Archive for: December 2017

Lol State is a disaster like the rest of the country and Pres. Kiir says, “It isn’t my fault!” Who’s to blame then, Mr. President? The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE)!

From: Amma Emmanuel , Australia, DEC/10/2017, SSN;

Lol state is a disaster like the rest of the country and the president says, “It is not my fault”! Who is to blame then Mr. President? The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE)!

When Decree No. 36 of 2015— mandating the creation of 28 states in the Republic of South Sudan—was issued, the entire population of the then Raga County in Western Bahr el Ghazal, led by chiefs and intellectuals, rejected the decision to carve Raga County and merge it with North and West Aweil to form the current Lol state.

They wrote one memo after another, held rallies, and sent delegations to Wau and Juba to explain why they rejected the order. They said, as stakeholders, they were not consulted in the matter so as to express their views, nor were they aware of a study conducted prior to the order to reassure them their farms would be protected from the cattle belonging to the new settlers; their voices heard; and their democratic representation preserved from the mechanical majority decisions that the new status quo would bring.

In addition, they pointed out that this order violates Article 161 of the transitional constitution and breaches the August 2015 comprehensive peace agreement, therefore, threatening the peace in Raga and the area at large.

The people of Raga are known to be diplomatic, religious and law-abiding people; they lived peacefully with their neighbors from Aweil West and North for decades. The abduction of women and children or pillaging of villages, as regularly reported in other parts of the country, was unimaginable.

Thus, they believed that Decree No. 36 of 2015 was an attempt by enemies of peace to end this amicable relationship and set the area ablaze, as had occurred in other regions of the country.

In October 2017, President Kiir issued an order to the army to ensure withdrawal of pastoralists and their cattle from the Equatoria region and resettlement in their respective states in Jonglei and Lakes. The order cited complaints from farmers and chiefs from Equatoria that cattle were destroying their crops, their main source of livelihood.

This was not the first time that such an order was issued, nor the first time that farmers complained.

President Kiir issued a previous order to relocate the pastoralists in Western Equatoria to their respective states; however, farmers in Equatoria and Western Bah el Ghazal continued to complain about cattle destroying their crops.

The strife between farmers and cattlemen transcends contemporary times, dating back to the colonial era. It was on the basis of these differences in livelihood that British colonials delineated district and state boundaries; farmers remained in Western Bahr el Ghazal and Central and Western Equatoria, while the regions north and east of these areas—up to the border with Sudan— were designated for pastoralists.

Natural features, such as rivers, functioned as borders in some areas in Upper Nile. Over time, with the exception of minor incidents of cattle-raiding that occurred over the border, this solution brought sustainable peace between the tribes, leading successive administrations to maintain it after independence in 1956.

It is due to this history that when Decree No. 36 of 2015 was issued, the people of Raga were initially in disbelief. They thought it was an error that might soon be corrected; however, it became a nightmare when days passed and reality set in.

Why merge Dinka Malwal from Aweil— who are pastoralists— and Fertit from Raga— who are farmers— in one state at a time when President Kiir was issuing orders to pastoralists in Equatoria to move to their states in Jonglei and Lakes?

If the argument is to make public services more accessible to these rural communities, why not maintain Raga as a separate state?
Why risk people’s lives and resources on an arrangement that was deemed a failure from day one?

And why are some trying to damage the harmonious relationship between the two communities of Fertit and Dinka that existed for decades?

If it is about the unwarranted fear of unfounded old claims that the people of Raga wanted to be annexed to Darfur or that Khartoum wanted to take Raga, the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders (JCE) needs to understand the following:

•When Khartoum claimed Abyei as a territory of Sudan, it was not because of its people or their religious affiliation, but because of the land and its resources.
•When Khartoum fought back to regain control of Panthow, it was similarly on account of the land and gas reserves.
•When they pushed the border of Darfur and Kurdufan further south to include Kafia Kenje, Hufrat el Nahas, Rodom, Abyei and other areas in Upper Nile during the Nimeri regime— continuing to occupy them up to this moment— it was because of studies that proved these areas were rich in minerals, gas, and other valuable resources.

That being said, if Khartoum one day wants to claim Raga it will be as a result of land and resources and not because of its people or their religious affiliation. The union of Raga and North and West Aweil and the formation of Lol State should not and will not be a condition for the two communities to come together and stand up against any foreign threats.

International borders are normally protected by the national government rather than the tribes or “Mathing Anyor”. A country incapable of coming to the defense of its people and borders is useless and, likewise, a government unable to defend its citizens is no government at all.

The government in Juba, carrying a guilty conscience after not being able to fulfill its responsibilities to Abyei and its people, has resorted to these divisive, destructive, and unstudied policies.

One of the most important responsibilities of a legitimate government is to protect its citizens from any internal or external threats. The constitution places that right in the hands of the national or central government with the national army and security organs positioned as tools to enforce executive and legislative decisions.

To delegate this power to any entity other than the government is inappropriate and disgraceful. Therefore, the government’s desertion of Abyei and betrayal of its people is a show of weakness and a symbol of failure.

Furthermore, the JCE’s imposition of North and West Aweil on Raga—on the premise of a false allegation of Raga wanting to be part of Darfur—is utterly a disguise for its immoral intentions.

To the unaware or absentminded, the 2010 referendum results showed that more than 97% of the people in the then Raga province voted for secession, making Raga one of the areas with the highest volume of votes in support of separation.

Furthermore, those who were displaced and resettled at the outskirts of Khartoum for years overwhelmingly voted for separation and immediately returned to their ancestors’ land and started development. Every single village in Raga country that was deserted during the liberation war has been rebuilt and normal life resumed. That is why Raga did not experience any shortage in food or hunger all this time.

Raga learned that if they wanted to keep their land from any foreign ardent desire to snatch or annex, they had to return, rebuild, develop, and rely on themselves. To them, Decree 36 and the creation of Lol state is synonymous with Khartoum’s ambition to take their land; this time, however, concealed under the façade of federalism- what they will resist teeth and nails!

People of Raga are patriotic; they value their land and honor their martyrs. Like many other people who had untold stories of patriotism during the liberation war that Khartoum deliberately distorted and/or never documented, Raga had stories of honorable youth –accused of being fifth column in the Anyanya movement—who were dragged from their homes and shot by the army in broad daylight, their bodies left on the streets.

These are the unknown soldiers who shed their blood so that Kafia Kenje and Hufrat el Nahas could be a part of Raga and the whole South.

The people of Raga will never dishonor their martyrs nor forget the sacrifices they made on behalf of liberation. They voted overwhelmingly to fulfill their dreams and to prove to their families that the bloods of their sons, daughters, husbands, brothers and sisters were not shed in vain.

Therefore, to accuse them of wanting to get Raga annexed to Darfur is smearing their struggle for the liberation of this land; it is just another imprudent attempt by the JCE to justify their unacceptable land grabbing policies.

Angelo Marak, a former speaker of the defunct Northern Baher el Ghazal legislative assembly, told Radio Tamazuj that the “two-state solution would be better option than unattractive unity between the two communities forming Lol State.”

He attributed the reason behind his suggestion to the fact that Raga community leaders completely rejected the Lol state decree due to fear of the destruction of their farms, the grabbing of their lands, and the alteration of their culture by the Dinka and their cattle.

Two separate memos, one from the intellectuals and youth from North and West Aweil in Juba and the other from the concerned citizens of the former Aweil North and West counties in the diaspora, appealed to the president for the creation of an Aweil state separate from Raga. They cited the same reasons above, stressing that both communities would live peacefully in separate states as they had done in the past.

In his article, Why Lol State should be partitioned?”, Kuac Deng stated that the creation of Lol state has put Aweil North and West in a precarious position, with rebellions and assassination attempts by the people of Raga who rejected to be part of the new state and a government in Juba with no solutions to offer.

He talked about the dire economic situation comprised of unemployment; mass out-migration due to insecurity, and lack of social services. Accordingly, he urged people of Aweil North and West to stand up for their rights and claim a separate state, stating, “Unity is a shared responsibility and cannot be forced” and a separate state will guarantee peace and harmony with itself and neighboring states.

This is the situation in Lol: rejection of Decree No. 36, rebellion, demands for two separate states, insecurity, hunger, no salaries for more than six months, corruption, lack of essential services, mass exodus to neighboring countries and more. Unfortunately, this is the situation all over the country and not in Lol alone.

The president was honest to say, “South Sudan is a disaster” as reported by the Washington Post, but whose fault is it and who should be held accountable? If the president denies responsibility, then who is responsible? The Jieng Council of Elders!

It is unthinkable for a sitting head of state to confess to the media that his country is a disaster or to exhibit indifference towards the suffering of his people. A president who refuses to bear responsibility for the mess and damage his government has created loses legitimacy and must cede power to someone who is competent, someone with a clear vision, someone willing to hold themselves and others accountable.

South Sudan deserves to be in a better position twelve years after independence, but here we are—according to many observers—a failed state littered with widespread corruption, a deficit in public services, and an indecisive governing body, among other issues.

South Sudan has become a playground for neighboring countries whose armies freely enter the region and whose aircrafts readily violate the country’s airspace. South Sudan is on the verge of collapse!

The IGAD Revitalization Forum to resuscitate the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARSC) will be held in mid-December of this year. It is the belief of the author of this article that IGAD will never bring a total, just, and lasting peace to South Sudan if Uhuru Kenyatta and Yoweri Museveni play a role in the Forum and become signatories to any agreement reached.

Museveni, whose soldiers defended Kiir, is part of the problem and Kenya is only interested in South Sudanese dollars—not its people.

A total, just, and lasting peace will come when all 64 tribes of South Sudan stand up and say enough is enough. Mounting calls for the dissolution of the JCE could be responsible for the JCE’s recent decision to rebrand itself as “The Concerned Citizens of South Sudan” and, as reported in the Sudan Tribune, the Aweil Youth have declared, “Kiir and his administration are responsible for failing the country and dragging South Sudanese to tribalism, segregation, and nepotism”.

Each day passes, South Sudanese are realizing how Kiir and his administration have failed the country and how they should come together before it is too late. These occasions are evidence of imminent change, the presence of a blurry, yet unfading, light at the end of the tunnel.

It will not be easy to effect change; it will be rough, thorny, and bloody; however, as Nelson Mandela famously stated:
“There is no easy way to freedom anywhere and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountain tops of our desires”.

Amma Emmanuel: vigilant@yahoo.com
Dec., 2017

To Leaders of Bor, Twi and Duk: Save your jieng community from obliteration

BY: MajorComings, DEC/10/2017, SSN;

My leaders, this is your time. This is your moment. You must act in the best interest of your community to saving it from apparent obliteration.

I am an insider and so, I compose this message with a heavy heart. It has to be prudently snooped to! It has to be taken with absolute care and urgently acted upon. It is an open secret, BorPeople (Twi, Bor and Duk) are needed to depopulate East bank and live as IDPs in their own country, and so their dignity is done with.

To live with humiliation for rest of their lives. This must not be allowed to materialise, though, indicators of mass evacuation are so worrying. This community is capable to annex as far as Boma, and as far as Terkeka, and Akobo.

This is the community whose more than 150 local chiefs were summarily killed in the 60s by Jallaba and continued to resist Jallaba that come with tanks and bombs.

Who is this Akol Koor and Pibor to BorCommunity? The greatest weakness of this community is lack of unity. And this is what we need to build on. The community has human intelligence no other community has in South Sudan. It has everything else to subdue its opponents.

This is the community that shattered Cobra Militia, in only a fortnight war. The so-called Murle power that propelled the idiotic Yau-Yau into the ministerial post. Only that, our ringleaders who led the war to Murle territory weren’t material oriented otherwise, they would have asked for government posts.

This outright defeat angered particularly, Akol Koor of national security and his acolytes who were so determined that BorYouths were heading for a defeat. And this anger was typified by the Jameza Bor civilians massacre where 42 civilians (RIP) were instantaneously executed by security special force under the pretext of Mundari apostates.

Akol did this with an intention of creating another war between BorPeople and MundariPeople. When this didn’t work in his favour, he ordered that the national gunships be used to attack BorYouth’s position in the Murle territory and this was where they fell out with General Paul Malong Awan, the then former Chief of General Staff.

Gen Paul opposed Akol’s unthoughtful view and they clashed and unfortunately, Kiir took Akol’s side and unjustly fired Malong. May God be with General Paul wherever he is. This was a compelling manifestation of the dubious mining business Akol, Yau-Yau, Kiir, Konyi, and Akot Lual are cossetted in. These horrific crimes such as the wanton killing were meant to distract BorYouth who were matching at Pibor after clearing outposts of Pibor and indeed, diversion transpired.

Akol, Akot Lual, Konyi, and Kiir Miyar won. Their mining business in Boma is much more significant than BorCommunity lives. Sad, but is the fact.

Akol, Akot, Yau-Yau trained more than 10,000 MurleYouth Militia in the undisclosed training centre in Pibor. It is from this group where Akol went and brought 3,000 to Juba to disarm and fight Malong with. When Kiir refused to accept this confrontation, this 3,000 plus few IO-Taban soldiers were taken to PanPandiar in Bortown under General Dau Aturjong Nyuol who is an IO himself.

Didn’t Juba learn from what General Gatdet of Riek Machar did to General Ajak Yen Ajak and BorCommunity in 2013? Why was Dau Aturjong put on top of General Malual Majok this time again? Did Kuol, Makuei, Thon Leek, Deng Dau question this? No, they didn’t.
As this is the case, the well-being of BorPeople is of paramount and you the above mentioned leaders must step in and refurbish the dashed hope now than later.

The Juba’s Bor politicians such as Kuol Manyang, Makuei Lueth, Thon Leek, Deng Dau, and army generals in the likes of, Malak Ayuen, Manyok Barach, Jok Riak, Malual Majok, Jongkuc Jool, Malual Ayom and many more are not for the betterment of BorCommunity. They are only there for their salaries and nothing else. Did anyone hear them utter a word when BorYouth were targeted and rounded up in Juba? No, they didn’t.

Truth is, they all are caged up and are living at the mercy of Akol Koor. It’s simply uncouth to see General Kuol Manyang Juuk the then giant of South Sudanese liberation reduces to a mere puppet! He wasn’t anyone Akol could undermine and disrespect in those days. Sad, but Kuol is what he is, a puppet. He is a minister by name but someone between Akol and Akot is running the real show. We can’t even talk of Gen. Mamur Mete. He is totally out of the show. He is completely marginalised.

Back to the topic, as I write, more than 10 BorYouth including their chairman (Majur Achol) to whom, Nhial Majak Nhial (the contemporary Bor Traitor) sold for just a mayoral post are languishing in custody and nobody of the aforementioned leaders showed leadership. Nhial, the Bor biblical Esau who sold his birthright for food is now comfortably recruiting more traitors home and abroad to undermine, sabotage BorCommunity’s will of wanting to protect itself.

Nhial is Akol Koor hired thug whose reputation is in tatters. Akol is very tactical in choosing, he goes for a hopeless thug, and this tells people what he is. Nhial even stole from Hon. Kuol Manyang despite, trust KuolDit bestowed on him. This is the man who made away with millions of dollars from Jonglei State when 2013 crises struck. Nhial will kill more BorYouth through Akol if nothing is timely done.

I encourage these three communities (Bor, Twi, and Duk) to bring down traitors before they do more damage to the community. A traitor deserves his head cut off and this the stage we are at. These innocent men whose names were handed by Nhial to Akol Koor were collected in their residents and are now still being unlawfully held until today, some are brutally tortured to a coma, Maluak Alony and Majur Achol are examples.

All those who are arrested are either members of “Camcieth” BorYouth group or those who mobilised resources to support BorYouth back home so that they can protect vulnerable elderly and kids back home against Murle attack. Who on the Earth will call this a crime? Self-protection isn’t a crime universally.

These youths have not committed any crime deemed a national threat. Their only crime that I now know of is the recent organisation of the BorYouth to counter Murle attack. Just see here, the accusations labelled against Majur Achol (Juba-Bor youth chairman) are that he mobilized 10,000 Bor youth and supplied them with weapons. This is rubbish, but who won’t do this if your community is recurrently attacked and the government appeared lenient and taking a side?

Mobilisation did take place in Bor and Majur didn’t do any of it even governor Aguer to whom Nhial implicated too didn’t know of the plan. The mobilisation was informed by periodic attacks on BorPeople. It was done by MithBoor who are still at large. Be warned, they are ready to take over Pibor as the government seems to find pleasure in bloodletting and destruction.

That spirit of mobilisation didn’t go down well with the RSS government which had been turning a blind eye in the face of numerous deadly Murle attacks against innocent citizens of these three counties. Akol Koor, Akot Lual, Konyi, and David Yau are behind the current crack down of innocent youths. Akol Koor and Akot Lual are sympathisers of Murle evil act against their ill-perceived political enemy (BorCommunity) according to some of “Wet Ka Aghorti”. And this is very untrue.

When Murle attacks BorCommunity they keep silent for example, Jalle massacre days after Taban was sent to quell Buor not to retaliate and upto this time nobody has condemned the attack let alone recovering the stolen, robbed children, and cattle.

On 28.11.2017 just three months apart, Pibor State attacked Duk County in Jonglei State killing scores of people and drove away with captives and herd of cattle and Juba government didn’t utter a single word, just after hyped cyber outcry, Taban sent a good-for-nothing message on 30.11.2017 but when “Buor” go to Murle to retract their abducted kids and rustled cattle Juba intervened quite immediately. This is a clear case of double-standard only traitors in BorCommunity won’t see this.

It’s also imperative to bring to your attention that Akol and his security boys had been the prime suspect behind extrajudicial killings of young intellectuals from BorCommunity who were murdered in cold blood. The examples of those killed in cold blood by Akol Koor are,
1. Akuach Jok (RIP), a promosing lawyer from Makerere University
2. Diing Chan (RIP), known as (Isaiah Abraham) of Tiger and Tumsa battalion, a liberator on his own account who tuned a wide read columnist.
3. Dr. Ding Chol Dau (RIP), a neurosurgeon physician by profession whose pay stands at this $395,000 a month in the West. Regrettably, he left this luxury pay behind for love of his nation and people.
4. Ayor Mach (RIP) a veteran soldier
5. Akol Garang (RIP) a veteran soldier
6. Barach Mayendit (RIP), a veteran soldier
7. Aguer Bul Yai (RIP)
8. Deng Garang (RIP), a soldier
9. Kut Apollo (RIP), a promising lawyer too from one of the Kenyan universities.

And the list goes on. And no any perpetrator has ever been brought to book. No justice served whatsoever. Their loved ones and the entire BorCommunity is still yearning for justice. The targeted killing was ignored when BorPeople were killed, now the targeted killing is taken to Aweil and Abyei and has caught attention it deserves.

Akec Mawel (RIP), known as (MonyDit waa), and Bol Miyen Deng (RIP) are first casualties. It has to be noted too that numerous Awiel youths are being arbitrarily held in the infamous jail known as MajokPiny in Juba, an action that has scared AwielBoys and most of well-educated who came from the USA, Australia, and Canada have started fleeing the country profusely. The bloody MajokPiny is where victims are held up, tortured, and killed by Akol Koor’s terrorist forces. In fact, most of General Malong’s followers are furtively eliminated without being publicly known. This means, there could be a lot more victims this author may never know.

I need to unequivocally express my gratitude to the following two sisters who made videos siding with BorPeople, Awut Chan on her Facebook made it very clear on 27.11.2017 that “Akol Koor security is destroying Kiir’s reputation deliberately and Kiir thinks he is being protected. She went on to say, Akol Koor of security is finishing young generation and this is absolutely appalling for a young nation”. Thanks you for speaking up sister.

Second, the controversial Daniella Valentino Wuol whose many online commentators thought was a hired gun by Internal Security Bureau (ISB) condemned Akol Koor and his ISB for targeted killing. She broke ties with security and the government of RSS when General Paul Malong got locked down by Akol Koor. She has now gone public convicting the death of Bol Deng Miyen (RIP) in the hands of organised forces (special operation) as Awut named them on 25.11.2017. She recommended a removal of devilish Akol Koor and a lot of people are sharing Wuol’s view.

What this writer needs to add on these, Akol Koor is slowly setting up his government within Kiir government. He is secretly recruiting and positioning the likes of Nhial Majak for future crucial positions as he aims for taking over from Kiir.

Like two Awuts clearly stated, Akol Koor is the first enemy of general Kiir if truth be told. With the way he is closing in at GenKiir, he looks like he gona kill Kiir without Kiir realising it. We are all aware that security is the primary responsibility of any functional government but Juba government is incapable of providing security to its vulnerable subjects. Instead, it kills at will as well as setting up communities against each other.

The followings are the main reasons why BorYouths are currently being targeted;
1- Akol fears such an organised force can overrun Juba should any issue arise between Bor and Juba.
2- Akol wants to inflict fear through torture, intimidation and murder so that no one ever champions such an idea of community based protection and so the community becomes vulnerable.
3- Akol and his ISB want names of those in the diaspora who mobilise resources to support BorYouth back home and I have been made aware by a reliable source within ISB that some names of prominent diaspora members had already been obtained by ISB through Nhial Majak. 90 or so names are with security.
4- Akol intents is to completely destroy BorYouth’s spirit of mobilisation and the willingness to take responsibility and protect their vulnerable ones and properties such as cattle.

I need to reiterate once more time that the ISB was able to successfully identify these youth members through recruitment of members of BorCommunity as informants headed by Nhial Majak and Ajak Bior. These informants come from previous Bor County. Particularly, they are from Anyidi. Akol Koor recruited these unpatriotic and hopeless traitors from this county and these collaborators have lured some hungry mobs and job seekers on to their dirty business and this has complicated the whole BorCommunity as they recruit as far as Duk County. But for BorCommunity to go forward we must go backward and revisit the liberation history.

In the 80s or thereabout, a gentleman from Makuac Payam turned a dangerous traitor, he stationed himself up in Bor and falsely accused all that come to Bortown as ‘Anyanya’ which led to many innocent civilians losing their lives in the infamous ‘Pane-Nyok-Agaany’ (butcher theatre) in the hands of Jallaba. Fortunately, God of PaneBoor did wonder. Malueth, famously known Kolokoth, got into trouble with his masters, he ran back to the village in Makuach. His own mother notified the SPLA in a nearby station and Kolokoth was picked up and taken to MacDeeng currently BaaiDit Payam and was fire-squad by General Kuol Manyang. Anyidi County, need to help BorPeople in sorting itself out.

My request to you leaders of these three communities in diaspora most notably USA, Australia, and Canada is to call for an urgent meeting and produce position paper which may contain the following demands;
1. Call for immediate and unconditional release of innocent BorYouths currently suffering in the secret prisons of National Security.
2. Akol Koor must be removed as head of security and the entire ISB entity needs an overhaul.
3. Murle must be disarmed by the government in January and February in 2018. If the government fails, then BorYouth will invade Pibor.
4. All BorCommunity stolen cattle, and children including the dead need to be compensated. This has to be done in the first six months of 2018. If nothing happens in these given months, BorYouth will invade Pibor.
5. Do media briefing and involve international media houses such as CNN, BBC and many other.
6. Liaise with other leaders back home including those in neighbouring countries such as Kenya and Uganda to get some updates on the accurate names and numbers of those in jail cells. I was informed that they are looking for about 95 youths or so to arrest.
7. Reach out to the United States and United Nations Agencies such as Amnesty International and human rights groups.

Final note:
There is no one from BorCommunity to rely on in South Sudan. People like Makuei, Kuol, Atem Garang, Thon Leek, Deng Dau and many more have all been cowed and they are unable to speak up about what is currently happening to their subjects. They care about their positions but not their people as I stated earlier. We, in Juba here, live in a constant fear. They know what is happening is unconstitutional because until now none of these young people had been produced in the court of law as required by the constitution.

It was last Sunday at Emmanuel Jieng Cathedral Church where I conversed with someone after service and he told me Akol asked for money to release some of these boys but not Majur and Maluak. I am humbly asking you diaspora leaders and people of goodwill to take up this responsibility and be the voice of these innocent BorYouths and your peaceful BorCommunity. I believe your voice will be heard and something will be done about this raging injustice.

BOR Youth leaders in Diaspora:

1. Akol Aguek Ngong, Bor County Chairman in (USA)
2. Kuer Dau Apai, Twi East Community Chairman in (AUS)
3. Herjok Apeech Herjok, Bor Community Chairman in (AUS)
4. Manyok Ayuen Nhial, Greator Bor Community Chairman (USA)
5. Thon Panchol Kueng, Chairman of BorYouth (AUS)
6. Chol Mawai Majok, Chairman of TwiYouth (AUS)
7. David Hoth Thon, Duk Community Chairman (USA)
8. Ayiik Chan Ayiik, Duk Community Chairman (AUS)

By, MajorComing. Reach me at MajorComing@gmail.com

What are the Alternatives to Pres. Salva Kiir?

BY: Apioth Mayom Apioth, DEC/10/2017, SSN;

By the looks of things, Kiir Mayardit has no intention of steering the nation into the daylight. He has been the leading figure in the South Sudanese politics for twelve unimpressive years. He has become “Mr. Let’s wait and see how this problem is going to take care of itself.” His love of the leadership has blinded his conscientious self.

In ancient Africa, Kings or chiefs wielded enormous power and with this juggernaut of power came novelty. In most cases, they were principally wealthy and gave away their wealth to the downtrodden populace. For this, Kiir Mayar is trying to emulate how the traditional leaders had an open door policy and being all ears to countless number of people all at one go. He just sits there on his presumed throne and families of all kinds come to demand whatever they long for their livelihoods.

Even before his ascendancy to the upper echelon of the South Sudanese politics, his laid-back approach to everything cost many soldiers to lose their lives during our days in the bush. The first task of a leader is to be an initiator. The first to take the first step out. Salva Kiir sleeps on his duties. An influential leader cultivates trust. How does trust come about?

He/she is a selfless being that goes out of her comfort zone to make sure the lives of all individuals are secure from harm. Once the people are secure from danger, then what comes next is trust and a willingness for the general populace to heed his call for commandeering. Trust is garnered through three hard-earned steps.

First, the character of the leader must be put under the microscopic lenses for all to scrutinize. Integrity reigns supreme here. He/she is accountable and must follow through on his/her promises. Up next is competence. Is the leader in question qualified to lead the institution that he/she is vying for? Last, but not the least, is authority.

As things stand today, no one in his right mind would delegate any powers to Kiir Mayar so he can determine the fate of our nation. People began to lose trust in Kiir soon after he took over after the demise of Dr. John. Corruption became the name of the game. Insecurity was rampant and thus making everyone to fend for himself. Money was being carted away in boxes.

For someone that is this inept and incapable of taking care of his duties; one may wonder how he survived the leadership upheaval under Dr. John. What did John Garang see in him that made him stand out from the crowd?

Salva Kiir is a quiet person by nature and by the same token, he hideously swallowed his true corrupt nature so he could feed that monstrous character once the power came his way. According to the United Nations, some 2 million people are taking refuge in our neighboring countries. Another 2 million people are internally displaced.

South Sudanese who first began the refugee life in 1987 have now spent thirty years in those makeshift camps. Thirty years more and they are in their sixties, still living the hard life of a refugee. These South Sudanese nationalities are not entitled to land rights, agricultural subsidies for farming, and low taxes in their host nations; they consistently live on the hand-outs from the United Nations where the daily meal is beans.

What are the alternatives to our current quagmire?

South Sudan as a nation has not fully healed from the traumas we put ourselves through during the liberation era. From the early eighties to the early nineties, SPLA was holding the high ground in our struggle for justice; major swathes of South Sudan was liberated with the exception of few major towns that comprised of Juba, Wau, and Malakal.

After the splintering of SPLA/M into SPLA/M-Torit/Mainstream and SPLA/M-Nasir, respectively, we began to turn on ourselves and chaos started to confuse our national identity. Our adversaries in Khartoum began to buy our loyalties with the simple words of mouth. We began to switch sides to Khartoum, thinking that we can find greener pastures on that side yonder.

No tribe was invincible to the manipulative machinations of Khartoum’s age-old doctrine of divide and conquer. Our leaders ranging from Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, Arok Thon Arok, Joseph Oduho, Riek Machar Teny, Lam Akol Ajawin and even to a certain extent, William Nyuon Bany, all decided to abandon our major struggle for an unknown promise from those we were fighting against.

We were stronger when we were one collective and united force, however, after the 1991’s splintering, Khartoum regime under Omar el Bashir started to push us back into a rabbit hole. Efforts were made to create a reconciliation project and the December of 2013 crisis has shown that the reconciliation efforts were ineffective at best.

Our best bet would be for the group of South Sudan Young Leaders Forum (SSYLM), which includes the likes of Peter Biar Ajak and Manasseh Mathiang to take over the mantle of leadership in the land. This group comprises of 70 bright young South Sudanese leaders who were drawn from all the tribes in the nation.

South Sudan is a highly conservative nation; a year ago, Kenyan girls were harassed in Wau for wearing skinny jeans. Our older generation would easily dismiss the likes of SSYLM members as mere children and thus incapable of taking over the reins from Salva Kiir.

What our people fail to grasp these days, is that our young and upcoming generation lives in two competitive cultures at the same time. They live in the Western culture of iPhone and popular culture, and traditional culture where they still pay the bride price for their betrothed brides. They are the ones that are good at juggling modernity and the old way of life, whereas the older cohorts could easily be manipulated to succumb to old tribal cliches.

The older generation wants to main the status quo and the old way of life, whereby an Azande traditional dance would be deemed inappropriate by Toposa people. The Toposa would see it as an impure custom, infringing on their pure cultured way of dance. The 34 years we have spent in the diaspora since after the eruption of second Sudanese civil war, have taught this young generation to be more tolerant of their differences. Some of them have lived their entire lives outside of South Sudan, coming only for a short family visit after the signing of the CPA.

In case the upper echelon of South Sudanese politics refuse to relinquish the leadership to SSYLM, then they can bequeath the reins to Pagan Amum. Why of all people Pagan Amum? Pagan Amum is neither a Dinka nor a Nuer. He is not an Equatorian indigene, too.

After the eruption of the crisis in December of 2013, it has been the Dinka vs Equatorians vs Nuer ever since. Many would complain again of the Nuer dominance in the government if we relinquish the leadership to Taban Deng Gai or Riek Machar. The same would be the case if we hand it to James Wani Igga or Thomas Cirilo Swaka, or Joseph Bakosoro.

Our situation is quite different from the one the Rwandans face after the 1994 genocide. Paul Kagame is a Tutsi and Rwanda has only two other tribes, namely of Hutu and Twa. The majority of the army that took down the Hutu-led government were collectively Tutsi by ethnicity. As one homogeneous ethnic group, the Tutsi easily understood each other and fought for justice as one collective unit.

After Liberia plunged into two successive civil wars, they elected Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who was regarded as a nontraditional leader, because she is a female. Mrs. Johnson defeated the former World Footballer of the Year, George Weah in the general elections and Liberia has been stable ever since.

The Dinka, Nuer, and Azande are the three largest tribes of South Sudan. By choosing Pagan Amum, we would be choosing a nontraditional leader who would stitch together the scattered parts of our nation into a wholesome and cohesive unit. For our people to continue to turn on ourselves for trivial matters as the competition for leadership is truly unfathomable.

We had it worse under successive Khartoum regimes and yet we haven’t learned a thing about how to live together as a nation. History has it that when a people went through a protracted suffering, they rise up from the ashes and used their tragic past to build better communal relations for their betterment.

Our people continue to flock to the SPLA-IO and National Salvation Front to continue to wage a non-victorious war against the inept regime of Salva Kiir. Why do we continue to lure our youth into the lion’s dent when we know better that Salva Kiir won’t budge one bit?

Even though we are one of the poorest people on earth, we should just let our youth rot in the refugee camps in our neighboring countries so they could at least live half-decently on daily meals of beans. Oh! being a refugee is way better than being dead and all bones in the coffin.

Commemoration of the 4th Anniversary of Dec/15/2013 Juba Nuer Genocide

From: NUER COMMUNITY GLOBAL BOARD (NCGB), DEC/10/2017, SSN;

Nuer Community Global Board (NCGB) is a universal body comprising of Nuer Community Leadership across the globe. On this date, the NCGB Organisation is hereby informing the Nuer community leadership and its members, as well as the general public about the upcoming December 15, 2017 commemoration.

The fourth anniversary of Juba Nuer GENOCIDE, “December 15, 2013, is the day when the Nuer Genocide and other ethnic cleansing among South Sudanese nationals were introduced in South Sudan” by the very government. From December 15th – 19th, 2013, the Nuer tribe of South Sudan had straightaway lost more than twenty thousand 20,000 innocent lives including children, women, unarmed men and elderly people from the hands of South Sudanese President in Capital Juba.

Nuer as a tribe was targeted according to their ethnicity and identity (i.e. their traditional six marks on the forehead and Language).

It was very destructive for President Kiir to train a private militia from his own Dinka tribe without the knowledge of other government officials that held from other 63 tribes, simply to use them against Nuer and other minor tribes.

December 15, 2013 Juba Nuer Genocide is beyond description, it was not only an evil act; it was an event that was full of atrocities similar to the “1994 of The Rwandan Genocide”.

Chalk and Jonassohn defined Genocide as murder, attempted murder, sexual violence, torture, impaling, slicing tendons, cutting off breasts, and disemboweling pregnant women, among other acts of brutality”.

Whereas the Nuer tribe were brutally killed in a very humiliating way, including burning children alive, people buried alive, women being forced to eat their husband’s dead flesh, gang rapes and boys being castrated. Additionally, their bodies were being collected around the city using trucks to be dumped into the river and into mass graves.

The evidence above indicated that the AU report was unfair and due to the fact they defined this brutality as a “massacre”, while many reports indicate this as exceeding the level of “massacre” and reached that of ”genocide”.

Moreover, the main purpose of this statement is to increase awareness and instruct the community on how the fourth anniversary of December 15, 2017 will be globally commemorated. The NCGB is urging its members from all corners of the world to wisely follow these instructions in accordance.

Significantly, the commemoration will take place in two consecutive days, which will be Friday of December 15, 2017 and Saturday of December 16, 2017, where these two days will be for prayers, and services ceremony respectively.

In addition, our global leaders have agreed to use the same logo (new logo) on the commemoration dates. It is therefore recommended that every Nuer community member that is attending the ceremony wear a print T-shirt that has the new logo both in the front and back printed.

Our ultimate goal is to educate South Sudanese nationals, and the entire world about the “December 15, 2013, Juba Nuer Genocide” and feasibly recognise it as a national ceremonial day for South Sudan and calling for it’s amendment into the constitution.

Because, once it’s put into the constitution, it will help in preventing further atrocities by the government from being practiced on other tribes or groups in the future. As this ‘GENOCIDE’ will be used by other countries in the continent, as well as the world in general as a reference.

Last but not least, the NCGB leadership is sending its condolences to the families of victims who had been brutally slaughtered by the Government of South Sudan in Juba December 15, 2013.

“We Will Never Forget December 15, 2013”
Thanks
Yours Sincerely;
Signed by;
1) Maduk Muon Kuony, both Chairman of NCGB and National Nuer Community of Australia.
2) John Gatloth Madeng, deputy Chairman of NCGB and National Chairman of Nuer Community in Sudan.
3) Sam Simon Mayen, Chairman of Nuer Community in South Sudan.
4) Mai Kaway Deng, Chairman of Nuer Community in Uganda.
5) James Gatwech Deng, Chairman of Nuer Community in Egypt.
6) Bol Duop Nyout, Chairman of Nuer Community in Kenya.
7) William Deng Chang, Chairman of Nuer Community in UK.
8) Wal Bichiok Wur, Chairman of Nuer Community in Netherlands.
9) Dak Pal, Chairman of Nuer Community in Norway.
10) Koat Diw Gach, Chairman of Nuer Community in Belgium.
11) Simon Tairdor Mach, Chairman of Nuer Community in Canada.
12) Puoch Jal Nyien, Chairman of Nuer Community in Ethiopia.
13) Simon Dang Mathiang, Chairman of Nuer Community in Denmark.

Author Kuir ë Garang launches his new book: “South Sudan: The Dying Optimist in Me.”

For Immediate Release: Book Launch & Presentation: South Sudan & the Crisis of Leadership
(Calgary, Alberta)

South Sudanese author, poet and political commentator, Kuir ë Garang, will be launching his new book, South Sudan: The Dying Optimist in Me, on December 15, 2017 (6 pm-8 pm) at Calgary, Alberta, Genesis Centre, Multipurpose Room A. He will also be hosting another event at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia, on December 30, 2017 (3pm – 6pm).

Garang will be presenting and leading the discussion on the crisis of leadership, the ongoing civil war, and the possible way forward for the South Sudanese community at home and abroad.
Garang is a prolific author, poet and political commentator whose writings and research focus on South Sudanese politics, race issues, the horrors of war, and the challenges of living in multicultural societies.

With a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy from McGill University and a Master’s degree from Athabasca University, Garang has turned his negative experiences into externalized introspection. He attempts to advise the youth not to be discriminatory through his fair-minded and critical articles. He’s also a regular contributor to the Lagos-based Television Continental (TVC). He’s appeared on CBC Radio, featured on Calgary Herald and Winnipeg Free Press, and quoted in East African Newspapers regarding South Sudanese political issues.
***

“We have been autonomous for nearly 10 years and independent for nearly five years but we’ve not put in place any semblance of institutional structures that make a nation functional. Kiir and Riek will sign the peace deal once each one of them gets the required bargain. That’s all that matters to them — power.”
~Kuir ë Garang (quoted in The East African)

“The inspiration behind most of the poems in Twilight Murders, Garang’s eighth self-published book, were issues of identity and the refugee experience, whether it be in Kenya, Ethiopia or Calgary.”
~ Calgary Herald, 2016
****
South Sudanese and all interested parties are invited to take part in this open intellectual environment to discuss some ideas about the ways forward in the South Sudanese community.
www.kuirthiy.com

Pres. Kiir & Gen. Malong are ‘Fighting like ferrets in a sack’: Will Gen. Cirillo, not Machar, be the nation’s savior?

BY: ELHAG PAUL, DEC/03/2017, SSN;

If there is any person who has caused monumental damage to the society of South Sudan other than President Salva Kiir, it is General Paul Malong Awan Anei. This person is responsible for aiding and abating the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in December 2013 and in executing the Jieng master plan of making South Sudan an exclusively Jieng land. His affinity to President Kiir is rooted in their military career, ethnicity and shared belief in Jieng supremacy in South Sudan.

Nobody would have thought that any of the two would fall out with the other. Such a thought, though unrealistic because in life some of the mechanisms and rules governing social interaction are not only dualistic in nature but also mediated by power dynamics.

What this means is that when friends bound by politics and power begin to vie for power, enmity kicks in between them and the atmosphere can be really ugly. This is exactly what is happening between President Kiir and Gen. Paul Malong and it does not end with them within the Jieng community.

Divisions also are rife within the Nuer and Equatorian communities on the same issue of power which makes the South Sudan problem complex but not unsolvable. This piece will look at these divisions separately with the aim of providing the reader with what is going on in the country and the way forward.

The distrust and enmity between President Kiir and General Paul Malong must have started last year with the undisguised activities of the latter promoting himself as a president in waiting. Please see, ‘The coin of power: Gen. Paul Malong aspires for president!!’ (http://www.southsudannation.com/the-coin-of-power-gen-paul-malong-aspires-for-president/).

His dismissal in May 2017 by the president became the spark of their current ongoing conflict. General Paul Malong did not take his removal from the post of the Chief of Staff of SPLA with dignity and obedience expected of an army man.

Unlike others before him such as General James Hoth Mai who gracefully vacated the post without any drama, General Paul Malong reacted to his removal by leaving Juba in a company of heavily mechanised troops. He was intercepted in Yirol and for a couple of days he had to be persuaded to return to Juba.

When he was flown back to Juba from Yirol, unbelievably he was received at the airport by thousands of Jieng men, women and children with ululations and chants of ‘King Paul’ etc. That particular welcome of General Paul Malong by his tribesmen posed a serious challenge to the presidency of Kiir.

This act by General Paul Malong in itself constituted disobedience, insubordination and rebellion. In any normal army, the General would have faced Court Marshall. But SPLA is not an army in the true sense. It has ever since been a Jieng militia managed through Jieng kraal rules and Jieng language.

(Please see, ‘The Mighty SPLA, (Tiger Division)’ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSQDSn3eaBo)

The behaviour of the General is not for nothing. President Kiir owes him a lot. First, in 2004, prior to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, Kiir then a deputy to late Dr John Garang, the leader of the SPLM/A had fallen out of favour with his boss prompting him to rebel. Kiir hid in Yei and resisted meeting Dr Garang on his own in fear for his life.

Emissaries after emissaries including Nhial Deng Nhial and Deng Alor were sent to him to no avail. Finally, after assurance by Paul Malong, Kiir accepted to attend a meeting in Rumbek in November 2004 which led to his reconciliation with Dr Garang. That meeting revealed the shoddy nature of the SPLM.

Please see the Rumbek Minutes of 2004 (http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article26320).

Secondly, in September 2013 while President Kiir was on a visit to Akon, his home town, he sought military assistance from General Paul Malong who by then was the governor of Northern Bahr El Ghazal in order to contain Riek Machar and his group comprising Pagan Amum, Deng Alor, Alfred Lado Gore, Rebecca Nyandeng, Oyay Deng Ajak, Majak D’Agoot and many others.

This group since May of that year confronted President Kiir seeking to remove him peacefully through SPLM rules and structures.

According to Peter Adwok Nyaba in his article titled ‘It wasn’t a coup – Salva Kiir shot himself in the foot.’ (http://www.southsudannation.com/it-wasnt-a-coup-salva-kiir-shot-himself-in-the-foot/), President Kiir “in Akon his home town, speaking to Dinka (Jieng), which SSTV aired, Salva had this to say ‘………….look this power which I have belongs to you. You fought and died for it ……….. Now some people want to snatch it from me ……….. we (will) you accept it?

“Aci bag am,” meaning we will not accept, shouted the people back. It was in this context of retaining power that he ordered Paul Malong Awan to recruit and bring to Juba three thousand young men which now constitute his presidential guards.’”

This very militia became the force responsible for chasing Riek Machar out of Juba and cleansing of the Nuer in Juba.

Thirdly, in July 2016, General Paul Malong destroyed ‘The Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan’ (ARCSS) to save President Kiir, JCE and the implicated Jieng militia officers from having to face court for the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in Juba in 2013 by audaciously attacking Dr Riek Machar’s SPLM/A-IO in Juba using land and air forces. General Paul Malong pursued Dr Riek Machar up to the border of Democratic Republic of Congo.

So because of the above, General Paul Malong has a hold on the president giving him confidence to misbehave. Being a Jieng, rather than being held to account, he was placed under house arrest since his return from Yirol. When his daughter Alakiir Malong sadly died in a fire accident in Kenya in September 2017, President Kiir refused to allow the General to go and identify the body of his daughter in Nairobi as well as to attend the burial and funeral in Aweil.

At the end of October, President Kiir upped the ante by issuing a presidential decree officially placing the General on detention without the right of visitation by his family members. Troops were deployed around his house with orders to disarm him which ended in a standoff.

Juba suddenly turned into a front line between President Kiir and General Paul Malong in a game of power. Alarmed and scarred of the real possibility of a show down between the president and his former Chief of the Army, the JCE, the architect of Jieng hegemony in South Sudan sought to broker peace.

Their main interest as expected is the maintenance of Jieng unity against all other South Sudanese. Ambassador Telar Deng emphasised this point sometimes back by saying, “Our (Jieng) internal front should remain united. This is the only way to defeat our enemies [South Sudanese].” (http://newsafricanow.com/2015/10/s-sudanese-envoy-says-creation-of-new-states-administrative/).

The JCE having failed to reconcile the President and his former Chief of the Army brought one of their renowned son, Dr Francis Mading Deng, to lead a new group they cobbled together to save the situation. This group called Concerned Citizen’s Committee for Peace which is answerable to the chairman of the JCE comprises: General Albino Akol Akol, chairman, Dr Francis Mading Deng, deputy chairman, General Andrew Makur Thou, Hon. Joshua Dau Diu, Hon. Maker Thiong, Amb. Bol Wek Agoth, General Lual Wek Guen, Hon. Oliver Majok Aleu.

Unsurprisingly, even though the name of the group may suggest or give an impression that the group represents the people of South Sudan, the hard reality remains all the group members are ethnically Jieng and hence they only represent Jieng views and Jieng interest. It has nothing to do with the general view and interests of South Sudan.

This new Jieng group fraudulently called Concerned Citizen’s Committee for peace managed to superficially reconcile the president and his former Chief of Army on 14/11/2017. As a result, the President has allowed General Paul Malong to travel to Kenya for medical treatment.

The most interesting thing is that in this struggle for power between the two, General Paul Malong appears to have emerged victorious and stronger if only because he has made President Kiir to eat his Republican Order number 26/2017 for the issuance of Orders to the Chief of Defence Forces of the SPLA dated 30th October 2017.

It is unheard of in this world that a Republican Order signed by president can be challenged by an army man. This is a clear case of disobedience and insubordination.

This is even made worse by the fact that the entire members of JCE and the supposed Concerned Citizen’s Committee for Peace joined General Paul Malong supporters and his family in giving him a dignified send off to Kenya at Juba airport.

The General, acting presidential, “told elders and support[er]s at Juba airport that he would work with them and other stakeholders in and outside the country to ensure peace, reconciliation, unity and forgiveness are consolidated to bring back peace and stability to the country.”

Please see ‘South Sudan ex-army chief cedes home trip, leaves to Kenya’ (http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article64043)

Observers at the airport were in awe to see the members of Jieng cabal listening attentively while nodding in affirmation.

Take the scenes described earlier of the General arriving Juba from Yirol with chants of ‘King Paul’ and add to it this scene from Juba airport, it becomes clear that he has substantial support among the Jieng people.

The bad news for President Kiir is that the JCE is clearly leaning toward supporting the General and he also has been weakened by his inability to enforce his republican decree in respect of the General. Internationally, President Kiir has lost face. Interesting times ahead!

The brokering of the peace between the President and the former Chief of the army has exposed Dr Francis Mading Deng who now cannot escape being under intense scrutiny.

As someone who coined and spearheaded the concept of Responsibility to Protect ‘R2P’ as UN Under Secretary for Prevention of Genocide, articulating rightly that sovereignty can not be the basis to commit crimes against humanity, Dr Deng unfortunately and ironically became an ambassador for one of the worst regimes that has ever existed on earth.

A regime that committed grave crimes against its own people.

To some of us this was not surprising because as a staunch unionist, Dr Deng opposed the separation of South Sudan from the Sudan but quickly jumped into the new independent country to reap the fruits.

This is an opportunist who shamelessly defended an obnoxious regime which as a UN Under Secretary he would have opposed vehemently.

In mediating between President Kiir and the General, he proved beyond doubt that he is comfortable mingling with the worst criminals known globally.

It is possible that Dr Deng may well not believe or respect the duo. In such a situation he would have been acting in the interest of averting war among Jieng.

However, the question would be, why associate with such vile men? Only opportunists do that. If he is one as suggested by his leadership of a tentacle of JCE called Concerned Citizen’s Committee for Peace, it might well be that he could be vying for a ministerial position in the tribal regime of terror.

The government of South Sudan is packed full of people from Abyei and the Jieng acknowledge that technically the Abyei people are not South Sudanese. Bona Malwal in his book, ‘Sudan’s latest peace Agreement’ said, “I also recognise that they [Abyei, the Nuba Mountains and the Ingassina hills’] are part of Northern Sudan.”

If the Abyei people cannot join the rest of South Sudanese in their struggle against the tribal regime now in Juba for fair, just and inclusive society in order for them to prove their true patriotism, then they should better be in their homeland in the Sudan. They should remain with Khartoum.

South Sudan has had enough from the JCE and it does not need another tentacle of the JCE led by Dr Deng, an Abyei opportunist of the Sudan.

The deal brokered by Dr Deng is supposed to have restored the unity of the Jieng. Unfortunately this very deal is very misleading. Jieng unity seems to have long gone.

The Jieng are butchering themselves in their villages. It is just a matter of time before they import the differences from their villages into Juba, the seat of power.

As the group dominating state power, the likelihood is that their bitter differences and the battles that follow from that will usher in a new era in the country.

Dr. Machar’s SPLM-IO:

Turning to SPLM-IO, the divisions plaguing this organisation are not an enigma. The leader of SPLM/A-IO has demonstrated practically that he has no leadership skills at all. All the organisations he has led have experienced splits within a considerable short period of time, and sadly they have not achieved any of their aims and objectives.

In 1991, Dr Riek Machar sought and committed himself to oust Dr John Garang. He failed and eventually in 2002 he returned to Dr Garang with his tail coiled between his legs.

In December 2013 following the cleansing of the Nuer in Juba, he again rebelled with the objective of ousting President Kiir. He failed and returned to a shaky Transitional government of National Unity as deputy to the very person he promised to remove.

This imploded in July 2016 and again he ended up exiled and detained in South Africa.

Please see, ‘President Kiir’s Machiavellian tricks: Machar be forewarned’ (https://pachodo.org/latest-news-articles/pachodo-english-articles/11334-president-kiir%E2%80%99s-machiavellian-tricks-machar-be-forwarned)

The divisions among the Nuer right from the days of struggle against Khartoum are caused by dynamics of power exactly as in the Equatoria case now in South Sudan. The difference between the Nuer and Equatorians is that the Nuer got themselves armed at an earlier stage and so they are able to resist and assert themselves.

SPLM/A FORMER DETAINEES:

While talking about divisions in the SPLM/A, it would be unhelpful if remarks are not made about the SPLM former detainees. This group did not emerge out of natural wishes of South Sudanese or genuine dynamics of South Sudanese political struggle.

It is a making of the international community and the name itself was coined by the international community. To be specific Kenya played a big role in the creation of this group. Some of them like Deng Alor and John Luk are ministers in the Kiir’s Juba regime of terror and others are in the opposition.

What does this tell you about members of this group? I leave that for you to work out. If anything, in a nutshell, one could say the international community created this group to distort the political problem of South Sudan.

DIVISIONS AMONG EQUATORIANS

Now let us move on to Equatoria Region. The divisions in Equatoria, as hinted above, are simply an issue of power.
The malaise afflicting Equatoria is a result of a long sustained oppression on Equatoria designed by the JCE to destroy Equatoria.

Jieng hatred towards Equatoria is contained in Bona Malwal’s book, ‘Sudan and South Sudan: from One to Two.’

On page 207, Malwal points out that,

“…unfortunately, Equatoria…this rather unusual, indeed non-existing constitutional being in South Sudan…has now got onto the bandwagon of Riek Machar Teny, hoping to defeat and overthrow the Dinka [Jieng] that Equatoria has always hated. There is a clear Dinka [Jieng] hate campaign now on in South Sudan.

Even the elected governors of Equatoria have sent a delegation to Ethiopia to plead for IGAD mediators to decree a new federal arrangement for South Sudan – Equatoria’s new way of hoping to get rid of the Dinka [Jieng] from Juba, the land of Equatoria, which happens to be also the capital of South Sudan from which no South Sudanese ethnic community can be excluded.

This is now a hate campaign which will make it very difficult, if not impossible to find a solution to the current problem, the failed attempt to overthrow the legitimate system of South Sudan.

The Dinka [Jieng] have land and space from which to seek to survive and should not be expected to give away power to those who hate the Dinka [Jieng]! One gives away power to someone or those one does not think hate them.

The Dinka [Jieng] have been described, or indeed insulted as a foolish majority. But even a fool recognizes death when they see it. Will the Dinka [Jieng] be so foolish to cede power to those they know hate the name Dinka [Jieng[?

Can the Dinka [Jieng] be so foolish to offer their lives as a solution, in order to provide a second Rwanda of Africa?”

It is unfortunate that Bona Malwal has expressed such a destructive view which in reality can not stand the test of scrutiny.

Gen. Thomas Cirillo and NAS:

The impact of oppression on Equatorians is clearly displayed in the ongoing divisions among them in SPLM-IO and NAS. They are decimating themselves in Kajo-keji for no reason at all other than to please their oppressors – the Jieng and the Nuer.

Equatorians in SPLM-IO who oppose the emergence of NAS argue that, “Thomas Cirillo is a good man who fell into the hands of ethnic and regional fanatics.”

The NAS leader is accused of calling Equatorians with SPLM/A-IO as “blind supporters and/or ‘followers of Nuer’ while shouting with the lobe-side of their [his] months that NAS is a national movement.”

It is only fair that judgment of an individual is done through provision of evidence. In the case of the leader of NAS such a measuring yard stick is absent. Unsubstantiated damaging statements are made against him without any proof.

For example, Thomas Cirillo is alleged to have made speeches during his visit to the USA that fell short of a leader’s standard. These negative criticisms mostly come from the supporters of SPLM-IO. Checks done with other neutral South Sudanese reveal the opposite.

Thomas Cirillo comes out as highly regarded, respected and competent leader with a very good sense of judgement. Remarkably, international media more or less substantiates the favourable views held by majority of South Sudanese.

The critics of Thomas Cirillo who mostly are pro-Riek Machar always try to play down the truth about their preferred leader. For South Sudanese to make an informed assessment it becomes important that contrast should be made.

For most of Thomas Cirillo’s life he remained in the army. He resigned from the SPLA army in March this year. So, he has been in the open political arena of South Sudan for 8 month. During this period he has engaged the nation through speeches to the country explaining his position and offering to liberate the people of South Sudan.

Those speeches were received favorably by the country and there were no criticisms from the SPLM-IO supporters. In fact they welcomed him. With hindsight, it is clear now that this group was expecting Thomas Cirillo to rally behind Riek Machar. Since this did not happen, they set out to demonize him as “good” but “falls” short of a leader.

Unexpectedly, but in line with their value of violence, SPLM-IO switched into military mode and attacked NAS positions in Equatoria to destroy any hope for the emergence of an Equatorian-led movement as a credible option for the South Sudanese people.

In short, the 8 months of Thomas Cirillo in political arena have proven beyond doubt that he is an excellent leader. All the military commanders with their foot soldiers who joined NAS refer to his wise leadership in comparison to the organisations they left and a good number of them are from the SPLM-IO. This is an important point that can not just be dismissed or brushed under the carpet.

On the other hand Riek Machar who has been in politics/military leadership for 33 years…. that is from 1984 to date… has not demonstrated any leadership. In all the organisations he formed and led, splits have been the order of the day.

Although Riek Machar’s supporters try to portray him as a capable leader, they seem to have forgotten that during these three decades, Riek Machar has not delivered any visionary speech that he can be remembered for as a rousing or an explosive one, while under Dr John Garang or as a leader of his numerous failed groups from 1991: SPLM/A United, SPDF, SSIM, and SPLM/A-IO.

Those who are criticizing Thomas Cirillo in this area conveniently ignore the failures of their supposed iconic leader while downplaying the success of the former in his very short period as a patriotic leader.

To date, Riek Machar has not adequately explained why he is fighting the Juba regime. He has not addressed the nation to explain himself since December 2013. The saddest of all is that he has failed flatly to articulate the case of the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer.

Had Riek Machar done that as a concerned citizen and emphasized that he would do the same if it happened to any tribe in South Sudan he would have garnered support and sympathy of most South Sudanese and the world. One of the reasons why the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer was/is muted completely is due to this failure to articulate what happened to the Nuer people in Juba in December 2013; a failure whose cost has been huge in the struggle to oust the JCE regime.

Right from the onset of the conflict, Riek Machar’s supposed major speeches, if at all they are, carried one theme. According to him, he was inspired and motivated by the SPLM/A report of March 2013 that identified among other things SPLM/A’s loss of vision and direction.

This as understood is the one thing driving Riek Machar to challenge President Kiir. Hold on a moment!!

How did SPLM/A lose vision and direction? Who were the drivers of the SPLM/A vehicle? Was it not President Kiir and Riek Machar as partners since Dr John Garang died? If so, how can Riek Machar exonerate himself from the loss of vision and direction?

What was he doing in that whole period when the vehicle was getting lost without destination? This argument pursued by Riek Machar must be a joke.

So the duo plunged the country into chaos only over their party loss of vision and direction? Just think about this warped rational. He uses his own failures in the SPLM/A as Vice President and turns round to justify it as a reason to ousting President Kiir.

In effect it follows from Riek Machar’s argument that all those who are supporting SPLM/A-IO are disgruntled members of the organisation who want to restore it to its glory of “New Sudan” days. However how could the vision of New Sudan be achieved since the country is already split into two?

But even then, SPLM/A from day one has been a criminal organisation which does not regard the interests of the people.

THOMAS CIRILLO VERSUS RIEK MACHAR:

Now compare and contrast Riek Machar’s rational to try to oust President Kiir to the well articulated reasons provided by Thomas Cirillo. Unlike Riek Machar, Thomas Cirillo zoomed straight to the point and articulated the real core problems for a struggle to oust the regime.

These are identity politics, grave crimes against humanity, absence of law and order, lack of national army and security systems, economic destruction with grand corruption, and SPLM/A itself. To this skeleton of problems he added sufficient flesh as he voiced in his speeches from March 2017 to date.

If one analyses the divisions in Equatoria, it is different from the divisions among the Jieng. President Kiir and Paul Malong are fighting for real power base in South Sudan, whereas the Equatorians are fighting the impact of oppression on them.

Because Equatorians have been oppressed by the SPLM/A since its inception from 1983, they have lost self worth and confidence in themselves. They do not believe that one of their own can actually liberate the country. They would prefer to be led by others who project power.

Riek Machar projects that power and so it is safer to stick with the powerful even when that supposed powerful being has no real potential. The literature of liberation explains such situation in terms of power.

A simple example is the battered woman syndrome whereby an abusive husband/partner would batter his wife/girlfriend, yet the victim would do everything to remain in the abusive relationship against all wise rational advice.

In political terms, such play of power in societies since we are talking about Equatorian society is well articulated by Franz Fanon in his book ‘The Wretched of the earth’. So the infighting of Equatorians is the impact of the Jieng/Nuer power over them.

Alternatively, it could be looked at from a religious point of view in similar terms like what happened to Jesus. Although outsiders could see the importance and spiritual power of Jesus, the Jews despised him.

So while others can see the formidable leadership Thomas Cirillo is offering the people of South Sudan, some of his own people despise him. What a paradox?

In the western world, the same phenomenon happens in a slightly different way. Because the powerful political groups use power of persuasion: winning minds and hearts, the less powerful groups vote against their own interest. The recent example is the election of President Trump instead of Hilary Clinton. Basically the majority of the American people voted not to improve their lot.

Having looked at the divisions within the various SPM/A factions, the fight for power between the President and his Chief of the Army is a fight for real base of power among the Jieng who have usurped state power and it can be likened to fight of the Ferrets in a sack.

This fight is just beginning to take root and it will end with the Jieng losing power no matter what they do.

As for the Nuer, their fight for power in South Sudan is characteriZed by the Nuer decimating themselves to sustain Jieng in power. Without the substantial support of the Matips, the Monytuils, the Buays, the Ruais, the Lukes, the Rieks, the Gathoths and the Tabans, Dinkocracy would not have been possible in South Sudan.

This calls for an awakening in the Nuer people to unite under another leader one who is concerned about their well-being and not one that exploits them. That way the wrongs committed against the Nuer can be addressed and accounted for.

As for the Equatorians, their lack of self worth and self confidence is gradually being remedied by the mushrooming of rebellions in Equatoria suggesting they are unshackling themselves from the chains of oppression. Thus their divisions are momentarily.

They will soon understand their predicament and inevitably they will unite under the credible South Sudanese leader General Thomas Cirillo who will lead all South Sudanese into freedom.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul
elhagpaul@aol.com