news.yahoo.com/50-000-not-counting-south-sudans-war-dead-205218445.html.

Tribalists in South Sudan have been using Juba Dec. 2013 incident as an opportunity to advance their selfish tribal interests. For example, in an article entitled “the pains of 15th December 2013, ElHag Paul, an advocate of South Sudan’s Somalization “urges South Sudanese to erect a memorial for the victims of ethnic cleansing in Gudele in Juba. This, he suggests, would remind us of the scourge of SPLM and the ideologies of ‘born to rule’ and Jieng supremacy.

Paul claims in this article that a memorial will serve as a national mourning site, educational centre for the young and act as a symbol of resistance to injustice, tribal ideologies and crimes against humanity.” http://www.southsudannation.com/the-pains-of-15th-december-2013/.

Not only him, Nyamilepedia, which serves as Machar’s propaganda machine is also awash with “Juba Nuer massacre,” claims: Commemoration of Nuer Genocide 16th – 19th December 2013, Juba massacre and the second liberation of our country, A just cry of a groaning remnant, Massacred Nuer in December 15-118 2013 in Juba, South Sudan their Statistics and how to mourn them, South Sudan Nuer Students and entire communities in Addis Ababa agree to commemorate the December 15 Juba massacre on time, South Sudan massacre turned One; the world Still watches the Scene ….. and the list is long.

You can verify these reports if you want at http://nyamile.com/page/2/.

Nuer massacre, Nuer massacre, Nuer massacre, you guys are so crazy with tribalism. Why don’t you talk about other South Sudanese who have also lost their lives in this war? While briefing South sudanese’ elders about the recent power sharing agreement in Addis Ababa, Kiir dropped a bomb shell revelation to South Sudanese’ elders who were waiting to hear the good news about the peace in the country that he visited a military hospital in Juba earlier and told by management that more than 1,888 government wounded soldiers are being treated at the facility in the capital alone, S. Sudan president briefs elders on resolutions, reiterates commitment to peace, http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article53187.

Another recent report suggests that the number of Kiir’s government soldiers killed or wounded in the current conflict is more than 20,000, according to a high-level military source. In the period from January to October over 2014 10,659 soldiers belonging to the SPLA-Juba forces were killed in battle and more than 9,921 soldiers were seriously wounded, visit https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/south-sudans-military-casualties-top-20000 for more information on this matter.

Those who are now crying loud for Nuer unfounded massacre in Juba are all murderers who should be held accountable with their mentor Riek Machar. As someone who enjoys people’s slaughtering, Machar’s tribal militia popularly known as ‘White Army’ has butchered tens of thousands of innocent South Sudanese with impunity across the country.

This dates back to 1991 era when he fell out with his ex-boss Dr. John Garang, the founding father of the SPLM/A. And without any apparent fear of the consequences, Machar’s undisciplined mob of civilian soldiers have on numerous occasions shot and gang raped patients in their hospital beds, massacred civilians in churches, machine-gunned fleeing civilians in swamps – leaving their bodies to rot, be carried away by the Nile river or be consumed by its crocodiles.

For example, when his rebels seized the town of Bentiu – they unleashed two days of ethnic slaughter as they hunted down civilians sheltering in mosques, churches and a hospital, butchering dozens on the roadside, according to the United Nations. Be aware that this report contains unpleasant graphic images: http://www.ntd.tv/en/news/us/20140423/131352-white-house-horrified-over-massacre-of-civilians-in-south-sudan.html#sthash.N0dija2f.dpuf.

As it’s what Machar is accustomed to, him and his men have turned the Rep. of South Sudan into an abattoir – slaughtering thousands of innocent civilians without fear – “Bor killings amount to “war “crimes”, says AU chief, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, chairperson of the African Union Commission – http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article49287.

Intoxicated with greed of power and tribalism, Machar doesn’t need other South Sudanese particularly Dinka to live in Nuer’s soil. During the eve of the current conflict, Machar ordered an estimated 2,000 Nuer gunmen to surround the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) Protection Base in Akobo and “opened fire on unarmed Dinka civilians who had sought refuge inside the compound earlier.” https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/un-continues-offer-conflicting-numbers-akobo-massacre-death-toll.

Nowadays in South Sudan, Machar’s crimes are seen in every corner. In Atar area of Pigi County in Jonglei state – Machar’s rebels entered into a densely populated Dinka village and killed more than 50 unarmed innocent civilians – http://reliefweb.int/report/south-sudan/calm-has-returned-atar-area-pigi-county-jonglei-days-after-clashes-between.

Also in Jonglei state, Duk County, Machar’s rebels launched a sustained and unprovoked assault on unarmed civilians killing 36 and injuring 31 others while they were sleeping in their huts.

“We are getting reports that these rebels killed the civilians. A report coming in put the figure at nearly 40 – Killing civilians is their (rebels) habit. Their aim is to loot, kill and destroy property. We are calling on the international community to condemn this action,” said South Sudan’s military Spokesman Philip Aguer, http://www.africareview.com/News/Scores-of-civilians-killed-in-South-Sudan-rebel-assault/-/979180/2264008/-/75m7b8/-/index.html.

In Malakal, the state’s capital of Upper Nile state, the State Minister of Information, Philip Jiben Ogal, reported that forces loyal to Riek Machar have killed civilians in hospitals and churches – civilians who had sought refuge in churches have all been butchered by Machar’s rebels, http://eyeradio.org/civilians-church-leaders-flee-malakal/.
Don’t give up yet of Machar’s crimes.

In Renk, a Dinka inhabited town bordering Sudan, Machar’s rebels stormed Dinka villages and killed over 25 unarmed civilians including women and children.

Lual Deng Chol, Commissioner of Renk County said that Riek Machar’s rebels raided the villages of Majak, Daba, and Chambor over the weekend in what looks like a targeted attack against the Dinka ethnic community. Read the original article on theafricareport.com – http://www.theafricareport.com/East-Horn-Africa/rebels-kill-over-25-civilians-in-south-sudan.html.

The official narrative of the current war in South Sudan has three key elements that have been almost canonized and are repeated robotically by western English-speaking news consumers from all walks of life – economic classes and political leanings.

The Western media has been issuing blank cheques to the world that tens of thousands of ethnic Nuer were killed in Juba on Dec 15 2013. This was done by a Dinka trained army known as “Mathiang Anyor”. The current war is a meaningless tribal savagery initiated by Dinka war engineers.

The truth of the matter, “Machar’s Juba attempted coup” has not been mentioned much on the Western media. As the war rages on in South Sudan – the western media including: the Guardian, My Time, the Telegraph, ABC, the Washington Post, Boston Globe, CNN, New York Time, Wall Street Journal, the Observer, just to name a few launched a full scale and sustained assault on Kiir’s government – ‘dubbing the conflict as the tribal war’ – while Riek Machar and his mates continue to beat the Nuer as victims drum roll.

To bring into light the Western conspiracy against Kiir’s government, the following reports would provide hints to see how the West manufactures and frames the current war in South Sudan to advance its interest. Under the title – “South Sudan atrocities amount to war crimes” – the Guardiannews paper falsely claimed that civilians in South Sudan have been subject to ‘extraordinary acts of cruelty’, including gang rape and ethnically motivated murder, see http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/aug/08/south-sudan-atrocities-war-crimes-report-warns.

Kiir and Machar’s tribal war has split the country along ethnic lines, sparking clashes between Kiir’s Dinka and Machar’s Nuer, http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/may/16/south-sudan-crisis-gravest-un-food-shortages-famine.

Machar has never plotted a coup against Kiir’s governemt – “we have not seen any evidence that this was a coup attempt, but it certainly was the result of a huge political rift”, http://time.com/362/report-u-s-mulling-targeted-sanctions-against-south-sudan/

In South Sudan, ethnic attacks spark fears of civil war. President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and former vice president Riek Machar, who is a Nuer. Targeted ethnic killings threaten to throw the country into chaos, http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/in-south-sudan-ethnic-attacks-spark/fearsofcivil/2013/12/24/5dfb1811e3a5d6f31cd74f760_story.html.

The conflict in South Sudan took on an ethnic dimension, pitting South Sudan’s two largest groups, the Dinka and the Nuer, against each other. Mr. Kiir is a Dinka, while Mr. Machar is a Nuer, available at New York Times web site, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/08/world/africa/in-south-sudan-a-ghost-of-wars-past-child-soldiers.

South Sudan is at a ‘tipping point’ as ethnic violence puts millions ofpeople at risk of starvation and disease, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/18/south-sudan-crisis-famine-genocide.

What began as a political struggle in the SPLM party soon took on an ethnic dimension as fighting broke out between the two largest ethnic groups in South Sudan, the Dinka and the Nuer. Kiir is a Dinka, and Machar a Nuer, see http:// www.bostonglobe.com/news/world/2013/12/28/southsudangovernment rejects rebel call to free politicians.

Kiir and Machar have been struggling for power for some time and behind their rivalry lies ethnic antagonism – Mr Kiir is a Dinka, the largest tribe in South Sudan, and Mr Machar is a Nuer, the second largest ethnic group http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/southsudan/10527888/South-Sudan-crisis-explained.html.

The war in South Sudan is rapidly dividing the two-year-old nation on ethnic lines, pitting Mr Kiir’s Dinka tribe against the Nuer tribe to which Mr Machar belongs, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-12-25/mass-grave-fuels-fears-of-ethnicbloodshed-in-south-sudan/5174688.

The West has not been acting alone without domestic allies in South Sudan. For example, the Nuer media – which is the mouth piece of Machar’s uncalled rebellion, has pumped out a handful of unbalanced reports about South Sudan crisis – joining its Western devil allies in “Kiir must step down” drive.

“South Sudanese security operatives allegedly targeted mainly the Nuer national staffs headed for the training in Uganda”, come on duds ….security screening is a normal thing – done in every airport around the globe, not only in Sudan Sudan. More details availabl at http://www.southsudan.net/July 2, 2014 Kampala.

Kiir and his militias, motivated by hatred and lust for power, continue to carry out refined and systematic extermination of ethnic Nuer with the sole purpose of thorough ethnic cleaning. The barbaric, inhuman, ruthless murdering and massacre of Nuer civilians in a cold blood is a testimony to the cruelty and brutality of the Killer, criminal Kiir and his Militias in South Sudan, this report could be found at http://www.southsudan.net/June 03, 2014/Nyamilepedia.

Thousands of Nuer civilians have been killed in Juba and unregistered number of Nuer civilians in Unity State’s, Mayom, Koch, Mayendit, Rubkoni, Panyijiar and leer hasbeen driven out from their homes by Kiir’s Dinka forces, http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/news/press-releases/we-want-accountability-for-nuer-civilians-massacred-by-kiir-dinka forces.

Nuers were killed like chicken by soldiers loyal to President Kiir. As the war raged in Juba, the Dinka soldiers began looking for Nuer in their houses and killing them one by one which completely confused the whole situation in the Country. Gai Manyuon, a Nuer deposed journalist would provide you with more details on this story or you can access it under the title, “A survivor: Visionless Kiir must be charged for the Crime against Humanity” http://www.southsudannation.com/2013/12/page/2/.

Without hesitation, the above reports about South Sudan conflict are all lies cooked by agents of South Sudan’s destruction. In fact, there has never been any targeted killing in Juba and the conflict itself is not tribal as the West and criminal Riek Machar would want us to believe.

Although the Western media dubs the conflict in South Sudan as “tribal war”, both camps (government & rebels) have distanced themselves from this tribal narrative. Maj. Gen. James Koang Chuol – Machar’s tribal loyalist – cautions the Western media – suggesting that the current conflict should not be viewed as a tribal war, describing it as a struggle against dictatorship.

Chuol has strongly condemned those framing the violence as a war against the Nuer and Dinka tribes – “Rebel commander says S. Sudan conflict shouldn’t be labelled as tribal war” available at http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article49580January 15, 2014 Kampala.

President Kiir– Machar’s barrier to presidency also jumped to the podium arguing that “ethnicity is not actually in our vocabulary, and as we speak with you, the chief of general staff of the SPLA, the whole army, he’s a Nuer. The speaker of the national assembly, he’s a Nuer. The director general of the external security, he’s a Nuer. Plus the key positions in the ministerial positions are being held by Nuer” –Interview: South Sudan President Salva Kiirhttp://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304603704579324270804082580.

Mayen Dut Wol – South Sudan ambassador to terrorists’ hub Sudan and a close ally to ICC destined Bashir insists that the ongoing conflict in South Sudan is political in nature, and not motivated by tribal rivalries. Wol firmly claims that five out of the seven members of the ruling party’s political bureau who supported Machar during his chairmanship bid in 2013 are from Kiir’s Dinka tribe while the other two are from Machar’s Nuer tribe – this proves that “the conflict is about political differences among the ruling party leadership,” – South Sudan conflict ‘political, not tribal’ – can be viewed at http://www.worldbulletin.net/news/125469/south-sudan-conflict-political-not-tribal.

The Western media led the charge into South Sudan’s crisis and the Wall Street vultures began drooling; Western military intelligence operatives under the UNMISS’s cover – begun organizing logistics, maintaining supply chains, arranging weapons shipments to support their darling aka Riek Machar – “UN Trucks Intercepted Trying To Smuggle Arms To Rebels In South Sudan” – available at http://www.africanglobe.net/africa/trucks-intercepted-smuggle-arms-rebels-south-sudan. “Ghana caught up in South Sudan’s UN arms scandal“http://www.dw.de/ghana-caught-up-in-south-sudans-un-arms-scandal/a-17637451.

Juba Nuer massacre which doesn’t exist has been systematically cemented into the minds of many people around the globe through a year-long insidious western media propaganda reporting. Almost a year after the pivotal events of December 15 – when Riek Machar and his mates in crime staged a coup against the people’s government led by his Excellency Gen. Salva Kiir Mayadit, should the western media news consumers – scholars, peace workers, academics, clergy, politicians, humanitarian aid workers, everyone – start thinking and accept responsibility for their own participation in the current crisis in South Sudan?

The answer to this question depends on which side of the equation you’re in, but let’s set the stage for the so-called “Juba Nuer massacre” which purportedly began in December 15 2013. In my perspective, it would be helpful if critical facts are offered to anyone who wants to mourn and sob about mayhem in South Sudan ought to understand before they open their mouths and display sheer ignorance.

The current conflict in South Sudan isn’t between Nuer and Dinka as reputed somewhere in this article. The writing is very clear on the wall. Riek Machar is simply using ethnicity card to mislead uninformed Nuer villagers and cattle herders to fight his war of power greed.

Juba’s incident – where Machar attempted to force his way to presidency doesn’t fit definition of genocide. It’s a mere propaganda by Machar and his blind supporters to justify their opportunistic war against the state, and to the West, it’s the resource hunt strategy.

Riek Machar is an excellent liar. Look, in his first interview with Al Jazeera in undisclosed location on the 19th of Dec. 2013 – after he fled from Juba like a beheaded chicken, he lied to the whole world that 20, 000 Nuer have been killed in Juba by Kiir’s government.

Kiir’s Dinka soldiers in Juba have been flattening Nuer dominated suburbs and members of the country’s national intelligence services have been picking people off and carting bodies around the capital. Ethnically targeted violence is ongoing in Juba with reports of killings and arbitrary detentions of Nuer civilians.

He accused Kiir in the same interview of inciting ethnic killings and tribal divisions in the country. South Sudan’s Machar speaks to Al Jazeera, available at //www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/12/south-sudan-machar-speaks-al-jazeera-2013121961331646865.htmlSouth Sudan’s Machar speaks to Al Jazeera 19 Dec. 2013.

But remember this interview was done three days after the fighting broke out in Juba. Riek Machar was not spared a chance to even change his clothes or take a shower, leave alone counting the dead. He was being pursued day and night between Juba and Bor by the SPLA until he was rescued by blood–thirsty Peter Gadet in Bor.

This calls into question – how did he manage to count the Nuer killed in Juba while on the run? Does anyone out there know the answer?

However, based on the available evidence, I would argue that the alleged Juba Nuer massacre or Kiir’s tribally sponsored genocide as they call it is mythology that relies on simplifications, tribal narratives, stereotypes and reductionism about President Kiir.

While the Western media cheers the killer “Riek Machar,” Kiir and his colleagues in the government are in turn portrayed as killers who could do anything to maintain their grip on power. They have been depicted as those who are ruthlessly set to wipe out every Nuer off the earth.

But in turn, Kiir and his mates saw the war coming at the hands of their erstwhile elites – Riek Machar and his Western allies. President Kiir and his team knew too well before Dec. 15 2013 – given Machar’s history of power grab that he…. (Machar) would be plotting to grab people’s power, and this would undermine social, economic, military and political institutions in South Sudan.

Kiir and his team were also well aware that Machar’s power grab bid would destroy people’s properties and slaughter thousands of innocent men, women and children across South Sudan who are seen to be not supporting the SPLM – In – Opposition – Bor Massacre is a perfect example of Machar’s ruthlessness, (See Bentiu Massacre at athttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/22/bentiu-massacre-south-sudan-united-nationse).

Kiir and people of Sudan have been waiting to see response from the international community in regard to Machar’s atrocities – but no, the international community has instead threatened Kiir’s government on numerous occasions, with sanction and arms embargo should it continue military offensive against Machar’s rebels.

See “Rival forces in South Sudan’s civil war should face sanctions and an arms embargo – the scale and gravity of the abuses warrant a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan, as well as targeted sanctions on individuals responsible for serious violations of international law”, available at http://manilastandardtoday.com/2014/08/08/arms-embargo-mulled-on-south-sudan/.

The SPLM – In – Opposition led by tribal warlord Riek Machar is a “criminal enterprise” firmly determined to wipe out entire towns, cities, villages and cattle camps particularly of those who do not support its criminal activities.

As a result, those who have been singing the ‘Nuer Juba massacre’ song should now understand that these were very real certainties that Kiir and his work matched a right and necessity to defend themselves and their country against.

Machar’s Western in-laws have always been behind him when he plans his usual subversive activities. For example, in an apparent show of support and solidarity, Western coverts agents including intelligence officers flocked to Pagak, a rebel hub town along Ethiopian border where Machar and his unruly group recently held a consultative conference about power sharing agreement.

Sources in that meeting disclosed that the Western intelligence officers held a closed door meeting with Riek to work out ways to bring down Kiir’s government to its knees through military means, http://chimpreports.com/tag/riek-machar/.

To them if any woman is raped or civilians massacred by Machar’s rebels, it could be an accident, a rogue soldier, and said soldier would be duly punished. No one has ever been punished up to date.

Facts don’t seem to matter anymore because Western hysteria has been whipped up by its wild media. The Western psyche has been indoctrinated to believe exactly what Riek Machar and his agents want: Kiir must go, there should be two armies in South Sudan, Nuer should control 70 per cent of the government, South Sudan should be reunited with Sudan, Western elites should take charge of oil and other resources in the country, Ngundengism should be the main religion in South Sudan, politics of regionalism– Bar el ghazal, Upper Nile & Equatoria should be reintroduced, South Sudan should be placed under the UN trusteeship, National Legislative Assembly must be dissolved, The SPLM must be dismantled, the structure of South Sudan Army (SPLA) must be changed.

Is criminal Riek Machar out of his mind? These demands are laughable and South Sudanese who love their country won’t agree with him. However, while he … (Machar) attempted a coup against the government, he has been applauded, shielded, and/or hidden from the eyes of the world by the West.

Machar’s war of greed and tribalism has opened a flood gate and imperialists are bent to do whatever they want in South Sudan in the shadow of international intervention. The Western media has done its best. It has brainwashed minds and psyche of individuals in the West – transforming them into hysterical self – congratulatory humanitarians, unable to separate truth from lie, and certain of their conclusions no matter how erroneous.

John Bith Aliap holds two bachelor degrees in Social Work and Social Planning. He can be reached at johnaliap2011@hotmail.com

Lest we forget the hundreds of thousands who perished in Salva Kiir’s Juba genocide!

From: Peter Adwok Nyaba
Subject: December 15, 2013
Country: South Sudan, SSN;

Today, December 15, 2014, marks the first anniversary of the Juba massacre of ethnic Nuers ordered by President Salva Kiir Mayardit. It remains the saddest day in the history of South Sudan for it triggered the worst animal instincts, dehumanized us, that in a matter of moments we began to discriminate and decimate ourselves on the basis of ethnicity.

Initially, the Nuers alone were marked for death at the hands of ‘dutku beny’ or the auxiliary presidential guards recruited specifically for that purpose at the behest of President Kiir by Paul Malong Awan.

Nevertheless, any Dinka with facial marks as the Nuers suffered the same brutal fate. The village boys from Warrap and Awiel did not know that other Dinka people existed in Upper Nile or Jonglei. They also murdered a Chollo judge because they wanted to possess the Toyota V8 he drove.

Then, in a few days the mayhem spread like bush fire to other towns Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Renk, etc., where now the Nuer in a similar fashion avenged their beloved ones against the Shilluk, Dinka, Nuer, Maaban, etc. The Shilluk also took on the Nuer; the Dinka took on the Shilluk, Nuer and Maaban.

In his desperation, President Salva Kiir Mayardit invited the Dar Furi Sudanese rebels [Tora Bora], the Justice and Equality Movement to join the war against Dr. Riek Machar.

He also invited the Ugandan People’s Defence Forces [UPDF] and their Helicopter Gunships whose gunners could not differentiate between the Nuers, Dinka, SPLA or White Army and bombed them without segregation, in a civil turned regional war with ill-defined political objective.

Nevertheless, characterized by vengeance and counter-vengeance, for no reason, in which innocent women, elderly and children without distinction, perished in a manner unprecedented in our wars not even when we fought the mujahedeen and the muralieen.

December 15, 2013 is the day for which, we must invariably lower our heads in shame to deflate our individual inordinately enlarged egos.

For that day imperceptibly exposed our five decades pretence and collective self-deception that we were one people fighting for liberation, equality, freedom and justice. On that day, inadvertently we denied our commonality, collective heritage and we forgot about neighbourhood or neighbour standing up to defend the neighbour in danger.

It was the day indeed our compatriots who after the CPA came back from the Diaspora quickly identified themselves as American, Canadian, British, French, Australian citizens as they stampeded to catch the airplanes evacuating foreigners from Juba, Bor, Malakal and other towns in South Sudan leaving us to finish the job killing ourselves.

Some of the perpetrators of the Juba massacre even evacuated to go back to Nairobi, Kampala, Australia and USA whence they came from. We know them individually and justice and accountability will not spare them when that time comes.

On December 15, 2013, we confirmed to our detractors that nothing but the common enemy in form of northern Sudan united us. We did not have a magnanimous leader since we lost Dr. John Garang de Mabior. Indeed, that tragic Helicopter crashed with all of us.

Comrade Salva Kiir did not fit into Garang’s shoes. He was not the Joshua once in 2005 the Archbishop of Juba Archdiocese described him. Therefore by thinking solely of himself and his power Salva Kiir did not invest much in keeping our people united.

For on December 15, 2013 he invited foreign troops to kill or people thus negating the independence and sovereignty for which our fore fathers and ourselves sacrificed over the decades.

One year on today December 14, 2014, the job is not finished. The killing still goes on unabated fuelled by intense hatred and the urge to finish the others as if we want to bury the country with the dead we killed. On the following days, our people voted with their feet travelling to Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia to the refugee camps.

However, the affluent ones, the potbellied linked to the Warrap mafia with connexion to the Central Bank of South Sudan made up with huge dollars bank notes to purchase real estate in Kampala, Nairobi, Addis Ababa and other regional cities in order to run away from the consequences of their conspiracy. They did not want to see the corpses they felled.

The poor land locked ones in Upper Nile and Unity states made it back to the Sudan; back to the squalid makeshift camps in the suburbs of Khartoum, Kosti, Medani, etc., suggesting yet that the Southern Sudan referendum and the independence vote they cast was the biggest mistake in their lives.

No! Our people made no mistake voting in the referendum for self-determination. Their leaders betrayed them! The leaders of the war of national liberation betrayed them.

All along the twenty-one years of revolutionary armed struggle and chanting liberation songs, the people had believed, and wrongly though, that their liberation leaders were different from the Arabized Northern elite who ruled the Sudan from Khartoum since 1956. The CPA transformed those liberation leaders into the people’s ‘oppressive-eaters’.

In eight years, by their performance in government, those leaders not only turned the people of South Sudan against each other in ethnicized conflicts, but also looted the country’s resources, drank the oil, killed the innocent, emasculated the burgeoning state institutions and transformed the country into a limited liability enterprise in order to facilitate and lubricate the looting.

Eight years of random and rampant looting, these liberation leaders stashed their loots in foreign lands, doubly denying the people the benefit of investment and job creation in the country. They built palaces not in the land for which the fought and died but in the neighbourhood or far afield in Melbourne, Sidney or Washington DC and San Francisco.

Not only that, but in the eight years these liberation leaders blocked, undermined, conspired against, chastised, elbowed out and ostracised their own comrades in struggle to enable personification of power and wealth. Some threw in the towel and left government posts in frustration.

Some rebelled and met their deaths in hotel rooms in the neighbourhood. Yet Salva Kiir pardoned some and awarded government purchased villas.

In the eight years following the CPA the best SPLA combatants registered as ‘unconfirmed names’ and were consigned to their homes – the revolution is over; and the ‘wounded in action’ registered in DDR projects which did not materialize as corruption also ate into the hearts and minds of the managers who arrived from the Diaspora.

The widows and orphans of former SPLA combatants ‘fallen in action’ registered as concubines to satiate the sexual appetite of the living colleagues now promoted to the general.

These generals were the former SPLA commanders and alternate commanders etc. Those among them who have no command or did not become ministers to access easy money [inflated parades in the commands] now engage in bad business in everything with foreign ‘friends’ ranging from rent-seeking; providing services that frustrated and prevented modernizing transport system and the provision of pipe water in Juba, because their Ugandan driven boda boda or Ethiopian/Eritrean driven water-tankers must make money.

Some ran, in collaboration with Ugandans and Congolese, brothels in Jebel Market dispensing HIV to unsuspecting adolescents. Some of them even ventured into higher education sector and with assistance of Ugandan conmen opened universities that awarded degrees to primary school dropouts. One of these universities in Awiel offered Bachelor of Legal Laws [abbreviated LLB] suggesting the people behind the project were fraudsters.

The patronage system informalized the economy lubricated by dollar notes available to relatives who sell it on the open Juba market [it would be a misnomer to call Black Market the umbrella covered street dollar vendors].

Free women, house-wives and young girls have been drawn into dollar business losing morals and morality as they conceive illegitimate children in the course of time.

Land became a commodity for which one could lose life. An engineer, a former Mayor of Yei were murdered over land to mention a few cases of land grabbing. The owner of ‘Rock City Hotel Complex missed death by whisker because the principal wanted to own the business.

Eight and half years of vanity was bound to culminate in December 15, 2013. It could not have be less than that for leaders who lost the SPLM vision and direction. The leaders ran the country based on political patronage of ethnic and regional lobbies rather than formal institutions.

Thus, after betraying the compatriots of the northern sector, the Nuba ad the funj whose bones litter South Sudan, these SPLM leaders betrayed the Abyei people and refused to stand with them to ensure the regional and international recognition of the successful referendum they conducted on October 31, 2013.

Therefore, the events of December 15, 2013 represent the anti-climax of SPLM as a national liberation movement. The events of December 15, 2013 mark the decline from the height of national liberation to the fragility and then the state collapse.

The events epitomize the end of Salva Kiir to the helm of the SPLM now split into SPLM [IG], SPLM {IO] and SPLM [FPD]. It could not have been otherwise given that Salva Kiir surrounded his leadership of the SPLM and the Government of Republic of South Sudan with Bahr el Ghazal [reader Gogrial and Awan] elders as the inner circle of the Jieng Council of Elders [JCE] since he inherited power in 2005.

President Salva Kiir, the first president of the Republic is adamant on his incumbency notwithstanding the precarious crossroads, between being and not, he has now placed South Sudan.

Now surrounded by a cartel of commercial interests, security barons and traditional leaders bent on enjoying power, wealth and influence Salva Kiir is constructing a despotism unprecedented in South Sudan and unparalleled in the region.

It is about time the people of South Sudan transformed this tragedy into its opposite as we commemorate the demise of hundreds of thousands of our people. Their death shall not have been in vain if we all rise to defeat ethnic chauvinism and bigotry, licentiousness, greed for power and wealth, as well as love of self.

These viruses plunged this country into this dismal situation. The conflict contours are now well defined. In Arusha the three SPLM factions [IG, IO and FPD] discovered and located the root cause of this political malaise locate in the SPLM leadership failure not in the ethnic configuration of South Sudan.

It is now clear; our people have nothing against themselves. The Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, Maaban, Murle, Mundari, Balanda, Ndogo, Kriesh, name them have nothing against each other as a people. Their predicament springs from the manipulations by the political and military elite, which the war of national liberation catapulted to the helm, of their social, linguistic and cultural diversity.

The elite that put power and wealth over and above any human consideration, and which has put its tommy over and above the nation has consequently run down the country in less than eight years of brinksmanship.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit represents that elite leadership that hangs onto power oblivious of and fails to notice how the country is sliding down the drain.

Lest we forget, it is now time the people of South Sudan took the initiative. It is no longer the issue of Salva Kiir; it is the country and the nation at stake. The war should come to an immediate end through the concerted efforts of all peace loving South Sudanese.

It is about time that we rallied behind the resistance forces everywhere in South Sudan to route Salva Kiir out of J1 in order to salvage the country.

Organize do NOT Agonize! Lest we forget December 15, 2013!

Peter Adwok Nyaba
Pagak, Maiwut County, Upper Nile State
The Republic of South Sudan
December 15, 2014