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Serious Concerns about the South Sudan Transitional Constitution

BY: Isaiah Abraham, JUBA, SEP. 22/2012; The debate on the national constitution has come back. The discussion is on a small scale, however as people seem to have not, much interest about the constitution debate matters while there pressing daily issues threatening their basic lives. There are real issues facing an ordinary person on our streets in our ten states, especially the liquidity problem. We must not shy to sing them here always.

Many people go these days with their pockets empty, and the future looks so bleak on that matter. The market has grown wild and people have no idea when will their economic woes end. Juba residents in particular have come to terms with trouble after another; no running water, no electricity, no medicine on the selves, not enough cash to buy high rising food commodities, no security in the suburbs of the city, no land/housing, no fuel, not enough public transport, and above all no peace of mind.

Let’s turn to what I think is an important exercise everyone should participate fully in- the constitution of the country. Here we go: South Sudan leadership has formed a Committee to review the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan. This constitution was adapted on July 9, 2011 when the country became an independence entity. The text was a flip flop of the Interim Constitution of the Government of Southern Sudan, when the country was still one. Some patches were made with little changes from the original document.

There are fears that nothing will really be changed so long as the politicians are comfortable with the current structure of the text. But quick-fix constitution crumbles before everyone enjoys it, and hence necessary to give ourselves time and go through the constitution, chapter by chapter, clause by clause and item by item. It is a matter of life and death.

Someone must incorporate what people really want, not what a small group of people want or section of a region. Once the views are collected and the constitution is ready for operation, it has to go through a referendum first.

The process leading to the new constitution should have been started way back for the constitution to be finally out in January 2013. The body formed to review the constitution however has complained bitterly that it didn’t have money to start working. It looks like the issue of money has been addressed, what are these people waiting for?

In their two previous meetings we are told that the Committee was still on procedures, regulation and familiarization, how about now when the money is already out? We want the good professor to answer our people and not to expect anyone to give his group any lease of life.

Now that the real work is about to start or has just started, what are some of the envisaged problems we must do without in the Transitional Constitution of this country? Well, this writer will go straight and not to waste your precious time. I have some concerns/clauses or provisions I want them either amended, expunged or partially adapted in the next constitution. I’m not going to talk about bills of rights, they are fine.

One is this baggage body called State Lower House or whatever the name that is, formed somewhere last year. I see this House as unnecessary since there is the Upper One (National Legislative Assembly). There is no need for this country to have replica of another body when we have already representatives of the people to the Upper House. We have State Houses and other County Authorities moreover, what specific role are we expecting from this body again, something the other bodies aforesaid above couldn’t do?

If to demarcate and settle disputes between states, counties that is purely the job of the Upper House and the Executive or Judiciary, what other value could this House offer our people? This is a waste of resources and must be dropped from the new text. I’m happy Senegal has just scrapped it altogether through a vote in the National Assembly represented by both houses.

If to accommodate is the problem of the president then that time was yesterday; we are writing a permanent constitution for the country Mr. President. The number of the National Assembly must not be deluded by people whose political parties or support are nowhere.

Second, I see the president struggling to downsize his government. This must be spelt out clearly here. The government should have specific number of ministers with no assistant ministers or advisors. Assistant Ministers and Advisors are to go; they are doing literally nothing there. Their annual budget would be used by Mr. Gier Chuang to tarmac road going to Rumbek then Bentiu.

This too must be reflected in the formation of the National other bodies. Commissions are to be narrowed; Anti-Corruption must go first among those that are to be merged. This is critical if the government is serious about reform/downsizing and to save money for services. The constitution should be the ground to effect changes so the president to have an anchor. January 2013 isn’t far for a permanent constitution to take effect. So downsizing is a necessary evil that must be done.

Third, the government must introduce a Secretary to the Cabinet, somebody who could be free to run the affairs free of distractions. The current minister in the Office of the President should not be the Secretary to the Cabinet, because his schedules are overshadowed by the president’s. He has no much time to prepare reports for matters to be discuss by the ministers. In fact, the president needs no minister there, but an administrator and Mr. Mayen Wol is the right man there to do the chores for the Head of State. The constitution has to incorporate such an idea and do away with two ministers in the Office of the President.

Security can’t be a ministry; where on earth is that? How about the Attorney General, do we need that post? The answer is an affirmative! This position will help the country on numerous cases against the state as well as do prosecution on financial criminals. Issues of corruption could come here.

Forth, there has to be provision about disqualification of members of parliament. Even if elected by the people, there has to be a clause or two in which those with allegiance, obedience or adherence to foreign states are to be dismissed by the House and new election called in their respective constituencies. We have people around here who fall on that category; this clause will act as a deterrent against these people. There are those who are insolvent, those who are adjudged paranoid or senile but are still pretending to be members of parliament, they too are to be disqualified through an act in the new constitution.

Fifth, the new constitution must include a clause about the First President of the Republic. It might read like this: “the first president shall be the person who was immediately declared the Head of State on July 9, 2011”, or “a person who assumes office and declared president on July 9, 2012”. Matters of the law aren’t assumed, they must appear in white and black. President Kiir deserves this piece in the constitution. Same could be said about the ‘father of the nation’ thing. It has to be written so to avoid confusion of who should be who.

Sixth, the constitution must be specific about some requirements to fill up national jobs. Take for example the Electoral Commission Body, the head of this body requirements will have to come out clear from the constitution. The person must be a lawyer, and the list goes on. Members of that Commission also shall have similar backgrounds to avoid appointing wrong/right people on the /wrong/right places. The Chairman of the Electoral Commission am told is an engineer, and wonder who nominated him there in the first place.

Tenure of that body must be clearly provided in the constitution. I suggest that their life span should be that of the House/Parliament. Once the Assembly time is up, the same could be true to the Electoral Commission. This practice must be applied to all other constitutional posts. The span of the House should be for all. But the point is that a person must fit his/her occupation otherwise there is no point going to college to specialize.

Seventh, there has to be provision on the ‘vote of no confidence’ against the government. Parliament will have to initiate this process to allow the president to re-institute another body that will run the government until the period for election comes. We should have done this legal right against the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) if there is anything concrete in the constitution to bank on. RSS has failed our people in a very big way, and hence important to keep our check close and open for anyone who will bend to abuse the people of this country.

Eight, there has to be Judiciary Commission which shall vet or recommend to the president the appointment of the High Court Judges. In our Transitional Constitution the Judiciary matters aren’t conveniently flattened up for reasons best known to the writers of that constitution. But in this current text, terms are to be spelt out more clearly so to get rid of ambiguity. Deadwoods, people who are ticking 80 years or so, but are still clinging to their benches are to give way to fresh blood.

On the case of the Court of Appeal, the drafters of the constitution must leave no stone unturned. The new constitution must put in place strong references for smooth administration of justice.

Do we need Public Service Commission to gazette names, recruits and appoints civil servants? Yes we do for transparency purposes. The current practice of delegating that job to respective recruiting ministries is susceptible to abuses. May be the constitution needs to empower the current one and not to dissolve it.

How about armed forces, their current Act seems to have so much to do, and it is time to support them

Nine, there is this vague statement that the ‘land belongs to the community’ that must be refined and replace with a clause that would harmonize land distribution or policies. That clause has caused so much confusion in the minds of the people everywhere; something must be done in the current constitution to help people enjoy their rights in this country. The government must be allowed free hand to own and regulate the land on behalf of the people. That is why they’re representative of the people in the central in case there are infringes of rights against the people. But land Policy Act, Land Registration Act as well as Land Court Act are to be developed quickly to help in that area of land discharge and disputes.

Then there is this thing called Appropriation Act, a situation through which the Parliament gives the Treasury the go ahead to spend the approved budget. This is process always come after parliament has already passed the annual budget, and once the budget is passed, it has to go through this Act called Appropriation to make into a law. That means that no any other person whoever that be could to spend beyond what is ‘appropriated’ by the Assembly. In our case that is not followed.

The Treasury, the Presidency and others still violate the law and spend over and above what the law has delineated. In the current constitution it has to be made abundantly clear to all. We write something about our banking rules, about debts, about pension, about contingency or consolidated.

I will return next week or so about other ten concerns things. Your comments, please

Isaiah Abraham lives in Juba; he’s on


The unfortunate death of Garang and its implication on South Sudan

BY: ElHag Paul, RSS
The malaise going on in GoSS more and more has something to do with the manner in which South Sudan lost Dr Garang in 2005. The closure to Garang’s death was inconclusive especially given the fact that the circumstance of his death has not been explained Read more →

Betrayal of a nation’s expectation: Why South Sudan is screwed up?

South Sudan is screwed up! The contents and wordings of the recently  released Presidential letter that scandalously alleged that “an estimated $4 billion [are] stolen by Read more →

Tribalism most dangerous enemy to South Sudanese than Khartoum’s regime

By: John Bith Aliap, Adelaide Australia

JULY 12/2012, SSN; We have many times been accused of tribalism, but we have always presented fake voices that Tribalism doesn’t exist in the Republic of South Sudan. However, logical sense would otherwise tell another side of the story.  Typical events like Jongulei crisis which often makes headlines in many global news channels would make it difficult for us to deny the existence of tribalism; and if we are victorious in some cases in our accustomed denial culture which we have imported from Arabs in the north, this leaves us with sour throats.

More than a year now, all South Sudanese celebrated the independence of the Republic of South Sudan, a country they had exceedingly shed their blood for many decades. Hundreds of thousands, if not millions of South Sudanese, took part in that independence celebration and pledged their loyalty to the Republic of South Sudan. The scene of celebration was characterized by people wearing flag of South Sudan, a symbol of what they would describe as their homeland. Some were clasping the flag and welling-up with tears as they pledged their allegiance to the Republic of South Sudan.

This celebration has in turn came with its own challenges that require us as people of the Republic South Sudan to compromise the journey of tribalism which we have been undertaking in the last centuries. Although ill-thought attempts are made to put out the flames of corruption, we should not also forget to fight our known enemy called tribalism which the colonists had in the last centuries imported to South Sudan and used it as an exploitative tool of division.

Haven’t we recently deposed the colonists from our territories South Sudanese? If your answer is yes, then why shouldn’t we abandon all sorts of evil practices the colonists have historically imposed on us?

Many of our loved ones have perished in the course of tribal feuding under the swords of their own brothers and sisters. If we really need the Republic of South Sudan to be a free and equal society, then it should be tribally free, but if it’s to be tribally free, it must remain free and equal to all South Sudanese regardless of their tribal supremacy or backgrounds.

In this respect, I cannot falsely argue that some tribes in South Sudan have never been biased against other tribes, this is a part of our human condition, but the problem is not that we are biased; the problem would be when we forget that we are being biased against others. Once people start to believe that their tribes are superior than others’, than they could become the very bigots they are supposedly against.

The Republic of South Sudan is comprised of massive self-righteous groups who would in many ways identify themselves as; Dinka, Nuer, Murle, Bari, Acholi, Ding-Dinga, Anyuak, Taposa, Mundari etc. These groups hold their tribal hatreds to the stage where they would attempt to project all evils deeds- I mean anything which is deemed evil onto other groups. However, in this situation the right of reply or attempt at dialogue is refused, leading to a feeling of helplessness and anger among the accused groups.

As long as our human history is concerned, it’s unquestionably our human nature that we sometimes hold false views of the world, but in reality it’s not an individual’s mistake to choose whether they are to become Nuer, Dinka, Bari etc. The other beliefs we subsequently choose, can only be done through the distorted prism of those early influences and imperfect knowledge of the facts, but should we blame others of being Dinka, Shiluk, Taposa, Nuer, Ding-Dinga and Vice versa? This typical thinking goes against the nature and if we hate others simply because they are members of other tribes, then we must wrongly be blaming the nature.

South Sudanese should acknowledge that all tribes in the Republic of South Sudan are important and those who endeavor to lecture supremacy of their tribes are the worst enemies of the new-born state of South Sudan than Khartoum’s regime. Tribalism in its broadest sense has become our major enemy than Khartoum’s regime which we often talk about day and night and it’s more determined to break the Republic of South Sudan into pieces if not managed adequately, especially at the onset of current national building phase.

We all need each other for the fact that different tribal values, beliefs and life styles form the identity of the Republic of South Sudan.  My experience tells me that we all have rich cultures which if utilized properly in my view can lay a concrete foundation of the new Republic of South Sudan which we should  all as people of South Sudan be proud of now and in the future.

Some people had already pointed their fingers to the government of South Sudan that it has not done enough to end tribalism in South Sudan, but eradication of tribalism is neither government’s nor an individuals’ responsibility. It’s a collective responsibility whereby each and every one of us should perform his/her part.

South Sudanese in all walks of life should come out and preach the goodness of being a nationalist and badness of being a tribalist rather than preaching water during the day and drinking wine and whisky during the night.

You won’t be surprised in Juba or in other major cities in South Sudan when somebody asks you which tribes you belong to. This kind of question for instance, is simply a tribal practice, but those who indulge in such business do not realize that they are engaging in tribal practices. It’s high time now for South Sudanese to abandon their historical tribal culture and its associated regressive practices and embrace the sentiments of nationalism.

Our hopes and expectations have been that after we have attained our independence, so would the development follow, but tribalism appears to be a major impediment to development and also a greater threat to our national security. Are we stupid enough not to stand up and face tribalism with all our strengths? If we do so, let us not forget the role inter-marriage and the church could play in our war on tribalism.

Many South Sudanese have been expecting that church leaders would stand up to their spiritual responsibilities to reduce the magnitudes of tribalism. But I would argue here in this respect if you don’t mind that churches in the Republic of South Sudan are as guilty as other ignorant groups by not standing up to fight tribalism.

The current state of our churches is neither healthy nor promising either as I write this piece. Churches in South Sudan are indisputably maintaining the status quo of tribalism. Church leaders in our contemporary Republic of South Sudan speak of Dinka congregation, Nuer congregation, Bari congregation, etc. It would in turn work this way; all churches in the Republic of South Sudan should work together instead of maintaining the historical tribal divisions.

Another important ingredient that we need in our hands is indeed an encouragement of inter-marriages among different tribes. If this is done, then the next generation born from these unions will be devoid of tribalism. Can we try this step and see if it will work? I think it will definitely work.

In addition, let’s not ignore the fact that our current state structures are established on the basis of tribal lines and it’s not helping us at all if we are really serious about tribalism. We need to make drastic measures if we are to see gains in war on tribalism by abolishing the current state structures. These structures have arguably confined people to the point where they would almost spend approximately 90% of their lives in their traditional geographical tribal territories.

To end this trend however, Equatorians and others should go and work in different states and the rest should also do the same. This will minimize the chances of holding false and imaginary beliefs on others.

In spite of underlying differences, these people can trust each other and they can co-exist peacefully as they share their common traditional foods such as Asida and Kisra with each other. We cannot end tribalism in the Republic of South Sudan if we don’t cross our tribal borders, otherwise our desire to end tribalism in South Sudan may remain as a lips service!

Nevertheless, media which the government of South Sudan sees as its major enemy would also occupy a primary defensive line in this war on tribalism. Although the long-decades war with Khartoum’s regime made it difficult for many talented South Sudanese to explore their educational opportunities, there are still few good writers out there who would otherwise “if they are honest and care about their country” use their writing skills to discourage practices of tribalism in the Republic of South Sudan.

It would be an incurable mistake if these writers idiotically allow themselves to be used by their self-centered tribal politicians in the course of advancing their tribal supremacy and egotistic interests. This is an abuse of professionalism! I would love to see our professional writers using their inks and papers to end tribalism in South Sudan rather than perpetrating it.

As there may be various ways and tactics we can employ to end tribalism, music cannot miss to qualify as one of those tools we should be using to end tribalism in the Republic of South Sudan. Most of music shows mostly shown on South Sudan TV have often been highly characterized by artists singing for their dream girls. However, it would have been worthy enough if we could extend invitations to these talented South Sudanese artists so that they can join the podium and compose songs not only dedicated to their dream girls, but also songs that discourage practices of tribalism in the Republic of South Sudan.

I would acknowledge that few artists have already boarded the plane and set the ball rolling, but other artists are highly encouraged to tag on a similar direction. I’m sincerely encouraging our artists to courageously take a centre stage in the war on tribalism. This step is necessary since artists can effortlessly influence wider audiences and without doubt, it can definitely work when used as a tool to end tribalism. Therefore, utilizing music to close tribal gaps would serve thousands of lives which would have been lost in regressive tribal feuding.

In conclusion, South Sudanese should all come out courageously and truthfully to confront tribalism and its associated evil practices. Engaging on ways to right the wrongs and put up ways to secure a good Republic of South Sudan for us and the next generations would be a brilliant idea.

I would like to pose this question as a home work to all South Sudanese. The question goes like this: Are you sufficiently stupid not to confront tribalism or sensibly judicious to confront it and put it to an end?

The costs of tribalism in the Republic of South Sudan have been very high and its continuation won’t serve our national interest.

The author of this work is a concerned South Sudanese citizen and can be corresponded at

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.

Ramciel is the best place for the capital city of South Sudan!

BY: Matot Akech Matot, AUSTRALIA

South Sudan has just celebrated the first anniversary of our being a new country. After many years of terrible pain and suffering, we triumphed over our enemies. We fought bravely for so many years and were rewarded with success at last. South Sudan Oyee!

One of the many tragic outcomes of the years of war was the untimely death of our beloved Dr. John Garang who died in a helicopter accident. This was and still is a terrible blow to our young nation, but we kept going forward. We knew that John Garang would want us to keep heading towards the life of success that he and many others sacrificed their lives to achieve.

I have decided not to spend a lot of time talking about the recent, foolish letter from Dr Luka Biong Deng, published in the Nation Newspaper this month. In his letter, Mr Luka says that Juba should stay as the capital city of South Sudan. And why? What is his reasoning? Because Juba is there. Because Juba has been the capital for some time now. And then he says, because Dr John Garang is buried there.

Yes, our leader is buried there but on its own, this is not a good reason for having Juba as the capital. There are not real points in these words. John Garang said we will “take the town to the people” and not the other way around. So he is saying let us build new towns, and Ramciel was one place suggested.

In fact, all of Luka Deng’s points are easy-to-beat arguments. John Garang himself did not want Juba to be our capital. With his intelligence, John Garang knew that Juba would not be the best capital city that we can have. Just because something is there already is not a convincing argument. We do not have to accept it.

I have another much better idea. All my arguments add up to my saying Ramciel is the best place for a capital and Juba is not good as a capital of our glorious new country.

Juba does not and will never suit the numbers of people, the size, the numbers of buildings, the necessary infrastructure, the numbers of workers, international tourists and Investors that South Sudan needs to become a strong independent country.

It is not good enough to say that Juba should be the capital because it was already there. The small city existed and we used it as a place to sit and think and plan for the good future of our country. Since our Independence, Juba has seen all of the first days and struggles of this new nation. A lot of new business and overseas people are now coming to South Sudan, wanting to bring investment in business and where do they stay?

Juba, a city that is too small, where the indigenous peoples of this place do not want anyone to come and where it is impossible to develop Juba into a great city of the world.

Juba actually is land belonging to the Bari tribe and their people do not want the capital city to keep growing over their ancestral lands. This has been a cause of violence. The indigenous people do not want their land taken for a capital city. Were the Bari people asked at all by anyone about building a capital city right on their lands? Did someone ask their permission to do this? I do not think so. Juba was there, had some services and so it grew.

Now Juba is not coping well with being the capital city. The roads are narrow and cars rush through them, often knocking down the people on foot and killing them. As well, there is not a satisfactory water supply and waste disposal pipes and treatment plants. Houses are just put anywhere and this looks very untidy and not permanent.  Roads are too narrow. Juba is very close to the borders of Kenya and Uganda.

In Juba, there is not enough land to cover the 31 or so square kilometres (about 12 square miles) needed for the construction of new government buildings in the present capital city. Since the time Juba has been the “stand-in” for our capital city, Juba has grown and grown without planning. Juba was never meant to be a capital city for the whole country. Since that time, Juba has grown buildings and roads which are not suited to large numbers of people who have come there. 

Dr. John Garang commissioned a study and the area of Ramciel was suggested as a good place for a new capital city.  John Garang wanted Ramciel as a capital, but he died before this was accomplished. It is in The Lakes State of greater Yirol people, Even the name “Ramciel” is suitable, because it means where the Rhino meet and it can be now refer as a centre of ten states of South Sudan “town between”. A shared area, a place for different people to come together and meet.

Ramciel is the areas of Awen (Thian) Malek payam of Langmatot Boma. It is more in the centre of the country; at its heart. For the people of all South Sudan it gives a central focal point. It is an area where not many people have lived before. It is not putting buildings on top of family areas and graves.

Ramciel is inhabited by the Awen clan from Ciec, members of Yirol. Ramciel is their land.  These are the indigenous people of this place and they must decide. They have said yes to building Ramciel. Now they have to decide which of 2 possible areas they will move to, take their cattle to and stay in.

The Ramciel area is used by three Greater Yirol communities: Ciec, Aliab and Atut. They understand that the Government of South Sudan has a right to develop land so as to benefit all our citizens. Ramciel has good hills where the city could be developed. There is plenty of space in the hills for a large city.

There are several international examples of a country building a new separate City for their capital. I can talk about Brazilia, in Brazil and Canberra, in Australia, as two examples. There are a tremendous lot of positive reasons for South Sudan building a new capital. The indigenous people of that area will not behave in a violent manner if Ramciel was made into the capital.

The opportunity to build a truly well planned capital should not be ignored. South Sudan needs to build our democracy and part of that building is making a beautiful capital city where our leaders will meet and make important decisions concerning our future. We want a capital city to be proud of. Roads and buildings would be properly planned, with water and waste systems, hospitals and schools included. We would showcase our abilities in designing a capital which would reflect our beloved, great country.

On April 5, 2012, the survey for the proposed new capital of South Sudan, Ramciel, was reported in the Sudan Tribune and in other papers. The survey will be completed within the next six months, reports the official in charge of the project.

This gives us, as proud citizens of the new country of South Sudan, a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to design a city built for a purpose: to be the centre of the life for our country. In an age where effects on the natural environment are serious issues, South Sudan can employ the best possible environmentally aware architects and road planners. In this way, South Sudan can show the rest of the world that we are good global citizens. We have suffered and lost so much, but now we are starting to say “Look at us. We are building our nation in the best possible way. AUG. 29/2012,SSN;

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.

Fudging the issue: President Kiir and corruption in RSS

BY: Elhag Paul, RSS

[The tears of honorable Matur Maker shed on 2nd November 2011 in the parliament in Juba during the presentation of the report of the auditor general Mr. Steven Wondu calls for rescue of South Sudan from the claws of the felons]

JUNE 22/2012, SSN; The corruption that is eating away South Sudan like a terminal cancer slowly spreading all over a healthy person is not something new.  This is a disease dating back to the inception of the movement.  The infection started when the founders of SPLM/A failed to put in place the necessary instruments, mechanism and structures as pillars of a robust organization.  The maxim invoked by architectural engineers that a robust foundation and corner pillars are a must for any sound construction was ignored here.

The fact that SPLM/A survived to this date against all odds as an amorphous organization beats my mind.  No doubt a research study on it may come up with an interesting unique theory in management.  Anybody studying for a higher degree in management may want to consider doing such a research.  It would benefit the advancement of knowledge in that area for human kind.

HOW IT STARTED: SPLM/A was founded at a very critical time in the history of Sudan.  Competing forces in late 1970s and early 1980s were violently trying to achieve their interests in the Sudan.  The Arabs under Nimeiri wanted to totally subjugate, Islamize and Arabise South Sudan and their strategy to achieve this was to foment massive divisions in the South.

In the South, internally, the Dinka using their smooth relationship with the Arabs wanted to establish themselves as the elites forcefully via corrupt behavior such as nepotism and tribalism.  Then, the government of Abel Alier Dinkanised the police force, and put it under the command of Reuben Mach as a tool to realize their already stated objective.  The Equatorians on the other hand were fighting to resist Dinka abuse and domination.  Internationally, America and Russia were fighting their cold war in the region using Sudan and Ethiopia respectively.

The dynamics of these forceful clashes led to the corruption in the Sudan army to give birth to SPLM/A.  Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, the commander of battalion 105 in Bor and his superior major general Sadiq El Bana in Juba were involved in financial embezzlement and illicit deals involving the smuggling of ivory tasks, leopard skins and the like.  Their disagreement over the proceeds of the loot as would be expected led both officers to use their positions and their forces to settle score.

The atmosphere by then was ripe for rebellion, especially given that Nimeiri had already repealed the Addis Ababa agreement of 1972 and ordered the transfer of the integrated 6000 Anyanya forces from South Sudan to the north.  Kerubino seized this highly charged political atmosphere to ignite the war on 16th May 1983 because he did not want to be crashed by his powerful superior whom he double-crossed.

It was true that at the time many South Sudanese in the Sudan armed forces were agitating for action and it was only a matter of time for a rebellion to take place in the South.  Do not forget that Anyanya 2 already was up and active operating in Upper Nile against Khartoum.  So Kerubino was clever enough to use this sensitive period for his own benefit to cover up his illegal activities with his superior.

BORN OUT OF CORRUPTION: There you are, SPLM/A was born out of the violence of corruption and led by the very people who were major actors in corruption in the Sudanese army.  Seeking support for its survival, SPLM/A turned to Ethiopia communist regime under Mengistu Haile Mariam and they adopted a Marxist management model which implemented an absolutist system generating an environment of terror within the organization.  Nobody could dare to speak against any wrong being done lest you get lynched.

In absence of instruments, mechanism and structures, Dr Garang became everything: the leader, the finance officer, the preacher, mini-god and what have you.  The fact that the management of the organization was a one man show, it meant that the necessary instruments for checking corruption like auditing and accountability were ignored.  Kiir lamented during the Rumbek meeting of November 2004 by saying, “corruption, as a result of the lack of structures, has created a lack of accountability which has reached a proportion that will be difficult to eradicate.”

This led to the worship of Dr Garang and the setting of the scene for rapid development of corruption.  Myint in his article in the journal of Asia-Pacific Development, vol. 7, No.2, Dec. 2000, titled, Corruption: Causes, Consequences and Cures, defines corruption as ‘the use of public office for private gain, or in other words, use of official position, rank or status by an officer for his own personal benefit.’  From this definition it is clear that the behavior of major Kerubino and his superior major general Sadiq El Bana were acts of corruption.  Consequently they led the country into crisis.

GARANG’S ABSOLUTISM WAS CORRUPTION: Similarly, the absolute control of the entire SPLM/A by Garang constituted an act of corruption in that he used the organization to build himself and perpetuate a personality cult.

Professor Robert Klitgaard in his influential article on the vice of corruption, ‘International Cooperation Against Corruption’ published in the journal of Finance & Development in March 1998 argues that monopoly of power is the number one culprit in perpetuation of corruption.  He defines corruption as C=M+D-A which stands for corruption equals monopoly plus discretion minus accountability.  So the acts of Dr Garang fit in well with Klitgaards definition of corruption because he wielded monopoly of power in SPLM/A with full discretion to do what he wanted without any accountability.

Extending this argument further on Dr Garang’s person throws more light on his character.  His acquired fame and status as a hero in the liberation war in itself is a product of corruption as argued elsewhere that he does not deserve to be called the “Father of the nation.”  There can not be honor in corruption.

The first corruption in the movement started with brain washing and the disablement of the free will of the person.  The consequence of this type of corruption was huge in that innocent lives of true freedom fighters were sacrificed on flimsy grounds without any serious legal enquiries being conducted.

Peter Nyaba in his book titled ‘The Politics of Liberation in South Sudan: An Insider’s View’, published in Kampala in 1997 by KPI, points out that Dr Juac Erjok, a veterinary doctor from Ngok Dinka, Mr Lokurunyang Lado, a leftist activist and member of the South Sudan Patriotic Front and a certain Yahyah, a trade unionist who joined the ranks of SPLA, were framed as agents of Nimeiri and executed by firing squad during the graduation of the first brigade of the Jarad division in 1985.  There was no investigation carried out and there was no appeal against the death sentences before execution.

Lam Akol in his book, titled ‘SPLM/SPLA Inside African Revolution’ published in Khartoum in 2001 by Khartoum University Press goes further to explain that Pagan Amum, Nyachugak Nyachiluk and Lokurnyang Lado were members of one group led by the latter.  Pagan and Nyachugak conspired against Lokurnyang, arrested him and handed him over to SPLA leading to his execution.  According to Lam, Pagan was a member of the firing squad that executed Lokurnyang Lado.  What a horrible injustice?

This was a shameful betrayal of comradeship and an unpatriotic act from people who call themselves freedom fighters.  But we must not forget this was a consequence of corruption in action.  Now that South Sudan is an independent country, it is only right that a truth and reconciliation commission is established to investigate the violations of human rights within its territory.  The severe punishment meted out on these freedom fighters should be investigated and if found innocent they should be righted posthumously so they can rest in peace.

Imagine destroying your own fighting force based on falsity knowingly. With hindsight now, how can such people be taken seriously as freedom fighters?  Kiir was right in his confrontation with Dr Garang in Rumbek to say, ‘there are people among us who are more dangerous than the enemy.’  Yes, even now as I write on this sensitive issue there are very dangerous people in SPLM/A.  Kiir himself is one of these dangerous people.  He supervised the dungeons of SPLM/A for 22 years under Dr Garang.  He also appointed ruthless and dangerous opportunists who betrayed the South to the parliament and the cabinet to support him.  It is a case of birds of the same feathers flocking together.

CORRUPTION GOT UNCONTROLLABLE: The lid came off the issue of corruption for the first time in SPLM/A publicly during the national convention of 1994.  Then Dr Garang said the fish had grown too big meaning corruption was getting out of control.  Garang being a suave talker, the issue was laid to rest without any further follow up.  I suspect fear was a factor in people keeping quiet.  It is unbelievable that Garang, a man of such formidable intellect could not have foreseen the seriousness of the problem.  It is certain that Garang knew well the corrosive impact of corruption but chose to ignore it because he was the major beneficiary of the practice and therefore he saw no reason to curb it for the good of the South.

If it is of any help, I just want to remind you that Garang in his speech of 3rd March 1983 way back at the start of the movement diagnosed corruption as the cause of inequality in the Sudan and committed himself to fighting it by fighting the system in the Sudan. How could he eleven years later then not take action against it?  It looks like there is utilitarianism in play here.

For 22 years until 2004, corruption existed in the bush with limited major players namely Dr Garang and his close confidantes like Deng Alor, Barnaba Marial, Wani Igga and late Dr Justin Yac mainly feasting on donations to the movement from friendly countries and aid coming in through SRRA.  On the field, the officers appropriated captured materials in form of vehicles and trucks which they sold out to traders in Uganda and Congo retarding the progress on the war.

At the other end in SPLM/A United, Dr Riek Machar was at it squeezing every penny out of the Arabs and defrauding UN aid agencies operating in areas under their control. Talk about vultures, here you have got them.

Low level corruption in the fighting force was rampant too with officers selling things like petrol and diesel intended for operations.  Even a bizarre form of corruption developed in Yei where the officers were selling prisoners of war (POW) back to the Sudan government through the Sudan embassy in Kampala.  The poor soldiers on the bottom were left with nothing but to help themselves to looting and raping the unprotected civilians in the liberated areas.  So in effect, SPLM/A was already a seasoned corrupt organization.

SPLM/A NOW CORRUPT ORGANIZATION: We now have a picture of corruption in the SPLM/A.  Hold it for now and let us move on to the government controlled areas of South Sudan in order for us to form a holistic understanding of the subject and how deeply it has become part of our daily culture.

Corruption surfaced in South Sudan with the coming of Addis Ababa agreement of 03/03/1972 into force which granted South Sudan regional autonomy.  The first president of the High Executive Council (HEC) Abel Alier initially started well in governing the South but gradually proved to be a tribalist sparking serious divisions within South Sudan that the Arabs (Nimeiri) exploited to repeal the Addis Ababa agreement.  As South was completely dependent on the North economically, it was deliberately starved of funds by the Arabs.  The only major employer in the South was the regional government.

Therefore, most of the people who lived in the towns relied for their survival on their employed relatives.  With meager salaries not being paid on time and sometimes taking couple of months, civil servants were forced to use their positions to make money to feed their families and extended relatives.  Bookkeepers, cashiers, store keepers and so on became corrupt.  Bookkeepers fiddled the books to steal money.  In some cases they collaborated with directors to include ghost names on the pay sheets.  Cashiers set up hurdles in paying out money to legitimate payees in order to extract bribes.  Store keepers stole materials from stores.  Drivers siphoned out fuel from government cars to sell in black market and so corruption flourished like wild fire and any hope of minuscule development vanished.

The politicians went for the lucrative corruption in quota distribution which rations essential commodities throughout the country by region.  They awarded quotas to their agents (Malakia boys and Arab traders) and relatives.  The documents of these quotas were sold for huge amount of money to the Arab traders.  In most cases the commodities concerned ended up in the North with citizens in the South going through painful suffering resulting from severe shortage of these essential commodities.

The South Sudanese political parties like Sudan African People Congress Party (SAPCO) led by Morris Lowiya and People Progressive Party (PPP) led by Eliaba Surur while using some of the proceeds from quota business, they also engaged in deals with the Northern parties where they received money in return for supporting Northern parties’ policies in parliament in Khartoum.

So the poverty in the South and the total economic strangulation of the South by Khartoum led to development of corruption for the sake of survival.  Most of the politicians like Arthur Akuen and late Dr Justin Yac who experienced and personally participated in this new emerging culture went to join the SPLM/A after the re-division of the South into 3 regions.  As the saying goes, people come with their baggage, Arthur and Dr Justin went to SPLM with their own baggage of corruption.

Those South Sudanese who continued to live in the government controlled areas had no way out but to live under this new culture, although there were changes of governments in the Sudan.  The replacement of Jaafar Nimeiri by General Suwar El Dahab and Suward El Dahab by Sadiq El Mahdi’s and the replacement of Sadiq El Mahdi by Omer Bashir in 1985, 1986 and 1989 respectively.  But this time the beneficiaries were the Malakia boys by virtue of their religion together with members of the new tribe of Muslim-Christians of Turbi and NCP who got themselves baptized by being branded with Quoranic versus in sensitive parts of their bodies.

The reason this group benefitted was simply because they assumed power as the new rulers of the South by proxy.  The Arabs encouraged corruption to keep the South Sudanese politicians sweet and contented.  Khartoum deliberately ignored corruption so long as it could promote its policies of Arabisation and Islamisation.  To achieve this objective Khartoum intended to destroy and prevent any emergence of a distinct South Sudanese identity to develop.  Development of South Sudan was not on the agenda and so the South Sudanese were allowed to destroy themselves in this vice.

So in effect corruption has been in operation in both the SPLM/A and the government controlled areas and this has gone on for 40 years (from 1972 to date).  As you can see, this is a long time and certainly corruption has taken roots and spread to every nooks and cranny of South Sudan society.  Look at the present government of Kiir which is saturated with felons from top to bottom.

CORRUPTION RAISED AT RUMBEK: Having now looked at corruption from a wider angel in the entire South Sudan, let us move back to pick the issue from the end of 2004, just weeks before the CPA of 2005.  Those in SPLM/A who lost out in the corruption game within the movement like Kiir found the opportunity to raise the issue in the Rumbek meeting of November 2004 as a weapon to nail Garang in their power dispute.

This Rumbek meeting provided the opportunity to deal with the issue of this vice culture of corruption at a very unique time, just before the signing of the CPA in preparation for good governance during the interim period.  But, unsurprisingly it was squandered when Garang argued against any changes to the status quo.

All the complaints against corruption and the demands for structures in the movement by the high ranking officers of the SPLA in this meeting came to naught with one simple sentence from Garang supported by Ambrose Ring Thiik.  Garang wittingly argued that, “Our imperfect structures have brought us to the present day. Let us not throw away these structures now. Otherwise we will throw ourselves away.”

Ambrose reinforced the point by saying, “Most of the things done are imperfect, but they have served us.” What an excellent expression of collective self interest coded with threat of self destruction?  Of-course as human beings, our instinct is always to survive and nobody wants to perish and thus Garang won the argument.

SPLM PEDDLING LIES: However, by arguing against positive change, Garang and his supporters failed the test of being true freedom fighters.  Morally, freedom fighters go to war to improve the whole lot of society and not for self gain or interest.  No wonder, we have chaos in SPLM and by implication in GOSS because the ideals sung are not driven by the right values.  What is said is different from what is believed and done.  Basically, SPLM peddles lies.  They are the problems of South Sudan.

Just compare and contrast Garang’s passionate defense for corruption here with his speech of 3rd March 1983 in which he bashed Khartoum on the subject.  This is what he said, “Nimeirism which was plagued by corruption is a regime in which a few people have amassed great wealth at the expense of the majority.”  Is this not similar to what is going on now in Juba?

Ironically, our liberators (SPLM/A) of yesterday have truly turned out to be today’s Nimeirists in Juba.  Is it any wonder honorable Matur Maker broke down in tears on learning the magnitude of the economic barbarity?

Garang’s argument against structures was not for nothing.  He was aware of what was awaiting them in the interim period – exercise of state power greased by oil money.  By this time he had already requested 60 million dollars from Bashir for rehabilitation purposes.  Do not forget that during the period of the peace talks he and his cohorts had began to embezzle millions donated by the Troika and others.

Garang’s close friends were buying mansions in Nairobi, Kampala and even as far as Europe, America and Australia.  Kiir in the Rumbek meeting was scathing about this behavior.  He pointed out in relation to rampant corruption that, “At the moment some members of the movement have formed private companies, bought houses and have huge bank accounts in foreign countries.  I wonder what kind of system are we going to establish in South Sudan considering ourselves included in this respect.”

SPLM/A DINKOCRACY NEEDED CORRUPTION: What poor Kiir did not work out was that Garang was intent on promoting corruption because having negotiated for himself the position of first vice president of the Sudan and president of South Sudan; he would need to use money to promote Dinkocracy.

SPLM/A strategy for promoting Dinkocracy necessarily needed corruption as a tool.  So they set out to ensure during the interim period and beyond that Dinka:—

1) —- control the police and judiciary.  The importance of these two organs in promotion of corruption can not be over stated.  In all the states of south Sudan, all the legal officers responsible for state business and contracts are Dinka.  Even in the 3 Equatorian states where Dinka are not inhabitants, the legal officers are Dinka in violation of the decentralisation policy in force.  This strategic control allow people like retired Brigadier Martin Malwal, the former member of the Ingaz revolutionary Council of Omer Bashir turned businessman to get away with millions supposedly for supplying South Sudan government with vehicles.  The vehicles turned out to be reconditioned second hand cars bought from Dubai not worth the contract.

It also allows for human rights abuses by Dinka to go unchecked.  It also allows people like Arthur Akuen to be released from detention by his tribes mates without consequences to enjoy the millions he stole with impunity.  It also allows people like Koul Athian to scheme with the justice department to defraud the state of over 4 billion dollars in grain contracts with impunity.

After having Dinkanised the police force, the ministry is now handed to a recycled non-Dinka NCP die hard whose business would be to oppress South Sudanese on behalf of the masters.

2)      2) —- Control mass media for continuation of indoctrination as well as to deprive others from voicing their life experience.

3)      3) —- Create a dummy Anti-Corruption Commission headed by powerless people.  In effect a commission managed and controlled by apparatchiks for Dinka interest.  The fact that this commission is toothless in the middle of sea of corruption is unbelievable, but true.  Instead of going after the real big fish, it wastes resource and time by pursuing non urgent cases of small value.  The truth is that this body was formed to deflect attention of the people from the real corruption.

Kiir who lamented corruption few months before he took over the presidency of the South Sudan after the unfortunate death of Garang was all talk without action.  Under his watch, over 20 billion dollars disappeared from the government coffers into the pockets of his people in the last six years.  Yet they go around the world asking for development money.  What a disgrace!  Michael Makuei Lueth, the legal brain of SPLM in Rumbek meeting was right to say, “The leadership is not committed to fighting corruption.”  There you are.  What more are we expecting from this lot and their SPLM party?

4)      4) —- Create a dummy Audit Commission.  This initially was a joke until the diligent Steven Wondu took over and did a wonderful job of exposing the depth of corruption committed in only one year (from 2005 to 2006) amounting to over 1.5 billion dollars unaccounted for.  Although Wondu’s report was clear when it came to pointing out who the thieves are president Kiir looked the other way and buried the issue.  Having been exposed by this report, auditing for the subsequent years appears to have been abandoned. Since GOSS came to power, they have not shown us any tangible evidence to hold thieves to account.

Believe you me, in Juba expensive government vehicles are being stolen daily without anybody raising alarm.  Would you believe it that 6 years on, most ministries have no idea what they own in terms of vehicles, machines, equipment and so.  Yet, we are supposed to have something called Audit Commission.  What a joke?

5)      5) —- Constitute a lame parliament packed with party functionaries and appointed, discredited, opportunistic, principle-less MPs who can not enact legislations against the interest of the masters.  In effect a rubber stamp organ to facilitate poor governance.

6)      6) —- Control finance.  In order to plunder the coffers, well experienced thieves were appointed to head the ministry of finance.  Their function was to disburse millions of dollars to fake Dinka businessmen.  In addition to that they created for themselves an exclusive limited welfare system under which favored tribes men would receive massive help.  This system is something called ‘assistance’ in the circles of the government offices of South Sudan.  Under this system, the ministers reserve the discretion to approve about 20 thousand dollars as assistance to anyone at any given time.  I do not have to talk of the beneficiaries of this blatant abuse of public money.  You can work it out for yourself.

7)      7) —- Do not allow audit.  In the last 6 years of SPLM’s administration.  No auditing of some government departments have been conducted simply because the Dinkocrats in these offices have bled the ministries dry.  This deliberate negligence is calculated to allow its members who are employed en masse without appropriate qualifications to loot the government without accounting.  The absence of auditing which is a clear sign of deliberate orchestrated poor governance leaves room for the record to disappear which then renders accounting impossible.

8)      8) —- Brain-wash the public by claiming that, ‘we are starting from scratch.’  This is a phrase well designed to divert attention of people, especially foreigners working with donor agencies from paying attention to details.  This phrase is so widely used in South Sudan to the extent that people now believe it.  When corruption or ill deeds are raised, it is immediately invoked and the matter becomes so minor.

Please see this YouTube clip: South Sudan Corruption Discussion hosted by Vincent Makori of Voice of America on 10th May 2012 Also please see The Rape of the RSS by the ‘Oyee party’ published by South Sudan News Agency on 12th February 2012.

The impact of corruption to our society and country has been destructive and corrosive.  In terms of infrastructure development, we lost hundred of millions of dollars on the roads projects.  The amounts charged per kilometer by corrupt companies for asphalting roads around Juba are unbelievable. Despite millions being paid out in the last 6 years, to date the total mileage of asphalted roads in the whole South Sudan is less than 100 miles. Moreover the quality of the work itself is substandard and shoddy.  This is replicated in all the situation numbered below.

Lighting – the Sudan government had erected electricity poles around Juba made up of concrete.  These poles were perfectly OK and the lines were in order.   Without any good reason, the corporation decided to replace these good poles with wooden poles imported from Uganda costing millions of dollars.  The life span of these wooden poles surely will not last as long as the replaced concrete durable ones.

Again, instead of purchasing good modern electricity generators, our officials for no good reason went and acquired second world war diesel generators that are not able to light Juba town.  Today, receiving light in Juba is a lottery.  Sometimes, one can stay for weeks on end without any light.  As a result, Juba is like mini Lagos in Nigeria.  A town run by numerous privately owned generators producing noise pollution detrimental to healthy living.

Renovation of government building.  The entire renovation of the ministries is reported to have cost around 300 million dollars, yet when you look around, the work done would have cost less than 5 million dollars.  Despite the renovation, some of these ministries are leaking and there is no running water for the lavatories.  Go to Radio Juba and you would see the shock of your life.  Ever since the British left the Sudan, that building remains the same.  The only difference is that it is completely dilapidated.  I am not an engineer, but one glance told me that this building should have been condemned as it is a danger in terms of health and safety.  Nevertheless, it is still in full use.

Government properties.  The Dinkocratic governor of Central Equatoria, whose own biological daughter is his official office manager, without any sound legal basis in law is Dinkocratically privatizing and distributing government properties to his masters and foreigners to gain favors.  This action is being taken in the face of severe shortage of government accommodation.

It is worth mentioning that these properties were built by the former British colonial administration and they have rich history in terms of the personalities who lived in them and the role they played in the events that unfolded in South Sudan.  Any fit administration would actually list these buildings as heritage sites as they are part of our culture.  Proper planning would see these properties attracting visitors and tourists interested in the history of our country.  Now, the Dinkocrats are destroying this rich heritage for future generation due to their ignorance, lack of foresight and greed.

Contracts – most of the multi-million contracts are given out to incompetent companies which do not deliver such as the companies that cashed in on the 4 billion dollars intended to supply grain to the 10 states.  These companies are owned by none other than the family members of the masters.  Today, the consequence has been eye watering. Our innocent and peaceful villagers in Warrap, Unity and Upper Nile states are paying the price in terms of thousands of lives lost due to hunger.

Loss of life.  Due to deprivation, citizens are dying daily all over South Sudan.  In Juba and other towns, patients in hospitals simply die due to lack of oxygen, medications and so on.  Many people also die daily too due to lack of enforcement of building regulations.  Buildings constructed hastily without rules being followed collapse on people with impunity.

Social relationship.  Our social relationship is suffering because of the inequality, unfairness and the deprivation leading to bitterness in our communities.  In Juba seeing angry people is routine and if you bother to listen to some of these people you begin to get the sense of bitterness harbored towards some sections of the society.  This is understandable as the corrupt are living it large with their actions causing suffering all around.  This is not good for South Sudan as it perpetuates ethnic hatred and causes unnecessary divisions among us.

Development.  Corruption retards our development in the sense that it deprives GOSS of revenue, wasted time and resource necessary for provision of vital services such as health, education, employment, eradicating poverty and so on.

Image of RSS. Corruption demeans our image as a country and destroys our credibility.  It no doubt has effects on our official documents such as passports, driving license etc.

These are just few examples and I could go on and on and on, but there is no need.  To sum it up, the price we are paying for corruption is so huge that it is difficult to find words to quantify or express it.

Boris Begovic in his article, ‘Corruption: Concepts, Types, Causes and Consequences’ in the journal of Documentos, Year III, No.26, March 2005 highlights the huge damages corruption does to a society in both visible and invisible terms.  What Boris highlights is visible in our country on daily basis.

Today walking around Juba or any town in South Sudan does not fill the eye with joy.  One sees suffering all around.  You see children in rags playing, others defecating in open on the streets; emaciated children collecting stones for sale.  Empty plastic bottles strewn everywhere and garbage everywhere.

It is truly a disheartening environment.  Yet, you see the thieves in the most expensive cars driving around laughing happily.  The sobering images coming out of Juba hospital daily and the wailing of the mourners seem not to say anything to this group of people.  What a bunch of heartless people?  People who have lost their humanity to greed and violence.

These thieves believe that by defrauding the South Sudanese people to construct for themselves high quality of life and live it, they will inevitably get away with it when they die and thereby passing the proceeds of the loot to their offsprings as inheritance.  Since we the South Sudanese people are always forgiving we would forget and their families would remain established with vast economic and political advantage which they wrenched violently from the people.

To allow this situation to stand would be to endorse and accept Mafiaism.  Since the process of accumulating this economic and political advantage was/is illegal, it follows that the South Sudanese people should have recourse to legal recovery of these stolen resources regardless of the farcical pronouncements of president Kiir; the woeful work of the rubber stamp parliament and the disgraceful work of the anti-corruption commission.

What we the South Sudanese need to do now is to forget the façade of Kiir’s administration on this issue.  This government will not deal with this subject as it should because they are the beneficiaries.  In the bush SPLM/A fudged this issue.  During the interim period they encouraged it massively in presence of the dummy anti-corruption commission.  As you know, no arrests made, no convictions handed down, no nothing.  It is well known that SPLM/A has a well documented culture of resistance to investigation, accountability and good governance.

Peter Nyaba in his book mentioned above on page 127 tells us that Riek Machar, the current vice president is not only corrupt but he does not like to hear the words investigation or accountability.  He writes, “When SPLM/A United was disintegrating, the Bahr El Ghazal called for accountability.  Riek refused to investigate allegation of financial irregularities and misappropriation of public funds and protected his subordinates in defiance of the wishes of his colleagues.  Riek’s lack of transparency and accountability annoyed the Bahr El Ghazal group which began to distance itself from the Nasir faction.”

What hope is there for a government led by people of such characters to address the problem?

Klitgaard argues and rightly so that corrupt officials at the top are monopolists unwilling to sacrifice their loot and the source of their ill gains.  When corrupt rulers, corrupt civil servants and corrupt private companies gain with society being the net loser then a state of equilibrium in corruption has been reached.

This appears to be the case in RSS.  In such a situation as South Sudan’s nothing can be done to tackle corruption except change of the “agents” promoting corruption.  This has to be done root and branch for the good of the country.

So, the SPLM needs to be kicked out of power through the ballot box and a fresh blood brought in to address this cancer.  Where the top leadership is infested with corruption as now there can be no hope of change with these leeches being on the driving seat.

As RSS is already a failed state saturated with corruption, our strategy should be to work together towards addressing this disease in the future.  We need to do this with all the opposition parties, to work towards developing means by which to recover all the resources stolen from GOSS by these irreformable corrupt officials and feral politicians.

In the next elections, the public needs to be sensitised not to vote for any party that does not pledge to address the issue of corruption once and for all.  So we expect the next government to enact a legislation setting up a commission for Economic Recovery and Rehabilitation (CERR) with wide powers.  Such a commission in my view is to be led by a strong personality preferably by a credible and ethical judge or a retired army officer with legal background.  This body is to be answerable to a parliamentary committee and the president and should have among others the following remit:

      — Investigate all forms of economic irregularities as from 2005 to date in South Sudan.  Such investigation to cover everything ranging from individual activities to state transactions with individuals and other bodies

      — Investigate the near collapse or collapse of Nile Commercial Bank and its inability to perform in a virgin environment of a new oil rich country

      — In collaboration with ministry of justice, the commission is to prosecute offenders and recover assets of the state from individuals as well as other bodies; no matter where such assets are hoarded or stashed away in other parts of the world.

      — In collaboration with the audit commission, the commission is to pursue vigorously any irregularity discovered by the Audit Commission and to recovery any assets lost to the state.

      — Re-open and re-investigate thoroughly the disbursement of the 4 billion dollars budget for grain.

      — Review and where necessary re-open and re-investigate all the cases dealt with by the dummy Anti-corruption commission.

      — Investigate use of state resource by SPLM as a party which in itself is corruption giving one party advantage over the others.  SPLM office bearers and officials of South Sudan government involved in this illegal act to be held accountable.

      — Any lobbying or obstruction of the work of this commission to constitute a crime.  Therefore, the legislation giving it force must be robust.

      — Investigate any other acts deemed damaging to the economic well being of the country

SPLM/A as a product of corruption and a corrupt organisation is fond of claiming  successful program to itself and this is how it rejuvenates itself time and again.  Even in the battle fields when the SPLA won, the real commanders who commanded the battles, and were responsible for the excellent job got sidelined and the credit bestowed upon Garang or any Dinka officer.

Therefore to protect the idea of CERR from being stolen and watered down by SPLM, any negotiations on the subject should not accept anything less than a body with wide ranging powers and duties as suggested above.  We do not want to see CERR in the political graveyard like South-South dialogue.

Resting this issue, let us get to sensitize our people and organize to recover our country from the thieves.  This joint called SPLM is past its sell by date.  It is already rotten to the core and therefore it needs to be demolished and cleared for the real South Sudan to emerge.

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.

“Please No More Excuses” for South leaders

By: Orphan Anynie, RSS

AUG. 08/2012, SSN; I remember when the “transition period” was negotiated into the peace settlement, many of us were aggrieved feeling we should get our vote for Independence immediately since we had already suffered for so long. At that time we were told we need the interim period to get our house in order and to grow up, to mature, as it were into statehood. It was a bitter pill to swallow but we eventually acquiesced.

With our immense capacity for patience and our seemingly endless ability to wait, we consoled ourselves with daydreams of the sweet Referendum to come and we busied ourselves planning ways in which we could help build a new nation. All we wanted was to be given the space to add our contributions.

Notwithstanding, for the last seven years the ruling party in RSS has been whimpering that it is a ”baby” (though, paradoxically, an obese and gluttonous one).

The first year after the CPA, the second year after the CPA, the third year after the CPA, the fourth, the fifth year…and even now at almost the end of the first year of Independence, citizens all over the country have all had to suffer this grating, immensely pathetic mantra that is used as a cover for the party’s intractable crudeness, theft and ineptness; it’s bumbling inability to get its house in order.

This brings me to a few questions. First, how can you claim simultaneously that you deserve to rule the masses because of your service during the Liberation Struggle and, at the same time, that you have no capacity to do so because you are a “baby”?

Second, do you think that Dr. John Garang, for all his own imperfections, would have sung the ”I’m just a baby” song? And for so darn long? Moreover, if you shuffle around grinning from ear to ear saying that you are just a baby whenever you get caught red-handed in some obvious dysfunction/pathology (such as stealing billions from the national treasury) or whenever you fail to perform the simplest of tasks, how on earth can you expect any respect or continued patience and understanding from the “International Community?”

My suggestion to the RSS Administration is this: If you want to be a big man on a big playground, GROW UP. Stop making excuses for yourself and stop bullying, abusing and robbing from your own citizens. It is not charming to see grown men who call themselves ‘’leaders’’ run around making excuses.

It is not charming to see them repeatedly ask others to overlook the dysfunctional systems they themselves have not only created over the last seven years but that they are also attempting to enshrine in order to stay in power via force and manipulation.

The “Thanksgiving” Campaign the Vice President led should be renamed the “Forgiveness” Campaign, and the ruling party should be begging the citizens of this new Republic for forgiveness for their crimes. They should ask for forgiveness for testing our patience with childish lies and excuses that even widows and orphans wouldn’t make. In the meanwhile, they have become morbidly obese and morbidly embarrassing.

Further, if the International Community really has any sense and backbone, they will issue a travel ban on ALL MEMBERS of the RSS Lootership until they repatriate every last pound of the money they have stolen right out of the mouths of ACTUAL babes.

This is the next lobby for the diaspora. Summoning again the networks it made during tireless campaigns for a just peace for South Sudan, the diaspora should knock on official doors all over America, the UK, Australia, etc. and demand that ill-begotten RSS money is returned home. Without this, this peace is not just.

As a lifelong supporter of the SPLM and a voter for Independence, I can truly say now that I would much rather have had a unified Sudan led by President John Garang (who at least had a vision) than an independent South Sudan run by a group of infantile (their own assessment) thugs.

It is exceedingly difficult for Southerners, yet alone foreigners, to take this bully administration seriously. It is exceedingly difficult to feign respect for those who obviously don’t respect themselves or their country.

Though we ALL had a birthday, these ghoulish infants ate all the cake. Now, mouths full and bellies bursting, they sheepishly request that we not scold or punish the ‘’Big Baby.”

However, just shy of a decade into the generous grace period which they were given, everyone’s patience has worn thin. It’s time the adults in the crowd had a word with these developmental sloths and told them to either GROW UP OR GET OUT.

The party and the cake are for us all.

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.

Democratize South Sudan: Tear Down the SPLM, please!

BY: Ayuen Panchol, JUBAAUG. 11/2012, SSN; For democracy, the real democracy “d-e-m-o-c-r-a-c-y” not just the written, sung or spoken democracy that frequently flies out of our politicians’ mouths, to be realized, enjoyed, seen, smelled, tasted, felt, drunk or even eaten by all the people of the Republic of South Sudan, including the mute, deaf, amputees, blind and the one-eyed, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement’s top leaders must be incited against each other.

A seed of discord must be sown amongst them now and quickly. Confuse them; Make them poke out each other’s eyes! Let a rain of political teargas canisters rain on their Headquarters at Juba’s Thongpiny area. With watery and itchy eyes, let them grasp for fresh air.

Like what little boys do in preparation for a fight, make them roll up their pants and sleeves to break each other’s jaw politically.

In a plain language, our educated uncles and aunts describe Democracy as a regime where the rule is determined by the people. A democratic government is a government for the People by the People and of the people, meaning that the people run the government and the government is made to protect the people.

Now be sincere to yourself and your country, does South Sudan fit in the above description? Is the government democratic?

On this planet earth, every child is born into some screwed up group and it is up to him or her to fight his or her way out of it or remain loyal, depending on the mindset and level of intellectuality, both natural and academic or even the borrowed brains, he or she attained during his or her transition from childhood to adulthood.

With my father being a member of SPLM/A Battalion 105 aka Ashara-kamsa or Koriom, and my mother pregnant with me during the civil war in the late eighties, I was automatically born into the SPLM. That means I am an SPLM by birth. And since none of the opposition parties has what it takes to win my admiration, and as a good citizen, I have only two things to do and they are, one, to remain in the SPLM and two, to fight it from within. And here goes my bullet.

Let me begin with the word that I loathe the most – sycophancy, a word beautifully tattooed on many faces in the country. You need an extra eye to see the tattoo though. A sycophant is a servile self-seeker who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people.

That’s it. The ruling SPLM party is a sycophant-fortified city. Back in the day, in the bush, sycophancy was a necessity. It was an air, a ticket for survival. This was because the movement’s leadership was debatably tyrannical, militaristic, and vampiric. It had no time to play with dissidents. It was zero-tolerant to criticism.

Those who dared object to any decision made by the Late John Garang and seconded by his loyalists were frowned at and frog-marched to frog-ponds for punitive drowning. Some rot in dungeons.

On the battle grounds, hardliners were ‘shot in the back of their heads’ after they compulsorily led their respective infantries to frontlines. You can put that together.

The SPLM members who are actually the liberators, the ruling elite or even the gods of life are suffering from two diseases, chronic ones: highly exaggerated sycophancy and empty loyal-ness. The two diseases are viral and hereditary and they are the root cause of the irresoluteness in the government, the very reason it is weak-kneed.

Being loyal is not bad. But the saddest part of it is that SPLM loyalists got addicted to their role until they transformed into sycophants.

Inarguably, the country is in the pocket of a cultish group of the much-hyped influential figures, namely: Salva Kiir, Riek Machar, Wani Igga, Pagan Amum, Kuol Manyang, Rebecca Nyandeng, Hoth Mai, Gier Chuang plus some underpublicized souls, most of whom are wealthy businesspeople. They are all SPLM.

What they agree on is final, regardless of its potential impact on the common man. What they do, or fail to do, unveils their real faces. It indicates the exactitude of their unspoken intentions – to rid the country of the poor, which make up to 70 percent of the total population. That’s why they hardly criticize each other publicly.

They are all indebted to each other. Since I woke up from the teenage coma a couple of years ago, I have never heard or read any of them engaging each other in a decent disagreement over any national issue in the media.

The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan which was brought to existence by some of the clique’s learned members prohibits them from dealing in any profit-making projects, a trashy provision they seemingly smilingly dust off their shoulders. It decrees that:

“The President, Vice President, Presidential Advisors, Ministers, and Deputy Ministers of the National Government, Governors, state Advisors, state Ministers, and other constitutional office holders shall, during their tenure of office, neither practice any private profession, transact commercial business, nor receive remuneration or accept employment of any kind from any source other than the National Government or a state government as the case may be.”

Who amongst the senior civil servants is not running a commercial business, in or outside the country or both? The person who made that a law wasn’t foolish. He knew what it is like to mix civil service with personal business programs. When you’re a businessman, honesty flies out through the roof. You become vulnerable to cheating. Pillage becomes your hobby.

In February this year, a dubious written order exempting Vivacell, the largest mobile telephone company, from paying taxes for a period of about ten years got leaked:

“….the licensor hereby ensures to the licensee that the license is granted tax exemptions for a period of ten years at least, such tax exemption include custom duties, income taxes, sale taxes, etc. or any other taxes which may be imposed in the near future such as Value Added Taxes and the Licensor undertakes to indemnify the license in full in that respect. As such, the excise tax is not applicable on Vivacell.”

Why would the government free such an income generating company from taxes? Who owns Vivacell anyway? Is he an ordinary businessman or a senior government official, a South Sudanese or a foreign national?

On Wednesday, the Finance minister, after being fried, roasted and tossed around by the Parliamentary Public Accounts Committee over misappropriated millions of dollars he disbursed to some company, rightfully snitched on His Excellency:

“Yes, the money was disbursed, no contract agreement, the disbursement was based on the strength of the letter of H.E the President,” 

Very freaking unbelievable!! Did the President actually sign that paper himself or someone forged his signature? Or did someone lure the old man into such a self-degrading act?

In November 2008, a Lebanese paper carried a story about high-profiled SPLA generals on a visit to Beirut. The Generals, who are currently holding ministerial positions in the government, went to check out the progress of their 25 companies that they had created some years back. Beirut Business Weekly quoted a Lebanese official as saying:

“This significant visit will definitely help bring the two trading partners businessmen closer and also help strengthen the trading ties between Lebanese Businessmen and SPLA generals… Lebanese foreign trade with SPLA reached US 11.085 million in 2006 to 2007. There are 25 SPLA companies operating in Beirut and are registered with the Chamber.”

Are those companies public or private? Ain’t Lebanon the pit latrine where the SPLA soldiers’ salaries were intentionally dumped into, forcing the freedom fighters to become herbivorous, mango and grass eaters? 

If SPLM wasn’t a group of Freemasons, who among them would need a degree in rocket sciences in order to see the deliberate violations of the law by his or her colleagues?

If the SPLM wasn’t an acephalous organization of hardcore official criminals whose members find pleasure in crimes they do without fear of rebuke and severe punishment, who among them would hesitate to condemn the crimes committed by his colleagues; crimes that crippled and continue to cripple the young nation and its citizens?

Unless an internal democratic war erupts within my beloved party, the SPLM, never shall the country get democratic. I don’t have an idea what would cause such a war but I am very hopeful that it will happen. If it does break out, each influential official with presidential aspirations will civilly walk away and form his or her own political party with a manifesto, aimed at attracting all South Sudanese, despite tribal marks, height, weight, belly-size and et cetera.Ayeun Panchol is producer of Sudan Radio Service, Juba


Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.


‘Tear down the SPLM’: Will South Sudanese now respond?

AUG. 27/2012, SSN; Ayuen Panchol’s call for the democratization of RSS and the tearing down of SPLM is highly welcome.  Though it is reasonable, desirable and absolutely an essential suggestion to end the dangerous and gradual shift of RSS into a one-party state, sycophants such as Isaiah Abraham whose main interest is to promote tribalism and corruption have not taken it well. 

Isaiah Abraham is all over the place exerting unnecessary energy to shoot down Ayuen Panchol’s noble call to the ground with nothing but weasel words.  This character who endlessly contradicts himself in his prolific writings is not worth paying attention to. 

At one point he is a staunch supporter of president Kiir and at another point he is vehemently against the president calling for his resignation or overthrow.  Then within a short period he would be back praising president Kiir and asking the people to rally behind him.  Not taking long he would be back to his faithful support to Dr Riek as an alternative to president Kiir. 

When he is in this mode, he advocates for unity of the Nuer and Jieng against all the other tribes of South Sudan to ensure power remains with the two groups.  But for no good reason he would switch to lambasting the Nuer as violent people and should not be trusted with power. 

He always forcefully without shame argues in the face of naked evidence that SPLM is not a failure. What type of a character is this Isaiah Abraham? Even the term ‘political prostitute’ would not suffice to describe him. 

His writings when analyzed reveal a person lacking integrity, values and credible ideology.  He appears to have no clue of what is good for the country.  He epitomizes the Oyee party – a confused 20th century organization without a credible ideology ruling the country.  Their Bible was the concept of New Sudan.  They shouted loud that they found a panacea for the country. 

Ironically, in the then liberated territory under their control they could not even implement the concept of New Sudan.  Life in the so-called liberated areas was devoid of law and order.  Raping, looting, killings etc was the order of the day.  What they produced was worst than the system they were fighting in the Old Sudan. 

This project having been exposed by the poor behavior of SPLM/A as empty was rejected by South Sudanese on 15th January 2011 when they chose to secede.  In effect SPLM was stripped of its only instrument that allowed it to sell itself locally, regionally and internationally. 

Since the death of this ideology of New Sudan the organization has remained without any ideology or vision for running the country now.  Ask any Oyee member what they stand for and what programs are they offering the country, you would be surprised to hear the err err err err …the vision eh   the chairman eh…you know ehhhhhhhhhh……….like a child caught out in a mischievous act without explanation.  Hence the chaos in the Republic of South Sudan.

Which brings us to the prophetic words of Ayuen Panchol, ‘Democratise South Sudan: Tear Down SPLM, please!’  Isaiah Abraham may fret, whine, whinge and psychotically strive to distract people’s attention from Ayuen Panchol’s clearly thought out solution to our country.  But this will not work. 

People are seeing the colossal failures of the Oyee party on daily basis.  Its leaders are mercilessly squirreling away the resources of the country to foreign countries for safe keeping for themselves. They are irresponsibly sending soldiers to die in unnecessary wars like the Panthou war.  They are failing to protect the interest of RSS in negotiations with the Sudan.  They are constantly ceding land to the Sudan.  They have antagonized the whole world and turned the country to an object of hate. 

They have failed to provide services be it health, education, housing, creation of jobs etc and mismanaging the country.  They drove the country into a status of a failed state. 

The president is the only one amongst his equals in the world to be known as a lair.  Mr Gerard Prunier, a former senior GoSS’ advisor described the rulers of RSS or should I say SPLM leadership as “idiots ……. rotten to the core”.  With such damning comment, can anyone doubt Ayuen Panchol’s call really? To try to pretend like Isaiah Abraham that SPLM is doing well in power is tantamount to taking the people for fools.  This is delusions of grandeur and it is best if he is left alone in that quasi-psychotic state to delude himself.

True South Sudanese like Ayuen Panchol and Ayeng Jacqueline Ajak who expressed her view in “Let’s try to reform our people. A Dinka woman’s point of view on Madi land issue” published in February 2009 by South Sudan Nation are leading the way in the Jieng community to do the right thing for the country.  South Sudanese should stand up with them.  They are caring of the country and its people.  These are individuals who have demonstrated their human values.  They say things as they are.  If South Sudan had the majority of its population with the likes of Ayeng and Ayuen, the country today would be a different place to live in and Oyee would have been history. 

SPLM Oyee has no mandate to govern South Sudan.  They imposed themselves on the people fraudulently.  The mandate that they got through the rigged elections of April 2010 technically expired with the break up of the Sudan into two countries on 9th July 2011. 

However, shamelessly they cobbled together a shoddy constitution claiming that the expired mandate gave them the right to continue ruling the country for another five years. How can a mandate obtained in a dissolved country become the basis for ruling in a brand new country?  This made no sense and still makes no sense now but SPLM Oyee is abusing the SPLA to maintain itself in power. 

Instead of SPLA being the national army it has been reduced to a party militia.  The refusal of the ruling party to legally outlaw the use of the name SPLA from being used on the army as demanded by the shoddy constitution serves to psychologically keep the people in check. 

The message is this: SPLM and SPLA are one and inseparable.  If you do not want SPLM it means that you do not want SPLA and therefore if you do not want SPLA you are an enemy and so both SPLM and SPLA are going to fight you.  So, if you do not want SPLM in power, SPLA is going to fight you to maintain SPLM in power.  This is a strong psychological disabler and it is the tragedy that RSS is locked into. 

Where on this earth do you find a national army and a political party as interchangeable?  It is only in South Sudan and this is an abuse of the institution of defense by the Oyee party.  This arrangement should not be entertained because eventually it will lead into serious rebellions and destruction of the country.  No party should have militia. Period.  Only the state should have the monopoly of force and not anybody else.

Ayuen Panchol has correctly diagnosed SPLM’s continuation in power and through this power its abuse of state institutions and resources as the main obstacles to development and progress in RSS.  SPLM remains a cancer in the politics of RSS and its continued running of the country is a sure way of sinking RSS and all its people.  In this light Ayuen Panchol should be taken seriously. 

He provides a bold prescription as a way forward.  Being a child of SPLM – someone born to SPLM/A parents during the struggle and grew up in the bush and ended up as a player in the struggle gives him immaculate credentials to speak about SPLM as an insider.  His knowledge of SPLM/A can not just be brushed aside.  The very blood that keeps Ayuen Panchol alive is made of SPLM/A material.  His DNA is SPLM/A. 

So if Ayuen Panchol now says with confidence that the SPLM Oyee party must be torn down to give room for democracy in RSS, then this is worth taking seriously.  The young man has envisioned a prosperous South Sudan without the Oyee party.  Those Doubting Thomases’ in the Oyee party should wake up and listen to him.  They need to do some soul searching on this issue.  It is inconceivable that Ayuen Panchol could have called for the slicing of his party if he had not reached the conclusion that RSS is in danger of being destroyed by the Oyee machine.

The question then is: how can the Oyee machine be torn down?  The simplest but complicated answer is for its dissatisfied members to vote with their feet and join other parties.  This is not likely to happen for two reasons. 

First as a tribal organization of gangs (please see, the majority who make up the bulk of the party are not literate and they do not have the skills to read the situation correctly as Ayuen Panchol has done.  Deserting SPLM means bringing down SPLM.  To them this is seen as self destruction.  They are unable to see the big picture which is a well governed country for the good of everyone.  People in this category include Isaiah Abraham who is prepared to see the country sink as long as SPLM is on the saddle regardless of its incompetence and abuses of power. 

The second problem lies with the opportunists – call them ‘eaters’.  This is the worst group society can have.  They have no allegiance to anybody but their tummies.  These lost souls seem to have no idea why they are on this planet.  As beneficiaries of the corruption they will continue to support the system until they are sure of its demise before they switch to side with the strong to continue on with their opportunism. 

Examples abound.  Think of those NCPs who devoted their lives under Bashir to fight the SPLM/A but soon after independence quickly wore the SPLM garment even though it is soiled and stinks.

This leaves us with members of the Oyee party who do not hail from the ruling tribe.  This group is vital if the Oyee machine is to be torn apart as prescribed by Ayuen Panchol.  They should vote with their feet to join other parties.  Their joining of those parties must not be conditioned on tribe but rather on convergence of ideology and policies.  They need to scrutinize the ideology and policies of the party they wish to join.  If such party meets their aspiration then let them join it regardless of who the leader of that party is. 

They must look at the personality of the person and not the outward characteristics of social groupings.  It is that thing inside us (moral conscious) which makes us humans that matters and not the social group we belong to.  It is that thing that makes us emphasize and feel the pain of others regardless of who they are. 

It is that thing that gave us the feeling of disgust when Deng Athuai Mawir was abused that matters.  It is that thing that revolted us when people in Warrap, Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states were starving to death from famine that matters.  And it is this very thing that also allows us to forge friendships and relationships across the board based on hobbies, ideologies etc. 

What I mean here is that let us search for parties with good ideologies and skilful humane leaders who value humanity and the well being of all regardless of tribe.  Let the social contract we have entered into with the creation of the Republic of South Sudan in the form of constitution and the law be the dispenser of justice and fairness to all instead of tribal bigotry as is the case now.   

If we put our faith in the constitution and operationalise it as it should, then it should protect each and everyone of us thus eliminating fear and the need to seek clan or tribal safeguards and this would be the first step towards busting tribalism.

Further way of tearing down the Oyee party is for all of us to demand for a formation of interim government of national unity involving all the stake holders in South Sudan.  The main function of this government should be to: 1) draft a truly democratic constitution which is not skewed to support one party or to pave the way for a one party state as now being done by the Oyee party.  2) arrange for credible free and fair elections to produce a legitimate government of South Sudan.

The Oyee party claims that it is a democratic government, but as you can see this is not the case.  A democratic government is a government that comes to power through the ballot box.  The Oyee party did not come to power through the vote; it rather imposed itself on the people waving SPLA as its militia to browbeat any dissenter into line.  Its working module is totally divergent from the principle of democracy.  In a democracy the separation of powers is clear and genuine. 

It is not a matter of forcing some shoddy constitution enshrining few aspects of democracy and then singing about it as a democracy.  No Sirs!  That is not democracy.  That is totalitarianism wrapped in democratic foil.  In a democracy the separation of powers are implementable and are seen to work. 

Let us look now at the separation of power in GoSS.  Theoretically as in the shoddy constitution there is the executive, then the legislature and judiciary.  Each of these is supposedly to be independent and powerful enough to call any of the others to account.  If the president abuses the constitution then the parliament can hold him/her to account.  If the parliament legislates contrary to the constitution the judiciary is to arbitrate on it to ensure the constitution is respected.  If the courts abuse their powers, the appeal process in the Supreme Court can be invoked or parliament can intervene to right the wrong and so this is how the government is supposed to function. 

However, in GoSS, the shoddy constitution though enshrines these principles it does not implement it because the executive (the ruling Oyee party) is behaving roguishly as if it is still in the bush.  They violate everything in their own constitution to do what they want.  Take for example, the president for no good reasons awards 3 million dollars to a company without any contractual agreement for services.  Nobody knows why the money is released and to whose benefit.  It is doubtful whether this company is even registered in the country.  The parliament instead of carrying out vigorous investigation ‘dances around’ the issue in fear of the president (Laila Lokosang 2012).  The reason being the president if angered can dissolve the parliament at will as per constitution and appoint new cronies.  The empowerment of the president to a status of king by the shoddy constitution has hugely damaged and curtailed healthy functioning of state machinery.  Turning to the judiciary, this body is to say the least hopeless.  It is packed to a large extent by unqualified tribal barons whose function is to service the wheels of tribalism and corruption.  A good example of the hopelessness of this body can be seen in how the case of Arthur Akuen versus Pagan Amum concerning corruption was handled.  The case was used to hash corruption and chasten freedom of speech and press.  There are numerous examples that can be drawn to prove beyond doubt that there is no democracy in RSS.  Now, this is only on the issue of separation of powers.  If we go deeper into the important aspects of democracy such as freedom of association, freedom of movement, multiparty system, freedom of press, freedom of speech, and right of the individual the examples that can be drawn in South Sudan are horrifying to mention.  .President Kiir and his Oyee ruling party have demeaned the institutions of governance in the country.  That can not be right because South Sudan has the people to manage that country efficiently to world standard.   Unfortunately Oyee has driven the country already to a status of a failed state because the state mechanisms that are supposed to provide checks and balances have all been disabled deliberately to allow tribalism and corruption to flourish to enrich the Oyee party fat cats unlawfully. 

In short, president Kiir and the Oyee ruling party are not only dictators in power unto themselves, but destroyers of the state. 

Oyee is a disaster and as Ayuen Panchol has rightly said, let us tear it down.  In this 21st century it is an affront to have an organization that mirrors 20th century organization such as the Dirge regime (that ruled Mengistu’s Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991) ruling South Sudan. 

Ayuen Panchol has thrown down the gauntlet.  Will South Sudanese now search their souls and respond with dignity to safeguard their country and humanity from being trashed by Oyee party. 

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul, RSS;

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.

Why Juba shouldn’t be a National Capital for many reasons

BY: Chier Akueny Anyithiec, UGANDA
AUG. 18/2012, SSN; Dear readers, I am actually writing in response to Hon. Luka Biong Deng, concerning his article titled; “Why Juba should continue to be a national capital of the new nation.” Surely, Hon. Luka has said lot of things here but some of them contain none other than untrue arguments because people of South Sudan are absolutely expecting tangible change but not just matter of continuous loggerhead over non-essential things. I say so because Juba was meant to be national capital and it should remain a national capital but not a state capital, which is the contradiction between Central Equatoria Communities, particularly the communities who own Juba e.g Bari.
Wrong ideas are never condoned in intellectual world, however, it is like what is happening concerning the University of Juba, for example, whereby particular people based it as a State University instead of being a national institution. This example also exactly support my next arguments against that article in particular.
We should work for the future but not for chance of playing negative political showground about national institutions. Therefore, Juba is being taken as a state capital instead of regarding it a national capital city. When you hear any gunshot, that could be the problem of land, when are we going to stop fighting for lands? 
Hon. Biong, I think solution is to shift the capital!
South Sudanese in particular did not expect such nasty behaviors concerning national capital of the new nation, South Sudan.  If I say, that people around Juba, those who are owners of Juba have never recognized the importance of naming Juba a national capital city.However this has brought up lot of problems which resulted in too many criminal activities amongst tribes of South Sudan. We anticipate Juba as a capital city which belongs to nobody but not few who claim and always swear of some specific tribes who dominated and grabbed lands.
Once down the line, the government of Central Equatoria State was told to shift their centre to any other side, which is either Yei, Lainya or any other strategic place; the answer was nothing less than a big No.
The Central government South Sudan has taken decision since it is the government of all people and wants to care for all of us.
Ramciel as I write this article is the next new national capital city of South Sudan and nobody should manage to obstruct this idea. This is something so implicit, and even though it happens through referendum, it will remain positive due to the fact that it is a desire of the majority.
I hope after this article. Mr. Luka Biong will remain alone with some few who thought negatively for that matter.
I would like to say that shifting a national capital is vital because people know too that Ramciel might be having more problems but not to the extent , whereby people feel tetchy against  particular tribes, who are part of greater nation South Sudan. Mr. Luka Biong can’t tell general public that capital vicinity as per we talk about Juba, should be controlled by that particular community that owned it. This is what is happening now.
But what do  you think will prevent government of South Sudan from executing  and planning a feasible shift of the capital city to any other convenient area because the struggle for the freedom, which all Southerners did heartedly with full patriotism wants to shrink.
I know very well that relocation of capital city is not to the interest of all people but major desire it because they have nothing to remain in Juba but few find it unproductive due to lot of resources they have used expecting Juba, to continue a capital but the communities restricted it and hence prevent capital from booming ahead.  This is majority interest vs minority nosiness.
I would like to say too to people of South Sudan that Ramciel will be better because; the land of Ramciel is situated in centre between Greater Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bhar El Ghazal regions; so it will have that specified hospitality because they will both feel proud that land partly belongs to all.
Also, I hope the same spirit of Dinka community will remain in dignified recognition. For those who may deny this statement should not ask me but they should wait and see how progressive and prosperous will new national capital of South Sudan become!
Dinka and Nuer communities will never come into wrong view again as land robbers as it is the case going on in Juba now. Hence Dinka community will never dare tarnish the idea generated by South Sudanese to make their land the capital.
These people of Ramciel will seriously know the importance of making that part of greater jungle, the capital of South Sudan and also people of South Sudan have never been allowed in Juba as a national capital to extent freely per the law of this nation. So, the country capital city should be developing as per well planned conduit and city which is regarded for the people and it belongs to all people of this country.
Now, why should we stick to community capital city? I hope Hon. Luka knows every well the dirty political development happening always here.
When I read and ponder over Biong’s article, it reveals nothing but struggling to make non important ideologies to better ones. I see, the government of South Sudan decided and took this bona-fide decision because it requires people of this nation to participate equally and do whatever possible to realize their potential.
For those who are often crying for shifting capital might be having hidden special interest that is not related to nation building but personal, however they are fewer than decisive population of this new nation who desire new capital city; because they would like something better than this.
My brother, Luka may also know that working on capital without plans, made some other cities exist in mess and important example is Kampala of Uganda. I am afraid to say this but fact. It is better to decide too early that it becomes too late like what had happened in afore-said city.
Does it mean that having buried our great leader, Dr. Garang’s body in Juba prevent this nation from shifting capital if the government met some unfavorable obstacles?  It is obvious that Juba is going to remain one of our ten states and it is too our important national town or a city and a part of South Sudan.
What I know so far, Juba will continue to be industrial and commercial town due to its proximity to both bordering States being Kenya, Uganda and DRC. Congo; even though I left Ethiopia in the eastern side not mentioned.
Finally, my brother, Biong also wants to forget slogan of our late visionary leader Dr. John Garang which says, taking towns to people is better than taking people to towns and that was his number one ideology.  If Mr. Biong does remember; why should you oppose the idea of taking town to the people? Hitherto, Ramciel is accepted because majority shouldn’t be stymied for the chances of few. Thanks to the National Assembly and Council of Members for putting this idea viable.
Writer is  called Chier Akueny Anyithiec,  South Sudanese concerned Citizen, and Agri-Business Graduate, now a teaching Assistant at South Sudan Christian University, in department of Agriculture and Natural Resources.  Can be reached at

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author(s) and do not represent those of the website.