Archive for: March 2017

Lost in Corruption: Where’s the nation called South Sudan?

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Lawyer, Kampala Uganda, MAR/12/2017, SSN;

Corruption has become meaningless since it has become a common topic in South Sudan. Because of that it no longer appeals to many people as it has become monotonous. However, what is clear is that corruption is increasing day and night in South Sudan as it is indicated by various reports. And each time the report on corruption is released corruption is shown to be eating the society to the core as it permeates every part of the system.

Thus, in this article, I intend to comment on the impact of corruption in general and with specific regard to the recent report on corruption scandals in the South Sudan Crisis Management Committee (CMC) of 2013.

The CMC was formed in the aftermath of the outbreak of civil war in 2013. It was made up of several Government ministers and some technocrats. The purpose of the CMC was to manage crises that were caused by the civil war in order to help citizens that were affected by the war.

Nonetheless, it was sad to discover through the report that the CMC became a Corruption Management Committee (CMC). Worryingly, the report on the CMC showed that the whole system of the Government of South Sudan is rotten. This is because it appears that majority of the people working in the government have lost the conscience, the spirit and the sense of humanity.

Hence, in this article as I have already pointed out above, I would like to comment on corruption scandals in South Sudan in general and in specific reference to the Crisis Management Committee or Corruption Management Committee as referred to above. For that reason, I have to begin with the meaning of corruption itself and then I discuss corruption in general and with specific reference to the corruption scandals that were reported in the CMC.

Thus, corruption t is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. It may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries.

Government, or ‘political’, corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain. Stephen D. Morris, a professor of politics, writes that [political] corruption is the illegitimate use of public power to benefit a private interest.

In addition, Economist Ian Senior defines corruption as an action to (a) secretly provide (b) a good or a service to a third party (c) so that he or she can influence certain actions which (d) benefit the corrupt, a third party, or both (e) in which the corrupt agent has authority.

Daniel Kaufmann, from the World Bank further extends the concept of corruption to include ‘legal corruption’ in which power is abused within the confines of the law as those with power often have the ability to make laws for their protection.

Corruption in general can occur on different scales. There is corruption that occurs as small favors between a small number of people (petty corruption), corruption that affects the government on a large scale (grand corruption), and corruption that is so prevalent that it is part of the everyday structure of society, including corruption as one of the symptoms of organized crime.

In relation to South Sudan, it has to be noted that corruption does not only affect the government on a large scale (grand corruption) but permeates everyday structure of society. According to U4 Expert Answer of Transparency International, in South Sudan corruption is present in all sectors of the economy and at all levels of the new state apparatus.

In this respect, U4 observes that corruption is manifested in various forms, including financial and political corruption, patronage, pervasive tribalism and misuse of power.

As cited in theU4 Expert Answer of Transparency International, the latest Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer found that those respondents who have had contact with nine public institutions (police, education, judiciary, medical services, land services, tax revenue, customs, registry/permit), reported paying bribes in the past 12 months.

The citizens’ experience with corruption is significantly high in dealing with the police (where of those in contact with the police reported paying bribes), registry/ permit services, and the judiciary, and land services.

Coming to the reasons for paying bribes, the Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer observed that the majority of Southern Sudanese stated that they paid bribe in order “to avoid a problem with the authorities” or “to speed things up” the process.

Sadly enough, corruption in South Sudan is something which is deeply rooted in the nature of the people and the system. The Government of South Sudan is dominated by the military elite which is strongly fragmented and marked by competing clientelist networks along tribal and ethnic lines (see; U4 above).

In reality, the diverging interests are kept in balance around the President Salva Kiir which makes the regime susceptible to the demands of the many competing groups and thus open to corruption and clientelism.

Corruption in South Sudan has its root in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), 2005. This is because the way the PA in 2005 was designed was only to favour warlords not to answer the issues of transparency and accountability.

For instance, the CPA established the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) that was only concerned with how to integrate potential rebels and rewarding allies by appointing them to senior lucrative or symbolic posts.

Such appointments consumed large proportions of the state budget with ministries, agencies and commissions growing in number. In fact, National and State Parliaments serve above all as instruments of patronage engineered by the President of Southern Sudan and now the President South Sudan.

The system became a cultural medium of corruption in which the deadly corrupt practices flourished. Hence, the government officials and army generals began siphoning national resources to the neighbouring countries where they built for themselves huge mansions. The recent report entitled: War Crimes Shouldn’t Pay: Stopping the looting and destruction in South Sudan September 2016, supports this assertion.

The Sentry Report pointed out that several of the most powerful politicians and generals in South Sudan appear to have accumulated significant wealth in the decade since the 2005 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the North-South war and laid the groundwork for the self determination referendum that resulted in South Sudan’s independence in 2011.

In addition, the report found that much of the wealth that has been accumulated by these top leaders is in the form of high end properties outside the country and extensive commercial holdings in both public sector and oil services contracting in South Sudan.

The Sentry Report further found that members of the families of both President Kiir and Vice President Machar reside in luxurious homes outside of South Sudan, including homes in one particular upscale neighborhood in Nairobi, Kenya.

The Sentry’s investigation indicates that Gen. Malong,(the Current Chief of General Staff) who makes roughly $45,000 per year through his government salary, has at least two luxurious villas in Uganda in addition to a $2 million mansion in a gated community in Nairobi.

The Sentry Report investigation further indicates that one of Gen. Malong’s houses in Kampala, Uganda, is located next door to a home maintained by Gen. Gabriel Jok Riak, a South Sudanese general subject to a UN mandated asset freeze and travel ban a move that should have effectively frozen any of his assets and barred him from traveling outside the country.

In addition, the same report pointed out that Gen. Malek Reuben Riak has a house inside a walled compound just a few miles away from Gen. Gabriel Jok Riak referred to in the above paragraph. The Report pointed out that unexplained wealth such as this should be enough to provide authorities with a reasonable basis for investigating the sources of that wealth and whether any wrongdoing occurred.

In addition, the Report pointed out that immediate family members of South Sudan’s top officials have held commercial ventures throughout the country’s most lucrative business sectors contrary to South Sudanese law, which makes it illegal for the holders of constitutional office to be engaged in any business alongside the government business.

Apart from the Sentry Report cited above, the recent Report on how the CMC managed resources allocated to the war affected communities was managed further confirmed that South Sudan government system is rotten as the whole government system is corrupt to the core.

The Report on CMC 2013 listed the national ministers and other government civil servants, MPs and individuals with the amount of money in South Sudanese pounds (SSP) and dollars, which they have stolen.

For the sake of those who have not come across that report, I am going to list them below as they were reported as follows:—

—Hon. Obuto Mamur Mete, Minister for National Security is reported to have stolen 8,575,000 SSP;
—Hon. Akol Paul Kordit Deputy Ministers of Information is reported to have stolen 444,345 SSP;
—Bol Wek Agoth Acting Chief Administrator, Office of the President 173,594;
—Hon. John Gai Yoh Presidential Advisor for Education 233,437;
—Hon. Bol Makueng SPLM Secretary for Information and Culture 91,896;
—Hon. Machok Majong Member of Parliament, SSLA 412,500;
—Hon. Beda Machar Deng Former Minister of Agriculture 197,024 Hon.
—Kwong Danhier Former Minister of Transport 47,996;
—Hon. Lang Tap Luom 20,170;
—Hon. Dr. Martin Elia Lomuro Minister of Cabinet Affairs 400,000;
—Hon. Dr. Nadia Arop Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture 9,592;
—Hon. Lily Albino Akol Former Deputy Minister of Agriculture 25,579;
—Hon. Rebecca Joshua Minister of Roads and Bridges 27,356
—Hon. Mat Ruot Member of Parliament, SSLA 13,950;
—Hon. John Juac Member of Parliament, SSLA 22,560;
—Hon. John Manyual Member of Parliament, SSLA 13,950;
—Hon. John Chuol Member of Parliament, SSLA 26,900;
—Gen. Nang Chol 114,240;
—Jiath Yual 14,880;
—Hon. Ali Adian Member of Parliament, SSLA 43,400
—Hon. Chuol Rambang Chairperson of South Sudan Peace Commission 31,000;
—Hon. Niota 25,000;
—Biong Mijok Deng 45,000;
—Deng Kuol Awor 18,600;
—Dr. Tilahum Hailemariam 649,400;
—Deng Mador Deng Office Manager to Presidential Advisor on Military Affairs
—Hon. Gen. Awet Akot 130,800;
—Hon. Kom Kom Geng Member of Parliament, SSLA 148,500;
—James Daniel Chaung 605,000;
—Martin Mabil 10,146
—Domai Gatpan 13,603;
—Mrs. Mary Paul 51,648;
—Nhial Daniel 17,862;
—Hon. Stephen Wiw Bichok Member of Parliament SSLA 106,220;
—Mrs. Nyatut Mai 5,786;
—Biel Boutros Civil Society Activist 102,409;
—Stephen Yar 70,664; Peter Lam Both Former Governor of Latjor State 76,532;
—Deng Chol 70,545;
—Mrs. Cecilia Adeng Former Officer Manager of the President (now Senior Diplomat at South Sudan Embassy in United Arab Emirates) 112,494;
—Hon. Peter Bashir Gbandi Minister of Parliamentary Affairs 21,924;
—Kueth Kong Kueth 26,075; Puok Bol Mut 2430;
—James Gatkor Wedial 20,390;
—Mrs. Elizabeth Nyawai 17,468;
—Mrs. Adut Salva Kiir Daughter of the President 14,000,000;
—Mrs. Mary Yual Badeng 17,152;
—David Kueth 12,172;
—Kutin Bayak Gil 21,008;
—Sarah Benjamin Gabriel 34,560;
—Emelda Modi 48,500;
—Michael Chute Lul 33,120;
—Ali Atem Biar Jonglei State Coordination Officer 3,000,000;
—James Deng Wal Senior Cashier, Office of the President 4,000,000;
—Hellen Andrea Juma Senior Cashier, Office of the Vice President 26,690,416;
—Bosco Eluzai Mabe Private Secretary to the Vice President 1,000,000;
—James Deng Malim National Security Service Officer, Internal Security Bureau (ISB) 2,138,336;
—Clement Vito 1,500,000;
—Mabior Nhial Mabior Senior Cashier, Office of Vice President 45,924,600;
—Bass Petroleum Ltd 600,000;
—Everest General Trading 2,000,000;
—Office of the President 25,000,000;
—Internal Transfer 47,694,663.

The reports and other examples of corruption discussed above show that corruption in South Sudan is among the worst in the world. In reality, the nation’s elites have developed a kleptocratic system that controls every part of the South Sudanese economy. This system has taken shape quickly in a relatively short period (2005-2016).

In fact, South Sudan having won self-rule in 2005 while remaining part of Sudan, and having been accorded full sovereignty in 2011, it has become one of the most corrupt in the world as it ranked fifth on Transparency International’s 2014 list of most corrupt nations, preceded only by Somalia, North Korea, Sudan, and Afghanistan.

One of the things that make it hard to fight corruption in South Sudan is that the leadership itself is corrupt and because of that there is no political will to fight corruption. As a result, the authorities are not willing to come up with regulations to combat frauds and mismanagement of country’s resources among the senior government officials, especially among government procurement officials within the ministry of finance and economic planning.

For example, the degree of corruption and mismanagement revealed in the Auditor General’s report for 2005 and 2006 reportedly “brought some MPs in South Sudan’s National Legislative Assembly to tears.” A 2012 report on corruption found out that more than $4 billion in government funds had been stolen since the advent of self-rule in 2005.

Sadly, the major corruption scandal in the history of South Sudan is what so-called “Dura Saga.” “Dura Saga” came about in 2008 as at that time South Sudan was expecting a famine and because of that it paid nearly $1 million (according to a 2013 report by the Voice of America), for cereals that were never delivered. This became known as the “Dura Saga,” after the South Sudanese name for sorghum (Dura).

World Bank auditors’ report on “Dura Saga” found in February 2013 that 290 firms were paid without ever having signed a contract and another 151 firms were overpaid significantly. A criminal probe launched in the wake of this audit sought to ascertain why the contractors were paid for goods that never arrived, why the prices were so high, and if government officials were involved in the scandal. The probe was to be led by Prosecutor General Filberto Mayout Mareng.

Moreover, a February 2012 report by the Sudan Tribune described the Dura Saga as the largest and most costly corruption scandal in South Sudan since the nation’s founding in 2005, and maintained that it involved the disappearance of not just one million but several billion dollars that had been allocated for the building and repair of grain stores and the purchase of grain.

In a June 2012 article written by Dr. Jok Madut Jok, Under Secretary of the National Ministry of Culture, put the missing amount at $4 million and added the funds are somewhere among the traders who falsely claimed to have delivered the grain, the governors who lied about the grain delivery or were criminally negligent, or the ministers of finance in Juba who approved payments for more than double the national budget.

In addition, it is reported that a list of 81 fake companies that had allegedly been involved in the scandal was posted online in January 2013, along with appropriated amounts for each firm ranging from 400,000 to 2,000,000 pounds.

Among those blamed for the scandal were Michael Makuei Lueth, Parliamentary Affairs minister, whose then-ministry had registered the companies, and Benjamin Bol Mel, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and owner of the ABMC construction company, ABMC, who wrote to President Kiir to insist payment for the bogus contracts.

In short, corruption in South Sudan has reached disproportionate level as it consumed the resources and because of that services no longer reach ordinary citizens who are now struggling for bare survival. I fear that the pending hunger will claim thousands of lives of ordinary South Sudanese who have nothing to avert the hunger.

Also, due to corruption, education and health sectors have been ignored as teachers live a life of dogs and beggars. This is because thieves have stolen money of the nation which they use for their personal benefits in seeking for personal medical attention abroad and also use in sending their children to study abroad.

Because of corruption, the vision of South Sudan of achieving justice, liberty and prosperity is lost and the question is: where is South Sudan? South Sudan died long time ago when it was symbolically buried in a coffin in 2005. In 2005 the government officials in collaboration with the army generals could steal money and carry it in coffins like a dead person. This was the time when we buried South Sudan symbolically.

Thus, even if we cry day and night about the need for reforms in South Sudan as a country but the fact is that South Sudan is lost it through corruption. The process of good governance is founded on good conscience and ethics. However, in a situation like one we have in South Sudan where conscience and good ethics are lost to amoral acts, good governance is automatically lost. Consequently, the nation of South Sudan is lost.

In summary, South Sudan is lost in corruption. In order to reclaim it, there is a need for all patriotic citizens to stage a war against mismanagement of national resources by marking those whose names appear on any corruption report as indicated above to make sure that they are relegated from politics.

Without fighting against corruption, South Sudan will remain in limbo of development and citizens will suffer due to poverty, hunger, illiteracy, ignorance and diseases. For instance, the current hunger reported to be at the horizon of South Sudan was partly caused by corruption and more hungers of the same magnitude are on the way unless we fight bad governance and corruption in general.

NB/the author is South Sudanese human rights lawyer and can be reached through:

Kiir repents: I sinned by ‘what I have done and what I have failed to do.’ Really???

President Salva Kiir has prayed for forgiveness for what he describes as sins he may have committed while exercising his duty as the Head of state. President Kiir also called for redemption of the people of South Sudan from the many troubles bestowed on the country.

South Sudanese political leaders have been taking to the podium at the Dr. John Garang mausoleum in Juba to pray on the National Prayer Day.

The prayers are led by religious leaders. Among the first to speak was the Catholic Archbishop of Juba, Rev. Paulino Lukudu Loro. Below is the excerpt of his speech.

“We have been invited to this National Prayer for Repentance and Forgiveness by the President. I very much hope, and I believe that the majority of us –so innocent, so good, so sincere in heart have really come to pray.

Your Excellency, the reason why I came here today for this prayer, is because I know the weak; the poor are the ones to come to pray. And that is why I really decided to come to pray, because as we are seeing them now bearing this heat, these sons are the very ones who are touched in their lives by the difficulties and the desperate situation of our country. We have come to pray so that God may open our hearts to accept what is really wrong with us in this country. Since we have been in this heat and in this moment, our repentance and forgiveness will have a meaning.

Your Excellency, we are praying that may God grant us the results of this prayer. This prayer, your Excellency, the way I look at it; this situation that we are seeing with us and among us and in front of us of our situation are a double-edge sword for us all. This prayer today, I think it is a dangerous prayer. It is a difficult prayer for us all. It is especially for somebody and a few of us who might have not prayed well with clear conscience, and who might not have prayed with the right intentions.

This prayer is dangerous today, because if you have come here, I believe this bitterness of our heat, will not go in vain, but God will reply to us. I therefore say, if this prayer is correct and is true, then its about our peace. We are standing for peace and we are praying for peace. Are we going to choose peace or evil?

Your Excellency, I want to question you; why did you call this people to the heat here like this; are they coming to choose evil or to choose peace? Is that what your intention is, to bring us here to suffer like this? I hope nobody will be sick today because of this heat. I believe you have invited us to see this suffering because you want peace.

Our government, which way are going to take and what is the government going to do after this prayer? Is the government going to choose evil or peace? Mr. President, take-heed after this. We are telling you that after this prayer, your Excellency, go into a room and pray and decide for peace in the country.

We expect peace, Justice, forgiveness, genuine dialogue, good governance, security, rule of law after this prayer. We expect after this prayer an end to; raping, torture, arbitrary arrests, corruption, tribalism. These things will continue if this prayer is misused.

My brothers and sisters, our way forward now is working, doing and choosing peace and not for war.”

Kiir was the first among the Christian political leaders to go forward.

“I pray that you may not bring condemnation and punishment, but forgiveness and salvation to the people of South Sudan,” he said.

He prayed for God to give him a clear mind and an open heart. “Remind me, God, to be who you would want to be –regardless of what I am doing, or whom I am with,” he said.

“Most merciful God, through my shortcomings, I have sinned against you in thoughts, in words, and deeds by what I have done and what I have failed to do,” the President said.

“I humbly repent and ask for your loving mercy and forgiveness. Whatever is in my power to do for the people of South Sudan, please Lord Help me to be your instrument of love, service delivery, peace, reconciliation, and forgiveness,” he said.

Below is an excerpt from his prayer sheet:

“Powerful and ever living God, I thank you, for even though I am a sinner, your unprofitable servant – not because of my worth, but in the kindness of your mercy. You have fed me with the precious body and blood of your son, our Lord Jesus Christ. I pray that you may not bring condemnation and punishment, but forgiveness and salvation to the people of South Sudan.

May you be a helmet of faith and a shield of good will. Holy God, on this day and all the days of my life, I entrust to your merciful heart my body and my soul. All my acts, thoughts, choices, desires, words, deeds, my entire life, so that with your assistance, all may be ordered to the good according to the will of your beloved son, our Lord Jesus Christ.

Help me God to seek you always and live righteously, to act courageously and to speak from your wisdom. Give me a clear mind and an open heart, so that I may witness you in our country. Remind me God to be who you would want to be –regardless of what I am doing, or whom I am with.

Grant, oh King of Heaven, that ever in my heart, I may have fear and love –alike for your most sweet son. That I may always give thanks for the many blessings bestowed upon me, not for my merit, but by your loving kindness. And what I may ever make a pure and sincere confession and do true penance for my sins, in order that I might deserve to obtain your mercy and grace.

Most merciful God, through my shortcomings, I have sinned against you in thoughts, in words, and deeds by what I have done and what I have failed to do. I humbly repent and ask for your loving mercy and forgiveness.

Whatever is in my power to do for the people of South Sudan, please Lord Help me to be your instrument of love, service delivery, peace, reconciliation and forgiveness.

Heavenly Father, lead me safely to everlasting happiness with you. I pray that you will lead me, a sinner, to the banquet where you with your son and Holy Spirit are true and perfect live, total fulfilments, Holy Spirit, everlasting joy, gladness –without end – and perfect happiness to your saints. Grant this God, through Christ, our Lord. Amen.” END of president Kiir’s prayers.

Bishop Santo— A South Sudanese Catholic bishop has criticised a declaration of National Day of Prayer across the country on March 10 by President Kiir, describing it as “political” to blindfold the international community.

The Catholic Auxiliary Bishop of Juba Diocese, Rev. Santo Laku Pio, told the Voice of America (VOA) on Thursday that he will not attend the prayer because the people of South Sudan are not in their homes.

The religious leader rejected President Kiir’s call for prayers, saying citizens in Equatoria and Upper Nile have been displaced from their homes and they are being killed by government army. END

Calling for National Day of Prayer is not President Kiir’s responsibility but of the Church

BY: Rev. Daniel Amum, MAR/12/2017, SSN;

The decision made by the President Kiir to call for national day of prayer is clear indication of his ignorance about the Bible teachings. So God is distraught because you took a duty entrusted to the Church. In this regards let me highlight some of biblical references and the consequences of violating them.

In the book of 1 Samuel 13:9-14, the King Saul took a position of prophet to offer sacrifice to God, hoping to win God’s favor, so that he may face the challenges posed by the Philistines. Unfortunately, the Prophet Samuel questions him what has he done?

Unconsciously, Saul reiterated that he thought of presenting sacrifice (prayer) to gain God’s favor because the Philistines were coming down against him at Gilgal. Indeed, he felt compelled to offer the burnt offering. God was extremely upset by the decision of King Saul.

Straight away, the Prophet Samuel under inspiration of the Holy Spirit criticized Saul that he acted foolishly, and he has not kept the command the Lord his God gave him. Now, if you would have waited for the Lord, He would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time. But as result of your disobedience, your kingdom will not endure; the Lord has sought out a man after his own heart and appointed him leader of his people, because you have not kept the Lord’s command.

The calling for national day of prayer is political one which the President Kiir resorted to for gaining support from apathetic people. But in real sense it is a sign of the end of his leadership like Saul, who was rejected by God, because he tried to accomplish the task which was not entrusted to him by God.

President Kiir seems distracted by feeling that being a leader gives him full right to champion all affairs of nation including spiritual aspects, forgetting that God ordained certain people to carry out that job. When the Lord deserted Saul, his life was controlled by Satan that worsened his situation.

Mister President Kiir, you need to be assured that God never delights in the burning offerings, sacrifices or prayers but He delights in justice, equality, peace and freedom. Without being righteous and without fulfilling necessary duty to let citizens live in harmony and peace, your prayer will not be acceptable by God.

In 2013, the Church advised you not to conduct the SPLM Convention but you personally sidelined the Church and you went on with your destructive project, and what happened is well known to all. The truth of matter is that your toxic and poisonous leadership spoiled the minds of southerners to look at themselves as enemies.

Obedience is better than prayers and sacrifices and to heed is better than any offerings. For the rebellion you made against the Church is like the sin of divination, and your arrogance is like the evil of idolatry.

Profoundly you have rejected the word of the Lord from the Church. Now, God has rejected you as President like what He did to King Saul (See 1 Sam.15:22-23).

President Kiir, obviously God is not delighted in your national day of prayer because you failed to listen to Him through his servants and failed to do the right thing.

Now, instead of calling for national day of prayer, why don’t you visit UNMIS and see the conditions of people in Protection Camps and try to hear their stories and how do they feel about you as person and your government.

President Kiir, the only option to restore the broken relations and to stop tribal conflicts in South Sudan is your resignation, no less. People have gruesome feelings in their hearts against you and they can’t come to national day of prayer you are calling for.

The question that poses itself is, can people in UNMIS Protection Camps in South Sudan, in bushes and in Refugee Camps really come for prayers? I think they can’t because they see you and your government as the cause of their sufferings which they encountered during the dark four years in the history of South Sudan.

Mr. President, your continuation in the leadership will widen disintegration, disunity, discrimination and dislike among your subjects. It will be very hard to heal mental, physical and social breakdown in your presence.

It will be impossible to convince the remnants southerners to restore mistrust created by you because of sorrowful memories and afflictions imposed on them by your government.

Allow me to repeat again, the only suitable solution before you to resolve this chronic problem and unpleasant experiences in South Sudan is your resignation from leadership and not the calling for national day of prayer or national dialogue. These will be waste of time, energy and limited resources without tangible outcome. Done cheating yourself, whatever you initiate will not bring fruitful result.

God of justice never wanted his creatures to be oppressed by anyone, and he will fight on their behalf as He did for Israel against Egyptians. Mr. President, people were murdered in your presence, displaced internally and externally and you made no response to such tragedies that befell on them.

What kind of leader are you, who never reacted to tribulations and agonies your subjects had experienced?
Are you not ashamed to call skeletons to come for national day of prayer that will not be heard by God?

In case you still feel a legitimate President, why are you shielding yourself with tanks? Your fear from the subjects implies definite uncertainty that there is insecurity in capital Juba.

It is also well known that the criminal rate within Juba have reached to highest level, for crimes are being committed on daily basis by unknown gum men. Moreover, inflation has reach to 800%, logically can empty stomachs, dying and starving persons adhere to your prayer call? I doubt that.

Mr. President, be specific in your call for national day of prayer, which group within communities are you targeting, are you calling wealthy bellies out or dying people? Please be reminded that wealthy bellies-out group will not attend the prayer nor the dying people because they are physically weakened.

Mr. President Kiir, let me refer you again to astonishing biblical reference in the Gospel according to St. Mark, chapter 9:42 -45 which say, “if anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to be thrown into the sea with a large millstone tied around his neck. If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life maimed than with two hands to go into hell, where the fire never goes out. And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two feet and be thrown into hell.”

The only thing you can do to win God’s favor is true confession, repentance and turn away from your sin, no way for hypocrisy.

Mr. President Kiir, you must know that God will not accept your call for national day of Prayer because you have ruined the nation and scattered his children around by world as result of madness man-made war you employed.

In case you do have sense of humanity in your heart and feeling of the agony of God’s children that are suffering under your leadership, please take courage to step down for the sake of such destitute citizens that were compelled to live inhumane conditions within their country for which they shed precious blood in liberation war.

As Christians, you need to observe what God says in his words, for example, in book of Amos, the Lord authorized Amos to declare to the leaders of Israel that He hates and despises their religious feasts and He cannot stand their assemblies.

Even though they bring Him burnt offerings and grain offerings, He will not accept them. Though they bring choice fellowship offerings, He will not regard them. Away with the noise of your songs! I will not listen to the music of your harps (see Amos 5:21-24).

In same manner God is telling you by now away with your baseless call for national day of prayer.

Indeed, Mr. President Kiir, be assured that God Almighty will not attend your prayer, also He will not listen to your prayer and will not bless you unless you make justice roll in South Sudan like a river and righteousness like a running stream.

Mr. President Kiir, be reminded that the Lord had put some guidance for acceptable prayer and fasting: One is to lose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke.

Second is to set the oppressed free and break every yoke.

Three is to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter.

Four is to clothe the naked people, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood. (See Isa.58:6-7).

In the light of mentioned quotation, God will never hearken to your call because the requirements God wanted to answer the prayer is not present in your life.

The gains which are waiting for you if you do what is right in God’s sight are: your light will break forth like the dawn; your healing will quickly appear; your righteousness will go before you, and the glory of the Lord will be your rear guard. You will call, and the Lord will answer; you will cry for help, and he will say: Here I am. “If you do away with the yoke of oppression, and with the pointing finger and malicious talk” (See Isa.58:8-9).

Mr. President Kiir, prayer is conversation with God, but how can you speak to a person whom you didn’t have intimate relationship.

In case you want God to answer your prayer, you must spend yourself on behalf of the hungry and satisfy the needs of the oppressed, then your light will rise in the darkness, and your night will become like the noonday.

Apart from this your call for prayer will be empty and baseless exercise you wished people to participate. So you must leave what belongs to God and mind about your own business.

Western Bahr el Ghazal SPLO-IO Commander, Gen. Faiz Fatur resigns & joins Gen. Cirillo’s NSF

Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In-Opposition
Western Bahr ElGhazal Front
Sector Commander

Comradeship, Dr/ Riek Machar Teng Dhur-Goon
Chairman SPLM-IO, C-in-C SPLA-IO

Know of: Simon Garwech Dual
Chief of General Staff, SPLO-IO

From: Faiz Ismail Fatur Boy
Military High Command, Member
Former Sector Commander

Resignation from SPLM/A-IO
His Comradeship, Dr. Riek Machar,
Accept my revolutionary Salutations!

Allow me through you, to extend my greetings to all comrades who tirelessly took arms against the dictatorial regime in Juba, namely Awelek, The Arrow Boys, Cobra and the gallant Fertit Lions. I do not fail to extend my salutations to our beloved people who patiently await change.

This letter is intended to serve as my official resignation as a member of the SPLM-IO. The resignation comes into effect this Tuesday, falling March 9th 2017.

As you are cognizant, the political mess, insecurity and the dire economic cart are rapidly ingesting and swallowing the innocent people of South Sudan whose hopes and aspirations for change are placed upon us. It’s now five years since we started resistance, albeit little is being done towards realization thereof.

The revolution is ripe beyond doubt to topple the fragile regime in Juba, however, this change can only be arrived at through proper organization, well articulated vision and proactive leadership.

We have, in so many occasions, deliberated on such issues and often given untrue promises to my shame.

I have been here at the GHQs as per your directives to settle the issues related to logistics, unfortunately, the promises remained on your mouth and never seen any light into action.

I forewarned against un-necessary promotions which you often do without proper consultation. Now, the Army is curtailed by officers without assignments, shamefully at some places you find a brigadier leading a squad. How are we different from Kiir then?!

The velocity of incidents in the region and the world is unbearable if things are not diplomatically worked out in favour of our people. All in all, you could have assigned any PB members some of your duties in your abstention.

Cde. Chairman, be reminded that we lost so many precious souls when we could have avoided so, just because of improper planning. I sometimes wonder whether we really want change of the regime or reforms.

Given these reasons, it is unforgiving to idly stay in the SPLM/O-IO. I therefore disengage any political and military commitment with IO, hence announcing my allegiance and full support to the National Salvation Front under the leadership of General Thomas Cirillo Swaka.

In the end, I call upon all South Sudanese who aspire for a total change to rally behind the National Salvation Front, particularly the People of Western Bahr el Ghazal.

Long Live South Sudan
Long live the oppressed
Long live the National Salvation Front

Gen. Fauz Usnauk Fatur Boybushes, , South
March 2017
Military High Command, Member
Former Sector Commander

South Sudan’s government-made famine: Kiir’s and others must be made to pay

BY: George Clooney and John Prendergast, Washington Post, MAR/09/2017, SSN;

Official, U.N.-declared famines are a rare phenomenon. The last one worldwide was six years ago, in Somalia. Famines are declared officially when people have already begun to starve to death. It is the diplomatic equivalent of a seven-alarm fire. That is where the youngest country in the world, South Sudan, finds itself today, as 100,000 face immediate starvation and another 1 million are on its brink.

The maxim is true that famine does not result from purely natural causes but is usually “man-made.” Such a description, however, avoids any real accountability for those who have caused the crisis. South Sudan’s famine would be more accurately described as “government-made.”

The most immediate cause lies in the tactics used by the South Sudan government and its principal rebel opponent in fighting the current civil war. Government and rebel forces attack civilian targets much more frequently than they attack each other. They target the means of survival of civilian populations deemed to be unsupportive.

In particular, they raid cattle in areas where cows represent the inherited savings and means of commercial exchange. Massive cattle raids result in complete impoverishment of entire communities and unleash cycles of revenge attacks that poison relations between neighbors and entire ethnic groups.

The government has also concentrated recent attacks on areas where agricultural production traditionally fed large parts of South Sudan, not only resulting in massive human displacement but also devastating local grain production, which leads to hyperinflation in food prices.

But destroying the means of food production is only one part of the equation that causes famine. If the South Sudan government allowed humanitarian organizations unfettered access to the victims of the attacks, which include approximately 3 million people who have been rendered homeless, then the aid agencies would have been able to prevent a famine from occurring.

But instead, the government has obstructed access by these organizations in a variety of ways, as have the rebels, thus resulting in huge pockets of populations — including tens of thousands of children — who have received little to no assistance at the height of their need.

The South Sudanese people fought for decades for their independence from a rapacious, discriminatory Sudanese regime. The government of Omar Hassan al-Bashir in Khartoum, which seized power in a coup in 1989, regularly attacked the means of food production and used starvation as a weapon against the rebellious South Sudanese populations, just as it is still doing in Darfur and the Nuba Mountains in Sudan.

This resulted in localized famines and about 2 million South Sudanese deaths during that North-South conflict. Now that the South Sudanese have won independence, the government of Salva Kiir in Juba is using the same destructive strategies that Bashir used against them.

South Sudanese will starve to death by the thousands, maybe by the tens or hundreds of thousands. As the images of starving babies begin to emerge, hundreds of millions of dollars in relief assistance will be delivered, as long as the South Sudan government follows through on Kiir’s promises to allow unfettered humanitarian access.

But if the only response to these images is a humanitarian one, and the structural causes of this famine are not addressed, then this cycle of death will begin again next year, and the year after.

Yes, the world must do all it can to treat the symptoms of this emergency, but there is also an opportunity, with increased attention because of the famine, to finally begin to address the root cause of the crisis.

In South Sudan today, war crimes pay. There is no accountability for the atrocities and looting of state resources, or for the famine that results. Billions in U.S. taxpayer dollars have supported peacekeeping forces and humanitarian assistance already, and one peace process after another has tried to break the cycle of violence.

But nothing attempts to thwart the driving force of the mayhem: the kleptocrats who have hijacked the government in Juba for their personal enrichment.

The Sentry, an initiative we recently co-founded, conducted an investigation into the wealth accumulated by Kiir and other officials who oversaw a military offensive that contributed to the current famine. We found that immediate family members of these officials enjoy luxurious lifestyles abroad, living in lavish estates while South Sudanese suffer.

There has been no effort to counter the networks that benefit financially and politically from the crisis. The international community needs to help make war costlier than peace for government and rebel leaders and their international facilitators.

Choking the illicit financial flows of the kleptocrats is the key point of leverage for peace available to the international community, given the vulnerability of stolen assets that are offshored around the world in the form of houses, cars, businesses and bank accounts.

The most promising policy approach would combine creative anti-money laundering measures with targeted sanctions aimed at freezing those willing to commit mass atrocities out of the international financial system.

A steep price should be paid for creating famine and benefiting from war. Even while the world responds to the famine, it’s time also to address root causes and make those responsible pay for their crimes.

Gen. Khalid Butrus Bora, C-in-C of SSDM/A announces merger with Gen. Cirillo’s National Salvation Front

South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army

General Headquarters – Office of the Commander-in-Chief

Under the auspices of the Cde. Khalid Boutrous Bora, Chairman and C-in-C of the South Sudan Democratic Movement and Army, SSDM/A, a high-level meeting of military and political leadership convened in the liberated areas in South Sudan on March 15th, 2017.

The meeting deliberated on the current political, economic and security situations in the country and debated all proposals or initiatives related to the way forward.

After fruitful discussions and explorative considerations, the meeting collectively and willingly resolves the underneath:

I- A sketch out and suggests a concrete road map towards a final solution to the current crises;

11- Our full and un-conditional endorsement of the manifesto or adherence to the declaration sited by Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka, the Chairman and C-in-C of the National Salvation Front;

111. Its dissolution and joining the National Salvation Front, being part and parcel thereof, and in conjunction with the national call made by Gen. Thomas to wed or merge efforts and ranks of our people as the best means to forge operative peoples’s resistance in order to topple the regime in Juba and;

1V. Beseeches with our masses and appeals to them to rally behind the National Salvation Front in order to rescue our innocent civilians from the merciless hands of Juba dictatorial establishment, restore the peoples’ dignity, bring about full freedom and realize social justice.

Enough is enough!

Till when shall our people continue to suffer and live such dire economic and insecurity conditions. We believe that soon our masses shall see a new beginning towards triymmph as we dedicatedly work together.


Long Live South Sudan!
Long Live the Liberation!
Long Live Freedom Fighters!
Long Live the National Salvation Front!

Gen. Khalid Butrus Bora,
Chairman, C-in-C SSMM/A


What’s happening in South Sudan isn’t a National Dialogue: A Commentary

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda, MAR/07/2017, SSN;

In most cases, majority of South Sudanese are being ruled by fear simply because if one comes out openly to say the truth then he or she is branded as either a rebel or the government agent. The existence of only two concepts of either being a rebel or the government agent in South Sudan has effectively suppressed the independent minds that will have been of help in finding the way out of crisis in South Sudan.

To make matters worse, the recent deportation program engineered by the Government of South Sudan in collaboration with neighboring countries has scared majority of South Sudanese to the bone. This is because it has led to the disappearance of honest or objective dissenting voices from the internet or social media leaving us on social media with warmongers who are not interested in peace but are interested in how to defeat the government or rebels, depending on the side which one falls.

As the voices are longer objective, the truth is no longer told and problems keep on persisting because the truth is not there. Therefore, it is upon this reflection that I have decided to hold the bull on its horns by telling the truth in this article that there is no national Dialogue though the Government is assailing the whole world preaching that the peace is coming through National Dialogue yet on the ground people are dying every day putting into question the truth of the national dialogue as the government claims.

Thus, as the subject matter of this article indicates in the title, this article is written as a direct answer to the question how national dialogue is national dialogue in South Sudan? Of course, in brief what is in South Sudan is not a national dialogue but something like it.

I know at this point, the authorities will be angered with my answer and will not read the whole article since the answer confirms their speculation that I am rebel because I have written an article that is critical of government, which is a great tragedy of our time.

It is the great tragedy of our time because many people survive on news or commentaries or opinions headlines without reading the opinion or the news in full. Hence, in South Sudan majority of the people do not read what is written but they only lift from the news or opinion headline and conclude from there that so and so writing is for the government or against the government.

What are saved in memories of the majority of South Sudanese are two words only: rebels or government. So, what individuals do is judged on the two angles as determined by the interest of the ones judging. If the one judging finds hat what the person has done favours him or her, then the person belong to his or her group, likewise with the other side.

The reason why the people as mentioned in the above paragraph are biased is because their interests override their objectivity. This makes them to remain in standby as they are searching for the way to fault the actor. In relation to reading news or articles, they do read in full what is written because they are not interested in truth but they are only interested in rumors which they use as a basis of judging a person they are monitoring and also the use news as the way of accessing leaders. This is why someone who has heard the news will run to the leadership who he or she thinks to have been attacked to tell that person and in return gets something. That is the survival in South Sudan.

And because our leaders have the culture of Arabs, they believe in gossips more than the truth and this is why they are easily persuaded by white lies which are maliciously twisted for the benefits of the informant.

Therefore, due to the truth discussed in the above paragraphs, leaders in South Sudan rely on falsehoods, which they jealously guard at the expense of the truth. For instance, if I say that there is no National Dialogue, which I am writing about in this article and in the real sense it is not there, the leaders of South Sudan in the government will not assess whether my assertion has merit or not but they will conclude that I am a rebel though I am not.

As soon as they reach the conclusion that I am rebel, instead of reading the opinion of the rebel, the authorities will look for how to deal with me either to eliminate me or collaborate with the State whose jurisdiction I am to deport me so that I am kept under the national security to keep quiet forever in the hell.

The reality of our government is that it has found deportation to be the easiest solution to the problems of South Sudan, which is a simplistic way of looking at and solving the problems.

On the other side, majority of the rebels except the First Vice President, General Taban and his Group, will be happy with me because they will believe that I am supporting their views and some may even try to contact me which will be a mistake because I am not interested in either rebels or government since they have destroyed the country.

This kind of a situation is sad indeed. The business of leaving the problem in the country and resort into deportation and detention of South Sudanese or condemning those who tell the truth concerning the problems facing people in the country is bad. What the government should understand is that deportation is not a solution or near to the solution at all.

Rather, it is a solution devised by those who have run out of ideas and are also bankrupt of the real solutions to the problems. There are many problems going on in South Sudan but rebels and government are stuck to the barrels of guns which the only know to be the solution hence misusing National Dialogue as the government does not know what it means in practice.

National Dialogue in practice means sacrifice and compromise. This means that when the National Dialogue is adopted as a way of solving conflict, then the leaders and every citizen must be ready to compromise and to forgive each to forge the way forward. It should be understand that when we talk of compromise we mean giving up everything that may be an obstacle to achieving the real and lasting peace.

The role of the people in national dialogue is to provide solutions to the problems during the National Dialogue, however, in South Sudan the citizens are under threat for what they say and because of that they have drawn into their own cocoons and comfortable zones as they no longer oppose lies due to the fear of reprisal from the authorities who may target them for having told the truth.

But as Jesus Christ clearly puts it ‘if you tell the truth the truth will set you free’, I therefore need to be set free by the truth by telling the truth concerning our national dialogue by saying that there is no national dialogue in the sense.

Though the national dialogue was announced in December 2016 and was expected to begin in March 2017, there is no national dialogue in the real sense. This is because what is taking place in the country is not a national dialogue.

A dialogue is defined to mean an exchange of ideas or opinions on a particular issue, especially a political or religious issue, with a view to reaching an amicable agreement or settlement (see; Dialogue/define dialogue at In other words, dialogue is a literary work in the form of a conversation as discussed in a dialogue of Plato.

Looking to the definition of dialogue above, which is the exchange of ideas or opinions on a particular issue especially in political or religious issues with a view to reaching an amicable agreement or settlement, it is not hard to conclude that what is happening in South Sudan is not National Dialogue.

If what is in South Sudan were National Dialogue, it would have fitted in the definition of dialogue given above and would have had an element of amicable agreement or settlement…which gives understanding that there must be two parties who have been in misunderstanding or quarreling among themselves over certain issue and because of that the third party comes in to mediate so that the two parties reach understanding without cohesion and settle the matter amicably.

Having explained the meaning of dialogue above it is time now to go straight to the question of how National Dialogue is National Dialogue in South Sudan. As I have already answered above, I still maintain the same answer that it is not a national dialogue in the real sense due to the following reasons:-

First of all, for the dialogue to be called a dialogue it must be inclusive. This means that all the warring parties must be involved whether the authorities dislike them or not. In that regard, the question of leadership of the SPLM/A-IO in general must be determined.

Currently, we have two IO groups, one in the bush and another one in Juba. Whereas the leadership of the IO in Juba claims to be the Supreme Commander of the IO, the IO in the bush in Equatoria, Western Bahr El Ghazal and the Upper Nile Region are continuing to fight which shows that the leadership of IO Juba is not in direct control over the IO in the Bush.

This means that without determining the question of IO leadership, peace will never prevail in short run and because of that political environment in which a meaningful dialogue can be conducted is not there. Hence, no national dialogue in the real sense.

In order to be meaningful that will lead to amicable dispute settlement and establishment of the rule of law, the dialogue must be fair and unconditional as it was the intention of the present flawed National Dialogue and all the avenues of the conflict must be closed.

This means that there is a need to bring on board the IO in the bush in order to create conducive environment for the National Dialogue. The fact that the Government of South Sudan puts condition on dialogue as to who can take part in dialogue proves that there is no National Dialogue contrary to what the President of the Republic claim.

Secondly, for a national dialogue to be inclusive it must be conducted unconditionally. In other words, National Dialogue is a form of repentance which the parties who were bitter enemies meet to discuss, regret and eventually forgive each other.

However, even if the Government came up with the initiative of introducing the National Dialogue, the same government puts a condition on who to participate and who should not. The clear example is the refusal of the Government to allow Dr. Riek Machar to participate in the National Dialogue, yet it is undeniable fact that Riek comments substantial followers in South Sudan.

If the government were serious about bringing peace through National Dialogue, it would have invited all South Sudanese irrespective of who they are to participate in the Dialogue. However, the government appears not to be interested in achieving peace through National Dialogue and this is why it is not making the national dialogue inclusive so that all South Sudanese participate unconditionally. This takes me to the next point which is closely related to this point.

Thirdly, for a dialogue to be called dialogue in actual sense there must be a third a party who is accepted by both parties. A third is that person who does not have any interest in the matter and also has expertise in the process. The purpose of the third part is to faithfully mediate between the two conflicting parties while steering them towards the direction he or she wants until the two parties reach amicable agreement or settlement.

Nonetheless, in the situation like South Sudan where one party to the conflict is the head of dialogue as the President appointed himself to be patron which, means that he is above all persons participating in the process of the dialogue and the dialogue is under his control, the dialogue ceases to be dialogue as we know it.

This is because the conflict of interest will come in and the truth will never be said in the process and without the truth being said then there is no National Dialogue.

As part of mediation, National Dialogue is supposed to be conducted fairly by neutral person which will help to minimize the conflict of interest in the process. Conflict of interest is one of the serious issues that must be kept in check in the process of national dialogue as part of mediation. Otherwise, if we allow one part to the conflict to have an upper hand in the mediation process then the just solution will never be reached.

In national dialogue or mediation both parties must be satisfied with the outcome if lasting peace is to be achieved, which is not likely to be the case in South Sudan.

Fourthly and finally, in the dialogue, the parties to the conflict must all renounce the violence and ready to go into compromise. Without renouncing the violence and be ready to compromise to bring peace by all costs, it will be hard to achieve peace through dialogue as “extremists” on both sides “are eager to tie responsibility for past crimes and human rights violations to their ethnic… adversaries (see; Transitional Justice and Reconciliation: Theory and Practice by Martina Fischer).

This implies that the spirit of revenge will still be on yet the purpose of dialogue is to ensure that the previous torn relationship between the two conflicting parties is renewed through forgiveness and compromise.

However in South Sudan currently, parties are still absorbed in hatred and ill-feelings towards each which means that the violence cannot or be renounced easily by either side. This is even now more apparent in South Sudan because as long as the issue of the two IOs is not resolved in order to achieve comprehensive ceasefire, the extremist on both sides (i.e. on the side of rebels in the bush and the government) will keep on instigating the violence, and in such a case, there no National Dialogue.

In fact as I have mentioned in the above paragraph, the government is not telling the whole public of South Sudan and the world the truth that the dialogue is not going on as plan because what is taking place is not dialogue as it not fitting in the definition of dialogue as defined above.

In order to revive the dialogue and give it momentous to achieve peace as desired, it must be inclusive to engage and confront all South Sudanese who have different view and different feelings in a painful national dialogue that will make all citizens go into serious soul-searching, to find out the ills within South Sudanese communities that make abuses of human rights possible.

Furthermore, there is a need for more involvement of civil society which will help produce a sense of public ownership in the process, so that the dialogue actually leads to something. Otherwise, the way the national Dialogue is being conducted shows that South Sudan will never achieve peace except merely a nice history lesson, destined for the bookshelf (this expression is used by Martina Fischer as cited above.)

In summary, my recommendations are that: the Dialogue should be inclusive and this can only be achieved if the question of the leadership of the IO in the bush is determined. The government should also introduce the rule of law so that those citizens who return to the country to participate in the National Dialogue are protected under law. For instance, it is somehow perplexing to see the Government preaching dialogue while arbitrarily arrest and detention of the citizens goes on unabatedly.

How do we talk of national dialogue such a situation where citizens fear to express themselves openly?. The imminent threat that citizens always face shows that there is no national dialogue. This is because when talk of the National Dialogue people are supposed to say anything they thing is not going on well with the government but if we block citizens from saying what they think is bad, then how do we talk of national dialogue?

In fact currently, there is no National Dialogue in South Sudan and for it to be, citizens should be allowed to openly say what they do not want to continue in the country and if that is done then the Dialogue has achieved its purpose and the peace will prevail.

NB//: the Author is Human Rights Lawyer residing in Kampala Uganda and can be reached through: +256783579256or

S.S Democratic Front of Dr. Lako J. Kwajok wholeheartedly endorses Gen. Thomas Cirillo

Date: 6th March 2017

Dear Lt. General Thomas Cirillo,

The South Sudan Democratic Front would like to congratulate you on your courageous step to oppose the regime of President Salva Kiir. We wholeheartedly endorse your leadership at this historic moment and welcome the opportunity to work with you in firstly removing the current regime of President Salva Kiir, and secondly rebuilding a South Sudan that works for everybody.

We appreciate the personal sacrifices you have made over the decades in your efforts to liberate South Sudan; and now again taking perhaps the greatest risk of all to free South Sudan from the tyrannical regime currently in place. In taking this risk we offer our support and commitment to this cause.

As you are aware our people are suffering in various parts of East Africa in refugee camps, fleeing the hostile and unsafe situation in our country. Thus as a result, we would also like to lend our energy and efforts to collaborate with you to help alleviate their sufferings.

Therefore we would like to echo your sentiments for the upholding of due respect to our people and country.

Yours sincerely,


Dr Lako Jada Kwajok
Chairman, South Sudan Democratic Front – SSDF

The Declaration of the National Salvation Front (NAF): Gen. Thomas Cirillo forms his Movement

MAR/06/2017, SSN;

Finally, weeks after abandoning the Kiir’s regime and going into the bush, the highly trained officer and veteran of the liberation war, General Thomas cirillo has announced the formation of a military front to depose President Kiir from power. Below is the entire press release by General Thomas Cirillo.

To the people of South Sudan – at home, in refugee camps, in the Diaspora:
Cordial greetings to the gallant revolutionary forces in the bushes as well as those still held hostage by the regime!

Special and heartfelt greetings to :-
*** Our mothers, wives and daughters who have led in bearing the brunt of our man-made tragedies!
*** Heartfelt greetings to all the martyrs, widows and families of all victims!
*** All the leaders and neighbours of the people of South Sudan who have borne the burden of hosting our people in these difficult times!
*** All the international friends of the people of South Sudan!
*** Special greetings to the governments, NGOs, the religious community and all agencies that are struggling to enable our people live in peace and in dignity!
Wherever you are – in the bush, towns and villages and in the barracks or offices of the regime – we empathize with you and yearn to come to your rescue!

Salva Kiir’s leadership has, without remorse, led the people of South Sudan down an abyss from which it is not easy to climb out. Worse still, the Kiir regime has prevented anything to be done by anybody (neighbours, IGAD, AU, UN and the Religious Community) to enable South Sudan to climb out of this abyss.

To add salt to injury, the Regime has embarked on treating the government-inflicted misery with placebos such as ‘a national dialogue’ and the ‘creation of more states,’ and now with a ‘National Day of Prayer.’

It is clear beyond reasonable doubt that the Regime has created a highly selfish class that ensures its continued existence for the singular purpose of illicitly amassing personal and family wealth and imposing tribal hegemony on the country.

It has created and promoted discord in the security sector beyond comedy! The tragedy is that different fighting groups in the war of liberation were never really merged into one national army.

Ethnicity, the basis of multicultural beauty is turned into something ugly, officially promoted by such creations as the tribal Jieng Council of Elders! Unfortunately, even the Jieng people, supposedly the beneficiaries of such monopoly of power schemes, have suffered along with everybody else, often even worse.

Among many of the highest ranking officers down to the least enlisted infantryman, there is the overwhelming conviction that they had been fighting for their personal rewards, rather than ‘national liberation.’

These altitudes have led to gross and rampant misbehavior evident in robberies, rapes, fraudulent acquisition of property (our time to eat attitude), and the adoption of an above-the-law culture and a mentality that has often led to gross abuses of human rights.

Perhaps most painful is the complete loss of respect for and recognition of many segments of the population who participated in the liberation of South Sudan.

Within the armed forces, habits of fraudulent promotions, attaching ranks to families including outright literal inheritance of ranks, creation of utterly false payrolls grossly inflated – have led to a total breakdown of law and order within that segment of society that holds a high reputation for being the most disciplined institution in the rest of the world.

South Sudan, a potential bread-basket for its fast-industrializing neighbours, has been rendered fallow land for years for many reasons including uncontrolled cattle-grazing.

Along with other factors, Kiir’s government has overseen the steady decline of the production and wealth creation part of the economy, in spite of the sizeable revenue from oil.

Corruption is on everyone’s lips; the President himself has been heard to declare zero-tolerance on corruption countless times.
In practice, even the President’s office has been the victim of thefts of large amounts of cash several times. Others in the kleptocracy are known to have stashed away millions abroad. Corruption has made the nation bleed to death, killing human initiative, destroying human and other resources.

Irrefutable evidence points to the indication that government has failed totally in the provision of basic services and in everything else!

Correcting the numerous mistakes of the Kiir Regime is an enormous task that requires the participation of all citizens, beginning minimally and simultaneously with development tasks along with the requisite humanitarian assistance to settle citizens in their homes and engage them in productive work.

The National Salvation Front (NAF) strongly believes that the Kiir regime has no political will, no capacity, and certainly has no plans to turn things around for the people of South Sudan.

In every country worth calling itself a nation-state, the constitution is enshrined as the basic law of the country. It is supreme and above all – citizens, institutions, and office holders, including the President.

The National Salvation Front fervently believes that South Sudan cannot solve its problems through an ethno-centric administration as is the case with the Kiir regime!

The National Salvation Front (NAF) is left with no choice other than to fight to eradicate the malady that has badly tarnished the image of South Sudan, caused our nation the loss of its sense of identity, it’s credibility and above all, the trust of its citizens.

The National Salvation Front will vigorously use all means at its disposal to restore law and order, the respect for human rights and dignity without regard to age, gender, ethnic origin, religion, and believes in the rightful path of national co-existence, embracing the ideals of free, sovereign, democratically governed nations.

The people of South Sudan have not waited for a signal for them to rise up and topple the Kiir regime. Those who could vote with their feet away from the control of the Kiir regime have done so.

Others, provoked without cause all over South Sudan, have taken it upon themselves to resist government forces in kind.

Thus, with a clear conscience and with determination, we declare the birth of a citizen-imposed change. We willingly respond to the call for unified resistance against the regime using all means that are available, feasible and effective.

The National Salvation Front (NAF) is convinced that to restore sanity and normalcy in our country, Kiir must go, he must vacate office without further bloodshed.

It’s therefore with immense pleasure, a sense of duty, unshaken dedication to the service of our people, and a singular focus to end their suffering, that we declare the establishment of the National Salvation Front, marking the rising of a New Day- a new beginning- for the people of the Republic of South Sudan.

It’s in this spirit of dedication to the cause of our people that I, General Thomas Cirillo Swaka, on behalf of the National Salvation Front, solemnly declare the launching of the National Salvation Front (NAS) on this 6th Day of March, 2017; so help me God.

Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Chairman and Commander-in-Chief,
The National Salvation Front,
South Sudan
6th March 2017

Ex-Gov. Bakosoro declares: Pres. Kiir’s Call for National Prayer Day is a mockery

BY: Joseph Bakosoro Bangasi, Ex-governor of Western Equatoria & Leader of the SSNMC, (South Sudan National Movement for Change), MAR/05/2017, SSN;

SSNMC has received Kiir’s call for national prayers as mockery and jock in the name of God, which is an insult, very hypocritical and a fallacy. How can a leader of a country that is in total economic collapse, with untold sufferings of his people, call for national prayers when he has not yet asked forgiveness and pardon from God for crimes he has committed?

There are number of questions Kiir must answer to South Sudanese people including but not limited to whether he has:
—Withdrawn tanks and Mathiang Anyor from villages across the country?
—Asked pardon from God for crimes he has committed against South Sudanese people in the past three years or so?
—Desisted himself from his unconstitutional JCE?
—Withdrawn mercenaries from South Sudan territory, and stop bombing innocent civilian targets?
—Freed innocent prisoners languishing in prison of NSS(National Security) for no proper reason?
—Freed IDPS in UN camps to return to their villages and homes?
—Returned refugees who are suffering in camps in neighboring countries back to South Sudan?
—Given chance to peace, freedom of expression, press, and media?
—Stopped hate speeches, bigotry languages towards other ethnic groups?
—Visited villages in Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal, and Upper Nile to verify whether there are civilians in their houses and homes?
—Availed food to the suffering people dying from hunger in villages and bushes?
—Conscious of what he is saying or he had been asked by his JCE to fool South Sudanese people in the name of God?

The people of South Sudan are in real dilemma as a result of the unpredicted actions of the president who unceasingly say one thing and do the opposite. He calls for national dialogue while shipping in war arsenals to kill innocent civilians who do not have anything to do with combat.

When he fails to feed the “mathiang anyor” and the “dut ku beny”, he pretends to agree with the call of the international community that there is famine in South Sudan.

SSNMC agrees that there is famine in South Sudan; by the way the famine is not only in Upper Nile but also in Bahr El-Ghazal and Equatoria. But I accede with Madam Rebecca Garang that the famine in South Sudan is a man-made famine orchestrated by the malicious action and lack of leadership and vision of President Kiir.

I would like to concur with United States legislators, as reported by both Sudan Tribune and Radio Tamazuj on 2/3/2017 and 3/3/2017 respectively, who have written to His Excellency Mousa Faki Mahamat, the new Chairperson of the African Union, that the AU must “take extraordinary steps to avert a looming genocide in South Sudan.”

SSNMC believes that unless the international community is united in its endeavors to finding a sustainable political solution in South Sudan, the lesson learnt from Rwandan genocide and mass atrocities will be averted.

SSNMC believes that the conflict in South Sudan is becoming more complex and will be very catastrophic to regional stability and international equanimity; therefore the international and regional bodies must consider rediscussing the roadmap which is possible to a sustainable peace in South Sudan.

SSNMC warns that failure to renegotiate the current failed agreement would result in the entire country descending into a very
complicated dispute, citing the fact that South Sudan will slope into proxy civil war, which is absolutely costly for South Sudan, the region and the globe because of the fact that ethnic groups will not sit back and watch members of their communities being raped and murdered in their own villages.

SSNMC would like to thank Congressmen and Senators: Benjamin Cardin, John Boozman, Edward Markey, Johny Isakson, Karen Bass, Michael Capuano, Jeffery Merkley, James Inhofe, Richard Durbin, Christopher Coons, Cory Booker and Barbara Lee. You are really true friends of the people of South Sudan and have demonstrated to the suffering South Sudanese that you care.

Rest assured that the South Sudanese will never forget you and without the intervention of people like you, South Sudan will never be a better place for the overwhelming people suffering under the brutal regime of President Kiir and his JCE. You are indeed the voice of the voiceless, far away from the locked land of South Sudan.

It is not enough that the United States supported the independence of South Sudan for which we are all thankful; however, US should also ensure that democracy, liberty, justice and prosperity prevails in the Republic of South Sudan, a country the people of US
supported to attain autonomy.

Thus, SSNMC kindly pleads with the US Government to ensure that the current government of South Sudan must be prepared to renegotiate peace and made accountable for atrocities it has committed on innocent civilians instead of preaching fake national dialogue and prayer that will never be inclusive and will never achieve any positive outcome, but is championed to address Salva Kiir and JCE’s agenda.

I conclude by beseeching the suffering people of South Sudan to read Isaiah 49:14-19.
God bless the people and all the well-wishers of South Sudan.

Bangasi Joseph Bakosoro