Archive for: October 2016

The coin of power: Gen. Paul Malong aspires for president!!

BY: ELHAG Paul, OCT/17/2016, SSN;

As South Sudan sails in high turbulent social, economic and political seas, the tribally decorated head of the Jieng militia masquerading as the legitimate chief of South Sudan army, General Paul Malong Awan Anei, seems to engage in sinister activities.

In the second quarter of this year and prior to President Salva Kiir’s early July 2016 orchestrated violence, General Paul Malong Anei’s activities indicate an interesting development. His frequent appearance then in public was suggestive of a person carefully working to improve his image and also sell himself to the country as an experienced and capable leader in waiting.

His activities should certainly raise eyebrows if only because as a military man he should not under any circumstances be engaged is such behaviour.

Worldwide members of the armed forces do not combine military duties with political activities. The two do not mix. The rules are very clear. An army man is an army man and he must not be involved in political activities. He only waits for orders from political leaders. As a person General Malong Anei has the right to pursue his ambitions in any field but this has to be done within the ambit of his job’s role.

It is doubtless that the recent political activities of General Anei are in direct breach of military rules. Of all the political activities he has been involved in, three are glaringly acts of political campaign of huge proportions possibly pitched to win support of the public as an exemplary leader.

Within the already stated period, General Anei sequentially bombarded the country with the following activities: first, accompanied by a media team he went to Aweil to claim credit for funding a huge U-shaped three storied building for SPLM. The media portrayed the story thus: “The former governor of northern Bahr El Ghazal state (current SPLA Chief of General Staff) General Paul Malong Awan has constructed the only and largest SPLM building in the whole country of South Sudan, This will be remembered for generations and SPLM will never forget about what General Malong has done.”

The bright yellow and dark brown painted building indeed is large and somehow impressive by standards of that part of the world. Looking at this building and reading about the person behind it is most likely to positively influence the reader’s mind. But if one (reader) thinks deeper, it brings up more questions. Where did General Anei get the money to erect this building? Why should the largest SPLM office be built in Aweil and not Juba?

Something surely is not right here. The alarm bell of massive corruption should start to ring. Since when have army men become funders of political parties? The fact that this SPLM massive building stands in Aweil, and not Juba, the seat of the government clearly symbolises Jieng ownership of the party.

Just think about it and note the statement of General Anei’s media team. Does this not occur to you as a high pitch of personality sale?

Then secondly comes another interesting media exposure. The General’s media team reported, “General Paul Malong is greatly providing education in South Sudan.” “(He) is building a standard and modern school in Aweil.”

According to the General’s media, “General Paul Malong hired professional qualified and well trained teachers from outside and within the country who meet the professional standards” “required who are highly disciplined and able to maintain the school and to teach pupils or students with the right education background and the right education processes, so that every child, youth and adult in Aweil in particular or South Sudan in general should have a chance to get quality education regardless of whether they are male or female, rich or poor, disabled or not, living in remote areas or in urban centres.

This is the main aspiration of General Paul Malong Awan. “The presentation of General Anei here just does not come spontaneously. This is a result of a carefully calculated and measured media manipulation to sell General Anei to South Sudanese as the only other leader available in the country. Some of the questions asked earlier also apply here.

The third episode involves the most important section of the society which paradoxically is the most abused by the SPLM: women. The General’s media shamelessly declared, “SPLA Chief of General Staff, General Paul Malong Awan knows that women of South Sudan are capable of diligently serving their country.”

“Without the women, the bush would have been nothing. The women stayed home to take care of their children and run the home as their husbands were involved in the guerrilla war. Without women the peace would have not been signed in both CPA one and CPA two.” Really?!

Is this General not the person responsible for the department that has inflicted the most damage to women emotionally, mentally, socially, economically and culturally? Is General Anie not responsible for raping of women, beheading of women and children in Fertit land and Equatoria? How is it that he now pretends to value women? Mockingly, he invited the women to his house to offer them his donation of a vehicle.

Why was this event done in the General’s house? Why was it a personal affair? Why did the General not take the vehicle to the women’s office? I leave you to draw your own conclusions. The photographs of this event are very interesting. In them, General Anei wearing a blue blazer with black trouser looking like a widowbird surrounded by she-birds glides around portraying an air of importance while donating a white Toyota vehicle to the women.

Certainly he felt great and very important. Such feelings are stuff cherished by egomaniacs. Now, hold your horses.

For better understanding let us first briefly discuss the man named Paul Malong Awan Anei for this piece to make full sense after which we will come back to continue.

Like President Salva Kiir, General Anei’s background remains an enigma. Stories have it that at around the age of 14 years or so, he was a street kid regularly travelling illegally on the train between Aweil and Babanousa on the Khartoum Wau-weekly train service. In these travels which involved dodging the train conductors, he perched on the roof of the train cars as a hawker selling cigarettes and a local drug called “Sauot”.

While hawking and sniffing substances the young Anei became a hardened petty criminal and a hustler feared by his age mates.

In his early twenties he is said to have traveled to Khartoum where he honed his criminal practise until he got arrested in the early 1980s for a serious crime. At the time Anyanya 2 was already active fighting the Sudan government. Anei through corruption gained bail and as a true criminal he could not stand to face justice he jumped bail and ran to join Anyanya 2 and later on the SPLM/A through merger of the two.

However, it is important to note that the criminal nature of the SPLM/A is greatly attributed to its membership being made up at its inception of professional criminals like Anei.

Peter Adwok Nyaba in his book ‘The Politics of Liberation in South Sudan: An Insider View’ second edition 2000, reveals that “social background was not made a criterion for the selection of the combatants and, accordingly, people of all walks of life flocked into the SPLM/A.

Thieves, murders, rapists and fugitives from Sudanese justice system found a safe heaven in the SPLA and, when opportunity was there, they easily relapsed into their old practices. Many of the criminals and horrendous crimes committed against the civil population were attributed to some of these social misfits masquerading as ‘revolutionaries’.”

In SPLM/A, Anei quickly rose through the ranks using his street knowledge and skills to prove his fighting skills in his home province of Bahr El Ghazal. In recognition of his service Dr John Garang promoted him to a commander (knowing very well that he had not seen the inside of a class room) and despatched him to Uganda to enrol in a basic English course. This is the only formal education the man has had in his life.

While as a commander in his home area, Anei set up courts and amassed cattle for himself through fines imposed on the locals. He also appropriated to himself a local market called Warawara which up to this date he collects all the revenue to himself depriving the local authorities of legitimate income.

General Anei according to reports always sees himself as the protector of President Salva Kiir. In 2004 when Salva Kiir fell out with Dr Garang and went into hiding in Yei, it was him who guaranteed the safety of the former to come to the famous Rumbek meeting of 2004 that reconciled them (Kiir and Garang) prior to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 with Khartoum.

Again in mid December 2013, General Anei jumped into protection of President Kiir based on delusions expressed by the latter in September of that year. According to Peter Adwok Nyaba in his article titled ‘It wasn’t a coup – Salva Kiir shot himself in the foot.’

President Kiir “in Akon his home town, speaking to Dinka (Jieng), which SSTV aired, Salva had this to say ‘………….look this power which I have belongs to you. You fought and died for it ……….. Now some people want to snatch it from me ……….. we (will) you accept it?

“Aci bag am” meaning we will not accept, shouted the people back. It was in this context of retaining power that he ordered Paul Malong Awan to recruit and bring to Juba three thousand young men which now constitute his presidential guards.’

The above quote is very important because it situates General Anei in the centre of the grave crimes against humanity committed in December 2013. Unfortunately, hitherto General Anei continues with his project of crimes against humanity. No wonder the international community describes him as, ‘the architect of immense human suffering.’

The latest atrocities are now taking place in Bahr El Ghazal against the Fertit people and in Equatoria against the Bari speakers respectively. However, all the signs now indicate that he is slowly shifting his allegiance away from President Kiir to himself.

This can be deduced from three crucial things. First he wants to escape accountability for his role in the December 2013 crimes; secondly he wants to pre-empt President Kiir’s plan to replace him in the army; and thirdly he wants to satisfy his ego.

The African Union Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan indentifies the culprits responsible for the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in December 2013. These are the Jieng security officials among whom are General Anie, President Kiir and the leadership of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE). The only way for General Anie and the Jieng leadership to escape accountability is for them to remain in power.

The unforeseen consequence of President Kiir’s July 2016 violence has been the spread of rebellion throughout the entire country. Unexpectedly, President Kiir has found himself in a bind and he is faced with either sacrificing General Anie in the hope of dividing the growing opposition to Jieng rule or stare defeat in the eye from the fast building opposition of all the people of South Sudan.

Last week information leaking out from J1 has it that President Kiir wants to replace Vice President Wani Igga with General Oboto Mamur and General Anie with General Agustino Jadallah respectively in order to defuse the growing rebellion in greater Equatoria.

This is an interesting new developing scenario. The Jieng are now faced with reality. Out of this they have no options except to make sacrifices in the hope that they can hold on to power. General Anie appears to have been chosen as the sacrificial lamb. How General Anie is going to respond remains to be seen, but the probability is that he may respond with a violent coup since he has already been preparing for it.

As for President Kiir’s plans to try to bribe Equatorians the answer is: it is too late because it seems now as though nobody wants Jieng rule in Equatoria anymore.

General Anei no doubt is a control freak. His obsession with power borders on mental illness. This can be observed from his activities in the last two years. While he was a governor he felt insecure and made himself the leader of SPLM in Bahr El Ghazal.

When he was made the Chief of Staff of SPLA, he continued to hog the governorship and SPLM leadership leading into numerous conflicts within the party. Because he is violent he gets his way with President Kiir at the top. This part of his character can also be observed from his private life. General Anei is said to have between 70 to 86 wives most of whom he violently brought in to his life.

In his mind, General Anei appears to consider women as properties or possessions. There is no love here. It is purely an issue of possession and domination for him to exercise power. He views women as factories of making babies.

It is possible that womanising plays a big role in his criminal character because to have that number of wives and God knows how many children, one would need to feed them and then cloth them. With this harem, is it any wonder why General Anei appropriated Warawara market and frequently starves his department of salaries?

General Anei’s possession of women symbolises his activities in relation to possession of institutions of power, governorship, army, SPLM etc. Simply put, the man is an egomaniac.

Now the coin of power is tossed up in the air. Will it be heads for President Kiir’s plan or tails for General Anie’s violent ascendance to power? General Anei’s earlier campaign of self promotion in the media should be taken as a sign of his wish to lay claim to the presidency.

The question is: has he got what it takes to be a president? Of-course not, he is naked. Even his media promotion unknowingly exposes his tribalism. For example, all the things used by his media team to promote him are done in Aweil.

The only exception is the donation of a vehicle to the women’s organisation. Now, is Aweil South Sudan? If he were a patriot why did he not build in other parts of the country? A further crucial question: where did he get all the money to do those projects?

Building self image fitting the characteristic of a president is not enough to qualify General Anei for the presidency. He should not look at President Kiir and begin to think that he can also be. President Kiir is a real fluke created by extra ordinary circumstances of lottery nature.

South Sudanese people have had enough of this lot. Whether it is President Kiir with his new Machiavelin plans or General Anei with his egotistic plan for power grab, they should know that they have lost the trust of the people.

They can exercise power negatively as they do now using their militia but they will continue to face resistance until they are brought down to face the music. South Sudanese want their future president to have the attributes Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie describes in her book ‘We should all be feminists’ as a person “more intelligent, the more knowledgeable, the more creative, [and] more innovative.”

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Dinka youth and government officials plot to commit genocide on Equatorians in Bahr el Ghazel and other places again!

From: Toria, South Sudan, OCT/16/2016, SSN;

A confirmed and disturbing news from reliable sources within the international NGOs working in Bahr el Ghazal have reportedly revealed that Dinka youth in Bahr el Ghazal are mobilizing to wage attacks on Equatorians working in Bahr El Ghazel region in revenge to the alleged ambushes on the main roads in Equatoria.

“South Sudan’s government through its spokesperson, minister Michael Makuei, had threatened communities in Equatoria on Wednesday that his government will take measures against the civilian populations if they are “suspected” to be rebels.”

If we talk of incitement, Michael Makuei is the real inciter of tribal hatred, he has done this before in 2013 which resulted into the Nuer genocide in Juba of December 2013, now he is doing it to Equatorians.

The world and our people must not take this lightly of what is happening in Equatoria as we speak. As you can see here:

According to this source, the Dinka youth with some guidance from government politicians have convened meetings this mid week in Kwajock, Namelel and other places such as Yirol and Gorgerial, the home state of president Kiir.

Some reports reveal the meetings were organized by the youth under the guidance of the commander of the notorious presidential guard unit, Maj-Gen. Marial Chanuong who had been in Yirol East recently to bring donations of 21 seats for the state parliament in Yirol, Eastern Lake state.

According to the reliable sources, the meeting resolved that immediate revenge attacks should be staged in coordinated attacks, mainly to target people from Equatorian backgrounds working for NGOs in Greater Dinka land.

The meeting further resolved that Equatorian military and police servicemen working in Greater Dinka land should be disarmed and eliminated.

Hence, we urge those Equatorians in uniform working for the government to either desert or not to surrender your arms when approached in the coming days, but make sure you stay around people with like minds and DO NOT GO AROUND ALONE.

Watch and see what the Dinkas are doing to the Equatorian policemen and the government is silent about it:

Sources in Rumbek town have confirmed that several meetings have been held in recent days and furthermore, it’s said some Non-governmental organizations were tipped off of the development of what is about happen to their Equatorian employees and the communities in general and particularly those serving in Dinka areas.

Furthermore, the source has confirmed that some NGO Agencies have started evacuating their Equatorian workers and some individual Equatorian have also begun self-evacuation from the areas where Dinka youth are planning to launch their evil plan to kill unarmed Equatorians working in Dinka areas.

We encourage the move to leave the danger zones immediately.

Up until this moment the government is silent on the rumors and haven’t responded to the allegations… meaning these are indeed reliable information.

Just recently, the President spoke against the killings of Dinka civilians on the roads and many have condemned the killings, including prominent Equatorian leaders and some religious figures, of all that are happening on main roads.

But, unfortunately, the government has never come out to condemn what is happening in the Equatorian villages, because it is the government armed forces and their tribal militias who are the ones killing civilians all over in Equatoria.

This is certainly a very serious genocide in-the-making if not averted. Should the government turn a blind eye to the brewing turmoil, South Sudan is heading towards the situation of Rwanda in 1994.

This unnecessary plan to kill Equatorians working in Dinkaland came just days after an old Dinka woman believed to be residing in Canada or Australia, by name Amira Awad, who urged Dinka youth to mobilize to kill Equatoria from all walks of life and she also urged the President to sack vice President Wani Igga from his seat.

This woman reportedly is saying Jienge owned South Sudan, and she blamed the killing of unarmed civilians along major roads in Equatoria directly on Wani Igga and Bakosoro, the former governor of Western Equatoria state, who is currently in the USA.

Dear people we cannot take this threat lightly, this is eventually another biggest genocide unfolding, we therefore urge people from Equatorian backgrounds to immediately exit Dinka land; failure to take this warning seriously will result into your own deaths.

And we call upon the government to do everything in its power to avert this unnecessary plan to kill Equatorians working in Dinkaland which will result into a tit-for-tat all over South Sudan as everyone now is armed in the villages across south Sudan. The government should also ensure it has protected the civilians.

The recent event which took place along Juba-Yei road explains that the blood and the lives of Dinka are of much worth than the lives of “other” South Sudanese, the killing of unarmed civilians are unjustifiable and must be condemned, whether the victims are from Dinka or Kakuwa, Azande, Madi, Pojulu, Lorim, Otuho, Moro etc. and every other groups.

For so many years, SPLA IG soldiers and Dinka militias have been killing unarmed civilians in Equatoria with impunity and Kiir never came out to speak against them as he has done this time when it happened to Dinkas, which again once more confirmed that this is a Dinka-centric government that treats his kin preferentially above and against all others while Pres. Kirr is supposed to be president for all.

While the unidentified gunmen killed 21 Dinka mostly soldiers in civilians clothes, the action taken by Dinka politicians is unprecedented and we condemn these Dinka generals and their mouthpiece minister of information, Michael Makuei, who is fanning the flames for their blood-thirsty regime to kill more.

Who then is going to develop the country when everybody becomes an enemy of them? END

South Sudan 3rd Commemoration of Dec. 15th Nuer Genocide Anniversary

OCT/14/2016, SSN;

December 2013 is a month of painful memories and the darkest day in the history of South Sudan. On December 15, 2013, the government of South Sudan under the incompetent President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, targeted and massacred thousands of innocent civilians including children, women and elderly people in the national capital, Juba.

This killing of civilians and widespread rape and humiliation by the South Sudan national Army is the most gruesome and unprecedented human tragedy of our time.

The incident shows a dangerous path in which our society is increasingly fragmented along tribal line, eroding trust and fueling violence. The Dec 15th should be the day when all South Sudanese regardless of their ethnic background come together to commemorate the victims of this genocide and reflect on our diversity and the future of our county.

Why should we annually remember our deceased on December 15th?

Well, on December 15, 2013 at approximately 10:30pm, the first bullet was fired among the presidential guards in Juba to commerce the onslaught of the Naath (Nuer) population. On this day, the first blood was shed which ignited the new liberation era to end the current dictatorship and ethnocentric government, plagued by pervasive corruption and lack of vision for the country.

While we all agree on commemorating the death of the victims, I would like to clarify some confusion surrounding the date of the event. Last year, some of our brothers proposed December 16th to be the Memorial Day. As we approach our third commemoration, I must reiterate however that we need to agree and be consistent with the date of the commemoration to make it universal and permanent.

That is crucial for the current and the future generations who will only read this unfortunate event in books to have consistent and accurate information about the past. Unlike our ancestors, we are in a different era and we must learn the importance of recording historical events accurately.

We cannot intentionally neglect even a minute or second of the event that may contribute to the understanding of the situation and struggle for positive changes.

I believe that choosing December 16th instead of the actual date [Dec 15th] would mean disregarding the blood that was shed on the night of December 15th.

The people who were killed on December 15th, whether they were soldiers or civilians from the Nuer or other tribes are still our brothers who died as a result of the conspiracy that triggered the blood bath in our young nation.

We cannot minimize the importance of December 15th as the day of mourning and reflection on how we can build a peaceful nation that embraces diversity and meet the needs of all citizens.

One of the major weaknesses of the South Sudanese community is ignorance about their past. We need to begin writing down our history accordingly. Wise people study the past to navigate the future; therefore, we must document our history for the benefit of the next generations and for us to learn from our mistakes and success.

For example, we know very well that all South Sudanese equally fought for the liberation of our country; however, this is not reflected in our current history of struggle, leaving some people with false sense of who really liberated South Sudan and who should reap the benefits of our struggle.

I brought these concerns to our attention because I want people to see the importance of writing the history accurately – genuine history that tells the precise account of what has taken place from the witness’ perspectives.

I am suggesting to the South Sudanese community Worldwide to take December 15th to the national level where the event will be recognized as a national lost.

The author is Zechariah James Machar, former Chairman of Nuer Youth & Students Association in A.R of Egypt and currently the Secretary General of the SPLM/A Youth league chapter in Egypt

An Open Letter to the President of the Republic of S.Sudan on Brutal Killing of Defenseless Dinkas on the streets & Jungles of Equatoria Region

By: Luka Geng Geng,, University Campus, Wau, OCT/14/2016, SSN;

Mr. President,

With deepest frustration as I pen you this letter, I’d like to begin at the outset by sending my heartfelt condolences to the entire families, friends and relatives of the brutalized members of Dinkas whose lives perished in cold blooded war on the main streets and jungles of greater Equatoria region under the hands of merciless Equatorian youth against Dinka.

Back to the point, this letter is to appeal to you to do something fast and if you are already doing something to redouble your effort or to re-focus your compliance with the saying that “stitch in time saves nine.”

This is a matter of grave concern, you should know. The recent sadistic brutal murdering of innocent Dinka on Yei to Juba road and Juba-Nimule road are very disheartening not only to the families of deceased but equally to all Dinka communities across the country.

Why would innocent Dinkas people be killed on regular basis? You ought to know the answer to this question and come up with the solution.

Mr. President, I am obliged to deliver you this piece on open medium but I want to assure you if I had an opportunity to convey this message privately, I would not have hesitated to do so.

Since you are the only custodian of Dinka people constitutionally and all others tribes in South Sudan, I would like to state clearly to you that “what has been happening at your watch is a clear indication where the state failed not only to protect and insure the constitutional, legal and traditional rights of tribal people but
instead it sponsored crimes against tribal people”.

In this open letter, I would want to question your knowledge about the root cause of what is going on now in the country. Did you know why there is hating of Dinka tribe that much?

It is because you are president who comes from Dinka while other tribes are not happy with your ruling; this is a fact not a case, and so it is what you should know best. Nuers and Shilluk tribes have already demonstrated that to you which can also best prove my point here.

We believed that will it be too late though you might come up with whatever the solution. Do you think that being Dinka-born president, your tribe mates could be killed while you and your government are tied lipped because you come from Dinka tribe?

Is your presidency enough for these lives lost? I don’t think so. On daily basis, innocent Dinkas people are being targeted and cornered everywhere on the streets and jungles of Equatoria region creating a sense of insecurity yet your government couldn’t come up with a clear-cut solution to that.

In several occasions, we have seen that brutal killings of Dinkas have become a frequent occurrence and irrespective of whatever intervention your government will make thereafter, its persistence does nothing to engender faith in your government system’s ability to secure justice for the victims and the entire members of Dinkas living in Equatoria region whom I think are in the pecking order of heartless organized group against Dinkas.

Remember, as a chief servant of the nation or president, you are like a pilot of an aircraft flying in turbulence. Turbulence times bring out the best or worse of a pilot. We can no longer blame the turbulence on past enemies of South Sudan at this time though some figures within your government still point their fingers at former rebel leaders to be behind the killings.

Believe me or not, this time the buck rests at your desk if you fail to live up to the hype and hopes of million people across the country on the current situation because all believe that providing security for civilians is the primary responsibility of the state.

Mr. President, you need to know that even if we live in a country were almost everything is devalued including our local currencies, we wouldn’t accept our lives to be devalued, and in particular as Dinkas we are always calm, not known for the killing initiating characters but lethal on revenge if resorted to as the only option, something which I believe the same government of yours dragging foot on the current brutality will sweat on it so much sooner or later.

What the Equatorian brothers are doing against Dinka may turn bitter soon if Dinka tribes may respond to it. But why would you want Dinkas to revenge before your intervention Mr. president?

By writing this letter, I am neither inciting Dinka youth nor advocating for the Dinkas to rise and revenge but rather I want your serious intervention and that of your government, Mr. President.

I want you also to know that other non Dinka tribes across South Sudan are not happy with your ruling which is the chief reason Dinka are hated that much.

Mr. President you also know that you made us too weak in defending your government against your harsh critics because what we see sometimes with your government weakens our defense strategy. It could be wise for your government to be sensitive to such situations where the blood is poured. Everyone wanted your intervention on this situation.

In my personal point of view, the kind of interventional measures I would like your government to take are responding to such incidents by coming out with a high level judicial inquiry, legal action and fixing accountability on the brutality and cruelty of killing of innocent Dinkas and ultimately to strongly condemn this act of crimes against humanity which is also tribalism by its nature.

And if these ideas are not helpful in this particular situation, you may go as far announcing the state of emergency in the states like Yei and apply exactly the same formula which was used to solve the problem in Wau state.

Coming to Wau now you will really feel that the formula was really helpful in a situation were no body was expecting its quickest recovery owing to rampant killing which was practiced in Wau.

Mr. President, I wonder what kind of leadership is your government trying to run; in other countries, it is not surprising to see the heads of the state coming out to strongly condemn and send out condolences not even on the killing of less than two civilians but only in some occasions where only life threatening acts has been committed.

Why is it too late or too hard for your government to imitate such noble leaders? What will justify your silence in the ongoing killing of innocent Dinka? I will never understand!

In conclusion, I would like to urge the transitional government of national unity for immediate intervention to halt the ongoing onslaught in our country for the current trend may lead our country towards tribal warlordism which we don’t expect to exist in our beloved nation.

The current situation must end with a well calculated political solution. A restoration and consolidation of full protection of civilians which is well within the power of your government, Mr. President, can indiscriminate the horrors of brutal killing of innocent members of Dinka tribes.

The current insecurity created by some individuals with tribal ideologies may send our country to trash given the current situation in the country. However, my big fear is that we face a prospect of losing another generation of South Sudanese to conflict and misery should all the tribes be engaged in the ongoing killing of members of
tribes…up to here I rest my point.

The author of this piece is 6th year medical student in the University of Bahr el Ghazal; Wau. For contact, he can be reached at

He died, rose from the dead and appeared to his disciples in Juba City: The case of the President of South Sudan

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda, OCT/14/2016, SSN;

I really laughed when the last episode got over. The episode was the alleged death of the President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Kiir Mayardit. From that even, I had learned that Rebels were rebels as they who do not care of their actions, which shows that their propaganda was beyond political gimmicks but intended to break the political bonds of South Sudan.

The question is: was it intended to kill the president on the media or was it heard from the credible source from within the office of the President? If the source of the information on the death of the President was from the office of the President, then, there is a great threat to the President and the Country is under siege.

However if the information was invented by the rebels, then the media proved to be very destabilizing and effective tools for the rebels on that day. The rebels almost threw the country into mayhem. This was because death of the president would have been worse than his resignation from the power.

South Sudan is currently in a very dangerous state and what is helping it to at least still being seen as a country but not tribal nation is because there is a president and his sudden death may be worse than his resignation from power.

In the case of the resignation, the President might have planned for the next move of the country’s political direction after he or she has gone and also he will still be there to guide those in realm of power.

However, in the case of death, the President has not planned for the political organization that he or she was heading and everything is left ‘To Whom It May Concern.’

As a result, the so-called strong men or women that had been relinquishing at the edge of power may begin to struggle for power as there is a vacuum left by the president. In such a situation, the country may be thrown in chaos as struggle for power becomes real.

In fact, though, it had been the wishes from Rebels and other President’s opponents that he should die as shown by the way his death was faked, his death would have been worse for South Sudan and her people.

In other words, the Country called South Sudan would have been thrown into further upheavals like what happened in Rwanda immediately after the assassination of its third and former President, Juvénal Habyarimana.

Juvénal Habyarimana was on April 6, 1994 killed when his airplane, that was also carrying the President of neighbouring Burundi, Cyprien Ntaryamira, was shot down close to Kigali International Airport. His assassination ignited ethnic tensions that was already in existence in the region and helped spark the Rwandan Genocide.

The same scenario would have happened if the President of South Sudan was really dead. Many people may not agree with me on this analysis as their interests are in the positions in the government rather the future of the Country.

However, they have freedom to disagree with me on national issues although I know the fact that human beings always become wise after the event has occurred.

If the President had died and chaos ensued which were more severe than what we have now, they would have regretted and realized that they wished the president should have lived until he stepped down peacefully.

After all aside with the foregoing argument, what is important to me is that the President is alive because his presence is still holding South Sudan together which helps minimize the power struggle within the government, and hence, maintains some unity in the Country.

The above argument can be supported by the fact that the faked death of the president almost threw the country into chaos as there were fears everywhere when the news was received on the internet.

Thus, the fact that the president did not actually die has given me a hope that with small unity the president brings, there is still a glimpse of hope and I can say aloud “Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluiiiaaaaaa!” the president died, rose and appeared to his disciples in the City of Juba after more than twelve hours: Alleluia!

As I have already pointed out above, the death of the President would have thrown the whole country into confusion as witnessed through the shock people experienced on that day, the death of the president would have not been good for South Sudan.

For instance, why I think it is not good for the country is that the way the news concerning the death of the president spread like a petrol fire in South Sudan, to the neighbouring countries of Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and Rwanda and to all other countries in the West where South Sudanese are/was something which showed that there was danger.

In fact, even the BBC later announced it on its news headlines during fifteen hours (15 Hours) GMT broadcast on that day. Though some people may disagree with me that even if the president died, the unity of the country would still remain, what I can say to such argument is that it is a matter of chance and the country should not be run on chances but the change should come as accepted by all.

Nonetheless, though I wish the President to live until we get true change in South Sudan, I was really annoyed with the President on one thing that I learned from him on that day. The President does not love the citizens of South Sudan because his conduct appears to confirm this assertion.

He loved himself and power more than anything in South Sudan. This is because he had never come out even a day since the war broke in 2013 to condemn the killings that have been going on until then.

However, on that day he did not only come out to tell the people that he had not died but he came out in open car and the people of South Sudan were able to view him physically not on South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) as he always did before that day.

The conduct of the president confirmed that what he cares for most is only power because as long as he remains in power it does not matter how many people are killed because of him or how divided the country is because what matters to him is that he has power and power only.

What the president should understand is that being the leader entails that one is a sacrificial lamb who should be ready to sacrifice anything even what one loves most. This was why Abraham accepted in the Bible to sacrifice his son though God later saved that son.

In short, though I loved the president to live as I am happy because he died, rose from death and appeared to his disciples, the citizens of South Sudan and I always pray to God for him to live until the true change comes to South Sudan, I would also like to tell the President that for the Peace to come to South Sudan he needs to make radical decisions which may involve personal sacrifice.

Otherwise, the action of the President exposes the darkest part of the president that he does not love South Sudan.

NB//: The Author is a South Sudanese Lawyer residing in Uganda and can be reached through:;

Complaints about human rights violations by Kiir & Gov. Chol against Collo in Upper Nile

To: chairperson of Human rights Commission,
Geneva, Switzerland.

Your Excellency,
We, the Chollo community council are bringing to You, serious complaints against the government of President Salva kiir and Thon Chol, the Governor of the so-called the Eastern Upper Nile state for the grave human rights violations against the peaceful Collo community.

We are raising a number of issues in this appeal. They include: grabbing of Malakal and surrounding areas; killing and atrocities against innocent Collo civilians. In fact the Government employed merciless attitude of killing, with the intention of forcing the people to evacuate their ancestral land. Specifically we would like to raise cases:

1) When President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued the establishment Order No 36/2015, on 2 October 2015 of creation 28 states he gave Chollo community land east of White Nile and along the Sobat River to his tribesmen Dinka Padang in upper Nile state. Since the beginning of land dispute between Chollo and Dinka Padang, it is the government that has been waging war against Chollo community on behalf of their brothers Padang. As a result, Chollo community members became vulnerable and were displaced internally in the bushes and externally to neighbouring countries, specifically Sudan, where they now live miserably as refugees. Indeed, this inhuman act was a serious human rights violation against the Chollo community for which no action was taken against Salva Kiir and his governor Chol Thon.

2) Drastically and against all expectations government forces of President Salva kiir Mayardit in collaboration with Dinka tribal militia in Upper Nile attacked and massacred members of Collo community living in Protection Camp at UNMIS in Malakal from 17 to 18 February 2016, where 40 people were killed and many injured. This killing of unarmed innocent civilians, inside a UN camp, was criminal and terrorist act of a first degree. Yet it didn’t get any deserving attention from the international community and other mandated bodies. By raising this matter again, we want the government to be held responsible for the crime and made accountable for its consequences.

3) You will be surprised to learn that since settling in the grabbed town of Malakal CholThon, the Governor of the newly created state, with tacit agreement of President Salva Kiir, has been destroying and demolished houses and confiscating personal properties and assets which belong to the members of Chollo community in Malakal town. This barbaric behavior is unacceptable as it is another type of human rights violation. We would like those wild actions stopped immediately and the perpetuators brought to book.

4) The latest episode of Kiir-Thon criminality is the dismissal of Chollo officials and workers from government institutions in Malakal and Renk. Indeed, by doing so President Kiir and Governor Thon have given themselves the right to deprive the dismissed staff of their government salaries. This decision was implemented before official division of public assets and the establishment of normal transfers. Ironically, non Jieng civil servants were informed that their salaries were transferred to their new states. Contrarily, the Governor of Western Nile state asserted that he never received the due salaries.

The real intention for the establishment of Presidential order No36, 2015, was to victimize the people of so-called Western Nile State, which the government considers as rebels even those who live within the government controlled areas.

The important point to note is all Chollo civil servants never receive their salaries since the creation of 28 states. In fact, President Salva Kiir and Governors of Eastern and Western Nile states must be made accountable for embezzling the salaries which are binding contract between the government and civil servants employees, so what does this ideology of not paying civil servants imply?

Those civil servants were victimized by the President Kiir project of dividing South Sudan into 28 states on tribal lines. Instead of solving outstanding problems, he injected more disunity and disintegration in South Sudan.

Now, people are advising President Kiir to revoke the 28 states as a starting point to bring peace to South Sudan but president Kiir is not ready to hearken because he has been already enslaved by Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

Also the government employees who went abroad for medical treatment, as well as those who went for studies were similarly deprived and refused the payment of their salaries.

The reasons are that these employees are from Chollo Community. To deprive and refuse the employees their salaries without justification is considered a violation of the human right under national and International Labour Laws.

Your Excellency,
We, the Chollo community council, trust that the cases we have brought to your attention will receive your due consideration and find appropriate ways to address them and thus have Chollo Community problems redressed even at long last.

Date: 8th October, 2016

Subject: Complaint about Human Rights Violation committed by President Salva Kiir and Gen. Chol Thon against Chollo community in Upper Nile Region

High regards.
Chollo Community Council
Khartoum, Sudan.

Samson Oyay Awin
Chairman of Collo Community Council
Khartoum Sudan

CC: Chairman of AU, General Secretary of UN, Troika Countries,(USA,UK& Norway),Chairman of JMEC,
CC: Chollo Community Members in Diaspora (USA, UK, Australia, Canada and Others)

South Sudan denies rumours of president Salva Kiir’s death as tensions rise

By Different Agencies: OCT/12/2016, SSN;

South Sudan’s government was on Wednesday forced to deny President Salva Kiir had died, following days of rumours over his health that have heightened tensions in the capital Juba.

“This is a mere lie, there is nothing as such, Salva Kiir has not even been sick,” Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth told journalists in Juba, slamming “wild rumours” he said aimed to divide the people of South Sudan.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit on Wednesday has called for calm and a spirit of forgiveness. Kiir also made a public appearance in the streets of Juba town this afternoon to refute rumors of his deathKiir went into an open pickup vehicle accompanied by some senior government officials to the neighborhoods of Gudele, Kator, Malakia and Konyo-Konyo.

“I think seeing is the believing and for you to see me when I am said to have been died is the believing that I am alive,” said Kiir after the tour around Juba streets.

According to Kiir’s own statement on national television, he said he left office earlier on Tuesday as he was feeling some abnormal heart beat

“Of course nobody can come to the media to deny his or her own death but this is what you have now subjected me to. I am alive and well. I want to assure my people of South Sudan that what they heard last night and this morning where all fabrications by the enemies of peace.”

Kiir said those who wishing him death don’t want peace. The president said the country has suffered for a very long time and “We would not accept any fighting. If there are elements still among us doing their job in between us, it will be a matter of time, we will handle them.”

The rumours have been doing the rounds on Twitter, and even spread as far as Uganda where Kiir, 65, was reported to have fled for medical treatment.

Residents of Juba reported a higher than usual presence of soldiers on the streets, as the rumours coincided with mounting concerns over an uptick in violence in the troubled nation in recent weeks.

“We are scared of the situation. You cannot know what is exactly happening but (there are) rumours that the president has died. Well, it is said fighting may break out and this is why I am scared,” said Moses Modi, a resident of Juba who was staying home over security fears.

Another Juba resident, speaking on condition of anonymity, reported that some schools had sent pupils back home.

“There are soldiers deployed along the road. Mainly the roads around the ministries and the State House … I am at work but leaving (for) home now. Because the tension is high,” she added.

South Sudan, which gained independence in July 2011, descended into war just two and a half years later when Kiir in December 2013 accused his former deputy Riek Machar of plotting a coup.

Numerous attempts to shore up a fragile truce failed, and in a major setback to peace efforts, fierce clashes erupted in Juba on July 8 this year between Kiir’s guards and troops loyal to Machar.

The international community has expressed deep concerns over a spread in violence since the July clashes, which pushed the number of refugees from the war-scarred nation past the one-million mark, according to the UNHCR.

In a further blow to peace hopes, Machar last month urged “a popular armed resistance” against his rival’s government.

Machar, who fled to Khartoum in the July fighting, on Wednesday left for South Africa for medical tests.

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) on Wednesday said it was “extremely concerned over increased reports of violence and armed conflict in various parts of the country in the last few weeks.”

In the town of Leer, in the north, UNMISS forces reported heavy artillery and gunfire exchanges between forces loyal to Kiir and Machar, leading to an unspecified number of deaths and sending local populations fleeing.

In a statement UNMISS said it had been denied access to an area where some 21 civilians were reportedly killed in an ambush on the road between Juba and the southern city of Yei over the weekend.

South Sudan trajectory exposes the colonial project


There are too many terms by which South Sudan’s conflict is described. It’s a tribal warfare, it’s Nuer against Dinka, others yet in bewilderment conclude it’s not an understandable conflict. It’s so many things including the conflict of primitive people. But South Sudan is actually exposing the colonial project of creating a nation state out of diverse communities.

Ontologically, South Sudan is a construct of recent days. What existed prior were the communities in South Sudan, which were autonomous until the Turko-Egyptian invasion.

As many people know, the Anglo-Egyptian occupation came after the Turko-Egyptian period. And there was enough central power that could force the ethnic communities into submission. That was once called pacification process so that diverse communities were brought under one administration of the colonial system. But the colonial government did not rule by democracy or consensus.

For that you have Mahmood Mamdani with his book “Citizens and Subject.” What worked was a central coercive power symbolized by the machine gun. That was what kept people together in most cases in Africa. It is the same in Uganda, Nigeria, Kenya and elsewhere.

At independence, this artificial construct was consolidated by the so-called educated Africans to preside over a nation. Actually the coercive power became worse. You can have the words of Baba G. Gallow for it was him who clearly stated that it was at the time of African leadership that people started to disappear without traces.

The Brits and the French did co-opt local leaders but they did not act the way the African elites did. What was similar between the colonial and the African elite was looting from the nation.

The colonial had imperial policy so that the officers had to capture resources from the colony and transfer it to their homelands. That was a policy well known. But then the African elite when they took power from their colonial powers, they did the same thing to loot from the nation and transfer it to personal account.

It is not correct that they transfer it to their tribe. As a matter of fact the tribe is too big and no leaders actually distributed resources to their tribes. The tribe was and is only used by leaders for their personal interest.

So, whereas during the colonial system it was an imperial strategy to transfer resources to the headquarters, but with African leaders it was kleptomaniacism. That means there is both similarity and difference.

A colonial officer transferred resources to the Crown or to France with records. Somebody may question this, but I want to mention the British Overseas Trading Company that worked in all these places up to India. In places like Kampala, Uganda, it was the Trading Overseas Company that brought the British Contingency to Uganda.

But the African leader looted the resources and opened an account in Switzerland. Mobutu is one of the epitomes of African leaders who did exactly that.

And now the leaders in South Sudan have perfected this kleptocracy at institutional level. It is unbelievable, that the money used to renovate the whole of Europe after Second World War just disappeared in South Sudan within one year. And South Sudan remained in the condition it is right now.

And when one reflects on how South Sudan came to be, it is almost impossible to believe that a people who went through the pains like South Sudanese could turn around and do what they are now doing.

South Sudan’s case is a huge embarrassment to the international community, especially the USA. The sympathy and support South Sudan got is so big that even at the UN level its was recognized very fast. This was a country that would be the human rights champion for the rest of the other nations.

The pain it went through should have taught it to even produce the second Bible, next to the Jewish Bible, which is also pinned down to the Egyptian slavery experience.

Those who know a bit of Biblical theology will agree that the whole of Jewish Bible is centered on Exodus. That was the experience of suffering and injustice, which became an epitome of human liberation. Unfortunately for the Jews, the Second World War Holocaust was also waiting. But the Holocaust was interpreted and understood within the framework of the Egyptian slavery.

So the template of interpreting history for many people became Exodus. South Sudanese are next to the Jews by that standard. But what happened afterwards?

Indeed many people regretted why they helped South Sudan. But that is not the point. I want to go back to where I started. The ontological reality of South Sudan is that every community is autonomous.

These people are called tribes. And a tribe has a negative connotation. But that negative connotation came from the time of European occupation of Africa. Because by that time in Europe there were no tribes but nations and the process of nation creation that happened in Europe is not a standard for all people.

It was historically contingent and may not repeat itself. The idea of nation state in Africa remained weak and fragile everywhere. For that you can check Basil Davidson with his book ‘The Black Man’s Burden.’ He pointed out that the social revolution that happened in Europe did not happen in Africa. I agree with him.

In most African countries, Uganda inclusive, one can clearly see where the loyalty of people belongs. A Muganda’s loyalty is with his ‘Kabaka.’ He can pay tax to the ‘Kabaka’ without being forced or coerced. And a Munyoro’s loyalty is with his ‘Omukama.’ The same for other communities.

But the nation holds because there is a central coercive power that is extremely strong. The army, or Uganda People Defense Force is totally dominating. Other communities cannot challenge it. And even with that there are several rebellions.

In South Sudan, the coercive power of the government is never dominating. Communities in South Sudan have their guns and can challenge the government. So the Sudan People’s Liberation Army is just one among many forces in the country.

And the truth that is now emerging is that the SPLA is just one hell of a Dinka militia. It does not represent South Sudan.

Considering this reality, it is not practical to expect peace in South Sudan if the mentalities of leaders remain like imperial officers who are there to extract resources and send to their country.

In the case of South Sudan, the leaders use the state power and legitimacy to enrich themselves at the expense of disposing others of their natural rights, land and identities. This way, there will be no peace at all. At least the colonial powers left the land and the identities of the ethnic groups intact.

The logic is that if somebody can loot to enrich himself why not others? If as it is now known that the president has property in Kampala and Nairobi, why not others? The wealth is coming from the same oil. Why not the Nuers, or Shilluks, or Kreshi?

So this concept of a nation, which I call “an artificial construct’ is being used for enriching some people, why should it be there? South Sudan is an artificial construct.

The real thing or people that existed there are tribes with their territories and cultures. Now when the Dinka start to use South Sudan as the basis of domination, why should people not fight?

And according to the international legal system people are recognized according to the nation state formula. That is why there are passports. But let us remember this is a new idea because in the past there were several political organizations that were never resembling nation state.

But even if it should be argued that the level of human development required synchronizing the system and it is leveled at nation state, the question remains, how to create one. The bigger question still is, creating such at the expense and for the benefit of what and which tribe or rather how to create one without robbing one for the benefit of the other but rather for all?

The examples in USA and Canada are good enough to tell us how a nation state should be created particularly so in our kind of setting of diverse ethnic groups predating the current state of south Sudan. The constituents should sit as equals and agree how they want to be ruled.

The debate of how to be ruled must be carried out in an atmosphere of equality. And South Sudan has not done that. It has to happen sooner than later.

Every tribe and community is equal to the other regardless of its numbers because the existence as a tribe or community is a natural right and does not depend on numbers nor is it granted by anyone but simply natural and predated the current colonial structures.

Decisions taken at the House of Representatives must be approved in the house of nationalities. That way, a group has the right to exist not at the mercy of nor to the benefit of the others but rather on just existence.

So the suggestion of the house of nationality is right. South Sudan needs to have not the council of states, but council of nationalities. In the council of nationalities, every tribe has just one vote and whatever the house of representative discusses can be negotiated to their interests right in the house of nationalities.

I want to say the ontological reality must be respected if polices are going to work.

To conclude, South Sudan is not a strange case. It is unraveling the theory of nation state in Africa. Is it not the same in Kenya in 2007? Is not the same in Uganda now all this time? Is not the same in Congo?

Otherwise what is the idea of tribalism? So as Africans let us live according to our reality. Those other nations in the world that synchronized by extinctions other tribes to achieve nationhood must not be copied by south Sudan. But South Sudan has a chance to develop a truly African State reflecting the reality of our existence as conglomerations of mini-nations in one and this is our reality on the ground.

So the formula for peace should be reworked to take into account all tribal interests.

Rigoberto Modi

BNFA (Bentiu, Nasir, Fangak and Akoba) in the Republic of the Sudan: Viva Machar, Viva SPLM/O-IO

Press Release, 09 OCT/2016;

Nuer Community declared war against Kiir’s Regime after the collapse of August Peace Accord of 2015. We, Nuer Community members under the umbrella of BNFA in Sudan met on 14 September 2016 in Khartoum and discussed how to resist the situation we are in and the way in which the Country is heading under the leadership of Dictator Kiir at this critical time.

The meeting was attended by four thousand, six hundred and seventy five (4,675) people and this included intellectuals, traditional Chiefs, elders, Women and youth groups of SPLM/SPLA in opposition.

The agenda of the meeting was to review the general situation of the Country after the collapse of August Peace Accord of 2015 and the way forwards to save the nation.

After a careful deliberation and discussion of the agenda in connection with all events of violation of the Peace deal taking place in the national Capital Juba, especially the assassination attempted against Dr. Riek Machar, the Chairman & C-in-C of SPLM/SPLA IO by the President Salva Kiir and Malong on 8 July 2016 at the very watch of Peace guarantors, that is JMEC, IGAD, AU, TRIOK Countries, UNSC and International Community when trying to start the implementation of the peace agreement after the formation of the TGNOU.

It was discovered that Kiir and his group are not interested to implement that peace as that was obvious from the very beginning while on the other hand, the peace guarantors are not serious enough to confront the regime for all those clear points and evidences of its violation of the Peace Deal signed in August last year to end the conflict in the country.

Since 2005, this tribal Government of Kiir has been committing many atrocities and gross human rights violations by killing ethnic communities in different parts of the Country by imposing its tribal agenda of born to rule the Country for life.

It is this so called Dinka tribal Kingdomship imposition that brought the genocidal killing of ethnic minorities in Upper Nile, Equatorial and Bhar El Ghazel regions.

For instance, the forceful disarmament of some tribes like that of Low Nuer of Akoba in Jonglei State in 2006, killing of Cholo Community in Malakal of Upper Nile State in 2010, massacre of Murrle Community in Pibor of Jonglei State in 2011-2012, massacre of Balanda and Farit tribes in Wau in 2012.

Also, the genocide of more than 20,000 unarmed innocent Nuer Civilians in December 2015 in Juba, mainly women, children, elderly and handicapped within 3 days in addition to all abuses of human rights, war crimes and crimes against humanity and against the international laws it committed from the onset of violence in that month.

The same regime is busy carrying out the same ethnic cleansing of minority tribes in Western Bhar El Ghazel, especially tribes in Raja and Wau and the same brutal ethnic lynching is taking place for South Sudanese tribes in Western, Central and Eastern Equatorial States at the very moment.

In August 2015, the Compromised Peace Agreement was signed in Addis Ababa by the Regime and SPLM/SPLA IO in order to end the conflict and the suffering of all people in South Sudan.

However, now the same regime under the same dictator Kiir is refusing to implement the Peace Agreement signed in August last year and instead Kiir was trying to eliminate Dr. Riek Machar who is the First Vice President of the Transitional Government of National Unity of the Country according to that Peace Agreement.

Yet the World super powers are not responding positively enough or taking any serious action against the notorious tribal Regime in Juba.

Moreover, some leaders of the world are encouraging the regime to continue with that evil spirit of refusing the implementation of Peace Accord because of having their hidden agenda.

In light of all the above mentioned facts, it was realized that the world is planning evil thing against the Nuer people in particular and the SPLM/SPLA-IO leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny as the Chairman of the Movement and the people of South Sudan in general who are calling for the regime change as supporters of this Movement and that is the reason why there is no appropriate or serious measures taken against this tribal Regime which has been killing its citizens whom it is supposed to protect.

Therefore, in order to save the nation from total collapse and to defend our existence as Nuer nation in South Sudan together with other ethnic groups who are suffering the same oppression and marginalization by this tribal Regime of Kiir in Juba while the World is not helping us at all, we are declaring the following points as our meeting resolutions:

1. We are strongly putting the blame squarely on August Peace guarantors, JMEC, IGAD or IGAD plus, TRIOKA Countries (USA, UK and Norway), AU, UNSC and other international Community members for failing to protect and supervise the implementation of their imposed Compromised Peace Agreement while they were the ones seriously pushing the SPLM/SPLA IO to Juba in order to implement this Peace without implementing first the provisions of security arrangement which include the demilitarization of the national Capital and that of other States as stipulated in Chapter II, article 5 of the Peace Deal.

2. We condemn in the strongest term possible the fatal aerial bombardment and ground attacks carried out by the regime with the help of terrorist and notorious American Black Water Company and other allied groups with the aim to eliminate the Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/SPLA IO Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon in Juba on 9-12 July and in the forests of Central and Western Equatorial States during the period of more than forty days walk in the wilderness, and we therefore call the Peace guarantors, IGAD plus, AU, Trioka Countries, International Community, the UNSC to condemn this terrorist act of Black Water Company for its involvement in the South Sudanese Conflict due to its greedy interest to collect more bloody money through trading by killing as its core business to earn billions of Dollars.

3. We are strongly urging the August peace guarantors, IGAD plus, AU, Trioka Countries, UNSC and other peace loving members of international community to hold Kiir and all his allies (including Uganda, the Terrorist notorious Black War Company as well as the Country it belongs to) the responsibility of failing this Peace agreement and be held accountable also for all human death, suffering and destruction of all properties which may result as the consequences of his refusal for peace implementation.

4. We are declaring to the world our loyalty and firmness to SPLM/SPLA IO under the able leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, the Chairman and C-in- C of this Freedom and Democratic Movement and we will stand very tall against the regime that is not willing to implement this peace and we will fight dictator Kiir and his allies and collaborators until he accepts the reality by stepping down from Presidency or risking to be captured alive by SPLA IO mighty fighters in J1 again as was the case on 8 July 2016.

5. We are calling upon all Nuer members globally to be more united and leave behind their differences for the common goodness of Nuer Community and that of other South Sudanese communities as well.

6. Under the leadership of BNFA and peace loving elders, the meeting recommended continuous Peaceful negotiation and dialogue with all Nuer members who are calling for the regime change on their own parallel ways apart from SPLM/SPLA IO front under the leadership of Dr. Machar Teny Dhurgon so as to unite our efforts as one Movement (SPLM/SPLA)-IO or collaborate patriotically to fight the common enemy so that we achieve the same objective, that is the regime change for a better government which shall recognize the ethnical diversity of all tribes in the Country and respect their fundamental rights and freedom.

7. We are calling upon other fellow South Sudanese who are resisting and calling for this tribal regime Change of Kiir in other parts of the Country to unite our efforts in order to uproot this tribal government once and for all.

8. We disown from Nuer Community the betrayer Taban Deng Gai and all other Nuer members who for their self benefits betrayed our Democratic and freedom Movement, SPLM/SPLA-IO and sold cheaply the blood of our innocent civilians and all freedom fighters killed by Regime during the onset of the violence in Juba 2015 and all these years of struggle until today.

9. We are urgently calling upon our youth everywhere to immediately march to the nearby SPLA IO fronts so that we join our freedom fighters in all frontlines across the Country so that we speed up the regime change Program with high morale and hope that victory is very certain since we are fighting for a just cause and Almighty God is on our side.

South Sudan Viva!
Dr. Machar Viva!
Unity of all South Sudanese Viva!
BNFA Nuer Community Viva!

Signed on behalf of Nuer Community
John Gatloth Madeng Keir, Chairman of BNFA Nuer Community in Sudan

The muony-jieŋ (Dinka) psychology is that of ‘the oppressed’

BY: Peter Adwok Nyaba , South Sudan, OCT/06/2016, SSN;

Oppression is as old as humanity. Like slavery in human history, oppression is historically not peculiar to a particular race or skin complexion. However, this assertion, like slavery, oppression and domination seem to have stuck with black man and in particular the Africans. They seem familiar that we tolerate them.

Franz Fanon in his two books: “The wretched of the earth” and “Black skins, White masks,” studied the phenomenal behaviour of people who find themselves in situations of oppression.
The Brazilian educationalist, Paulo Freire in his treatise “The Pedagogy of the oppressed,” called this phenomenon ‘internalization of the oppression.’ Nearer home, Al Baqir Affifi, also in his paper entitled, “The crisis of identity in northern Sudan: The dilemma of a black people with a white culture,” tackled such behaviours consequential to conflictual relations obtaining in an oppressive reality of societal domination.

In my book, “The politics of liberation in South Sudan: An insider’s view,” I attributed the brutalization, dehumanization and all anti-social traits the SPLA soldiers meted out on the unarmed civil population on their advance to contact with the enemy, to the similar treatment they got in the process of training. Theirs were acts of regaining their manhood or rather their humanity, which they had lost to the trainers in Bonga or Bilpam.

Oppressive reality generates a dichotomised psychology in both the ‘oppressor’ and the ‘oppressed’ corresponding to that relationship, which evolves between the ‘horse’ and the ‘rider’ or between the ‘colonial master’ and the ‘colonized people’ upon which hinges many other issue.

This prompted Freire’s definition of ‘liberation’ as a process of freeing from the ‘situation of oppression,’ which conditions their attitudes and behaviours, both the ‘oppressed’ and the ‘oppressor.’

The reaction on the social media, especially on the Facebook, to my recent article in response to the Jieŋ Council of Elders (JCE), prompted me to write this piece. The insults and innuendos will not deter me for they meant to muzzle me and stifle the truth.

I am an intellectual driven by progressive ideology and love for South Sudan and its people without distinction. I am not as a Chollo whose village the Padang-Jieŋ elite want to misappropriate with the assistance of President Salva Kiir.

In this context, I read as ‘oppressed’ muon-jaaŋ psychology, which drives certain condescending and patronizing attitudes and actions towards other ethnic communities in South Sudan. This psychology is a product of oppression, exploitation, slavery and slave trade our people went through since the nineteenth century.

I recall vividly a discussion I had sometimes in 1998 with late Dr. Peter Nyot Kok (R.I.P) and Dr. Luka Biong Deng in Mapel, Bahr el Ghazal, on the definition of ‘muony-jieŋ (singular) and muony-jaaŋ (plural), which according to them translated to ‘husband of all others’ analogous to superiority–inferiority relations, whatever that would really mean.

The discussion remained inconclusive but kind of impaired our mutual relationship. I hope Dr. Luka Biong Deng will be kind to pick up the discussion now in our current volatile social and political context informed in part by muony-jaaŋ attitudes.

My starting point in this discourse would be the “Dinka Development Plan for 200 years” authored by the JCE. Most of the members of JCE are senior members of the SPLM–ruling Party. In fact, they occupy positions in the executive, legislative and judicial organs of the state.

By the look of things, they pull the strings in the SPLM and in the government suggesting that they are the authors of many bad decisions and policies in South Sudan.

I was a member of the SPLM until 1st June 2013. I had always been loudly critical of certain decisions purportedly attributed to SPLM or its Political Bureau but unilaterally taken by President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

One such outrageous decision was the ‘electoral college’ system, whereby in many places non-SPLM individuals selected on ethnic criteria evaluated and vetted prospective SPLM candidates. We all know the result; many SPLM members contested as independents and won against the SPLM. In other areas, the 2010 elections were far from free and fair.

This SPLM conducted the exercise against the recommendations of the subcommittee of the National Elections Strategy Committee [I headed that body] that the SPLM should conduct primaries in order to choose its candidate for the general and presidential elections.

Another important mistake presumably attributed to President Salva Kiir Mayardit would be the SPLM so-called greater so-and-so conferences. Started by the so-called SPLM Greater Equatoria Region Conference, which has no constitutional legitimacy neither as region in the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011, nor as a structure in the SPLM constitution.

However, there was sense to these conferences except the so-called Greater Upper Nile did not convene one. The sense I am alluding to registers in the machinations to slaughter the SPLM as a legacy of Dr. John Garang de Mabior (R.I.P) in the context of shifting power centre to Warrap in Bahr el Ghazal.

In the context of South Sudan, the JCE authority makes sense only in the death of the SPLM as a political institution on the one hand, suggesting that policy decisions would now emanate from the JCE through the president of the republic, and on the other hand, this JCE authority makes sense within the Jieŋ power politics.

Thus, geographical proximity to President Salva Kiir Mayardit acquires significance as gleaned from the inordinately large political influence in the country Justice Ambrose Riiny Thiik seems to ooze as Chairman of the JCE.

This JCE power and authority in promotion of muony-jaaŋ social, economic and political interests have correspondingly led to the emasculation of the SPLM as the ruling party, the state institutions especially the Judiciary and security organs and don’t forget the banking system under the tutelage of the Governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan.

This digression was necessary in order to gather the threads that link muony-jaaŋ or muony-jieŋ ‘oppressed’ psychology to the current crisis of South Sudan. The urge to self –assertion and identity compromised by foreigners drives this ‘oppressed psychology.’

Having achieved that through the war of national liberation, in which the muony-jaaŋ contributed inordinately larger numbers compared to other nationalities, they want to do it on those others in order to complete the satisfaction.

As clearly spelt out in the Dinka Master Plan, in 200 years – a very long time though, the Dinka will have achieved all it takes to be what they perceive as muony-jaaŋ. This now drives the policy that the Jieng must be seen as the custodian of every authority in the land.

In their constellation of power, the Nuer then follow the Jieng, and all others lumped together as ‘Equatorians’ or Jur are third class.

Now, I understand what ‘awic ko aŋic ko,’ mooted silently in whispers by Bahr el Ghazal elite in the SPLM/A during the last few years, really meant. The Jieŋ elite unlike all the others knew what they wanted. This perception trumped the attempts at raising the social awareness and political consciousness of the masses of our people.

The result efficaciously was to create the kind of social and political situation South Sudan is in today. I do not believe it is even to the interest of those elite peddling that ideology of ethnic supremacy.

Like Nazism in the last century, it is bound to cause catastrophe but the people including the Dinka themselves will be part of its destruction in the end.

The Dinka people or muony-Jaaŋ are an integral part of the people of South Sudan. Instead of planning for the Dinka alone because they have the opportunity to provide leadership of the country now, why not plan for all the communities that make up the population of South Sudan and in this, we will have no reason to war.

It was in mind that every community is proud of itself but there will be no problem as long as that self-pride expressed in traditional cultural practices like dance and song do not impinge on or demean others.

I want to challenge the Dinka elite; indeed all of us, to engage in this ideological struggle as a means of bringing peace, stability and socio-economic development to our people.

It is not a generational change of power that will bring salvation to South Sudan as some young elite would want make believe. The ideological struggle will make the difference in this discourse of war, peace and socio-economic development. This ideological struggle will sharpen our ideas to chart the best way to resolve our developmental problems.

In conclusion, I want to say that the elite who shape and articulate this Jieŋ political thought are not realistic to say the least. As a product of oppression and exploitation, the muony-jaaŋ psychology of supremacy can survive only in a process that leads to its destruction.

This means the Jieŋ, Nȁȁth, Azande, Chollo, and Murle; Maaban, Toposa, Otuho, Bari and all the sixty-four ethnicities of South Sudan merge in unison as a nation. The resultant nation will not be Dinka in character and culture but something that will contain the characters and cultures of all of them. It will help us therefore erase the primoval parochialism we found ourselves in since birth.

Peter Adwok Nyaba
6th October 2016