Category: Featured

Deadly land grab of Juba Day Secondary School: Between becoming a Private Hospital & a Church!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, NOV./9/2012, SSN;
Land grabbing is rife in the new Republic of South Sudan and more so in its capital and seat of government, the town of Juba. And before we get into the story of this highly learned medical doctor who became a central person in the latest scandal of grabbing land from the premises of the Juba Day Secondary School, it would be better to display some other examples.

In conformity with this widespread phenomenon of land grabbing known locally as *Nyakama* in Juba, a lawyer involved in a case of land grabbing went missing for some days in Juba. And according to the South Sudan Law Society which gave an interview to the media, said that:

*Before Mr. Bulabek Ring was kidnapped, he was working on a legal suit of an alleged house grabbing in Malakia area against an Army General. The Union said before Mr. Ring disappearance he was intimidated through a phone call directing him to withdraw from the case but he refused to comply.* (Gurtong, JUBA, 26 October 2012)

The above is just one example of where people higher up in the government are abusing office, encouraging lawlessness, kidnapping lawyers and exercising a Mafia-like life style with total impunity in a country where Human Rights Abuse is glorified. If even lawyers are not safe to defend the rights of the poor and the weak, so what type of a society are we in?

Moving to the showdown between the Juba Day Secondary School students and the Police Officers, dubbed as *The Juba Day Crisis,* I suggest that you read this extract as a prelude to the discussion that follows as it summarizes the background and underlying factors to the crisis at hand:

*In the immediate AFTERMATH of this crisis an investigation was carried by a high level CES (Central Equatoria State) government panel. The panel found out that on a map of the 1980s (at the establishment of the Juba Day Secondary School), the school premises extended right to the banks of Khor Bou. But later, the CES Ministry of Planning and Physical Infrastructure manipulated the map and through the abuse of office/political power, the then Minister vetoed the decision/advice of his Ministrys Town Planning Board decision and issued the piece of land (about half of Juba Day Secondary School land) to a private investor who happened to come from the same Payam with him as a private land for building a private hospital.* (Extract from Friday, November 2, 2012)

As a medical doctor myself, I regret to learn that a fellow medical doctor was in fact in the center of this crisis as he tried to acquire land that is clearly a school compound regardless of all his good intentions. Hospitals are good, public or private; however they should not come at the expense of equally strategic institutions like schools.

As Juba Day School premises became open for grabs, it was not only the medical doctor who has a taste for that piece of land. Sharing him on the assault on what is a school property is yet another self-styled Prophet/Bishop Abraham Chol of the New Cush Church.

The presence of this squatter church on the school property and in close proximity to the classrooms has disrupted the learning environment for the students. Students and teachers alike felt intimidated by the worshipers who resort to an outrageously loud preaching style and gospel music, which on many occasions have amounted to frank noise pollution.

With this seemingly unstoppable daily distraction from this squatter church, the rightful occupants of the compound none other than the students themselves chronically suffer lack of concentration in their learning activities. This too is another disturbing component of the existing land grabbing in the Juba Day Secondary School.

Without any prejudice, the church presence on the school ground is equally an important part of the crisis that needs to be urgently addressed before it also becomes an occasion for civil unrest as the self-styled Prophet/Bishop Chol and his congregation have vowed to fight back should the school administration or the students try to forcefully evict them.

Yet to the best of my knowledge these particular issues were already presented to the Central Equatoria State (CES) Parliament this year where it was resolved that the piece of land and indeed any public land should be retrieved by the Ministry of Planning & Physical Infrastructure and be put back for their initial intended rightful use.

Then how comes that the CES resolution on this particular case was ignored by the departments concerned is the question! Furthermore one even wonders as to why the medical doctor at the center of this crisis together with his sponsors chose to insist in contesting a piece of land that is known to everybody as being a part of a school premises?

Have we really run out of land to the extent that we have to grab school premises in broad daylight?! The reader and all involved should answer.

Another worrying issue is the fact that land grab in Juba Day is not an isolated incident, and it is rightly believed that many similar cases have happened in the past. So why is it that the resolution on the Juba Day School premises and indeed for that matter all the other resolutions on solving land problems have remained unimplemented?

It is either the Minister for Planning & Physical Infrastructure or the State Governor who must solely bear the brunt of this crisis. Is it not their foot dragging on issuing the right directives the main reason why citizens are taking the Law into their own hands? This if anything, it is indeed a gross negligence of duty!

To set the record right, it is worth stressing here that nobody in their right senses will condone the idea that citizens take the Law in their hands. However it does happen when Law enforcement is tempered with in favor of the influential and the powerful.

Students have no right whatsoever to dispense justice. But if we the so-called elders are not even abiding by the Law and by design choose to be bad role models, how then do we expect our young generations to learn how to respect the Law?

The second part to the Juba Day Crisis is the ordeal that involved the police officers who came to restore order in the school. It is regrettable that a fully independent nation like the republic of South Sudan is still lacking the basic skills of containing demonstrations and mob unrest. It seems clear that even there is no competent personnel or a department in the Police Services to deal with civil unrest, I mean a Civil Defense Service.

Walking into a school compound with guns loaded with live bullets is a violation of human rights. And worse still, firing live bullets on unarmed civilian population, leave alone when they are school children is even a worse violation.

Below is a report of an eyewitness. It is worth reading:

*From observations of bullet holes in the pre-fabricated walls of the office block where students and teachers took cover, the gunfire was directed to the students with the aim to kill.*

*The gunfire angered the students to react with stone throwing at the Police but the Police pursued the students and teachers to their hiding places by breaking into two rooms and shooting into them.*

*The shooting resulted in two injuries; one girl student of Senior one was shot through both knees when she was inside with one teacher who was shot through his thigh.*

*Another teacher was hiding in a building, however the door to the building was broken down by the police and the poor teacher dragged out and beaten up by the Police who refused to listen to his explanations that he was a teacher.* (Extract from a report on, Friday, November 2, 2012)

The above eyewitness statement sheds light on the magnitude of the ordeal suffered by the family of the Juba Day Secondary School, *Teachers and Students.* So now where does the government both at the State level as well as the national level takes us from here is the question of the hour.

Our politicians seem to have been completely misled into believing that they can in the name of the so-called private investment, have a free hand to tamper with the land regardless of whether it is a designated land for a particular purpose or not, a private property or not, a community land or not.

This is crazy! But remember that none of us is missing to see the underlining motives, which is nothing but greed and corruption!

Land grabbers are criminals even if they claim to have got the land through the Land Department, because what often takes place in such deals are in fact illegal, as dirty money often change hands in the deal. As such there are no justifications when it comes to land grabbing. Church or hospital, you cannot build them on school property!

The Juba Day School premises must remain intact and a property of the school which can only be put into use by the ministry of education and for the good of the students and the school.

My advice to my fellow colleague, the medical doctor at the center of this crisis, is for him to look for another indisputable piece of land for his private hospital or better still he can purchase one if he so wishes to. However the bottom line is that he should better keep away from our schools. Our children need those schools.

It is needless here to emphasize that a medical doctor of your caliber is expected to know better that good education is not only attending classes, for it extends to encompose other physical activities and extra curricula activities which need enough space.

However, I understand very well that you too are a victim of the Oyee system where corruption and smearing lawlessness is rampant. They, the SPLM CES Mafia, must have pulled you into this mess.

As for our law enforcers, I have this to say: *You do not only need to step up your roles in maintaining a lawful society but you also need to know the limitations to the degree of force to be used.* Heavy-handedness in Law enforcement is itself a punishable crime if we were to be in a civilized society!

Where on earth can you just walk into a school carrying guns with live munitions and shoot indiscriminately at unarmed school children and their teachers and get away with it? Is that possible in the Republic of South Sudan?

The answer is yes, but for Gods sake this culture of impunity must end!

Some my argue that that there were no fatalities in this Juba Day Incidence, however judging by the way the victims sustained the injuries, it could as well have led to loss of lives. After all it was a shooting from close range!

This case must be thoroughly investigated and anyone found on the wrong side must face legal actions. No doubt it is a case of the public against the state.

State officials right up from the State Governor to the Ministers involved, the Directors and the Survey Department officials must answer questions. Irresponsible people should no longer be allowed to run our affairs anymore.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General of the United South Sudan Party (USSP): He can be reached at: or

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and not of the website)’

Response to Mad Mading de Yaks article: Is it the Forgiver or the Gossiper?

The Bearer of Bad News is responding to an article published in the New Times weekly Newspaper, Issue number 069, dated November 05, 2012, entitled

    (Deng Dau Deng: Man who advised John Garang on what to do)

authored by Noble John Mading Yak. In that article, Mading was praising one of the spoilsports, Hon. Deng Dau Deng Malek, and trying to reprimand the Presidents work and demeaning others. It is appropriate to quote him. De Yak has said in his article that when we say Dr. John Garang de Mabior has never died, this means that he had some capable people whom he always shared ideas with and said people like Hon. Deng Dau Deng was a good example.

Furthermore, the quote continues: if he is given a ministerial post in the national government, he can change the disappointing face of this nation. Unquote.

Unquestionably, Kiir Mayardit has done more than enough to partisans of sabotage and those who exacerbate many. I thought Mading would stop superimposition. Deng is a Kind of person that gives politics a bad name and he Was uniquely responsible for setting a stage for the recent Mabior de Garang Mabior (Dr. John Garangs son) opposition.

Deng has never been adviser to Dr. Garang either on political issues or the others. It would be better for Mad Mading to mention other people other than Deng Junior. Deng became known to Garang only after his leg amputation but also only after he claimed to be a close relative to Dr. John Garangs wife, Nyandeng (Brother-in-law). His first request was for the survival of his family and a scholarship for the course he finished after long time.

Mabior Garang can be a leader of this country only if his time comes but it is visionless to be mislead and think prematurely by a politician who is a senior member of the ruling party. Mabior Garang speeches always have defined sources. The once green-eyed boy (Deng) can not think right now of being an orphan in this different situation.

Conversely, Deng Dau has been a renowned forwarding agent/boy who tried his best to diminish or defame others in order to control the then sweet yoke of the greed but Kiir decided to help that bluffer.

Mad Mading, what kind of reform do you think Deng can offer? Are you campaigning for presidency on behalf of Deng or what are your words representing? Liberation of South Sudan was a collective task, South Sudanese participated for 21 years not only Deng Dau. It is unwise for Mad Mading to state that without Deng Dau, the result of 21 years of Struggle (CPA) would have not been achieved.

Greed can never be forgotten by those who were breathing during the struggle. In fact, if the current government is being led by a tyrant, there could be no even a handshake with controversial figures like this one and his colleagues. But because Kiir was a man of God, the so-called spy is now an aristocrat; otherwise the messy system as called by Mading Yak Choldit would have been something not to talk of in the streets or therein.

Not only that, he should have been banished from the country for playing a demon role or incapacitated or incarcerated straight away because of earlier memories. The callous of 21 years is canvassing for the unknown.

The article of Mading Yak Choldit gripped my imagination because many people including me tried to extricate themselves during the struggle because of fear from that goody-goody. Mading is deluding himself and so his MP. Their impetuous behaviors one day will get both of them into trouble. What went wrong during the struggle was known to all of us and it can clearly be detailed, but because Kiir is a simple, humble, forgiving messiah and a devoted Christian, he chunked the old issues for the betterment of this nation.

Mad Mading Yak also stated that Deng Dau Deng had been sidelined in the national government. My sincere advice to Noble John Mading is that misinterpretation of facts may get us to hell. My mad boy, this country was not liberated to be consumed by only a few individuals.

South Sudan is a country with 64 tribes whose interest needs to be nationally recognized. Take a look at Kiir Mayardit mercy style of leadership, Deng Dau Deng is an MP of Twic East County and that is already a prestigious position and in addition to that, Kiir appointed him to head the commission (for disabled, widows, etc..) whose budget is nearly equal to a ministry. Two bundles of salaries/Wonga are more to a person of such a character and educational level and one wonders the source of making noise at Kiir Mayardit.

How many positions do you want a man with that controversial character to handle? It is also very important to quote Mading Yak Choldit. Mad De Yak said and I quote, that Deng a good dad who can never abandon his children, he is a good dad who can never eat before his children. He is a simple man who lives a simple life with his family in a small Compound which he built with his own Salary. (End of quote). Noble Mading Yak is a crazy toddler who can even be good-fella.

Mad Mading has a reasoning capacity of a 5-month old child. Do you know that Deng is having shares allegedly with the controversial Ayat company? Who told you that Deng is the poorest person among other officials? Do you not think that the money generated from this foreign company is even enough to build a house? The question a wise South Sudanese can ask is, from which country does this company (Ayat) come from and what is the hidden motive of the company before a government top official could be pushed by ignorance and pulled by money?

I was also shocked when I saw (MP) Dengs photo on the newspaper in August 2011, advertising for JIT water by appealing to the public that JIT water was safe to drink and nothing to fear from. This role could only be played by a marketing person not by such a national figure. No way, a cashier, an auditor and account controller of his own commission could never prosper, my friend. He has built many things, leave alone a small compound of such assumption.

It is better to stop demeaning others for the sake of selling someone who was/is seriously dangerous. The head of gossiping club is visible everywhere. Any way, he might be the one bragging to that confused group and his family in order to come out with useless point of finality. He might be on the top of the list of 75 people accused of having looted the country in contradiction to what Mading has said.

Mad Mading De Yak Choldit also authored that if his father, Martin Majier Gai, and John Garang de Mabor, among others from his clan had lived up to this time, the bad situation would have been averted. De Yak should know that the untimely death of our great leader John Garang is regrettable to all of us and the world in general.

Mama Eve and Dad Adam (Old Testament) never died in one minute for sure, Mading De Yak. Our heroes/heroines fought a good fight and the blood they poured is what concluded the final walk to freedom. Seeing them departing before witnessing the birth of the republic of South Sudan is soul-destroying. May their souls rest in an eternal peace. But Mading De Yak, there is no way of wishing the living heroes/heroines bad luck and praying for what God has never created to happen to others.

Mading must digest, all the 64 tribes of South Sudan including the Nuba who are still a falling prey to the authoritarian regime in Khartoum participated. Blue Nilers can never be forgotten for the cause. People died in large numbers from three regions of South Sudan plus contested two regions of our friends, Blue Nile and South Kordofan.

We know where the bastards are and I do not mind of humoring the old fool for a while. Summarily, Deng was not the only person confronting the enemy. After he allegedly shot his own leg with his own gun which resulted into the amputation, he resorted to a new deadly strategy of mucking others for nothing. He became a real insider and inexperienced consultant for the sake of survival.

De Yak continued by saying if Malong was made a minister of National Security and Deng for a strategic other position, then, there would be a reform. Let me say that all of us were aware of who was always behind the coups that created a lot of fear among the populace after the signing of the CPA. Coup is being used as a short cut to those positions stated by Mad Mading. This was what went wrong undoubtedly in the Country.

If South Sudan is failing to govern itself very well, then these two guys Mad Mading is praising to bring changes are part of the evil and the reforms De Yak is talking about to come from them would just be a myth. It is illicit to choose the position in the government and go ahead to create chaos. Kiir bears a blame for always seeing saboteurs as leaders.

Interestingly, Mad Mading de Yak added that and I quote: He (Deng) is the only man who has changed the politics of Twice East County. Schools, health centers, roads are being developed under his leadership unlike his predecessor who was doing nothing, and very extravagant by spending a lot of money in London because of mere Malaria infection. Unquote.

The said predecessor was actually sick that resulted into surgery. Parliamentarians were all aware of the danger Chol (predecessor) went through, only Deng used this bad allegation against his predecessor to win voters during 2015 elections and to continue rallying others for the purpose of next elections. The development that is taking place in Twic East County can be stated by somebody who hails from there. This braggart always mentions stupid things to be the best and I am not really sure of any rapid development in his county.

Mad Mading could have appreciated him (MP) not because his name (Deng) never appeared among the first 27 officials who have been named of taking away millions of dollars from this Country but because of his work in Twic East County. Let me say that 27 officials were just assumed and published by enemies of the state. This could have been the work of an insider with an outsider or outsider with motives of tarnishing our image. This statement might have been passed to or directly to Mading De Yak from that dullard. It was very clear that some MPs from the ruling party incited the public to demonstrate so that the names of 75 officials must be revealed.

Mad Mading, if you do not know how to thank people, then you must shut-up thanking the criminals/spies. Does the President know who is in connection with an American Journalist, Mr. Boswel?

Resettlement was an obvious project not because Deng has been the President of Kakuma Refugee Camp. UNHCR has been there before you and Deng Dau, and it has been doing this work in war affected Countries like Rwanda among others. Going to USA, Australia, and Europe among others was not an individual effort my friend. The project of going abroad was initiated by Dr. Garang himself not Deng as Mad Mading suggested.

Deng is not a store of Garangs information at all, as Mad Mading said. Garang was more clever enough than him (Deng). Garang has never been a gossiper, Garang was not jealous or envious like that man and Garang never had a gossip column.

Mad Noble Mading de Yak, gotcha! Garang has stored information somewhere else not in a person who indulges in hypocrisy.

(To be continued only if Mad Mading de Yak responds to this article)

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and not of the website)
By Alier Juba: Reach me at:

The first anniversary of Peter Sule’s indefinite imprisonment

BY: ELHAG PAUL, RSS, NOV. 02/2012, SSN; 3rd November 2012 marks the first anniversary of Peter Sules capture in Moruland. I am using the word anniversary here loosely to cover everything negative and positive. For those who are affected and those who are not, let them put it in their own context as they wish since the fact remains that he has been in detention for 12 months.

Peter was alleged to have rebelled against the government of South Sudan. At that time Sudan Tribune broke the news on 4th November 2011 by reporting that *SPLM spokesperson Philip Aguer said Peter Abdul Rahman Sule, the leader of opposition United Democratic Front (UDF) was arrested in Jambu payam, Mundri East County of Western Equatoria state, after a brief exchange of fire between his forces and the army*.

So far Peter remains in detention having reportedly been severely abused initially by the security forces. Presently there is no information about his health and general well being from credible independent sources.

At about this time last year the media was saturated with the story of Peters attempted rebellion. Most of the articles printed in newspapers, exchanges in the various internet discussion forums, exchanges in informal verbal discussions between friends and groups across the board had very unpleasant things to say about Peter. Peter basically became a punch bag for those who for one reason or another had something to vent their frustrations on. There was no rationality in relation to Peters case. It was believed that most of the vocal critics of Peter were people who grabbed the opportunity to pitch job application to GoSS by shredding him.

Peter was called a fool and stupid. He was not spared and assessed holistically as a human being with multifaceted personality. All of us have different sides to our characters and we are conditioned by the way we are brought up, by our cultures and the environment in which we live. Our different sides of character come out to play by events in our environment.

Against such a background, talking about Peter demands examination of all the factors that have led to him resorting to rebellion. That is another huge topic for another day and I will not delve into it. But to start with, we need to know (though I will not explain): who is Peter? What is his contribution to the liberation of South Sudan? What is Peters personality? What are his values in life? What is his political belief? What prompted him to take that route? Was he justified to take that action? Who would have been the losers and beneficiaries had he succeeded in his endeavors?

Such questions are important to ask in order to know something about the person and what motivates him. With such knowledge making comments can be within context and also fair rather than the spewing of venom we saw last year at the heat of the moment. Nobody is perfect and we are all fallible and thus we need to be considerate and fair of others in our assessments and comments.

Peter has now been in detention for twelve months allegedly for rebellion. During this period there have been many rebellions against the government of South Sudan. For example, David Yau Yau in Jonglei state declared war on the government of South Sudan. While violence is unacceptable, it seems many groups are gravitating towards that end.

Why? The fact that the government is controlled by one party, the SPLM serving interest of a specific group of people is not helping the situation, especially given that the SPLM is bent on enriching its members at the expense of the people of South Sudan.

Internally, agents of the state are taking a different non-democratic route in their attempt to change the system. Since July there have been a number of failed coups in Juba. Prominent among them was the one of 26th July 2012 allegedly spearheaded by the Bor group under the leadership of Maj. Gen. Paul Mach and the recent one allegedly led by Maj. Gen. Simon Gatwec. The former was very serious and it nearly brought the government down. Most of the coup plotters were arrested and detained in Yei garrison. However, due to tribal politics in the name of unity of the rulers, the culprits were swiftly released with some rewarded by being sent as representatives of the government to the talks in Addis Ababa.

This act is a blatant violation of the constitution of South Sudan.

The latter attempt which forced the president to return to Juba from a summit in Kampala/Uganda in the middle of October 2012 is reportedly not as serious as the earlier one but has the potential even now to snowball into something. It is still viewed as a smoldering gun. The alleged leader of the coup, Maj. Gen. Simon Gatwec, is now in detention in Juba.

Maj. Gen. Paul Mach and his group (unlike Peter Sule) and Maj. Gen. Gatwec appear to have received a lenient and favourable treatment from the government of South Sudan. For a group which is alleged to have attempted to overthrow the government violently to be rewarded is a new phenomenon in African politics and this can only be in RSS. The politics of tribalism in South Sudan may eventually destroy it.

For the president to ignore the constitution and *Fi ainak ya tajir* (meaning deliberate deceit in your face or what can you do?), he rubbishes the constitution in order to preserve the interest of his social group is breathtaking. Sadly, the president appears to have no idea that he is representing something bigger than all the tribes of South Sudan combined and the behaviour he is exhibiting amounts to negligence of duty.

What is amazing is that no politician or member of the parliament has raised a finger on this unfortunate and unacceptable discriminatory and repressive act thereby making themselves complicit. It is clear, one group, the rulers and only the rulers, are above the law while the rest are subject to harsh treatment.

Maj. Gen. Gatwec unlike Peter has the weight and unconditional support of his people in the form of the Nuer Youth behind him. Right from the time of his arrest the Nuer Youth beat the drums of notice so loud that everybody heard their message. It is most likely that Maj. Gen. Gatwec case may now be handled sensitively because he comes from a community that can protect their own in a country that fails to protect all its citizens as per constitution. It is also possible that Maj. Gen. Gatwec could follow Peters fate for the simple fact that not all the Nuer political actors have been protected by their community. Something that is puzzling but a reality.

The reason for this anomaly may lie in internal politics of Nuer community. An example can be drawn from the case of George Tang and others. Since their arrest their cases have been of low profile. To date nothing has been heard about them in terms of justice.

Peter comes last in the pecking order of political things in RSS and with it his own personal worth. The manner in which the people of his own region went silent on his rights and security buoyed the rulers and ensured that Peter is thrown to the wolves. But it is important to note that whatever is happening to Peter is not the first and the last and it is not the end of the story.

Any emerging effective and popular leader from Peters region from now on can be a fair game in RSS politics. Such a leader can be entrapped, framed and trashed in similar manner as Peter and nobody will raise their head in his/her support. For Peters experience will always be the precedent and point of reference to go by in the eyes of the tribal victors.

Equatoria subjugation The leaders of SPLM/A from its inception in 1983 have always sought to pacify and subjugate parts of South Sudan, especially Equatoria. Leaders from that part of the country have been targeted in many ways. The techniques mostly applied to subjugate Equatoria and its leaders include *divide and rule*, *isolate and kill* with terrorisation of the population. Now, it seems they may have succeeded.

For the majority of those who stood out thumping their chests in condemnation of Peter (a jurist of wide experience in life) were mostly short sighted Equatorians conditioned psychologically by SPLM terror.

The humiliation of Peter through Machiavellian intrigues and machinations is not only Peters problem. Peter is only an individual and for that matter a drop in an ocean. The humiliation carries a big political picture spanning four decades of internal politics of South Sudan. It is about vicious control of an entire region and its people.

The symbolism of Peters forgotten detention tells a lot about his region and its people. It depicts the disempowerment of a once proud and stout people whose dignity has been lowered to nothing. It is a statement that what Peter represents in terms of his identity, culture and freedom can be trodden upon with impunity by the tribal victors.

The basic acts portraying this reality in South Sudan can be found in the illegal but condoned practice of land grab, assaults on innocent men and women by tribal security force, marginalisation in civil service, denial of passports etc.

In contrast to this appalling situation is the fact that the crimes of the victors are at worst ignored or at best legitimised. Take for example, Arthur Akuen Chol who stole hundreds of millions from the government. When he was arrested and detained, his people (armed thugs) went to the prison and violently released him from detention. What followed is stuff of Alice in Wonderland.

No investigation on a prisoner breaking out from prison with help of relatives. No inquiry on the attack on state institution. No action taken against the escapee and culprits who stormed state property although they are known. All these violations and crimes are shrugged off and capped by Arthur being rewarded by a parliamentary appointment by the president. Wow!

Any wonder why RSS is a failed state? Just compare and contrast the actions of this administration to get the jest of what I am trying to say here in terms of oppression, discrimination and abuse of state power by the so-called heroes or should I say villains.

Maj. Gen. Paul Mach and group can violate the law and yet gain their freedom to move freely with rewards from the government while others like Peter are indefinitely incarcerated with the media unleashed to demonise them. President Kiir needs to be fair. During the independence of South Sudan he swore to uphold the constitution.

Now that he has broken it to free the *Machs* of this world, he needs to extend the same treatment to all the other political detainees. Granting amnesty to those languishing in the detention centres will help calm the political atmosphere. Bring fresh hope to the country and possibly lead to a new direction.

Things are not improving in our country. Everyday the sun rises and sets the situation gets worse. Corruption grows, insecurity spreads engulfing the cities, tribalism spreads like cancer, the leaders make blunders, no provision of services to the people etc. The rebellions we are facing and talking about here all started because of these very ills. The result now is that South Sudan has become a fertile ground for germination of rebels with coups popping up like mushrooms on wet ground. We can not go on like this. Some sense needs to prevail.

First and foremost, SPLM needs to reflect and accept that the country belongs to all the people of South Sudan and so the people have a stake in how it is managed. Currently, the direction the country is heading into is not good for anybody including the SPLM itself. Thus SPLM needs to take a proper democratic step by:

1) Granting general amnesty to all political prisoners, armed groups and opposition figures to equalise his release of the Machs so we start afresh.
2) arranging a conference where all the political parties, civil societies and independent stake holders are represented to deliberate on the issues afflicting the country.
3) forming a government of national unity to govern the country during an interim period and for that government to create a conducive atmosphere for general elections.

If president Kiir really wants to have a memorable legacy it will only have to be on his courage and confidence if he has any to pull back our country from the brink of disaster. He drove it to this dangerous position and he now needs to act like a real statesman to save what is left of it by initiating the proposed democratic actions. By acting he will end the unnecessary sufferings and divisions in the country and recover his name.

As stated, Peters humiliation symbolises something big. That something instead of it being destructive and divisive, it should bring us all together and here I want to end this article by quoting president Kiir himself.

*This is the time that we must cement the unity of South Sudan so that we are one country,* Gurtong 26th November 2011. Let us then cement the unity of South Sudan by treating every citizen equally as mandated in the constitution and preached by our church leaders.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and not of the website)
Elhag Paul

A Reply to an open letter by Kuir e Garang from ‘whimsical’ Dr. Lam

From: DR. LAM AKOL, OCT. 31/2012, SSN;

The Son of my Brother, Kuir E Garang,

Since you addressed me in your open letter as *uncle*, allow me to take the liberty of calling you the *son of my brother.* This is one of our good African traditions in contrast to Afronomy you mentioned in your letter. That is one necessary point to explain. The other is that it is not in my habit to respond to all what is written about me in the press, and there are many nasty such writings, but your presentation is different. Despite my disagreement with most of what you wrote about, as it will become clear in the following lines, your arguments are presented intellectually without being unduly abusive. This is why I believe engaging you in an honest debate would be useful both to you as a motivated young man, and to all and sundry who are interested in finding out the truth.

It is not a waste of time to respond as many will hasten to advise me. Our nation will not move forward by building walls between us but rather by opening bridges for communication between and among us. I assume that was your intention, otherwise, you would not have taken the trouble to put pen to paper.

I will overlook your description of me to be whimsical as the term is obviously an oxymoron in this case, for everything you said about me in the letter is antithetical to that epithet.

The Son of my Brother,

From the outset, I would like to point out that I will here only respond to those parts of your letter addressed to me personally or to both of us together. I believe Dr Riek Machar is capable of speaking for himself despite the aspersions that come out from time to time in your letter and elsewhere that he was just *used* in the Nasir Move in 1991.

Let me begin with your reference to what you call the *unfortunate, yet incoherent split of SPLA/M in 1991.* This characterization contradicts your assertion that you were *paraphrasing* the reasons behind the split which come out as a coherent stuff. In fact, you go further to say this: I have to confess, for those who have read the policy paper of the two of you in 1991; the paper was appealing on face value. If all the things narrated in the policy position were implemented in the manner they were documented, South Sudan could be a different place now; a peaceful, prosperous place.

Therefore, the split might have been unfortunate for some of its unforeseen consequences, but was never incoherent by your own admission. This is a central point to your argument and indeed to the current discourse.

In the same vein, in addressing Dr Riek Machar, you had this to say: *So Dr Riek Machar, your vision for South Sudan was thwarted by your disagreement with Dr Akol, your eventual split and your consequential tribalization of the national agenda*. This is an unequivocal admission that Dr Riek had a vision for South Sudan which got thwarted because of the reasons you gave. One, then, wonders where that accolade has gone when you said on addressing Dr Riek Machar again that *it appears to me that 1991 was orchestrated by Dr Lam Akol in its entirety and that you had nothing absolutely to do with the split. You were just used by Dr Lam as a question of numbers advantage*.

Are you not unwittingly risking sliding into the same pit of those who have been unscrupulously parroting such untruth without weighing their words? Dr Riek Machar is an intellectual on his own right and a capable SPLA/M Commander, and the people who say such things either do not know what they are talking about or are trying to be too clever to pass the buck to others. I am disinclined to describe you as such.

On being *the brain behind the 1991*, this is an honour I do not claim alone. There were many brains behind the Nasir Move far beyond the three SPLM/A Political-Military High Command members who made the announcement on the 28th of August 1991 in Nasir. If some people, for one reason or the other, are today afraid to admit so, this does not change the historical fact. I played my role and others did theirs. It is inconceivable that such a momentous event could be a work of one brain!

The Son of my Brother,

On my assignment as Sudan Minister of Foreign Affairs, you seem to be unaware of several obvious facts. You say: *you accepted the ministerial post knowing that you had to present the Sudanese position to the world; and that position was not for the interest of South Sudanese people.* This is the balderdash we hear on the streets.

In the first place, why should you assume that the Sudanese position was not for the interest of South Sudanese people? Be informed that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) stipulates that the SPLM and the National Congress were in partnership to implement the agreement. They were not enemies as some who entertained hidden agendas misled a good number of South Sudanese to believe. We were in a coalition government known as the Government of National Unity (GONU) that came about as a result of the CPA and whose main function it was to implement it. The SPLM was part and parcel of GONU, and not outside it, again, as some of you were made to believe.

I presume you know how coalition governments work. If so, are you saying that the CPA was *not to the interest of South Sudanese people*? The policies of that Government were formulated by the Council of Ministers with eight SPLM ministers and a Presidency where the First Vice President from South Sudan has a right of veto; the most powerful vice president in the world. If all these people cannot guarantee the interest of South Sudanese people, including in the area of foreign affairs, then perhaps it was not worth signing the CPA.

All the questions that followed in your letter are unfortunate redundancies because they were based on a wrong premise, and so is the conclusion that *It all comes down to one thing: you did it for your own political agenda; to present your face to the world. This makes me wonder if you used Dr Riek in 1991 in the same vain (sic): at the expense of the people.*

For your information, my face was well known to the world already as one of the leaders of the 1985 popular Intifadha (Uprising) that overthrew Nimeiri dictatorship, and afterwards as the SPLM/A Chief Peace Negotiator since 1988, the SPLM/A negotiator and focal point of the UN-sponsored and well publicized Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), the SPLM/A Director of Coordination and External Relations 1988-1990, the Secretary for External Affairs and Peace 1991-1994 and as Chairman of SPLM-United 1994-2003. All these assignments entailed world exposure.

In all humility, I had a high international profile already and did not need to use Dr Machar or any other person or position to enhance it. On the contrary, it was all these assignments that benefited from my high profile including the ministry of foreign affairs. I hope you are not one of the victims of the intense propaganda that was waged against me then with the only objective to get me out of the ministerial post. I will touch on some aspects of this campaign shortly.

The Son of my Brother,

Your biggest flop came when you unfortunately averred that *when you were removed from the ministry of foreign affairs, you went ahead and formed a party in a country that still has a long way to go to embrace liberal democracy. Why did you not take one ministry and make it exemplary for the rest of the country? You could have asked Kiir to give you one ministry, reform it, and make it immutable to the rest.*

First, you seem to suggest that you do not believe that the time is ripe for liberal democracy. I will return to this point later on.

Second, I did not form a political party as soon as I was removed from the ministry of foreign affairs as you appear to suggest. Let me jog your memory. I was removed from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in October 2007 whereas my party was formed two years later in 2009. In between, I continued to be a loyal member of the SPLM. However, a number of events took place that drove me out of the party. There has always been a group in the SPLM who did not want me in the SPLM leadership since the reunification in October 2003 of the SPLM/A with the SPLM-United, which I led since I was dismissed by Riek Machar in February 1994. The group tried to influence Dr John Garang to place me in the Leadership Council as a junior to them which failed because I rejected it.

It is the same group that was unhappy because I was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and they have been spreading falsehood against me since then including the seeming incompatibility of the interest of South Sudan with that of Sudan that you delved in. The story is long. Suffice it to mention that it is the same group which engineered the Ministerial Strike in October 2007; the first in the world. We know how coalition governments are dissolved, but, anyway, this is beside our point now. The only reason for the strike was to remove Dr Lam Akol from the Cabinet. After the walkout, Salva Kiir reshuffled the SPLM component of the Government and moved me to the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs. The new lineup was announced by the President and a date for taking the oath of office was fixed and arrangements were in place in the Republican Palace for the occasion.

At the last minute the group persuaded Salva Kiir to postpone the occasion and insisted to continue the strike. It was only when my name was dropped from the lineup that the SPLM went back to the Cabinet. I continued as a member of the Political Bureau of the SPLM and a member of National Parliament representing SPLM. Again obstacles were put on my way. For instance, in April, my car was shot at near Malakal by unknown assailants resulting in the killing of my bodyguard and the driver. In the same month, I was denied getting into Kodok town by an SPLM Commissioner using the SPLA. After that I was refused to address the public in Kaka and Wadakona by the SPLM Commissioner (who was previously an SAF intelligence Sergeant when I was commander of the area) and the SPLA commander. I raised complaints to Salva Kiir on these incidences to no avail. I still keep copies of these letters of complaint. Can you imagine junior Party members preventing a member of the Political Bureau from interacting with the public without orders from above?

Then came the SPLM convention in 2008, and my name was left out of the members Salva Kiir appointed to the Political Bureau. This was as a result of pressure from the same group. Things did not stop at that. There followed a sustained campaign of character assassination against me in the daily newspapers and even on South Sudan TV. I again raised the matter to Salva Kiir as the Chairman of the SPLM, again in vain.

I am not complaining, only pointing out facts that you rightfully requested in your open letter. Thus, it is abundantly clear that I had no choice but to leave with my dignity intact, unless you want me to be like Dr Riek Machar who you are now complaining against as an opportunist. Was not the war about our dignity?

If we were all these years complaining about the Arabs treating us as *second class* citizens why would one accept it in a party that is presumably ones choice?

Dr John Garang used to lecture to SPLA soldiers that *oppression has no particular colour*; oppressors could be white, red, black or even your own brother. I and others with me refused to accept humiliation. Such was the birth of SPLM-DC in June 2009. If our country has still a long way to go to embrace liberal democracy, it has to start somewhere, and this must be done by some people who dedicate themselves to the cause of multi-party democracy regardless of the thorny road to be traversed. Even in the West, democracy came at a huge human cost. Shortcuts in politics could sometimes be more damaging.

By now you should be in a position to answer your own question whether, even if I were to stoop down to do that, I could ask Salva Kiir to pick me a ministry that I can make exemplary for the rest of the country. That is not only beyond idealism; it is wishful thinking to believe that President Salva, who succumbed to pressures to exclude me from a cabinet position in 2007 government reshuffle, would hand me a ministry to use as a prototype.

As to my absence during the flag-raising ceremony on 9th July 2011, I have said and written a lot about it. It cannot be isolated from the reason why I was not in Juba before then. Your rhetorical question that who the hell is Kiir? is what you did not think through more realistically. For starters, he is the President of the Republic and the Commander-in-Chief of the SPLA, among his other titles. In that capacity he has the control of the institutions that monopolize the instruments of violence.

Did you not hear that the Leader of the official Opposition was beaten by the security and lost his teeth on the 7th of July 2011 for no reason other than celebrating the independence of South Sudan? So I had to talk to Salva Kiir in Nairobi, not the other way round, to give me assurances on my security in Juba. I am thankful that he did. That is what took me to Juba and spent two months there. Nevertheless, the group had the upper hand and things relapsed, but this is a matter that does not concern us here.

The Son of my Brother,

Sincerely, you confuse me in what I see as conflicting pieces of advice you are giving me. In one breath you criticize Dr Machar, and rightly so, for being unable to do something in his position, but at the same time you advise me to join the deformed SPLM and its government. If I accept such an advice, this would be where really the SPLM will be right to see me as a selfish political opportunist after his own political agenda as you put it. Without changing the structure of an institution, individuals, however gifted they may be, cannot do much. The pragmatism you are calling for, is for me synonymous with opportunism.

Far from your assertion that my brain is being wasted on theoretical propositions just like some of you, I happen to believe in the infinite capacity of our people to understand their own situation and effect change. You are unfortunately absolutely wrong to think that our people cannot or have not been sensitized enough to size up the misrule meted on them by the SPLM. You yourself admit that the self-righteousness within SPLM is suffocating and disastrous for the country.

How many South Sudanese would have reached this conclusion three years ago or even a year ago? And if they did, how many will say so publicly? A few days ago there was a popular demonstration in Juba against the giving away to Sudan of Mile 14 Area. Was that not due to awareness? Could it have come without the other point of view?

Education is a slow process but because it is worth pursuing we never tire of doing so. And it obviously needs brains too! Do not forget that it takes 16 years for a normal student to earn a University degree! Achievement can only happen under a conducive environment.

Joining a deformed and suffocating SPLM, as you correctly described the unruly ruling party or its corrupt government would be the height of opportunism. This is why it is crucially imperative to acknowledge that the brains that strive to bring about change are not being wasted. Remember, the best practice is founded on well grounded theory(ies).

Stay well, the son of my brother, and keep the books coming. Some people will definitely read them.

Thank you.

Uncle Dr Lam Akol.

Mr. Nice Guy and Mr. Whimsical: An open letter to Dr. Machar and Dr. Lam Akol

BY: KUIR E GARANG, ALBERTA, CANADA, OCT. 29/2012, SSN; So get your coffee or beer because this going to be a bumpy ride.
As someone who grew up under the enigmatic leadership of SPLM/A, and suffered through the unfortunate, yet incoherent split of SPLA/M in 1991, I think its time for me to write this piece. However, this piece is rather a policy position inquiry to our *learned* and *famed* PhDs.

For those who are prone to misunderstanding, the letter is meant to ask questions that would move the country forward. It is not to question why the SPLM split in 1991. I know the reasons presented in 1991 and the reasons that continue to be given. I am just inquiring as an inquisitive young South Sudanese poet and author.

Our country was born just over a year ago, but it is now suffering from the worlds famed ills of *Afronomy.* The chronic ailments in all African sociopolitical and socioeconomic environments are well-known so I am not going to delve into the contents of Afronomy.

To make this article sensible, I will start with some of the things our two leaders chronicled in 1991.
Chief of the complaints against Dr. John Garang was his dictatorial or one-man leadership style. SPLM under Garang was presented as an organization in which decisions were made without consulting the top leadership of the movement; people were killed anyhow (at time ritually) without any due legal procedure being followed. There was also no formalized leadership structure or coherent policy positions other than what Garang decided and instituted. For those who have read SPLM Manifesto; it is nothing but a piece out of George Orwells 1984.

The two PhDs also lamented Garangs incoherent and costly vision of *New Sudan* so they wanted to change course and fight for the total independence of South Sudan.

In short, the leaders wanted to liberalize and democratize SPLM, pitch a coherent and attainable cause and goal for the people of South Sudan and present Garang as a man who had confused his own political agenda and vision for the country, with the aspirations of South Sudanese.

Remember, I am paraphrasing, so forgive me if some points veer badly away. So that is my two cents. So what happened to the two *PhDs* since then? I will have to ask them some questions and make some comments.

So why only the two of us, you may ask?

I do believe the two of you are able to change South Sudan in a positive light. I chose the two of you because I know you had the chance to look at issues outside the SPLM circle for some times. The self-righteousness within SPLM is suffocating and disastrous for the country.

I believe if the two of you change course and start being doers not talkers, then good things can happen in South Sudan.

    Dr. Riek Machar: Mr. Nice Guy!

Dr. Riek Machar, you are the second most powerful man in South Sudan so I would assume you can now implement the agenda of 1991. I have to confess, for those who have read the policy paper of the two of you in 1991; the paper was appealing on face value. If all the things narrated in the policy position were implemented in the manner they were documented, South Sudan could be a different place now; a peaceful, prosperous place. But what happened? We know what happened.

The two of you ended up in Khartoum and back in SPLM. So Dr. Riek Machar, your vision for South Sudan was thwarted by your disagreement with Dr. Akol, your eventual split and your consequential tribalization of the national agenda. That was then.
But why are you not implementing your 1991 vision since you now have some power to do so?

Why are journalists being intimidated? Why is Kiir vested with so much power that everyone in Juba fears the Presidency? Why are the national security agents censoring newspaper articles? Why are young people not given programs to help them prosper? Why are church leaders being censored?

Why is our economy controlled by foreigners, who hardly pay taxes while our people languish in unemployment?

Why is SPLM still undemocratic? Why is the case that there is no coherent policy framework in the SPLM and the government of South Sudan? Is it not this part of what you lamented in 1991?

Why do you demean yourself in cases such as threatening to block the registration of SPLM-DC? You split with Garang, supposedly, because of such dictatorial tendencies so what in the name of the Jewish son are you doing? Why are you not presenting a clear strategic position of your government?

So when Dr. Garang did these things then they were bad but when you and Kiir do them then they are not bad. It looks like you are *Mr. Nice Guy* afraid to make mistakes. 1991 was a fundamental policy and principle differences terribly gone wrong

It appears to me that 1991 was orchestrated by Dr. Lam in its entirety and that you had nothing absolutely to do with the split. You were just used by Dr. Lam as a question of numbers advantage.

If I am wrong and that you actually had the interest of the country in heart then, why then are you quite on policy and human rights wise as the country continues to slide into uncertainty? You need to come out in force and represent your government just like you did (I think) in 1991 policy-wise, if at all you did actually contributed anything in 1991.

Young people are just wondering. You just postulate issues that make people like me wonder: Where has the brain of Dr. Riek Machar gone to? Has he attained the things he wanted so he does not care anymore about helping the country move forward? Or does he want to kowtow to Kiir for a chance to be anointed the next president? Or is he just twice shy?

Dr. Riek, I am confused and you need to come clean. I want to believe that you are not an opportunist, who has found what he wanted and does not want to ruffle feathers anymore. Speak up!

Dr. Riek Machar, many people admire your courage to come back to the SPLM after the atrocities of 1991. That was a selfless act and it shows critical minds that you at least have some interest of the people in heart (Well others might say …mmm… after what? …he had failed). But that is beside the point.

You are letting South Sudanese down and you are letting young people like me down. Those with you in the government have never seen things from the outside but you did. Speak up!

    Dr. Lam Akol: *Mr. Whimsical!*

With your savvy prose and suave political postulates (not arguments though), you have convinced (not that I did not know) someone like me that you were the brain behind 1991. From the time you were Sudans foreign minister to the time you formed SPLM-DC, to your absence during South Sudans independence celebration; all have something to tell South Sudanese. I must confess I admire your eloquence and evasive canniness.

I also admire your almost pious idealism. You have grandeur idealism that I only see with young people. What you need to know with South Sudanese though is that idealism is something they are yet to understand. As a foreign Minister, you were representing Sudan and that was what you did, efficiently. That was the ideal thing to do given your job description. However, South Sudanese wanted you to represent their voice. I just do not understand how you could represent the country abroad and talk against it! This is something South Sudanese did not grasp or did not want to grasp.

You accepted the ministerial post knowing that you had to present the Sudanese position to the world; and that position was not for the interest of South Sudanese people. This makes me wonder. Why did you accept this position with no qualm given that dilemma? Do not tell me it was Kiir because he had no idea what he was getting into. They wanted you to clean the Sudanese image abroad! Uh!

If your interest is South Sudan, then why did you represent the Sudanese position? If you were cornered by the role you had to play (Which I understand because that is the position you had to represent) then why did you accept the position? Or why did you not resign?

It all comes down to one thing: you did it for your own political agenda; to present your face to the world. This makes me wonder if you used Dr. Riek in 1991 in the same vain: at the expense of the people.

When you were removed from the ministry of foreign affairs, you went ahead and formed a party in a country that still has a long way to go to embrace liberal democracy. Why did you not take one ministry and make it exemplary for the rest of the country? You could have asked Kiir to give you one ministry, reform it, and make it immutable to the rest.

What we need now in South Sudan is not someone to tell people to do things. You have to show them how to do things. You are more than capable of changing South Sudan but your political ambitions just stand in the way of your helping our people.

If you had taken one ministry and made it exemplarily functional, you could have mocked the rest of ministers; telling them that *this is how you run a ministry!* You could have shamed them by telling them that *my ministry is almost free of tribalism, corruption and my achievements are there for the rest to see.* You can guess how South Sudanese could have regarded you. Good examples in deeds indeed!

Imagine yourself taking over ministry of Transport, take the funds allocated to the ministry and make the major roads functional; accounting for every dime. You could have been a messiah in South Sudan.

But you chose to form a party in a political landscape in which political opposition is a misunderstood phenomenon. You knew this very well but you went ahead anyway. I know you write press releases and present policy positions but SPLM is a party of despots and you know they will never listen to you. You split in 1991 and then again to form SPLM-DC. This sounds like deja vu even if it is under different circumstances.

And oh, your absence during July 9, 2011 independence celebration is selfish, unwise and detrimental to your political ambition in South Sudan. It tells me you do not put the interest of the country before anything else. Can you tell South Sudanese what, in the name of the living deities, did you not you come? So Kiir had to talk to you in Nairobi for you to come to your own country? A country for which you dodged bullets? Nice political stunt!

But who the hell is Kiir? South Sudan does not belong to Kiir. I might be young and naive but hey, Uncle Lam, you did not think that through.

Now, your brain is being wasted on theoretical propositions just like some of us. So you call sensitizing South Sudanese and an achievement? That is what the likes of us are supposed to do, Uncle Lam. Be a doer not a reminding mind of the doers!

You could have effected many changes within the deformed, to use Dr. Garang word, SPLM. Now outside, you understand this better than anyone in South Sudan; they will never take you seriously. They will always see you as a selfish political opportunist after his own political agenda. And you know they say things without any evidence. And people will indict you on those things because we are in a country in which people do not think for themselves. Cult of personalities!

Look at what your 1991 friend is doing! Whatever happened to Dr. Riek Machar in Juba beats the living logic out of me. He is just there. Now, you are outside the decision making process of South Sudan and you are just there.

Stop being an idealist and be pragmatic. The times for your kind of idealism will come with people thirty years younger; or leave it to us. Stop talking and start doing!

By the way, multi-party democracy is a necessity in our country, so do not get me wrong. Timing of such is also a necessity, and you know that.

Kuir e Garang is a South Sudanese author, poet, publisher and word artist living in Calgary, Canada. Kuir has authored four books and the upcoming nonfiction book, (Is Black Really Beautiful?) The book tackles Race, Color and Racism in a more Afro-centered manner. For more information visit Kuir webpage: Or follow him twitter @kuirthiy

Who will have the final word over the *Mile 14 Area*?

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, OCT. 25/2012;

Following the 27th September agreement we have all known that things in Juba deteriorated immediately making an already bad situation to become worse. Politicians and citizens went bananas, especially so the elected Governor of Northern Bahr Ghazal (Aweil) who came out openly to denounce the inclusion of the *Mile 14 Area* within the would-be demilitarized zone along the ill-defined border between South Sudan and the Sudan. This marks a new chapter in the Arab encroachment on the Black African indigenous populations lands. This is a historical phenomenon in which the Black Africans have to continuously recede from the land and allow the movement of the Arab borders further south into the interior!

In the different Media Outlets, many South Sudanese have also expressed their disappointments on the different parts of the Salva Kiir administration since it has gone both politically and socio-economically bankrupt as a result of the poor leadership and widespread corruption.

On the other hand, President Salva Kiir and his Defense Minister wasted no time and rushed to Uganda to seek a long time allys advice none other than President Musseveni of Uganda who knows too well that underneath the New Two Sudans Accord lies a disaster for the entire region.

However, at this stage the embattled Truce at its face value definitely remains a Sudanese baby (shared responsibility between Juba and Khartoum) until proved otherwise. But considering the historical bumpy relationship that has existed between the two sides which stretches for well over a century, honoring of agreements in this part of the world is a thing hard to expect.

What followed in the two countries parliaments came as no surprise to anyone. It was not and still is not a thing that warrants anyone to be a genius to know in advance the positions of those MPs when it comes to endorsement of the government-led policies or agreements. The September Cooperation Agreement was not any different and therefore, it was easily ratified by both the SPLM-dominated parliament in Juba and its counterpart in Omdurman. Both institutions are identical in their compositions and function in a similar way, for both were created to rubber-stamped the parties policies.

But what surprised people including many members of the foreign diplomatic missions is that those who took to the streets as well as those who voiced their opposition to the Agreement either in the Media or otherwise are predominantly from the country northern front-line. This came as a shock to many given the fact that almost all those who by design represent the SPLM delegation to all the talks in Addis Ababa actually hail from these areas. Things obviously went this way, because the SPLM leadership has taken to the habit of taking the citizens for granted. And the fact that until now they are unable to successfully communicate the SPLM/NCP Cooperation Agreement to their home constituencies does speak loads.

However, the worrying development is no other but Governor Paul Malong Awan of Northern Bahr Ghazal position on the embattled September Cooperation Agreement. The defiant Governor came out very strongly right from the outset against the inclusion of the *14 Mile Area* in the would be demilitarized buffer zone between the two nations. The Governor position is also supported by many citizens from the Northern Bahr al Ghazal when they demonstrated in the streets of Juba.

But now that the country parliament has ratified the Cooperation Agreement in spite of the stern opposition from MPs from Northern Bahr al Ghazal State leaves some citizens and politicians with bitter tastes in their mouths. It also proves the point that the ruling party which holds 99.9% of the MP seats has gone to widen the ethnic and regional rift within the SPLM and the country at large.

Things did not end there as Governor Paul Malong Awan came back again very strongly and I quote: *The Governor of South Sudan Northern Bahr El Ghazal on Monday said that he will *fight* anyone who tries to take from his state a contested area on the border with neighboring Sudan*. (Sudan Tribune 22/10/12)

*We will fight the person who will take our land and the person who will give our land.* Governor Malong Awan stressed.

The above strong statements from the Governor will obviously raise eyebrows worldwide, but more so in New York and Addis Ababa. This is so because the issue of *Mile 14 Area* is now an integral part of the security arrangement between the governments of the two countries. Should the Governor go ahead to implement his threats then South Sudan will be witnessing the emergence of yet another armed opposition in Northern Bahr Ghazal.

However, the coming weeks will tell the rest of the story when the September Addis Ababa Cooperation Agreement moves to the implementation stage. As for now, the political atmosphere is gravid with so many uncertainties. With the UNSC Chapter Seven firmly held over the heads of President Salva Kiir and his counterpart President Al Bashir, all must abide with the African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP) brokered Agreement or risk the wrath of the International Community. At least this is what the UN Security Council resolution 2046 stands for.

Whichever way things go it is now clear that the new arrangements are about to consolidate the Abyei Area and now joined by *Mile 14 Area* as political hot spots. Nonetheless, the billion dollar question is: Who will have the final word over the *Mile 14 Area* given the huge discontent in Northern Bahr Ghazal State and especially so Governor Paul Malong Awan who seems to be ready to physically or militarily resist the inclusion of *Mile 14 Area* as part of this controversial agreement?

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are those of the author and not of the website)
Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba, Secretary General of the United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at: or

In reaction to Nuer Youth outrageous message on Gen. Gatwic’s detention

BY: Thomas Tut Doap, JUBA, OCT. 23/2012, SSN;
As a mature and well-informed member of the Nuer community, I would like to enlighten the public at large that what has been circulating in the media these days is unbecoming, given the fact that it promotes the tribal sentiments. I have been closely following the events from all media outlets, but failed to see and hear any meaningful response from the members of our community, who are also members of our government.

Mr. Chuol Rambang, the Chairperson of the South Sudan Peace Commissions message does not carry enough weight to dissuade the negative ramifications that would be brought about by the youth actions, following Maj-Gen. Simon Gatwec detention.

For this author, if Gen. Simon Gatwec was arrested because of being a Nuer, as those youth wanted us to believe, the negative reaction would have started in Bilpam, where the Minister of Defence, the Chief of General Staff, and many more Generals are Nuer.

Having said that, this writer has all the rights and responsibilities to address this issue as follows:

1. Those Nuer youth who are trying to mingle things up by applying wrong information that will produce disaster to all innocent people must be adviced that we are in an independent country, where things must be done systematically.

2. Nuer Youth must be told that having a big gap with their elderly community will never solve their problem. I am saying this because, if what happened to Simon Gatwec was a wrong thing, our people who are in the leadership would have approached the president and advised him accordingly. Therefore, what they are trying to preach is and will not receive any support from our grown up community which is fully aware of what happened. As such, they must not allow themselves to be lugged into a situation they do not have more details about.

3. Gen. Isaac Mabutu Mamuor was detained by the same authority, which detained Gat Dual, but there was no negative reaction from Lutuku community. Does that mean Mabutu is not being loved by his people, or Lutuku are cowards? Where is Gen Mamuor today? He was released and re-instated into the Rank and File of the same Army. By applying violent behavior to release Uncle Gat Dual is only jeopardizing his future.

4. This country is now free and independent through Youth strength, but if you misuse your strength and turn against one another, then forget about your statement which said, *As youth, we believe that a peaceful South Sudan is our priority and will benefit us more than President Kiir who is getting old. The future of South Sudan belongs to the youth and we are the last sector of Nuer community to see South Sudan on fire.*

5. If history could not be a good teacher, then what are we going to learn from it? If being a Nuer is really what matters, why did most Nuer intellectuals and military officers desert Riek Machaars Nasir faction and re-join SPLM/A main stream led by Dinka? Please be advice to think big and open-minded. Observe, analyse and see things positively and in the big picture.

6. You are now calling for other tribes to help you fight Dinka. Take it from me here that that call has fallen into deaf ears. No single tribe will ever unite with Nuer to fight Dinka, they will only be making fun of you. Other tribes could unite with you only when you call them to win a peaceful and democratically conducted election. Gone are the yester-years when physical strengths were useful. We must use our intellectual power to correct things.

7. It never happened and never will happen to any President to be intimidated by a tribal youth organization which is acting in isolation to change an executive order. NBG (Northern Bahr elgazal state) youth had tried something like that, but miserably failed. Dinka Bor Youth organization had a similar call, but nothing changed.

Therefore, Maj. Gen Simon Gatwec Dual will be released when the time comes for that and not because the Nuer youth have declared war on Dinka. You are causing tribal tensions which could be exploited by our real enemies to harm the whole nation.

As long as the earth remains, there will be no Nuer government without Dinka and vice versa. Do not show our blind side to the world because of a solvable glitch. This is one of the political hiccups that is better left for the leadership to deal with, and not at the youth level as you think.

This is my advice to you my sons and daughters. Do not lose hope on your nation. Things will get changed, peacefully.

Mile 14 in the Security Arrangement: Failure, Arrogance or Lack of Popular Understanding?

South Sudan politics is beginning to move along the customary of realpolitik. Just recently, the populace living on the new countrys borders voiced their misgivings over land issues in the governments agreement with Khartoum. Their grievances appear to have been ignored without proper explanations and the political latitude tilted towards religion. South Sudan is now sending her first independent black Muslims to Mecca on a presidential sanction to cast their pebbles at kaaba al musharraffa (the black stone) in a ritual move that will define one of the SPLMs premises of the New Sudan built on equality of all races and favouring freedom of religion.

As many South Sudanese do not hold any bad feelings towards those who have fought to have their freedom of worship recognised in the theology of colour-blindness, expectations are that the same support the president extended to potential black sheikhs, where they must travel to Saudi Arabia without having to go through any religious medium, be also extended to those who fought for so long to gain the land and oil resources within it.

Two days after South Sudan legislative assembly ratified the nine bilateral agreements including Mile 14 in a near unanimous vote, the Minister of Petroleum and Mining, Stephen Dhieu, ordered oil companies to commence operation with immediate effect through Sudans oil infrastructures. The timing could not be any perfect for the petrified and internationally cornered government of South Sudan that saw the first ever peaceful demonstrations by the citizens against it.

The people of Northern Bahr el Ghazal and other citizens who disapproved of the oil agreement did not see the security arrangement relating to Mile 14 as just a pen and paper temporary arrangement as mediators would want all to believe, but in terms of land and the legal backdrop attached to it.

Unlike the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the two Sudans – a model of accomplishment that should have been adopted for peaceful deliberations by South Sudans ruling party (The SPLM) with Sudan which was first communicated to the citizens from grassroots to diaspora by late Dr. John Garang, the already missed savviest negotiator and architect of peace in the Sudan – oil agreement becomes visible to have been a shove down the throat to the citizens.

If there is anything that South Sudan government must be credited for, it is the sincerity and easy lending of its sensitive documentations, classified or otherwise. The nine bilateral agreements instantaneously hit the web the moment they were signed in Addis Ababa on the 27 September, 2012 and by the time president Kiir and his mediators arrived in Juba, South Sudan capital, the populace had already gurgled the contents of the agreement and were waiting to hear from their face-down heroes.

When this awareness took a little longer, mile 14 people, Abyei people and the people of Panthou, Karsana and other contested areas made no concealed articulation of their fears. They demonstrated on the streets of Juba and around South Sudan parliament amidst gunfire in the air. Inside the parliament the president was not substantively convincing the lawmakers to make the right decision but coerced them to ratify the agreement through his hard language and denigration of the protesters outside the building.

But what exactly is in the security arrangement involving Mile 14 between Sudan and South Sudan that warranted mediators and president arrogance in communicating with the South Sudanese affected by the agreement?

The agreement was actually simple. A high school student or a sophomore dropout without difficulty could understand it. It is this simplicity that the people quickly understood it. And in simple summary, it can be stated that the security arrangement over mile 14 deviated from the CPA path and the essence of fighting for the land and the negotiators, under pressure, created by admission of a problem from out of the blue thereby subjecting the land of Dinka Malual to future legal contest.

It had further exposed and compromised the security of the people in area who had for ages battled for their survival single-handedly in the hope that a future nation in which they would be part of would not kowtow under any stress but to stand with them.

This summary has no nonsensical legal jargon that needs consultancy. It is therefore surprising that South Sudanese mediators and the president would dare question the intellectual capability of millions who read the document in totality and who felt it was a game of oil flow but in a wrong calculation that will eventually haunt them.

I remember sitting a few meters from the SPLM negotiating panel at Kenyatta International Conference Centre in Nairobi, Kenya in 2004 where Dr. Garang gave a lengthy deconstruction of the Machakos protocols and the intricate arithmetic of oil sharing. When asked about the reason behind equal oil quota allocation in wealth sharing agreement, his argument was fairly simple.

He urged his people to accept fifty percent and use their referendum vote to get the other fifty percent. It is therefore the leader that must have the propensity to make complex agreements clear before adopting them in a binding agreement rather than gloating in a manner suggestive of a reverse of an argument.

South Sudan negotiators, including president Kiir might have a completely different interpretation of the security arrangement about mile 14. This is not a new obsession in the Sudanese politics where the truth is often absurdly entrapped in the opposite plane in order to cause confusion, delay, suffering and domestic and international frustration.

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement, negotiated by Dr. Garang, the then sage negotiator for the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army, SPLA, and a soft spoken but powerful vice president of the Sudan, Ali Osman Taha, whose portfolio went to John Garang immediately after the implementation modality went into effect, referred to Abyei referendum participants in two words: Ngok Dinka and others.

Legal experts during the Sudanese peace talks should have known that the word other was the only ambiguous word that any enemies would find any peace with. Abyei referendum is today held hostage by the simple, yet politically loaded term, other. And the word is dragging the Sudans into each other every minute of every day and putting the Ngok Dinka of Abyei and other proper in the abyss of the politics of survival.

It is this assigning of absurdity, double dealing, and what Eric Reeves, a Smith College professor with special interest in Darfur and now the Sudans calls a moral equivalence that differentiates, complicates and sets the parallels in the citizens understanding of the bilateral agreement and president Kiirs and mediators uncommunicated intention of the oil flow first.

The Sudanese and South Sudanese politicians seem to have been misled by past colonial agreements. However, colonial and condominium agreements in the Sudan were not right. Had they been fair, there would have been no wars.

The 1924 Munroe-Wheatley agreement described by Douglas H. Johnson in his book, When boundaries become borders, the impact of boundary making in Southern Sudan frontier zone, seems to have induced a campaign of the border between Sudan and South Sudan and with Rizeigat copying the notoriety that Messeriya Arabs play in Abyeis referendum exercise. We must remember that Munroe-Wheatley agreement initially built on other grazing and hunting rights arrangements of the citizens between Sudan, where Dinka Malual were subjects and Rizeigat, who were citizens of Darfur Sultanate, later annexed to Sudan in 1916.

In fact, and much to the chagrin of South Sudanese who were not at ease with the current security arrangement involving Mile14, the book, published in 2010, has hinted on page 45 that GoSS had earlier considered demilitarisation of mile 14. The predetermined demilitarisation will therefore leave many to question whether recent Addis Ababa oil agreement was a pre-emptive ratification of government policy regarding Mile 14 by the negotiators, and if so, what then were the security guarantees for the people living in the area?

Dissimilar to the Sudanese mediators who sometimes admit guilt and shed tears, their South Sudanese counterparts have no nonsense in the politics of apologies. Once confronted, as was the case of Mile 14, they beat their chests in a gorilla-style show of force and swing any blame back to the people in a new bag stamped on as lack of understanding and failure to read the agreement.

President Kiir had been on record where he is seen to have taken side in the row but took matters to a higher level. He boasted to the demonstrators outside the national assembly about the length of time he spent fighting for the land, which he was accused of surrendering to Sudan through admittance of contention over it. Little was he aware that in the crowd were SPLA veterans who, in 1982 had already joined the Anya Nya Two and fought for the land while he was still speculating whether to take to bush or not.

Logically, if arrogance and wealth were to be awarded in South Sudan based on the length of time in the service, then the lion share still has not found the right consumers.

Actions of South Sudan government following disagreement with the Sudan over oil transit fees are indeed a conjecture that should allow people to question the par excellence of SPLM political negotiations skills and gun-wielding bluffs.

The recent agreement that fits a relationship of commensalism with Sudan have raised doubts among the majority of the people, with some introspecting if late Dr. Garang were to be alive, whether he would have been threatened by a leak on oil pipeline, his nations vital artery to the point of summarily shutting it down without arrangements in place, or whether he would, as a consequence of oil theft during export, encourage South Sudanese, through adding more lands to the contest, to enter a post CPA relationship of commensalism with Sudan?

Even nobody knows what other leaders would do in a similar situation, proper imagination is that the nation house of law would implement the codes of democracy bequeathed upon it.

As for the legislative assembly of South Sudan, we are yet to witness its democratic independence where the power to ratify an agreement for oil flows has equal measure with the power to order a shut down.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are those of the author and not of the website)
Martin Garang is a South Sudanese living in Western Australia. He can be reached at

Nuer Youth call for anti-government mobilization as leader arrested by South Sudan security

Media Release

Nuer Youth Executive Council, Juba, South Sudan

Main points:
* Peter Tut Hoth, Nuer Youth president forcefully arrested by Military intelligence, allegedly all Dinka
* SPLA Chief-of-Staff, James Hoth Mai, dismissed and banned from Nuer activities
* All Nuers in Kiir’s government asked to resign en mass
* Nuer call for mobilization with other tribes against current government of president Kiir

OCT. 20/2012, SSN; The Nuer Youth Executive leadership is profoundly disturbed to inform the whole world that the Nuer Youth leader, Peter Tut Hoth, was detained at 6 am in Juba by ten armed members of SPLA Military Intelligence (MI). The reason for his detention is because he scheduled a meeting of entire Nuer community to take place on Saturday, October 20, between 1—5pm.

On October, 19, 2012, the security agents of the government warned the leadership of Nuer Youth not to go ahead with the meeting. However, the Nuer Youth Executive leadership rejected the intimidations and decided that the meeting should take place as scheduled.

The whereabouts of Peter Tut Hoth is unknown and the entire Nuer community is concerned about his safety. He was picked up by heavily armed security agents all of them from Dinka tribe. He was pushed with the barrels of AK-47s and one agent was heard calling him Nyagat (fifth columnist). The way he was picked up is a cause for concern because our community fears that the security organs may be torturing him by now.

In 1990s, any Nuer deemed as “Nyagat” by the SPLA leadership was likely to be executed in prison. The behavior of the SPLA guerrillas has not changed with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and anyone detained by the SPLA is subject to torture. Besides, the fact that Peter Tut is a Nuer and the security agents who detained him are Dinka is another factor that should cause concern.

Tribal hatred is now on the rise in South Sudan because the SPLA C-in-C has endorsed a policy which targets Nuer community. The Nuer are being regarded as enemies of the state who have no constitutional rights.

Despite the arrest of the leader of Nuer Youth, the meeting took place as scheduled and was attended by all Nuer members of Parliament, ministers, civil servants and army generals including the SPLA Chief-of-General-staff, Lt. Gen. James Hoth Mai.

The Nuer community in general discussed the problem of detention of Maj. Gen. Simon Gatwec Dual, Maj. Gen. Gabriel Tang, Maj. Gen. Mabor Dhol and Brig. Gen. Gatwec Joak. The Nuer community unanimously passed the following resolutions:

1. Lt. Gen. James Hoth Mai, the SPLA Chief-of-General-staff, was dismissed from Nuer community because he violated bylaws of Nuer community which required all members to observe the rights of every Nuer such as right to life, liberty and security of the person. The Nuer general assembly found him to have participated in the assassination attempt against Maj. Gen. Gabriel Tang, Maj. Gen. Mabor Dhol and Brig. Gen. Gatwec Joak. He is also found to have endorsed the illegal detention of Maj. Gen. Simon Gatwec Dual.

Since the Nuer community bylaws required all the members to promote human values such as freedom, justice, equality and the rule of law, James Hoth violated all these principles and is seen to have turned against the values of the community. He is therefore dismissed from the community and was told that he would never participate in any community’s activities.

2. The Nuer Youth in South Sudan were mandated to educate the Nuer in the rural areas about the government’s policies of discriminating the Nuer. The youth are tasked to mobilize the Nuer community to defend themselves from imminent threats of extermination.

3. The community resolved that Maj. Gen. Simon Gatwec Dual, Maj. Gen. Gabriel Tang, Maj. Gen. Mabor Dhol and Brig. Gen. Gatwec Joak should be released as soon as possible. If the Dinka’s government failed to release them, the Nuer Youth are given the responsibility to express their disapproval for their illegal detentions through demonstrations, petitions and mobilizing Nuer chiefs.

4. The Nuer community urged all Nuer members of parliament, military officers, politicians and civil servants to resign from the government of Salva Kiir and stay in their houses. The youth advised elders that the Nuer should not take part in the government which is killing them.

5. The assembly resolved that the Nuer should form an alliance with other South Sudanese who are against oppression and injustice. The Nuer youth are mandated to work with other South Sudan youths who believe that the people of South Sudan deserve a government which respects human rights, ethnic equality and justice.

For contact:

James Gatluak Chol
Information Secretary
Nuer Youth Executive Council
Juba, South Sudan

South Sudanese skepticism on security deal with Sudan is real

BY: ISAIAH ABRAHAM, JUBA, OCT. 19/2012, SSN; Juba leadership position on the Cooperation Agreement has started to be dismissive and abusive to those questioning some pieces in the agreement. Some of our lawmakers have joined the fray and are out to condemn whoever criticizes the agreement. They have even cracked as there are calling some sections of our society Northern Bahr El Ghazal people versus others. Legislators everywhere have a moral duty to protect the larger interest of the nation and not just their local constituents.

A constituent bigger like South Sudan is what binds us all. It was uncharacteristic, just unfair therefore for lawmakers to abandon local national pressing matters to specific individuals or groups to fight it out. Why leave the border matters to states affected, I have asked such question many times?

MPs for the areas of Mile 14, Abyei and Panthou, Hofra Al Nahas and Kaka are like any other MPs in Western Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, etc, whose lands have no dispute with the North.

I found it cruel when the matters in question were left to people affected to sort it out, while the rest of the country goes indifferent. This should not have been the case. The issues of Mile 14, Abyei, Panthou, Hofra Al Nahas are for the entire nation called South Sudan for Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Western Bahr El Ghazal, Western Upper Nile or Northern Upper Nile.

People everywhere are not happy that the negotiators allowed Khartoum a foothold on these lands. We have made a mistake to sign away Mile 14 under the pretext of a buffer zone. No amount of explanation will extinguish the fire of anger against the President and his team on this matter of Mile 14, Panthou and Hofra Al Nahas.

Abyei, Mile 14, Panthou, Hofra Al Nahas and others are becoming disputed because some has entered them by force. These places are 100% South Sudan lands. Our negotiators succumbed to pressure, and hence a failed test for our leadership.

President is to blame squarely on our lands being occupied by Arabs, and now he has gone further to sign away Mile 14. His statement that he will not cede an inch of land to the North comes too late, too little. We are not buying this belated chest thumbing statement from the man we all know his frequent promises. We know him better. No one has faith in Arbitration Court courses.

Who is this that wants to fool us that the argument is not about land but military disengagement? Someone argues that it is just a temporary arrangement to allow forces to disengage and later on the border demarcation will determine the real owners of the land. That is a lie.

Buffer Zone practice is applied when the two sides lay claims on an area. Mile 14 if it becomes a claim area, then we have already such claims areas where one side is left alone – recall Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) is firmly in Panthou, Hofra El Nahas, Kaka and Kofi Kingi, why did the policy of buffers not apply there?

The same way mediators avoided Panthou, Hofra Al Nahas and other lands that are disputed, where Sudanese Armed Forced are embedded or firmly in control, it should have been the case for Mile 14.

Mile 14 has never been a disputed land as do the Southern occupied lands. Mile 14 is used by Rezeigat Arabs during the summer, demilitarizing it after Sudan Army was chased away from there makes it an automatic disputed land.

Badme, a disputed territory at the heart of conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea was awarded in 2002 to Eritrea by UN backed Commission but to date the Ethiopians troops are firmly on the ground. Is that scenario not going to repeat itself in our case for Mile 14, Pantou, Hofra Al Nahas and other disputed areas? I do think so.

Majority of our people are stricken with fear that someone has not articulated well to protect the right of people on our land. We have lost out our rightful lands to Sudan through cowardly and ignorant decisions or both.

Why is it that our leaders want to play politics in the face of an anomaly? This is arrogance at best and skulduggery.

Our leaders know where the truth is, but are not telling it. The issue of Mile 14 and other disputed lands is not a small thing for the head of state to dare sarcastically the people who oppose the deal to go to war.

Sir, people will go to war with you first if you do not stop your clumsy approach to such critical matters of our existence. Khartoum has found a weak character they can manipulate.

In the face of challenges our president has clearly become another challenge to our people. Our people did not elect Kiir to give away our land, and then spew disparagingly at his disgruntled people.

Mr. President sharpened his derogatory remarks against those opposed to the agreement during his address to security officers on Tuesday that those who are unhappy with the agreement are people who were with the Jalaba/Diaspora, and never had time to fight with him in the bush.

How about me, sir, I was with you in one of the battalions (Tiger/Tumsah) you led, what will you say about me? I participated in the demonstration on Monday in Juba, all the way to parliament, to denounce the buffer zone dog for Mile 14. I went there but for reasons known to all. We had expected our lawmakers to reverse the arrangement on Mile 14 and go with the rest of the agreement.

To us, we thought that someone have given away our land in exchange for oil deal with Khartoum. The document should not have gone like that, people. Unfortunately, little did we know that Kiir has become another (Abyei Chief) Deng Majok who exchanged his ancestral land rights for a single meal.

Shame on Kiir and his cohorts! Kiir must go! He is a useless leader this country could have. His foul mouthing is not tolerable anymore.

Get it right and just to emphasize the matter we are trying to say, we are not rejecting the Cooperation Agreement with the Sudan, especially for an agreement that will last for a few years. But if the matter touches land, it becomes so complex to clear even after the expiry time.

The agreement is not all bad. People became happy that at least the oil production will flow again for the economy to resuscitate and that there will be relative harmony between Sudan and South Sudan, once belligerent countries.

But look, there are eight (8) agreements for the intended cooperation, but the one known as security agreement has spoiled the rest. The agreement has no meaning if the issues of Panthou, Kaka, Abyei, Hofra El Nahas and Mile 14 are not resolved. The security agreement should have been thrown out of the window by the lawmakers until grievances or grey areas surrounding these matters are resolved.

This is where we are coming, the issues of land are so grave for anyone to dip his/her fingers into.

Our president should own it up. This is what we are saying and he got to fix it. He failed to show leadership, so do the lawmakers in our land. Our legislators could have torn the document and made amendments before ratifying them.

What is this argument that if the president signs it the document, it cannot be challenged. Who is this god in South Sudan that when he does something it cannot be reversed? Whether Kiir or Garang signed it, people are more supreme. They can redo what has been botched for the good of all.

Mile 14 and Panthou are sold out for no reasons at all. Oil or no oil, we have been cheated by a ruthless clique in Juba. To them the agreement is excellent, the agreement has not been understood, the media has failed to articulate it to the people, reactionary forces are behind the rejection of the agreement, insignificant number in our society, people who objected to the agreement are diaspora and that they also opposed CPA but later cheered it when the flag was raised. That is utter nonsense.

Majority of our people are not opposing the agreement for the sake of it but had hoped that the leadership in Juba would do the necessary changes before going for a law. Bad deals create more troubles than solutions and hence uncalled for under the face of realities surrounding our rights.

My people have suffered under President Kiir and his heartless clique, I have no kind words again against these people. The demonstration we made as people of South Sudan on Monday, not as Northern Bahr El Ghazal people, will go down in history as the beginning of things to come.

Mr. President is not apologetic and this is worrying. The people of this country deserve a leader that respects their views. We have never had problems with him since he accidently ascended to power in 2005, because the situation dictated that people exercise patience.

For the past eight years we have learned bitterly that Mr. Kiir is the problem and should be removed. He has failed us in many fronts, and on this matter of land he must not be forgiven. Our men in uniform in Mile 14 therefore are to remain in their places and let Mulana Makuei, Mbeki or Pagan come and dislodge them by force. AU must deploy any troops around Mile 14. We will see how to go about Panthou and Abyei now that someone is selling our lands to Arabs.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are those of the author and not the website).
Isaiah Abraham lives in Juba; he is on