Archive for: October 2017

LATEST: Businesses close as South Sudan Civil War takes its toll

By NJIRAINI MUCHIRA, THE EAST AFRICAN, OCT/18/2017, SSN;

Kris Mbaya, the managing director of UAP Old Mutual South Sudan, who was posted to the country in early 2013, is among business managers who have seen the good, the bad and the ugly of South Sudan’s business landscape in its short history of 11 years as an independent state.

Indeed, UAP Equatorial Tower, the tallest building in the country at 15 storeys high, is a fitting analogy of how businesses that flocked into South Sudan following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2006 have crashed.

UAP was among the first companies to venture into South Sudan at Independence, and invested $30 million in putting up the building in 2011 to provide foreign investors with ultra-modern office space.

But the breakout of violence in 2013, following the fallout between President Salva Kiir and his then deputy Riek Machar meant that the building could not be completed on time and as such had no tenants for a long time.

The tower — with only 23 per cent occupancy —is a painful reminder of a strategic investment decision that went awry.

Occupancy will rise to 35 per cent when the Kenyan embassy in Juba relocates to the building by end of the year.

Although it generates minimum revenue, the building generates costs. Every month, UAP spends $15,000 for diesel to power the generator, which is the only source of power, and $5,000 for satellite Internet. In Kenya, it would cost only $400 for the same Internet capacity.

However, the building also represents the long term view of South Sudan opportunities.

“We believe in the long term potential of South Sudan. This country represents the mantra of high risks, high returns for us as a business,” said James Wambugu, UAP Old Mutual Group managing director in charge of general business.

While UAP believes in the potential of South Sudan, other companies have fled because of insecurity, political uncertainty and a struggling economy.

Sme’s close down

Several small and medium enterprises owned by foreigners have also closed down, while traders bringing goods into the country, particularly foodstuffs and other consumer products, are operating in a difficult environment.

“Business in Juba used to boom, but things have been tough since the crisis,” said Peter Kaikara, a Uganda national who supplies alcoholic beverages to several outlets in Juba.

Considering that South Sudan largely depends on imports, the cost of living and of basic commodities is high due to the poor state of roads and lack of electricity. The country has only 400 km of paved road.

A bottle of 500ml Kenyan beer brand Tusker that costs $1.9 in Kenya is $3.3 in Juba. Rent for a one-bedroomed apartment ranges from $1,500 to $2,000 per month.

Juba has one mall, City Mall, which is a pale shadow of those found in other East African capitals.

Unemployed young people crowd the streets in Juba, idling away and drinking strong tea; motorcycles (boda bodas) are the main source of earning a living for many.

The unemployment crisis has been exacerbated by the exit of numerous foreign companies while others have scaled down their operations after experiencing losses.

Kenyan multinationals like KCB Group, Stanbic Holdings, Equity Group, Co-op Bank and CIC Insurance are some of the businesses that have significantly reduced their operations in the country.

The hopes of prosperity and opportunities that came with the signing of the Peace Accord in 2006 have been diminished.

Three years of political instability and prolonged fighting between government forces and rebels, particularly in the oilfield states of Paloch, Upper Nile and Maiwut, have crippled the economy that is highly dependent on oil.

Cash crunch

The cash crunch from oil earnings has made it impossible for the government to meet even basic financial obligations, including paying salaries of civil servants, teachers and the police, some of whom are earning $20 per month.

The government has no money to finance key programmes like health, education and agriculture to secure food production.

Despite its huge tracts of fertile soil and water resources, South Sudan remains largely a subsistence agriculture state. Currently the country imports 70 per cent of food from Kenya and Uganda, and humanitarian organisations say that about half of the population is food insecure.

“Food security continues to deteriorate across South Sudan with life-threatening hunger spreading in scale and scope, making 2017 the most food-insecure year in the country’s history,” states a report by the United States Agency for International Development.

By July, approximately six million people were experiencing crises or higher levels of acute food insecurity and were in urgent need of emergency aid.

Despite being a significant oil producer, South Sudan depends on imports of petroleum products for local use, with diesel in the country being among the most expensive in East Africa at $1.05 per litre, compared with $0.95 in Kenya.

The government has established a fuel subsidy programme to ensure fuel trades at $0.2 per litre.

Kiir’s Juba regime forces using starvation of civilians as method of combat in Yei River State

On Friday 13-10-2017, a convoy of humanitarian agencies operating in Yei attempted to deliver humanitarian consignment to SPLM/A (IO) controlled areas where most of the civilians have taken shelter, but it was blocked by Kiir’s tribal and merciless security elements at Lutaya.

We are outraged at this disgusting and unacceptable denial of access to humanitarian corridors.

It is a clear indication that in addition to its scorched earth policy and ethnic cleansing, the regime in Juba is using starvation of civilians as a weapon of war.

On similar note, Juba regime continues to terrorize civilians through indiscriminate use of weapons.

On Saturday 14-10-2017 the brutal and murderous regime forces sneaked out of their base in Ombasi and invaded Wundukori village and the market square with usual intent to cause additional atrocities against the civil population in the area.

They sprayed bullets randomly in the market and the entire village causing panic among the civilians who have settled in the area and were carrying out their economic activities.

However, the gallant SPLA-IO forces in the area intervened to rescue the innocent civilians from their brutality thereby repulsing them and killing three on the spot.

We once again want to categorically condemn the government’s cowardly action of denying access to humanitarian agencies and its widespread attacks, torture and ill-treatment against civilians.

We call upon the United Nations right bodies to take serious measures against Juba regime for its non-compliance behavior to respecting and upholding the relevant provisions of the International Humanitarian Law, Human Rights Law and the United Nations’ guiding principles of humanitarian emergency assistance.

The government must equally cease its continuous attacks against civilians and their objects, and should be reminded that humanitarian agencies have the right to cross conflict lines in a move to render humanitarian relief to the thousand victims of the situation regardless of their location of shelter.

PRESS RELEASE, 17/10/2017.
Lt. Col. Wayi Godwill Edward
Spokesperson, Office of the Governor
SPLM (IO) Yei River State.

Accountability, National Dialogue, and Elections: Which one of them comes first?

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, South Sudan, OCT/14/2017, SSN;

Conflicts or wars are the offspring of failures to have constructive dialogues in resolving problems between parties. The parties could range from countries, groups of allies, organizations, and others.

Even the mafia outfits and the drug cartels do fight wars among themselves. Civil wars are no different but are often the result of revolutions by peoples against their governments. They all represent the end of diplomacy and a way to bring into play new dynamics and realities on the ground or to strengthen the position of the winners in case of future negotiations.

Carl Von Clausewitz’s famous aphorism “War is the continuation of politics by other means”; is not always right. Terrorist organizations like AL Qaeda, Boko Haram, and ISIS believe in conquering the world to impose their ideology. There is no room for any democratic dialogue with them. It’s either their way or the highway.

Of all the civil wars that had happened in the world, the one happening in South Sudan right now; stands out. It’s unparalleled and senseless when you ponder over its causation. The American Civil War was triggered by controversy over slavery and States’ rights. In Europe, the Spanish Civil War was a struggle between ideologies – the Republicans, Communists and anarchists on one side, and the Conservatives and the Monarchists under General Fransisco Franco on the other.

What is seen in South Sudan never happened anywhere in the world. A bitter power struggle within the SPLM party; degenerated quickly into widespread hostilities. In the world of cool heads and common sense; a domestic fight would not be allowed to spiral out of control to involve the neighborhood let alone the city or the whole country. The irresponsibility and recklessness displayed by those who issued the orders and ignited the war are mind-boggling.

War is a grave and expensive undertaking. Thus, it’s the responsibility of the leaders to avoid it at all costs and more so when a Civil War looms. The Commander-in-Chief needs to think wisely before endangering the lives of ordinary citizens or sending troops in harm’s way.

Likewise, the high-ranking politicians and Generals have duties and obligations towards the citizens of South Sudan and shouldn’t allow themselves to be led like a flock of sheep by the Commander-in-Chief. Presidential orders that are against the Constitution and the interests of the South Sudanese people are non-binding.

The December 2013 Juba massacre of the Nuer civilians embodies the situation when leaders abandon their essential duties to the people and go against the Constitution. Instead of safeguarding unity and doing the people’s business, they got embroiled in a power struggle in pursuit of personal interests.

The South Sudanese people did not participate in starting the war but fell victim to it. The appalling lack of concern by the SPLM party leaders regarding what befell the common man and the country as a whole; amounts to treason.

Now the people who opened the gates of hell and pushed the country into a brutal civil war that was uncalled for, are very vocal regarding an urgent need for a National Dialogue. Let it be clear, national dialogue per se is not an option but a necessity because the very existence of South Sudan and indeed any viable State hinges on a vibrant national conversation.

In fact, national dialogue is not a one-off exercise but rather a continuous process. The moment that process stops, the State ceases to exist and disintegrates.

National dialogue, however, needs to be conducted within the context of full accountability and transparency. It’s only by doing so, that reconciliation and healing could be achieved.

It’s evident that the perpetrators of the conflict are working hard in a bid to use the controversial national dialogue as a vehicle to evade justice. They want the country to open a new page with the status quo maintained.

The tens of thousands of lives that have been lost seem not to matter to them. The destruction of the meagre infrastructure, people’s homes, and properties are to be swept under the carpet. No one is to answer for those heinous crimes.

They are propagating the lame argument that accountability and justice for the victims, would create more instability and impede national dialogue. Unfortunately, this notion is shared by some influential opportunists in the international community and the regional powers.

The fact of the matter is that national dialogue will never materialize in the absence of full accountability. It’s outrageous that the same leaders who brought death, disease, and famine upon the people of South Sudan, have the nerve of wanting to continue ruling the victims.

There are people within the SPLM party and government who are true nationalists and patriots. They do not bear the responsibility for the atrocities committed by the regime though they carry the moral part of it.

Such people, who constitute a significant number of the government followers, would not be affected in a major way by the accountability process. The reason is that when Human Rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity do occur, you don’t go after the low-ranking officers or officials but after the leading officers and the prominent politicians.

In simple terms, if a battalion commits a massacre of unarmed civilians, you do not prosecute the foot soldiers but the commanders who issued the orders.

The Nuremberg Trials, over half a century ago, saw the prosecution and sentencing of top Nazi leaders. Goering, Ribbentrop, Keitel and others received capital punishments. The low-ranking Nazi officers and officials were spared.

In the far east, General Tojo, the Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army and afterwards Prime Minister of Japan and 5 of his colleagues ended up being hanged for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Closer to home, the perpetrators of the Rwanda genocide were prosecuted, and some were handed down death sentences. Still closer to home, in April 2012 former Liberian President, Charles Taylor was sentenced to 50 years in prison at The Hague for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

People across the globe already know that gross Human Rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed in the Republic of South Sudan. Our country is not an isolated island in the middle of nowhere.

We are part of this world and fall under the prevailing international law. The people of South Sudan expects the international community to desist from cutting corners or applying double standards.

What it needs to do is to follow the above precedents since they have yielded the desired results. The same remedy that brought peace and prosperity to Germany, Japan, Rwanda, and Liberia should be good enough for South Sudan.

Thus, many South Sudanese are dismayed by the mixed messages emanating from IGAD, the Troika, the regional powers and some in the international community. There appears to be a concerted effort by some well-known players to overlook accountability and allow the current regime to continue ruling the country.

In essence, they want more of the same with a bit of spices added to it. It all boils down to the fact that a regime change would bring along undesirable consequences to them. In the presence of a responsible government in Juba, their meddling into our internal affairs would abruptly cease.

Also, the unprecedented trade deficit coupled with the corrupt and unjustified leniency in government dealings would come under heavy scrutiny by qualified and competent South Sudanese. It would be the end of the extended honeymoon that they have enjoyed since 2005.

The policy of exuberant support to an unpopular regime by a neighbouring country is short-sighted and risky. It’s even much worse when the government of a neighbouring country engages in doing the dirty work for the regime at hand. It creates animosity between the oppressed people and that government which could spill over to instigate hatred between the two peoples.

Dictatorial regimes do get overthrown; people don’t. Hence, for the long-term, it’s wiser to be in people’s good books rather than being friendly with the regime while hated by its populace.

We all know how the unlimited support by the USA to the Shah of Iran played out. That policy not only failed to save the Shah regime from collapse but created extreme animosity for decades between America and Iran. Also, as a result, the US incurred trillions of Dollars losses in trade, and arguably the ordeal bred international terrorism.

Last February, while on a visit to Yei River State, Kiir announced his intention to stand for elections in 2018. It must be remembered that Kiir’s Presidency was never straightforward. He was elected as President of the Transitional Government of Southern Sudan in April 2010.

Presidential elections were never carried out following the independence of South Sudan on July 9, 2011. Sabotage by the SPLM party and the joy of freedom that blinded many South Sudanese, somehow, allowed Kiir to become the first President of the Republic of South Sudan without elections.

As we all know, no elections were conducted in 2015 and Kiir extended his tenure in office for three years along with the National Legislative Assembly (NLA). In reality, Kiir has been all along a de facto President rather than an elected one since independence from Sudan.

Many see Kiir’s contemplated candidacy as an audacity of the highest order. They wonder what achievements would the President run his election campaign on?! And most importantly, how would he rid himself of the responsibility for the Civil War to meet the requirements for candidacy?!

Free democratic elections need an environment of full security, free speech, free press and free movement across the country. Those elements are lacking in the prevailing situation in South Sudan.

With millions of citizens in the refugee camps across the borders, and more in the famine stricken parts of the country, how could the participation of such groups be guaranteed?! Moreover, where would the money to fund the elections come from if the economy is already in tatters?!

Genuine national dialogue cannot take place in the absence of accountability for the simple reason that, it’s all about resolving issues that fall under it.

Matters relating to atrocities and land grab must be settled before national dialogue could be realized.

Hence, in the context of the civil war, accountability and national dialogue are inseparable.

In my view, accountability should precede national dialogue, or both be conducted simultaneously. It must be understood that accountability does not only mean bringing suspects to book but also weeding out criminals from ever taking up public offices.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Grievances of Chollo Community against Govt. of South Sudan’s aggression, discrimination and exploitation

To: Ambassador Ismail Weis, Head of IGAD Delegation to Khartoum, Sudan

Date: 10th October 2017, SSN;

Chollo Community Council would like to express their gratitude and appreciation to IGAD representatives for accepting our humble request to meet you, so that we can once again express our grievances, ironically and sadly, against our own government.

1. Historical note about Chollo’s problem:
Padang Jieng began to claim Chollo ancestral lands on eastern side of White Nile and Sobat Rivers in late 1970s. These unfounded claims seem to have during much part of the SPLM war. But they resurfaced towards the end of war period particularly in Panyigur meeting, where the Padang Jieng claims were strongly challenged and eventually silenced by the late Dr. John Garang, with historical facts that stopped were in favour of Chollo.

After the untimed death of Dr. John Garang in 2005, the SPLM government led by President Salva Kiir, decided to implement Padang Jieng’s agenda by force using the national army – SPLA. Army units were established in Chollo villages. The distance between every adjacent units was just four (4) kilometers. The so-called enemy army was not deployed in that intensity. The soldiers were harassing, terrorizing citizens at gun point and raping girls and women.

The hidden objective was to pressurize Chollo people to abandon and evacuate their ancestral land to make it free for Padang Jieng to occupy.

Further, from 2005 until the death of Gen George Athor, government forces South of Malakal town prevented members of Chollo community from building their houses under the pretext that those areas were still operational military zones. While at the same time Padang Jieng were being encouraged to build in the same locations.

2. Chollo Land grabbed:

The official land grabbing started in 2009, when President Salva Kiir issued a decree annexing Chollo Land in Pijo to Padang Jieng without consulting Chollo living there. Presidential decree No 36:2015 added salt to injury by annexing all Chollo lands east of White Nile and Sobat rivers to Padang Jieng. Indeed, misuse of presidential powers and armed provocations by Padang Jieng militias led Chollo community to arm themselves in defense of their ancestral land especially after appeals from Chollo politicians to the government of President Kiir fell on deaf ears.

3. Involvement of Chollo community in the current war:

a) Initially Chollo community was not a party to this mad war. Chollo was intentionally dragged into it by the warring communities of Jieng and Nuer. These two were quarrelling over party and government leadership in Juba. Instead of confining their quarrel to Juba and their tribal areas they exported it to Malakal and surrounding Chollo areas killing anybody in sight. The harrowing tragedies and tribulations that occurred in Malakal compelled many members of Chollo community to take arms to protect themselves from the merciless killers invading their land.

b) When Chollo deserted Malakal town to seek peace and safety on the western side of the Nile the Nuer and Dinka couldn’t spare them. Both tribes crossed after Chollo. Chollo had no choice but to fight back in self-defense.

c) What is taking place in Chollo kingdom now is the government of South Sudan implementing the well planned strategy of uprooting Chollo community from their ancestral land in fulfillment of the unfounded claims of Padang Jieng. The strategy is also being implemented in many forms, all of which are negatively affecting Chollo community.

The infamous land grabbing order No 36/2015 is one way towards that dirty strategy. The bloody incident of 17and 18 February 2016, which took, at least forty (40), innocent lives of Chollo civilians inside the UN Protection Camp in Malakal is another. Bombarding and destroying Wau Chollo/Shilluk and surrounding villages in which many citizens were killed and injured using war planes from a neighbouring country is an ethnic cleansing act feeding into the strategy. In fact no known place where there is Chollo gathering is left by the government of President Kiir. Kodok, Tonga and more recently Aboroj were fiercely attacked and destroyed.

As result of those war crimes many innocent civilian lives were lost, and the few survivors deserted those places in desperate need for safety until they reached South Kordofan and White Nile states of Sudan. They now live miserably in the camps of Liri and Khor Worrol and others in different places.

4. Way forward:

a) Cancellation of presidential order 36/2015 and return to ten states with borders as of 1/1/1956 is the starting point towards a permanent solution. This will give back Chollo grabbed land on both sides of the White Nile and the Sobat rivers. This redress of grievances may slowly restore the broken trust between the neighbouring tribes of Chollo and Padang Jieng.

b) This baseless war must be brought to an end by all means through intervention of UN, International Communities, AU and IGAD.

c) The current government should be dissolved and a new five-year Transitional Government is formed, without President Kiir and Dr. Machar, to establish rule of law institutions, make a constitution and hold free and fair general elections. As community, we see that peace can’t be achieved in South Sudan if the government of Salva Kiir remains in power, because it was the one that created that war and it is one resisting peace initiatives all the time.

d) Dr Machar should account for Chollo girls and women his forces abducted from Malakal in 2014.

e) Both President Kiir and Dr Machar should answer for war crimes and genocide against Chollo civilians. President Kiir used war planes and chemical weapons against unarmed civilians while Dr Machar ordered pulling dead bodies into White Nile River in Malakal after killing them in large numbers.

f) To restore the broken relationship between warring communities, the reconciliation and social healing processes must be carried out by neutral body that will be acceptable to all warring parties.

g) The International Community should urgently rehabilitate Wau PoC and Aboroj camp, fence them and deploy strong protection forces there to accommodate the few elderly and vulnerable Chollo who still remain in Chollo land to save their lives because the government of President Kiir is still targeting them.

Best wishes and regards for your team.

Samson Oyay Awin
Chairman,
Chollo Community Council, Khartoum Sudan

CC. UN Secretary General, New York.
CC. AU, Addis Abab, Ethiopia,
CC. Troika Countries.
CC. International Community.
CC. JEMEC
CC. Chollo Community in Diaspora

Do we have leaders in South Sudan or just murderers?

By Peter Gai Manyuon, OCT/12/2017, SSN;

According to different scholars globally, leadership style is the way a person uses power to lead other people. More so, scholars have also identified a variety of leadership styles based on the number of followers. It’s also noted, the most appropriate leadership style depends on the function of the leader, the followers and the situation but more interestingly, some leaders cannot work comfortably with a high degree of followers’ participation in decision making.

Hence, in the context of South Sudan, each leader is for himself or herself, no paying attention or caring for the masses. Most of leaders lack the ability or the desire to assume responsibility in good manner- which is accountable, acceptable, peaceful and transparent to the civil population in one way or the other.

Furthermore, Leaders in South Sudan, are only good on spreading’s lies, inciting conflicts, spreading rumors or rhetorical manipulations that eventually infected the minds and hearts of people.

More so, each and every one is only focusing on ethnic’s perceptions, cultural philosophies and sectarian politics which have destroyed the peaceful co-existence of the societies in the Country.

Notwithstanding, sometimes leaders must handle problems that require immediate solutions without consulting followers in amicable manners, however, among South Sudanese, leaders are not for the people but rather for themselves.

Leaders do things based on ethnicities, individual interests not for the benefits of the masses that they represent. More interestingly, Leadership in South Sudan is defined by how much each one accumulates (wealth) through corruption practices, killings and worshipping idols.

In comparison, it’s always good to be realistic sometimes in order to inform the world or masses on what is right for the betterment of the incoming generations than telling lies that doesn’t help audiences.

Specifically, those who advocates for good governance, rule of law and respect for human rights to prevail in the Country are regarded as “Rebels” and those who tell lies, praises and worshipping individuals are called “Loyalists” or “patriotic” citizens in the Country.

Where are we heading as the Country? Some goons, doesn’t know the different between the words “Rebel,” “Journalists” or “writers” who aired out their voices for the betterment of others.

It’s should also be noted that, most of the government plans are planned tribally, ethnically, prematurely, primitively and sectarianism or clans’ politics is affecting the progress of peace in the Country.

Consequently, the ongoing fighting in Country is currently, twisted and the genesis of the crisis was changed already into way of looking for positions or wealth’s for building bellies and the entire civil population are mostly displaced and other got killed in thousands due to tribal political ideologies.

Do we have leaders or we only have politicians who are murderers in the Republic of South Sudan?

Unquestionably, since the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011 up to date, many followed only philosophy of Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) forgetting that, the leaders of the SPLM are looters, killers, thieves and stooges who doesn’t have the future of the Country but rather looking for ways to get riches and exploits citizens for their interests.

Additionally, all those in both the government and oppositions are all liabilities who don’t value the lives and social co-existence of the communities.

Admittedly, all the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) leaders both in the government and outside the government have looted the country for decades.

Resources of the country are taken and banked in different parts of the world by corrupts leaders of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) starting from 2005-2017 respectively.

Even though currently masses divided themselves behind tribal chiefs, still there will be end as per this man-made catastrophe is concerned, where each and every one of the SPLM top leaders will account for the resources of the Country they mismanaged and crimes against humanity they have committed so far.

The Republic of South Sudan (RSS) is not for SPLM but all people have the rights to exercise their democratic rights no matter what might be the case, regardless of the parties’ affiliations, gender or parallel ideologies.

What are we going to do with these, scary, menacing, criminal, felonious, egotistical and immoral leaders in South Sudan?

Author is Independent Journalist, Columnist & Researcher who has written extensively on issues of Human Rights and Democracy in South Sudan. He is the Co-Author of the Nuer Nation” a book currently widely distributed or sale on amazon.com. Reachable on southsudanjournalist@gmail.com

Phow State SPLA-IO Governor Maj-Gen. Johnson Gai-Nyoab Speech: We’ll win against Kiir

OCT-08/2017, SSN;

Dear Compatriots of Phow State,

Delight and warmly greeting from/to Machar Teny Dhurgon PhD, Strategist Planner, Chairman & C-In C of the SPLM/SPLA-IO!

My appreciation to entirely Phow State people and its Government, particularly IO GHQs Commanders and Field Commanders of Sector One’s 7th Division in collaboration with its gallant forces in various units.

In order to achieve many objectives to take advantage from different battle-fields since 2015 down to the recent recapturing of Tonga along Wichpanyikang (Wunkur) in May 2017, that resulted in the disbarment of Taban’s and Salva’s ally militias and capture of these weapons by our forces which we have now in SPLA-IO’s 7th Division HQs. It did not happen at all anywhere in SPLM/A-IO controlled areas to capture artillery SUCH AS THESE in less than 3 minutes since 2013 except you Fangak and Phow State People!

When you compare Phow State People with others states of SPLM/SPLA-IO controlled areas, you will get that you are the best, well organized and respected people who have ability to overcome and contain the enemy whenever it attempts to touch our land.

In addition to your hospitality to those who are coming from different states particularly Bentiu and others as well as stability of security. You are really maintaining the spirit of honesty and integrity because no Robbers and Looters in Phow State territory to loot people’s properties along the roads, Air or River Nile route.

Therefore the overall SPLM/SPLA-IO’s Top Leadership, Liberation Council under able and visionary leader Chairman & C-In-C of SPLA-IO, Riek Machar Teny Dgurgon- PhD. Strategist Planner, is very happy with you.

I would like to appreciate Former and Current Leadership of Fashoda State Government under leadership of Lt Gen. Johnson Olony Thabu, Military Governor and Sector One Commander and I would like also to extend my appreciation to Division One and Aguelek Division Commanders for their hospitality they rendered to my team as Phow State Governor.

Final appreciation goes to Phow State’s Diaspora Community (USA, Australia, Canada) for their much contribution, specially treatment of all critically wounded and provision of other facilities in Sector One’s 1st and 7th Infantry with collaboration with Greater Fangak People (Phow State Community in Sudan).

Offering some of guerilla items or military logistics support to our gallant forces in 7th Infantry division within its different brigades that could help us contain enemy’s negative actions toward Phow State people.

In April 2016 when SPLM/SPLA-IO left its HQs, Pagak for Juba, its intention was to implement the 2015 Compromise Peace Agreement (the ACRISS) in accordance with its provision as it was signed by two rival leaders, the peace partners, witnesses, grantors and international observers on 17th-26th August 2015.

Unfortunately, that peace agreement could not hold water because the regime in Juba was not happy with its implementation with mysterious reasons — JCE backed reservations which obstructed the progress of compromise agreement.

Salva Kiir started and declared peace collapsed on 7th July 2016 by attacking the SPLA-IO forces on Gudele Road to Ministries.

In a meeting convened on 8th July 2016 at J1 or Presidential Palace, where Salva Kiir in collaboration with the so-called SPLM/SPLA-IO former chief negotiator (Taban Deng), former security chief (Thoy Chany) and former chairperson for foreign affairs (Ezekiel Lol) declared the final collapsing of the peace agreement by imposing Dog Fight on SPLA-IO’s joint forces (FVP’s Bodyguards) at the Presidential Palace (J1) in which some of our beloved comrades lost their lives.

Salva Kiir and Taban’s intention to assassinate the Powerful FVP, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, who was then surrounded by his fearless and well trained soldiers. Those fearless and well trained SPLA-IO forces taught Salva Kiir militias a very good and unforgettable lesson at J1.

Thousands of appreciations and thanks to the SPLA-IO’s joint forces who managed to rescue our Chairman from J1 to his residential area in Jebel Kunjur aka Pagak Two.

Kiir militias falsely convinced themselves that because the size of their army was so big, so what they planned was first to disarm the FV’s Bodyguards and then arrest our Chairman.

This was impossible, our protection unit could not allow Salva Kiir’s militias to win the battle despite the fact that Dr. Machar’s Guards were less in number only two companies (1,370 out of 2,910 troops agreed upon in the security arrangement, CPAII) without Tanks or Wulids at the same time.

But it’s matter of how to control the forces and their confidence upon the issue they are defending and protecting regardless to the number of the forces.

Two weeks later President Kiir came up with a bias and illegal decree, relieved Dr. Machar from FVP and appointed Taban Deng Gai as FVP on 25 July 2016, hence the Worldwide, Peace Partners (IGAD, Troika and International Observers) and overall SPLM/SPLA-IO Leadership Council understood that, the Compromise Peace Agreement has been abolished by Kiir and Taban in addition to JMEC Chairman-Festo Magae.

Meanwhile the government soldiers were still continuing to attack on SPLA-IO position in Equatoria with one single aim; to kill the Chairman by using heavy artillery, Drone aircraft to detect the location of Chairman and the American Black Waters bombardment Company for killing terrorists, but by help from our Almighty God and SPLA-IO’s joint forces and its troops in Greater Equatoria, they defended and managed to rescue the Chairman safely.

All those attempts to kill Dr. Machar could not succeed because he and the SPLM/SPLA-IO are fighting for the rights of the majority South Sudanese; a democratic nation in order to establish good governance for the people of South Sudan.

Kiir-Taban militias and companies achieved not the target, Dr. Machar was not harmed until we reached to South Sudan-DRC border where he was airlifted by UN to DRC then to Sudan for medical treatment after 40 days of walking by foot.

Thanks to DRC government & UN Former Secretary General, Ban Kimoon! Thanks to Sudan Government for her care of Machar’s health!

We in the SPLM/SPLA–IO have so far said and we still say it today that the 2015 peace agreement had collapsed but Kiir & Taban faction is responsible; no peace and no legitimacy of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) anymore in Republic of South Sudan.

But (SPLM/SPLA–IO) becomes stronger than before and ready to tackle, contain, resist the acts of that Satan in details and request the public to continue with popular uprising against the clique and rogue regime’s brutal activities of lying and killing its own citizens.

Therefore, the People’s Movement by all costs would have to fight hard to bring the last Peace of Purpose to restore hope and stability of South Sudan people to establish Federal Governance, Democratic, Human Rights, Justice & Equality, Accountability and Respect of Rule of Law; would pursue & hold to account all those who committed the atrocities during 2013 massacre of civilian nationwide to be subjected to the court.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO has won the war politically and economically as per as $1= SSP 25 in Juba while is $1=13 SSP in the IO’s controlled areas.

It’s manpower is in high morale, alert and confident to overcome the regime soon while Kiir and Taban lost the confidence on their troops that ts seen by looting in the national capital.

Now the SPLM/SPLA-IO Top Leadership organs change its scenario of believing in Peace without Purpose as it was disappointed by what happened in July 2016; we lost the confidence and trust on Juba JCE regime and JMEC who are happy with the killing of vulnerable people of South Sudan through their several violations of peace agreements.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO will accept the peace of purpose that will attain and address the root causes of 2013 civil war with fair power sharing and clear security arrangement in order to avoid bias reservations of Kiir and his ally militia Taban El-Taban.

We cannot accept the so-called national dialogue which Salava Kiir and Taban is imposing to replace the ARCISS.

Action and mobilization remain the top priorities of the People’s Movement to assure public of peace and to be aware of all combatants to liberate and protect the nation from disintegration and transformation into an ethnic state as well as Kiir’s dreaming by create tribal states and annexing lands of certain communities to others.

For instance, Greater Pigi County is annexed to Malakal while its community was not consulted, this is a day dream that will not happen.

And historically, the people of Greater Pigi belong to Phow State (Greater Fangak) that comprised of former three counties read as Fangak, Ayod and Pigi County, geographically, culturally and socially.

The regime’s ideology has shown that it really wanted to disintegrate and create permanent conflict in the world’s youngest nation.

Through SPLM/SPLA-IO commitment, struggle, confidence and it’s manpower (SPLA-IO troops) under the visionary leadership of Dr. Machar, we will bring back our nation to stability, harmony and we will make it great again.

Viva………………………….………….. Dr. Machar………………………………..Viva!
Viva……………………….……..Phow State People……………………………….Viva!
Viva…………………….………..…SPLM/SPLA-IO………………………………Viva!
Viva…….………………………………South Sudan…………………………..…..Viva!

Thank you very much

Western Bahr-el-Ghazel-IO demands Federal system in South Sudan

Press Release:

The Government of Wau Federal State in Opposition, would like to make it clear to the public that, major issues, which let the people of Western Bahar Ghazal WBG to take guns and raise against the government in Juba, are land and the marginalization issues. The below are the demands that considered to be fundamental to the people of the Wau Federal State. The demands that they are fighting in order to achieve and there shouldn’t be comprises on any one of them.

The demands are as follow:

1. A federal system of governance should be implemented in the Republic of South Sudan, by creating states’ own executive, legislative, judicial, and security organs.
2. Wau to be a separate and an independent federal state with its border as it stood on January 1, 1956.
3. The soil of Wau Federal State to be consist of six counties, Bagari, Bessilia, Kpaile, Kuajina, Udici and Wau county, in their boundaries as they stood on January 1, 1956.
4. Wau should be both a county and a capital of the federal state
5. All the grabbed lands, the public lands in particular, which have been illegally distributed to the government officials, especially to non-citizens of Wau state, particularly during the period of the former Governor Rizik Zachariah Hassan, should be backtrack to their lawful ownership.
6. The cattle grazing in the state should be restricted, organized and regulated, to avoid the destruction of the agricultural farms.
7. The state natural resources should be placed under the authority of the government of Wau Federal State
8. The interest of the indigenous tribes of Wau Federal State should be safeguarded and here the indigenous tribes are identified as the Fertit of Wau and Lou of Wau.
9. The indigenous tribes of Wau Federal State should take the lead in any allocation of the public office and local business opportunities.

The government of Wau Federal State in Opposition would like to reaffirm its position of standing behind Dr Riek Machar Deny, the Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/A-IO to fight, in order to achieve the above mentioned demands and further to realize democracy, rule of law, accountability, and lasting peace in the Republic of South Sudan

Hon. Dominic Ukelo
Governor of Wau Federal State in Opposition
October 4, 2017

Sanction the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE)- the obstructer of peace that’s hiding in the open

By: Samuel Atabi,South Sudanese, OCT/03/2017, SSN;

The recent sanctioning of three of Kiir’s henchmen by the US government is having a salutary effect on the slow progress towards peace in South Sudan. However, much more remains to be done, especially further identification of the main culprits of obstruction and anti-peace elements that must include the self-styled Jieng Council of Elders, the JCE.

To most South Sudanese, the JCE is the single most important candidate for sanctions, which it has so far evaded by hiding, under the cloak of a community-based organization, in the plain site of the sanctions investigators; the latter should now turn their searchlight on this shadowy and dangerous anti-peace outfit.

Evidence abounds on the obstructive role that this mafia-like organization has been playing in frustrating effort to achieve peace in our country. When in the past Kiir refused to sign the ARCSS in Addis Ababa in 2015, he gave an excuse that he wanted to first consult with his “people”; the people he meant was actually the JCE.

The same organization has also been responsible for several other objections by the Kiir regime on issues concerned with deployment of peace-keepers in South Sudan.

JCE and its members do not just obstruct peace; they also get involved in decisions of the military council and other security matters that have direct bearing on the war and peace in that country. Consequently, one must therefore, wonder what drives the JCE in playing this negative role in our body politics.

In order to answer this question, it is important to know where the JCE is coming from. JCE is what it is: it is a conspiratorial and tribal mafia-like organization whose main objective is arguably to advance the interest of the Dinka people at the expense of other non-Dinka South Sudanese.

It first came into being in the 1960’s when Southern Sudanese leaders decided to wage a war against the government in Khartoum for the right of self-determination. The war was largely fought in the region of Equatoria and was largely led by Equatorians. Names of leaders like Saturnino Ohure, Joseph Lagu, Pankrasyo Ocheng, Abu John, Gbatala, Jada, Aggrey Jaden, Joseph Oduho, all of whom are and were Equatorians, can easily be remembered.

The Dinka leaders were conspicuously absent in the movement; under the tutelage of Abel Alier, they chose to fight for the same cause in the enemy’s capital in Khartoum! It was there that the budding JCE ideology of ethnic dominance, captured in the epithet “Dinka are born to rule”, emerged.

At its very basic, the ideology postulates that the Dinka are born natural leaders and should prepare themselves to dominate political, military, and economic leadership in South Sudan.

But while expounding this Hitlerite ideology the JCE was also aware at that time that the educational, economic and social backwardness of the wider Dinka population then and now would not provide the necessary structural support for the actualization of this ideology.

To cure this weakness, they preferred that an alliance with the Arabs in northern Sudan was essential; as the power holder in the whole Sudan, the Arabs would hold the ring against their more advanced competitor, the Equatorians, while at the same time promoting the dominance of the Dinka elite in the South.

The opportunity to implement this policy presented itself in 1972, when the mainly Equatorian leaders of the liberation movement entered into peace negotiations with the Arab government, in Addis Ababa. The head of the Khartoum government delegation was none other than Abel Alier, the Chief Priest of the “Born to Rule” ideology.

This was the first evidential confirmation that the Dinka indeed were in alliance with the Arabs. The subsequent autonomous governments of the South which were the result of the negotiations were dominated by Abel Alier with his key lieutenants and acolytes that included an anti-Equatorian politician, called Bona Malual.

But the Equatorians did not take this dominance lying down. In a clever and dexterous political maneuver, Joseph Lagu, and other Equatorian leaders, managed to bring about the division of the South into three autonomous regions of: Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile.

Kokora, as the act of the division came to be called in the Bari language, made Abel Alier and his Dinka people to vacate Equatoria and return to govern and develop their own region. This move expectedly angered the Dinka elite as it spelt doom to their plan for dominating the whole South. The ire directly led to the creation of the SPLA/M.

After the division, the immediate objective of the Dinka leaders of the SPLA/M was to revert the South to the single entity that had existed before the division in order to restore their alliance with the Arabs and revive their plan for the South.

This, as we know, did not happen, instead, the South became independent with the Arabs permanently removed from the South’s political scene. This move again threatened their ideological objective and also incurred the loss of their essential ally.

To counter this loss of an important ally, and rescue their overall plan, the JCE had to go back to the drawing board to reformulate their ideology without their Arab benefactors. The consequence of this reformulation is what is now taking place in the Republic of South Sudan.

Now, the solution for countering the perceived educational, economic and social superiority of their nemesis, the Equatorians, is to devise a situation where the Dinka population, mainly the youth, is preferentially empowered through quality education in foreign countries in Africa and oversees. (Meanwhile schools and universities in South Sudan that cater for the rest and poor South Sudanese are starved of funds and government attention).

This accelerated educational program is fashioned on the Kenyan emergency plan at independence that uplifted young Kenyans to the US where they underwent intensive instructions in governance and administration to prepare them to take over from the departing British colonialists. (The father of President Obama, Obama Snr, was a beneficiary of this plan).

It is therefore not surprising that tens of thousands of Dinka youth are found in towns and cities of eastern African and overseas countries pursuing various levels of education, from nursery to university. These kinds of opportunities are not available to the Equatorians.

At the same time, schemes have been devised for ordinary Dinka to access plundered government money through bogus entrepreneurial companies to empower them economically. The infamous Dura grain scandal is one of the schemes. Other South Sudanese do not benefit from such unjustified favor.

The planners in the JCE further realized that for their plan to produce the desired outcomes there has to be a state of political confusion in the country for at least a generation (25 years). The state of confusion is provided for by the massive and unprecedented level of corruption and the equally massive displacement of South Sudanese through war, assassinations, rape and disappearances.

This tumult in the country affords a free and corrupt access to government money for the Dinka elite and their people and secondly, it delays and holds down any form of development in Equatoria so that, in the estimation of the JCE, the Dinka population can catch up or surpass the Equatorians.

At that future stage, the fundamental tenet, that of ethnic domination in South Sudan as espoused by the JCE ideology, will then be readily achieved.

The membership of JCE comprises of highly educated people, including strategists, diplomats and operators with keen knowledge of the working of governments in the White Hall, the White House, and the UN system. So far they have deftly and successfully managed to conceal this insidious and dangerous ideology from the gaze of the international community to evade a deserved opprobrium.

This Nazi-type of social engineering has no place in the present world, and if left unchecked, will have a devastating effect on the cohesion of the people of South Sudan.

The Chairman of JCE, Ambrose Riiny Thiik, is a well-educated man and a former Chief Justice, who also has lived in a modern and liberal country, the UK. Yet, he is at the apex of a Neo-Nazi organization orchestrating the killing and ethnic cleansing of his fellow citizens in South Sudan.

The US government sanctions committee should investigate him thoroughly with the aim of sanctioning him as a deterrent to his other equally dangerous confederates. Rumors have it that he is a landlord to the US Mission to South Sudan. If proven, this could provide a pressure point through which his divisive action can be curtailed.

His son is said to be a minister in the country’s ministry of finance and is said to be the man behind the recent hiking of the registration fee for international NGOs; the hike is a sinister move to frustrate the delivery of services to the famished and dying South Sudanese.

We look forward to the next list of individuals for sanctions that we hope will include the Chairman of JCE.

Samuel Atabi is a concerned South Sudanese and can be reached at samuel atabi@gmail.com

Agony and destruction by Dinka in the border town of Nimule

From: David Aju Kanyara, Nimule, South Sudan, OCT/01/2017, SSN;

The Nimule border town has witnessed and experienced dramatic, traumatic and imposed changes since the peace loving natives, the Ma’di people, were driven from their ancestral land into refuge in the neighboring Uganda, by the Dinka JCE regime of Salva Kiir Mayerdit, to give way for the Dinka cows to graze freely turning the Madiland into a cow-land.

My trip to Nimule has given me personal and intimate examinations as to how deeply this unnecessary war against civilians across South Sudan has its devastating effect particularly on the people of Madi.

As far as eyes can see, immediately after landing in what the local people called [Matara] loosely translated as airstrip, located along Nimule-Mugali road which has never been developed under the leadership of Kiir, the dusty feeder road which used to be busy is now deserted except for the armed-to-the-teeth Dinka squatters with their cows using it.

At this point it dawned on me even more clearly how profound effect this war of Dinka imperialism and scramble for resources and land of other people particular in Equatoria has brought on my people.

Driving from Matara to Malakia, we had to pass through several roadblocks, and very surprisingly, what drew my attention was most of the soldiers along the Matara-Malakia road looked frail and underage, majority looked malnourished and confused.

Observing their faces, my conclusion is they were collected from villages across Bahr el Ghazal and are primary school age kids.

I couldn’t help but ask, “are the Dinkas running out of their material Prima of this war, that Adult Dinka Militia men are no longer available that they can sacrifice their young men just to keep the one man in power?”

Nimule–Matara road used to be a very busy road as it links up the neighboring villages of Longu, and several bomas and payams of Mugali, but as we drove I noted the road was visibly empty and deserted.

Most of the huts along the airstrip were empty, looted while others are re-occupied by the foot soldiers and their families.

The driver who lives in Nimule cautioned me that I should not use my phone for taking photos or for making calls. I asked him why?

He told me if you are non-Dinka and not known to these soldiers, phone calls in Nimule constitute an arrest warrant and if the soldiers suspect you are making a long distance call they will arrest you and accuse you of being a spy of the rebel, and end up being tortured or dead.

As we drove through Nimule to one of the restaurants which used to be busy in the earlier days of peace, it is now mostly empty without customers, for nearly two hours we were the only customers.

When I asked the attendant why, she told me, “nowadays business is down and even some soldiers come and eat food and walk away without paying, when you ask them to pay, they will say we are here to protect you from your rebel, Martin Kenyi.”

They perceive every Madi people in Nimule as a rebel,” she added.

This narrative has given me a clear picture how the soldiers subject the people who remained in Nimule to constant harassment and dehumanizing treatments.

After dinner before 5 pm local time, I was advised to find place to sleep and never move out to buy airtime or anything past 6 pm, so I was taken by my friend to one of the lodges in Nimule. For his personal security I will withhold his name, and that of the hotel where I slept.

At around 6 pm I ordered soft drinks while sitting in the lodge’s lobby watching English premier league. Three soldiers and two men in plain civilian clothes joined to watch the game, roughly 20 minutes later the hotel staff motioned for me to come at the counter and told me that those men in plain civilian clothes were security agents and they were part of soldiers deployed in all the hotels and lodges in Nimule. He cautioned me that it might be time for me to retire to my room, which I did.

I asked him who pays for their bills for the hotel accommodation and food, I was amazed to hear the answer, he told me they eat and sleep freely, and when asked to pay their bill they can easily accuse you as being a rebel or sympathizer of the rebels, thus, they can at will whisk you away to the house of torture or simply penalize you up to an equivalent of 300 U$ to buy your freedom or else they will implicate you.

He concluded that this is happening because the soldiers have not received salaries for almost four months thus extortion of money from businesses has become part of their survival.

Demolition of houses:

The destructive ethnic war by Dinka in Madi land has its root in the plan of ethnic cleansing of the Ma’di people by displacing them to Uganda and demolishing their houses.

This is to deny the Madi people access from coming back to their houses. I have witnessed military vehicles as well as civilian numberless lorries carrying scrubs of iron sheets.

I asked another soldier from non-Dinka tribe where are the metal scrubs coming from and what do the soldiers do with them? He told me all the concrete building starting from Loa to Moli have been demolished.

He told me a shocking story, that to avoid rebel snipers because previously when the rebels spot anybody trying to remove iron sheets their snipers will take them down without a trace, in the process a lot of soldiers got shot dead or others fell with broken legs.

He said the soldiers have now become smart, they are using Ugandan contractors mainly people from Bantu origins to demolish the houses as the soldiers secure the surrounding to provide protection for the contractors.

The Ugandan contractors will be used to collect the scrubs and bring them to Elegu for a lucrative market sale.

Security in Nimule

When security personnel do not see you for a period of two weeks you are liable to be questioned, when you are coming to Uganda you have to get permit from army barracks. When your face is unfamiliar you are most likely to be suspect.

I was told by the unnamed civil servant in the office of executive director of Pageri County that the army is planning to impose tougher restrictions, and when such restrictions are imposed on the few people who live in Nimule, they will then be subjected to face tough security measures by the security personnel.

This according to him all non-Dinka residents of Nimule will be registered, and anyone above the age of 14 must be subject to be registered and should report to the military intelligence HQs in Nimule every day.

Market in Nimule

Vast majority of traders who are from native Ma’di have left either to Elegu or Adjumani inside Uganda, while others with small capital are operating in the largest refugee camp in Pagirinya, leaving a vacuum which cannot be filled by the Dinka traders who are not used to trading but being mostly consumers and money changers relying on the robbed national treasury, leave alone whether they have knowledge in trading.

Nimule main market is visibly empty, there only about three traders left with no profitable market, at time the whole day only two to five customers according to one of the remaining businessmen who asked for his name to be withheld.

He told me the numbers of the daily customers have dropped badly only two to five customers per day will visit his shop. Due to insecurity the foreign large-scale retailers and hawkers or vendors mainly dominated by Ethiopian and Eritreans all left Nimule.

In early days of peace Juba-Nimule highway, the busiest road in the country is nowadays the dysfunctional and most fragile risk road in the whole country. I saw long line of trucks packed waiting for the convoy to leave for Juba, but the problem according to security officers, the soldiers have become reluctant to escort the convoy as they have pay the price highly with their lives.

A Senior South Sudan army officer who got hit with bullet on his left side of his forehead during the last ambush in August, said the rebels are well organized and determined to execute their agenda, he added he lost colleagues and brave soldiers during the ambush.

He recounted that it was around 11:20am after they had driven halfway to Moli area when the bullets began to rain on them.

He added that before they could reorganize to respond and have clear point to see from which direction the attackers were firing, more than 15 soldiers were dead instantly.

He said the attackers had sophisticated military methodology in their ambushes. That is why they lost a lot of colleagues within shortest time and before they could reorganize themselves the enemy forces had deserted their position after they had achieved their mission.

He narrated in details saying the level of threat they face in Equatoria has proven the rebels have achieved high level of training and discipline.” This is a group well-organized with high level of training and discipline and it indicates the level of threat our forces are facing along Juba-Nimule road and in Equatoria at large than the three-year war in Upper Nile.

“It is a guerilla war we have not seen before” he concluded.

As I concluded my visit to Nimule after spending three nights of secret mission, I then realized the senseless new war of Dinka imperialism is meant to create fear and drive non-Dinka away from their ancestral land.

But at the same time the war of Kiir with his tribal associates has also traumatized his ethnic Dinka. As I crossed into neighboring Uganda, I have seen the anxieties on the Dinka faces.

They are talking of being most hated by other tribes and even Ugandans. The few I talked to in Alere camp told me they are crippled with fear for their lives even in Uganda for they feel unwelcome by everyone.

An elderly man who seems in his late 70s told me they, the jieng have been generalized but majority of them are victims themselves because of crimes committed by Kiir and JCE.

He concluded by saying he wish Kiir will quit and save his people the Dinka from such shame and hatred.

While such voices are heard here and there, the Dinka elites without the Materia prima, the Jieng young villagers the Jieng populace provides, Kiir as a single Dinka cannot achieve the destruction of South Sudan.

Maybe the time has come for the Dinka Populaces to say enough is enough and deny Kiir the fuel on which the burning of South Sudan requires, the blood of young Dinka village boys unplugged from their villages and brought to be sitting ducks in Nimule which shall surely pay even if the last of Ma’di Ajugo drops.

The most secret of our weapons are the Gods of the land and many enemy soldiers can testify their terrifying, unexplained and invisible encounters, however many did not live to tell their stories.

David Aju Kanyara

A voice for voiceless