Category: Politics

Will the Ministry of Labor Order to replace aliens with nationals be implemented?


This question is very easy for the Minster of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development to answer because it is apparent that no government minister could issue orders and fail to follow up on them.

Nonetheless, as a citizen of this country and very familiar with the way things have been happening, I am a bit skeptical of how this question can be answered adequately. However, before I could attempt to give any answer to such question, I wish to give my readers a brief background of what I intend to share with them on this particular issue.

Over the past few days, international, regional and national airwaves have been hit by the news that the government of the Republic of South Sudan and particularly its ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development has issued orders to all government institutions, NGOS, private sector, commercials banks and private companies to sack some aliens employed in their institutions and such vacated positions be given to south Sudanese citizens.

The ministry has given all concerned institutions one month up to mid October 2014 to implement this order. What impressed jobless south Sudanese most is the articulation and clarification made by the Undersecretary of the ministry of Labour and public service when she said among other things that, during the war, foreigners were the ones occupying most of the jobs in south Sudan because some educated citizens were at the battle fields while the rest were overseas and now that the country is three years old, the citizens have come back and should be given the opportunity for employment.

The customary blanket excuse that south Sudanese do not have required skills and knowledge has been rubbished by the undersecretary which makes things easier for me not to delve further in counteracting that argument.

Although the citizens of south Sudan both employed and unemployed have applause the idea by the ministry, there are enormous challenges that are associated with this order including but not limited to the misinterpretation of the order by the foreign and neighboring countries, yesterday, I got a phone call from Kenya enquiring that the government of south Sudan has been said to have given all the Kenyans in south Sudan up to October to leave the country and this, the caller said is what they heard on Kenyan televisions and read in their newspapers.

Even if I am not a ministry of Labour spokesperson, I felt obliged to answer and give clarifications in my capacity as a citizen of south Sudan to this caller that, the order was not about chasing the Kenyans or foreigners away from south Sudan but it was about the foreigners that occupy jobs for the local citizens.

The caller was convinced and satisfied with the answer but what I do not know now is whether this one Kenyan I have talked to will be able to convince and clarify to all the 40 million plus Kenyans that have heard in their national televisions and newspapers that south Sudan has not given their citizens less than three weeks to leave the country.

Having been to Kenya for several years myself, I have been a victim of prejudice of the Kenyan media when things would happen back here and they are reported subjectively on the other side, my Embassy in Kenya then was nowhere to protect me and other vulnerable south Sudanese from abuses by the Kenyan citizens, I don’t know if things have changed now.

In Kenya and I think also in Uganda, any little mistake that happened in south Sudan is amplified and it is immediately taken out against the south Sudanese citizens in their countries.

The funny thing is that, even the Kenyans and Ugandans who are in this country and benefiting greatly get worse and fail to convince their colleagues that south Sudan and the people of south Sudan are not what they say they are in reality.

Instead, those Kenyans and Ugandans who stay here report negatively about south Sudan and I can confirm this when in December 2013, the crisis broke out in south Sudan and the Kenyan government evacuated its citizens.

Upon their arrival in Kenya, the Kenyans who were in south Sudan gave some unbelievable reports that they were raped, killed and their money taken and this was on the national televisions and all the newspapers.

The irony in these stories was, the people who were giving account of what happened to them in south Sudan including being killed were the ones talking and one wonders, how would a dead person resurrect and give account of how s/he was killed.

Funny enough again, some of these stupid Kenyans came back to south Sudan even before the south Sudanese themselves and before the first cease fire was signed and this tells you that, maybe, because Kenyans and Ugandans are very selfish people, they didn’t want their other colleagues to come to south Sudan and get the business opportunities that the few of them are monopolizing.

I don’t have anything personal against Kenyans or Ugandans in this particular case but I am just trying to give some few examples of the hypocrisy that the foreigners have about this country although they are the real beneficiaries as most of them are employed in the private sector, NGOS, government institutions and commercial banks.

Now is the time when the real screening should be done, just like the ministry of Labour has realized, there is no reason why 99.9% of the employees should be foreigners whether in the NGOs, Private sector, private companies, commercials banks or hotels.

This has been the trend since independence and it is unfortunate that this decision has come a little too late as these foreigners have already milked the country dry of the resources that are not rightfully theirs.

For instance, in the commercial banks here in south Sudan, you would realize that apart from having employed all foreigners, these foreigners have come up with a very witty policy of running this country dry of its resources by allowing their citizens to transfer their money from accounts here to accounts in Kenya or Uganda and south Sudanese are denied these services.

The few south Sudanese employed at such banks are being intimidated and threatened with losing their jobs if they raise any alarm as most of them are junior staff.

It is also in these commercial banks that the foreigners instead of giving hard currencies allocated to them by this country’s central bank to all their customers, they only allocate them to their citizens who instead of travelling outside or sending them to their families take it back to the black market and bring the money back to their colleagues to be transfer to their home countries.

This routine contines while the ordinary south Sudanese who should rightfully get these services are suffering, the same activities are what are happening in the private sector and NGOS where the human resource managers are foreigners as they take advantage of their positions and invite their colleagues from their countries and employ them in positions where south Sudanese are supposed to be employed.

This is the reason why, in almost every company, commercial banks and NGOs where foreigners are, you would find that from the executive director to the receptionist or even a cook, all of them are foreigners.

So, the ministry of Labour having seen these cheating and illegal businesses was justified in issuing such order in order to salvage the country from sliding into a xenophobic condition because the opinions in the streets against foreigners from the citizens of this country are not something that someone would wish to linger for too long.

Ok, having said all these justifications, is the order implementable? The question is hard, why, because, as reported in the Voice of America Radio this morning, this is not the first time such order has been issued.

The previous ministers of Labour have issued such orders before but they weren’t implemented because these sectors that employ foreigners have vested interests in each and every alien that they employ.

Some of these foreigners are either their business associates, their in-Laws, their friends or their wives and husbands, yes, one can employ his/her wife in these sectors if they have acquired south Sudanese nationality by naturalization but the question is, do all these foreign wives and husbands working in our government institutions have such documents? I don’t know.

Another thing is that, all these aliens working in commercial banks, private sector, private companies and NGOS and dealing in unscrupulous businesses are working in cohort with the mighty in this country and therefore they are so connected to the extent that, ordinary citizens have been rendered voiceless and useless to raise any concerns even when things go wrong in their watch.

The foreigners in the commercial banks in particular are very much protected as they help in facilitating the illegal activities of these big people in the issues that I have highlighted above.

Nevertheless, it is good that, the successive ministers in the ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development have continuously realized that unemployment is what this country is struggling with.

As such, they are one after another diagnosing that employment of aliens in the above mentioned sectors is the reason why south Sudanese do not get jobs and therefore a solution has to be found although there are too many roadblocks ahead.

In that case, I wish to assist the ministry by suggesting the following recommendations:

1. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should give this order to all the targeted sectors and attach to it a circular for such sectors to form committees to study files and recruitment of the staff in each sector with priority on non-nationals to be first eliminated.

The ministry of telecommunication has led in this area and I applause the minister for that initiative.

2. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should form its own oversight committee to also go after all these sectors and make their own screening to ensure that no stones are left unturned in those sectors that people want to continue maintaining the status quo.

3. Just like the minister of telecommunication said, screening and reviewing the files of the staff should not only be to remove foreigners, but it should also be to check the performance of each staff and give recommendations for their promotions or otherwise, because, here, sacking aliens does not mean employing illiterate south Sudanese.

4. In keeping in touch with our neighbours and other countries of the world, the ministry should ensure that, a copy of this order is copied to all our embassies abroad and the ambassadors should be asked to share this information with the host countries such that it is not misinterpreted to mean that south Sudan does not want foreigners in the country.

My fear is that, if this information is not corrected, our citizens in the other countries will be abused and mistreated particularly in Kenya and Uganda because I have experiences in how the media from these countries and their citizens take something from south Sudan in a subjective and wholesale manner.

5. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development should if it goes through this order ensure that, capacity building and on-job training of the civil servants is given a priority in all sectors such that in the next few years, south Sudan should not be a laughing stock to foreigners who think that they are here because south Sudanese do not have the required skills and knowledge to be employed in managerial and administrative positions.

6. The ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development in collaboration with the ministry of justice, ministry of commerce, trade and investment should ensure that all licenses for those commercial banks, private companies, NGOS are withdrawn if they fail to cooperate and implement the orders.

In conclusion, I appreciate the decision by the minister of Labour, Public Service and human resource development for keeping with the spirit of his predecessors to open up jobs opportunities to their fellow citizens, the only difference for honourable Minister now is how he would implement this policy because its implementation has always been the problem not the issuing of orders.

As for south Sudanese, it is our right and we should not be embarrassed to demand for employment from our government and ask the foreigners to leave our jobs.

In every country, there are jobs that are reserved for nationals and south Sudan should not be an exception.

Finally, all sectors must collaborate and cooperate with the government and particularly the ministry of Labour, public service and human resource development in ensuring that this policy is implemented because lack of employment opportunities for south Sudanese youth has tremendous impacts on the economic, security and general development of this country.

Juma Mabor Marial is a Trainee Advocate based in Juba
Reachable at:

Only direct talks can return peace to South Sudan

BY: Peter Kleto, South Sudanese, SEPT/15/2014, SSN;

South Sudan has been plunged into civil war due to disagreement in the top leadership of the SPLM party. The disagreement on the wording of the four basic SPLM documents, the constitution, the Manifesto, the code of conduct and rules and regulations and how the theory can be implemented practically led to the disunity within the SPLM, hence leading to its paralysis and to the extent where we are now at.

The peace talks mediated by IGAD started in January 2014 with the signing of cessation of hostilities which in actual sense did not materialize as there was war ongoing and accusations and counter-accusations on each other by the warring parties was frequent.

For those who have been closely following up the peace talks in the Ethiopian Capital, Addis Ababa, you may agree that IGAD member states were and are still engaged in trying to bring the conflict to an end once and for all.

The various committees under the auspices of the African Union such as Peace and Security Commission, the AU Assembly which forms the legislative body of the African Union is also working hand in hand with the IGAD countries to try to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in question; because south Sudan is an inseparable part of the African continent and is a member state of the African Union.

Let me say here that the goal that IGAD is playing is great and the two parties should also be congratulated for taking the initiative to present themselves to the negotiating table in Addis Ababa despite the anger that they may have in their hearts.

In the same way, IGAD has also been seen playing the role of a negotiator as seen from recent document which was full of flaws showing it was not negotiated by the two parties.

The document was prepared in unknown location and then presented to the leaders for signature. Where is the spirit of mediation and negotiation here?

Historically, South Sudanese are well known for handling their conflicts by themselves and I am sure if the two sides were to be engaged in direct talk, this conflict could have ended since January 2014 and more suffering and bloodshed could have been avoided a long time ago.

The following are some of the suggestions for the peace talks:

1. IGAD should play the true role of a mediator and not negotiator

2. The two warring parties should engage in direct talks

3. IGAD, the AU and the international community should encourage the warring parties to compromise

Without engaging in direct talks, South Sudan should not expect peace to return soon as most of the outsiders are just for their interests and not for the interest of South Sudanese.

It is only South Sudanese who can truly feel the pain of what is happening in the country.

Some of us are hoping that the current negotiation in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, will bring us joy and peace and not sorrow.

It is very important for the two delegations to think for the interest of the people and to rise above their personal interests as south Sudan is bigger than each one of them.

In conclusion, it is shameful for us to be fighting each other when we have been fighting for democracy, freedom, justice, equality for close to 200 years and we should expect others to laugh at us because our leaders have just forgotten the true mission of the liberation struggle for other things.

We need a country where every citizen is equal, a country where all are happy and are proud of, a country where you can freely pursue happiness without thinking of being killed, intimidated or harassed.

A country that sees all of us as South Sudanese and children of one flag and not on our little ethnic groups.

I hope the delegations look at this matter deeply and come back to their various destinations with peace.

Thank you.

Peter Kleto can be reached at

The case of SPLM-Juba: Devils acting quickly with a messy disappearance at the end

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, SOUTH SUDAN, SEP/14/2014, SSN;

I would rather say it is disgusting having this turned-criminal political group calling itself a political party and insidiously run the affairs of the Country. SPLM party has failed beyond reasonable explanation, and its failure has absolutely been our severe pain that we have been enduring for the last 9 years after the CPA.

SPLM is a party of former rebel commanders who have acquired little civil leadership system apart from their commanding political ruling. Really disgusting!

It’s worth mentioning that when you walk with a thief, it’s obvious that you can become a thief. The same applied to walking with criminal, murderer and so on; you would sooner than later become criminal and murderer or whoever you follow and walk with.

Most of the SPLM members and leaders are patriotic, but have been affected by their walking together silently in gullible manner. As we speak, there are those greedy and corrupt ones calling themselves SPLM-G9, and the other disgraceful group running the Country calling itself the SPLM-Juba.

There are also the transformers under the name SPLM-IO. Not to forget to mention that there are also SPLM-In-neutral and SPLM-in-nowhere. All the above mentioned groups are currently in hostile and bloody confrontation politically and militarily.

As stated above, not all are bad in the SPLM, but most are really not only bad, but also worse.

The most dangerous group is the SPLM-Juba which has the resources of the Country in their hands, deceiving the world and the ordinary citizens that they are the government of South Sudan, claiming that they were democratically elected.

In this article, I am only going to narrate my heartfelt disappointment by the arrogant acts of the SPLM-Juba and their allies in the government. I have tried as much as I could to make this article very short and brief, in spite the fact that the bad deeds of those people that needs to be mentioned are numerous

Right after the outbreak of the incident of December 15th in Juba, the SPLM-Juba has chosen a deceiving politics over the world and South Sudan; bloody propaganda, war mongering and war escalation is in their utmost interest.

They tried as much as a human being can do to sell their coup narrative almost all over the world, but fortunately no single person or Country ever accepted their version; they have always been coming back to Juba with embarrassments.

The Salva Service Television (SSTV) (as its broadcasting explains) has been used to sell their coup version to the citizen of South Sudan in the Country and abroad. They use their unfounded statement like “One People, One Nation” Guffaw! are we one people?

How can we be one when you disgracefully massacred our families and relatives in Juba? How can we be one when our innocent civilians are suffering in UN bases while you keep shipping in some more deadly machine guns to kill us?

How can the nation be one when you are denying education to our Children in Akobo, Maiwut, Leer and Fangak?

A devil in an action is just as fast as its messy disappearance at the end of its action. That is exactly the case of our brothers in Juba. We should and must understand that they are working messily toward their ending. They will do as worse as they can to utilize and destabilize this Country before their last minutes as it’s always the case with devils.

They have currently hired some youths and adolescents from the streets to go and collect the names of oblivious civilians in their villages as SPLM members.

Especially in greater Equatoria, it’s clear that once you refuse to submit your names as a member of the SPLM and a supporter of Salva Kirr, you are suspected to having a link with the SPLM/A-IO and your life will be in danger.

In greater Bahr el Gazel, it’s done on the basis that Nuer want to take our leadership and we must all register to vote for Salva Kirr in 2015.

It was just few months ago when Salva Kirr himself came up and openly said that the election wouldn’t happen in 2015 as scheduled, due to the security situation facing the Country. It was accepted because it was/is the only choice we should choose about the election schedule.

How possible it’s to conduct an election in this destabilized and unfriendly environment? Are people going to vote only in Bahr el Gazel and not in Upper Nile? Is it a means to loot and waste the Country’s resources or a trick to get rid of SPLM-IO?

In Juba, innocent civilians are disappearing almost every single hour and especially at night. Who is kidnapping and killing people? Why kidnapping and killing them?

Ask anybody in Juba and they will only tell you that; better those days of 1992 when they were under inhumane torture from the Khartoum regime during the struggle. Why victimizing our very own people inhumanly like that again this time?

Innocent Nuer civilians that are scattered almost in the whole of South Sudan are subjected to frequent harassment, detention, torture and killing.

The security agents of the government ask them some ugly questions like: Do you know Riek Machar? Do you know Taban Deng Gai? Do you know Husein Mar Nyuot? And do you know Charleman Chawaj?

Most stupidly, they expect you to say NO! I don’t know any of them before they can let you go. Frankly speaking, those serving under Kirr’s government are nihilistic to any other thing in this universe with an exception of money, alone.

As a matter of fact, there will never be an election in 2015 and the SPLM-Juba is finally coming to its ending. It’s you and only you who will say enough is enough! So that killing, torture and kidnapping of our innocent civilians are stopped.

Our children and women are badly traumatized by the government we call ours; they are hopeless and helpless with tears dropping daily and uncontrollably from their eyes.

The above mentioned points about what is happening to our people are obvious indications that the devil is finally coming to its ending.

However, I would like to also stress that there has never been a shortcut to freedom and democracy from any form of system a Country or society undergoes through like dictatorship.

Look at how South Africa was finally freed from apartheid by Nelson Madella and take a look at the story of Tanzania as well. Liberia is enjoying democracy after long struggle for independence and self governance which was followed by bad governance.

We can say by now that freedom and democracy are just a few miles from now. The devils are disappearing messily as soon as you would imagine. We will then practice the real and honest expression like “One people, one nation”

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: . You can also access and follow his words on

Why the SPLM must be dismantled?

BY: DENGDIT AYOK, Egypt, SEP/04/2014, SSN;

QUOTE: “When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.” Holy Bible, King James Version, (Proverbs 29: 2).

I am writing under a severe pain, after surviving a deadly attack carried out against me by South Sudanese thugs in Cairo, three weeks ago, which left my left leg’s bone completely fractured, but with hope of walking again in the nearest future. There are other serious wounds in different parts of my body.

I will remain here in bed and on wheelchair for three months or so until all the wounds are healed. The attackers intended to kill me, but the will of the life giver has overcome their evil plan. Praise God and may His name be extolled forever!

I am writing in reaction to the views of some readers, commentators and friends on my last piece published on this website under the title: “SPLM: A Party that is Awaiting Horrible and Clumsy Political Burial”.

Over the past five weeks, many persons have questioned me about the wisdom of my path in calling for dismantling of the SPLM, a party that they admire so much to the extent of referring to it as “The mighty SPLM, the liberator of the people of South Sudan”, and “founder of South Sudan nation”.

At the heart of their concerns, their inquiries have been loud: Why are you speaking against the SPLM and calling on South Sudanese for its dismantling and your father was an SPLM member? “Why are you joining the voices of dissents?” “Aren’t you damaging your father’s legacy,” they asked?

And when I hear them asking such questions, I am nevertheless greatly saddened, though I often understand the gist of their concerns, for such questions mean that the inquirers have not really known me and what I propose for the well-being of our beloved nation. Indeed their questions suggest that they do not know the world of ignorance in which they live.

In the light of such tragic misunderstanding, I deem it of significant importance to try to state clearly and precisely why do I propose that the SPLM should be dismantled, sent to the dustbin of history and made a thing of the past.

Life and history give eloquent testimony to the fact that inept, corrupt and dangerous political entities like the SPLM were dismantled by the people, for not fulfilling the ambitions and aspirations of their masses.

It is true that my late father Hon. Ayok Deng Agor, a veterinarian by profession; was a prominent member of the SPLM since 1986, when he decided to join the people’s liberation army to fight together with his comrades and fellow South Sudanese for the liberation of this land, ‘land of great abundance’, from Jallaba’s marginalization and suppression.

He remained loyal to the SPLM and the objectives of the revolution. Although he was a man in authority and bearing the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the SPLA and with numerous soldiers under his command, he never robbed anything from his poor fellow South Sudanese at gun point, as it was the case with other disloyal and dishonest SPLA commanders during the war of liberation.

He became the first Speaker of Warrap state Legislative Assembly after the signing of the CPA and he delivered to the people of Warrap their first ever legal document, the interim state constitution, with his colleagues and fellow law makers, on a golden plate.

He died in February 2011 after he had sensitized his people and mobilized them to vote for independence at the referendum. He became very glad like all South Sudanese when the results came out in favor of the independence.

Hitherto, I can say that he was a loyal SPLM member and a real patriot who didn’t like the current mismanagement of the affairs championed by the SPLM and its corrupt elite. His party has betrayed South Sudan and if he was alive, he would not have accepted this.

May those who ask me why Am I calling for the dismantling of the SPLM and my father was an SPLM member, be hereby kindly informed that the fact that my father was an SPLM member does not prevent me from calling for its dismantling and getting rid of this party that has become a source of pain and tragedy to the nation.

For those who think that the SPLM should be reformed, I say the SPLM is too deformed beyond repair, and we are deeply in need of a new way beyond this thick darkness that is surrounding us.

The SPLM leadership has resisted all the calls made by its members for reformation four years ago and the result of that resistance created internal differences that has dragged the nation into this senseless war.


1. When the greatest soldiers of our nation ignited the second armed revolution at Bor and Ayod garrisons respectively in May 1983, which later on resulted into the inception of the SPLM/A; they were led by patriotism and loyalty to their homeland and their people. Loyalty to the people of South Sudan was the engine of the revolution.

The SPLM gradually begun to lose loyalty to the cause of its people after the war was ended by the signing of the CPA and the death of its leader John Garang. By losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan whom the war was fought in their name, the SPLM has greatly betrayed them.

The SPLM has betrayed our people for not remaining loyal to the objectives of the revolution which are supposed to serve the interests of our people as articulated in its first manifesto.

2. After gradually losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan, the SPLM became very much engaged in a very dirty and detrimental business; embezzlement of public money and sending them into special bank accounts in foreign lands.

We are all aware of the SPLM major corruption cases such as the scandal of $60 million that had disappeared between the SPLM leaders when it was just coming from the bush to the city, after the conclusion of the CPA, the grain scandal, the letters written by the President to (75) officials urging them to return the stolen funds, theft at the presidency, the scandal of the transferred money from Juba to Nairobi to Dabbi Group for purchasing fire extinguishers to be used in government’s institutions. This is only at the level of the national government led by the SPLM, leave alone the state governments.

On the other hand, the SPLM-led government has since 2005 up to 2011, received very huge sums of money from the donor countries and from the 50% share of the oil revenues designated for South Sudan in the CPA. All this money was not used for delivering services to the people of South Sudan.

All these monies have gone to the SPLM’s belly that’s never satisfied. The SPLM–led government is soaked in rampant corruption that has left the nation poor, barren and underdeveloped. The SPLM-led government has drastically failed to connect the ten states with network of tarmac roads.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior once said at the signing ceremony of the CPA that South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the days of Adam and Eve.

This happened due to foreign colonization and monopoly of power by the intruders in the former unified Sudan in post independence era under the successive governments of Khartoum; and it is the same thing happening today. South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the SPLM assumed power.

There is only one tarmac road in the entire country, the Juba-Nimule road, but it was not constructed by the SPLM-led government. It was done by the US government.

Up to here, one can say that we haven’t yet seen the SPLM tarmac roads, and if we wait, we will never see them because we had waited enough since 2005 up to 2014.

The SPLM government has failed beyond reasonable doubt to deliver basic services to the people of South Sudan. It could have built numerous schools, good modern health facilities, construct at least one huge dam in Fula area in Nimule to generate electric power for the entire country, but the monies that were supposed to be used for providing such services, have gone into the SPLM’s belly for good!

The SPLM has good strategic plans for delivering services to the civil population, but it did not implement them for being disloyal to the people and becoming self-centered.

There is a small booklet titled: “SPLM Strategic Framework for War to Peace” that was prepared by the SPLM leadership in 2004, which is the SPLM’s vision on development programs for the post war era in South Sudan.

It includes all the programs that the civilian population needs in South Sudan. It includes: developing institutional infrastructure for better governance, road transport, railway, air transport, telecommunication, town planning and public utilities, dykes in flood prone areas and water harvesting in water scarce areas, micro-dams for small scale hydro-electric generation for rural electrification, windmills for water at the sustainable homestead level, prioritizing agriculture as the engine of economic growth and poverty eradication and many more social programs.

The SPLM has abandoned all these programs and it became engaged in looting the resources of the nation.
Instead of embarking on the program of nation building, the SPLM established and entrenched a kleptocratic regime in the country. Kleptocracy means ‘rule by thieves’ and it is also defined as a form of corrupt political power, where the government exists to increase personal wealth and political power of its officials or the ruling class at the expense of the wider population.

Free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, says the following about the effect of the kleptocratic regime on a nation:
The effects of a kleptocratic regime or government on a nation are typically adverse in regards to the faring of the state’s economy, political affairs and civil rights.

Kleptocracy in government often vitiates prospects of foreign investment and drastically weakens the domestic market and cross-border trade.

As the kleptocracy normally embezzles money from its citizens by misusing funds derived from tax payments, or money laundering schemes, a kleptocratically structured political system tends to degrade nearly everyone’s quality of life.

In addition, the money that kleptocrats steal is often taken from funds that were earmarked for public amenities, such as the building of hospitals, schools, roads, parks and the like – which has further adverse effects on the quality of life of the citizens living under a kleptocracy.

The quasi-oligarchy that results from kleptocratic elite also subverts democracy or any other political format the state is ostensibly under.

This is now the real state of affairs in South Sudan.

3. The SPLM lacks good governance, democracy and art of dialogue. This is evident by its recent political differences over the issue of secret and open vote that had sparked armed confrontation in Juba between President Salva Kiir’s and Riek Machar’s supporters on the 15th of December 2013, and which has developed into a full scale tribal and atrocious war, that has devastating the whole Upper Nile region.

4. The SPLM has failed to transform itself from a gorilla movement to a political party that operates on institutionalism. Since its emergence from the bush in 2005 up to now, it has remained a group of army generals that combine politics with militarism and mix up party affairs with state affairs, a thing which has made the SPLM above the country.

Authentically and indisputably speaking, the SPLM since 2005 up to date has remained a politico-military party contrary to the international political norms and the spirit of the transitional constitution; hence it became catastrophic to the nation.

For many arrogant SPLM members, SPLM is South Sudan and South Sudan is SPLM, no difference between the two in their view! South Sudan under the SPLM rule is the only nation on earth where a party is above the entire nation. South Sudan must be above all parties and all institutions.

5. The SPLM is comprehensively responsible for the mass murder of Nuer tribesmen and women in Juba in the wake of the December 2013 political differences between its leaders, and the murder of Dinka tribesmen and women in Bor, Akobo, and Unity state as well as in the oil fields.

Lack of free democratic dialogue within the SPLM hierarchy led to a crisis that had divided our people along tribal lines. In fact, it is the SPLM’s tribal mind that has paved the way for tribal war and the killing of our beautiful diversity.

The presence of Nuer, Dinka, Acholi, Bari, Didinga, Balanda, Taposa, Kachipo, Murle, Nyangwara and all our various tribes together is what makes South Sudan South Sudan. Targeting one these tribes means targeting South Sudan.

The SPLM has killed and it is stilling killing the nation by dividing South Sudanese along ethnic lines. It is fully responsible of this war regardless of the obvious different the two of its warring factions. They were one before the split. They are both accountable for the status quo.

This makes the dismantling of the SPLM a must for all ‘great patriots’ of South Sudan.

6. The SPLM is also responsible for massive internal displacement of the civil population into UNMISS camps in Juba and in the three states of Upper Nile region. It is fully responsible for the terrible humanitarian conditions faced by the internally displaced peoples and those other displaced peoples taking refuge in the neighboring countries.

All these things happened as a direct result of the SPLM internal differences that its leaders have failed to handle wisely and peacefully.

7. By resorting to solving its differences through the barrel of the gun, the SPLM has given credibility to Khartoum analysts’ views before the independence that had claimed that, “South Sudanese cannot rule themselves; they will divide themselves along tribal lines and butcher themselves as soon as they get the independence”. It should have proved them wrong.

A party that gives credibility to prophets of doom and enemies of the nation and prove them right, though they are wrong, must be dismantled.

SPLM’s bad governance has made us a laughingstock to the world. Khartoum had laughed at us when our people started to quit the country they voted for its independence back to Sudan, the very country we separated from.
The northerners yelled at us: ‘did we not tell you that you will not rule yourselves and that you have no ability to run an independent state?’

Their writers and their newspapers have been confirming to the general public there in Sudan how far they have been true in saying that South Sudanese cannot rule themselves.

Some of our people who ran to Khartoum have even confessed our alleged inability to rule ourselves to Khartoum’s mass media. This happened due to SPLM bad governance, lack of political maturity and blind power struggle.

8. The SPLM lacks clear vision of how the program of nation building should be carried on. How the people of South Sudan should be united to become indeed one people and one nation and to have South Sudanism as their common identity and strongly embraced it.

9. The SPLM has failed to maintained security and stability of the nation. Since 2005 up to now there have been campaigns for cattle raiding and murder of civil population by criminals. We have Lakes, Warrap, and Unity and Jonglei states as good example in this regard.

The SPLM-led government has been unable to put an end to this lawlessness, deter crimes and criminals and restore law and order. The country has always remained fragile and unstable under the SPLM rule. Security has never improved over the past eight years or so.

This permanent insecurity across the country has scared the investors and prevented them from coming to invest and help revive the national economy.

10. The SPLM-led government has let down the people of South Sudan when their army liberated Panthou. The withdrawal of troops from the area was a terrible mistake that has betrayed our people.

The government of Sudan won Panthou through diplomatic campaigns in the international circles, while the SPLM diplomacy and its diplomats were deeply asleep. We then lost Panthou for good when the UN Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-Moon ordered President Salva Kiir to withdraw the army from the area. Noticeably, this shows that the SPLM lacks clear formulated foreign policy that serve our national interests in the international political sphere.


A new strong political movement must emerge and appear in our political arena to peacefully compete with the SPLM. This new movement must bear a clear program for nation building; it must used peaceful political mechanisms for dismantling this tragedy called SPLM.

Among the tools and mechanisms that it should use is political mobilization. It must reach out to the people of South Sudan wherever they are in and abroad to explain to them how bad the SPLM has been mismanaging the country, looting their resources, and finally dragging their country into a useless war and prepare them to participate in dismantling it.

This new political movement must be the champion of national salvation from the current terrible rule of the SPLM that has very much hurt the nation.

You and I must be members of this movement for change so that we get rid of the SPLM mess and save our people from this dangerous kleptocratic SPLM rule.

We must conduct political rallies, symposiums and seminars aimed at enlightening the people of South Sudan to see how bad the SPLM has been running the country they loved so much and paid for it dearly.

Our people must see how bad the SPLM is so that they vote it out of the office in free, fair and transparent elections which shall surely usher in a new political dispensation that will serve the people of South Sudan and keep peace and stability and turn the country into an oasis of justice and prosperity.


This new movement must be true and righteous. The Holy Bible says in the above quote that when the righteous (those who do what is right for their people) are in authority, the people rejoice. It also says that when the wicked (those who do evil things) bear the rule; the people mourn.

SPLM is a wicked party that did not make our people rejoice, it has made them mourn. SPLM is an evildoer. South Sudan is now mourning under the wicked rule of the SPLM as this senseless war rages day after day, killing tens of thousands of innocent.

This is a call for righteousness for South Sudan. This is a call for a righteous government that will make our people rejoice and prosper and live in a lasting peace.

Together, let us get rid of the SPLM and all its factions; be it SPLM-Juba, SPLM-IO, SPLM-DC, SPLM-federalism, SPLM-decentralization or any other type of SPLM.

Mr. Ayok is reachable at

Lul Koang & Philip Aguer: Two symbols of lies & greed for power

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, AUG/31/2014, SSN;

South Sudanese can sometimes be excused in many things because the country is new and its institutional strength is weak. However, it’s good to note that human beings are rational entities and being credibly logical is expected of everyone.

Being rational doesn’t require a country to have been independent, or to have been a democracy, for centuries.

It has become apparent that neither the government of South Sudan nor the rebels under Riek Machar can be trusted. They all lie with a flamboyant blitz!

While the voices and faces that’re made to convey the messages in both camps are, to a given extent, mere vessels of the forces behind them, it’s good to note that spokespersons are not mere automatons.

They are humans. They have to know that they are the conveyors and custodians of the horrors Dr. Riek Machar and President Kiir have brought to this young nation.

Philip Aguer Panyaang, the SPLA spokesperson and Lul Ruai Koang, the rebels’ spokesperson, act as protectors of President Kiir’s desire to remain in power as long as he wants and of Riek’s desire to ascend to power by ‘all means necessary!’

Colonel Philip Aguer Panyaang lies for the government in a very illogical and consistent manner. Brigadier General Lul Ruai Koang has a very imaginative lies processing capacity. All just for Riek Machar to get what he wants.

And to top it up with their don’t-care attitude, President Kiir and Dr. Machar don’t give a rat’s foot about the civilians. They’ll only sign the peace agreement if only they get what they WANT: POWER!

After getting what he wanted in the would-be peace agreement in Addis Ababa, President Kiir signed both the Cease Fire Agreement implementation matrix and the Agreement leading to formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

However, Riek refused to sign the agreement papers because the agreement put him on the receiving end. Machar only opted to sign the Cease Fire agreement implementation matrix.

Well, now, the rebels are saying they didn’t sign the matrix but only that they recommitted themselves to the COH agreement signed on January 23 and reaffirmed on May 9. Who knows?

President Kiir loses nothing in this agreement. His door is open to take part in the next general election; he keeps he puppet, Wani Igga as his Vice President and also has an authority as to who is selected as the Prime Minister by SPLM-in-Opposition.

Riek Machar on the other hand has a difficult choice. If he chooses to be the Prime Minister then he’s illegible to contest the next general elections after the Transitional Period.

If he chooses someone else to be the Prime Minister and Kiir still remaining the president, then his chances of winning the next election are close to impossible. Kiir would use his resources to make sure that he prepares the way for his re-election.

Riek is therefore in a tough spot and refusing to sign the agreement will reflect him as the one prolonging the war and this could open the way for sanctions against his group. Tough luck, doc!

To make the matters worse for Riek Machar, his commanders on the ground, the likes of Peter Gatdet, are not making things any easier for him.

Peter Gatdet, against all available human logic, warned UNMISS that he’d shoot any plane that passes through his territory. Now a UN chopper ‘crashes’ in the same area Gatdet controls. It would be logical to assume that Gatdet just fulfilled his promised.

Even if the investigation is to still to be done for the cause of the crash to be determined, one can’t blame much the people accusing the rebels.

Would you blame the government for exploiting Gatdet’s mischievous warnings? Logically? No! Factually? Maybe yes!

The rebels need to control both what their commanders say and do. The rebels are shooting themselves in the foot.

This, of course, doesn’t mean the government couldn’t have done it. While it would be a wild imagination to say that the government forces shot it down knowing that Gatdet had said he’d shoot down UN plane, to set up rebels, it’s good to remember that the government forces control Bentiu and they are in the area and they’ve been recently involved in clashes with the rebels.

So why would it be the rebels that shot down the chopper (if it was indeed shot down) and not the government forces?

What the SPLA spokesperson, Colonel Philip Aguer said is what we always expect him to say: “They did it!” The same thing applies to the rebels. Rebels’ spokesperson, Brigadier General Lul Rual Koang, denied the accusation like he’s always done: “We didn’t do it!”

With such attitude of these two camps, how can one really expect South Sudan to be peaceful?

It’s lies after lies and greed for power. Can one blame the two spokesperson? Maybe not! However, they have to think about their role in the current tragedy even if the lies they tell and the greed for power comes from above them.

Is anyone surprised that Kiir signed both documents but Riek didn’t? You’d be sleeping if you are surprised!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’. For contact visit or follow him on Twitter @kuirthiy

Latest NEWS: South Sudan rivals sign new peace & given 45 days to form unity govt


South Sudan’s warring leaders have signed a fresh ceasefire deal vowing to end more than eight months of conflict, according to mediators who threatened sanctions should the agreement fail once again.

East Africa’s regional IGAD bloc, which mediated the talks between President Salva Kiir and his sacked deputy Riek Machar, called on the leaders to forge a unity government within 45 days.

In Article (8) of the latest IGAD of August 25, 2014, IGAD leaders “express disappointment that the 60 days in which the Transitional Government of National Unity TGONU was to be formed have passed without the formation of the TGONU; and now call upon the stakeholders to negotiate and complete the agreement within 45 days.”

Article (13) further calls on the parties to fully mandate and empower their representatives to the peace process to ensure that the remaining negotiations can proceed without further delay; and directs the mediation continue in spite of any stakeholder boycotting the negotiations.

Thousands of people have been killed and more than 1.8 million have fled civil war sparked by a power struggle between Kiir and Machar, who met on Monday for the first time in more than two months.

An IGAD communique welcomed the “signature by the warring parties” to the deal, “which obliges the parties to bring the conflict to an end”.

Three previous ceasefire commitments have been broken within hours.

“As a region, we have to show any party which violates agreements that there are consequences to misbehaviour,” Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said at the summit of east African leaders, the AFP news agency reported.

“We are sending a clear message to the leaders of South Sudan. So delaying in the procedure will not be acceptable – if not the region will take action.”

Kiir and Machar last met in June, when they agreed to form a unity government within 60 days. They missed that deadline amid continuing war. END

Rumbek: Another Side of the Burning Home!

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, South Sudan, AUG/20/2014, SSN;

Just as the country is wavering by rebellion where individuals lost their beloved ones, bulk displacement of people, where others are almost starving in the camps, yet our people in Rumbek are still killing themselves amid crisis in South Sudan.

In Rumbek, past events are forwarded to the present. The weight of the past, the traditional ways of doing things is massive. The past tension of 20th century is forwarded to the 21th century. He who killed my uncle in the past is still remembered as an enemy when compensation and reconciliation were done. Why do we reverse the past gears?

I like the way Agar people act politically, but partially hate their individualistic approaches to their local issues as Agar and clans.

The wrongs of the past should be forgiven. And if we look to the past, let’s do so for the lesson it had taught us. An act of revenge increases the problem to hopeless sense. However, there is no smoke without fire, but people should stop revenging because all of us are one. There is a need to sit down and solve our own problems.

I have been anticipating for years to see politicians from Lakes state coming forward as leaders or the sons and daughters of Lakes states to condemn the tragedies that have been rocking Rumbek for years if some of them have never been the part of the insecurity in the state.

Many of us in South Sudan have social, political problems or grievances to be spoken but not the nature of Rumbek’s. There is solution to everything, and the people of Rumbek should say enough is enough to their own problems. I am not saying that my Agar people – who are Dinka are not good. I love them and wanted them to live peacefully. Buka ye puot e rot. Tetke aleei wiic wek yeeth, {literally translated: do not fight. Wait for an enemy to invade you!}

Former governor, Daniel Awet Akot tried his best to forge calmness but the situation increasingly intensified during the time of Chol Tong and Matur Chut. And again, those who are asking for governor Matur’s removal are yearning for the worst.

Governor Matur came to stay. No surprise. Just tell them. It’s you – the ordinary people who are the problem to yourselves – nature or mentality not the governor! And if it’s the governor who is the problem, then let it be known than trouble innocent people.

During the opening ceremony of Mayardit Hospital in Rumbek, President Kiir urged the people of Rumbek to stop fighting. He also added that people are not killing themselves in Aweil or Twic in Warrap because they have lost many people during the protracted civil war in Sudan. There is no need for people – same family to kill themselves. The crowd listened to the President’s speech at Rumbek freedom square – and after a week, a paramount chief was killed in Rumbek. What is really forcing people in Rumbek to kill each other?

They state authority had sacked some paramount chiefs when Engineer Chol Tong was the governor but the same problem is still yearning. People should respect the law. As community chiefs, local leaders tried to solve the problem but invincible, I urge the youths to reconcile, live together. The civil society, youth organizations and woman groups should join hands and critically look into the problem. The research institutions should also carry out studies to pioneer the root causes of the problem for a lasting solution.

While Bishop Deng Bul is in Rumbek – urging people to obey the law and work together as one people, however, the problem lies within the people. These people should be asked to speak out their minds before featuring solutions, lest the problem shall not stop. Did they stop doing the obvious in Rumbek when President Kiir begged them to cease killing each other? Will they stop fighting when Bishop Deng leaves Rumbek?

Those who are thinking of solving anything in Rumbek are supposed to begin with the youths where the problem kept starting. When the house is on fire, neighbors see the smoke and begin coming for rescue. Many people fight fire with water, sand soil, and green leaves of trees. And if the house is burning and we began asking the owner of the house for the root cause of the fire than pour the water on the fire, then are we helping to stop the fire?

Our people know how to fight the fire with water, oil and sand. However, we must decide which method is the right method to stop the fire burning the house, lest the house will be burned into ashes.

In other parts of the country, youths or individuals have been politicized by politicians to act against their rival fellow politicians, is it the case in Lakes state? The Youths in the cattle camps shouldn’t be political camps cattle herders.

The social intimidating complexity by the people of Rumbek deserves brotherly actions, concrete thoughts based on grass-root consultation with local community or chiefs. The problem is from within – cohesively needs law-enforcing agencies to take proper measures against ring leaders.

Moreover, people sometimes don’t obey the law when favoritism, interference are done by individuals within law-enforcing agencies, in which others may feel their cases seemed to be vulnerable and think of revenge as the last solution. All in all, Rumbek may need law-enforcing agencies’ forces from different states in the country for fairness and social neutrality.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a South Sudanese columnist and blogger, lives in Aweil. He can be reached via

IGAD is part & parcel of those obstructing peace in South Sudan

QUOTE: “If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor” ~ Desmond Tutu

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, JUBA, AUG/14/2014, SSN;

After the eruption of fighting in Juba and later to other areas of South Sudan, the region had in the first place made a “look-on” moment, before their intervention was prompted by the visit of other outside world especially the visit of US and Nigeria on the 22nd December 2013, few days after the outbreak of the fighting.

While the region was wondering, looking on and confused with evil plans on how to utilize the conflict in South Sudan, Uganda (as part of the region) intervened and sided with the government of Kirr warning the opposition leader to surrender or else be hunted and destroyed within a period of four days.

Other Countries in the region including Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan were reached and asked for their interventions by the world, while they were also interested in formulating some ideas to utilize the situation not merely involving to stop the war.

Due to the international pressure on them to impartially intervene, they came up, at last, to try and contain the situation and bring the warring parties to a negotiating table through their organization, IGAD.

After the intensification of calls and demands from the world in trying to restore peace, Machar stated it clearly that he would accept negotiating with government if they release his comrades in prison in Juba accused of attempted coup alongside Machar himself.

The region was likely in support of the idea of releasing those political prisoners, while holding their hidden agenda of forming a government of national unity under the leadership of those in prison. No one knew that the former detainees would attempt to turn their back to Machar after advocating and demanding their release through many regional and international leaders and institution.

However, it has been made clear by the action of IGAD after the release of the former detainees, that they want those former detainees abandon Machar and form their own block, and the IGAD will help them succeeding their objective of leading the interim government that is in the plan to be formed.

Why IGAD is a part of those obstructing peace in South Sudan:

In their roles and capacity as mediators, they are not, in any case, capable or mandated to impose any idea that is not in the interest of both parties; Their roles is to mediate and push the warring parties to come to comprising solution and define and agreed on the ways forward. It’s also the role of the mediator to control the external factors that are escalating the conflict as well as ensuring what is agreed upon on the table is implemented on the ground.

In the process of mediating generally, the mediators take the following responsibilities while mediating the warring parties:
(1) The mediator may assist in contacting the other party (ies) to arrange for an introductory meeting.
(2) The mediator act as an educator and educates the parties about the mediation process, other conflict resolution alternatives, issues that are typically addressed, options and principles that may be considered, research, court standards, etc.
(3) The mediator seeks to ensure that each party is fully heard in the mediation process by facilitating it.
(4) In the event that there is need for translation in the mediation, the mediator can help by rephrasing or reframing communications so that they are better understood and received. (5) The mediator probes issues and confirms understandings to ensure that the participants and the mediator have a full understanding.
(6) The mediator comes to be trusted to suggest procedures for making progress in mediation discussions, which may include caucus meetings, consultation with outside legal counsel and consultation with substantive experts, and not attempt to impose those suggestions to the parties but suggest them.
(7) The mediator can act as an Angel of Realities by playing devil’s advocate with one or both parties as to the practicality of solutions they are considering or the extent to which certain options are consistent with participants’ stated goals, interests and positive intentions. And some other minor responsibilities like setting the rules, arranging the venue and availing the needed resources for the mediation.

Hence, IGAD have been acting out of their duties and mandate and have tried several time to impose their own wills on the parties, they have failed to ensure the implementation of what is written and agreed upon by the parties in the conflict.

For instance, on 23rd of January 2014, a CoH agreement was signed and the part of that document was the withdrawal of foreign fighter invited by either side in the conflict.

It was a role of IGAD to ensure the implementation of what is written and agreed upon. Up to this time, IGAD failed to ensure the withdrawal of forces invited during the conflict: UPDF are still in South Sudan up to now, many other Sudanese rebel factions are up to this date present in South Sudan.

If that is what IGAD is supposed to have done, why is it not done?

In the ground of finding the truth by analyzing it, we always differ and each and everyone come up with almost completely different opinion and analysis of the situation. But I guess with the case of IGAD, truth is obvious and doesn’t require more analysis that may result differently.

The simple and obvious reason I can give is that, IGAD is planning by all mean to solve the conflict of South Sudan by imposing their own wills. If UPDF withdrew from South Sudan those days back, Salva Kirr’s government would have collapsed and the opposition forces under Dr. Riek Machar would have taken the leadership and the conflict would have come to an end.

However, despite public interest on Dr. Riek to become their leader, IGAD wants to impose the disgruntled politicians currently known as G10 (former Detainees) to take over the leadership of the expected GoNU, a plan that will never succeed.

It was last month when IGAD unnecessarily postponed the peace talk for one month, simply because both parties do not want the other stakeholders, including the former detainees, to be part of the peace agreement. Both parties accepted that the other stakeholders would get involved later when it comes to the drafting and formation of the GoNU – a demand which is clear and realistic.

IGAD are no different with the warring parties; in fact, they are part of the political struggle in the conflict of South Sudan because they have their political agenda – bringing the person of their own choice to lead the interim government, just like the two warring parties who are also struggling to lead the interim government.

How will the problem be solved, when IGAD has chosen to be an opponent of both side and deceiving the world that they are mediating, when in fact they are struggling for power?

US has been badly deceived, both by the mediators and the government of South Sudan, that the SPLA – IO are violating the signed CoH by attacking Nasir town. During the attacks, the MVT of IGAD were in Nasir and condemned the attack, while in fact, they had given the SPLA – IG a go ahead to destroy the base of Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth in Jigmiir.

John F. Kerry forgot the massacre that the innocent Nuer civilians and others have gone through, by calling Salva kirr a legitimate president! By the way, I should say John Kerry was in the ground of telling nonsense that day. He recognize how militarized his warlord friend (Kirr) is by saying “the cameras are sounding like machine guns” (Kirr’s machine guns).

And still, he is condemning and warning those who had volunteered and sacrificed themselves to prevent the innocent lives that Salva Kirr would have maimed after finishing many in Juba in December.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan and can be follow/added on his facebook with his name above, on twitter @chuolchot and via email:

South Sudan as a Mad Rich man is never respected or taken seriously

BY: John Adoor Deng, Australia, AUG/11/2014, SSN;

South Sudan is archeologically believed to be mineral rich country in the world and in Africa in particular. It has enormous potential for oil, gold mines, animals and a fertile land, capable of satisfying needs for local consumption and exports. The country borders many countries which in a practical sense, gives South Sudan credible opportunities for trades and business operations.

With this realization, economists referred to South Sudan as an African food basket. The question then becomes when is South Sudan going to be an African food basket? Is this economic prophecy fulfil- able in South Sudan?

Indeed, one would hold an ambivalent position in this regards. We had the opportunity to demonstrate and portray this rich endeavor both to the world and to our own good -selves. However, the ruling elites failed at the very genesis of the making of our country. For example, they could not even manage to fairly distribute the ready-made resource (oil money).

Disgracefully, the amount of $20 billion since 2005-2013 ended in few pockets while the innocent heroes and war victims, languish in poverty. The country (South Sudan) as I write this piece; lacks medical facilities, roads, clean water, electricity and poor agriculture, etc. The nation is rated low as failed and one among the most corrupts countries in the world.

This brings me to my subject title, a mad rich man is never respected or taken serious. This is true of South Sudan‘s current situation. Observably, the country is now engaged in a needless war within herself. Each day the two unfortunate warring factions slaughter each other, destroy little individuals infrastructure buildings, kill and displaced innocents civilians caught on both sides of the conflicts.

In my view, these obnoxious actions qualified the present South Sudanese influential leaders, who in one way or the other, architected the current situation as mad men and women.

Stupidly, they are proud about the oil and other resources that they could not even manage to make good use of in terms of equitable distribution and infrastructural development. The oil in South Sudan instead of being regarded as a blessing from God to us, it is humanly now turned into a curse resource.

During the civil war between the North Sudan and Southern Sudan, we used to refer to then oil as blood oil. I remember the protest we did in Kenya so that Kenyans stops doing business with Sudan with oil.

Today, our oil is becoming a curse resource; it’s only benefited few bellies and secondly the oil now is being used to fuel this needless war. Both factions are selling future barrels of oil through agreements with unscrupulous companies.

This is robbing the next generations of South Sudan, who will live only to pay debts and have nothing to benefit from the oil. The present leaders have scared off friends and goodwill allies of South Sudan. As nobody respect a rich madman, so is South Sudan to the world.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, BA, BTH, MPRL, MPPP_current and Director of South Sudan Foundation (SSSF). He is reachable by emailing

Kiir’s Govt: A mess to be left behind for S. Sudanese to pay the pride


I can’t understand how things are happening unexpectedly in this beloved nascent nation of the Republic of South Sudan. With patriotism, I want to be very softly impartial in giving you your parts of this mess and your state of ignorance in these crises. This conflict, to start with, has taken so many dimensions: ethnic, political, social, economic, diplomatic & personal dimensions and the list goes on.

However, in that regards, you MUST carefully have to react, fight and involve putting into consideration all the above mentioned aspects.

Many people even in the SPLM/A–IO have been ignorant about their fight; some of them fight choosing one of the above mentioned dimensions that the conflict has taken, which is not idealistic. I can’t talk about those disgruntled in the government, they are just feathers blowing to the wind direction, when the winds stop, and they will fall down.

Why am I reminding you about this? Well, I would rather say I have been frustrated, ashamed, bored and disappointed by some folks who are insolently supporting Salva Kirr on “No basis and logical reasoning.”

They answer questions with questions; advice with abuse, truth with fabricated lies, and the only word in their mind is that, Riek Machar tried to remove the government by force, a claim even the great Demokirratically elected Kirr’s supporters like Makuey Lueth have stop telling because no one accepts it in the whole world.

Moreover, I said sometime back in one of my articles that we may forgive Salva Kirr but God and the Country will not. So, be mindful as his supporter, that you are in the wrong direction toward ruining this Country and your opportunities of succeeding are almost nowhere to be found.

Supporters of a criminal and warlord like Salva Kirr are bad, or even dangerous than Salva Kirr himself as a person. You guys need to wake up as early as possible and eat silently if you are not ready to bring peace, democracy, federalism and good governance to our Country.

Coming to my point of writing this article, it’s a general reminder to all South Sudanese in government, in opposition, in neutral and in other parties that we are having and of course going to have, a huge amount of debt to be paid to foreigners.

Currently, apart from other sources of getting loans like World Bank, IMF, ADB and individual states, 1.6 billion dollars (USD 1,600,000,000) have already been borrowed from the oil companies. It’s also believed that the same or higher amount is owed to various individual states including China, Russia, Uganda and many other Countries.

Leave alone the destruction caused by this war of Salva Kirr, the frustration and lost of confidence in us (South Sudan) by our major partners like US, UK, Norway, Sweden, Japan and others will compulsorily make it difficult for us to stand on our feet once again and pay those debts to their respective owners, without support from the above mentioned Countries.

China is known for their unwanted population and their large dependence on foreign investment and especially in Africa. They have nowhere to survive apart from looting and taking the resources (Money) of African Countries with their cheap and less durable items and equipment.

They are currently in very dirty deals with Salva Kirr groups so that they take over the oil for two or three years while ensuring that Salva Kirr remained in power for that period of time.

In that regard, China will bring in its consummative machines to drain off the oil wells in this Country and move it to China, we may not have the oil in the near years to come.

Apart from China which is doing its business in South Sudan, we don’t have any other Country that will support us soon financially, economically and politically and as such, it’s worth mentioning that, all the debt made under the name of South Sudan will remain to be paid by South Sudanese.

The obstructed and spoiled relationship that we used to have with our major partners will need more effort to be restored; it will only be by the will of God that those oil wells in Unity and Upper Nile states will not be drained off by China through Kirr.

You must fully understand by now, if you didn’t understand so far, that Kirr is just messing up the Country and he will go! It will be you, me and others (South Sudanese) to pay the pride.

He know very well that he has lost legitimacy at all cause and the only solution for him is to use the natural resource that we have for his disgusting personal interest of ruining the future of South Sudan.

Is that what you are supporting? Is that what you are politically, economically and emotionally trying to achieve?

We must always try to shape our future from now by doing what is needed, convenient and nationalistic. Let’s leave the politics of tribalism, domination, segregation and come up with patriotic move from our very own spirit and soul, and not from our so and so.

We are currently having our simple slogan like that of Christians: “In the name of Jesus” and that of Muslim: Allah’wa’akber”. Ours is “Salva Kirr must go” period!

Chuol C. Puoch (ChuolB’riaal) is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan. He can be followed/added on his Facebook with his full name above, on twitter @chuolchot and via email: