Attaining sustainable national unity through federal system of government

BY: Jacob K. Lupai, JUBA, MAY/01/2013, SSN;

In the old Sudan, South Sudan had demanded a federal system of government to sustain national unity. However, the narrow minds of the old Sudan rejected the South demand. With no alternative South Sudan then embarked on one of the longest and bloody protracted armed struggle on the continent for freedom, justice and equality. This was spearheaded by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM).

After twenty-one years of armed struggle South Sudan achieved what it had aspired for, total independence. This was expected for people who had suffered so much injustice and gross marginalization in the hands of brutal neocolonial North Sudan. It was easy realizing independence through the ballot box but it is going to be a different matter to attain sustainable unity of South Sudan being diversified as it is.

There are instruments, nevertheless, when carefully considered and applied with a nationalist and revolutionary vision may promote sustainable unity. The problem may be that people hardly differentiate between a nationalist and a tribalist vision. People are confused as the level of tribalism may be high.

SPLM Constitution 2008
The SPLM is the lead party in government in South Sudan. It has a constitution that will make South Sudan a paradise on earth, only if it could be rigorously followed with a nationalistic zeal. In the constitution the SPLM is guided by principles such as democracy and political pluralism, prosperity, harmony and social cohesion. In addition the SPLM is guided by the principles of decentralization and devolution of power and voluntary unity of people, respect of diversity and economic interest.

Among other things the SPLM is guided by the principles of justice and equality for all irrespective of ethnicity, religion, region, social status or gender, accountability, transparency and good governance, and above all emancipation of the individual from constraints to freedom, prosperity, self-realisation and happiness.

From the highlights above the SPLM constitution 2008 is a masterpiece. The constitution has clearly set out basic principles to follow in making South Sudan truly a country all can call home. The aims and objectives of the constitution suggest that the SPLM has a clear revolutionary vision and an instrument to attain sustainable unity and prosperity for all in South Sudan. However, in practice it is not clear to which extent the SPLM has rigorously followed its own constitution to realize the aims and objectives set.

Transitional Constitution 2011
In the Transitional Constitution, 2011 of the Republic of South Sudan, Articles 24(1) and 25(1) stipulate respectively that, “Every citizen shall have the right to the freedom of expression, reception and dissemination of information, publication, and access to the press without prejudice to public order, safety or morals as prescribed by law” and that, “The right to peaceful assembly is recognized and guaranteed; every person shall have the right to freedom of association with others, including the right to form or join political parties, associations and trade or professional unions for the protection of his or her interests”.

In Article 36(1) of the same transitional constitution it is stipulated that, “All levels of government shall provide democratic principles and political pluralism, and shall be guided by the principles of decentralization and devolution of power to the people through the appropriate levels of government where they can best manage and direct their affairs”.

It can be seen that what the Articles in the transitional constitution stipulate is indeed magnificent. However, what matters are not the niceties of the Articles in the transitional constitution. What is of great importance is for the constitution to be seen making the difference in the lives of ordinary people. For example, the freedom of expression guaranteed in the constitution should be translated into practice when people are not silenced for expressing critical views.

Decentralisation and devolution of power to the people to manage their own affairs is something that is universally accepted and is put into practice to make the unity of a country attractive. In South Sudan, however, decentralization and devolution of power to the people at best remains theoretical on paper. There are ten state but remain like departments in a centralized system.

Centralisation of power is evident and examples abound. Tax collection has been centralized and so are the police, prisons and the wildlife forces where the states hardly have power over deployment. This does not sound at all like decentralization and devolution of power to the people in the states to manage their own affairs.

SPLM Manifesto 2012
According to the SPLM Manifesto 2012, “Good governance is achieved through transparency and even more through inclusion, in decision-making through opportunities to give voice to concerns at all levels of governance, and through exercise of the right to ask questions and to demand appropriate answers”. The manifesto states that the ultimate goal is the full empowerment of the people of South Sudan as agents of their own destiny in the economic no less than in the political life of the nation.

What the SPLM Manifesto affirms can only mean decentralization and devolution of power to the people as agents of their own destiny. The manifesto also affirms that the SPLM will ensure democracy under the rule of law and good governance, to safeguard fundamental human. economic, social, cultural and religious rights, and freedoms.

On equality the SPLM Manifesto asserts that it is rooted in the understanding that all men and women have an essential right to be respected fully as human beings, that all human life has equal worth and that all human beings must be afforded equal dignity.

With reference to unity the manifesto affirms that it should not be confused with unanimity. The manifesto asserts that people of South Sudan are diverse and value their diversity, and respect for equal dignity of all human beings necessitates respect for their right to assert and preserve collective identity and values.

The SPLM Manifesto 2012 is very clear on governance, equality and unity. However, good governance, equality and national unity cannot be achieved by word of mouth without the empowerment of people to manage their own affairs. Empowerment of the people is best achieved through proper decentralization which in other words could mean a federal system. The SPLM Manifesto couldn’t have been clearer about empowerment of the peop0le when it asserts that, “True national liberation comes not with the achievement of formal independence, but with the achievement of full and effective empowerment and sovereignty of all citizens and of the nation as a whole”.

The manifesto further affirms that the SPLM shall uphold and respect the rights of minorities and guarantee their representation and participation in the life of the country. Arguably the rights of minorities and their participation in government cannot be guaranteed through a centralized system. Minorities may need to be empowered to manage their affairs and that can be through a federal system for sustainable national unity.

Models of federal system
There are various models of a federal system of government in the world. Models of a federal system are found in countries such as the United States of America (USA), Australia, Germany, Switzerland and Nigeria to mention but a few. To avoid boredom only two models of a federal system are highlighted. They are the Swiss and the Nigerian model.

Swiss model of federal system
Switzerland is a small country located in the heart of Western Europe. It is only 41,277 square kilometers, smaller even that Central Equatoria State whose size is 43,033 square kilometers. However, the population of Switzerland is 8.02 million almost the same as that of South Sudan.

Switzerland has quite a unique democratic tradition. Although a small country Switzerland is a federation of 26 member states known as cantons. Switzerland’s basic political philosophy can be described as far reaching with a form of federal system granting member states a maximum of political self-determination and restricting the competencies of the federal government to absolute minimum.

The Swiss model of a federal system consists of governments, administrations, parliaments and courts organized on three political levels, federal, state (canton) and communal which may be an equivalent to county in the case of South Sudan.

The importance of the Swiss model of a federal system is that Switzerland is made up of different ethnic groups. Over the centuries whenever conflicts have arisen between the different ethnic groups, the Swiss have resolved the conflict by allowing each of the warring groups to govern themselves.

Single states have divided into half-states, new states have been formed and border communes have opted to leave one state to join another. In this way the Swiss have developed a federal system which permits people of different languages, cultures, religions and traditions to live together in peace and harmony. This makes the Swiss model of a federal system particularly well suited to ethnically diverse countries.

Nigerian model of federal system
In Nigeria, under the British colonial rule, conflicting demands for autonomy by the various political grouping compelled the British to establish a measure of compromise to accommodate conflicting demands. The Nigerian model of a federal system can be traced to when the Northern and Southern protectorates were amalgamated. With the existence and recognition of the two autonomous parts of Northern and Southern protectorates, the administrative system of Nigeria was an outlook of a federation.

Under a new Nigerian constitution introduced by the British, a federal system of government was established. This system was based on three regions Eastern, Western and Northern Nigeria. The idea was to reconcile the regional and religious tensions as well as accommodating the interest of diverse ethnic groups. Coups and counter-coups created a volatile situation in Nigeria when the Eastern Region announced secession and proclaimed its independence as the Republic of Biafra. However, the Republic of Biafra could not win an all out war for independence and after a cease fire the Eastern Region was reintegrated into Nigeria.

The three regions of Nigeria were restructured into twelve states with the intention to produce larger representation for other ethnic groups. Each region was divided up into states as were the three regions of South Sudan each also divided up into states. The Nigerian population is diverse with well over 250 ethnic groups. Given the historical legacy of divisions among ethnic groups and regions in Nigeria, the federal imperative was so fundamental that even military governments, characteristically unitarian and centralist, attached great importance to the continuation of a federal system of government.

The model of a federal system in Nigeria is flexible. This means with time more states in the federation can be created. For example, in 1967 the three regions of Nigeria were restructured to create twelve states. The number of states increased to nineteen in 1976, and eventually to twenty-one in 1987. In the span of twenty years Nigeria, from three regions, has developed into twenty-one states in addition to the Federal Capital Territory. The increasing number of states was a direct response to the demands of groups that were not satisfied with their positions in the federation.

National unity through federal system
Both models of a federal system of government in Switzerland and in Nigeria have one thing in common, the achievement of sustainable national unity. The two models adequately address ethnic and regional diversities and challenges that a centralized system may hardly cope with. South Sudan has similar ethnic and regional diversities and challenges as in Nigeria which seems to be coping through a federal system. South Sudan may also cope adequately with its ethnic and regional diversities and challenges through the adoption of a federal system of government.

The main worry about adopting a federal system in South Sudan is that some circles are very scared that they will be out of Equatoria through administrative mechanism of deployment to work in one’s state when a federal system is adopted. This is because Equatoria seems to have become a safe haven for people escaping insecurity in their own states. This may explain the bizarre proposal to annex the states in Equatoria to the insecure neighbouring states.

Nigeria abolished the federal regions and instead created federal states. The existing ten states in South Sudan could become federal states with the larger ones to be divided up into more states to address imbalances in service delivery.

It is not the solution to insecurity and development stagnation to annex the states in Equatoria to the insecure neighbouring states in the other regions. Arguably the solution is the adoption of a federal system to empower the people to manage their affairs with adequate support from the national government.

The recent announcements by the President of the Republic of South Sudan for amnesty to rebellious groups were a giant step forward and in the right direction to realize security and peaceful co-existence.

However, so that not to be seen as discrimination, the amnesty should also include Peter Abdelrahaman Sule though he is a politician. This may go a long way as reconciliation and confidence building for a peaceful South Sudan.

In conclusion, it can be seen that sustainable national unity can be attained through the adoption of a federal system of government as the Swiss and the Nigerian models seem to suggest. A federal system addresses the challenges of ethnic and regional diversities in the national interest.

The main challenge to the adoption of a federal system may be how it is interpreted in the context of South Sudan. However, from a positive perspective a federal system appears to promote sustainable national unity in diversity as the Swiss and Nigerian models seem to confirm.


  1. Eastern says:

    Dear Jacob, I like your persistence; it will pay one day. The idea of breaking old three regions of the South Sudan to form new conglomerate of states will surely be the last button to press on the time bomb South Sudanese are sitting on! The intention of ethnic dilution by force and coercion is evident and should be it be pushed further, don’t ask me why a cat strikes when cornered by a fully grown man! Once again the writing is clearly on the wall!

    • Kong Puok Tongluot - Finland says:

      Dear, Eastern
      What’s your real name rather eastern? I would like to assure you these, Equatorians have worries about Dinkas
      & nuers because they are moved to Juba Nabaria with their animals and settled there. this is a first reality.
      Second, Equatorians have worries about discharge oversight ruling of law, Pres, Kiir has given right to exercise
      the current transitional constitution as daily decrees order to relieve and appoint, that why Equatorians are cooking on the way to Uganda calling for federalism system amended, These perspectives are realistic caused by the dodging of some of our people.

  2. Dau-network says:

    Jacob Lupai, People like equatoria States for 3 things.
    First, capital city in Juba and NGOs which are not there for the State only.
    Second, equatoria States have link roads with neighbouring countries which are not there in some states especially Jonglei.
    Third, insecurity in many states.

    We have freedom of moment in our constitution, so any citizen can stay wherever he/she likes. Nothing wrong with that unless you have hidden agenda or grudge with the people where you are. Otherwise you should fight for constitutional amendment to win that case of (freedom of movement).
    Decentralization is working now or federalism. l don’t know what do you want if every state has its own system. my friend, where you got a job, that is your home!!
    No KOKORA system this time.

    • South Mole says:

      There may be freedom in the constitution but that doesn’t give you right to settle in other people’s villages. Why not develop your area instead of trying to settle elsewhere? Nobody built Equatoria but Equatorians. If Equatorians were food lovers like Dinkas, nothing would’ve been built in Equatoria.

      Right now there is no decentralization because everything is centralized by that senior idot and food-lover, Salva Kiir.

      Instead of envying Equatorians their nice region, you should also work on your states and make them attractive.

      Remember Equatorians didn’t create the insecurity in Jongeli. It was created by your own greed. If you’d share with the Murles, none of these insecurity will be there.

      Equatoria is peaceful now because Equatorians made a conscious effort to make it peaceful but if one day Equatorians become feed up, there will be no South Sudan because the food-loving Dinkas will not have a place to stay.

  3. dmajak says:

    Hey jacob, I have a problem with your federation because every time you talk about federation is how Equatoria is beautiful and best security among other regions. In south sudan all states are beautiful and have good security, just matter of time. According to your previous article, you singled out some tribes such as Dinka and Nuer that are occupying Equatoria land. if there is a federation, there could be no legal right for Dinka to claim the ownership of Equatoria. In south Sudan every state needs other states in terms of development, for example, Great Upper Nile has worst insecurity, but feed. The rest of the nation with oil money and the other regions give them a refuge that is called nation.

    • DMajak and Dau-Network:

      Dear Brothers: How would you feel if somebody goes to your house and start behaving like a real owner of your own home? Will you give that person a kiss on the cheek and wish him a happy stay in your house because he is a South Sudanese? Or, Will you kick him on the Butts and tell him to get the hell out of your home if he doesn’t behave like a guest?

      Brothers, this is exactly how the Equatorians feel about Dinka and Nuer’s presence in their States. You Jieng and Nuer don’t behave like other migrants in Equatoria. You act and behave as if though you are the Bosses or owners of Equatoria States and that generated hatred and animosity among the people of Equatoria and particularly the Bari tribe which was the most dominant tribe in Equatoria.

      You should know that every State in South Sudan is as productive, beautiful and peaceful as Equatoria. All you need to do in your respective States is to lay down your weapons and embrace peace and tranquility just like Equatoria. You Dinka and Nuer should go home and tell your people to stop their senseless wars. Tell them that the only enemy we have in South Sudan is Arabs, LRA, illiteracy and poverty. Please tell Nuer, Dinka and Murle that Equatoria is not a Paradise or heaven on earth. It is just like Jonglei and other States in South Sudan. Why do you start the fight in your State and run to Equatoria and grab their lands at the gunpoint? Where will you go if the Equatorians get their guns and kick you out from Equatoria? You should move the Capital City out of the Equatoria if this is what bringing you to Equatoria. Move that damn Capital City to Ramciel so that the Equatorians could have a peace of mind and liberty in their States once and for all.

      • Eastern says:

        The very first time for me to hear a voice of reason from Garang; I wonder what he’s smoked today!!

        • Dear Eastern:
          I must confess to you that my tune has abruptly changed because I have just realized that you, Nyaputa, Umoja, South Mole and Elhag Paul are not really true Equatorians and do not represent the true feelings, interest and opinions of the real Greater Equatoria people. Truly indeed, you are aliens from East Africa, therefore I have to step up and address the core issues that make the real South Sudanese Equatorians loathsome against their fellow Countrymen, especially Dinka and Nuer.

          As an African Brother/Sister, you are welcome to work and live in South Sudan, however I warn you not to meddle in our internal affairs during your stay in South Sudan. You and your likes should know that Mr.Gatkuoth, Mr. Lukudu and Mr. Garang are true South Sudanese and are capable of resolving their internal differences alone without the interference of intruders.

          • Eastern says:

            ‘TRUE SOUTH SUDANESE’ that leaves me wondering what you mean here. I don’t want to emphasize my identity to one who holds no idea of the hills my forefathers traversed and river they drew their drinking water from. By the way, before the SPLA guerilla war was launched, not so many of your kins knew that Equatoria was a different land with different people. We are busy selling the idea of breaking away to the people of Western Bahr el Ghazal – the folks are buying in the idea. Don’t tell me we did not warn you!! People in these areas have kiths and kins across the national borders.

          • South Mole says:

            Gatkuoth Garang, If Equatorians are aliens from “East Africa”, what are you then doing in “East Africa”? Why not go to South Sudan and build there? Why “develop” other people’s place when you know in the end you’re not going to be welcome there? It’s time to high tail it back to Warrap where I hear there is not even a single building so the governor is forced to conduct his meetings under trees like his ancestors before him. While the world develops, the food–lovers still wallow in poverty despite the millions they’ve stolen.

    • PanKon says:

      That is somewhat an argument to take home.. I guess Mr Jacob will bury his head in the sand and say Upper Nile Oil gets drained in Equatoria… Keep the fight on

      • South Mole says:

        PanKon, Equtorians didn’t ask anybody to come spend their money in Equatoria. Go spend your money in Upper Nile and Bahr El Gazal. We’ll care less. Let’s see you “develop” your regions for once instead of congregating in Equatoria because that’s where development is.

        • Eastern and South Mole:

          Dear Aliens:

          As our African brothers/sisters, You are welcome to work and live in Equatoria, South Sudan however, you are not permitted to generate hatred and animosity between the loving Citizens of South Sudan. It is very unfortunate that Mr/Mrs. South Mole has lost his heart and mind through the hatred of Jieng. Now it is quit obvious that he has also lost his/her eye sight. The evidence of this claim is that he/she had read my article and still he misquoted what I have said in my article above.

          Sir/Madam, I never said in my article that Equatorians are Aliens from East Africa. In fact, I have mentioned the names of the people that I doubted to be Equatorians and that included you, Eastern, Nyaputa, Umoja and Elhag Paul. Please read my article again and attempt to comprehend the content or have Mr. Elhag Paul read it and explain it to you because I believe his brain and eyes are still intact and functioning well more than yours.

          This is one the proofs of being an Alien, If you were truly South Sudanese from Equatoria, you would have known that the Governor of Warrap State is not a male and that the legislature Assembly of Warrap State is built with Bricks. Why don’t you go to Kuacjok, the Capital City of Warrap State to see it for yourself since you are given legal documents to move freely in South Sudan. Please go and see how the Capital City, Kuacjok is designed and how many Brick buildings are standing there.

          Eastern: There is a saying that remove a dirt from your eyes first before you tell others. You should acquire the Citizenship of South Sudan first before you sell your negativity and hatred of Jieng to the people of Western Bhar El Ghazal. By the way, the Western Bhar El Ghazal State is comprised of Fertit, Jur-chol and Dinka tribes. So which tribe are you selling your East African ideas to break away from Western Bhar El Ghazal? and Where will it go when it breaks away? If you were truly South Sudanese Citizen, you would have known that Dinka and Nuer had entered Equatoria long before the SPLA Gorrila. At the age of 17 years, the current president, Salva Kiir Mayardit was a bodyguard of General Joseph Lagu at one of those hills you naively claimed.

          In 2013, 6 Ugandan thieves broke into one of the shops in Konyokonyo market in Juba at 02:00 clock in the morning. However,the South Sudanese Police came and surrounded the Ugandan thieves inside the shop and asked them who they were and Why they were in the shop early in morning. Inside the shop, the Ugandan thieves claimed to be Equatorians and the owners of the shop. Unfortunately, the Police apprehended them and they turned out to be Ugandans and not the Equatorians or shop owners. So, my dear African brothers/sisters, you could be one of those Ugandan thieves. Therefore I warn you{Aliens}to clear your identity first before you meddle or stick your nose in our internal and political affairs in South Sudan. Please know that when we go to Kenya, Uganda and/or any Country in East Africa, we don’t pretend to be Citizen of that Country unless otherwise we acquire the Citizenship and I hope you should do likewise in South Sudan.

    • South Mole says:

      Equatoria is beautiful that is why Dinkas congregate there. Equatorians don’t have problems with Nuers. Our problem is Dinka. Furthermore, Equatoria didn’t ask for anybody’s money to develop it. Equatoria was developed well before oil money and it shall continue to thrive after oil money. If anything, it’s Equatoria that’s keeping South Sudan afloat otherwise the whole country would’ve gone to the dogs. Well, the country now is in the hands of dogs but that’s a topic for another day.

      • Ater Jieng says:

        South Mole:
        Please be reminded that Juba is the Capital City of South Sudan and it was developed from the Taxation money collected from the Greater Bhar El Ghazal and Greater Upper Nile Regions. Also it was liberated with the blood and souls of Dinka and Nuer soldiers. The Country is indeed in the hands of Dogs because it was liberated and made to be a Country by the Dogs. Why do human beings want to have a say or a share in the Country that was liberated by Dogs? All the Brick buildings you now see in Juba were not built with the Equatorians money. They were all built during the High Executive Council under the leadership of Dinka and Nuer 1980’s. Sir, Are you really an Equatorian or an intruder from East Africa? How would you resolve your differences with Dinka? Are ready and willing to reconcile?

        • Eastern says:

          Give us a definition of an intruder in your insinuation here. Are those of Lagu, Tafeng, Obutu Mamour, Jadala, Thomas Cirilo, Ann Itto, etc intruders? The writing is on the wall but you cannot see it; what degree of blindness has struck you?

          • Eastern:

            If I win a lottery, I will send you to the United State of America to have your brain and heart removed and replaced because they are spoiled by the Dinka and Nuer hatred and animosity. The question asked by Mr. Ater Jieng in his article above, has nothing to do with those South Sudanese heroes and heroines. Why do you keep jumping up and down like a frog being chased by a snake? Get the Dictionary and define the meaning of intruder yourself. Are you one of those South Sudanese heroes and heroines? Please get it from me again. You, Mr/Mrs.Eastern and your likes are not Equatorian(s) nor South Sudanese. You are a typical Alien from East Africa, Period. As from now on, you must Speak for yourself and not for Equatorian leaders because you are not an Equatorian nor South Sudanese, Period.

  4. Lumali says:

    My friends Dau-network and dmajk,
    you should not misunderstood this man is only fighting for your rights as citizens to be free, and do not always claim that you are not beautiful or attractive, women only can do that, because all Southern are beautiful and attractive. This is how federal system works, is that each level of government has some degree of autonomy from the other. In levels, that is, each level can carry out some policies that may not be preferred by the other. For example in the others countries national and States governments have distinct powers and responsibilities. The national government, for example, is responsible for national defense and foreign policy. State and local governments have primary responsibility for conducting elections and promoting public safety.

    In other areas, such as transportation, the different levels of government share responsibilities in what are typically called the concurrent powers. The national government has also taken on additional responsibilities through implied powers that are inferred from the powers explicitly granted in the Constitution. Local governments role such as cities, towns, School, districts, actually counties are not autonomy units of government and therefore have a different place within federal system than the national and state governments. Local governments are creatures of the state government. That is, state governments create local governments and control the types of activities they can engage in, by specifying in the state charter either what they can do or only what the cannot do- that is, they are allowed to do anything not specifically prohibited in the charter.

    This lack of autonomy does not imply that local governments are unimportant. indeed they play the central role in providing public education, police and the fire departments, and land used polices which you are complaining from Equatora been denying they also raise money through property taxes, user fees, and in some cases local sales taxes. But overall, local governments do not directly share power within federal system with the state and national governments because of their lack of autonomy power.

  5. malith Alier says:

    I think he ardently believes in so-called federalism for two reasons
    1. It will correct land grabbing
    2. It will strengthen and anchor tribalism for small tribes
    On one occasion, i requested Mr Lupai, the preacher and architect of federalism to tell us what are the root causes of land grabbing but he did not avail any. Some of the reasons why land grabbing is an issue are;
    1. The process of land grabbing is easier than the process of obtaining land legally and legitimately
    2. There are large swathes of land which are not in use but once a landless person settles there he/she becomes a land grabber!
    It is time for Bari to be reasonable not the whole Equatoria. Bari tries to recruit the whole equatorians to magnify a trivial cause like land grabbing. Many of you know that you are on the wrong side of history because of “Kokoro” The problem is that you people never learn from history.

    • South Mole says:

      Malith Ater,
      why do you want to settle in Equatoria instead of your home state? Those “empty” large swaths of lands in Equatoria have owners and they’re not going to allow food-lovers like you to settle there. If obtaining land should be made easy, how come the Dinkas of Upper Nile and Bahr El Gazal don’t allow Equatorians to buy or own land in their places? If you don’t want to give us land in your place, why do you expect us to give you land?

      Land grabbing isn’t trival. You’re better off developing your state because the land that you grabbed by force will one day be grabbed by force from you. Know that you’ll never have peace in Equatoria unless if you’re a Nuer whom Equatorians don’t have quarrel with because they’re not food-lovers like jenge.

  6. malith Alier says:

    Furthermore, give them federalism they demand and they will come up with something new and ludicrous.
    Happy you all

    • South Mole says:

      Malith Ater, we’re not going to be given federalism but we’re going to take it. Heard that restive stirrings in Juba, prepare to run back to Kakuma if you’re not there already.

  7. Naath Nuer says:

    I believe that government of South led by one tribe whose behaviour lean toward tribalism would be right way to lead the nation that’s been suffering for longest civil war. It seems like something may happen if the world don’t look in and save the young nation and its people not to collapse for good. It is something that leaders of South Sudan had to be careful how governing the country.
    I don’t mean to single out one tribe whose man is in the power, however, something people dont understand when they look at Salva kiir regime. they’re asking what the hell he doing along with his tribe? Do they think that South belongs to his Dinka or belongs to all tribes who live in South Sudan?

    So, if he thinks it belongs to Dinka, what will happen if other tribes stood up against them?
    My opinion on this situation created by President of Republic of South Sudan. We all South Sudanese need ourselves in order to make our country shine on the hill not dark in the hole. Whoever promotes corruption, tribalism, hatred, selfishness which have no place within us and weakness can led us into unhuman on earth. we need to leave those behind and think about how we suffered for sake of this nation. We to act responsible for our own good not our individual interest. South Sudan defined as tribal not united country. we have to study carefully how we can be unifying for long term.
    we have resources that we don’t need help from foreigners if we know how to do it. Corruption and tribalism is not a unity or something will make our country shine on hill. Also we don’t want Rwanda genocide happen.

    • South Mole says:

      I concur with you Naath Nuer. Kiir and his Dinka henchmen are to blame for creating this mess. The Dinkas have created a toxic enviornment that nobody wants to stand with them anymore. Had Equatorians stood with Dr. Macher in 1991, South Sudan won’t have been a failure today.

  8. Ater Jieng says:

    Dear Naath Nuer:
    Please be informed that President Kiir doesn’t believe that South Sudan belongs to his tribe alone otherwise he wouldn’t have given 11 ministerial positions to Equatorians and 7 to Nuer people alone. Please do the research and find out how many ministerial positions do Dinka have out of 29 positions. Believe it or not, Kiir’s government is well represented in tribal and regional levels.

    Also be informed that most of the tribes stood up against Dinka during the liberation of South Sudan. The only tribes that did not have ill-feelings and/or stood up against Dinka during and after the Civil war are Jur (Jur-chol), Bongo and Jurbel in the Greater Bhar El Ghazal Region. I wonder what kind of tribal gang up you are calling for against Dinka? The massacre that occurred in Bor in 1990’s was not different from the genocide of Rwanda. Please think logically and intellectually.

  9. Dhaal mapuor says:

    That’s a good commentary.

  10. Majongdit says:


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