African Union: Which AU??…. Do not be vague, take them to The Hague

By: Samuel Atabi, South Sudanese, APR/27/2017, SSN;

In the last few weeks, discerning South Sudanese have detected a slight movement of the needle in the attitudes of the international community towards the government’s violence against its own citizens in their country.

First, the Rt. Hon. Priti Patel, the UK Secretary for International Development, called the scorched-earth campaigns of the Kiir’s regime, with its proper name, ‘Genocide.’

This was followed by the UN-appointed Panel of Experts on South Sudan’s letter which acknowledges that …[B]y far the largest-scale of campaigns have been planned and executed by SPLM/A in Government under the leadership of Kiir.’

Furthermore, the letter clearly states that these campaigns are carried out by a combination of tribal Dinka SPLA forces in conjunction with Dinka militia known as the ‘Mathiang Anyoor.’

Never before has a UN-inspired document been so explicit on stating the tribal character of the government forces.

Then, on April 25, 2017, the US Ambassador to the UN, Hon. Nikki Haley excoriated the Kiir government on the causes of the devastating famine and violence, while at the same time threatening arms embargo against the regime.

But can these welcomed and apparent shifts be viewed as hopeful signs for the much needed resolution of the conflict? Only time will tell.

But, while the same South Sudanese welcome these slight movements, they have also noted the reference, by these sources, to the African Union (AU) as a necessary partner in ending the genocide; most right-thinking South Sudanese do not envisage any arbitration role for the African Union in this war.

They view the prescription to involve the AU as a mistake because of the nature of AU and its track record in solving problems on the continent of Africa.

More specifically, South Sudanese’s historical experience with this institution is at the root of this rejection. The postures of the AU, and its defunct predecessor, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), have always been against the political interests of the people of South Sudan. Evidence exists to support this claim.

The OAU was founded in 1963, at the time when most African nations were gaining their political independence from the colonial powers. At that time, the prevailing unifying ideal for these young countries was that of Pan-Africanism.

This ideal had espoused solidarity and unity among African states. In conformity with this ideal, one of the OAU’s main aims was, and still remains, ‘to defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of the African states.’

The South Sudanese war of independence, from the Sudan, had predated the birth of the OAU by eight years, and the war was therefore, seen, by the founders of this outfit, to be inimical to the unity that was championed by the new regional institution.

To prove their credentials as stalwarts for Pan-Africanism, the first crop of the African leaders in the 1960’s and 1970’s competed with each other in condemning this South Sudanese war of liberation.

The competition took the form of harassment, detention and even killing of South Sudanese refugees in countries such as Uganda.

In one particular prominent example, the founder and the first leader of the Southern Sudan Liberation Movement, Fr. Saturnino Ohure and his fellow priest, Fr. Leopoldo Anywar, were murdered in Uganda.

As we write, some countries in the region are still involved in similar actions which now include kidnapping, forced disappearance and deportation of South Sudanese refugees who are residing within their borders.

The OAU was succeeded by the AU in 2002. The AU inherited the original objectives of the former as well as its hostility against any group intending to challenge the received colonial borders.

South Sudan was in the midst of a second installment of the independence armed struggle when this succession took place.

In an effort to avoid the hostility of the OAU/AU and its consequences, the then leader of this new independence movement (the SPLM/A), Dr. John Garang, had to disguise its true intention (that of secession) as that of a united New Sudan.

South Sudan became independent in 2011. Clearly, there is no goodwill among the members of the AU towards South Sudanese because of the perception that the latter have defied the objective of the organization as indicated earlier.

Therefore, the AU is incapable, unwilling and ill-suited to be an honest broker in the present conflict in South Sudan. For example, the AU has so far failed to create a Hybrid Court, as recommended by its own Commission, to try those who are suspected of having organized the on-going genocide in South Sudan.

Another hostile regional organization, which is being recommended as an arbiter in the conflict, is the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD). This organization has even proved to be worse than the AU.

Its membership has opted openly to side with the Kiir’s regime in Juba.

The UN Panel has this to say about IGAD in their letter: ‘…The regional body has also fractured in its response to the conflict, and coordinated pressure within the region to enforce the (August 2015) agreement has dissipated in favor of bilateral arrangements between its members and SPLM/A in Government, dictated by these States’ national security and economic interests.’

To many South Sudanese, any insistence on further mediation role for IGAD in this conflict, as is espoused by the Russian delegation to the UN Security Council, will be viewed as a hostile act against their interests and a ruse to prolong their suffering in the hands of the rogue regime in Juba.

The perpetrators of what Hon. Patel calls a tribal genocide are known; they should not be allowed to get away with impunity.

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the court of last resort and as the possibility of instituting the Hybrid Court recedes, because of the AU’s machination and subterfuge, the ICC should take over the responsibility for trying these genocide suspects.

The international community should be resolute in sending these people to ICC.

To quote the Kenyans during the debate on how and where to try their own suspects of political violence in 2007, we repeat, ‘Do not be vague; take them to The Hague’.

Samuel Arabi is a concerned South Sudanese. He can be reached at samuelatabi@gmail.com

18 Comments

  1. False Millionnaire says:

    Mr Atabi,
    Many thanks for feeding SSN with the crap it has no hunger for.
    Why do u want to ignore that u are an MTN hunting apologist and that u are also a candidat among those who should be marshed to the Haag?
    Your conduct is naive and totally out of ignorance. U don’t have à clue that what’s left of RSS is a Stone age piece of land in which live divided masses in a muddy struggle against each other.
    I am à target for MTN hunting and you are a target for MTN counter hunting. U had provoked this situation if u didn’t know. What’s the need for the international court of justice when the country as a country no longer exist?

    • Elhag Paul says:

      Whoa! “U had provoked this situation if u didn’t know.” Really? If this is not lack of self reflection,I do not know what it is. Perhaps this is a sort of mental illness afflicting the ‘born to rule’. Although we tried to enlighten them that they do not possess those skills they refused to listen. With the shambles and chaos in the country, do the likes of False Millionaire still consider themselves born to rule?

      • Samuel Atabi says:

        This guy is fidling here while MTB castle in Juba is burning. Lack of perspective.

      • Abel Magok says:

        False Millionnaire

        The brutal roads attacks in Equatoria hay-ways targeted innocent civilians base on their ethnicity which known as MTN was the product of Elhag Paul’s hateful writings posted on this website together with Dr. Lako Jada currently operating in Equatoria. If Mr. Atabi is seeking for justice in criminal Court (ICC), such should start with those of Elhag Paul.
        I don’t know when Mr. Elhag Paul hears this word so called born to rule, was it in 2005 or in 1970s? if not a joke or excessive lies, Joseph Lago and James Tumbra, both from Equatoria, governed South Sudan.

  2. tit4tat says:

    False M
    Your song of “MTN hunting” is too redundantly soooooo old and boring. Stop shedding the crocodile tears, the writings are all over the wall and no one is interested in your whining. Look into the next chapter of how your kinds await the noose. My advise to you is ‘Dont hide behind the “MTN hunting” crap anymore. MTNs started this mess, stop crying and take it just like everybody else and shut it.

  3. Gatdarwich says:

    Atabi,

    You’re absolutely right, ICC must take to court the engineers and executioners of the ongoing genocidal war in South Sudan. The perpetrators of the current genocidal war in Sudan are well known. They include Killer NyanKiir, Malong, Kuol Manyang, Marial Chinuong, Salva Mathok, Daniel Awet, Philip Aguer, makuei Lueth, Bona Malual, Ambrose Riiny, Joshua Dau__plus their enablers__Puljang, Nguen and Bapiny Minytuil.
    These individuals and many others serving in killer NyanKiir’s tribal regime must be taken to ICC period

  4. False Millionnaire says:

    Is it cheer blind soldarity with Mr Atabi for the rubbish that’s warranting the ranting?
    How about Alhag’s life long project of inciting the masses against each other that has translated into a booming practical tragedy?
    Stop jumping the steps with the phrase,”born to rule”,as a face saving to justify your stupidity.Go beat drums,drink and help yourselves to causal sweet hearts in celeberation if u are happy with the grave state of affairs.But give yourselves time and see if road target killing of innocent jieng will help u drive jieng out of RSS.

    • Elhag Paul says:

      False Millionaire has gone bankrupt. Resorting to abuses and baseless accusations. Here is a phrase of wisdom that may help him understand a bit of life. If he is a Christian he will find it in the Holy Bible and here it is: ‘You reap what you sow’. The Jieng invested in killing, rape, looting state resource, land grabbing and what have you. Now the Jieng are reaping the fruits of their investment. This has nothing to do with Elhag, Gatkouth, Konyi, Wani, Dak, Fatur etc. So, False Millionaire should not look for scapegoats.

  5. Chief Abiko! says:

    Dear: Gatdarwich

    ICC is not appropriate solution for the South Sudan interncine! If you those people you mentioned,are taken,in CCI,do you think it will stop war in South Sudan government???!

    What is good is open talk! Let people South Sudanese themselves,diagonose the problems for peace for themselves! The country is now heading in wrong direction altogether! Believe me!

    Sincere Healing Anger!

    Abiko!

    Missouri,USA

  6. Toria says:

    Fellow Revolutionists;
    The plans for UN trusteeship is working, http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62349. Soon the criminals in J1 will face justice. Let’s keep the heat on and clean up their mess.

  7. Chief Abiko! says:

    Dear: Toria

    You biggest stooge and puppet! Your plan for UN trusteeship,is not going to produce for you a good harvest altogether at this point! There are people like you.They are wiggling tails on UN when never had a good understanding of the UN! Good luck!

    Your UN will dry your treasury forever meanwhile you will remain to suffer to HELL FOREVER!

    Sincere Healing Anger!

    Abiko!

    Missouri,USA

  8. Samuel Atabi says:

    Folks, you might want to watch this too:

    https://m.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=1x1Y6gmSl6k

    • info@southsudannation says:

      Sam Atabi,
      At least Mr. Peter Biar is one exceptional jieng who’s standing, albeit on one leg, boldly speaking out against the worsening situation in the country.
      However, one seriously wonders how Mr. Biar can easily enter in and get out of Juba so easily. Something here doesn’t look normal. For instance, since I established this website, I have received numerous threats allegedly from ‘some people’ in Juba and as such, being an Equatorian, I cannot set foot in South Sudan until Kiir and other killers are booted out.
      Isn’t Biar just lucky to jet in and out of Juba so freely?
      That’s the outstanding and inexplicable paradox of South Sudan today. Some of us are crying ‘fake media’ tears, as American president Donald Trump might rightly call it.
      Editor

  9. Samuel Atabi says:

    Editor,

    I also noted what you are saying. He is a part of the JCE CHARM offensive to present an acceptable face of Dinkocracy. The other false thing to note about what he said is quoting the fake letter written by Ateny Wek purported to have been written by Kiir and Machar. But I wanted your readers to note what the other speakers said about the AU and IGAD. Thanks for sharp editorial eye.

  10. Elhag Paul says:

    Dear Editor and Mr Atabi
    To add to your comments. On 28 March 2017, Biar presented a paper on the National Dialogue at Westminster University. In his presentation, he tore into Kiir mercilessly to the extent that one angry Jieng rose up from among the audience and spoke to him in Jieng language. To cut it short, at the end a group of boiling Jieng women ambushed Biar outside the campus at Regent Street calling him all sorts of names. Now to hear him saying that he was in Juba last week, my head span round in disbelief. Could any none Jieng talking against the system go to Juba and come out alive? What a miracle! I agree with both of you, this guy is a true Dinkocrat.

  11. Chief Abiko! says:

    Dear: Samuel Tabi and Editor

    I listened in youtube the panelists with Peter Biar Ajack. It was a circus! I stopped listening! If South Sudan is looking like the way Mr.Peter Biar Ajack has expressed,then,South is finished altogether! It means, Kirr National Dialogue,has no significant meaning at this point altogether!

    Sincere Healing Hatred!
    Abiko, Missouri,USA

  12. Samuel Atabi says:

    Folks,

    The following is the agenda of the AU’s Peace and Security Council for the month of May, 2017. No South Sudan on it! (ChimReports.com)

    “The PSC has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security on the African continent and is central to the African Peace and Security Archtecture (APSA).

    During the month of May, the PSC will, besides holding a retreat on its work methods, consider a number of other key issues relating get to African Peace answer security in line with the Protocol that sets up the PSC.

    Topics for consideration include an open session on Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa; undertaking a PSC Field Mission to Darfur, Sudan; and adoption of the Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism for Silencing the Guns in Africa by the year 2020.”

  13. mading. says:

    tit4tat. MTN hunting is not old and boring, as you said it, 30 Dinkas were massacred last Friday. False Millionaire is telling the truth, so do not cry tomorrow if Dinkas push your hands a way.

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