Category: More Views

Are we having ONLY sixteen corrupt Officials in South Sudan?

BY: Peter Gai Manyuon, JUN/24/2016, SSN;

Although the major corruption scandal since the beginning of the self-rule in Juba has been the so-called “Dura Saga,” there have been dozens of other significant instances of a similar wrongdoing, like corruption in the Presidency and the entire branches of the government in South Sudan. The problem is compounded by serious lack of transparency in South Sudanese government records and business information, whereby requests for official data can be arbitrarily turned down with impunity.

Corruption has been the top priority among the Ministers, Governors, and commissioners across the entire Country. The question which always come up is whether corruption is rooted in South Sudanese blood or it’s something adopted from other Countries or cultures?

In most cases, president Kiir has defended his commitment to combating corruption in his administration, pushing the blame always to global community for failure to support his drive to recover public funds stolen and stashed in foreign accounts by his former Ministers, Governors, Army Generals and some within the current Cabinet and their business associates before and after Independence.

The officials who stole the money got approvals from the central bank in the name of security matters at the presidency over the past years up to now and still the President is not taking serious action/measures against the group, instead he is promoting corruption in the country.

Who’s to blame now? Who are the right criminals that should have been prosecuted in South Sudan? Why not including the seventy five 75 criminals who took over 4 billion dollars and stashed them in foreign countries?

In reality, the nation has lacked any and all regulations to combat frauds and malfeasance among the senior officials especially among the government procurement officials within the Central Bank of South Sudan and ministry of finance and economic planning.

These episodes have often been shrouded in confusion and have almost never resulted in proper prosecution of individuals or in good punishment as required by the supreme law of the Country.

Why prosecuting only junior criminals and fearing to prosecute senior criminals? Something is wrong somewhere within the Presidency and the entire leadership of the Country!

However, Penal Code Act 2008, Chapter 2, mentioned very clearly the conviction for offences committed within South Sudan, only that most of the senior judges are not following their judicial litigation as many wish, rather they are misinterpreting laws wrongly.

All the court cases that have been there since 2005 up to date, no single case has been handled well, instead judges are using assumptions and interests to decide cases of great concern. What a disgrace?

Nevertheless, the same Penal Code Act 2008 mentioned life Imprisonment clearly only that judges in South Sudan don’t read laws sometimes. The penal code says a sentence to life imprisonment shall be equivalent to a term of twenty (20) years, moreover the judgment by the so called Judges in the Republic of South Sudan against the prosecuted sixteen (16) corrupt individuals within the Presidency is not a binding judgment.

Rather; it is a politically motivated scenario accompanied by sectarianism, greediness, primitiveness and lack of intellectual dynamism within the Presidency and Judiciary in the Country.

How can a judgment be passed without elucidating the law that should guide the litigation? Judgment was supposed to be different based on the number of the alleged corrupt officials within the presidency. There should have been senior thieves who came up with the idea of forging the signature of the President and the rests follows….. but giving a equal judgment is wrong and not fair and absolute.

Nullification or revisiting laws again is the only option at this particular period of time. If we really want fairness in our judicial system, then from the Presidency up to grassroots, we should be frank and honest of where the 4 Billion dollars stolen by these leaders are at the moment.

Covering up realities and facts will always jeopardize our growth as the country. Every judgment by Judiciary or any court, the President and his cabinet always impede with the court’s proceedings.

In fact, corruption, nepotism and hooliganism are the mission, vision of the government beginning from the time Dr. John Garang died in confusion between Uganda and South Sudan in 2005 up to date.

In summary, the issue of the seventy five (75) and sixteen (16) corrupt officials who took 4 billion dollars and 14 million dollars respectively should have been given the same judgment of life imprisonment if at all; the Presidency or Judiciary is really advocating for free corruption in the Country.

Giving life sentences to only sixteen (16) individuals alone without the criminals who took huge amount of 4 billion dollars is not absolutely right. The prosecuted individuals took money from Presidency using the forged signature, than they are supposed to be asked to return the money back to the Presidency and if they don’t want to return the money; they should be in prison for not more than twenty years as stated by penal code act, 2008 of South Sudan rather than life imprisonment without number of years. Fairness in judgment should be observed by the Judiciary of South Sudan once again!

The author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on issues on Human Rights and Democratization. He can be reached on southsudanjournalist@gmail.com.

One month on, no reprieve for Juba as donors remain tightfisted

By FRED OLUOCH, The EastAfrican, JUN/18/2016, SSN,

IN SUMMARY:

After one month in existence, the South Sudan transitional government is reeling from a lack of funds to run its operations.
Despite the formation of the transitional government, donors are demanding that the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance tighten regulations and eradicate the dollar rent seekers, fight official corruption and wastage, and empower the National Revenue Authority for revenue mobilisation.
The South Sudanese pound continues to weaken and there is a possibility of currency crash unless a bailout comes from international community

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After one month in existence, the South Sudan transitional government is reeling from a lack of funds to run its operations.

President Salva Kiir has blamed donors for going back on their promise to release the funds as soon as he and his rival Riek Machar formed the transitional government of national unity.

But the return of Dr Machar in April and subsequent formation of the transitional government has not unlocked aid money, as most donors — especially the US and the European Union — are demanding economic reforms and implementation of key provisions of the August 2015 peace agreement.

Aggrey Tisa Sabuni, presidential economic adviser, said the government had been negotiating with the donors over budgetary support but this programme was disrupted by the outbreak of civil war in December 2013 and negotiations have to begin afresh.

Projected oil revenue

Having reduced its budget by 6 per cent in the 2015/2016 financial to $3.6 billion, South Sudan was expecting grants of $54 million from donors to add to the projected oil revenue of $255 million and non-oil revenue of $76 million per month.

But global oil prices dipped from $115 to $46 per barrel, seriously affecting the country’s net oil revenues, as production also dropped from 350,000 barrels 160,000 barrels per day during the civil war.

By May 2016, oil revenues had fallen by 75 per cent to $60 million a month. Now, the country generates only $40 million a month in tax revenue.

Despite the formation of the transitional government, donors are demanding that the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance tighten regulations and eradicate the dollar rent seekers, fight official corruption and wastage, and empower the National Revenue Authority for revenue mobilisation.

South Sudan charge d’affaires in Kenya Jimmy Deng said that the partners in the unity government have agreed on programmes for economic recovery and national reconciliation.

“Our international partners are not forthcoming with their pledges for financial assistance. We are trying to harness our internal resources from taxes and Customs duties to meet some of the obligations but they are either limited or not enough to implement all the programmes,” said Mr Deng.

James Gatdet Dak, press secretary in the Office of the First Vice-President, said that despite the executive arm of the transitional government having been formed over a month ago, it is still a skeleton because parliament is yet to be reconstituted and the National Constitutional Amendment Committee lacks funds to begin its operations.

But Jacob Chol, the head of political science department at the University of Juba, told The EastAfrican that donors are not showing any signs of releasing money soon because the transitional government is yet to provide a concrete blueprint to reform the economy.

The South Sudanese pound continues to weaken and there is a possibility of currency crash unless a bailout comes from international community.

“These days, in Juba, if you go to a restaurant, you have to pay for food in advance, as the price may change before you finish your meal,” said Mr Chol. END

South Sudanese expect Dr. Riek Machar to Deliver: Can he really meet people’s expectations?

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, JUN/13/2016, SSN;

Since Dr. Riek Machar returned to Juba, South Sudan, early this year after signing a peace accord with rival Pres. Salva Kiir in August 2015, various South Sudanese communities have been visiting Machar at his makeshift residence outside Juba centre.

One can tell that people are expecting so much from a man who ran for his life in Juba 2013 but returned to the sin city as a saint in 2016 despite constant negative whacking from belly politicians who wanted nothing but booties, though there is nothing at this point.

For one, South Sudan as a country was ransacked through appeasements and war. The common men and women who are visiting Machar daily see no miraculous exit from the establishment (government). So South Sudanese Communities expect Dr. Riek Machar to deliver and somehow meet their expectations.

The million dollar question is can Machar really meet people’s great expectations?

No one outside Machar’s inner circle can resoundingly answer this question. However, we can only assume, mesmerize and also take a critical look on the IO’ programs and their political space in Juba.

In the meantime, without question, people of South Sudan are starving across the country. Yet, when communities visited Machar in his residence, they dance, sing songs and present well-perfected gifts in the blistering heat amidst jubilation.

Knowing my people well, they are tired and expect Machar to promise them salvation, but Machar is too skilled to venture into such debased hope to which the end of the rope rest at someone’s else prerogative.

In terms of exclusive power, Dr. Riek Machar never had a chance under one all-South Sudanese umbrella, to exercise such power for people to distinctively and independently know his intentions. What has the man in store for his people and country when he always served as a subordinate and his authority is always capped?

During people’s visitations or him (Riek) visiting them, Machar has this far preached peace and that peace has come. There are limitations, however. In my view, there is so much Machar and his camp can do. Which empathized the point that this peace cannot be sustained one-sided.

Machar’s partner in the agreement wanted “justice and accountability” to be scrapped. Such a position hasn’t gone well with people of South Sudan, whether government’s supporters or not. In short, it’s an unpopular demand. People across the board wanted justice and accountability to prevail in South Sudan.

Pres. Salva Kiir’s press secretary, Ateny Wek Ateny, proposed that justice and accountability will make the killers to rebel again when the hybrid court for South Sudan is implemented. President Kiir himself didn’t refute this stand. I assumed he is on board.

Also, President’s military advisor, Daniel Awet Akot, has recently asked the South Sudan hybrid court formation be delayed. This statement came before the New York Times’ op-ed. One can conclude that these two events are connected and it’s Mr. President’s position.

Machar’s positive mingling with the South Sudanese communities at his residence never made it to the South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC), simply because the management is in opposition to the first vice president’s efforts to plant hope in people’s hearts.

Not only that, some government’s officials still talk ill against the First Vice President, yet, this man is their boss. For example, almost two weeks ago, South Sudan’s Deputy Ambassador, Baak Wol posted a fabricated video of 58 minutes. That video was shortly removed by Baak Wol after 3,000 plus views. The video titled “Riek Macahr’s war victims in Jalle and Kolyang.”

Further, Mr. Gordon Buay Malek, a South Sudan’s ambassador stationed in Washington DC at the South Sudan embassy has called on FVP, Machar to response to the fabricated New York Times’ op-ed.

Though, the video was pure fabrication and Mr. Buay is considered a mad man, I expected a strong response from the First Vice President’ camp. However, I didn’t see any reaction from Machar’s inner circle yet that video and many others were intentionally made to undermine Mr. Machar’s authority. You can call it a resounding subordination in its purest ugly form.

Therefore, in part, if Dr. Riek Machar can allow people who should report to him tarnish his character through pure fabrications and lies at will without any consequences, then, we should be worried about him meeting people of South Sudan tall expectations.

However, for this worry to cease, I strongly recommend toughness, a bold change of strategy and approach from Mr. Machar’s camp as they address issues of importance. For example, holding government’s officials to account for their misguided actions and behaviors must be Mr. Machar’s first priority and a step to grace or storing people’s confidence.

J. Nguen is a South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at jamesnguen@gmail.com.

Confronting realities of identity politics as the effective means to solving problems in S. Sudan?

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala Uganda, MAY/29/2016, SSN;

Identifying problems and dealing with them as they are without pretending that they are not there is the best way of ending unending problems.
In South Sudan, leaders and some of the “educated citizens” are living in self-denial that the country and politics is not defined by tribes, which is not true. In actual sense, all intellectuals and leaders’ actions are defined by tribal influences.

However, there is hypocrisy as these bunches of intellectuals considered nationalists only in speaking. This is why they condemn leaders speaking their own mother tongues in public or on National TV or when they closely associate with their own tribe-mates.

I came to realize this hypocrisy when President Kiir spoke in Dinka language in Rumbek in 2014 or so. He was telling the truth as to why people continued to kill each other yet there was a war going on.

Kiir told those in Rumbek that it was bad to kill each other yet there was a major problem facing the country and if they wanted to fight then they should pick up their guns and join the army to fight against rebels in Unity.

On hearing this statement from the president, many people who considered themselves nationalists starting condemning him that he spoke in mother tongue on national TV (SSTV) and also that he incited Dinka Population to attack Nuer people.

The interpretation attached to what the president said and the language he spoke was unfortunate. It showed that those who interpreted what the president said were living in self-denial and do not want to confront the realities of South Sudan as they are.

The realities of South Sudan are that: South Sudan is made up of tribes, because of that the identity politics based on tribes will never go away.
In addition, most of South Sudanese at the moment have distinct identities that can make them to be identified whether they have talked or not.
Thus, speaking in mother tongue on national TV cannot make people to conclude that he is discriminating people or he has become tribalistic. Such understanding was a simple way of looking at things.

Moreover, the president was telling the truth. There was rebellion and also people were killing each other on daily basis. Therefore, instead of killing each other why should they not join the army to defeat rebels and that was the reasoning of the president.

However, those individuals who are more nationalists to the extent of not knowing what the nation wants took the comment of the president out of context just to reap their parochial political interests.

What defines their reasoning is the prejudicial way of looking at things. In South Sudan, politics is the part of daily lives and this explains the way people interpret things the way they do.

In fact, the statement of President Bashir of Sudan is also applicable in South Sudan. President Bashir once said, “Sudanese people are highly political”. In the same way, South Sudanese are highly political as they mix tribes with politics and at the same time deny the fact of tribal influence.

Most presumed South Sudanese nationalists do not believe in the existence of tribal identity politics. Yet the tribal influence always makes them look at things as intended against them. This makes it hard for the government to come up with neutral agenda which can be supported by the majority of citizens in the country.

However, government like some of the citizens does not identify the element of identity politics. They are always in self-denial by putting blame on government for having failed in nation building.

Nonetheless, the whole matter goes back to the fact that whether we blame each other or the government, we have failed to realize the role of identity politics in our lives which determines the way we look at things.

The failure to see the reality of tribes makes us fail to deal with realities of South Sudan, and instead, we always apply the policy of ostrich. Ostrich policy is expression used to refer to the tendency of ignoring obvious dangers or problems and pretend that they do not exist.

Ostrich has a habit of putting its head in the sand instead of facing the problems squarely to get a real solution. In the same way, South Sudanese, especially educated ones do not analyze the problems instead they deal with effect of the cause.

The bottom line of our failure to realize the negative impact of tribal influence is the failure in the first place to acknowledge that we distinctively belong to tribes which influence our way of thinking.

Based on the assertion above, it is logical to conclude that the problems facing us today in South Sudan will never go away unless we confront the realities of tribes and their influence on us.

For instance, corruption is at extreme level in South Sudan but if someone from different tribes criticizes the government because of corruption and because the president is from Dinka, most of the Dinka people will not take that criticism in good faith or as a patriotic move, but they will look at it as an attack on Dinka power in South Sudan. This clouds the real issues and keeps problems under the cover of tribal protection where they keep on escalating to dangerous levels.

In South Sudan, intellectuals and leaders are all confused. They are living in self-denial as they keep on attacking identity politics. Without in fact understanding that they are also involved in identity politics and by attacking it they are also attacking themselves indirectly.

The “nationalists” of South Sudan look at politics based on tribes as a divisive assault on civilization traditions. Those South Sudanese who look at politics in this way are theoretical in their approach to practical issues involve in nation building.

To show that these politicians and intellectuals are theoretical, the way they react when face with “tribal politics” explains this. When face with the problems of identity politics based on social movements or tribal movements as many politicians call them, they are quick to attack these movements that they are against the national unity. Yet, in the country like South Sudan there had never been any unity in the pure sense in the first place.

Now, with outbreak of civil war in South Sudan and the way the war was fought the politicians and some intellectuals are proved wrong. There is no doubt any longer that South Sudan tribal or identity politics that has been narrowly defined by leaders and other South Sudanese intellectuals and aggressively maintained by the leaders has a very devastating impact on national unity and more inclusive solidarities.

Thus, 2013 tragedy that took place in Juba were thousands of people had been killed as a result, was caused by identity politics. The fact that Riek Machar was from Nuer and Salva Kiir was from Dinka was enough to fit two tribes against each other with devastating force.

Thus, tribes are a reality in our politics and social setting and failure to acknowledge this fact will always act like a blood cancer in our politics and development of South Sudan.

In fact, intellectuals of South Sudan have failed to see the effect of tribal tendency on their lives. As it is visibly clear, these intellectuals who shun tribes are at the same tribal instigators, accomplices and the mobilizers of tribe-mates to fight for their political interests. They are also recipients of the spoils of tribal mischief.

In fact, all of us are tribal corruptors and harlot who act together to demean our country and ourselves. The truth will come one day to realize ourselves that there is a need to mold ourselves into midwives of national building.

The identity politics and its consequences are the realities of South Sudan that define our lives and the question is: how should South Sudan respond to identity politics?

The first thing to do is to identify and acknowledge that tribes exist in South Sudan and they are influencing our national building and sharing of resources. Thus, there is a need for streamlining the imbalances caused by uncontrolled needs of other tribes, which may help to ensure that all members of different tribes are not marginalized.

It is in relation to the above I strongly support the establishment of twenty eight (28) States in South Sudan. Though the creation of 28 States might have been done with political motive, it is one of political accidents that may help South Sudan to redefine identity politics that will help South Sudan to build strong political community in future.

The establishment of ten (10) States was a great mistake and if South Sudan would continue with the same arrangement, there would have been risks of different tribes exterminating themselves under inefficient and corrupt governors.

Therefore, though many complain against the establishment of 28 States, it is necessity as well as a matter of survival for other communities in South Sudan. Gok State is one of those States, which communities see its establishment as a matter of necessity rather than politics.

In my view, establishment of 28 States is one of the opportunities that South Sudanese have deserved and it will contribute to the stability and peace in South Sudan.
The only thing that needs to be done now is to ensure that a committee is set up to determine claims of other people who complain that their land has been grabbed and if this claim is proved then their rights should be given to them through creating of other more states.

In relation to the creation of more States, many so-called intellectuals and nationalists of South Sudan have expressed the concern that resources are limited and establishing more states will undermine development. This argument shows that these nationalists have failed to understand that resources will never be enough and what matters is the political will to equitably distribute the resources.

For example, there are countries like South Sudan in terms of size and resources but have more states than South Sudan. The examples of these countries are Nigeria which has 36 States, Mexico which has 31 States and India which has 29 States. All these countries are like South Sudan in size and resources or even smaller with lesser resources, which means that resources are not problems but how such resources are distributed is the question.

Contrary to the argument of these self-proclaim intellectuals, identity politics is a neutral thing and its response is conditioned by the national policies. If the country has bad policies, then the people will be divided through discrimination, and as a result, the identity politics may be negative. But if the goal of a country is to build more egalitarian society, then, the people will be transformed into a strong nation by putting their identity politics together into national identity politics.

The criteria to be used in determining their claims should be based on history before Sudan divided South Sudan. This will help to settle the conflicts that were created by Sudan in dividing Southern Sudan into provinces.

Finally, it should be noted that identity politics is important if correctly determined and used by the State as it helps to redress injustice against minority groups and deepens democracy in the country.

It is, therefore, the role of public institutions to formulate policies that encourage healthy identity politics. Thus, public institutions are important in this regard.

Whether identity politics has negative effects depends on whether those in charge of public institutions are aware of these potential effects and whether they have the desire and capacity to mitigate them.

Of course, it has be borne in mind that public institutions may be shaped by their own internal power dynamics as they have their own diverse motives, which need to be considered when predicting the effects of identity politics.

To avoid negative identity politics, the States must provide space for forms of political consideration, public deliberation and legal reasoning that allow for identity based class making, and that compel public institutions to develop procedures and guidelines that ensure the observance of constitutional principles of rule of law and respect for human rights.

In summary, confronting realities as they are, is important as it is the part of solution to the problems of South Sudan. Building strong State where justice, liberty and prosperity are achieved means promoting interests of all South Sudanese which can only be realized when identity politics is identified and protected.

South Sudan is nothing but aggregate of tribes who have various interests that South Sudanese government must protect. A unity achieved by just throwing citizens into groups where they suffer indefinite is not unity desired in South Sudan.

NB/: the author is South Sudanese lawyer in Uganda and can be reached through: +256783579256; juoldaniel@yahoo.com

Mr President: Is your mother a man or a woman?

By: Alma Zeno Riko Ettore- Equatorian citizen, UK, MAY/19/2016, SSN;

I wanted to write about this issue earlier but I gave the chance first and foremost to the Gender Minister, South Sudan Parliament and other well-placed women and men in South Sudan to challenge the President for a big “faux pas” he committed when he chose to offer women as sacrificial lambs to his wayward and unprofessional army. Seeing that no one has done so, I took the liberty to pen down my own thoughts.

Any woman has a special status in her community or the place where she lives: She can be a mother, a wife, a sister, a daughter, a grandmother, a godmother, a cousin, a friend, a granddaughter, a neighbour, a community member, a government official, a colleague at work, a Minister, a Prime Minister or a President of a country, a Princess or a Queen etc. etc.

This shows that a woman can positively affect any society, community or country in which she lives. Most women have done this quite well with little opportunities and resources; this is why this world is still rotating on its axis and the sun is where it is supposed to be, the moon is where God has placed it and man is still walking on this Earth. If any man denies the importance of women in his life then he is exhibiting nothing but ignorance, lack of knowledge, lack of education and total self-denial.

“If you educate a man you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nation”

This means that the mother affects the learning experience of a child from day one and therefore if she is learned and educated, her children will grow up to be a better breed of individuals because of that influence of the mother and as we all know, mothers make nations. The father’s educational influence is very little compared to the mother’s especially when the child is still growing and developing because a small child spends most of his/her time with the mother. A mother’s influence on individuals has been proven again and again in researches and statistics throughout the ages.

Every nation’s civilization, power and wealth is measured by the status of its women and not men; this is why South Sudan and its extremely low status of women who form the bulk of the population is one of the poorest in the world in spite of all he country’s natural resources and wealth. This is because these resources have fallen in the hands of ignorant men. As long as these ignorant men remain in power, South Sudan will remain poor and backward.

When President Salva Kiir gave the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) the green light to rape women as a reward and an incentive for their fight against the rebels, people around the world were stunned and dumbfounded with disbelief, shock and wonder. This is because President Salva Kiir is perceived to be the Head of a State and this is not how Heads of States speak but people have to know that President Salva Kiir is not any other Head of State: He is a leader of a “headless state.”

A Head of State metaphorically has eyes to see, ears to hear and brains to think. South Sudan has no government, no head. It is governed by the JCE, which is a self- appointed group of corrupt old people (average age 82) from the Dinka tribe who are the main advisors of the President. The President seems to fulfil their every wish, however destructive it might be to the nation.

Now South Sudan stands in the world arena like a headless nation, without vision, positive presence or principles. South Sudan has been reduced to a joke. Whenever anyone mentions the name “South Sudan” people’s demeanour changes to either pity or contempt.

This is not what we envisaged for our country. This is not why we went in droves to vote for the Referendum to secede from Sudan. This is not our vision for our beloved South Sudan. Everyone had a vision of freedom from slavery in all its kind; freedom from poverty and lack of education, from hatred, from malice and opportunism.

We envisaged South Sudan as a rich, powerful and exemplary country, a country leading in Africa. A country that will make us feel proud for the first time in 50 years and will stand out for the right reasons but President Salva Kiir and his JCE have other ideas.

Their vision for the country is to have slaves and masters, hatred and discord and division, one tribe against the other, one group against the other, death, poverty, hunger and confusion. This is indeed a Reign of Terror.

This President and his cohorts will stop at nothing. After mass- raiding the people of South Sudan’s public funds and looting and stealing from public resources, stashing the money in overseas bank accounts and buying businesses and private residences all over the globe, they became unable to give basic services such as salaries to the army on which they depend to terrorise and hold the nation at ransom.

As a result, the President has concocted the most disgusting and filthy means to reward the army by advising them to go out and rape women as a means for payment. The big question is “Who are those women that he is pointing out to be sacrificed?

President Salva Kiir will have to realise a true fact: ALTHOUGH HE IS THE PRESIDENT OF SOUTH SUDAN, HE DOES NOT OWN ITS PEOPLE BECAUSE FOR HIM TO OWN OTHER PEOPLE HE HAS TO BUY THEM LIKE SHEEP AND DONKEY. THEREFORE HE CANNOT HAVE JURISDICTION ON ANY WOMAN IN THE LAND EXCEPT HIS WIFE AND DAUGHTERS. IF HE WANTS HIS ARMY TO RAPE WOMEN FOR PAYMENT, LET HIM OFFER THEM HIS OWN WIFE AND DAUGHTERS.

God gave extra thought to create everything in the Earth for the comfort and survival of man. The Holy Scriptures goes on to tell us that He created the heavens with all its constellations, then the earth with its mountains, valleys, hills, oceans, rivers and then all the plants up to the microscopic algae and then the animals, birds, reptiles and invisible creatures.

All were created to perfection in order to serve man. When Adam was created God made him out of dust and he was told that he is the master of the Earth and that he should toil it in order to eat. Last of all, God created a being that is like Adam but far more sophisticated, complex and superior (This is why men being simple, will never understand women). God made that being out of Adam’s bone, not out of dust like Adam.

I will perhaps have to forgive the President for uttering such an unbecoming and shameful statement, which has been broadcast all over the world because the President lacks education, wisdom and vision. The reason he became the President of South Sudan in the first place is because at the time he was chosen, people were more concerned about seceding from the North of Sudan, therefore not much focus was put on him.

The other factor that helped him immensely is because he was hurriedly drafted in to fill the void vacated by the untimely death of Dr John Garang who was a highly educated, well-placed and visionary leader; the founder of the SPLA/M. If Dr. Garang was alive, Salva Kiir will never have the platform to insult the South Sudanese women or mess the country as he has done.

This President is the most unsuitable candidate for this job. He knows it, the JCE know and so does everyone in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese women have to fight for our rights much harder and the first fight is to stand together from all the 64 tribes as women of South Sudan in order to topple this evil regime of President Salva Kiir.

The President who seems to like to inflict on himself grievous bodily harm has to be reminded that we the South Sudanese women who he so much derides and holds in contempt constitute ¾ of the total population of South Sudan and we promise that we will be the chink in his armour, the Achilles tendon in his heel, the banana skin in his way. We will never rest until he is GONE with the wind.

In conclusion I want to give advice to people who can make some changes in the lives of our long suffering mothers, sisters and daughters in South Sudan. The Gender Minister was appointed to look after women. She should be the first person to tackle and challenge the unbecoming and insulting attitude and speech of the President and men of low education and low morality like him in government.

The President is setting an unfortunate precedence and a very bad example to young people and people who have spent all their time doing nothing but damage to communities. The Gender Minister has the duty to educate the men around her and stand for the cause of women so that they can have a better life.

I will therefor urge the Minister for Gender to ask the President to apologise to the women of South Sudan without reservations. I will also ask the Parliament of South Sudan which is the most impotent, useless and redundant Parliament in the world to stand up for the rights of the People of South Sudan at least once in their lifetime and condemn the President ‘s ill-advised and utterly revolting statement against women.

Long live every Woman in South Sudan

The SPLM Leadership fails to fix the most pressing challenges of South Sudan

By: John Juac, Windsor, Canada, MAY/18/2016, SSN;

The greatest problem facing South Sudan is a leadership crisis in all areas of the state activity, and this leadership crisis stems from the inability of those in power to meet the basic material needs of their population. In terms of natural resources, South Sudan is one of the richest countries on African continent and yet the bulk of its people live as if they were citizens of deserts.

In rural South Sudan, most villagers either live in unnecessary frustration, hopelessness and die of poverty and preventable diseases or move away from the countryside to the major urban cities to gain appreciation. Some 85 per cent of South Sudan’s poor live in rural areas and depend predominantly on traditional agriculture for their livelihoods.

Cities ought to play a key role as drivers of growth in a country’s development. In the newly independent state of South Sudan, they play opposite role.

Populations of the major urban cities like Malakal, Wau and Juba have grown larger than ever before. This huge influx of new settlers in South Sudanese cities has not been matched by a growth in widespread structures, facilities or public services like water systems, electricity, roads, houses, sewer, schools or health facilities.

Deep poverty, leave alone urban slums, is the fate of most South Sudanese city dwellers. Unemployment and underdevelopment are the rules rather than exception.

The vast numbers of newcomers are driven to urban areas by the harsh conditions of peasant life. Most soon become disillusioned, discovering that their only escape from chronic urban poverty is to eke out a meager living through the informal economy.

Few have become better workers for foreign capitalist investors exploiting the cheap labor, consumers of the expensive imported junks, as opposed to being producers of their own food crops in the rich land. Vastly more South Sudanese rely on this informal and haphazard way of making a living than on the formal economy that characterizes developed countries.

President Kiir and his cabinet ministers never give urban issues, especially urban poverty, substantial attention in their analyses or their policies and the international institutions that profoundly influence them have equally failed to make it a priority.

In the view of the local rights activists, the lack of work for young South Sudanese is a political and social time bomb waiting to explode. Many are under twenty five and are unemployed.

All these indicate that the Juba regime must find ways to disarm this time-bomb, but its leaders cannot figure out where to find the tens of millions more that are needed. It is no laughing matter because millions of South Sudanese are suffering for no reason other than the terrible choices and failures of the so-called nationalist leaders.

This crisis in South Sudan is not due to the civil war and famine as most foreign observers would make us believe, said one rights activist, noting that all those things are tied to the leadership in some capacity.

In fact, the failure to give a substantial attention to poverty, unemployment, and a mobilization of the population to produce its own food from the millions of natural resources, is primarily due to backward type of non-progressive leaders of the ruling party.

These leaders are naive, vision-less, opportunistic and totally compromised. How can they be good leaders when they have failed to fix the most pressing challenges of their nation?

They have left brothers and sisters behind the enemy line of poverty, and this is in contrast to the view that the people do not struggle for things in the heads of individuals. The people struggle and accept sacrifices demanded by the struggle in order to be able to live a better life in peace, to see their lives progress and to ensure their children’s future.

The struggle against colonialism, working for peace and progress- independence- all these are empty words without meaning for the people, unless they are translated into a real improvement of standards of living.

There are testimonies in South Sudan of the older people asking members of the ruling party when they can see political order and economic and social benefits of independence. This is a strong indictment of the failure of the post-independence state to provide at the very minimum the basic necessities of life, health centres and schools with adequate equipment, furniture and supplies in the rural regions, and good roads and transportation facilities to make it easier for peasant farmers to bring their products to urban markets.

Liberation from colonial domination is meaningful only when it goes beyond the political realm to involve the development of production, education, health facilities and trade. Some experts have argued that priority must be given to the development, modernization and transformation of agriculture.

Then the real challenge for the rulers of South Sudan is to be able to conceive and execute development strategies that satisfy the deepest aspirations of the popular masses for economic development and material prosperity. The rulers must also make common cause with their people by opting for those policies that meet their needs.

Nevertheless, the pathological rulers have sided with the international capitalists and accepted antisocial development strategies and polices imposed by the international institutions like the IMF and the World Bank. When one considers the topic of development it is important to realize that all conceptions of development necessarily reflect a particular set of social and political values.

Indeed, it is true say that development can be conceived only within an ideological framework, and this is evident in the dominant understanding by the majority of governments and international institutions which view development as synonymous with economic growth within the context of a free market international economy.

Economic growth is identified as necessary for combating poverty, defined as the inability of people to meet their basic material needs through cash transactions. A key issue in the debate about economic system is the choice between economic growth and economic development and one starts by drawing a distinction between economic growth and economic development.

One can have economic growth without economic development. Economic growth is a necessary but not sufficient condition of economic development. Economic growth simply means that the pie measured by GDP has grown bigger, but it says nothing about how the pie is divided. Economic development differs in being concerned with whether the average person’s standard of living has increased and whether the person has more freedom of choice.

Economic development can be measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI takes into account literacy rates, gender parity and life expectancy, which affect productivity and could lead to economic growth. Economic development implies an increase in real income for most families.

Economic development seeks to alleviate people from low standards of living and works toward providing citizens with jobs and suitable shelter. It seeks to improve lives without compromising the need of future generations. On the other hand, economic growth does not address the question of the depletion of natural resources and pollution and global warming.

The difference between economic growth and economic development can be well illustrated by Angola, where the GDP grew by 20 per cent and yet poverty increased substantially. Much of the higher GDP flowed into the pockets of the ruling elites and their relatives and cronies. The daughter of the president of Angola herself was a billionaire and yet did nothing to create value for Angola. By contrast, Bill Gates built a business called Microsoft that made him billionaire many times over, but at least the business contributed to the development of the U.S. economy and jobs

Furthermore, Egypt’s past ruler, Hosni Mubarak, had a fortune estimated at $42 billion, but also did nothing to create value for Egypt. In South Sudan, the central and state ministers are billionaire. But where did this money come from? A great deal came from petroleum dollars and foreign assistance designed to help with the economic development. Many South Sudanese blame poverty and unemployment problem on the incompetency, the corruption and the greedy of their leaders.

On final note, think South Sudan and many people think of endless ethnic strife, brutal civil war, pervasive corruption, universal poverty, diseases out of control and unworthy rulers. South Sudan faces a daunting list of challenges and its citizens live with no hopes and dreams. Their dreams of peace and prosperity have been shattered by the greedy, corrupted and unscrupulous rule of the nationalist leaders for most years of independence.

One would be contented with just a modest of development of better opportunities, health services, better education and eradication of poverty in urban centres and rural regions. But unfortunately even these modest goals are being thwarted by power hunger and rapacious leaders who can only achieve their very goals by depriving their people of the basic needs.

That much is understood by most southerners. What is less clear to an outsider is why many good people accept the warlords as their rulers and even celebrate their bad governments?

The answer has two parts: administrative corruption and traditional culture. Tribalism is the stumbling block to peaceful coexistence and progress. Ethnic ties in South Sudan are a magnified expression of family loyalty that become a fault line at times of political and economic distresses.

Like Islam in Muslim Arab Sudan, tribal attachments indeed can be convenient lever for a divide-and rule ploy by cynical political leaders. But, like nationalism, such solidarity is not necessarily a destructive force. South Sudanese are patient and long suffering to an extent probably unparalleled in East African region.

Indeed, any foreigner who knows the daily lives of most southerners must marvel that a percentage of the new country’s people is in civil turmoil. And those conflicts are largely the result of small groups vying for control of the nation’s resources rather than mass movements of protest against unjust governments.

Many southerners had sacrificed their lives during the national struggle to winning political freedom, but now most are passive and unwilling to interfere with what they see as the natural wheels of life. In this respect, they are like the rest of people in Western world. Few people in free countries write letters to the editor or campaign actively to change laws. But the extent and duration of dictatorship in South Sudan are such that political police or military force is not enough to explain it.

The ability of southerners to put up with difficult and mistreatment is reflected in the historically low incidence of depression and suicide in the country. There is a pain and suffering in South Sudan and yet people continue to accept bad governments for three reasons. First, the local culture induces them to respect their elders and accept their fate.

Second, patronage and corruption have a complex stranglehold on national life. Third, South Sudan has become a heavy-handed police state and dictatorship, where President Kiir and his cohorts do the dictating. Like the former colonial master, it is a one-party state, but the ruling elite is not disciplined and serious.

It lies on an elaborate network of the cell leaders who suppress inconvenient points of views, and these kleptocratic leaders have given South Sudan a bad name. They have plunged their people into abject poverty and despair, and incited bitter ethnic violence and even armed conflicts. They are the ones largely responsible for underdevelopment, food scarcities, rising infant mortality rates, soaring budget deficits, human rights abuses, breaches of the rule of law and prolonged serfdom for million South Sudanese.

They have, in short, brutally complicated the very sever political, economic, ethnic and health issues that challenge South Sudan. The new state will most probably continue to crumble until the new leadership come to value the long-term betterment of its population over its own personal and political interests.

With terrible weak national and state governmental institutions exacerbating South Sudan’s trauma, the leaders of the capitalist West, whose timorous approaches to African problems have been documented, cannot be expected to take strong hands in helping to resolve the political, social and economic problems.

Even as regards peace making and conflict prevention, only other African countries are likely to see the Western activity. On the other hand, there are ongoing conversations in the various South Sudanese online media about the lack of political democracy, but elections are merely indicator of the democratic process. They are not worth very much if one leader, or group totally dominates the system and if oppositions are harassed, intimidated, often shoot at, even arrested, and obligated to campaign fearing for their very lives. Sometimes they are even killed along with critical journalists.

South Sudan held elections in 2010, the year before independence, but now it is a new authoritarian state dominated by Kiir and Machar and their respective supporters. The lack of political democracy overall, the general weak economic growth, poverty, rampant diseases and sweeping neglect of the country’s agriculture by politicians does not bode well for South Sudan’s near-term future. As some local rights activists have indicated, South Sudan’s positive role models need to be offered to the new leaders.

John Juac Deng
Journalist/writer,
Juacd@yahoo.ca
Country: Windsor, Canada

What Uganda’s Pres. Museveni means for the people of South Sudan

By Emmanuel Kachoul, Uganda, MAY/16/2016, SSN;

Dear Editor, and my fellow South Sudanese allow me start by introducing myself. I’m a South Sudanese businessman who has greatly benefited from H.E. President Yoweri K. Museveni’s relentless efforts to stabilize the Great Lakes region AND East Africa at large including my own country South Sudan.

I would like to take advantage of this day when our dear Pan Africanist leader is being inaugurated or sworn in for his new term of office as President to express my gratitude to him, the NRM and the UPDF plus the entire people of Uganda for their sacrifice and contribution towards pacification of my country South Sudan.

Allow me make my submission as follows: The Republic of South Sudan is the youngest nation in the whole world having got its independence on the 9th July 2011. But this Republic has seen turbulent times and the journey to self-determination has been protracted and painful.

Thanks to all regional bodies including the IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development) and other International friends who played a leading role in negotiations that led to the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 that brought a semblance of peace which we still hold on until now.

These kinds of conflicts, we as freedom fighters have always prayed that they don’t happen again because they date back during the time of colonialism. Case study in 1974 southerners who had separated from the north, reunited with the north again, in 1955 again southern army officers mutinied forming the Anya Nya rebel groups. And in 1983 a major insurrection involving many uncomfortable southerners led by SPLM/A (Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement) under the able leadership of Cmdr. John Garang De Mabior fought a justified protracted peoples war for 21 years for self-determination, until the CPA was signed.

Although, this war alone resulted into untold suffering of people including loss of over 2 million people and displacing close to 5 million People women and children inclusive. All these wars have played negatively in the political, social and economic spheres of our nation a scenario that we must guard against zealously.

Unfortunately, in December 2013 fighting again broke out between government forces led by President Salva Kiir and rebels royal to his deputy vice president Riak Machar and fighting spread across the country leading to unnecessary loss of lives and untold suffering of innocent people.

Nevertheless, on my behalf and on behalf of my fellow South Sudanese and the fallen freedom fighters in SPLA/M who hold our beloved motherland with high esteem, we salute commander Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and congratulate him upon this well-deserved victory and pray that he continues with his visionary and wise leadership role, which he has manifested to us in the region and in Africa at large and a true Pan African Elder.

It should always remain fresh in the minds of all how his Excellency president Museveni swiftly moved to avert a looming genocide in the young and fragile nation of South Sudan in the just concluded civil war, amidst wild spread criticism across the globe but he single handily stood with the people of south Sudan by sending in well trained and disciplined African soldiers “ the UPDF troops” who didn’t disappoint but rather stood with their SPLA comrades to calm a situation which had run out of hand and saved the lives of innocent civilians and properties.

Bravo SPLA and UPDF for the love of your continent, you are our heroes. The courage and consistency of the Ugandan Army and the SPLA/M in resolving the chaos in South Sudan is the product of the Pan African state of mind and much is owed to the men and women who serve in these forces.

Painful lesson learnt; 1994 Rwanda genocide. One of the major reason this happened was because everybody among the regional leaders then sat and waited for UN and or I don’t know what to come and secure Rwandans.

And the biggest African shameful atrocity befell our brothers and sisters there as if they didn’t have neighbours to help, while our leaders stood aside and watched our sisters and brothers chopping themselves to death for a hooping one hundred dark days.

This should never happen again anywhere on the African continent and the world at large. Good neighbourhood demands that when you see smoke at your neighbour’s house, you know there is fire therefore you must move to extinguish it and this is exactly what UPDF under its able command did in 2013 in South Sudan.

I get disturbed when none of the national and international agencies don’t keep mentioning such a noble achievement. And had the genocide happened, it would be talked about up to date.

I think we should learn how to glorify positive achievements even for the next generation to be able to build on it in our enduring endeavour to make Africa a good place to be. The harmonised political, social and military approach has again brought a semblance of peace in juba manifested in the getting together of the two warring parties of president Salva Kiir and his vice Riak Macher.

Furthermore, All this has happened due to mature political and military engagements within our two neighbouring countries and truth be told, a big kudos must go to Commander Museveni and Commander Kiir Mayerdit, South Sudanese Peace loving people, IGAD Leadership as well as well-wishers.

Regionally, the admission of South Sudan into the EAC and now COMESA opens up opportunities for South Sudan investors and Citizens and this couldn’t have come at a better time since this re strengthens bilateral relations with our neighbours. Of equal importance is the formation of the East African Standby army to act as a deterrent and secure the region in times of imminent turmoil.

Time will come when we don’t have brave leaders who can bridge the gap hence there must be a concrete mechanism of joint security of people’s lives and property. To all my fellow south Sudanese back home and in the Diaspora. Please we must continue working hard and praying trusting in God’s ability to deliver us from the economic difficulties we still face and a passionate call to our governments to at all times uplift peoples’ liberties and freedom.

This can best be achieved if we all cherish and use freedom profitably bearing in mind that we don’t only have to do what we like but what we ought to do right.

Martin Luther king once said “That darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do that’’. He went ahead to say that ‘’Hate cannot drive out hate, only love can do that”. Please let us continue in the same footsteps of loving one another, because surely there is light at the end of the tunnel.

About the writer Comrade Emmanuel Kachoul is an SPLA former freedom fighter who is currently engaged in the fight against poverty and its related vices in South Sudan and trying to unlock South Sudan’s economic potential so that the Young nation can deliver on its promise of developing its people. The writer can be contacted on ekachoul@yahoo.com
+256 771869952/+254 708446804

Can the Opposing Quartet of Riak, Lam, Pres. Kiir & Yau Yau together restore peace, stability in torn fabric of politics in young nation?

Quote “Peace is costly but it’s worth the expenses” from African Ancestors.

By Luka Geng Geng, lukageng@gamail.com, University Campus (UBG), MAY/12/2015, SSN;

As I write this piece, it goes without saying that every South Sudanese citizen across the country and elsewhere on the world needs the country to heal, demands the politicians to close up an old page and start with the new chapter and therefore make a turn to restore and consolidate peace and stability, security, prosperity and ultimately resurface the torn fabric of political culture in the world’s youngest Republic of South Sudan.

However, ringing in the minds of everybody is the question that poses itself about the old time opposing quartet in the persons of Dr. Riak Machar, Dr. Lam Akol, Pres. Salva Kiir, and David Yau Yau, whose appearance in TGONU caught everybody by surprise.

This question remains open because there is no precisely short answer to slaughter it. But my dear esteemed readers, before getting down to the centerpiece of this article and imploring more, allow me here at the outset to seize this golden opportunity to send Mr. President and his newly appointed cabinet glad tidings from my abode.

Although this piece might not be timely on its publication owing to my inaccessibility to internet, I believe President Salva Kiir must be a peace loving and true nationalist having set the room to accommodate all odds. Indeed nobody was expecting all the faces of the aforesaid quartet to appear in the TGONU as thinking so could be a nightmare for those who dreamt of it….…..until the night of April 28, 2016 when the state owned SSTV let the cat out of the bag to raise the eyebrows for the entire nation.

After this secret was revealed through the presidential decree, the talk of the day was centered on the question that makes the title of this piece. What bothers much in this question lies squarely on the level of trust among this quartet whom the president tied down with a rope on the same wood, the fact that Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Riak Machar, President Salva Kiir and David Yau Yau all have had varied ideologies and political views has raised this question on top of others.

With Dr. Lam Akol, the chairman of Democratic Change Party in recent years seen as persistent critique to the government, Yau Yau fought the same government before he joined the SPLM main stream (SPLM-IG) and Dr. Riak Machar, the chairman of SPLM-IO, and a signatory to the peace agreement that brought the formation of TGONU, all now in the same boat.

We are left with only this question to ask, but the president’s remarks on the swearing ceremony of the newly formed cabinet is wise enough to provide a glimpse of hope to be relied upon.

On the swearing ceremony, Mr. President unreservedly called for “cooperation and the spirit of team work among the new cabinet to be employed so as to deliver the basic services for people” if the cabinet respond positively to that call, a unity can be regained without any doubt there.

In light of ensuring peace and stability, security, unity, prosperity and marshaling the torn fabric of political culture in the young republic of South Sudan, it is very imperative from my own perspective that our top leaders must understand that the stable peace can be restored on the basis of economic, social, political and military reforms by aiming at efforts that contribute directly or indirectly to an improvement of circumstances surrounding the security in the country.

Taking into account this perspective and in order to enhance durable peace in South Sudan, it is vital to consider political, economic, social and military aspects comprehensively; in particular, economic development has indispensable importance in reinforcing the political and social resilience of the nation and enhancing sustainable stability within the country.

It is also important for peace and stability of this country to solve and silence internal disputes and inter-communal clashes as the country looks on for peaceful coexistence.

In my personal point of view, the first step before even thinking of taking on these reforms must be the reconciliation and trust-building among the leaders themselves, by so doing, the gateway of transition from conflict to reconciliation demands that leaders and the general public must step away from previous mistrust, anger and old memories so that they may come to nuanced understanding of the previously erupted conflict and therefore prove themselves to be the exemplary for others.

Looking back at previous memories could be painful undeniably, although the fighting that erupted in Juba on December 15, 2013 may have been triggered by political disputes as a result of mistrust among the nation’s top leaders, the violence it sparked on the wider population cannot be solely explained by the political differences of the elite.

As such, the country top leaders and the public must step away from their old thoughts or memories and put the interest of the nation first above everything including their own interests. It will be disheartening for these country top leaders to fail to work in the spirit of teamwork in an attempt to restore the torn fabric of the fractured south Sudan that was torn in to pieces politically, economically, socially, ethnically and culturally because this time is the second best chance for peaceful coexistence South Sudan must embrace.

Peace means a lot to the south Sudanese citizens who have been desirous for positive changes and more specifically to the internally displaced population across the country.

Apparently, challenges on the road to revive the country and rebuilt the lives of its citizens are enormous, however, no one is expecting the current leadership to uproot them overnight……but if the leadership shows its commitment then with time, peace and stability shall be restored and the country shall soon be free of problems.

Now that the incumbent government must work to deliver peace and security, combat corruption and basic service delivery, repatriate the IDPs from the POCs and ultimately to bring unity, the government must not forget to build strong bilateral relationships with its neighboring country and international bodies whose bilateral relations went fragile over the last two and half years of conflict.

Although the international community fell short to support transitional government of national unity with funds and donations as soon as it was much expected, it is too early to expect such funding and support from them and the best thing to do is just to remain in close touch.

This time will also be a chance to reverse a trauma that had been inflicted on the millions of its citizens psychologically and physically, therefore the newly appointed cabinet ministers must show a spirit of hard work to ensure that peace, security and stability are restored.

All the parties should come together at this juncture and work for the progress of the country, dividing issues such as the twenty eight states as always claimed by SPLM-IO must not be the standpoints of withholding the peace in the country, both parties to the agreement must find a possible means to solve such issues amicably.

Give peace a chance so that it must prevail!

The writer of this piece is a medical student in the University of Bahr el Ghazal; Wau, He can be reached at lukageng@gmail.com

Open letter to President Salva Kiir Mayardit: Imminent reforms expected

By: Ater Garang Ariath, MAY/04/2016, SSN;

Mr. President,

As the nation moves toward its dream of hope for peace, stability and sustainable development upon the return of Dr. Riek Machar Teny to South Sudan as the First Vice President, South Sudanese people foresee the realization of harmony again in the country.

Mr. President, when you, Dr. Riek and Igga shook hands after First Vice President took oath of office, it far demonstrated a sign that you are partners in peace and the announced Transitional Government of National Unity.

The Transitional Government of National Unity should of now work to embrace national healing and reconciliation among all South Sudanese common men and women that were psychologically fractured in different areas during the conflict.

The genuine realization of peace and national cohesion among all South Sudanese within and outside the country can only be achieved if your leadership appoints competent, skilled and experienced Advisors in the latest cabinet.

Like any other South Sudanese citizen, I would like to take this opportunity to call for appointment of Presidential Political Advisor, whose credentials were of course impeccable, highly intelligent, a superb linguist and a born diplomat to revamp our diplomatic relations.

Appointment of senior experienced and political acumen South Sudanese man or woman as Presidential Political Advisor after the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity(TGONU) will be of great asset toward refurbishment of South Sudan political exposures within and outside the region.

The Political Advisor with strong vision of South Sudan loyalty as nation “first” should work on programs that will revamp South Sudan’s diplomatic and political exposure in the region and beyond.

As we move together as nation to rebuild damages that were brought on our societies by recently elapsed civil war, there is a high need to appoint an impeccable Presidential Political Advisor in the Transitional Government of National Unity.

The crises faced by our country are merely political ones, which need your leadership to fix by ensuring that white-headed South Sudanese, who care for national interest, are appointed to hold strategic presidential advisory roles in order to avoid another pitfall path caused by recently concluded war in our history as a nation.

Mr. President, behind every successful leader, there are sharp and wise handful or bevy of strong advisors, whose appointments are based on skills, competence and professional experiences especially to harness direct areas whereby a leader lacks certain abilities.

We had suffered from inadequate leadership in all spheres of life, political, social, economic, religion and so forth and so on, they (leaders) whom you bestowed national trust upon them, raised our expectations sky high only to disappoint us on many occasions, however, as citizens, we are patiently waiting upon recently appointed authors in your cabinet to introduce their chapters to the nation.

Worse still, sufferings caused by unprincipled leaders who seek scapegoats for their failures and gross incompetence by stringed up tribal hatred among our beloved communities, well-known example is the recently concluded senseless three-year war that eroded our social fabric as South Sudanese society, which I hope the Transitional Government of National Unity should first address problems of internally displaced citizens that are in United Nations Camp before any other thing.

As a committed and staunchest member of the country’s ruling party, Sudan’s People Liberation Movement (SPLM), I felt that South Sudan after attaining her hard–fought sovereignty should not follow the painful path experienced by most African revolutionaries in those liberated countries.

Therefore, what had happened has happened and you are now brought together by the Compromise Peace Agreement on springboard as leaders not opponents in the helm of South Sudanese system again, of which critical scrutiny is requires during selection of various Presidential Advisors.

Mr. President, South Sudanese are desperate to see imminent reforms in the system , whereby political appointees
should value most national cohesion, rather than promoting their narrow political interests that override core principles of nationalism.

As South Sudanese common men and women, we are yearning to see leaders in the system , who internally question themselves, what does South Sudanization,a kind of our nationalism as South Sudanese people means to them and the country that the belong to?

In fact, we have a long journey as South Sudanese people to understand or forge nationalism, the spirit of nationalism is
still hovering in South Sudanese thin air ,though with hope and determination , it will take hold in the sub- consciousness of our people.

“The roots of nationalism are nurtured by people who share a common identity in the form of historical memories, pride, humiliation, pleasure and regrets” , attached to common incidents of the past, According to Historian John Stuart Mill, however, South Sudanese past from Arab rule, would provide a platform for cohesive ideology to command the loyalty of all peoples of South Sudan.

The country Mr. President need devoted Advisors, who will begin to devote vast energies to build a nationalistic ideology, which will command loyalty of all South Sudanese people toward their country and the leadership.

South Sudan as nation indeed needed fearless Advisors, with extra astuteness of judgments and ability to make fast decision on spot, of which a nation like of South Sudan always on edge of tribal wars desperately require.

The Presidential Advisors are the first layers of the government, who commit themselves to noble course of the leadership, and more especially to the country and the people whom they serve.

The great leaders know limit of their own abilities, therefore, they surround themselves with bunch of others capable
men and women who can share objectives and work together with, to achieve them.

It is on this same context that I urge, the leadership of Transitional Government of National Unity to remove obstacles and mistrusts been engendered during two years conflict, just to pave way for sufficient will of implementing the Compromise Peace Agreement on the Resolution on Conflict in South Sudan.

Nevertheless, steering nation from current dire situation faced by our people to prosperity , will not only be left to
President Salva Kiir Mayardit , First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar and Vice President James Wani Igga, but all
members of the cabinet along with South Sudanese masses should amicably engage hand in hand to achieve it.

Mindful of the heated debate stirred by poor representations of some states that emerged after the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity on Thursday 28Th April , 2016 by Presidential Decree , but such nonstop debates will not bring sufficient solutions , unless we put aside our bitterness and rally support to the appointed cabinet to deliver desire results by all South Sudanese people.

To conclude my argument here, as one concerned South Sudanese citizen, I call upon the international community, Troika countries, IGAD, China and Japan, which are the immediate guarantors of South Sudan peace, to step up measures of reinforcing peace implementation, through financial support for amelioration of economic shock experienced by the country.

This peace is only our hope of finding justice, freedom, happiness and prosperity that is in fact our inalienable right as South Sudanese people to enjoy.

By Ater Garang Ariath
The Author is South Sudanese journalist Living in Republic of South Sudan
For any comment, contact at atergarang452@gmail.com

CTSAMM to Observe Security Ahead of the Formation of TGoNU in Juba

By: Mabor Maker Dhelbeny, APR/26/2016, SSN;

Following the JMEC (Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission)’s announcement that Dr Machar, the FVP designate will arrive on the 12th April, 2016. But the SPLM/A-IO (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ Army-In Opposition) leader decided to postpone it indefinitely, even his own date set as 18th April, due to the intention of bringing more troops and additional weapons that will accompany his Chief of Gen. Staff to Juba.

Therefore, the IGAD-plus partners intervene to reduce tension and the peace from possible collapse by proposing a number of soldiers and weapons that will come to Juba on April 25 instant. This happens thereafter the concession of the GRSS (Government of the Republic of South Sudan) in which the team of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism) has been sent to verify weapons in Pagak or Gambella before their arrival to Juba International Airport.

Juba, as the seat of national government has panicked as to why the SPLM/A-IO is bringing more weapons if at all they are for peace. It seems that the GRSS is motivated by a need to achieve an implementation of peace agreement while the SPLM/A-IO has a motive for bringing in more weapons and troops to fight. Such ill-motives which may cause insecurity by either Party would be the assignment to be carried out by the CTSAMM and JMCC (Joint Military Ceasefire Commission) as stipulated in the Agreement.

Under the provisions of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) and on the basis of Cessation of Hostilities (COH) Agreement, signed on the 23rd January, 2014, the GRSS and the SPLM/A-IO must ensure the following:
(a) For the peace to be sustained, all forces or militias allied to either Party are disengaged in the operation of war theatre, withdrew and cantoned in their areas agreed by the parties during the PCTSA (Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements) workshop.
(b) For the peace to be sustained, all non-state actors are disarmed, demobilized and repatriated by the state-actors with whom they have been supporting during the conflict.
(c) For the peace to be sustained, all forces must refrain from prohibited actions such as redeployment and movement of forces, dissemination of hostile propaganda, sexual exploitation and harassment, attacks against civilians, unauthorized recruitment, restriction of people’s movement and access to humanitarian agencies.
(d) For the peace to be sustained, all Prisoners of War (POW) and child soldiers including any other detainees in connection with the related conflict, are unconditionally released forthwith.
(e) For the peace to be sustained, the GRSS should have redeployed all SPLA forces within Juba outside the radius of 25km from the centre of National City to the demarcated areas, agreed by the PCTSA Workshop.
(f) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should ensure that the deployment of forces such as 2,910 military armed forces and 3,000 Joint Integrated Police allowed to remain in Juba are in compliance with the modalities agreed during the PCTSA workshop.
(g) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should also ensure that all activities due to be conducted at JOC (Joint Operation Centre) by the security forces in Juba are safe and free from conflict, especially in suburb areas of Juba.
(h) For the peace to be sustained, the CTSAMM should verify whether all forces of the SPLM/A-IO that are previously in combat in Juba and in the former Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei States including other forces to the conflict in other areas declared by the warring parties during the PCTSA workshop are separated, assembled and cantoned (See Articles 1, 2, 4, 5, & 6 of the ARCISS, 2015).

The parties therefore need to revisit the Agreement in order to resolve the problem of forces that assembled themselves in the former Western Equatoria and Western Bahr el-Ghazal States as claimed by the SPLM/A-IO Advance Team to be their forces.

The interpretation of “all forces that are previously in combat” should not confuse the parties with rules of IHL (International Humanitarian Law) and Geneva Conventions in their minds, nor should it be used as a political leverage to derail the implementation. This brings me to the point that the party who alleged the presence of its forces in the said areas for cantonment, must prove it by giving the date before the signing of the compromise peace agreement on the 17th and 26th August, 2015 respectively.

Therefore the question that begs itself is that: “When did the forces, claimed by the SPLM/A-IO leadership wage their rebellion in both former Western of Equatoria and Bahr el-Ghazal States?” If these forces waged their rebellion after the ARCISS has been signed, subsequently followed by the declaration of PCTSA workshop, then they will not be granted the benefit of cantonment.

However, the CTSAMM which has succeeded the existing IGAD – MVM (Intergovernmental Authority and Development Monitoring and Verification Mechanism) should strictly observe and monitor the security arrangement in Juba ahead of the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

The verification of permitted forces with their weapons in Juba that are tasked with security activities should have to be observed and monitored by the CTSAMM. Indeed if IGAD believes that the security of South Sudan can only be guaranteed by the policy cooperation as the country has already seek integration of regional bloc, then what is the justification.

The justification is to support peace by controlling the proliferation of weapons that may act as threat to peace in other neighbouring countries such as Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya. This has been entrenched when Gambari (2010) argues that “… in Africa, lack of sustainable development has been linked directly to proliferation and intensity of conflict situations and war which in turn have hampered development efforts…threat to peace in a neighboring country, if not carefully managed and resolved could lead to massive exodus of refugees, weapons proliferation and trans-border crimes and general insecurity that could threaten other stable polities and compromise national economies”.

In furtherance of its transitional security management, South Sudan’s ARCISS has finally provided a board, known as Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) which will be considered as a comprehensive national defence policy during the TGoNU.

The SDSR Board is tasked with the transformation of security sector during the reform process, unification of the army and security forces including the disarmament, demobilization and Re-integration (DDR).

The process of SDSR shall be comprehensive, inclusive and transparent as underpinned by principles and strategies of national interests, conducted in number of stages so as to ensure the sovereignty, dignity of the country and its people (Art. 6 of ARCISS).

The Writer is an Advocate & Legal Consultant in Juba, the Republic of South Sudan. He can be reached via his email address: mabor.lawyer@gmail.com