Category: Featured

South Sudan top Catholic Bishop Santo Laku, accuses leaders of carelessness causing war and suffering


A top Roman Catholic bishop in South Sudan has decried the cause of war in the country, asserting that carelessness brings curse and suffering to the people. Santo Laku, auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Juba told Christians during a homily after nearly a month of being out of church service that it was time for the leaders to stop spreading lies that there is peace in the country and that people are not suffering.

“There is no need to tell lies. Lies do not serve us. They do not help us. This country is getting down. We need to get up and stand strong and say God help us to carve a new way, rather than denying the suffering of the people.”

He continued: “We cannot deny the suffering of these people. How many young men and women are in prison today uncharged? People are locked in containers uncharged. This country can only be built on justice. When somebody commits anything, he should be brought in front of the law, according to the constitution, although our constitution is also sick with Malaria.”

His remarks come just days after South Sudan first Vice President, Taban Deng, addressed the general assembly of the United Nations at which he opposed deployment of the regional protection forces, claiming the country was peaceful and was only in need of humanitarian assistance instead of peacekeepers.

The outspoken bishop called on South Sudanese to share the blessing of the country rather than stealing the money for personal benefit.

He said the Lord called the people to share the blessing bestowed on humanity and leaders should uphold to the commandment of God giving the blessing for charity.

“Social charity is a direct demand of humans and Christian brotherhood and sisterhood. Human and Christian Brotherhood existed long time. God is demanding all from Human beings social Justice. Today there is wide spread disregard for the law of human solidarity and charity as we can see dictated by our common origin in the rationale nature of human beings. There is something very important in our life that makes us human,” he explained.

He said people of South Sudan like the people of Israel at the time of prophet Amos lack moral and religious responsibility causing death and displacement of thousands of residents all over the country.

“We were bestowed with a lot of resources when we came in 2005; we voted for independence, we had oil, resources which other countries do not have. What happened with these resources, many people are poor today or rich? Where is the oil money? Who has taken them? What is the money used for? If I ask these questions they say the bishop is talking politics.”

The bishop pointed that South Sudanese are suffering and fighting is ongoing due to what he called the carelessness of the country’s leadership.

“Carelessness brings a curse and brings suffering. The suffering of our country today is because of the carelessness of the leaders. Whether the leaders of the church or the leaders of the country, we have been careless and because of this carelessness now there is suffering.”

The religious leader said South Sudan only measured its progress by personal economic prosperity and forgot the moral prosperity which he said is weak, causing unnecessary ongoing evil in the new nation.

“True health of the society cannot be measured merely by economic prosperity. We have seen it already. It must be assessed by the moral performance of the community of the nation. Our prosperity of having the oil was not enough. Our moral responsibility has been weak,” he pointed out.

“That is why we are able to rape women and children. We rape them our sisters, South Sudanese. This is a poor moral responsibility that we lost. We are able to kill our own brothers and sisters. Why?” he asked.

“Because of oil, because of money, because of resources. Who gave us those resources, God. We start dividing ourselves into ethnic lines, political lines and we start destroying our nation.”

He said justice in all forms is essential for a proper functioning of a society. “If there is no justice in a society, in a community, then there is no social harmony. No peace. Why we are fighting today, why there is war in the country today because there is injustice and this has to be ‘injustice in capital letters.’

The perpetrators of social injustice in South Sudan, he explained, confuse their time by hypocritical religious acts such as by attending religious functions so that the public looks at them as holy.

“Those who perpetrate injustice they always come to church. They sit in front line. They ask for choirs to go and sing in their family. They move with the bible, with the cross and you think they are men of God, ‘Welle!’ No!”

He said in South Sudan there is at highest level ongoing corruption, embezzlement, injustices, oppression of the poor, flight of the capital including the Bank reserves. This, he said, accounts for the country’s instability.

“If the rich get richer at the expense of the poor who continue to sink into abject poverty and the poorest person in the world is found in South Sudan and one of the richest is found in South Sudan. How did this man become so rich and another become so poor that even and his grass house is torched.”

“Somebody has a Mansion, a building that is of multi-million dollars in South Sudan and a South Sudanese who has only a tukul, the tukul soldiers are sent to burn that tukul. So what kind of country is this? What is happening? The poor is even made poorer. He is deprived even of a grass house. The elite prosper educationally. They educate their family members at the expense of the nation. They build Mansions with stolen money. They pay unjust wages and continue the exploitation of the poor on day-to-day basis.”

He said people are paid low wages that do not even feed a single family member at the current market prices for a month. The economy, he said, is made to suit the interest of the rich who have houses all over in the world, saying those who remain in power leaving their population suffering in poverty should be condemned. He said some church leaders in South Sudan are afraid to tell the country leaders they are wrong but rather go to the palace to bless them.

“How many of our preachers today went to those palaces and blessed those corrupt leaders? How many of them? You become afraid to tell them that they’re wrong,” he said.

“Our people are dying, our people are suffering, there is no peace in the country, there is no freedom of speech, there is no freedom of movement, there is insecurity, Gali (that) we are in peace, the religious leaders saying that isn’t you, is it true that we are in peace?”

“And yet this religious leader cannot go to Yei by himself. In our country today the song of peace has been sung but the injustices have not been addressed. You cannot sing the song of peace without addressing the injustices caused on the people. How can you burn my tukul and you ask me to be peaceful and you do not allow me to go and cut the grass to build another tukul. How?”

“You burn the tukul, you send me away, but give me an opportunity to go and collect the grass so that I build another tukul. But if I am not allowed to go and collect the grass yet my tukul is gone and I am told to be peaceful, even a mad man cannot accept this.”

In South Sudan people fear to keep silent when told to say Oyeee (SPLM slogan) just to protect their jobs.

Bishop Laku welcomed The Sentry report and said it is a shame to be millionaire among the poor.

“If you are a thief, there are people who are more thieves like you. So the mujiremin (thieves) of the world are now looking for the stolen money of South Sudan. I hope my name will not be among those ones. If your name is among those ones be careful. The money is being looked after, is being looked for now.”

“Is it not a shame somebody is a millionaire in South Sudan and there is a young boy, a young girl in the streets looking for one pound and cannot find it and nobody can give to that boy, to that girl that one pound. I want to be rich. I need to have houses everywhere. My children should be the only ones to go to school. The rest of the children, let them go to hell. No,” the bishop said.

The Holy Bishop Santo Laku asked South Sudanese to be merciful to each other as the only way to enjoy the country and to reduce quarrels among the communities.

south sudan top religious leader says carelessness cause war”

Freeze assets of these warlords to bring peace to South Sudan


In Summary:
**Kenyan companies and individuals have also been benefiting from the conflict in South Sudan because Nairobi is the preferred residence of many South Sudanese warlords.
**President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar and top military officers in the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army and South Sudan’s armed forces own or rent luxurious homes in Nairobi and have accounts in Kenyan banks through which they have laundered millions of dollars.
**South Sudan’s leaders are enjoying first-class lifestyles in Nairobi while at least half of South Sudan’s population faces starvation and more than two million people are internally displaced.

During the tenure of Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government from 2004 till 2012, Nairobi was jokingly referred to as “the capital of Somalia” because most Somali government officials spent more time in the Kenyan capital than in Mogadishu.

These officials often met in the lobbies of posh hotels in Nairobi, where decisions about Somalia were made and business deals cut.

It is believed that corrupt Somali officials and warlords laundered their ill-gotten wealth by buying property in Nairobi.

Until African Union forces liberated sections of Mogadishu in 2011, few Somali presidents dared to move into Villa Somalia except maybe for a few days at a time; they spent more time in their Nairobi homes. Nairobi thus remained the nerve centre of the Somali government.

Because much of Somalia is considered a no-go zone by the United Nations, most of the UN’s Somalia operations are based in Nairobi. Supplies for these operations are procured in Kenya.

Kenyan companies have thus benefited financially from the conflict in Somalia. It is no wonder that Kenya has been rated as among the top 10 suppliers of goods and services to the UN.

Apparently Kenyan companies and individuals have also been benefiting from the conflict in South Sudan because Nairobi is the preferred residence of many South Sudanese warlords. According to a damning investigative report titled War Crimes Shouldn’t Pay, published by The Sentry, (foreword by George Clooney and John Prendergast), both President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar and top military officers in the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army and South Sudan’s armed forces own or rent luxurious homes in Nairobi and have accounts in Kenyan banks through which they have laundered millions of dollars.

Kenya’s property market and banking sector thus appear to have been big beneficiaries of South Sudan’s conflict.

The report confirms that the rivalry between Kiir and Machar is not so much about ethnic divisions as about competition over the country’s vast natural resources.

South Sudan’s leaders are enjoying first-class lifestyles in Nairobi while at least half of South Sudan’s population faces starvation and more than two million people are internally displaced. It is believed that Kiir and Machar’s armies could be responsible for the deaths of up to 300,000 people.

For years, South Sudan was the darling of the United States, which mistakenly believed that its war of secession with the north was about Christianity, not greed.

Western countries have provided billions of dollars of aid to South Sudan. Yet it is clear to all and sundry that Kiir and Machar and their generals have blood on their hands and are responsible for crimes against humanity that should ideally be referred to the International Criminal Court.

One way of ending the rivalry between these two men could be to freeze their assets in Kenya until they bring a semblance of normalcy to their bruised and battered country. END

Nullifying The Sentry Report is Turning a Blind Eye to War on Corruption in South Sudan

BY: John Adoor Deng, Australia, SEPT/16/2016, SSN;

The recent published Sentry Report presented by the Coalition of Independent Organisations, on the war related corruptions allegation has generated a considerable debate among the South Sudanese elites especially the South Sudanese diaspora communities. I am also told that many kiosks and tea places in Juba and in other capital cities in South Sudan are inundated by the discussions around the stated report.

It is overwhelmingly noted that the Sentry Report has polarised South Sudanese elites, with some arguing that; firstly, the report is biased and serves as an intention for Regime Change in South Sudan.

These groups of debaters seem to suggest that a call on corruption must not start from the top leadership as this may be hardly fought given the intrinsic fact that most African leaders act above the law and so is President kiir.

Thus in their view, the alternative projection is that any vice could be best fought at the middle leadership level and using the top leadership to hammer it altogether.

The second group of debaters argue that the Sentry Report has demeaned the expectations held before it was published. It was widely expected that the report could parade some pathways of corruptions, nailing the flow of money and resources from institutions to institutions, from individuals to individuals and company to company respectively.

However, this report miserably failed to allude to these predicted findings and none of these foreseen findings were explicit in the Sentry Report.

The report left room for manipulations even by the most corrupt officials in terms of its lacking of indisputable details that could be used to hunt them down. The debaters asserted that the report is shallow and has given soft messages to the most corrupt individuals in the country and has in effect demonstrated weak process of fighting corruption.

The third group of debaters affirm that the Sentry Report has “belled the cat,” they believe it is a good beginning at the right place and time. These groups of debaters have presented reasonable arguments in one way or another.

However, I personally concur with the third group in that the Sentry Report is well placed and could not be thrown away with the bathing water. The context of the report is very clear right from the onset. It is and was meant to expose war-related corruption, which it has squarely achieved.

Although this report may not change much in terms of persecuting the alleged corrupt officials, nevertheless the truth has been spoken, and the dirty hands of the ruling elites have been nakedly exposed.

Truly, their depicted lifestyles with their families speak volumes to the suffering masses of South Sudan who cannot afford even to hold to one meal a day.

Its speak volumes to child soldiers, suffering at the trenches in the frontlines tuned to fight his own brother from the other tribe. The report speaks volumes to the common soldiers who are not paid for months and whose families are in displaced camps, with their kids not going to school because of lack of school fees.

Interestingly, while these soldiers continue to suffer immensely, their good Boss in the army is buying homes and villas worth millions of dollars. It is paradoxical, that the General could not pay salaries of his soldiers but at the same time, accrue enough money to buy villas and mansions abroad for millions of dollars.

In conclusion, I hold the view that the Sentry Report is a good start on the war of corruption and exposing corruption at the very top is “belling the unbellable” cat that has jogged unbelled for years.

Although not much may change as a result of this report, however, few elements exposed in the report in my view will go through adjustments.

For example, the sons of the elephants will as a result of this report change the notoriety of their lifestyles. People like Lual Malong must cease boasting extravagantly of richness for money he earned not on social media.

The sons of the president will change their unconscientious occupations (sons of the president). After all, where on earth is being a son of X become one occupation? Why do they (sons of X) expose themselves that much?

Don’t they know that in every airport they enter and when their passports are scanned, they become known and in this insecure world it is not advisable for one to expose his or her privacy? In my view, they are making themselves susceptible to external forces for no reason!

To president Kiir, this report is a wakeup call for him as Head of State to fight corruption. The report shall supposedly energised him to fight corruption more fiercely in the country.

He cannot afford as a known honest person to be the target on the war on corruption while he knows the real spoilers and corrupt individuals who are even richer than him in the country. It is now upon him to use all tools at his disposal to expose the faces of these faceless corrupt officials.

To the generals alleged to have squandered public funds, this report brought home hard lessons to learn as their subordinates may start questioning the delays of their supposedly monthly salaries.

Through this exposure, no more general shall transact huge money to their personal accounts whether through companies or relatives. They will now know that the world is watching them in amazement.

To analysts, people like Biar Ajak of the Centre of Strategic Studies and Dr Jok Madut of USA. We should not as elites who have had the opportunity to learn how corruption is fought in Western world, turn to defend the indefensible on the war of corruption.

It must be waged on many fronts and any exposure should be treated as opportunity to fight the vice and the Sentry Report has provided good basis to accelerate fighting corruption in South Sudan. Thus nullifying the Sentry Report amounts to turning a blind eye to the war on corruption in South Sudan.

The author can be reach by email:

Kiir, Machar, Malong and families accrue millions as war rages in South Sudan

From The Editor and other media reports, SEP/13/2016;

After nearly two years of following the money underwriting South Sudan’s war economy, The Sentry of George Clooney, John Prendergast and Don Cheadle has finally released the much anticipated report which unsurprisingly revealed how South Sudanese leaders-cum-thieves, from president Kiir, Machar, Malong, to their families have managed to illicitly accrue wealth as most citizens continue to die due to the persistent wars and hunger.

However, according to the Editor of this SSNation website, the report wasn’t comprehensive enough as it somehow deliberately omitted mentioning many other suspected thieves or even including the likes of vice-president Igga or first vice, Taban Deng, who was then governor of the oil-rich Unity state and the many other leaders in the Kiir government suspected of looting the nation.

Several of the most powerful politicians and generals in South Sudan appear to have accumulated significant wealth in the decade since the 2005 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the North-South war.

Immediate family members of South Sudan’s top officials have held commercial ventures throughout the country’s most lucrative business sectors. For example, documents obtained by The Sentry indicate that president Kiir’s 12-year old son held a 25 percent stake in a holding company formed in February 2016 and that at least seven of Kiir’s children as well as his wife, Mary Ayen Mayardit, have held a 25 percent stake in a holding company formed in February 2016.

The report by The Sentry, a watchdog group co-founded by Hollywood actor George Clooney, on Monday said that large sums of money have moved through accounts in Kenyan banks held by major figures in South Sudan.

Also, President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar maintain family homes a short distance from one another in a wealthy Nairobi neighbourhood.

A compound occupied by members of President Kiir’s family sits inside a gated community in Lavington, “one of Nairobi’s most upscale neighbourhoods”, states the 65-page report titled War Crimes Shouldn’t Pay and released in Washington, DC.

The extensive property was found to include a two-storey, pale yellow villa that is more than 5,000 square feet in size.

Dr Machar, the leader of South Sudan’s armed opposition, also has family members living in a luxurious home in Lavington.

The property includes “a large backyard with a large stone patio and in-ground swimming pool”, The Sentry reveals.

It further indicates that the property “is located a short drive from the Kiir home”.

Machar’s family previously lived in an elegant villa with six bedrooms and five bathrooms in a gated community in Runda, located in Nairobi’s outskirts, the report adds.

Four of President Kiir’s grandchildren attend a private school in a Nairobi suburb that costs about Sh1 million ($10,000) a year, The Sentry adds citing a “knowledgeable” anonymous source.

“President Kiir officially earns about Sh6 million ($60,000) per year.”

Posts on social media show Kiir family members “riding jet skis, driving in luxury vehicles, partying on boats, clubbing and drinking in the Villa Rosa Kempinski — one of Nairobi’s fanciest and most expensive hotels — all during South Sudan’s current civil war”, it says.

The war has forced 1.6 million of South Sudan’s 12 million people to flee their homes for UN-protected compounds or refugee camps in neighbouring countries.


The UN estimates that 5.2 million South Sudanese are in urgent need of food and other forms of humanitarian assistance.

Gen Paul Malong Awan, chief of staff of South Sudan’s army, “has been the architect of immense human suffering” in the course of the conflict, The Sentry says.

It reports that his family owns a villa in an upscale community within Nyari Estate in Nairobi.

“The home includes marble floors throughout, a grand staircase, numerous balconies, a guest house, an expansive driveway and a large in-ground pool.”

When visited by investigators from The Sentry, the home’s driveway was occupied by five luxury cars including three new BMW sport utility vehicles.

“Three independent sources told The Sentry that Gen Malong owns the house, with one source saying that the Malong family paid $1.5 million in cash for the home several years ago,” the report adds.

It notes that Gen Malong is likely to have earned the rough equivalent of Sh4.5 million ($45,000) a year in official salary.

“Gen Malong also has two large and luxurious homes in Uganda,” the report continues.

“One of these homes sits inside a walled compound located just off Kawuku-Bwerenga Road, halfway between Kampala and Entebbe. Built in 2012, this two-story home is a massive, rose-coloured mansion with dozens of large, ornate windows and appears to be well over 7,000 square feet.

“The interior is spacious, elegant, and well-maintained, with several portraits of Gen Malong hanging throughout the home.”

Massive corruption lies at the core of South Sudan’s crisis, the report says.

It cites a leaked letter written by President Kiir stating that “an estimated $4 billion are unaccounted for or, simply put, stolen by former and current officials, as well as corrupt individuals with close ties to government officials”.

The Sentry observes that “none of these funds has been recovered — and the kleptocratic system that allowed the looting in the first place remains completely intact”.

Governments of Kenya and other countries should investigate whether “laws are being violated by banks that process suspicious transactions on behalf of South Sudanese political and military figures”, The Sentry urges.

It adds: “These banks should already be conducting enhanced due diligence” in regard to South Sudanese officials’ accounts in accordance with international financial monitoring recommendations.


In the course of a two-year investigation, The Sentry reviewed documents which it says show Sh300 million ($3 million) moving through a personal account at Kenya Commercial Bank held by Gen Malek Reuben Riak, the South Sudan army’s deputy chief of staff for logistics, between 2012 and 2016.

He is in charge of military procurement, and earns an annual salary of about Sh3.2 million ($32,000), according to the report.

“The transactions recorded include more than $700,000 in cash deposits and large payments from several international construction companies operating in South Sudan,” the report says.

“Additionally, over this four-year period, $1.16 million in cash was withdrawn from the account.”

Gen Gabriel Jok Riak, an army field commander subject to United Nations financial sanctions, received transfers of at least Sh37 million ($367,000) to his personal account at Kenya Commercial Bank in 2014, the report says.

It notes that Gen Jok Riak is paid a government salary of about $35,000 a year.

A large share of the transfers to Gen Jok Riak came from Dalbit International, a Kenyan multinational petroleum corporation operating in South Sudan, the report says.

Dalbit told Sentry investigators that its transfer of Sh31 million ($308,524) was reimbursement for a fuel supply deal with the South Sudan army that had fallen through.

“This was neither a business transaction nor relationship between Dalbit and the General,” the company is quoted in the report as saying.

Some transactions for Gen Jok Riak “were apparently processed even after he became subject to a United Nations-imposed asset freeze in March 2015”, the report states.

“When presented with the information obtained by The Sentry, KCB did not reply to requests for comment”, the report adds.

“The hundreds of thousands of dollars in payments from multinational oil and construction companies that apparently passed through the accounts of Gen Malek Reuben Riak and Gen Gabriel Jok Riak raise serious questions; whether they know it or not, companies that make payments to those responsible for looting and killing in South Sudan play an integral part in facilitating the violent kleptocracy,” The Sentry states.

“The banks that processed the transactions, meanwhile, also play a role. These banks, either wittingly or unwittingly, have facilitated the apparent ability of government officials to divert significant sums that could be used to benefit some of the poorest people in the world.”

The Sentry, sponsored by the Washington-based Enough Project and two other NGOs, suggests that South Sudan’s civil war is mainly a product of “competition for the grand prize — control over state assets and the country’s abundant natural resources — between rival kleptocratic networks led by President Kiir and Vice President Machar”.

The Sentry’s report adds: “The leaders of South Sudan’s warring parties manipulate and exploit ethnic divisions in order to drum up support for a conflict that serves the interests only of the top leaders of these two kleptocratic networks and, ultimately, the international facilitators whose services the networks utilize and on which they rely.”

During the press conference, those of Clooney, Prendergast and actor Don Cheadle and Brian Adeba revealed that they were going to meet US president Barack Obama immediately after and they also have appointments with other top US officials including the Treasury Secretary.

They are seeking “the US government to penalize any banks that have failed to fulfill their due diligence, reporting and compliance requirements in South Sudan.”

The Sentry proposes a new strategy to counter the violent kleptocracy in South Sudan through the following approaches:

1- Targeted Sanctions against the entire kleptocratic network responsible for the war’s continuation.

2- Anti-money Laundering measures.

3- Mitigating collateral damage and unintended consequences. END

South Sudan’s resumed civil war: Why the world must look beyond Kiir and Machar!

By: Biel Boutros Biel, SEPT/09/2016, SSN;

South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation has been going through a brutal civil war waged by former ‘liberation-comrades-turned-enemies.’ Former Vice-president Riek Machar, narrowly fled capital Juba on 16 December 2013. President Salva Kiir accused him of a ‘coup.’ Machar denied, terming it a ‘plot’ to eliminate him within the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement(SPLM).

Machar then formed an armed faction; the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement or Army-In Opposition(SPLM/A-IO) to fight what he called ‘Kiir’s dictatorship’. A peace deal signed in 2015 by the two leaders, gave a break to violence. The deal also stipulates a power-sharing. The SPLM/A-IO takes the post of the First Vice-President for Machar.

After more than two years in the Jungles, Machar returned to Juba on 26 April 2016 to form with Kiir the Transitional Government of National Unity(TGoNU). On 8 July 2016, a deadly fight flared up at Presidential Palace in Juba between the guards of Kiir and Machar. In a respite of about three months after Machar’s return, South Sudan is docked in a theatre of flames.

Who pulled the trigger? Indiana University’s Professor Clemence Pinaud reveals that the one returning South Sudan to violence is Kiir’s Chief of Staff, General Paul Malong (

Prof. Pinaud’s argument is right. Malong instigated the violence in alliance with South Sudan’s Minister of Defence General Kuol Manyang and other key leaders of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE), a Dinka tribal think-tank that advises, initiates and influences Kiir’s public decisions.

The violence is further incited by hate speech propagated on South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) by Brigadier-General Malaak Ayuen, an ally to Malong. Part of the song is tuned by Minister of Information, Michael Makuei Lueth, through his hate and violent outbursts.

Why Malong instigated the violence again?

The first reason is Malong’s hatred of Machar as of Nuer ethnicity. Machar’s ambition for South Sudan’s Presidency, to Malong, is equivalent to robbing Dinka elites of power by a Nuer. Malong once stated; ‘I will wait to see how Riek Machar would be the president in this country in our presence. He would be a president in my absence.’ (

Failure to kill Machar in July violence must have deeply wounded Malong’s conscience.

The second reason is Malong’s dislike of the Peace deal provision of a hybrid court to try perpetrators of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and sexually related crimes.

Malong’s calculated violence is to, first, ensure the demise of the Agreement to save themselves from criminal trials. With absence of Machar in TGoNU, Malong is comfortable with Machar’s former Chief Negotiator General Taban Deng Gai whom they used to replace Machar as the First Vice-President. Malong knows that Taban is vulnerable for his own safety in Juba.

To end the deal, Malong’s security agents initiated provocations to the SPLM/A-IO forces in Juba including the killing of their security officers; Lieutenant Colonel George Gismala and Sergeant Domach Koat Pinyien at start of July 2016 as to set ground for war.

Secondly, is Malong’s assumed military defeat of the SPLM/A-IO which he believes as possible with military assistance from Uganda, Russia and China. Malong and JCE will remain a brain behind Kiir’s weakling leadership.

The third reason is impunity. In 1980’s, the SPLM/A under John Garang, killed Gajaak Nuer civilians. In 1991, Machar and Lam Akol’s SPLM/A Nasir Faction killed civilians in Garang’s Dinka Bor. The SPLM/A in retaliation killed civilians of Lou, Gawaar and Dok Nuer among others.

The army has been killing civilians; Lou-Nuer in 2006, Bul Nuer in 2011, Murle in 2011-2012, people of Wau(Fertit) in 2012, Nuer in Juba in 2013, Moro and Madi in 2014 to date. No one was held accountable. Absence of criminal justice warrants the generals a free ticket to constantly kill.

Is it Malong and JCE leaders alone causing Juba violence without SPLM/A-IO’s contribution? Taban Deng Gai’s hidden rivalry with Machar made him associate with Malong to ensure elimination of Machar in order to replace him. Apart from Taban’s alleged role, it seems the SPLM/A-IO forces never contributed to the July violence.

In March 2016, they were persuaded by President Festus Mogae and the world to come to Juba with a force of about 1500. Aware of the SPLA forces heavily deployed in Juba, the SPLM/A-IO forces would have been on suicidal mission if they were to cause violence in Juba.

The way forward for South Sudan:

A well equipped protection force should be deployed immediately in Juba under the United Nations to protect civilians, the Presidency alongside a limited and equal number of bodyguards of the two leaders. The same force should be deployed to any other conflict areas in South Sudan. The rest of SPLA and SPLA-IO forces must be deployed outside Juba in cantonment sites.

The Hybrid Court has to be set up to try all suspects of human rights abuses. The world should ensure that the TGoNU is reinstalled with Machar resuming as the First Vice-President. The protection force should ensure that the Peace deal is fully implemented.

Men like General Malaak Ayuen and Makuei Lueth of hate speech on SSBC must be stopped. Arms embargo be imposed on South Sudan. Countries providing arms to warring parties must be stopped as members of United Nations that promotes peace and security.

Finally, the world has to face Malong and JCE if South Sudan is to hold.

The author BB Biel is the Executive Director of the South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy(SSHURSA); a nonpolitical and nonprofit-making national human rights organisation founded in 2007. He is 2013 Human Rights Advocate at the Institute for Study of Human Rights, Columbia University’s School of Law, New York City, USA. Biel is also a former co-chair of the National Human Rights Forum with the Chair of South Sudan Human Rights Commission and too recently served as a Technical Member of the South Sudan’s National Constitutional Amendment Committee. The views expressed here are his own and NOT attributed to any of the institutions he is associated with.


UN Security Council should also give Kiir an ultimatum to implement peace accord or else….!!

QUOTE: “The challenge now is to make sure that a piece of paper becomes operationalized,” UN head of delegation, Samantha Power, told reporters after meeting Kiir. “Now we have to turn it into steps to improve life for people in great need.”


Now that the cowardly and murderous dictator, so-called president Kiir Mayardit of Juba, has finally acquiesced to the UN Security Council delegation to South Sudan, it’s time all South Sudanese opposed to the ruling and much-influenced-by-the Jieng-council-of-elders junta should come together to give the final kick of death to the killer Kiir’s regime.

Although these latest developments in Juba might superficially seem exciting and encouraging that a resolution to the impasse is finally in the horizon, however, the past history of the duplicitous and unreliable monstrosity called the SPLM/A, calls for some extreme caution.

Just in the short period of our so-called ‘independence,’ the Kiir junta has persistently and unashamedly proven itself as an utterly unreliable government to its oppressed citizens as well as to the international community of nations that has so much invested in the success of the South Sudan nation as the world’s newest country.

The 15-member UN Security council last month authorized the deployment of a 4,000-strong regional protection force as part of the U.N. peacekeeping mission already on the ground, known as UNMISS. It threatened to consider an arms embargo if Kiir’s government did not cooperate.

“To improve the security situation the (Kiir) Transitional Government of National Unity gave its consent to the deployment, as part of UNMISS, of the regional protection force,” the South Sudanese government and the Security Council said in a joint communique.

The countries contributing troops to the force, UNMISS and the government would “continue to work through the modalities of deployment,” the statement said. East African regional bloc IGAD pushed for a regional protection force and has pledged to provide the troops. The Kiir junta said they’ve no objection to who contributes soldiers.

In the resolution, the UN Security council pledged to discuss imposing a possible arms embargo on South Sudan if U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reports back in mid-September that the government was not cooperating on the force and was obstructing the work of peacekeepers on the ground.

In their acceptance, “The Kiir’s Transitional Government of National Unity commits to permit free movement to UNMISS in conformity with its mandate, including to protect civilians,” according to the statement on Sunday. The government and the peacekeeping force will come up with “concrete steps to remove impediments to UNMISS’ ability to implement its mandate.

“The challenge now is to make sure that a piece of paper becomes operationalized,” US Samantha Power told reporters after meeting Kiir. “Now we have to turn it into steps to improve life for people in great need.” The government and the Security Council agreed “that the humanitarian and security needs of the people were paramount.”

Furthermore, the UN Security Council has instructed the African Union to establish the recommended Hybrid Court to try all those who have committed or commissioned war crimes in the South-South war of December 2013, against the people of South Sudan especially that the AU Commission of Inquiry under former Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo had completed and presented its report.

Under no circumstances should this Hybrid Court be premised and stationed in Juba or anywhere in South Sudan, due to the high security difficulties and impediments that will be encountered or exacerbated by the ruffians in the Kiir’s security as or since most of them will be probably standing in for possible prosecution.

Let’s have the court and trials conducted somewhere in Zanzibar or the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, or the serene environment of Botswana or Swaziland, period.

Moreover, since a second war has taken place in July 2015, instigated and prosecuted by none other than president Kiir himself against his vice, Machar, where more egregious crimes against humanity on the people of South Sudan were re-commissioned and re-committed, specifically by none other than by the same Kiir’s junta, and these have also to be included in the process of the proceedings of the Hybrid Court on South Sudan (HCSS).

Of course, it’s imperative, as a pre-condition, that SPLM-IO leader and former vice president, Riek Machar, must be reintegrated in the new government otherwise the UN security council actions will be completely meaningless as war is likely to continue.

Incorporating the SPLM-IO and other opposition forces into a new post-war government is very important if the world community is seriously interested in seeing peace come to the people of South Sudan.

Basically, and for the information of the unknowledgeable international community, the basic problem leading to the repetition of these cyclical ethnic wars in South Sudan is this inept and evil ethnicized association called the SPLM and its military wing, the SPLA.

Quoting from former UN Security Council Representative in South Sudan, Hilda Johnson’s latest book, “South Sudan: Th Untold Story,” “it’s impossible to build a nation out of a broken society that has not dealt with its past. When people primarily identify themselves with their ethnic group and not the nation, ethnicity rather than the larger common good will drive their actions.”

Inarguably, as Hilda Johnson asserts, the recent spates of ethnicized fighting which were evidently started and sustained by these tribal leaders in Juba and quickly spread to all parts of the country, have “severely torn apart the social fabric of the society and aggravated multiple grievances and tensions between communities and escalated local conflicts.”

Today, even the Equatorians and the Fertit in Bahr el Ghazal, a people separately known for their long patience, acceptance of aliens within their communities and tolerance, have all now risen up in rebellion against the jieng-council-of-elders-influenced tribal junta in Juba, which has been subsumed by an unsustainable idiocy of a supposedly imperialistic policy of colonization of the entire country as their own, that’s now being widely resisted by all of the Nuers, Collos, Azande, Bari-speakers, Moru, Madi and others.

These deliberately re-marginalized peoples have no political influence in the affairs of the country and they have lots of accumulated grievances, hence the palpable dissatisfaction within, and they have understandably resorted to violence against the jieng-council-of-elders-dominated government in Juba and its army.

Again, as Hilda Johnson knowledgeably asserts in her latest book, “the recent fighting has torn the social fabric of the society and aggravated multiple grievances and tensions between communities. This cumulative impact of the past and the present that’s now complicating the efforts to achieve peace.”

Unfortunately for the South Sudan nation, the dominant jieng-led government is morbidly and mortally frozen in the past and as such, “a peace agreement that tinkers with the basic structures of government and the distribution of offices as a solution won’t address the trauma that threatens to divide South Sudanese from one another.”

Also, “no amnesty, accommodation through political positions, military ranks or other forms of benefits, isn’t a true reconciliation.”

Hilda Johnson summarizes that, “for peace to be sustained, major changes are needed in the ways the leadership deals with the drivers of conflict, and in the processes of reconciliation between communities and adversaries. These provisions in the CPA were unfortunately avoided and as such, long-standing grievances between the SPLA and the communities, and between opposing communities were totally ignored.”

She concludes that “reconciliation must occur in tandem with healing and accountability processes, because the ghosts of the past are the real conflict drivers fueling fresh conflicts, otherwise violence will reappear.”

Isn’t this truly prophetic, with the resurgence of violence and tribal conflicts now being witnessed across the nation?

Finally, the UN Security Council must issue an ultimatum to the jieng-council-misled president, Kiir, that the latest peace must be honored and fully implemented with the expedited return of Riek Machar to his post and the reversal or cancellation of all those decrees issued by the jieng council of elders (JCE) with the president since the last pre-July, 2015 war outbreak.

Since the president himself is and stands accused in the commission of egregious war crimes and crimes against the people, along with the State and including the SPLA (so-called national army), none of them should partake in any reconciliation process, this has to be absolutely independent and homegrown, from the people themselves.

LATEST DEVELOPMENT: President Kiir on Monday, September 5th, seems to have reversed his position and retracted his own concession on the deployment of the 4,000 UN troops. Samantha Power commented that ‘this is a worrying development.”

Should the UN Security now go to Plan B, to deal with Kiir finally, including issuing a warrant of arrest and imposing sanctions of the leaders?

Pres. Kiir, First Vice Taban Deng & Jieng Council of Elders: The Evil Trinity

Dr. Peter J. Kopling, MD, Juba, AUG/30/2016, SSN;

The deceit coming out of Juba is beyond belief. Flurries of abominable statements made from Juba have been enough to fool even the supposedly seasoned and world-renowned politicians the likes of John Kerry, the secretary of state of the United States of America, but not South Sudanese who know first hand the situation here on the ground.

It is important to outline certain timelines for those uninformed about the crude South Sudanese politics or rather lack thereof or ethnic one. It is essential to remember Juba did not want to sign the peace deal expressing serious reservations, indeed IGAD-Plus had to chase after Kiir and he signed it while profusely sweating here at the nation’s Capital rather than in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

But now Kiir and his gang claim they are happily and speedily implementing the peace deal, is someone fooling someone here? What aspects are they implementing and which of the reservations in the deal are they throwing away?

Were the implementations not meant to be a compromise as it was named, a midway between what Kiir and his tribal cohorts want and that of the Opposition, or by extension, most South Sudanese?

Kiir dislikes the peace deal such that he quickly cooked up the 28 tribal states in order to derail the peace deal and now he is implementing it, if so what?

Was the implementation suppose not to also address these 28 states he curved out for his tribesmen while the opposition wanted federal states under the 10 as stated in the agreement? How about the raiding of other peoples ancestral lands that will be returned to their rightful owners if democracy were to succeed?

What of power sharing as well as accountability to the crimes committed against south Sudanese majorly by Kiir’s Militia?

So where is Taban Gai’s stand on any of these core issues for the absolute majority of South Sudanese and how will he satisfy the genuine opposition who demand for things contrary to what Kiir wants?

Which of these core issues will remain firmly under Kiir and his JCE in this illicit marriage between Taban Gai and Kiir rather than a truly proven opposition to Jieng agenda set against south Sudanese?

Is it any surprise then they hate Dr. Riek Machar with all their souls and might and literally to death? If they can never forgive Dr. Riek for 1991, why will we forgive them for 2013 and 2016? “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”

Now it must be pointed out that from the money of the people that was squandered by Kiir’s government, the JCE have enough resources to pass to their children from one generation to another, plus the opportunity to solidify grip on South Sudan’s Power base but also territories, all within reach at least as they see it.

The very vision articulated by Dr. Riek Machar threatens these things thus their abhorrence for him, how about Taban Gai, does he have what it takes to stand and oppose the JCE who gave him his position for which he betrayed his own people and the people of South Sudan, just for money and position?

This is what is at stake for the Dinka under JCE. What is however at stake for the rest of South Sudanese is the lost of lives, freedom, power and ancestral lands, cultures and languages, as the Jiengs are bent to ethnically displace and cleanse the rest of South Sudanese and resettle their kin as they have already done all over south Sudan.

This being the case, then there is no possible peace in south Sudan under Kiir-Taban-JCE, Evil Trinity.

It also need to be recognized that the JCE are highly educated bunch old devils that have no need to work for a living, thus from the time they wake up to the time they go to bed and even between sleep, all they do is cook and invent tricks to fool south Sudanese and the world of how to maintain their grip to power.

They only know how get rid true opposition heroes, the like of Justice Sule, Dr. Wani Tombe both dead, Governor Bakosoro, Clement Wani Konga, both politically disabled by none other than Kiir, leave alone what he did to Dr. Lam Akol, and but of course also the relentless and insatiable thursts to kill one they preached and convinced themselves in believing and propagate among themselves and their kins as the arch enemy of the JCE and the Dinka, Dr Riek Machar, has anyone ask themselves why?

Who is being fooled here to believe the problem in South Sudan is Dr. Machar?

If their Problem with Machar is because of 1991, Which they claimed led to their perceived delayed success of South Sudan’s independence, how about now the Massacre of south Sudanese by Kiir which exceeded anything that has happened in the soil of South Sudan under any other person, the Arabs inclusive?

Has Kiir not superseded Machar in any killings of any kind anywhere? We haven’t heard of Machar attempt against Kiir but Kiir against Machar now second time but numerous times in this last ordeal extending from J1 to the bushes.

Additional deceit they came out with is the talking point with straight faces that Riek Machar is violent and must renounce violence…. Very laughable if it was not that they actually got John Kerry and the gullible white people to buy into it.

These successes in deceits are partially possible because they have recruited white Intellectual mercenaries influencing Washington DC, these are Americans who have taken blood money at the expense of lives that are lost here daily in South Sudan.

Now let us recall, this recent Violence that erupted in Juba, without going into the obvious cleansing of Nuer from Juba by none other than the very Kiir who now is calling Machar violent. Machar had his home bulldozed with 18 bodyguards killed in 2013, while this time his tent was flattened by helicopter gunship and he had to run for his life yet again with numerous of his body guards killed but also his associates and the man arrived in Khartoum on injured, who is violent?

Suspecting nothing and still believing in brotherhood, Machar reported to Kiir’s house alas was a booby trap, Malong’s men ambushed the president’s very own house and started a gun fight right at Kiir’s own house and they wiped out half of Machar’s body guards. Who is Violent here?

The news is out now that it was the Americans that called Kiir and demanded the safe passage of Machar out of J1 thus Kiir personally had to assure that Machar got out of that trap alive because of the American pressure. Now who is violent here?

Indeed if the Killing of George and his Nuer Colleague, the fighting on Gudele road as well as the trap set for Machar at J1 were all unplanned, what then was the reason from pursuing Machar at J2 and the ensuing 5 day of unabated and constant attempts to kill him with his body guards having to fight back in self defense to the last man?

It is now reported that Kiir spent 1.8 Billion dollars in this recent attempt to Kill Machar. It is a misnomer to call this latest violence Kiir instigated in Juba a war, it was not a war, How could it be a war when the other side has just 1300 soldiers against 50,000 SPLA-Kiir that never left the city as was demanded by the peace deal for this very purpose? It was an assassination attempt against Riek Machar whose men fought back starving the attempt.

What do we make of Machar’s tent being totally destroyed, forcing him to head into the Bush? While in the Bush until his escape into DRC, was he not followed, battled all along and are the dead bodies from both side not witness to Machar ordeals all the way to the border with DRC where some of his very trusted official got gun down by the helicopter gunship, were all these Machar’s aggressions?

So my fellow compatriots, while the JCE succeeded to deceive the white people the likes of John Kerry, I am confident you are not fooled. It is very clear to us south Sudanese who is violent between Machar and Kiir.

I am from the greater Equatoria, Kiir has terrorized and killed my close relatives and those who survived many are now displaced in refugees camps some leaving in bushes dying either from Kiir’s guns or from diseases. These are not running from Machar but Kiir.

Machar has not killed a single person from my family or region but Kiir did and continues to do on daily basis and thanks to him, death has touched every family in all corners of South Sudan, from Balanda country to Azandes lands, from the lands of Murus, fajulus, Kakwa, Bari, Ma’di, Acholi, Latuko, Pari, Shilluk, and not even to mention the Nuer Land.

Now even after Machar is out of the country while Kiir-Taban and JCE Evil trinity claim to be implementing their phony peace, ask the women and children of South Sudan, they will tell you there is no peace and they still fear Kiir’s guns.

About Machar to stop practicing politics, where are we, in the ‘Luak?’ Is there no Constitution in this country? Is South Sudan a Dinka Village? Who on earth can tell another to not practice his constitutional and human right? Where do this people get their education, in Zimbabwe?

By all standards, Kiir and JCE have led our country over a decade with nothing to show, which tell us they have no political aptitude, the illiterate Kiir and his tribal JCE.

How about the latest JCE campaign that the regional IGAD leaders must not allow their territories to be for Machar to stage Violence, really? Could Kiir and JCE say this with straight face? How about practicing what you preach?

How about stopping violence, which is ongoing as we speak here in Juba? Arresting and killing those opposed to you. How about stopping the ongoing Killing in Upper Nile, in the Balanda nation, Western Equatoria, In Yei and the Ma’di Corridor on daily basis. How could they appeal for other state leaders not to allow their territories for violence while they pursue violence all over the territory that are under their hands?

The territory Kiir must worry about is South Sudan which he has turned into hell and he must stop using our national territory for harboring JCE and the Killer Malong.

In conclusion I would like to address Secretary John Kerry, Peace shall never come in South Sudan from the hands of Kiir-Taban Gai and JCE Evil trinity. You had the opportunity to end this by simply calling Kiir out but you failed but worse enabled them and we south Sudanese have taken notes.

Some one has advised you that the Dinkas are Majority and fierce fighters; if you dislodge them South Sudan will be unstable forever and become a Somalia. John Kerry, I said you have been ill informed and advised by the intellectual and PR Mercenaries.

Secretary Kerry, the Dinkas are less than 3 million, of the 10 Millions South Sudanese, we the others are absolute Majority (Oh you are told we can not come together, I say wait and see). It is also worth noting, once the top evil JCE crumbles, the Dinkas are not homogeneous, they will follow a nationalist who will join hands with the absolute Majority to move this county forward. But you lost the opportunity.

There shall be no peace until the Evil Trinity is dismantled, for they are violent, tribal with deadly intent against all others South Sudanese not just Dr. Riek Machar, that is what they want you to believe..

You shall watch this play out from your retirement comes January, hope you realize, you have added to and left a very dark chapter in the South Sudanese journey into nationhood. You might have recorded many successes in life but South Sudan is not one of them. Did it matter to you in the first place?

You have endorsed the Evil trinity and given it life in exchange for the lives of more South Sudanese, don’t they matter, Secretary John Kerry?

Dr. Peter J. Kopling, MD

Igad accepts Riek Machar’s ouster as South Sudan vice president

By KEVIN J. KELLEY, New York, TheEastAfrican, AUG/27/2016, SSN;

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) said on Friday that it is up to the South Sudanese government to decide whether Dr Riek Machar should be reinstated as the country’s first vice president.

That decision would be “naturally accommodated by Igad,” Sharon Kuku, a spokeswoman for the eight-nation grouping of East African states, said in an email message.

Ms Kuku noted that Taban Deng Gai, appointed by President Salva Kiir as Dr Machar’s replacement, had pledged at Igad’s August 5 summit to abide by the South Sudan government’s decision on the first vice presidency.

“Igad did not stop Gen Deng from attending the summit nor speaking for the South Sudan government,” Ms Kuku pointed out.

Friday’s comment by Igad follows the group’s call on August 5 for Machar to be reinstalled as first vice president.

His removal was not consistent with the terms of last year’s peace agreement between South Sudan’s warring parties, Igad said three weeks ago.

In the interim, however, the United States had expressed its acceptance of Machar’s replacement by Mr Deng.


Secretary of State John Kerry said in Nairobi on August 22 that “it’s quite clear that legally, under the agreement, there is allowance for the replacement, in a transition of personnel, and that has been effected with the appointment of a new vice president.”

The US position was reaffirmed on Thursday by State Department spokeswoman Elizabeth Trudeau.

“The peace agreement contains procedures and requirements that govern transitions and changes within the transitional government,” Ms Trudeau said at a press briefing in Washington.

“Specifically, the agreement provides the top leadership of the armed opposition the power to nominate a new first vice president if that position is vacant.”

A faction of the armed opposition declared last month that it had chosen Mr Deng to replace Machar, who was then in hiding inside South Sudan following bloody clashes in Juba.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir subsequently named Mr Deng as first vice president.

Dr Machar’s followers charged that the moves violated last year’s peace agreement and vowed to oppose Mr Deng’s appointment.

State Department spokeswoman Trudeau on Thursday repeated US calls for an end to armed conflict in South Sudan.

“We do expect the transitional government and all parties, including all leaders of the opposition in South Sudan, to take every step possible to avoid fighting and to reach a peaceful resolution of their differences,” she said.

“The way forward is not through violence or military action but through implementation of the agreement and through peaceful resolution of differences.”

South Sudan’s future uncertain as Machar plans pull back from peace deal


SUMMARY: Dr Machar’s allies say he planned a review of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) involvement in the transition government once he recovered from injuries sustained last month.
Sources close to him —who arrived in Khartoum on Tuesday afternoon from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for treatment — told The EastAfrican that the rebel leader was consulting Igad before making his decision known.

Former first vice president of South Sudan, Dr Riek Machar has thrown prospects of stability in the country into further uncertainty after his allies said they were rethinking their role under the August 2015 peace agreement.

The allies said Dr Machar planned a review of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) involvement in the transition government once he recovered from injuries sustained last month.

Sources close to Dr Machar — who arrived in Khartoum on Tuesday afternoon from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for treatment — told The EastAfrican that the rebel leader was consulting Igad before making his decision known.

SPLM-IO representative in Kenya, Lam Jok, said that recent attacks by President Salva Kiir’s forces demanded a fresh approach to the implementation of the August 2015 peace agreement.

“Since July 8, our mission was to secure the life of our leader but now that he is safe, we are diplomatically and politically engaging Igad on the way forward because President Kiir has killed the agreement by attacking our official cantonment areas and changing the leadership structure contrary to the agreement,” said Mr Jok.

He continued, “What we know is that the current status quo is not acceptable because the president and the new first vice-president, Taban Deng Gai, have defied the agreement which the region worked very hard to realise.”

The presence of Dr Machar in Khartoum is likely to raise concerns in Juba, especially after the new first vice-president, Mr Gai, held discussions with the Sudan leadership over outstanding issues between the two countries including security, border demarcation and oil exportation.

READ: South Sudan new VP holds talks in first Khartoum visit

But in a statement to the Sudan News Agency (Suna), Sudan’s Minister of Information Ahmed Belal Osman said Khartoum has simply received Dr Machar for medical treatment since he arrived in a critical condition and needed immediate care.

”The health condition of Dr Riek Machar is now stable and he will stay in the country under full medical supervision until he leaves the country for a destination of his choice to complete his medical treatment” the statement read in a part. Mr Osman said that Khartoum has notified the government of South Sudan about Dr Machar’s arrival.

Mr Jok confirmed that Dr Machar needed specialised treatment because of swollen legs after walking for 200km under aerial bombardment at an advanced age.

The recent Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) summit had declared the replacement of Dr Machar as illegal and against the agreement and approved the deployment of 4,000 regional protection force in Juba.

READ: Envoy tells off Igad after Kerry’s remarks on Juba leadership changes
With Khartoum likely to face pressure from Juba to let go of Dr Machar, there are ongoing consultations on his next destination since earlier preference for Addis Ababa could compromise the neutrality of Ethiopia that is supposed to provide the bulk of the regional protection force. Kenya and Rwanda are also expected to provide troops to act as a buffer in Juba.

Enforce South Sudan peace pact: Uhuru, Kerry express concern over S. Sudan situation


President Uhuru Kenyatta and US Secretary of State John Kerry have expressed concerns over the slow implementation of the South Sudan peace agreement.

In a meeting at State House in Nairobi on Monday, President Kenyatta informed Mr Kerry that the recent violence in the neighbouring country had had serious implications on the peace agreement signed in August last year.

According to Mr Kenyatta, the process has been “sluggish and under severe threat due to lack of commitment by the parties involved.”

According to a statement to newsrooms, Mr Kenyatta told Mr Kerry that the regional Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (Igad) council of ministers had created a roadmap to end the fighting in South Sudan.

Consequently, Mr Kenyatta urged the US and the international community not to relent in their support for the region aimed at finding a long-lasting solution to the conflict in South Sudan.

US Secretary of State John Kerry has added his voice to the concern over the slow implementation of the South Sudan peace agreement. With the pact signed in August last year still hanging in the balance, the consequences are dire for Africa’s youngest nation, which has not known tranquility for over two years.

South Sudan’s independence had been expected to usher in peace, stability, and prosperity. However, it has turned into a nightmare for the ordinary South Sudanese as the sabre-rattling by their leaders continues.

The topmost US diplomat, who was in Kenya on a peace mission that included discussing measures to combat terrorism in the region, was briefed by President Uhuru Kenyatta on the recent fighting in South Sudan and the efforts being made under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Authority (Igad) on Development to end the violence.

Though the volatile situation in Juba has been compounded by the recent sacking of Dr Riek Machar as deputy president, President Kenyatta assured Mr Kerry that the Igad council of ministers has created a road map to end the fighting.

The South Sudanese deserve peace so they can rebuild their lives and develop their country. The leaders must step back from their inflated egos and sue for peace to put South Sudan back on the right track.

“There is absolutely no question that we need to move forward with the deployment of the regional protection force authorised by the UN Security Council,” Kerry said after meeting with five regional foreign ministers in the Kenyan capital Nairobi.

Kenyan Foreign Minister Amina Mohamed also urged a speedy deployment. “When should it be there? Sooner rather than later,” she said.

In the wake of fresh fighting in the South Sudanese capital Juba last month, Kenya offered to provide troops for a new force, approved by the Security Council on August 12, alongside Ethiopia and Rwanda.

The 4,000 new troops will join 12,000 already deployed as part of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) which has been widely criticised for its serial failure to protect civilians.

Not an ‘intervention force’

Mohamed said a “gradual deployment” would allow troops to reach Juba more quickly.

“Any number of soldiers that goes in in the name of a protection force would be welcome and would open the door to everything else,” she said.

Kerry said the new force would only seek to improve security in Juba and allow for the implementation of a peace deal signed a year ago.

“This is not an intervention force, it is a protection force, with a very clear mandate to protect people, to ensure access, freedom of movement and to be free from ambush or attack of any sort,” he said.

No timeline has been given for the deployment but South Sudan’s government has expressed strong reservations over the plan and called for further discussions.

“We want to know the mandate of this protection force,” said South Sudan Vice President Taban Deng Gai during a visit to the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Monday. “We want to sit with them in Juba, not in New York.”

Deng is strengthening his position after seizing the vice presidency from his old friend and ally Riek Machar who was forced to flee Juba during last month’s fighting.

Kerry signalled that Machar’s ouster did not undermine the August 2015 peace agreement of which he was a key signatory. “Legally, under the agreement, there is an allowance for the replacement of personnel and that has been effected with the appointment of a new vice president,” he said.

Kerry also announced an additional $138 million (122 million euros) in aid for South Sudan where 2.5 million people have been uprooted by war since December 2013 and close to half the population is in need of emergency food aid. END

Time for Dr. Riek Machar to restrategise


Dr. Riek Machar, having been forced out violently from the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU), has no options left except to resist. But his resistance must be focused on new ground if he is to rally support from the whole country. To build such a support Dr Machar would need to thoroughly review his entire political experience to learn about his own personal strength and weaknesses.

To be effective it helps to be aware of this fact. Dr Machar’s leadership has consistently generated divisions in organisations led by him within a very short period usually starting from about a year.

The time has come for Dr Machar to take a hard look at his leadership capability. He needs to address his weaknesses if he intends to eventually succeed in his political aspirations.

It is not good for him to continue leading fractious organisations and committing trivial mistakes that cost tens of thousands of lives. The cost is just not worth it. Therefore, it would be helpful if Dr Machar could receive professional support in leadership.

Most political leaders around the world usually receive such support to improve their effectiveness and personal image. Investment in this area would not be a waste but a source of success.

Now a personal image is only a part of the whole. The other part is the political identity. This encompasses things like beliefs, values, ideology and so on which are very important. These are things that allow a leader to attract follower-ship and support from the masses.

The SPLM/A from its inception would not have garnered the support of people throughout the whole Sudan if it did not articulate the values and ideologies of equality, anti-discrimination, multi-culture, multi-faith and so forth which enabled the unionist, Dr John Garang, to bask in as the would-be Messiah of the Sudan.

With hindsight this would-have-been expected Messiah has been proven to be a false one.

It was unfortunate that the beautiful ideals Dr Garang sold to the Sudanese people were hollow. He did not in person live it. He did not follow the wise saying, ‘preach what you practice and practice what you preach.’

The product of his leadership of the SPLM/A as we see it now is the proven evidence of his double standards and hypocrisy. The fruits of Dr Garang’s leadership are the entrenched tribalism, poisonous discrimination, kleptocracy and murderous SPLM/A regime in Juba.

Though Dr Garang’s approach made the SPLM/A a national movement fighting for the whole Sudan, the unionist ideology was not bought in south Sudan. Other powerful ideologies of secession and tribalism festered underneath to undermine the official objective of SPLM/A of creating a “New Sudan” due to strength in beliefs of identity.

In the end, the secessionists in south Sudan won while on the other hand the new country got hijacked by a tribal group, the Jieng Council of Elders, who had been working underground since 1970s.

So Dr Garang the highly praised thinker, suave political operator and an aspirational unifier ended up a total failure. He neither realised his united “New Sudan” nor achieved an equal, multi-cultural, multi-tribal, multi-faith independent South Sudan, a country he vowed not to see happening.

Yet in the face of this glaring evidence the tribal regime wants to promote Dr Garang as the founder of South Sudan. The question is: how could a failed unionist and militarist politician who constructed a vicious tribal movement be a founding father of a country he did not want to exist?

Nobody can argue against the fact that SPLM/A has been a disaster for South Sudan. It has reduced South Sudanese to be seen as savages – the laughing stalk of the world. The comment made by the chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, former President Festus Mogae, sums the tragedy of South Sudan in few words: “South Sudan is run by guns and not reason.” Nobody can be motivated to dispute this fact except the beneficiaries of the regime in Juba.

Given the fact that the SPLM/A has been proven beyond doubt to be a criminal organisation led by idiotic blood thirsty people it is time that the resistance distances itself from this irreparably damaged brand (SPLM/A).

What this means is that there is urgency for the resistance to jettison the name SPLM-IO and rebrand itself to clearly identify itself with the right values and ideology on which the people of South Sudan can converge and coalesce to realise a total change.

Without such a foundational change, the brand SPLM/A as usual ensnares political actors who disagree with it to constantly at best to return into the fold or at worst to end up being killed. This is something time and again that keeps happening. The members of SPLM-IO got themselves ensnared and Dr Machar was lucky to escape with his life, but many of his fighters and innocent civilians ended up paying the ultimate price.

The new resistance created by the recent violence of the Juba regime (2nd July to 11th July 2016) should break with this culture of hogging the brand SPLM/A to free itself from being institutionally trapped to promote violence and Jieng tribalism indirectly.

Brand SPLM/A is tarnished beyond repair. Its attributes consist of some of the worst values and ideologies practised by horrible political organisations like that of Nazi Germany. The Nazis believed in identity politics (White supremacy) and their method to achieve their objective was through practising extreme violence against others.

Similarly, in South Sudan the Jieng Council of Elders believe that the Jieng are ‘born to rule’ which translates itself to the Jieng as being people of superior race. Unsurprising they have chosen the same method practised by the Nazi to achieve their objective in South Sudan. The recent examples are: the ethnic cleansing of December 2013 and the painful events of July 2016.

So the values and ideologies associated with brand SPLM/A are outright incompatible with democratic ideals. Since Dr Machar has consistently said he wants to see democracy implemented in South Sudan, the onus is on him to distance himself and his organisation from the monstrosity called SPLM/A.

Setting foot on this track would be the first step towards freedom from the shackles of a hopeless criminal organisation that has taken away everything from the South Sudanese people.

The resistance should remind the regime of Aleksandr Solzyhnetsin’s wise advice to rulers. This great thinker and author warns rulers that they only have power over people so long as they do not take everything away from them. But when they the rulers have robbed a man of everything, he is no longer in their power – he is free again.

The regime in Juba has robbed the people of South Sudan of everything, you name it: life, land, livelihood itself, peace, honour, resources and so on. What is there left for the people? Nothing! Materially the overwhelming majority of South Sudanese have nothing. Emotionally and inwardly the regime has dehumanised them, but there is something important that replaces these losses and it is the regaining of true freedom. This freedom will be the Achilles Heels of the SPLM/A regime.

What has been discussed so far concerns Dr Machar’s personality and the issue of values and ideologies. He has since graduating from Bradford University with PhD associated himself with the values of SPLM/A that have now worldwide made him to be labelled as a failure.

With President Salva Kiir’s carefully staged violence intended to wipe out Dr Machar and his group, it is important that he seizes this opportunity and moment to exhibit beyond doubt his democratic credentials.

In short, ARCISS, the agreement Dr Machar signed which brought him to Juba meant something for him. He tried to stick to its terms and his activities in Juba showed beyond doubt that Dr Machar truly did not want war any more. His speeches in churches and rallies around Juba were marked with calls for reconciliation, forgiveness and unity.

What more could he have done? What more could the people asked of him? That the people of South Sudan in that short period chose Dr Machar over President Kiir can not be disputed. The numerous endless warm visits by chiefs and elders of most of the tribes of South Sudan to his house at Korok hill evidence the wish of the South Sudanese people.

It is possible that the strong endorsement of the majority tribes of South Sudan of Dr Machar might have rattled President Kiir and the regime forcing them to plan his assassination.

The warming of the people of South Sudan to Dr Machar is not necessarily because of any attractive policies. For anybody who carefully follows South Sudan politics, the probable reason can be found in the behaviour of the Jieng people.

The regime has allowed the Jieng people to antagonise all the tribes in the country and without any outlet the resistance of Dr Machar became a light at the end of the tunnel. It is the hope for something better. Even with all Dr Machar’s weaknesses he is seen by the people as the better option. This I suppose is the headache of President Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

With the huge support of the people of South Sudan, Dr Machar now has the opportunity to restrategise and consolidate his power base both politically and militarily. He should build a broad alliance of all the tribes of South Sudan by holding a national conference to decide what the South Sudanese wish to do to save the country followed by a credible election of a new resistance leadership.

Such an act will put to rest some of the skeletons in his cupboard and will also bestow upon the new leadership body legitimacy to act in the interest of the South Sudanese people.

In ‘Confronting the Policy of Land Grab in South Sudan’ it is pointed out that a lesson can be learnt from how the world dealt with Nazi Germany. A comparison of the SPLM-IG was done with the Nazi and the similarity fits well (

The new resistance leadership will need to look at such cases in order to draw the right policy to deal with the regime in Juba. Otherwise, South Sudan faces the prospect of real disintegration.

Remember, President Slobodan Milosevic of former Yugoslavia in 1990s pursued identity politics enforced by the gun which led to the disintegration of his once great country into Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo, leaving Serbia to stand alone.

President Kiir’s regime like Milosevic’s also practices identity politics which has thrown the country into serious problems. The new resistance leadership is advised to examine the case of the alliance in the Second World War against Nazi Germany to make a wise decision to rescue the country, otherwise the alternatives are ugly.

President Kiir intentionally triggered the current crisis by gallantly violating the peace agreement. His plan to assassinate Dr Machar should sound the death knell for his regime.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul
@elhagpaul (Twitter)