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Israeli high court hears case against sale of spy tech to Kiir’s South Sudan army

BY: JUDAH ARI GROSS, SEP/23/2016, The Times of Israel’s military correspondent;

Human rights attorney Eitay Mack presented arguments to Israel’s High Court of the Justice on Wednesday against the sale of surveillance equipment to civil war-hit South Sudan from being used against political dissidents as part of a petition filed by left-wing lawmaker Tamar Zandberg, the details of the trial are under a gag order.

The court did not reach a final decision on Wednesday. A ruling was expected to be issued on Thursday, but as of Thursday evening nothing has been handed down, Mack told The Times of Israel.

However, even when a decision is reached, the court’s ruling and the arguments presented in the case cannot be revealed, due to a gag order imposed by the court.

In May, Zandberg of the Meretz party, filed the petition that called for the Defense Ministry’s arms sales oversight department to rescind a permit allowing Israeli companies to sell tracking equipment to South Sudan, as the technology had been used, in part, to hunt down political opponents, according to a United Nations report.

In December 2013, the fledgling South Sudan, which broke off from Sudan two years before, descended into a bloody civil war. A ceasefire was reached between South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit and former vice president Riek Machar in August 2015, with Machar reinstated to his former position.

However, the shaky peace fell apart in July, forcing Machar to flee the country. The conflict has thus far killed tens of thousands of people — estimates range from 50,000 to 300,000 — and displaced 2 million.

While gun sales to South Sudan have reportedly stopped in 2013, surveillance equipment has been and may still be sold to the African nation, according to Zandberg.

In January, the UN Security Council released a report on the situation in South Sudan, which noted that Israeli technology had been used by Kiir Mayardit’s government in the “arbitrary arrest and detention” of those who support the opposition.

The people in custody are “subjected to beatings and other forms of inhuman or degrading treatment,” according to the January report.

“The [South Sudanese National Security] Service’s ability to identify and illegally apprehend individuals has been significantly enhanced since the beginning of the conflict because it has acquired additional communications interception equipment from Israel,” UN officials wrote.

The state requested that the contents of the case be kept secret, ostensibly to protect national security. The court granted the request in June, barring reporters from the courtroom and keeping the arguments under a gag order, prompting condemnation from Zandberg.

“The petition is based on open material that has been published in reports and the media,” she tweeted at the time. “What is there to be afraid of?”

Mack said he was also disappointed the case was being hidden from the public eye, especially since so much of the information comes from abroad and is drawn from public data, which is not subjected to the court’s suppression order.

“It’s insane. The whole story with the gag order only causes harm to the country,” Mack said.

“There’s a gag order in Israel, but [the information] is not something that’s at some secret base in Israel — it’s in South Sudan,” he said.

However, Mack saw a positive change in that the court would now provide “additional external oversight” to the arms export process, which was previously conducted “behind closed doors” and solely by the Defense Ministry.

“For decades it was carried out internally by the Defense Ministry, but there’s another branch of any democratic nation, the judicial branch, which now also monitors defense exports. This is something new. Every time this comes before a court, the court also has to give its approval for its legality,” Mack said.

Zandberg and Mack have been working together on the issue of Israeli arms sales to human rights violators for years, along with a number of other activists and politicians who work parallel to and with them.

‘What matters is context’
As the technology sold by Israel is being used to persecute political dissidents, Zandberg and Mack argue there is no difference between the surveillance equipment and a rifle.

“What matters is context,” Mack said over the phone.

“You can send rifles to prevent a genocide, to defend, or those rifles can be used to assist in the crimes. The same is true for a surveillance system. It can be used against terrorist organizations or it can be used against [political] opposition,” he said.

In a statement, Zandberg referred to the technology being sold as a “surveillance weapon,” which is “identical to a weapons system that shoots.”

According to the Meretz MK, the technology “directs the firearms of ruthless despots, who are going after civilians, women and children.”

A similar understanding was reached by the European Union, which has an embargo on the sale not only of weapons, but of “related materiel of all types,” according to a May 2015 regulation.

According to the UN and some international aid organizations, a portion of the casualties in the South Sudanese civil war were caused by Israeli Galil and Tavor assault rifles.

The sale of weapons, mostly small arms, to South Sudan by Israeli firms reportedly stopped in 2013, yet the UN found that the “Micro” variant of the Galil is “present in larger numbers than before the outbreak of the conflict.”

According to the Israeli government, those guns were purchased by South Sudan from Uganda, who had initially bought them from Israel. However, under Israeli law, companies are required to know who the end users of their products are — not just the buyer — in order to receive an export license, which means the sales to South Sudan were either done with the Defense Ministry’s knowledge or would have constituted a violation of the law and required an investigation into the offending company. No investigations are known to have been opened, Mack told the Associated Press earlier this month.

“The State of Israel cannot stand to the side and hide behind being gag orders and the secrecy of security in order to obfuscate the fact that weaponry and surveillance systems we have created are being used in one of the most bloodthirsty conflicts in the world,” Zandberg said.

The AP contributed to this report.

Nullifying The Sentry Report is Turning a Blind Eye to War on Corruption in South Sudan

BY: John Adoor Deng, Australia, SEPT/16/2016, SSN;

The recent published Sentry Report presented by the Coalition of Independent Organisations, on the war related corruptions allegation has generated a considerable debate among the South Sudanese elites especially the South Sudanese diaspora communities. I am also told that many kiosks and tea places in Juba and in other capital cities in South Sudan are inundated by the discussions around the stated report.

It is overwhelmingly noted that the Sentry Report has polarised South Sudanese elites, with some arguing that; firstly, the report is biased and serves as an intention for Regime Change in South Sudan.

These groups of debaters seem to suggest that a call on corruption must not start from the top leadership as this may be hardly fought given the intrinsic fact that most African leaders act above the law and so is President kiir.

Thus in their view, the alternative projection is that any vice could be best fought at the middle leadership level and using the top leadership to hammer it altogether.

The second group of debaters argue that the Sentry Report has demeaned the expectations held before it was published. It was widely expected that the report could parade some pathways of corruptions, nailing the flow of money and resources from institutions to institutions, from individuals to individuals and company to company respectively.

However, this report miserably failed to allude to these predicted findings and none of these foreseen findings were explicit in the Sentry Report.

The report left room for manipulations even by the most corrupt officials in terms of its lacking of indisputable details that could be used to hunt them down. The debaters asserted that the report is shallow and has given soft messages to the most corrupt individuals in the country and has in effect demonstrated weak process of fighting corruption.

The third group of debaters affirm that the Sentry Report has “belled the cat,” they believe it is a good beginning at the right place and time. These groups of debaters have presented reasonable arguments in one way or another.

However, I personally concur with the third group in that the Sentry Report is well placed and could not be thrown away with the bathing water. The context of the report is very clear right from the onset. It is and was meant to expose war-related corruption, which it has squarely achieved.

Although this report may not change much in terms of persecuting the alleged corrupt officials, nevertheless the truth has been spoken, and the dirty hands of the ruling elites have been nakedly exposed.

Truly, their depicted lifestyles with their families speak volumes to the suffering masses of South Sudan who cannot afford even to hold to one meal a day.

Its speak volumes to child soldiers, suffering at the trenches in the frontlines tuned to fight his own brother from the other tribe. The report speaks volumes to the common soldiers who are not paid for months and whose families are in displaced camps, with their kids not going to school because of lack of school fees.

Interestingly, while these soldiers continue to suffer immensely, their good Boss in the army is buying homes and villas worth millions of dollars. It is paradoxical, that the General could not pay salaries of his soldiers but at the same time, accrue enough money to buy villas and mansions abroad for millions of dollars.

In conclusion, I hold the view that the Sentry Report is a good start on the war of corruption and exposing corruption at the very top is “belling the unbellable” cat that has jogged unbelled for years.

Although not much may change as a result of this report, however, few elements exposed in the report in my view will go through adjustments.

For example, the sons of the elephants will as a result of this report change the notoriety of their lifestyles. People like Lual Malong must cease boasting extravagantly of richness for money he earned not on social media.

The sons of the president will change their unconscientious occupations (sons of the president). After all, where on earth is being a son of X become one occupation? Why do they (sons of X) expose themselves that much?

Don’t they know that in every airport they enter and when their passports are scanned, they become known and in this insecure world it is not advisable for one to expose his or her privacy? In my view, they are making themselves susceptible to external forces for no reason!

To president Kiir, this report is a wakeup call for him as Head of State to fight corruption. The report shall supposedly energised him to fight corruption more fiercely in the country.

He cannot afford as a known honest person to be the target on the war on corruption while he knows the real spoilers and corrupt individuals who are even richer than him in the country. It is now upon him to use all tools at his disposal to expose the faces of these faceless corrupt officials.

To the generals alleged to have squandered public funds, this report brought home hard lessons to learn as their subordinates may start questioning the delays of their supposedly monthly salaries.

Through this exposure, no more general shall transact huge money to their personal accounts whether through companies or relatives. They will now know that the world is watching them in amazement.

To analysts, people like Biar Ajak of the Centre of Strategic Studies and Dr Jok Madut of USA. We should not as elites who have had the opportunity to learn how corruption is fought in Western world, turn to defend the indefensible on the war of corruption.

It must be waged on many fronts and any exposure should be treated as opportunity to fight the vice and the Sentry Report has provided good basis to accelerate fighting corruption in South Sudan. Thus nullifying the Sentry Report amounts to turning a blind eye to the war on corruption in South Sudan.

The author can be reach by email:

Kiir, Machar, Malong and families accrue millions as war rages in South Sudan

From The Editor and other media reports, SEP/13/2016;

After nearly two years of following the money underwriting South Sudan’s war economy, The Sentry of George Clooney, John Prendergast and Don Cheadle has finally released the much anticipated report which unsurprisingly revealed how South Sudanese leaders-cum-thieves, from president Kiir, Machar, Malong, to their families have managed to illicitly accrue wealth as most citizens continue to die due to the persistent wars and hunger.

However, according to the Editor of this SSNation website, the report wasn’t comprehensive enough as it somehow deliberately omitted mentioning many other suspected thieves or even including the likes of vice-president Igga or first vice, Taban Deng, who was then governor of the oil-rich Unity state and the many other leaders in the Kiir government suspected of looting the nation.

Several of the most powerful politicians and generals in South Sudan appear to have accumulated significant wealth in the decade since the 2005 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the North-South war.

Immediate family members of South Sudan’s top officials have held commercial ventures throughout the country’s most lucrative business sectors. For example, documents obtained by The Sentry indicate that president Kiir’s 12-year old son held a 25 percent stake in a holding company formed in February 2016 and that at least seven of Kiir’s children as well as his wife, Mary Ayen Mayardit, have held a 25 percent stake in a holding company formed in February 2016.

The report by The Sentry, a watchdog group co-founded by Hollywood actor George Clooney, on Monday said that large sums of money have moved through accounts in Kenyan banks held by major figures in South Sudan.

Also, President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar maintain family homes a short distance from one another in a wealthy Nairobi neighbourhood.

A compound occupied by members of President Kiir’s family sits inside a gated community in Lavington, “one of Nairobi’s most upscale neighbourhoods”, states the 65-page report titled War Crimes Shouldn’t Pay and released in Washington, DC.

The extensive property was found to include a two-storey, pale yellow villa that is more than 5,000 square feet in size.

Dr Machar, the leader of South Sudan’s armed opposition, also has family members living in a luxurious home in Lavington.

The property includes “a large backyard with a large stone patio and in-ground swimming pool”, The Sentry reveals.

It further indicates that the property “is located a short drive from the Kiir home”.

Machar’s family previously lived in an elegant villa with six bedrooms and five bathrooms in a gated community in Runda, located in Nairobi’s outskirts, the report adds.

Four of President Kiir’s grandchildren attend a private school in a Nairobi suburb that costs about Sh1 million ($10,000) a year, The Sentry adds citing a “knowledgeable” anonymous source.

“President Kiir officially earns about Sh6 million ($60,000) per year.”

Posts on social media show Kiir family members “riding jet skis, driving in luxury vehicles, partying on boats, clubbing and drinking in the Villa Rosa Kempinski — one of Nairobi’s fanciest and most expensive hotels — all during South Sudan’s current civil war”, it says.

The war has forced 1.6 million of South Sudan’s 12 million people to flee their homes for UN-protected compounds or refugee camps in neighbouring countries.


The UN estimates that 5.2 million South Sudanese are in urgent need of food and other forms of humanitarian assistance.

Gen Paul Malong Awan, chief of staff of South Sudan’s army, “has been the architect of immense human suffering” in the course of the conflict, The Sentry says.

It reports that his family owns a villa in an upscale community within Nyari Estate in Nairobi.

“The home includes marble floors throughout, a grand staircase, numerous balconies, a guest house, an expansive driveway and a large in-ground pool.”

When visited by investigators from The Sentry, the home’s driveway was occupied by five luxury cars including three new BMW sport utility vehicles.

“Three independent sources told The Sentry that Gen Malong owns the house, with one source saying that the Malong family paid $1.5 million in cash for the home several years ago,” the report adds.

It notes that Gen Malong is likely to have earned the rough equivalent of Sh4.5 million ($45,000) a year in official salary.

“Gen Malong also has two large and luxurious homes in Uganda,” the report continues.

“One of these homes sits inside a walled compound located just off Kawuku-Bwerenga Road, halfway between Kampala and Entebbe. Built in 2012, this two-story home is a massive, rose-coloured mansion with dozens of large, ornate windows and appears to be well over 7,000 square feet.

“The interior is spacious, elegant, and well-maintained, with several portraits of Gen Malong hanging throughout the home.”

Massive corruption lies at the core of South Sudan’s crisis, the report says.

It cites a leaked letter written by President Kiir stating that “an estimated $4 billion are unaccounted for or, simply put, stolen by former and current officials, as well as corrupt individuals with close ties to government officials”.

The Sentry observes that “none of these funds has been recovered — and the kleptocratic system that allowed the looting in the first place remains completely intact”.

Governments of Kenya and other countries should investigate whether “laws are being violated by banks that process suspicious transactions on behalf of South Sudanese political and military figures”, The Sentry urges.

It adds: “These banks should already be conducting enhanced due diligence” in regard to South Sudanese officials’ accounts in accordance with international financial monitoring recommendations.


In the course of a two-year investigation, The Sentry reviewed documents which it says show Sh300 million ($3 million) moving through a personal account at Kenya Commercial Bank held by Gen Malek Reuben Riak, the South Sudan army’s deputy chief of staff for logistics, between 2012 and 2016.

He is in charge of military procurement, and earns an annual salary of about Sh3.2 million ($32,000), according to the report.

“The transactions recorded include more than $700,000 in cash deposits and large payments from several international construction companies operating in South Sudan,” the report says.

“Additionally, over this four-year period, $1.16 million in cash was withdrawn from the account.”

Gen Gabriel Jok Riak, an army field commander subject to United Nations financial sanctions, received transfers of at least Sh37 million ($367,000) to his personal account at Kenya Commercial Bank in 2014, the report says.

It notes that Gen Jok Riak is paid a government salary of about $35,000 a year.

A large share of the transfers to Gen Jok Riak came from Dalbit International, a Kenyan multinational petroleum corporation operating in South Sudan, the report says.

Dalbit told Sentry investigators that its transfer of Sh31 million ($308,524) was reimbursement for a fuel supply deal with the South Sudan army that had fallen through.

“This was neither a business transaction nor relationship between Dalbit and the General,” the company is quoted in the report as saying.

Some transactions for Gen Jok Riak “were apparently processed even after he became subject to a United Nations-imposed asset freeze in March 2015”, the report states.

“When presented with the information obtained by The Sentry, KCB did not reply to requests for comment”, the report adds.

“The hundreds of thousands of dollars in payments from multinational oil and construction companies that apparently passed through the accounts of Gen Malek Reuben Riak and Gen Gabriel Jok Riak raise serious questions; whether they know it or not, companies that make payments to those responsible for looting and killing in South Sudan play an integral part in facilitating the violent kleptocracy,” The Sentry states.

“The banks that processed the transactions, meanwhile, also play a role. These banks, either wittingly or unwittingly, have facilitated the apparent ability of government officials to divert significant sums that could be used to benefit some of the poorest people in the world.”

The Sentry, sponsored by the Washington-based Enough Project and two other NGOs, suggests that South Sudan’s civil war is mainly a product of “competition for the grand prize — control over state assets and the country’s abundant natural resources — between rival kleptocratic networks led by President Kiir and Vice President Machar”.

The Sentry’s report adds: “The leaders of South Sudan’s warring parties manipulate and exploit ethnic divisions in order to drum up support for a conflict that serves the interests only of the top leaders of these two kleptocratic networks and, ultimately, the international facilitators whose services the networks utilize and on which they rely.”

During the press conference, those of Clooney, Prendergast and actor Don Cheadle and Brian Adeba revealed that they were going to meet US president Barack Obama immediately after and they also have appointments with other top US officials including the Treasury Secretary.

They are seeking “the US government to penalize any banks that have failed to fulfill their due diligence, reporting and compliance requirements in South Sudan.”

The Sentry proposes a new strategy to counter the violent kleptocracy in South Sudan through the following approaches:

1- Targeted Sanctions against the entire kleptocratic network responsible for the war’s continuation.

2- Anti-money Laundering measures.

3- Mitigating collateral damage and unintended consequences. END

South Sudan’s resumed civil war: Why the world must look beyond Kiir and Machar!

By: Biel Boutros Biel, SEPT/09/2016, SSN;

South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation has been going through a brutal civil war waged by former ‘liberation-comrades-turned-enemies.’ Former Vice-president Riek Machar, narrowly fled capital Juba on 16 December 2013. President Salva Kiir accused him of a ‘coup.’ Machar denied, terming it a ‘plot’ to eliminate him within the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement(SPLM).

Machar then formed an armed faction; the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement or Army-In Opposition(SPLM/A-IO) to fight what he called ‘Kiir’s dictatorship’. A peace deal signed in 2015 by the two leaders, gave a break to violence. The deal also stipulates a power-sharing. The SPLM/A-IO takes the post of the First Vice-President for Machar.

After more than two years in the Jungles, Machar returned to Juba on 26 April 2016 to form with Kiir the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGoNU). On 8 July 2016, a deadly fight flared up at Presidential Palace in Juba between the guards of Kiir and Machar. In a respite of about three months after Machar’s return, South Sudan is docked in a theatre of flames.

Who pulled the trigger? Indiana University’s Professor Clemence Pinaud reveals that the one returning South Sudan to violence is Kiir’s Chief of Staff, General Paul Malong (

Prof. Pinaud’s argument is right. Malong instigated the violence in alliance with South Sudan’s Minister of Defence General Kuol Manyang and other key leaders of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE), a Dinka tribal think-tank that advises, initiates and influences Kiir’s public decisions.

The violence is further incited by hate speech propagated on South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) by Brigadier-General Malaak Ayuen, an ally to Malong. Part of the song is tuned by Minister of Information, Michael Makuei Lueth, through his hate and violent outbursts.

Why Malong instigated the violence again?

The first reason is Malong’s hatred of Machar as of Nuer ethnicity. Machar’s ambition for South Sudan’s Presidency, to Malong, is equivalent to robbing Dinka elites of power by a Nuer. Malong once stated; ‘I will wait to see how Riek Machar would be the president in this country in our presence. He would be a president in my absence.’ (

Failure to kill Machar in July violence must have deeply wounded Malong’s conscience.

The second reason is Malong’s dislike of the Peace deal provision of a hybrid court to try perpetrators of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and sexually related crimes.

Malong’s calculated violence is to, first, ensure the demise of the Agreement to save themselves from criminal trials. With absence of Machar in TGoNU, Malong is comfortable with Machar’s former Chief Negotiator General Taban Deng Gai whom they used to replace Machar as the First Vice-President. Malong knows that Taban is vulnerable for his own safety in Juba.

To end the deal, Malong’s security agents initiated provocations to the SPLM/A-IO forces in Juba including the killing of their security officers; Lieutenant Colonel George Gismala and Sergeant Domach Koat Pinyien at start of July 2016 as to set ground for war.

Secondly, is Malong’s assumed military defeat of the SPLM/A-IO which he believes as possible with military assistance from Uganda, Russia and China. Malong and JCE will remain a brain behind Kiir’s weakling leadership.

The third reason is impunity. In 1980’s, the SPLM/A under John Garang, killed Gajaak Nuer civilians. In 1991, Machar and Lam Akol’s SPLM/A Nasir Faction killed civilians in Garang’s Dinka Bor. The SPLM/A in retaliation killed civilians of Lou, Gawaar and Dok Nuer among others.

The army has been killing civilians; Lou-Nuer in 2006, Bul Nuer in 2011, Murle in 2011-2012, people of Wau(Fertit) in 2012, Nuer in Juba in 2013, Moro and Madi in 2014 to date. No one was held accountable. Absence of criminal justice warrants the generals a free ticket to constantly kill.

Is it Malong and JCE leaders alone causing Juba violence without SPLM/A-IO’s contribution? Taban Deng Gai’s hidden rivalry with Machar made him associate with Malong to ensure elimination of Machar in order to replace him. Apart from Taban’s alleged role, it seems the SPLM/A-IO forces never contributed to the July violence.

In March 2016, they were persuaded by President Festus Mogae and the world to come to Juba with a force of about 1500. Aware of the SPLA forces heavily deployed in Juba, the SPLM/A-IO forces would have been on suicidal mission if they were to cause violence in Juba.

The way forward for South Sudan:

A well equipped protection force should be deployed immediately in Juba under the United Nations to protect civilians, the Presidency alongside a limited and equal number of bodyguards of the two leaders. The same force should be deployed to any other conflict areas in South Sudan. The rest of SPLA and SPLA-IO forces must be deployed outside Juba in cantonment sites.

The Hybrid Court has to be set up to try all suspects of human rights abuses. The world should ensure that the TGoNU is reinstalled with Machar resuming as the First Vice-President. The protection force should ensure that the Peace deal is fully implemented.

Men like General Malaak Ayuen and Makuei Lueth of hate speech on SSBC must be stopped. Arms embargo be imposed on South Sudan. Countries providing arms to warring parties must be stopped as members of United Nations that promotes peace and security.

Finally, the world has to face Malong and JCE if South Sudan is to hold.

The author BB Biel is the Executive Director of the South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy(SSHURSA); a nonpolitical and nonprofit-making national human rights organisation founded in 2007. He is 2013 Human Rights Advocate at the Institute for Study of Human Rights, Columbia University’s School of Law, New York City, USA. Biel is also a former co-chair of the National Human Rights Forum with the Chair of South Sudan Human Rights Commission and too recently served as a Technical Member of the South Sudan’s National Constitutional Amendment Committee. The views expressed here are his own and NOT attributed to any of the institutions he is associated with.


UN Security Council should also give Kiir an ultimatum to implement peace accord or else….!!

QUOTE: “The challenge now is to make sure that a piece of paper becomes operationalized,” UN head of delegation, Samantha Power, told reporters after meeting Kiir. “Now we have to turn it into steps to improve life for people in great need.”


Now that the cowardly and murderous dictator, so-called president Kiir Mayardit of Juba, has finally acquiesced to the UN Security Council delegation to South Sudan, it’s time all South Sudanese opposed to the ruling and much-influenced-by-the Jieng-council-of-elders junta should come together to give the final kick of death to the killer Kiir’s regime.

Although these latest developments in Juba might superficially seem exciting and encouraging that a resolution to the impasse is finally in the horizon, however, the past history of the duplicitous and unreliable monstrosity called the SPLM/A, calls for some extreme caution.

Just in the short period of our so-called ‘independence,’ the Kiir junta has persistently and unashamedly proven itself as an utterly unreliable government to its oppressed citizens as well as to the international community of nations that has so much invested in the success of the South Sudan nation as the world’s newest country.

The 15-member UN Security council last month authorized the deployment of a 4,000-strong regional protection force as part of the U.N. peacekeeping mission already on the ground, known as UNMISS. It threatened to consider an arms embargo if Kiir’s government did not cooperate.

“To improve the security situation the (Kiir) Transitional Government of National Unity gave its consent to the deployment, as part of UNMISS, of the regional protection force,” the South Sudanese government and the Security Council said in a joint communique.

The countries contributing troops to the force, UNMISS and the government would “continue to work through the modalities of deployment,” the statement said. East African regional bloc IGAD pushed for a regional protection force and has pledged to provide the troops. The Kiir junta said they’ve no objection to who contributes soldiers.

In the resolution, the UN Security council pledged to discuss imposing a possible arms embargo on South Sudan if U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reports back in mid-September that the government was not cooperating on the force and was obstructing the work of peacekeepers on the ground.

In their acceptance, “The Kiir’s Transitional Government of National Unity commits to permit free movement to UNMISS in conformity with its mandate, including to protect civilians,” according to the statement on Sunday. The government and the peacekeeping force will come up with “concrete steps to remove impediments to UNMISS’ ability to implement its mandate.

“The challenge now is to make sure that a piece of paper becomes operationalized,” US Samantha Power told reporters after meeting Kiir. “Now we have to turn it into steps to improve life for people in great need.” The government and the Security Council agreed “that the humanitarian and security needs of the people were paramount.”

Furthermore, the UN Security Council has instructed the African Union to establish the recommended Hybrid Court to try all those who have committed or commissioned war crimes in the South-South war of December 2013, against the people of South Sudan especially that the AU Commission of Inquiry under former Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo had completed and presented its report.

Under no circumstances should this Hybrid Court be premised and stationed in Juba or anywhere in South Sudan, due to the high security difficulties and impediments that will be encountered or exacerbated by the ruffians in the Kiir’s security as or since most of them will be probably standing in for possible prosecution.

Let’s have the court and trials conducted somewhere in Zanzibar or the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, or the serene environment of Botswana or Swaziland, period.

Moreover, since a second war has taken place in July 2015, instigated and prosecuted by none other than president Kiir himself against his vice, Machar, where more egregious crimes against humanity on the people of South Sudan were re-commissioned and re-committed, specifically by none other than by the same Kiir’s junta, and these have also to be included in the process of the proceedings of the Hybrid Court on South Sudan (HCSS).

Of course, it’s imperative, as a pre-condition, that SPLM-IO leader and former vice president, Riek Machar, must be reintegrated in the new government otherwise the UN security council actions will be completely meaningless as war is likely to continue.

Incorporating the SPLM-IO and other opposition forces into a new post-war government is very important if the world community is seriously interested in seeing peace come to the people of South Sudan.

Basically, and for the information of the unknowledgeable international community, the basic problem leading to the repetition of these cyclical ethnic wars in South Sudan is this inept and evil ethnicized association called the SPLM and its military wing, the SPLA.

Quoting from former UN Security Council Representative in South Sudan, Hilda Johnson’s latest book, “South Sudan: Th Untold Story,” “it’s impossible to build a nation out of a broken society that has not dealt with its past. When people primarily identify themselves with their ethnic group and not the nation, ethnicity rather than the larger common good will drive their actions.”

Inarguably, as Hilda Johnson asserts, the recent spates of ethnicized fighting which were evidently started and sustained by these tribal leaders in Juba and quickly spread to all parts of the country, have “severely torn apart the social fabric of the society and aggravated multiple grievances and tensions between communities and escalated local conflicts.”

Today, even the Equatorians and the Fertit in Bahr el Ghazal, a people separately known for their long patience, acceptance of aliens within their communities and tolerance, have all now risen up in rebellion against the jieng-council-of-elders-influenced tribal junta in Juba, which has been subsumed by an unsustainable idiocy of a supposedly imperialistic policy of colonization of the entire country as their own, that’s now being widely resisted by all of the Nuers, Collos, Azande, Bari-speakers, Moru, Madi and others.

These deliberately re-marginalized peoples have no political influence in the affairs of the country and they have lots of accumulated grievances, hence the palpable dissatisfaction within, and they have understandably resorted to violence against the jieng-council-of-elders-dominated government in Juba and its army.

Again, as Hilda Johnson knowledgeably asserts in her latest book, “the recent fighting has torn the social fabric of the society and aggravated multiple grievances and tensions between communities. This cumulative impact of the past and the present that’s now complicating the efforts to achieve peace.”

Unfortunately for the South Sudan nation, the dominant jieng-led government is morbidly and mortally frozen in the past and as such, “a peace agreement that tinkers with the basic structures of government and the distribution of offices as a solution won’t address the trauma that threatens to divide South Sudanese from one another.”

Also, “no amnesty, accommodation through political positions, military ranks or other forms of benefits, isn’t a true reconciliation.”

Hilda Johnson summarizes that, “for peace to be sustained, major changes are needed in the ways the leadership deals with the drivers of conflict, and in the processes of reconciliation between communities and adversaries. These provisions in the CPA were unfortunately avoided and as such, long-standing grievances between the SPLA and the communities, and between opposing communities were totally ignored.”

She concludes that “reconciliation must occur in tandem with healing and accountability processes, because the ghosts of the past are the real conflict drivers fueling fresh conflicts, otherwise violence will reappear.”

Isn’t this truly prophetic, with the resurgence of violence and tribal conflicts now being witnessed across the nation?

Finally, the UN Security Council must issue an ultimatum to the jieng-council-misled president, Kiir, that the latest peace must be honored and fully implemented with the expedited return of Riek Machar to his post and the reversal or cancellation of all those decrees issued by the jieng council of elders (JCE) with the president since the last pre-July, 2015 war outbreak.

Since the president himself is and stands accused in the commission of egregious war crimes and crimes against the people, along with the State and including the SPLA (so-called national army), none of them should partake in any reconciliation process, this has to be absolutely independent and homegrown, from the people themselves.

LATEST DEVELOPMENT: President Kiir on Monday, September 5th, seems to have reversed his position and retracted his own concession on the deployment of the 4,000 UN troops. Samantha Power commented that ‘this is a worrying development.”

Should the UN Security now go to Plan B, to deal with Kiir finally, including issuing a warrant of arrest and imposing sanctions of the leaders?

Pres. Kiir, First Vice Taban Deng & Jieng Council of Elders: The Evil Trinity

Dr. Peter J. Kopling, MD, Juba, AUG/30/2016, SSN;

The deceit coming out of Juba is beyond belief. Flurries of abominable statements made from Juba have been enough to fool even the supposedly seasoned and world-renowned politicians the likes of John Kerry, the secretary of state of the United States of America, but not South Sudanese who know first hand the situation here on the ground.

It is important to outline certain timelines for those uninformed about the crude South Sudanese politics or rather lack thereof or ethnic one. It is essential to remember Juba did not want to sign the peace deal expressing serious reservations, indeed IGAD-Plus had to chase after Kiir and he signed it while profusely sweating here at the nation’s Capital rather than in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

But now Kiir and his gang claim they are happily and speedily implementing the peace deal, is someone fooling someone here? What aspects are they implementing and which of the reservations in the deal are they throwing away?

Were the implementations not meant to be a compromise as it was named, a midway between what Kiir and his tribal cohorts want and that of the Opposition, or by extension, most South Sudanese?

Kiir dislikes the peace deal such that he quickly cooked up the 28 tribal states in order to derail the peace deal and now he is implementing it, if so what?

Was the implementation suppose not to also address these 28 states he curved out for his tribesmen while the opposition wanted federal states under the 10 as stated in the agreement? How about the raiding of other peoples ancestral lands that will be returned to their rightful owners if democracy were to succeed?

What of power sharing as well as accountability to the crimes committed against south Sudanese majorly by Kiir’s Militia?

So where is Taban Gai’s stand on any of these core issues for the absolute majority of South Sudanese and how will he satisfy the genuine opposition who demand for things contrary to what Kiir wants?

Which of these core issues will remain firmly under Kiir and his JCE in this illicit marriage between Taban Gai and Kiir rather than a truly proven opposition to Jieng agenda set against south Sudanese?

Is it any surprise then they hate Dr. Riek Machar with all their souls and might and literally to death? If they can never forgive Dr. Riek for 1991, why will we forgive them for 2013 and 2016? “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”

Now it must be pointed out that from the money of the people that was squandered by Kiir’s government, the JCE have enough resources to pass to their children from one generation to another, plus the opportunity to solidify grip on South Sudan’s Power base but also territories, all within reach at least as they see it.

The very vision articulated by Dr. Riek Machar threatens these things thus their abhorrence for him, how about Taban Gai, does he have what it takes to stand and oppose the JCE who gave him his position for which he betrayed his own people and the people of South Sudan, just for money and position?

This is what is at stake for the Dinka under JCE. What is however at stake for the rest of South Sudanese is the lost of lives, freedom, power and ancestral lands, cultures and languages, as the Jiengs are bent to ethnically displace and cleanse the rest of South Sudanese and resettle their kin as they have already done all over south Sudan.

This being the case, then there is no possible peace in south Sudan under Kiir-Taban-JCE, Evil Trinity.

It also need to be recognized that the JCE are highly educated bunch old devils that have no need to work for a living, thus from the time they wake up to the time they go to bed and even between sleep, all they do is cook and invent tricks to fool south Sudanese and the world of how to maintain their grip to power.

They only know how get rid true opposition heroes, the like of Justice Sule, Dr. Wani Tombe both dead, Governor Bakosoro, Clement Wani Konga, both politically disabled by none other than Kiir, leave alone what he did to Dr. Lam Akol, and but of course also the relentless and insatiable thursts to kill one they preached and convinced themselves in believing and propagate among themselves and their kins as the arch enemy of the JCE and the Dinka, Dr Riek Machar, has anyone ask themselves why?

Who is being fooled here to believe the problem in South Sudan is Dr. Machar?

If their Problem with Machar is because of 1991, Which they claimed led to their perceived delayed success of South Sudan’s independence, how about now the Massacre of south Sudanese by Kiir which exceeded anything that has happened in the soil of South Sudan under any other person, the Arabs inclusive?

Has Kiir not superseded Machar in any killings of any kind anywhere? We haven’t heard of Machar attempt against Kiir but Kiir against Machar now second time but numerous times in this last ordeal extending from J1 to the bushes.

Additional deceit they came out with is the talking point with straight faces that Riek Machar is violent and must renounce violence…. Very laughable if it was not that they actually got John Kerry and the gullible white people to buy into it.

These successes in deceits are partially possible because they have recruited white Intellectual mercenaries influencing Washington DC, these are Americans who have taken blood money at the expense of lives that are lost here daily in South Sudan.

Now let us recall, this recent Violence that erupted in Juba, without going into the obvious cleansing of Nuer from Juba by none other than the very Kiir who now is calling Machar violent. Machar had his home bulldozed with 18 bodyguards killed in 2013, while this time his tent was flattened by helicopter gunship and he had to run for his life yet again with numerous of his body guards killed but also his associates and the man arrived in Khartoum on injured, who is violent?

Suspecting nothing and still believing in brotherhood, Machar reported to Kiir’s house alas was a booby trap, Malong’s men ambushed the president’s very own house and started a gun fight right at Kiir’s own house and they wiped out half of Machar’s body guards. Who is Violent here?

The news is out now that it was the Americans that called Kiir and demanded the safe passage of Machar out of J1 thus Kiir personally had to assure that Machar got out of that trap alive because of the American pressure. Now who is violent here?

Indeed if the Killing of George and his Nuer Colleague, the fighting on Gudele road as well as the trap set for Machar at J1 were all unplanned, what then was the reason from pursuing Machar at J2 and the ensuing 5 day of unabated and constant attempts to kill him with his body guards having to fight back in self defense to the last man?

It is now reported that Kiir spent 1.8 Billion dollars in this recent attempt to Kill Machar. It is a misnomer to call this latest violence Kiir instigated in Juba a war, it was not a war, How could it be a war when the other side has just 1300 soldiers against 50,000 SPLA-Kiir that never left the city as was demanded by the peace deal for this very purpose? It was an assassination attempt against Riek Machar whose men fought back starving the attempt.

What do we make of Machar’s tent being totally destroyed, forcing him to head into the Bush? While in the Bush until his escape into DRC, was he not followed, battled all along and are the dead bodies from both side not witness to Machar ordeals all the way to the border with DRC where some of his very trusted official got gun down by the helicopter gunship, were all these Machar’s aggressions?

So my fellow compatriots, while the JCE succeeded to deceive the white people the likes of John Kerry, I am confident you are not fooled. It is very clear to us south Sudanese who is violent between Machar and Kiir.

I am from the greater Equatoria, Kiir has terrorized and killed my close relatives and those who survived many are now displaced in refugees camps some leaving in bushes dying either from Kiir’s guns or from diseases. These are not running from Machar but Kiir.

Machar has not killed a single person from my family or region but Kiir did and continues to do on daily basis and thanks to him, death has touched every family in all corners of South Sudan, from Balanda country to Azandes lands, from the lands of Murus, fajulus, Kakwa, Bari, Ma’di, Acholi, Latuko, Pari, Shilluk, and not even to mention the Nuer Land.

Now even after Machar is out of the country while Kiir-Taban and JCE Evil trinity claim to be implementing their phony peace, ask the women and children of South Sudan, they will tell you there is no peace and they still fear Kiir’s guns.

About Machar to stop practicing politics, where are we, in the ‘Luak?’ Is there no Constitution in this country? Is South Sudan a Dinka Village? Who on earth can tell another to not practice his constitutional and human right? Where do this people get their education, in Zimbabwe?

By all standards, Kiir and JCE have led our country over a decade with nothing to show, which tell us they have no political aptitude, the illiterate Kiir and his tribal JCE.

How about the latest JCE campaign that the regional IGAD leaders must not allow their territories to be for Machar to stage Violence, really? Could Kiir and JCE say this with straight face? How about practicing what you preach?

How about stopping violence, which is ongoing as we speak here in Juba? Arresting and killing those opposed to you. How about stopping the ongoing Killing in Upper Nile, in the Balanda nation, Western Equatoria, In Yei and the Ma’di Corridor on daily basis. How could they appeal for other state leaders not to allow their territories for violence while they pursue violence all over the territory that are under their hands?

The territory Kiir must worry about is South Sudan which he has turned into hell and he must stop using our national territory for harboring JCE and the Killer Malong.

In conclusion I would like to address Secretary John Kerry, Peace shall never come in South Sudan from the hands of Kiir-Taban Gai and JCE Evil trinity. You had the opportunity to end this by simply calling Kiir out but you failed but worse enabled them and we south Sudanese have taken notes.

Some one has advised you that the Dinkas are Majority and fierce fighters; if you dislodge them South Sudan will be unstable forever and become a Somalia. John Kerry, I said you have been ill informed and advised by the intellectual and PR Mercenaries.

Secretary Kerry, the Dinkas are less than 3 million, of the 10 Millions South Sudanese, we the others are absolute Majority (Oh you are told we can not come together, I say wait and see). It is also worth noting, once the top evil JCE crumbles, the Dinkas are not homogeneous, they will follow a nationalist who will join hands with the absolute Majority to move this county forward. But you lost the opportunity.

There shall be no peace until the Evil Trinity is dismantled, for they are violent, tribal with deadly intent against all others South Sudanese not just Dr. Riek Machar, that is what they want you to believe..

You shall watch this play out from your retirement comes January, hope you realize, you have added to and left a very dark chapter in the South Sudanese journey into nationhood. You might have recorded many successes in life but South Sudan is not one of them. Did it matter to you in the first place?

You have endorsed the Evil trinity and given it life in exchange for the lives of more South Sudanese, don’t they matter, Secretary John Kerry?

Dr. Peter J. Kopling, MD

Igad accepts Riek Machar’s ouster as South Sudan vice president

By KEVIN J. KELLEY, New York, TheEastAfrican, AUG/27/2016, SSN;

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) said on Friday that it is up to the South Sudanese government to decide whether Dr Riek Machar should be reinstated as the country’s first vice president.

That decision would be “naturally accommodated by Igad,” Sharon Kuku, a spokeswoman for the eight-nation grouping of East African states, said in an email message.

Ms Kuku noted that Taban Deng Gai, appointed by President Salva Kiir as Dr Machar’s replacement, had pledged at Igad’s August 5 summit to abide by the South Sudan government’s decision on the first vice presidency.

“Igad did not stop Gen Deng from attending the summit nor speaking for the South Sudan government,” Ms Kuku pointed out.

Friday’s comment by Igad follows the group’s call on August 5 for Machar to be reinstalled as first vice president.

His removal was not consistent with the terms of last year’s peace agreement between South Sudan’s warring parties, Igad said three weeks ago.

In the interim, however, the United States had expressed its acceptance of Machar’s replacement by Mr Deng.


Secretary of State John Kerry said in Nairobi on August 22 that “it’s quite clear that legally, under the agreement, there is allowance for the replacement, in a transition of personnel, and that has been effected with the appointment of a new vice president.”

The US position was reaffirmed on Thursday by State Department spokeswoman Elizabeth Trudeau.

“The peace agreement contains procedures and requirements that govern transitions and changes within the transitional government,” Ms Trudeau said at a press briefing in Washington.

“Specifically, the agreement provides the top leadership of the armed opposition the power to nominate a new first vice president if that position is vacant.”

A faction of the armed opposition declared last month that it had chosen Mr Deng to replace Machar, who was then in hiding inside South Sudan following bloody clashes in Juba.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir subsequently named Mr Deng as first vice president.

Dr Machar’s followers charged that the moves violated last year’s peace agreement and vowed to oppose Mr Deng’s appointment.

State Department spokeswoman Trudeau on Thursday repeated US calls for an end to armed conflict in South Sudan.

“We do expect the transitional government and all parties, including all leaders of the opposition in South Sudan, to take every step possible to avoid fighting and to reach a peaceful resolution of their differences,” she said.

“The way forward is not through violence or military action but through implementation of the agreement and through peaceful resolution of differences.”

South Sudan’s future uncertain as Machar plans pull back from peace deal


SUMMARY: Dr Machar’s allies say he planned a review of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) involvement in the transition government once he recovered from injuries sustained last month.
Sources close to him —who arrived in Khartoum on Tuesday afternoon from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for treatment — told The EastAfrican that the rebel leader was consulting Igad before making his decision known.

Former first vice president of South Sudan, Dr Riek Machar has thrown prospects of stability in the country into further uncertainty after his allies said they were rethinking their role under the August 2015 peace agreement.

The allies said Dr Machar planned a review of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) involvement in the transition government once he recovered from injuries sustained last month.

Sources close to Dr Machar — who arrived in Khartoum on Tuesday afternoon from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for treatment — told The EastAfrican that the rebel leader was consulting Igad before making his decision known.

SPLM-IO representative in Kenya, Lam Jok, said that recent attacks by President Salva Kiir’s forces demanded a fresh approach to the implementation of the August 2015 peace agreement.

“Since July 8, our mission was to secure the life of our leader but now that he is safe, we are diplomatically and politically engaging Igad on the way forward because President Kiir has killed the agreement by attacking our official cantonment areas and changing the leadership structure contrary to the agreement,” said Mr Jok.

He continued, “What we know is that the current status quo is not acceptable because the president and the new first vice-president, Taban Deng Gai, have defied the agreement which the region worked very hard to realise.”

The presence of Dr Machar in Khartoum is likely to raise concerns in Juba, especially after the new first vice-president, Mr Gai, held discussions with the Sudan leadership over outstanding issues between the two countries including security, border demarcation and oil exportation.

READ: South Sudan new VP holds talks in first Khartoum visit

But in a statement to the Sudan News Agency (Suna), Sudan’s Minister of Information Ahmed Belal Osman said Khartoum has simply received Dr Machar for medical treatment since he arrived in a critical condition and needed immediate care.

”The health condition of Dr Riek Machar is now stable and he will stay in the country under full medical supervision until he leaves the country for a destination of his choice to complete his medical treatment” the statement read in a part. Mr Osman said that Khartoum has notified the government of South Sudan about Dr Machar’s arrival.

Mr Jok confirmed that Dr Machar needed specialised treatment because of swollen legs after walking for 200km under aerial bombardment at an advanced age.

The recent Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) summit had declared the replacement of Dr Machar as illegal and against the agreement and approved the deployment of 4,000 regional protection force in Juba.

READ: Envoy tells off Igad after Kerry’s remarks on Juba leadership changes
With Khartoum likely to face pressure from Juba to let go of Dr Machar, there are ongoing consultations on his next destination since earlier preference for Addis Ababa could compromise the neutrality of Ethiopia that is supposed to provide the bulk of the regional protection force. Kenya and Rwanda are also expected to provide troops to act as a buffer in Juba.

Time for Dr. Riek Machar to restrategise


Dr. Riek Machar, having been forced out violently from the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU), has no options left except to resist. But his resistance must be focused on new ground if he is to rally support from the whole country. To build such a support Dr Machar would need to thoroughly review his entire political experience to learn about his own personal strength and weaknesses.

To be effective it helps to be aware of this fact. Dr Machar’s leadership has consistently generated divisions in organisations led by him within a very short period usually starting from about a year.

The time has come for Dr Machar to take a hard look at his leadership capability. He needs to address his weaknesses if he intends to eventually succeed in his political aspirations.

It is not good for him to continue leading fractious organisations and committing trivial mistakes that cost tens of thousands of lives. The cost is just not worth it. Therefore, it would be helpful if Dr Machar could receive professional support in leadership.

Most political leaders around the world usually receive such support to improve their effectiveness and personal image. Investment in this area would not be a waste but a source of success.

Now a personal image is only a part of the whole. The other part is the political identity. This encompasses things like beliefs, values, ideology and so on which are very important. These are things that allow a leader to attract follower-ship and support from the masses.

The SPLM/A from its inception would not have garnered the support of people throughout the whole Sudan if it did not articulate the values and ideologies of equality, anti-discrimination, multi-culture, multi-faith and so forth which enabled the unionist, Dr John Garang, to bask in as the would-be Messiah of the Sudan.

With hindsight this would-have-been expected Messiah has been proven to be a false one.

It was unfortunate that the beautiful ideals Dr Garang sold to the Sudanese people were hollow. He did not in person live it. He did not follow the wise saying, ‘preach what you practice and practice what you preach.’

The product of his leadership of the SPLM/A as we see it now is the proven evidence of his double standards and hypocrisy. The fruits of Dr Garang’s leadership are the entrenched tribalism, poisonous discrimination, kleptocracy and murderous SPLM/A regime in Juba.

Though Dr Garang’s approach made the SPLM/A a national movement fighting for the whole Sudan, the unionist ideology was not bought in south Sudan. Other powerful ideologies of secession and tribalism festered underneath to undermine the official objective of SPLM/A of creating a “New Sudan” due to strength in beliefs of identity.

In the end, the secessionists in south Sudan won while on the other hand the new country got hijacked by a tribal group, the Jieng Council of Elders, who had been working underground since 1970s.

So Dr Garang the highly praised thinker, suave political operator and an aspirational unifier ended up a total failure. He neither realised his united “New Sudan” nor achieved an equal, multi-cultural, multi-tribal, multi-faith independent South Sudan, a country he vowed not to see happening.

Yet in the face of this glaring evidence the tribal regime wants to promote Dr Garang as the founder of South Sudan. The question is: how could a failed unionist and militarist politician who constructed a vicious tribal movement be a founding father of a country he did not want to exist?

Nobody can argue against the fact that SPLM/A has been a disaster for South Sudan. It has reduced South Sudanese to be seen as savages – the laughing stalk of the world. The comment made by the chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, former President Festus Mogae, sums the tragedy of South Sudan in few words: “South Sudan is run by guns and not reason.” Nobody can be motivated to dispute this fact except the beneficiaries of the regime in Juba.

Given the fact that the SPLM/A has been proven beyond doubt to be a criminal organisation led by idiotic blood thirsty people it is time that the resistance distances itself from this irreparably damaged brand (SPLM/A).

What this means is that there is urgency for the resistance to jettison the name SPLM-IO and rebrand itself to clearly identify itself with the right values and ideology on which the people of South Sudan can converge and coalesce to realise a total change.

Without such a foundational change, the brand SPLM/A as usual ensnares political actors who disagree with it to constantly at best to return into the fold or at worst to end up being killed. This is something time and again that keeps happening. The members of SPLM-IO got themselves ensnared and Dr Machar was lucky to escape with his life, but many of his fighters and innocent civilians ended up paying the ultimate price.

The new resistance created by the recent violence of the Juba regime (2nd July to 11th July 2016) should break with this culture of hogging the brand SPLM/A to free itself from being institutionally trapped to promote violence and Jieng tribalism indirectly.

Brand SPLM/A is tarnished beyond repair. Its attributes consist of some of the worst values and ideologies practised by horrible political organisations like that of Nazi Germany. The Nazis believed in identity politics (White supremacy) and their method to achieve their objective was through practising extreme violence against others.

Similarly, in South Sudan the Jieng Council of Elders believe that the Jieng are ‘born to rule’ which translates itself to the Jieng as being people of superior race. Unsurprising they have chosen the same method practised by the Nazi to achieve their objective in South Sudan. The recent examples are: the ethnic cleansing of December 2013 and the painful events of July 2016.

So the values and ideologies associated with brand SPLM/A are outright incompatible with democratic ideals. Since Dr Machar has consistently said he wants to see democracy implemented in South Sudan, the onus is on him to distance himself and his organisation from the monstrosity called SPLM/A.

Setting foot on this track would be the first step towards freedom from the shackles of a hopeless criminal organisation that has taken away everything from the South Sudanese people.

The resistance should remind the regime of Aleksandr Solzyhnetsin’s wise advice to rulers. This great thinker and author warns rulers that they only have power over people so long as they do not take everything away from them. But when they the rulers have robbed a man of everything, he is no longer in their power – he is free again.

The regime in Juba has robbed the people of South Sudan of everything, you name it: life, land, livelihood itself, peace, honour, resources and so on. What is there left for the people? Nothing! Materially the overwhelming majority of South Sudanese have nothing. Emotionally and inwardly the regime has dehumanised them, but there is something important that replaces these losses and it is the regaining of true freedom. This freedom will be the Achilles Heels of the SPLM/A regime.

What has been discussed so far concerns Dr Machar’s personality and the issue of values and ideologies. He has since graduating from Bradford University with PhD associated himself with the values of SPLM/A that have now worldwide made him to be labelled as a failure.

With President Salva Kiir’s carefully staged violence intended to wipe out Dr Machar and his group, it is important that he seizes this opportunity and moment to exhibit beyond doubt his democratic credentials.

In short, ARCISS, the agreement Dr Machar signed which brought him to Juba meant something for him. He tried to stick to its terms and his activities in Juba showed beyond doubt that Dr Machar truly did not want war any more. His speeches in churches and rallies around Juba were marked with calls for reconciliation, forgiveness and unity.

What more could he have done? What more could the people asked of him? That the people of South Sudan in that short period chose Dr Machar over President Kiir can not be disputed. The numerous endless warm visits by chiefs and elders of most of the tribes of South Sudan to his house at Korok hill evidence the wish of the South Sudanese people.

It is possible that the strong endorsement of the majority tribes of South Sudan of Dr Machar might have rattled President Kiir and the regime forcing them to plan his assassination.

The warming of the people of South Sudan to Dr Machar is not necessarily because of any attractive policies. For anybody who carefully follows South Sudan politics, the probable reason can be found in the behaviour of the Jieng people.

The regime has allowed the Jieng people to antagonise all the tribes in the country and without any outlet the resistance of Dr Machar became a light at the end of the tunnel. It is the hope for something better. Even with all Dr Machar’s weaknesses he is seen by the people as the better option. This I suppose is the headache of President Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

With the huge support of the people of South Sudan, Dr Machar now has the opportunity to restrategise and consolidate his power base both politically and militarily. He should build a broad alliance of all the tribes of South Sudan by holding a national conference to decide what the South Sudanese wish to do to save the country followed by a credible election of a new resistance leadership.

Such an act will put to rest some of the skeletons in his cupboard and will also bestow upon the new leadership body legitimacy to act in the interest of the South Sudanese people.

In ‘Confronting the Policy of Land Grab in South Sudan’ it is pointed out that a lesson can be learnt from how the world dealt with Nazi Germany. A comparison of the SPLM-IG was done with the Nazi and the similarity fits well (

The new resistance leadership will need to look at such cases in order to draw the right policy to deal with the regime in Juba. Otherwise, South Sudan faces the prospect of real disintegration.

Remember, President Slobodan Milosevic of former Yugoslavia in 1990s pursued identity politics enforced by the gun which led to the disintegration of his once great country into Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo, leaving Serbia to stand alone.

President Kiir’s regime like Milosevic’s also practices identity politics which has thrown the country into serious problems. The new resistance leadership is advised to examine the case of the alliance in the Second World War against Nazi Germany to make a wise decision to rescue the country, otherwise the alternatives are ugly.

President Kiir intentionally triggered the current crisis by gallantly violating the peace agreement. His plan to assassinate Dr Machar should sound the death knell for his regime.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul
@elhagpaul (Twitter)

Taban Gai agrees to step down for Riek Machar as Kiir accepts regional troops deployment

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, AUG/06/2016, (Various sources);

Newly-appointed South Sudan First Vice President Taban Deng Gai, who led South Sudan government delegation to the summit known as Igad-Plus in Addis Ababa, emerged to say that he was ready to step down from his position and give it to Riek Machar once he returns to Juba.

Igad is the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development and the IGAD-Plus summit included representatives of the United Nations, African Union, and the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission that monitors the progress in implementation of the peace agreement in Africa’s youngest nation.

The executive secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development Mahboub Maalim said the Heads of State of member states have directed the chiefs of staff to go to Juba and discuss the modalities of deployment of the protection force with the government of South Sudan.

According to Al Jazeera, the number of troops and the countries where they will come from will be decided with the agreement of the Kiir’s government in Juba, something that might prove unacceptable to Dr. Riek Machar’s faction, the SPLA/M-IO.

SUMMARY: *Country asked to start cantonment of armed forces to separate the forces.
*Mr Kenyatta pressed the South Sudan leaders to take responsibility for the latest upheavals in their country.

“The government of South Sudan has accepted with no condition the deployment of protection force,” he said.

President Uhuru Kenyatta joined other regional leaders at the summit hosted by Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn.


Mr Kenyatta pressed the South Sudan leaders to take responsibility for the latest upheavals in their country and work to find a sustainable solution.

Goi Jooyul Yol, SPLM/IO representative to AU, who led representatives of Riek Machar to the meeting, said his team is pleased with the new arrangement although modalities of deployment are yet to be discussed.

He said a joint meeting of chiefs of staff of all member states will be held to discuss logistics of deploying more regional troops to South Sudan.

President Kenyatta, a key player in the South Sudan peace process and the Igad rapporteur on the subject, had urged South Sudan leaders to embrace the peace deal they signed last August to prevent the recurrence of conflict.

President Kenyatta called on the parties to the conflict to live up to the expectations of their people, the region, and the international community by keeping their commitments under the Agreement.

“I assure them of our unwavering support as long as they stay this course and are seen to be doing so,” the President said.

He pointed out that failure to adhere to this Agreement would have catastrophic implications not only to South Sudan but also to the region.

“Certainly, we cannot stand by and let this happen,” President Kenyatta said.

The Head of State emphasised that the leadership of South Sudan has to make a decision to remove the people of South Sudan from the abyss of uncertainty to peace, stability and socio-economic development.

“The South Sudanese look upon you and us for leadership and direction and we must not let them down,” President Kenyatta told the South Sudan leaders.

The President also sought some quick wins.

He expressed the need to, first, address the recent violence in Juba and elsewhere in South Sudan to end the recurrence of the breakdown of law and order.

He pointedly asked for accountability from the South Sudan leaders.

“This would serve to restore a measure of confidence and trust between the parties,” President Kenyatta said.

Second, the transitional government of national unity must urgently establish the security architecture envisaged in the peace agreement, President Kenyatta said.

He said the security plan must also provide unhindered access to the monitoring and verification teams under the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring Mechanism.


The President said the South Sudan government must also embark on the immediate cantonment of armed forces throughout the country, to separate the forces in accordance with the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements.

“The re-integration of the Defence Forces must begin in earnest,” the Head of State said.

He said the peace deal must be safeguarded at all cost and asked the South Sudanese leadership to embark on dialogue and reconciliation.

“The people of South Sudan must come first, second and third. They deserve and must be assured of peace, stability and economic development,” President Kenyatta added.

The president stressed that a unified and coherent regional and international front must be maintained to bring collective leverage to bear for the full implementation of the Peace Agreement and anchor lasting peace to South Sudan.

The meeting was chaired by the current chairperson of the Igad Assembly of Heads of State and Government who is also the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn.

Other IGAD member state leaders who attended the meeting include, Presidents Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Omar al-Bashir of Sudan, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of Somalia and Ismaïl Omar Guelleh of Djibouti.

Lam Akol resigns from Kiir’s South Sudan govt, says Peace Deal is Over

AUG/01/2016, RadioTamazuj & other sources, SSN;

Dr Lam Akol Ajawin, Minister of Agriculture and Food Security in the South Sudanese cabinet, has resigned his position saying that “there is no more peace agreement to implement in Juba.”

Lam was one of two members of the non-armed opposition parties to be appointed to ministerial positions in the Transitional Government of National Unity under the terms of the peace deal signed last August.

The ‘unity’ government is showing more signs of fractures with the departure of SPLM-IO Chairman Riek Machar from Juba with several other officials and now Lam Akol’s resignation.

The National Alliance chairman in his resignation statement blamed President Salva Kiir for dealing a “final blow” to the peace deal by his actions since the first week of July “culminating in the military attack on the First Vice President, dislodging him from Juba and invoking his absence to fill his position with a person of his choice in the name of SPLM-IO.”

“One cannot with a clear conscience serve under such a regime,” the minister wrote.

Lam cited other violations of the peace deal including the creation of 28 states, delays in forming the transitional assembly, obstructions of ceasefire monitors, and “ethnic-oriented killings in Rajaa, Wau and other ares in Equatoria, [and] refusing to lift the state of emergency.”

The outgoing agriculture minister condemned and mocked the president’s decision to replace Machar with his top lieutenant Taban Deng as first vice president, calling Taban Deng a ‘poodle.’

Lam pointed to the violence last month in Juba as marking the end of the security arrangements of the peace deal. “History teaches us that whenever the security arrangements of any peace agreement collapse the whole agreement collapses,” he said.

The minister has also resigned his position within the non-armed opposition National Alliance and the Democratic Change party, saying that there is “no free political space in Juba.”

Lam Akol, who never endorsed the use of violence during the 2014-2015 period of the civil war, now hints at the possibility of joining the armed opposition, though in his statement he did not specifically say he would do so. He disclosed, “We are consulting with like-minded compatriots so as to build a broad national front to lead our relentless effort to save our country… The people of South Sudan will not sand more of a callous, totalitarian and ethnio-centric regime that seems to thrive on the suffering of its own people.”

Sources confirmed to Radio Tamazuj prior to Lam’s departure that opposition groups are organizing to form a new coalition to battle the Kiir government after the breakup of the SPLM/SPLM-IO government, though the details of these efforts are yet to be reported.

In Juba, meanwhile, Kornilo Kon, the head of the National Alliancein Juba, confirmed to Radio Tamazuj that his former boss Dr. Lam Akol submitted his resignation on Monday to the party members after consultation.

He said that the party members have accepted his resignation and appointed immediately a new leader. Meanwhile, they plan tomorrow to nominate someone from their ranks to replace Lam in the cabinet as agriculture minister.

In the latest developments, forces loyal to embattled South Sudan first vice-president Riek Machar on Sunday warned they would attack Juba if a third force is not deployed in South Sudan.

“We are waiting for orders from the commander-in-chief to give orders and we move on Juba,” said James Gadet, Machar’s spokesman.

He said fighting was going on in the northwest of Juba and also claimed that the opposition (SPLA-IO) had captured a military bases in Katigir.

Gadet also said government forces loyal to President Salva Kiir had carried out aerial bombardments of their bases in Lanya County but the ground attacks had been repulsed.

He also added that in the past one week, their forces had captured 21 military trucks from government soldiers.

Meanwhile, guarantors of the South Sudanese peace deal, which include East African nations, China and Western powers, met in Khartoum on Sunday to discuss the situation of the transitional government after the July violence and the removal of Machar.

Festus Mogae, Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission Chairman, urged the guarantors to “do everything… to prevent a relapse into full-scale war and salvage the Agreement.”

But Lam Akol called the guarantors “impotent” to ensure that Kiir respected the agreement, “a situation that emboldened him more to dishonour the agreement.”

“The agreement was the only hope to save our country from the abyss. Yet, Kiir has opted to leap into the dark. This is the worst nightmare for the people of South Sudan,” said the former minister.