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Unnecessarily Deep-rooted Hatred, Empty Pride and Unhealthy Competitions are bringing us quickly to Doom!

By: Deng M. Koch, South Sudan, OCT/03/2014, SSN;

An Open Letter to the people of Lakes state:

Dear my people of Lakes state, first before I bring your attention into the heart of my message, kindly allow me to highlight the following story:

Once upon a time, a group of nine (9) individuals (men) set out deep into the surrounding forest near their village with the purpose of harvesting wild honey located in a hollow of a very big tree previously known to them. Not known to them however was the fact that in the very hollow in the trunk of the tree ‘resided’ a very big Viper (Snake) with deadly venom which kills instantly once it bites and injects venom (poisonous substance) into human or animal blood system.

The men arrived to their intended destination under the big tree and as is in line with the crude traditional ways of extracting honey, started a fire and a thick smoke began billowing and the men positioned themselves from top of the tree where the mouth of the hollow in the tree trunk was to under the tree on the ground.

The aim is usually to pass fire with smoke up to the tree and insert smoke into the trunk’s hollow and scare bees away from the honey-rich hive and on the other hand, extracted honey is passed down the same line of people to the last person on the ground under the tree who then packages the sweet substance into containers.

The expert “master honey extractor” on top of the tree inserted fire and smoke into the tree and the poor Bees quickly made way for his hand to grab the honey, but the Viper, alerted by smoke and movement near the hollow (kok) was already angered by the intrusion into its territory and hence was on its striking position; the poor guy’s hand was bitten by the deadly snake which he could not see because it was dark in the middle of the night.

Nonetheless, the bitten man had a bad heart and didn’t want to die alone, so he said to the one next to him, “please get hold of this fire thing and continue to harvest the Honey, something has fallen to my eye; let me go down the tree so I can wash it off.”

His unsuspecting friend quickly took up the deadly position and as he rushed his hand into the trunk of the tree, another deadly strike met his hand at the entrance! The same story of excusing oneself was done by the second man as he too realised it was a deadly snake bite and hence did not want to die alone just as the first victim of the snake did.

Number three, four, five, six and seven all followed in the same way and were all bitten and as they climbed down the tree, they all succumbed to the Viper’s venom/snake poison and died.

When it came to number eight, a man of good heart and full of love for others, he was in the same fashion, bitten in the hand and as soon as he realized it was a deadly snake bite, he shouted in agony, “Oh God, my God, why would you allow the Satanic Viper to finish my people like this!”

His crying in despair alerted the number 9, the last man who was standing; he quickly turned and inspected all those others previously bitten and found out they had all kicked the buck! Alas, bad heart and ill intentions of the first seven victims made it possible for snake to annihilate almost the entire group!

Thanks God the 8th victim was pure in heart, loving and caring for others’ welfare; his warning stopped the last member of the group from falling into the same abyss of tragedy. He dared not to approach the death trap which finished his friends! He became the sole survivor to tell the tragic tale of the honey hunters to the village people and beyond.

So, my people of Lakes state, haven’t we allowed the “Viper snake” of hatred, tribalism propelled by tribal or clannish chauvinism and hegemony with all its by-products of cattle rustling, highway banditry, targeted cold-blooded murders of innocent including sleeping victims to finish us individual by individual, clan by clan and county by county?

For far too long we have been burying our heads in the sand, pretending that the escalating violence was a “normal traditional practice of community’s rivalries over pastures and watering points for their cattle”.

Now that towns such as Cueibet, Rumbek the capital of state, Pacong, Wulu and you name them all, as well as along the Highway serving five states, the Greater Bahr El Ghazal highway from Juba – Yirol – Rumbek – Tonj – Wau – Aweil and which branches off in Rumbek to Bentiu, had been turned into human Abettors by gunmen from the very “normally rivaling community groups” in the state, hadn’t the chickens returned home to Roost?

There is nowhere is the story of single snake finishing 8 people out of 9 reflected in practical terms than in our volatile Lakes state in the Republic of South Sudan!

The South Sudanese public and the world community are reeling to absorb and comprehend the scale and frequency of death, destruction or looting of properties of innocent victims coming out in the new Country’s centrally located Lakes state on daily basis.

People there are almost psychologically resigning to the fact that their lives could easily be terminated at any time of the day and that living to see the next day, week, month or a year was a matter of privilege; a privilege granted not by the divine powers as is usually the case with humanity’s beliefs, but rather by the decision and will of criminal human hunters who initiates killing of unsuspecting innocent people at will; or act in the name of Revenging and counter-revenging their lost loved ones regardless of the circumstances leading to such loses.

None is safe anymore and age, gender, occupation, status or physical ability no longer exempts one from falling victim to the raging practice of innocent human beings elimination!

More questions than answers abounds as to how and why have the people of the once glorious province of South Sudan allowed themselves to fall so lowest.

But none including the author have the real and convincing answers to these questions, hence the search and guessing for answers to the questions and solutions to the escalating destruction of lives and properties in the volatile state is ongoing.

As the communities are confused and the core of their social fabrics in tatters, our state politicians are in disarray with no unity of purpose forged amongst themselves and “bunch of self-hating idiots” we becomes in the eyes of the South Sudanese nation.

Practically a major source of sympathy to the well-wishers and a bunch of laughing stocks in the eyes of Scorners and haters!

None in the Republic of South Sudan but the very people of Lakes state themselves can bring an end once and for all to their mini-wars and unnecessary death tolls.

The national government, already stretched thin by other more pressing national emergencies can only facilitate and where necessary, impose in collaboration with local institutions of governance and people in the state, the rule of law and Justice for the victims.

Any perception that the solution is entirely external is void of logic. We must thus put our house in order and cease idle whining and lamentation about the menacing problems.

Things are not being helped by the fact that the state Assembly, a Legislature that was tasked with formulating laws and policy direction has become nothing more than a gossip house!

They no longer know what to do nor what not to do, a vast majority of them have become Residents of Juba by choice or against their choice as talks of “threat” to their lives, real and imaginary are ripe in the corridors of lamentation and one no longer understand where the real cause or solutions lies.

If the members of the most powerful institution, people with the mandate from their electorates to change course of things in the state have become ‘roaming’ whiners and like ordinary citizens, helplessly pointing fingers of blame to one man (Caretaker Governor) and shadowy figures!

The question is then begging itself, is this one man (Caretaker Governor) the real problem or are we (people of Lakes state) spearing the shadow of unknown animal?

Didn’t we complain time and again before that the previous Governors were the problems? Were they not removed in their different times of office and did the madness of killing one another stop?

How can one person be a problem to the extent that Hundreds of Thousands of citizens in the state are helpless in finding solutions to their issues?

To me, I do think that our individual attitudes as well as collective perceptions and actions, more than anything else are to blame for the now ensuing mess which left us with nothing but shame of enormous proportion in the eyes of the nation and beyond.

When shall we come to our collective senses as people of the volatile Lakes state, isn’t our dignity and collective image not battered enough and hence the need to quickly salvage what we can before it all together become uselessly too late to do so?

There is a fundamental problem of perceptions and understanding within us as a society!

Again, there is an old adage which goes “the bigger and influential the position that one occupies in employment, the bigger the size of trousers and shirts one wears.”

This simply means people desperately want big positions in order to enrich themselves more than serving the constituents and this seems to be the trend among politicians of Lakes state.

And this may also explain why almost every politician in the state is eyeing the position of governorship, either for him/herself or his/her “Nominee” to fulfill certain interests; be they individual or collective in the case of clan or tribal politicking.

A pattern of “See nothing say nothing as long as you are in the state government cabinet; and see everything everywhere and shout the loudest as soon as you are reshuffled out,” has manifested itself ominously amongst the amateurish state politicians since the formation of government in 2005.

There is no doubt the governor, whether in the past, in the present or in the future has and will have his shortcomings just as all other human beings are, but to propagate or assume all the ongoing mess including rampant cattle rustling, robbery with violence, cold-blooded killing of innocent people and even Hyenas and dogs gone amok in killing or eating people in the state on one man or woman in position of Governor is a mockery to logic and self-defeating to say the least.

Therefore, I humbly call upon you my people in Lakes state and by extension, in all other violence prone areas in the Republic of South Sudan to rise to the challenge and stop acts of barbarianism and savagery.

It is time each citizen in the affected places of communal violence, cattle rustling and highway banditry begin to ask themselves what criminal acts brought upon them and their communities; and what their obligations to their communities, states and the country at large are.

We all ought to collectively strive to live in peace and harmony and appreciate our cultural and linguistic diversity as an invaluable asset which we must all work hand-in-hand to preserve. Multicultural society we are and differences in opinion, ways of life and religious beliefs we must accept, as long as they are not detrimental to the security and wellbeing of our country.

Our leaders too at different levels of governance need to fully understand and appreciate the needs and challenges pertaining to their constituents and constituencies; formulate clearer road maps for both short term and long term solutions to such and adopt consultative approach as opposed to unilateralism in decision making.

Decisions which affect or have the potentials to affect citizens’ lives are not a matter of clique rushing with it and excluding others, rather they deserve wider consultation and in the process create collective sense of belonging to and ownership of decision making process and hence acceptance of the outcome.

The growing culture of assigning people based on who they know more than what they know is by no mean lesser evil in the debilitating problems of Lakes state and by extension the wider country.

It is my sincere hope and prayer that my people in Lakes state will one day come to their senses and begin to seriously work to restore peace, unity and stability; and regain appreciation and respect by others in the Republic of South Sudan and beyond.

The sooner the better for all! South Sudan, a country for which you (Lakes state people) always walked in the forefront with your compatriot during the liberation struggles of various time, until the people of South Sudan achieved their full independence, need your positive input in the development of the country, not your aimless self-killing.

It is thus heart-breaking to witness the deteriorating situation of senseless killing of innocent people and the acceleration of politics of gossiping and sabotage among the political class of the state, thereby in the process leaving the needs of the citizens unattended to.

While the phenomenon of the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a factor in the psychology and actions of individuals in Lakes state, it is not an excuse as it is neither a monopoly of you nor endemic (confined) in Lakes state; it affects all the post-war communities around the globe and other South Sudanese are no exception!

Therefore, let us rid ourselves of this glaring shame we finds ourselves in, my people. Dragging down with you the whole community including innocent, vulnerable and helpless children, women, elderly, physically hindered people, and all the people in the society is no noble cause for sensible and objective-oriented men.

So, to all the warring Gelweng, leave these groups of innocent people as well as innocent travelers through your land out of your self-annihilating fights and think of the future of your children, parents or partners before you act.

To local politicians, you can only be a proud leader of the living people, not of the dead; hence it is high time we all pull our acts together without allowing our individual political interests to interfere with the process of restoring peace and harmony to the lives of our people.

Great men and women in the political history are they who were selfless and who suffered in emancipation of their people.

On the other hand, the most reviled are they who were selfishly self-cantered, greedy and lustful of power; history is not and will never be so kind to them.

What legacy do we want to leave behind in our communities, state and the beloved country? I leave that for you to digest.

Seriously, I mourn all the slain victims of the senseless inter-community or inter-clan fights, particularly those very innocent victims shot dead in their homes, on the roads etc.

The great men who laid the foundation of unity and pride of the people of Lakes state, the like of great chiefs, spear masters, Christian religious leaders, wise and noble men and women of this great but now self-demoting state must be watching down on us in great agony.

But still, it is not and will never be too late to correct the mess and save the peace loving people of South Sudan and the world the heartache and headache of hearing bad news after bad news coming out of Lakes state.

Stop, stop, and stop my people stop the senseless bloodshed now!

“Glory to God in the Highest and Peace on Earth to men who are his friends,” The Friends of God according to Holy Bible, are the righteous who fear God and think of God’s instructions before they act. The instructions of God include “Do not kill” and “love your neighbour as you love yourself”.

Deng M. Koch Dengdit,
The Author is the Former Gurtong Peace Trust Correspondent for Australia and now in South Sudan. He can be reached through: deng.koch2014@gmail.com

James Gathoth Mai is an invisible Judas Iscariot of South Sudan

By: Stephen Kong, South Sudan, OCT/02/2014, SSN;

James Gathoth Mai. The invisible Judas is worse than Judas Iscariot who betrayed Jesus Christ. According to Matthew 27:5-8 when Judas realized his crime is too big to handle, “he threw the money into the temple floor and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. The chief priests picked up the coins and said, ‘It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.’ So they decided to use the money to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners. That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day.

But the former Chief of Staff of the SPLA (South Sudan National Army), James Gathoth, the invisible Judas collected his money and went for vocation in Australia where his family resides.

These two men shared a lot in common. They both hated those who love them. And in death, they are friendless. During December 15-24, 2013, Invisible Judas James Gathoth Mai could not talk to his dying relatives whom their only crime is because they are born to a Nuer mother and father.

The powerful General who claimed to have liberated South Sudan from the North, offered no help. Hung up the phone and congratulated his relatives’ killers. Judas Iscariot and an invisible James Gathoth Mai are the elements and the influences of evil. Their only differences is how they used their blood money.

Then Judas Iscariot realized his mistake stood like a man and faced the confrontation with a judgment verdict of his delusion and disappointment. He Judas Iscariot of Jews took responsibility to end his own life by hanging himself.

The invisible Judas James Gathoth of Nuer never until this day realized the crime he himself perpetrated against his own brothers, sisters and their children.

The sad fact about invisible Judas James Gathoth is, his real accomplishment in life is fighting with his Nuer tribe. But the good thing is, this time he betrayed the nation. Nuer are the tribe of South Sudan, since he was the second powerful man.

The innocent Nuer who died on December 15-24 owed him protection because they were his subjects. Invisible Judas James Gathoth, committed act of Genocide against the Nuer. He Judas Iscariot James Gathoth Mai is constitutionally responsible ruler at the time of genocide.

He chose not to protect them because he was a willing full participant. I choose the word Genocide here because it doesn’t need a lawyer or law degree to define what happened in Juba against Nuer people do constitute genocide.

It is purely a genocide. Why? Because Nuer are killed, they were singled out, sometimes by the scars on their foreheads or discovered their ethnicity based on their ID cards. They are executed to death simply because they are members of Nuer tribe.

Salva Kirr gave hate speeches on two occasions before genocide took place, James Gathoth Mai whom I suspected of being an invisible Judas Iscariot concealed behind Salva Kirr and Kuol Manyang Juuk.

The invisible Judas kept himself busy by talking on South Sudan TV, directed his messages especially to Nuer in army. On many occasions before and after Juba genocide took place, invisible Judas James Gathoth Mai was quoted by Sudan Tribune “South Sudan army chief warns against involvement in politics”.

Thank God, his goofy conspiracy backfired and failed to produce anything of value to deter Nuer sons and daughters from rescuing their own people. Invisible Judas, James Gathoth Mai is the military leader who oversaw the killing of Nuer women and children and at the same time expecting Nuer in army will bow to his plea.

My friends from Dinka Bor community argued that invisible Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai did not kill the Nuer in December of 2013. I confronted them with the question who has the power to prevent Juba massacre than invisible Judas, James Gathoth Mai?

I was blasted to hear their claims that former governor of northern Bar-Elghazal Malong Awan is the one who is responsible for killing of Nuer in Juba.

The main point here is who has the power and constitutional authority to protect the lives of innocent women and children no matter what their tribe is? No other person rather than Salva Kirr and invisible Judas James Gathoth Mai.

I cannot believe that people forget the facts, shut their eye and even contradict themselves. Current Army Chief of Staff, Paul Malong, like majority of Dinkas, killed Nuer with guarantee from Chief of Staff Judas Iscariot James Gathoth that there is no Nuer threat.

Dinka are free to kill. Malong Awan did contribute with recruitment and selection of Dutku Bany and Gwelweng (Special Dinka presidential force). With instruction of invisible Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai Nguth. This is cunning way to detached people’s is attention from present danger.

I am sorry to say the least but the plan worked, many innocent lives are lost because Nuer in particular anticipating the general chief of staff, a Nuer by birth, Judas Iscariot by alienation, will protect their innocent children from Dut-ku Bany and Guelweng.

Nuer always mentioned the conjunction word “if” (Dung MI, LAMI, and Kami) regardless of all the warning signs, Nuer forgot to say if. If they did the result could have been different. Many lives could have been saved from massacre.

If Nuer profiled Judas Iscariot James Gathoth Mai’s background from the time where the devil James started his military career, they should have seen too many red-flags, this is a general who spent all his military life independently killing and fighting with Nuer.

Nuer are blinded by the love of a country called South Sudan. They are hopeful the past is forgotten and life will continue.

That’s until when war broke out within the presidential guards, when invisible Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai, used his constitutional power of chief of general staff to protect the Dinka presidential Guard against their Nuer colleague.

This is Judas’s response to a flashback that resulted from his discrimination and violent crime against Nuer people, this is a general who is in delusion and paranoid in fighting with Nuer resistant movement known as the separatists, or Anyanya II, abbreviated as (A.2).

The simple question is, if Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai is able to protect a well equipped Salva Kirr’s Dinkas presidential Guards from their Nuer colleagues, why? And only why he never tried to stop genocides against Nuer innocent women and children from Dutku-Beny and Guelweng?

This must be a trillion dollar question. The answered is obvious, Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai and his boss (Banydit) Salva Kirr Mayardit previous blueprint, the heinous crime against Nuer people.

To South Sudanese the truth is Judas Iscariot, James Gathoth Mai’s involvement in crimes, made the entire Nuer community left with nothing but the feeling of victimization, vulnerability, fearfulness, isolation and unprotected by the law.

In the history of Nuer tribes anything that threatened the lives of Nuer women and children always leads to war-cry. The technical term in Nuer is (Wiwi) when Nuer heard the messengers of war cry there is no question asked.

It is a message that tells Nuer women and children their lives are in real danger. Thank God the four sons of Denah namely Yien, Dak, Baal, and Bany heard the war cries and answered the call according to the threats.

And they will always be the first responders to anything that threatened Nuer Homeland, whether the threats arise from Sky, Land or River, DENAI SON of Geah, and Gaawar son of Kar or Jakar will always be the first defence for the Nuer Homeland and her people’s dignity.

Judas, that is the message.

For question, concerned or comment please dropped me a line at stephenpajok@yahoo.com

Stephen Pajok Kong Kulang

Both SPLMs irresponsibility & betrayal at Addis Talks

EDITORIAL ANALYSIS, OCT/01/2014, SSN;

Clearly, whilst millions of South Sudanese citizens are perpetually and painfully languishing in despair, hunger and insecurity, the so-called stake-holders at the prolonged so-called ‘peace talks’ in Addis Ababa are engaging in endless theatrics of irresponsibility, duplicity and self-preservation.

In the latest developments, both Kiir’s government delegation and Machar’s rebels have each proposed two diametrically unworkable and inapplicable modalities of ‘Federalism,’ that’s governance by federal system.

In the first instance, Kiir government’s proposal of the Kenya’s defunct 2007 power-sharing modality between the majority Kikuyu tribal clique of President Mwai Kibaki and the second largest Luo tribe of his political rival Raila Odinga, can’t even be qualified as ‘federalism’ and as such is utterly inconceivable in the context of South Sudan.

In the aftermath of the bitterly disputed presidential elections in which thousands of citizens were needlessly butchered, the Kenyans were forced into power-sharing arrangement which was to placate and accommodate the two majority tribes as a way to achieve some healing and reconciliation among them.

The messy arrangement created the positions of the president, two vice-presidents, the prime minister and two deputy prime ministers.

However, even though the prime minister had the authority to coordinate and supervise the execution of functions and affairs of the government of Kenya, he was obviously eclipsed by the more powerful executive president and his two vices.

In the end, the system was a total disaster, the Kikuyus emerged as expected the ever dominant ruling tribe till today and the Luo, unfortunately, remained forever marginalized and circumscribed from central political power.

Therefore, in our current context, this system is a dead end. Kiir’s support for such a proposal is to perpetually entrench Jieng hegemony and cynically ensure Naath (Nuer) political marginalization akin to their Kenyan Luo cousins!

Machar’s proposal of the Ethiopian federal parliamentary republic system is again a non-starter in the context of the peculiarities and particularities of South Sudan tribal dominance politics.

Ethiopia, with a population of 100 million (2015 prediction), and a longer history of atrocious and deadly rivalries between several much larger ethnic groups, has structured a political system based on 9 ethnically-based administrative areas in addition to the two self-governing Capital City of Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.

Furthermore, the Ethiopian president is a figure head though elected by the House of Peoples representatives for a six-year term, whereas, the Prime Minister is the head of government with executive power and a parliament with the legislative powers.

The prime minister obviously comes from the party with the majority following the legislative elections.

All in all, the Ethiopian modality of governance is completely premised on their bitter experiences of the long history of ethnic antagonisms and diversity, but more importantly, on the long imperial rule by the Amharic emperors and the military rule of Mengistu which fatally exacerbated the conflagration of ethnic wars.

Seriously, in contextualizing our current predicament, what we, South Sudanese, are looking forward to is a political system that is not monopolized by either the Dinka or Nuer, and that political modality must be based on equality and justice for all.

Therefore, what those of Kiir and Machar representatives are deliberating in Addis is a concoction of a corrupted modality of ‘Federalism’ that will best satisfy only their separate tribal imperial ambitions of domination and power greediness.

It’s even more mind-boggling to learn that the All-SPLM delegates have worked out a system whereby one person from each of these three All-SPLM groups now assumes the chairmanship of the sessions on daily basis.

They are all clones of that most corrupted system that led our new nation to bleed so badly in this current All-SPLM exacerbated power and ethnic war. Why the hell did they fight against one another in the first place on that fateful day of December 15th, 2013?

Since already proven above that neither the Ethiopian nor the Kenyan modality of ‘federalism’ is acceptable to either groups, why not look further into the more civilized Western world like America, Germany and Canada, for better modalities?

Basically, our primary problem in the ‘new’ South Sudan is the SPLM/A, which has proven itself since coming to power in 2005 as the most FAILED POLITICAL ORGANIZATION ever seen in Africa, with the worst and incompetent so-called ‘leaders,’ with the worst ‘POLITICAL SYSTEM,’ and the most hopeless and sycophantic ‘FOLLOWERS AND SUPPORTERS’ of that failed system and its leader.

Be it inept president Kiir or rebel Machar, and all the G-11s and the Lam Akol’s, all are morbidly tainted and corrupted with that failed SPLM/A contagion, including the uncouth, uneducated SPLA military generals, who remorselessly kill each other and yet the next day, have the temerity to hug each other as if the dead they just murdered were just some dead cows!

These SPLM/A adherents, who within the shortest time in history unimaginable, have utterly devastated the soul of the nation, as evidenced by their shameless prostration and pretence at the Addis talks.

Whilst they are being so graciously and luxuriously supplicated by IGAD, the real South Sudanese on the ground are needlessly being tortured, bullied and eviscerated by their undisciplined military foot soldiers down across the nation.

Since coming to power, the SPLM/A monstrosity of so-called leadership in collusion with foreign interests, robbed all the rich resources our nation is endowed with and then built a violent and extractive political order which has subsequently led to the current crisis.

To conclude, what is advisedly prudent for those in the All-SPLM talks in Addis Ababa is to draft a new political modality based on federalism that is fair, workable and acceptable to all sections of the country and its various nationalities.

Advisedly, the federalism proposed by the Equatorians, which can be further improved upon, looks more truly accommodating to all the various ethnic and sectarian interests across the country, except that a new clause be included that leaves room for any community to opt out or into the proposed ‘states.’

As regards to the national or central authority, there will be a national head of state with limited powers, and perhaps with that post being rotated among the various states or nationalities.

Finally, instead of solely relying and depending on those dead-brained and soul-less SPLM/A delegates now faking as unrepentant peace-brokers, we should seek better learned legal and constitutional brains from the real civilized world to help in drafting the new political modality being proposed at Addis.

Surely, an ALL-SPLM monstrosity that’s truly ‘TOO DEFORMED TO BE REFORMED’ can’t be solely relied upon to draft any document that’s most certainly bound to fail, disappoint and to let us down again.

Spare us from further humiliation & put the damn expat expulsion circular on the shelf

BY: AGOK TAKPING, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA, SEP/25/2014, SSN;

The minister of labour Mr Ngor Kolong Ngor in the government of South Sudan issued a circular last week demanding that NGOs and other private businesses in the country must expel those expatriates who are doing jobs that can easily be done by the host country’S nationals (HCNs) by 15 October 2014 and fill those vacant positions with South Sudanese nationals.

This sparked an overly malicious outcry from our neighbours particularly Kenyans and Ugandans with some media outlets in those countries going as far as calling South Sudan a “kid who doesn’t know how to appreciate” and or a “person who bites the hand that feed him.”

In addition, some individuals in social media from the aforementioned countries called South Sudanese as primitives and monkeys.

However, by looking at the current Kenyan president, his vice president and two former presidents and not to mention the influential opposition leader, Mr Raila Odinga, I see myself (black South Sudanese) not so different from Kenyans in term of colour. Thus the monkey-like insult is simply misplaced and phony.

Calling us “people who don’t appreciate” is also hypocritical, because if I sit down and try to reflect on what Kenyan people have done to South Sudanese during our 21 years civil war, I will not come up with a single good experience.

Kenyans have never been hospitable to South Sudanese despite the fact that the exponential growth of their economy in the last decade or so can be directly or indirectly attributed to South Sudanese.

In 1990’s UNHCR opened up a refugee camp in the middle of the most inhospitable part of Kenya (Kakuma) for South Sudanese refugees. Kakuma became the largest refugee camp in the world which created thousands of jobs for Kenyans.

The same UN turned Lokichoggio (a remote town in northern Kenya) into a coordination centre for South Sudan relief. Again thousands of Kenyans were employed, many small businesses including brothels were booming and Lokichoggio became a thriving major economic centre in Turkana district overtaking Lodwar.

Furthermore other better-off South Sudanese flocked to “down country” including Nairobi, Eldoret, Kitale…etc. and rented thousands of houses, they also took their kids to schools and paid schools fees.

Nevertheless, without appreciating the fortune which South Sudanese brought to Kenya, South Sudanese were openly subjected to some despicable harassments and police brutality.

For South Sudanese, walking down on a street in Nairobi became a warrant for a kidnap-like arrest and to be released one must pay ransom/bribe to the police, it became a way of life for South Sudanese living in Kenya.

It was only after the signing of the CPA in 2005 when Kenyans began to treat us like brothers and sisters. The change of behaviour came about because Kenyans saw the opportunity to exploit South Sudanese, it works.

The exodus to South Sudan has begun, vendors, “professionals” with faked certificates, thieves, prostitutes, you name it, flocked to South Sudan in search for wealth. You could hear them saying, “look at these stupid South Sudanese, we are sucking them up, kabitha, and they don’t see it,” “Hahah” and they laughed.

But can we blame them? We led ourselves down in the last nine years of combined autonomy and independence.

Had we built at least three major cross-country highways, had we built at least one major dam for both water and electricity, had we upgraded at least two major universities to the level of modern universities, had we at least laid down a foundation for modern farming, had we at least built one major food processing centre.

More importantly, if we had been loving and treating ourselves with respect, Kenyans would have at least showed us some respect.

However, at the moment they don’t see themselves in equal terms with us, our government may think there exists bilateral relation between Kenya and South Sudan based on mutual respect but in real sense there is nothing like that.

Kenyans know whatever we import from them including goods, health, education, and holidays is a result of desperation and not that we prefer them over other countries. This perception will continue until the time they see us producing 50% of the things we normally import.

We must, however, give credit where it is due, Ugandans were the only people who treated us with respect when we had nothing. No one was ever arrested on the street in Kampala because he/she was a South Sudanese, we were given the same right that Ugandan citizens have.

Therefore, they are the only people who have a very right to get angry with us if they feel they are being targeted or mistreated in South Sudan.

Back to the circular, the intention of the minister of labour was good, South Sudanese are loitering in Juba doing nothing while all the jobs are taken up by the foreigners.

No government in any country in any continent that would tolerate what is happening in South Sudan where the percentage of expatriates in the entire workforce is higher than that of the HCNs.

However as usual, the minister of labour like many of his colleagues in ROSS just woke up in the morning and begun issuing the circular without thinking it through. The circular was poorly planned and badly written which subjected it to multiple interpretations, assumptions and misconceptions.

Firstly, jobs that the minister would want to be reserved or vacated for South Sudanese should have been precisely defined. The continuous attempt by the foreign minister to clarify the circular make it even more confusing.

For example, the foreign minister in his effort to clarify the circular explained that “by executive directors, we mean executive secretaries and secretaries, and by public relations positions, the circular meant receptionists and other front desk workers, as well as protocol officers” (www.sudantribune.com).

This is embarrassing, where on earth can EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR mean EXECUTIVE SECRETARY? Yes English language is not our language and nobody expects us to speak it like the English people do but in writing, the errors we are expected to make would be grammatical but not writing different words with entirely different meanings and expect people to know what you mean which is totally different.

Executive director is the very top person who is responsible for steering the company, he/she is the one who makes decisions. Executive Secretary on the other hand is a person who keep the executive director’s briefcase (office manager).

Mixing or confusing the two positions indicates the lack of deliberation on the circular and that should be enough to discontinue it.

Secondly, the circular should have never been retrospective, that is, it needs not to apply to those foreigners who are already employed. The process of employing a new employee and training him/her takes a minimum of six months before he/she can do the job independently with confidence.

Thus giving businesses and NGOs one month to terminate their existing workers and hire new workers is dreadful. It will send a very bad message to businesses and that can simply scare away potential businesses from investing in South Sudan.

If the labour minister and the government led by president Kiir is genuinely caring about the rampant unemployment among South Sudanese and they want to tackle it retrospectively, here is what needs to happen:

— the government needs to introduce graduate program. To eliminate the chronic nepotism, the government can hire internationally renowned companies like Deloitte which is already in Juba to run the graduate program; or if the money is an issue, they can also ask UN or its affiliate like USAID to help in running the graduate program.

— The government will need to enter an agreement with all NGOs and private businesses in regard to how the graduate will be employed. In the agreement, businesses and NGOs will have to give the government the list of the positions which are currently occupied by expatriates’ employees, the government will then take the list to the graduate program coordinator.

— The graduate program coordinator who must not be South Sudanese will then advertise the positions and conduct all the employment process. The only graduate needed to apply will be South Sudanese, both at home and in diaspora.

— These graduates will then be taken by NGOs and private businesses and assigned the very person (expatriate) who is holding the position to train and make the transition as smooth as possible. This apprenticeship like training will need to continue for one year and after that the expatriate will need to be redundant and get his/her payout.

— While in training with the business or NGO, the government needs to pay this graduate for one year until he/she takes over from the expatriate. Businesses or NGOs must not be compelled to pay the wages of South Sudanese graduates while in training because the whole thing is not their initiative.

— To prevent private businesses and NGOs from exploiting such a system, any position that has become vacant must be advertised separately, it needs not be included into graduate program although it must as well be given to South Sudanese nationals.

— The aim of the graduate program would be to find competent South Sudanese who would replace expatriates in private businesses and NGOs, it would continue until there are no more expatriates holding common positions (positions other executive director) in those private businesses and NGOs which are operating in South Sudan.

— As with other expatriates who are holding nonprofessional positions, the government can just sit back and wait for each one of those expatriates to have his/her work permit expire and then refuse to renew it again.

Disclaimer: views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author. Agok Takpiny is a concerned South Sudanese in Melbourne Australia. He can be reached on agoktakpiny@ymail.com

Targeting of Ma’di business & community leaders by Dinka security: Where’s Minister Obutu Mamur?

From: David Aju Kanyara, JUBA, SEP/24/2014, SSN;

As the war enters its tenth month, South Sudanese undercover security dogs have caused significant miseries to the ordinary law abiding citizens of this great nation from North to South and from west to east. In the Ma’di corridor, this had started even before the outbreak of the Juba Massacre, Our Head Chief in Nimule was gunned down and as is the hallmark of the Juba government, this was a blackmail, they then twisted the stories leading to humiliating, jailing and torturing of our leaders including the supreme leader of the Ma’di people.

The horror has now returned in full swing hanging over the Madi people. The lawless security apparatus have now intensified their unlawful targeted arrests of Ma’di young people, men in general and business community in particular.

I wish to bring to the attention of the South Sudanese people, the number of our community members disappearing is alarming, this includes members of the business community, opinion and community leaders.

Many of the Ma’di business community in particular have been targeted, tortured, arrested, bullied, intimidated by Kiir security dogs operating in the peaceful Ma’diland where there are no rebel activities reported.

Since the beginning of August till September 12 -2014, there have been more than 7 high profile arrests of Ma’di businessmen, some have been detained in secret security locations for unknown reasons, families have not been informed neither are they given explanations.

Others have been snatched in bright daylight from their homes, taken to unknown location, interrogated by security forces for reasons never revealed to them, while others were harassed, beaten and made to pay high ransoms for their freedoms.

This is happening while the local offices of chiefs were not notified; some were hunted on their ways from their business locations back to their residential areas. The most recent alarming case has set the community in high alert and anger and since then no government representative nor the police in the areas came to inform the family about the disappearance of a prominent business man by name Bosco Wayi who has residence both in Nimule, Loa, and has businesses in Nimule and Elegu.

On Friday the 12th September 2014, in early evening, Mr Bosco Wayi, a well-known, respected Ma’di businessman since 1980’s and a law abiding citizen, who never hold any grudge with anyone nor with the security officers in the areas, was returning from Nimule where his main business is based, and while passing the Aswa River, a journey he repeated every morning and every evening for the last 7 years or so without having problems with traffic police.

On 12 September after passing the traffic police at Aswa river station as usual, this time it was reported that he was followed by men who according to eye witnesses dressed in traffic police uniforms.

The men in traffic police uniforms according to eyewitnesses followed Bosco Wayi up to Orobe village a distant of about 4 kilometer from Aswa River police station. The eyes witnesses have reported seeing the men in traffic police uniform stopping Bosco, and proceeded to beat him until he was unconscious.

They threw him and his motor bike into a white Toyota Pickup which arrived at the scene 15 minutes after the men in white police traffic uniform had stopped Mr. Bosco. After bundling him into the pickup they then headed back to the direction of Nimule.

The men in white traffic police uniforms were heard by the eye witnesses speaking in both Dinka and Arabic.

A woman who was passing by, coming from fetching water from nearby borehole heard Bosco crying in Ma’di “why are you killing me?” and “what have I done wrong to be tortured?”

According the woman who doesn’t want her name to be made public due to fear of repression, she said Bosco did not resist but he was pleading to be brought to Loa chief if there is anything he did wrong, but after the men in uniforms had cocked their guns and pointed it to Bosco’s head.

The cry subsided and at that point she said she too ran quickly to avoid being noticed and beaten by the men.

Since 12 September an attempt to look for Bosco through the public police office in Nimule did not yield any result, as the police there said they have no record nor a name of such individual in their custody.

This raised severe concerns about the security detention center where Bosco could be kept, and the question that begged to be answered is why traffic police are arresting and torturing people? Why traffic police are arresting someone passing the same route without breaking traffic law?

Since 12 September the people of the area and specially the family members of Bosco and his business associates are living in fear and they are worried that something bad has happened to their son, since the police in Nimule denied that Mr. Bosco Wayi has been brought to their custody, and they couldn’t confirm anyone arrested by their police on Nimule–Loa road.

The fact that these arbitrary arrests and tortures are happening exactly one year after the paramount chief of Nimule was gunned down cold blooded that fateful night of 8 September, whose death was blamed on Ma’di community elders by both governments in Juba and Torit, and since then innocent Ma’di Supreme leader, the ‘Lopirigo” Yaba Ret Ambassador Vugo and his deputy Lagu Jabakana and many other community leaders were falsely blackmailed by Juba Security with the help of Dr Anna Itto Leonardo and Amb. John Andruga Duku.

After months of nightmares in Torit prison the leaders were one by one released without any charges and there were no compensation by the government for the tortures inflicted on them by the prison ward while in Torit in particular. This was done to humiliate the Madi leaders to passiveness and their goal has been achieved!

The fact that this unlawful and targeted arrests are happening again, coinciding with the event of killing of late chief has raised serious concerns and furor, and perhaps the hard question that needs to be answered is what does the government gain by torturing Ma’di people who so far have been peaceful and have accommodated the Dinka internally displaced persons without violence despite the constant humiliations of the Madi people by the Dinkas in our ancestral land?

What is the objective of this Dinka led government towards the existence of minority tribes in South Sudan, but the Ma’di people in particular? Could it be that they are preparing another blackmailing in order to jail more of our people as they did last year, could it be they are provoking the Madi people to anger so as to give the Dinkas the excuse to massacre the Madi people as they massacred the Nuer in Juba?

We want our fellow countrymen to be informed about this evil the Dinkas are doing and planning in the Madi land.

Until the security officers who snatched Bosco on his motor bike brings him back unhurt and alive, we the Ma’di community will hold the Commander in Chief accountable for his indifference to the suffering of the Madi people who unanimously voted for him during 2010 presidential election.

President kiir is deaf and blind when it comes to Madi issues, hundreds of letters were sent to his office in regards to IDP roaming with their animals and AK47s in agricultural lands and in market places in Nimule, from the day the late Chief Ajugo was killed, to the forceful imposition of Nimule Town council designed to license and legitimize his Dinka cattle kraal to illegally remain in Nimule now 9 years after CPA and three year after south Sudan gained its independence.

Until now several people have been tortured and Bosco Wayi snatched on his motorbike by none other than Dinka security operatives in Nimule, while they, these Dinkas are unable to control insecurity in Warrap, Lakes state and the violent states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.

Why are they importing their insecurity in all parts of South Sudan?

These abusive security personnel in Nimule and other Ma’di areas being paid by public money, have also targeted the people who contributed money to help the widow and the children of late chief Ajugo.

The question is why the government is targeting the individuals for helping a widow, while the government should have been the one looking after the family of the late because he was killed while on duty for this government.

Doesn’t this make it plain that the government was the one that gunned down late Ajugo for renouncing the bloody dirty game created by then deputy interior Minister Salva Matok?

We the community want to summon all the Ma’di politicians, Ma’di MPs both from Torit and Juba to press the security personnel and minister for the security of our people and all those that have disappeared.

We ask Mr. Obote Mamur to find out why the Dinka Security men grabbed Bosco and his whereabouts? What happened to him and others like him? Who ordered his arrest? What kinds of charges are brought against him… etc?

Until these are done in a constitutional manner, we will hold the police traffic at Aswa River station accountable, we will not cease until justice is done and Bosco is given back to us in healthy condition and we want the government to guarantee his security after his return.

Furthermore, we want anyone who is found guilty of carrying out these unlawful targeted arrests, tortures and intimidation on high profile Ma’di businessmen should be brought to face justice, and the government to stop repressions going on in Ma’di corridor against our business community and opinion leaders across the Ma’di land.

The Voice for the voiceless
David Aju Kanyara,
Juba, South Sudan

Threat by Juba to expel foreign workers may be myopic, but isn’t surprising

By DANIEL K. KALINAKI, Daily Nation, SEPT/19/2014, SSN;

The threat by the Government of South Sudan to expel foreign workers is disappointing but not surprising.

Not surprising, because this is the third time in three years that authorities in Juba are threatening to expel expatriates. Although the government appears to have pulled back on its threat, who is to say when the next such edict will be issued?

Disappointing, because it is a dark reminder of how far GOSS has to go to learn the art of statecraft, and how vulnerable the process of nation-building in the country remains to populist politics and tunnel vision.

We can only assume that GOSS wants the best for its people. One can understand the frustration of fighting for independence for almost three decades only for it to arrive without jobs or basic services like health and education for the citizens.

It is a problem most newly-independent states encounter, and one that many in Africa continue to struggle with 50 years later. It appears that South Sudan is tempted to follow the disastrous route of Idi Amin in Uganda where, in trying to redress the genuine economic imbalance, the military regime destroyed the economy in a maddening stampede of xenophobia.

For all its imperfections, the Black Economic Empowerment programme in South Africa offers a better model for South Sudan to emulate. For it to work, however, the rulers of South Sudan are going to have to do something they haven’t done in many years – lead their people and invest in them.

When autonomy, and later independence, came to South Sudan, the leaders of SPLA/M had so much goodwill from the rest of the world and enough examples of countries in Africa whose paths to steer clear of, with their thorny bushes of tribalism, corruption, nepotism, greed and impunity.

Yet far from charting a new course, independence and the new streams of money brought a frenzy of consumption as generals locked horns with generals at the feeding trough, grabbing as much as they could so that they could buy houses in Nairobi and Kampala and take holidays in Dubai.

Corruption is inherently inefficient and before long, the contest between those who were eating and those who wanted a turn at the trough had forced a contest within the SPLA/M that broke out into civil war last December.

POWER SHARING AGREEMENT

To lead the people it rules, GOSS has to first deal with its structural problems. First, it must demilitarise the fight within the SPLA/M by fully implementing the cessation of hostilities agreement and instituting a power-sharing agreement to bring the warring parties back under one tent.

GOSS must then deal with the corruption and impunity among its senior political and military ranks that is undermining, not just its unity, but also its ability to deliver basic services to its citizens.

South Sudan’s per capita income of $1,800 hides a few hard truths: one in two people live on less than a dollar a day; half the population is malnourished; and the country is the second most-dangerous place for women to have babies.

It is all very well to ask companies to employ local staff. Even the most hard-nosed businessman will tell you its benefits; local staff are cheaper and bring valuable local knowledge.

However, this can’t happen overnight. Many young South Sudanese are frustrated at the lack of opportunity, and rightly so, but most of them do not have any skills or formal education thanks to the legacy of war. This is a country where three out of four people can’t read or write.

These angry young men need skills and training for which more investment must be made in education and apprenticeships.

Yet in its budget for last year – before the fighting broke out – GOSS planned to spend 57 per cent on security and less than one per cent on agriculture and job-creation. GOSS did not build a single school using its own money in the first two years of independence, critics allege.

South Sudan needs investment, skills, and support from the rest of the world, not populist politics and dangerous xenophobia. Those in power should know this, seeing as the country is precariously held together by Ugandan troops.

In Summary
To lead the people it rules, GOSS has to first deal with its structural problems. First, it must demilitarise the fight within the SPLA/M by fully implementing the cessation of hostilities agreement and instituting a power-sharing agreement to bring the warring parties back under one tent.
Yet far from charting a new course, independence and the new streams of money brought a frenzy of consumption as generals locked horns with generals at the feeding trough, grabbing as much as they could so that they could buy houses in Nairobi and Kampala and take holidays in Dubai.
For all its imperfections, the Black Economic Empowerment programme in South Africa offers a better model for South Sudan to emulate. For it to work, however, the rulers of South Sudan are going to have to do something they haven’t done in many years – lead their people and invest in them.

Mr Kalinaki is managing editor for regional content at Nation Media Group.
Twitter: @kalinaki

SPLM former political detainees & Civil Society shouldn’t be in Transitional Govt of Nat. Unity

BY: Juma Mabor Marial, JUBA, SEPT/15/2014, SSN;

As peace talks in Addis Ababa resumes today Monday, September 15, 2013, the attention will be drawn to transitional arrangement with formation of the transitional government of national unity topping the agenda.

As already is the case, the IGAD intention is to form an all-inclusive and a broad-based government that would include the two warring parties, other political parties, other stakeholders and of course, the SPLM Leaders Former Political Detainees (LFPD).

The intention here is to ensure that inclusivity, meaning collective involvement and responsibility by all the south Sudanese stakeholders to implement the reform agenda that would be framed in order to circumvent future crisis.

Now here comes the question of eligibility of who and who is not suitable to participate in the transitional government of national unity (TGONU)?

For me, the intention of IGAD to include all the stakeholders in the TGONU arrangement is a brilliant and comfortable idea because, national affairs have to be collectively addressed with stewardship of all members of the society.

It is because of this reason that I am buying the idea of all, except SPLM Leaders former political detainees and members of the Civil Society participating in the transitional government of national unity (TGONU).

I have therefore in my opinion, accepted that, both the warring parties i.e. the government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and SPLM/A in the opposition (SPLM-IO) must participate in the government of national unity on equal percentage no matter how small; the political parties must also participate in the TGONU, the youth, disabled and women must be represented in the TGONU.

But the SPLM leaders former political detainees and the members of the civil society should not participate in the transitional government of national unity, why?

Here comes the reason, one, I object to the participation of the SPLM former detainees in the TGONU because of the personal analysis of the status of these so-called former political detainees and my case against these guys is comprehensive.

However if I were to give lengthy details about the short comings of each one of them, some of them would take it personal and I wouldn’t want national issues to take that trend as my intention has always been to contribute to the welfare of this country without any baggage of personal grudge.

That said, the reasons why I wouldn’t want the former political detainees to participate in the forthcoming government are simple:

First, these people are of course veteran soldiers turned politicians and their contribution have made great positive impacts in this country including the achievement of independence, they are as well the contemporary politicians that this country has and their participation in the country’s affairs cannot be easily downgraded.

It is by virtue of their contribution to the freedom struggle that successively enabled them to form part of the government both in the government of national unity in Khartoum and government of southern Sudan since the inception of the comprehensive peace agreement in 2005.

But it is also because of their consistent salvage in the government that has enabled them show their true colours to the people of south Sudan by looting the meager resources from the people of south Sudan and establishing their empires here and abroad.

The former detainees, if I am not wrong and with the exception of the one former governor that is with them, were among the 75 government officials that were alleged to have squandered 400 million dollars from the citizens of south Sudan.

Other corruption scandals like the most recent Fire Safe Scandal were perpetuated by and had benefited some with them now, the cases of corruption are just a tip of an iceberg.

The other case I have against these former political detainees is their role in the on-going crisis, when they were arrested here in Juba and some of them charged with treason.

The sentiments in the streets of Juba as to their fate varied from one group of citizens to another, some said they were guilty as charged, others said they were innocent.

Others said they should be killed while others felt they should be castrated for having looted the country and lit the fire to kill the innocent civilians while they had hidden their families far away in foreign countries.

Some of us who went to schools and learnt the rules of analysis said everything should be left to the law to take its own course and we also added personal views that these are our brothers who had sacrificed their lives to bring this country to where it is today.

Therefore, castrating, killing or even convicting them should be replaced with their release and forgiveness, our voices, although in the minority ultimately took precedence over all other wild voices.

But little did we knew that their numbers would turned into a political party (G-11) or famously known now as (SPLM leaders former political detainees).

The now SPLM/A in the opposition plus the members of international community where these guys had connections also gave the government sleepless nights by pressurizing it to release the detainees.

Unlike south Sudanese (some of us) who had wanted these guys released because of their past good deeds, members of the international community who wanted the guys released thought that the arrest was not because of the alleged attempted coup but was entirely an attempt by the government to slab democracy.

Therefore, their detention was a straight forward case of war against democracy in Africa, the SPLM/A in opposition on the other hand were of the view that their comrades were put behind bars by a dictatorial government and considering them heavyweights in their opinion, the detained leaders have to be released as a precondition to start peace talks since their presence on their side would add both national and international backing to their claim.

Although with lesser hope of being good old friends again, the government had also thought that by releasing these guys, it would groove two or even three important points.

One, it would bargain the international community to its side that, yes, I can listen and therefore, I have to be applauded for being a good listener.

Two, I can morsel and therefore, anybody who thinks they can do anything and abscond will not do it unless I have consented, this was particularly to the detainees.

Thirdly, the government had hoped that these guys would be more appreciative and ask the government to allow them back to its side after they have been missed by a whisker.

All these hopes and desires whether from the citizens like us who had thought after their release, the guys would be remorseful to the people of south Sudan and ask for forgiveness and be good boys.

And to the international community which had thought after their release, the boys would be the champions of democracy in the country.

And to the SPLM/A in opposition which had thought the guys would join them and make them strong through their Political constituencies in the country and the international connections or even the government which had thought, the guys would come back and say thank you for forgiving us after the sins we committed against you were all wrong.

Instead, the guys went out and attempted to outsmart the citizens, the international community, the SPLM/A in opposition and the government by declaring themselves a neutral group.

The international community and IGAD bought into their idea because they thought this intention had been made in good faith, but the three groups, us the citizens, the SPLM/A in opposition and the government, felt that this was a first signature in the divorce papers between all of us and the so-called SPLM/A leaders former political detainees.

The reason the three groups accepted to sign these divorce papers is because the political detainees thought they are the only gifted people in this country by first looting the country, agreeing with some in the SPLM/A in opposition to overthrow the government, remain behind after the coup failed and when arrested and released, betrayed their brothers in the opposition, failed to appreciate the government that released them and failed to show-case to the international community that advocated for their release that they are now part of the solution.

They instead put themselves as the “clean people in all the crises that have engulfed the country.”

The intention here as is now realized by all the groups is that these people that have hurt everyone think the leader of the transitional government of national unity should come out of their group.

This is not my own assumption, you would all recall and agree with me that soon after their arrival in Addis Ababa for peace talks, the group convened a press conference and declared their position as being neutral and wanted to be considered as a third block in the talks.

This pronouncement derailed talks for sometimes until their case was resolved and they were accepted as third party to the peace talks.

It is because of their insistence that opened the flood-gates for multi-stakeholders style of the talks as IGAD wanted to provide a win-win situation for all south Sudanese stakeholders.

Secondly, Pagan Amum out of his own desire and volatility came out with a paper that was also published in the public media outlining how he would resolve the crisis between the warring parties.

His intention was quickly interpreted by some of the citizens that responded to his paper as being intended to putting himself as the interim president if and when the TGONU is formed.

Not only these, recently….and this is what has provoked me to share this opinion with the citizens, the SPLM leaders former political detainees published a forty three (43) page position paper, a paper that I named ‘SPLM Leaders Former Political Detainees Manifesto’ outlining or rather copy pasting the transitional constitution and other laws of south Sudan to tell people that whatever they had written is what should be done when and if the transitional government of national unity is formed.

The language used there is a straight forward indicator of the fact that SPLM leaders former political detainees want to head the transitional government of national unity.

Something they seem to express better in forty three (43) page position paper than at the round table at the peace talks in Addis Ababa.

The reason why some of us are convinced they want to lead the transitional government of national unity is that, throughout their statements in their forty three (43) page position paper, they have this common phrase of ‘WE’ will do this and that.

When you put this paper together with that of Pagan Amum and shuttle diplomacy that they are undertaking, then you would immediately know that they are the ones who want to be given the TGONU.

The question then that quickly comes to mind is, where were they for the last 10 years, of course some of them were governors, others prime ministers (cabinet affairs minister), all of them ministers, why didn’t they do all these things they think they can do now?

What will be the magic to bring ‘We will do’, or was their first phase for corruption and establishing dynasties and now if given a second phase, they will do this and that for the people of south Sudan?

I still haven’t gotten better answers for their “We will do” slogan and I need some help in that.

Again, recently when President Kiir and other IGAD head of states signed the protocol on transitional arrangement and Dr. Riek refused to sign the agreement, the group of eleven condemned in the strongest terms possible the unfairness of the protocol and made their grievances similar to those of the SPM/A in opposition.

Again, this takes us back to the drawing board of asking ourselves, if they (SPLM leaders former political detainees) have one reasoning or position with the SPLM/A in opposition, then why are they not joining hands and working together?

The only impression one expected they should have made was to suggest solutions on how the stalemate on the protocol would be resolved instead of repeating the same argument as put forward by the SPLM/A in opposition.

Let’s finalize our argument about these guys later on in the conclusion.

Now why should the civil society not be part of the transitional government of national unity?

Simple again, although I know most of the people see civil society as a gateway to politics, we have to be mindful of the future of this country.

It is not strange that some few self-centered characters started as civil society activists but as soon as they are appointed to political posts, they immediately toss out the advocacy clothes and swear never to represent the voiceless.

However, a border must be drawn here and now, the members of the civil society that are participating in the peace talks in Addis Ababa and those here in the country should not participate in the TGONU.

This is because the TGONU is not going to be business as usual, the politicians will head and manage it, yes, but it also needs a strong, independent and viable civil society to act as watchdog in the implementation of the reform agenda that shall be given to TGONU as a blueprint.

The civil society should be there to correct and supervise those who think looting the resources is what only replaces violence.

They, the civil society, should be there to ensure that the TGONU delivers the basic services that the people of south Sudan have been denied for quite too long.

The civil society should be there to ensure that all south Sudanese have the right to live and enjoy the fruits of independence of this country.

In conclusion, the SPLM leaders Former Political detainees have not captivated anybody with their tricks to come to power through the backdoor.

Yes, their contribution to the freedom of this country is acknowledged, their reigns and political strength are known, their intellectualism and generational ability are also known.

But it is also fresh in everyone’s mind that they have been in the government of this country since its inception, they have also looted enough from the citizens at the expense of development and service delivery;
— they have mismanaged the affairs of this country through omission and/or commission;
— they have not repented and said sorry to the citizens that die because of their political ambitions in this country;
— they have failed to meet the expectations of the SPLM/A in opposition;
— they have disappointed the international community and they have declare useless the government that released them from prison.

Here they are, thinking that they know everything out of all these groups yet they have betrayed everybody that has done everything to ensure their release.

Yes, they are south Sudanese, they are still prominent politicians and they are still connected but no, they cannot be part of the transitional government of national unity because I am afraid, should they be returned to the government, it will be business as usual.

They will go back to their old quarters and do what they are known of doing best. These people should be left like any other ordinary citizen.

Let them go back to their people and ask for a fresh mandate and come elections, they shall have the right to contest and if they win, then, they can come back to politics.

SPLM Leaders Former political detainees were supposed to bring solutions to these crises but did they do that, no!

They are busy scheming on how the mediators and international community should get rid of everybody and make them the caretakers of the transitional government of national unity.

This is why I think their conspiracy has now become crystal clear and therefore, they should not be allowed to be part of the TGONU which is now the only hope for south Sudanese to bring the long awaited and lasting reforms. END

Juma Mabor Marial is a Trainee Advocate in Juba & Reachable at: jummabor@gmail.com

Kiir’s Dictatorial Tendencies may cost him Lakes’ loyalty come Elections

BY: Maciek Gabriel Gum, JUBA, SEP/11/2014, SSN;

As the National Assembly is ringing the warning bells of elections, there is high need for President Salva Kiir Mayardit to be concerned. President Kiir’s legitimacy, according to the Interim National Constitution that brought him into power in 2010 will end in April 2014 and as a result, he will have to seek the approval of the Citizens of South Sudan if he is to continue as the most powerful man in South Sudan.

To do this, President Mayardit will first have to ensure that there are no leaks or loopholes in the Dinka barricade under which he hides. But will this wall be as intact as it was 5 years ago? This is the million dollar question.

In 2010, when the countrywide elections were held, President Kiir went to most of the States and Counties of South Sudan and campaigned for his election and that of all the SPLM candidates contesting for various political positions.

He got a hero’s welcome in every State and County that he went to with bulls falling at will at his feet and ululations filling the air announcing his arrival and welcoming him to a successful campaign.

People placed their hopes on him so that he could lead them well, the first South Sudanese to be elected President to lead the South Sudanese.

In Lakes State, the Incumbent President Kiir Mayardit won by over 90%. Over 90% of the contesting SPLM candidates (whom Kiir campaigned for) were elected into office “that there was even a saying that even dogs with SPLM tickets could win these election”, and indeed they did.

This brief account of events is to show how overwhelmingly Lakes State contributed to electing President Kiir into power. It should not be forgotten too that during the struggle, Lakes stood as the stronghold of SPLM/A and as such acted as the movement’s headquarters.

It’s citizens fought bravely, selflessly and unconditionally during the war so as to liberate the country to what it is today. Of course every other State contributed, but my focus remains on Lakes, at least for the time being.

So when these very citizens who made history by first fighting a liberation war and later on electing Kiir into office, suffer from the cruel hands of a cruel, ruthless and irrational dictator, and they cry out pleading for help from the last person they have put all their trust in (by voting him into office), they expect their ills to be nursed but instead they have been quarantined and forgotten like people suffering from a contagious incurable disease.

Lakes has been suffering since the onset. Even before independence, we have had successive handpicked Governors who have failed miserably in fulfilling their mandates of serving and leading the citizens.

This has been entirely the President’s fault in not identifying leaders who could lead well. Others may argue that the citizens of Lakes State will never go down well with any Governor but I argue otherwise.

It is probably the wealth-eyeing, semi-literate and nepotistic leaders that don’t go down well with the citizens.

When the president took Justice Telar Ring (the current legal Advisor) as Caretaker Governor, Lakes enjoyed a spell of peace and progress; this renders the above argument baseless and thus cannot be used to derive conclusions.

Another scenario where the citizens of Lakes State liked the Governor was when Eng. Chol Tong Mayay was elected as the Governor of Lakes State. The people had a sense of ownership of the position and believed that the new Governor would listen to their woes and bring about security, which would lead to peace, prosperity and development.

And indeed, Eng. Chol Tong Mayay was progressing really well before his short-termed termination. He encouraged women and Youth as peace agents, encouraged Education by sponsoring Lakes State capable students and infrastructural development (a goal he was pursuing when he was a Minister of Agricultural in the previous State Government).

Although he was removed because the Insecurity was escalating in the State, he was not given much time to address the situation. Instead a swift move was made and a decree aired out announcing his removal.

This, sparked mixed reactions from the State citizens but the majority of the population was pro-Mayay and thus didn’t like his removal at such a short notice without giving him a chance to prove himself capable in handling the situation.

Instead Kiir appointed Military Caretaker Governor Matur Chuut Dhuol to address the insecurity in the State and has failed tenfold compared to the removed Governor or any other Governor before him for that matter.

Dhuol’s reign in Lakes has been a complete nightmare to the citizens of Lakes State and all the other residents of Lakes. When appointed, Dhuol completely sidelined the State Legislative Assembly in any decision making issues.

His decisions were made without consultation. His decree concerning the ban of alcohol in Lakes State for example, has caused a major economic decline in the State. This alcohol ban led to closure of businesses and lack of investment in the state reducing money supply.

The reduction in money supply ultimately led to high commodity prices which the State Citizens cannot afford. This led to poverty and starvation for the same people he wants to rule. This was in complete contrast with the policies of Mayay.

His decision also to cancel all the capacity building programs (including programs concerning released employees for further studies) was a very great miscalculation on Dhuol’s part.

Most students who were released under Mayay’s regime dropped out of school. This is a complete undoing of the progressive steps that Mr. Mayay took.

Dhuol has been quoted as saying that no government sponsors people for further studies and if anyone wanted to go back to school, he/she should consult his/her parents. This lack of enthusiasm in education encouragement in Lakes State will lead to backwardness and economic stagnation or decline adding to the existing poverty and lawlessness in the state.

Dhuol’s atrocities are numerous and uncountable including the creation of torture centers like Langcok, his daughter turning into a murderer, forcing students and employees to demonstrate, enforcing a pay cut of 5% to those employees who didn’t clean the airport and so many more that went unmentioned.

All these costly mistakes that Dhuol made affected the Lakes citizens in one way or another thus prompting the call for his removal. But President Salva Kiir, the only person in South Sudan responsible for his appointment and removal has been dragging his feet.

A while back he was quoted as saying that anybody who didn’t like Dhuol should leave Lakes State. This clearly demonstrates that the president of South Sudan disregards the will of more than 600,000 Lakes citizens, of whom a great percentage voted him into office.

And that his will to keep Dhuol in office supersedes the wish of the more than 600,000 Lakes citizens who want Dhuol out of the office. This clearly is dictatorship in its crude form.

The citizens of Lakes are a very patient people but they have had enough of this suffering. 2015 will be their chance to demonstrate their will by voting into office individuals that will fulfill out their wills.

It’s high time that they look beyond the Dinka or SPLM (whether in opposition or proposition) walls where bad leaders tend to hide. They should and will look deep into personalities and identify leadership qualities that will bring national unity, peace and economic development not leaders who fill their accounts with blood money and exploit the majority of the South Sudanese citizens who contributed wholeheartedly for the liberation of South Sudan.

And this time round, I doubt whether the incumbent president will win by over 90% in Lakes State. Of course, his support will not only decline in Lakes alone but in other states too. But it would have been comforting for him if he had the total support of his tribesmen come elections.

So, Mr. President should do something within the short period of time that he has before elections to ascertain the loyalty of Lakes citizens and all the citizens of other states if he wants to retain his current position, else he will lose it.

Maciek Gabriel Gum
Juba South Sudan
Email: gummaciek@gmail.com

No to Ethnic Federalism in South Sudan

BY: Kuir Garang, CANADA, SEPT/06/2014, SSN;

Federalism is not a bad governance system as long as those leading it have the interest of the country at heart; and as long as the mindset leading it is selflessly conducive for development programs.

My only concern, and the word that I’ve always passed to fanatical proponents of federalism, is that ‘Federal System’ in itself wouldn’t change things unless our inter-tribal relations, inter-personal relations and our understanding of leadership and government change.
People’s attitude inform the system not the other way round.

While I’d welcome the Federal System of governance in South Sudan as long as it’s conscientiously structured, I’m gravely opposed to any form of ‘Ethnic Federalism’ … like the ones in Ethiopia or Nigeria.

Many misguided South Sudanese believe that South Sudan Federal system can be modelled after the ones in Nigeria and Ethiopia. While there are presumptions and face-value indications that some people love the system in Ethiopia, one can’t be certain that it’s an advisable, exemplary system of governance.

In a world that’s increasingly moving towards acceptance of diversity, it’d be a bad precedent to move South Sudan toward statehood that exist as pockets tribal homogeneity. We can’t unite a country by compartmentalizing it into pockets of tribal exclusivity.

While it’s a feel-good proposal for some people, it’s a destruction of the country based on parochial presumption of ‘We-ness.’ We, the Nuer! We, the Jieeng! We, the Bari! We, the Kachipo! We….We…We….

While many Ethiopians were happy with Meles Zenawi’s idea of Ethnic Federalism in order to get rid of the Amharic face of the country in what some call the ‘De-Amharization of Ethiopia’, one can clearly see that the example of Ethiopia is a stone-age example South Sudan shouldn’t copy!

The Nigerian example is badly self-explanatory that one can’t even think of it. It’s a disaster!

While it might sound very ambitious, it’s in the best interest of South Sudanese to work toward the creation of a ministry (Tribal Affairs) that should work out long-term models of inter-tribal understand in South Sudan.

Making Tribal leaders, Elders and grassroots part of the governance system in which each and every tribe feels included and heard is better than ethnic fragmentation of the country.

This would help the people in understanding the role of government in their lives. In the long run, it’d bring the government closer to the people with deeper appreciation of their local leaders; thereby making it hard for greedy politicians to mislead them.

Tribes don’t fight because they want to. They fight because they feel marginalization and insignificant. Besides, some fight on behalf of leaders from their own tribe because they don’t understand what government actually means. In South Sudan, we don’t just have ‘individuals’ but ‘individuals from a given tribe.’

Practical Federalism, not Paper Visual Federalism, can bring people closer to those who govern them; however, we have to resist attempts to ethnicize South Sudan any further.

To further tribalize a new nation with no sense of unique, clear and understandable sense of ‘NATIONHOOD’ is to be hellishly irresponsible.

We have to first create an understandable national Identity before we gladly or mischievously disperse into our tribal enclaves in the name of ‘Ethnic Federalism’ or more appropriately, ‘National Destruction!’

We’ve been divided fatally enough! Let’s unite while accepting our differences!

Kuir Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’ and ‘The Pipers and the First Phase (novel). For contact, visit www.kuirthiy.info

Why the SPLM must be dismantled?

BY: DENGDIT AYOK, Egypt, SEP/04/2014, SSN;

QUOTE: “When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.” Holy Bible, King James Version, (Proverbs 29: 2).

I am writing under a severe pain, after surviving a deadly attack carried out against me by South Sudanese thugs in Cairo, three weeks ago, which left my left leg’s bone completely fractured, but with hope of walking again in the nearest future. There are other serious wounds in different parts of my body.

I will remain here in bed and on wheelchair for three months or so until all the wounds are healed. The attackers intended to kill me, but the will of the life giver has overcome their evil plan. Praise God and may His name be extolled forever!

I am writing in reaction to the views of some readers, commentators and friends on my last piece published on this website under the title: “SPLM: A Party that is Awaiting Horrible and Clumsy Political Burial”.

Over the past five weeks, many persons have questioned me about the wisdom of my path in calling for dismantling of the SPLM, a party that they admire so much to the extent of referring to it as “The mighty SPLM, the liberator of the people of South Sudan”, and “founder of South Sudan nation”.

At the heart of their concerns, their inquiries have been loud: Why are you speaking against the SPLM and calling on South Sudanese for its dismantling and your father was an SPLM member? “Why are you joining the voices of dissents?” “Aren’t you damaging your father’s legacy,” they asked?

And when I hear them asking such questions, I am nevertheless greatly saddened, though I often understand the gist of their concerns, for such questions mean that the inquirers have not really known me and what I propose for the well-being of our beloved nation. Indeed their questions suggest that they do not know the world of ignorance in which they live.

In the light of such tragic misunderstanding, I deem it of significant importance to try to state clearly and precisely why do I propose that the SPLM should be dismantled, sent to the dustbin of history and made a thing of the past.

Life and history give eloquent testimony to the fact that inept, corrupt and dangerous political entities like the SPLM were dismantled by the people, for not fulfilling the ambitions and aspirations of their masses.

It is true that my late father Hon. Ayok Deng Agor, a veterinarian by profession; was a prominent member of the SPLM since 1986, when he decided to join the people’s liberation army to fight together with his comrades and fellow South Sudanese for the liberation of this land, ‘land of great abundance’, from Jallaba’s marginalization and suppression.

He remained loyal to the SPLM and the objectives of the revolution. Although he was a man in authority and bearing the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the SPLA and with numerous soldiers under his command, he never robbed anything from his poor fellow South Sudanese at gun point, as it was the case with other disloyal and dishonest SPLA commanders during the war of liberation.

He became the first Speaker of Warrap state Legislative Assembly after the signing of the CPA and he delivered to the people of Warrap their first ever legal document, the interim state constitution, with his colleagues and fellow law makers, on a golden plate.

He died in February 2011 after he had sensitized his people and mobilized them to vote for independence at the referendum. He became very glad like all South Sudanese when the results came out in favor of the independence.

Hitherto, I can say that he was a loyal SPLM member and a real patriot who didn’t like the current mismanagement of the affairs championed by the SPLM and its corrupt elite. His party has betrayed South Sudan and if he was alive, he would not have accepted this.

May those who ask me why Am I calling for the dismantling of the SPLM and my father was an SPLM member, be hereby kindly informed that the fact that my father was an SPLM member does not prevent me from calling for its dismantling and getting rid of this party that has become a source of pain and tragedy to the nation.

For those who think that the SPLM should be reformed, I say the SPLM is too deformed beyond repair, and we are deeply in need of a new way beyond this thick darkness that is surrounding us.

The SPLM leadership has resisted all the calls made by its members for reformation four years ago and the result of that resistance created internal differences that has dragged the nation into this senseless war.

REASONS FOR DISMANTLING THE SPLM

1. When the greatest soldiers of our nation ignited the second armed revolution at Bor and Ayod garrisons respectively in May 1983, which later on resulted into the inception of the SPLM/A; they were led by patriotism and loyalty to their homeland and their people. Loyalty to the people of South Sudan was the engine of the revolution.

The SPLM gradually begun to lose loyalty to the cause of its people after the war was ended by the signing of the CPA and the death of its leader John Garang. By losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan whom the war was fought in their name, the SPLM has greatly betrayed them.

The SPLM has betrayed our people for not remaining loyal to the objectives of the revolution which are supposed to serve the interests of our people as articulated in its first manifesto.

2. After gradually losing loyalty to the people of South Sudan, the SPLM became very much engaged in a very dirty and detrimental business; embezzlement of public money and sending them into special bank accounts in foreign lands.

We are all aware of the SPLM major corruption cases such as the scandal of $60 million that had disappeared between the SPLM leaders when it was just coming from the bush to the city, after the conclusion of the CPA, the grain scandal, the letters written by the President to (75) officials urging them to return the stolen funds, theft at the presidency, the scandal of the transferred money from Juba to Nairobi to Dabbi Group for purchasing fire extinguishers to be used in government’s institutions. This is only at the level of the national government led by the SPLM, leave alone the state governments.

On the other hand, the SPLM-led government has since 2005 up to 2011, received very huge sums of money from the donor countries and from the 50% share of the oil revenues designated for South Sudan in the CPA. All this money was not used for delivering services to the people of South Sudan.

All these monies have gone to the SPLM’s belly that’s never satisfied. The SPLM–led government is soaked in rampant corruption that has left the nation poor, barren and underdeveloped. The SPLM-led government has drastically failed to connect the ten states with network of tarmac roads.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior once said at the signing ceremony of the CPA that South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the days of Adam and Eve.

This happened due to foreign colonization and monopoly of power by the intruders in the former unified Sudan in post independence era under the successive governments of Khartoum; and it is the same thing happening today. South Sudan has never witnessed the presence of tarmac roads since the SPLM assumed power.

There is only one tarmac road in the entire country, the Juba-Nimule road, but it was not constructed by the SPLM-led government. It was done by the US government.

Up to here, one can say that we haven’t yet seen the SPLM tarmac roads, and if we wait, we will never see them because we had waited enough since 2005 up to 2014.

The SPLM government has failed beyond reasonable doubt to deliver basic services to the people of South Sudan. It could have built numerous schools, good modern health facilities, construct at least one huge dam in Fula area in Nimule to generate electric power for the entire country, but the monies that were supposed to be used for providing such services, have gone into the SPLM’s belly for good!

The SPLM has good strategic plans for delivering services to the civil population, but it did not implement them for being disloyal to the people and becoming self-centered.

There is a small booklet titled: “SPLM Strategic Framework for War to Peace” that was prepared by the SPLM leadership in 2004, which is the SPLM’s vision on development programs for the post war era in South Sudan.

It includes all the programs that the civilian population needs in South Sudan. It includes: developing institutional infrastructure for better governance, road transport, railway, air transport, telecommunication, town planning and public utilities, dykes in flood prone areas and water harvesting in water scarce areas, micro-dams for small scale hydro-electric generation for rural electrification, windmills for water at the sustainable homestead level, prioritizing agriculture as the engine of economic growth and poverty eradication and many more social programs.

The SPLM has abandoned all these programs and it became engaged in looting the resources of the nation.
Instead of embarking on the program of nation building, the SPLM established and entrenched a kleptocratic regime in the country. Kleptocracy means ‘rule by thieves’ and it is also defined as a form of corrupt political power, where the government exists to increase personal wealth and political power of its officials or the ruling class at the expense of the wider population.

Free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, says the following about the effect of the kleptocratic regime on a nation:
The effects of a kleptocratic regime or government on a nation are typically adverse in regards to the faring of the state’s economy, political affairs and civil rights.

Kleptocracy in government often vitiates prospects of foreign investment and drastically weakens the domestic market and cross-border trade.

As the kleptocracy normally embezzles money from its citizens by misusing funds derived from tax payments, or money laundering schemes, a kleptocratically structured political system tends to degrade nearly everyone’s quality of life.

In addition, the money that kleptocrats steal is often taken from funds that were earmarked for public amenities, such as the building of hospitals, schools, roads, parks and the like – which has further adverse effects on the quality of life of the citizens living under a kleptocracy.

The quasi-oligarchy that results from kleptocratic elite also subverts democracy or any other political format the state is ostensibly under.

This is now the real state of affairs in South Sudan.

3. The SPLM lacks good governance, democracy and art of dialogue. This is evident by its recent political differences over the issue of secret and open vote that had sparked armed confrontation in Juba between President Salva Kiir’s and Riek Machar’s supporters on the 15th of December 2013, and which has developed into a full scale tribal and atrocious war, that has devastating the whole Upper Nile region.

4. The SPLM has failed to transform itself from a gorilla movement to a political party that operates on institutionalism. Since its emergence from the bush in 2005 up to now, it has remained a group of army generals that combine politics with militarism and mix up party affairs with state affairs, a thing which has made the SPLM above the country.

Authentically and indisputably speaking, the SPLM since 2005 up to date has remained a politico-military party contrary to the international political norms and the spirit of the transitional constitution; hence it became catastrophic to the nation.

For many arrogant SPLM members, SPLM is South Sudan and South Sudan is SPLM, no difference between the two in their view! South Sudan under the SPLM rule is the only nation on earth where a party is above the entire nation. South Sudan must be above all parties and all institutions.

5. The SPLM is comprehensively responsible for the mass murder of Nuer tribesmen and women in Juba in the wake of the December 2013 political differences between its leaders, and the murder of Dinka tribesmen and women in Bor, Akobo, and Unity state as well as in the oil fields.

Lack of free democratic dialogue within the SPLM hierarchy led to a crisis that had divided our people along tribal lines. In fact, it is the SPLM’s tribal mind that has paved the way for tribal war and the killing of our beautiful diversity.

The presence of Nuer, Dinka, Acholi, Bari, Didinga, Balanda, Taposa, Kachipo, Murle, Nyangwara and all our various tribes together is what makes South Sudan South Sudan. Targeting one these tribes means targeting South Sudan.

The SPLM has killed and it is stilling killing the nation by dividing South Sudanese along ethnic lines. It is fully responsible of this war regardless of the obvious different the two of its warring factions. They were one before the split. They are both accountable for the status quo.

This makes the dismantling of the SPLM a must for all ‘great patriots’ of South Sudan.

6. The SPLM is also responsible for massive internal displacement of the civil population into UNMISS camps in Juba and in the three states of Upper Nile region. It is fully responsible for the terrible humanitarian conditions faced by the internally displaced peoples and those other displaced peoples taking refuge in the neighboring countries.

All these things happened as a direct result of the SPLM internal differences that its leaders have failed to handle wisely and peacefully.

7. By resorting to solving its differences through the barrel of the gun, the SPLM has given credibility to Khartoum analysts’ views before the independence that had claimed that, “South Sudanese cannot rule themselves; they will divide themselves along tribal lines and butcher themselves as soon as they get the independence”. It should have proved them wrong.

A party that gives credibility to prophets of doom and enemies of the nation and prove them right, though they are wrong, must be dismantled.

SPLM’s bad governance has made us a laughingstock to the world. Khartoum had laughed at us when our people started to quit the country they voted for its independence back to Sudan, the very country we separated from.
The northerners yelled at us: ‘did we not tell you that you will not rule yourselves and that you have no ability to run an independent state?’

Their writers and their newspapers have been confirming to the general public there in Sudan how far they have been true in saying that South Sudanese cannot rule themselves.

Some of our people who ran to Khartoum have even confessed our alleged inability to rule ourselves to Khartoum’s mass media. This happened due to SPLM bad governance, lack of political maturity and blind power struggle.

8. The SPLM lacks clear vision of how the program of nation building should be carried on. How the people of South Sudan should be united to become indeed one people and one nation and to have South Sudanism as their common identity and strongly embraced it.

9. The SPLM has failed to maintained security and stability of the nation. Since 2005 up to now there have been campaigns for cattle raiding and murder of civil population by criminals. We have Lakes, Warrap, and Unity and Jonglei states as good example in this regard.

The SPLM-led government has been unable to put an end to this lawlessness, deter crimes and criminals and restore law and order. The country has always remained fragile and unstable under the SPLM rule. Security has never improved over the past eight years or so.

This permanent insecurity across the country has scared the investors and prevented them from coming to invest and help revive the national economy.

10. The SPLM-led government has let down the people of South Sudan when their army liberated Panthou. The withdrawal of troops from the area was a terrible mistake that has betrayed our people.

The government of Sudan won Panthou through diplomatic campaigns in the international circles, while the SPLM diplomacy and its diplomats were deeply asleep. We then lost Panthou for good when the UN Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-Moon ordered President Salva Kiir to withdraw the army from the area. Noticeably, this shows that the SPLM lacks clear formulated foreign policy that serve our national interests in the international political sphere.

MECHANISMS FOR DISMANTLING THE SPLM

A new strong political movement must emerge and appear in our political arena to peacefully compete with the SPLM. This new movement must bear a clear program for nation building; it must used peaceful political mechanisms for dismantling this tragedy called SPLM.

Among the tools and mechanisms that it should use is political mobilization. It must reach out to the people of South Sudan wherever they are in and abroad to explain to them how bad the SPLM has been mismanaging the country, looting their resources, and finally dragging their country into a useless war and prepare them to participate in dismantling it.

This new political movement must be the champion of national salvation from the current terrible rule of the SPLM that has very much hurt the nation.

You and I must be members of this movement for change so that we get rid of the SPLM mess and save our people from this dangerous kleptocratic SPLM rule.

We must conduct political rallies, symposiums and seminars aimed at enlightening the people of South Sudan to see how bad the SPLM has been running the country they loved so much and paid for it dearly.

Our people must see how bad the SPLM is so that they vote it out of the office in free, fair and transparent elections which shall surely usher in a new political dispensation that will serve the people of South Sudan and keep peace and stability and turn the country into an oasis of justice and prosperity.

CONCLUSION

This new movement must be true and righteous. The Holy Bible says in the above quote that when the righteous (those who do what is right for their people) are in authority, the people rejoice. It also says that when the wicked (those who do evil things) bear the rule; the people mourn.

SPLM is a wicked party that did not make our people rejoice, it has made them mourn. SPLM is an evildoer. South Sudan is now mourning under the wicked rule of the SPLM as this senseless war rages day after day, killing tens of thousands of innocent.

This is a call for righteousness for South Sudan. This is a call for a righteous government that will make our people rejoice and prosper and live in a lasting peace.

Together, let us get rid of the SPLM and all its factions; be it SPLM-Juba, SPLM-IO, SPLM-DC, SPLM-federalism, SPLM-decentralization or any other type of SPLM.

Mr. Ayok is reachable at dengdit_a@yahoo.com