Category: More Views

Mr President: Is your mother a man or a woman?

By: Alma Zeno Riko Ettore- Equatorian citizen, UK, MAY/19/2016, SSN;

I wanted to write about this issue earlier but I gave the chance first and foremost to the Gender Minister, South Sudan Parliament and other well-placed women and men in South Sudan to challenge the President for a big “faux pas” he committed when he chose to offer women as sacrificial lambs to his wayward and unprofessional army. Seeing that no one has done so, I took the liberty to pen down my own thoughts.

Any woman has a special status in her community or the place where she lives: She can be a mother, a wife, a sister, a daughter, a grandmother, a godmother, a cousin, a friend, a granddaughter, a neighbour, a community member, a government official, a colleague at work, a Minister, a Prime Minister or a President of a country, a Princess or a Queen etc. etc.

This shows that a woman can positively affect any society, community or country in which she lives. Most women have done this quite well with little opportunities and resources; this is why this world is still rotating on its axis and the sun is where it is supposed to be, the moon is where God has placed it and man is still walking on this Earth. If any man denies the importance of women in his life then he is exhibiting nothing but ignorance, lack of knowledge, lack of education and total self-denial.

“If you educate a man you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nation”

This means that the mother affects the learning experience of a child from day one and therefore if she is learned and educated, her children will grow up to be a better breed of individuals because of that influence of the mother and as we all know, mothers make nations. The father’s educational influence is very little compared to the mother’s especially when the child is still growing and developing because a small child spends most of his/her time with the mother. A mother’s influence on individuals has been proven again and again in researches and statistics throughout the ages.

Every nation’s civilization, power and wealth is measured by the status of its women and not men; this is why South Sudan and its extremely low status of women who form the bulk of the population is one of the poorest in the world in spite of all he country’s natural resources and wealth. This is because these resources have fallen in the hands of ignorant men. As long as these ignorant men remain in power, South Sudan will remain poor and backward.

When President Salva Kiir gave the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) the green light to rape women as a reward and an incentive for their fight against the rebels, people around the world were stunned and dumbfounded with disbelief, shock and wonder. This is because President Salva Kiir is perceived to be the Head of a State and this is not how Heads of States speak but people have to know that President Salva Kiir is not any other Head of State: He is a leader of a “headless state.”

A Head of State metaphorically has eyes to see, ears to hear and brains to think. South Sudan has no government, no head. It is governed by the JCE, which is a self- appointed group of corrupt old people (average age 82) from the Dinka tribe who are the main advisors of the President. The President seems to fulfil their every wish, however destructive it might be to the nation.

Now South Sudan stands in the world arena like a headless nation, without vision, positive presence or principles. South Sudan has been reduced to a joke. Whenever anyone mentions the name “South Sudan” people’s demeanour changes to either pity or contempt.

This is not what we envisaged for our country. This is not why we went in droves to vote for the Referendum to secede from Sudan. This is not our vision for our beloved South Sudan. Everyone had a vision of freedom from slavery in all its kind; freedom from poverty and lack of education, from hatred, from malice and opportunism.

We envisaged South Sudan as a rich, powerful and exemplary country, a country leading in Africa. A country that will make us feel proud for the first time in 50 years and will stand out for the right reasons but President Salva Kiir and his JCE have other ideas.

Their vision for the country is to have slaves and masters, hatred and discord and division, one tribe against the other, one group against the other, death, poverty, hunger and confusion. This is indeed a Reign of Terror.

This President and his cohorts will stop at nothing. After mass- raiding the people of South Sudan’s public funds and looting and stealing from public resources, stashing the money in overseas bank accounts and buying businesses and private residences all over the globe, they became unable to give basic services such as salaries to the army on which they depend to terrorise and hold the nation at ransom.

As a result, the President has concocted the most disgusting and filthy means to reward the army by advising them to go out and rape women as a means for payment. The big question is “Who are those women that he is pointing out to be sacrificed?


God gave extra thought to create everything in the Earth for the comfort and survival of man. The Holy Scriptures goes on to tell us that He created the heavens with all its constellations, then the earth with its mountains, valleys, hills, oceans, rivers and then all the plants up to the microscopic algae and then the animals, birds, reptiles and invisible creatures.

All were created to perfection in order to serve man. When Adam was created God made him out of dust and he was told that he is the master of the Earth and that he should toil it in order to eat. Last of all, God created a being that is like Adam but far more sophisticated, complex and superior (This is why men being simple, will never understand women). God made that being out of Adam’s bone, not out of dust like Adam.

I will perhaps have to forgive the President for uttering such an unbecoming and shameful statement, which has been broadcast all over the world because the President lacks education, wisdom and vision. The reason he became the President of South Sudan in the first place is because at the time he was chosen, people were more concerned about seceding from the North of Sudan, therefore not much focus was put on him.

The other factor that helped him immensely is because he was hurriedly drafted in to fill the void vacated by the untimely death of Dr John Garang who was a highly educated, well-placed and visionary leader; the founder of the SPLA/M. If Dr. Garang was alive, Salva Kiir will never have the platform to insult the South Sudanese women or mess the country as he has done.

This President is the most unsuitable candidate for this job. He knows it, the JCE know and so does everyone in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese women have to fight for our rights much harder and the first fight is to stand together from all the 64 tribes as women of South Sudan in order to topple this evil regime of President Salva Kiir.

The President who seems to like to inflict on himself grievous bodily harm has to be reminded that we the South Sudanese women who he so much derides and holds in contempt constitute ¾ of the total population of South Sudan and we promise that we will be the chink in his armour, the Achilles tendon in his heel, the banana skin in his way. We will never rest until he is GONE with the wind.

In conclusion I want to give advice to people who can make some changes in the lives of our long suffering mothers, sisters and daughters in South Sudan. The Gender Minister was appointed to look after women. She should be the first person to tackle and challenge the unbecoming and insulting attitude and speech of the President and men of low education and low morality like him in government.

The President is setting an unfortunate precedence and a very bad example to young people and people who have spent all their time doing nothing but damage to communities. The Gender Minister has the duty to educate the men around her and stand for the cause of women so that they can have a better life.

I will therefor urge the Minister for Gender to ask the President to apologise to the women of South Sudan without reservations. I will also ask the Parliament of South Sudan which is the most impotent, useless and redundant Parliament in the world to stand up for the rights of the People of South Sudan at least once in their lifetime and condemn the President ‘s ill-advised and utterly revolting statement against women.

Long live every Woman in South Sudan

What Uganda’s Pres. Museveni means for the people of South Sudan

By Emmanuel Kachoul, Uganda, MAY/16/2016, SSN;

Dear Editor, and my fellow South Sudanese allow me start by introducing myself. I’m a South Sudanese businessman who has greatly benefited from H.E. President Yoweri K. Museveni’s relentless efforts to stabilize the Great Lakes region AND East Africa at large including my own country South Sudan.

I would like to take advantage of this day when our dear Pan Africanist leader is being inaugurated or sworn in for his new term of office as President to express my gratitude to him, the NRM and the UPDF plus the entire people of Uganda for their sacrifice and contribution towards pacification of my country South Sudan.

Allow me make my submission as follows: The Republic of South Sudan is the youngest nation in the whole world having got its independence on the 9th July 2011. But this Republic has seen turbulent times and the journey to self-determination has been protracted and painful.

Thanks to all regional bodies including the IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development) and other International friends who played a leading role in negotiations that led to the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 that brought a semblance of peace which we still hold on until now.

These kinds of conflicts, we as freedom fighters have always prayed that they don’t happen again because they date back during the time of colonialism. Case study in 1974 southerners who had separated from the north, reunited with the north again, in 1955 again southern army officers mutinied forming the Anya Nya rebel groups. And in 1983 a major insurrection involving many uncomfortable southerners led by SPLM/A (Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement) under the able leadership of Cmdr. John Garang De Mabior fought a justified protracted peoples war for 21 years for self-determination, until the CPA was signed.

Although, this war alone resulted into untold suffering of people including loss of over 2 million people and displacing close to 5 million People women and children inclusive. All these wars have played negatively in the political, social and economic spheres of our nation a scenario that we must guard against zealously.

Unfortunately, in December 2013 fighting again broke out between government forces led by President Salva Kiir and rebels royal to his deputy vice president Riak Machar and fighting spread across the country leading to unnecessary loss of lives and untold suffering of innocent people.

Nevertheless, on my behalf and on behalf of my fellow South Sudanese and the fallen freedom fighters in SPLA/M who hold our beloved motherland with high esteem, we salute commander Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and congratulate him upon this well-deserved victory and pray that he continues with his visionary and wise leadership role, which he has manifested to us in the region and in Africa at large and a true Pan African Elder.

It should always remain fresh in the minds of all how his Excellency president Museveni swiftly moved to avert a looming genocide in the young and fragile nation of South Sudan in the just concluded civil war, amidst wild spread criticism across the globe but he single handily stood with the people of south Sudan by sending in well trained and disciplined African soldiers “ the UPDF troops” who didn’t disappoint but rather stood with their SPLA comrades to calm a situation which had run out of hand and saved the lives of innocent civilians and properties.

Bravo SPLA and UPDF for the love of your continent, you are our heroes. The courage and consistency of the Ugandan Army and the SPLA/M in resolving the chaos in South Sudan is the product of the Pan African state of mind and much is owed to the men and women who serve in these forces.

Painful lesson learnt; 1994 Rwanda genocide. One of the major reason this happened was because everybody among the regional leaders then sat and waited for UN and or I don’t know what to come and secure Rwandans.

And the biggest African shameful atrocity befell our brothers and sisters there as if they didn’t have neighbours to help, while our leaders stood aside and watched our sisters and brothers chopping themselves to death for a hooping one hundred dark days.

This should never happen again anywhere on the African continent and the world at large. Good neighbourhood demands that when you see smoke at your neighbour’s house, you know there is fire therefore you must move to extinguish it and this is exactly what UPDF under its able command did in 2013 in South Sudan.

I get disturbed when none of the national and international agencies don’t keep mentioning such a noble achievement. And had the genocide happened, it would be talked about up to date.

I think we should learn how to glorify positive achievements even for the next generation to be able to build on it in our enduring endeavour to make Africa a good place to be. The harmonised political, social and military approach has again brought a semblance of peace in juba manifested in the getting together of the two warring parties of president Salva Kiir and his vice Riak Macher.

Furthermore, All this has happened due to mature political and military engagements within our two neighbouring countries and truth be told, a big kudos must go to Commander Museveni and Commander Kiir Mayerdit, South Sudanese Peace loving people, IGAD Leadership as well as well-wishers.

Regionally, the admission of South Sudan into the EAC and now COMESA opens up opportunities for South Sudan investors and Citizens and this couldn’t have come at a better time since this re strengthens bilateral relations with our neighbours. Of equal importance is the formation of the East African Standby army to act as a deterrent and secure the region in times of imminent turmoil.

Time will come when we don’t have brave leaders who can bridge the gap hence there must be a concrete mechanism of joint security of people’s lives and property. To all my fellow south Sudanese back home and in the Diaspora. Please we must continue working hard and praying trusting in God’s ability to deliver us from the economic difficulties we still face and a passionate call to our governments to at all times uplift peoples’ liberties and freedom.

This can best be achieved if we all cherish and use freedom profitably bearing in mind that we don’t only have to do what we like but what we ought to do right.

Martin Luther king once said “That darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do that’’. He went ahead to say that ‘’Hate cannot drive out hate, only love can do that”. Please let us continue in the same footsteps of loving one another, because surely there is light at the end of the tunnel.

About the writer Comrade Emmanuel Kachoul is an SPLA former freedom fighter who is currently engaged in the fight against poverty and its related vices in South Sudan and trying to unlock South Sudan’s economic potential so that the Young nation can deliver on its promise of developing its people. The writer can be contacted on
+256 771869952/+254 708446804

Can the Opposing Quartet of Riak, Lam, Pres. Kiir & Yau Yau together restore peace, stability in torn fabric of politics in young nation?

Quote “Peace is costly but it’s worth the expenses” from African Ancestors.

By Luka Geng Geng,, University Campus (UBG), MAY/12/2015, SSN;

As I write this piece, it goes without saying that every South Sudanese citizen across the country and elsewhere on the world needs the country to heal, demands the politicians to close up an old page and start with the new chapter and therefore make a turn to restore and consolidate peace and stability, security, prosperity and ultimately resurface the torn fabric of political culture in the world’s youngest Republic of South Sudan.

However, ringing in the minds of everybody is the question that poses itself about the old time opposing quartet in the persons of Dr. Riak Machar, Dr. Lam Akol, Pres. Salva Kiir, and David Yau Yau, whose appearance in TGONU caught everybody by surprise.

This question remains open because there is no precisely short answer to slaughter it. But my dear esteemed readers, before getting down to the centerpiece of this article and imploring more, allow me here at the outset to seize this golden opportunity to send Mr. President and his newly appointed cabinet glad tidings from my abode.

Although this piece might not be timely on its publication owing to my inaccessibility to internet, I believe President Salva Kiir must be a peace loving and true nationalist having set the room to accommodate all odds. Indeed nobody was expecting all the faces of the aforesaid quartet to appear in the TGONU as thinking so could be a nightmare for those who dreamt of it….…..until the night of April 28, 2016 when the state owned SSTV let the cat out of the bag to raise the eyebrows for the entire nation.

After this secret was revealed through the presidential decree, the talk of the day was centered on the question that makes the title of this piece. What bothers much in this question lies squarely on the level of trust among this quartet whom the president tied down with a rope on the same wood, the fact that Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Riak Machar, President Salva Kiir and David Yau Yau all have had varied ideologies and political views has raised this question on top of others.

With Dr. Lam Akol, the chairman of Democratic Change Party in recent years seen as persistent critique to the government, Yau Yau fought the same government before he joined the SPLM main stream (SPLM-IG) and Dr. Riak Machar, the chairman of SPLM-IO, and a signatory to the peace agreement that brought the formation of TGONU, all now in the same boat.

We are left with only this question to ask, but the president’s remarks on the swearing ceremony of the newly formed cabinet is wise enough to provide a glimpse of hope to be relied upon.

On the swearing ceremony, Mr. President unreservedly called for “cooperation and the spirit of team work among the new cabinet to be employed so as to deliver the basic services for people” if the cabinet respond positively to that call, a unity can be regained without any doubt there.

In light of ensuring peace and stability, security, unity, prosperity and marshaling the torn fabric of political culture in the young republic of South Sudan, it is very imperative from my own perspective that our top leaders must understand that the stable peace can be restored on the basis of economic, social, political and military reforms by aiming at efforts that contribute directly or indirectly to an improvement of circumstances surrounding the security in the country.

Taking into account this perspective and in order to enhance durable peace in South Sudan, it is vital to consider political, economic, social and military aspects comprehensively; in particular, economic development has indispensable importance in reinforcing the political and social resilience of the nation and enhancing sustainable stability within the country.

It is also important for peace and stability of this country to solve and silence internal disputes and inter-communal clashes as the country looks on for peaceful coexistence.

In my personal point of view, the first step before even thinking of taking on these reforms must be the reconciliation and trust-building among the leaders themselves, by so doing, the gateway of transition from conflict to reconciliation demands that leaders and the general public must step away from previous mistrust, anger and old memories so that they may come to nuanced understanding of the previously erupted conflict and therefore prove themselves to be the exemplary for others.

Looking back at previous memories could be painful undeniably, although the fighting that erupted in Juba on December 15, 2013 may have been triggered by political disputes as a result of mistrust among the nation’s top leaders, the violence it sparked on the wider population cannot be solely explained by the political differences of the elite.

As such, the country top leaders and the public must step away from their old thoughts or memories and put the interest of the nation first above everything including their own interests. It will be disheartening for these country top leaders to fail to work in the spirit of teamwork in an attempt to restore the torn fabric of the fractured south Sudan that was torn in to pieces politically, economically, socially, ethnically and culturally because this time is the second best chance for peaceful coexistence South Sudan must embrace.

Peace means a lot to the south Sudanese citizens who have been desirous for positive changes and more specifically to the internally displaced population across the country.

Apparently, challenges on the road to revive the country and rebuilt the lives of its citizens are enormous, however, no one is expecting the current leadership to uproot them overnight……but if the leadership shows its commitment then with time, peace and stability shall be restored and the country shall soon be free of problems.

Now that the incumbent government must work to deliver peace and security, combat corruption and basic service delivery, repatriate the IDPs from the POCs and ultimately to bring unity, the government must not forget to build strong bilateral relationships with its neighboring country and international bodies whose bilateral relations went fragile over the last two and half years of conflict.

Although the international community fell short to support transitional government of national unity with funds and donations as soon as it was much expected, it is too early to expect such funding and support from them and the best thing to do is just to remain in close touch.

This time will also be a chance to reverse a trauma that had been inflicted on the millions of its citizens psychologically and physically, therefore the newly appointed cabinet ministers must show a spirit of hard work to ensure that peace, security and stability are restored.

All the parties should come together at this juncture and work for the progress of the country, dividing issues such as the twenty eight states as always claimed by SPLM-IO must not be the standpoints of withholding the peace in the country, both parties to the agreement must find a possible means to solve such issues amicably.

Give peace a chance so that it must prevail!

The writer of this piece is a medical student in the University of Bahr el Ghazal; Wau, He can be reached at

Open letter to President Salva Kiir Mayardit: Imminent reforms expected

By: Ater Garang Ariath, MAY/04/2016, SSN;

Mr. President,

As the nation moves toward its dream of hope for peace, stability and sustainable development upon the return of Dr. Riek Machar Teny to South Sudan as the First Vice President, South Sudanese people foresee the realization of harmony again in the country.

Mr. President, when you, Dr. Riek and Igga shook hands after First Vice President took oath of office, it far demonstrated a sign that you are partners in peace and the announced Transitional Government of National Unity.

The Transitional Government of National Unity should of now work to embrace national healing and reconciliation among all South Sudanese common men and women that were psychologically fractured in different areas during the conflict.

The genuine realization of peace and national cohesion among all South Sudanese within and outside the country can only be achieved if your leadership appoints competent, skilled and experienced Advisors in the latest cabinet.

Like any other South Sudanese citizen, I would like to take this opportunity to call for appointment of Presidential Political Advisor, whose credentials were of course impeccable, highly intelligent, a superb linguist and a born diplomat to revamp our diplomatic relations.

Appointment of senior experienced and political acumen South Sudanese man or woman as Presidential Political Advisor after the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity(TGONU) will be of great asset toward refurbishment of South Sudan political exposures within and outside the region.

The Political Advisor with strong vision of South Sudan loyalty as nation “first” should work on programs that will revamp South Sudan’s diplomatic and political exposure in the region and beyond.

As we move together as nation to rebuild damages that were brought on our societies by recently elapsed civil war, there is a high need to appoint an impeccable Presidential Political Advisor in the Transitional Government of National Unity.

The crises faced by our country are merely political ones, which need your leadership to fix by ensuring that white-headed South Sudanese, who care for national interest, are appointed to hold strategic presidential advisory roles in order to avoid another pitfall path caused by recently concluded war in our history as a nation.

Mr. President, behind every successful leader, there are sharp and wise handful or bevy of strong advisors, whose appointments are based on skills, competence and professional experiences especially to harness direct areas whereby a leader lacks certain abilities.

We had suffered from inadequate leadership in all spheres of life, political, social, economic, religion and so forth and so on, they (leaders) whom you bestowed national trust upon them, raised our expectations sky high only to disappoint us on many occasions, however, as citizens, we are patiently waiting upon recently appointed authors in your cabinet to introduce their chapters to the nation.

Worse still, sufferings caused by unprincipled leaders who seek scapegoats for their failures and gross incompetence by stringed up tribal hatred among our beloved communities, well-known example is the recently concluded senseless three-year war that eroded our social fabric as South Sudanese society, which I hope the Transitional Government of National Unity should first address problems of internally displaced citizens that are in United Nations Camp before any other thing.

As a committed and staunchest member of the country’s ruling party, Sudan’s People Liberation Movement (SPLM), I felt that South Sudan after attaining her hard–fought sovereignty should not follow the painful path experienced by most African revolutionaries in those liberated countries.

Therefore, what had happened has happened and you are now brought together by the Compromise Peace Agreement on springboard as leaders not opponents in the helm of South Sudanese system again, of which critical scrutiny is requires during selection of various Presidential Advisors.

Mr. President, South Sudanese are desperate to see imminent reforms in the system , whereby political appointees
should value most national cohesion, rather than promoting their narrow political interests that override core principles of nationalism.

As South Sudanese common men and women, we are yearning to see leaders in the system , who internally question themselves, what does South Sudanization,a kind of our nationalism as South Sudanese people means to them and the country that the belong to?

In fact, we have a long journey as South Sudanese people to understand or forge nationalism, the spirit of nationalism is
still hovering in South Sudanese thin air ,though with hope and determination , it will take hold in the sub- consciousness of our people.

“The roots of nationalism are nurtured by people who share a common identity in the form of historical memories, pride, humiliation, pleasure and regrets” , attached to common incidents of the past, According to Historian John Stuart Mill, however, South Sudanese past from Arab rule, would provide a platform for cohesive ideology to command the loyalty of all peoples of South Sudan.

The country Mr. President need devoted Advisors, who will begin to devote vast energies to build a nationalistic ideology, which will command loyalty of all South Sudanese people toward their country and the leadership.

South Sudan as nation indeed needed fearless Advisors, with extra astuteness of judgments and ability to make fast decision on spot, of which a nation like of South Sudan always on edge of tribal wars desperately require.

The Presidential Advisors are the first layers of the government, who commit themselves to noble course of the leadership, and more especially to the country and the people whom they serve.

The great leaders know limit of their own abilities, therefore, they surround themselves with bunch of others capable
men and women who can share objectives and work together with, to achieve them.

It is on this same context that I urge, the leadership of Transitional Government of National Unity to remove obstacles and mistrusts been engendered during two years conflict, just to pave way for sufficient will of implementing the Compromise Peace Agreement on the Resolution on Conflict in South Sudan.

Nevertheless, steering nation from current dire situation faced by our people to prosperity , will not only be left to
President Salva Kiir Mayardit , First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar and Vice President James Wani Igga, but all
members of the cabinet along with South Sudanese masses should amicably engage hand in hand to achieve it.

Mindful of the heated debate stirred by poor representations of some states that emerged after the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity on Thursday 28Th April , 2016 by Presidential Decree , but such nonstop debates will not bring sufficient solutions , unless we put aside our bitterness and rally support to the appointed cabinet to deliver desire results by all South Sudanese people.

To conclude my argument here, as one concerned South Sudanese citizen, I call upon the international community, Troika countries, IGAD, China and Japan, which are the immediate guarantors of South Sudan peace, to step up measures of reinforcing peace implementation, through financial support for amelioration of economic shock experienced by the country.

This peace is only our hope of finding justice, freedom, happiness and prosperity that is in fact our inalienable right as South Sudanese people to enjoy.

By Ater Garang Ariath
The Author is South Sudanese journalist Living in Republic of South Sudan
For any comment, contact at

CTSAMM to Observe Security Ahead of the Formation of TGoNU in Juba

By: Mabor Maker Dhelbeny, APR/26/2016, SSN;

Following the JMEC (Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission)’s announcement that Dr Machar, the FVP designate will arrive on the 12th April, 2016. But the SPLM/A-IO (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ Army-In Opposition) leader decided to postpone it indefinitely, even his own date set as 18th April, due to the intention of bringing more troops and additional weapons that will accompany his Chief of Gen. Staff to Juba.

Therefore, the IGAD-plus partners intervene to reduce tension and the peace from possible collapse by proposing a number of soldiers and weapons that will come to Juba on April 25 instant. This happens thereafter the concession of the GRSS (Government of the Republic of South Sudan) in which the team of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism) has been sent to verify weapons in Pagak or Gambella before their arrival to Juba International Airport.

Juba, as the seat of national government has panicked as to why the SPLM/A-IO is bringing more weapons if at all they are for peace. It seems that the GRSS is motivated by a need to achieve an implementation of peace agreement while the SPLM/A-IO has a motive for bringing in more weapons and troops to fight. Such ill-motives which may cause insecurity by either Party would be the assignment to be carried out by the CTSAMM and JMCC (Joint Military Ceasefire Commission) as stipulated in the Agreement.

Under the provisions of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) and on the basis of Cessation of Hostilities (COH) Agreement, signed on the 23rd January, 2014, the GRSS and the SPLM/A-IO must ensure the following:
(a) For the peace to be sustained, all forces or militias allied to either Party are disengaged in the operation of war theatre, withdrew and cantoned in their areas agreed by the parties during the PCTSA (Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements) workshop.
(b) For the peace to be sustained, all non-state actors are disarmed, demobilized and repatriated by the state-actors with whom they have been supporting during the conflict.
(c) For the peace to be sustained, all forces must refrain from prohibited actions such as redeployment and movement of forces, dissemination of hostile propaganda, sexual exploitation and harassment, attacks against civilians, unauthorized recruitment, restriction of people’s movement and access to humanitarian agencies.
(d) For the peace to be sustained, all Prisoners of War (POW) and child soldiers including any other detainees in connection with the related conflict, are unconditionally released forthwith.
(e) For the peace to be sustained, the GRSS should have redeployed all SPLA forces within Juba outside the radius of 25km from the centre of National City to the demarcated areas, agreed by the PCTSA Workshop.
(f) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should ensure that the deployment of forces such as 2,910 military armed forces and 3,000 Joint Integrated Police allowed to remain in Juba are in compliance with the modalities agreed during the PCTSA workshop.
(g) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should also ensure that all activities due to be conducted at JOC (Joint Operation Centre) by the security forces in Juba are safe and free from conflict, especially in suburb areas of Juba.
(h) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should verify whether all forces of the SPLM/A-IO that are previously in combat in Juba and in the former Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei States including other forces to the conflict in other areas declared by the warring parties during the PCTSA workshop are separated, assembled and cantoned (See Articles 1, 2, 4, 5, & 6 of the ARCISS, 2015).

The parties therefore need to revisit the Agreement in order to resolve the problem of forces that assembled themselves in the former Western Equatoria and Western Bahr el-Ghazal States as claimed by the SPLM/A-IO Advance Team to be their forces.

The interpretation of “all forces that are previously in combat” should not confuse the parties with rules of IHL (International Humanitarian Law) and Geneva Conventions in their minds, nor should it be used as a political leverage to derail the implementation. This brings me to the point that the party who alleged the presence of its forces in the said areas for cantonment, must prove it by giving the date before the signing of the compromise peace agreement on the 17th and 26th August, 2015 respectively.

Therefore the question that begs itself is that: “When did the forces, claimed by the SPLM/A-IO leadership wage their rebellion in both former Western of Equatoria and Bahr el-Ghazal States?” If these forces waged their rebellion after the ARCISS has been signed, subsequently followed by the declaration of PCTSA workshop, then they will not be granted the benefit of cantonment.

However, the CTSAMM which has succeeded the existing IGAD – MVM (Intergovernmental Authority and Development Monitoring and Verification Mechanism) should strictly observe and monitor the security arrangement in Juba ahead of the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

The verification of permitted forces with their weapons in Juba that are tasked with security activities should have to be observed and monitored by the CTSAMM. Indeed if IGAD believes that the security of South Sudan can only be guaranteed by the policy cooperation as the country has already seek integration of regional bloc, then what is the justification.

The justification is to support peace by controlling the proliferation of weapons that may act as threat to peace in other neighbouring countries such as Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya. This has been entrenched when Gambari (2010) argues that “… in Africa, lack of sustainable development has been linked directly to proliferation and intensity of conflict situations and war which in turn have hampered development efforts…threat to peace in a neighboring country, if not carefully managed and resolved could lead to massive exodus of refugees, weapons proliferation and trans-border crimes and general insecurity that could threaten other stable polities and compromise national economies”.

In furtherance of its transitional security management, South Sudan’s ARCISS has finally provided a board, known as Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) which will be considered as a comprehensive national defence policy during the TGoNU.

The SDSR Board is tasked with the transformation of security sector during the reform process, unification of the army and security forces including the disarmament, demobilization and Re-integration (DDR).

The process of SDSR shall be comprehensive, inclusive and transparent as underpinned by principles and strategies of national interests, conducted in number of stages so as to ensure the sovereignty, dignity of the country and its people (Art. 6 of ARCISS).

The Writer is an Advocate & Legal Consultant in Juba, the Republic of South Sudan. He can be reached via his email address:

Riek Machar accuses President Salva Kiir of blocking his return to Juba: LATEST


South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar is accusing President Salva Kiir of “violating” the security arrangements necessary for his return to Juba.

Dr Machar’s office said the government in Juba had imposed a limit on weapon importation by the rebels yet the issue had already been agreed upon.

“There is no reason for the government to refuse these number of soldiers travelling ahead of the Chairman (Machar). The kind of weapons we want to transport to Juba are the weapons they already have there,” Dr Machar’s spokesman James Gatdet Dak told the Nation.

“We are going to be a separate army under the transitional government and we should have our own weapons. If there is a lack of commitment to end this conflict, then it is the government in Juba which is not committed,” he added.

Dr Machar delayed his return to Juba after President Kiir’s government declined to grant permission for more weapons and rebel troops transportation to Juba from Ethiopia.

Speaking on Aljeezira TV from Pagak today, Machar said it was president Kiir who is obstructing the peace agreement by his refusal to allow the SPLM-IO chief of staff to travel to Juba with his contingent of thousands of troops and their weapons.

The rebel leader, who was due to arrive in Juba to be sworn in as Mr Kiir’s deputy, has pegged his acceptance of the new job to the transportation of his troops.

***** In Summary:
The two sides were to establish a transitional government to last 30 months after which there would be elections.
This week, the rebel leader had asked to travel with 200 guards, Juba allowed only 40, a move that forced him to cancel his return. Juba allowed in 1,370 troops and has refused to admit a further 1,530*****

Dr Machar was supposed to travel to Juba on Monday and postponed it to Tuesday before his office issued a further “indefinite” postponement.


As part of the peace agreement Mr Kiir signed with Dr Machar in August last year, the two sides were to establish a transitional government to last 30 months after which there would be elections.

But the deal midwifed by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) created two commanders-in-chief and two separate armies as the leaders work on a unification program.

Dr Machar has asked to transport 1500 police and 1,410 soldiers with their weapons, which include machine guns and other equipment.

Juba allowed in 1,370 troops and has refused to admit a further 1,530.

This week, the rebel leader had asked to travel with 200 guards, Juba allowed only 40, a move that forced him to cancel his return.

South Sudan has been at war since December 2013.
The UN Office for the Coordination Humanitarian Affairs has estimated that 50,000 people were killed and two million others displaced by the violence.
A report by African Union investigators led by former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo revealed that both sides engaged in cannibalism, sexual assault and use of public radio to foment hatred and violence. END

Lack of Willpower and obstruction of the Peace Accord by the Juba Regime

A Letter to: H. E. Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairman of the IGAD, Office of the Prime Minister,
Po Box 1031
Addis Ababa,

Date: 15 April 2016, SSN,

Subject: Lack of Willpower and obstruction of the Peace Accord by the Juba Regime;

Your Excellency,
The South Sudan’s Peace implementation process would most likely be doomed in the face of what plainly amounts to an established lack of willpower on the part of the regime in Juba to ensure the timely execution of the peace accord concluded between the contending parties to the conflict in South Sudan given the indifferent and the familiar lackluster stance adopted by the IGAD and Troika pertaining to their collective de jure role that calls for the non-obstruction of the implementation of the South Sudan’s Peace Agreement by all parties to the conflict.

Today the peace process is hanging by a finger nail, as the tribal regime in Juba continues to infringe on and obstruct the peace execution process on a consistent basis. We cite the following matters and violations by the Juba tribally-constituted and orientated authority as blunt indications of the regime’s unwillingness to put a halt to the civil war in South Sudan:

a) A number of humanitarian organisations rendering assistance to the displaced population in various parts of South Sudan bear first hand testimony to the regime’s insensitivity to the plight of the suffering civilians in the rural areas of the country. Thousands of civilians have been murdered, raped, and had other grave abuses meted on them on account of their ethnicity or perceived political bonds with the SPLM-IO in the rolling conflict in South Sudan as confirmed by HR Report Designated “South Sudan: Army Abuses Spread West”, 6 March 2016. The country’s Minister of information who is the official spokesman of the tribal regime justifies those indiscriminate attacks and awful abuses on the civilians as necessary operations against criminal elements. Neither the IGAD-mandated Joint Monitory Evaluation Commission (JMEC) nor the neglectful Troika and the inattentive African Union have condemned this oafish conduct of the callous regime in Juba.

b) While the peace agreement calls for both parties to the conflict to embark on Permanent Ceasefire Arrangements including cessation of hostilities, disengagement, separation and withdrawal of forces including allies of both parties (forces, militias) in the theatre of operations on the basis of the 23rd January 2014 CoH Agreement, and report compliance to Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM), the Government in Juba still maintains its allied forces from the Justice and Equality Movement and SPLM-N that are currently engaged in fighting the government of Sudan. In a blatant disregard of the permanent cease fire, Juba consistently launches attacks on civilian settlements in Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal states and simply gets away with all these crimes.

c) In the past few weeks the regime has fully demonstrated that it does not recognise the SPLM-IO as a vitally important and indispensable stakeholder in the peace accord in the country. The arrival in Juba of the Deputy Chairman of the opposition SPLM-IO was never mentioned in the regime’s controlled media. Furthermore the so-called National security services of South Sudan prevented the population of Juba from thronging the airport to welcome the deputy opposition leader Lt. General Alfred Ladu Gore at the airport. Infuriatingly the members of the secret services went further to arrest, detain and torture the members of the press team of the SPLM-IO. Absurdly, the government has decided to dictate what the Chairman of the opposition leader the SPLM-IO, Dr. Riek Machar would and would not be permitted to do once in Juba. In effect this draconian conduct of the Police state would be likely imposed on him, which would literally extend to severe restrictions that include barring the Vice President from making public comments or he might even be put under detention as his body guards are lightly armed and would definitely not be able to withstand encirclement by battle tanks. Again the JMEC is muted and merely focuses on the formation of the Government of National Unity as it upfront fixation, as Festus Mogae hardly understands the twisted philosophy and perceptual configuration of the tribally-constituted regime in the country that solely believes in the total domination and subjugation of the rest of the other remaining 63 ethnicities that reside in the Republic of South Sudan.

d) The demilitarization of Juba and the others cities of Bor, Malakal and Bentiu as stipulated in the peace agreement has simply been given a cosmetic treatment by the government. It is also a blatant lie that there are currently only 3,420 government soldiers garrisoned in Juba (Sudantribune, 13 April 2016) in accordance with the peace accord. The government has never honoured the peace agreement as it claims and would not respect it. The government had earlier maintained that it would be difficult to demilitarize Juba because it lacked funds. Later the same regime claimed that it was negotiating with the natives and the custodians of the land and areas to be used for deployment of its soldiers. It now so sounds frivolous and downright eccentric to declare that the demilitarization of the capital city of Juba has been accomplished. To the contrary, thousands of additional armed tribal soldiers have been moved from Bahr el Ghazal state to Juba in what could evidently amount to a brazen disregard for the accord in that respect. The reality is that few soldiers were redeployed to a few locations around Juba on a rotational and camouflage fashion just to hoodwink the world into believing that demilitarization has indeed been accomplished.

e) The outlandish assertion of the repressive police state and its bureaucracy in South Sudan that the creation of the 28 states in the country was a popular demand by South Sudanese, is futile, deceptive and an idealistic postulation that does not have a counterpart in the realm and confines of paranoia integrity. Thus far, there has been no plebiscite or referendum conducted in the country to determine the size of South Sudanese for and against the 28 states. This is simply a hoopla campaign mounted by the government and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) to impose their unidimensional and narcissistic philosophy on South Sudanese. If the 28 states decree is implemented, it would create another civil war, as millions of South Sudanese mainly the Nuer, the shilluk in Greater Upper Nile,and the Fertit group in the Greater Bahr El Ghazal States would have had their ancestral lands stolen by the Dinka in the name of what the government in Juba absurdly refers to as “The demand of the people”. Besides, the power sharing ratios in the conflict affected States of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile as well as in the remaining seven (7) states as enshrined in the peace accord would be slanted in favour of the Dinka government.

The SPLM-IO would certainly not accept this apparent risk of rushing into forming the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) without clear safeguards that ensure the viability of the government and stability of the country once it is constituted for the next 30 months’ period.

Your Excellency,
A full blown civil war could likely occur in South Sudan at a scale far larger than the government’s feigned coup which was designed to liquidate its political opponents that finally sparked the civil war back in December 2013, unless the superintending parties, namely, the IGAD, the Troika the UNSC and the US government that has invested so lavishly in the creation of South Sudan as a sovereign nation, through the sustained efforts of an individual politician like Dr. Susan Rice move back to the drawing board to chart out a painstaking strategy that ensures the prevention of violence that could conceivably be created by the Juba tribal regime that has vowed to remain in power for eternity.

Given this grim scenario the 1,370 police units and lightly armed body guards of the SPLM-IO deployed in Juba would not be able to withstand a combined government and mercenary coordinated force more than twenty times the thin figure of the SPLM-IO soldiers, unless A more credible deterrent force from the SPLM-IO replete with defensive paraphernalia including tanks, antitank and aircraft systems are equally deployed in Juba. Such would guarantee the viability and sustainability of peace until the end of the period for the interim government of National Unity.

On a parallel note, a neutral force from either the African Union or from other parts of the world and duly sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council should be deployed in Juba and other cities in South Sudan as suggested before, and the demarcated mandate and role of such a contingent would be to restrain the Juba regime from creating another civil war in the country as it did in December 2013 against the opposition that the government had earlier vowed to extinguish altogether.

It is long overdue that the IGAD has yet to recommend the regime’s firebrand like Paul Molong and “others” who had instigated mass murders in Juba from 15 December 2013 to the 31 December 2013, for international sanctions and possibly to the International Criminal Court for further investigations for war crimes and gross abuses of human rights committed in South Sudan as documented in the Final report of the African Union commission of inquiry on South Sudan that designates the mass killings in Juba as “coordinated state policy”. (

Apparently, the external stakeholders that include the Troika, the IGAD the African Union and other parties have no inkling about the nature of the regime they are dealing with in Juba. It is highly advisable to primarily fully grasp the political and tribal contour of the South Sudan conflict before leveraging Dr. Riek Machar to travel to Juba and form a government of National Unity with a party that intensely believes in the opposition leader’s outright demise and the comprehensive destruction of all opposition elements in South Sudan.

The Chairman of the opposition risks having his residence surrounded by government tanks on his arrival in Juba and he inevitably becomes a hostage to the tribal regime that could fancifully dictate to the opposition leader new terms on the realization of the 28 states’ decree and other matters central to the supremacist tribal cartel ruling the Republic of South Sudan.

Thank you
Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa
Former Lecturer, GSBL, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
On behalf of South Sudanese Nationalists in Australia.

Copies to:
1) Ambassador Susan Rice, US National Security Advisor;
2) H. E. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, State House, Nairobi;
3) The British Embassy in South Sudan, Juba;
4) Embassy of the Republic of Sudan, Juba;
5) Representatives of Troika member countries;
6) Alpha Oumar Konaré, the AU high representative for South Sudan;

Will the expected transitional government of National Unity impact changes to ordinary citizen’s life in terms of services provision?

By Malek Cook-Dwach, Juba, South Sudan, APR/08/2016, SSN;

We tried in our simple ways to lead our lives in a manner that may make a difference to others… what counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived, it is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead. Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people.

Death is something inevitable. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace. I believe I have made that effort and that is, therefore, why I will sleep for eternity… If I had my time all over again, I would do the same.

“So would any man who dares call himself a man… many people in this country have paid the price before me and many will pay the price after me,” from assortment of quotes by Nelson Mandela.

I found it interesting as a concerned citizen to analyze the possible effects that will come out from Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) when formed. In my humble opinion piece of writing, I am going to shed more light on how the ordinary citizens perceived the government of the day and the forthcoming government (Transitional government of national Unity) in connection to the basic services provision.

In the pre-independent and post-independent Republic of South Sudan, citizens have less or not benefited in services delivery from their government. The dynamics behind the failure of getting these services delivered constitute my basic argument here.

When the flag of the Republic of South Sudan raised at Garang Mausoleum in the presence of the international community, regional heads of states and Diplomatic corps representatives on 9/July/2011, South Sudanese people were overwhelmed and over joyed in celebrating their hard won freedom that they were denied for decades by successful Khartoum regimes considering the fact that their suffering will come into an end.

But contrary to the famous quote which says, “the end results justifies the means,” their expectations get totally lost in the air.

The country went into civil war on 15/December/2015, which brought destruction to few existing infrastructures and claimed thousands of human lives in the whole country on what some analysts called power struggle within the SPLM leadership which on the other hand could be so contradictory within the context of how the fighting was conducted.

The dimension indicates that there was an imposition of an identity into economic, political, social and cultural South Sudanese atmosphere by some tribes.

As was mentioned in the African Union report of inquiries on South Sudan, the factors behind the eruption of war were instigated by hatred and overdue unresolved tribal tensions among communities as such, these fragile existing relations between tribes and frustrations from youth were exploited by politicians to advance and maintain their political power.

Coming back to the main question of this topic; will the expected transitional government of National Unity impact changes to the ordinary citizen’s life in terms of service provisions?

The answer is ultimately No. I based my reasons why the Transitional Government of National Unity will not impact any change in the ordinary citizen’s life in terms of service delivery because the nature of the deal that brought the two rival parties together doesn’t address the root causes of the problem.

The composition of the would-be Transitional Government of National Unity is the same people who were in the system since the birth of the Republic of South Sudan. They share the same blames of Dura saga, the 75 corrupted officials and other related similar cases.

Hence, silencing of guns and allowing free movement of citizens across states in the Republic of South Sudan will be positive parts to the realization of peace in the country.

What comes into my mind always is that, this great Country called Republic of South Sudan will one day rise to it helm and every tribe, clan and sub-clan will be accorded due respect and will find their rightful place in it regardless of these temporary messes.

Hitherto, services delivery is what is mostly needed by the traumatized and broken society of South Sudan. The role of the Government is to build Schools, Health care centers, power supply and roads.

Finally, if those above-mentioned services are prioritized, the development phase will see the light in this Country.

This article is a wake-up call to open doors where the Government explores the possible ways on how to offer these needed developmental amenities.

The Author is a South Sudanese Concern Citizen, reachable at

LATEST: South Sudan’s opposition leader Machar to return to Juba on April 18

By Reuters and The EastAfrican, Posted Thursday, April 7;

South Sudan’s opposition leader Riek Machar said on Thursday he would return to the capital Juba on April 18, the first time since conflict broke out in December 2013 between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebels allied with Machar.

MACHAR: New South Sudan govt to ensure respect for ceasefire
South Sudan’s first vice-president designate Riek Machar said on Thursday he would return to the capital Juba on April 18, the first time since conflict broke out in December 2013 between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebels allied with Machar.

Dr Machar leads the armed opposition faction of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO).

“I am therefore confirming the date of my arrival to be April 18 and thereafter form with President Kiir the Transitional Government of National Unity and hold the Transitional National Council of Ministers,” Dr Machar said in a letter to the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission which is monitoring the implementation of a peace deal signed between Machar and Kiir.

In an earlier interview with The EastAfrican , Dr Machar said that he would return as soon as the designated 1,370 SPLM-IO force is in place.

He said he has already made a tentative list for 10 Cabinet slots that were given to the former rebels and will refine it once in Juba in consultation with his supporters.

The portfolio balance reached in January gave President Salva Kiir 16 slots, Dr Machar 10 slots and two each for former detainees and other political parties in the 30-member Cabinet of National Unity. END

DEVELOPING STORY: Impending Arrest of Gen. Thomas Cirillo over Gwuduge Land Grab?

JUBA, MAR/24/2016, SSN;

Latest reports emanating from Juba and confirmed by close sources in Juba reveal that the Government Security forces/SPLA are planning to possibly arrest Gen. Thomas Cirillo, the Deputy Chief of Staff in the national army, the SPLA, allegedly for the on-going dispute over the land grab confrontation between the natives and the illegal Dinka settlers in his own village of Gwuduge, Rejaf East, Juba.

Yesterday, Wednesday March 23, heavily-armed SPLA soldiers went to Gwuduge Village, Rejaf and aggressively rounded up and arrested about 28 villagers around the Catholic Church area and reportedly took them away and badly tortured those people arrested. Some were later reportedly released but an unknown number of the villagers were taken away by the SPLA and their fate remains unknown up to this moment.

Again, that same night the SPLA military returned to the village with the aim of provoking the Rejaf natives to react so that they, the SPLA, would execute the arrest of Gen. Thomas Cirillo. That was speculated as their motive of going back to Rejaf East at night time.

Fresh reports received from Juba today firmly confirm that this morning, Thursday, 24, the Army was heavily deployed all along the Juba Bridge across the Nile up to to Nesitu Junction on Juba-Nimule Road.

Since the public publication by The Dawn newspaper of Juba on March 12, 2016, about the Gwuduge, Rejaf East land grab by the Dinka of Padang and Bor and the understandable personal reaction of Gen. Thomas Cirillo to warn his top ranking officers in the Army Headquarters on the impending situation, and the intercession of President Kiir, Gen. Paul Malong and Gen. Marial Chaunoung of the Tiger Battalion, no action has been taken by the government to evict the land grabbers or demolish their illegal houses.

Actually, no permanent structures of these land grabbers have been demolished by the authorities, it’s only the temporary make-shift structures that were initially pulled down.

Sources in Juba confirm that since most of the illegal land grabbers are mostly Dinka soldiers from the notorious Tiger Battalion mostly made of Dinka and under the very command of Gen. Marial Chaunoung, probably no action will ever be taken against their fellow land grabbers.

It must be recalled that it was Gen. Paul Malong and Gen. Marial who built up the so-called Presidential Guards who were associated with the infamous massacre of the Nuer in Juba on December 23, 2013 and this particular army unit is notorious for most of the killings and secret arrests and tortures of many South Sudanese citizens.

Gen. Thomas Cirillo meanwhile continues to reside in and commute daily from his Gwuduge village, Rejaf East, to his office in Juba Town and that is of great concern and apprehension to his people and sympathizers who have become concerned of what might befall on him given the blatant refusal of the land grabbers to relocate.

Finally, the latest deployment of government troops only heightens the apprehension of the villagers and raised the suspicions of the citizens concerned. END