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The Beginning of the end of their kingdom of terror!

BY: Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok, NOV/03/2015, SSN;

The long-awaited AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCOISS) report has finally been published. It took nearly a year for the report to be released following numerous postponements. Without doubt political pressure and being wary not to influence the peace negotiations, played a role in delaying the release of the report.

It’s an opportunity for the AU to lead and contribute to establishing peace and stability in the war torn South Sudan. As many of you know, the AUCOISS is composed of well known respectable African personalities chaired by the former Nigerian president General Olusegun Obasanjo.

It’s worth mentioning that the AUCOISS report was commended by the major world players, the UN and the human rights organisations. The facts about what actually took place from the findings of the independent investigators are now in the public domain.

It’s a massive step in the right direction in the quest for justice for the victims and their families. The report drew conclusions that could be summarised as follows:

*There was no evidence of a coup attempt.

*Widespread and systematic killings took place in Juba in December 2013 and were carried out pursuant to a state policy and were coordinated and also possibly planned.

*Juba was subdivided into operation sectors which are, Amarat neighbourhood commanded by General Salva Mathok, Gudele and Mia Saba neighbourhoods which was commanded by General Bol Akot, Mangaten which was commanded by General Garang Mabir and Khor Woliang ( with two dots atop letter o ) which was commanded by General Marial Chanuang.

*Roadblocks and checkpoints were set up around Juba and were manned by policemen and soldiers. The officers were checking identities and arresting suspected Nuer men.

*Eye witnesses accounts of torture, rapes and killings committed by SPLA soldiers were reported.

*Kuol Manyang , the minister of defence was quoted that ” a militia loyal to Kiir killed most of the people here ( in Juba ) from 15 – 18/12/203 “.

*Testimonies from an ex-combatant of the Kiir’s militia states that the fight in Giyada was the signal for the militia to start the rampage.

The release of the report at this point in time appears to conform with a diligent and methodical approach to the problem. In my opinion, it was a difficult undertaking by the AU to investigate the events of December 2013.

The difficulty stemmed from the fact that many of the presumed perpetrators are powerful figures in the government and the SPLA and have exclusive command over large forces . In essence it was a case of investigating atrocities committed by warlords and people know how dangerous this could be.

The next step I would expect would be the announcement of the formation of the Hybrid Court of South Sudan ( HCSS ) as stipulated in the compromise peace agreement. According to the rules of the HCSS,” a person who planned, instigated, ordered, committed, aided and abetted, conspired or participated in joint criminal enterprise in planning, preparation or execution of crime, shall be individually responsible for the crime “.

Also it states that, ” No one shall be exempted from criminal responsibility on account of their official capacity as a government official, an elected official or claiming the defence of superior orders.

Furthermore it states ” The HCSS shall not be impeded or constrained by any statutes of limitations or the granting of pardons, immunities or amnesties “.

The above account means that, the militia, soldiers, commanders and top government officials shall bear responsibility individually in line with their role in the crimes committed.

The report has cleared a big obstacle to serving justice by dismantling the anonymity of the culprits and exposing them to the world. By doing so the presumed perpetrators are now individuals with definite names, positions and could be traced and found.

This has huge implications in terms of starting the process of indictment, prosecution and trial of the perpetrators. Clearly it would have been meaningless to bring up cases against anonymous individuals in a court of law.

Because of the valuable information made available by the report, a family that has lost a member or members in the Amarat neighbourhood now knows the commander of the perpetrators and could file homicide charges against General Salva Mathok in the HCSS.

Similarly those families who have lost their loved ones in Khor Woliang neighbourhood can take General Chanuang to court for similar charges. The same applies to the other operational sectors and the commanders will not escape prosecution and trial.

In a democratic government it would be the duty of the the Attorney General in the would be formed Transitional Government of National Unity ( TGoNU ) to file homicide charges against the perpetrators on behalf of the state and the victim families.

Obviously this is not feasible as some of the perpetrators would be members of the TGoNU and a case of conflict of interest would arise. Therefore it will all be down to the HCSS to ensure that justice is served.

In reality this matter will not end with the trial of the foot soldiers only. It will certainly reach the top man in the hierarchy and the top officials. the statement that the massacre was an execution of a state policy with premeditated coordination and planning should worry those on top of the regime.

Additionally the quotation from the minister of defence and the testimony of the ex-combatant of the militia leaves little cover for the president.

There is still a lot more to come and I believe when the heat of prosecution takes its toll on the perpetrators, we shall witness cracks in the wall of silence built by the regime around the massacre.

Certainly a point will be reached when every man will be for himself for survival. And only then the whole truth will be out.

I doubt that anyone could read the report without feeling the pain and utter disgust of the abhorrent acts that were carried out in Juba in December 2013. It is quite shocking that a citizen could be forced to eat the burned flesh of a relative or another citizen by the security forces that were entrusted with the duty of protecting citizens and maintenance of law and order.

It’s again mind-boggling that someone would come up with the satanic idea of compelling a fellow countryman obviously at gunpoint to drink human blood. These crimes are probably unheard of in the history of the world.

It even dwarfs the type of crimes committed by ISIS and probably ranks with Hitler’s gas chambers in terms of the effect on the psyche.

Since I read the report, I have been trying to understand why the perpetrators acted in such savagery against their fellow citizens.

A lot of questions came into my mind, who are these people ?! Have they had normal upbringing like the majority of us ?! Have they thrown their traditional and cultural values out of the window ?! All these heinous crimes just for the sake of clinging to power ?!

Many South Sudanese, me included, feel deeply ashamed of sharing citizenship with such kind of people. They have brought shame and disdain on the whole country.

The good news is that the report signifies the beginning of the end in two different ways. From the victim families perspective, it’s the beginning of the end of their horrible ordeal as the criminals will soon face justice and receive the punishments they deserve.

This would help them reach conclusion of their bereavement and allow them to move on with their lives. As for the culprits, it’s the beginning of the end of their kingdom of terror and impunity. Also those who thought they would remain above the law are in for the shock of their lives.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

AU Report finally out: Juba mass killings were ‘state policy’, ‘coordinated’


The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan has released its final report concluding that “widespread and systematic” killings took place in Juba in December 2013, with violence later spreading elsewhere. The AU investigation found that the killings in Juba were carried out pursuant to a state policy and were coordinated and possibly also planned.


464. The evidence gathered by the Commission suggests that there were killings committed by elements of security forces from 16th December 2013 in residential areas like Muniki 107, Khor Williams, New Site, Gudele one, Mangaten, Mio Saba, Customs, Nyakuren. The Commission was informed that Juba was subdivided into four operation sectors which are Maharat, commanded by General SALVA MATOK; Gudele and Mio Saba which was commanded by General BOL AKOT; Mangaten which was commanded by General GARANG MABIR; and Khor William which was commanded by General MARIAL CHANUANG306. Roadblocks were set up around Juba and were manned by policemen and soldiers. The officers were checking identities and arresting suspected Nuer men.

AU investigators found no evidence of a coup attempt as claimed by President Salva Kiir but instead concluded that a gunfight within the Presidential Guards was the immediate trigger for further violence in which “Dinka members of the Presidential guard and other security forces targeted Nuer soldiers and civilians… killing Nuer soldiers and civilians in and near their homes.”

A number of Kiir’s personal associates and presidential guard commanders are named in the report as operational sector commanders who led the operations that the AU Commission said resulted in mass killings in residential areas mid-December 2013 including Munuki 107, Khor William, New Site, Gudele One, Mangaten, Mia Saba, Custom and Nyakuron. Tens of thousands of members of the Nuer ethnic group fled to the UN Tongping base in the wake of these killings and still remain under UN protection today.


The Commission also received evidence of possible torture or ill treatment of civilians in Gudele One area. According to witnesses, SPLA soldiers gathered Nuer civilians on 16th December 2013 and subjected them to beatings before compelling them to jump into a lit bonfire. The Commission also heard evidence that some of the people who had been gathered were compelled to eat human flesh while others were forced to drink human blood belonging to a victim who had been slaughtered and his blood collected on a plate308. This evidence finds corroboration in witness JWA’s statement who said that she saw SPLA soldiers burning dead bodies and compelling Nuer women to eat burnt flesh of burnt victims. According to the witness, one of the people who were forced to eat this flesh has reportedly lost his mind and is at a refugee camp in Kenya.
476. The Commission was also informed about rapes that were perpetrated against civilians in Juba between 16th and 18th December 2013. The Commission spoke with witnesses who averred that they had been raped by SPLA soldiers. Witness Martha testified that she was raped by SPLA soldiers between 17th and 18th December 2013. Additionally, she described the coercive circumstances surrounding the rape incident including the killings and how she lost people related to her and observing acts of inhumane nature309. Another witness, JWY testified that she was in Juba when the conflict erupted and she fled when she realized that government soldiers were targeting Nuer women and raping them310. Witness JWB and witness JWS both testified that while at UNMISS PoC Site in Juba they came into contact with women who had been raped by soldiers when they tried to go outside the camp to look for food.

The AU report details numerous accounts of murders, rapes, torture and other atrocities including alleged cases of forced cannibalism perpetrated by members of the army and security forces. Articles 810, 811, 812, 813 and 814 of the report make the case that such acts were carried out with a degree of organization and planning.

In Article 810 the report notes that attacks against civilians in Juba “could have been planned,” according to some of the Commission’s informants. “Suggestions of evidence of planning are varied and the Commission has considered all the suggestions carefully weighing it with the totality of the information it has, and testimony it heard,” the report notes.

Indications of planning and coordination include testimonies that irregular forces disguised as “street cleaners” allegedly scouted areas of Juba in the weeks before the massacres, as well as division of Juba into “four operational zones” and the setting up of roadblocks and checkpoints around the city.

“House to house searches were undertaken by security forces. During this operation male Nuers were targeted, identified, killed on the spot or gathered in one place and killed,” states the Commission report.

The AU report identifies the four operational sector commanders as General Salva Mathok for Amarat neighborhood, General Bol Akot for Gudele and Mia Saba neighborhoods, General Garang Mabir for Mangaten and General Marial Chanuong for Khor William. Salva Mathok is a relative of Salva Kiir and Marial Chanuong is the head of Kiir’s presidential guards. Bol Akot has been identified in previous reports as a “civilian” who led militia at the time of the massacres and whom Kiir later gave a senior rank in the army.

‘The violence was organized’

The AU report goes on to quote the Minister of Defense Kuol Manyang as saying that a militia loyal to Salva Kiir known as Rescue the President (Dut Ku Beny in Dinka) “killed most people here [in Juba] — from 15th to 18th.” This refers to a force that other witnesses describe as Kiir’s “personal army”, which he allegedly recruited and based at his private farm at Luri near Juba.

Radio Tamazuj earlier this year interviewed ex-combatants of this militia recruited in Kiir’s home region Bahr al Ghazal who confirmed that they participated in operations in Juba and also reported disciplinary and morale problems owing to poor training and consumption of alcohol.

“They were not part of the SPLA, they were not part of the police, they were not part of the National Security. It was a private army which Salva trained… The fighting in Giada was just to provoke. It was just only to be a signal for these guys to start their work,” says one witness quoted in the AU report. “So immediately when this fighting started in the others, these guys were now deployed and they did the killing… So it was a deliberate, it was something planned.”

Other testimonies in the report, however, point more to the role of organized forces in the killings rather than the so-called private army.

Article 812 of the Commission of Inquiry report concludes, “The evidence thus suggests that these crimes were committed pursuant to or in furtherance of a State policy. Indeed, the method under which these crimes were committed prove the ‘widespread or systematic nature’ of the attacks. The evidence also shows that it was an organized military operation that could not have been successful without concerted efforts from various actors in the military and government circles.”

Professor Mahmood Mamdani, a Member of the AU Commission who authored a separate opinion on the Inquiry report stated, “The targeted violence was organized, not spontaneous. It was directed from a center.”

Massacres at presidential palace and police station

According to the African Union report, there were at least two large massacres perpetrated in Juba, including one at the so-called ‘J2 palace’ and another at the Gudele Joint Operation Centre, a police station.

“The Commission was informed about an incident that took place at J2 palace (which is adjacent to the Presidential palace) on 16th December 2013 where about 90 Nuers and 21 soldiers were gathered by soldiers and executed with only 13 soldiers escaping with their lives. It was alleged that the 90 Nuers were civilians who were running away from the fighting that had erupted all over Juba.”

“The 21 soldiers, the Commission heard, were Nuers who were part of the President’s first ring of protection and had earlier on been disarmed by a senior military officer. It was alleged that the person who ordered the killing of the civilians and the disarmed soldiers was Lt. Colonel Lual Maroldit who was attached to the VIP close protection unit otherwise known as Tiger Battalion or Presidential Guard,” adds the report.

Forensic evidence and witness testimony further pointed to “the targeted killing of about 134 Nuer men in Gudele joint operation centre” on 16 December. This massacre has previously been reported by the United Nations and other rights investigators.

War crimes in Bor and Malakal

The AU Commission of Inquiry says that war crimes and atrocities were also committed by rebel forces later in the war: “The Commission believes that war crimes were committed in Bor town through indiscriminate killings of civilians by the SPLA/IO and White Army forces allied to Dr. Riek Machar.”

Atrocities were also reported to have been committed by Machar’s forces or allied forces also in Malakal and outside Malakal in Baliet County where the AU Commission reported “much carnage.” For example, the Commission cited a witness who said that SPLA-IO killed 10 hospital patients in Malakal in January. Female civilians who were sheltering in the hospital at the same time were also abducted by the rebels and have not been seen again.

“Gang rape was (and continues to be) a common feature of the atrocities committed during the on-going conflict in South Sudan. Women and men as witnesses and survivors have given statements with reference to rapes of women and girls by more than one person… There were reports by respondents on the wide use of objects such as stones, guns and sticks to rape women. In most instances, that was reported as a new and horrifying phenomenon.”

“There are clear patterns of a vicious cycle of violence within violence developing,” reads the AU report.

The African Union report was produced after research by investigators in 2014 but its release was repeatedly delayed by the AU Commission and AU Peace and Security Council for almost a year.

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The origin of the “so-called born to rule” folktale: A South Sudanese perspective

BY: Rambang Deng Gach, Khartoum, Sudan, OCT/26/2015, SSN;

With the cliché’s origin deeply rooted in the history of Scythians who roamed the earth and thrived in anarchy and war more than seven thousand years before Christ, tells a lot about how outdated the concept is. This confirms that the concept cannot be resuscitated and applied in this age and time, only a moron can argue to justify its relevance.

As South Sudanese, It is important we dialogue on the aspects of the ‘born to rule’ mentality; focus some light on how this controversial and violent cliché finds its way into our peaceful, obliging and God-loving communities.

An exchange about such issue is important for us in order to understand the complexity of the origin of the cliché and how it influenced and consumed the psychic of the entire community.

Born to rule has a lot to do with domination and marginalization amongst others, which are the salient features of the rejected old Sudan’s policy of suppression and trepidation.

Military dictators (Abuod, Numeri & El Basheer) who frequently usurped power under the pretext of preserving the unity of the country, dominated the political space in the old Sudan, as such, inspired and contributed in the reconstruction and reintroduction of this social vice and helped resurrect the so-called “born to rule” cliché.

After the successful revolt in Torit 1955, the mutineers were ubiquitously spitting poisonous venom in the deep jungles of the south. In the corridors of power in Khartoum, the ruling elites were getting impatient and irritated by the surging number of this ragtag group.

The ensuing fighting was fierce and rampant, forcing Garang, Gatluak and Ladu to leave their villages and relocate to Khartoum in search of security and peace. They arrived Khartoum safely and immediately pledged to support one another in such an alien terrain, reassuring themselves “united we stand”, to comfort and strengthen their brotherhood.

To keep up with the latest news, the trio agreed to regularly meet and discuss how they could overcome difficulties of Khartoum’s busy life as well as follow the developments in the jungles and how they could render a hand.

Employment opportunities were getting a bit scarce and Garang was petrified of becoming a hobo, he was soon domesticated and became a “house Negro”, a job only reserved to the very few who are willing to sacrifice their life for the ‘Massa’ and his family.

Ladu preferred to take a hike and be humiliated by Kenyans and Ugandans; hoping to procure more poison that could boost Lago and company.

Gatluak on the other hand, was suspicious of Garang’s movements and eventual tied involvement with Mohamed, he accepted to endure humiliation and stayed put to keep an eye on him, and document while taking a labor job in the booming construction industry nearby.

Garang’s decision to stay put proved beneficial as notable changes gradually started to appear on his skin (shedding those dead flakes), physical structure (belly protruded) and the way he carries himself (observes social customs); now in clover, Garang spectacularly transformed as he copycat all aspects of Mohamed’s lifestyle including his religion.

The exemplary loyalty and dedication earned him the trust and love of Mohamed. As a result, the domestic helper gained recognition, status and soon entered into smelly deals with Mohamed to contain the spread of poison in the jungle.

Now, the domestic helper turned politician, and with financial and organizational backing from Mohamed, evolved and quickly learned the tricks of Mohamed who groomed him to represent the 63.

In lieu of loyalty and adoration, Mohamed instilled in Garang the arts of manipulation, corruption and the theories of ‘divide and rule’. Garang’s confidence to lead grew and dangerously consumed his psychic, inducing uncontrollable passion to manipulate the system in order to lead forever.

Mohamed practiced the Machiavellian game repeatedly with Garang and advised him at his graduation, to always “tamper and manipulate the ball”, to keep the folks in disarray, indeed Garang incorporated to the game, his new method of “hide the ball” to keep the folks baffled.

Mohamed was impressed and commended Garang’s ingenious technique of ball hiding, patting him on the back and with a smile “you’re born to rule”. Hence, the emergence of ‘born to rule’ cliché in the Sudanese vocabulary.

Mohamed wants his prodigy (Garang) to learn high level organizational skills and therefore, introduced Garang to the El-Mahadeiyah and El-Khatimeiyah religious sects (these religious sects are among the well-established political powerhouses in the Sudan that survived military suppression over the years).

Garang’s fascination and growing obsession with power took him to every Mosque in the triangle capital to study Islamic secrets of manipulation and control.

Armed with knowledge and blessings from the Sheikhs and Mullahs, and to the amazement of the faithful, Garang was able to successfully hide the ball from everyone including El Sadiq El Mahdi and Mohamed El Marghani.

Garang’s imitation of the two religious sects helped make him a well-recognized political household name, and the viceroy who dictated the terms when it comes to the politics of South Sudan.

Any group or individual who exhibited leadership aspirations in South Sudan is perceived to be a threat to Garang’s interest and hence, a non grata in any political discourse as he/she becomes the target of sinister campaign and accusations by Garang’s establishment, portraying that group or individual as enemy and traitor hired by the Arabs.

In spite of Garang’s proximity to the source of power (Arabs) more than anybody else in the south, and his well-established connection with ruling elites, Garang looked with extreme suspicion and raised eyebrows to any group or individual who ventured close enough to rub shoulders with the dominant ruling elites.

The generally expected and acceptable standard from all South Sudanese, is to voluntarily relinquish any leadership aspirations and accept that Garang is the only credible link between the North Sudan ruling elites and South Sudanese, he who wants to go to the ruling elites must first seek endorsement and blessings from the anointed prodigy.

Garang believed that any other South Sudanese citizens are incapable or informed enough to manage the relations with the ruling elites as they could be used, cheated or blackmailed.

The anointed one would not hesitate to describe as ‘Nyagat’ any group or individual who defies the blanket ban on all South Sudanese to engage in national politics.

Ladu once confided to Gatluak that, the connection between Mohamed and Garang is rumored in some circles to have been knotted before Sudan’s independence, as such they stood the test of time in spite of recent ambitious attempt by Dr. Lam Akol from tiny Chollo community, whose challenge for the leadership was deemed a grand conspiracy with far reaching external arms.

Garang remained the most trusted ally of the ruling elites and throughout their long commitment, Garang’s establishment was rewarded generously with three Vice President Positions (Abel Alier, George Kongor and Prof. Machar) and Deputy Prime minister (Aldo Ajou) in addition to numerous ministerial posts.

Only Gen. Joseph Lago, from Equatoria was able to out-smart the anointed one and managed to maneuver his way to Vice President’s office. A move that confounded Garang’s machination to this very day.

Owing to Garang’s proximity to the system, he indeed established himself as a force with regional and international connections that apparently availed to him enormous educational, economic and political advantages over other South Sudanese.

Being a stooge and apprentice of the master manipulator for many years helped Garang perfect the game of trickery and conspiracy to control and abuse the innocent and God fearing people of South Sudan.

Luckily enough, Garang miscalculated the resolve of South Sudanese people who fought passionately to defeat the Arabs’ policies of marginalization, domination and unbalanced development.

As the saying goes, “the best prediction of future behaviors is past relevant patterns”, Garang had exposed his agenda and narcissistic egomaniacal attitude; he is running out of both luck and options.

For the records, the only trick up Garang’s sleeves is bribery, and with the dwindling cash flow and deteriorating economy, Garang’s days are indeed numbered.
The end!

By Mr. Rambang Deng Gach
Khartoum, Sudan

Tricky Legal Game Between Parliament And Judiciary on Kiir’s E/O#36/2015

QUOTE: “Laws prevented people from doing violent deeds that could be seen – Sophist Critias

By James Okuk, PhD, Lecture political Science, OCT/21/2015, SSN;

In its Sitting No.7/2015 in the First Session (2015) at the National Legislative Assembly’s Main Hall in Juba on Tuesday 20th October 2015, the National Legislature (in its joint NLA and CS Setting) agreed to the Presentation of Transitional Constitution, 2011 (Amendment No.2 for 2015) by Minister of Justice.

In adherence to Article 83(1) Hon. Paulino Wanawilla Unango tabled the draft amendment based on the directives of the Extraordinary Meeting of the National Council of Ministers that was chaired by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on Tuesday 13th October 2015 in Juba where the creation of 28 states got approved as per Republican Establishment Order (EO#36/2015).

According to him, the proposed amendment has been drafted in accordance with powers vested in the President of the Republic under Article 101(f), and also vested in the National Legislature under Articles 55(3)(a) and Article 199 of the Constitution.

The justification was that further decentralization of system of governance has been a popular demand and that H.E. Mr. President decided to respond, subjecting amendment of Articles 162(1), 164(1) and 165(1) which provides for the 10 currently existing states of South Sudan and their Legislative Assemblies and Governors who are supposed to be elected by their eligible residents respectively.

The Amendment is intended to abolish the 10 states and give the President of the Republic more powers to appoint new Governors and Members of the Legislative Assemblies of the new 28 States.

However, the Leader of Minority in the NLA, Hon. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwec, and in practice of his constitutional right (Article 71(b)) of the second reply to a presentation in the August House, raised a Procedural Order by referring to the National Legislature Conduct of Business Regulations (2013) under Chapter IX of Rules of Debate (Sub-Judice Rule 54) which stipulates that “Reference shall not be made to any matter on which judicial decision is pending in such a way as may in the opinion of the Speaker, prejudice the interest of any party to the action.”

As it is known, the matter has been taken to Supreme Court on 16th October 2015 by the National Alliance led by Dr. Lam Akol, seeking a stay of execution and invalidation of the EO#36/2015 because it violates the Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) that was adopted by the National Legislature on 10th September 2015 after it was signed by President Kiir in Juba on 26th August, and because it lacks fundamental legal basis as it violates the Transitional Constitution (2011) and usurps powers of the National Legislature.

Mr. Speaker Hon. Manase Magok Rundial noted the objection in accordance with Article 73 (2) which obliges him to ensure that the Conduct of Business Regulations of the House is respected and enforced.

Nonetheless, instead of staying the draft amendment he chose to refer it to the Inter-House Committee that he directed to study the matter before tabling it to the August House in one month time as required by the constitution so that it is discussed and passed by two-thirds majority if the quorum is reached.

Thus, the game of the law-making and law-execution with eagle eye from the non-violence opposition is now at the pitch with a tricky wait for the announcement of the winner. Article (93) of the Transitional Constitution stipulates that “No court or any other authority shall call into question the validity of any proceedings of the National Legislature or any of its two Houses on the basis of violation of its Conduct of Business Regulations.”

Also Articles 125 (3)(4)(5) and 126 (1) (a) defines the Supreme Court as composed of the Chief Justice, Deputy and not less than nine other Justices who should act as custodian of constitutional interpretations as they issue final and binding verdicts above Parliaments, Governments or President of South Sudan.

But it has been witnessed that the Chief Justice has already crossed the territory of the ‘Conflict of Interest’: “Your Excellency President of the Republic Salva Kiir Mayardit, I, the Chairman of the Aguok Community in Juba, Justice Chan Reec Madut on behalf of the entire Aguok Community and on my own behalf seize to take this opportunity to congratulate you for your bold decision for the creation of Gogrial State among others …Go ahead with the implementation and we are fully behind you.”

Will the Chief Justice excuse himself from the Panel of Supreme Justices so that the ruling is not prejudiced and justice aborted on the petitioned matter that is now before him at the Court Room? What a Civil Game!

The Judiciary might have desired the Parliament to endorse the EO#36/2015 first before the verdict of the Supreme Court on the National Alliance’s Petition. But the Parliament might now wait for the Judiciary to finalize the case before proceeding with the proposed draft constitutional amendment deliberations.

The donkey of El-Sheikh is now stuck at the crossroads. Perhaps, the President will take the law into his hands and go ahead with execution of his EO#36/2015 when the thirty days have elapsed by the first week of November instant, especially when names of nominated governors and MPs are now flying to his office.

But it is said in political wisdom that unchecked powers corrupts while absolute powers corrupts absolutely. Our democracy is indeed in big trouble.

An ancient Sophist lawyer called Protagoras once presented an eristic court suit argument regarding a conflict in payment of education fees by an intelligent student. They have agreed before that the Sophist will teach him wisdom and virtue in return for money. At the same time the ancient Greek law obliges honoring of contracts that has been entered by the parties.

Now before entering the court room the Sophist lawyer said: 1) if the student wins, he must pay according to the agreement; 2) If I win, the student must pay according to the law.

But the Student was saying: 1) If I lose, the agreement hasn’t been fulfilled, so I don’t have to pay; 2) but if I win, I shouldn’t have to pay according to law, which now overrides the agreement.

Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics reachable at

Pres. Kiir’s Machiavellian tricks: Machar be forwarned!


Riek! Wake up. Get your act together. Leadership is about uniting people to achieve greater goals than an individual own ambition. As it is experienced by South Sudanese, it can be argued that you missed key opportunities for decisive leadership time and again throughout the 1990s and 2000s, without any recognisable achievement, be it in personal development in the art of management or in the protection of the South Sudanese people in stabilising our new country.

It is indisputable that the organisations led by you so far starting with SPLM United in 1991 to the current SPLM-IO are riddled with divisions and implosions due to internal management problems.

The compromise peace agreement which you rightly signed has brought a new political reality in South Sudan.

This reality albeit is supposed to bring peace, it can also be a deadly trap for all sorts of unforeseen games. Thus it is imperative that vigilance must be prioritised.

President Salva Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) initially misread the determination of international community to change the rules of the game with this agreement and they blundered big time.

President Kiir’s refusal to sign this agreement on 17th August 2015 exposed the regime as a war monger. President Kiir laid bare their nasty political character damaging their credibility.

This agreement if I am not mistaken will prove to be the watershed in the demise of President Kiir’s influence and power in our new country.

Although the regime of President Kiir and its supporters now obsessively sing peace in the hope of regaining their lost image and international support, no one is actually listening to them.

The damage is done. Brand SPLM/A is tainted beyond repair, especially SPLM in government because it is abundantly clear that it intends to be a spoiler of the signed compromise peace agreement.

The spiraling of multiple centres of violence in the country, such as in Unity, Upper Nile and Equatoria States evidences beyond doubt what is to be expected.

This peace agreement may not hold unless President Barack Obama puts his foot down to silence the guns once and for all and IGAD-Plus ceases its duplicity in favour of President Kiir’s government.

IGAD-Plus and its dishonesty in handling the mediation has been consistent. It raises serious questions as to whether this body is really serious about bringing peace to South Sudan.

The first agreement IGAD struck with the warring parties was the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23rd January 2014. Juba failed to honour it and it continued to violate it with support from Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF). IGAD did nothing to restrain its member (Uganda).

Then on 9th May 2014, it struck its second agreement which mandated participation of all stakeholders in the country.

Yet, even before the ink could dry, IGAD violated its own agreement by reducing the talks to President Kiir and Riek Macher thereby tribalising the talks between the Jieng and the Nuer in exclusion of the other over sixty tribes.

To understand this point you need only to look at the composition of the negotiators on both sides.

This skulduggery of IGAD continued up to the Compromise Peace Agreement of 17th August 2015. IGAD-Plus itself now is in violation of its own latest agreement.

According to the agreement all foreign troops and non-state actors must vacate South Sudan within 45 days. 10th October 2015 was the deadline for such fighters to leave South Sudan.

So far Uganda has not honoured the agreement and its troops are staying put. What does this mean?

On the other hand President Kiir has unleashed his dogs of war on Equatoria.

Now yet again President Yoweri Kagutu Museveni of Uganda and President Kiir are violating this agreement left and right and nothing tangible is being done to hold them to account.

The pattern clearly indicates that IGAD-Plus is sympathetic to the regime in Juba and it does not care about the people of South Sudan. Else, why are President Museveni and President Kiir openly allowed to get away all the time with murder?

Whether President Obama will prevail over president Kiir and IGAD-Plus, especially the criminal JCE that decides the former’s policy, Riek must think ahead and begin to deal with the issues of unity among the Nuer and the entire South Sudanese.

The purpose of this piece is to suggest what Riek may do to cripple President Kiir, by putting the home of the Nuer in order to minimise any fallout from the expected rapid decline of SPLM’s grip on South Sudan.

President Kiir and the JCE are deeply unhappy. The evidence can be gleaned from the two letters of the JCE circulated widely before the culmination of the compromise peace agreement.

Please take time and read: ‘JCE Response to the Latest IGAD Proposal on Power Sharing’ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-President Kiir’s Machiavellian tricksPresident Kiir’s Machiavellian tricks0Response%20to%20IGAD%20Proposal%20on%20Power%20Sharing%20(1).pdf and ‘Position of the JCE on the IGAD-Plus Proposal Compromise Agreement‘ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Position%20on%20Proposed%20Compromise%20Agreement%20(1).pdf

An important event to bear in mind is when the President signed the CPA on 26th August 2015.

Prior to the signing, the unity of the ruling clique fractured with the chief of the army General Paul Malong Awan, the minister of Information Michael Makuie Lueth, and others bitterly expressing rejection of the agreement. Makuie even went as far as to call the agreement a “sell out”. This was the first time senior members of the government behaved disrespectfully to the president.

Soon after the JCE hurriedly met and the whole atmosphere abruptly changed. Makuie and the rest converted from refuseniks to peaceniks. This switch obviously is not for nothing; President Kiir and the JCE want to improve their shaky image.

But interestingly, this change in behaviour is accompanied by more violence throughout the country except Bahr El Ghazal.

In a sense the regime drivers (the Jieng) have re-united under a new strategy of “playing the peace supporter” while at the same time spreading violence to undermine the peace deal.

It is arguable that since the peace was signed in the last week of August 2015, South Sudan has witnessed more violence with loss of innocent people than at any other time in the entire period of the conflict.

The objective of the regime is clear. It wants to destroy the Compromise Peace Agreement so that the regime continues in power in a state of chaos as always.

For it is only in a state of chaos that the coffers of the state can be looted and the people terrorised with impunity. This is one consequence of the intention of President Kiir and the JCE to destroy the CPA.

Another ploy of the system to destroy the peace is the weeding out of the regime supporters who belong to other ethnicities from positions of power and influence.

For instance, the dismissal of the two governors of Central Equatoria and Western Equatoria, the former being replaced by a Jieng from Yirol masquerading as a local boy. A person whose background is as dubious as most of the lot running the system.

The removal of these governors was done to strengthen the regime’s grip on areas they want to destabilise as vehicles for tearing the peace to shreds.

Although the previous governors were not completely with the people, their local support and their outspokenness was seen as an obstacle for the regime to execute its evil plan.

Those two would not condone the destruction of their homes without protest and exposure of the duplicity of President Kiir as exemplified by speeches they made in Mundri and Juba a few months ago.

A further trick of the regime for promoting destruction of the peace is the declaration that the government is broke and it cannot implement the agreement unless the international community pays for it.

For example, Vice President James Wani Igga and minister in the office of the president Riak Awan Gol last week in New York begged the Americans for cash for construction of military barracks outside the 25 mile radius of Juba stipulated in the agreement.

Surely, if President Kiir is serious about peace and the welfare of the South Sudanese people, the regime should not be going round begging for money. It can boldly ask for loans for the purposes of the implementation of the CPA, as it does for securing the loans for buying the military equipment they use to kill the people.

One may ask why is the government not doing that? It is because they want to destroy the peace. Why is President Kiir determined to destroy the peace agreement? The answer is straight forward.

It has nothing to do with the interest of the Jieng tribe. This may sound strange but it is the reality.

The whole destruction taking place in the country to derail the peace has a single purpose of saving the president, the JCE, and the Jieng Generals from facing accountability for the mass atrocities they committed against the Nuer and the South Sudanese people.

Implementation of the agreement means arraignment of the architects of this evil project which indirectly amounts to questioning the JCE’s long held foolish ideology of ‘Born to rule’.

Therefore, President Kiir and the JCE have all the reasons and motivations to want to derail the peace agreement. What is going on now is not about the interest of the wider Jieng but self preservation of the members of the clique in power.

The Jieng people in this situation are being used as a tool of those fighting for their survival.

Given this, Riek who unfortunately is not a leader in the true sense of the word appears oblivious to this fact. The Compromise Peace Agreement needs a transformational leader.

Riek is not. He is a crooked leader set in his ways. He has no insight into his own leadership style which constantly generates divisions and splits.

He has had chances to learn and improve but he squanders it always by sticking to familial politics mixed with national issues. No doubt his poor leadership will show up soon whether the agreement collapses or holds.

If the agreement collapses it will be because his complacency and lack of effective diplomatic charm to engage with the powers that matter.

If it holds it will be solely on the Americans if they do decide to say enough is enough with the regime in Juba and give President Kiir and the JCE the red card.

President Kiir naively now thinks he has got the Americans where he wants them by bringing in the Russians as Juba’s protectors against sanctions.

This invitation of new international players beyond the regional powers is likely to worsen the situation in South Sudan.

The country could become a political football of the big powers with it being left uncared for in the foreseeable future, unless the people of South Sudan seriously play their role patriotically.

Please see, ‘South Sudan lauds diplomatic efforts to block UN sanctions.’

The opportunity has once again availed itself to Riek to play constructive politics.

I suggest that the most potent weapon to end President Kiir’s rule is the unity of the people of South Sudan, especially with the help of the Compromise Peace Agreement.

President Kiir’s deadly weapon against Riek and the whole Nuer people is his Machiavellian tricks of divide and rule involving a formidable section of the Nuer to fight the Jieng war.

It is a Nuer killing a Nuer with supervision of the master. Please see, ‘They burned it all.’

This is what the Arabs say “Adrab al abid bel abid” meaning hit the slave with a slave. During the war of liberation, Khartoum exploited this strategy effectively by deploying the Nuba, Darfuri and Ingessana against South Sudan and it worked.

President Kiir and the JCE have adopted this strategy to destroy the Nuer. With this plan there is no need for the Jieng to be involved in the dirty business of open ethnic cleansing as the job gets done by the victims themselves.

The Nuer are slowly but surely getting rid of themselves and those who will survive will then be cleared by the regime. Do you see how clever President Kiir and the JCE are being?

Like Dr John Garang used to say in Arabic: ‘Souf zol da awanta kief?’ meaning, “look at how tricky this guy is.”

As said, President Kiir already plays Machiavellian tricks by promoting the Nuer Weu (Weu is said to mean mercenary – lovers of jobs and cash) to constantly prise them away from their kith and kin to decimate them.

For instance, after President Kiir signed the agreement he promoted Nuer Generals to deepen the rift among the Nuer for the JCE’s benefit. Please see, ‘Kiir promotes SPLA generals.’

If Kiir really cared about the Nuer he would not have cleansed them in Juba in December 2013.

Unlike President Kiir, Riek misses the point in the game of promotions. What he did was to appoint more Generals without a beneficial strategy. Please see, ‘Armed opposition SPLM/A (IO) promotes its senior generals.’

If Riek wants to show some leadership, he should now step in firmly and pay a price for rebuilding cohesion among the Nuer, by making the Nuer allies of President Kiir to be the men to promote the compromise peace agreement.

It is in such a project that Riek can begin to build the future of the Nuer and by default that of South Sudan.

The Nuer allies of President Kiir, derogatively referred to as Nuer Weu are apparently motivated by jobs and cash.

Now as the peace agreement awards governorship of Unity and Upper Nile States to SPLM-IO, Riek should exercise real magnanimity to his adversaries.

He should allow governor Monytuil to continue in his current position in Bentiu to achieve a long term strategic objective of saving the Nuer. I do not have to talk about Malakal because it is obvious to who it should go.

What is important to realise is that these arrangements are only useful psychologically at this early stage of development of the state of South Sudan.

In future people will be appointed on merits, qualification and ideological orientation regardless of ethnicity, religion, sex etc.

In the short term it may be seen as a weakness but in practical terms it may instantly unite the Nuer and this will stop the constant fratricide.

At the same time it will avail the Nuer an edge in their confrontation with the Jieng.

So Riek needs to talk to Monytuil now, give him what he wants and make him to be the peace maker and builder among the Nuer.

The present poor and destructive relationship among the Nuer demands realpolitik.

This is a doable project and if Riek takes it seriously the benefits are enormous.

First and foremost, Nuer fratricide comes to an end and Nuer land will be in peace.

Secondly, one of President Kiir’s strategies to derail the Compromise Peace Agreement involves the Nuer Weu as essential cogs of the killing machine; with it taken away the regime will be thoroughly deprived and weakened.

Thirdly, all the strategic battle fields in Unity and Upper Nile States will change hands without exchange of bullets.

Fourthly, the Nuer people will be the ones credited with bringing peace to South Sudan.

Fifthly, President Kiir will have to decide whether to genuinely accept peace or face being booted out of J1.

President Kiir’s and JCE’s power is bolstered by Nuer Weu. So long as the Nuer remains divided the mayhem in Nuer land will not stop and peace in South Sudan will remain a mirage.

The telling thing is that the JCE practice unity to remain strong and in power while they promote divisions among the Nuer and others to “defeat” and subjugate them.

Ambassador Telar Deng emphasised this point by saying, “Our (Jieng) internal front should remain united. This is the only way to defeat our enemies.”

There you are. Monytuil!f Buay! Puljang! Beliu! Are you listening? Are you thinking about the future and welfare of your people? The ball is in your court.

What is suggested here is not without precedent. The one example that comes straight to mind is the talks between Apartheid South Africa and the African National Congress led by late Nelson Mandela in early 1990s.

That negotiation was tortuous and when the deal was struck there were powerful forces in the Apartheid government determined to derail it as is the case now with President Kiir and the JCE in South Sudan with the Compromise Peace Agreement.

Very important African persons were targeted to create chaos and derail the agreement.

Depressingly, Chris Hani, a luminous ANC leader was assassinated by a hired polish immigrant. Fortunately, this evil deed did not bring on the effect desired by enemies of change.

Then the system continued to use Mangasuthu Buthelezi, the Zulu leader of Inkatha against the ANC. Inkatha, like the Nuer Weu, indulged in killing black people with impunity.

The implementation of that agreement was at a knife edge. It was the brilliant leadership of Mandela that saved the situation.

Against the wishes of his own party, he extended a hand of friendship to Buthelezi and offered him the post of minister of home affairs in the transition government.

By entrusting security to Buthelezi, Inkatha was defanged and it had to behave and obey the law. With the agent of Apartheid feted, satisfied and well accommodated, South Africa was pulled from the brink of catastrophe.

Riek needs to do something with the Nuer Weu like what Mandela did with Buthelezi. He also needs to bring in all those others, Changson, Dechand and so on for the sake of a lasting peace in the country.

He can not sit there while the Nuer are deliberately being divided by the JCE to decimate themselves to extinction and call himself a leader.

What type of a leader is Riek who can not think outside the box to save his people?

The Bantustan federalism President Kiir introduced with his so called “Establishment Order number 36/2015 AD” fortunately enough is uniting South Sudanese and mobilising the international community against the tribal regime in Juba.

Even his Nuer allies are not happy. This offers the best opportunity for Riek to boldly open up channels of communication to unite the people against the regime in Juba.

For ultimately should this CPA flop, the scene will have been prepared for a show down between the forces of democracy versus the forces of Dinkocracy.

For quarter of a century Riek has rightly or wrongly been fighting for changes in the SPLM/A. This battle can not be won with a deeply divided Nuer people and a disarmed and abused 62 ethnicities.

Remember, President Kiir and the JCE have hijacked the sovereignty of South Sudan and its resources (material, human and financial). This has given them an advantage in the struggle and this must be countered with unity of the people.

To complete the struggle for changes or preferably the dissolution of the SPLM/A, Riek must embark on uniting the people. If he does not, let him be warned.

Saint Just, Antoine Louis Lfox De, The French revolutionist said during the decade long French Revolution, “Those who make half-way revolutions only dig their own grave.”

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

Twenty-Eight States: A Pandora’s Box or enshrining of the Oligarchy?

By Marial Mach A’duot, OCT/11/2015, SSN;

From the narrowest sense of politics, offering bribes to dissidents in form of political or military reassignments is regarded as an easy fix for the rebellion and as a buying into the system the loyalty of those opposed to that system.

President Kiir has ushered in this approach in the grandest, but reckless form. Creation of more States is a political move by President Kiir and frankly speaking, a smart move for someone with entrenched interest in keeping the power, but it is going to hurt ordinary South Sudanese in the worst possible terms.

The reason I think that increasing the number of states is politically advantageous to the president’s political ambition rather than the ordinary citizens is this:

The recently signed peace agreement called for enormous shift of power to the rebels in Greater Upper Nile. At least two governors who are allies of the President in the States of Upper Nile and Unity were going to be affected according to the scribe in peace’s document.

Thus, creating more states would allow the power-sharing equation to remain as it is proposed. President’s Kiir allies will continue to keep their posts which mean loyalty to him.

The question however is, what does it mean in terms of political institutionalisation and the function of government in terms of service delivery?

My concern is not centred on the structural function of the government because there is already a model in South Sudan where political institutions functioned as elites’ clubs for salaries rather than for providing services to the masses.

So, political status-quo of states and their bureaucracy will be fine as it was with ten-states. What will not be so fine in my opinion is the real deal of systemic functions and delivery of services.

People who may be excited about this move dived into the argument of political decentralisation as the solution to our conflict, but I think otherwise.

Firstly, the experiences of the past have shown that ten-states where not only dysfunctional systematically, but were not delivering any services.

The clues about why they failed in their responsibilities are related to underfunding as well as incapability of those states to raise enough fiscal revenues to run some of their residual responsibilities which are not supposed to be concurrently funded in accordance with decentralised system of governance.

For example: the education sector. So, if that was the case, how would further political restructuring to twenty-eight States going to serve the purpose of governing effectively and efficiently?

What I think would be in abundance instead, is a self-coup declared by the leader to prolonged his reign of power and the political system incubating that authority. The best move we should have make is correcting the faults of governance by enacting counter measures not polarising the politics.

Obviously, the incoming states will be bureaucratised as the old ones with mosaic of administrative expenses.

If the budget of ten states was so less to build schools and run hospitals, where will the funding of twenty-eight states come from?

Or if the state leader might have been so corrupt to embezzle all the money, what is the new legislative power in place now to make sure funds will no longer be misappropriated?

Those elements are not there and that is why I believe creating more states is political rather than an intention of good governance.

In simple context, an accountable and efficient government is embedded in a complex web of interdependent conditions that require considerable time and effort to develop.

Our political institutions might have had time to develop that complex web, but it fall short of the basic standards that define effective procedures of governance.

Instead, it is broadly characterised into threefold; ignore, exploit and restructure the political culture and system.

The ignoring political notion in our system is exemplified not only by an inordinate unlawful possession of extraordinary powers by the elites, (both political and military), but also by a rudimentary system of governance barely detached from the cradle of military.

The revolving door of accountability and governance since the interim period constructed the exploitative models of governance and agents in these models discovering ways to exploit such systems.

Exploiting such a system, President Kiir’s government and coronas in different branches of SPLM have been acting as a bunch of military leaders who rode on tanks to power with little regard to governing responsibly.

The recent ‘decentralisation power’ as the political pedestrians claim, is in my opinion, the greatest decoy for political accommodation yet invented.

But accommodation is not where the problems lie. We need to be concerned about more irresponsible power in the hands of grumpy military junta in disguise of political nostalgia.

The beauty of power in mature politics is that it served the purpose of public well-being not interest of the powerful elites. That is not the case in South Sudan.

Power is used as the source of fiscal and political wellbeing by the leaders and their toadies who dance to the tune of any political changes not because it is ethical or have a capacity to serve rightful purposes, but they will benefit from it.

Therefore, twenty-eight states will function exclusively as executive accommodation posts at the expense of South Sudanese who would never otherwise obtain political appointment.

With less regulatory measures as we still tangled in the masses of the systemic flaws and corrupt mindsets, the function of those states will remain in the shadows of the old empire acting as the basis for exploitation by the same old leaders.

What President Kiir and his government should spend much time fixing is not the proliferation of power, but rather the effectiveness, efficiency and accountability of power already operating.

The government has been struggling to deliver public goods in order to avoid widespread social unrest and insecurity.

It has also failed to provide strong institutional incentives for political officials to be accountable to their citizens. We have had a system of powerful elites where the constitution is just an instrument for rewarding themselves and punishing the impoverished.

Thus, instead of topping-up the masses, President Kiir needs to focus on institutional reform and capacity development in all sectors in order to create an administrative change that is effective.

To achieve that there is a need to enact the code of professionalism in public administration. This is done in two ways: first, by employing right people in right positions through civil proceedings and in the context of law to ensure the systemic checks and balances as well as the overlapping oversights from other institutions such as independent judiciary.

And secondly, through political acculturation such as shifting away from military mindset and adopting different socio-political approaches that encourages the accountability and political processes alongside the quality of public good.

Marial Mach A’duot is a South Sudanese residing in Melbourne, Australia. He can be reached for comments at

Stop Kiir Tribal Terror

By Oyhath Aromi, OCT/09/2015, SSN;

Finally, Kiir has decided to hatch openly the real agenda behind his unilateral decree to divide South Sudan into 28 States: establishment of his tribe’s permanent control over other South Sudanese communities. Let there be no mistake about it, the real reason behind Kiir’s Order to create 28 states is exactly so he and his tribal zealots can execute their agenda of Dinka hegemony over South Sudan.

It is also the real reason why Kiir in 2014 illegally dissolved SPLM party structures and undemocratically extended his term in office in 2015.

In fact, a growing number of South Sudanese skeptics, this writer included, now increasingly believe that the SPLM/SPLM was originally created to realize a hidden Dinka agenda, a plot to dominate South Sudan forever.

We should recognize the man for what he is really up to. President Kiir, no doubt, is out in force to execute his real plan, which is forming a Dinka-controlled state no matter what.

The President and his tribal Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders, who in fact first circulated the 28-state scheme long before he put it into a Republican Decree last Friday, October 2, see in the recently signed IGAD-Plus mediated compromise peace agreement the beginning of the end of Dinka’s ambition to establish a Dinka-dominated country in Africa.

By bypassing legislative processes and unilaterally decreeing the creation of 28 states, Kiir and his tribal land grabbers want to let the whole universe know that their tribal agenda will not be undermined and that he and his tribal supporters behind him are pushing ahead with it anyway.

However, what Kiir just did, intentionally or unintentionally, by his undemocratic action to grab other tribes’ lands in the newly created 28 states, has unleashed his tribal terror and consequently opened the door like never before for the possibility of the young nation descending into total collapse, fragmentation and Somalization.

But Kiir and his lasting Dinka power dreamers are losers in this dangerous game that he’s just introduced, for he should know that the rightful owners whose lands he is stealing through the authority of state will stand their ground in defence of their ancestral lands or die.

Kiir should know better that his unjust tribal ambitions would have long been gone had it not been the unlawful intervention of the Ugandan “strongman”, Yuri Museveni, whom he cowardly bought with Southern Sudanese people’s money to rescue his tribal dictatorship.

A little Bit About Dinka:

Despite speaking one language and displaying similar physical tribal identification markings, historically the Dinka are not known to have ruled themselves as one people, let alone ruling over other ethnicities in South Sudan.

In fact, by nature the Dinka are an acephalous society, a form of medieval tribal society that doesn’t believe in the logic of consensus but in physical force and terror of powerful individuals or group of individuals.

Born and raised in the wilderness of cattle wanderers in the depths of South Sudan’s Bahr El-Ghazal region, President Kiir is a true embodiment of that acephalous, lawless culture.

Little wonder therefore that all Dinka-led governments have invariably been a total disgrace on South Sudan, with failure to deliver basic services, widespread corruption and looting of public resources by the ruling elites as recurring scandals, whether during the era of the Regional Autonomous Government for Southern Sudan from 1972 to 1983, during the CPA-mandated transitional period from 2005 to 2011 or the present failed state presided over by Mr. Kiir.

After the former Sudanese President Jaffer Mohammed Nimeri (May 1969 – April 1985) engineered the ascendance of Dinka to political power in the then southern Sudan region as the center-piece of his own calculation to divide and rule that region following the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, Dinka found themselves in a position of authority overnight.

Suddenly they falsely began to speak of themselves as being “born to rule.”

And today, simply because the founder of the SPLM/SPLA, late Dr John Garang, happened to be a Dinka, Dinka tribal zealots are all over the place telling South Sudanese: “We liberated you”.

These are shameful, self-aggrandizing buzz words they use to justify their theft of public resources and to rule South Sudan as they so wish.

Defeat Tribal Terror:

Kiir’s tribal objectives to steal others’ land and to subordinate and terrorize the people of South Sudan through the creation of tribal dictatorship must be confronted:

1. The tribes whose lands Kirr is stealing and giving to his kinship must become acutely aware of his tribal agenda and get ready to exercise their universal human rights to defend their ancestral lands and dignity. This is the most reliable and most sustainable deterrence against the tribal land grabbers.

2. Local, national, regional and international organizations and nations, especially IGAD-Plus countries which helped bring the peace agreement recently signed by the parties to the conflict in South Sudan must take decisive action to prevent Kiir and anyone from standing in the way of peace in the young new nation.

3. To help stem tribal scheming and tribal dictatorship, during the transitional period, South Sudanese should be consulted through a referendum to choose which governance system they think should guide their country at the end of the transitional period.

The choice of majority of the people should then be written into a permanent constitution as the law of the land for the young nation.

A permanent constitution should not be written before a vote by the people on which governance system they prefer, for writing such a document before a referendum would be akin to putting the cart before the horse.

4. To act decisively against impunity and to deliver a powerful message to everyone that massacres of innocent civilians, rape and other violations of human rights as witnessed during the current conflict will not go unpunished, the hybrid Court that is provided for in the Peace Agreement should be allowed to execute its mandate to bring to justice anyone involved, no matter what position they occupy or which side of the conflict they stood.

Oyhath Aromi is independent occasional observer of South Sudanese and Sudanese affairs. This is his second appearance on the problems dogging South Sudan.

‘We, Dinka, have failed South Sudan:’ True words of Nhial Bol on Kiir’s tribal junta

Failed State, Incompetent tribal elites, Dictatorship and Murderous Military Junta tribal Government are not Myths in South Sudan: The True Words of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, Transcribed by J. Nguen, CANADA, OCT/05/2015, SSN;

For the last 4 years, South Sudanese advocates time and time again came out openly and criticized Salva Kiir’s mismanagement of South Sudan state of affairs and rightfully called his government a tribal Government that’s only benefiting few crooks from Salva Kiir’s home State of Warrap.

At times, these few Dinka comfort themselves with blinded false dismissal and their line of defense is tribal rhetoric of African political discourse statement as if Africa is a tribe runs by clannist chiefs.

The truth is, some few Dinka open–minded youth and nationalist figures like Mabior John Garang and Dr. Dhieu Mathok and many others have joined this noble call and placed Salva Kiir’s government where it justly belongs, as a tribal enclave establishment for only few incompetent Dinka.

The justification of the claims is the Juba Nuer Massacre on the 15th of December 2013 by illiterate armed Dinka militias, trained and ordered to kill innocent Nuer civilians. The order to kill was directly from by President Salva Kiir himself.

Some have claimed that the strategy was meant to swiftly install Dinka’s government rule for life in South Sudan, which I cautiously agreed in part. The strategy’s must-do-list is to first clear misconceived imminent threat and this has failed considering the resistance and outcry in the country after the fact.

Another evidence of this tried tribal informed episode is the recent the partition of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 States. Sad but I reserved this issue of “scramble and partition” of South Sudan to 28 States to my next piece.

For now, I must remained focus to Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s media outburst against the die-tried Dinka government establishment.

Below is the transcription of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s own words on the SBS Radio originally and orally spoken in Dinka dialect.

The benefit of transcribing this important broadcast is for the world to understand and remain informed about South Sudan’ state of affairs in the eyes of a left out Dinka man from the looted nation’s cake by none other than his own tribesmen.

As such, I must say, I’m not a savvy linguist but rather a political advocate dedicated to unearth the truth, so as to nothing but truth can reveal about current South Sudan’s state of affairs.

On Sept 11, 2015, Nhial Bol Aken went on air alleging that his newspaper, “The Citizen,” was shut down simply because he, Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, did not support and stand with the Dinka government sponsored mission.

I say Dinka government if you will, because his newspaper was closed down by government’s security apparatus directed by the men from the top who happened to be Dinka by choice and who coerce Dinka and non-Dinka alike to support Dinka’s mission of domination.

For example, the Minister of Information in the Government of South Sudan, Mr. Makuei Lueth and some security apparatus informed Mr. Aken that he has not committed wrongdoing but his only mistake was that he “failed to stand with Dinka.”

Further, Mr. Aken was alleged to have questioned the logic behind this beat up tribal rhetoric by asking honest questions: “Where do Dinka stands? And what is the Dinka mission? If it’s a question of peace, it is already signed; and nobody would refuse peace and even Satan will not.”

Mr. Aken went on to say, “I find it logical that when someone asks anyone to stand with them at any point in any political discourse or otherwise is it naturally sound to ask what these people stand for in scheme of things, bad or worse and why such support is necessary? I believed our people, the Dinka in the government are confused.”

QUESTION: Is there a Dinka government or nation being fought purely for Dinka?
I, myself, I’ m confused because I don’t understand what our Jeng (Dinka) people in the government are doing.

There are threatening and killing people in the name of Dinka. I had a TV channel and the government used to take people from here to video tape on their behalf and broadcast it but at the end I decided I don’t want to be associated with hate speech.

What I don’t understand is what we the Dinka are doing? If it’s a question of food, we the Dinka are fighting for, then, I, Nhial Bol Aken cannot be party to that. Even, God said, human beings can find food anywhere so long there are healthy and working. Besides, during referendum, it was not Dinka community that voted for our independence but all South Sudanese have voted for this nation to exist today.

So, I repeat, if the question of tribe and food are what the Dinka (Jieng) are fighting for, then I’ m certainly not a party to that whatsoever.

Our people are confused and it’s only the question of food in their thinking. It’s not how to build this nation and have a prosperous South Sudan for all South Sudanese.

QUESTION: Is there a threat on your life?
Yes, my life is under threat. However, I come from a large family and if the government chose to kill me, and then let them do so. The most important thing that the Jieng community want to do right now is to unite in order to uproot those bad people who came into our midst.

These people are incompetent and incapable of running this country. They failed politically and as well as Dinka running the nation. Their sole goal is to die in power running a collapsed State. They have failed but they do not have the guts and courage of accepting failure.

QUESTION: You were supposedly investigated by South Sudan’s National Security apparatus, so at what point did these National Security personnel become a Jeng’s National Security, where they would coerce you to support Jieng’ interests? Were they trained as Jeng?
The National Security here in South Sudan is for Jieng and by Jieng. It’s like the way we used to run our affairs as Dinka in Dinka’s ancestral lands. This is how it is. I have been questioned by these security numerous times but there has never been a time I have been investigated or questioned by any other person from other tribes in South Sudan than Dinka. Therefore, this is the stark evidence of Dinka’ rule.

The Dinka are the ones running South Sudan Government. They occupied all positions in the government and yet the country is on the verge of total collapse. So, if they have failed like it has been the case here, why can’t they invite other non-Dinka to help them (Aken lamented).

QUESTION: What is Mr. Makuei Lueth saying to you as a Minister of Information in the Government after your newspaper was shut down?
Well, I do not blame Mr. Makuei Lueth. It’s only the security personnel running the affairs of South Sudan. There are above the law and listen to no one. I personally asked Makuei as to why newspapers in this country are being shut down? Mr. Makuei said, the security personnel told me that because you, Nhial Bol Aken didn’t pay taxation. Then, I represented to him the receipt of payment and he suddenly changed the question.

Well, “the security also said you insulted the government.” I subsequently answered Makuei in form of question, how did I insult the government. There was no proper answer provided.
Before, you fully answer this question, is the taxation issue a national security matter or ministry of finance?

Like I told you before, these people are completely confused. Makuei Lueth is working with those from Bhar El Ghazal Dinka (where President Salva Kiir comes from) and these people, they do not listen to no one, and this is the problem.

Even I told Makuei that when we were in Khartoum, Sudan, things like these were not daily occurrences. And all I would say, it’s only those who refused thievery that are being targeted and isolated in South Sudan.

When Sudan was one, we were complaining of humiliations, suffering and marginalization, what happened and why did we fight for the last 21 years then?

We allowed bad people to run the affairs of this nation. Did you guys ever hear of President Kiir visiting Gogrial where he was born and Bor to see suffering people, let alone other places? No. So, if the head of the State is afraid visiting States for security reasons, then, the question becomes how he is going to govern the nation?

For example, Abel Alier used to visit affected areas, those affected by natural disasters but Kiir never did. This is how things are in South Sudan. However, if they think luck and miracle will save them, there are lying.

QUESTION: Now, you are being targeted because you write about corruption and thievery in the office of the President and people were jailed and even dismissed, are these the things you are being targeted about?
This issue of corruption and thievery, it was the President himself who brought it up and wrote to 75 persons about corruption and thievery of 4.5 million dollars. When did it happen that it was me? It was not me. The mission of the media is dissemination of correct information; I don’t know why we should be targeted.

QUESTION: People say the reason you are still alive is because you come from Bhar El Ghazal and if you were from other community, you would be dead by now. Do you accept this as a correct statement?
No. What kept me alive to this day is my strong heart, not because I am from Bhar El Ghazal. People from Bhar El Ghazal are dying here daily. When you have strong heart, you will survive even though people have malicious plans against you. Sometime, people who have these malicious thinking about others people often find something that kills them.

I never killed anyone. Even, I never killed an insect. Why should I be killed and what did I do wrong that warranted my killing? What I was telling them is that, my people, stop looting and thievery. It’s a shame considering the greatness of Dinka community good name, to stoop this low, by stealing other people’s money. This is not a good thing and it has tarnished Dinka’s name for good.

Considering our good name as Dinka, it’s indeed humiliating that we the Dinka are now the ones stealing and being called thieves by others and even involved in these practices. We should be the ones setting good examples and not stealing.

As we have failed to run this country, then, we should openly admit it and give this noble task to those who can do it better than us.

QUESTION: Did any Minister in Government call you about this issue?
Yes the minister of public service and minister of higher education did call. A person who work for Public Service called me and said we would like to buy your newspaper, “The Citizen” to conduct our SPLM’ elections. I told him what is “The Citizen” is going to help you with?

First, the Central bank (Bank of South Sudan) has collapsed and security sectors are in a mess.

Second, you have the entire nation’s wealth, what is this Citizen newspaper going to help you with? However, if you insist, you can come and we will sit down and negotiate the sale. But, if you want to buy me off, I have my own time, not now.

And I also talked to Makuei Lueth and told him that it’s true that a foot soldier from Warrap State, where President Kiir comes from is more powerful in this country than a military General from other tribes, including generals from other Dinka sections and so you should stop fooling yourself.

QUESTION: Is it true that there is no Judiciary processes in South Sudan because there no court cases being presided over by independent judges?
It is not the question that judiciary has no function rather than the fact that people took the law into their own hands. They intentionally identified who should be disciplined by torture and who should be killed.

However, in this case, if a man keeps torturing a woman on a daily basis, there will be a time that woman will run away and leave that man, food and everything in the house. So, our problem as Dinka right now is everyone in South Sudan will desert us. We the Dinka as a community have reached a melting point.

QUESTION: So, what is the next step for you and what message would like to share with those who are going to listen to this recording?
I have decided and I am not returning to the media, particularly The Citizen as an editor. I am no longer a neutral. My message to our people is that let us unite and uproot these bad apples. From now on, I will speak openly.

QUESTION: You used to be a good reporter back in the days, are people not going to start laughing at you because you quit reporting and closed down your TV channel and now newspaper?
You know, in Khartoum, we were fighting the war of freedom and national independence but now, what are we fighting for? I’m not aware of the reasons we are fighting for and I cannot support failures.

I’m sure I’m not the only one taken aback by the problem we have in this country. Those of you who are in foreign countries are not happy as well. Our children go to foreign countries for schools because we do not have schools of our own.

Why do our people have to wander around like crazy in foreign lands yet we are wealthy? South Sudan is one of the richest countries in Africa because we are indulged with untapped massive natural resources. So, what we need is unity. We Dinka must sit down and decide our fate and we can do that collectively.

QUESTION: Now, if you are going to speak out, are you not going to be jailed because former Governor of West Equatoria was jailed and released?
Well, these people of ours are not afraid of anything. Even God, there are not afraid of God. If they were afraid of God, can they not save the lives dying in the ragged hospitals in Juba?

If they decided to jail me because of our nation’s affairs, be it, because I am not afraid.
The former Governor of Western Equatoria state was jailed and released, there are no laws followed. Why can they take him to the judge to be tried?

The last time I met Makuei Lueth, he told me the reason another newspaper was shut down was because it was for Nuer. It was supporting Riek Machar’s rebellion with money.

I told him openly that you were once in the rebellion, if you had money or someone has money for you at the time, would that money not be used to buy bullets? For example, would that newspaper, the one you closed down not use that money to buy bullets if they indeed have the money?

Makuei looked at me in the eye, but surprised because I asked that question. I told him yes, you were once in the rebellion and this is what you should do with money if you had the money at the time.

Besides, I told him, if the newspaper was mistaken why can’t you take them to court to be judged by a legal judge? Why do we have to humiliate ourselves this way when in fact we are from one nation? These people (Nuer) that you are treating like this will one day lead the ministry of information that you are leading and you will see.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

Equatorian Leaders in Diaspora reject creation of 28 States in RSS

Press Release,


Date: 4th October 2015

We, the Equatorian leaders in Diaspora (United States of America, Australia, Canada, and United Kingdom), speaking on behalf of our constituents and as stakeholders in South Sudan political situation, reject the Presidential order number 36/2015 AD issued by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on South Sudan Television (SSTV) on the night of Friday 2nd October 2015 for the creation of 28 states in the Republic of South Sudan. Currently, South Sudan has 10 states. The order has come as a surprise to most South Sudanese.

We reject the issuing of the Presidential order for a number of reasons, including the following:

1. Procedural matter: We consider that such an important matter of creating new states requires a democratic process to be followed. It should involve The Council of States as stipulated in the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan Articles 161 (3), (4). In addition, the people of South Sudan should also be consulted. None of these happened. Therefore, the President has undermined the expected democratic process and values, which he is supposed to uphold.

2. Unconstitutional action: The current constitution of South Sudan states that there shall be 10 states in the Republic of South Sudan, and that no one is above the law, including the President. The President’s action in relation to issuing an order to create 28 States in the Republic of South Sudan violates the constitution and it amounts to amendment of the Interim Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, outside his power. The key extracts of the Interim Constitution states that:

Article 3
(1) This Constitution derives its authority from the will of the people and shall be the supreme law of the land. It shall have a binding force on all persons, institutions, organs and agencies of government throughout the Country

According to the constitution “States of South Sudan”: Article 161
(1) The territory of South Sudan is composed of TEN states governed on the basis of decentralisation.
(2) The constitutions of the states shall conform to this constitution.
(3) State boundaries shall not be altered except by a resolution of the Council of States approved by two- thirds of all members.
(4) Names of states and their capital towns shall not be altered except by a resolution of the Council of States approved by a simple majority on the recommendation of the relevant State Assembly.

The President has broken his oath by not consulting the members of the National and State Assemblies that represent the people of South Sudan.

Therefore, the President’s action to create 28 states is unconstitutional. Any amendment to the Constitution for creating new states can only be carried out by the Parliament, and not the President.

3. Against the spirit of the current peace agreement: The unilateral action of the President to issue an order for the creation of 28 states in the Republic of South Sudan runs contrary to the current Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan. The power sharing formula of the Agreement Chapter 1 Articles 1.1.6, 15.2 and 15.3 is based on 10 states, and not 28 states. The action of the President can be interpreted to mean an act of derailing the peace agreement.

In conclusion, we reject the order by President Salva Kiir Mayardit for the creation of 28 States in the Republic of South Sudan, on the grounds of procedural and constitutional matter, and that it is against the spirit of the recently signed peace agreement.

We request IGAD plus to intervene in order to ensure the peace agreement is implemented in full, both in letter and spirit. No party should be allowed to undermine the peace agreement by unilateral actions that are not stipulated in the agreement.

We call upon the people of South Sudan to reject the order of the President. The people of South Sudan have not been consulted on such an important and major issue of creation of new states.


1. Federico Vuni, Equatorian Community Leader in the UK
2. Mr. Kwaje Lasu, Equatorian Community Leader in the US
3. Mr. Joseph Modi, Equatorian Community Leader in Canada
4. Mr William Orule Equatorian Community Leader in Australia

Contact email:

Stupidity or Irresponsibility? What’s become of Central Equatoria State governor and ex-governor?


Whilst thousands of innocent and traumatized citizens in Wonduruba, Katigiri and the surrounding areas have been forcefully displaced as victims of ethnic cleansing, and whilst many are still being murdered by the day by none other than the so-called national army, the very SPLA, a situation which the Episcopal Bishop Paul Wani Yugusuk aptly described as ‘totally disastrous,’ there emerges ex-governor Clement Wani Konga and his protégé, Governor Juma Ali Malou, in an unprecedented charade donating millions of South Sudanese pound houses to ex-presidents Lagu and Alier.

The unprecedented incident took place on September 21, 2015 broadcast on national television, perhaps intentionally calculated by Konga and Malou, in collaboration with the genocidal government of president Salva Kiir as a deliberate diversion from the plight of the suffering Wonduruba and surrounding areas citizens who barely have no food, shelter and security.

Untimely irresponsible as well as stupid the occasion was, these two self-seeking Central Equatoria so-called ‘leaders’ have no business donating gratis such ostentatious luxuries to the two national ex-presidents when that should rightly be the responsibility and jurisdiction of the national government of president Kiir to take care of such charity.

But more painfully, however, for those refugees of Wonduruba and precincts, neither governor Malou nor his godfather, ex-governor Clement Konga have publicly condemned the so-called national army, SPLA, for the perpetuation on this targeted ethnic cleansing and more irresponsibly, neither of the two ex-militia/military men had the guts to personally and officially visit Wonduruba massacre scene.

Fortunately, Bishop Paul Wani Yugusuk, who visited the crime scene though himself not a native of that area, pointedly described the situation this way: ‘This is a total destruction where even the Central Equatoria flag was pulled down and torn.’

Further, the Bishop regretfully surmised about the devilish actions of the SPLA: ‘I don’t know what kind of heart do we have as South Sudanese.’

First, going back to the deliberate and inopportune diversionary action of the Central Equatoria governor Malou and his godfather, ex-governor Konga, perhaps any Central Equatorian and any concerned citizen has the right to ask the question: Under what mandate or law did ex-governor Clement had to build houses freely for ex-presidents using state money?

From his own mouth and loudly reiterated by his prodigy, governor Malou, ex-governor Clement revealed on national television that he had always “promised to do something big for the two ex-presidents.”

Surely, by his own confession, this was seemingly either a personal delusion of magnanimity to atone for some past bad political/human crimes he commissioned/committed or just sheer stupidity and irresponsibility to callously misuse state money by the two governors.

Certainly, one can conclude that the money used was not approved by Central Equatoria State parliament or by the people themselves in full transparency.

The sensible alternative for this redundant expenditure, if indeed it can be so described, would have been for these two fortunate Mundari tribesmen to utilize that money to build a secondary school in their under-development Mundari land, an area just north of Juba that has been substantially and perpetually neglected by the rulers in Juba.

As a matter of fact, among all the Bari-speaking tribes in Central Equatoria State, the Mundari tribe has been unfortunately ‘marginalized’ since the earlier 1950’s, with only one elementary school.

Incidentally, the same Abel Alier, as first president of the Regional government in 1972 contributed in the marginalization of the Mundari by not building a single school in the large area of the Mundari.

Down the years, the Mundari under governor Clement Konga became recruits to militia gangsterism raiding neighboring tribes and finally, in the last war, the Mundari fell victims to Islamist recruitment as jihadist fighters for Khartoum Islamic government till the comprehensive peace was concluded in 2003.

With their latest political fortitude of having two consecutive governors of Central Equatoria state from Mundari, one would have thought that Clement and Juma Ali Malou would have prudently utilized any money available to help their own misused and exploited people by building at least a senior school and some college in Terekeka town or good roads, anything would be better that building presidential palaces.

Second, since these two former presidents of the extinct South Sudan regional government were constitutionally retired and fully pensioned by their former employer, the Sudan government under the Arab North in Khartoum, one thing is sure, that’s Lagu and Abel were both gratuitously and graciously recompensed in cash and kind in spite of their legendary antagonistic politics.

Moreover, never once has news come to the public that Lagu and Alier were going naked, thirsty, hungry or homeless, and neither was it reported that their families were eating from the trees or the garbage, in comparison to the majority of the less fortunate South Sudanese orphans and widows!

It might be of interest to recall that by the time both Lagu and Alier were bitter rivals who never saw each other eye-to-eye, they both in alternation served as presidents to the detriment of one another, be it in Juba or in Khartoum.

Then, at the time when Lagu and Alier were cutting each other’s throat for political survival against the other, Clement was just a middle level Sudan Army officer nowhere then in the South Sudan regional political limelight, whilst the younger Juma Ali was in utter oblivion.

Third, not only has governors Maloud’s and Konga’s combined irresponsibility and stupidity gone wilder and bizarre, but shockingly and incredibly, these soulless and unrepentant duo publicly promised that in perpetuity of their foolishness, the next South Sudan presidents, starting with Kiir, when they retire, will likewise be automatically accorded the same generosity of free millions-of-pounds houses, thanks again to the generosity of the same Central Equatoria State, Amen!

If anything, this is the direct responsibility of the so-called Government of the Republic of South Sudan to gratuitously provide the lawful amenities like houses and pensions to those ex-presidents and other constitutional post holders, by law.

Oh, God, president Salva Kiir must be graciously counting his blessings brought about by the sheer stupidity of these two Equatoria political buffoons…. he will be now planning renting out his numerous properties in Juba and Yei and across East Africa, reaping billions more on top of the alleged 1.5 billion dollars already allegedly stolen, according to his former comrade, Edward Lino, now in opposition.

Isn’t that what is truly prophesied in the Scriptures about the rich getting richer while the poor getting more poorer, as even the little they have will be taken away!

Certainly, the Central Equatorian poor will be impelled into more poverty, thanks to the stupendous blunders of their supposed son/leaders!!!!

Lastly, whilst making it publicly abundant that I have nothing personal or political with the two beneficiaries of the irresponsibility and dumbness of the governor and his ex-governor and current mentor, my deepest concerns relate to the unfortunate timing of the occasion and, secondly to the perpetuation and the formalization of this uncalled for tectonic generosity.

In all reality, Central Equatoria state, under the blatant corruption regime of the ex-governor and that is now being palpably replicated by the new governor, who is a direct appointment of the evil Kiir’s government, is neither the Kuwait nor Dubai of South Sudan.

Central Equatoria, admittedly, is a microcosm of the kleptocratic government of South Sudan under president Kiir, and as such it closely duplicates all that is bad and despicable within the Kiir’s government.

With its own share of gross iniquities and misrule, theft and pillaging of its limited resources for the benefit of a few in the Clement Konga’s government circle, Central Equatoria is the last one state to offer such exorbitant benefits to the ex-presidents in ‘perpetuity’ as elaborated by both Konga and baby-governor Malou.

For the information of governors Konga and Malou, it’s indisputably apparent that President Kiir is now on his final “political death-bed,” the man is beyond any feasible political resuscitation and whatever happens, he’s starkly facing the one-way out into oblivion.

Moreover, after irresponsibly and callously exacerbating the ethnic/tribal animosities as well as fatally murdering the solidarity that once enabled our people to resist the Northern Jellaba Arabs during the struggle for independence, Kiir has devastatingly turned his guns on fellow citizens.

What just recently took place in Wonduruba and surrounding areas is a glaring reflection of a so-called leader who has irreversibly turned into a serial killer of his supposed co-citizens just for the survival of himself and his tribal clique.

South Sudan is an asphyxiated nation run by the decrepit SPLA and militia generals who’re clearly now behaving like hired tribal assassins killing for a pay.

God forbid, another Wonduruba could be soon unsurprisingly replicated anywhere, anytime sooner in Central Equatoria or the other Equatorias.

Clearly, it seems Governor Juma Ali Malou doesn’t look like a responsible and serious leader of the state to press for total redress, justice and prosecution of those SPLA soldiers and their top commanders who went on rampage raping and killing young boys and old women for no reason whatsoever.

Central Equatorians should rightfully demand from governor Malou the immediate eviction of all the so-called land grabbers and property grabbers from Central Equatoria state even if he has to put his job on the line.

In conclusion, rise up, governor, if you really care for your people or else this proves the rumor that you are just a puppet of the fading, soon-to-be-extinct president Kiir.