Category: More Views

Dialogue and compromise can secure the future of South Sudan

By PROF ANYANG’ NYONG’O, THE STAR, Nairobi, Kenya, NOV/26/2016, SSN;

Southern Sudan is in turmoil. The situation is so bad that there is fear of genocide in the country. Political conflicts are no longer being managed peacefully.

In fact, the Southern Sudanese may be compelled to accept chaos as a daily life experience with death as a fate that can befall anybody.

It is obviously a Hobbesian state of nature that was once only expected of the “primitive man. Yet former Yugoslavia went through such a situation following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the emergence of new nationalism in Eastern Europe.

But Eastern Europe quickly settled down and a new civilization emerged out of the chaos, heralding the increase of membership of the European Union.

The Horn of Africa in which Southern Sudan falls is emerging as a region more prone to conflict than peace; more reminiscent of the Hobbesian state of nature than of a nation-state founded on democratic governance. This trend must be reversed.

But to reverse it a lot need to be done. First the government of Salva Kirr in Juba needs to realize that a winner-take-all attitude is never a healthy approach to conflict resolution.

On the contrary, it breeds more resentment from rivals and opponents and hardens negotiating options. Worst of all, is a scorched earth approach to conflict resolution which profiles perceived enemies as creatures who must be eliminated from the earth for the survival of a particular political regime.

The Americans tried it with the Viet Cong in Viet Nam and succumbed to negotiations as the only means of quitting that theater of war honorably.

The apartheid regime had to give up their regime based on racial supremacy after decades of protracted war against the ANC and the Communist Party of South Africa. The South Sudanese situation is bound to be no different. A David and Goliath scenario will persist at the cost of losing millions of lives and setting back the clock of development in this young state for many years.

I say this for my love of South Sudan and its peoples and not for any partisan reason. I know the leadership on the two sides of the political divide. They are both my friends and long time comrades. And I would like to wish both sides well.

But to get a solution to the current crisis, flattery is the worst policy; truth and wise counsel will help save millions of lives, both innocent and combative.

The President, Salva Kirr Mayadit, is a friend and an honorable African. His deputy, Taban Deng, until recently a comrade at arms with Riek Machar, has been known to me for years. I stayed with him for a week while he was governor of Unity State.

I have known Riek Machar for much longer, along with many other comrades in South Sudan like Pagan Amum Akech, John Yeo, Ambassador Ezekiel Gatkuoth, Paul Cirino and many others. I once flew from Nairobi to New Site in the liberated zone then with Rebecca and her children to discuss issues with the late Dr. John Garang.

These are committed Africans to the African national liberation agenda. We all should remember Chairman Mao’s dictum: countries want independence, nations want liberation and people want revolution.

The independence of South Sudan was achieved in 2005 when the regional autonomy became a fait accompli. Subsequently the people voted overwhelmingly in a referendum for complete separation from North Sudan, accomplishing the late John Garang’s vision of an independent, prosperous and democratic South Sudan.

Independence alone will not put food on the table of the South Sudanese people. National liberation, like the name SPLM/SPLA connotes, requires peace, prosperity and democracy.

Once the nation improves her productive forces adequately to satisfy the needs of the people and not simply the wants of the “fighting elites,” then the coveted revolution in the lives of the people will be possible.

But all this cannot happen unless the SPLM/SPLA current leadership, both in government and the opposition, respect the historic mission that Dr. John Garang left as an inspiration in the hearts of the people.

It looks to me as if this has now been put in the back burner by both sides. But greater responsibility lies in the hands of both the President and his two deputies for not rising above the politics of sectarianism and embracing a more demanding national mission.

Again to quote the Guinean revolutionary, Amilcar Cabral: “For the national liberation movements to achieve much for the African people, it is vital that we die a tribe and be born a nation.”

Julius Nyerere even went further in bringing together the very diverse cultures into a Tanzanian nation, united and indivisible. Nyerere asserted that “Afrika ni Moja na Binadamu wote ni sawa.”

In other words, “Africa is one and all human beings are equal.” How can Africa be one when in South Sudan a Nuer cannot sit in the same parliament with a Dinka to democratically determine the future of that young nation-state through dialogue and persuasion rather through the bayonet and the barrel of the gun?

Secondly, search your souls, comrades. My humble opinion is that it hurts every progressive African to see Riek Machar being tossed from one airport to the other simply because he cannot feel at home in his own motherland.

It hurts the hearts of every African who loves South Sudan like I do to see Madam Rebecca in Nairobi and not playing the role of Mama Watoto and Mama Nchi (the mother of children and of the nation) in a land for which she and her late husband made so much sacrifice to liberate.

Comrades, I want you to read once more George Orwell’s Animal Farm. Remember the two contestants to leadership in the farm: Napoleon and Snowball.

The latter had all the right ideas, all to better the whole farm. Napoleon, on the other hand, had a knack of stealing other animals’ ideas, then telling the rest it was his, and getting credit for it.

His ideas only seemed to benefit the pigs and not the other animals. It was this that led to the crumbling of the farm. The farm crumbled, not out of war and destruction of life, but out of bad undemocratic governance based on the contest of ideas.

Orwell was making an important point here. Capitalism gives room for the bourgeoisie to run the state in their own interest, always hoodwinking the workers and other lower classes.

But sooner rather than later capitalism was bound to crumble. The crumbling may take years, but it is organic and not necessarily violent.

Napoleon, too, ruled Animal Farm through ideological hegemony, not through force and political repression. This also creates room for developing the productive forces which eventually get the grave diggers of capitalism to mature and accomplish the requisite social revolution.

I say all this humbly to plead with my comrades in South Sudan to abandon violence and crash political repression and go along the route of political dialogue and compromise so as to give the Southern Sudanese people an opportunity to build the productive forces in the new nation.

We in Kenya were faced with massive electoral injustice in 2007/08. The ODM felt rightly cheated in the elections with victory snatched from us when presidential votes were completely messed up at the collating process in favor of the incumbent president.

For close to two months there were widespread demonstrations and mass action, in which I played a crucial role, all over Kenya. Unfortunately, this was accompanied by ethnic profiling which led to a loss of life of over 1000 people and the internal displacement of close to half a million people.

We realized that we had to call an end to this by coming together and negotiating a political settlement that both sides of the political divide could live with.

We also initiated long term constitutional reforms to stabilize democracy and give room for social and economic reforms. We are not the best example of democratic governance but we have at least provided Kenyans with a place to feel at home.

This spirit of dialogue and compromise is what I would like to urge my comrades in South Sudan to embrace. END

The Scapegoat Has Escaped: Preventing Tribal Massacres in South Sudan

BY: Kuir ë Garang, Writer and author, Canada, OCT/19/2016, SSN;

Political blame-games are well-known scapegoats. But as one SPLA commander told Hilde Johnson as she related it in her new book, “South Sudan: The Untold Story,” the ‘scapegoat has escaped.’ No more Arabs to blame!

It’s therefore time for the leadership in South Sudan to face our despicable realities head-on. Sinister political maneuvers should be stopped. Replacing Riek with Taban isn’t a solution.

Tribal tokenism as a purported appeasement for Non-Jieeng tribes is a sociopolitical insult. What’s required is a long-term solution to tribal differences.

“One Nation, One People” and such like slogans that are meant to encourage government supporters to show the world an impression that the government is enjoying a broad-based support are inadequate. They come out as a bought-support, a coerced political agenda where citizens have no choice but to do as told.

Civilians with no choice aren’t happy people. And people with no choice can’t be seen as supportive people!

On the other hand, the slogan that “Kiir Must Go” wouldn’t end these killings nor will it bring an end to suffering in South Sudan. I agree “Kiir Must Go” but that he must go through the barrel of the gun is one thing I wouldn’t agree with.

The failure of President Kiir to leave power peacefully is actually the failure of all political leaders in South Sudan. From Riek Machar, Lam Akol, Pagan Amum, among others, their failure to use their wisdom to prevail on Kiir is their own leadership failure.

Kiir has to leave power but he has to leave power in a manner that will not lead to more suffering and bloodshed!
People have been angry for a long time and it’s time the leadership gets its head out of the mud.

South Sudanese civilians have turned against one another. Whether it’s thugs in the street, SPLM-IO in the bushes or the local Equatorian tribes that are killing civilians in angry retaliatory attacks, the murders have to be stopped.

However, the death will not stop as long as Juba adheres to the scapegoating narratives. We know the problem! What’s now required is a solution! Enforceable solution models with measurable outcomes.

When you don’t allow a breathing political space, you encourage civilians to bottle-up their feelings. When you don’t give the civil population and the political opposition an avenue to criticize government functions then you are building a culture of mistrust and clandestine political plots.

Civil populations (especially in Equatoria) that feel targeted by government security apparatuses have no means of airing out their views; but when they find a way to do so, they are silenced. What do you expect frustrated civilians to do?

Statements such as the recent one by the minister of information, Michael Makuei, that Equatorians should be careful or else the SPLA would not differentiate among them as to who is a civilian and who is not, is a sad case. It adds fuel to a situation that’s already ablaze.

And President Kiir’s statement that SPLA is mostly Jieeng because Equatorians don’t want to join the SPLA is nothing short of affirming what Non-Jieeng people say, that SPLA is a Jieeng army. Shouldn’t the government encourage Non-Jieeng to join SPLA in droves instead of blaming them? The leadership isn’t helping.

Jieeng people are targeted when they aren’t benefiting from the parochial elitism that has become Juba. But local Equatorian tribes feel targeted by SPLA security forces; and these tribes don’t’ see a difference between SPLA and Jieeng. They see them as one and the same.

However, instead of leadership coming up with feasible and functional modalities to end this mistrust and develop a cohesive national agenda, the officials fall back on the scapegoat that has already escaped.

Blaming SPLM-in-Opposition isn’t going to stop innocent Jieeng civilians’ death in Equatoria. The people of Equatoria need to feel that the government is their government. They need to understand that Jieeng civilians aren’t the government.

But this isn’t going to be possible as long as SPLA target civilians in Equatoria. Killing of civilians and burning down villages of those assumed to be supporters of ‘rebels’, has been used by Khartoum starting with Al-Azhari in the mid-1950s.

Jieeng civilians are as much victims of Kiir’s government as some Equatorian civilians. Systemic failures have turned tribes against one another.

The leadership needs to devise a strategy and send a multi-tribal leadership team to all 10 states (or the imaginary 28) in the process to encourage inter-tribal dialogue. But this is not a possibility as long as war is still on-going.

The fallacious assumption that if there’s no fighting in Juba then South Sudan is peaceful, is dangerous. A comprehensive end to the war is the only solution to the senseless murders of innocent civilians.

Every single warlord has to come to the peace table. Chest-thumbing will only make things worse. Peace among tribes is only possible if the war is ended comprehensively with no single warlord in the bush.

And this comprehensive peace shouldn’t be brought about by lies, political games and using money to buy support. All parties have to understand and accept peace without coercion.

As long as the leadership in Juba sticks to blame games, our civilians will turn against one another in masses and that’s Rwanda in the making. There should be no more excuses possible here. The blame game should stop!

1991 and 2013 should not be used as an excuse to get away with incompetence! Civilians are dying. 2013 was an ethnic targeting of Nuer by government forces. This time, it’s the average civilians who have turned against one another! This should concern everyone.

Kuir ë Garang is a South Sudanese poet, writer and author currently living in Canada. For contact visit www.kuirthiy.com

Dinka youth and government officials plot to commit genocide on Equatorians in Bahr el Ghazel and other places again!

From: Toria, South Sudan, OCT/16/2016, SSN;

A confirmed and disturbing news from reliable sources within the international NGOs working in Bahr el Ghazal have reportedly revealed that Dinka youth in Bahr el Ghazal are mobilizing to wage attacks on Equatorians working in Bahr El Ghazel region in revenge to the alleged ambushes on the main roads in Equatoria.

“South Sudan’s government through its spokesperson, minister Michael Makuei, had threatened communities in Equatoria on Wednesday that his government will take measures against the civilian populations if they are “suspected” to be rebels.”

If we talk of incitement, Michael Makuei is the real inciter of tribal hatred, he has done this before in 2013 which resulted into the Nuer genocide in Juba of December 2013, now he is doing it to Equatorians.

The world and our people must not take this lightly of what is happening in Equatoria as we speak. As you can see here: http://www.nyamile.com/2016/10/16/south-sudan-civilians-fleeing-government-attacks-prefer-rebel-held-areas/

According to this source, the Dinka youth with some guidance from government politicians have convened meetings this mid week in Kwajock, Namelel and other places such as Yirol and Gorgerial, the home state of president Kiir.

Some reports reveal the meetings were organized by the youth under the guidance of the commander of the notorious presidential guard unit, Maj-Gen. Marial Chanuong who had been in Yirol East recently to bring donations of 21 seats for the state parliament in Yirol, Eastern Lake state.

According to the reliable sources, the meeting resolved that immediate revenge attacks should be staged in coordinated attacks, mainly to target people from Equatorian backgrounds working for NGOs in Greater Dinka land.

The meeting further resolved that Equatorian military and police servicemen working in Greater Dinka land should be disarmed and eliminated.

Hence, we urge those Equatorians in uniform working for the government to either desert or not to surrender your arms when approached in the coming days, but make sure you stay around people with like minds and DO NOT GO AROUND ALONE.

Watch and see what the Dinkas are doing to the Equatorian policemen and the government is silent about it: http://sudantribune.com/spip.php?article24621

Sources in Rumbek town have confirmed that several meetings have been held in recent days and furthermore, it’s said some Non-governmental organizations were tipped off of the development of what is about happen to their Equatorian employees and the communities in general and particularly those serving in Dinka areas.

Furthermore, the source has confirmed that some NGO Agencies have started evacuating their Equatorian workers and some individual Equatorian have also begun self-evacuation from the areas where Dinka youth are planning to launch their evil plan to kill unarmed Equatorians working in Dinka areas.

We encourage the move to leave the danger zones immediately.

Up until this moment the government is silent on the rumors and haven’t responded to the allegations… meaning these are indeed reliable information.

Just recently, the President spoke against the killings of Dinka civilians on the roads and many have condemned the killings, including prominent Equatorian leaders and some religious figures, of all that are happening on main roads.

But, unfortunately, the government has never come out to condemn what is happening in the Equatorian villages, because it is the government armed forces and their tribal militias who are the ones killing civilians all over in Equatoria.

This is certainly a very serious genocide in-the-making if not averted. Should the government turn a blind eye to the brewing turmoil, South Sudan is heading towards the situation of Rwanda in 1994.

This unnecessary plan to kill Equatorians working in Dinkaland came just days after an old Dinka woman believed to be residing in Canada or Australia, by name Amira Awad, who urged Dinka youth to mobilize to kill Equatoria from all walks of life and she also urged the President to sack vice President Wani Igga from his seat.

This woman reportedly is saying Jienge owned South Sudan, and she blamed the killing of unarmed civilians along major roads in Equatoria directly on Wani Igga and Bakosoro, the former governor of Western Equatoria state, who is currently in the USA.

Dear people we cannot take this threat lightly, this is eventually another biggest genocide unfolding, we therefore urge people from Equatorian backgrounds to immediately exit Dinka land; failure to take this warning seriously will result into your own deaths.

And we call upon the government to do everything in its power to avert this unnecessary plan to kill Equatorians working in Dinkaland which will result into a tit-for-tat all over South Sudan as everyone now is armed in the villages across south Sudan. The government should also ensure it has protected the civilians.

The recent event which took place along Juba-Yei road explains that the blood and the lives of Dinka are of much worth than the lives of “other” South Sudanese, the killing of unarmed civilians are unjustifiable and must be condemned, whether the victims are from Dinka or Kakuwa, Azande, Madi, Pojulu, Lorim, Otuho, Moro etc. and every other groups.

For so many years, SPLA IG soldiers and Dinka militias have been killing unarmed civilians in Equatoria with impunity and Kiir never came out to speak against them as he has done this time when it happened to Dinkas, which again once more confirmed that this is a Dinka-centric government that treats his kin preferentially above and against all others while Pres. Kirr is supposed to be president for all.

While the unidentified gunmen killed 21 Dinka mostly soldiers in civilians clothes, the action taken by Dinka politicians is unprecedented and we condemn these Dinka generals and their mouthpiece minister of information, Michael Makuei, who is fanning the flames for their blood-thirsty regime to kill more.

Who then is going to develop the country when everybody becomes an enemy of them? END

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) 2015 Master Plan: Dinka Development Plan for 200 years!

From Juba, SEP/14/2016, SSN;

After studying the different regions and peoples of South Sudan to find out what the different tribes think and do, here is the feedback from fellow Jieng who work in different regions of South Sudan. On how ready they are to advise on how best the Jieng can rule South Sudan as per the Dinka culture.

Here below is our advice:

First, the Jieng were mistreated by the British colonialists and after the departure of the British upon South Sudan attaining independence, all the tribes of South Sudan despised us. We had very few educated Jieng, which led to all the top government posts being filled by people from other tribe. This made Jieng to envy other tribes.

We are now totally convinced that should we follow to the letter what is stipulated in this document, herewith known as The Dinka Development Plan (DDP) Dinka shall rise and shine and we shall be able to rule South Sudan for at least 200 years!

Fundamental steps to be taken by Jieng:

1. Increase the number of schools in Dinka states and post in them highly educated teachers. We shall take it upon ourselves to fill the schools with pupils and students every year.

2. We must ensure that Jieng are made military officers in order to equate the of non Dinka Military Officers, or even to supersede them. We must not accept the non-Dinka to boast that they are cleverer than us.

3. With immediate effect, send Jieng students abroad on scholarships. We must ensure that vacancies are reserved for them in key government positions to deter people from other tribes being employed in such positions, such that our sons and daughters get employed immediately upon their return. In the unlikely event, should a non Dinka be employed in key position, then he should not be a boss to a Jieng

4. Increase the number of industries and factories in Dinka States in order to boost our economic power. We are well aware that this will cause the other districts to become jealous of any developments in Dinka, but this shall force the other regions to federate with us is basing on our strong purchasing power base. The only serious opposition we might face from the non Dinka, especially should the number of industries in their region increases.

5. We are aware that there is a considerable number of non-Dinka in the army police and Prisons’ forces more than the Jieng We should increase the numbers of Jieng to supersede the non-Dinka, and we request that this be implemented as soon as possible. We foresee our danger and forces in order to topple government. We therefore recommend that the following Non Dinka army officers Clement Wani Konga, Johnson, Juma Okot and Rizik Hassan Zachariah relieve immediately in order to promote Jieng army officers to head the armed forces and govern state.

We do not trust other tribes, we need General Paul Malong maintain the position of Chief of Staff. With respect to Police, General Pieng Deng should be removed from the position of the Inspector General of Police and General Manyok should be made the commissioner for Prisons.

Should these recommendations delay to be implemented, we shall suffer heavily. There is quite a considerable number of non Dinka officers in the Police and Prisons forces have served for quite a long time although they are not well educated.

We should promote these not so intelligent elderly officers but not the young energetic Jieng youthful officers should be strategically put to work side by side with these non-Dinka officers so that with time we weed out the non-Dinka and replace them with the Jieng youthful officers.

The good in keeping the elderly non-Dinka officers is that they despise any advice from the youthful non-Dinka that could lead them to get ideas of topping our government. We should be wary of despite being illiterate because he can easily join with intelligent Nuer who can plan to topple our government. We do not want that non-Dinka, to be head of the Special Branch, this post should be given to a Jieng.

6. We wish that all recruiting officers in all government departments are Jieng this will give a chance to those Jieng who did not get access to education to get access to wealth. Any NGOs or foreign national who mistreats a Jieng should be expelled from South Sudan.

The following ministries should be headed by Jieng:

Finance and Economic Planning Agriculture; Education, Health, Defense, Interior and national security The non-Dinka should not be given an opportunity to head ministries or even departments that are directly in the line of developing the country.

7. Whenever a need arises to carry out a project in non-Dinka state, the same project should also be carried out in Dinka states, as a must. Should there be any program to be executed by the non Dinka, we must see to it that also Jieng officers are involved.

8. Send as many Jieng officers as possible to work in non-Dinka states, especially as Army officers, Prison Warders, Wildlife officers and at the borders. This shall make the people in non-Dinka States believe that we Jieng are the best educated and most suitable.

Ensure that the Police Commissioner for non-Dinka States is always a Jieng who shall give us a non-compromised report or exactly what the non-Dinka are up to. These Police commissioners in non-Dinka state should also encourage the fanning of divisions among the non-Dinka and any progressive non-Dinka with the intent of uniting non-Dinka should be deal with.

In fact should there be any developmental projects to be carried out in non Dinka state, they should be along the border areas with Dinka state in order for the Jieng to benefit the most.

9. Please ensure that many Jieng join and lead all political parties in south Sudan, as this will make the other tribes believe that it is only the Jieng who are capable of leading the nation. We should instill this myth in the minds of all the other tribes by ensuring that only Jieng are appointed in key administrative posts.

This will serve us well since the country is headed for development because then all the other tribes in South Sudan shall be made to believe that it is only Jieng who are capable of being good leaders and that anything good can only be found in Dinka.

10. The Jieng are quite unhappy about the current boundaries with non Dinka States This is particularly in greater Upper Nile state.

11. We should be secretive on whatever goes on within Dinka. All developmental projects in states should not be broadcast on the national Radio or even in the newspapers. People without a strong foundation should not be allowed to work in Dinka states.

At the same time, people who are well conversant with Dinka but despise us should also not be allowed in Dinka states. This should be so be in order to avoid the impression that Dinka state is being developed at a fast rate at the expense of other regions.

12. The following Leading government agencies should be headed by Jieng: Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of national security, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of finance and Ministry of Education. All this is possible but it seems that there is an element of inferiority complex.

This is the full report of our investigations from all the 10 states of South Sudan.

As per our wishes, there should be no elections at all. For what benefit is it to hold general elections today? The general elections we held in the first place was because we wanted to end, now whom do we want to expel to necessitate the holding of general elections?

We acknowledge the authority commanded by the President SPLA/M, a phenomenon that has generated a lot of envy among our fellow SPLM inner circle. Should we allow any other person to take over that position, we as Jieng shall be subjected to enormous suffering.

We should increase the ranks of Jieng officers within the army and not from any other tribe. We and the commander of the Special Force must be a Jieng and not from any other tribe. We do not want Non Dinka to head the Special Branch. They are not be trusted and can easily poison us.

There is no doubt that we are capable of ruling South Sudan for 50 years should General Salva Kiir Mayardit collaborate with the great sons of Jieng such as Gen. Paul Malong, Gen. Kuol Mayang Juk, Tiller Riing, Pieng Deng, David Deng Athorbei and God blessed us to cooperate and work together.

Should anyone attempt to do our President any harm, we are willing to sacrifice our own lives for him.
Long live our son, we are his confidants and this document should remain confidential, and be circulated only amongst our most trusted.

ADDENDUM:

Our Great Leader, General Salva Kiir Mayardit:

1. You should not be deceived by anyone that the Non Dinka detests James Wani lgga. We the Jieng like Gen. Malong so much, because it is through him that we can deal decisively with the Non Dinka.

2. Save us from the non-Dinka the likes of Pagan Amum who should not be made the Secretary General of SPLM/A party. We protest Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro being given any post in SPLM/A Party. We detest Anna Itto and non-Dinka, being the organizers of the SPLMA Party.

3. Save us from the non-Dinka. We do not want Jadala or Thomas Cirillo to be in a position where he can gain access to government secrets because he shall then be in a position to pass them over to the non-Dinka.

4. Save us from the non-Dinka. Great leader, a considerable number of Jieng should be posted in Non Dinka land in order to keep us updated on what the non-Dinka are up to.

5. Save us from the non-Dinka. You gave our land to the non-Dinka, when shall it be returned to us?

6. Save us from the non-Dinka. Your Excellency, with all our hearts we request you to save us from the non-Dinka and ensure that James Wani lgga remains the vice president and Louise Lobong remains governor of Namurunyang state.

17. Save us from non-Dinka. Your Excellency, you are well aware of how the Non Dinka disrespect us, why have you decided to keep silent?

This is all, Your Excellency, that there is to inform you. We shall send you an envoy at a later time.

We have nominated you as the Party President and wish you success.

Thank the Heavens.

Signed on behalf of Jieng Council of Elders (JCE):

Justice Ambrose Riny Thiik Chairman

Hon. Joshua Dau Diu

Hon. Aldo Ajou Deng

Hon. Maker Thiong Maal

Hon. Parmena Aluong

Could the killing of Dr. Riek Machar be the end of suffering in South Sudan or the beginning?

BY: Lino Yobwan , USA, SEP/09/2016, SSN;

The good-hearted man is always rewarded by his Almighty and for “40 days of walking in the wilderness toward the Congolese border without water and food is a miracle from God;” for Riek Machar to accomplish his mission once and for all as he did with the self-determination which brought South Sudan as an independent nation.

What does that mean? Any religious will conclude something about his journey of the 40 days and relate it to something from the past.

Dr. Riek Machar became the lasting hope for millions of South Sudanese especially the suffering class with the exception of a few who are milking the government by applying the cattle camp mentality by squeezing its nipple harder in order to finish it.

It took Moses 40 years of wanderings in the desert through the wilderness en route to the promised land which finally he accomplished through his man Joshua who he sent to explore the land of Canaan. After the death of Moses, Joshua led the Israelite tribes in the conquest of Canaan, and allocated the land to the tribes.

It remains in the history for generations to learn from it as a leader can struggle to get it people out of danger which applied to South Sudan where the entire populations are suffering. Dr. Riek Machar can represent both for now as Moses as well as Joshua to get South Sudanese people out of the danger of tribal government oppressing the people who gave them South Sudan on golden plate which represent democratic process.

The grabbing land in Equatoria and in particular Juba can be of that similar of the story of the Israelite tribe as the land of the poor indigenous tribes of the Equatoria taken by the government tribal men, politicians and the SPLA army. The indigenous and the poor tribes are waiting for a person of Moses or later Joshua to allocate their land back to them.

Jesus Christ fasted and prayed for 40 days to prepare for the ministry God assigned to him. In the New Testament, the gospel of Luke, Mark Mathew has passages that refer to Jesus stay in the wilderness.

For Jonah it was three days in the belly of a huge fish. In December of 2013, Dr. Riek Machar disappeared for three days but was on the run for his life until he reappeared in the Upper Nile as he survived the assassination by the tribal government in Juba.

Later when he hit back on the corrupted government in Juba and across the country, they agreed for peace negotiation as they feared for their lives. When the heat were close to the cold city as they were ready to fly because they couldn’t afford to fight due to the lack of morale.

Later the country becomes dry from dollars as well as food shortages became the factor in the newest nation as the war continues. Dr. Riek Machar at the time became the only remaining hope of the millions starving to death including the government themselves in South Sudan at home and aboard as their pockets as well as their stomach were affected by uncalculated decision by those who run the system.

Those at home are the people who were blocked from leaving by the government to the neighboring countries especially those in the UNMISS protection camps. While those in aboard whom are in critical conditions in the refugee camps are willing for returning home.

Millions in South Sudan view Dr. Riek Machar as “Moses to Joshua” to make sure the people get fair share of the sovereignty which has been occupied by few tribal clans, misusing it as their private property and whoever, spoken against it has been killed or been chased out of the country.

Isaiah Ding Abraham Chan Awuol is an example for those who were killed, and Dr. Luka Biong Deng, Dr. Lam Akol and many more are examples of those been chased out of the country.

For those who believe that the killing of Dr. Riek Machar will be the end of the rebellions and violence are misleading the public but in fact it will be the beginning of authoritarian and dictatorial regime in South Sudan just like the Sudan which was the main reason for South Sudan to separate from it.

Therefore, there will be no leaders who can bring the armed groups and militias across the bushes of South Sudan which make South Sudan the perfect environment for rebellions.

However, as Dr. Machar was able to do so in the past by uniting them together and accepting every blame conspired against him by the government, therefore the result will be like the case of Somalia after the killing of Mohamed Siad Barre which Somalia remained in chaos for 25 years without proper government until and the country failed totally as Somalia was run by guns and bombs from far neighboring countries to peacekeeping.

Unknown gunmen and roads robberies in South Sudan are example of Somalisation in the making without denial.

It is now reflecting in South Sudan where gun is the only language spoken in the country. In the modern world, the sound of guns chases investors and prevents foreigners and tourists from entering the country. Even South Sudanese who are aboard they are not willing to enter into South Sudan fear for their lives from their own people.

Can someone think of what had happened to Somalia for the past 25 years, or Eritrea for the past 23 years, or Northern Uganda for the past 30 years, or Sudan for the past 22 years before South Sudan spilt, DRC for the past 19 years, CAR in the recent years and finally South Sudan for the past 11 years including 5 years in the Government of National Unity (GoNU) with Sudan?

Look at South Africa in the past 22 years of gaining their independent from the white men, today it is the only top economy in Africa, peaceful and democratic. Should the rest learn from how they coexist?

Another example from assassination of Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda and Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi resulted into Rwanda Genocide of 1994. It was one the bloodiest events of the late 20th century because of greed of power.

Also we have seen and witnessed the First Congo war of 1996-1997 as foreign invasion of Zaire led by Rwanda that replaced Dictator Mobutu Sese Seko with the rebel leaders Laurent Desire Kabila and later by his son, Joseph Kabila as a revenge for what had happened in Rwanda.

What had happened in Juba in December of 2013 where the government soldiers massacred many Nuer tribes-people through set up of road blocks across Juba and divided it into zones creating insecurity up to date?

Destabilization in South Sudan resulting from the Juba massacres can be view as similar to the Rwanda Genocide was the final factor that caused numerous internal and external factors to align against the corrupt government in the national capital Kigali, so do Juba?

Suddenly it has become more and more of New York & Washington in South Sudan, lesser of Addis Ababa

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, SEPT/01/2016, SSN;

“How many more of these ping-pong sessions, before the UN Security Council & the US administration realizes that this J.C.E pariah regime in Juba is in fact the problem and moves to final take action in South Sudan!”

Those following the ping-pong of negotiations that have suddenly developed between the UN Security Council & the US administration on one side and the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders (J.C.E) Pariah regime in Juba on the other, over the deployment of the protection force in Juba, will notice that much is now coming from New York and Washington and less and less from Addis Ababa!

If this regime that had initially said it would not cooperate with the newly enlarged protection force, but since then it has said it was still considering its position, thinks this ping-pong engagement would buy it more time, let it rethink the whole strategy over again.

For now we are being told that the U.N. Security Council diplomats are expected to visit Juba this week.

Down the road, the J.C.E pariah regime in cooperation with the SPLM-IO Renegade General Taban Deng Gai thought, their failed attempt on the life of the country’s legitimate First Vice president, Dr Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon could provide them with a carte blanche to run the show the way they so wished!

Unfortunately for the regime this is not to be simply because the US government whose citizens were sexually abused in Juba is also seeking the same carte blanche in order to protect its interests in South Sudan.

With the Juba under the J.C.E pariah regime being characterized as the most lawless spot in Africa today ( Boko Haram Nigeria included), the fierce fighting in the capital Juba last month has only increased fears that the five-year-old nation could relapse into civil war and hence a hot spot for more anti-Western activities.

This is in fact what prompted the United Nations to authorize the deployment of the extra troops for the 12,000-strong U.N. mission there.

It also explains why last month, the Security Council approved a 4,000-strong protection force for South Sudan’s capital of Juba as part of the UNMISS peacekeeping mission that had its mandate extended in July.

For those virtually hostages of the regime in Juba and only rely on Michael Makuei dis-information propaganda broadcasted day in and day out over the SSBC, there is a need for you to know that all is not rosy as Makuie wishes you to believe.

The truth of the matter is that the J.C.E pariah regime has not only complicated matters for South Sudanese by illegally dismissing the legal FVP Dr. Riek Machar and replacing him with this ego-centric renegade General Taban Deng Gai, but it has in fact compounded the poor civilian population’s sufferings,

This is the reality, in spite of the loose talk from people like John Kerry who seems to only see the Democratic party’s immediate interest at an election time like this.

The UNMISS head, Ellen Margrethe Loej is already on record for this, “We will have together with the government and the minister of foreign affairs to work out programs so that the members of the Security Council (UNSC) can meet the President and government of South Sudan (and) continue discussing how we improve the situation making sure we have peace,” she said.

What we are seeing here is that the UNSC has now practically taken over the dossier of “War & peace in South Sudan” from the IGAD regional body and is determined to take on the J.C.E pariah regime head on.

My question to those “oppose first, then reason later, if ever” politicians in Juba is – how many ping-pong sessions did Saddam Hussein or Mua’mar Ghadafi had with the duo (UNSC & US) before they both became history?

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Concerned South Sudanese residing in the United Kingdom.

No Better or Bitter Enemy than a Man who killed one’s son and jubilant to kill the father too!

By J. Nguen, AUG/28/2016, SSN;

Today is 28 of August; a day in 1991 of which “self determination” for the people of South Sudan was emboldened and declared as the centerpiece and supreme objective of the liberation struggle in the Sudan. There is no better time than acknowledging the objective achieved. Thanks to the SPLM/SPLA’s brave and able “Political–Military High Command” officers, Dr. Lam Ajawin, Gordon Koang Chuol and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, who made self-determination for the people of South Sudan the supreme objective to die for 25 years ago.

Back to the main focus of this piece! On July 8th, 2016, Dr. Riek Machar survived another well coordinated and planned assassination attempt on his life. This was one of the three major assassination attempts on his life.

The July 8th assassination attempt compared to other attempts was lethal. Dr. Machar himself escaped death narrowly. But, unfortunately, the assassins managed to kill close relatives including, Machar’s son and the entire 37 strong fleet body guards. May be their souls rest in peace for ultimate sacrifice!

On December 15, 2013, the same enemy killed 39 of Dr. Machar’s body guards and some close relatives residing in Machar’s residence. In both instances, Machar’s homes were bombed to ground, evidence of determined beasts ran wild.

However, the assassination attempt in 2013 was given recourse. This unfulfilled melioration can be attributed to a pending proposed hybrid court inked in the Compromised Peace Agreement signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on August 17th, 2015. The hybrid court and other provisions in the agreement led to Dr. Machar’s return to Juba on April 26, 2016, despite stiff warnings from well wishers, reasoning that the move was too risky.

These advises were presented both in print and in close knit private discussions between Machar and aides. Some of us cautioned Machar and cohorts that the whole process was a drummed up trick to decapitate his options. Such sentiments were supported by stark evidence by President Kiir’s regime’s intransigence toward implementing the agreement. It was established that Salva Kiir and cohort were playing fox and after all non-committal to the peace agreement.

Despite all warning signs, Dr. Machar gave-in to the region and the international community and against all odds trusted them because of some undisclosed assurances made behind closed doors. Also, I should say, this is also coupled with Machar’s hard-mindedness driven by supreme ego of nationalism and humanistic convictions.

Sadly, in less than three months upon Machar’s return to Juba, hell got loose as predicted. Dr. Machar was cheated and narrowly escaped death in a wheelchair.

Therefore, at this point, one would ask where the region and the international community were when Machar and commanders were being hunted down.

To our dismay, the region and the international community have turned jubilant spectators as Machar dodged barrel bombs and Israeli-made machine guns. The region and the international community continued to stay aloof and only were involved in unhelpful and lazy diplomacy while the assassins were busy and thereof jubilant that the hunted was in their reach and doomed.

As a result they killed his son, close relatives and the entire fleet of 37 men strong. In disguise, in less than a week, President Salva Kiir called on Machar to report to Juba in 48 hours or risk replacement. Meanwhile, President Salva Kiir himself has given a tall military order to bring back Dr. Machar’s head “dead or alive.”

Then, the Transitional Government of National Unity of which Dr. Machar was part of and the cabinet ministers Machar nominated were aborted. In earnest, President Salva Kiir installed his preferred choice among the SPLM/A-IO’s defected assassination co-conspirators.

At this juncture, it’s imperative to stress that Salva Kiir was convinced Dr. Machar’s head would be by his desk before July ends, dead or alive.

Against all odds, on August 17, 2016, Dr. Machar, his wife Madam Angelina Teny and close protection unit were extracted by the United Nations Force from the South Sudan and DRC’s border. Uncensored report indicated that President Salva Kiir and assassins were devastated and couldn’t believe the hunted survived the countrywide manhunt both by air and ground force.

An inside operative revealed that this technical “task to kill” was assigned to the U.S.A trained Americans mercenaries (BlackWater) and the Uganda Special Force hired by the regime. Remarkably all efforts successfully failed but Dr. Machar’s condition during the extraction was revealing to say the least.

So far, a friendly country has chipped in and bestowed Machar a helping hand. Now, Dr. Machar is recuperating and the world is waiting for his next move. Despite Machar’s incredible ordeals, the region and the USA appeared insensitive to what happened to the SPLM/A-IO and its leader.

It’s revealing that the region and the international community don’t care about the welfare of the implementation of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan to the letter and spirit.

The region and the international community don’t care why Dr. Machar and his men in uniform were attacked, humiliated and killed. The region and the international community don’t care and don’t want to know why Dr. Machar narrowly escaped death and ended up in the DRC.

The region and the international community don’t give a damn that the peace agreement was being violated by President Salva Kiir before their watchful eyes. And above all, the United States don’t care why local are being killed based on their ethnicities while American humanitarian workers in South Sudan were raped by Salva Kiir’s forces in Juba.

This is where I have a major problem. Why I wrote this comment before Dr. Machar briefed the media, South Sudanese, the region and the international community on his next move, the way forward and how he narrowly escaped death.

Dr. Machar, the region and the international community must know these:
I. There is no better and bitter enemy than a man who killed your son and close relatives not one but twice;
II. There are no better and bitter enemies than men who destroyed one’s nationhood and people, their crime, their tribe;
III. There are not better and bitter enemies than men who destroyed one’s livelihood in disguise of tribal interest;
IV. There is no better and bitter enemy than a man who destroyed one’s properties, your community and nation solely for distorted self-interest;
V. There are no better and bitter enemies than men and people who castrated boys from your community, abducted girls, raped women and girls and killed them after rape;
VI. There are no better and bitter enemies than men and government who ordered soldiers to rape women and girls in lieu of their salary;
VII. There are no better and bitter enemies than men and government who burned alive theelderly and children based on their ethnicity;
VIII. There is no better and bitter enemies than men and government who force one’s people to live as IDPs in their own country;
IX. And there is no better and bitter enemy than a man who killed your mother, her crime is her tribe.

If these crimes are nothing and no profound reasons to fight for in the eyes and mind of whomever, then I must confess that life in itself is not worth living. But, I believe there is one rare human being out there, who held the convictions that one has a right to life and such a core principle ought to be respected and protected.

Therefore, this is paramount and it’s time to act. Dr. Machar must STOP behaving like Christ. It’s time to reach out, even though it means dinning with the evil in human cloth.

There are no better times and worse devils than the crimes committed against the people of South Sudan by President Salva Kiir.

J. Nguen is a South Sudanese analyst and political commentator. He can be reached at jamesnguen@gmail.com.

UN Proposal to send 4000 troops to S.S. without consent is violation of sovereignty & aggression international law

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda, AUG/23/2016, SSN;

The relationship between states or nations is founded on respect of national sovereignty. Sovereignty according to the Black’s Law Dictionary is the supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which independent state is governed.

In sovereign state, there is supreme political authority like parliament. In that respect, sovereignty is represented by paramount control through the Constitution and frame of government and its administration.

In addition, in sovereign State, there is the sufficient source of political power, from which all specific powers are derived. In this regard, sovereignty is the core of the international law on the independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating it internal affairs without foreign dictation.

In the case of South Sudan, when it became independent on 9th July, 2011, it immediately acquired the status of effective sovereignty that enabled it to enjoy all the immunities other countries, whether big or small or whether strong or weak enjoy.

I have mentioned the words “effective sovereignty” above to show that South Sudan was recognized by all Members of the United Nations without any exception, and therefore, as a matter of international law, it must enjoy equal rights with other nations including the USA.

Thus, the USA does not have more rights over South Sudan to treat it like one of its State. Instead, the USA must deal with South Sudan in accordance with international law, which sanctions the sovereignty of every nation in the world.

In sovereign nation, there is a political sovereignty, or State, which is sovereign and independent. The recognition of a state by other States to have political sovereignty is a matter of comity.

The Federal Supreme Court of the United States of America defined comity in Hilton v. Guyot, 159 U.S. 113, 163-64 (1895), as follows: “Comity,” in the legal sense, is neither a matter of absolute obligation, on the one hand, nor of mere courtesy and good will, upon the other.

But it is the recognition which one nation allows within its territory to the legislative, executive or judicial acts of another nation, having due regard both to international duty and convenience, and to the rights of its own citizens, or of other persons who are under the protection of its laws.

In other words as explained in Société Nationale Industrielle Aérospatiale v. United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, 482 U.S. 522, 544 n.27 (1987), comity refers to the spirit of cooperation in which a domestic tribunal approaches the resolution of cases touching the laws and interests of other sovereign states.

In this regard as provided under the public international law, sovereignty gives the country, its government and people the power to do everything within the country without accountability to external powers.

For instance, the state or her government makes laws, executes and applies them; imposes and collects taxes and levies contributions, makes war or peace, enters into treaties and forms alliances with or of commerce with foreign nations without being forced to do so.

Hence, sovereignty is the supreme power by which citizens are governed through their will as represented by persons or body of persons in the state who are politically empowered though not superior to the citizens.

Under the international law, sovereignty is a heart or core of the existence of all the states, their rights and powers that they enjoy.

The Constitution of the United Nations Organization (the UN Charter, 1945) zealously protects national sovereignty. This is because adulterating the concept of national sovereignty may seriously affect the international peace and relations among the nations.

Hence, the strong protection the concept of sovereignty enjoys under the UN Charter of 1945 is something that cannot be done away with stroke of a pen by one nation unless agreed by all nations and done in transparent manner.
Therefore, Article 2 (1) of the United Nations Organization Charter of 1945 provides that the United Nations Organization and its Members must be governed by the principle of the sovereign equality.

It should be observed that the United Nations Organization has 193 member countries with South Sudan as the newest nation which got her independence in 2011.

Under the UN Charter of 1945, all countries including the strongest countries like the USA and Russia and the newest and weakest country like South Sudan are equal and must be accorded the same treatment.

The above statement is supported by Article 2 (4) of the UN Charter of 1945, which is the basis of the international law governing sovereignty and equality of all the States. Article 2 (4) prohibits all states from using threat or military force against a sister state or any other measures that are inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.

The purposes of the United Nations Organization (UNO) are provided under Article 1 of the United Nations Charter, which provides that the purposes of the UNO are:

–firstly, to maintain international peace and security; to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

–Secondly, to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

–Thirdly, to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion and

–Finally, to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of the common ends as stated above.

In implementing the above purposes of the United Nations, the UN is enjoined to have regards to Article 2 (4) of the UN Charter which, refrain all the States from using force or threat of force against the State or use any other measures which are contrary to the international law.

The prohibition of the use or threat of force against State above under article 2(4) includes prohibition against interference with the State internal affairs by other states or invasion or sending external force without the consent of the State in question.

In reference to South Sudan, in which some members of the UN led by the USA have passed a resolution to send 4000 troops without the consent of South Sudan, such a move is contrary to the international law on the use of force as stated above unless justified under article 39 of the UN Charter of 1945.

Article 39 referred to above provides that the Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures to be taken to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Reading Article 39 above with article 2 (4) as already explained above, it implies that before the UN takes the course of military action or resort to military means, the Security Council must try all alternatives to restore peace before resorting to the use of force.

In fact, the use of force under the international law is the last method applied in the rarest cases. As a general rule, the UN in settling dispute must apply pacific (or peaceful) settlement of disputes as provided under article 33 of the UN Charter.

Article 33 (1) of the Charter provides that where there is the continuance of any dispute, which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, the parties to that dispute shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.

The problem with the UN, the USA and the African Union in the case of South Sudan is that there are a lot of conflicting interests in bringing peace in South Sudan. These bodies are interested in showing that there is a peace in South Sudan than South Sudanese themselves believe it to be.

They have not paid attention to the saying that the absence of war does not necessary mean the presence of peace. In order to bring permanent peace, reconciliation and justice in South Sudan, South Sudanese should be given greater freedom under the supervision of the UN and African Union to negotiate their own means of bringing peace as provided under Article 33 of the UN Charter as already referred to above.

It is only when the Country fails to follow the above means of settle of dispute that is when the other methods as provided under articles 41 and 42 of the Charter may be invoked by the regional body like the African Union and the UN Security Council.

For proper understand, Article 41 of the Charter provides that the Security Council may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply measures, which include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations. This Article is the basis of economic sanction.

In addition, Article 42 of the Charter provides that should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.

The actions may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nation. Hence, Article 42 as referred to above is the basis of economic and arms embargo not the basis of external intervention.

The reading of the articles 2 (4), 33, 39, 41 and 42 as already discussed above shows that it is not in the best interest of the UN to invade the country, or South Sudan in this case unless there are serious compelling reasons that justify such invasion.

The argument above is based on a simple logic that all options to bring peaceful dispute of the conflict must first be exhausted.

However in the case of South Sudan, the government and rebels have never been opportunities to explore other means of bringing peace in South Sudan as they have never been given chance since the war broke out in 2013, and thereafter, followed by peace talks, to talk freely.

The government and rebels have been put under intense pressure to bring peace, hence, ending up creating peace which sometime proves very disastrous. This is because the USA is blind to the truth that lasting peace can only be achieved through understanding and trust between the warring parties.

Instead, the USA is posed to ensure that the so-called protection troops are sent to South Sudan that will never be neutral as they will come and join opposition with the aim of changing the government and cause more human sufferings.

The USA and the UN should understand the war is not confined in Juba only and the protection force based in Juba will not achieve anything. Rather, what South Sudan needs currently is a comprehensive plan to bring peace throughout the country. This can only be achieved through leaving things as they are and then engage all parties, that is, the government and oppositions to talk freely in order to bring true peace.

However, despite the other arrangements by the African Union to bring peace to South Sudan as provided under the international law, the USA is ignoring such arrangements contrary to the UN Charter.

Article 52 (1) of the UN Charter provides for the regional arrangements for dealing with matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security.

The recent arrangement made by the African Union in the agreement of the government of South Sudan was in line with Article 52 (1) above but the UN under the supervision of the USA acted contrary to Article 52, which exposed the USA hidden agenda of seeing regime change in South Sudan not restoring peace in the country.

In fact, if the USA and the UN just wants peace to prevail in South Sudan not something more than that they would have taken advantage of the recent development and engage different opposition groups to rally behind the First Vice President, Mr. Taban, with the aim of creating the unified front to achieve lasting peace in South Sudan.

However, the way the USA and the UN are taking the issue of South Sudan is something that leaves much to be desired. It appears that the USA and the UN are bent to see the regime change whether by crooks or fair means.

Hence, in that regard, it is quite unfortunate that the UN and the USA have not learned from the first mistakes of regime change that they effected in different countries; notably, Iraq and Libya, which are now in more mess than before invasions and even more have become threats to the international peace.

It is now regretful to see the USA and the UN watching helplessly as Libya and Iraq have become sanctuaries of militants who unleash suicides mission as they wish, which further result in untold and uncontrolled human sufferings.

As it is well-known, the invasion of Libya and Iraq was coerced by the USA through the use of its financial muscles without a prior plan of what would come in the aftermath of such invasions, hence, plunging the two countries into messes and uncontrolled sea of human sufferings.

In reality, the protection force the USA is pushing on with regardless of other means is a sugarcoated invasion force as it is being done in disregard of other methods as already explained above and without the consent of South Sudan as provided under the international law.

Thus, the action of sending any force without the consent of South Sudan may constitute aggression under the international law, and South Sudan as a sovereign State, is entitled to reject such troops and instead mobilize other countries to treat such an action as pure invasion.

If South Sudan deems it fit and declares such an action of sending troops to South Sudan to be an invasion act, than it has a right to self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter. This Article provides that nothing in the UN Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations.

As I know the USA very well, it has already manipulated the law to legalize its illegal action by pushing members of the Security Council to pass the resolution as it has already been done to provide a basis for its illegal action of sending troops to South Sudan.

However, once the action is illegal then it is illegal and nothing can cure illegality under the international law unless the action has its basis in the UN Charter.

For instance, when the USA wanted to invade Iraq in 2003, the USA ensured that her actions against Iraq were legalized through Security Council Resolution but that resolution in which the invasion of Iraq was sanctioned did not cure the illegal action against Iraq by the USA and the UK and the whole enterprise has remained illegal up to date.

In summary, the USA should immediately reconsider its move against South Sudan before it is too late. I know the USA will never look back unless it has achieved what it wants because it lives on Machiavellian principle of end justifies the means.

However the fact is that the indifference of the USA to other countries problems will not take away the moral blameworthiness of the USA under the international law.

The invasion of countries like Libya and Iraq and the planned South Sudan invasion may affect the standing of the USA and even in long run will have an effect on the UN as a body, which may lead to its collapse like what happened to the League of Nations in 1945.

One of the reasons for the collapse of the League of Nations in 1945 was unwarranted invasions of weaker nation by stronger nations. Hence, the USA and the UN must stay warn that they are digging cancerous holes in the UN system that may trigger its collapse in the long run.

NB// the Author is South Sudanese lawyer residing Uganda and can be reached through: +256783579256; or juoldaniel@yahoo.com;

Can President Kiir Man Up Like President Nkurunziza This Time?

By: Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan, AUG/15/2016, SSN;

“No Nation has the right to make decisions for another nation; No people for another people,” Julius Kambarage Nyerere, from his ‘A Peaceful New Year’ speech given in Tanzania on 1 January 1968.

When patriotic South Sudanese look at the world, we see a swarm of threats and hatred. Threats that start from our region to the United States. Our neighboring countries including Uganda and Kenya are plausibly warming up for aggression against South Sudan any time at the behest of the United States.

There is no doubt that Washington and United Nations are extending their usual aggression on the pretext of promoting democracy, humanitarian assistance, human rights and protection of civilians as means of ousting independently-minded government of South Sudan.

Washington did it before to the leaders of countries which had refused to show deference to Washington such as Saddam of Iraq, Gaddafi of Libya and Assad of Syria.

What had happened on Friday night in the United Nations Security Council meeting is a rubber stamp of what IGAD countries framed in Ethiopia on 5th this month under the instruction of the United States.

Regrettably, our foreign policy makers have spectacularly failed to solve the arithmetic of diplomatic courtship equation of convincing just one permanent member of the UN Security Council to veto the United States sponsored proposal.

To the surprise of many people, our diplomats also failed to convince China. Many people couldn’t believe that China, the principal beneficiary of oil investment in South Sudan, has taken a neutral position and reservedly sat on fence folding its hands while its earphone is on listening to music.

Meanwhile Russia, the possible potential partner looks to be fatigued of always vetoing several United States sponsored proposals against South Sudan has decided to take a neutral position also.

The choice is now squarely up to the government to choose between rejecting the regional troops and face the arms embargo or accept the regional troops and there should be no arms embargo; in other words, it is a choice to choose between a rock and a hard place.

In fact, the IGAD countries have also a choice to choose whether to remain as a tool of the United States and bring their troops to invade South Sudan or follow the decision taken by the Sudan and Uganda governments not to be part of regional forces deployment in South Sudan.

If IGAD countries choose to be a tool, they will possibly taste the bitter reverberations in their countries and the region will experience the worst deadly civil war ever of massive scale and indeed the IGAD and East Africa Community will dichotomize.

It is an open secret that Washington is not run by idiots. But by the political elites who have consolidated their power and become accustomed to their status as the owners of the world. They act as they want; dividing the ruling elites of any country that they want to target and using money to bribe or buy the governments of neighboring countries of that targeted country; forcing unnecessary resolution on UNSC and handing over its execution to those neighboring countries to achieve the desired goal of the United states.

They build coalitions based on principle “if you are not with us, you are against us.” The self-speaking evidence is in Syria. The United States have used Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and others to fight Bashar Assad and now the United States wants to use Kenya and Ethiopia to fight Salva Kiir.

When it comes to Africa, our ruling elites don’t see what American ruling elites are doing. There is no Coalition or Organization in Africa that can protect its targeted member states. Lamentably, the ruling elites in Africa laxly decided to let Washington dip its hands into our affairs.

Burundi is the only country in Africa which said NO to the United States’ interference in its affairs. For the ruling elites in Burundi, to go from being a country that respects the sovereignty of another nation and negotiates on equal footing to one that decides destiny for another country is intolerable.

The ruling elites in Burundi have consolidated their power and they proved that they can’t be pushed by the United States and the United Nations whatsoever the case may be.

President Nkurunziza has bravely refused to be bullied by the UNSC and AU resolutions on sending troops to protect civilians. He tremendously proved to Washington and its puppets in Africa that he is the president, captain of Burundi and once rebel leader whose military mentality had not faded away.

He stood firm in rejecting the deployment of the regional troops and threatened to shoot them should they land in his country. Earlier this this month, he also rejected the UNSC resolution on sending 200 UN police to protect civilians. They are not bombed into oblivion and life is normal now in Burundi.

Contrast to our ruling elites in Juba, they failed to consolidate their power and they proved that they can easily be pushed back and forth by the United Nations and United States. Our ruling elites should leave off their current stance and try to ex-cogitate how the ruling elites in Burundi are handling their affairs.

In fact, after the President Bush left the White House, Kiir’s troubles immediately started but with pride and determination, he safely sailed the southern Sudan to the Republic of South Sudan in conditions of Washington interference to cause power wrangling in the SPLM party to oust him.

This interference is speculated to have been supercharged by the decision taken by the President Salva Kiir to continue with China as a contractor after the independence.

With the current unfolding state of affairs, Kiir must show the United Nations his military wit and prove to the world that he was once a rebel leader and President who can’t be aghast by war whatever magnitude it may be by rejecting the deployment of regional troops. Kiir must show firm stance on rejection of regional troops this time. Otherwise, he wouldn’t last for long.

Arguably, Kiir’s shifting stance on national and security issues is the loophole or ambiguity that many countries and the United Nations took for impuissance. If the phrase “The existence of UNMISS in the country is the first grave mistake” is an exaggeration, then the phrase “the usual unexpected shift of government’s stance on national and security issues nourishes the current state of affairs” reflects the current situation quite accurately in my opinion.

We are all aware that Obama wants to implement the Vision of New World Oder as he made it crystal clear on 24th March 2014 in Brussels when he addressed the EU leaders. He said “And for the international order that we have worked for generations to build. Ordinary men and women are too small-minded to govern their own affairs. That order and progress can only come when individuals surrender their rights to an all-powerful sovereign.”

Unfortunately, our neighboring countries refused to see and comprehend this clear language of the Washington. Obama wants us to surrender our rights and hard-won sovereignty of South Sudan to the Washington to govern us. But over my dead body, as long as South Sudanese women continue to procreate and as long as there are youth like me, Gatkuoth, Lado, Kenyi, Omer, Poni, Nyaruech and Atong, we will fight the Americans and their puppets till the end of the world.

We are independent nation and we shall never relinquish our sovereignty to any nation even if it threatens or bombs us into oblivion.

It is very clear and apparent that the United States and United Nations have a long history of invading countries selling their aggressive wars to the people as “humanitarian intervention, protection of civilians or democracy operations”.

From Yugoslavia to Somalia, from Yemen to Libya, from Iraq to Afghanistan, from Ivory Coast to Congo, and now in South Sudan, the United States and the United Nations have intervened under various false pretexts and the result is always the same, destroyed states, changed the regimes, killed the presidents by hanging or firing squad, arrested and jailed the presidents in the ICC, and massive casualties.

In other words, it is the implementation of the Washington “shoot-to-feed” program of looting resources. Washington invaded and destroyed Iraq, Libya and other countries purely because of the Oil they were bestowed with.

If African leaders don’t stand up to stop this budding American colonization and lust for other countries’ natural resources, such evil acts will never stop as long African leaders fear the United States as an undisputed hegemony.

One of the most obstinate about African leaders is that no matter how many countries the United States illegally invades, exploits, threatens, kills people, ousts the regimes or colonizes around the globe including Africa, they still cling to the delusion that the United States is a “ force for good” in the world and adore it.

African leaders must understand that that the serious threat to regional peace most certainly is not Nkurunziza, Salva Kiir nor Robert Mugabe but the United States sponsored aggressions through the United Nations targeting their countries.

In conclusion, it is worth recalling the joke that President Salva Kiir once said in 2014 in Rumbek. He said “during the liberation days when I was a commander of Tiger division, people used to fear me a lot. But now they don’t fear me again, I don’t know whether it is because I have hidden my claws of Tiger inside the paw or what? And if so, then I will remove out my claws.”

I think this is a right time for the President Salva Kiir to prove to the United States, United Nations and our neighboring countries that he once has claws of Tiger and still he has them.

For the President Salva Kiir to conveniently prove to the United States and United Nations and indeed to South Sudanese to know that he has claws of Tiger is only if he: speeds up the integration process of SPLM-IO into the National Army; makes sure that Riek Machar is six (6) feet down the ground in the shortest time possible; relocates the UNMISS 50 miles away from Juba; Never give in to deployment of regional troops; and organizes a nationwide massive youth recruitment into the SPLA.

President Salva Kiir must recall that we fought against Arabs for over four decades because of colonialism and South Sudan is not a donation from the UN or United States but a nation which cost 2.5 million lives to be a sovereign country. We shall never give a damn to whoever wants to colonize us, be a white man or black white-hearted man.

No nation has the right to make a decision for another nation. Can President Salva Kiir this time man up like President Nkurunziza and say NO TO REGIONAL TROOPS DEPLOYMENT ONCE AND FOR ALL?

Simon Yel Yel is the co-editor of the book of the President Salva Kiir’s speeches and essential writings published as “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan”. He can be reached at maandeng2017@gmail.com or 0955246235.

Peace and Stability can return to South Sudan as result of Good Political Discourse

BY: Gabriel Pager Ajang, Political Science and History Instructor, USA, 11/AUG/2016, SSN;

US President Washington knew it better than many of his successors, peace and stability are more important than the presidency. James Madison, vice president and Thomas Jefferson, his secretary of state disagreed while serving in Washington administration. They disagreed over policies and directions the United States could take at that time.

Nevertheless, Washington did not like political parties. He did not like the fact that Jefferson and Madison had formed their own parties. And he articulated his points at his Farewell Address Speech to the nation. He declared that he would not seek second time for presidency because that would not serve national interest—it can only play into simmering divisions and conflicts.

He alluded in his speech that he never wanted to be part of political parties. He suggested that he was better off to remain above national politics and a true nationalist. He thought that his accomplishments were enough to solidify his legacy, at least in his opinions: he led the revolutionary war, won and gained independence. Washington allowed Jefferson and Madison to engage citizens in political discourse that would be vital to America’s political history for centuries to come.

Washington knew very well that United States constitution provides political parties a forum for debate, liberty and election. Hence he delineated his opinions from constitution. Those very decisions Washington made were fundamental to peace and stability at the inception of United States. Citizens were given voice and rights to political participation from the onset.

This is vital to emphasize because once you eliminate voices of people from national discourse you risk conflict and war. So as long as leaders of South Sudan focus what game can be employed and who can be employed to get which constituencies as means of clinging to power– war and instability would continue to define South Sudan future.

Only honest political discourse among leaders and citizens can bring peace and stability to South Sudan not allocation of positions among elites.

Therefore appointing Riek as vice president, deployment of security forces to Juba and silencing voices of citizens in pivotal political discourse would never bring peace and stability.

Peace and stability would come to South Sudan when leaders stop backroom deals, bargain games and be honest to the nation. Peace and stability would return to South Sudan —when people are given forum to voice their opinions and their rights.

There is no normal citizen that would support a government that does not give salt to you or your family. Country is not something that people wear on their sleeves…it is a tool that provides families with health care, security, education, roads, housing and many more but if the government does not provide basic need, citizens to have options to find other leaders.

Apparently, South Sudan had accomplished the following since time of Dinosaur:
1. To his credits, Kiiir had achieved destruction of Riek Machar’s career and his dreams of presidency. And I may add, Riek’s career was destroyed at expense of all citizens’ lives and national resources. Why would you sacrifice so many lives for a person you can beat in an election. My own dad would beat Riek in an election let alone Kiir mayardit.

2. United States government had built tarmac road between juba and Nimule.
South Sudan government hasn’t implemented any of her ambitious programs since 2005 and it simply has not because it lacks capacity building and institutions to deliberate on real issues. Insane citizens can wear their sovereignty on their sleeves but the current sovereignty does not exist if the country does not offer basic security.

The government had a responsibility to protect all her citizens and if the government does not protect its citizens, it loses her sovereignty. This is reminiscent of miscarriage, once your wife lost her first unborn child; you are not called a father of child.

It a political suicide to en gage in a political discourse that yields no results at all. Not a single statements from Juba pertaining South Sudan’s aspirations had been proved to be true….and that alone is concerning. It concerns me for senior government officials to be saying. A lie travels faster than truth and history proves that truth win at the end. Only truth will bring peace and stability to South Sudan.

It is self-deprivation to think that the country belongs to you and you have all rights to silence particular groups of communities who have equally sacrificed like you in the liberation struggles. It is self-defeating and destruction to think that if I constantly lie to the world and citizens, they would believe me. It is self-defamation to continue to say that these groups are the most corrupt in South Sudan, for instance G10, when you–yourself is corrupt to the core.

I would certainly agree that challenges and issues facing South Sudan are becoming problematic and complex each day. It is now very clear that South Sudanese people have legitimatized and affirmed division as a powerful tool of governing a state.

Tribalism is used to inject fear into citizens. The fear of unknown has clouded South Sudan since 2005. Citizens of South Sudan are brained washed to solely secure the principal leaders.

Dinka and Nuer are lionized to finish each other while leaders watch it like movie on a television. Folks killed themselves and their killing is affirmed and legitimatized by Juba and Fagak Leaders and their surrogates advanced hatreds to maintain powers. Juba surrogates argued that Riek is a terrorist and monster. The man had killed people in 1991. This argument was not engineered by Bor intellectuals. It was started in early 2013 by people like Gordon Buay and his cohorts in Nuer community, folks who saw it best for them to push Riek off the rail of leadership to get employments. They didn’t know that this saga would cost lives. This idea that Riek would stage a coup d’état to secure state arsenals was sold to Juba surrogates. It was never within to stage a coup when majority long for free and fair election.
The fear of unknown that engulfed Kiir‘s Kitchen cabinet was escalated by Awuwau (preemptive fear). Kiir’s administration continues to be restless. Juba restless forced them to accuse Mach Pual, Dr. Majak D’Agoot, and Oyai Deng Ajak of coup. It gradually became clearer that these Lieutenant Generals had never organized even unit of 50 men and women to secure presidency. Evident of their false accusation became apparent after their court in case of South Sudan vs. the detainees. So these Lt. Generals were declared not guilty. In the light of South Sudan dissension to tribalism and abyss, president Kiir groomed Dr. Riek Machar and deceptively gave him gesture of even succeeding him. In normal democracy, presidents are mostly succeeded by their vice presidents through contested elections.
Nevertheless, Kiir appointed Riek as a vice president in 2005. He entrusted him with South Sudan affairs while serving as vice president of Sudan. 1991 SPLM/A split that resulted Bor massacre, a case that was not contextualized in vetting for vice president. Hence, Kiir appointed Riek as vice president in 2005. But 1991 should have been used as litmus test for his appointment but it was disregarded. Good leaders get thing right from onset because walking backward work to derail the nation and it is an illustration of incompetent in leadership and decision-making. Subsequent to 2005, the fear of unknown kicked in because the SPLA was flooded by the Rebels of Peter General, Gatdet Yak, L.t, general, Paulino Matip Nhial, L.t, General Monytuil, Gabriel Tanginya, Olony and many others.
War broke out in 2013 in presidential guards—it started because of fear of unknown. Guards of Riek, Matip and Kiir fought for almost a week in the capitol-Juba. Riek called for national army to overthrow the national government. Immediately, three states of Upper Nile were embroiled in vicious conflict. Three capitols of these states were completely annihilated in periods of two months. Fagak propagandists and surrogates succeeded to convince white army to ransack Bor Town, and other youth were told to attack Malakal and Bentiu. Riek lured white army to attack Juba. Joint operations of Juba and Kampala unleashed deadliest on attack untrained youth. These children of South Sudan were badly defeated by joint fighting.
The international and regional states leaders call for moratorium on conflict and cessation of hostilities. Juba and Fagak lend no hear. The rival leaders and surrogates found their voices in deceptions and slowly became lucrative. Juba created among South Sudanese people and wielded her messages and policies on the premise that Rebels leader, Riek is being supported by the WEST. Little did they know that the West lost interest South Sudan let alone supporting a leader that had blood on his hands. Fagak surrogates found their voices on NGUNDENG, a prophet that had prophesied that Riek Machar would be president of South Sudan. Little did they know that—even in fair and free election, Riek would have a hard time to win let alone fighting wars—he had never won single battle? In 1991 and 2013, Riek won few battles but never maintained those cities for a year. Riek and Kiir entered into peace negotiation to end the bloodiest civil war in South Sudan. The two principals signed agreement to form a transitional government, with Kiir president and Riek vice president.
Dr. Riek sent his messiah, Taban Deng Gai to Juba to prepare his way. While in Juba, Taban cozy up with Kiir and Nhial Deng to build mutual and exclusive relationships, while Riek enjoyed his security in Fagak with dried old men and unenlightened youths killed themselves. Kiir, Taban, Nhial and IGAD leaders persuaded Riek to come to Juba—to possibly implement the signed provisions. Riek came to Juba in 2016, —- President Kiir reappointed as a vice president as stipulated in the accord. The two leaders had one month in Juba and not scheduling one physical meeting. The Kiir and Riek were told and pressed by IGAD and friends of South Sudan to meet because of developing unhealthy and dangerous brewing environments. They agreed and met at the presidential palace.
Because of fear of UNKNOWN, miscommunication, and coup allegations led to another war. Kiir was advised to protect Riek because killing him would ignite international outcries or his advice come as a result of fear of UNKNOWN. Hence, Riek was protected in Juba but as soon as he went to bush, he became Bin Laden. Apparently, they did not know that Bin Laden is Bin Laden whether in Juba or Jungle. We need each other. Calling some a rebel and pushing him away by making bizarre statements does not solve our problems. In fact it escalates hatred and divisions.
Sequences of 2016 Conflict Claims
First claim: It was believed that the low level SPLA/M/O generals/guards set a false alarm and circulated a message in the SPLA/M/O headquarter that Riek Machar was arrested. They alleged that the meeting between Riek and Kiir was not actually a meeting; it was orchestrated platform to arrest Riek.
Second Claim: Fighting erupted at the presidential palace in Juba. Kiir and Riek made a joint statement, asserting that both of them were not aware of what caused conflict. They went on a state national television and called for national calm, the Two warring parties restrained from fighting and they finally vowed to implement peace agreement.
Third claim: Kiir provided Riek with bulletproof vehicle, guards to protect him and was transported to his house.
Fourth claim: Juba Coup narratives, Riek Machar came to the meeting with pistol. He ordered his guards to kill president Kiir. Machar’s headquater was attacked and his base was captured.
Fifth claim: Riek was given 48 hours to come and assume his roles as a vice president. After no show, SPLM/O poliburos and NLC convened and replaced chairman of SPLA/M/O, Riek Machar with Lt.general Taban Deng Gai. Taban was sworn in as vice president of Sudan.
Sixth claim: Machar became a private citizen and government cannot pursue a private citizen, said Ateny Wek.
Essentially, Kiir is not just Salva Kiir Mayardit from Awan. He is state man, the symbol of our nation and president of South Sudan. Hence, protecting him is paramount. Kiir Mayar and all the presidents around this world would agree with me that if Machar had indeed staged a coup, all the appropriate military and security operation would have been applied in such situation. The coup orchestrator could have been arrested or killed…it is bizarre to protect a coup plotter. So why president kiir did provides guards to protect Machar if he indeed staged a coup? It is puzzling to me and many leaders around the world.
Conclusion
We, citizens need to start building trust among tribes and leaders. Trust has been erased by our leaders among south Sudanese tribes. In Juba, leaders working for the same government fear, they fear of themselves, citizens and competence well informed citizens. How can we bridge tribal gap, engineer trust to stabilize South Sudan and bring lasting peace? How can we overcome tribal hatreds? This is not easy to do folks. Our country is fundamentally more important than current leaders that would leave leadership anytime. It is about time to speak in unison to end war and call for peace because any minor war makes our country weak and make president Kiir even weaker. This extremism that being shown in in the country and in peace process and it is not part of peace and caring, it will place the country on the wrong hands. Political elites focus on positions metric and division of positions and do not look onto their suffering citizens. This idea of awarding themselves with positions first before peace isn’t reflective of stewardship and faith people entrust in them. Peace among citizens is ultimately and principally important than peace among leaders. Killing Riek or replacing can never bring peace and stability to South Sudan.

Gabriel Pager Ajang, Political Science and History Instructor
He can be reached ajangassociates@gmail.com