Category: More Views

Agwelek Forces: Position paper on Peace Talks with SPLM-IO

JULY/03/2015, SSN;

The birth of the Republic of South Sudan was a moment of great joy. It was the realization of centuries old dream of our people who were reeling under oppression, repression and marginalization from successive regimes in Khartoum. It goes without saying that the independence of South Sudan was not an end in itself but the beginning of the long road for the attainment of peace and prosperity for our people, who have been kept behind by the war. All these need a government that is forward-looking that rises to the enormous challenges posed by the birth of the new state.

The situation in South Sudan today is slipping into an abyss unless drastic steps are taken to stop the slide. The country is gripped by many serious problems, some of which are:

1. Civil War
Since 15 December 2013, our country has been gripped by a destructive war that quickly degenerated into a tribal conflict. Unarmed Nuers were massacred by the government in Juba, and Nuer Commanders in Bor and Malakal turned on the Dinka in revenge killings. Also in Malakal and the surrounding villages innocent Collo were killed in cold blood by the marauding Nuer White Army that invaded the area.

All observers agree that the war was caused by a power-struggle within the SPLM leadership but because of the accumulated grievances and the mismanagement of the affairs of the country since 2005, things went out of hand.

2. Insecurity
Apart from the war, the country suffers from many forms of insecurity due to inter and intra-tribal fighting. The Lakes State is now suffering under sectional intra-tribal armed conflict, a situation the authorities have miserably failed to control. The life of a human being has become so cheap in South Sudan! A government that cannot provide security for its citizens is not worth being in office.

3. Land grabbing
The tribally-oriented government in Juba has made it a point to grab Collo land and give it to the Dinka. This was done despite the known facts on the ground since the concept of administration was introduced in Southern Sudan.

President Salva Kiir threw his full weight behind this sinister project. He personally chaired a Dinka conference in 2009 in which Pigi (Obang), well known to be Collo’s land, was given to the Dinka south of the Sobat River.

Again, in 2010, he declared Akoka, comprised of three (3) Omodias (Chieftaincies) only, a full County and pronounced Collo’s Bilthiang (Pathao Nyiger), only established by Upper Nile government as relief point to supply Dongjold Dink with relief items, it was taken as its capital. All these actions were supported by no documents. It was simply misuse of power for tribal ends.

Today, Kiir tells his Dinka hegemons that the border between Collo and his neighbours passes in the middle of the two rivers (White Nile and Sobat)!

Land grabbing did not stop at Collo land only. Similar cases are recorded in Maban County, Upper Nile State, Central Equatoria State and other areas.

There is also the other dangerous phenomenon of Dinka pastoralists that are unleashed fully armed with automatic weapons upon the farms of sedentary Equatorians to graze on especially in Western Equatoria and the recent killings of innocent villagers in Maridi and Munduri Counties are still fresh in our memories.

4. Rampant Corruption
Corruption in South Sudan is a cancer that has evaded treatment. It involves all levels of government from top to bottom. Thus, nothing short of the change of government will ever eradicate corruption.

5. Tribalism and Nepotism
National unity is the safety valve for the progress of our country. Unfortunately, tribalism and nepotism have become the order of the day threatening the fabric of our unity.

6. The Spiralling Inflation
Lack of clear economic policies has led to uncontrollable rising prices in basic commodities, especially the staple foods making them beyond the reach of the common citizen. The dollar is undervalued deliberately to enhance corruption. The official rate is kept artificially at three (3) pounds, whereas the official rate has gone beyond ten (10) pounds. This comes at a time when the monthly minimum wage in South Sudan is only three hundred (300) pounds.

7. Bad Leadership
Our country has been led irresponsibly for the last ten (10) years. The ruling clique has arrogated to itself the right to define the country in their own image. They are the country and the country is them. Their exclusion politics led to the alienation of many sectors of our community and eventually armed resistance in many parts of the country.

The foreign friends of South Sudan who rendered unlimited support and were instrumental to help bring about our independence were shocked by the way we conducted ourselves. South Sudan which was welcomed by the whole world at birth is today a pariah State. The country is isolated internationally and regionally for its bad leadership and lack of clear direction.

For all these failures and more, the AGWELEK Movement was launched to spearhead the struggle to rid the people of South Sudan of this corrupt, inefficient and tribally-oriented government. The AGWELEK stands for the following:

1. Unity of the ranks of all the groups fighting in the bushes of South Sudan, in order to quicken the removal of the dictatorial and tribally oriented regime in Juba.

2. Full abidance by the fundamental rights and basic freedoms as stipulated in the international conventions and covenants.

3. Immediate implementation of a truly federal system of governance in which the former districts during the colonial rule shall become states.

4. Implementation of a socio-economic revival programme for South Sudan that will reverse the current decline of the economy and render basic services to the people.

5. Establish an independent Commission for reconciliation, transitional justice and healing so as to repair the social fabric of our people.

6. Pursuance of a sound foreign policy that will break the current isolation of the country. It shall be based on our interest and promotes regional and international co-operation.

7. Building a truly national army and security organs of South Sudan, both in mission and composition which shall be under direction of the civil authority. All the States shall be proportionally represented in the national army similar to the integration of the Any-nya One movement in 1972.

8. Carry out a complete overhaul of the security and law enforcement agencies to be for the service of the people and their protection.

9. Reform of the judiciary, civil service and all government institutions.

10. Diversification of the economy and prudent management of national wealth and resources to serve the welfare of the people.

Upon the removal of the current government, there shall be established a transitional government of national unity the mission of which shall be to prepare the country for multi-party democracy including adopting a permanent constitution by a National Constitutional Conference in which all the political parties will take part.

The AGWELEK shall discuss and agree on what it needs to bring about our unity in diversity and the principles of the permanent constitution of the country, and set the time for holding the general elections.

Although the origin of our fight against the regime was the war it imposed on us to grab Collo’s land, we believe that this problem can only be solved within the solution of the problems afflicting the whole country.

If the president did not support the claim of his tribesmen on Collo land the current situation could not have developed. Therefore, the spark to this armed resistance was local but its objectives must be national so that together we all solve our national ills that lead to what looks like localized problems.

We, belief in the peaceful settlement of the current conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, through IGAD mediation and the involvement of international partners, specially the TROIKA.

We affirm our commitment to the establishment of a decentralized multi-party democratic system of governance in which the transfer of power shall be through peaceful means, and uphold the values of equality, human dignity, justice and equal rights of citizens;

Further committed to the establishment of Democratic Federal Republic of South Sudan, as preferred option of governance;

We are conscious that the Republic of South Sudan is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, multi-religious country;

Acknowledged that the seating Government in Juba had failed the people of South Sudan in delivering basic services and building a nation state based on principle of good governance and ethnic tolerance;

Conscious that the struggle of the people of South Sudan for justice, equality, human dignity and human rights, is a just cause that requires the unification of all patriotic forces in the country;

We, in the Agwelek put forth the following five clusters as our position in achieving the desired unity of our people:

1. LAND:
The Collo tribe is a major Nilotic ethnic group of South Sudan, living along the western and eastern banks of Sobat and White Nile rivers and around the city of Malakal (Makal). Collo also live in a number of settlements on the northern banks of Sobat River and around the confluence of Sobat and White Nile rivers, with Doleib Hill as an important missionary station. Some Collo settlements are found as far as Anakdiar (Kunaam) on the east bank of Sobat River.

Collo are the third largest majority ethnic group in South Sudan after the Dinka and the Nuer. Collo, one of the Lou groups of tribes, are led by a Rudh (King) who is considered to be divine and traces lineage back to Nyikang, the cultural and spiritual hero and founding father. The current Collo Kingdom’s capital was established in the year 1545 (about 470 years ago) by Rudh (King) Tugo Wad Dhakodh in Pachodo.

The Kingdom’s neighbors are: Salem Arabs to the north, Nuba to the west (both tribes live in the Republic of Sudan), and Nuer to the South and Dinka to the east and south east of the Kingdom.

The boundary lines demarcations between the Collo Kingdom and its neighbors are well demarcated as before the 1/1/1956 and as established by the colonial administration. These borders were acknowledged and recognized by the government of the independent Republic of South Sudan on July 9th, 2011 and the International Community.

In addition, several historians have written about Collo Kingdom and its boundary lines with neighbors. Also it is known from some historical evidences that Collo land has been called Central District of Upper Nile Province with the following geographical boundaries drawn by non-Collo scribes without bias:

a- On the Northern Front, the border is marked on the east bank of the Nile by a line drawn from the junction of 10o 15o north parallel with the Nile to the apex of the junction of 9o 30o latitude and 32o 54o longitude;
b- On the southern front, the border is marked between Anakdyiar and Banglay, then to Wunakir on Khor Fullus along the Sobat River, then to the mouth of Zeraf River entering into Lake No; and
c- On the western front, the borders extend from Lake No and stretch along Kordofan/Upper Nile boundary northwards to 11o north parallel.

In accordance with the popular aspiration of the people of South Sudan in establishing a Democratic Federal Republic of South Sudan, and on behalf of its constituency, The Agwelek demands State for the Collo nation with its borders as they stood on 1/January/1956, with its capital in Malakal town.

• In the recent proposal tabled by IGAD for the belligerence parties, the Government was allocated 53% and SPLM-IO 33% and other political parties 14% pertaining to the formation of transitional government. Agwelek shall be allocated 30% from the 33% allocated to the SPLM-IO.

• Agwelek shall be allocated 50% of power sharing in Upper Nile/Fashoda state. Other South Sudanese Political Parties in government shall share the remaining 50%. Agwelek shall be given the right to appoint governor.

The overall control of security in the Upper Nile/Fashoda state shall be the sole responsibility of State’s government. Some of the Agwelek forces shall be integrated into the auxiliary forces in the state and shall provide security.

In accordance to the final peace agreement and formula reached in addressing the creation of South Sudan National Army, some of the Agwelek forces shall be dually and equitably represented.

• UPPER NILE/FASHODO TRUST FUND shall be established for the rehabilitation and resettlement of the people of envisaged Upper Nile/ Fashoda state. For the three years interim period, the UPPER NILE/FASHODO TRUST FUND shall be allocated $500,000,000 [FIVE HUNDRED MILLION UNITED STATES DOLLARS]. The National Government shall contribute not less than $200,000,000. The International Donors shall fill the gap of $300,000,000. The National Government of South Sudan in cooperation and Coordination with two Upper/Fashoda state shall hold a donors conference to marshal the needed monies. END

Date: June 27, 2015

The immorality of cow tax in Lakes State: A letter to Daniel Awet Akot

BY: Agok Takpiny, JUN/28/2015, SSN;

On June 22 this year, Radio Miraya with Sebit Willaim on the Morning Breakfast Show, reported that the “Authorities in Lakes State are mulling over the possibility of introducing a tax on cattle. Under the proposals announced on Friday, cattle owners will be required to pay one South Sudanese pound per head of cattle they own.”

Daniel Awet Akot, the SPLM party chairman in Lakes State, says, “if introduced, the cattle tax will provide revenues needed to boost development in the state”.

This is troubling on many levels, the authorities in Lakes state, including Awet Akot are either inconsiderate or are utterly illiterate economically.

There are six main reasons why the government tax individuals or businesses. Let’s see where the cattle tax fits in.

Firstly, the government uses tax revenue to fund infrastructure, education, welfare and security. Under this view, citizens are obliged to pay taxes on their income from work if the taxpayer is an employee or from profits if the taxpayer is an investor.

In most cases an employee can be an investor at the same time and so he/she must amalgamate all his income from work and the profits from investment so that the yearly earning can be taxed as one.

In the case of South Sudan or Lakes state in particular, a question ought to be asked, where does the cow tax fit in here? Cows are mainly kept for consumption and not for commercial use and the cattle keepers are not working for an income generated employment neither, therefore the government purposing the cow tax is baseless.

Moreover, experience tells us that development has never been a priority for Lakes state authorities right from 2005 to present, therefore the claim made by the decorated General that taxing cattle keepers will boost development in the state is deceitful.

Secondly, a government can tax things that are believed to be negatively affecting the society’s behavior. For example, a year or so ago the state governor, Gen Matur Chut, issued a decree banning alcohol sale or consumption statewide with the exception of few semi-standard hotels.

The governor believed that alcohol was destroying young people and gelweng (cattle keepers) in particular.

In a sound economic policy aimed at social engineering or altering people’s behaviors, the state government should have just imposed high taxes on alcohol as a commodity which the government wants people to consume less of.

By imposing higher taxes, alcohol would become more expensive and out of reach for many people, hence higher prices will make people stop buying alcohol. Again, under this principle of taxation, the cow tax is unfair.

Thirdly, a government can use tax revenues to help the poor in the form of welfare. According to this view, wealthy people who have higher incomes have to pay more taxes as a way of reducing inequality of income.

Does the cow tax fit in here? Hardly, the cattle keepers are themselves among the poorest.

Furthermore, the widows of the heroes of our 21 years of struggle are now struggling without any help from neither the national nor state governments. South Sudan like many other African countries see welfare payment as a “waste” of money, hence the cow tax is unjustified.

Fourthly, the government can use taxation as a tool to control the inflation. One of the causes of inflation is ‘too much money chasing too few goods’. Government can take away the extra disposable incomes of the people through higher taxes and thus reduce the aggregate demand in the economy and resulting in a low inflation rate.

This principle of taxation has nothing to do with cattle keepers and their cows simply because cattle keepers don’t have money, some of them can go for many years without seeing 1 SSP.

The fifth principle which is about protecting local industry by taxing heavily the imported goods and charging low taxes on local produce is not applicable here.

And so do the six principles which are aimed at trade deficit or unbalanced payment where a government can tax imported goods more heavily to make them more expensive.

As explained above, the cow tax is immoral, it doesn’t serve a meaningful purpose. Although 1 SSP is not that big a sum, it is not easy for the cattle keeper to find. For example, if a man has 50 cows, he will then be required to pay 50 SSP a month; where will he get that money?

Of course he will have to sell one of his cows to be able to pay the tax. And if the authorities keep asking for the taxes, the cattle numbers will slowly diminish as there are not many more cows coming in.

By reducing the cattle numbers in the hands of cattle keepers this way, the quality of their lives will also decrease because cows in South Sudan don’t produce much milk like many other cows in the developed world where one cow produces 30 litres of milk a day, hence fewer cows mean even lesser milk for the family to live on.

Is that what a government is supposed to be doing, reducing the livelihood of poor and uneducated citizens who have no other means of income to live on? Where is the moral conscience of the leaders here?

Is this how the SPLM is supposed to pay back the Lakes state cattle keepers?

Mr Daniel Awet, instead of taxing the modest livelihood of the poor, you (SPLM) should be thinking of paying a compensation to the cattle keepers for their outstanding contribution during our struggle for the independence.

Mr Awet, you are better positioned than most of your colleagues to know what the cattle keepers have done throughout the 21 years of struggle. You have collected sheep, goats, grains, cooked food, milk and bulls and many other food items trillion times from the same people.

Cattle keepers were simply the backbone of the struggle, they did not only provide food to the soldiers, but they were also a means of transporting munitions and weaponry.

However, from 2005, like all cattle keepers across the country, no leader even bothered to acknowledge them and what they contributed for South Sudan to gain her independence.

Agok Takpiny is a concern South Sudanese citizen in Melbourne Australia, he can be reach at his email:

Letter to Uganda’s Museveni: Rethink your strategy in South Sudan conflict

An Open Letter to the President of Uganda
H. E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
State House

Date: 21 June 2015

Kampala should rethink its strategy in South Sudan’s conflict;

Mr. President,

As you may already be aware that the conflict in South Sudan, akin to other political morasses in many states in Africa, did initially have its origin essentially in the protracted power struggles that dates back to June 2013 when President Kiir dismissed the entire government from office so as to get rid of only his political opponents who were later excluded in the formation of the subsequent government.

The other concern was the apparent lack of transparency related to democratic thinking and practices and besides, reforms within the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) ruling party that has long been structured along autocratic fad.

In this regard, some of those members of the SPLM political Bureau who had hitherto declared their individual intentions to contest for the leadership of the Party in a democratic manner, and later run for the president of the country in the scheduled 2015 election were denounced for being enemies of the state.

They were subsequently charged with high treason and detained after the fictional “failed coup” allegation was officially made by the government in Juba on the 15 December 2013, following the botched weekend meeting of the SPLM’s National Liberation Council (NLC).

This is the casus belli of the political feud in Juba or precisely the account of the genesis of the conflict in South Sudan.

It was primarily a scramble for leadership and certainly had nothing to do with a coup d’état as disingenuously proclaimed by the government of South Sudan and now being disseminated by the regime’s functionaries to the international community.

This was manifestly a colossal charade and an untenable tale being sold to the world community as genuine, but the story has become less vendible to date as it has dawned that there was actually no coup that occurred in South Sudan, but a calculated attempt by the government to expunge and silence opposition voices that did call for democratic pluralism in the country and to justify the mass killings of Nuer ethnic group in Juba that ensued from December 16, to 18, 2013.

Worryingly, the uninterrupted military buildup of your army in South Sudan with substantial weaponry transfer coupled with the fact that both Kampala and Juba are frantically engaging in increasingly reckless military escapades against the SPLM-IO rather than searching for actual peace is irresponsible and stunningly precarious development.

Hence, the widening of the scope of the destruction especially in Unity and Upper Nile states supported by the UPDF has boosted the chances of South Sudan’s destruction and consequently the modest hope of ever ridding the new country of poverty, hunger, illiteracy, mass unemployment, rampant insecurity and other ills, although an oil-rich country has effectively been diminished.

Uganda’s military interloping in South Sudan was initially made under the pretext of evacuating its nationals from the war-afflicted country and later preventing genocide in that country yet today Uganda is actively fighting alongside the government of South Sudan against the SPLM-IO.

Now that the conflict has blossomed into a full-fledged civil war with numerous deaths and countless civilians maimed, more than two million displaced, where is the exit alley from this twisted setting Mr. President?

With all honesty and candor, the accurate prognosis for the region is that neither the government and people of Uganda nor the South Sudanese would derive any noteworthy long term gains from the ongoing political quagmire in South Sudan, in view of the current unwarranted military involvement of the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) in the South Sudan’s civil war.

Arguably, the hard fact is that the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO) is now a formidable force replete with all the paraphernalia of a conventional warfare, including modern battle tanks and credible anti-aircraft system.

Such an organized army can hardly be extinguished as witnessed in many parts of the world. As a former guerrilla leader commanding the NRA in Uganda’s “Bush War” of the early to mid-1980s against the legitimate government of the late President of Uganda, Milton Obote, you are better located to realize that it is extremely a mammoth task to defeat a rebel army.

Thus, it would seem an unrealistic impulse and probably an absolute fantasy to contemplate the destruction of the South Sudan armed opposition forces, the SPLA/SPLM led by Dr. Riek Machar, notwithstanding you had earlier at the start of the conflict spicily warned that you and the IGAD countries would end the insurgency once and for all after serving its leader, with an ultimatum of four days back in December 2013 to surrender or ‘face defeat’ and comprehensive annihilation.

In this context, there is lesser incentive in backing up the unsteady government of South Sudan whose ills range from presiding over a ramshackle economy by sheer choice through to a country with scarcely any semblance of the rule of law; a totalitarian regime that continues to exhibit an inconceivable dossier of consistent human rights abuses that includes among other abnormalities a flagrant disregard of the elementary rules of international humanitarian law as seen across the country since 15 December 2013, to pursuing an illusive and unattainable victory on the SPLA/SPLM-IO.

The fact that the UPDF military deployed in South Sudan have access to monetary gains from the government in Juba, as substantiated by South Sudan’s Ministry of defence, these transient paybacks should never constitute a sensible basis for backing up the Police state in Juba.

Albeit you have on a number of occasions affirmed that Uganda’s intervention in South Sudan was necessary to maintain the government of President Salva Kiir and stability in the new nation, and that your forces would not withdraw until you were assured that Juba was “secure”, this avowal is certainly repellent, not sound and would likely rebound.

It is time to abandon this quest for faux triumph in order to save not only lives of South Sudanese, but also the lives of Ugandan soldiers fighting and dying in the battle fronts in South Sudan’s flash points.

Likewise, it would be sensible to minimize the damage done and the level of detestation generally directed against the people of Uganda living in South Sudan in connection with Uganda’s disparaging military sprees in the war-torn country.

Regrettably, any aerial sorties or strafing conducted by the Ugandan air force in South Sudan would likely generate enormous resentment and aura of vengeance against Ugandan citizens living in South Sudan.

It is commonly acknowledged that wars apart from engendering brutality and counter brutality generally drain the coffers and economies of the countries involved in pursuing them.

Not a long while ago, the American Administration through the Secretary of State John Kerry and President Obama’s new top diplomat for Africa, Ms Linda Thomas-Greenfield, had stated that the Uganda army must leave South Sudan territory and allow citizens there to enjoy a future of peace and prosperity they voted for.

We too, the citizens of South Sudan would like to add our loud voice in unison in urging your government to withdraw Ugandan forces from South Sudan. Furthermore, the withdrawal strategy is the only feasible and prudent option to undertake, as the UPDF would be in a woeful shape should it be defeated and ejected from South Sudan by the armed SPLA-IO forces.

In fact the demand for the military disengagement if realized should not be read as synonymous with ignominy on the part of the government of Uganda as more often misguidedly interpreted, but a display of a high level of political erudition on the part of your country’s leadership.

Besides, it would categorically epitomize a more sensible and priceless accomplishment in terms of equanimity and steadfastness on the one hand and an exit face saving strategy for Kampala on the other.

The recent report presented in Parliament by the parliament’s committee on defense and internal affairs that urges the withdrawal of the UPDF from South Sudan is a barometer of public disenchantment with Uganda’s level of involvement in the conflict.

This perspective which is essentially based on the nous of pragmatism should be seriously cogitated and addressed by the political leadership in Kampala.

The contradictory statement made by Uganda’s defence minister, in Parliament that Ugandan troops would not withdraw from South Sudan is profoundly parochial in the sense that the minister is abundantly oblivious of the future political ramifications of such an indiscreet stance.

Fathomably, it is a common knowledge that cluster bombs are banned worldwide due to the danger they pose to human life long after a conflict has ended. The 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that prohibits the use, transfer and stockpile of cluster bombs of which Uganda is a signatory.

In a clear-cut accomplishment of grotesque crime against humanity, the Ugandan air force had unleashed cluster bombs on villages near Bor on the road to Juba in South Sudan in February 2014 (Monitor, May, 2014). This was confirmed and reported by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS).

The use of these munitions despite unsuccessful denials by your government is still a stinging reminder that Kampala has a case to answer to the people of South Sudan at the post-conflict era. However, it is worthwhile moving on to explore all avenues of peace at the moment.

Your government should start a rapprochement arrangement, halt the bloodshed in South Sudan by unconditionally withdrawing Ugandan troops from the country.

Based on this plain discernment, South Sudanese largely believe that despite all odds, the government of Uganda could nevertheless move on to lessen the damage already done by Kampala’s plain shortage of strategic political foresight, by embarking on a genuine innovative and radical trajectory.

This political trajectory should include a spirited attempt to potentially cultivate a candid and constructive approach that would see the government of Uganda and the SPLA/M IO forge and build a reciprocal trust, evolve a sense of esprit de corps and start working together alongside Juba as a team towards ending the unrewarding hostility.

We must all be cognizant that governments come and go at certain stages after their tenure of office have elapsed, whether violently or through a tranquil process of democracy, but countries and their people perpetually prosper.

It is crucial to state that the future prosperity of South Sudan as a country critical to Uganda’s economic lifeline does not reside in the current ethnically-entrenched, and less sophisticated administration in Juba, but in an entirely new configuration of a democratic South Sudan where there is absence of political witch hunts and all South Sudanese irrespective of tribal affiliations are ranked equal and real stakeholders in the new nation.

It would hardly amount to exaggeration to state that Uganda’s interests are in excessive jeopardy today than at any time since the civil war in South Sudan began in December 2013.

In this regard, your government as the official guarantor and provider of the Juba government with the wherewithal to pursue the war should be able to identify and promptly diminish all circumstances that could increase the likelihood of unintended consequences such as a regional conflagration involving not only the countries that possess “interests” in South Sudan including Uganda but also other countries far a field with similar tendency.

Hence the people of South Sudan still maintain that your government has the potential to accomplish a noble realization by peacefully and orderly withdrawing all UPDF units deployed in South Sudan within a shortest possible time frame and leave alone the Intergovernmental Authority on Development IGAD; the African Union (AU); Troika countries that include the USA, UK and Norway; all other interested parties in the international community in addition to all South Sudan’s political forces in addition to the South Sudan Civil Society Organization, to serenely sort out the new country’s imbroglio.

Such a proposition should logically exclude your government’s participating role, as it demonstrably lacks neutrality as well as being an integral part of the problem.

You certainly can’t be a player and synchronously assuming the role of a referee in this regard.

Another more invaluable option is for Uganda to rein weightily on the government of South Sudan, urging it to embark on genuine peace rapprochement with the SPLM-IO. Juba together with the opposition should construct an all-embracing chart that entails the formation of a broad-based interim government shared on a Pari passu representation and should be far divorced from the current IGAD’s incongruous blueprint that unquestionably ensures the perpetuity of the civil war in South Sudan.

Uganda’s sore and unpalatable experience in the second Congo civil war that ended in 2003 coupled with the subsequent verdict of the International Court of Justice imposed on Kampala for its unscrupulous and inexcusable role in that country’s conflict, should sagely caution and inspire your government to rethink its strategy in South Sudan’s conflict and accordingly refrain from liberally involving further into adventurous and perilous fixation and futile military pursuits.

This abstemious counsel should not again be construed to represent a reprimand of any sort to your government, but it establishes an equable and sagacious observation and guidance destined to lessen the pain emanating from the metastasizing civil war in South Sudan that the leadership in Uganda currently inflames with impunity, and also to ensure future peaceful bond between the people of the two neighbouring countries.

Lamentably, according to the latest Uganda’s trade statistics with the Republic of South Sudan, as published by the Daily Monitor (dated 20 May 2015), the volume of exports to the latter had sharply declined by 80 per cent from Shs271billion to only Shs54.2 billion within the last two months alone and that “South Sudan had become Uganda’s most active trading partner in the entire region”.

With this plain reality, it would be imprudent for your government to retain a noxious relationship between the people of the two countries and put a halt to such flourishing trading environment.

Furthermore, building a strong bond with the majority of the toiling masses of South Sudan is a shrewder reckoning than maintaining the unpopular regime in Juba that runs death squads at whim and broadly characterized by insularity and a fascistic temperament.

Generally, a state must orient its policies to the conventional framework of international standard systems of governance, in which the rule of law and justice prevail, but this is not the case in South Sudan at the moment where murders on an industrial scale, rape of children as young as eight years old including the imposition of crude gonadectomy on young boys have regrettably occurred as testified by United Nations officials.

This is precisely the archetypal grimmer scenario and insanity in South Sudan that Kampala committedly supports and doesn’t seem to worry about it Mr. President.

Thus, in simple and honest terms, there is a desperate need for fresh thinking, the people of South Sudan would appreciate that you candidly reassess Uganda’s entire policy towards the conflict in their country.

This would necessitate a radical approach rather than the fancied military option currently being pursued by both your government and the Juba regime for a military solution.

The fundamental focus now should be geared towards immobilizing the caustic war and speedily halt the unimaginable and senseless bloodbath by withdrawing the UPDF units garrisoned in South Sudan.

Such a prudent move if adopted could decisively provide the South Sudanese government with a persuasive incentive to discontinue the war.

It is indubitably an accurate view to state that if left to its own devices, the government in Juba would begin a vigorous search for a genuine peace, of course being aware that there would no longer be any forthcoming foreign country to back it militarily against domestic opposition as Kampala does at the moment.

Hence, Juba would consequently embark on a genuine peace deal with all the opposition forces in the country and this could usher in a new and all-inclusive functional interim government in Juba, a real long lasting peace and a triumphant ambiance not only between the two countries, but the entire East African and Lakes region at large.

Thank you
Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa
Former Lecturer,
Graduate School of Business and Law (GSBL),
RMIT University
The Emily MacPherson Building
Building 13, 379-405 Russell Street,
Melbourne, VIC, 3000
Copies to:
1. H.E. President Salva Kiir of the Republic of South Sudan, Juba
2. Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/A in opposition
3. H. E. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, State House, Nairobi
4. H. E. Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairman of the IGAD, Addis Ababa
5. H. E. Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, President of South Africa, Mahlamba Ndlopfu, Pretoria
6. H. E. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the united Republic of Tanzania
7. Ugandan Parliament’s Committee on defense and internal affairs, Kampala
8. Other Representatives of member countries of the IGAD
9. Alpha Oumar Konaré, the AU high representative for South Sudan
10. South Sudan Civil Society Organisation, Juba

Installing a government of the people, by the people, for the people in South Sudan (Part 1)


“They said that while Dr. Riek will heed to their hook through their treacheries, Losuba will not,” a confidential source tipped. The source was relaying a chilling message about an assassination attempt on the life of Major Losuba Ludoru Won’go, a decorated former Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) Officer who together with other SPLA Officers formed the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation (REMNASA).

The former SPLA Officers who are crossing over to REMNASA in droves are disgruntled with the way their obsolete army continues to conduct itself and concerned with the way South Sudan is being driven to the ground by the archaic so-called Liberation Army.

According to the mole, Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his inner circle, determined that the Leader of REMNASA is the real threat to their tyrannical government in Juba not Riek Machar because Machar is unprincipled and easy to dupe!

National Security under the directives of Salva Kiir Mayardit in collaboration with a well known, equally unethical Equatoria State governor, allegedly decided to draw a plan to assassinate Major Won’go because he has become a spoiler to a hurried peace agreement that does not address the root causes of the South Sudan carnage!

South Sudan is a country of 64 ethnic groups which became independent through a combined struggle of all these nationalities regardless of their individual populations.

Therefore, while 62 nationalities remain peaceful and continue to work hard despite the crisis in the country for a progressive and prosperous South Sudan, the two traditionally antagonistic nationalities continue to destroy the country.

As such the 62 nationalities referred to as the “majority peaceful South Sudanese” can no longer continue to stand by and watch as the country is being destroyed but must act to find a solution to salvage the country from total collapse,” reads a section of a document that outlines why REMNASA was formed.

The document is one of many released by REMNASA and it serves as a clarion call for all the 64 tribes of South Sudan to join REMNASA in wresting the steering wheel from the dealers and wheelers of a lousy peace deal!

Read “The Awaited Devils in Details of IGAD’s Mediated Proposed Truce”.
Read “IGAD proposes new South Sudan power sharing deal”.

Major Won’go and the former SPLA soldiers who are determined to bring about a government that respects and treats all the 64 tribes of South Sudan equally are principled people.

They cannot be bribed or bought and they will never accept a peace deal that only gratifies so-called leaders who leave ordinary people high and dry. That is why Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies are running scared!

“They gave Likambo my photos and urged the chief with his police to hand me to them should they get me,” Major Losuba Ludoru Won’go offered as he explained Kiir’s bribery of three unprincipled Kakwa men to track him down to Kakwaland in the Democratic Republic of Congo and assassinate him for a ridiculous amount of US $2000.00 each.

The three governors of Equatoria are reported to be very unhappy with Major Won’go’s audacity to launch REMNASA in Equatoria because they had promised Kiir that he could trust them to keep Greater Equatoria peaceful but much to their collective chagrin, REMNASA now has “boots on the ground” and it is gaining strength and momentum as individuals and groups from all the 64 tribes especially ones formerly attached to the SPLA come to the bleak realization that their doddering so-called Liberation Army and its phony friends are out to harm South Sudan through muddled arrangements.

The battle hardened officers are joining REMNASA in droves because they now realize that the only way to bring about sustainable peace in South Sudan and the model country South Sudanese and their genuine friends fought and died for is to tackle their former SPLA colleagues to the ground and place them in a choke-hold as Police Officers would criminals that must be restrained to protect society!

That South Sudanese need fortified protection from a criminal ragtag so-called National Army is now crystal clear as is the fact that the citizens of South Sudan and their genuine friends must secure South Sudan themselves instead of relying on a Dysfunctional self-appointed peace process now dubbed IGAD so-called Plus.

That is why Major Losuba Ludoru Won’go and the former SPLA Officers who defected from the lawless so-called National Army and founded REMNASA deserve praise for daring to defect the outmoded SPLA and forming a patriotic organization that protects civilians.

Read and watch “South Sudan: Women raped under the noses of UN forces”.
Read “The Bloodiest Conflict No One Is Talking About”.

“REMNASA forces will defend the people till their last breath”, a member of the organization shared during an open forum that is organized via teleconference.

The forum allows historians, storytellers, journalists, members, supporters, admirers and sympathizers of REMNASA to converge on line to learn about REMNASA’s work on the ground, obtain updates, ask questions and provide constructive criticism!

Unlike the lawless SPLA that forbids people from providing feedback, open dialogue, transparency and critical analysis are encouraged in REMNASA and no one is stopped from talking, asking questions and even criticizing REMNASA!

“The confrontation happened after our revolutionary forces stationed in a nearby area had been informed of the situation in Maridi and were heading to rescue the civilians from the SPLA; while the two Platoons of the SPLA were also heading from their bases to Maridi to reinforce their fellow thugs” a section of a Press Release by Colonel John Sunday Martin the REMNASA spokesperson read.

He was explaining REMNASA’s determination to protect the people of South Sudan using force when necessary.

On the occasion explicated by Colonel Martin in this particular Press Release, REMNASA forces felt compelled to confront SPLA forces affiliated with South Sudan’s lawless government who were reportedly heading to Maridi, a town in Western Equatoria State to reinforce a lawless group that was murdering civilians, burning houses and looting property the same way they were doing in Upper Nile State and other parts of South Sudan.

The death and destruction described by REMNASA’s spokesperson in Press Releases often results from firefights between REMNASA forces and marauding SPLA soldiers out to harm unarmed civilians.

It is the exact same thing upright Police Officers charged with the duty to protect citizens do if menacing criminals refuse to put down their guns after being asked to do so.

Respectable Police Officers always prefer dialogue but they are authorized to shoot coldblooded criminals to protect society.

Everyone who resides in a country that doesn’t have felons running amok like South Sudan knows that fact.

“The worst scenario was a woman and her children, together with her husband was burnt to death in their house by the SPLA. It is most unfortunate that, the National Army (SPLA) has become not only tribal but a criminal institution, and it has totally failed to serve and save our Nation without discriminations on tribal lines. What happened in Maridi is indeed a crime against humanity that will never have to go unquestioned and unaccounted for, by the SPLA
leadership,” another section of a REMNASA Press Release read.

It underscores the need to rescue South Sudanese from the lawless SPLA and REMNASA’s determination to protect the citizens of South Sudan and defend the country from being vended to unscrupulous non citizens.

The people of South Sudan must reject the irrational IGAD so-called Plus peace process bent on rewarding a lawless army with a blatantly abusive power sharing arrangement forthwith! Yes they can because IGAD so-called Plus is not the boss of South Sudanese.

It has no authority over South Sudan whatsoever and it needs to stop its impervious meddling with South Sudanese lives!

It has been repeatedly pointed out that for sustainable peace to be attained in South Sudan, all the stakeholders must be involved in the solution but this simple fact continues to fall on deaf ears while institutions entrusted with global security such as the United Nations continue to walk on putrid egg shells with respect to South Sudan!

That is the reason why the people of South Sudan must now wrest the steering wheel from the unauthorized IGAD so-called Plus and carve out the South Sudan they want themselves!

The Dysfunctional agreement proposed by IGAD so-called Plus will most definitely impel South Sudan into the abyss. It is a barefaced truth known by all the people of South Sudan who want the best for all the 64 tribes of South Sudan and their actual friends.

Not the phony ones responsible for some of the nightmarish scenarios and carnage that was instigated with the mass murder of Nuer people by Kiir’s side of the lawless cartel in December 2013!

The unconcealed intentions of South Sudan’s haughty so-called friends to gorge on South Sudan’s rich resources at the expense of its ordinary people drive the unproductive self-styled interventions that have now brought South Sudan to a tipping point.

It has necessitated the people of South Sudan themselves to step in so that they can install a government of the people, by the people, for the people in South Sudan.

“As of 13 minutes ago, Kiir’s so-called democratically elected government expired,” a friend observed in the early hours of May 22, 2015 as we chatted about the lawlessness that has engulfed South Sudan and the sightlessness accompanying it.

It is a fact that has been ignored by the IGAD so-called Plus because of the same overconfidence that almost got Sudan’s Omar Bashir arrested when he traveled to South Africa thinking he was above international law.

Legally, South Sudan is already a failed state and Salvatore Kiir Mayardit is no longer the quasi so-called democratically elected president of South Sudan anyway even though IGAD so-called Plus has knowingly ignored that fact the same way the South African government ignored a court order to confine Sudan’s Omar Bashir so that he can be handed over to the International Criminal Court.

Read “Court demands to know how Bashir escaped South Africa”.

The documents released by REMNASA speak for themselves but one message reverberates through all of them and it is that of inclusivity, eliminating lawlessness from South Sudan and ushering in a properly functioning government that respects all the people of South Sudan from all the 64 tribes – a government of the people, by the people, for the people. The SPLA is incapable of protecting the people of South Sudan and defending the country against the encroachment masquerading as a Dysfunctional Peace Process which is the reason why REMNASA should be supported in building a professional and disciplined South Sudan National Army that upholds and personifies the army values of loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity and personal courage. An army that will defend the sovereignty of South Sudan and its citizens like the commandos who flew thousands of miles to rescue citizens held hostage at Entebbe International Airport in Uganda!
Watch “The Greatest Hostage Rescue in History Documentary on The Entebbe Raid”.

Major Losuba Ludoru Won’go the lead founder of REMNASA and the other founders deserve praise for ditching a genocidal and lawless SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly, forming REMNASA and doubling as a Police Force for South Sudan in the face of anarchy that is in a class of its own. Armed robbery, plunder of public resources, mass murder of citizens they are supposed to protect with impunity, rape of women, men and children in the most horrific ways are but a few of the evil disorders that continue to be the modus operandi of a so-called Historical Army that should be brought to book instead of being rewarded with the power sharing deal being proposed by a tainted IGAD so-called Plus. Simply put, the lawless and genocidal SPLA cum SPLM oligopoly cannot and should not be trusted with the future of South Sudan!
Major Won’go and his colleagues at REMNASA are issuing a clarion call for all able bodied South Sudanese and their friends to cross over to their side so that they can challenge the defunct SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly. Plainly speaking, the modus operandi of the lawless SPLA is no longer acceptable and REMNASA appears to be willing to collaborate with like minded individuals and groups to use force to eject the lawless traitors if necessary. The SPLA which wants to continue forcing itself on the people of South Sudan is no longer tolerable after decades of committing the most abhorrent forms of human rights violations against citizens it is supposed to protect and defend with its members’ lives if it was indeed an actual army and not the anarchic and splintered tribal militia it is.
REMNASA’s unassuming raison d’être (reason or justification for existence) as articulated in all its documents is what will save South Sudan and prevent the country from plummeting into the chasm. This is because soldiers who cross to REMNASA and civilians who join the organization are willing and able to tackle an armed and dangerous SPLA and the lawless government of South Sudan under Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies. A failed government that is fully aware of REMNASA’s power. The fact that REMNASA is a National Movement for all the 64 tribes of South Sudan including the two Dinka and Nuer tribes is a threat to Kiir’s side of the lawless and genocidal SPLA cum SPLM oligopoly. In addition, there are verified reports about individuals from the Dinka and Nuer tribes flocking to join REMNASA because they look at the organization as the one that will pull South Sudan from the melee that is threatening to annihilate the country. They are determined to save South Sudan with more of their “boots on the ground” to the mortification of a government that is hanging by the skin of its teeth. As REMNASA continues its clarion call for SPLA soldiers and civilians alike from all the 64 tribes of South Sudan to cross to its side while isolating and restraining lawless tribal elements, it is determined to protect civilians and install a government of the people, by the people, for the people.
“He is one of us” an American soldier gushed when a representative of REMNASA in the United States of America gave an account of Why REMNASA was formed and shared information about Major Losuba Ludoru Won’go who has numerous credentials. They include credentials in National Security which he obtained from the United States of America and others obtained from the United Kingdom and many additional places. As an American soldier, the gusher was fully aware of the high standards expected from soldiers, unlike the SPLA that ran amok right from its inception and continues to terrorize South Sudanese and anyone who is working to clean up their mess, in the most horrid forms! Major Won’go and the other defecting SPLA soldiers who launched REMNASA personify the army values of loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity and personal courage and they want to build a South Sudan Army that upholds those values. Conventional and law abiding soldiers learn those values during Basic Combat Training and live them every single day on and off the job in countries around the world whose civilians trust their soldiers with their lives.
Watch “The Greatest Hostage Rescue in History Documentary on The Entebbe Raid”.

“Our forces do not loiter without a task commander” Major Won’go enlightened to dispel unfair insinuations that REMNASA forces are just as lawless as the so-called Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) that will go down in history as the biggest criminal cartel that existed in the face of this world because they are not! Instead of emulating selfless and revered armies around the world whose sole purpose is to protect, secure and assist their own citizens, a self centered SPLA prides itself in lawlessness and swindling the ordinary people of South Sudan.
“We have strict standard rules of operation. Discipline is our first priority for all our fighters who have come to join us and since we started our operational maneuvers, our forces have
shown a high level of discipline unlike the SPLA soldiers”, offered Major Won’go. He was responding to blatantly false reports about ambushes in which soldiers from his Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation (REMNASA) allegedly stopped a number of SPLA military vehicles, ordered out South Sudanese from the Dinka tribe and shot them dead before vanishing into the bushes of Western Equatoria State where REMNASA was launched.
Western Equatoria State is also home to South Sudan’s “Arrow Boys”, a group of local residents compelled to defend communities against Uganda’s lawless cult the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) themselves because the equally lawless so-called Sudan People’s Liberation Army and its equally anarchic so-called government was incapable of protecting the people of South Sudan as an upright army and government is supposed to. They were forced to take their own defense into their own hands because the regional government of Southern Sudan at the time under the very SPLA that is now doing the pillaging, murdering and raping the Arrow Boys battled from the LRA was unable to protect them. The “Arrow Boys” are being forced to regroup because of a fresh threat from their own so-called National Army. They must now defend the people themselves against lawless tribal elements within the SPLA and REMNASA has their backs covered!
It is the same SPLA that is being forced down the throats of South Sudanese under the facade of reawakening principles advanced by Africa’s most honorable fathers Nelson Mandela and Mwalimu Julius Nyerere. Africa’s revered sons would cringe at the equation of the murderous SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly to their honorable parties the African National Congress and Chama Cha Mapinduzi. They would be dismayed at the immoral patchwork of the Arusha so-called Agreement and saddened that younger party members are already dropping the batons relayed to them by soiling their reputations and the reputations of the parties they founded with the audacity to place a lawless SPLA at the same echelon.
Read “Document: SPLM Arusha agreement”
Read and listen to “Sudan’s ‘Arrow Boys’ Challenge Militants”.
“REMNASA denounces tribalism as a means to an end” Major Won’go emphasized while challenging anyone who made the allegation that his forces stopped a number of Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) military vehicles, ordered out South Sudanese from the Dinka tribe and shot them dead to provide concrete evidence.
“It is important in the future to state exactly where such an incident occurred and the timing. Otherwise there are people out there who would want to bring into play the tribal
propaganda aspect to try to damage the imagine of REMNASA” Major Won’go expanded, to underscore REMNASA’s raison d’être (reason or justification for existence) and disapproval of the tribalism that has pitted the Dinka against the Nuer and is threatening to spill over to neighboring countries because of blood relations that connect neighboring countries.
Equatorians are fully aware of this phenomenon which is why the ones who lack integrity were easily bribed with army promotions and a shameful amount of US $2000.00 to cross over to the Democratic Republic of Congo to look for Major Won’go among the Kakwa of Congo. The dodgy and bribable Equatorians are playing with fire because it is very easy to set the region ablaze with their immoral shenanigans. Tribes across countries can and will become involved in the South Sudan melee if the proper solution is not implemented in South Sudan which solution is installing a government that respects and treats all the 64 tribes of South Sudan equally; A government of the people, by the people, for the people.
The importance of understanding that REMNASA is a National Movement for all the 64 tribes of South Sudan including the two Dinka and Nuer tribes that are the lead players in the South Sudan melee that begun with the mass murder of Nuer people by Kiir’s side of the lawless and genocidal SPLA cum SPLM oligopoly on December 15, 2013 is crystal clear in all of REMNASA’s documents. The documents are part of a full Manifesto that underscores the need to install a government that esteems the vision of South Sudan that South Sudanese fought and died for, for over half a century, beginning with Anyanya 1. The founders of REMNASA deserted a lawless and now defunct so-called Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) so that they could constitute a disciplined army for all of South Sudan. An army that protects civilians and holds actual Democracy in the highest esteem, not the whacky version currently being touted in South Sudan; a government that respects and treats all the 64 tribes of South Sudan equally; a government of the people of South Sudan, by the people of South Sudan, for the people of South Sudan.
Learn about REMNASA at
Read “Cat fight among the S. Sudan experts and the failure of peace-making”

Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak. She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”.

The Booze and the president against the Nation

BY YIEN LAM, JUN/09/2015, SSN;

Since 2005, president Kiir has no logical ability to rule South Sudan. His inability has been the issue that’s feared the most by people in the Country. He has not been to the task in order to govern this great country. If he did, this war should have not been fought as we speak.
Things could have been done politically as an expectation of many people in the country.

Unfortunately, the booze came in with its own power in the mind of none other than nation’s president. This gradually became problematic in his decision making.

As the result of the booze whose companies have been the only development seen in the Country, our nation South Sudan has been engulfed by war that should not at all be fought ever on the history of the mankind.

There is no apparent reason for the nearly three years old country by then to be in the situation that it is now. People now became the opposition that tried their best to prevent this problem to occur.

Despise the effort of mentioned individuals who thumped their chests for this nation, booze mixed with tribalism did not let that last. Now the country is in the mess that its leader does not know how to fix it.

So now Kiir and booze are the contributing factors and continue to be the worst enemies of our country. Believe it or not, there is no other way to deal with them rather than unseat the man by we the people of South Sudan. This is the only solution for the South Sudanese to once again leave in peaceful environment.

Keeping him in power as IGAD suggested will never be the solution of our country’s crises. It will not be so because when agreements are being made in Addis Ababa or wherever they may be done, Kiir and his best adviser, the booze, will destroy these deals when the dead-man-walking, Kiir, goes back to Juba.

This is true and I think nobody ever will negate what I am saying because we witnessed many things that had been changed when the walking body went back to the city of Evil.

Not only that, since the cessation of hostility signed on 23 January 2014, things were agreed on the venue of the peace talks in the presence of Makuey lueth and Nhial Deng. When they reached Juba, they themselves also changed the supposed language of peace to the language of war in the airport.

As you may have known, Makuey lueth is really a son of lueth “lying” in Dinka language which means son of mendacious person as the meaning of lueth is. If that is so, why would the government choose an individual who in fact has a father whose name is exactly as such, to be on the government delegation that’s supposed to make peace? Are we really in our senses here?

To me, the government does not mean any peace at all. If it does, a mendacious person as such cannot be information minister leave alone being delegated to the peace in the first place.

Back to the point in this case, president Kiir was influenced by booze and started it off by killings Nuer. Many thoughts that Nuer deserved not to be killed by the regime because leader always thinks for the lives of his people.

This was and still not the case in south Sudan as people may have thought. This president does not think and will never be so of others’ lives in south Sudan rather than his own booze.

“We” the people of this great nation must not only think about this crisis. But must act as soon as possible for our own and the future of our children not somebody’s leadership that is already failed us terribly. The man will never think of anyone rather than his own beverages.

Nuer were slaughtered in broad daylight in the nation’s capital due to inhumane thinking about goodness of the country than the booze. This should have not happened at all because the country’s leader put his people first and cannot kill his voters as we have witnessed in south Sudan.

This only happens in the country that is being ruled by a boozing president who only thinks of his own kin and kith than the nation. If you are stable person, what would be the reason for you to think of killings the entire tribe in your mind? Would you be able to do that without influence of some kind in your mindset?

Probably not in my view. There must be something wrong with such an individual as we all know Kiir has problem in his booze-saturated mind.

In addition, not only the booze is an existential threat to our lives in South Sudan, Dinka Council of Elders has also become an organization that added the fuel into the fire. This group of Dinka Elders should think like any elder in the world.

But here is not the case as many people may think of any old person to act devastatingly as such in the country that they call home. As we all know, any middle age persons cannot destroy his home as it has been the case in South Sudan.

Old people always advise the youngsters with what may in fact be necessary for their future lives. In this case, however, I don’t know what it means to be Elder in this group. I would never say all Dinka Elders are behaving as such because I have been with good number of them that cannot even compare to this group of thugs ever.

Most Dinka Elders behave like any elder around the world. But the Dinka Council of Elders as it is called, is the Main factor that is destroying our country now and will continue to be the case if we don’t evict this regime. Failing to do that, the agony of killings Y & Z will never be eased in our country, believe me for certain.

Nonetheless, Booze and the Dinka Council of Elders did not stop short with killing only Nuer. Now their next target became Shilluk as we all know. They started it by killing General Bwogo Olieu on Wednesday April/1/2015 if you can recall.

Believe it or not, this man and his two erroneous advisers, namely Booze and Dinka Council of Elders will not get us out of this mess that they help create. This is so because booze is taking a toll on the president while the supposed elders of the nation advice the president insincerely as we speak.

Many people thought if you’re giving a title of elder, is a precious gift that should be used to say what should be good for anything in life. If that was the thinking of many, myself included, let us drop that thinking from today.

This Council of Elders is a group of evil that is intended to not vilify certain people with in the country but the whole nation which is not the duty of care that they’re supposed to do.

South Sudan will never be owned by neither Dinka nor any tribe in it. It is called south Sudan for all 64 tribes that live there.

As matter of reality in this case, I sincercerely believe it is the perilous group that was selected purposely by the regime to destroy our Country. If that is so as I gave it a thought, we need to act swiftly and responsibly as rapidly as we can to rescue our country from it.

Moreover, believe me though, the regime will not stop there as long as most people start to know their rights. There will be individuals from naïve tribes that may think they are out of this mess that may call it Nuer and Shilluk problem. Let me advice you brothers/sisters. Don’t fool yourselves.

This is not a Nuer/Shilluk problem. It is indeed, South Sudan problem. When Nuer and Shilluk are not there, you will be there for the regime. Believe it or not, it is a reality in Kiir led government.

Therefore, I urge everyone to think clearly on this problem if you are still foolishly being used by the regime. It will otherwise be better for you to run faster before the beast gets hold of you. This man is ruthless and he dispatches so many agents to get hold of whoever tries to oppose him.

The power of the Booze and Dinka Council of Elders is paramount to all. Kiir has no plan to take the country forward. The only one that I know of is to kill more people by using his booze. That is it.

Lastly, as I read the news about Kuol Manyang being the one delegated by the regime as attendee to the great lakes summit, I was not surprised at all. He should be the one that represents the south Sudan. Don’t ask me why because the reason is obvious.

Your answer may well be Wani Igga. Is that right? If that will be so, should the lone guy as well as comedian be the ones in the Kiir’s South Sudan?

Since Dr. Riek left Juba to the bush, there is no single egalitarian person in the country to do what everyone may be thinking of as Wani to represent the country as the vice president other than the man’s kin. Wani is the kith in this circle.

But he is not trustworthy due to his flip flapping on the country’s issues. Even if kiir has stopped doing his usual job as the president, this group of kin will never ever give Igga the leadership of this country.

Kuol and Malong must be the front runners in such a game. Not Wani Igga unless the Dinka Council of Elders disappear by accident.

Finally, South Sudan will never be in peace with itself as long as its president is being advised by the booze and yhe Dinka Council of Elders. Booze and Dinka Council of Elders are encroaching too much in Kiir’s decision makings that is why our country is in turmoil.

Therefore, we need to take charge of our country and say no to the Boozed president and Dinka Council of Elders by ousting him with all his allies and taking our country back. Otherwise, kiir and his sycophants will not hesitate killing more other than Nuer and Shilluk in the days to come if not months, trust me.

South Sudan Oyee
Opposition Oyeee
Freedom fighters Oyeee
The author is concerned South Sudanese that can be reached

Make Nilepet to be Like PETRONAS: An Open Letter to Mr. Joseph Cleto Kuel

By Simon Yel Yel, Juba, JUN/03/2015, SSN;

I will begin by thanking the president Salva Kiir Mayardit for the trust he has for you to manage the Nilepet at this critical time where the oil has dropped cheaply in the world market while petrol prices are skyrocketing in South Sudan. South Sudan sells a barrel of crude oil in International market at 40 USD while here in south Sudan we buy a litter of diesel at 6 USD.

Congratulations for the post and I hope that you will manage this national oil company very well.

I just want to alert you of the enormity of the task ahead of you and the hopes of millions of south Sudanese that you carry on your lean shoulders. I and other South Sudanese have a hope that you will address this urgent issue of the oil or fuel in the country as your first priority in the office.

I came to believe that you are fully prepared and determined to do your job without any lame excuses when I heard on SSTV announcing the meeting called by the newly appointed managing director of the Nilepet (Joseph Cleto) with fuel suppliers; just two days after your appointment.

I was very happy and I felt that I should say “CONGRATULATIONS AND KEEP IT UP”. Keep it up sir!
I don’t know you personally and your strength but your brilliant start of your work gave me a hope that you really deserved to be in that position and I believe that you will execute your assigned duties to the fullest.

I have no doubt that you will be a hardworking person like Dr. John Gai of the education, Dr. Riek Gai of the healthy and Awan Gol of the office of the president who are now been praised by every South Sudanese from every works of life.

Every South Sudanese say that if they had been appointed since 2005 up to now, then there would have no been issues of syllabus for the education; people dying of Malaria and maternal death in the hospital.

I would love you sir to ask them to tell you the secret of” hardworking” so that you become like them. But am convinced that your scintillating start indicates that you are ready to serve the people of South Sudan with all your heart and determined to be counted as one of best managers in the world. Keep that good start up!

Dear Sir, you have had a remarkable career but the job you acquired recently could be your Waterloo if you are not prepared to take the bull by its horns. The outgoing manager did little then nothing but you should determine to match up his footprint toe by toe and do better than he did.

Every South Sudanese with exception of few who enter a high office does so with a bang but often exits with a whimper giving excuses that he or she was not given enough time but in reality he or she had nothing in plan to offer.

I know it is unfair to judge you by others’ incompetence but beware of the ghosts of integrity axis who are now ready to derail you from your plans for the betterment of the Nilepet and South Sudan oil industry in general.

I and many South Sudanese were surprised by high velocity and great acceleration you started your work with in just two days prior to your appointment. Don’t de-accelerate or reduce the velocity sir!.

You are the first South Sudanese appointed official by the presidential decree to start work straightaway before you even celebrated your appointment with family, friends and relatives. The appointed ones by presidential decrees do almost spend two to three weeks in some luxurious hotels enjoying themselves without even inquiring the whereabouts of their offices.

Mind you, your eloquence is legendary, but the task at vanguard demands you shut up, and let your actions do the talking as you incandescently started it.

I am encouraged by your recent meeting with the fuel suppliers about the skyrocketing of the fuel prices and I appreciated your stand on the price of diesel to drop to be like in 2007 to 2011 where a litter of diesel was five (5) Sudanese pounds.

Dear Sir, though the prices of the fuel fall now and we don’t have crude oil refinery here in South Sudan for local consumption, it is still that you didn’t treat the disease well. To treat it well, then you have to make oil refinery for local consumption like the proposed oil refinery in Akon.

The PETRONAS of Malaysia was started like the Nilepet and now PETRONAS ranks as the 12th most profitable company in the world and the most profitable in Asia. It is a national company of Malaysia fully owned by the government like the Nilepet.

Now in Malaysia, the PETRONAS has its own university and institute called (INSTEP) for training oil Technicians and Production operators and distribute them every countries where it operates like South Sudan.

I would be happy to see the Nilepet opening its institute to train the oil technicians here locally to avoid the expensive hiring of foreigners in the oil fields. Make Nilepet to be like PETRONAS sir!

In collusion, one thing you should remember to observe at all time is, ambition should be made of sterner stuff. You cannot achieve the goals of your vow if you will take instructions and advises from opportunists or those who have never succeeded, or wherever, in the course of your duty. To leave a mark, no mountain should be too high to scale or stone too heavy to turn.

If you can commit yourself to pay any price, to bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe or observe and pay whatever the cost it wishes you for the betterment of the Nilepet and South Sudan oil industry, be it better or worse, your place in history is assured.

The writer is a South Sudanese citizen and can be reached at or 0955246235

Peace-making & the Vague Modality of maintaining durable peace in post-conflict Societies: The case of South Sudan

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Lawyer, JUBA, MAY/28/2015, SSN;

Peace-making accomplished through international intervention has had little success in achieving sustainable and durable peace not only in South Sudan but in many war ravaged societies.

In December 2013, south Sudan slipped back into chaos and despair, turning nine years of the internationally concluded famous Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the adversaries ending the longest destructive war in Africa’s largest country, the Republic of Sudan, in Nairobi,
Kenya, in 2005, robbing the state building efforts to dust.

South Sudan is currently again at its second round of regional and international intervention since returning to military confrontations in December 2013 following disagreement over manner and procedure of how party’s elections rules and regulations should be enacted, immersing deep the new state that was charting its way forward despite numerous inter-communal feuds rocking and raging on incessantly in many states in Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States respectively.

There is daily violence and ongoing instability in South Sudan, with an uncertain future due to the ongoing undercurrents of conflict.

This author will focus only on the role of the constitution-making in the political governance transition in South Sudan. It is pertinently acknowledged fact that the provision of security is the number one priority of the government in peace-building and increasingly that the building and rebuilding of public institutions is a key to sustainability which constitute the successful political and governance transition which must form the core of any post-conflict peace-building missions and strategies in the society.

As have been observed in many war ravaged societies like Liberia, Haiti, Kosovo etc, conflict cessation without modification of the political environment, even where state-building is undertaken through technical electoral assistance and institution or capacity-building, is unlikely to succeed.

This is exactly the south Sudanese scenario which has now facilitated and provided an avenue for returning to war not with remote enemy but with itself because a substantial proportion of governance has resulted in weak, corrupt or limited democratic platforms.

The design of a constitution and its making process can play an important role in the political and governance spheres of the country if designed in a way that ushered in democratic principles and not dictatorial colours which could result into destruction and future sufferings.

The designing of the constitution after conflict provides an opportunity in creating a common vision for the future of the country and a road map on how to get to a stable and peaceful tomorrow if not Eden.

A good constitution can be a peace agreement among the people of the country and act as a framework in setting up the rules by which new democratic will operate.

An ideal constitution can therefore accomplish many things. It can drive the transformative process from conflict to peace and can seek to transform the society from one that resorts to violence to one that resorts to political means of resolving conflicts or political misunderstandings.

It shapes the governance framework that will regulate access to power and resources which are all key reasons to conflict and disruption of peace and stability in many societies including South Sudan.

A good constitution must put in place mechanisms and institutions through which future conflict in the society can be managed and averted without a return to violence.

The content of a constitution and the extent to which it sets up a democratic process is quintessentially important than merely divide the spoils between political elites will impact the country’s chances of keeping long-term peace as well as the quality of democratic principles created or established through it.

The current conflict could therefore be said to be a product of the transitional constitution which has been designed to vest all powers in the hands of one man, hence resulting of its entrenchment into the constitution and basic rules of the governing party, the SPLM, hence setting ablaze the whole country.

This is true because in the immediate post-conflict environment, the adoption of a democratic regime can assist the country in resolving the struggle for power by providing an accepted standard of who is to govern the country and its people.

This standard is based and anchored on an open and fair competition for power which is structured around the popular vote and not through the barrel of a gun.

In the longer term, adoption of participatory democratic governance structures is such a best option to ensuring sustainable and durable peace in post-conflict societies like South Sudan.

The evidence to this however suggests that in established post-conflict democracies, ethno-political groups are more likely to protest rather than to rebel, hence minimizing internal violence and return to conflict on wide scale.

Therefore, the creation of a predatory, shadow or authoritarian government legitimized by constitution in South Sudan is responsible for current political turmoil, instability and return to conflict on wide scale jeopardizing the prospects for the future of the country and its people.

Therefore, initiating changes to the political culture of South Sudanese society has been one of the most difficult aspects of its post-conflict transition which requires substantial changes to shape and readjust the behaviour of the militarists as to roles, norms and expectations.

But South Sudan has overlooked on wide scale these more intangible aspects of peace-building and maintenance in favour of technical rebuilding and assistance which are nevertheless essential to building and maintaining long term peace and stability in the country.

Ushering in the question of power sharing during the periods of transition after the conflict is a solution only to the short term political solutions but a container for holding fertile breeding grounds for the future conflicts which would be more devastating and destructive than the resolved one.

This is because formal executive power sharing leads to fragile peace with minimal violence but without reconciling the adversary parties to the conflict or addressing the underlying tensions and mistrusts created by the conflict and the broken social cohesion among the communities.

The power sharing government model is vulnerable to collapse when parties pull out or even threaten to pull out if the terms and clauses of the conflict resolution are not met or implemented as to the letter.

Hitherto, the formalized divisions of power along identity or ethnic lines appear to entrench the ethnic and divisive positions that can fuel the conflict in the future from another angle rather than ameliorating the conflict.

This will enhance the role of ethnicity and provide breeding grounds for future conflict because other ethnicities would appear even more radicalized against others due to the fact that ethnicity became a useful tool to use in order to get popularity and positions in the government.

The comprehensive peace agreement concluded in 2005 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement the (SPLM) provides how to transit during the Interim Period and usher in the right to self-determination by the people of southern Sudan but felt short of how South Sudan should chat its way forward while transiting from Interim Period to its independence.

The accord also felt short to design the transition period for the new State and how to conduct elections in the new country, creating a vacuum and loopholes in governance, hence allowing the ruling party to monopolize the governance of the new state resulting into numerous violence and conflicts.

Therefore, if the conflict in South Sudan is resolved based on ethnic identity and ethnic lines, then it should be obvious that it is the suspension of the war in order to give momentum to the adversaries to get prepared for future devastating war and not the resolution of the conflict in its entirety.

If a lasting and sustainable peace is to be realized in South Sudan, it must not be based on ethnic lines but on the facts and issues constituting the outbreak of the conflict, addressing the roots causes of the conflict and provides strong and punitive avenues which may prevent the return to war and conflicts of the same scale in the country.

The root cause of this conflict has nothing to do with ethnic lines or identities but is more or less rooted down to principles and rules coated and shielded in dictatorial democracy within the ruling party.

Therefore, it resolution must move away from ethnicity and must not be connected with any ethnicities. It must be detached from any ethnic identity or ethnic lines which may create further conflict of devastating force in the future.

South Sudan is a home to more than sixty ethnicities and therefore, entrenching in legitimacy of two or three ethnicities will open up tunnels and windows for ethnicized government hence breeding more conflicts on ethnic lines which will devastates the country and its future.

Predictably, this conflict is the making of the government of South Sudan because since its establishment in 2005 to 2011, the government took the same path that caused the outbreak of the two wars, the Anyanya one and the 1983 SPLA rebellion against the oppressive and suppressive dictatorial regimes based in Khartoum which were predominantly Arab and their few allies in the Sudan.

It is the same character of the oppressive regimes in Khartoum that the government of Southern Sudan in Juba has inherited by devising the same modalities and criteria of resources distribution and governance based on divisive lines and an imaginable corruption on widest scale.

This conflict if not resolved well by the government by adjusting its ways of resources distribution and design new governance modalities, many wars will escalate as many are not happy as true stakeholders in the governance of their country.

The government must cease recruiting employees on demerits not on merits leaving out a sizeable competent, capable and highly educated number of people in favour of incompetent, incapable, corrupt and uneducated just in favour of mere individual loyalty of their political god’s fathers.

It is this manner of uneven and unequal distribution of resources and public participation that has precipitated and ignited this destructive and devastating war because since the creation and establishment of the government of southern Sudan in 2005 to date there has not been any delivery of the direly needed basic services to the poor due to recruitment of incompetent, incapable, corrupt and uneducated employees who are only loyal to their appointees and not the country.

Tong Kot Kuocnin is a Master of Laws (LLM) candidate at the School of Law of the University of Nairobi and a practising Legal Counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates. He can be reached at

Collo Crisis: Truth about situation of Yuanes Okic vis-a-vis Johnson Olony

By Olany Amum, MAY/24/2015, SSN;

There are a lot of propaganda and lies going on these days regarding the situation of Yuanes Okic in relation to Johnson Olony. In order not to lose our sights on the truth that is intended to be hidden by some individuals with ulterior motives, the following facts need to be
made known to the public and for better sincerer judgement of the matters at hands based on straight records before Nyikang Wad Okwa and God the Almighty.

According to the agreed understanding for Chollo forces of Gen. Johnson Olony and of Gen. Aywok Ogad, their border was in Manyo County extending northwards and Fashoda County stretching southwards to Makal and Panyikang Counties.

This arrangement has been respected and the two separate forces managed to co-exist and coordinate their operations accordingly for the defence of the Chollo Kingdom before things totally fell apart between Johnson Olony and Salva Kiir on May 15, 2015 till now.

And even when the signs of felling apart became clear and Gen. Olony was pushed by Juba to the tight corner of rebellion due to injustice of Dinka solidaristic tribalism in favour of Padang alliance, Okic continued to urge Olony not to join the Nuer of SPLM/A-IO but to operate independently.

However, instead of continuing to cooperate and consult, Gen. Olony and his allies decided to resort to bullying and humiliating tactics by giving Okic an ultimatum to surrender or risk
being chased away from the Kingdom or killed.

They even employed cheap propaganda of tarnishing and assassinating Okic’s image by spreading lies that he has been bought and bribed by Juba to be a betrayer.

They even tried to carry on emotional sabotage within Aywok Ogad’s forces so that they can desert and join Olony and Nuer forces.

Not only these, but also more seriously, the joint operation of some Olony’s forces and Nuer proceeded, despite some gentlemen peace agreement with Abdallah Kur, to attack Okic’s garrisons in Ogon, Nyiliech! Adhwoy, Aweth and Kaka.

But still and in order to avoid more deaths and harms to Chollo people, Okic refused to fight back as he ordered his forces to withdraw and allow the ill-motivated attackers to occupy these places peacefully. Few of his soldiers were wounded.

And to the confirmation of the suspicion of the vague Olony’s Nuer alliance, more Nuer forces were seen deployed in big numbers to take over Kaka to replace Chollo forces.

For the Nuer and according to releases from their media, it is Olony who defected from the government side in order to join them under the over-all command of Dr. Riek Machar.

So far Olony didn’t refute this attribution directly apart from the poorly written press release No.1 that was circulated to the media by Mabior Garang in Narobi, Kenya on
behalf of Agwelek’s forces.

The heading of the second press release that enumerated the weapons captured in the government gunboat near Melut was even clearer on the direction that Olony’s forces are heading.

That is, they have declared themselves as a subset and part of the SPLM/A-IO, contradicting the first media release that they were operating independently.

Further worse, the Spokesperson of the Sudan People’s Liberating Army – Agwelek, Brig. General Nyagwal Ajak, announced over Radio Dabanga that they have defeated Okic’s militia forces in Kaka and many parts of Manyo County and are giving the scattered Chollo militia betrayers a hot pursuit.

But since Olony has cut all his contacts with Okic, the latter tried to contact Jockino Fidelo in the spirit of dialogue and understanding as he is said to have influence on the former.

Unfortunately, Jockino employed the same bullying attitude by telling Okic that it is too late for consultations because they have already gone to advanced stages with the Nuer of SPLM/A-IO and that nothing shall be helpful to Okic except unconditional surrender.

Other efforts of reconciliation are being tried by some Cholo Chiefs, Elders and other well wishing Chollo individuals but the bullying and arrogant attitude from Olony and some of his close advisors and supporters is still blocking any success.

Is there any understanding and compromise from Okic more than these when it is known that he has not been under command of Olony and Dr. Riek Machar?

Why should Chollo areas be liberated with blood from Nuer expansionists but later again handed back to them freely so that they can hijack the victories for their advantage as we have been reading and hearing from the SPLM/A-IO media these days?

Nevertheless, constructive efforts should still be pursued based on the following points and for a better way forward that will ensure that the Chollo will not come out as losers at the end of the current war:

1. There is no need for Chollo forces under command of Olony and Aywok to fight among themselves at this critical juncture. Instead, they should be persuaded to co-exist peacefully and with continuation of dialogue and coordination around the common Chollo interests
regardless of political or military affiliations.

2. Olony needs to come out clear to refute what the SPLA/M-IO is saying about him that he is a defector who has been made one of their top commanders. The involvement of the Nuer needs to be explained and clarified so that they don’t hijack Chollo victories or occupy Chollo lands through treachery of being unconditional allies, while in fact they want to revenge on Chollo by making the kingdom’s land a war theatre for the advantage of political scores of Dr. Riek Machar and with better leverage for Nuer chances to regain the power some of them have lost due to the tattering of Dinka-Nuer alliance post 2013 crisis.

3. Okic should maintain staying in his current garrison positions in Manyo County and should not collaborate with Dinka who may think of stabbing Olony in the back. He should be reminded that the attitude of Dinka is not very different from that of Nuer as the case of Markoni Okuc is still fresh in Chollo memories.

4. Olony and Okic should jointly declare the purpose of their war as that of the security of Chollo Kingdom and its historical territories vis-a-avis its right place in South Sudan, and that they are ready to negotiate with the legitimate government via external neutral mediator
to bring gains to Chollo Kingdom. They may name themselves officially as Chollo Kingdom Movement and appoint a political wing from Chollo learned intellectuals to strategize and represent them in a separate peace talks.

5. Chollo people inside South Sudan and abroad should mobilise humanitarian assistance and essential medicines to be dispatched to the Chollo forces controlled areas. They should also mobilise and encourage more Chollo to go on the ground and join the war of defence of the security and prosperity of the historic Chollo Kingdom.

Our Condolences to the lives of our lost heroes. May their souls rest in eternal peace.

Long Live Chollo Kingdom in South Sudan

The struggle continues.

Olang Amum
The writer is an expert on SPLM/A thieves, South Sudan greed, Regionalism, Tribalism, Clanism, Sectionalism, Empty pride, Villagezation of South Sudan by corrupted SPLM/A leaders and
Fragmentation of South Sudan by SPLM/A.

Pres. Kiir’s health deteriorating fast: Claims a former rebel who met Kiir personally

BY: Simon Kur, Juba, RoSS, MAY/18/2015, SSN;

South Sudan leader’s health is deteriorating at a high rate, said one of the former rebels who gave up the fight to overthrow President Salva Kiir. The unnamed source revealed to South Sudan Liberty News in an exclusive interview with him in an undisclosed location in Juba. The official who recently renounced achieving peace through the barrel of the gun claimed he met with President Kiir in his presidential office in Juba.

This meeting took place after they accepted the amnesty deal extended by the president to those who have not committed crimes.

This former rebel, who hails from Chollo majority clan, said President Salva Kiir may not be able to survive much longer time because he is visibly very sick, constantly looking very tired, and exhausted. He further went on to claim that Kiir is living on borrowed time, may not live to the end of the year.

Question: How is Kiir as far as his health is concerned?
Answer: when you look at the man himself, he looks very exhausted. He has fear of his own life. He looks shaky and traumatized.

Though the former rebel official who returned to Juba with the general amnesty extended by President Kiir could not pinpoint the kind of illness Kiir is suffering, he thinks it might be stressed related illness. This he said can be recalled when as you all might recall president Kiir collapsed during one of his trips to Khartoum on mission to meet his counterpart El Bashir in December 2014.

Other sources have also indicated that Kiir is suffering with undisclosed illness though his close aides declined to comment on his health.

Question: How does it feel like meeting President Salva Kiir face to face? And what do you say because there are people saying Mr. Kiir is not an intelligent man and often the decision to run the country is made by his chief of staff?

Answer: Well, Kiir is just a normal person like anyone of us. Just like any normal person, I can see he has emotions. I also see rudeness in him big time. During the time we spent in his office, I sensed rudeness and ruthlessness in him. I saw that one minute he can act normal and within the next minute he turns deadly.

I suppose this anxiety is due to the situation he finds himself in. Kiir admits during our meeting that he realized some of the mistakes he made and now he had wanted to correct those mistakes. He is open to accept any positive solutions to end the conflict in the country so that ordinary people will go on with their daily lives.

The official claimed in his answer that Kiir said that he cannot accept to see the country descending into further chaos. “I can no longer afford to see the suffering of my people and South Sudanese at large,” said Kiir.

At this juncture, South Sudan Liberty News cannot verify this statement claimed by former rebel official.

Question: There are people who claimed that President Salva Kiir is not the one running the daily administration of the country, but Dinka general elites are the one running the daily business of the country, what are your views?

Answer: You know this is what has dragged the country into civil war. There is a group which calls itself the “Dinka council of elders.” These are selfish and egoistic individuals who have not only misled the president but have damaged the image of South Sudan at the international level.

The so called the Dinka council of elders believed and have tasked itself with new Dinka imperialism culture. They are trying to build on nepotism, tribalism and this untold wrong concept and morally unacceptable ideology that they the Dinka are the masters.

The others are slaves is the common cancer that has inflicted hatred and has placed the Dinka ethnic group in an odd position with others and there can be no peace until a cure is found to heal this cancer.

Now, unless this is corrected now, South Sudan will not be at peace, because no single tribe can survive without the others. These council of Dinka elders believes that it is only the Dinka who have the absolute authority, and supreme power to live anywhere on other people’s ancestral land, this is very common practice by the Dinka and Nuer in Equatoria, and Upper Nile.

Also, these two initially warring tribes must change their concept of thinking that only they alone fought therefore they owned South Sudan and accept that South Sudan belongs to all of us.

Question: Why did you decide to come back to Juba and how are you going to fight the regime you once described as displaying nepotism, tribalism, dictatorial, genocidal and dominated by one tribe?
Answer: I and my colleagues decided to come back to Juba after we have seen discrimination by the Neur colleagues to our Shilluk men engaged in the front-lines. We learned this when we visited them in frontline after Pangak SPLA-IO conference in February 2015.

They told us how they were mistreated and killed in frontline by their comrades from Neur tribe. We were convinced and prompted by the devastation done in shilluk land by Neur and we tried to put the grievances of our people before Dr Riek Machar who is the chairman of SPLA-IO but he said there are things happening beyond him which he has no control of.

Here he was referring to what are happening in the frontline and in battle fields.

He added like the Dinka, the Neur have dominated rebellious, their common manifesto that they are fighting for the just cause and freedom, and fair liberation is used as a pretext by the Nuer to gain sympathy and empathy from other tribes to join them.

He blamed the leadership of SPLA-IO for not supplying Shilluk men with better weaponry to fight the regime in Juba, and also cited their return to Juba on promotion; everything is dominated by Nuer including promotion.

Based on that, we decided to come and fight for reform from within because we realized there are many solutions to address the current conflict.

Question: What would you do if the regime in Juba fails to implement the agreement you signed with the President Kiir, given that you are now here in Juba without army?

Answer: When we met the President we told him if he will kill us after our return to Juba. The president looked and laughed and he said, he did not massacre anybody he cannot even kill a chicken. We told him our coming back here in Juba is an open door for many to lay down their arms.

If the President and his government refuse to implement the agreement we have signed with him, this will close doors for many others to refrain from rebellion and armed conflict will continue.

And if he fails to honor his commitment to the parts, we have other means to fight for the right of Shilluk land, and our return to Juba has been negotiated by General Johnson Olony.

Let’s hope for the sake of peace President Kiir will live by his words, but if anything happened to us, we have our men ready even here in Juba to launch an attack, but it is our hope that we learn how to address our issues on the table as brothers of this nation as we all fought for our hard earned independence from Khartoum with our dear blood.

Question: What would happen to the forces under your direct authority?
Answer: We want to create an autonomous-like Great Pibor to address the grievances of our people. We are not fighting for anything but we want our presentation in the national government. We want the current governor Simon Kun to be removed and be replaced by Shilluk and the president has agreed.

The difficulty is we understand the current governor is giving 2% from the oil revenue from Upper Nile to maintain the president that is why the President cannot easily relieved him from duty.

We found it hard to believe that a serving president has to be bribed to do his work. If that is what the constitution requires of the sitting governor of Upper Nile to pay due fees of 2% from the revenue of the state to the president, then it is worth for a Shilluk governor to do that in Shilluk land not a Nuer governor.

“It is ok if we can have a Shiluk governor in the office not Dinka or Nuer governor to give the president the 2%” because Malakal is traditionally inhabited by Shilluk not Dinka or Nuer.

Please note that this interview has taken place before the recent claimed of victory by the united forces of Johnson Olony and SPLA-IO, over government forces in Malakal, therefore some of the information could have changed on the ground.

Simon Kur Peter

Peace, not Appeasement

By: Deng Vanang, MAY/09/2015, SSN;

Just, durable and sustainable peace is deeply rooted in openly and honestly discussing the root causes of the conflict. It is these root causes that distinguish between who is an aggressor and aggressed. With this finding, the aggressor is served with reasonable punishment and aggressed rewarded with verdict of innocence.

The aggressor is then asked to pay the aggressed the losses he incurred in order to restore him to safe position before the time of the inflicted harm, be it physically or materially.

With punishment, the aggressor is taught invaluable lesson that crime doesn’t pay and never to repeat the costly exercise in future. While this apportioned punishment cools the enraged heart of the aggressed that there is a lot to gain morally when standing on the side of justice that sets social trends for exemplary life of peace and stability.

From this point of view, it is not the appeasement in apportioning blame to all sides of the conflict by mediator just to be seen fair that matters but just peace that points out where wrong or right lies so as to craft practical solution that addresses the crisis at hand amicably.

As it is impractical for two sides of the conflict to be both right and wrong and equally not the retribution against the perceived wrong doer the best way forward but reasonable act of deterrence becoming the hallmark of justice system if premeditated crime shall be anything of the past.

Window shopping for peace that treats the aggressed and aggressor as equally wrong or right is not only impractical approach to unravel in more foreseeable future, but also a cruel method of covering the wrongs of one side with which to get away. It is a recipe for even more disaster than the one people seek to tackle now.

In families and societies immoral behaviors are taken as normal struggles of daily life, then there exists a continuous tendency of the same being committed over and over again with dire consequence of such set ups remaining in vicious cycle of stagnancy or retardation or even both.

Again, warring parties don’t choose the kind of peace each wants. The course peace takes is dictated by myriads of ingredients, such as root causes both principal and subsidiary, disastrous effects – long term and short term and most sustainable remedies to the conflict.
Yes the perceived wrong doer may own up while the wronged honestly accepts and forgives for a just peace mutually acceptable to all sides can be attained.

However, in the case both sides pull the ropes the mediator has the final word based on his fair assessment of what really caused the conflict.

The mediator in pursuit of just peace shouldn’t be blackmailed by consequences of his perceived just act no matter how dire they may be. In avoidance to take the course of justice for fear of the side his act will adversely affect, then justice that could resolve conflict is not served.

It is equally scaremongering and defense mechanism at best to the benefits of the wrong doer as cited by some opinion writers. To them, a stronger SPLA backed by its local defense forces could manage to marshal and destabilize the country if bad peace is imposed on the government in the country built on the foundation of tribal sentiments.

The said opinions are advanced without considering the fact that the same SPLA with the full backing of Uganda’s People Defense Force, UPDF, the allied Sudan’s rebel groups and locally trained multi-ethnic militants has been contained by a pre-dominantly single ethnic armed group in the name of SPLA-In-Opposition.

What if it is the UN’s backed military intervention, can SPLA and its allies survive in the face of such onslaught?

Whereas, the same advanced hypotheses wrongly defined South Sudan’s problem as that of tribes which hate themselves than the lack of equitable development as promoted by corrupt and tribal politicians who use resources to divide and rule tribes in order to maintain tight grips on positions of political supremacy and economic plunder.

Truth be told, before formation of SPLM/A back in 1983, not a single tribe mobilized itself and occupied the land of another or had been in constant feud with another save for isolated peaceful land encroachments and sporadic rustling incidents orchestrated by a few individual cattle entrepreneurs.

If United Nations peace keeping force takes charge and forms people – centered government that delivers social services in healthcare and education, roads and communication networks as well as creates favorable environment conducive for rule of law, freedom of speech, fair employment, and business and trade these politicians will just be deprived of recruitment ground to wage self-serving wars against one another.

Also citing cases of Somalia, Iraq and Libya so as to influence the third party’s intervention in a way wrongly favorable to certain side or else South Sudan will go the same way those countries have taken is an empty political rhetoric.

The deterioration of situation in these countries followed third party’s intervention that aimed at totally supplanting the favored opposition with hated establishment. It is a win -loss political approach.

In Somalia it was destroying Ahmed Farah Aideed with Ali Mahdi in the past and currently Al-shabaab with moderate Islamic groups. It is pitting Shiites against Saddam Hussein’s Sunnis in Iraq. In Libya, it is propelling long aggrieved people of Benghazi over and above Tripoli’s ruling clique.

That is all done at the expense of creating a whole new system in those countries comprised of members with no criminal records from all warring sides followed by rigorous process of national reconciliation and healing.

The same quarters similarly feel warring parties be given an ample time to make peace in order to avoid an imposed peace from outside that shall rather serve to aggravate the already worse situation in South Sudan.

The problem is not shortness of time given to parties to make their own peace but it is impossibility of these parties to reach a workable peace agreement even if given a century and the destruction the war shall cause the longer it takes while rumbling on.

Within a span of a year and half, the war caused the death of modest estimate of 50,000 people, displaced 2 million others and unknown number of those it maimed, then how destructive it will be if allowed to go on indefinitely in discretion of the warring parties?

When it is common knowledge worldwide the longer the conflict takes, the more it creates high human casualties and material destruction while arousing in the process terrible emotions too difficult for the parties to reach comprises for any future agreement.

Another impractical opinion doing the round among some members of academia is that South Sudan’s war should be ended by world powers’ consensus, probably in the United Nations Security Council. When it is known to all and sundry members of global UN, regional and sub-regional blocs in AU, Arab League, etc. hardly agree on a single course of action ever since the cold war’s era.

Given the current multi-polarity of the world, five permanent members of UN’s Security Council such as US, China, Russia, Britain and France are even more divided. With US as sole super power is getting more weakened to impose its will by over ambitious China and resurging Russia as formidable challengers.

Hence, required unanimity of decision with subsequent action remains a distant mirage. Although US with its Western allies in European Union, EU still wields some considerable leverage to bulldoze its way against certain set obstructions.

Though given a considerable period of time, South Sudanese leaders failed to come up with political will to address issues of bad governance for the last ten years that eventually caused December, 2013’s violence as well as their unbridled intransigence to reach a required compromise at peace talks.

With mediators’ failing suggestion of two principals that include those accused of political and economic crimes in yet to be released AU’s Commission of Inquiry reports be barred from purposed Transitional Government of National Unity, TGNU.

Or South Sudan to be governed under the UN’s trusteeship for a five – year term also falling flat on its face.

It is now safe to say that let the benevolent world in the next rounds of peace talks intervene in whichever way it thinks fit.

That is in the best interests of ordinary, economically deprived, ethnically divided and long suffering South Sudanese, being the real victims of this war so as to rid the country’s dented image of warmonger Generals, corrupt politicians, incompetent bureaucrats and pseudo intellectuals.

Deng Vanang is a Journalist and Author of “South Sudan the Making of a Nation, A Journey from Ethnic Polities to Self-rule, State and Democracy.”