EDITORIAL ANALYSIS, OCT/01/2014, SSN;
Clearly, whilst millions of South Sudanese citizens are perpetually and painfully languishing in despair, hunger and insecurity, the so-called stake-holders at the prolonged so-called ‘peace talks’ in Addis Ababa are engaging in endless theatrics of irresponsibility, duplicity and self-preservation.
In the latest developments, both Kiir’s government delegation and Machar’s rebels have each proposed two diametrically unworkable and inapplicable modalities of ‘Federalism,’ that’s governance by federal system.
In the first instance, Kiir government’s proposal of the Kenya’s defunct 2007 power-sharing modality between the majority Kikuyu tribal clique of President Mwai Kibaki and the second largest Luo tribe of his political rival Raila Odinga, can’t even be qualified as ‘federalism’ and as such is utterly inconceivable in the context of South Sudan.
In the aftermath of the bitterly disputed presidential elections in which thousands of citizens were needlessly butchered, the Kenyans were forced into power-sharing arrangement which was to placate and accommodate the two majority tribes as a way to achieve some healing and reconciliation among them.
The messy arrangement created the positions of the president, two vice-presidents, the prime minister and two deputy prime ministers.
However, even though the prime minister had the authority to coordinate and supervise the execution of functions and affairs of the government of Kenya, he was obviously eclipsed by the more powerful executive president and his two vices.
In the end, the system was a total disaster, the Kikuyus emerged as expected the ever dominant ruling tribe till today and the Luo, unfortunately, remained forever marginalized and circumscribed from central political power.
Therefore, in our current context, this system is a dead end. Kiir’s support for such a proposal is to perpetually entrench Jieng hegemony and cynically ensure Naath (Nuer) political marginalization akin to their Kenyan Luo cousins!
Machar’s proposal of the Ethiopian federal parliamentary republic system is again a non-starter in the context of the peculiarities and particularities of South Sudan tribal dominance politics.
Ethiopia, with a population of 100 million (2015 prediction), and a longer history of atrocious and deadly rivalries between several much larger ethnic groups, has structured a political system based on 9 ethnically-based administrative areas in addition to the two self-governing Capital City of Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.
Furthermore, the Ethiopian president is a figure head though elected by the House of Peoples representatives for a six-year term, whereas, the Prime Minister is the head of government with executive power and a parliament with the legislative powers.
The prime minister obviously comes from the party with the majority following the legislative elections.
All in all, the Ethiopian modality of governance is completely premised on their bitter experiences of the long history of ethnic antagonisms and diversity, but more importantly, on the long imperial rule by the Amharic emperors and the military rule of Mengistu which fatally exacerbated the conflagration of ethnic wars.
Seriously, in contextualizing our current predicament, what we, South Sudanese, are looking forward to is a political system that is not monopolized by either the Dinka or Nuer, and that political modality must be based on equality and justice for all.
Therefore, what those of Kiir and Machar representatives are deliberating in Addis is a concoction of a corrupted modality of ‘Federalism’ that will best satisfy only their separate tribal imperial ambitions of domination and power greediness.
It’s even more mind-boggling to learn that the All-SPLM delegates have worked out a system whereby one person from each of these three All-SPLM groups now assumes the chairmanship of the sessions on daily basis.
They are all clones of that most corrupted system that led our new nation to bleed so badly in this current All-SPLM exacerbated power and ethnic war. Why the hell did they fight against one another in the first place on that fateful day of December 15th, 2013?
Since already proven above that neither the Ethiopian nor the Kenyan modality of ‘federalism’ is acceptable to either groups, why not look further into the more civilized Western world like America, Germany and Canada, for better modalities?
Basically, our primary problem in the ‘new’ South Sudan is the SPLM/A, which has proven itself since coming to power in 2005 as the most FAILED POLITICAL ORGANIZATION ever seen in Africa, with the worst and incompetent so-called ‘leaders,’ with the worst ‘POLITICAL SYSTEM,’ and the most hopeless and sycophantic ‘FOLLOWERS AND SUPPORTERS’ of that failed system and its leader.
Be it inept president Kiir or rebel Machar, and all the G-11s and the Lam Akol’s, all are morbidly tainted and corrupted with that failed SPLM/A contagion, including the uncouth, uneducated SPLA military generals, who remorselessly kill each other and yet the next day, have the temerity to hug each other as if the dead they just murdered were just some dead cows!
These SPLM/A adherents, who within the shortest time in history unimaginable, have utterly devastated the soul of the nation, as evidenced by their shameless prostration and pretence at the Addis talks.
Whilst they are being so graciously and luxuriously supplicated by IGAD, the real South Sudanese on the ground are needlessly being tortured, bullied and eviscerated by their undisciplined military foot soldiers down across the nation.
Since coming to power, the SPLM/A monstrosity of so-called leadership in collusion with foreign interests, robbed all the rich resources our nation is endowed with and then built a violent and extractive political order which has subsequently led to the current crisis.
To conclude, what is advisedly prudent for those in the All-SPLM talks in Addis Ababa is to draft a new political modality based on federalism that is fair, workable and acceptable to all sections of the country and its various nationalities.
Advisedly, the federalism proposed by the Equatorians, which can be further improved upon, looks more truly accommodating to all the various ethnic and sectarian interests across the country, except that a new clause be included that leaves room for any community to opt out or into the proposed ‘states.’
As regards to the national or central authority, there will be a national head of state with limited powers, and perhaps with that post being rotated among the various states or nationalities.
Finally, instead of solely relying and depending on those dead-brained and soul-less SPLM/A delegates now faking as unrepentant peace-brokers, we should seek better learned legal and constitutional brains from the real civilized world to help in drafting the new political modality being proposed at Addis.
Surely, an ALL-SPLM monstrosity that’s truly ‘TOO DEFORMED TO BE REFORMED’ can’t be solely relied upon to draft any document that’s most certainly bound to fail, disappoint and to let us down again.