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The Party of Blood-Spillers: SPLM holds a retreat in Lobonok County (Central Equatoria)

BY: ELHAG Paul, South Sudan, DEC/17/2018, SSN;

SPLM/A, the party of blood-spillers is a stranger to retreats, conventions and conferences.  Since its inception it was built up to function as a politico-military machine on orders from the top.  From 1983 to 1991 no one dared to question what its leaders did.

I was informed at the time that, when members dissented they got sentenced to firing squad with appeals done after the sentence was carried out.  Terrifying stuff!  In short, the party of blood-spillers does not believe in due process and justice let alone democracy.  The words of its leaders are final and must prevail in their world.

So, any talk of retreat, conventions and conferences is something unheard of.  One had to be crazy to utter these words.

In 1991 the intense battle for the control of Ethiopia between the ruling Dirge (Ethiopian Communist Party) and the revolutionaries fighting alongside the Eritrean separatists influenced the political dynamics in the SPLM/A and the war in the Sudan.

Dissatisfied elements in the SPLM/A party of blood-spillers saw an opportunity to change the leadership of Dr John Garang De Mabior in order to institute structural and ideological reforms.

Thus Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, Dr Lam Akol Ajawin and Gordon Koang launched a coup on 28th August 1991 which failed, splitting the party into two movements: SPLM/A United and SPLM/A Torit factions.

The SPLM/A Torit faction of blood-spillers under Dr Garang was shaken to the core by the failed coup and for it to maintain support of the people it had to accept changes… therefore in 1994 it held its first ever convention in Chukudum, Eastern Equatoria to democratise and also accept the principle of self determination with federalism.

Since this convention, no further voluntary conventions of this kind were done because the leadership did not like them.

However, a second convention was held only as a result of the demands of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, which mandated a general election in the Sudan prior to the referendum in South Sudan.

So in 2008, the party of the blood-spillers had no option but to hold a convention and as expected there was a split, but this time it was Dr Lam Akol who parted company with his colleagues in arms.

After a decade, Surprise! Surprise! SPLM/A the party of blood-spillers out of character and on its own volition holds a retreat in Lobonok county in Central Equatoria from 3rd  to 6th December 2018.

Wonders never cease – of all places President Salva Kiir chooses Lobonok to pontificate about SPLM/A’s liberation of South Sudan.  I will not delve into the possible reasons for this retreat being held in Lobonok together with the newly espoused colour red to represent the party.

In delivering his speech titled, ‘Retracing the footprints of our long liberation’ to the retreat of the faithful, President Kiir stated in clear terms that in order for them to achieve the aims of the revolution they planned it in four phases.

Out of these phases the most important phase for this article is phase three because it proves beyond doubt that what is taking place in South Sudan now was planned and executed according to script.  In short all the grave crimes going on now in the country are premeditated.

President Kiir accentuated that phase three of the liberation is the formation of the state and establishment of the nation being founded.

This stage, according to him, is the most challenging stage because they are all fighting and struggling to find their right places in the free Republic of South Sudan.

The political upheavals South Sudan is undergoing, in the belief of SPLM/A party of blood-spillers, are normal process of shaping and forming a great nation. Through this process they will get to know their allies, their friends, and their enemies alike with the regional and international structures.

They are also learning internally about the best ways they could manage politics and resources.  Going through this stage might take 15 or 20 years to get to phase four and the last of our liberation process. (

The most important excerpt in President Kiir’s speech is: “we are all fighting and struggling to find our right places in the free Republic of South Sudan. The political upheavals we are undergoing are normal processes of shaping and forming a great nation.”

The key words here are: ‘fighting’ ‘struggling’ ‘shaping’ and ‘forming’.  Fighting and struggling obviously translate into a calculated engagement in violence to realise/achieve an aim.

Whereas, shaping and forming in political as well as sociological speak means that SPLM/A party of blood-spillers want to frame South Sudan ideologically, socially and economically in such a way as to suit the interest of the ruling group.

So in their calculation the best way to go around it is to wage war against the people in order to establish an ethnic state hegemony in South Sudan.

President Kiir at last has acknowledged that the ongoing ethnic cleansings, massacres of other ethnicities, mass rape, mass displacement etc are part of what he calls, “normal process of shaping and forming a great nation.”

To him or rather the SPLM/A party of blood-spillers, the loss of three quarters of a million lives through violence, destruction of the economy and depopulation of various regions is a price worth paying to establish an ethnic state.

In a nutshell, the African Union Commission Report into South Sudan is spot on by concluding that the ethnic cleansings are policies of the state.

Please see clauses 1135 and 1136 of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (

Given that this plan was hatched back in 1983, it must be the work of the Dr John Garang the first leader of SPLM/A who was educated in the USA.  President Kiir and the JCE now are merely executors of the plan, dare I say, for the greater good of their ethnic group.

The ideas of domination and subjugation might have been learnt from educational institutions in America.  In the minds of SPLM/A strategists they want to create an ethnic state just as the white settlers have done in Canada, America, Australia, New Zealand etc.

These countries were constructed by “shaping” the state through the eye of the ‘White’ settlers.  Although this method of domination succeeded in the mentioned countries by extermination of the indigenous people (Indian tribes, Aborigines and other people), in South Africa and Zimbabwe it did not work because of the fierce resistance erected by the indigenous people.

This so called phase three is completely unnecessary.  The reason being South Sudan was created or rather formed on 9th July 2011 through the struggle of the people from 18th August 1955.

Therefore the “shaping” of the state of South Sudan should be to achieve a democratic state ruled through law and order under a robust constitution that safeguards and enables the various ethnicities in the country to live freely as equals. Not the nonsense of creating an ethnic state.

The SPLM/A party of blood-spillers should look to the constitutions of most professed democratic states and learn a lesson about the inclusion of its citizenry in the affairs of the state.  This is what is wanted in South Sudan – Democracy!! Not Dinkocracy.

The most surprising thing is that President Kiir and the SPLM/A party of blood-spillers have failed to see that their implementation of phase three, negates the struggles they sing about in phases one and two of the same plan.

The reason for this is because it simply allows for the emergence of the same conditions of marginalisation, peripheralisation, sectarianism and ethnicisation which blighted the Sudan causing the birth of South Sudan.

This contradiction tells us that the story of South Sudan’s liberation is not about true liberation but rather a problem of jealousy of the SPLM/A party of blood-spillers with the elites in the Sudan.

They hijacked the agenda of South Sudan’s wish to secede for them to shape the new state like the Riverian Arabs shaped the Sudan into an Islamic and Arab nation in defiance of the reality of the diverse people of that country.

The leaders of the party of blood-spillers envied the elites of the Sudan and wanted the same privileges which they felt was not available to them.

Now that they have curved for themselves these goodies in South Sudan the country should move ahead by adopting welfare programs as the final phase four.

What these blood-spillers of South Sudan do not see is that by recreating the same conditions of the Sudan in South Sudan will also recreate similar conflicts and instability as in the Sudan.

The Sudan has been at war with its self since its independence in 1956.  Equally South Sudan is now at war with itself for the last 5 years and it continues.

As President Kiir honestly put it: “Going through this stage might take 15 or 20 years to get to phase four and the last of our (their) liberation process.”

So the liberation of South Sudan according to SPLM/A party of blood-spillers is incomplete without South Sudan being panel beaten into an ethnic state.  The job to shape it started in December 2013.

Indeed now there is a serious conflict and those struggling for the rights and survival of the people will continue as there are no options left other than to resist the ideologies of domination adopted by the regime of terror underpinned by their policies of reshaping South Sudan into an ethnic state.

President Kiir has categorically stated that the reshaping of South Sudan will take nearly quarter of a century.

So the recently signed Khartoum Peace Agreement under the auspices of IGAD is a ploy – to lull the opposition signatories before the big bang for the reshaping of South Sudan to move on.

This latest IGAD engineered Khartoum Peace Agreement is a fake peace forced on South Sudanese through violence by Khartoum, Kampala, Juba and IGAD.

It will not work and it will not translate into real peace.  Temporarily, it may do but ultimately it is bound to self-destruct.

To be fair to IGAD, the South Sudanese job hunters masquerading as opposition politicians in SSOA got carried away by the dangled carrots of positions in the proposed bloated transitional government in the agreement and they sold out to the regime.

Most unfortunately they let the people down and granted President Kiir legitimacy to continue abusive ruling.

If peace is to be attained in South Sudan, it is imperative that a new process of peace making is started with all the stakeholders in South Sudan included and the principle leaders of the party of blood-spillers specifically President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar excluded – these are the creators of chaos in the country full of delusions of ethnic supremacy.

Such a peace negotiation must be in a neutral place without any intimidation and threats with the participants allowed to negotiate in good faith without any conditions of time or unnecessary pressure from outsiders.

In the face of SPLM/A party of blood-spillers plans to ethnicise South Sudan, there needs to be a peaceful re-negotiation of the social contract.

Therefore, in any future negotiations the mediators should adopt the transcendent approach of peace making of professor John Galtung which emphasizes understanding of the core issues of the conflict, legitimacy anchored on legal instruments and human rights conventions.

((Please see Galtung’s method on Youtube video: ‘Breaking the cycle of violent conflict with Johan Galtung’)) (

Jamming the break, so far South Sudan has paid with three quarters of a million people dead; quarter of a million people politically quarantined in the United Nations Protection of Civilians Camps around the country; over three million people are displaced…. forced into refuge in the neighbouring countries; destruction of the economy and opening the country up to ethnic and foreign looters.

Is this acceptable to the Jieng people? The ball is in their court either to sincerely oppose President Kiir and the JCE and side with the people to say clearly ‘Not in our name’.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul




Deadly Clashes in Vice-pres. Wani-Igga’s Lobonok village between Dinka herders and Bari owners

Radio Tamazuj, Central Equatoria, Jubek State, Jan/11/2016;

Governors of two South Sudanese states met in Juba on Monday after clashes in Lobonok, Central Equatoria, between Dinka Bor herders and Bari farmers resulted in at least five deaths.

Philip Aguer, the newly appointed governor of Jonglei State, met the governor of the new Jubek State, Augustino Jadalla Wani, together with community leaders, to try to contain the situation.

According to a member of parliament representing the area, John Lodu Tombe, the two groups have been fighting each other over the past three days.

He told Eye Radio that at least five people have been killed and a young boy is still missing after allegedly being abducted. The official described the bodies as still unburied, saying communities had fled.

Lobonok, the home village of Vice President James Wani Igga, is located south of Juba on the east bank of the Nile.

According to a community leader, the current conflict in Lobonok is said to have been sparked when cattle keepers from Bor who are staying in the area were blamed for driving their cattle into a local’s garden.

The new governor of Jonglei says that the government is moving urgently to contain the conflict. He spoke to media after a closed-door meeting with his counterpart from Jubek State.

“We are here at the headquarters of Jubek State. We met with the governor of the state Honorable Jadalla and all of the heads of the Bari community and Dinka Bor community and we discussed the problems in Lobonok area between pastoralists and farmers in the area,” said Aguer.

“And we came to urgent solutions to stop the killing between the herders and farmers,” he said, noting that they resolved to form a joint committee to intervene in the situation.

Aguer also disclosed that a police force was sent on Sunday to intervene.
(More development following…….)

The Kiir-Machar Alliance of Destruction

BY: ELHAG Paul, South Sudanese, FEB/22/2019, SSN;

In the race to consolidate ethnic domination in South Sudan, Dr Riek Machar enters into a pact with President Salva Kiir and the JCE in order to destroy the patriotic people of South Sudan, under the National Salvation Front (NAS), South Sudan National Democratic Alliance (SSNDA) and the People Democratic Movement (PDM) under Dr Dario Hakim.

 On the 16th January 2019 “in a news conference in Juba, SPLA-IO Deputy Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. James Koang Chuol Ranley and SSPDF General Chief of Staff Gabriel Jok Riak criticized NAS leader Thomas Cirillo for refusing to sign the deal and urge him to accept peace or face military actions.” (

Now that Riek Machar has secured his vice presidency, those who do not agree with the ersatz peace, are to be forced to accept it.  Hence, the declaration, “[We] urge him [Thomas Cirillo] to accept peace or face military actions.”

Where it is a known fact that there is no peace at present in South Sudan. Which Peace do SPLA-IO Deputy Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. James Koang Chuol Ranley and SSPDF General Chief of Staff Gabriel Jok Riak want to protect?

The IGAD 12th September 2018 Peace Agreement is not legitimate.  It was conducted under duress by the very people who colonized South Sudan for nearly sixty years with the sole purpose to grant President Salva Kiir legitimacy and control of the parliament for him to rule supreme, while the presidents Bashir and Museveni perpetrate war in order to exploit the resources of South Sudan.

The people of South Sudan are being forced to accept oppression and exploitation; it is either that the people choose peace as is prescribed, or be subject to a state of war deliberately created by President Kiir and the JCE. This is sad and unfortunate. 

The National Salvation Front and few others have taken the right direction by refusing to surrender and submit to the pack of blood-spillers.

Their position should be understood in the context of Dr Martin Luther King’s sermon at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Louisville under the title: ‘When Peace Becomes Obnoxious” ( 

For this article to make sense the reader is recommended to access the given link for full understanding of why the word peace must not be taken at face value.    

In less than four weeks the alliance of President Kiir and Riek Machar supported by Joseph Bangasi Bakasoro is wreaking havoc in Central Equatoria. 

Where alliances are formed for the benefit of self, it is important that we the people of South Sudan examine the benefits that each group aims to achieve.

We the people of South Sudan ask: Why is Riek entering into an alliance with President Kiir? The answer is evident in the cave mentality of the SPLM/A.

Under Dr John Garang the SPLM/A was intolerant of any rivalry.  Any organisation that did not want to bow to the will of the SPLM/A became a target of military action.

Their rational is that power must only be exercised by the SPLM/A in South Sudan, and is why they resort to violence to eliminate any competitor for power. 

When General Thomas Cirillo abandoned the SPLM/A in the spring of 2017, Riek while in incarceration in South Africa, thought that General Cirillo would become one of his commanders.  When this did not happen, the believer of Ngundeng began to have hostile ideas. 

Even a J. Nguen, one of Riek’s ardent supporters based in Canada resorted to unnecessary intimidation to drive General Cirillo into SPLM-IO.  Please see, ‘A Warning to Gen. Cirilo from the Nuer S.C. Mistakes any armed opposition must not do.’ (

These matters did not end here.  Riek from his gulag in South Africa in anger following recommendations of his people on the ground ostensibly Frank Matata, Gabriel Lam Paul and others, ordered war against Cirillo’s forces in Central Equatoria. It is this war that has since continued.

Riek’s unfinished business is central to his plan; remaining the only formidable opposition to the system in Juba with the hope of one day replacing the ethnic system put into place by President Kiir, with his own.

In alliance with President Kiir, Riek hopes to cement Nuer position as the second dominant tribe in the politics of South Sudan inspite of the existing toxic relationship.

For example, the Nuer are second to the Jieng concerning all things in South Sudan – from political positions to the control of the security sector.  

What the Nuer do not know is that they are being psychologically conditioned to accept being second class to the Jieng, and that it is this alliance that affirms their conditioning and manifests itself in this lopsided relationship.

Now I will examine the Nuer leaders. In all the agreements signed to date Riek eternally fights for the position of First Vice President, even though he held this position for nearly two decades. Why is this? Inferiority complex? 

Another Nuer, Taban Deng also fights to be First Vice President, even when such ambition is tearing families and leading to the loss of peoples lives in five figure numbers unnecessarily. 

Whether it is Riek, Taban Deng, Changson Chang etc…, they all seem to fight themselves, like ‘ferrets in a sack’ to appease President Kiir for second and/or ministerial positions. 

The Nuer community need to wake up and look in the mirror, so as to not allow itself to be the cannon fodder in the alliance of destruction. 

Certainly the Nuer have young, capable and thoughtful leaders who should now step in and put a halt to the unacceptable, unnecessary losses of lives.

It is amazing how history repeats itself. Though the context may be different, the thinking behind remains the same. 

Riek on 21st April 1997 struck Khartoum Peace Agreement with President Omer Al Bashir of the Sudan. He immediately signed up to the destruction of the SPLM/A under Dr John Garang. His alliance of the willing almost succeeded to destroy the SPLM/A.

Having been appointed as Vice President of the Sudan at the time, his forces worked ‘hand-in-glove’ with the National Islamic Front forces of Al Bashir.  They marched from eastern Sudan through to South Sudan, county to county, and town to town routing the SPLA at a speed never imaged by observers of the Sudan war. 

The SPLM/A found itself in Nimule.  Khartoum started to crow about the end of the war, and truly it was. Were it not for the resourcefulness and gallantry of the Equatorian boys, SPLM/A would have been history a long time ago.

 The Kiirs, Malongs, Manyangs and so on had all done a runner.  They were nowhere to be seen.  The heroes of the day were General Thomas Cirillo, the leader of NAS, General Augustino Jadallah, the current governor of Central Equatoria, General Emmanuel Mujung, General Oyai Deng Ajak, General Elias Lino (whereabouts unknown)…just to mention a few. 

These dedicated sons of the land re-organised the SPLA and led it into victory against all odds.  They fought their way out of Nimule retaking all the major towns in Equatoria. 

Once the allied forces of Bashir and Riek were thoroughly routed, the Kiirs reappeared to claim leadership.  The rest is history or a story for another day.

This leads us to the crucial question: Has Riek not learnt anything from his futile alliance with President Omer Al Bashir against the people of South Sudan? Why is he entering into another alliance with President Kiir against the people of South Sudan?

I leave you the reader to ponder on these questions. Now let us move to the benefits of the alliance for President Kiir and the JCE.

This alliance between Kiir and Riek solely serves the interest of the JCE and their grand plan to create ethnic homogeneity with the Jieng as the hegemons in the country.  This fits in well into the grand scheme of actualising an ethnic state in South Sudan. 

Remember President Kiir declared in Lobonok that this scheme will take 15 to 20 years to achieve.  Please see ‘President Kiir’s speech at the SPLM Retreat at Lobonok, South Sudan’. (

It appears that R-ARCSS was signed with a plan to either bring all the opposition together for a slaughter, so that they would continue with the project unopposed, or to co-opt SPLM/A-IO onto the side of the regime of terror to first destroy any opposition, then to finally clear Riek and the Nuer after having been thoroughly weakened. 

On the face of it, we see divide and rule but the ultimate objective is to use Riek and the Nuer to do the JCE’s dirty work of clearing the other people of South Sudan, for a Jieng ethnic state to be realised, then eventually the Jieng will finish Riek after having been extensively weakened.

This alliance of criminals exposes Riek’s deficiency in strategic thinking.  Riek is so short-sighted due to his obsession with familial and tribal politics, that he cannot see beyond the interest of his family and tribe, exactly like President Kiir and JCE, which renders him ineffective. 

The crimes of President Kiir and the JCE need a collective societal response for the sake of building a healthy and viable South Sudan.

It is incredible that the SPLM/A-IG and IO in this day and age believe that brute force is the solution to maintaining power. They need to understand that if in the last 36 years of their existence they have not learnt that brute force is not everything, they need to consult libraries. 

Brute force did not work during colonialism and certainly did not work in Iraq, Romania, and Vietnam etc. Brute force will not work in South Sudan!

This brings us to a discussion on NAS. Professor Johan Galtung strongly argues; if you need peace you need to understand your opponent’s position. President Kiir and Riek need to understand the position of General Cirillo and the others.  To wage war is not a solution.

Trying to subjugate an opponent produces counter force and determination.  I thought Riek should have learnt something from his foolery of allying with Al Bashir to defeat Dr Garang.  He sacrificed thousands of Nuer people for a futile project that did not yield any fruits for the Nuer community other than for his own family.

The bogus Khartoum Peace Agreement blessed by the biased and complicit IGAD known as R-ARCSS cannot be shoved down people’s throat. 

If Riek is happy in his surrender as it appears, he should not expect that the people of South Sudan will follow suit in his footsteps. 

Targeting the sons and daughters of South Sudan for destruction in an alliance with President Kiir will not work, because this alliance itself confirms the fact that there is no peace and people should not bother with it. 

Already, far-sighted members of SPLM-IO who see the foolery in this alliance are speaking out against it.

(Please see, ‘Disagreement emerges among SPLM-IO officials as government pushes for joint military offensive against NAS’ (

NAS so far is the only political and military organisation that truly represents the people of South Sudan.  Careful observation of its structures and the people holding positions in those structures to a large extent without doubt, demonstrates it to be a national and patriotic organisation representative of the people. 

For example, the leader is a Bari from Equatoria, the Chief of the Army is a Fertit from Bahr El Ghazal, the military Spokesman is a Nuer from Upper Nile, the political Spokesman is a Pojulu from Central Equatoria, the leader of the IGAD negotiator team is from Wau, Bahr El Ghazal, the four Chiefs of the Army making up the joint command come from different parts of South Sudan and so on.

Compare this to SPLM/A-IG and IO and see the variance for yourself.

 NAS truly is what is needed in South Sudan to bring peace because its policies of equality, meritocracy and conviction in the rule of law are what is missing in the South Sudan.

In a country of 64 tribes, President Kiir and the JCE have embarked on a project to create an ethnic state. 

Riek on the other hand is working hard by sacrificing Nuer, in order to build a familial empire. 

With this kind of mentality how can these failed leaders of the party of blood spillers think they can bring peace to the country of South Sudan?

The songs of peace being sung by President Kiir, Riek and the compromised SSOA are an utter waste of time of the people of South Sudan.

For those who have not yet realised, the worst violators of peace in South Sudan and East Africa are President Kiir and his best friend President Yoweri Kagutu Museveni of Uganda.

President Kiir violated peaceful understanding between South Sudan and the Sudan, when in the spring of 2012 he “invaded” the disputed area of Panthou which Riek for reasons best known to him gave it up to Khartoum. 

This led to the unnecessary loss of lives and the shutdown of the oil, damaging the economy of South Sudan. 

Then in July 2016 President Kiir again in broad day light violated ARCSS that was signed in August 2015 by attacking SPLM/A-IO, their partner in peace in Juba, and exposed the residents of Juba to unnecessary harm.

On the other hand, when President Museveni was a rebel leader fighting the government of Uganda under General Tito Okello, he entered into an agreement with the latter in Nairobi to end the war.  Before the ink could dry in the agreement, he immediately launched a vicious attack on the capital Kampala seizing power and declaring himself president. 

What type of people are these who do not honour their words?

Unsurprisingly, President Kiir and President Museveni are bosom buddies in the East African region.  “Birds of the same feather flock together.” 

With their kind of rogue record why do people believe that R-ARCSS will be honoured? 

One violator with a serial record of violations is a signatory to R-ARCSS, and the other with a serial record of violations and invasions of neighbouring countries is the guarantor.  All of them possess a criminal record of mass murders. 

Can you see what is awaiting the people of South Sudan?  If President Kiir were to be a man of peace, he would not have declared his plans openly in Lobonok, to achieve Jieng Hegemony in 15 to 20 years from now, while at the same time singing of peace.

So to understand President Kiir’s songs of peace one has to peer into the history of Nazi Germany to find answers. 

Hitler in his campaigns in the Second World War lulled and fooled opponents as well as his potential victims, by entering into alliances and peace agreements he had no intention to keep, but to facilitate his overall plan to conquer Europe. 

President Kiir is now doing a similar trick to buy time in order to bring the opposition near to him for a final knockout, to realise the project of a Jieng ethnic state.

In conclusion, the alliance of criminals is a desperate act for the pack to maintain power, using brute force in order for them to build an ethnic system in the country, that benefits them at the expense of the people of South Sudan. 

It remains to be seen whether they will succeed, given the experience of the alliance born out of the Khartoum Peace Agreement of 1997. END

President Salva Kiir declares SPLM/A crimes “a normal process” of creating an ethnic state

BY: ELHAG Paul, South Sudanese, JAN/13/2019, SSN;

Last month on 15th December 2018, the people of South Sudan commemorated the 5th anniversary of the Juba ethnic cleansing of the Nuer people by the Juba regime.  That was a very tragic event that shocked South Sudanese to the core. 

No one in their wildest of dreams ever thought or expected that a South Sudanese government would be able to do such horrific things on fellow South Sudanese. 

The history of this country under the Sudan had conditioned them to expect such things from the Arabs of Khartoum.  For similar events carried out by the Arabs on 8th July 1965 in Juba and within that very week Wau and Malakal the other two major towns in South Sudan were also subjected to the same fate. 

South Sudan lost a huge section of its intellectuals and civil servants in these carnages with a big number fleeing into refuge in the neighboring countries of Uganda, Congo, Central African Republic and Kenya.

The madness of 15th December 2013 brings memories of the carnage meted out against the then southern Sudan vividly to the mind of the people who experienced it.

Shock, confusion, disbelief and despair hit the people of Juba in particular, and South Sudanese in general, sending the entire country into a state of helplessness. 

The sight of military trucks in broad day light ferrying the dead with limps dangling as if these murdered beings were animals traumatised the public.

Noticeably, on the day of the 5th anniversary neither the newspapers nor the government made any reference to this dark event in the history of the country.  However, the social media was awash with articles of remembrance. 

In all those articles none said “Never again”.  Without a clear stand against the prospect of such horror taking place again, it does not bode well for the future. 

Without emphasis and belief in the phrase “Never again”, it means most South Sudanese still have not committed themselves to a violence free future.  It suggests a large section of the society may be contemplating revenge at a certain point in the future. 

In ‘The Storm of Change Gathering to Sweep Kiir and JCE from Power’ ( we learn how the feelings of revenge can be suppressed by the victims in their time of weakness in anticipation of pay back. 

This is why it is all the more important that the perpetrators of the Juba 15th December 2013 horror be brought to book, so that society as a whole holds them to account in order to take away and put to rest any feelings of revenge. 

The enlightenment thinkers worked out long ago that nobody remains powerful forever because nature itself through the cycle of life dictates that from birth to the grave people go through phases of change: at the time of birth, one is helpless and vulnerable and so one is looked after and cared for.  

When one grows into adolescence one becomes strong and stronger and continues with strength until they hit 50s for the down ward spiral to set in.  From this point degeneration kicks in together with weakness. 

So, the fallacy of remaining strong is stuff of utter short-sightedness.  The realities of our life cycle dictate that everybody will experience strength and weakness in their life time. 

This same process also is applicable to societal affairs.  No human group remains powerful forever. 

It is for this reason that Jean Jacque Rousseau, the French enlightenment thinker, coined the concept of social contract where people pool their whole resources together to protect each other all the time, in strength as well as weakness. 

This concept is what gave rise to the development of states and governments as we know them now.  

In theory the government in Juba has a duty to protect everybody, citizens and foreigners residing in their territory alike. 

Unfortunately this is not the reality with South Sudan as played out on 15th December 2013 as well as other incidents.  It suggests that the SPLM/A party of blood-spillers may not actually understand what a state or government is. 

This in itself raises the question of the viability of the state of South Sudan. 

Unless South Sudanese respond to the abuses of the current regime in a matured manner, this country is likely to remain unstable for the foreseeable future with the state being abused constantly by various tribal cabals.

Why then is the Juba regime committing ethnic cleansings? Initially, everybody attributed it to the political wrangling in the party of the blood-spillers: the SPLM/A. 

With the benefit of hindsight now, it turns out that the SPLM planned the current chaos back in 1980s.  President Salva Kiir whether knowingly or ignorantly revealed the secret in Lobonok in his speech during the blood-spillers retreat over there. 

Careful studying of the period from 5th March 2013 to the implosion of the SPLM/A in December 2013 indicates the regime in Juba seized the political turmoil in the movement to implement its overall central plan of creating an ethnic state. 

So the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in December 2013 was the start of the implementation of the policy of panel beating South Sudan into an ethnic state. 

According to President Kiir, the cleansing of the Nuer and all the crimes going on in the country is a “normal process” to shape the state. 

This phase in the plan of the party of blood-spillers is earmarked to take 15 to 20 years from now.  Please see ‘President Kiir’s speech at the SPLM Retreat at Lobonok, South Sudan’. (

Shaping a nation in sociological perspective simply means construction of a country to certain ideological characteristics.  President Kiir’s use of the word confirms his JCE’s obsession to establish an ethnic state with them being the masters.

The evidence is everywhere in the country.  Look at the army, security services, judiciary, higher education, ministries and Foreign Service is 90 percent replete with the president’s kith and kin. 

This filling of government offices with the President’s ethnic group has nothing to do with qualifications and merit.  Semi illiterate people are just promoted and appointed to fill offices to ensure proper domination.  

In a sense President Kiir is creating and normalising their construct in the country.

No wonder, chaos is everywhere in the country.  This chaos makes sense because it is crucial if the other ethnicities have to be subjugated, displaced and replaced by the expansionist agents of President Kiir.

Basically, the President is talking about the establishment of a Dinkocratic state in South Sudan. 

Unfortunately, Dr Riek Machar who could have provided a patriotic leadership of the people of South Sudan regressed into the very tribal politics of President Kiir and the JCE. 

From 15th December 2013 to date, Riek failed to show any patriotic leadership.  He has ended up dividing the Nuer igniting Nuer on Nuer violence that is the whole mark of the current conflict thereby complicating the dynamics of the struggle. 

The wars going on in Upper Nile is Nuer on Nuer carnage supervised by President Kiir through his commanders on the ground.  Most Nuer up to this point have not yet worked it out that they have lost the war with President Kiir and JCE emerging victorious. 

Some people may dispute this fact – the regime of blood-spillers has won.  But if one carefully analyses the divisions within the Nuer and the greed over political posts, evident with their scramble to Juba for jobs; it becomes apparent the Nuer have lost while Kiir’s agenda reigns supreme.

Riek’s capitulation to sign the Khartoum Peace Agreement (KPA), which is manifestly worse than the Agreement for Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan of August 2015 (ARCSS), is the concrete evidence of his total surrender to the regime in Juba. 

It must be noted, it is not Riek alone who surrendered to the regime.  All the opposition parties that joined him and affixed their signatures to that worthless document equally surrendered under the slogan “We want to bring peace to our people.”  Really?!! 

How can legitimising President Kiir’s rule for 3 more years and granting him total control of the parliament in R-ARCSS to continue with his violence be called “peace”?  

How can blessing President Kiir and the JCE to ‘shape’ South Sudan into an ethnic state be called working for “peace” and “development? 

Am I going mad or something is wrong here with those who surrendered?   Something obviously is amiss when all those people who signed their rights away in R-ARCSS do not see the bigger picture.

Perhaps their action is in some form a herd mentality responding to the carrots of political positions dangled by the party of the blood-spillers.  What a shame and disgraceful act?

The shameful capitulation of the opposition under the banner of peace now means the resistance and struggle for a bright future in South Sudan is left to the South Sudan National Democratic Alliance and the People Democratic Movement under Dr Dario Hakim.

This behaviour of the signatories of KPA should not surprise anybody as such behaviour according to literature is associated with oppressed and subjugated people who have lost hope. 

It has been proven beyond doubt that oppressed peoples as in the cases of domestic violence and hostage-taking in a weird way develop sympathy for their abusers (Stockholm syndrome). 

No matter what advice or persuasion is given to such people it is met with irrational excuses.  Therapists know the hard work and the long time that must be invested to save people from that state of mind.

Sadly the oppressed (politicians masquerading as leaders) who have lost total hope will choose to joyfully serve their oppressor in the false belief that they are doing something helpful and in the worse case as that of the KPA they may even think that they are fighting their oppressor. 

They wilfully shackle themselves blissfully.  They will irrationally give a lot of excuses and baseless justifications for their sorrowful actions.  

Just think about the signatories of KPA. Some of these people were jailed and abused by President Kiir as recently as in the Autumn of 2017 and yet in delusions they joyously take photographs with President Kiir expressing feelings of pride. 

Ironically, they have the cheek to point fingers at those who are resisting their abuser as ‘spoilers’.  Do you see the madness being displayed here?

Abuse does wonders to the mind of the abused.  It is unbelievable with all the experiences (ethnic cleansing, displacement of people, mass rape, killing of women, children and the old people) of what the party of the blood-spillers have done already and what they are planning to do – hitting the opposition once and for all, the abused flock to sit near their abuser like sitting ducks waiting to be shot.

This behaviour of the signatories of KPA unfortunately sends messages of hope to President Kiir and the JCE that they are succeeding in their callous plan to construct an ethnic state.  So they may be thinking that they are on the right track with their murderous policies. 

Hence, President Kiir’s statement that what is going on in the country is “normal process”.  Luckily, these very messages that give the regime of the blood-spillers hope equally to a large extent is misleading to them. 

The hope they have will turn out to be a false hope for something that is still working its way in the collective pyche of the people of South Sudan. 

Many people have not noticed that South Sudanese have been in a state of shock for the last five years and this has disabled them.  This shock is now ebbing away and it will be replaced by anger as is the case in all situations of catastrophes. 

Therefore, the collective is just emerging from this shock and confusion.  The intense anger that is now building in the South Sudanese community against the regime will be such a force that will sweep everything in its way. 

This brings us back to the point that there is a need for a scheme of comprehensive accountability for all the crimes committed in South Sudan since 1983. 

At the root of these crimes, which also is the root cause of the problems in the country, is the conviction of the JCE that they are superior to all others and the country should be shaped to their liking. 

President Kiir has declared this intention clearly in Lobonok.  What is taking place in the country as far as President Kiir is concerned is a ‘normal process’ of shaping the country. 

So the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer, mass rapes, mass murders, mass displacements of the various ethnic groups, and wilful distribution of the country’s resources to the benefit of President’s ethnic group etc, are done so as to cause the vision of an ethnic state to become a reality on the ground.

It is sad that President Kiir and the JCE have not learnt anything from the history of the world. 

They would have benefited from the wise observation of Frederick Douglass, the American social reformer and abolitionist who preached in his Speech on the 24th anniversary of Emancipation in 1886 in Washington DC that, “where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails and where any one class is made to feel that society is organised conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them neither persons nor property will be safe.” 

In short, the project of ethnic supremacy which the regime in Juba is pursuing at all costs, is likely to end in disappointment.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul


SPLM/A: Jieng vehicle for land grab

BY: ELHAG Paul, FEB/27/2015, SSN;

The destruction of the fabric of Equatoria’s society by the Jieng through routine herding of cattle into established settlements to cause disruptions in life style followed by massive violence can not under any circumstance be termed as an acceptable norm of social interaction.

President Salva Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) have failed squarely on issues of social and human management. Their plan to install themselves as elites in South Sudan already looks tattered.

To get the point just access and watch this URL: ‘Independent South Sudan: A Failure of Leadership’

The recent problem in Lobonok (Vice President James Wani Igga’s home area) in southern Bari is not the first and it will not be the last.

The same intruders and aggressors have been doing it since 2005 throughout Equatoria. Nimule, Mundri… etc, stand out as examples. The aggressive cattle herders have consistently refused to behave and promote peaceful coexistence with the local people and their way of living.

Wherever they go in Equatoria the Jieng wantonly aggress the locals with impunity with the government looking the other way pretending not to see.

Always there are no investigations to crimes committed by the heavily armed cattle herders (Jieng) with their victims’ grievances remaining unaddressed by the government.

In the then Sudan, the government had a firm grip on law and order keeping the Jieng on check which made them to behave and respect law and order. However, with South Sudan becoming independent with the government in Juba fully dominated by the Jieng the problem has become unbearable.

Reason: Simple! The Jieng “hijacked” the state of South Sudan and they armed the average Jieng while disarming all the Equatorian people creating a situation of huge power imbalance in their favour.

Worse still, they have disabled the judiciary deliberately to be blind to non-Jieng grievances.

The only tribes that have managed to defend themselves against the Jieng are the Murle and the Nuer to a certain extent simply because these tribes are equally armed.

Were the Equatorians to be armed, the Jieng would not be traversing freely in Equatoria as there would be a cost to such aggressions. While the Jieng are still abusing state power, this problem is unlikely to go away without it being addressed adequately by the Equatorians.

In absence of a properly functioning state as now in South Sudan there is need for Equatorians to find a way of how to survive the ongoing onslaught on their way of life.

The deliberate intrusion of the Jieng into Equatorian way of life with its painful disruptions of normal daily life appears to be a Jieng strategy to achieve their much trumpeted objective of “born to rule”.

All the signs are that they want to achieve their objective in an atmosphere of chaos. Now if one surveys the landscape of Equatoria, Jieng aggression stands out. This is even at this time when the country is supposed to be in peace.

Certainly, for the average South Sudanese peace has not yet come. For those who would argue to the contrary, let them explain to us why are the United Nations Protection camps still swelling with people seeking protection.

These innocent people live under constant fear due to being preyed on by the SPLA, the Jieng military machine.

For example, in this week the SPLA attacked the civilians who have taken refuge in Malakal UN Protection Camp. Please see, ‘Mass killing at UN protection site in South Sudan’

Let them also explain to us why South Sudanese are flocking to Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda as refugees seeking safety.

Internally, look at what is happening in Nimule, Mundri, Yambio, Wonduruba etc. Does this show prevalence of peace or a state of war?

The Agreement for Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) is supposed to be the saviour, but this unfortunately is now questionable given the glaring violations of its provisions by the government.

On the other hand the poor and ineffective leadership of Dr Riek Machar is not helping. The SPLM-IO has already committed serious blunders in the implementation process.

Peter Lokarlo in his article, ‘Firm Foundation first and the roof later, Mr Mogae,’ draws the attention of those concerned to the pitfalls ahead should they continue on this perilous path.

Riek lackadaisically has given the government that created war with its own people and committed ethnic cleansing of its own people the upper hand in slicing the agreement apart.

Depressingly, the government appears to be operating a ‘violate-ARCISS-and-prevail’ strategy without any stiff opposition.

If Riek wants a positive outcome, he needs to wake up from his political slumber and use the mechanisms in ARCISS to hold the president and his acolyte to account. He needs to involve the guarantors at this stage because things are not looking good.

Otherwise this implementation process will be drawn out for a long period allowing President Kiir and the JCE to buy ruling time at the expense of the suffering of the people. There is a risk in this scenario.

The longer the implementation process takes time the more likely the international community becomes fatigued leading to its slow withdrawal with possibility of South Sudanese returning into all out civil war. Agreements not implemented in time often breakdown at the end.

So far the implementation of this agreement does not indicate South Sudan will see any meaningful reforms. The signs are that Riek and SPLM-IO are being conditioned to return to the fold with the tribal system returning to their ways of looting and misgovernance as usual.

All the destruction done by the SPLM including the killing of tenth of thousands of innocent people and the massive displacement of people is going to be sacrificed for SPLM unity and return to business as usual.

For those who have believed and thought Riek would be a saviour, they have another thing coming. Leopards do not change their skins.

SPLM’s unity means the repair of the Jieng broken down killing machine. It means South Sudanese are again empowering the Jieng to continue with their abuse of the state. If the other 62 tribes of South Sudan want to see peace in South Sudan they had better walk away from this monster called the SPLM.

This horrible organisation only benefits the Jieng and their informers. It is of no benefit whatsoever to South Sudan. Leave it to the Jieng and join your fellow countrymen in the other parties to realise a democratic peaceful South Sudan.

Contrary to what South Sudan Television Station preaches, the unity of SPLM is not a unity of South Sudanese people. It is the empowerment of the Jieng and it will not bring peace. It will bring more catastrophes with Jieng oppression.

So what does this mean to Equatoria in context of peaceful life? Will it stop the constant disruptions of life in Equatoria such as in Lobonok? Unfortunately not.

The pattern of Jieng aggression in Equatoria since 2005 has been consistent with support of the government. For example, the Jieng invasion and occupation of Nimule and the irresponsible utterance of the former Minister of Interior Aleu Ayeny Aleu.

The Jieng invasion of Mundri etc with the latest being Lobonok suggest the Jieng have a strategy to establish settlements in Equatoria to realise their objective of “born to rule” through promotion of chaos and instability.

It must be remembered that the Jieng are known for displacing peaceful communities deliberately to acquire land. For example, Tonj originally was a Bongo land. The Jieng encroached on it and wrestled it away from the Bongo people forcing most of them to relocate to Central African Republic.

The Jieng themselves are victims of displacement. It is possible that they learnt this behaviour from the Arabs who displaced them forcefully from Shendi all the way to Khartoum in the Sudan to their present locations.

Their latest experience is Abyei. The present area demarcated as Abyei is less than 20 percent of the original Abyei which includes Muglad and Meiram. This Arab land grab is done in day light with the so-called “born to rule” being completely paralysed. Now they are transferring what has been done on them on the Equatorians.

Therefore, the disruption of normal life in Equatoria consistently and persistently appears to be designed to breakdown the social, economic and political structures of the various social groups to weaken them in order to allow the Jieng to settle and install themselves as the rulers.

So the ongoing chaos is done to create a feeling of helplessness and hopelessness. Such feeling is part of a process of achieving subjugation of the people.

Central to this feeling of helplessness and hopelessness is the absence of community leadership. With Equatorian leaders of all levels frequently being eliminated, people find themselves voiceless, demoralised and hopeless.

In effect, what the Jieng are doing is that they are normalising chaos in order to condition the people in Equatoria to accept the unacceptable as normal while at the same time constructing a new culture where they as holders of power are by default accommodated in their new conquests and colonies.

Crucially it must be noted that in all the chaos going on in Equatoria, the Jieng do not feel the negativity of all the horrible things they are doing to the Equatorians. To the contrary they feel good and they like it which motivates them to carry on.

This is why President Kiir and the JCE do not see any need for a genuine reform and peaceful co-existence. It was not for nothing when both Dr John Garang and Mr Ambrose Riing Thiik (the chairman of the Jieng Council of Elders) in the Rumbek meeting of 2004 argued against any reforms in SPLM/A.

Garang said, “Our imperfect structures have brought us (the Jieng) to the present day. Let us (the Jieng) not throw away these structures now, otherwise we will throw ourselves (Jieng) away.”

Ambrose concurred reinforcing the point by saying, “I want to say that a lot has been done by a few. Most of the things done are imperfect, but they have served us (Jieng).”

Note the structures being referred to here are the SPLM/A and the state of chaos in the country. If you are an Equatorian or a non-Jieng, ask yourself as to why you should support these structures.

In a nutshell, the real problem in South Sudan is the SPLM/A because it is the vehicle through which the Jieng drive their tribal agenda of land grab and supremacist ideas.

Therefore, the logical thing to do if you are an Equatorian or a non-Jieng is to quietly detach yourself from this Jieng machine of terror and join the other parties.

If you do this, you will have played a big role in beginning your own emancipation, the emancipation of Equatoria and the emancipation of South Sudan.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Pres. Kiir initiates a new militia training camp in Jie, E. Equat. State, says Governor


South Sudan Liberty News received a direct report from Torit, by a very reliable source close to the governor of Eastern Equatoria State, Mr. Louis Lobong Lojere, that the governor has grown inpatient and distanced himself from what the SPLA spokesperson, Col Philip Aguer, had earlier stated, that his government discovered three rebel training camps in EES state, one at the border of Acholi and Ma’di in Lobonok Payam, a second inside Nimule and the third in the disputed area of Jie located between EES and Jonglei State.

This new development came one week after the SPLA reported having finished a search in the Nimule Corridor from mountain to mountain, home to home, for rebel activities and came back empty handed.

Meanwhile the informant disclosed that governor Lobong categorically rejected this false Juba accusation to implicate the People of EES, and that Lobong was very angry and said the so-called ‘uncovered rebel training camp in Jie did not belong to any rebel groups but it is rather a camp opened for dubious reasons by the President Salva Kiir himself.’

He further worrisomely stated that this is to train additional Presidential guards also known as Kiir’s private militias. The record of this militia is tarnished with the blood of fellow citizens killed in December 2013 in Juba, thus this is not good news for the people of EE state and its malignant design is directly aimed to put down any uprising in Eastern Equatoria State and in the Greater Equatoria as a whole and the Governor wants nothing of it in his state.

He concluded that whatever begins with bad will ends bad, but the great people of EE will not allow a massacre of the scale of Juba or any for that matter in their territories. “This report given by the government was simply a decoy an Kiir is actively plotting against the people of Equatoria through the use of his tribal Militias, just as he did against the Nuer!”

Therefore, he, Lobong has no knowledge, as the top man in his state, of any paramilitary training camp in EES other than that one in Jie, operating under the direct order of Kiir to produce additional private Presidential guards, our informant narrated to us.

This new development coming from a close source to Gov. Lobong must be treated with grave concern and urgency by the public and political leaders of South Sudan, as many can recall and have fresh memory of the Juba massacres carried by this same private militias trained by Kiir at the expense of tax payers’ money.

We are placing this alarming development in the top news to let our compatriots know that Kiir and his henchmen are gearing for yet another tragedy in our nation.

We are about to witness a second gruesome state-sponsored massacre in the lapse of less than two years, tragically enough there are people still ignoring this unfortunate event and still in the misguided propaganda that Kiir is a legitimate elected President, therefore he cannot relinquish power.

“An election does not give one an absolute power to tramp upon even those who elected you. Lucifer was created holy but when he committed sin against the One who created and put him in the place of beauty and power, he lost his legitimacy; thus was cast out of heaven.”

“So who is Kiir that once elected he can not be touched despite becoming irrelevant and illegitimate by the acts of raising an illegal militia, inventing a coup and massacring the very people who elected him?” added a state offical.

Our informant reports Kiir and his Bahr El Ghazal generals have tried all that is possible to provoke the Equatorians to armed fight so that they, the generals, will use this as a pretext to crash the Equatorians, which they believe is easy for them to accomplish.

These Generals are now very apprehensive because the people of Equatoria on their own have started resistance to Juba.

Our informant also revealed to us that other private militias under Kiir would soon open at the border of Western Equatoria state with Warrap, Lakes and Western Bahr El Ghazal states, strategically to serve the Jieng power over the rest of South Sudan.

Meanwhile the commander of SPLA Division II who is responsible in overseeing the areas of Nimule, Pageri, Opari and Moli, issued a provocative remarks that, “let the Ma’di begin the war, they, the soldiers, will destroy all the concrete buildings in Nimule within a day.”

This uncivilized rhetoric set most Madi businessmen and elders in anger, “this is an unfortunate remark coming from the Division II commander whom the vice President James Wani Igga had just said last weekend that the mandate of Division II is to protect the civilian population with their properties.”

“Were we misled by Wani Igga to sit and wait so that we will witness the whole demolition process of our homes?” said an elderly businessman in Nimule.

The commander of Division II himself is a Dinka, though the particular Division II on paper is under the the overall command of Gen. Obutu Mamur.

It must be pointed out that the locals are filled with fear and anxiety that they have been subjected by their own government to constant intimidation, fear and terror created by the Division II army since their arrival in the Madiland in pretext of going after rebels.

Since when did civilians become a legitimate military targets other than only in the Kiir led government?

“We in EES call upon the UN to pressure South Sudan to respect human rights of all South Sudanese and work towards institutional reforms in order to achieve a just and lasting peace,” concluded the state official.

But this message from the international communities falls on deaf ears in Juba. The question now is, will Lobong continues to be a “Yes Sir, Man,” as he now seems to have seen the light, since the tribes that will be crashed, if Kiir can, are most likely his own Toposas and the Madi?

And will the already toothless Juba parliament sit with folded arms and allow a second massacre to happen when they have the constitutional mandate to impeach and to stop Kiir from bleeding our nation?

The Future of this nation no longer is in the hands of Kiir, if left in his hands the shadows of death shall overrun our nation.

My fellow countrymen and women, the future of this country lies in your hands and mine, not that of Kiir and his henchmen! The more Kiir remains in power the more Souls will be lost and perish.

Justin S Kwaje
SSLN, Juba

SPLM-IO proposes removal of Vice Pres. Wani Igga, so Machar is next


Latest BREAKING NEWS: The SPLM-In-Opposition faction led by Riek Machar have dropped their demand for President Salva Kiir to step down but now propose instead the removal of Vice President James Wani Igga as well as the elimination of the vice presidency itself.

Igga was appointed vice president in August 2013, a month after President Salva Kiir sacked his deputy Riek Machar. He belongs to the same party as Kiir but hails from a different region of the country, Central Equatoria.

Now the armed opposition faction SPLM-IO is calling for his removal as part of a power-sharing deal that is being negotiated at peace talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

“We believe that the positions of the Vice President and the two deputies to the Prime Minister will complicate the working relations between the two principals [Kiir and Machar] and therefore should be expunged from the government structure,” SPLM/A-IO chief negotiator Taban Deng announced on Monday.

Taban argued that SPLM-IO has already made “strategic concessions” on the issue of the powers of the Prime Minister, during the most recent talks held at the IGAD Summit meeting in Addis Ababa late last week.

In particular, SPLM-IO conceded their earlier demands that Riek Machar should be considered head of government and chair the Council of Ministers.

“This means that we have given him [Kiir] everything. He is now the head of state and the head of government. We have nothing to concede more,” said Taban Deng at a press conference in Addis Ababa on Monday.

He noted that Salva Kiir’s negotiators have proposed that the leadership of the transitional government should consist of a president, vice president, prime minister and two or three deputies to the prime minister.

Taban opposed this structure saying it would “lead into confusion,” adding, “too many cooks spoil the broth.”

He called on Kiir’s party to make ‘sacrifices’ to reciprocate SPLM-IO’s concessions and bring peace. He compared the proposal to remove Igga to a Sudanese precedent, in which the vice president in 2005 was demoted in order to bring rebel leader John Garang into the government.

“We have given the example of the CPA [Comprehensive Peace Agreement]: Ali Othman was the First Vice President. But because President Bashir wanted peace in his country and he wanted the war to end he has to make that big sacrifice, removing Ali Othman and putting John Garang in his place.”

Taban Deng suggested that Igga could return to the parliament after his removal from the vice presidency: “The current vice president was the Speaker of the Parliament, and as you know Speaker of Parliament is a very high position.”

It is not yet clear whether Igga’s position is a red line for SPLM-Juba negotiators or instead some might be open to considering the proposal.

Igga was reportedly not Kiir’s first choice for the vice presidency; the current health minister Riek Gai Kok was approached to accept the position but declined.

The vice president has also been in tension with some leading Equatorian politicians. During a dispute within the ruling party in July, involving Equatorian proponents of federalism, Igga was referred to derisively by another very senior Equatorian politician who implied that he was a mere puppet of the president.

Igga is from Central Equatoria but he is not from the state capital Juba, instead hailing from Lobonok Payam south of the city.

The SPLM-Juba faction headed by Salva Kiir is yet to make a public response to the proposal to remove the position of vice president, though Igga himself has previously said he is not willing to stand aside for Riek Machar to take his place.

On a related matter, it is unclear whether the negotiators have yet discussed options for the line of succession for the proposed transitional government. Taban Deng’s proposal did not specify whether, in the absence of a vice president, the Prime Minister would be next in line for the presidency.

Such a line of succession would be unacceptable to the SPLM-Juba negotiators because it would put Riek Machar second in line to the presidency.

Meanwhile, the spokesman for the SPLM-Juba delegation Michael Makuei told press on arrival at Juba Airport yesterday that the two sides made progress in the most recent talks in Addis Ababa.

He said the talks were adjourned until 25 November to allow for further consultations on the proposed structure of the transitional government. In the meantime, a joint security committee will begin meeting to discuss implementation of the cessation of hostilities agreement.