Category: More Views

Pres. Salva Kiir has betrayed his people & the nation

By: James Gatdet Dak,DEC/20/2014, SSN;

After many painful decades of destructive war of liberation against successive oppressive regimes in Khartoum, people of South Sudan gained their hard won freedom on 9 July 2011. The independence which resulted from an overwhelming vote in favour of separation from the rest of Sudan, in an internationally monitored referendum, was thought to be the beginning of the freedom at last.

It was thought that lives would be rebuilt in the state-nation building as good governance with selfless spirit would supersede selfish gains. It was thought that peaceful plural democratic politics would be adopted and embraced as prerequisites for justice, stability and prosperity.

Little did the down trodden masses know that they were going yet for another protracted cycle of unnecessary internal bloodshed and self-destruction.

General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the first president of the Republic of South Sudan, has betrayed his people and the nation. He has betrayed the trust of the people of South Sudan bestowed upon him in August 2005 and April 2010.

Kiir had an overwhelming support from his colleagues, and of course from the South Sudanese masses, irrespective of ethnicity, who stood behind him from the onset when he succeeded our former leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, in August 2005.

He also started well when he boldly decided to reconcile and reunite with the Other Armed Groups (OAGs), led by late General Paulino Matip Nhial, returning to the fold their supporters among the populace.

Kiir also had a committed able team of colleagues in the ruling party (SPLM) and government. This team led by his former right-hand man, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, went through thick and thin, shuttling between Juba and Khartoum, and successfully negotiated the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

The team also ensured that Kiir was elected in April 2010, renewed his mandate and continued with the mission to achieve independence. Despite the fact that there were unbearable weaknesses in his leadership as captain of the ship, the team continued to tolerate such weaknesses so that any internal conflict did not arise and overshadow the main mission.

This was to avoid chances by Khartoum to take advantage of unfavourable internal situation which might jeopardize the long awaited exercise of referendum on the right of self-determination.

The team made independence of South Sudan a priority number one above other critical issues on democracy and governance.

Unfortunately, President Kiir was not prepared for the state-nation building after independence. He displayed an apparent act of apostasy and deviated from the vision and principle objectives of the party. The President defiantly displayed a misguided one-man show and continued to do so even in post independent era and after eight years in power.

President Kiir dashed the hopes and high expectations of the people when his fascist administration continued to indulge in corruption with impunity. Tribalism, acute inadequacy in delivery of basic services and lack of well-planned socio-economic and physical infrastructural developments were lingering on.

Instead of appreciating and compensating the people of South Sudan with untrammeled freedom, rule of law and democracy, unity and development for their suffering in the liberation struggle and for standing behind him for eight years and counting, Kiir chose to walk the path of dictatorship, division and lack of development. He finally plunged the young nation into civil war on 15 December 2013 and the consequent predicament.

A patriotic statesman who claimed to have liberated his people would not betray the very people and the nation in the way president Kiir has done it!

He has stooped so low that he decided to defend his position with bloody iron fist against reformists and democratic processes in leadership successions in the party and government.

He did not learn a positive thing from the political life and leadership of the South African icon, Nelson Mandela, whose burial service he attended, nor read books about Julius Nyerere of Tanzania.

Kiir as chairman of the SPLM (currently in government) defied messages which he, his colleagues and the populace clearly read on the wall when all the states secretariats of the ruling party in 2012 summarized their report after exhaustive consultations with the people in which the report clearly stated that the SPLM had lost vision and direction.

The party chairman and his colleagues were reminded of the need to check what went wrong that led to the loss of vision and direction. Thus, they understood there was need for reforms and maybe change of guards in order to rejuvenate the party’s leadership and revitalize its vision and redirect its policies.

The party’s constitution necessitated leadership contest in every five years, and in this case, from May 2008 to May 2013. So it was never a crime for any leader or member of the party to decide and express desire to contest for the top seat or any other position ahead of a planned national convention?

Machar as the next senior officer and some of his colleagues had to act in trying to salvage the party and nation from near collapse. They declared their interest to constitutionally contest for the chair.

In reaction, president Kiir decided to unconstitutionally go around the process by first blocking further follow up meetings of the political bureau, the highest executive organ of the SPLM, from taking place.

He went on to unconstitutionally dissolve party structures with the exception of his own office, strangely.

Finally, the president faked a military coup in order to arrest, dehumanize or eradicate the reformists and contesters. This was an attempt to silent voices critical of the way he was running the party.

There was never a planned coup in the first place. This is why the case collapsed in his own court in Juba. There was no single evidence. There was no single army officer in the army headquarters implicated for allegedly taking part in the military coup attempt.

Those arrested on the night of 15 December and the days that followed were all party leaders who were awakened and surprised by sounds of AK-47s when they were asleep and unaware.

This is because their meetings days before the 15 December incident were simply calling on President Kiir to convene a meeting for the party’s political bureau in an attempt to reconcile the differences and chart a way forward, where basic documents were to be passed.

This author was in attendance and actually took the minutes and participated in the drafting of the resolutions of the last meeting chaired by Machar with participation of more than ten senior party leaders, most of whom were the current former detainees led by the former SG, Pagan Amum Okiech.

The meeting was held in the house of Mama Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior days before the 15 December. There was nothing militant about it. It was all about reconciliation in the party.

But when Kiir called for an abrupt meeting at Nyakuron Culture Center in Juba and bent on forcefully passing the basic documents [manifesto, rules and regulations, code of conduct and constitution], without the necessary discussions and amendments, he was already in bad mood during which he sprayed insults, threatening his colleagues, instead of reconciling with them.

Certain quarters in South Sudan and from foreign countries however contributed to the confusion and helped in hardening the dictatorial tendencies which president Kiir developed. Bad advisors who only saw their interest in fishing in the dirty water didn’t want a democratic process which would have seen their bread winner exit the throne.

What the heck is democracy, they whispered in confidential circles. Kiir seemed to have picked such ill-intentioned advices from his close loyalists and foreign mentors, taking it as an assurance of not being alone in the encouraged collective greed for power and wealth.

These are the individuals and groups who now try to throw the blame on Dr. Riek Machar for challenging Salva Kiir in the first place, ignoring the fact that the constitution allowed any party member to expressively challenge the chair ahead of a national convention.

Thus, Machar and two other colleagues including Mama Rebecca Nyandeng and SG Pagan Amum expressed their respective desires to contest for the chair. This they revealed in February 2013 just three months to the planned SPLM convention in May, if the schedule was to be followed. Therefore there was nothing wrong about it.

There are some who continue to argue and ask, but why did Machar dare to contest against his boss while he was still his deputy in the party and government? These hypocrites should be reminded that there is no article in the SPLM constitution which stipulates that a deputy chairman shall not contest against his chairman.

Yet the same people would contradictorily argue and ask, but why didn’t Machar challenge Kiir’s weaknesses when the two were in the fold for eight years from 2005 to 2011? I believe the same people would equally blame him if he persistently did so before independence and Kiir resisted and war broke out. It was wise to concentrate on priority number one (independence).

Nevertheless, Machar tried so hard to advise and show Kiir his weaknesses and offered him remedies which the latter rejected for so long. Even though he delegated some of his executive powers to his deputy, Kiir continued to sabotage Machar’s efforts. Machar only hanged on with him for the sake of unity, hoping that Kiir would change in time, particularly after independence.

Long story short, president Kiir should save the nation by let-going his burning desire to remain president for life. He should not continue to hold South Sudan hostage when he failed his chance for nearly 10 years now.
His visionless rule is characterized by rampant corruption, tribal divisions, lack of development and deadly violence. He should step down and allow others to put the house in order. This would be an applauded bold decision if he did it.

A meaningful peace agreement on the basis of a federal system of governance needs to be reached between the warring parties and the war stopped.

The SPLM party and leaders, without Kiir, would then reconcile, reinstate and reconstitute their pre-15 December leadership hierarchy to lead an interim period before the next national convention and general elections.

A genuine democratic political multi-party system needs to be instituted in the South Sudanese politics. Mergers or alliances between like-mind political parties should also be encouraged in order to come out with few, but strong political parties capable of challenging and checking each other.

Reforms in the party and in the various sectors in government should be introduced and implemented.

Finally, president Kiir should be mindful of whatever good legacy he is destroying in whole. He should be courageous enough to wake up one morning and decide that the nation is above what seems to be his desire for lifetime presidency.

Ten years in power is enough for one to explore his or her ability and capacity as a leader.

He has to quit for the sake of the people he claimed to have liberated, but yet let down at the critical time when they were yearning for unity, stability and prosperity.

The author is a Spokesperson in the Office of the Chairman, SPLM/SPLA. The opinionated contents in the article are however his personal views, and not an official statement. He can be reached at gatdetdak2013@gmail.com

Nuer Politicians in Kiir’s Government caught up between Self-destruction & Dirty Political Loose-ends

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, South Sudan, DEC/14/2014, SSN;

It was in October when Nuer politicians in Salva Kiir’s government convened a meeting with the president to seek assurance and define their fates before signing of any final agreements with the SPLM-IO.The meeting was called upon by the Nuer politicians and lasted for more than four hours because everyone was allowed to express his/her feeling and interest

Their concern was that the upcoming TGoNU would be a disaster to them since it will be regionally and ethnically represented and they will find themselves not only as people without region but also rootless and baseless as most of them are already disowned by their communities

In addition, Riek Machar in accordance with the peace agreement would become the Prime Minister who will run the government and eliminate those who acted against his cause during this conflict and especially the Nuer supporters of Kirr Mayardit.

Knowing this, they thought wise enough that it was the right time to decide their fate; they threatened President Salva Kirr that they would join the rebellion under Riek Machar since their communities are all there and would welcome them, which would eventually open for them a window of opportunity to participate in the upcoming TGoNU if he doesn’t assure them of their “political safety”

In the meeting, President Salva Kirr easily responded that he would protect their interest. “Your interest will never be affected; I will ensure all of you remain in your current position and add also more portfolios to what you currently have,” Kirr assured them

The long meeting ended with a proposal that the Nuer politicians, with help of President Salva Kiir, will form a “mini-parallel government” from within to protect their interests and encounter Dr. Machar’s group in the next governments.

Dinka Politicians reacted on the meeting outcomes

Few days after the meeting was concluded, some senior government officials including the information minister, Michael Makuey Lueth, Petroleum Minister, Stephen Dhieu Dau and Kuol Manyang Juuk of defense with attendance of some highly trusted MPs all from Dinka of Greater Upper Nile region convened a secret meeting to analysis the meeting outcome between the Nuer politicians with the President.

There are no clear details on how the meeting was conducted but a letter of grievances and rejection of the meeting outcomes between the president and the Nuer politicians was wrote and presented to the President with the title “We are all Dinka, we must be the protected inner and outer protector of Dinka interest”

“We are here by informing Your Excellency that we have categorically rejected the meeting outcomes you had few days ago with the Nuer politicians serving in this government” part of the letter read.

The basis on which the rejection came about was more concentrated to President’s promise to protect the interest of loyal Nuer in the upcoming TGoNU. Not only that, the politicians were not pleased by the fact that the Nuer loyal politicians be granted a chance to form a mini-parallel government within this government to work on “protecting their interest”.

That would clearly mean that even the loyal Nuer military generals in the field would automatically have their allegiance to the group directly and they will be directed toward protecting their interest instead of the nation’s interest.

“It is more than obvious that we are succumbing to plant weeds ourselves in our own garden; granting those group a chance to form a mini-parallel government would automatically mean that even the loyal Nuer general in the field will have their allegiance to the groups and they will be directed toward achieving and protecting their interest on daily basis rather than the nation’s interest” part of the letter read

As a result, the president called the three ministers for a dinner in his residence at J1 8 days later after receiving the letter. The Chief of General Staffs Gen. Paul Malong Awan of the SPLA-Juba and the Minister in the office of the President Mr. Awan Gol Riak were also invited for the same dinner and participated in the discussion.

The dinning gathering was called upon by the president to listen to the three top politicians and to strategize ways and mechanism to “utilize the strength” of Nuer politicians in the government since they threatened a possible defection to the rebellion should their interest be blocked.

The discussion was much more concentrating on how to utilize the political and military strength of the Nuer serving in the government. President Kirr assured the five fellow tribe-mate officials that his promise of protecting the interest of Nuer after the peace agreement was purely a political marketing.

“You know me very well since 2005, I did not even think that inu any of you would believe that I was frank to them” Said Kirr as all of them leaned back to their chairs smiling and laughing

The dinning discussion was concluded as follow:

Kirr to call upon the Nuer ministers again and direct them toward the preconditions and tasks before “protecting and achieving their interest” and to explain to the ministers (Nuer) that it would be better for them to exert more efforts to crash the rebellion once and for all than to have peace that will bring back the Nuer politicians in the rebellion.

A ministerial committee comprising mostly of Nuer politicians be formed and sent abroad to lobby against the looming sanctions targeting individual leaders and enlighten the world that the government is an inclusive government and should be recognized as a government of a sovereign state fighting some tribal politicians who are in need of power.

The ministers should also be tasked to deny that Nuer were not killed as have been reported on the media and by some human rights actors, to at least reduce the intensity of the looming sanctions.

Nuer military generals and troops be deployed to the Nuer areas still under opposition control and crash the rebellion

Renew their mobilization task to let those in UNMISS come out and mobilize Nuer youths from the region and the world to abandon their support to the SPLA/M-IO.

Some Nuer politicians should be sent to their respective Counties (especially those under government) to mobilize the communities to support Salva Kirr and fight against the rebellion.

There will be no mini-parallel government formed within this government to protect their own interest/

The meeting finally concluded that should the Nuer politicians succeed in helping to crash the rebellion militarily, they will then have their share of the cake representing the remaining Nuer community. Or should there be a peace agreement signed, the issue of protecting some group’s interest should never be heard “like it was never discussed” and they will later define their direction.

Another secret meeting convened between Kirr and loyal Nuer politicians

Few days after the dinning discussion between President Kirr and his five tribe-mate ministers, Kirr called upon the key Nuer politicians individually and explained the tasks and preconditions toward protecting and achieving their political interest as explained above.

The meeting was brief and direct and lasted for less than 1 hour because the main speaker was Kirr himself while the Nuer politicians were listening.

John Kok Ruai spoke on behalf of the group and he strongly stressed that crashing the rebellion would be the only mean to lengthen the reign of Salva Kirr and for them to achieve their political objective of representing the Nuer community in the government.

“I strongly believe that crashing this rebellion of Riek Machar would be the best option to lengthen your reign in power your Excellency, and for us to also protect and achieve our political interest of representing our community in this government” said James Kok Ruai.

Then, Kirr finally spoke and recommended that crashing the rebellion should be the priority as the dry season is just starting.

“Let’s destroy the rebel militarily and politically; let’s get rid of the white army with our maximum powers within and from the region, let’s clear all the remaining areas from rebellion and that must be spearheaded by you. Let that be our priority from now.

If we sign a final peace with the rebel, you must know that inu we are in poverty forever because I will not have these powers that I have now to protect your interest,” Kirr said to the group.

Few days later after the Juba conference of the SPLM-Juba, a ministerial meeting was convened to disclose the plans and appoint the team (mostly Nuer ministers) to lobby against the looming sanctions on Kirr himself and his government.

Caught up between Self-destruction and dirty political loose-ends

The group is caught up between unrealistic success of destroying their very own community and unpredictable political stability at the end of their game. The only window of opportunity for them would only be when the dream of crashing the rebellion, the SPLA/M-IO is realized. When the entire Nuer community is devastated and no sound minded person is living in it is what they are up to.

The question is, would the government be able to crash the rebellion in this dry season, and will these so called loyal Nuer politicians realize their dream of representing the Nuer community in the government?

In a nutshell, anybody in this world who thinks that this resistance movement call SPLM/A in Opposition would be crashed by Salva Kirr and his allies is a mad dog having some day dreaming.

The moment survived the last dry season’s serious fight when men were in the front with sticks and spears waiting for guns from the SPLA-Juba who would runs away and leave behind the guns for them. They survived and they took over a number of Tanks with AK-47 from Juba forces in all the three states of Upper Nile. They would go to battle with 3 – 5 bullets in their guns, yet the Juba troops have always been on run.

Who is that sound minded person to think that crashing this rebellion is like chewing some cooked beans? The movement is now stronger and stronger like it never been before, men are well trained and are given all the military supplies and equipment.

Moreover, should their dream of crashing this rebellion fail (in fact is unrealistic); I guess they must know by now what they will becomes like. Yes! That is how a traitor ends up always.

The TGoNU will be ethnically and regionally represented. If your head has some brain and nerves for thinking, come to think of it; you are currently holding four ministerial positions apart from the deputies and the other portfolios.

You know very well the SPLM in Opposition is more than 80% dominated by Nuer and they will get more than 40% share in the TGoNU. Be sure that the upcoming TGoNU will not be a Nuer dominated government where you will have a chance in that side while others are in this side holding the key position in the government.

H.E Gen. Salva Kirr is using you as the outer protector of the Dinka interest and his personal interest of remain in power for life.

In conclusion:

All of us must be alert that a traitors can apply all means of achieving his/her goal. They are human being with objectives and goals but not vision and direction.

They are like cars and boats; the moment they are filled with what they want, they can move to any direction that they are directed to by their drivers and at maximums speed they require to reach their destination in a short time possible.

They can be militant, they can be politicians and they can be everything we may not expect them to be. The moment they move an inch toward us, let’s move ten inch toward them. They are the real enemy.

“This Country may survive discrimination, hunger, humiliation, epidemics, etc. but I afraid we can’t survive a traitor”

Chuol C. Puoch, the author of this piece can be reached via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com or on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/chuolcpuoch and on Twitter @chuolchot

IGAD Mediators: Peace isn’t constructed like a bridge!

By: Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, South Sudan, DEC/04/2014,SSN;

The IGAD mediators to South Sudanese peace talks are ‘unfit’ to resolve the conflict. They need to top-up their mediating gears for peace to be realized in South Sudan. These mediators were not expected to give political scope of interests to the cluster of South Sudanese politicians who think that South Sudan is their gifted village to be taken into abyss amidst our silence.

If the warring parties have been violating cessation of hostilities agreement and the mediators couldn’t pressurize the leaders involved to the conflict, then what is it for IGAD mediators to continue mediating between the minds of politicians who are wailing for the failure of the new nation?

South Sudanese should think of divorcing the IGAD mediators and loud up their voices or invite the world to resolve the conflict before inflaming.

In sum, this conflict may not be resolved simply by allowing it to fade away or by eliminating the conflict situations with sanctions and/or by recompensing rebels with political positions in the upcoming interim government.

The current war is immoral and the impending bad peace being negotiated by IGAD in Ethiopia shall be a daunting one. A bad upcoming interim government in the hands of Dr Machar and chameleonic individuals in Equatoria region is bullying.

A lot need to be done for a lasting peace, lest things will not change for better.

South Sudan conflict is heavily mechanized politically. The political heights, hearts for wealth, power and the individualistic military backgrounds of some armed folks loyal to Kiir and Dr Machar may still continue to cause more adversities in the country.

Thus, Gen. Peter Gadet will not easily listen to Dr Riek and stop attacking SPLA forces’ position, and the SPLA will not militarily cease to defend its territorial integrity from aggression as a national army.

This is a scenario IGAD bloc needs to grease, think of healing military and political ambiances.

The mediators should also recognize that they are not mediating peace for leaders with political interests but for the nation. Peace belongs to the nation, not individuals within the government or rebels.

Our people have been displaced, others exiled and thousands were killed. As conflict is a dispute in a situation defined by the warring parties with different beliefs, mutual perception and the evidences related to the root causes, it’s a turn for IGAD bloc to say enough is enough to the warring parties and establish reasonable, concrete mechanisms for a real peace.

Is IGAD bloc not contributing to the failure of the new nation? Peace is not constructed like a bridge. It emerges from the balanced mental tones. These mediators are deemed to coax the leaders involved to the conflict to accept their roles as fire igniters, make them feel responsible for their doings.

Hence, peace with just – a just peace couldn’t materialize in the hands of these mediators. As mediating is a business, there is not need for IGAD bloc to waste time doing less than expected for a quite long time.

Anyone who desires to make money out of this conflict is a failure to him/herself. The mediators should focus on public demand and wishes for peace by restoring hope and nationalistic feelings through a just peace.

There is a need for political interests to be shortened, power not shared un-necessarily, antagonism lessened, and the resulting expectations made more realistic by clarifying the conflict situation or point fingers to resistance bodies involved to the conflict.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a columnist, blogger and lives in Aweil, South Sudan. He can be reached via mangokson@gmail.com.

SPLA-In-Opposition overran & captured Camp #15 near Kapoeta

DECEMBER/02/2014, SSN; Breaking News: A highly placed former Equatorian SPLA Lt.General who defected to the SPLA/M-In-Opposition has announced that forces comprising of men from Kapoeta area and other tribes from Eastern Equatoria State today attacked SPLA-Juba and overran Camp No. 15, also known as Mile 15.

The overall Zonal Commander of Equatoria in the SPLA-In-Opposition revealed that the successful attack and capture of Camp No. 15 is the first ever action taken and accomplished by volunteer soldiers and civilians from the sons of the region.

Camp No. 15 is a well known military base near the town of Kapoeta, Eastern Equatoria State.

(More details will be coming from the official SPLA-In-Opposition or others)

How Dishonest Peace can be a Noble Peace

BY: SANTINO ANIEK, Upstate New York, USA, NOV/23/2014, SSN;

I have some additional reasons for paying this well-deserved tribute to the dishonest peace, which is under the construction of diplomatic solution in Addis Ababa. Sadly enough, there is a basic paradox at work here, and I do feel that the rhetoric in the head quarter is taking on a more aggressive manner with the choices to threaten war to continue.

It is extraordinary how in South Sudanese people’s lives, the most unforgettable acts of violence are habitually refusing to be driven away despite the longest war we fought with the regime in Khartoum and at the end we have shown lack of understanding to take advantage of the experience.

There are many times when violence seems to have been extended to our people almost with divine evil, and it would arrive when our people are seemingly discouraged or when they are completely hopeless.

This is the reality on so many levels, and subsequently complicated yet simply in its truth that the South Sudanese people are suffering unnecessarily countrywide because their leaders are annihilating the innocent people and misusing natural resources for the almighty war and unchecked tyrannical power creating massive death tolls across South Sudan.

Ultimately, the most devastating and more sophisticated is a dishonest peace that doesn’t seem to have legs and impending genuine challenges our citizens certainly never experienced before.

At the same time, the notion of two separate armies in one country is part of the root cause of this senseless war causing horrendous atrocities on both sides, and tens of thousands of lives have been lost across the country.

Yet the new inclinations to redefine our citizen’s well-being in more than merely peace in terms of security and stability in South Sudan has drawn more attention to the fact that we need more than a peace, because our citizen cannot be in harmony without a tangible peace.

Nevertheless, most of the South Sudanese people have been constantly passionate for a serious debate about promoting a long-term diplomatic solution, and they are keen to address this horrific suffering.

However, the aim is overcoming individual and social experience of traumatization and creating conditions for subjective and collective reconciliation and healing wounds of this senseless war, never has been more importance than now.

As a result, there has been urging daily and nightly across the country for peace and stability, and believe it or not, people are terrified that the situation is slowly developing into a civil war.

Now its intensity depending on whether South Sudanese people will accept the dishonest peace or whether they will be ecstatic with the continuation of this senseless war, after which the killing on both sides will resume.

Yes, indeed, every community is based on certain beliefs, however, allow me to say this again, this war is not only inspiring people, but I’m instantly sure that it is changing the lives of 8 million South Sudanese people including mine, and therefore, there is no way I can even begin to sort out my feelings, when I see these innocent children, including women are continually suffering in a daily bases.

The emotions, the sadness, the anger, the heartache, the physical pain in my entire body, are all coming jumbling and tumbling, head to toes and I’m incompetent to pin them down and sort them out appropriately.

However, the single common thread that I have found is the resilience and deceptive lack of bitterness and self-pity of our leaders.

Furthermore, the South Sudanese people are subsequently and methodically disgusted with their leader for being so capable of doing such horrific things to their innocent people whereas they are not capable to have a solution to this crisis.

Nonetheless, with this war continuously to consume our people’s lives, our generation’s appetite to speak with one voice to try to unite the South Sudanese citizens is below zero.

Moreover, I must admit that at this point in time, the South Sudanese citizens have felt that they could no longer bear such a heavy burden of this senseless war, and people have been tempted to retreat to a more quite peaceful life and longing for the returning of peace to the new nation.

Just as we adapted ourselves in recent years to the winds of wars, negotiation among the South Sudanese people is becoming a national subject, and they have seen time and time again in their lives that peace is considered to be less and less important, because peace was never intended to be honored or as in fact not honored in South Sudan before.

In addition, I have believed and understood the condition in South Sudan needs an urgent solution; because I’m absolutely positively convince that there is a need to create the condition for subjective and collective reconciliation, dialogue, forgiveness, tolerance, and peace in order to prevent massive death again.

As I said before, war never has been the solution. It wasn’t the solution during the 21 years of struggle when we fought the ruthless regime in Khartoum, it isn’t the solution now, and it will never be the solution for South Sudanese people to departure from this catastrophe.

More importantly, this senseless war is so remarkable and profound to few individuals, and I have been thrown to the side, when I watched this tremendous suffering of our innocent people on social media day and night.

Meanwhile, those who call themselves leaders of this country have to rise up, speak the truth about this dishonest peace to the South Sudanese people and explain to them how noble it is, to influence those who have ears can hear, and those who have eyes can see.

Though, knowing that the citizens are about to witness the developing of the untrue peace chosen by the leaders of the new nation with their partner IGAD and those who think they are hearing the returning of peace, certainly, it is true and we must embrace it since the people of this nation do not have the finest alternative but the one we call dishonest peace.

It is time for the citizens of this nation to prepare for what we are about to witness in some months to come, as the majority of our people are hoping that the smile will once again return.

Nonetheless, it is generally perceived that the discriminatory killing of our innocent citizens has dominated the arena of debate among the South Sudanese people and it reaches to the point of a joint reconstruction, which will draw upon regionals perspective to deepen understanding to reduce mistrust and facilitate reconciliation and heal the wounds of this senseless war.

Although living under these conditions, many citizens had lost faith in themselves, in their leaders and they have been searching for all sorts of explanations from their leaders.

Unfortunately, Juba has taken a wrong turn; since then those who have not woken up have to be pushed to the side, out of the way as a result, our citizens seem to be feeling perhaps they are less humans and few individuals have concluded that their destiny will be determined in the battle field and not in the arena of compromise. However, hearing this news coming from Addis Ababa, we can understand how the victims of this senseless war are feeling, whose innocent children, mothers, relatives were taken away from them and eventually will not get virtual justification when the peace returns within reasonable time limits.

Though, the families who lost their loved ones, including me, have to go through this ridiculous untidiness in order to prevent more death in South Sudan is nothing, but a soaring order to be grasped.

Specifically, looking back to a long history full of atrocities, we have no other adequate avenue rather than accepting this horrendous arrangement.

More generally, many people around the country are worried about the arrangement that has been put in place in Addis Ababa. Numerous people reflect this will put innocent people at more risk in the future, but this is what the fellow citizens need to understand.

There is no other guiltiest jeopardy than this, subsequently we undertake that our people would weigh the lost and benefit when deciding to continue with the war and when ending the war.

Meanwhile, even if the two sides do agree at some point in the coming months to form a united government, there is another ominous battle looming in the country. The tribal conflict is uncontrollable and the government is running out of time.

The reason this conflict has been going on for quite sometimes, party, national government and local communities cannot agree on principle and the local community’s view that the national government is out of control and lacks discipline.

My fear is that, the government might not be able to handle the situations because Juba has been weakened by these wars and Juba may not be able to rattle their adversary without properly addressing some of the main fundamental issues that instigate this conflict to spark.

What remains a matter of curiosity however, the senseless war has not really achieved its targeted goals, and I have no doubt that this arrangement will succeed if given a chance.

In addition, I impartially hope that my position will later be approved when all of its provisions of this peace become fully implemented in terms of how it correctly or wrongly effects the already existing conflicting wounds of this senseless war.

The chronic conflict between the communities have not only held the new nation from moving forward with the development and nation building, but has been devastating the South Sudanese people, causing an intolerable loss of human lives.

On the flipside, the document seems not to be answering all the questions surrounding this arrangement and I think that is the most compelling about the narrative of this peace. These two separate armies seems like a tremendously giant issue and a greater concern to all South Sudanese citizens, since it is a huge barrier between the government and the citizens who want to see the returning of peace and stability to the new nation.

However, defining a goal is extremely difficult, but the document’s finding is ultimately what makes this peace so interesting. Furthermore, this document will finds its groove by delivering hope to South Sudanese communities, by giving voice to the local people and answering their skepticism when this arrangement is implemented.

Interestingly enough, so much of what the South Sudanese people are hoping is the product of the lobbyists of this dishonest peace and as result, we finds that politics is ultimately identical and unpredictable. This is what I love about the South Sudanese leaders. They will celebrate the possible unnecessary worst achievement that reveals their pity wonderful relationships and their disconnections virtually with the reality and they will not shy away from addressing the enormity and messiness of their task when the peace and smile return. Oftentimes, the philosophy of the South Sudanese leaders have been discouraged by the voices across South Sudan, from city centers to rural communities and the disprovable is still growing as we speak.
More importantly, employment is the big issues all the South Sudanese citizens are facing across the country, combating poverty and achieving freedom and equality requires a major reorientation of economic and development planning however, the above mention are the epicenter of this senseless war.

As common sense tells us, the wellbeing of human beings can be determined by some of the necessities explicitly food, clean water, shelter, etc., and without those, there will be more turbulence in some years to come in the new nation. It should therefore not come as a surprise that wellbeing parallels to some extent with material prerequisites while, at the same time, huge unfairness in the distribution of natural resources is another factor obstructing peace in the new nation.

As always history remind us, poverty and destitution are the root causes for despair in Africa, especially in South Sudan and equally, poverty and unfairness prevents us from living in peace, as peace is theoretically more enjoyable in the absence of war. The South Sudanese people need to know that there is no short cut in this effort to fight cruelty, division and isolation but to create a condition for constructive that will promoted reconciliation, compromise, dialogue, tolerance, and forgiveness to bring trust and confidence to our citizens to return to normal golden days where all communities live side by side.

But in my mind, there is still a considerable debate or controversy surrounding the life of our citizens needs to be addressed. In the ability to exercise legitimate rights for our citizens, however, the unity government’s current priorities under the social inclusive program will have to include the Secretary of the Veterans Affairs that will help jobless families with children whose parents have perished in this senseless war by helping them into sustainable employment and aiding them into a good start in life.

The examination of our citizen’s view indicates that although the predicaments of violence against our citizens have become widely recognized and the issue has been consistently placed on the agenda for reconciliation, dialogue, tolerance, forgiveness and compromise.

Nevertheless, recognizing the competition between government and rebel for better positions would require an agreement on the broad principle that the two sides share power equally without going back to war. The principle of creating a constructive understanding would be a comprehensive outlines to stop any violence in the future against our citizens.

Leaving aside whether it is purely moral to have two armies in one country or whether there should be no peace at all, as public opinion conceding that indeed there is a fair argument to be made for peace to return. It is actually more costly to put this dishonest peace to death; given all the death and tremendous suffering the South Sudanese people have been put through. However, there is more than a reasonable argument to be made here why this arrangement should be given a chance and recognized a break to our innocent citizens.

Even though many people seem to oppose this bargaining between the two parties, I wondered though how you would feel if you lost loved ones to this senseless war. Would your ethical convictions and spiritual beliefs be powerful enough to withstand your grief, rage, and yearning for retribution? Quite possibly you could not.

That is exactly why the decision to put this senseless war to a deathbed would be made dispassionately without undue emotion over the particulars of any given situation. Otherwise, if the continuation of this war seems to be the best option to few South Sudanese people, this explains to us that we have given in our basic instincts to become murderers ourselves. In this case, allowing this senseless war to continue is barbaric, pathetic, and is not justifiable by any circumstances.

Nonetheless, throughout the history of mankind, societies have maintained the right to put war to an end and leave it to continue is far outside the pale of unobjectionable behavior. What make us wiser than our predecessors is that it is not instantly restricted to the most outrageous behavior of our leader, but few avaricious individuals who always seem to appreciate when innocent lives are being lost is the difference here.

Our innocent citizens’ horrendous suffering is an inspiration to all of us to be able to embrace this dishonest peace until the people of this nation decide what is best for them. We could debate endlessly and vigorously over the root cause of this tragic disconnect between ourselves and the leaders of this nation but the truth of the matter is, we have arrived at this crisis from many varied directions and no solution has been found yet except this dishonest peace.

We have to be honest to ourselves, thoughtful, and open minded about the current contacts in this conflict in what we call our country. It is not something materialized overnight, however, these issues have been filing up for some decade and they need a commonsense and middle ground approach and not rhetoric.

The continuation on attacking our character, integrity and conduct accusing ourselves of selling ourselves to higher bidder, or wanting our 30 minutes of fame or name recognition needs to stop and accept this dishonest peace by moving forward. It is a travesty that those in uniforms who served during the Anyanya I war and have continued to serve during the SPLM/SPLA war to preserve the freedoms of this country are continuing to risk their lives, continuing to perish, only because of the party’s disagreement. It is nothing but troubling and heartbreaking.

A question could be asked, what can we expect from the government that has no moral compass? In this circumstance, each South Sudanese citizen has the highest responsibility; we have to take ownership of this travesty, and stop playing blaming game at the moment in time, more importantly, time is not on our side and we have killed more of our people in ten months than Khartoum killed in ten years, while our traditional enemy is watching us. Nevertheless, this is a deplorable behavior from the South Sudanese leaders who have been entrusted by their people to take care of the bravest citizens who have liberated the nation from a ruthless regime in Khartoum, but to use these finest citizens as a tools of fighting wars, is more disturbing.

Truly, I’m not as fearlessness as South Sudanese people are, I will never do anything as amazing as such our people have been struggle by holding on for more than 10 months, but I will never have anything to offer them in return of their loved ones they have lost during this senseless war other than my guiltiness and sorrowfully sympathy I myself can hardly afford at this difficult time.

The realization of our citizens’ rights is a national struggle based on universal human rights and the rule of law and that right cannot be achieved through the barrel of the gun, but to be determined by a painful decision that the South Sudanese people have to take by putting this senseless war to an end, is the only common sense approach that will create the sense of trust and understanding among the communities.

Before this senseless war, South Sudan was fast becoming a model for other countries in Africa to replicate its success of a longest war in Africa that has been seen throughout the decades of struggle. This achievement by the South Sudanese people has touched on many people’s hearts around the world and it did cover a rethinking how the South Sudanese people stood together as a one people and liberated themselves from the regime in Khartoum.

Nonetheless, hearing that an agreement has been reached in Addis Ababa, encourages the majority of the South Sudanese people, and because the situation has been deteriorating and people have been hoping for anything that can decrease anguish. Nevertheless, this dishonest peace will positively pick up more support among the South Sudanese people and, in the end, it is worth a consideration in order to bring tranquility and alleviate this horrendous situation to silence.

Indeed, the dishonest peace is seeking to extended assurance to more than 8 million people by prohibiting the senseless war and decreasing the death level in the new nation. It will create a safe environment for time being for our innocent citizens who have been given a preexisting condition by the champion of this senseless war to perish and since then they have been denied to live their lives freely.

The goal of this arrangement is to stop the hostility, and brings some sort of stability and calmness. In addition, there will be an optional gain in this arrangement and will occur through the integration of the two armies in the long run. The argument can be made though, after the peace has become a law, however, there is still a lot of work to be done to promoted reconciliation, dialogue, compromise, tolerance, forgiveness, and the healing of wounds of this senseless war to counteract future conflict.

The arrangement will basically and hopefully address how to build trust and confidence among the South Sudanese communities, which has been a great concern and was lacking during the PCA. To address these concerns, the South Sudanese citizens will hope the so-called leaders will attempt to be sympathetic on how to develop ways to isolate those sensitive matters that divided the communities.

On balance, I innocently understand the frustration surrounding this dishonest peace, and I voluntarily register my deep regret to these lives, which have been lost in this senseless war. I never seen anything like this before, but I’m not claiming to know impartially what we have seen in this conflict of our time. As always the case, for those of you who are saying we should despondently continue with this senseless war, first I applaud you.

However, think about the steps maybe you will be taking to counteract these who will be still suffering and perish if this crisis is allowed to continue. Certainly, this dishonest peace seems to be too complicated. Still it is a unpretentious reality that our people have to suffer pointlessly in the hands of these callous leaders who have nothing but milking South Sudanese’s natural resources for their an benefit while this war was only manufactured for some heedless people to keep their day job.

For the benefit of our people, we will have to accept this impossible arrangement, the unimaginable, and the vicious peace in order for these callous leaders to get their feet permanently off our innocent citizens’ necks once and for all. Similarly, we may be coming from different communities, but we share a similar ambition, being inclined to a methodical understanding instead of quick judgments, to dialogue, tolerance, compromise instead of quarrel, and reflect instead of project.

The chances of these politicians changing overnight are very slim to none; unless we swallow our pride and help ourselves, we will never have a better summer in South Sudan. Frankly speaking, these men and women have put their lives on the line for us for too long however, they have made many sacrifices for this country; hence we need to accept this dishonest peace on the South Sudanese people’s behalf.

Nevertheless, people are alienated over the authorization of this dishonest peace; some argue that it will bring more division among the communities. Let me say this, there will be a struggle for the majority of South Sudanese people, initially in the process of accepting this arrangement, and it will become a point of major discussion in some months to come.

The other side would argue that having two armies will steered the country into Somalia governance system and will eliminate the sense of a country hood and availability of unity among those who work hard to liberate this country. Despite the difference between our people, South Sudanese communities share more similarities than differences. Having said that, the arrangement will hopefully normalize the security instability countrywide, increase civilians’ protection, and emphasize the prevention of sectarian violence against innocent people.

In order to maximize differences, it is necessary for negotiators to produce a conductive peace that will prevent this syndrome and cure the cancer of our time. All sides should look for the right procedures that will bring about the conductive atmosphere necessary for the comportment of the citizen’s protection that is reasonable and not the one that will take the country back to a civil war.

Again, for fighting this violence radicalism requires a broad coalition of communities willing to stand up for the South Sudanese citizens’ interest, and unite against those who seek to divide our people among the fault lines of tribes, clans or communities. Defeating these extreme politicians means defeating their false aptitude, instead embracing the real aptitude we see in our citizens, investing in the entire communities and folks who are rejecting hate and division in favor of reconciliation, dialogue, tolerance, compromise, and peace are instantaneously indispensable.

The idea of creating a healthy debate that will silence the hostility, and giving our innocents people a break from this madness is great especially in the age of war and death and will tremendously stop these toxic agents that has been feeding on the blood our innocent people.

For this arrangement, the benefits are far greater in terms of lives and death, but we should wait and see how much this document would add to the suffering. This dishonest peace will eradicate unnecessary killing and enormous suffering, but still there will be some concerns such as abusing of power and misusing of natural resources.

However, in the absence of this favorable environment, the legality of the result of the dishonest peace in Addis Ababa would be questionable, and this would drag the country back into a bottomless civil war. Therefore, it is extremely necessary that all efforts would be rationalized to produce a favorable environment for peace once and for all. Both parties should be equally looking for the right procedures that will bring about a favorable atmosphere necessary for peace to return to the new nation.

If there were good faith, the remaining time would be enough for preparing the ground for the implementation of this dishonest peace, and after winning the dishonest peace in Addis Ababa, hence enabling the South Sudanese people to freely express their opinion without coercion or intimidation in the future. The South Sudanese people never abandoned hope, because good things always come out of bad things and I’m hoping and convince that the beauty of life and the presence of Nhialic, our good friend in sky and gods of South Sudan will delivered peace to its people of this new nation.

However, we all know how difficult it is in the position of the negotiators in such circumstance in South Sudan so divided to be able to forge this arrangement is incredible. The negotiators must have one aim to serve the best interest of the South Sudanese people that remain to be seen and must be trusted through the spirit of Nhialic, our good friend in sky and gods of South Sudan to bring peace to the new nation and must guide them days and months to come.

Santino Aniek is a concerned South Sudanese living in Upstate New York, U.S.A. He can be reached at santino.aniek5@gmail.com and find me on Facebook at santino aniek, on Skype or on twitter @saniek.

Disposition of Wani Igga or other positions shouldn’t be redlined

BY: John Adoor Deng, Australia, NOV/15/2014, SSN;

In recent days, the wishers of South Sudan peace saw a glimpse of hope igniting a possible return of lost peace to the dying people of South Sudan. Unlike other peace talks and summits, recent East African leaders, Summit appeared to have yielded considerable fruits. For the very first time, both President Kiir and Dr Machar were seen showing an inch of their white teeth in a cordial smile. Other protagonists known to have red-eyed each other in the previous talks, have shown courage in recent days to mixed warmth of their hands in hands shakes with one another.

Also, the few women who have attended the mini-signing ceremony at Addis-Ababa demonstrated their happiness by giggling and clubbing. The mood at the hall was notable and fervently peace encouraging.

Although other factors such as pressures or call it striking hammer from IGAD countries, AU and UN Security Council, are believed to have precipitated the mood. Arguably, one could still believe that out of pressures, South Sudanese at the peace talks were in one accord to bring peace back to their country.

Surprisingly, we are confused by post-Summit utterances from Juba and from the Rebels side respectively. One notorious example of these utterances is the notion of equating the possible removal of Hon Wani Igga as redline!!

What is redlining in the South Sudanese politics? This phrase ‘red line ‘has been used extensively and inappropriately in the conflict. Correctively, let look at the etymology of the Phrase ‘redline’ before unpacking why it is inappropriate to be used for Hon Wani Igga. The phrase ‘Red line is used, both in Hebrew (קו אדום‎, Kav Adom) and English to mean a figurative point of no return or line in the sand, or “a limit past which safety can no longer be guaranteed.”

If this meaning is what is implied by those referring to the removal of Wani Igga as redline, then chances of domesticating peace to South Sudan would be extremely narrow. Truthfully, to make peace long lasting, institutions or factions involved in the peace making must first achieve a balance of powers–an interlocking of mutual.

For example, accommodate demands that would implicitly concede one’s superiority or may make completely unjust demands in the hope that through compromise long lasting peace is achieved. If there is genuine calling or questing for peace, then positions of individuals do not amount to be a hindrance. Peace only comes through readjustments, change of status quo, in other words, peace grows well on a new surface.

I, therefore, think there is nobody’s position is to be above peace in the context of South Sudan. Our dying masses do not want Wani Igga or Riek Machar or even president Kiir Mayardit as substitutes for peace, but they are in their languishing conditions calling for genuine peace for their survival.

Nobody’s position, whether current positions or future positions should be regarded as untouchable or redlined at the expense of peace.

Finally, brothers and Sisters in the peace talks or leadership of both factions, bring genuine peace to South Sudan not for you but for the innocent victims who are now dying of starvation and diseases. Whoever is preventing these innocent to enjoy peace in their country should be redlined Not positions of certain elites.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, director of Civil Society Organization in Australia, Former President of Sudanese community of Queensland INC, & Former Interim President of the Federation of Sudanese Australian communities. He is reachable at: dengjohn780@gmail.com

Position of Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders of the Republic of South Sudan on Peace Negotiations Process in Addis Ababa – Ethiopia

PRESS RELEASE, OCT/30/2014 JUBA: NOV/07/2014), SSN;

We, Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders of the Republic of South Sudan resident in Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap and Western Bahr Al Ghazal states, have learnt with grave concern that some member states of the International Community, in collaboration with some of the regional powers are indulging themselves in local national politics of South Sudan by pressuring for a regime change in Juba.

This is viewed as an interference and propaganda against the norms and values of democracy that respect and uphold the will of the majority of people that popularly elect their leaders in accordance with the principles enshrined in the Transitional National Constitution.

Therefore, for the regional and International mediators to encourage and support change of a democratically elected President, Parliaments and governments (National and States Institutions) in the Republic of South Sudan, because some people have revolted, is absurd and an ill-conceived project.

The support for military coups or violent transfer of power is no longer a popular notion in modern world politics. It is contrary to the will of the voters who consciously evaluate and freely choose capable leaders through the transparent electoral system after which power is peacefully transferred.

We, Jieng (Dinka) Elders are extremely saddened by this impression and precedence.

Firstly, the mediators are busy visiting the capitals of Addis Ababa, Kampala, Nairobi, Washington and Juba organizing reconciliatory meetings between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the Nuer rebel leader Riek Machar Teny.

Furthermore, the mediators are equating that rebel leader with the legitimate Government of South Sudan and the elected President, General Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Will this not set precedence for a disgruntled individual or any South Sudanese ambitious power hungry armed group to stage a violent take-over of power from legitimate Government of South Sudan?

On our part it appears as a deliberate undermining of the mandate of the people of South Sudan, at the time when the end of the mandate of the legitimate Government of Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, is only less than one year.

This is clearly an intended action to deprive the people of the Republic of South Sudan from giving their verdict in the forthcoming 2015 elections. The people of South Sudan are entitled to exercise their Constitutional right to elect from among their sons and daughters a capable person as President to lead the country.

Secondly, we Jieng Elders across the country vehemently detest the machination of the politics of South Sudan by external Powers in their blatant taking of sides against Jieng (Dinka) community as if Jeing had imposed their son Salva Kiir Mayardit into power over the Republic of South Sudan.

Such assertions and negative campaigns against Jieng are not true and misleading! What we want the mediators to know clearly is that attempting to impose on all the people of South Sudan a cosmetic political solution that rewards rebel leader Riek Machar Teny is utterly unacceptable.

Yes, it is absolutely true that Riek Machar Teny and his tribes’ terrorist Nuer white army succeeded to massacre countless number of innocent Jieng people in 1991 and many more after December 15th 2013.

However, make no mistake, the Jieng communities will neither accept nor recognize the anticipated Interim Government. It is a violation of the Constitutional privilege/right to elect our own leaders!

Thirdly, ironically the mediators are blaming the rebellion of Riek Machar Teny on the government as due to weakness in the leadership. But this is a pretext to impose their will on the people of South Sudan.

They are decided to impose punitive actions including sanctions on individuals in the leadership, travel bans, blocking of bank accounts, and on the nation: oil embargo and introducing the oil for food program as infamously done in Iraq.

Due to the high level of illiteracy in South Sudan, the regional and International Community wish to turn South Sudan into another enclave where very few elites are bribed into owning shares in multi-national companies of the western world, while the rest of the masses are left to languish in poverty and disease despite the large oil deposits and other mineral wealth that abound in their country.

There are also others who are aiming to turn South Sudan into another Congo/Zaire in order to remain isolated in jungles without working to realize any development of the abundant resources and communication infrastructure, especially when South Sudan is a land locked country.

South Sudan would be worse than some South American countries that are left without development but to only engage in illegal business enterprises.

By all means, Jieng people of South Sudan will use all means necessary to challenge this calculated humiliation and to oppose any such degradation and subjugation policy.

Fourthly, we know the value of national reconciliation and we have done it before! Rebel leader Riek Machar Teny even after massacring over five thousand in Jonglei and Upper Nile states in 1991, was granted amnesty in 2002; Paulino Matip with all other armed militia groups who fought for decades against the SPLA since 1983 were granted amnesty and were absorbed into SPLA in 2005 and thereafter.

All political parties that opposed the liberation of the South were pardoned because they did not know the joy of freedom and are now participating in the current inclusive government of national unity under President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Despite these positive far outreach approaches of reconciling our people, in disregard of differences in opinion or ethnic diversity, Riek Machar Teny, and those in opposition have mistakenly construed internal peacemaking, reconciliation and forgiveness to be a weakness on the part of the leadership of President Salva Kiir Mayardit as well as being a simplicity or naivety of Jieng people who allow themselves slaughtered as a price for peace, unity and stability of the country.

Those who care for genuine reconciliation among South Sudanese must listen to all points of view and must follow the traditional ways of reconciliation amongst Jieng and Nuers.

They should not aggressively dictate their own cosmetic unrealistic notion of unworkable inclusive government of national unity. The incumbent Government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit is exemplary and prototype of real national unity.

Finally, In the name of Jieng people of the Republic of South Sudan, we Jieng Elders want to surely inform the regional and International Community that Riek Machar Teny and his “terrorist Nuer white army” cannot and should not be rewarded with power to execute his “ELIMINATIONIST” Policy.

We have learned, from a distance of the horrific and genocidal tragedies of Rwanda in 1994. We will not permit further killings that might result into massacre of our Jieng people.

Although the “terrorist Nuer white army” is getting financial and military support from the neighboring countries and illicit economic and military empowerment, we are capable of defending ourselves.

Africa and the world at large shall not list Jieng as the second majority tribe to be eliminated in the presence of African and International Peace keeping forces as it happened in Rwanda.

By: Jieng Council of Elders The Republic of South Sudan, Juba
October 30th 2014
Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

1. Upper Nile State:

1) Abialiang Honourable Deng Chol Deng ………………………..

2) Ager Honourable Akot Dau ………………………

3) Nyiel Honourable Gatwec Nyok ………………………

4) Dongjol Honourable Thon Mum ………………………

5) Ngok [Lual Yak] Mr. Joseph Nyok Abiel ………………………..

6) Marbek Dr. John Sntipas Ayiei ………………………

7) Paweny Mr. William Sunday ………………………

2. Jonglei State:

Bor:

1) Luac (Padang) Honourable Joshua Dau Diu ………………..

2) Hol Honourable Anne Lino Wor Abyei ………………..

3) Nyarweng Honourable Daniel Deng Lual ………………..

4) Twic [Bor] Honourable Deng Dau Deng …………

5) Athoc Honourable Deng-Tiel Ayuen …………………

6) Gok [Bor] Honourable Maker Thiong Maai ………………..

Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

3. Unity State:

1) Ruweng (Panaru) Honourable Benjamin Majak Dau ………………

2) Ruweng (Alor) Honourable Battaria Monyror Makuei

………………

4. Lakes State:

1. Yirol:

1) Atuot Honourable Daniel Deng Athorbei ………………..

2) Kiec Honourable Gabriel Daniel Ayoal Makoi …………

3) Aliap Honourable Permana Awerial Aluong ………………..

2.Rumbek:

1) Agar Honourable Chief Daniel Dhieu Matuet …………

2) Pakam Honourable Gabriel Daniel Deng Monydit …………

3) Gok Honourable General Daniel Awet Akot …………

5. Warrap State:

1.Tonj:

1) Rek of Tonj North Ustaz Lewis Anei-Kuendit ………………..

2) Luanyjang Honourable Cauor Adong ………………..

3) Rek of Tonj South Honourable Mawien Akol Aduol ………………..

4) Rekof Tonj East Dr. Riak Gok Majok ………………..

Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

2. Gogrial:

1. Rek

1) Aguok and Awan General Agasio Akol Tong ………………..

2) Apuk (GiirThiik) Justice Ambrose Riny Thiik …………………..

3) Kuac ( Nyok) Honourable Joseph Lual Achuil

………………..

2. Twic Mayardit:

1) Twic West Honourable Mayom Kuoc Malek …………………

2) Twic central Honourable Charles Majak Aler

………………..

3) Twic East Honourable Kuany Mayom Deng ………………..

6. Northern Bahr El Ghazal State: [Maging Aweil]

1) Akuang Ayat Honourable Joseph Aguer Alic ………………..

2) Malual Honourable General Albino Akol Akol …………

3) Paliopiny Mr. Cleto Akot Kuel ………………..

4) Paliet Honourable Arthur Akuen Chol ………………..

5) Abiem West Honourable Pio Tem Kuac Ngor …………

6) Abiem Central Honourable Aldo Ajou Deng Akuei …………………

7) Abiem East Honourable Kom Kom Geng ………………..

7. Western Bahr El Ghazal State:

1) Waau of Marialbai Moris Yol Akol Tiit ………………..

[Longar Majok]

Will Star Shine for South Sudan? Scrutinising South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal

GLOBAL WITNESS, 27th October 2014
For immediate release: 27 Oct 2014;

South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal is high-risk and in urgent need of further scrutiny, according to a new Global Witness report released today. The seven month investigation into the deal between the South Sudanese government and the Spanish-owned oil company Star Petroleum for two of the country’s last remaining oil blocks, uncovered that:

*the company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million euro fraud;

*no information about who owns Star Petroleum is available to the public. Instead the company’s shareholders are all other companies registered in tax havens or unknown jurisdictions;

*the company isn’t producing oil anywhere else in the world;

*the deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession.

“The block E concession covers 45,000 square km in four states (Northern Bahr el Ghazel, Western Bahr el Ghazel, Lakes and Warrap—- and includes South Darfur in North Sudan)- that’s a lot of ordinary people’s farms and grazing land,” said Emma Vickers, Global Witness’ South Sudan campaigner.

“The government has to prove that this deal will help, not harm, those farmers and cattle herders by being open about who the company is, what kind of a contract they’re giving it, and what kind of rewards citizens can expect. From our research, it’s not clear that doing a deal with this company will benefit ordinary people. Without showing people that it will, the government risks fuelling mistrust among a vulnerable population who have often associated oil with conflict.”

The deal is being done at a time of crisis in South Sudan. The ongoing conflict has sparked a humanitarian calamity and left 1.7 million people displaced.

South Sudan’s oil dependent economy is in trouble: oil production has been halved by the instability and international oil prices have fallen in recent months, depleting government income.

The government has repeatedly stated that it will use oil money to bring development to its people and to broaden the economy away from oil but, this year, a third will be spent on army salaries.

Not only is the company an unknown, and the country is in turmoil, but the benefits of developing South Sudan’s oil industry both to the economy and to ordinary people, have yet to be proven.

“One of the fundamental problems with this deal is that the public know very little about it,” Vickers added. “Politicians have promised their citizens transparency and yet they’re negotiating behind closed doors. It’s time for them to lift the lid on who Star is and why they are negotiating with the company.”

South Sudanese law makers have already gone a long way to making sure this type of information is available to the public by putting strong transparency provisions in their oil laws.

Global Witness’ research has discovered that the Ministry of Petroleum has activated those provisions and asked Star for documentation. Star Petroleum reports that it has provided a list of who the company’s owners are, evidence of its technical expertise, and an assessment of the possible environment impact of oil exploration.

This is a positive step. The government must now take the next step and allow parliamentarians to review the deal and the documentation before it is signed. Star should also make this information publically available and easily accessible. When the contract is agreed, this must be made public too.

Global Witness put its concerns about the company and the deal to Star Petroleum. In its response, the company stated that it is “doing its business in compliance with local and European laws and all business ethical standards with full[y] transparency”.

/ Ends

Contact: Emma Vickers, South Sudan Campaigner +44 (0)7715 076 548 or +44 (0) 207 492 5838 or Sarah Morrison, Senior Communications Advisor +44 (0)207 492 5840.

Notes to editors:

1. Global Witness’ report ‘Will Star Shine for South Sudan?’ is available here.

2. Before publication, Global Witness sent questions to Star Petroleum on 18 September 2014. Star responded to Global Witness on 22 September 2014 in an email the text of which is available here. Global Witness sent Star Petroleum further clarification questions on 2 Oct 2014. Star Petroleum responded in a letter on 3 October 2014 available here.
———————————————

STAR PETROLEUM RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WITNESS

Dear Mrs. Vickers,

Reference to the publication by Global Witness of the report “Scrutinizing South Sudan’s First Post-Independence Oil Deal”, dated 27th October 2014, STAR PETROLEUM would like to make the following statements:

· Again, we reiterate that we highly appreciate the role of Global Witness and other non-governmental organizations that investigates and campaigns to prevent natural resources-related conflicts and corruption and associated environmental and human rights abuses. We fully share those values.

Since the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan, STAR PETROLEUM, always, has been confident about the future of the country. It has always trusted its Legal System and its Public Administration.

STAR PETROLEUM, since its incorporation in 2005, and since the beginning of its activities in the Republic of Sudan, and after independence, in the new Republic of South Sudan, proved to be a serious and responsible investor, and has fulfilled fully its financial, technical and legal obligations required by laws and regulations. All proofs required by the Government of South Sudan have been already provided. Additionally, it is fair and important to mention that Star Petroleum always believed in the future of the independent Republic of South Sudan. We have been present in the country (first in Khartoum, before the separation, and afterwards in Juba) since 2008, and we have invested during all these years, having local presence and professional team.

ü The following statements of your Report are not correct:

· “The Company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million Euro fraud”:

§ Mr. Merino is the beneficial owner of a small minority current participation interest (around 3%) in the Company and was a Director during a short period of time. He presented his voluntary dismissal and now he has no role in any Company activity. According to Court´s public information, presumably committed the illegal conduct in period of time in which he did not have any responsibility in Star Petroleum as Director.

§ The Court accusation against Mr. Merino doesn’t have any relation, directly or indirectly, with Star Petroleum or derived from his position as minority shareholder or former Director.

§ Mr. Merino is not a convicted as the Spanish Court has not still given a definitive resolution.

· “The ultimate ownership of STAR PETROLEUM itself is opaque”.

§ The ownership of STAR PETROLEUM as shown on page 3 of the Report is not correct in 2014.

§ International Public Authorities and STAR PETROLEUM’S Compliance Department are fully aware of the identity of all beneficial shareholders of the Company in compliance with all European Union Directives and especially to 2005/60/CE and 2006/70/CE as well as the GAFI recommendations. STAR PETROLEUM is implementing international global standards against money laundering, corruption and terrorist financing, therefore, increasing transparency and enable STAR PETROLEUM to successfully take action against illicit use of financial or corporative instruments. As per the request of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, a list of ultimate beneficial shareholders was provided recently to them.

§ Disclosure of beneficial shareholders identity to citizens in a private Company is a matter of confidentiality as such information is irrelevant to them.

· “The deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star Petroleum has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession”.

§ STAR PETROLEUM currently has valid legal title of a working interest in Blocks E and B, of the Republic of South Sudan. Block E: STAR PETROLELUM signed a perfectly valid EPSA on the 6th August of 2010 in Khartoum for Block E. This EPSA was agreed fulfilling entirely with the legislation of Sudan and approved at the time by the National Petroleum Commission. Currently STAR PETROLEUM is in negotiations with the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan, to adapt the above mentioned EPSA, into the new Republic of South Sudan’s Legislation (Petroleum Act 2012), implying the signature of a new EPSA for Blocks E. Block B: Following that, parties involved are expected to sign a new EPSA for Block B.

§ STAR PETROLEUM participated in a competitive process and we were able to become successful.

§ International prestigious Law Firms have been involved advising during the negotiation process both the Government of South Sudan and STAR PETROLEUM.

· “The company isn´t producing oil anywhere else in the world”.

§ STAR PETROLEUM’s Oil & Gas Management Team is highly qualified and has large experience and track-record in the sector. They lead and participated in all technical, legal and commercial negotiations and meetings with highly qualified teams of Government of Sudan, and the Independent Government of the Republic of South Sudan. The Technical Team of Star Petroleum is particularly strong on the upstream business, in which the great experience accumulated by former senior Repsol’s International and African Oil & Gas executives (including Star Petroleum’s COO, a top executive with 35 years in Repsol, of which 18 years as No. 2 Executive of the Company- Repsol’s Vice Chairman- and Head of E&P).

§ This Team is strengthened with engineers and professionals of other areas of expertise (professionals with expertise in Natural Resources, Consulting, Finance, Equity and Debt Capital Markets). All the CVs and personal data of the Management Team has been fully provided to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. Star Petroleum´s Technical Team, throughout their professional carriers, has the following aggregated experience in the international up-stream sector:

• Experience in a variety of up-steam environments (including complex on-shore and off-shore blocks and marginal blocks)

• Responsible for more than 1,200 exploration blocks

• Managed Annual Up-Stream exploration budgets of more than $9,000m

• Discovered more than 6bn Boe

• Generating production of more than 1,04m boepd

• Operated in more than 30 different countries (in all continents), among others: Congo Brazzaville; Kazakhstan; Australia; Kurdistan; Colombia; Brazil; Uganda; Tanzania; Argentina; Algeria; Libya; Bolivia; Peru; Venezuela; Trinidad & Tobago; United States; Russia; Canada; and Nicaragua;

§ In addition, we would like to mention:

• STAR PETROLEUM commissioned, to an international consultant, a full study on the environmental impact regarding exploration activities in Block E, and will be executing its activity according to best international practices and the South Sudanese 2012 Petroleum Act in force. STAR PETROLEUM will take full care not to cause any risk to the environment and local communities in the concessions’ areas. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan has a copy of said report.

· Financially STAR PETROLEUM is a solid Company since its incorporation in 2005, having a paid-up share capital of 229,736,784 Euros and is not having any debts with banks or any financial liabilities to third parties. All company’s costs and expenses are self-financed through the bid up capital and shareholders’ loans. Star Petroleum is ready to finance its further investments in the Republic of South Sudan (Capex and Opex) as it has been proved to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan.

Accordingly, STAR PETROLEUM will not accept any accusations based on rumors, jealousy and unfounded facts that may affect the reputation and activities of the company.

The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan is copied to prevent any damages that could affect also to the reputation and image of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining and the Government of the country.

I would appreciate if you could make public this information in order to clarify and make your report more rigorous and professional.

Sincerely yours,

Ignacio Lacasa
Head of Legal & Compliance

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application/pdf iconWill star shine for south sudan e.pdf
application/pdf iconGW letter to Star Petroleum 180914.pdf
application/pdf iconResponse from Star Petroleum to Global Witness 220914.pdf
application/pdf iconClarification questions to Star Petroleum 021014.pdf
application/pdf iconStar Petroleum response to GW 231014.pdf
South Sudan and Sudan Oil Gas and Mining Report

Upper Nile diary: Atrocities, federalism & the Shilluk

BY: JAMES COPNALL, AfricanArgumentsEditor, OCT/18/2014, SSN;

Even in a war of rapidly fluctuating military fortunes, Malakal stands out: the capital of Upper Nile state changed hands six times between December and March. And even in a war characterised by massive atrocities, Malakal has been hit particularly hard: the number of civilians killed by both sides may never be known, but it is clear that patients were shot in their hospital beds, among numerous other human rights violations.

Malakal is now a shrunken shadow of its former self, a distressing sight for anyone who knew the town before. Market stalls are shuttered, where the doors haven’t been bashed in, or burnt. Some abandoned residential areas, which bore the brunt of the fighting, are now over-run by foliage, the town returning to the bush; the UN estimates that 22% of the town was destroyed.

Now Malakal is populated mainly by soldiers, with large houses and NGO offices requisitioned for the war effort. Most civilians have fled. More than six months after the government regained control of the town, over 17,000 people still live in the grotesquely swollen UN base a 10 minute drive from the main urban area, coping as best they can with their temporary shelters, the lack of hygiene, and the reality of their newly reduced circumstances.

Some of the displaced cautiously make their way into town during the day, to sell goods in the market, or check on what is left of their houses. Most believe it is still too dangerous to leave the camp.

Those now living in muddy squalor in the UN base are, like the population of Upper Nile state itself, mainly Nuer, Dinka and Shilluk. Their interactions inside and outside the UN base mirror the shifting dynamics of politics in the state.

In the years before independence, there was considerable frustration in the Shilluk kingdom, which borders the White Nile around Malakal. Many complained that their land had been stolen by the Dinka, with the support of the ‘Dinka-dominated’ SPLA. Several Shilluk self-defence groups sprang up.

Tensions increased during the 2010 elections. South Sudan’s major opposition leader, Lam Akol, is a Shilluk, and received considerable support from his home region, increasing the perception within the SPLM/A that the area and its people represented trouble. Shilluk politicians within the SPLM, including Pa’gan Amum, then the Secretary General of the party, lost popularity at home because of their apparent inability to help ‘their’ people in a time of need.

Armed resistance grew. In March 2011, in the run-up to independence, a Shilluk militia leader, Johnson Olony, attacked Malakal town. He eventually joined the South Sudan Democratic Movemement/Army (SSDM/A), a loose coalition of rebel groups backed by Khartoum, and became its leader after the death of George Athor. However, in June 2013, Olony accepted a presidential amnesty, reportedly after receiving an ultimatum from the Shilluk king.

Six months later, South Sudan slid into civil war. As thousands of SPLA soldiers (predominantly Nuer) defected to him, Riek Machar could have been forgiven for hoping for significant reinforcements from among the Shilluk.

They, too, had many grievances with President Salva Kiir’s government. If sizable Shilluk forces, perhaps led by Olony, had turned on the government, Machar’s chances of hanging on to Malakal, and over-running the Paloich oilfields to the north, would have increased considerably. This did not happen.

Shilluk chiefs, elders and others told me that things could have been very different if Machar’s forces had stopped their bloody march at Malakal in the early days of the war. Instead, the rebels attacked several Shilluk villages, on both banks of the White Nile.

“We were surprised when the Nuer came and killed our people,” says Jok Wanh Adiang, a sub-chief in the small town of Wau Shilluk, a 20 minute boat raid north of Malakal, which is now home to thousands of Shilluk displaced. “It’s very bad.” The chief of Wau Shilluk, Obieny Jako Adhok, says that “when the Nuer came, we thought it was to fight Dinka. But when they arrived, they came and killed Shilluk and looted property. So that’s why the Shilluk didn’t join the rebels.”

Instead, Olony’s forces played a major role in the government campaigns to regain control of Malakal. At the otherwise muted Independence Day celebrations in July, Olony, a giant man, received warm cheers. He told the crowds that he had a “doctorate in fighting”, both a boast about his military prowess, and a rebuke to the academically-qualified Shilluk politicians who have not protected and developed the area.

According to the chiefs, Olony is actively recruiting Shilluk into his forces. The men are given ‘the price of soap’, small incentives, rather than a salary. They are seen not as a component of the SPLA, but as a ‘Shilluk self-defence force’, the chiefs say. As elsewhere in South Sudan, the creation of ethnic militias, while an understandable counter-insurgency strategy, is deeply damaging to the cohesion of the nation.

The politicians in Juba and Addis Ababa usually say that ethnicity is not a driving factor in the conflict. Although this may have been true at the very outset, a succession of atrocities targeting one ethnic group or another, in Juba, Bentiu, Bor, Malakal and elsewhere, make it harder and harder to deny that ethnicity is at least part of the equation.

And very often, lower-ranking officials, civilians and traditional authorities identify ethnic animosity or community self-preservation as the key motivation for the fighting.

Some of those tensions are felt inside the UN base. Nuer camp dwellers in general are too scared to go into town, which is controlled by the SPLA and Olony’s forces. They also know they are mistrusted by the other displaced people: “because I am from Nassir, they think I am with the rebels”, says one.

In February, several people were killed as fighting outside the camp brought skirmishes within. Since then, the divisions have largely been kept under control. The end of the rainy season is likely to bring more conflict in Upper Nile state, and may raise the temperature within the camp too.

The fighting has also strengthened the desire of many Shilluk to call for greater autonomy, a wish that, ironically, is also the ideology of the federal system demanded by Riek Machar.

Sitting on a plastic chair outside a makeshift shelter in the UN camp, a social worker and respected elder, Stanislas Obul, tells the story of the Hyena, the Leopard, the Lion and the Snake, who end up killing each other. “These are the animals that cannot live together”, he says, before referring explicitly to the Nuer and the Dinka.

Obul, like the chiefs in Wau Shilluk, and others in Upper Nile state, argues for greater independence for the Shilluk and by extension everyone else in South Sudan – a larger terrain in which the dangerous animals will not have to mingle. This may not happen – and it may not be desirable, given the danger of creating ‘tribal islands’ which would dilute any sense of a strong national identity. But certainties in South Sudan are being swept away by the day.

James Copnall is a journalist and author of ‘A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan’s Bitter and Incomplete Divorce’. He is editor of ‘Making Sense of the Sudans’.

Cattle camps are far more organized & suitable for living than current Kiir’s Rep. of South Sudan

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, South Sudanese, KAMPALA, OCT/12/2014, SSN;

In spite all the hardships and difficulties that are common in cattle camps, because the objective of moving to those cattle camps is not for making a good life for people, it’s all about grazing the cattle; you must believe me that those cattle camps are, in anyway, better than the current South Sudan in the hands of Salva Kirr Mayardit.

I am very sure, for those of you who may have witnessed or lived the life in cattle camps and especially during the first months of migration, there isn’t doubt that you’ll extraordinarily agree with me. Presence of unusual fattened female mosquitoes carrying malaria in their mouths is rampant; shocking movement of some poisonous snakes and insects is unquestionable, omnivores animal looking for human beings to eat are so much and hungry crocodiles waiting for human with their mouth opened wider; unfriendly grasses and bushes all over, strange sound of wild birds and reptiles is constant, just to mention a few, are all examples of how the life is in cattle camps.

For those of you who never been to cattle camps, I guess with an imagination of all the above mentioned and many more, you will, perhaps, really feel how that life would be. It is with no argument that people live between death and life in those cattle camps.

However, putting in to consideration all the above mentioned difficulties, you would promptly choose to live in cattle camps instead of Juba and other places under the government of Salva Kirr Mayardit.

If you ask me why, I will answer you that I mean it. Juba has turned to a new Sodom and Gomorrah of the 21st Century in the history of the world.

Innocent civilians gets disappeared every single hour, the security organs accuse them of having link with the Country’s rebels, the SPLM/A-in-opposition. It has been understood that there is no prison for those innocently accused civilians as they are taken directly from their houses to mass graves in the outskirts of Juba city.

Women in Juba are silently being raped and threatened to never disclose the fact as they are promised to be slaughtered should they do so. The SPLA-Juba forces are believed to be the mostly involved group in this activity because they say that they have left their wives for the protection and defense of the land and the government under Gen. Salva Kirr Mayardit.

Another thing they (SPLA-Juba) do is a “night robbing operation” in Juba city in the NGOs and private companies’ premises asking for money forcefully; journalists are aware of how they will be tortured and killed should any of them report those acts at night.

The loitering youths and soldiers of Bahr el Gazel who have hugely migrated from their region to Juba are currently involved in a very unhealthy activity: With assistance of language from their brothers in the town, they bring those prostitutes from the market and sleep with them one after the other, where they never pay the lady even at the end.

Do not inquire whether they use condoms or not – No Condoms. All of them, and probably the whole of Bahr el Gazel and South Sudan (God forbid) will be HIV positive. According to them, the tactics of bringing only one lady by one person to be used by all of them is to avoid being recognized by the ladies in the market if all of them could be going at once as they don’t pay the ladies enormously.

As witnessed and confirmed by the United Nations Special Representative of The Secretary General on Sexual Violence in the Post Conflict, Zeinab Banguru, women in the three states of greater Upper Nile are subjected to constant sexual exploitation by the armed men.

A woman never goes to look for firewood and gets back clean and not raped. Most of the time, they never report to the NGOs or UN as the culture advice and influence them not to do so.

In Malakal town, the night is always busy with the few Shilluk/Chollo ladies who insist staying in Malakal town. I was told that they have a timetable of “when-to-who” among the officers of the SPLA forces in the town and only cash and bullet speak.

I didn’t believe it, for God’s sake, that we may succumb to engage our very own people – mothers and sisters – in those unlawful and crazy practices

In Bentiu, the SPLA-Juba troops hide behind the roads and the fence of UNMISS waiting for women who collect firewood and then rape them. It has even let the women stop going out for firewood around the UNMISS base in Bentiu as it’s not only risky, but it also involves some inhumane night mare.

Why putting our Country and its people into these atrocities which they don’t deserve? Don’t we feel ashamed and accountable for all that has happened and happening to them?

Does this government qualify and deserve any support from a sound minded human being, looking at all that they have done?

The Country has become messily disorganized and has lost its suitability for living. South Sudanese are constantly suffering inside and outside the Country in terms of all the basic human needs, but the government of Salva Kirr is putting up closed eyes and deaf ears on that perspective.

The followers of Salva Kirr’s government, and especially the Nuer members, believe that they have defeated their Nuer fellows in politics. They see this era of confusion, atrocities, mismanagement and Bahr el Gazelized system as a source of getting wealth and satisfying their needs.

They have gone as far as bribing people to support the system that kills, a government that humiliates and assassinates its people; A government that has no vision and objectives to the country and its citizen. Why?

You will believe me; it’s now better to live in the EBOLA affected Countries in West Africa than to live in Juba or South Sudan, unless you choose to be part of the system and start your atrocities or support them in assassinating and kidnapping people.

The New Sodom and Gomorrah needs a lot of work to be done to clean it and bring back its value and pride. The atrocities are now being fueled by making them legal through the fake parliament.

The recent security bill that was passed by the less than quarter loyalists and supporters of murder and assassination in the National Parliament is a clear indication that things will certainly even be worse than the Old Sodom and Gomorrah, not to talk of cattle camps.

We will not only hear it this time round, we will strangely see it and feel it unavoidably, believe me.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But currently in Kampala in time of writing this piece) he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com . You can also access and follow his words on www.chuolchotson.wordpress.com