Category: More Views

Peace Can Only Be Imposed in South Sudan

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JUL/22/2016, SSN;

The IGAD Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi overwhelmingly concluded that in the face of the influence possessed by the anti-peace elements in South Sudan, the only way to rescue the August 2015 Peace Agreement and guarantee that it works for the good of the country, its people and the region, is in fact to impose it!

Following the sacking of Dr Cirino Hieteng the country’s deputy Minister of Foreign Relations for representing the South Sudan’s Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) at the IGAD Foreign Ministers’ Meeting which came as a huge surprise to many, only went to convince the few “Thomases” in East Africa and the rest of the continent that Juba is indeed under the control of thugs masquerading as statesmen.

In spite of the participation by the two representatives Nhial Deng Nhial and Deng Alor Kuol, both ethnic Dinka and approved by the JCE, the IGAD heads of states found no difficulty in seeing the situation in South Sudan for what it really is when they endorsed the deployment of the 14,000 strong East African Peace Enforcement troops to South Sudan.

We now know that the “One Tribe” government went on and mobilised its tribesmen to carry out those state sponsored demonstrations all across the JCE territorial strong holds.

The other proposal by the “One Tribe Dominated J1 Presidential Palace” suggesting a 20 UNIMISS body guards for the first Vice President Riek Machar only goes to demonstrate how shallow an understanding these people have of the world around them.

Everywhere in Equatoria including Juba city, the whole of Western Bahr El Ghazal and Upper Nile regions, the civilian populations have suffered targeted killings and untold scales of abuses in the hands of President Salva Kiir’s tribal militiamen masquerading as state army.

It is for the protection of these vulnerable population of women, minors and the elderly civilians that the ‘To be deployed’ Peace Enforcement forces will make the difference. They shall provide them with the much needed security.

Because in the so-called sovereign state of South Sudan a single tribe has taken upon itself the lunacy to disguise under the state established criminal syndicate infamously referred to as the “Unknown Gunmen” and hunt down other citizens in their homes, robbing them of their hard earned properties and in many cases killing them in cold blood.

When you hear of arguments of sovereignty being loudly shouted in those “One Tribe” state sponsored demonstrations in Juba, Rumbek, Bor …..etc, you know that it is not representative of the whole South Sudan.

In short, those demonstrating against the deployment of an East African Peace Force in South Sudan are the same people who at night operate under the banner of the state sponsored “Unknown Gunmen.”

The deployment of a regional security force in major towns like Juba will without doubt disenfranchise and disempower those behind the long standing insecurity in the city.

It is also true that until the “Unknown Gunmen” threatening the unarmed civilians and denying them the right to freedom of speech and expression, there is no way that the August 2015 Peace Agreement can be implemented to the letter and spirit.

A sovereignty to deny other fellow citizens their basic rights of engaging in discussions about the future of their country is a sovereignty overridden with crimes against humanity and human rights abuses thus rendering it worthless to say the least.

It is every peace lover’s relief that the African Union has finally decided to do the right thing for the downtrodden masses of South Sudan.

Their unanimously reached and adopted conclusion that, “left alone South Sudanese are never going to implement the peace agreement so far brokered by the IGAD-Plus”. This is the heart of the naked truth itself.

South Sudan’s neighbours are already overwhelmed with the huge numbers of refugees they are forced to accept every time South Sudan – “their small brother” slides back to an all-out civil war, in the words of the Kenyan head of state President Uhuru Kenyatta.

The decision to save the August 2015 Peace Agreement indeed came as the most sensible choice if South Sudan is to be prevented from sliding back to what it does best – killing and raping its own unarmed civilians.

It is absolutely the right thing to do given the region’s in-depth knowledge of the tribal nature of South Sudan’s conflict, that it came up with this benevolent decision to deploy 14.000 of its sons and daughters as part of the UN Mission in order to save what is left of what was once a promising part of the African continent.

Salva Kiir & his JCE advisors will of course be deeply angered and disappointed on hearing the news coming from Nairobi and Kigali.

Their knee jerk reaction to immediately issue a presidential decree over the state own TV sacking Dr Cirino Hieteng, the deputy Minister for Foreign Relations for having attended the IGAD meeting on South Sudan held in Nairobi and signing the communique have by all measures gone only to show to the entire world how this ‘in-word looking’ “One Tribe Supremacists” are oblivious of the world around them.

The more the “One Tribe” regime engages in those ‘hallow and shallow’ media campaigns against the idea of having a regional force in South Sudan the more they will lose the support of the neighbouring countries.

The more they continue to pay those millions of US dollars to their USA and UK based lobbyists while they continue to use confrontational attitudes in rejecting the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon’s proposal of increasing the UNIMISS troops’ military capabilities, the more the world will come to know them for what they really are.

Furthermore any attempt by Kiirites to continue portraying Dr Cirino Heiteng as an individual who didn’t really represent the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) interests, will find themselves face to face with the realities of the new position taken by East Africa towards the war in South Sudan.

Maybe the fact that the two gentlemen, Nhial Deng Nhial, the Presidential Advisor who also doubles as the Special Envoy of the President and of course Deng Alor Kuol, the Minister of Foreign Relations in the country’s TGoNU came back from Kigali completely beaten, will open the JCE’s eyes to the new realities in the region.

After all that have happened in Juba
Let us face it! For since the formation of the TGoNU there has been well documented sequences of foot dragging and empty lip services given to the implementation of the August 2015 Peace Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflicts in South Sudan by President Kiir and his allies.

No wonder that all these have culminated into the four days shoot-out between the two forces.
Then now just tell me who out there, still in their rightful minds do not understand that the only way for implementing this embattled ARCSS will obviously have to involve a kind of enforcement from the region.

As things stand now the return of Dr Riek Machar to Juba can only happen once the responsibility of providing security in the country’s capital city including the Juba International Airport is handed-over to be manned by a third force.

This will essentially mean that the two belligerent forces relocate outside of the city and are adequately kept separated until such a time that it is deemed safe to integrate them a single South Sudan National Defence Force (SSNDF).

Also this third force is badly needed now than any other time before to provide protection to the civilian population, NGOs, their staff and facilities.

After all these third force will be contributed by the neighbouring countries of Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda, giving it the advantage of the saying “Love your neighbour as you love yourself.”

Author: Dr Justin Ambago Ramba. Reachable at:

Understanding Gen. Paul Malong Awan: The true nationalist & unfairly maligned savior of South Sudan

By Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan, JUL/18/2016, SSN;

In Western diplomats’ imagination, General Paul Malong Awan is a life-battery for President Salva Kiir’s presidency; Presidential wheel driver; dictator and the fanner of the war. For Western sympathizers, he is the murderer of the Nuer, Dinka emperor who wants to build Dinka political hegemony, corrupt, antagonist and awaiting heir who will inherit the presidency once president Salva Kiir retires or dies.

However, General Malong have risen and stood tall above these caricaturist descriptions during the recent five days fighting in Juba.

Gen. Paul Malong Awan was in the bush long before the emergency of the SPLM/A in 1983. Like other war veterans, Malong abandoned his own Anyanya two movement in Northern Bahr el Ghazal and successfully mobilized and led thousands of youth to Ethiopia, Bilpham in 1984.

Malong was so passionate about the love for his country and detested the suffering that the people of southern Sudan were subjected to by the then Sudanese government.

During the liberation war, Malong almost fought in every corner of the then Sudan. He was the commander of the forces that had managed to vigorously defeat the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) on several attempts to recapture Jebel Boma. Malong protected Jebel Boma in 1992 until he was transferred to Northern Bahr el Ghazal to protect civilians from constant raiding attacks from Murahaleen.

From 1990’s up to the time of CPA, Malong was the commander in charge of all the SPLA forces in Northern Barh El Ghazal, Gogrial, Raja and other towns. Gen. Malong fought the bitter war with Mujahedeen, Murahaleen and the forces of Sheikh Abdelbaki Ayii Akol. He protected the civilians and properties from SAF until the CPA was signed.

After the comprehensive peace Agreement was signed, Gen. Malong didn’t opt to join politics but remained in the army as the country’s deputy Security chief. He was posted in Khartoum. He had a belief that the only viable option for Southern Sudanese to survive from socio-political marginalization from the North is to vote for secession and hence he had to make sure he gathers all intelligence plans for the SPLM/A.

In 2008, Gen. Malong was appointed by President Salva Kiir as a governor for Northern Bahr El Ghazal state on the request of the people of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. For the four years that Malong spent in the gubernatorial office, things he achieved in Aweil speak better for themselves than for me to explain them.

When Riek’s bloody quest for J-1 reached the highest peak of “shoot to lead” in Dec 2013, Malong unreservedly took his AK-47 and joined the SPLA forces to jettison out Riek’s forces in Juba and consequently dislodge him in Bor. He was the only leading high profile figure who fought in Bor liberation war from Riek.

In April 2014, President Salva Kiir appointed Gen. Malong to be the SPLA chief of General staff on request of the public. Malong accepted the appointment and left his gubernatorial position and took up a very challenging job of defending the country.

As he took over the work as the SPLA chief for General staff, a remarkable enigma surrounds General Malong. Who is he? What does he want? How does he want to fight Riek’s rebellion and transform the SPLA?

Only people who see things beyond tribal line will dare not ask those questions because there are sufficient accounts of goals achieved by Gen. Malong.

For those who were unable to watch Malong on Thursday night on SSTV a.k.a SSBC, his speech on that night serves as a useful guide and full definition of what human being he is and what is he up to.

Relaxed, reasonable, well-informed, nationalist, savior, the Malong who appeared on SSBC was far from the purported reckless murderer, dictator and Dinka emperor.

On his Thursday night appearance on SSBC, Malong said, “when I joined the SPLA liberation war in 1980s, my goal was to achieve this great nation and protect all the citizens regardless of their creed, tribes, faith, political affiliation and regions. There are those who would want to inculcate the fear in our people that I am in a planning to kill Equatorians, I Therefore want to assure the Equatorians and indeed all South Sudanese that my mission as the SPLA chief for General Staffs is to protect the sovereignty and territory of South Sudan from external and internal aggression; protect the constitution and more importantly to protect the lives and properties of all South Sudanese from any danger or harm whether from inside or outside” he added.

Watching Gen. Malong on that Thursday night feels like watching history being made. Despite the relentless propaganda aimed to emasculate his reputation, his star continues to rise.

When the political history of the post-independence and dark days brought upon the country by Riek Machar’s rebellion at the behest of the U.S.A and UN is finally recorded by our generation, Gen. Paul Malong will no doubt be recognized as a great hero who tremendously transformed the SPLA into disciplinary army and protected the civilians, constitution and sovereignty of South Sudan.

Indeed, he will be remembered as a man who brought to end Riek’s political philosophy of “shoot to lead.”

Gen. Paul Malong is following the same path undertaken by President Salva Kiir. When the SPLA bifurcated in 1991 and late William Nyuon who was the chief of General staffs rebelled, huge responsibilities fell on Salva Kiir as he assumed the role of Chief of General staff until 2005.

Similarly, when the SPLA went into bad deep dichotomization in 2013, then quite unexpectedly, President Kiir put Gen. Malong at the helm in Bilpham in April 2014. Within a period of two years from then, Malong turned what was viewed as a tribal army into a national army and indeed made SPLA to be one of the strongest army in the region.

I firmly believe that the current state of affairs, nationhood and political sanity in South Sudan will prove to be having been preserved as a result of sudden appearance of Gen. Paul Malong.

The strong military foundation mechanism put into place by Gen. Malong will one day prove to have salvaged the SPLA from disintegration and the nation from collapse.

Under the stewardship of Gen. Malong, the SPLA has become the last and only front against the foreign exploitation; the only front against any individual who wants to use the national army as a mean of ascending to J-1; the only front against external aggression that threatens the existence of South Sudan as a nation and its prosperity as a people; the only front against any individual who wants to subject the lives of citizens into suffering to pursue his personal interest; the only front against foreign intervention into South Sudan’s affairs; the only front that protects the constitution and sovereignty of South Sudan.

In conclusion, I dare the reader to imagine what the political and military state of South Sudan would be like today without the existence of Gen. Malong in Bilpham and President Kiir in J-1.

What Malong and his team achieved in Bilpham during these two years in my opinion are history’s turning points.

Simon Yel Yel is the co-editor of President Salva Kiir’ speeches and essential writings published as “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan” he can be reached at or +211955246235.

A Professional Liar with international Audiences: A Response Eric Reeves’s concocted Saga

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, JUL/15/2016, SSN;

Eric Reeves is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Centre for Health and Human Rights and a professor of English Language and Literature at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts.

Surprisingly, he has built his credentials as an advocate, analysis and researcher on the Sudan’ problem based on concocted lies, promoted by Eric’s self-centred hatred against Sudanese Muslims in present Republic of Sudan.

For decades, most of Reeves’s untested lies on the Sudan’s problems and who should be blame for such ordeals has given Eric leverages and exponential supports among South Sudanese not because they were truth stories but because they serves their political interests.

The only audiences unaware of this are Eric Reeves’ international audiences. Particularly well wishes Christians who truly meant to help South Sudanese people. These God’s people were lied to by Eric, BIG TIME.

In numerous occasions, it became apparently clear that Professor Reeves is feeding his international audiences relentlessly without remorse while South Sudanese continued to avoid confrontation with Eric because his lies served their political interests during the war and thus has worked perfectly well for them.

For one, Eric Reeves comes from white privileged background, and it also happened he is a professor at Northampton College, which helped masked his central hatred for Muslims in the Sudan and white lie with straight face.

Because Eric has strong hatred against Muslims in the Sudan, this coupled with the fact that South Sudanese military elites were fighting Khartoum in the 1990s and desperately needed a deceitful while American of Eric Reeves’ characters and status, to help them sell their political agenda in Washington. Eric was a perfect recruit and helped served and fulfilled such interests role for the SPLM/A.

Within short span of time, Reeves became a magnet crusader for South Sudan’s political agenda and a launch pad to galvanize Americans’ faith groups, particularly Christians supporting South Sudan’s causes based on fabricated truth. One example that stood out is the “slave children redemption project” in Northern Bhar El Ghazal in the 1990s. This project was sponsored by well wishes Christians around the globe based on loved for humanity, unaware that Eric was part and parcel fabricating it.

This tact of deception worked well following dramatized emotional charged based on lies and misinformation. Unchallenged, some unfounded lies from Eric became real truths for Eric Reeves’ international audiences.

Under this perfect marriage between Reeves and the SPLM/A, Reeves thrived and gained fame and he became a bridge, “go to man” between Sudanese and those who wanted to help them on humanitarian ground while unaware about Eric’s lie about what was really happening in the Sudan.

I must reinstate that all South Sudanese both at home and aboard were well versed about this deceitful political marriage between Reeves and South Sudan military wings. Our people were reluctant correcting Eric’s lies purposely because such lies served a strategic political interest for South Sudan rebels.

This reluctant gave Reeves ample ground to keep misinforming his international audiences with unfounded truths on the Sudan’ wars including the 2003 Darfur’s crisis where Reeves has written intensively including claimed of genocide. (

For example, on June 17, 2013, Reeves misinformed his audiences by writing an outright lie that Khartoum has no evidence that Juba was supporting the SPLA-N, JEM and SLA rebels when in fact, we the people of South Sudan have full knowledge that Sudanese rebels had and still have their bases in Unity State and Upper Nile States and still being supported militarily by Juba.

It’s unfortunate that a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Centre for Health and Human Rights and a professor of English Language and Literature at Smith College can lie this bluntly with straight face to his international audiences without allowing a room for marginal error or a possibility of being caught.

Reeves wrote:

“the Khartoum regime, including its SAF and intelligence services, has never publicly provided a shred of evidence that Juba is providing material military support to rebels operating in Sudan, neither the Sudan People Liberation Army -North (SPLM-N) or the larger coalition known as the Sudan Revolutionary Front which comprises rebels group from Darfur…JEM and Sudan Liberation Army (SLM).”

Who would believe that Eric Reeves could be lying with such a straight face? No one of course, because South Sudanese who know this lies by heart were politically sympathetic and had vested interests to Eric’s negative campaign.

Because Reeves lied too many times, for 3 decades without getting caught, on July 10, 2016, he wrote a falsified piece on South Sudan’s recent crisis, titled “A coup in the making in South Sudan – led by Riek Machar.” I just gathered that he has long retracted it after being caught lying by South Sudanese.

Because Reeves lied too many times, he erroneously thinks that he can lied about South Sudan’s affairs without being caught and held accountable. Eric Reeves is a perfect liar with international audiences and must be challenge and held accountable for 3 decades long of misinformation.

Furthermore, Reeves has claimed to have had received a “highly reliable sources” from a devious source in Addis Abba, Ethiopia that Dr. Riek Machar was leading a coup to topple Salva Kiir’s government. I like to assure my audiences that this is not accurate but manufactured truth and Eric has retracted it because he was caught lying.

In this context Eric Reeves has not bothered providing a written reference or recorded audio to help prove the lie because he believed that he is a professional liar and invincible.

All he has provided was a loose subjective statement that has no trace. And yet still think that “a highly reliable source.” The quote goes as “ a highly reliable sources—currently in the region and with extensive experience in South Sudan over many years—reports from Addis Ababa this evening that a coup in Juba is being led by Riek Machar, First Vice-President of the Government of South Sudan.”

With this statement, one cannot help but to conclude that Professor Eric Reeves is a pathetic liar. Although he has withdrawn this statement, Eric has lied to American people, the world, about Darfur and now South Sudan, therefore he must be held accountable.

Another concocted statement from Eric Reeves is his claim that “my source also informs me that Riek Machar has asked the Khartoum regime for more weapons and military assistance” by referring only to alleged August 31, 2014 published by none other than Eric Reeves himself.

Honourable people would ask where is Mr. Eric Reeves’ verification Dr. Riek talked to Khartoum on July 9, 2016and has asked for military assistance.

Rice Reeves further claimed that there was an ‘intercepted communications, a full-scale assault by General James Koang Chuol is expected to begin early tomorrow. This will be in the addition to the extremely intense fighting that descended upon Juba today (Sunday, July 10, 2016).” Again, where is audio record that was intercepted by the alleged communicator?

By all account, this alleged “intercepted communication” is more than a lie but proved diversion strategic which essentially serves to prepare a ground for Juba to proceed with their plan to “capture or kill” Dr. Riek and his commanders.

In this case, it’s good to point out that Eric is not just a liar but an accomplice who was part and parcel of the plan to kill Dr. Riek and commanders in Juba on Sunday July 10, 2016.

In yesterday Eric Reeves’ retraction statement, he has also lied again about General Peter Gatdet’s stronghold being Leer County in Unity State.

“There are alarming reports from the ground in Juba, by those working with humanitarian operations, indicating that Leer in Unity State (stronghold of Peter Gadet) has seen a sharp deterioration in security, with significant armed clashes between the SPLA-IO and SPLA.”

This is again another bloody lie of today replacing a white lie of yesterday. For one, General Peter Gatdet Yak has no stronghold in Leer County Unity State since he part ranks with Dr. Riek in 2015. To prove that Eric is again lying, he didn’t mentioned which international humanitarian he has talked to in South Sudan because there none.

In closing, Eric Reeves is undoubtedly a professional liar with international audiences. He has been lying about the Sudan’s problems for 3 decades. It’s about time for people to distance themselves from pathetic liar.

Another important point that people must know about Eric Reeves is that he is not just a liar but an agent bribed to lie with straight face by political and military elites within the government of South Sudan.

J. Nguen is a South Sudanese political commentator living in Canada. He can be reached at

IGAD-PLUS and UN’s “We condemn & call on both sides” unnecessary Language: Causes of the Latest Flaring War!

By: Bol Khan, South Sudan, JUL/12/2016, SSN;

Unsurprisingly, the 8th Friday foiled attempt turned yesterday Sunday July, 2016 to be all out-war on innocent South Sudanese People. South Sudan is set ablaze yet again by the same leaders of 15 December 2013! In short, whether we term it intentional or unintentional the IGAD-PLUS imposed Compromise Peace Agreement (the ARCISS) offered a window of great opportunity for South Sudan’s destroyers to continue the war on innocent South Sudanese innocent people. Why?

Firstly, because that agreement has permitted the same people who planned, instigated, conspired, committed, abetted, participated and executed 15 December 2013 deadly incident in the heart of national capital, Juba, to rule the country again in this deadly defunct Transitional period.

Palpably, Justice was delayed and nobody knew as to when it would have taken place. Secondly, all the national or regional blocs including the JMCC, CTSMM, JMEC, IGAD-PLUS, the International Community and the UN were not doing enough to end the sufferings in this country.

Instead they have been all along resorting to this verbal language of “We/I condemn in the strongest term possible & urge the two parties to the agreement to respect this and that” without naming exactly the responsible person (s) for December 15 2013 war or who was really violating the later imposed compromise peace agreement.

These two things encouraged and gave criminals/peace violators strengths to kill, violate the agreement in broad day light and go away untouched in the presence the above national, regional and international institutions. That was before and after the so-called Agreement on Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS).

In fact, legalizing the lifespan of the same leader (s) in power, through an agreement, so that he remains seated in the Presidential Palace was entirely against the majorities’ wills of South Sudanese people.

It was only good news for those devils in details that are standing out there. For the agreement awarded them bachelors and masters degrees for successful killings they carried out in Juba in 2013, later on in Greater Upper Nile, Greater Equatoria, recently in Wau….and now all over South Sudan. Unluckily, the gunmen with their recent legalized and intrigue—now sinking political leadership have had high hope that they would continue carrying out their deadly games for next dysfunctional transitional period of thirty (30) months up to 2018/9.

This will not happen; since they have set the national capital on fire again yesterday Sunday 10th July, 2016.

The IGAD-PLUS before imposing peace on South Sudanese people needed to recall that, on the outset of that 21 months senseless war the press Officials in the Palace could vow that all culprits who physically involved in massacring the pure innocent civilians in various parts of the country had been identified, apprehended and arrested.

And that very soon would appear or be taken to military court of justice. Did that happen? A big NO must be the answer! We haven’t seen them being taken to court for trails. That was palpable impunity in action!!

And that was the main reason why all, during the peace talks in Addis Ababa, South Sudanese civil society organizations, faith based groups and grassroots were appealing to peace mediators that bringing back the same person (s) who ordered 15 December 2013 mass killings, on top of the government, would be tantamount to carrying on the war.

In this, the IGAD member’ states, other regional and International partners could not listen to those concerning voices. Instead, they intentionally ignored the calls from the people of South Sudan who knew very well that the SPLM ruling party leaders had miserably failed the country.

With a total failure beyond repair! Now here are the people being flared again, what will they do to safeguard the lives of those innocent people?

Equally or sadly, the UN’s unnecessary impartial language of “WE/I CONDEMN IN THE STRONGEST TERM POSSIBLE AND URGE TWO PARTIES TO THE AGREEMENT TO RESPECT THE AGRREMENT” without naming the exact obstructers plus its soft stance towards South Sudan’s obvious perpetrators was the second reason which indirectly encouraged the perpetrators in South Sudan.

This very language was allowing the leaders to hide their subordinates—the culprits or perpetrators in the pockets. Now that the South Sudan is set ablaze again by those so-called legitimate and democratically elected people in the Presidency; will JMEC, IGAD-PLUS and the UN continue acting even-handed towards South Sudan’s peace violators and civilians serial killers?

As stipulated in Chapter VII 2.7 of ARCISS, JMEC was supposed to:
(a). Monitor and oversee all aspects of the implementation of the Agreement;
(b). Monitor and oversee the mandate and tasks of the Transitional Government of National Unity, including the adherence of the Parties to the agreed timelines and implementation schedule;
(c). Oversee all work of Pre-Transitional and Transitional institutions and mechanisms created by the Agreement;
(d) Break deadlocks within the TGoNU, as per the provisions of Chapter VII, Article 6 of the Agreement;
(e). Publicize its work, conduct public outreach to the people of South Sudan, and ensure that the progress of implementation of the Agreement is widely disseminated;
(f). Report regularly to…., the Chairperson of the IGAD Council of Ministers, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, and to the Secretary- General and Security Council of the United Nations on the status of implementation of this Agreement, as provided for in the Agreement;
(g). In the event of any non-implementation of the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU or any of the Pre-Transitional and Transitional institutions and mechanisms created by the Agreement, or any other serious deficiencies, recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU, and/or remedial action to the national and international institutions named above and in Chapter VII, Article 5 of the Agreement;
(h) In the event the TGoNU fails to take such remedial actions, the Chairperson shall report such matters with recommendations to the other bodies as stated in the “1 (h and i)” of this TOR.

Despite all these international back-up responsibilities bestowed on JMEC by the agreement, the JMEC was unable to break the fierce stalemate between the two main warring parties. And it was unable too, to follow the process as stipulates in Chapter VII Article 2.7.5 of ARCISS.

Even the substantial key issues which should have been implemented earlier had to hang up all behind scheduled. This substantial keys issues include but not limited to determination of number of States; reinstatement of Civil Servants, identification of cantonment areas in Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazel regions, the expansion of Transitional National Legislative Assembly, the security arrangement in cities like Juba, Malakal, Bentiu, Bor, establishment of Hybrid court…etc.

Contrary, without interruption the peace violators were so busy arresting peace observers, killings innocent civilians in Wau, targeting individuals in Central, Western and Eastern Equatoria States and all over the country. With high impunity, the certain individuals in TGoNU have been obstructing and impeding peace process yet the JMEC, IGAD-PLUS & the UN could not be able to point even a single figure at those obstructive group.

The devils were continue organizing themselves and start shooting civilians in front of JMEC, IGAD-PLUS, UNMISS and other International Community without punishment. And once these regional blocs, international community and the UN saw killings happened to civilians all of them would run to their computers and write condemnation Press releases always carry titles:

“I/we condemn……in the strongest term possible…..I am/we deeply alarmed……I/we call upon the parties involve….I am/we’re very concerned….I/we urge the both warring parties to refrain…..immediately stop hostilities or stop targeting civilians…….etc. Should these press releases help the subjugated innocent South Sudanese civilians from the hands of perpetrators? If the press releases can save lives as we speak, then let them save the lives of South Sudanese innocent people!!

Nowadays, the truth of the matter is that. Juba gunmen are now targeting everybody including the international members from the family of “WE CONDEMN IN STRONGEST TERM POSSIBLE”. Thousands of South Sudanese are now displaced some into UNMISS camps in Juba with other more displaced into the bushes, other stranded indoors all without basic services.

The December 15 2013 and this latest war’s starters are not sparing this time all 63 tribes’ members including those who have been in allies with them.

Does pointing figures at Peace violators become partiality?

“If an elephant has it foot on mouse tail and you said that you are neutral then the mouse will not recognized your neutrality” Desmond Tutu.


Sadly, South Sudan’s peace failed because, all regional and international bodies namely; the JMEC, IGAD-PLUS, AU and the UN who supposed to tell directly Mr. X, Y, Mrs. Z (Peace Violators) that you have violated the Agreement or you are wrong here or there had been just keeping quite.

They could not tell exactly who was obstructing the peace agreement in Juba. They all would just resort to an unnecessary impartial—obliging language of “We/ I condemn in the strongest term possible or urge all parties to refrain from this and that.

To me, that tragedy happening in South Sudan was beyond impartiality! Acting even-handed in a situation where the perpetrators in one way or another are slaughtering the innocent citizens can be considered as choosing the side of the oppressors.

What had happened in 2013 should not repeat itself yet again in front of the International Community and the UN. The leaders’ power to protect their citizens is no longer with them. If the leaders had political will to protect and save the South Sudan’s ordinary citizens’ lives, then they would have done that since, in 2013, in Wau and last week in Juba.
In conclusion, for the world to help correct the past mistakes, the IGAD regional bloc should urgently form neutral forces from the IGAD neutral member states and send them as Deterrent forces to separate the fight or protect Civilians.

The killings are now concentrating in Juba and escalating as well to other areas as it happened in 2013. African Civilians Defend Forces (ACDF) should have been in place earlier as ready deterrent force. These forces must be mix now with UNMISS forces to help protect the civilians that are being slaughtered by that sinking dying horse in Juba.

Because in today South Sudan’s situations; people are no longer talking of how many thousands of innocent civilians have been displaced into the bushes or died in the past hour (s) or so, rather people are now talking of how many have remain alive & sound waiting the death. Everybody is waiting for his her turn to arrive.

And more importantly, the world must be , therefore, informed that what is happening in South Sudan is not far from terrorism activities being executed by Boko Harram in Nigeria, Al Shabab in Somalia, IS in Syria..Etc. For that reason, the IGAD-PLUS, AU, EU, the UN and the whole of the International Community should immediately expedite a very quick multiple responses to mitigate the South Sudan second genocide, in making, otherwise South Sudan would be a country with less than half of its civil population.

The author is a concerned South Sudanese. He can be reached at

Bishop Rocco Taban: A temptation & disgrace, the Catholic Church should take administrative action

BY: Kon Joseph Leek, JUL/07/2016, SSN;

It was sometimes in May [2016] when a number of aggravated youth carried postcards in to Emmanuel Cathedral [Episcopal Church] demonstrating the allowance of Dr. Riek to pray there a week before. Again, last week [26th June], the presiding Monsignor Rocco Taban Mousa, the Catholic Apostolic Administrator for Malakal [having powers equivalent to that of a bishop] turned into less of what he really is by whimsically crossing beyond his territory by imaginatively rolling out of the priest’s attires.

The Monsignor might have been out of his senses that time that perhaps made him forgot where he was, he filled his heart with hatred and vomited out a quantity of poisons in the holy place!

This was what he said as sourced from Radio Tamazuj: “More than 100,000 people are in the bush being displaced by their own government. This is the country we have chosen, this is the country we have voted for its independence so that our country displaces us, our Country. We are ruled really by monkeys, we have to be very clear we are ruled by monkeys.

And the governor who was protecting people in Wau, who was loved by the people in Wau, General Elias Waya, was removed by the presidential decree and being displaced by a mad man. Do we love our country? Do we love this nation?” End of quote.

And so far the president of the republic did not say even a word. In Australia, three people were killed three days ago. The prime minister came out three times a day to make a statement because of three Australians!

“They are eating, and drinking and sleeping. Devils! These are devils! We are ruled by devils and we are sorry for them.

We don’t want to call fire on them because we will go against Christ, but they have to understand that they are devils and they are ruling us with evil powers. They are criminals. Praise be Jesus Christ”. Monsignor Rocco Taban Mousa on Sunday 26th, June at St. Joseph Church Juba.

This exaggerated hypothesis from the priest was acting as antidote to his illusive pain of the claim that it is the government killing the people, yes, the government carries some blame on how the 2013 war came in the first place but the national quagmire now is a shared responsibility for us all.

We have [Monsignor Rocco included] a shared responsibility of talking to ourselves to accept ourselves through peace and reconciliation not through hate speech that amounts to incitement and later aggravates more hatred that results into more deaths [whether we want it or not, we have to accept ourselves for our co-existence]

Hearing this, you get to wonder what is going on. What is the church turning to be? Many churches are supporting gay rights, some pastors are committing abominable things like adultery, killing, some raping, others stealing, the rest committing pedophilia and come to the church and begin shouting “praise be to the lord!”

Lord! Which Lord? Those are the category of Monsg. Taban [is possibly coming from] of whom I am requesting the Catholic Church to dismiss him or take some disciplinary actions against him such that he doesn’t disgrace the church next time.

The Catholic Church need to look for ways of dealing with such imperious, puerile psychopathic priests.

Impetuous Rocco’s demagogic posture and oratorical nature hit the most climax that sent many in to hysteria [invigorated women to ululate as if they were in a marriage ceremony] and others marched out of the church.

Whatever he said is good to him and his supporters but my problem of which I believe the Catholic Church also knows and accepts it as true, is that the choice of the podium is inappropriate, it couldn’t have been on the pulpit-sacred place! but somewhere outside the church.

The priest had succeeded in his own way by slurring the congregates away from what they came there for.

Well, it is undeniable fact that many of these priests are living embodiments of what they preach but for this Rocco guy it’s just too much and open, preaching wrong thing in the right place in the earshot of everyone!

We just came out of war, some pockets of fighting that are going on do not need to be refreshed with hate speeches and taunting. The stand of the church is love as a holy place where we are supposed to talk of cooperation and rehabilitation not incitement like Rev. Rocco Taban.

I have personally stopped going to the churches these days until further notice because my psychic tells me that one day war will break out of the church. What is going on is quiet mundane and no one cares.

It was in the Episcopal Church last time from some youth and it is now in the Catholic church from the church leader! Let’s wait the other denominations.

It makes one to ask himself that, “Are some church administrators being too assiduous to dismantle the stand of the church to the public?”

In short; the Catholic Church’s authority, to clear the snow on this Rocco guy whose behaviors suddenly dominated the media needs to be de-horned in order to know the reach of his horn when it comes to how the church performs its activities or duties.

This is another character that is a clear symbol of Catholic Church’s administrative stereotype [to the negative perception] if not addressed.

The writer is a commentator on contemporary
Issues, he is reachable on

Are we having ONLY sixteen corrupt Officials in South Sudan?

BY: Peter Gai Manyuon, JUN/24/2016, SSN;

Although the major corruption scandal since the beginning of the self-rule in Juba has been the so-called “Dura Saga,” there have been dozens of other significant instances of a similar wrongdoing, like corruption in the Presidency and the entire branches of the government in South Sudan. The problem is compounded by serious lack of transparency in South Sudanese government records and business information, whereby requests for official data can be arbitrarily turned down with impunity.

Corruption has been the top priority among the Ministers, Governors, and commissioners across the entire Country. The question which always come up is whether corruption is rooted in South Sudanese blood or it’s something adopted from other Countries or cultures?

In most cases, president Kiir has defended his commitment to combating corruption in his administration, pushing the blame always to global community for failure to support his drive to recover public funds stolen and stashed in foreign accounts by his former Ministers, Governors, Army Generals and some within the current Cabinet and their business associates before and after Independence.

The officials who stole the money got approvals from the central bank in the name of security matters at the presidency over the past years up to now and still the President is not taking serious action/measures against the group, instead he is promoting corruption in the country.

Who’s to blame now? Who are the right criminals that should have been prosecuted in South Sudan? Why not including the seventy five 75 criminals who took over 4 billion dollars and stashed them in foreign countries?

In reality, the nation has lacked any and all regulations to combat frauds and malfeasance among the senior officials especially among the government procurement officials within the Central Bank of South Sudan and ministry of finance and economic planning.

These episodes have often been shrouded in confusion and have almost never resulted in proper prosecution of individuals or in good punishment as required by the supreme law of the Country.

Why prosecuting only junior criminals and fearing to prosecute senior criminals? Something is wrong somewhere within the Presidency and the entire leadership of the Country!

However, Penal Code Act 2008, Chapter 2, mentioned very clearly the conviction for offences committed within South Sudan, only that most of the senior judges are not following their judicial litigation as many wish, rather they are misinterpreting laws wrongly.

All the court cases that have been there since 2005 up to date, no single case has been handled well, instead judges are using assumptions and interests to decide cases of great concern. What a disgrace?

Nevertheless, the same Penal Code Act 2008 mentioned life Imprisonment clearly only that judges in South Sudan don’t read laws sometimes. The penal code says a sentence to life imprisonment shall be equivalent to a term of twenty (20) years, moreover the judgment by the so called Judges in the Republic of South Sudan against the prosecuted sixteen (16) corrupt individuals within the Presidency is not a binding judgment.

Rather; it is a politically motivated scenario accompanied by sectarianism, greediness, primitiveness and lack of intellectual dynamism within the Presidency and Judiciary in the Country.

How can a judgment be passed without elucidating the law that should guide the litigation? Judgment was supposed to be different based on the number of the alleged corrupt officials within the presidency. There should have been senior thieves who came up with the idea of forging the signature of the President and the rests follows….. but giving a equal judgment is wrong and not fair and absolute.

Nullification or revisiting laws again is the only option at this particular period of time. If we really want fairness in our judicial system, then from the Presidency up to grassroots, we should be frank and honest of where the 4 Billion dollars stolen by these leaders are at the moment.

Covering up realities and facts will always jeopardize our growth as the country. Every judgment by Judiciary or any court, the President and his cabinet always impede with the court’s proceedings.

In fact, corruption, nepotism and hooliganism are the mission, vision of the government beginning from the time Dr. John Garang died in confusion between Uganda and South Sudan in 2005 up to date.

In summary, the issue of the seventy five (75) and sixteen (16) corrupt officials who took 4 billion dollars and 14 million dollars respectively should have been given the same judgment of life imprisonment if at all; the Presidency or Judiciary is really advocating for free corruption in the Country.

Giving life sentences to only sixteen (16) individuals alone without the criminals who took huge amount of 4 billion dollars is not absolutely right. The prosecuted individuals took money from Presidency using the forged signature, than they are supposed to be asked to return the money back to the Presidency and if they don’t want to return the money; they should be in prison for not more than twenty years as stated by penal code act, 2008 of South Sudan rather than life imprisonment without number of years. Fairness in judgment should be observed by the Judiciary of South Sudan once again!

The author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on issues on Human Rights and Democratization. He can be reached on

One month on, no reprieve for Juba as donors remain tightfisted

By FRED OLUOCH, The EastAfrican, JUN/18/2016, SSN,


After one month in existence, the South Sudan transitional government is reeling from a lack of funds to run its operations.
Despite the formation of the transitional government, donors are demanding that the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance tighten regulations and eradicate the dollar rent seekers, fight official corruption and wastage, and empower the National Revenue Authority for revenue mobilisation.
The South Sudanese pound continues to weaken and there is a possibility of currency crash unless a bailout comes from international community


After one month in existence, the South Sudan transitional government is reeling from a lack of funds to run its operations.

President Salva Kiir has blamed donors for going back on their promise to release the funds as soon as he and his rival Riek Machar formed the transitional government of national unity.

But the return of Dr Machar in April and subsequent formation of the transitional government has not unlocked aid money, as most donors — especially the US and the European Union — are demanding economic reforms and implementation of key provisions of the August 2015 peace agreement.

Aggrey Tisa Sabuni, presidential economic adviser, said the government had been negotiating with the donors over budgetary support but this programme was disrupted by the outbreak of civil war in December 2013 and negotiations have to begin afresh.

Projected oil revenue

Having reduced its budget by 6 per cent in the 2015/2016 financial to $3.6 billion, South Sudan was expecting grants of $54 million from donors to add to the projected oil revenue of $255 million and non-oil revenue of $76 million per month.

But global oil prices dipped from $115 to $46 per barrel, seriously affecting the country’s net oil revenues, as production also dropped from 350,000 barrels 160,000 barrels per day during the civil war.

By May 2016, oil revenues had fallen by 75 per cent to $60 million a month. Now, the country generates only $40 million a month in tax revenue.

Despite the formation of the transitional government, donors are demanding that the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance tighten regulations and eradicate the dollar rent seekers, fight official corruption and wastage, and empower the National Revenue Authority for revenue mobilisation.

South Sudan charge d’affaires in Kenya Jimmy Deng said that the partners in the unity government have agreed on programmes for economic recovery and national reconciliation.

“Our international partners are not forthcoming with their pledges for financial assistance. We are trying to harness our internal resources from taxes and Customs duties to meet some of the obligations but they are either limited or not enough to implement all the programmes,” said Mr Deng.

James Gatdet Dak, press secretary in the Office of the First Vice-President, said that despite the executive arm of the transitional government having been formed over a month ago, it is still a skeleton because parliament is yet to be reconstituted and the National Constitutional Amendment Committee lacks funds to begin its operations.

But Jacob Chol, the head of political science department at the University of Juba, told The EastAfrican that donors are not showing any signs of releasing money soon because the transitional government is yet to provide a concrete blueprint to reform the economy.

The South Sudanese pound continues to weaken and there is a possibility of currency crash unless a bailout comes from international community.

“These days, in Juba, if you go to a restaurant, you have to pay for food in advance, as the price may change before you finish your meal,” said Mr Chol. END

South Sudanese expect Dr. Riek Machar to Deliver: Can he really meet people’s expectations?

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, JUN/13/2016, SSN;

Since Dr. Riek Machar returned to Juba, South Sudan, early this year after signing a peace accord with rival Pres. Salva Kiir in August 2015, various South Sudanese communities have been visiting Machar at his makeshift residence outside Juba centre.

One can tell that people are expecting so much from a man who ran for his life in Juba 2013 but returned to the sin city as a saint in 2016 despite constant negative whacking from belly politicians who wanted nothing but booties, though there is nothing at this point.

For one, South Sudan as a country was ransacked through appeasements and war. The common men and women who are visiting Machar daily see no miraculous exit from the establishment (government). So South Sudanese Communities expect Dr. Riek Machar to deliver and somehow meet their expectations.

The million dollar question is can Machar really meet people’s great expectations?

No one outside Machar’s inner circle can resoundingly answer this question. However, we can only assume, mesmerize and also take a critical look on the IO’ programs and their political space in Juba.

In the meantime, without question, people of South Sudan are starving across the country. Yet, when communities visited Machar in his residence, they dance, sing songs and present well-perfected gifts in the blistering heat amidst jubilation.

Knowing my people well, they are tired and expect Machar to promise them salvation, but Machar is too skilled to venture into such debased hope to which the end of the rope rest at someone’s else prerogative.

In terms of exclusive power, Dr. Riek Machar never had a chance under one all-South Sudanese umbrella, to exercise such power for people to distinctively and independently know his intentions. What has the man in store for his people and country when he always served as a subordinate and his authority is always capped?

During people’s visitations or him (Riek) visiting them, Machar has this far preached peace and that peace has come. There are limitations, however. In my view, there is so much Machar and his camp can do. Which empathized the point that this peace cannot be sustained one-sided.

Machar’s partner in the agreement wanted “justice and accountability” to be scrapped. Such a position hasn’t gone well with people of South Sudan, whether government’s supporters or not. In short, it’s an unpopular demand. People across the board wanted justice and accountability to prevail in South Sudan.

Pres. Salva Kiir’s press secretary, Ateny Wek Ateny, proposed that justice and accountability will make the killers to rebel again when the hybrid court for South Sudan is implemented. President Kiir himself didn’t refute this stand. I assumed he is on board.

Also, President’s military advisor, Daniel Awet Akot, has recently asked the South Sudan hybrid court formation be delayed. This statement came before the New York Times’ op-ed. One can conclude that these two events are connected and it’s Mr. President’s position.

Machar’s positive mingling with the South Sudanese communities at his residence never made it to the South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC), simply because the management is in opposition to the first vice president’s efforts to plant hope in people’s hearts.

Not only that, some government’s officials still talk ill against the First Vice President, yet, this man is their boss. For example, almost two weeks ago, South Sudan’s Deputy Ambassador, Baak Wol posted a fabricated video of 58 minutes. That video was shortly removed by Baak Wol after 3,000 plus views. The video titled “Riek Macahr’s war victims in Jalle and Kolyang.”

Further, Mr. Gordon Buay Malek, a South Sudan’s ambassador stationed in Washington DC at the South Sudan embassy has called on FVP, Machar to response to the fabricated New York Times’ op-ed.

Though, the video was pure fabrication and Mr. Buay is considered a mad man, I expected a strong response from the First Vice President’ camp. However, I didn’t see any reaction from Machar’s inner circle yet that video and many others were intentionally made to undermine Mr. Machar’s authority. You can call it a resounding subordination in its purest ugly form.

Therefore, in part, if Dr. Riek Machar can allow people who should report to him tarnish his character through pure fabrications and lies at will without any consequences, then, we should be worried about him meeting people of South Sudan tall expectations.

However, for this worry to cease, I strongly recommend toughness, a bold change of strategy and approach from Mr. Machar’s camp as they address issues of importance. For example, holding government’s officials to account for their misguided actions and behaviors must be Mr. Machar’s first priority and a step to grace or storing people’s confidence.

J. Nguen is a South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at

Confronting realities of identity politics as the effective means to solving problems in S. Sudan?

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala Uganda, MAY/29/2016, SSN;

Identifying problems and dealing with them as they are without pretending that they are not there is the best way of ending unending problems.
In South Sudan, leaders and some of the “educated citizens” are living in self-denial that the country and politics is not defined by tribes, which is not true. In actual sense, all intellectuals and leaders’ actions are defined by tribal influences.

However, there is hypocrisy as these bunches of intellectuals considered nationalists only in speaking. This is why they condemn leaders speaking their own mother tongues in public or on National TV or when they closely associate with their own tribe-mates.

I came to realize this hypocrisy when President Kiir spoke in Dinka language in Rumbek in 2014 or so. He was telling the truth as to why people continued to kill each other yet there was a war going on.

Kiir told those in Rumbek that it was bad to kill each other yet there was a major problem facing the country and if they wanted to fight then they should pick up their guns and join the army to fight against rebels in Unity.

On hearing this statement from the president, many people who considered themselves nationalists starting condemning him that he spoke in mother tongue on national TV (SSTV) and also that he incited Dinka Population to attack Nuer people.

The interpretation attached to what the president said and the language he spoke was unfortunate. It showed that those who interpreted what the president said were living in self-denial and do not want to confront the realities of South Sudan as they are.

The realities of South Sudan are that: South Sudan is made up of tribes, because of that the identity politics based on tribes will never go away.
In addition, most of South Sudanese at the moment have distinct identities that can make them to be identified whether they have talked or not.
Thus, speaking in mother tongue on national TV cannot make people to conclude that he is discriminating people or he has become tribalistic. Such understanding was a simple way of looking at things.

Moreover, the president was telling the truth. There was rebellion and also people were killing each other on daily basis. Therefore, instead of killing each other why should they not join the army to defeat rebels and that was the reasoning of the president.

However, those individuals who are more nationalists to the extent of not knowing what the nation wants took the comment of the president out of context just to reap their parochial political interests.

What defines their reasoning is the prejudicial way of looking at things. In South Sudan, politics is the part of daily lives and this explains the way people interpret things the way they do.

In fact, the statement of President Bashir of Sudan is also applicable in South Sudan. President Bashir once said, “Sudanese people are highly political”. In the same way, South Sudanese are highly political as they mix tribes with politics and at the same time deny the fact of tribal influence.

Most presumed South Sudanese nationalists do not believe in the existence of tribal identity politics. Yet the tribal influence always makes them look at things as intended against them. This makes it hard for the government to come up with neutral agenda which can be supported by the majority of citizens in the country.

However, government like some of the citizens does not identify the element of identity politics. They are always in self-denial by putting blame on government for having failed in nation building.

Nonetheless, the whole matter goes back to the fact that whether we blame each other or the government, we have failed to realize the role of identity politics in our lives which determines the way we look at things.

The failure to see the reality of tribes makes us fail to deal with realities of South Sudan, and instead, we always apply the policy of ostrich. Ostrich policy is expression used to refer to the tendency of ignoring obvious dangers or problems and pretend that they do not exist.

Ostrich has a habit of putting its head in the sand instead of facing the problems squarely to get a real solution. In the same way, South Sudanese, especially educated ones do not analyze the problems instead they deal with effect of the cause.

The bottom line of our failure to realize the negative impact of tribal influence is the failure in the first place to acknowledge that we distinctively belong to tribes which influence our way of thinking.

Based on the assertion above, it is logical to conclude that the problems facing us today in South Sudan will never go away unless we confront the realities of tribes and their influence on us.

For instance, corruption is at extreme level in South Sudan but if someone from different tribes criticizes the government because of corruption and because the president is from Dinka, most of the Dinka people will not take that criticism in good faith or as a patriotic move, but they will look at it as an attack on Dinka power in South Sudan. This clouds the real issues and keeps problems under the cover of tribal protection where they keep on escalating to dangerous levels.

In South Sudan, intellectuals and leaders are all confused. They are living in self-denial as they keep on attacking identity politics. Without in fact understanding that they are also involved in identity politics and by attacking it they are also attacking themselves indirectly.

The “nationalists” of South Sudan look at politics based on tribes as a divisive assault on civilization traditions. Those South Sudanese who look at politics in this way are theoretical in their approach to practical issues involve in nation building.

To show that these politicians and intellectuals are theoretical, the way they react when face with “tribal politics” explains this. When face with the problems of identity politics based on social movements or tribal movements as many politicians call them, they are quick to attack these movements that they are against the national unity. Yet, in the country like South Sudan there had never been any unity in the pure sense in the first place.

Now, with outbreak of civil war in South Sudan and the way the war was fought the politicians and some intellectuals are proved wrong. There is no doubt any longer that South Sudan tribal or identity politics that has been narrowly defined by leaders and other South Sudanese intellectuals and aggressively maintained by the leaders has a very devastating impact on national unity and more inclusive solidarities.

Thus, 2013 tragedy that took place in Juba were thousands of people had been killed as a result, was caused by identity politics. The fact that Riek Machar was from Nuer and Salva Kiir was from Dinka was enough to fit two tribes against each other with devastating force.

Thus, tribes are a reality in our politics and social setting and failure to acknowledge this fact will always act like a blood cancer in our politics and development of South Sudan.

In fact, intellectuals of South Sudan have failed to see the effect of tribal tendency on their lives. As it is visibly clear, these intellectuals who shun tribes are at the same tribal instigators, accomplices and the mobilizers of tribe-mates to fight for their political interests. They are also recipients of the spoils of tribal mischief.

In fact, all of us are tribal corruptors and harlot who act together to demean our country and ourselves. The truth will come one day to realize ourselves that there is a need to mold ourselves into midwives of national building.

The identity politics and its consequences are the realities of South Sudan that define our lives and the question is: how should South Sudan respond to identity politics?

The first thing to do is to identify and acknowledge that tribes exist in South Sudan and they are influencing our national building and sharing of resources. Thus, there is a need for streamlining the imbalances caused by uncontrolled needs of other tribes, which may help to ensure that all members of different tribes are not marginalized.

It is in relation to the above I strongly support the establishment of twenty eight (28) States in South Sudan. Though the creation of 28 States might have been done with political motive, it is one of political accidents that may help South Sudan to redefine identity politics that will help South Sudan to build strong political community in future.

The establishment of ten (10) States was a great mistake and if South Sudan would continue with the same arrangement, there would have been risks of different tribes exterminating themselves under inefficient and corrupt governors.

Therefore, though many complain against the establishment of 28 States, it is necessity as well as a matter of survival for other communities in South Sudan. Gok State is one of those States, which communities see its establishment as a matter of necessity rather than politics.

In my view, establishment of 28 States is one of the opportunities that South Sudanese have deserved and it will contribute to the stability and peace in South Sudan.
The only thing that needs to be done now is to ensure that a committee is set up to determine claims of other people who complain that their land has been grabbed and if this claim is proved then their rights should be given to them through creating of other more states.

In relation to the creation of more States, many so-called intellectuals and nationalists of South Sudan have expressed the concern that resources are limited and establishing more states will undermine development. This argument shows that these nationalists have failed to understand that resources will never be enough and what matters is the political will to equitably distribute the resources.

For example, there are countries like South Sudan in terms of size and resources but have more states than South Sudan. The examples of these countries are Nigeria which has 36 States, Mexico which has 31 States and India which has 29 States. All these countries are like South Sudan in size and resources or even smaller with lesser resources, which means that resources are not problems but how such resources are distributed is the question.

Contrary to the argument of these self-proclaim intellectuals, identity politics is a neutral thing and its response is conditioned by the national policies. If the country has bad policies, then the people will be divided through discrimination, and as a result, the identity politics may be negative. But if the goal of a country is to build more egalitarian society, then, the people will be transformed into a strong nation by putting their identity politics together into national identity politics.

The criteria to be used in determining their claims should be based on history before Sudan divided South Sudan. This will help to settle the conflicts that were created by Sudan in dividing Southern Sudan into provinces.

Finally, it should be noted that identity politics is important if correctly determined and used by the State as it helps to redress injustice against minority groups and deepens democracy in the country.

It is, therefore, the role of public institutions to formulate policies that encourage healthy identity politics. Thus, public institutions are important in this regard.

Whether identity politics has negative effects depends on whether those in charge of public institutions are aware of these potential effects and whether they have the desire and capacity to mitigate them.

Of course, it has be borne in mind that public institutions may be shaped by their own internal power dynamics as they have their own diverse motives, which need to be considered when predicting the effects of identity politics.

To avoid negative identity politics, the States must provide space for forms of political consideration, public deliberation and legal reasoning that allow for identity based class making, and that compel public institutions to develop procedures and guidelines that ensure the observance of constitutional principles of rule of law and respect for human rights.

In summary, confronting realities as they are, is important as it is the part of solution to the problems of South Sudan. Building strong State where justice, liberty and prosperity are achieved means promoting interests of all South Sudanese which can only be realized when identity politics is identified and protected.

South Sudan is nothing but aggregate of tribes who have various interests that South Sudanese government must protect. A unity achieved by just throwing citizens into groups where they suffer indefinite is not unity desired in South Sudan.

NB/: the author is South Sudanese lawyer in Uganda and can be reached through: +256783579256;

Mr President: Is your mother a man or a woman?

By: Alma Zeno Riko Ettore- Equatorian citizen, UK, MAY/19/2016, SSN;

I wanted to write about this issue earlier but I gave the chance first and foremost to the Gender Minister, South Sudan Parliament and other well-placed women and men in South Sudan to challenge the President for a big “faux pas” he committed when he chose to offer women as sacrificial lambs to his wayward and unprofessional army. Seeing that no one has done so, I took the liberty to pen down my own thoughts.

Any woman has a special status in her community or the place where she lives: She can be a mother, a wife, a sister, a daughter, a grandmother, a godmother, a cousin, a friend, a granddaughter, a neighbour, a community member, a government official, a colleague at work, a Minister, a Prime Minister or a President of a country, a Princess or a Queen etc. etc.

This shows that a woman can positively affect any society, community or country in which she lives. Most women have done this quite well with little opportunities and resources; this is why this world is still rotating on its axis and the sun is where it is supposed to be, the moon is where God has placed it and man is still walking on this Earth. If any man denies the importance of women in his life then he is exhibiting nothing but ignorance, lack of knowledge, lack of education and total self-denial.

“If you educate a man you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nation”

This means that the mother affects the learning experience of a child from day one and therefore if she is learned and educated, her children will grow up to be a better breed of individuals because of that influence of the mother and as we all know, mothers make nations. The father’s educational influence is very little compared to the mother’s especially when the child is still growing and developing because a small child spends most of his/her time with the mother. A mother’s influence on individuals has been proven again and again in researches and statistics throughout the ages.

Every nation’s civilization, power and wealth is measured by the status of its women and not men; this is why South Sudan and its extremely low status of women who form the bulk of the population is one of the poorest in the world in spite of all he country’s natural resources and wealth. This is because these resources have fallen in the hands of ignorant men. As long as these ignorant men remain in power, South Sudan will remain poor and backward.

When President Salva Kiir gave the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) the green light to rape women as a reward and an incentive for their fight against the rebels, people around the world were stunned and dumbfounded with disbelief, shock and wonder. This is because President Salva Kiir is perceived to be the Head of a State and this is not how Heads of States speak but people have to know that President Salva Kiir is not any other Head of State: He is a leader of a “headless state.”

A Head of State metaphorically has eyes to see, ears to hear and brains to think. South Sudan has no government, no head. It is governed by the JCE, which is a self- appointed group of corrupt old people (average age 82) from the Dinka tribe who are the main advisors of the President. The President seems to fulfil their every wish, however destructive it might be to the nation.

Now South Sudan stands in the world arena like a headless nation, without vision, positive presence or principles. South Sudan has been reduced to a joke. Whenever anyone mentions the name “South Sudan” people’s demeanour changes to either pity or contempt.

This is not what we envisaged for our country. This is not why we went in droves to vote for the Referendum to secede from Sudan. This is not our vision for our beloved South Sudan. Everyone had a vision of freedom from slavery in all its kind; freedom from poverty and lack of education, from hatred, from malice and opportunism.

We envisaged South Sudan as a rich, powerful and exemplary country, a country leading in Africa. A country that will make us feel proud for the first time in 50 years and will stand out for the right reasons but President Salva Kiir and his JCE have other ideas.

Their vision for the country is to have slaves and masters, hatred and discord and division, one tribe against the other, one group against the other, death, poverty, hunger and confusion. This is indeed a Reign of Terror.

This President and his cohorts will stop at nothing. After mass- raiding the people of South Sudan’s public funds and looting and stealing from public resources, stashing the money in overseas bank accounts and buying businesses and private residences all over the globe, they became unable to give basic services such as salaries to the army on which they depend to terrorise and hold the nation at ransom.

As a result, the President has concocted the most disgusting and filthy means to reward the army by advising them to go out and rape women as a means for payment. The big question is “Who are those women that he is pointing out to be sacrificed?


God gave extra thought to create everything in the Earth for the comfort and survival of man. The Holy Scriptures goes on to tell us that He created the heavens with all its constellations, then the earth with its mountains, valleys, hills, oceans, rivers and then all the plants up to the microscopic algae and then the animals, birds, reptiles and invisible creatures.

All were created to perfection in order to serve man. When Adam was created God made him out of dust and he was told that he is the master of the Earth and that he should toil it in order to eat. Last of all, God created a being that is like Adam but far more sophisticated, complex and superior (This is why men being simple, will never understand women). God made that being out of Adam’s bone, not out of dust like Adam.

I will perhaps have to forgive the President for uttering such an unbecoming and shameful statement, which has been broadcast all over the world because the President lacks education, wisdom and vision. The reason he became the President of South Sudan in the first place is because at the time he was chosen, people were more concerned about seceding from the North of Sudan, therefore not much focus was put on him.

The other factor that helped him immensely is because he was hurriedly drafted in to fill the void vacated by the untimely death of Dr John Garang who was a highly educated, well-placed and visionary leader; the founder of the SPLA/M. If Dr. Garang was alive, Salva Kiir will never have the platform to insult the South Sudanese women or mess the country as he has done.

This President is the most unsuitable candidate for this job. He knows it, the JCE know and so does everyone in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese women have to fight for our rights much harder and the first fight is to stand together from all the 64 tribes as women of South Sudan in order to topple this evil regime of President Salva Kiir.

The President who seems to like to inflict on himself grievous bodily harm has to be reminded that we the South Sudanese women who he so much derides and holds in contempt constitute ¾ of the total population of South Sudan and we promise that we will be the chink in his armour, the Achilles tendon in his heel, the banana skin in his way. We will never rest until he is GONE with the wind.

In conclusion I want to give advice to people who can make some changes in the lives of our long suffering mothers, sisters and daughters in South Sudan. The Gender Minister was appointed to look after women. She should be the first person to tackle and challenge the unbecoming and insulting attitude and speech of the President and men of low education and low morality like him in government.

The President is setting an unfortunate precedence and a very bad example to young people and people who have spent all their time doing nothing but damage to communities. The Gender Minister has the duty to educate the men around her and stand for the cause of women so that they can have a better life.

I will therefor urge the Minister for Gender to ask the President to apologise to the women of South Sudan without reservations. I will also ask the Parliament of South Sudan which is the most impotent, useless and redundant Parliament in the world to stand up for the rights of the People of South Sudan at least once in their lifetime and condemn the President ‘s ill-advised and utterly revolting statement against women.

Long live every Woman in South Sudan