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The Problem of Pastoralists in Equatoria

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, UK, SEPT/10/2015, SSN;

Pastoralists activities were never a major security concern to many communities in South Sudan 10 years ago. However, it had been a big problem for some parts of South Sudan bordering our northern neighbour. For decades, it had been a seasonal threat to the Dinka populations of northern Bahr El Ghazal, Warrap and to some extent the Abyei area.

The encroachments and raids mostly emanated from one or two tribes namely the Misseriya and the Rizaigat tribes of Southern Kordofan and Southern Darfur states respectively. Year after year, the encroachments and attacks were carried out in those areas and usually end when the rainy season starts.

Of course sometimes they do not attack the local population, nevertheless there is certainly an animosity in the relation between them and the communities in those areas. It was never a case of invasion and settlement as these are nomadic tribes that move from one place to the other.

We have never heard of them going beyond those areas and reaching for example Equatoria. There is no need for them to go that far as the grazing lands they require are abundant in those areas closer to their ancestral lands.

The only time that the Equatoria region was affected was when the Umbororo came to western Bahr El Gazal state and subsequently parts of western Equatoria state. But the Umbororo were just like the Misseriya and Rizaigat, they left the area by the end of the dry season.

Despite some isolated incidents, pastoralists encroachment on Equatorian community lands was never a topical issue 10 years ago.

Why did the pastoralists activities turn into a belligerent practice that poses constant threat to the livelihood of the Equatorian communities?! Is their encroachment on other people’s lands born out of necessity?! Do they really need to move to Equatoria?! Is there an ulterior motive that is driving them in droves towards Equatoria?!

Numerous questions begging for answers. It is my assertion that there is something sinister underneath the seemingly outrageous activities of the pastoralists and many Equatorians have now come to realise it. The following points will shed more light to what is in the making:

Everywhere in the world, pastoralists movements are dictated by their need for grazing lands and water for their livestock. Their life usually follows a particular pattern again guided by the whereabouts of good grazing lands and water resources.

It is a way of life that has been going on for generations. However some are lucky with plenty grazing lands and water resources in their areas. Hence they have limited movements within their areas.

Therefore it raised eye brows when pastoralists came all the way from Warrap and northern Bahr El Gazal with their cattle to settle around Juba. Others took their cattle from Lakes state to settle in western Equatoria state. And yet another group drove their cattle all the way from Jonglei state to Nimule harassing all the communities on route to their destination.

In the case of the northern Bahr El Gazal and Warrap pastoralists, there is absolutely no logical reason to make them come all the way from their home states to look for grazing land in Equatoria given the fact that they allowed the Misseriya and Rizaigat to use their land for grazing.

As for the other pastoralists, it hasn’t been known that they lack grazing lands in their areas. In fact grazing lands are quite plentiful and some were never used before in those areas.

In terms of availability of water supplies, it has never been recorded that people or animals died of thirst though people did die of hunger in those areas. In reality there is too much water in those areas and this is why they tend to suffer seasonal floods.

Therefore the pastoralists descent on Equatoria is not due to lack of grazing lands or water supplies but is part of a plan.

The people who came to Equatoria departed from what pastoralists normally do. They did not return to their lands following the end of several dry seasons and continued to refuse going back.

It is a further confirmation that concerns about the survival of their livestock were not the reasons that made them to bring their cattle to Equatoria. They came to Equatoria with only one thing in their minds which is settlement.

They are among the bits and pieces of a plan orchestrated by the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) and Kiir’s regime with the aim of creating some demographic realities on the ground.

The Jieng have never been comfortable with the fact that they are found as indigenous people in all the states except greater Equatoria.

The wild dream of changing history and circumventing laws of nature is unfortunately entertained by members of the JCE and many Jieng politicians including those in the government.

In their fantasy they envisaged the Jieng becoming the majority tribe in greater Equatoria. What are they going to do with the indigenous population?! Would they stop them from procreation?!

Or we are about to see what Stalin did to the Tatars of Crimea in 1944 by removing the whole population from its motherland?!

They seem not to be concerned of the vacuum left in the Jieng lands by many pastoralists converging on Equatoria. The Misseyriya and Rizaigat could exploit the presence of vast empty lands in the Jieng areas and create a permanent settlement in them.

But does it really matter to the JCE and the tribalistic government of Salva Kiir. Abyei, Panthou (Heglig), Kilo 14 and areas in northern Upper Nile State are still under occupation by the Sudan government.

Salva Kiir regime didn’t even have the decency and courage of supporting the outcome of the unilateral referendum conducted by the civil population of Abyei. For them executing their plan in Equatoria is more important than losing their own lands to the Mundukuru’s.

In the case of western Equatoria, there are vast areas there that are known to be infested with the Tsetse flies which are the vectors of the Trypanosome parasites, the cause of “sleeping sickness”. The Trypanosome parasites are more lethal to cattle than to human beings. You don’t have to be educated to know the fundamental fact about this matter.

The villagers in Equatoria and the adjacent areas know that there are flies out there which are not good for cattle raising. This is partly why the Azande and the Moru people are not cattle owners. Those areas are also not suitable for cattle as they are not the natural habitat for them. We have not heard of large herds of cattle in the Amazon jungles.

Anyone who goes on a venture to establish a business of say, raising camels or growing apple trees in western Equatoria would certainly run bankrupt in a short space of time. It would be seen as a foolish undertaking.

Perhaps in future after eradication of the Tsetse flies and the introduction of modern animal husbandry, the Azande and the Moru people could turn to be successful cattle owners.

We do know that most of those pastoralists would value cows more than human lives. They cry in tears for the death of a cow and go into a long mourning more than they would do for their deceased relatives.

With all that in mind, how plausible that a typical pastoralist would willingly take the unusual decision of moving his cattle to western Equatoria?! Will his act not be against rational thinking?!

The only explanation is that he is executing a plan. In such a situation, loss of cattle in the short term is sacrificed for future gains conceived by his leaders.

The presence of pastoralists in Equatoria has been bad news for the Equatorian communities. Their behaviour is quite far from what would be expected from people who regard the Equatorians as their fellow countrymen.

The situation is so strange that it is the intruders who are causing problems rather than the land owners. Not only that they failed to establish good relations with the local communities that generously accommodated them but they succeeded in making themselves the target of dislike.

It is all down to their behaviour that does not respect the local norms and people’s properties. For example destroying people’s crops can only be seen as deliberate acts because we have never heard of Dinka pastoralists growing crops for the sake of feeding their cattle.

They totally depend on wild grass to feed their livestock and they don’t have to spend a penny to buy animal feeds.

The pastoralists are also armed to the teeth and spreading a wave of terror across Equatoria. The announced government policy was to disarm the civilian population which is expected from any responsible administration.

But this was done in partiality by disarming the Equatorians and keeping a blind eye for the Dinka pastoralists to acquire as many arms as they would like and covertly arming them as well.

The end result is that the Equatorian villagers are left defenceless as the SPLA and the police force would not defend them when attacked by the pastoralists. It is the malicious plan in play.

The SPLA has been shown on several occasions to side with the Dinka pastoralists. When there is friction and violence between them and the local communities, the SPLA instead of diffusing tensions or apprehending the culprits, is seen to allow the pastoralists to bring reinforcements from their areas.

The SPLA is a facilitator and an accomplice in spreading insecurity all over Equatoria. What has been happening around Juba, Nimule, Mundri, Maridi and other parts of Equatoria gives enough evidence. We have seen some of the cattle camps being guarded by SPLA soldiers in uniform. It is a disgraceful abuse of power and government resources.

This brings me to what came in the news fews months ago. It was reported in the news that 3,000 heads of cattle that belong to the president were transported to Warrap state. They were loaded onto several trucks and were heavily guarded by SPLA soldiers.

This caused a lot of apprehension along the route to Warrap as some communities in western Bahr El Gazal state were concerned about the influx of such a large number of cattle and the damage they could cause to their crops or properties.

Those who have seen the cattle said they carry presidential badges. It is likely the first time in history that the presidential title has been bestowed to animals. President Kiir will never disappoint us as a constant source of ridicule.

But on a serious note, it was the true embodiment of a blatant abuse of presidential power, corruption and destabilisation of the local communities.

In the first place, why would the president bring such a large number of cattle all the way from Warrap to the Juba area?!

And now by returning them to Warrp state, is it out of admission of poor judgement or it was a tactical withdrawal to absorb the criticism of the Equatorian communities and also to be seen doing what he had decreed over the SSTV and the news outlets?!

But Kiir is not the only pastoralist, there are thousands of them who are not going to remove their animals from Equatoria willingly because the plan is to keep them there. We have seen something similar from Kiir when he wrote letters to 75 of his top officials to return the 4 billion US Dollars embezzled by them.

As we all know they ignored him because he was also involved and hence toothless against them.

Corruption was clearly exhibited by using government resources for personal matters. The SPLA is supposed to be a national army hence should not be in the business of guarding personal properties, be it president’s property or anyone else’s personal property.

These soldiers are being paid wages from the government coffers and not from Kiir’s pocket. It is clear that the cost of logistics for transporting that large herd of cattle from and back to Warrap must have reached several thousands of US Dollars. Of course no one would believe that it was not the government that paid the bills.

The local population endured unbearable suffering in terms of destruction of their crops, intimidation and killings. Some villagers found it unsafe to stay in their villages thus had to move to Juba.

These are people who have been living peacefully in their villages around Juba, cultivating the land for whatever crops they could grow using traditional methods. With the end of war with the Mundukuru’s, they hoped the national government would provide basic infrastructure and help them with modernisation of their farming practices.

They were full of hope and optimism and never foresaw the death and carnage brought to their land by the pastoralists.

Before independence and in the early years following it, they were wondering why the pastoralists were left to commit crimes with impunity?! And why would the SPLA use brutal acts against them knowing that they are unarmed civilians?!

For example the SPLA recently used tanks in shelling an area north of Juba. Now everyone knows what is going on. It is a wicked plot that is underway all over Equatoria. The goals are to spread a wave of terror in the area, forcing people out of their lands and paving the way for Jieng settlement.

What the plotters are underestimating is the magnitude of resistance that would face their satanic plan. As for president Kiir, the sheer number of the cattle he brought to Equatoria before returning them to Warrp, justifies giving him the title “Leader of the pastoralists.”

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

‘Ambassador’ Gordon Buay Malek: An Agent of Discord, an Unscrupulous Opportunist & a Decomposition Bacterium to South Sudan’s Diplomacy

BY: Kuir ë Garang, Author & Critic, CANADA, SEPT/04/2015, SSN;

A Decomposition Bacterium to South Sudan’s Diplomacy:
Any human person who functions without structured code of professional and civil conduct is not only a mad man, but also, a dangerous man! And it’s no secret that a one Gordon Buay Malek, who— by the Republican Decree on November 18, 2014 became an ‘ambassador’ (without portfolio) — operates with no professional code of conduct whatsoever.

He says whatever he wants whenever he wants. He proudly told a Jieeng Radio program (SBS Dinka) based in Australia on August 31, 2014 that “I have been issuing press statements since last year and no one questions me!…Ateny was talking from a position of ignorance! …Now I’m the government!” (Buay’s SBS Interview).

It makes one wonder as to where in the world a pathological sides-switcher could get such powers and voice? How can a man belittle the president, who controls power in South Sudan in such a manner?

He belittles not only the Presidential press secretary, calling him ignorant, but also the Minister of Foreign affairs, who’s supposed to be his boss. And he [Buay] gets away with it!

What any fair-minded, caring and patriotic South Sudanese would ask is: how did this happen? How can a man, many times a rebel, now a mere ambassador, act as if he’s the president of South Sudan, the information minister, the security chief, the military spokesperson, and the presidential spokesperson… and gets away with it?

Has President Kiir been so much reduced to complete political incompetence that the likes of Buay mock him in such a manner?

Mr. Buay should, in a world of rules, code of conduct, and job description, only do and say what the foreign ministry tell him! Well, he’s mocking not only the foreign minister, Dr. Marial Benjamin, but also the president of the Republic of South Sudan!

In August 2014, he sent out a Press Release about an alleged arrest of Mabior Garang as wanting to assassinate President Kiir in Ethiopia. Under what capacity does Buay write on behalf of the government, the president, the national security of Ethiopia and South Sudan?

Buay has put the government and President Kiir in his pocket. Complete mockery! He’d previously done the same thing by claiming that Vice President Wani Igga (then the speaker) was attacked in November of 2012 in Calgary, Alberta, by citizens of Northern Bahr El Ghazal because of Mile 14. Nothing of the sort happened!

South Sudan is a sovereign nation that should have a clear, well-articulated foreign policy that should guide all diplomatic missions representing the national interest in the best way possible.

It appears Mr. Buay operates either out of disdain for that foreign policy, or there’s no foreign policy to follow and that each and every figure with ambassadorial position does whatever he or she wants. What a country!

Ambassadors are supposed to toe the line of what the national foreign ministry articulates. Mr. Buay operates his own foreign policy in total disregard to the integrity, professionalism and the national interest of South Sudan.

His quotidian mannerism, interest and articulations are a total disrespect to the integrity with which ambassadors are supposed to operate.

If figures like Mr. Buay represent South Sudan in the heart of World political theatre like Washington DC, is any one surprised that the government ‘Coup attempt narrative’ wasn’t respected by anyone in the world?

How can a nation be respected when ambassadors disrespect the president and are answerable to NO ONE; When they shamelessly lie every day and aren’t aware of their job descriptions. Are we this confused?

Unless the likes of Mr. Buay are shown their rightful mandates as diplomats, we will continue to be the JOKE of the world.

Ambassadors aren’t politicians and their job description should be clearly spelled to them. And neither are ambassadors army generals to meddle in military issues. Mr. Buay shouldn’t be allowed to say anything at all in relation to the government and the military. His role should be restricted to bilateral relations between South Sudan and the nation in which he’s posted as a diplomat.

Does Buay have a hidden agenda?

An Unscrupulous Opportunist
The worst thing about President Kiir Mayardit is the fact that he thinks anyone who publicly professes support is his true supporter. Regrettably, the history of South Sudan has shown that impulsive decision-making, without any proper study in order to make well-informed decisions, is very dangerous.

Buay Malek is an opportunist who can now wittingly hoodwink the president by professing anti- Nuer and anti-Riek sentiment. When and how many times has Buay become anti and pro-government supporter? How many people supported the government only to change within a very short time?

On October 22, 2010, Buay, after 2008 merger of SPLA and SSDF, in an article: “Kiir Will Not Listen to Supporters of Disunity,” praised President Kiir for pardoning those of George Athor, Gordon Koang, Gabriel Tang, David Yau Yau and Gatluak Gai.”

Gordon Buay unashamedly wrote that “President Kiir Mayardit is a smart politician who has understood that negative doubters are individuals who want his administration to fail and do not appreciate his efforts to galvanize the people of the South in order to realize peace and development. Fortunately, the people of South Sudan have a President who is determined to unite the South and nothing will prevent him from realizing that.”

Buay expected to be included in the government and get a post. When that deal didn’t go through, and those warlords remained in their bushes, Buay again turned against the same President Kiir he called ‘a smart politician.”

On January 24, 2011, he accused the President of violation of “Washington Declaration” and “South-South Dialogue: “Kiir’s Decree Violates South-South Dialogue Agreement.”

So in 2011, Gordon Buay was calling President Kiir a dictator (previously ‘a smart politician’). In a psychologically challenged manner, he bizarrely posted a video on Youtube (Buay Video) in which he alleged that President Kiir has been impeached by the national assembly and appointed him [Gordon Buay] as an interim President due vote of No confidence on the President.

Remember Buay hasn’t given up this dream! He’s inside the power system!

Until April of 2013, Gordon Buay was part of South Sudan Liberation Movement/Army-South Sudan Democratic Forum consortium of terror rebel groups.

In a Press Release on January 8, 2013, “Nuer Community Worldwide calls for change in South Sudan”, Buay Malek and Peter Chuol Tut wrote that “Lt. Gen. Kiir’s regime perverted the meaning of freedom in order to impose totalitarianism and ignorance in the country. Kiir and his henchmen say that “freedom consists not in doing what one wants to do, but in doing what is right.”

But in April of the same year Buay as a spokesperson of those of Matthew Puljang and Bapiny Monytuil, accepted an amnesty from President Kiir. What a difference three months make?

Integrated into SPLA as an untrained, out-of-blue ‘General’, Buay all of a sudden ceased to say that “Kiir’s regime perverted the meaning of freedom in order to impose totalitarianism and ignorance in the country.”

How can President Kiir and the system miraculously change in three months? Once given his title as a ‘general’, Buay started to hail the then ‘dictator’ Kiir Mayardit as an exemplary leader in just three months!

In the same Press Release, Buay and Chuol wrote that “Four days before his assassination, members of President Kiir’s security guards warned Maj. Diing Chan Awuol (Isaiah Abraham) to stop writing and any criticism against the regime. They explained that freedom of thought was only possible unless approved by President Salva Kiir and security organs.”

So: In 2005 – 2008 – Kiir is a bad dictator
In 2008 – 2010 – Kiir is good leader
In 2011 – April 2013 – Kiir is a bad dictator
In 2013 – present – Kiir is a good leader!

This is hard to follow! Now, it’s time for Buay, as part of the government, to tell us what he meant? If President Kiir approved the assassination of Isaiah Diing Chan, then Buay needs to give us the details. Was Buay telling the truth or was he lying to smear the name of the president.

If Buay was telling the truth then he needs to stand by the same principles he hailed then! And if he was lying then I see no reason why he’s allowed so close to the president; or why anyone should believe him! He accused the president of ordering the murder of Isaiah Abraham!

On March 18, 2012, in “The Color of Ethnic Domination in South Sudan’, Buay decried Dinka domination of the government: “It is crucial for members of the international community to be educated about the ideology of Dinka domination being pursued by President Salva Kiir Mayardit.”

He goes ahead and writes that “Public realm tribalism being practised by Salva Kiir’s regime is responsible for ministries to be filled by one tribe; it is also responsible for land grabbing in Juba, Numeli, Yei and etc. It is also responsible for the massacre of Shilluks in 2010 and the killing of ten Bari civilians in Juba this month.” I was a rebel then, he’d say!

Mr. Buay, the government is still dominated by Jieeng! Check the list of ambassadors! Check the list of police state commissioners, and the Inspector General! Check the list of ministers, SPLA spokesperson, SPLA information director, presidential spokesperson, the government spokesperson and the head of government’s delegation to IGAD-mediated Peace talks.

Journalists are still being killed and newspapers shut down! Opposition leaders can’t criticise or leave Juba! What exactly do you think has changed, Mr. Buay?

And by the way, you are the THIRD in South Sudanese embassy in Washington DC after two Dinka men? Funny how life works, Buay!

Are you just a sniffer of Jieeng’s elites’ dirty laundry, Mr. Buay? Is the creation of discord among Nuer worth your post and money?

Now, Buay wants to convince us that he truly supports President Kiir! Kiir killed Isaiah, right? Kiir is a dictator, right? Corruption thrived under Kiir, right? Dinka Domination thrived under Kiir, right? It’s bizarre that the good ‘ambassador’ believes Kiir is all of a sudden a good man because he allowed him into the government!

That’s ruthless opportunism and Marial Benjamin should either tame Buay or fire him completely. It’d be a good idea to fire Buay in order to see if he’d continue to support the president or if he’d rebel. Let this professional opportunist be fired in order for South Sudanese to see if Buay truly supports President Kiir! He’s a dangerous man!

Buay needs to tell the people of South Sudan and the President how different his past opportunism is from his current purported loyalty to the president?

“Although it is true that violence in Jonglei State between Dinka and Nuer on the one hand and Murle tribe on the other is fuelled by cattle,” Buay writes. “Political violence which involved fighting between Salva Kiir’s regime and the rebel Movements in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity State was caused by Dinka domination of power in the South.”

The same way Buay was writing about President Kiir is the same way he’s now writing against Dr. Riek Machar. Does Buay Malek think the president and his officials are very naïve and stupid?

Does he think he will always get away with propaganda, lies and opportunism? Buay will say anything to get what he wants! Believe him for your own destruction! He’s going to destroy the government from within! How can he write against what the president has signed?

Is Buay working for internal destruction of President Kiir’s leadership? Is the way he undermines the leadership and protocols something to be watched?

An Agent of Discord
Any responsible South Sudanese should make the reduction of inter-tribal feuds a life-long goal. Without doubt, any national leader who makes creation of hatred based on propaganda, lies, blackmail and self-serving antics should be kept out of important national issues.

But for reasons no sane South Sudanese understands, Gordon Buay has a clearance level that is almost equal to that of President Kiir. And everything he writes, says and plans not only embarrasses the president in the eyes of the world; his hateful machination creates a level of hatred that’ll take time to do away with.

Buay’s known association with career war-lords like Matthew Puljang and Bapiny Monytuil, Karlo Kual and Kolchara Nyang (killed by Puljang) makes him a terrorist. These men terrorized civilians as they fought the government of South Sudan in 2011 and 2012 in Unity State’s Mayom County. Nuer-Nuer conflict and Nuer-Jieeng conflict!

In 2012, Buay wrote that “When the ministries were set up in 2005, there were practices of tribal exclusions that made a lot of people to question the underlying policies and vision of Dinka elite. For instance, the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development which was under the guidance of Michael Makuei Lueth employed mostly Dinka Bor. Majority of employees of the Ministry were from Dinka tribe. The same thing to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development which was also dominated by Dinka tribe.”

This was Buay beating the drum of Anti-Jieeng sentiment in South Sudan. But since Buay is now in the government and can’t talk against the very same system he previously accused of ‘dictatorship’ and ‘Dinka domination’, he has now started to create intra-tribal hatred (Nuer-Nuer), killing of women and children, and recruitment of Nuer Youth against other Nuer youth.

Small Arms Survey wrote in July 2015 that “Current Bul Nuer dominance of the state’s administration, however, makes a political solution to the conflict in Unity difficult to envisage. The enmity felt by the rest of the Nuer in Unity, and the degree of political and military control currently possessed by Matthew Puljang and Joseph Nguen Monytuel (the current governor, and also a Bul Nuer), makes it highly unlikely they would be willing to give up power within the state.”

And Buay, the spokesperson of this murderous group, is left to roam the streets of free, democratic states like United States and Canada.

It’s always reported in the news that the government killed women, children and elderly by burning some of them alive in Unity State. Well, the terror is executed by Matthew Puljang with Buay as their advisory voice. It’s sad that the government embraces murderous militia who are doing nothing but to reflect the government as murdering its own citizens.

The burning down of Leer and the destruction of livelihood carried out by Puljang under Buay’s guidance are human rights violations the government is shouldering. Terrorist in Washington!

The division and hatred being created among the Nuer by Buay and his group is going to cost South Sudan a great deal.

In Leer, over 100, 000 civilians were displaced with civilians being subjected to sexual violence, hunger and death and insecurity. This is terrorism of the highest order. And this is on May 19, 2015.

On January 3, 2015, Gordon Buay wrote on his Facebook account that the government should not accept the demands of Riek Machar, calling him a “terrorist” and “tribal bigot.”

First, Buay should be in no position to tell the government what to do. As an ambassador, he should only do WHAT the government tells him. Besides, Puljang who is his military and political ally, committed unspeakable atrocities in Unity states against fellow Nuer.

Washington should be informed of Buay’s terror links! And we’ll let Ottawa know these recorded facts!

Small Arms wrote that “On 19 June [2015] Bul Nuer youths, some of whom were involved in the offensive, and others who came from Mayom, marched south in high spirits; it was now their turn to augment their herds, and take the resources and livestock that remain in southern Unity. The government invited the youth of Koch county to join in this offensive. Such divide and rule tactics further entrenches deep divisions among the Nuer.”

And Buay is not only dividing Nuer, he’s trying his immorality among the Jieeng. Invited recently by citizens of Warrap state in the US, Buay tried to create seeds of discord between the Jieeng of Jonglei and Jieeng of Warrap.

Buay tried to downplay Dr. John Garang’s place in the history of South Sudan by praising late hero Kerubino Kuanyin Bol. Instead of speaking as a responsible citizen and praising the contribution of Warrap citizens to our liberation struggle, Buay couldn’t help but play his immoral game by trying to create problems between the two Jieeng groups.

What was even sickening was the fact that Gordon Buay believed he knows the history of Warrap State better than the citizens of Warrap state! What an ambassador!

When will Buay stop? When will the government see and shut up this agent of discord? Pitting one Jieeng group against another, and one Nuer group against another, shouldn’t be condoned by President Kiir! Buay Must Go or Shut Up!

Protocol and Clearance Level
Every government has structured and protocols system. Buay defies them and becomes the government spokesperson, president spokesperson, a security agent, the decider of who should say what and when as he told SBS Radio. That’s shocking!

This man undermines the government and embarrasses the president whether he’s a rebel or a presumed government supporter.

There are security issues that should be known only to the president and security heads. Buay seems to have a security clearance level of the president. Unlike everyone in the country, not even the president himself, Buay does what he wants when he wants. It’d be easy to ask our neighboring countries to see if there’s an ambassador who reports sensitive issues the government has not even reported.

In 2005 – 2008 – Kiir is a bad dictator
In 2008 – 2010 – Kiir is good leader
In 2011 – Kiir is a bad dictator
In 2013 – present – Kiir is a good leader!

Seriously! It’s time for South Sudanese in the US to write to their congressmen and women and alert them about this terrorist and agent of discord. If he’s changed as he says, then let him shut up and be diplomatic! Ottawa will soon know Buay’s support of terror on civilians unless he shuts up and be an agent of unity!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’ and “Is ‘Black’ Really Beautiful?” For contact visit

Kiir needs to beg for forgiveness, face justice and get out!

BY: Eli Wani, 01/SEPT/2015, SSN,

Response to Andrew K Michael’s article: “Signing a pact is a step forward: Now fight corruption mercilessly;”

Your article is good but unfortunately you missed to include the process of truth and reconciliation. As you suggested, we must just move on….. Really? For Heaven’s sake, in the last 20 months we have heard everything from the past since 1955 to 2015 and old wounds were scratched again to new bleeding wounds, and we have seen some gruesome images.

Do you remember this very President whose mandate has already expired, he was the very one who announced it on National TV that, “the prophet of doom has returned,” referring to Dr. Machar about 1991 SPLA split as the prophet of doom?

We were all following the events just before Dec 15, 2013 when Kirr refused to accept reforms and instead he dissolved the cabinet without the approval or consultations of his SPLA colleagues and disagreement ensued followed by presidential bodyguards firing live ammunitions at one another, a few disgruntled soldiers who refused to be disarmed by Kirr’s bodyguards.

First of all what was the aim of trying to disarm other groups like the non-Dinka soldiers while Salva Kirr’s own homeboys recruited just before the event were still well armed?

To me there was something shady, there was a plan already in progress to arrest Dr Machar and and then he’s tried very quickly and hanged or assassinated including some other members who stood up to the dictator due to his arrogance of firing elected people by issuing decrees every week.

Just ask the G10 (so-called former detainees) and some of those in the circles they did sense something was coming. Kirr only declared the coup news after his plan was foiled, if you want a witness ask President Museveni of Uganda who confessed in Addis that “there was no coup”.

You seem to credit Salva Kirr just for inking this IGAD Plus deal at which Kirr was dragged kickin’ n’ screamin’ by the threats of sanctions. What a full load of crab?

Kirr has never been the right leader from the onset, yes, the people were so stunningly overjoyed to the point of ecstasy and hypnotized by the word “Independence from the North”, that got us completely blinded and consumed and hallucinated such that everyone never thought twice of whom this guy really was, hence he was given a free ride before proper scrutiny.

From 2005 to 2011 Kirr assumed the CPA terms that was already completed by both Dr John Garang and Dr Riek Machar who were the chief architects of this very independence.

Specially Dr Riek who is the one supposed to earn this spotlight but because he was not a Dinka as such he was bad mouthed against and again about 1991.

But how about all those SPLA commanders who killed Southerners like flies, where are their records?

Like John Garang himself who massacred people in Eastern Equatoria from village to village, Salva Kirr killed Nuers by the thousands, Kuol Manyang mercilessly killed everybody in thousands……on and on the list goes.

Tell me which SPLA general is innocent of intentional and callous murder?

Let us not just rush into forgetting the many innocent and helpless lives lost, the very killers are still roaming the streets in South Sudan looking for more blood to ritualize their satanic sacrifices.

This is their habitual behavior to “kill and steal”, does that sound like a verse in the Scriptures?

John 10:10 reads, “The thief comes only to steal, kill and destroy”… ? That is SPLA, they are nothing but butchers, they take directives from their father in Hell, Lucifer is their father.

My People: No, no, no, we should never forget and say let bygones be bygones, we need justice to prevail, including on both the two leaders, Kirr and Machar, they should all come before their “employer” WE THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN and publicly they need to beg for forgiveness.

Seriously, they need to confess ALL wrong doings and ask the general public to either forgive or condemn them. They are humans just like you and I and so why should we allow them to override the laws of the land?

Go and watch youtube video of Pres. Obama’s recent speech at AU headquarters, in which he admitted that even being the president of US still he cannot break the laws of the land. Talk about education, this is a Harvard graduate and a Professor of Law, lecturing African leaders.

Look at mighty Muamar Gadaffi of Libya…… who thought his end would be like that, Saddam Hussein, Laurent Gbagbo, Mobutu Sese Seko, Charles Taylor….etc, all have come down to shame and nothing, why because people all rose up against them and said no to bullying.

Enough is enough, Kirr and Machar must step out of the way and give chance to the new generations and fresh blood, and that includes SPLA/M must be history right after the transitional period ends.

Nevertheless, there must be true confession and truth and reconciliations and those found guilty must face the stench of justice behind bars just as the AU and the UN and TROIKA have separately already started the process, let it be done.


This will surely give lessons to future generations, that in South Sudan any wrong doings shall be punished, that the World is watching, “every action must have a reaction”.

We want absolute accountability and even if you commit crimes in the shadow of darkness there will come a dawn and justice will prevail.

Eli Wani is a concern South Sudanese citizen fighting to bring about true peace and tranquility, justice and fairness to everyone, in pursuit of liberty and freedom, seeking for happiness to ALL people of all walks.


Signing a pact is a step forward: Now fight corruption mercilessly!

BY: Andrew K. Michael, South Sudanese, AUG/30/2015, SSN;

At 16:54 hours on 26 August 2015, H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan inked an accord signed earlier by Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-IO and a former detainees’ representative, Pagan Amum. The signing, which was witnessed by heads of states predominately from East African countries and Sudan, has ushered a new dawn for the people of South Sudan who have borne the brunt of war for the last 20 months.

With this peace agreement, people hiding for their lives in the swampy areas will think of returning to their homes in spite of having been reduced to ashes. With this peace agreement, the people of South Sudan will have a second chance to bring about reforms in their country.

With this peace agreement, the people of South Sudan can reconcile and reunite in diversity rather than divided by diversity!

For the first time in 20 months, the national television, SSTV, showed and hosted South Sudanese artists from all corners of the country, depicting diversity of the great nation ruined by war.

It was amazing to see those youngsters play because they know peace would once again bring happiness to the people whose livelihoods had been robbed.

Having signed the peace deal, how will the government ensure service delivery to the people?

How will it reconcile the people whose thinking, as they were made to believe so during the war, is ashamedly based on ethnicity and regionalization?

What frameworks will the government put in place to attain permanent peace?

Upon resigning and while moving out of the White House in his chopper, the 37th President of the United States (1969-1974), Richard Nixon, said these words: ‘’I will forget my past and look to the future’’.

He said these because he did not want the mistakes of his past to haunt him. He said this because when he capitalized on thinking about it, he would presumably not work for his future.

He would probably think of what to do to undo what had transpired in the wake of the Watergate scandal.

This wise decision is worth taking by the people of South Sudan. We, the people, need to acknowledge what had happened to us during the war, but do not need to capitalize on it.

We need to work toward building a peaceful country. This is only attainable by all, not only the president and government.

Needless to say, the government and opposition leaders must now stop finger-pointing and name-calling. This can only exacerbate the already fragile relationship.

It is time to work together as a people destined to achieve common objectives. We cannot afford to inflict more suffering in the people of this country.

We have come from far and now we have a chance to show to the world that we can only live in harmony. My fellow country men and women, let’s do that!

Let’s make this country a place we can call home! It does not help to say my brother X made a visit. It does help though, to work to correct all that was not done rightly.

Let’s do just that and we will become once again a great nation. All those countries we see today as if God had returned to install all the good roads, establish functioning institutions, also faced difficulties, including waging wars which claimed millions of lives.

Nevertheless, the people of those countries sat down and said NO to war! They said YES to democracy and accountability! We also can do that and do it NOW!

Mr. President, you are a symbol of national unity. If you did not know, you are like the flag and South Sudanese currency. Your decisions affect every citizen of this country in one or another. They can do so negatively or positively.

We, the people of South Sudan, have a lot to thank you for. Your handling of the fragile 2005-2011 interim period is one of them. The people of Southern Sudan were nervous at the time.

They thought things would fall apart between the then government of national unity and that of Southern Sudan. It ended so well, with us securing what we wanted: Sovereign state.

Whatever happened on the night of 15 December 2013 had happened and we need to move ahead.

The lessons learned during the last 20 months are numerous and it is time you demonstrate to your employer, the people of South Sudan, that you are an employee who delivers results!

The employer will keep observing your performance and based on this, your next signing of a job contract is at the discretion of the employer! We are watching!

They say ‘’one can create problem to bring change’’! Watch out, Mr. President. Beware of people who advise you.

It’s time you screen pieces of advice advanced to you by who you may think are your right hand men and women. A number of them might be eyeing your seat and in the process can instigate your failure by way of advice!

What do you think if someone asks you to refuse peace because of power? Why would someone choose war just to continue killing innocent people?

It’s time to say enough to embracing immunity. It’s time to act transparently. It’s time to task technical experts in key institutions to deliver services to the people.

It’s time to hold people accountable for their deeds! Proceeds from national resources should not NOW be pocketed by few in Juba!

We can no longer afford to embrace corruption in this country, for this is one of the ingredients of war and conflict of any sort. Get rid of it completely and NOW not TOMORROW!

Dr. Riek, we the people need your inputs in developing the country. Work with the President as friends, not as foes as people will keep preaching.

Remember you two are South Sudanese, not Nuers and Dinkas as our people like ethnic division that has reduced our country to nothingness!

We must put South Sudan lens, not ethnic ones! We must not use innocent boys as our shield during fighting. They deserve to be in schools. They need to work for their families, but not to be killed in frontline for what they do not know!

While delivering his victory speech in Chicago, the incumbent US President, H.E. Barack Obama, said: ‘’to those Americans whose support I have yet to earn, I may have not earned your votes tonight, but I hear your voices, I need your help, and I will be your president too’’.

Now, to those of you South Sudanese leaders, be it in the military and national assembly, we understand your point, but we now need to work together.

South Sudan is happy when peace prevails!

You are never famous because you fight wars. Instead, you are when you embrace peace. Stop inciting people, war mongers. I think it is high time the people rise up against those who want to continue fighting and condemn them strongly…

Young men and women, if there were anyone to leverage our leaders and our people to ensure prevalence of peace in this country, we are the ones!

Stop taking sides based on ethnicity and regionalization. Let’s preach peace in any forum we converge in. We are brothers and sisters.

Even during the then 21 years of war, we did not encounter a situation where we could not stay in certain parts of the country because of our identity. Never. This did not happen.

At the moment, a South Sudan youth needs to think twice before moving to some parts of his/her own country lest s/he will be killed! This should CEASE as we enter the post war era. Remember the word of Richard Nixon quoted earlier.

We must join in unison and sing a song of peace. From now henceforth, let’s unite in diversity! Let’s see ourselves as brothers and sisters from South Sudan, not through ethnic lens!

Thank you those countries who tirelessly worked towards the signing of this agreement. You encountered resistance from the war parties, but I assure you the people to whom this peace belongs are short of words to thank you.

We request that you continue working with the parties to ensure implementation of the accord during the 30 month period.

May God almighty help us to strongly grip this peace? Amen.

Andrew K Michael is South Sudanese citizen and can be reached at

‘This is an imposed peace meant for regime change, Kiir declares at signing of peace deal


For sure, watching president Kiir profusely sweating under serious stress and great reluctance before agreeing to initial the IGAD-Plus negotiated peace deal, South Sudanese should be extremely aware that peace is not anywhere nearer.

In no uncertain terms and words, while addressing Museveni of Uganda, Kenyatta of Kenya, Desalyan of Ethiopia and the Sudanese Vice president, a most unhappy and definitely belligerent Kiir declared that he had several reservations about the agreement and even intimated openly that there will be ‘no lasting peace’ in the country.

According to Kiir, there are only two options presented to him before signing the peace deal and these were either an imposed peace or continued war.

He further added that any problems that might arise will directly lead to failure of the peace process.

“Bentiu, the capital of Unity State has been attacked by Riek Machar and fighting is continuing as we sit here,” a visibly agitated Kiir announced.

An angry Kiir further told the IGAD-Plus leaders that leaders of his ruling SPLM are deeply concerned about some issues if peace is carelessly handled and managed as is seen today by the IGAD leaders and this will affect the whole region.

“We have deep and serious reservations on the peace process and the talks.”

According to Kiir, “from the intimidating messages we received, this peace agreement is meant for regime change,” intimating that the peace process is directly to change his government.

Kiir bluntly, while still profusely sweating and nervously removing and putting on his glasses, Kiir called for revision of some detrimental provisions designed and loaded in this agreement against the voices of the people, the political leadership and his so-called elected government.

Finally, Kiir uneasily declared, “with serious reservations, I will sign the document.”

However, Kiir repeated that they see many things we have to reject and the document

Interestingly, in a repetition of a quotation from former Sudanese president Numeri who when he was nullifying the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1983, a visibly angry Kiir quipped why the peace deal can’t be renegotiated.

“This peace deal is not the Bible or the Koran.” Kiir further added that even the Bible, there is always a new version coming up all the time.

Something wrong must be within this agreement document, Kiir declared, but they don’t want to be known.

It’s time to correct these things, he said.

As an example, Kiir accused the iGAD-Plus leaders for allowing Pagan Amum to change the Agreement by the altering of the ‘Former Detainees’ FD, which was changed into ‘SPLM leaders.’

Further, Kiir accused the IGAD-PLus that while he was never called in the agreement as commander-in-chief of the National Army, Machar was instead referred to as leader of SPLM Armed Opposition.

In conclusion, the angry president Kiir bluntly stated that while he’s not allowed to read the reservations of his government on the peace deal, however, he will give each one of the negotiators a copy to read.

“I call upon you regional leaders to stand with us during the implementation of this peace deal otherwise we will fail,” he ended his talk.

Will this peace last, what do you think?
SUMMARY- Key points of peace deal:

**Fighting to stop immediately. Soldiers to be confined to barracks in 30 days, foreign forces to leave within 45 days, and child soldiers and prisoners of war freed.

**All military forces to leave the capital, Juba, to be replaced by unspecified “guard forces” and Joint Integrated Police.

**Rebels get post of “first vice-president.”

**Transitional government of national unity to take office in 90 days and govern for 30 months.

**Elections to be held 60 days before end of transitional government’s mandate
Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing to investigate human rights violations.

From the BBC: AUG/26/2015, SSN.

As time passed and the temperature rose in the big, celebratory tent, the buzz of optimism started to wane.

Last-minute talks had been going on for hours – surely President Salva Kiir wouldn’t leave regional heads of state at the altar for the second time in 10 days?

The talking had been tough – the language of the leaders was strong.

When Kenya’s President Kenyatta said there was “no such thing as a perfect agreement”, it was clear it had been a tough day around a table.

People shouldn’t see “obstacles, but opportunity and hope,” he added.

Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni called South Sudan’s struggle for independence lea just war, but that this was “the wrong war in the wrong place at the wrong time”.

And then in a long, slow speech, pausing regularly to remove his glasses and wipe his face, it wasn’t quite clear if President Kiir was going to sign the deal or notis.

In the end he did, but any moment of statesmanship was lost in a piece of theatre.

He finally said he would sign only if the heads of state initialled a long list of reservations – which he then proceeded to do while photocopies of the list were handed out to the audience.

The regional leaders declined, but the signing went ahead. With renegade generals not signing up to the deal and much picking still to be done over the detail, there’s little here that would make the 1.6 million displaced people in South Sudan rush home.

Will South Sudan peace deal be worth the wait?

Before signing the deal, President Kiir spent hours in a closed-door meeting with the regional leaders.

Afterwards, he addressed the delegates, speaking at length of his unease about the deal and saying he wanted these reservations to be on record.

During his speech, South Sudan’s president mentioned areas such as the ambiguous structure and command of the South Sudan forces once the transitional government takes office in 90 days.
He also had issues about the power-sharing arrangements.

Fresh fighting that has erupted in the oil-rich town of Bentiu was a clear indication that rebels did not respect the deal they had so recently signed, he added.


From DailyNation of Nairobi, JUBA, WEDNESDAY/25/2015, SSN

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has finally agreed to sign a peace deal and power-sharing accord to end a 20-month civil war, his spokesman said Tuesday.

Presidential spokesman Ateny Wek Ateny told AFP that the presidents of Kenya, Uganda and Sudan plus Ethiopia’s prime minister “will converge on Juba tomorrow morning for a one-day summit, and the President of the Republic of South Sudan will sign the peace agreement.”

The spokesman said, however, that the government was still unhappy with the accord, drawn up by the regional bloc IGAD.

“The government has some reservations… even if the President will sign,” Mr Ateny said.

South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar, a former vice president, signed the deal last Monday, in line with a deadline to do so.


Both sides in the conflict have been facing the threat on international sanctions if they refuse to sign.

But Kiir only initialled part of the text, and his government slammed the accord as a “sellout” — saying it needed more time for consultations.

Key issues of disagreement include details of a power-sharing proposal between the government and rebels, which could see Machar return as vice-president.

Ateny also said the government was unhappy over calls to demilitarise the capital Juba, hand over greater powers to the rebels in the oil-rich Upper Nile region, and see foreigners in charge of a Monitoring and Evaluation Commission — the body that will police the implementation of the peace deal.

Sources in IGAD also confirmed plans for the deal to be signed in Juba on Wednesday, with Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, Ethiopian


Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and chief mediator Seyoum Mesfin due to attend.

An IGAD official said rebel leader Machar would not be there because security provisions were not yet in place.

South Sudan’s civil war erupted in December 2013 when Kiir accused Dr Machar of planning a coup, setting off a cycle of retaliatory killings that has split the poverty-stricken, landlocked country along ethnic lines.

Marked by widespread atrocities on both sides, the war has been characterised by ethnic massacres and rape.

At least seven ceasefires have already been agreed and then shattered within days — if not hours — in the world’s newest country, which broke away from Sudan in 2011.

The peace proposal has been put forward by the regional eight-nation bloc IGAD, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, as well as the United Nations, African Union, China and the “troika” of Britain, Norway and the US.


The 72-page accord commits both sides to implementing a “permanent ceasefire” within 72 hours after signing.

Military forces also have 30 days to gather for “separation, assembly and cantonment” — or confinement to barracks, with their weapons secured in storage — with a security review ahead of an eventual reunification of forces.

All foreign forces in the war, including Ugandan troops backing Kiir, must leave within 45 days, while foreign militia forces, including rebels from neighbouring Sudan’s Darfur and Nuba mountain regions, must also be disarmed and sent home.

No troops are allowed closer than 25 kilometres (15 miles) to the capital Juba, with only presidential guards, police and guard forces protecting infrastructure can remain in the city.


The deal gives rebels the post of “First Vice President”, alongside the current vice-president.

That means Machar would likely return to the post he was sacked from in July 2013, six months before the war began.

Signatories also take responsibility for the war, “apologising unconditionally” for the tens of thousands killed.

A Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing will be set up to investigate “all aspects of human rights violations”, with a “Hybrid Court” — set up in collaboration with the African Union — to try crimes including possible genocide and crimes against humanity.

It’s time for President Kiir to show Leadership or Leave!

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, AUG/21/2015, SSN;

A few days ago the president, without explanation, removed five state governors, some of whom being elected officials. It’s very clear the president has advisors who either have no idea what they are doing, or the president does things while occupying his own world. Everything coming out of this presidency makes no sense. It’s dividing us and killing civilians by the day!

Anytime government officials talk of the legitimacy of the president, they invoke the fact that ‘he’s a democratically elected president.’ However, these tired minds fail to show that the country is running not only on idiotic parameters but also on undemocratic fatalism: no reverse gear!

We are just going and going and going in the wrong direction!

This president is perhaps going to be the worst thing to happen to South Sudan if he doesn’t change to salva-ge what is left of his presidency.

The constantly unexplained, unjustified, undemocratic and unjustifiable removal of elected governors not only reminds us of the oppression South Sudanese fought against for more than five decades; it also reminds us of the terrifying reality of the developing Musevenism in South Sudan.

Museveni is an old man with no wisdom and human heart; a man who not only fears opposition but mobilizes state resources against people who’d actually make the democratic process in Uganda meaningful!

And our dear president not only copied Beshir’s government structures and mannerism, he’s also sniffing the dirt under Museveni’s armpits. Very dirty!

Copying Musevenism is the death of South Sudan as a nation with economic and political functionality.

How can you call yourself a democratically elected president when you not only violate the constitution, but also act in an atavistic, undemocratic foolhardiness?

Criticism of government is not to be against the government. It’s a way of letting the government know how it’s performing in order to improve its service provision.

I’m in my 30s but I know this fact to be the reality of all successful governance in the world! How the hell can’t old men in their 50s, 60s and 70s know this?

When will you ever grow up to steer this country ahead in a mature manner? When are you going to stop acting like small kids?

Blaming Riek Machar for everything is childish! Without any doubt, Riek Machar is a man who’s ready to die for the sake of leadership. He’s shown his own dictatorial mannerism: 1991-1994 and 2015!

Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Peter Adwuok Nyaba, Major General Peter Gatdet Yaka and Major General Gatkuoth Gatoath Oathnyany are living witnesses of Riek’s one-man leadership. But Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan.

As the president, Mr. Kiir, you have to show leadership by taking responsibility of the peace process and successful implementation.

How long will you depend on mindless, heartless opportunists in your government and foreigners such as the heartless Museveni to make decisions for you? Outsiders can now intimidate us because of your failed leadership! Where in the world is peace forced?

I agree with you that signing a conditioned peace under duress is irresponsible and detrimental to the integrity and human valuation of the South Sudanese people; however, you’ve shown that you are anything but a leader.

Your decisions are not independent and every decision you make has always proven disastrous to the country!

Grow up (politically that is) or stop listening to opportunists! Or even better, pack up and go to Akon! And as you do that, tell Dr. Riek Machar too to go to Leer! It’s time for you two to start farming not politiking!

Nhial Bol Aken is still facing a devilish force more fatal and brutal than the one he faced in Khartoum! How can a son of the land feel worse and more oppressed in his motherland than in a foreign, oppressor’s land? Shame on you, Mr. President!

What happened to the good old Commander Kiir Mayardit? When did you go from a humble, less ambitious High Commander to a ruthless, unprincipled, cold-blooded, irrational General and President? I couldn’t figure that one out!

We used to watch you humbly pass by us in your then slim body, small goatie and Castro-style cap as we played football next to your compound in Itang. You had no cowboy hat then! What happened to that man of the people?

Unashamedly, you recently warned journalists that you’d test the killing on them because they are ‘against the country.’ “If anybody among journalists does not know that this country has killed people,” you said, then “we will demonstrate it one day, one time. … Freedom of the press does not mean you work against the country.”

And indeed someone fulfilled your warning. Moi Peter Julius of citizen newspaper is shot dead! Bravo, Mr. President?

Criticism is meant to improve the country not to destroy it. Anyone who points out the wrongs you do isn’t your enemy! Your enemy is the one who doesn’t tell you what’s wrong! You are a human being and you are bound to make mistakes!

You also, like Museveni, don’t condone criticism, or someone who disagrees with your point of view.

Are you the one who decides to arrest opposition figures and dissidents, or is there someone else who tells you that arresting the likes of Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC and Governor Joseph Bakosoro is a good idea?

How democratic is preventing Lam Akol and Joseph Bakosoro from leaving the country? What democratic principle says that free citizens have to be prevented from leaving? Have you made South Sudan a giant prison?

Arresting opposition leaders, like Dr. Lam, is a work of wicked, frightened small men. What scares you in being criticized!

If any opposition figure says something that’s not true then send your officials to the media to falsify it and clarify your position by presenting factual evidence.

What’s the point of intimidating South Sudanese citizens? South Sudan is not a prison but you are making it one!

I warned Dr. Lam Akol a few years ago about the undemocratic nature of SPLM and your government, and he condescendingly responded by questioning why I said democracy hasn’t yet come to South Sudan.

He can now understand the value of my words as he languishes under house arrest, which is a function of your needless fear, obsession and incompetence.

Doing a good job is the best response against critics. Bring peace to South Sudan and initiate development programs and you’ll see that critics will have less or nothing to say in criticism.

Besides, stop making South Sudan a Jieeng kingdom and stop speaking in Jieeng in public like you did recently during Independence Day commemoration. I know some of your officials and supporters will run around saying: “But Riek Machar is doing that too!” Riek is not the president of South Sudan!

1- Most if not all state police commissioners are Jieeng.
2- Most of the ambassadors are also Jieeng.
3- The people whose decisions matter to you are also Jieeng.
4- The government delegation is headed by Nhial Deng, a Jieeng and the delegation is under the tutelage, control and influence of Makuei Lueth, another Jieeng.
5- SPLA spokesperson, Philip Aguer Panyang, is Jieeng
6- The face of SPLA on SSTV, Malaak Ayueen, is Jieeng

You are right when you, after taking over as Sudan’s First Vice President, stated that your car will be running with no reverse gear. The current destruction can only be explained by such a car. I advise you as such:

1 – Start accepting criticism as part of your governance system so don’t arrest politicians who disagree with you. You are not building a nation of single opinion where you lead an army of ‘opinionless’ robots.

2 – See those who criticize you not as against the country but those who’d want to hold you accountable in order to improve your service provision.

3 – Those criminally liable should be tried in a competent court of law not just arrested anyhow at whim!

4 – Stop removing elected officials without constitutional provision that supports such removals. That makes you a dictator regardless of what you say.

5 – Democracy doesn’t only apply to presidency but to all elected officials.

I understand we shouldn’t allow ourselves to be controlled by outsiders like America and Europe, but we shouldn’t destroy the livelihood of our people just because we want to resist external influence.

You are not strong enough and that’s why you recruited the assistance of Museveni’s UPDF so don’t think you have a chance against an international force that has been in existence for more than three centuries.

Kuir ë Garang lives in Canada. For contact, visit or follow him on twitter @kuirthiy

Elders with no wisdom, that’s the Jieng Council of Elders!

BY: Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok, AUG/13/2015, SSN;

To begin with, having a council of elders is not a bad thing if members of a particular tribe wished to have one. Indeed it could be a positive undertaking provided the intentions and goals are towards furthering the unity of the country. The council could lend the government a helping hand in resolving local conflicts and fostering social cohesion.

In fact there are already multiple councils of elders all over the country though carrying different names. Any chieftaincy in the country is in essence a council of elders. This was not the case in the past as the chieftaincies used to enjoy much power and authority over their communities.

The Mundukuru’s in order to gain full control over the south, abrogated much of the powers from these chieftaincies reducing them essentially to ceremonial councils of elders.

At the present time the chieftaincies we have are the true councils of elders. They are mainly tasked with resolving tribal feuds, land issues and cattle rustling. In all the communities, change of power follow the rule of succession and a limited degree of democratic process. Usurpation of power is unusual in these chieftaincies.

Under normal circumstances, the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) by definition, would be none of my business. However it would have gained the respect and support of all the South Sudanese people, me included, if its deeds were conducive to harmonising our communities.

Clearly this is not the case here and the council is involved in activities quite far from what you would expect from such kinds of social bodies. When you hear the word “elder,” what comes into your mind is the notion of experience, integrity and wisdom.

These qualities are unfortunately at their nadir in the Jieng Council of Elders. It is a multifunctional body with unclear objectives or a secretive ones. At the present time it functions as a shadow government, a mini parliament, a political party and a lobby group all at the same time.

The stimulus for this article was the recent document presented to the IGAD-PLUS peace mediators as the position of the JCE on the “Proposed Compromise Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan.”

From the very beginning there are fundamental questions insistently begging for answers. The letter is full of erroneous assumptions and is deceptive and misleading to say the least. To write about all the contentious points will need several pages of explanation.

I am going to confine myself discussing few crucial points. By doing so I am not suggesting any kind of support for the proposed compromise agreement. But I want to expose the fallacy of the JCE line of argument.

At the beginning of the letter, they brought up the statistics saying that the Nuer constitute 49.5% of the total population of the Upper Nile region and 15% nationally. The mere fact that they did not provide the Jieng percentages can only mean two things :

(a) that the Jieng are representatives of all the non-Nuers.

(b) They are speaking on behalf of the government.

The fact of the matter is that the 2008 population census is widely considered inaccurate by many South Sudanese, thus presenting the above percentages to an international audience could result in erroneous deductions.

If the Nuers are 49.5% of the population of the Upper Nile region, it will mean to a foreigner that the Jieng constitute 50.5% or close to that of the same population, giving the Jieng the majority. The same applies to the percentages nationally as the same foreigner would think the Jieng are 85% of the total population of South Sudan or close to that.

Therefore it would be deduced by the international audience that the JCE is reflecting the position of the rest of the population of the Republic of South Sudan. This misrepresentation is intentional as they could have provided the Jieng percentages of the population.

The JCE has got no right to speak on behalf of the other tribes and as far as every one knows, they have not been given a mandate to do so.

In regard to oil production, they were quick to provide the percentage of the oil produced in the Jieng territories, so now talking about the Jieng rather than the non-Nuers as shown earlier. The percentages given are 96% for the Jieng territories and 4% for the Nuers ones.

Many would bitterly dispute these percentages but there is a veiled message that you can read between the lines implying that the Jieng are the breadwinners of South Sudan.

The point (b) is reinforced by the recent letter sent by Salva Kiir to the Ethiopian premier that is almost a carbon copy of the Jeing position presented to IGAD-PLUS peace mediators. It shows that Salva Kiir is so weak that he is being pushed around by the JCE on one hand and president Museveni on the other hand.

The JCE still maintains with ridiculous stubbornness the fallacy that a coup attempt has occurred despite the fact that the whole world refused to believe it. Even president Museveni, Kiir’s mentor, denied that a coup d’etat actually happened.

As we all know, Pagan Amum was reinstated to his previous position before the conflict, is it not an admission of fault when you do that to someone who was accused of treason and could have received a capital punishment?!

On the issue of the Hybrid Court of South Sudan (HCSS), the JCE is unhappy for it being given the primacy over the national courts of South Sudan. They want issues of war crimes and genocide to be dealt with within our customary systems as well as the statutory mechanisms.

Is it really feasible to get justice for such crimes in our current judiciary system?!

If people who committed murder are set free from jail by their relatives in the SPLA, is there any hope under this regime that the situation will be any better?!

The JCE is making a big fuss about encroachment on the sovereignty of the state by the international community. It even went further to accuse the international community of an intention to take over the country.

There is no such thing as sovereignty when you are kept in power by a foreign force. It is rare for the international community to unanimously agree on a single issue due to different ideologies, interests and agendas.

Thus why would they conspire against a country they helped to create on the world map in the first place?!

This brings me to the issue of funding. How is the JCE being funded? If it is from government coffers as it’s certainly the case, then it is unacceptible and clearly demonstrates favouritism.

Suppose the other 63 tribes form their own councils of elders and demanded funding, how much will be the cost for the government coffers and will it be really cost effective?

If the other tribes decide to follow suit and send letters to the IGAD-PLUS peace mediators, so they get exactly 64 letters. What would the peace mediators think?!

Would they not think they are dealing with lunatics?! And mind you, they previously called Salva Kiir stupid which angered his supporters and triggered a move in the National Legislative Assembly (NLA).

The JCE comes out as a body with unrealistic beliefs, divisive activities and bent on promoting and spreading the seeds of tribalism in our communities.

The JCE could have done a lot towards bringing our communities together and cementing the unity of our country. It is through addressing the following three issues:

1. It is not a secret that the Jieng are universally disliked by the other communities, previously in the whole Sudan and now in South Sudan. In fact wherever they go people loathed them.

Governor Bakasoro was reported saying, “What is wrong with you people, wherever you go you cause havoc.”

It even spilled over across the borders. During Anynya 1 movement many South Sudanese went to Congo/Zaire. The Congolese had no problems with any tribe except one, the Jieng.

Despite being much less in numbers than the other South Sudanese tribes, they were the only ones singled out and disliked by the Congolese. Some of you may know that the Congolese came to Equatoria as refugees during the Congo war. They were in Juba and other towns in Equatoria.

People lived in harmony with no problems. Had they stayed longer they would have been totally integrated into the society. This displays a situation where you are more comfortable with a foreigner than with someone supposed to be your brother!

Again the Jieng went to Uganda and people did not like them. The situation is not any better in Kenya and now there is a definition in East Africa for a South Sudanese which is not very good. This bad reputation is gradually spreading over the globe and it’s not something to be proud of.

I learned that our reputation is at the bottom in Australia, thanks to the Jieng. If nothing is done, it will not take too long before the whole world treats the South Sudanese as an outcast people.

The question the JCE needs to ask themselves is, “Why do people hate us?”

Until they find an answer to that question and make amends, they will never be embraced wholeheartedly in any society they go to.

2. It is so often now you hear the Jieng talking about the oil being produced in their territories and bragging about it. If you ask a local citizen in Mongala, Nimule, Yei, Mundri, Maridi and Yambio, his opinion about the oil is, I can tell you what you will hear: “To hell with the oil! We never benefited from it! We don’t need the oil! We are self-sufficient!”

Self-sufficiency is a rare commodity in the Jieng land. What is the point of boasting about the oil and million heads of cattle if your people are still dying from hunger?!

Famine is a familiar and frequent visitor to Jieng land. It’s fair to say the Jieng have never been self-sufficient in modern history. This year like every year, there is hunger in Kuacjok, Aweil, Lakes state and the Bor area.

In reality, wherever the Jieng live, you find hunger. And not only that, they bring hunger along with them when they go to other places by land grabbing, crops destruction and causing insecurity that prevents the food producers from doing their job.

Is it laziness as V.P Wani Igga recently pointed it out or it is the culture that detest hard work?

The JCE could render the country an excellent service and boost our economy by addressing this crucial issue.

3. The Jieng community is the most violent community in the country. There is a state of continuous war between different tribal clans in Lakes State. In Warrap state the Aguok and the Apuk clans have been killing themselves recently. It is an on-going feud that never ends and happens every year.

The same trait is abundant among the Jieng in Northern Bahr El Gazal and Jonglei states. The conventional wisdom is that when your house is on fire, you try to put it out rather than running away to extinguish a bigger fire somewhere else.

Rather than indulging in national politics which is none of its business, the JCE should have been working tirelessly to resolve the on-going feuds in its community. There are even problems with some of the known members that disqualify them from being entrusted to deal with national issues.

Former Chief Justice Ambrose Riny Thiik, not long ago was accused by members of a clan in his constituency of supplying arms to a rival clan. Regardless of the validity of the allegation, the fact that his name was brought down that low, indicates he lacks respect among a significant portion of his constituency.

As for Aldo Ajou Deng his greed has got no limits. He is someone who can go against his people for personal gains. When the government of national unity was formed with Sadiq Al Mahadi as prime minister in April 1986, Aldo Ajo was nominated by the southerners to take up a ministerial post. But due to disagreement with the northerners, our politicians decided to pull out to maintain some bargaining power and leverage.

They asked Aldo Ajo to relinquish his ministerial post, he refused and sided with the Mundukuru’s. At that time one of his colleagues remarked that Aldo Ajo’s greed goes back to his school days where he eats everyone else’s food if he enters the dining room first.

At any rate, what is happening in Jieng land could be the norms in the medieval ages but certainly not the way a human being is expected to live in the 21st century.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Beyond Deadlock: Recommendations for Obama’s Plan B on South Sudan

BY Enough Team, AUGUST/2015, SSN;

South Sudan’s warring factions have one last chance to end their country’s 20-month civil war and sign a compromise agreement proposed by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) mediators, who are leading negotiations.

The U.S. government has promised serious consequences if the parties fail to meet the August 17 deadline set by the international community.

During his recent visit to East Africa, President Obama convened a roundtable on South Sudan with the presidents of Kenya and Uganda, Ethiopia’s prime minister, Sudan’s foreign minister, and the African Union Commission’s chairperson to build consensus on the need to collectively pressure South Sudan’s warring parties toward peace.

In no uncertain terms, President Obama warned that the United States is prepared to move forward with additional available tools to apply greater pressure on the parties. When speaking to the African Union, he said that if the two sides miss the deadline, “the international community must raise the costs of intransigence.”

At a press conference in the region with Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, President Obama explained, “we also think that [the United States] can be a mechanism for additional leverage on the parties, who, up until this point, have proven very stubborn and have not yet risen to the point where they are looking out for the interests of their nation as opposed to their particular self-interests. And that transition has to take place, and it has to take place now.”

Back in Washington, on August 4, President Obama warned, “If they miss [the August 17 deadline] then I think it’s our view that it’s going to be necessary for us to move forward with a different plan and recognize that those leaders are incapable of creating the peace that is required.”

In order to maximize the impact of an alternate plan (being called “Plan B” by many), the U.S. should urgently cultivate the strongest possible support for such a proposal.

Such a Plan B should include high-level asset freezes and travel bans, a global arms embargo, and the prosecution of grand corruption and atrocity crimes, including natural resource pillage as a war crime.

Pressure from President Obama and other world leaders at such a pivotal moment in negotiations has already set in motion the most serious peace deliberations to date.

The United States must be prepared to take swift action on the promised Plan B should the parties once again fail to agree to and implement peace.

The United States must follow through on the president’s strong words with equally strong action, both unilaterally and at the U.N. Security Council, where so far only six ground commanders—who hold little in the way of personal wealth or assets outside of South Sudan—have been designated for sanctions.

The most critical elements of an effective Plan B for South Sudan should include:

1. Implementation of high-level asset freezes, travel bans, and an arms embargo.
President Obama should request that the U.S. Department of the Treasury prepare dossiers to present to the U.N. Security Council on high-level targets and their financial backers and enablers.

If the two parties fail to sign the proposed compromise agreement by the August 17 deadline, the Security Council should be prepared to impose additional designations immediately.

Because many of the targets’ assets are in the region, the United States should urge Kenya and Ethiopia to ensure U.N. sanctions designations are enforced.

The United States should also support a global arms embargo on South Sudan.

Should these measures fail to gain the support of the Security Council, the United States should be prepared to build a coalition of countries that are willing to ratchet up the pressure on high-level officials from both sides, who undermine peace and are responsible for ongoing atrocities.

2. Measures to end impunity for economic and atrocity crimes.
The United States should fully support IGAD’s proposed Hybrid Court for South Sudan (HCSS), including its mandate to investigate and prosecute pillage as a war crime and other serious crimes, including grand corruption.

The United States should offer technical and legal assistance to the court and South Sudan’s existing Anti-Corruption Commission, including specific expertise on asset tracing and financial crimes investigations.

The United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and others should also take steps to prosecute pillage cases involving South Sudan within their own legal jurisdictions to ensure that corporations do not benefit from the pillage of South Sudan’s natural resource wealth.

3. Strengthened regional capacity to enforce U.N. sanctions.
Building on efforts to tackle corruption and money laundering in the region, the United States should offer additional legal and technical support to improve regional sanctions enforcement.

The U.S. should prioritize programs that enhance the operational capacity of regional financial intelligence units to identify and freeze the assets of designated individuals.

The United States should also urge Kenya, Ethiopia, and Uganda to submit reports on their efforts to enforce U.N. sanctions as required by U.N. Security Council Resolution 2206.

4. A connection of regional infrastructure projects to peace.
The U.S. and Chinese governments should jointly review bilateral and multilateral funds earmarked for regional infrastructure projects in East Africa to assess the feasibility of additional investments given the risks presented by ongoing conflict in South Sudan.

This review should make clear that active regional sanctions enforcement will be considered a key risk mitigation factor.

5. Measures to return the proceeds of corruption back to South Sudan.
President Obama should direct the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the FBI to provide inter-agency support to the U.S. Department of Justice’s Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative and focus on investigating instances of grand corruption in South Sudan.

The U.S. should also encourage Kenya, Ethiopia, and Uganda to actively contribute to global efforts to trace, seize, freeze, and return the proceeds of corruption to the people of South Sudan by sharing intelligence through the Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network for Eastern Africa.

6. Amplification of civil society advocacy to increase beneficial ownership transparency. Donors should support efforts by South Sudanese civil society groups to advocate for the full implementation of existing beneficial ownership transparency rules and other public disclosure provisions laid out in the 2012 Petroleum Act and the Transitional Constitution of 2011.

Donors should also support civil society efforts in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Uganda to demand increased transparency about the real owners of corporate assets and trusts, as well as information about payments made to governments for mining and oil concessions.

At the same time, the U.S. Treasury should revise its own proposed rule on beneficial ownership to include a look-back provision before the final rule’s publication later in August 2015.

7. Greater resources for civil society groups to fight corruption.
Donors should use South Sudan’s ratification of the U.N. Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) as an entry point for supporting efforts by grassroots organizations to hold their own leaders to account for the misuse and misappropriation of government funds.

Ensuring the provision of space for civil society participation during the transition, including protections for local journalists and news outlets, should be made a precondition for the resumption of donor assistance to the government of South Sudan. END


Without a soft landing for Kiir, the IGAD-Plus peace proposal is doomed

BY: JOHN GACHIE, The East African, Nairobi, AUG/8/2015, SSN;

In the past 20 months, South Sudan has swung between hope and horror.

The government of South Sudan, under President Salva Kiir Mayardit, blames fighting on an unbridled power-grab through a failed coup attempt by his erstwhile deputy turned foe, Dr Riek Machar. For the opposition under Dr Machar, the conflict is due to failure of leadership by President Kiir.

These opposing narratives cloud the search for a durable negotiated settlement. Any peace proposal must address these primary non-negotiable imperatives or risk failure.

This has been the persistent, fatal flaw of the numerous peace proposals by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) under the auspices of the African Union since early 2014, and the current peace proposal by Igad-Plus Five, which the two camps are expected to sign before August 17.

Is the Igad-Plus Five Peace Agreement really workable, enforceable and viable if not enduring and comprehensive?

No, it isn’t, for it does not provide sufficient soft-landing and face-saving formulas and, most important, a way out for the principals and their powerful supporters, allies and vested interests.

IN SUMMARY: That the Igad-Plus Five enjoys the support of both the African Union and the United Nations Security Council, giving their new peace proposal near universal endorsement is not in doubt; rather, the new peace proposal suffers from the same fatal flaw – lack of local context, traction and legitimacy; hence, will almost certainly suffer the same fate as others before it

The Igad-Plus Five key member countries are Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, all with conflicting bilateral interests in South Sudan — ranging from trade and commerce, security and military interests, cross-border and trans-national ethnic kinship, and over-lapping cultural-cum-linguistic-religious affinities.

For the key Igad members, specifically Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda and to a lesser extent Kenya, their neutrality and even engagement is suspect.

The international players are the so-called Troika countries of the United States, Britain and Norway, the original key countries in the lead-up to the Comprehensive Peace agreement of January 9, 2005, and newly inducted major investor in South Sudan’s oil sector, China, and Russia, a potential key player in a future peaceful and stable South Sudan.

For the Troika of United States, Norway and Britain, the Juba regime is not entirely convinced that they are not pursuing a regime change in Juba, despite their public declarations to the contrary.

For China, the key and overriding interest is to safeguard and protect their oil exploration and transport investments and are not loath to strike a deal with whichever party is in power or can guarantee their investments as they readily did at the height of the liberation war prior to the 2005 peace accord between Khartoum and South Sudanese liberation movement, the SPLM/A.

That the Igad-Plus Five enjoys the support of both the African Union and the United Nations Security Council, giving their new peace proposal near universal endorsement is not in doubt; rather, the new peace proposal suffers from the same fatal flaw – lack of local context, traction and legitimacy; hence, will almost certainly suffer the same fate as others before it.

Specifically, the Igad-Plus Five Peace Agreement isolates the power structure of President Kiir, and inadvertently creates a power vacuum in his regime, ostensibly in a bid to be fair to Riek Machar’s opposition coalition of desperate groups.

In its attempt to be neutral, the Igad-Plus Five proposal, commits the cardinal error of engaging in double-speak, by invoking the doctrine of moral equivalence. And by default, appears to reject and possibly denounce, President Kiir’s narrative of what actually triggered the December 2013 violence while validating Riek Machar’s.

It is this lack of convergence as to what really ignited the spark on those fateful days of December 2013 that serves as the original sin of all subsequent peace proposals including the new Igad-Plus peace proposal.

Anti Igad demonstrations

The current public demonstrations denouncing the new proposal in many towns in President Kiir’s bedrock support regions and in Juba, are a clear harbinger of the real feelings within the president’s core-support networks; and not least, the top leadership of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army/Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLA/M).

For political observers and analysts of South Sudan, the buy-in and or co-option of the core SPLA/M cadres in President Kiir’s corner is critical towards achieving peace and stability in South Sudan. As it is, the Igad-Plus proposal pays a rather less than serious attention to this aspect.

That the fighting has acquired near total ethnic dimensions, should be enough for any serious negotiator(s) to ring alarm bells.

Unfortunately, for the Igad-Plus Five proposal, this has been given short-thrift under the guise of comprehensive security sector reforms, which is not really feasible in the current militarisation of the South Sudanese body-politic.

To many security and military analysts, both President Kiir and Dr Machar are almost held captive by their respective military-cum-security ideologues not averse to settling long-held and decades old grievances that were papered over in the CPA and post–CPA period.

The outbreak of open political competition and jostling for power by Riek Machar, including pre-planning, parallel power centres, support networks and an invisible military contingency support core force, was ever evident during the entire period between 2005 and 2013.

Tenacious fighter

Any peace proposal must take into account a less acknowledged factor, namely that President Kiir, notwithstanding his faults, is an accomplished survivor, obstinate and equally driven; a tenacious fighter, and not one to shy away from a bitter brawling fight.

In this regard, the new Igad-Plus Five proposal inadvertently commits the original sin — of stripping President Kiir of all trappings of power in a game of moral equivalence, and in the process, suffers from the fatal flaw of underestimating the mercurial nature of the president’s core support network and the man’s own sense of dignity and pride.

As one senior official in Juba put it: “… Even a good doctor asks his patient(s) if they suffer from an allergy, before prescribing a dose of pencillin,… the Igad-Plus Five proposal does not ask whether we suffer from an allergy… what kind of a doctor is that?”

The message? That the Igad-Plus Five deal was doomed to fail for failing to offer the two main protagonists, and specifically, President Kiir, a soft landing option that they could sell to core supporters.

To countenance and envisage a scenario where President Kiir is a president in name devoid of any semblance of power, authority and gravitas and to reduce him to a nominal co-president, and regardless of the extent of the downward spiral in the country, is a recipe for disaster.

To even subject him to such an exercise is akin to exposing him to a fatal dose of political and military allergy that will surely kill the patient! They will not stand for it and as he defiantly concluded, a bad peace deal is worse than war — for it only prolongs the inevitable.

For Igad-Plus Five negotiators, including the larger international community, the search must be expanded and intensified for a Solomon like end-game, otherwise, the people of South Sudan, the region and the international community must brace for even more difficult times ahead; notwithstanding the immense political, economic and military-cum-diplomatic pressure including targeted personal sanctions hanging over the principal players in the South Sudan tragedy. END

The Era of Heroic Errors in South Sudan

By Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, Northern Bahr el Ghazel State, AUG/07/2015, SSN;

In South Sudan, a writer or columnist faces two choices: turn away from reality to avoid intimidation and insecurity or conquer the reality and face its complexity at his/her own risk. However, a writer is supposed to take side with the powerless. And it’s rational to balance an opinion piece or story because there is no moral obligation to take side with oppressor or suppressor in a situation where things are not going well in our country.

Before I’m accused of being a Dinka, I urge my readers to face the reality as they go through this piece. This is a time to go against all political odds, time to call a spade a spade.

If we could judge the current war in South Sudan by the standards of political enmity within the SPLM, one would say individuals in the ruling party against their own party principles waged the war.

The rumor of ethnical rivalries and power struggles between Dinka and Nuer as ‘believed’ by the westerners is merely an imposture. There is no Dinka against Nuer as there is no Nuer against Dinka on ethnic lines.

We must set apart national issues or politics from ethnic dimensions. It’s also a big zero to believe that the current war in the country has a just tone. A rebellion led by looters is like a morning dew.

Is Dr Machar a right man to lead the rebellion if people are tired of President Kiir and the SPLM? Dr Machar was part of corrupt government in Juba when he was Vice President. He was in the list of alleged corrupt leaders in South Sudan. So he shouldn’t deceive grown up men and women with lifeless propaganda that he is an alternative for presidency.

We made our country a bastion of plights. Everything is fading into mist in our country. Legacy is almost erased by power hungry leaders who mutinied against legitimate government, corruption has rooted itself in our public institutions and constructed lies become truth on social media for individuals who don’t want to believe in the history of rebellion with Dr Riek but interested to get a new story of the same coin in the new nation.

Poverty has already reduced many of us to potential beggars. Many people fled the country. Masses were forced to live in the UMMISS camps. Others kept starving in their own huts in the villages due to lack of food. Call it Riekiiracy’s political era of errors. Are we on the axe of evil?

Besides, Lakes State is another unique place with its component of insecurity. I call it a ‘component of insecurity’ because there is no smoke without fire. Something must be wrong somewhere or there is a troubler somewhere.

On the other hand, coopted loyalists, MPs and toothed-public servants are the internal political enigma to our people. These people built political hives on social media and began waxing the public with unhealthy political rumors in order to instigate chaos for political gains.

People are complicated. There is no devil than a man. The real devil isn’t far from an educated person. Politicians are also different people – they devised ideas to become law they don’t follow and pleasingly enshrined their doings for the sake of society. Some of the law enforcing agencies are trouble igniters. So where is the real devil?

In a football game, a team is expected to defeat the rivals. Those who kept killing their own people are the losers. The societal complexities and the nature of killing in Lakes state are frustrating. Oh no, Rumbek is not the only place where there is insecurity.

Go to Yambio and the villagers in Nzara will tell you their own stories of insecurity. Or go to Warrap state and the Aguok or Apuk section of Dinka becomes the warriors of their own styles. Are we the mixtures of wrong generation at the right time in the new nation?

Do you know the kind of South Sudan we are creating through mutiny? Our political branded brains are allergic to democracy – that is why there is rebellion.

Some of our politicians who aspired to fulfill their political interests and dreams through power struggle, war and corruption have made democracy to be the wickedly weakest system of government for South Sudanese ever tried.

Democracy becomes a system of government where some of our people wake up in the morning and decide to loot public resources without accountability. It’s the government where people form consortiums within the ruling party for trouble-makings.

It’s the government where its security agencies unlawfully humiliate and arrest activists and journalists to please their bosses.

Now that people are afraid when they aren’t supposed to be afraid of their government, however, things may remain unchanged for a long time. It’s a democratic government that should be afraid of its people because democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In heaven, all the interesting people are missing. Greatest poet, Aristotle didn’t find them there. And in South Sudan, Aristotle found everything – corruption, tribalism, nepotism and rebellion, all in one mind.

As the saying goes, “the greatest patriotism is to tell a truth when your country is behaving dishonorably, foolishly, viciously.”

Alas, we are mouth-folded. You can’t tell some people that their algebra or political arithmetic is wrong or say that all SPLM factions shall one day unite and the losers will be the innocent people.

We are in the era of Achebe’s Nigeria, ‘this house has fallen. Maybe, but some people are living fabulously wealthy lives amid the ruin. And others survive and get by. How? It’s a mystery. The secret lies in the layers of millions up millions of networks, personal ties, family links and ethnic loyalties’. Or call me a liar.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a South Sudanese blogger and columnist. He lives in Aweil and can be reached via