Accountability as the Golden and Cultural Phenomenon


No government can succeed in anything without strong institutional functionality models. At any level, there has to be day-to-day methods for micro-accountability. Auditors should only play supervisory roles as their duties come once in a while. For South Sudan, we need self-perpetuating methods that’d remain as cultural…daily. Psychologically, South Sudanese should understand that accountability is a daily happening.

Corruption isn’t going to end through the arrest of few individuals. What the government has to do is to establish systemic instruments that can act as deterrents for would-be corrupt employees.

What we have to understand is that auditing is a yearly event that does little in fighting corruption in Africa. In that case, what the country needs is structural establishment of across-the-board modalities that can make sure accountability becomes a golden cultural phenomenon.

The recent suspension of Finance Minister, Kosta Manibe, and Cabinet Affairs Minister, Deng Alor, is a political faux pas. While some might rush to argue that the President has finally got some nerves in fighting corruption, the arrest raises more curious questions than answers. Admittedly, the incident makes South Sudanese even more wary and confused than comforted.

What’s the fate of the 75-fellows letter? When is the president going to report back to the nation about what happened to the letter?

The suspension of these two ministers and the subsequent investigations are going to neither reduce corruption nor assure anyone that the president is serious about fighting corruption.

Fighting corruption shouldn’t be a political cherry-picking. The president has to either do a systemic overhaul or devise modalities that can be applied by every single worker in South Sudan. Accountability shouldn’t be restricted to government departments either. It should apply to everyone in both the public and private sphere of work…and at all levels.

Each and everyone should be enlightened and given strict directives in order to know that accountability is to be made a cultural phenomenon in South Sudan. Strict transitive causal relations can help: A->B->C->D. Every single person should understand that they are accountable to someone above them.

This accountability model shouldn’t be restricted to fiscal enterprises. The models should be applied to any given task that directly affects the lives of South Sudanese and their developmental future.

Regular accountability meetings at every given department should be made mandatory. A culture where people know that they can be called any time by their superiors is the culture we want. If one knows that one’s boss can call any time for one to account for the hours worked, the quality of work or any task money-related, then it would be possible for people to keep clean records of what they do.

For instance, employees should keep their records because their supervisors can call them any time to account for what they do; whether they adhere to codes of conduct and their job descriptions.

Supervisors should also keep their records because they can be summoned any time to account for what they do in front of departmental heads. Departmental heads should also keep their records clean as they might be called to account in front of directors.

And this should continue up to the ministers, to the parliament and to South Sudanese citizens. Without this systemic inculcation of the culture of accountability, arresting or suspending individuals only becomes an excuse; a political ruse meant to cover up the macabre malady of corruption.

National Audit Chamber (NAC) can either devise these modalities or the government can contract an independent consulting company to make sure that accountability isn’t restricted to government officials. NAC yearly auditing is just a pinch among all the ingredients required for workable and effective accountability.

Let what we do be transparent! Let accountability be cultural!

Kuir ë Garang is a South Sudanese poet, author and publisher living in Canada. He’s the author of the upcoming book, South Sudan Ideologically: Tribal Socio-Democracy, SPLM Ideologues, Juba Corruptocrats, Khartoum Theocrats and their Time-Frozen Leadership. For more about the author, visit


  1. GatCharwearbol says:

    Mr. Kuir e Garang,

    You have said it all brother. This is the kind of writing we all need to see here. Hopefully those who can read, hear, listen, and believe will take this note to heart and practice it.

    I hope our powerful people are reading this piece. They could greatly benefit from it if they read it and put it to use. Please keep writing more logical, objectional, meaningful, and reasonable articles like this. God bless you.

  2. Dau-network says:

    Thanks Kuir.
    The transparency system will come after 2030 when all current Generals will be pushed aside from leadership by autocratic computer generation of “lost girls/boys because those guys in Juba now “can’t and will not” bring the changes we like to see including expected next president Dr Riek due to his poor thinking regardless of his PHD.
    South Sudan system will little bit change if we got a person who likes legacy than leadership and that why l don’t support Dr Riek because he put being leader first instead of reputation from 1984 upto now! Look, John Lok not doing a lot amusing jobs in little position but second powerful man is campaigning before official date of campaigns.

    • Diu J.Kuek says:

      Kuir Garang.
      For your article in the Republic of South Sudan to have a government with the accountability visible shining system with good governance and transparancy will never happen but it may happen as dreams which is far from the practical way because things were began wrongly with us. Now it’s too late to tackle such chronic corruption so the alternative way is to eliminating the targeting individuals through conspiracy against each other to bring to light his/her corruption records if is not in good term with you.
      same to Mr Kosti Manibe and Mr Deng Alor Kuol, aforesaid in your article .
      In case of South Sudan National Auditor Chamber (SSNAC), it’s an institution with no power to prosecute but it has rights to expose during its audit of the Public Account.
      For this so called anti-corruption commission, it’s quasi anti corruption commission and resembling having some but not all the features of of anti corruption commission I am saying that because it never been prosecuted and will never prosecute any person connecting with corruption while corruption is practised on the daily basis in South Sudan.
      To Dau Network, brother, it’s good for us to be realistic when it comes to the national issues so you are designating Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon as weak with poor thinking regard to your comment. If I ask you what do you expect from Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon to do regarding this current situation in order to tackle the corruption.
      Before saying anything you are absolutely confused with the situation; please, try to go deep and understand the nature of our government politics and its functioning running administrative.
      Let me tell you Dau and I hope you may know all our thieves who are misusing the public funds are against the ideas of Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and they are the same people who always cause mistrust between the two leaders. They try to put Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon in the Island but the man is too heavy for them to be isolated in to play with President mind.
      Please things are easy with us and we are still having a long way to go.

      • Dau-network says:

        Diu J Kuek.
        My brother, you are too young to recall the past and you were too little in 1991 to witnessed it. last time l asked you to differentiate Adolf Hitler and Dr Riek but you failed to convince me and public through your confused brain as you called me so, though you undulated on me. l like you to seek ideas from wise people around you but not young position seekers as Kuol Manyang said to Ngong Aluong @ Diu.
        All Dr Riek supporters either were too young or position seekers because 1991 massacre was not for Bor only as others assumed, what about Anyuak, Ngok and Gawaar including murder of Nyuon Bany in 1995 and Elijah, were they dinka? Unless it will be DEMOCRAZY NOT democracy to support an arch-enemy of Junubins. Lots of nuer youths lost their lives against SPLA in general through illegitimacy MOVEMENT, who should be accountable for their lives?!!
        No difference between Dr Riek and his associates or accomplices.

  3. Kuir e Garang, you have mentioned every important aspects of corruption. In my recent visit to African countries, especially Kenya and Uganda, corruption will never end across our states of Africa. This is because leaders do not respect the law in places. The laws are behind while they people are ahead of them.

  4. Kuir Garang,
    You have brought forward what is in our heart for South Sudan.
    First we must change the head of state for those changes to happen in our land.
    How can those changes happen when Kiir appoints less serious leaders who go ahead and fill ministries or whatever Government institution with relatives? Can you Kuir effectively supervise your concubine, Girlfriend, brother or clan mates, your friends? Can you? Tell me, Kuir Garang. Can you?
    I am of a view that even if Riek is bad we need him as alternative for change purpose at least. He must run for presidency.
    In Equatoria, people voted for SPLM Rejects in 2010 National elections. Because they know SPLM Policies of appeasement is meant to reward their pa-pets but not rely genuine politics. We in Bahr el Gazel must borrow those styles.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.