Category: More Views

How Dishonest Peace can be a Noble Peace

BY: SANTINO ANIEK, Upstate New York, USA, NOV/23/2014, SSN;

I have some additional reasons for paying this well-deserved tribute to the dishonest peace, which is under the construction of diplomatic solution in Addis Ababa. Sadly enough, there is a basic paradox at work here, and I do feel that the rhetoric in the head quarter is taking on a more aggressive manner with the choices to threaten war to continue.

It is extraordinary how in South Sudanese people’s lives, the most unforgettable acts of violence are habitually refusing to be driven away despite the longest war we fought with the regime in Khartoum and at the end we have shown lack of understanding to take advantage of the experience.

There are many times when violence seems to have been extended to our people almost with divine evil, and it would arrive when our people are seemingly discouraged or when they are completely hopeless.

This is the reality on so many levels, and subsequently complicated yet simply in its truth that the South Sudanese people are suffering unnecessarily countrywide because their leaders are annihilating the innocent people and misusing natural resources for the almighty war and unchecked tyrannical power creating massive death tolls across South Sudan.

Ultimately, the most devastating and more sophisticated is a dishonest peace that doesn’t seem to have legs and impending genuine challenges our citizens certainly never experienced before.

At the same time, the notion of two separate armies in one country is part of the root cause of this senseless war causing horrendous atrocities on both sides, and tens of thousands of lives have been lost across the country.

Yet the new inclinations to redefine our citizen’s well-being in more than merely peace in terms of security and stability in South Sudan has drawn more attention to the fact that we need more than a peace, because our citizen cannot be in harmony without a tangible peace.

Nevertheless, most of the South Sudanese people have been constantly passionate for a serious debate about promoting a long-term diplomatic solution, and they are keen to address this horrific suffering.

However, the aim is overcoming individual and social experience of traumatization and creating conditions for subjective and collective reconciliation and healing wounds of this senseless war, never has been more importance than now.

As a result, there has been urging daily and nightly across the country for peace and stability, and believe it or not, people are terrified that the situation is slowly developing into a civil war.

Now its intensity depending on whether South Sudanese people will accept the dishonest peace or whether they will be ecstatic with the continuation of this senseless war, after which the killing on both sides will resume.

Yes, indeed, every community is based on certain beliefs, however, allow me to say this again, this war is not only inspiring people, but I’m instantly sure that it is changing the lives of 8 million South Sudanese people including mine, and therefore, there is no way I can even begin to sort out my feelings, when I see these innocent children, including women are continually suffering in a daily bases.

The emotions, the sadness, the anger, the heartache, the physical pain in my entire body, are all coming jumbling and tumbling, head to toes and I’m incompetent to pin them down and sort them out appropriately.

However, the single common thread that I have found is the resilience and deceptive lack of bitterness and self-pity of our leaders.

Furthermore, the South Sudanese people are subsequently and methodically disgusted with their leader for being so capable of doing such horrific things to their innocent people whereas they are not capable to have a solution to this crisis.

Nonetheless, with this war continuously to consume our people’s lives, our generation’s appetite to speak with one voice to try to unite the South Sudanese citizens is below zero.

Moreover, I must admit that at this point in time, the South Sudanese citizens have felt that they could no longer bear such a heavy burden of this senseless war, and people have been tempted to retreat to a more quite peaceful life and longing for the returning of peace to the new nation.

Just as we adapted ourselves in recent years to the winds of wars, negotiation among the South Sudanese people is becoming a national subject, and they have seen time and time again in their lives that peace is considered to be less and less important, because peace was never intended to be honored or as in fact not honored in South Sudan before.

In addition, I have believed and understood the condition in South Sudan needs an urgent solution; because I’m absolutely positively convince that there is a need to create the condition for subjective and collective reconciliation, dialogue, forgiveness, tolerance, and peace in order to prevent massive death again.

As I said before, war never has been the solution. It wasn’t the solution during the 21 years of struggle when we fought the ruthless regime in Khartoum, it isn’t the solution now, and it will never be the solution for South Sudanese people to departure from this catastrophe.

More importantly, this senseless war is so remarkable and profound to few individuals, and I have been thrown to the side, when I watched this tremendous suffering of our innocent people on social media day and night.

Meanwhile, those who call themselves leaders of this country have to rise up, speak the truth about this dishonest peace to the South Sudanese people and explain to them how noble it is, to influence those who have ears can hear, and those who have eyes can see.

Though, knowing that the citizens are about to witness the developing of the untrue peace chosen by the leaders of the new nation with their partner IGAD and those who think they are hearing the returning of peace, certainly, it is true and we must embrace it since the people of this nation do not have the finest alternative but the one we call dishonest peace.

It is time for the citizens of this nation to prepare for what we are about to witness in some months to come, as the majority of our people are hoping that the smile will once again return.

Nonetheless, it is generally perceived that the discriminatory killing of our innocent citizens has dominated the arena of debate among the South Sudanese people and it reaches to the point of a joint reconstruction, which will draw upon regionals perspective to deepen understanding to reduce mistrust and facilitate reconciliation and heal the wounds of this senseless war.

Although living under these conditions, many citizens had lost faith in themselves, in their leaders and they have been searching for all sorts of explanations from their leaders.

Unfortunately, Juba has taken a wrong turn; since then those who have not woken up have to be pushed to the side, out of the way as a result, our citizens seem to be feeling perhaps they are less humans and few individuals have concluded that their destiny will be determined in the battle field and not in the arena of compromise. However, hearing this news coming from Addis Ababa, we can understand how the victims of this senseless war are feeling, whose innocent children, mothers, relatives were taken away from them and eventually will not get virtual justification when the peace returns within reasonable time limits.

Though, the families who lost their loved ones, including me, have to go through this ridiculous untidiness in order to prevent more death in South Sudan is nothing, but a soaring order to be grasped.

Specifically, looking back to a long history full of atrocities, we have no other adequate avenue rather than accepting this horrendous arrangement.

More generally, many people around the country are worried about the arrangement that has been put in place in Addis Ababa. Numerous people reflect this will put innocent people at more risk in the future, but this is what the fellow citizens need to understand.

There is no other guiltiest jeopardy than this, subsequently we undertake that our people would weigh the lost and benefit when deciding to continue with the war and when ending the war.

Meanwhile, even if the two sides do agree at some point in the coming months to form a united government, there is another ominous battle looming in the country. The tribal conflict is uncontrollable and the government is running out of time.

The reason this conflict has been going on for quite sometimes, party, national government and local communities cannot agree on principle and the local community’s view that the national government is out of control and lacks discipline.

My fear is that, the government might not be able to handle the situations because Juba has been weakened by these wars and Juba may not be able to rattle their adversary without properly addressing some of the main fundamental issues that instigate this conflict to spark.

What remains a matter of curiosity however, the senseless war has not really achieved its targeted goals, and I have no doubt that this arrangement will succeed if given a chance.

In addition, I impartially hope that my position will later be approved when all of its provisions of this peace become fully implemented in terms of how it correctly or wrongly effects the already existing conflicting wounds of this senseless war.

The chronic conflict between the communities have not only held the new nation from moving forward with the development and nation building, but has been devastating the South Sudanese people, causing an intolerable loss of human lives.

On the flipside, the document seems not to be answering all the questions surrounding this arrangement and I think that is the most compelling about the narrative of this peace. These two separate armies seems like a tremendously giant issue and a greater concern to all South Sudanese citizens, since it is a huge barrier between the government and the citizens who want to see the returning of peace and stability to the new nation.

However, defining a goal is extremely difficult, but the document’s finding is ultimately what makes this peace so interesting. Furthermore, this document will finds its groove by delivering hope to South Sudanese communities, by giving voice to the local people and answering their skepticism when this arrangement is implemented.

Interestingly enough, so much of what the South Sudanese people are hoping is the product of the lobbyists of this dishonest peace and as result, we finds that politics is ultimately identical and unpredictable. This is what I love about the South Sudanese leaders. They will celebrate the possible unnecessary worst achievement that reveals their pity wonderful relationships and their disconnections virtually with the reality and they will not shy away from addressing the enormity and messiness of their task when the peace and smile return. Oftentimes, the philosophy of the South Sudanese leaders have been discouraged by the voices across South Sudan, from city centers to rural communities and the disprovable is still growing as we speak.
More importantly, employment is the big issues all the South Sudanese citizens are facing across the country, combating poverty and achieving freedom and equality requires a major reorientation of economic and development planning however, the above mention are the epicenter of this senseless war.

As common sense tells us, the wellbeing of human beings can be determined by some of the necessities explicitly food, clean water, shelter, etc., and without those, there will be more turbulence in some years to come in the new nation. It should therefore not come as a surprise that wellbeing parallels to some extent with material prerequisites while, at the same time, huge unfairness in the distribution of natural resources is another factor obstructing peace in the new nation.

As always history remind us, poverty and destitution are the root causes for despair in Africa, especially in South Sudan and equally, poverty and unfairness prevents us from living in peace, as peace is theoretically more enjoyable in the absence of war. The South Sudanese people need to know that there is no short cut in this effort to fight cruelty, division and isolation but to create a condition for constructive that will promoted reconciliation, compromise, dialogue, tolerance, and forgiveness to bring trust and confidence to our citizens to return to normal golden days where all communities live side by side.

But in my mind, there is still a considerable debate or controversy surrounding the life of our citizens needs to be addressed. In the ability to exercise legitimate rights for our citizens, however, the unity government’s current priorities under the social inclusive program will have to include the Secretary of the Veterans Affairs that will help jobless families with children whose parents have perished in this senseless war by helping them into sustainable employment and aiding them into a good start in life.

The examination of our citizen’s view indicates that although the predicaments of violence against our citizens have become widely recognized and the issue has been consistently placed on the agenda for reconciliation, dialogue, tolerance, forgiveness and compromise.

Nevertheless, recognizing the competition between government and rebel for better positions would require an agreement on the broad principle that the two sides share power equally without going back to war. The principle of creating a constructive understanding would be a comprehensive outlines to stop any violence in the future against our citizens.

Leaving aside whether it is purely moral to have two armies in one country or whether there should be no peace at all, as public opinion conceding that indeed there is a fair argument to be made for peace to return. It is actually more costly to put this dishonest peace to death; given all the death and tremendous suffering the South Sudanese people have been put through. However, there is more than a reasonable argument to be made here why this arrangement should be given a chance and recognized a break to our innocent citizens.

Even though many people seem to oppose this bargaining between the two parties, I wondered though how you would feel if you lost loved ones to this senseless war. Would your ethical convictions and spiritual beliefs be powerful enough to withstand your grief, rage, and yearning for retribution? Quite possibly you could not.

That is exactly why the decision to put this senseless war to a deathbed would be made dispassionately without undue emotion over the particulars of any given situation. Otherwise, if the continuation of this war seems to be the best option to few South Sudanese people, this explains to us that we have given in our basic instincts to become murderers ourselves. In this case, allowing this senseless war to continue is barbaric, pathetic, and is not justifiable by any circumstances.

Nonetheless, throughout the history of mankind, societies have maintained the right to put war to an end and leave it to continue is far outside the pale of unobjectionable behavior. What make us wiser than our predecessors is that it is not instantly restricted to the most outrageous behavior of our leader, but few avaricious individuals who always seem to appreciate when innocent lives are being lost is the difference here.

Our innocent citizens’ horrendous suffering is an inspiration to all of us to be able to embrace this dishonest peace until the people of this nation decide what is best for them. We could debate endlessly and vigorously over the root cause of this tragic disconnect between ourselves and the leaders of this nation but the truth of the matter is, we have arrived at this crisis from many varied directions and no solution has been found yet except this dishonest peace.

We have to be honest to ourselves, thoughtful, and open minded about the current contacts in this conflict in what we call our country. It is not something materialized overnight, however, these issues have been filing up for some decade and they need a commonsense and middle ground approach and not rhetoric.

The continuation on attacking our character, integrity and conduct accusing ourselves of selling ourselves to higher bidder, or wanting our 30 minutes of fame or name recognition needs to stop and accept this dishonest peace by moving forward. It is a travesty that those in uniforms who served during the Anyanya I war and have continued to serve during the SPLM/SPLA war to preserve the freedoms of this country are continuing to risk their lives, continuing to perish, only because of the party’s disagreement. It is nothing but troubling and heartbreaking.

A question could be asked, what can we expect from the government that has no moral compass? In this circumstance, each South Sudanese citizen has the highest responsibility; we have to take ownership of this travesty, and stop playing blaming game at the moment in time, more importantly, time is not on our side and we have killed more of our people in ten months than Khartoum killed in ten years, while our traditional enemy is watching us. Nevertheless, this is a deplorable behavior from the South Sudanese leaders who have been entrusted by their people to take care of the bravest citizens who have liberated the nation from a ruthless regime in Khartoum, but to use these finest citizens as a tools of fighting wars, is more disturbing.

Truly, I’m not as fearlessness as South Sudanese people are, I will never do anything as amazing as such our people have been struggle by holding on for more than 10 months, but I will never have anything to offer them in return of their loved ones they have lost during this senseless war other than my guiltiness and sorrowfully sympathy I myself can hardly afford at this difficult time.

The realization of our citizens’ rights is a national struggle based on universal human rights and the rule of law and that right cannot be achieved through the barrel of the gun, but to be determined by a painful decision that the South Sudanese people have to take by putting this senseless war to an end, is the only common sense approach that will create the sense of trust and understanding among the communities.

Before this senseless war, South Sudan was fast becoming a model for other countries in Africa to replicate its success of a longest war in Africa that has been seen throughout the decades of struggle. This achievement by the South Sudanese people has touched on many people’s hearts around the world and it did cover a rethinking how the South Sudanese people stood together as a one people and liberated themselves from the regime in Khartoum.

Nonetheless, hearing that an agreement has been reached in Addis Ababa, encourages the majority of the South Sudanese people, and because the situation has been deteriorating and people have been hoping for anything that can decrease anguish. Nevertheless, this dishonest peace will positively pick up more support among the South Sudanese people and, in the end, it is worth a consideration in order to bring tranquility and alleviate this horrendous situation to silence.

Indeed, the dishonest peace is seeking to extended assurance to more than 8 million people by prohibiting the senseless war and decreasing the death level in the new nation. It will create a safe environment for time being for our innocent citizens who have been given a preexisting condition by the champion of this senseless war to perish and since then they have been denied to live their lives freely.

The goal of this arrangement is to stop the hostility, and brings some sort of stability and calmness. In addition, there will be an optional gain in this arrangement and will occur through the integration of the two armies in the long run. The argument can be made though, after the peace has become a law, however, there is still a lot of work to be done to promoted reconciliation, dialogue, compromise, tolerance, forgiveness, and the healing of wounds of this senseless war to counteract future conflict.

The arrangement will basically and hopefully address how to build trust and confidence among the South Sudanese communities, which has been a great concern and was lacking during the PCA. To address these concerns, the South Sudanese citizens will hope the so-called leaders will attempt to be sympathetic on how to develop ways to isolate those sensitive matters that divided the communities.

On balance, I innocently understand the frustration surrounding this dishonest peace, and I voluntarily register my deep regret to these lives, which have been lost in this senseless war. I never seen anything like this before, but I’m not claiming to know impartially what we have seen in this conflict of our time. As always the case, for those of you who are saying we should despondently continue with this senseless war, first I applaud you.

However, think about the steps maybe you will be taking to counteract these who will be still suffering and perish if this crisis is allowed to continue. Certainly, this dishonest peace seems to be too complicated. Still it is a unpretentious reality that our people have to suffer pointlessly in the hands of these callous leaders who have nothing but milking South Sudanese’s natural resources for their an benefit while this war was only manufactured for some heedless people to keep their day job.

For the benefit of our people, we will have to accept this impossible arrangement, the unimaginable, and the vicious peace in order for these callous leaders to get their feet permanently off our innocent citizens’ necks once and for all. Similarly, we may be coming from different communities, but we share a similar ambition, being inclined to a methodical understanding instead of quick judgments, to dialogue, tolerance, compromise instead of quarrel, and reflect instead of project.

The chances of these politicians changing overnight are very slim to none; unless we swallow our pride and help ourselves, we will never have a better summer in South Sudan. Frankly speaking, these men and women have put their lives on the line for us for too long however, they have made many sacrifices for this country; hence we need to accept this dishonest peace on the South Sudanese people’s behalf.

Nevertheless, people are alienated over the authorization of this dishonest peace; some argue that it will bring more division among the communities. Let me say this, there will be a struggle for the majority of South Sudanese people, initially in the process of accepting this arrangement, and it will become a point of major discussion in some months to come.

The other side would argue that having two armies will steered the country into Somalia governance system and will eliminate the sense of a country hood and availability of unity among those who work hard to liberate this country. Despite the difference between our people, South Sudanese communities share more similarities than differences. Having said that, the arrangement will hopefully normalize the security instability countrywide, increase civilians’ protection, and emphasize the prevention of sectarian violence against innocent people.

In order to maximize differences, it is necessary for negotiators to produce a conductive peace that will prevent this syndrome and cure the cancer of our time. All sides should look for the right procedures that will bring about the conductive atmosphere necessary for the comportment of the citizen’s protection that is reasonable and not the one that will take the country back to a civil war.

Again, for fighting this violence radicalism requires a broad coalition of communities willing to stand up for the South Sudanese citizens’ interest, and unite against those who seek to divide our people among the fault lines of tribes, clans or communities. Defeating these extreme politicians means defeating their false aptitude, instead embracing the real aptitude we see in our citizens, investing in the entire communities and folks who are rejecting hate and division in favor of reconciliation, dialogue, tolerance, compromise, and peace are instantaneously indispensable.

The idea of creating a healthy debate that will silence the hostility, and giving our innocents people a break from this madness is great especially in the age of war and death and will tremendously stop these toxic agents that has been feeding on the blood our innocent people.

For this arrangement, the benefits are far greater in terms of lives and death, but we should wait and see how much this document would add to the suffering. This dishonest peace will eradicate unnecessary killing and enormous suffering, but still there will be some concerns such as abusing of power and misusing of natural resources.

However, in the absence of this favorable environment, the legality of the result of the dishonest peace in Addis Ababa would be questionable, and this would drag the country back into a bottomless civil war. Therefore, it is extremely necessary that all efforts would be rationalized to produce a favorable environment for peace once and for all. Both parties should be equally looking for the right procedures that will bring about a favorable atmosphere necessary for peace to return to the new nation.

If there were good faith, the remaining time would be enough for preparing the ground for the implementation of this dishonest peace, and after winning the dishonest peace in Addis Ababa, hence enabling the South Sudanese people to freely express their opinion without coercion or intimidation in the future. The South Sudanese people never abandoned hope, because good things always come out of bad things and I’m hoping and convince that the beauty of life and the presence of Nhialic, our good friend in sky and gods of South Sudan will delivered peace to its people of this new nation.

However, we all know how difficult it is in the position of the negotiators in such circumstance in South Sudan so divided to be able to forge this arrangement is incredible. The negotiators must have one aim to serve the best interest of the South Sudanese people that remain to be seen and must be trusted through the spirit of Nhialic, our good friend in sky and gods of South Sudan to bring peace to the new nation and must guide them days and months to come.

Santino Aniek is a concerned South Sudanese living in Upstate New York, U.S.A. He can be reached at santino.aniek5@gmail.com and find me on Facebook at santino aniek, on Skype or on twitter @saniek.

Disposition of Wani Igga or other positions shouldn’t be redlined

BY: John Adoor Deng, Australia, NOV/15/2014, SSN;

In recent days, the wishers of South Sudan peace saw a glimpse of hope igniting a possible return of lost peace to the dying people of South Sudan. Unlike other peace talks and summits, recent East African leaders, Summit appeared to have yielded considerable fruits. For the very first time, both President Kiir and Dr Machar were seen showing an inch of their white teeth in a cordial smile. Other protagonists known to have red-eyed each other in the previous talks, have shown courage in recent days to mixed warmth of their hands in hands shakes with one another.

Also, the few women who have attended the mini-signing ceremony at Addis-Ababa demonstrated their happiness by giggling and clubbing. The mood at the hall was notable and fervently peace encouraging.

Although other factors such as pressures or call it striking hammer from IGAD countries, AU and UN Security Council, are believed to have precipitated the mood. Arguably, one could still believe that out of pressures, South Sudanese at the peace talks were in one accord to bring peace back to their country.

Surprisingly, we are confused by post-Summit utterances from Juba and from the Rebels side respectively. One notorious example of these utterances is the notion of equating the possible removal of Hon Wani Igga as redline!!

What is redlining in the South Sudanese politics? This phrase ‘red line ‘has been used extensively and inappropriately in the conflict. Correctively, let look at the etymology of the Phrase ‘redline’ before unpacking why it is inappropriate to be used for Hon Wani Igga. The phrase ‘Red line is used, both in Hebrew (קו אדום‎, Kav Adom) and English to mean a figurative point of no return or line in the sand, or “a limit past which safety can no longer be guaranteed.”

If this meaning is what is implied by those referring to the removal of Wani Igga as redline, then chances of domesticating peace to South Sudan would be extremely narrow. Truthfully, to make peace long lasting, institutions or factions involved in the peace making must first achieve a balance of powers–an interlocking of mutual.

For example, accommodate demands that would implicitly concede one’s superiority or may make completely unjust demands in the hope that through compromise long lasting peace is achieved. If there is genuine calling or questing for peace, then positions of individuals do not amount to be a hindrance. Peace only comes through readjustments, change of status quo, in other words, peace grows well on a new surface.

I, therefore, think there is nobody’s position is to be above peace in the context of South Sudan. Our dying masses do not want Wani Igga or Riek Machar or even president Kiir Mayardit as substitutes for peace, but they are in their languishing conditions calling for genuine peace for their survival.

Nobody’s position, whether current positions or future positions should be regarded as untouchable or redlined at the expense of peace.

Finally, brothers and Sisters in the peace talks or leadership of both factions, bring genuine peace to South Sudan not for you but for the innocent victims who are now dying of starvation and diseases. Whoever is preventing these innocent to enjoy peace in their country should be redlined Not positions of certain elites.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, director of Civil Society Organization in Australia, Former President of Sudanese community of Queensland INC, & Former Interim President of the Federation of Sudanese Australian communities. He is reachable at: dengjohn780@gmail.com

Position of Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders of the Republic of South Sudan on Peace Negotiations Process in Addis Ababa – Ethiopia

PRESS RELEASE, OCT/30/2014 JUBA: NOV/07/2014), SSN;

We, Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders of the Republic of South Sudan resident in Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap and Western Bahr Al Ghazal states, have learnt with grave concern that some member states of the International Community, in collaboration with some of the regional powers are indulging themselves in local national politics of South Sudan by pressuring for a regime change in Juba.

This is viewed as an interference and propaganda against the norms and values of democracy that respect and uphold the will of the majority of people that popularly elect their leaders in accordance with the principles enshrined in the Transitional National Constitution.

Therefore, for the regional and International mediators to encourage and support change of a democratically elected President, Parliaments and governments (National and States Institutions) in the Republic of South Sudan, because some people have revolted, is absurd and an ill-conceived project.

The support for military coups or violent transfer of power is no longer a popular notion in modern world politics. It is contrary to the will of the voters who consciously evaluate and freely choose capable leaders through the transparent electoral system after which power is peacefully transferred.

We, Jieng (Dinka) Elders are extremely saddened by this impression and precedence.

Firstly, the mediators are busy visiting the capitals of Addis Ababa, Kampala, Nairobi, Washington and Juba organizing reconciliatory meetings between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the Nuer rebel leader Riek Machar Teny.

Furthermore, the mediators are equating that rebel leader with the legitimate Government of South Sudan and the elected President, General Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Will this not set precedence for a disgruntled individual or any South Sudanese ambitious power hungry armed group to stage a violent take-over of power from legitimate Government of South Sudan?

On our part it appears as a deliberate undermining of the mandate of the people of South Sudan, at the time when the end of the mandate of the legitimate Government of Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, is only less than one year.

This is clearly an intended action to deprive the people of the Republic of South Sudan from giving their verdict in the forthcoming 2015 elections. The people of South Sudan are entitled to exercise their Constitutional right to elect from among their sons and daughters a capable person as President to lead the country.

Secondly, we Jieng Elders across the country vehemently detest the machination of the politics of South Sudan by external Powers in their blatant taking of sides against Jieng (Dinka) community as if Jeing had imposed their son Salva Kiir Mayardit into power over the Republic of South Sudan.

Such assertions and negative campaigns against Jieng are not true and misleading! What we want the mediators to know clearly is that attempting to impose on all the people of South Sudan a cosmetic political solution that rewards rebel leader Riek Machar Teny is utterly unacceptable.

Yes, it is absolutely true that Riek Machar Teny and his tribes’ terrorist Nuer white army succeeded to massacre countless number of innocent Jieng people in 1991 and many more after December 15th 2013.

However, make no mistake, the Jieng communities will neither accept nor recognize the anticipated Interim Government. It is a violation of the Constitutional privilege/right to elect our own leaders!

Thirdly, ironically the mediators are blaming the rebellion of Riek Machar Teny on the government as due to weakness in the leadership. But this is a pretext to impose their will on the people of South Sudan.

They are decided to impose punitive actions including sanctions on individuals in the leadership, travel bans, blocking of bank accounts, and on the nation: oil embargo and introducing the oil for food program as infamously done in Iraq.

Due to the high level of illiteracy in South Sudan, the regional and International Community wish to turn South Sudan into another enclave where very few elites are bribed into owning shares in multi-national companies of the western world, while the rest of the masses are left to languish in poverty and disease despite the large oil deposits and other mineral wealth that abound in their country.

There are also others who are aiming to turn South Sudan into another Congo/Zaire in order to remain isolated in jungles without working to realize any development of the abundant resources and communication infrastructure, especially when South Sudan is a land locked country.

South Sudan would be worse than some South American countries that are left without development but to only engage in illegal business enterprises.

By all means, Jieng people of South Sudan will use all means necessary to challenge this calculated humiliation and to oppose any such degradation and subjugation policy.

Fourthly, we know the value of national reconciliation and we have done it before! Rebel leader Riek Machar Teny even after massacring over five thousand in Jonglei and Upper Nile states in 1991, was granted amnesty in 2002; Paulino Matip with all other armed militia groups who fought for decades against the SPLA since 1983 were granted amnesty and were absorbed into SPLA in 2005 and thereafter.

All political parties that opposed the liberation of the South were pardoned because they did not know the joy of freedom and are now participating in the current inclusive government of national unity under President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Despite these positive far outreach approaches of reconciling our people, in disregard of differences in opinion or ethnic diversity, Riek Machar Teny, and those in opposition have mistakenly construed internal peacemaking, reconciliation and forgiveness to be a weakness on the part of the leadership of President Salva Kiir Mayardit as well as being a simplicity or naivety of Jieng people who allow themselves slaughtered as a price for peace, unity and stability of the country.

Those who care for genuine reconciliation among South Sudanese must listen to all points of view and must follow the traditional ways of reconciliation amongst Jieng and Nuers.

They should not aggressively dictate their own cosmetic unrealistic notion of unworkable inclusive government of national unity. The incumbent Government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit is exemplary and prototype of real national unity.

Finally, In the name of Jieng people of the Republic of South Sudan, we Jieng Elders want to surely inform the regional and International Community that Riek Machar Teny and his “terrorist Nuer white army” cannot and should not be rewarded with power to execute his “ELIMINATIONIST” Policy.

We have learned, from a distance of the horrific and genocidal tragedies of Rwanda in 1994. We will not permit further killings that might result into massacre of our Jieng people.

Although the “terrorist Nuer white army” is getting financial and military support from the neighboring countries and illicit economic and military empowerment, we are capable of defending ourselves.

Africa and the world at large shall not list Jieng as the second majority tribe to be eliminated in the presence of African and International Peace keeping forces as it happened in Rwanda.

By: Jieng Council of Elders The Republic of South Sudan, Juba
October 30th 2014
Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

1. Upper Nile State:

1) Abialiang Honourable Deng Chol Deng ………………………..

2) Ager Honourable Akot Dau ………………………

3) Nyiel Honourable Gatwec Nyok ………………………

4) Dongjol Honourable Thon Mum ………………………

5) Ngok [Lual Yak] Mr. Joseph Nyok Abiel ………………………..

6) Marbek Dr. John Sntipas Ayiei ………………………

7) Paweny Mr. William Sunday ………………………

2. Jonglei State:

Bor:

1) Luac (Padang) Honourable Joshua Dau Diu ………………..

2) Hol Honourable Anne Lino Wor Abyei ………………..

3) Nyarweng Honourable Daniel Deng Lual ………………..

4) Twic [Bor] Honourable Deng Dau Deng …………

5) Athoc Honourable Deng-Tiel Ayuen …………………

6) Gok [Bor] Honourable Maker Thiong Maai ………………..

Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

3. Unity State:

1) Ruweng (Panaru) Honourable Benjamin Majak Dau ………………

2) Ruweng (Alor) Honourable Battaria Monyror Makuei

………………

4. Lakes State:

1. Yirol:

1) Atuot Honourable Daniel Deng Athorbei ………………..

2) Kiec Honourable Gabriel Daniel Ayoal Makoi …………

3) Aliap Honourable Permana Awerial Aluong ………………..

2.Rumbek:

1) Agar Honourable Chief Daniel Dhieu Matuet …………

2) Pakam Honourable Gabriel Daniel Deng Monydit …………

3) Gok Honourable General Daniel Awet Akot …………

5. Warrap State:

1.Tonj:

1) Rek of Tonj North Ustaz Lewis Anei-Kuendit ………………..

2) Luanyjang Honourable Cauor Adong ………………..

3) Rek of Tonj South Honourable Mawien Akol Aduol ………………..

4) Rekof Tonj East Dr. Riak Gok Majok ………………..

Section Represented: Name of Representative: Signature

2. Gogrial:

1. Rek

1) Aguok and Awan General Agasio Akol Tong ………………..

2) Apuk (GiirThiik) Justice Ambrose Riny Thiik …………………..

3) Kuac ( Nyok) Honourable Joseph Lual Achuil

………………..

2. Twic Mayardit:

1) Twic West Honourable Mayom Kuoc Malek …………………

2) Twic central Honourable Charles Majak Aler

………………..

3) Twic East Honourable Kuany Mayom Deng ………………..

6. Northern Bahr El Ghazal State: [Maging Aweil]

1) Akuang Ayat Honourable Joseph Aguer Alic ………………..

2) Malual Honourable General Albino Akol Akol …………

3) Paliopiny Mr. Cleto Akot Kuel ………………..

4) Paliet Honourable Arthur Akuen Chol ………………..

5) Abiem West Honourable Pio Tem Kuac Ngor …………

6) Abiem Central Honourable Aldo Ajou Deng Akuei …………………

7) Abiem East Honourable Kom Kom Geng ………………..

7. Western Bahr El Ghazal State:

1) Waau of Marialbai Moris Yol Akol Tiit ………………..

[Longar Majok]

Will Star Shine for South Sudan? Scrutinising South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal

GLOBAL WITNESS, 27th October 2014
For immediate release: 27 Oct 2014;

South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal is high-risk and in urgent need of further scrutiny, according to a new Global Witness report released today. The seven month investigation into the deal between the South Sudanese government and the Spanish-owned oil company Star Petroleum for two of the country’s last remaining oil blocks, uncovered that:

*the company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million euro fraud;

*no information about who owns Star Petroleum is available to the public. Instead the company’s shareholders are all other companies registered in tax havens or unknown jurisdictions;

*the company isn’t producing oil anywhere else in the world;

*the deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession.

“The block E concession covers 45,000 square km in four states (Northern Bahr el Ghazel, Western Bahr el Ghazel, Lakes and Warrap—- and includes South Darfur in North Sudan)- that’s a lot of ordinary people’s farms and grazing land,” said Emma Vickers, Global Witness’ South Sudan campaigner.

“The government has to prove that this deal will help, not harm, those farmers and cattle herders by being open about who the company is, what kind of a contract they’re giving it, and what kind of rewards citizens can expect. From our research, it’s not clear that doing a deal with this company will benefit ordinary people. Without showing people that it will, the government risks fuelling mistrust among a vulnerable population who have often associated oil with conflict.”

The deal is being done at a time of crisis in South Sudan. The ongoing conflict has sparked a humanitarian calamity and left 1.7 million people displaced.

South Sudan’s oil dependent economy is in trouble: oil production has been halved by the instability and international oil prices have fallen in recent months, depleting government income.

The government has repeatedly stated that it will use oil money to bring development to its people and to broaden the economy away from oil but, this year, a third will be spent on army salaries.

Not only is the company an unknown, and the country is in turmoil, but the benefits of developing South Sudan’s oil industry both to the economy and to ordinary people, have yet to be proven.

“One of the fundamental problems with this deal is that the public know very little about it,” Vickers added. “Politicians have promised their citizens transparency and yet they’re negotiating behind closed doors. It’s time for them to lift the lid on who Star is and why they are negotiating with the company.”

South Sudanese law makers have already gone a long way to making sure this type of information is available to the public by putting strong transparency provisions in their oil laws.

Global Witness’ research has discovered that the Ministry of Petroleum has activated those provisions and asked Star for documentation. Star Petroleum reports that it has provided a list of who the company’s owners are, evidence of its technical expertise, and an assessment of the possible environment impact of oil exploration.

This is a positive step. The government must now take the next step and allow parliamentarians to review the deal and the documentation before it is signed. Star should also make this information publically available and easily accessible. When the contract is agreed, this must be made public too.

Global Witness put its concerns about the company and the deal to Star Petroleum. In its response, the company stated that it is “doing its business in compliance with local and European laws and all business ethical standards with full[y] transparency”.

/ Ends

Contact: Emma Vickers, South Sudan Campaigner +44 (0)7715 076 548 or +44 (0) 207 492 5838 or Sarah Morrison, Senior Communications Advisor +44 (0)207 492 5840.

Notes to editors:

1. Global Witness’ report ‘Will Star Shine for South Sudan?’ is available here.

2. Before publication, Global Witness sent questions to Star Petroleum on 18 September 2014. Star responded to Global Witness on 22 September 2014 in an email the text of which is available here. Global Witness sent Star Petroleum further clarification questions on 2 Oct 2014. Star Petroleum responded in a letter on 3 October 2014 available here.
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STAR PETROLEUM RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WITNESS

Dear Mrs. Vickers,

Reference to the publication by Global Witness of the report “Scrutinizing South Sudan’s First Post-Independence Oil Deal”, dated 27th October 2014, STAR PETROLEUM would like to make the following statements:

· Again, we reiterate that we highly appreciate the role of Global Witness and other non-governmental organizations that investigates and campaigns to prevent natural resources-related conflicts and corruption and associated environmental and human rights abuses. We fully share those values.

Since the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan, STAR PETROLEUM, always, has been confident about the future of the country. It has always trusted its Legal System and its Public Administration.

STAR PETROLEUM, since its incorporation in 2005, and since the beginning of its activities in the Republic of Sudan, and after independence, in the new Republic of South Sudan, proved to be a serious and responsible investor, and has fulfilled fully its financial, technical and legal obligations required by laws and regulations. All proofs required by the Government of South Sudan have been already provided. Additionally, it is fair and important to mention that Star Petroleum always believed in the future of the independent Republic of South Sudan. We have been present in the country (first in Khartoum, before the separation, and afterwards in Juba) since 2008, and we have invested during all these years, having local presence and professional team.

ü The following statements of your Report are not correct:

· “The Company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million Euro fraud”:

§ Mr. Merino is the beneficial owner of a small minority current participation interest (around 3%) in the Company and was a Director during a short period of time. He presented his voluntary dismissal and now he has no role in any Company activity. According to Court´s public information, presumably committed the illegal conduct in period of time in which he did not have any responsibility in Star Petroleum as Director.

§ The Court accusation against Mr. Merino doesn’t have any relation, directly or indirectly, with Star Petroleum or derived from his position as minority shareholder or former Director.

§ Mr. Merino is not a convicted as the Spanish Court has not still given a definitive resolution.

· “The ultimate ownership of STAR PETROLEUM itself is opaque”.

§ The ownership of STAR PETROLEUM as shown on page 3 of the Report is not correct in 2014.

§ International Public Authorities and STAR PETROLEUM’S Compliance Department are fully aware of the identity of all beneficial shareholders of the Company in compliance with all European Union Directives and especially to 2005/60/CE and 2006/70/CE as well as the GAFI recommendations. STAR PETROLEUM is implementing international global standards against money laundering, corruption and terrorist financing, therefore, increasing transparency and enable STAR PETROLEUM to successfully take action against illicit use of financial or corporative instruments. As per the request of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, a list of ultimate beneficial shareholders was provided recently to them.

§ Disclosure of beneficial shareholders identity to citizens in a private Company is a matter of confidentiality as such information is irrelevant to them.

· “The deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star Petroleum has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession”.

§ STAR PETROLEUM currently has valid legal title of a working interest in Blocks E and B, of the Republic of South Sudan. Block E: STAR PETROLELUM signed a perfectly valid EPSA on the 6th August of 2010 in Khartoum for Block E. This EPSA was agreed fulfilling entirely with the legislation of Sudan and approved at the time by the National Petroleum Commission. Currently STAR PETROLEUM is in negotiations with the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan, to adapt the above mentioned EPSA, into the new Republic of South Sudan’s Legislation (Petroleum Act 2012), implying the signature of a new EPSA for Blocks E. Block B: Following that, parties involved are expected to sign a new EPSA for Block B.

§ STAR PETROLEUM participated in a competitive process and we were able to become successful.

§ International prestigious Law Firms have been involved advising during the negotiation process both the Government of South Sudan and STAR PETROLEUM.

· “The company isn´t producing oil anywhere else in the world”.

§ STAR PETROLEUM’s Oil & Gas Management Team is highly qualified and has large experience and track-record in the sector. They lead and participated in all technical, legal and commercial negotiations and meetings with highly qualified teams of Government of Sudan, and the Independent Government of the Republic of South Sudan. The Technical Team of Star Petroleum is particularly strong on the upstream business, in which the great experience accumulated by former senior Repsol’s International and African Oil & Gas executives (including Star Petroleum’s COO, a top executive with 35 years in Repsol, of which 18 years as No. 2 Executive of the Company- Repsol’s Vice Chairman- and Head of E&P).

§ This Team is strengthened with engineers and professionals of other areas of expertise (professionals with expertise in Natural Resources, Consulting, Finance, Equity and Debt Capital Markets). All the CVs and personal data of the Management Team has been fully provided to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. Star Petroleum´s Technical Team, throughout their professional carriers, has the following aggregated experience in the international up-stream sector:

• Experience in a variety of up-steam environments (including complex on-shore and off-shore blocks and marginal blocks)

• Responsible for more than 1,200 exploration blocks

• Managed Annual Up-Stream exploration budgets of more than $9,000m

• Discovered more than 6bn Boe

• Generating production of more than 1,04m boepd

• Operated in more than 30 different countries (in all continents), among others: Congo Brazzaville; Kazakhstan; Australia; Kurdistan; Colombia; Brazil; Uganda; Tanzania; Argentina; Algeria; Libya; Bolivia; Peru; Venezuela; Trinidad & Tobago; United States; Russia; Canada; and Nicaragua;

§ In addition, we would like to mention:

• STAR PETROLEUM commissioned, to an international consultant, a full study on the environmental impact regarding exploration activities in Block E, and will be executing its activity according to best international practices and the South Sudanese 2012 Petroleum Act in force. STAR PETROLEUM will take full care not to cause any risk to the environment and local communities in the concessions’ areas. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan has a copy of said report.

· Financially STAR PETROLEUM is a solid Company since its incorporation in 2005, having a paid-up share capital of 229,736,784 Euros and is not having any debts with banks or any financial liabilities to third parties. All company’s costs and expenses are self-financed through the bid up capital and shareholders’ loans. Star Petroleum is ready to finance its further investments in the Republic of South Sudan (Capex and Opex) as it has been proved to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan.

Accordingly, STAR PETROLEUM will not accept any accusations based on rumors, jealousy and unfounded facts that may affect the reputation and activities of the company.

The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan is copied to prevent any damages that could affect also to the reputation and image of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining and the Government of the country.

I would appreciate if you could make public this information in order to clarify and make your report more rigorous and professional.

Sincerely yours,

Ignacio Lacasa
Head of Legal & Compliance

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application/pdf iconWill star shine for south sudan e.pdf
application/pdf iconGW letter to Star Petroleum 180914.pdf
application/pdf iconResponse from Star Petroleum to Global Witness 220914.pdf
application/pdf iconClarification questions to Star Petroleum 021014.pdf
application/pdf iconStar Petroleum response to GW 231014.pdf
South Sudan and Sudan Oil Gas and Mining Report

Upper Nile diary: Atrocities, federalism & the Shilluk

BY: JAMES COPNALL, AfricanArgumentsEditor, OCT/18/2014, SSN;

Even in a war of rapidly fluctuating military fortunes, Malakal stands out: the capital of Upper Nile state changed hands six times between December and March. And even in a war characterised by massive atrocities, Malakal has been hit particularly hard: the number of civilians killed by both sides may never be known, but it is clear that patients were shot in their hospital beds, among numerous other human rights violations.

Malakal is now a shrunken shadow of its former self, a distressing sight for anyone who knew the town before. Market stalls are shuttered, where the doors haven’t been bashed in, or burnt. Some abandoned residential areas, which bore the brunt of the fighting, are now over-run by foliage, the town returning to the bush; the UN estimates that 22% of the town was destroyed.

Now Malakal is populated mainly by soldiers, with large houses and NGO offices requisitioned for the war effort. Most civilians have fled. More than six months after the government regained control of the town, over 17,000 people still live in the grotesquely swollen UN base a 10 minute drive from the main urban area, coping as best they can with their temporary shelters, the lack of hygiene, and the reality of their newly reduced circumstances.

Some of the displaced cautiously make their way into town during the day, to sell goods in the market, or check on what is left of their houses. Most believe it is still too dangerous to leave the camp.

Those now living in muddy squalor in the UN base are, like the population of Upper Nile state itself, mainly Nuer, Dinka and Shilluk. Their interactions inside and outside the UN base mirror the shifting dynamics of politics in the state.

In the years before independence, there was considerable frustration in the Shilluk kingdom, which borders the White Nile around Malakal. Many complained that their land had been stolen by the Dinka, with the support of the ‘Dinka-dominated’ SPLA. Several Shilluk self-defence groups sprang up.

Tensions increased during the 2010 elections. South Sudan’s major opposition leader, Lam Akol, is a Shilluk, and received considerable support from his home region, increasing the perception within the SPLM/A that the area and its people represented trouble. Shilluk politicians within the SPLM, including Pa’gan Amum, then the Secretary General of the party, lost popularity at home because of their apparent inability to help ‘their’ people in a time of need.

Armed resistance grew. In March 2011, in the run-up to independence, a Shilluk militia leader, Johnson Olony, attacked Malakal town. He eventually joined the South Sudan Democratic Movemement/Army (SSDM/A), a loose coalition of rebel groups backed by Khartoum, and became its leader after the death of George Athor. However, in June 2013, Olony accepted a presidential amnesty, reportedly after receiving an ultimatum from the Shilluk king.

Six months later, South Sudan slid into civil war. As thousands of SPLA soldiers (predominantly Nuer) defected to him, Riek Machar could have been forgiven for hoping for significant reinforcements from among the Shilluk.

They, too, had many grievances with President Salva Kiir’s government. If sizable Shilluk forces, perhaps led by Olony, had turned on the government, Machar’s chances of hanging on to Malakal, and over-running the Paloich oilfields to the north, would have increased considerably. This did not happen.

Shilluk chiefs, elders and others told me that things could have been very different if Machar’s forces had stopped their bloody march at Malakal in the early days of the war. Instead, the rebels attacked several Shilluk villages, on both banks of the White Nile.

“We were surprised when the Nuer came and killed our people,” says Jok Wanh Adiang, a sub-chief in the small town of Wau Shilluk, a 20 minute boat raid north of Malakal, which is now home to thousands of Shilluk displaced. “It’s very bad.” The chief of Wau Shilluk, Obieny Jako Adhok, says that “when the Nuer came, we thought it was to fight Dinka. But when they arrived, they came and killed Shilluk and looted property. So that’s why the Shilluk didn’t join the rebels.”

Instead, Olony’s forces played a major role in the government campaigns to regain control of Malakal. At the otherwise muted Independence Day celebrations in July, Olony, a giant man, received warm cheers. He told the crowds that he had a “doctorate in fighting”, both a boast about his military prowess, and a rebuke to the academically-qualified Shilluk politicians who have not protected and developed the area.

According to the chiefs, Olony is actively recruiting Shilluk into his forces. The men are given ‘the price of soap’, small incentives, rather than a salary. They are seen not as a component of the SPLA, but as a ‘Shilluk self-defence force’, the chiefs say. As elsewhere in South Sudan, the creation of ethnic militias, while an understandable counter-insurgency strategy, is deeply damaging to the cohesion of the nation.

The politicians in Juba and Addis Ababa usually say that ethnicity is not a driving factor in the conflict. Although this may have been true at the very outset, a succession of atrocities targeting one ethnic group or another, in Juba, Bentiu, Bor, Malakal and elsewhere, make it harder and harder to deny that ethnicity is at least part of the equation.

And very often, lower-ranking officials, civilians and traditional authorities identify ethnic animosity or community self-preservation as the key motivation for the fighting.

Some of those tensions are felt inside the UN base. Nuer camp dwellers in general are too scared to go into town, which is controlled by the SPLA and Olony’s forces. They also know they are mistrusted by the other displaced people: “because I am from Nassir, they think I am with the rebels”, says one.

In February, several people were killed as fighting outside the camp brought skirmishes within. Since then, the divisions have largely been kept under control. The end of the rainy season is likely to bring more conflict in Upper Nile state, and may raise the temperature within the camp too.

The fighting has also strengthened the desire of many Shilluk to call for greater autonomy, a wish that, ironically, is also the ideology of the federal system demanded by Riek Machar.

Sitting on a plastic chair outside a makeshift shelter in the UN camp, a social worker and respected elder, Stanislas Obul, tells the story of the Hyena, the Leopard, the Lion and the Snake, who end up killing each other. “These are the animals that cannot live together”, he says, before referring explicitly to the Nuer and the Dinka.

Obul, like the chiefs in Wau Shilluk, and others in Upper Nile state, argues for greater independence for the Shilluk and by extension everyone else in South Sudan – a larger terrain in which the dangerous animals will not have to mingle. This may not happen – and it may not be desirable, given the danger of creating ‘tribal islands’ which would dilute any sense of a strong national identity. But certainties in South Sudan are being swept away by the day.

James Copnall is a journalist and author of ‘A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan’s Bitter and Incomplete Divorce’. He is editor of ‘Making Sense of the Sudans’.

Cattle camps are far more organized & suitable for living than current Kiir’s Rep. of South Sudan

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, South Sudanese, KAMPALA, OCT/12/2014, SSN;

In spite all the hardships and difficulties that are common in cattle camps, because the objective of moving to those cattle camps is not for making a good life for people, it’s all about grazing the cattle; you must believe me that those cattle camps are, in anyway, better than the current South Sudan in the hands of Salva Kirr Mayardit.

I am very sure, for those of you who may have witnessed or lived the life in cattle camps and especially during the first months of migration, there isn’t doubt that you’ll extraordinarily agree with me. Presence of unusual fattened female mosquitoes carrying malaria in their mouths is rampant; shocking movement of some poisonous snakes and insects is unquestionable, omnivores animal looking for human beings to eat are so much and hungry crocodiles waiting for human with their mouth opened wider; unfriendly grasses and bushes all over, strange sound of wild birds and reptiles is constant, just to mention a few, are all examples of how the life is in cattle camps.

For those of you who never been to cattle camps, I guess with an imagination of all the above mentioned and many more, you will, perhaps, really feel how that life would be. It is with no argument that people live between death and life in those cattle camps.

However, putting in to consideration all the above mentioned difficulties, you would promptly choose to live in cattle camps instead of Juba and other places under the government of Salva Kirr Mayardit.

If you ask me why, I will answer you that I mean it. Juba has turned to a new Sodom and Gomorrah of the 21st Century in the history of the world.

Innocent civilians gets disappeared every single hour, the security organs accuse them of having link with the Country’s rebels, the SPLM/A-in-opposition. It has been understood that there is no prison for those innocently accused civilians as they are taken directly from their houses to mass graves in the outskirts of Juba city.

Women in Juba are silently being raped and threatened to never disclose the fact as they are promised to be slaughtered should they do so. The SPLA-Juba forces are believed to be the mostly involved group in this activity because they say that they have left their wives for the protection and defense of the land and the government under Gen. Salva Kirr Mayardit.

Another thing they (SPLA-Juba) do is a “night robbing operation” in Juba city in the NGOs and private companies’ premises asking for money forcefully; journalists are aware of how they will be tortured and killed should any of them report those acts at night.

The loitering youths and soldiers of Bahr el Gazel who have hugely migrated from their region to Juba are currently involved in a very unhealthy activity: With assistance of language from their brothers in the town, they bring those prostitutes from the market and sleep with them one after the other, where they never pay the lady even at the end.

Do not inquire whether they use condoms or not – No Condoms. All of them, and probably the whole of Bahr el Gazel and South Sudan (God forbid) will be HIV positive. According to them, the tactics of bringing only one lady by one person to be used by all of them is to avoid being recognized by the ladies in the market if all of them could be going at once as they don’t pay the ladies enormously.

As witnessed and confirmed by the United Nations Special Representative of The Secretary General on Sexual Violence in the Post Conflict, Zeinab Banguru, women in the three states of greater Upper Nile are subjected to constant sexual exploitation by the armed men.

A woman never goes to look for firewood and gets back clean and not raped. Most of the time, they never report to the NGOs or UN as the culture advice and influence them not to do so.

In Malakal town, the night is always busy with the few Shilluk/Chollo ladies who insist staying in Malakal town. I was told that they have a timetable of “when-to-who” among the officers of the SPLA forces in the town and only cash and bullet speak.

I didn’t believe it, for God’s sake, that we may succumb to engage our very own people – mothers and sisters – in those unlawful and crazy practices

In Bentiu, the SPLA-Juba troops hide behind the roads and the fence of UNMISS waiting for women who collect firewood and then rape them. It has even let the women stop going out for firewood around the UNMISS base in Bentiu as it’s not only risky, but it also involves some inhumane night mare.

Why putting our Country and its people into these atrocities which they don’t deserve? Don’t we feel ashamed and accountable for all that has happened and happening to them?

Does this government qualify and deserve any support from a sound minded human being, looking at all that they have done?

The Country has become messily disorganized and has lost its suitability for living. South Sudanese are constantly suffering inside and outside the Country in terms of all the basic human needs, but the government of Salva Kirr is putting up closed eyes and deaf ears on that perspective.

The followers of Salva Kirr’s government, and especially the Nuer members, believe that they have defeated their Nuer fellows in politics. They see this era of confusion, atrocities, mismanagement and Bahr el Gazelized system as a source of getting wealth and satisfying their needs.

They have gone as far as bribing people to support the system that kills, a government that humiliates and assassinates its people; A government that has no vision and objectives to the country and its citizen. Why?

You will believe me; it’s now better to live in the EBOLA affected Countries in West Africa than to live in Juba or South Sudan, unless you choose to be part of the system and start your atrocities or support them in assassinating and kidnapping people.

The New Sodom and Gomorrah needs a lot of work to be done to clean it and bring back its value and pride. The atrocities are now being fueled by making them legal through the fake parliament.

The recent security bill that was passed by the less than quarter loyalists and supporters of murder and assassination in the National Parliament is a clear indication that things will certainly even be worse than the Old Sodom and Gomorrah, not to talk of cattle camps.

We will not only hear it this time round, we will strangely see it and feel it unavoidably, believe me.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But currently in Kampala in time of writing this piece) he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com . You can also access and follow his words on www.chuolchotson.wordpress.com

IGAD: Insolent Group Acting on Disintegration (IGAD), Not Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) anymore

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, KAMPALA, UGANDA, OCT/09/2014, SSN;

First and foremost, we would better study the political background and status of the members states owning the organization and more specifically Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan who are currently leading the peace negotiations between the South Sudanese warring parties in Ethiopia. Let’s try and make some highlights on their various political status and background, which perhaps, would qualify or disqualify them to be mediators of any human conflict.

Not everyone can be a mediator and not every Country can mediate between other Countries. It depend on the political honesty and transparency of that state to be able to mediate between others, regardless of whether the conflict is social, economical or political.

By the way, are the IGAD member states transparent and honest to mediate and bring a meaningful and lasting peace to any of their Member State at this time? This question is subjected to individual observation and analysis as we will discuss those IGAD members state in this article.

To be very clear with you, the political transparency of a given state, especially in Africa, depends entirely on the capabilities and transparency of its leaders. It has not much to do with its historical background as most of the African leaders takes the laws into their own hands and can direct the Country toward achieving their personal interest and objectives, and leave behind the Country’s historical status.

For example, If Meles Zenawe (R.I.P) of Ethiopia was a man of democracy, development and nationhood; if he was capable and honest person to solve the internal and regional conflict, the Ethiopian politics and governance had to be rated with transparency and capabilities at that time.

However, the current Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailimariam Desalegn may not exactly be the same as Meles. He may have his own interest, objectives and leadership vision and wisdom. If he is not transparent and capable, the Ethiopian politics and governance could change in a single day period from transparency to some horrible circumstances humiliating the political status and transparency of Ethiopia, which was put in place by the former Prime Minister.

That is exactly the case with IGAD member states; probably, and surely IGAD was founded in the hands of some capable and transparent leaders, but has unfortunately fallen into wrong hands at this time of history and has not only dwindle but has also lost its legitimacy and political character to manage any human conflict in this universe.

Kenya

In relation to South Sudan, Kenya is one of the Countries that have hosted a huge number of South Sudanese refugees during the struggle for independence till now. The country is currently led by the son of its founder, Uhuru Kenyetta who ascended to power in 2013 after he massacred innocent lives in 2007-2008 election which put the Country to almost a state of failure where citizens were maimed as chickens by none other than himself especially in Nakuru and Naivasha, a person who dreams of leading Kenyans.

Uhuru, after taking up the leadership of the Country, has fully adopted the dictatorial leadership style where most of the Kenyan politicians are his enemies and he owes them nothing other than murder and death; people are living in hiding and dissatisfaction from freedom of expression and freedom of political engagement.

It’s worth mentioning that Uhuru never been an able political figure in Kenyan politics. His interest and hobbies are much more associated with his family business. After losing the election in which he contested for his constituency seat in the national parliament, Uhuru decided to quit politics and run his family’s business. It took President Moi Kibaki some more efforts to bring Uhuru back to politics not knowing that Uhuru would be a threat to the Country’s politics.

Uhuru, as an educated person who grew up in political family and had been dedicated to be a leader in Kenya by his father (Jomo Kenyetta) who is the founder of Kenya and its first president, he sometimes comes out and speaks some words and deliver some empty promises during the day hours, which usually get disappeared at night while torturing and threatening the lives of Kenyan politicians and statesmen.

Uhuru Kenyatta is a fellow counting down his days as the ICC is just at his door. With no doubt, he will be hanged and Kenyans will probably get their freedom back and move their Country forward in peace and harmony.

Can a person awaiting death, in which he doesn’t wish, be able to manage another person’s problem? US, UN, UK and other International Community know that, Uhuru is a man awaiting his death.

What makes them think that he can be a part of a solution to South Sudan conflict? Perhaps, he may only applied some delaying and situation-worsening techniques to get some fellow go to The Hague with him, and especially Salva Kirr who is awaiting a call from The Hague anytime soon.

Uganda

A country aspiring to annex South Sudan politically and economically; Uganda succeeded in annexing South Sudan economically and still in the process to succeed in the political aspect of its plan. The Country is led by the most well-known dictator, Gen. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni who ascended to power by military means in 1986 after defeating Iddi Amin.

Museveni has been in power for 28 years. Elections have always been taking place but get rigged and Museveni always wins with surprising number of voters. During the election times, he always makes sure that the UPDF is well paid, well deployed and well directed toward achieving the rigging plan.

The rebels of LRA are still in the bush as we speak. Ugandans are people who focus much on making a living rather that dedicating their efforts on shaping a bright future for the people of Ugandan.

That very character has even increased the chances of Yoweri Kagutta to decide the present and future of Uganda in his house at night together with his family. Where in this world can the wife of the president serve as a national minister during the reign of her husband?

Janet Museveni is the minister for Karamoja affairs appointed by her husband Yoweri Kagutta Museveni. Her son Muhoozi Kainerugaba serve as the commander of the Presidential Guard Brigade providing security for his father. That is to say, the country is being run by a family.

Museveni deployed UPDF to South Sudan early 2013 after he managed to influence the South Sudan president to get rid of his potential political rivals, which included the then Vice President of South Sudan.

I don’t even see the reason to why the Ugandans government should participate in the peace process as a member of the mediating team and people expect transparency at the peace process.

Uganda is the leader and masterminding Country of Insolent Group Acting on Disintegration (IGAD). Uganda cannot be an active front line partisan and claims the mediation role of the same conflict, never.

Ethiopia

A country left in the hands of a brainless follower of Meles Zenawe. Meles appointed Desalegn because he knew that Desalegn is a submissive fellow who didn’t learn the word NO since he was a child.

He had to act as bodyguard of Zenawe simply because he didn’t have the vision, the wisdom and the capability to lead the people of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Now, Desalegn is acting on his YES behavior toward finding peace in South Sudan based on the decisions and ideas given by Yoweri Kagutta Museveni of Uganda.

Comrade Meles Zenawe couldn’t act like this. He couldn’t accept the massacre of innocent Nuer civilians and reward their killer with continuity in power. God Rest his Soul in Eternal Peace.

Sudan

After the independence of the South Sudan from Sudan, the two Countries’ relation has been associated with oil and other pending CPA agreement which includes the issue of Abyei. The two Countries have been accusing each other of supporting each country’s rebels militarily.

There are currently so many rebel movements in Sudan in which the SPLAM/A-North is one of the bigger rebel moment in the Country. SPLM/A-N has been a part of the ruling South Sudan party, the SPLM during the struggle and before the independence of the South Sudan. And without any reasonably doubt, the rebel movement in Sudan and the ruling party of South Sudan are comrades.

The South Sudan ruling party, The Sudan People’s Liberation Moment (SPLM) was formed to transform Sudan but the loose end outcome of the moment has favored the independence, but the movement, with its name, remains as Sudanese Liberation Moment despite the fact that the movement is a ruling party of other independence Country, The Republic of South Sudan. Something which the Sudanese government should question and get clarification from the Juba SPLM regime under the leadership of Gen. Salva Kirr Mayardit.

The two Countries (Sudan and South Sudan) are such conflicting countries that cannot necessary be part of each other’s solution to problem. Each of them would support the idea of disintegrating and seeing each other failing.

The Arab Sudanese in the North [Sudan] have been saying that the South could not manage to govern itself; however, in this sense, they would work on anything that makes the South Sudan a failing state to prove their claim – they are almost succeeding. Can such a Country be part of the solution to South Sudan conflict?

In conclusion:-

The world has to understand that a person who supports and favors the conflict is worse and even dangerous than the one who made it. IGAD is not the right body to bring a meaningful and lasting peace to the people of South Sudan; the moment they are given huge amount by the international community, they, instead, pursue their delaying and contradicting tactics of prolonging the peace process while the innocent South Sudanese are hopelessly and helplessly suffering, dying and crying daily.

The international community must and should always try to be fair in supporting people; sometime their support may only fuel and prolong the conflict. Imagine, had it not been their support to IGAD mediators in Ethiopia, the IGAD member states would have quit the mediating role and the following would have happened:

IGAD would have abandoned the mediating roles and leave the South Sudanese solve their conflict alone without fueling it. UPDF would have been forced to leave by other higher institution like AU or UN should they have been allowed to intervene African Union would have not been blocked by IGAD to try and mediate the conflict.

The UN would’ve not only seen the committed human rights atrocities by the parties in the conflict, but also the reasons and secrets of IGAD to use this conflict as a project.

The Peace process would have not taken 9 month to come to an agreement; and South Sudan would have been rewarded with accountability to those who committed some grave atrocities against them and their properties.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But currently in Kampala in time of writing this piece) he can be added/followed on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com . You can also access and follow his words on www.chuolchotson.wordpress.com

Michael Makuey Lueth’s uncivilized politics: A setback to achieving peace in South Sudan

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, KAMPALA, UGANDA, OCT/06/2014, SSN;

This may not be the first time South Sudanese get surprised by the political behavior of Michael Makuey Lueth, the information minister and government spokesperson, in South Sudan. His political manifesto is associated with legal speaking style (but purely lying) and as well as military commanding strategy which he added into his lifestyle during the struggle.

I think it’s difficult for Makuey to ever adjust his political behavior that would make him charming and inspiring rather than aggressive and divisive propagandist.

To me, Michael Makuey has lost his status as “Honorable Minister” and has become a “Horror-able Minister”. That is how I can address him. If Makuey Lueth can behave like an angry Lioness at ordinary civilians and the media, how then has he been behaving in peace talks on those he really calls enemy? Someone at the peace talk could accurately tell us about this.

I have come to learn that there is a behavior derived from the politics of Sudan with the Arab and being practiced unknowingly at this time of history in our Country: The Mistrust.

It was very difficult to trust an Arab man and even his words, no matter how sweet and friendly they sound. Our unique belief was that, the Arabs are not our people and we shouldn’t be with them.

That very belief had even increased the portion of mistrust behavior to a total and permanent mistrust on the Arab of the North Sudan and had let us finally to our independence, something we should be proud of as an outcome of our struggle.

However, the negative outcome of that behavior is the fact that it has not been washed away in the heart and attitude of our people and especially, the politicians. Well, you may not cross a muddy environment and expect your feet to be clean after crossing; you have to wash them first after crossing and from there, you will see their cleanliness and free from mud.

If you don’t wash and only continue your journey ahead, it’s obvious that the mud will only dry off on your feet and you will carry it to your final destination. To say the least, you are dirty and people will definitely see you as such. That is what exactly happening to some of us, especially those in politics and governance.

Most of our politicians in The Republic of South Sudan didn’t wash their feet after crossing the muddy environment which took us some 49 years to cross – they are still carrying with them the mistrust behavior on anyone.

You can imagine that the mud was too much, and too long to walk through and it was not only on the feet, but I think it went to neck and head.

One of the most affected fellows by this scenario is Horror-able Michael Makuey Lueth. It’s only in Salva Kirr’s regime to appoint such an anti-civilians person to the most civil engagement ministry, the ministry of information and communication.

It was not even by career because Makuey is a Law graduate and previous judge who has nothing to do with information and communication.

Unverified information has leaked out that Makuey doesn’t pray. The time he prayed the other day was all about asking God to kill for him Taban Deng Gai. A member of his family has revealed as they were chatting in their hotel in Nairobi recently. I believed this information and have rated it with absolute reality based on my observation on Makuey Lueth.

Michael believes that he can and will defeat the SPLM/A-IO in the shortest time possible. He thinks that those in the opposition are his permanent enemies, they can never be one again and he can never and would never trust any of them in times to come.

His wish remains to be the idea of defeating the SPLM-IO and not to negotiate with them and find a peaceful solution to address their differences and bring the lost peace back to the people of South Sudan.

You would believe all those aforementioned once you closely monitor the behavior of Makuey Lueth during the peace talks: When people are likely heading toward peace direction, Makuey adopts the behavior of stupidity and confusion as it’s not his dream and interest.

When people are stuck during the peace process, Makuey adopts the behavior of aggression, total mistrust on those involved in the peace talks and pursues his bloody divisive propaganda.

He sees the moment of constrain in peace process as his opportunity to pursue his dream of defeating the SPLM-IO and not thinking of finding ways and means to bringing peace and stability back to the people of South Sudan.

The recent statements he made in a press conference in Nairobi after the adjournment of peace talks by IGAD mediators is a simple prove to my observation. Honestly, sometimes he speaks statements which I don’t understand!

That behavior of Michael Makuey can absolutely be called “uncivilized politics”. It’s in contradiction to the modern politics of inspiring people. Michael Makuey believes that they (Him and his crooks) are ruling and forcefully controlling us.

But something must be clarified to Michael; we, the South Sudanese, and more specifically the Dinka and the Nuer, can never be ruled or forcefully controlled. We didn’t succumb to a kingdom formation as we value every man to be the same to other men.

We couldn’t manage to live under a kingdom that time and we will never live under it forever. We will never live our life under oppressor, aggressor etc.

We would militarily, politically, socially and diplomatically fight you to your end, and not our end. Think about this in the social and political aspect of it, please.

The SPLM/A–IO has already been established. Its ideologies have been introduced; they are there and will forever be there. If you don’t like federalism, it has already been introduced, accepted and will forever be there.

If you don’t like those politicians in the SPLM-IO, please quit the politics of South Sudan and do not make it tasteless. If you choose to be an anti-civilian person, please quit the politics as well and go home.

This fighting, to be honest, is by South Sudanese, for South Sudanese and with South Sudanese. It will and can be stopped anytime soon but people of your kind will still be pursued by the spirit of dead South Sudanese and will appear at night to them as ghosts and you will feel the pain at last.

You better understand this or otherwise, you have the mandate to bring peace to South Sudanese and should negotiate in good faith before things are out of hands.

You must cease speaking divisive propaganda toward the ordinary civilians; try and adjust your political behavior and pursue the politics of inspiration because you are not a puppet of Salva Kirr; are you?

You are a politician still with potential of saving not only greater Bor as an MP but also as any other public office including the presidency. Are you not capable, Horror-able Makuey?

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But currently in Kampala in time of writing this piece) he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com . You can also access and follow his words on www.chuolchotson.wordpress.com

South Sudanese: The time is up for Kiir & his gormandizers

BY: YIEN LAM, South Sudan, OCT/05/2014, SSN;

I may be cynical to title it as such. But it is my own view of the regime and its sympathizers who may cheaply think as such in the problem that killed hundreds of thousands who have no idea about faked coup, and in fact were the folks who voted Kiir into power in 2011. In this regard, I am always irritated when I see Mr. President uses the word “legitimate” in every speech.

This may well sounds right on his lip. But the word has been used wrongly by him if I am not mistaken. I say this because if he thinks as such, why would a president who was elected by his people kill the very folks who were giving him that legitimacy?

Would a president like that deserve to call himself as such? Be judicious if you are sincere and not blindfolded by the blood money of Kiir and his likes.

To me, I discredit his legitimacy. It is so because it does not apply to him as the person as well as the system that he leads. The word “legitimate” come from lawful system which does not apply to kiir’s system of governing.

To be candid about this though, the laws of the country are being owned by him and only him alone. How in the world should he be constantly insisted on the word as such while he already turned blind eyes on the core meaning of it?

This is preposterous and I don’t know if the regime forgot what it was elected for. If we think critically however, does the president have a right to say so? I don’t think so if you are rational as I do.

This does not need prescribable glasses on. It is as purely as it is, and does not need your glasses on unless you are one of the gluttons in the mist. If I were Mr. President, I would have not used the word legitimate brazenly as he usually does because there is no really meaning of it in this context while the givers were victimized by the system that he has been the leader of. As the argument perse, it would be pointless on the eyes of many if not most in South Sudan to say at least.

As the matter of fact, I have seen and heard kiir and his cronies still insisting that the December 15 was the coup that the whole world had denied and still so. What a hell is going on with this regime? Is this regime listening to itself and only itself alone?

Who else does the regime still educate with this widely known issue around the world? People, this is laughable if not impossible to do. In contrary, however, it is good for the world to know exactly how loggerheaded the regime may have been in term of being mendacious on any issue in South Sudan.

This is a very example that will certify the doubters If there are some out there. The issue of coup had been dismissed by international community as well as the military officers with in his government. Beside that, this issue let out the 11 detainees from the juba to Kenya. If that was the case as most knew it, what is being new about it now? Is the regime being rational as other do or what?

In addition, I will not say anything different than saying this: Anyone who is believing in this regime should believe not in it.This regime days are over. Whether you like it or not. Their days, Months and years are numbered if any. The regime may bluff some who are so naive in model world politics. But not many out there. Majority of South Sudanese now understand the genesis of it than before. Now, it is a time for South Sudanese to say no to dictatorship.

Moreover, it may sound decent for the meetings and conferences that may be held on the hotels and halls by Kiir’s cronies. But the time for them is gone. People may do whatever they want to do in the quest to cling on the power. But it is too late to materialize. This will not yield fruits. It will not be as such because people of South Sudan are so sick of this regime and loss trust in it.

If the regime does not deliver the services that the people need, why should people awareness be impaired and accept the kick back for the government that does not even build single school in other part of the country rather than its leader state.

Folks, let us not be deceived by people whose thinking is being impaired by the blood money. Believe me people, South Sudan will not be the same again unless kiir is gone and the route for few who still doing the murky work will be the road of nowhere.

Take my words for real. All of these were Prophecies and proved to be so in the years if not months to come.You hold or toss it, it is a reality. Hanging on with this regime that has no credibility will not only fail you as an individual, it will in fact, affect your children as well.

History does not forget. But can forgive. Takes my words. The things that we are doing now will go on the books in the years to come without a doubt. Now, it is your chance and choice to make for your life and children’s. If you want your children to be known differently, it is not too late to do so. You can do that on their behave. It is absolutely yours. It won’t be late to do such a thing for them and your Country’s future.

In this regard, you may or not believe me on this, the time for the regime is concluded. This will dramatically change. If you still think to use money on the government that is on the life-support than your credibility.

Be it! But I believe your money and your indecency will backfire in some years if not months to come. Drop it or not, that is how it will be for the indecisive people in South Sudan who favorite their pockets than tranquility, peace and harmony of their country’s future.

It is good for the person of his/her character to think as the patriotic in the country we all love. This is the facts. It is not a joke. If you’re still indecisive as such to move before change, change will move you in anyway to be frank with you.

However, gormandizing without watching your back is not only bad habits. It is in fact,a selfishness that has no remedy. Therefore, people as such deserve not to be followed because they like themselves than the country we all dearly love.

People as such are impossible to lead the Country. In this case, however, People must first take a minute or two to think about the root cause of the problem than putting individual interest ahead of the Country’s.

Following the path as the sheep do, does not apply to the model age. It had been left to the Neanderthal and should not be the only way that the country should be ran. This country needs a critical thinkers for its leadership.

To be sincere though, a Country cannot be ruled through remote mentoring and advising of others. Logic must be on the mind of the leader. If the country is ruled as such, the consequences are paramount and we already smelled the wind of it and the people who suffered the most are the innocent.

If that is the case, should we continue to follow that pass? The answer of this question should be no for all sound minded people unless you’re goofy enough to deny the reality in which I doubtably think you should.

In conclusion, kiir and his cronies must go and say no to their evil intention to divide us with our own resources. No matter what they may be thinking of prolong the war,we shall remain as one as we ever been because we know what the regime does to cling on power through filthy game.

If we understand it as we saw the regime’s intention, we therefore, need to standstill as the people of South Sudan that cannot be bought with our own to kill ourselves. We must say no to the blood money that is being used to kill us than uniting us in the common purpose of oneness as the people of South Sudan.

South Sudan is bigger than individual interest and we strongly need to resist those interests and stand firm for the country’s interest than individual one.

The author is a concerned South Sudanese that can be reached @ lam981@hotmail.com

Weighing & contextualising the change we need in South Sudan politics

By: Marial Mach, A’duot, Melbourne, Australia, OCT/01/2014, SSN;

Any South Sudanese bestowed with conscience and rationale would agree unequivocally with the pervasive charges and claims of failures laid upon the government of republic of South Sudan. Informed by the calamity of wars and the shameful conditions of lives, it is unquestionably true that our government is a complete failure, vested uncharacteristically with mediocrity.

From the myopic understanding and dealing with the public security to non-existence of public services, the scales of what has been achieved since the interim periods to the present is outweighed by what has not been done and government unwillingness to act prudently.

These unfortunate facts are cheaply blamed on socio-political fatigues; a transiting from war to the government and that might have some elements of truth in it, but that must not be used as a perpetual signpost to repute the ineffectuality of the current system in carrying out its duties.

Knowing the scale of destruction we endure as South Sudanese in decades of war, no one would have an illusion that government should fix instantly the mess of five decades, but failure to initiate the work in progress conjures doubts on government’s ability to govern and to deliver.

The scales of government’s failures are evidence through effects of the rampant corruption and insecurity which makes the government not only lacking public-oriented conducts, but also the credentials of modern governments, e.g., higher standards of responsiveness and accountability.

Even before the debacles of the current conflict worsen the living conditions of the people, the state of public security was not close to any sense of security, but cluttered.

Public tranquility and peace was vanquished, savagely attacks by political violence deriving a shambolic state of affair and irresponsibility in Juba that failed to nourish the destitution and ease the tribal confrontations.

Failure to institute credible security, and the rule of law has allowed carnage to reign, and corruption to flourish, given the flaws of authority to assert control and punishment over criminal activities and corruption.

What has become more tragic as the result of such political delinquency is the notion of the people in power becoming more relentless in unleashing self-enrichment that dwelled on government’s ill-practices and incapacity to constrain the behaviours and actions of those officials to conform to the larger collective purposes of the society.

This has been evident in embezzlement reports involving the key government figures. Because of these incidences, it is explicit that government of South Sudan is not meeting its responsibilities. Hence, it has failed and change is inevitable.

However, the difficult question integral to those calls for change is the kind of change we need and how do we intend to achieve that? Many commentators even before the war came up with some good and impossible suggestions.

Among these suggestions are the destruction of SPLM in order rid country from the liberation idealism, others are seeking a democratic solution through a mass rejection of the ruling party at the ballots box and the third phase is a military solution currently pursued by the people that are waging it.

But as far as the current political situation is concerned, none of these aspirations are materialising or a solution and here are the reasons why.

First, the SPLM now in the government will not be destroyed easily, but will continue to exist and even widen its prospect of dominating South Sudanese political scene not because it will assemble the force to protect its forcible reign as it might be perceived, but because the legacy of liberation is fresh in people’s minds and would use that advantage to retain the power.

SPLM, for many generations in South Sudan is viewed as a liberating machine, thus, the immediacy of the struggle and the pride of such assumption is not fading any time soon. This makes the thought of SPLM relinquishing the power, let alone its forcible eviction an illusion at best.

SPLM will remains as a foundational basis for the government for a while, and an inspiration for future generations unless evicted democratically. This assumption is informed by what the SPLM brings into government; the ideals that shaped the struggle.

Even though the entire leadership of the movement and their practices in the government are most antiquated, still the movement can capitalise on any opposition, especially those waging the violence by invoking the pride of liberation they rightly earned.

Their credential of heroism among the public became their greater advantage given the public disapproval of opposite political forces as those who having been handed the independence on a plate.

SPLM in this case has become a trademark in which the aspirants market their political ambitions. To speak political language firmly resonating among South Sudanese, one needs to associate with SPLM and that is why we have seen the rise of few political parties with acronyms such the SPLM-DC, SPLM-in-government, SPLM-in-opposition and the SPLM leaders.

It could be impossible to uphold the destruction of SPLM due to the mindsets, and because of its political message immersed in the legacy of liberation that everybody is seeking to capitalise on it.

However in knowing the public admiration of the SPLM does not in any essence gloss the movement’s failures to live up to the promises of liberation. We all know justice, equality and prosperity which formed the core foundation of the SPLM are not self-executed.

They must be realised by ensuring the public safety and provision of the basic services ordinary people cannot afford to themselves like road, schools, medical care and the clean drinking water.

Without changing the pattern of how the SPLM led government carries out its duties and style of leadership, it would be a matter of time before the hyper of liberation fades. People stranded in poverty caused by the insecurity would likely accuse the movement of having power without exercising responsibility and that might change the political equations and response to the SPLM.

But still I don’t think that can overwhelm the SPLM support base. The change we need must focus on how to ensure the improvement of the system to fulfill the above promise and that must be harmonious changes rather than through war and other un-procedural characteristics.

The reason why gradual and peaceful change is better than violence lies first in a conceptual notion of war as hindrance rather than remedy. It destroys the small gain we supposed to build on it.

However on the political front, war would likely strengthen government ability to remain in power without change. The SPLM in government would seizes affections of war and use it to appeal directly to those affected, deflecting the blames of failure by quickly branding those fighting the war as agenda driven forces that cannot be trusted.

Such scenario hinders the change we seek within the SPLM and government; unless different set of approaches not associated with violent is devised. The rough idea supported with fact is an internal gradual change within the SPLM and in the government.

This notion might invite more explanations, but I would rather put it simply as ‘a political transfusion’; gradual replacement of exhausted, wore out party’s elites with effective young talents armed with modern ideals and wills to serve the same purpose with different perspective and approach.

This kind of change can be harder and long to be achieved, or even impossible if we base our judgement on what happening in Zimbabwe and many other countries in Africa with liberating parties and leaders in power.

Since the corruption and mismanagement as well as the failure to create good and responsive governance are the main concerns in South Sudan, it is true to say that none of these can be fixed simply by changing the government or party in power without changing the system or modalities in which the government operates.

Gradual changes can include a political reform through a constitutional configuration to boost accountability through checks and balances and parliamentary interpolation. Those currently waging the war might disagree on the fact that government in Juba is vested with rigidity and records of intolerance. However that can be untrue because the strategies of change are not encompassed in overthrowing government alone.

Change, in my opinion can be dichotomised and expanded to include so many avenues of institutional resetting and the policy spectrums. Let say if we need an effective system of government to fight corruption and to manage our state of affair, overthrowing government can never caters for those needs.

Changing actors’ views on governance and their practices can be realised through political reorientations through legislature capable of confer the rewards and punishment for good and bad practices.

Derived from this assumption, Larry Diamond, one of the best known political scholars argued that, ‘endemic corruption will not be reversed and controlled with moral crusades’ claiming that ‘…Officeholders will not abstain from corruption unless it no longer appears in their interest to behave corruptly’.

In this assumption, the one and only way to implement the above strategy and that is the change South Sudan is lacking and might need is how to constrain ill-practices and bad governance.

Larry emphasised that ‘to control corruption the expected utility for the individual officeholder of obeying the law must be higher than the expected utility of behaving corruptly.’

In saying that, I assume Larry is advocating for a strong rule of law capable of controlling and punishing. Instead of running with guns in our cities and jungles, or maintaining the status-quo that defies changes of procedures rather than the entire system, it is true that we sought to do our nation a great harm than good.

The remedy to this purposeful idiocy is to end the current war and seek a peacefully political reform and arrangement through discourses rather than violence.

Having a democratic political system capable of maintaining civilised power where the officeholders would be perpetually held to account for their actions can be realised only if we can constitutionalising the roles of government that can never be achieved through continuing waging aimless war.

The author of this piece is a South Sudanese political scientist residing in Australia. Marial Mach, A’duot is Deakin graduate with BA in Politics, and International Relations, Masters of International Relations, Masters of Politics and Policy. He can be reach for comments at pandepiol@yahoo.com