Archive for: October 2016

BreakingNews: South Sudan Democratic Front – New group in fight to topple Kiir’s regime




OCT/31/2017, SSN;


The people of South Sudan have come a long way to attain independence. Apart from few years following the Addis Ababa Agreement of 12 March 1972, they have known nothing but wars since the departure of the British in 1956. It led to immeasurable suffering, loss of lives and the consequences of a protracted war in the form of underdevelopment and lack of infrastructure. It’s against that background the people of South Sudan voted overwhelmingly for independence with high hopes for a brighter future.

However, 11 years of SPLM/SPLA rule failed to deliver and brought human-made disasters upon the people of South Sudan. It plunged the country into civil war that was entirely avoidable. It committed heinous crimes against its people with perpetrators operating with absolute impunity. Corruption is beyond imagination coupled with a total breakdown of law and order in many parts of the country.

The peace agreement is dead or on life-support. We are dismayed by those who still want people to believe that the peace agreement is alive and kicking. Instead, they should have focused on addressing the cause of failure to implement the peace accord. It’s not a secret that the Jieng Council of Elders ( JCE ) which is running the government from behind the curtains, have strongly opposed the peace agreement. Salva Kiir made his reservations known to everyone. Those reservations were the cause of the collapse of the peace accord.

The recent revelation of the Dinka Development Plan (DDP) explains why the country is in the current dire situation. The government is pursuing a policy of domination and hegemony of the Jieng (Dinka) tribe over the rest of the tribes forming South Sudan. The country is to be ruled according to the Jieng culture and there is no room for cultural diversity.

Unfortunately, some influential international players are misinformed and misguided by the notion that the Jieng form the majority of the population of South Sudan. The fact of the matter is that the Jieng tribe is the biggest but it does not constitute a majority by any means. At best it forms 20% of the population which is quite disproportionate to their domination of the government. Even if they were to be the majority, we have seen President Obama from a minority taking the highest office in the most powerful nation on Earth. It’s all about good governance and the rule of law that the regime utterly failed to deliver.

The sons and daughters of Equatoria have risen to the occasion and taken upon themselves the responsibility of rescuing the country from total collapse and widespread chaos. A meeting inside South Sudan, saw the birth of South Sudan Democratic Front – SSDF. A unanimous decision took the following steps:

1. Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok as Chairman and commander-in-Chief of the SSDF. He emphasized the importance of forging an alliance with SPLM/A – IO, the Agwelek forces, the Bahr El Ghazal fighters and the Cobra faction (SSDM/A) in the struggle against the regime.
2. The names of the members of the Political Bureau and the military are to be announced in further Press releases.

The immediate objectives of the SSDF as stipulated in the Manifesto are:
1. Removal of the failed and illegitimate regime of the SPLM/SPLA Party through peaceful means, armed struggle or both.
2. Establishment of a Confederation of States as the best system of governance for South Sudan. Its success is evidence-based as Switzerland, one of the stable countries of the world has been a Confederacy since 1291.
3. Accountability for:(a) War crimes and crimes against humanity since 15/12/2013,
(b) Corruption and embezzlement of public funds,
(c) Land-grabbing.
4. Reconciliation and healing.
5. Repatriation of refugees and the internally displaced people (IDP’s).

The SSDF urges the people of South Sudan in general and Equatoria in particular to stay strong and united. The road to victory is long and difficult but victory in itself is inevitable.


Lotole Lo Luri,
Deputy Press Secretary – SSDF

Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok
Chairman – SSDF

Uganda should know better for support of Kiir regime

BY: Rigoberto Modi, OCT/31/2016, SSN;

One week ago, an article appeared in Monitor by a Ugandan journalist with a title ‘Machar now aims his fire at Uganda and Museveni’ by Bernard Tabaire. He catalogued the economic cost of the current war on Uganda. Tellingly, he even mentioned that beginning from ‘chapati’ makers to high level business owners, all are feeling the effect of the war in South Sudan. And when he moved to make a suggestion that is where he sounded very unethical and naïve. That Uganda should send troops in South Sudan to keep the road open.

Take a moment or two to think about this. First from military point of view. How many troops will secure the 195 kilometre road from Nimule to Juba? Every day how much does it cost in dollars to maintain that size of troops? From economic point of view in a country where everybody is leaving and looking for a way to get out, how much business opportunity still exists there to be exploited? I leave it to you to judge.

But the very motive of Uganda getting in South Sudan to protect its economic interest sounds very unethical. Uganda cannot rely on South Sudan’s weakness to solve its economic woes. That does not make sense and it can be a cause of war in future with or without Machar in the picture. Do you think South Sudanese are that naïve or uneducated on the modern economic system?

Facts are very bad in Uganda. Let me remind you if you do not know, every year over 33,000 people graduate for work in Uganda, but less than 1000 get jobs in formal sector. The rest end as ‘boda boda’ and ‘grasshopper sellers’.

The planning of human resource development is completely in chaos. Or it does not even exist. Ugandan youth who should be productive force spend their day in taxi parks in Kampala shouting ‘Muyenga, Lungujaa’ Rubaga’ etc… Something that is not needed. Just a board is enough to direct people to which taxi goes where? And in case the person cannot read, it is social capital that works. Someone can ask for the taxi they want and get it without paying for it. This is how it works in other countries.

But in Uganda this has become a job. And at the end of the day, how much do they earn anyway? Just 15,000/= which is equivalent to $3. These are people in productive economy who should be earning up to $ 200 a day. It has created kleptocracy in the country at a level not known anywhere in Africa. Literally in Kampala, there are more thieves than decent people. So you cannot trust the next person sitting to you in a taxi or even in the church. This is Uganda’s problem, not caused by South Sudan. And Uganda cannot use South Sudan to solve its problem.

In any case has this kind of solution ever worked? The cost to implement this kind of solution may be too high. Just take the case of American intervention in Vietnam. A super power pitched against a country of peasants and most people who read know the result. I do not know whether Tabaire is informed about that. The other problem is the narrative he used to arrive at the suggestion is false.

In South Sudan, officially there are 64 tribes but other sources later revised that data to 72 tribes. All of these tribes are up in arm against the Dinka government. Then is it sustainable for Uganda to take side on the single tribe that the whole of South Sudan is rising against? If Uganda reasons that way, the result will soon be seen. By the way some of the communities rising against Salva Kiir have their brothers and sisters in Uganda. What I will tell this journalist is ‘wait and see’.

It would be good if his morality is not corrupted by money. Going in there for business is too risky and anybody who goes there must know they are taking a lot of risk to the extent that insurance companies will not cover the kind of risk South Sudan poses for business people.

And from South Sudanese point of view, that there is war there and somebody is only interested in making money at the cost of South Sudanese lives is going to be very problematic. These Ugandans who go to South Sudan for trading become legitimate targets. In other words, they are legitimising a regime that is tribalist and involved in ethnic cleansing. Then why should they not be targeted?

By the way, do you know this far, Riak Machar has not got any support from any country. The weapons that are now being used to fight Salva Kiir are taken from his army. The same weapons procured from Israel and passed through Uganda are the one being used by SPLA-IO. That tells you the level of the commitment of the people to see the back of this regime sooner than later.

So Uganda is going to support a regime that is totally unpopular in South Sudan and it will definitely fall. What will Uganda gain out of it? Just take the statement of the president when he addressed his party a few days ago. Even those Equatorians who were compromising are now shown the real nature of the man whom they try to support. Ha, ha, ha,. Let Uganda keep its troops in South Sudan. I say ‘keep’, because we know they are there. They will be defeated together with Kiir’s army.

Rigoberto Modi

We know the Truth by the efforts others try to hide it: The Dinka Master Plan

BY: Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, OCT/29/2016, SSN;

“Tell no lies … Claim no easy victories.” Amilcar Cabral
Josef Goebbels, the Nazi propagandist, famed for turning a lie into truth through repetition. These days, a falsehood, simulating Goebbels methodology, is being engineered to become some kind of truth in future. It all began with the US tour by Ustaz Bona Malual in 2015. On 16 May 2016, Gen. Kuol Manyang Juuk found the thirty-second anniversary of the formation of the SPLM/SPLA an occasion to resonate Bona Malual’s message that only the Dinka fought and died in large numbers in the liberation of South Sudan.

While addressing an induction seminar for the so-called states SPLM interim Chairperson, President Salva Kiir seemed to push the point home.

The Dinka is the single largest nationality in South Sudan, and the Aja in Western Bahr el Ghazal could be the smallest nationality and there is no qualms about that. It also goes without saying that all the sixty-four nationalities inhabiting South Sudan in one-way or the other participated in the war of national liberation.

In the social and political engineering calculus of South Sudan, liberation was an ‘integrating’ process leading to the fusion of these nationalities into one South Sudan nation. However, with their statements, some Dinka leaders are now attempting to ‘differentiate’ the SPLA combatants and martyrs as well as South Sudanese people based on their respective nationalities.

The claims, therefore, that Dinka alone fought in the war of national liberation is not only dangerously fallacious but also a betrayal of all other nationalities, including the Nuba and the Funj, whose bones litter different parts of South Sudan. It comes in the context of this differentiation, not integrating with others, to justify the monopoly of power and wealth by a tiny clique in the name of Dinka nationality.

While it is imperative and of strategic significance to combat this falsehood as earlier as possible, it is equally necessary to understand the process of ‘differentiation’ as opposed to ‘integration’ vide which Dinka nationality or sections it came to dominate at the different stages of the SPLM/A life.

Going by the numbers, the Dinka and for that matter the Bahr el Ghazal without question would be the largest single group in the SPLA. The Nuer, the Azande, the Chollo, Otuho, Toposa, etc. would follow the Dinka in succession. What mattered here would be their integration and fusion into South Sudan nation based on freedom, justice, fraternity and democracy.

However, this did not occur as anticipated in the morale songs of the SPLA combatants as they passed out from training in their numerous divisions. Many people including myself are witnesses to some funny happenings in the training camps, which reflect almost mirror images of the happenings nowadays.

As Thomas Sankara once said, “without a patriotic political education a rebel (my addition) soldier is only a potential criminal.”

We may also add, without ideological education and orientation a liberation movement is only a bourgeois petit Trojan horse in a people’s stock shade. Its so-called national liberation become a tool for supplanting the oppressor without transforming his methods.

With the peace agreement, the combatants and leaders recoiled back to their status ante; the gears disengage and the SPLM/SPLA beats a retreat to the ethnic cocoons and old ways of differentiating people according their ethnic configurations.

Those who were fugitives of Sudan justice system went back to their trade after the war. The local feuds and conflicts fudged by the exigencies of the war of national liberation resurfaced and insecurity became ubiquitous throughout South Sudan.

Eleven years into peace with Khartoum, President Salva Kiir and Gen. Kuol Manyang Juuk can only reminisce, of all whom they commanded, only those hailing from their Dinka nationality. The Nuers, who were second in term of numbers, degenerated into ‘tribal militias.’

This policy differentiation must have started much earlier but as subtleties. It explains why the SPLA officers ‘pensioned off’ in 1992/3 hailed essentially from one locality, which in hindsight suggests it was an intelligent scheme for ‘preservation’ consequent to a devastation of that locality that occurred a year earlier.

Did we ask ourselves why the so-called lost boys; transported to US at the dying days of the war, hailed from one nationality? Did it ever occur to any one that it was an investment? In this case, the use of ‘lost boys’ is a deceptive misnomer.

That the Dinka alone constitutes the SPLA, as it apparently is, was not because the other nationalities, especially the Equatorians, have refused to join as President Salva Kiir explicitly alleged. It is not that they do not possess warrior’s traits as wrongly perceived by some people, but simply because of this differentiation practices in the distribution of ranks and deployment process and assignment of duties, arrogant and condescending behaviours of the dominant authorities in the SPLA.

This prompted massive defection among SPLA combatants and the retreat to their home areas, inadvertently leading to inordinately huge sedimentation of the Dinka and Nuer in the SPLA. The Dinka particularly the Bor dominating the officer’s corps while the Nuer the foot soldiers. It could have been deliberate policy to justify such binary thrash as the ‘liberators’ and the ‘liberated’ or the ‘born to rule’ and the ‘ruled’.

I recall a sad incident among the SPLA Nasir forces somewhere in Eastern Equatoria. The combatants demoralized due to repeated defeats so the level of discipline dropped to the lowest. The commander (Nuer) decided to have one soldier (a Nuer) executed by firing squad. When his clans heard this they rose up in arms against the commander forcing him to rescind the order and instead got an innocent Equatorian, who had nobody to stand up for him, to be executed instead – a travesty of justice. May his soul rest in peace.

Another incident involved another innocent Murle soldier, bodyguard of a Murle commander then holidaying in Narus, executed by SPLA to appease heavily armed Toposa youth who wanted to attack Narus to avenge one of them murdered by some Bor SPLA soldiers. The SPLA commander was a Bor and this led to the rebellion of the Murle SPLA commander.

I brought up these unfortunate examples to prove the point I made above about the SPLA shunning of political and ideological education but also to protest the murdering of innocent unarmed civilians especially those Dinka travelling on roads or Shilluk fishing on the Nile. These wanton acts of inhumanity do not compensate socially or psychologically for the crimes by those people in power.

Why is the civil war stirring up such animosities, and why are the stakes being heightened as to prompt the president of the republic to declare publicly that he would go to command war in Yei against those killing his tribesmen?

Why didn’t the massacre of twenty thousand ethnic Nuer in Juba (December 2013) or the massacre of unarmed demonstrators in Wau (December 2012) raise in the president such a rancour?

Does it mean to President Salva Kiir that his people are only Dinka and not all South Sudanese over whom he has ruled for eleven years? This is exactly what I meant by differentiation process. It proves the unconstitutionality of President Salva Kiir. He has voluntarily delegitimized himself.

There is, however, something poignant to this entire stratagem. President Salva Kiir is presiding over the construction of a falsehood that may become a truth in a few years to come. After ten years from now the small nationality groups – enormously called fertit, may become extinct; why? Because the strategy of annexing Raga to Awiel is to overwhelm and submerge the Fertit with the Malual Dinka.

Similarly, the case of East Bank Chollo Kingdom is being pushed in a manner that Chollo children born in displaced people’s camps will never know the truth after ten years from now. In the same vein, Narus, Heiman –New Kush, Nimule, Laboni. Kaya, Yei, Maridi, Yambio and Tambura are progressively being Dinkanized and pastoralized.

This socio-demographic transformation occurring in South Sudan, driven by the civil war, works in favour of the Dinka that in twenty-five years or even less the Dinka will be socially, economically and politically dominant in every corner of South Sudan.

This will even accelerate if the Salva Kiir and the JCE win this war by maintaining the status quo through ARCISS or a renegotiated peace agreement. The apathy the IGAD region has shown following the outbreak of violence in July encourages President Salva Kiir to pursue the dictates of the JCE, who are now engineering the formation of other councils of elders like the recently agreement with the so-called Jubek State Council of Elders, which include Dinka elders domicile in the Juba.

This is a dangerous scheme camouflaged as Establishment Order 36/2015. Recognizing and writing against its architects – the JCE and some think tank consultants, in any way does not make me anti-Dinka.

It is incumbent on me and other intellectuals and political thinkers and activists including Dinka compatriots, to say that consequent to implementation of policies emanating from this fascist ideology pits Dinka people against other nationalities. It does not augur well for the Dinka nor for South Sudan.

That is why the JCE and we must expose the think tank consultants; demystify, delegitimize and disempower President Salva Kiir Mayardit. He has let down the people of South Sudan.

Peter Adwok Nyaba
28 October 2016

Padang Jieng Community in Diaspora Position on government plan to destabilize & annex Padang jieng counties motivated by Taban Gai


Pres. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan
Cc: Taban Deng Gai, First vice president and James Wani Igga, vice president of the Republic of South Sudan

When your leadership gave Padang their two states from 28 states, it was for the benefit of peace, stability and the security of the whole South Sudan. The creation of 28 saved many lives across South Sudan during the Juba coup attempt on August 8, 2016, at the J1 (presidential palace), by rebel leader Riek Machar, to subvert the government. Why should Taban Deng get permission to run the show of putting the people back to war?

Mr. President, politics is “an art of the possible.” Remember that Taban Deng still has Riek Machar’s and Lam Akol’s ideas to destabilize Jieng in South Sudan. If you allow the declaration of Padang states or counties to be annexed to other states other than leaving their status quo, then you are inviting carnage. Padang is tired of its land and people being sacrificed for peace or used as a screen to gain wealth, power, and fame.

The Padang Jieng have no any other government other than your government, so why Padang land and its people are being auctioned out to the enemies of peace who have just killed us yesterday? Well, we have a single message for your government and Taban Deng Gai.

Note that, any attempt to reverse the creation of Padang two states to be divided among other states will be the RED LINE and the LAST RESORT, should such plan is allowed to be executed, then it will be a declaration of violence with absolute resistance.

Mr. President, you know that Padang’s States have a border with Khartoum from both locations; therefore, Padang knows how to fight their way to Khartoum if that is the only safe haven to get any support. Let us be clear to your government that, Padang has the power to defend their territorial integrity and their God given resources as well as to join the Sudan if this redistricting of the two states to other states was a plan of your government (TGONU).

The Padang is the peaceful community, therefore; we support the idea of good neighborhood-ship, but not annexation or detachment of our two States to Shilluk or Nuer states at this time.

If you want to expand the South Sudan States, then Eastern Nile and the Ruweng States of Padang Jieng must remain intact. It is a warning and a red line to be crossed should an attempt is made to partition Padang states to other states; we must take any measure should the government along with Taban takes an oath to divide us again.

Mr. President, the Padang Jieng Youth, women and children across diaspora and South Sudan refuse the peace that will result into a serious repercussion for dividing Padang states among Nuer and Shilluk states in order to make this peace more attractive. It was a deliberate plan by Taban Deng, as he claimed during the speech he delivered in Juba with his SPLM/IO advance team.

He made some reservations about the 28 states particularly Eastern Nile State and Ruweng State in your watch, however, you had made clear that, “If anyone wanted to reverse the creation of 28 states, he or she would go and talk to people in these states”. T

he question is why Taban is still talking about Padang states’ problem now? Mr. President, Padang has been the victim since 1991 and 2013 because of the name “Jieng.” However, we are ready to pay the price should the partitioning of the Padang states to other states is implemented as result of a conspiracy cooked-up by Taban Deng Gai, and those who are behind it against Padang in general.

When Taban came to Washington last month, he held a meeting with the South Sudanese communities in New Jersey USA on 9/24/2016, and he told the audience that, “Malakal issue is a problem that I will resolve because Malakal belongs to Shilluk as well as my land that Dinka took in Unity State called Manga that “he” previously dubbed as “Dual-Jang in Nuer language” has been annexed to Ruweng Jieng Padang State which is very painful to me.” End of the quote”

This narrative was supported by Defense Minister, Kuol Manyang Juk to which he responded: “when we go back to South Sudan, we will make sure to resolve the issue of Malakal.”

Mr. President, Padang Jieng in Diaspora and at home would like to clarify to your government and people of South Sudan that any attempt to annex Padang Jieng counties from Eastern Nile State, and Ruweng State is a red line. It is a promotion for declaration of violent resistance from Padang Jieng in the Republic of South Sudan.

As you know that, the unity of Jieng is in your hands, either you support Taban Deng or some of his element’s decision against Padang states or leave the Padang States peaceful intact.

The second issue, Padang Jieng Community in Diaspora and at home urgently calls on your administration to address and relocate the SPLM/IO unconstitutional military that still settled in the areas of Padang Jieng Counties such as the Greater Pigi which is currently Atar and Khorflus County and Gal Achol in Baliet County.

These forces are not national forces that abide by the nation’s will and constitution. The residents of these places occupied by those illegal forces are scared to go back to their homes because they do not trust them since they are not organized national forces.

The Padang Jieng Community peacefully requests the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to make an urgent consideration to relocating those unconstitutional cantonment forces that are in Padang Jieng Community areas mentioned above.

Our children are desperately in need of going back home, and Padang community was not interested in starting anything that may derail peace in the country but with your administration activities in Juba, thing will be different if our demands are ignored. The Padang Jieng Communities are yearning for peace the same way as every South Sudanese community. Padang Jieng Community deserves peace in their newly created States like other south Sudanese in their states.

Mr. President, Padang Jieng states’ security have been hindered by the presence of these unconstitutional forces in Padang areas in Eastern Nile State in particular.

The third issue, your administration has marginalized Padang Jieng Community that was your backbone in the military by not promoting them in ranks like everyone else, rather your government demoted them by forcing high-ranking officials in the government into early retirement.

Among the generals of Padang retired, demoted and not mentioned in ranks are as follow: 1. Michael Miakol Deng Anyang “Abushok Battalion command.” 2. Deng Along “Muzulum Battalion command.” And so, on …… Mr. President, any attempt to undermine Padang Jieng Community who has been suffering will derail the peace you are trying to build because no one would want to live with a snake in the same room.

Taban has a head of a human which you may see but in a snake’s body.

Padang Jieng Community’s two states are willing to endorse internal peace between its neighbors and the whole country, but the decision of your government in Juba plus the presence of these illegal forces pose a threat to the bilateral coexistence, peace, stability which are at the point of achievement.

Padang Jieng community in the diaspora kindly extends our message to our governors across the 28 states in South Sudan to respect their States policies and act in an ethical manner that promotes peace and harmony with their neighbors. Padang Jieng asks for their States to remain unchanged, undivided or emerge to other States.

We reject any attempt by Padang sons and daughters to buy positions in the government with their God-given land and resources. Anybody from Padang found to conspire with our enemies to divide and rule Padang, will definitely face serious consequences.

We are peace loving community. We always embrace peace in our young nation, therefore, we will stand together with our government to achieve everlasting peace in the republic South Sudan.

Signed by:
1. Wilson Thonakur De Lual – Chairperson of Padang Community in North America
2. Mayiik Deng Kiir – duty chairperson of Padang Community in North America
3. Ngor Kur Mayol – acting secretary of Padang Community in North America

LATEST: UN sounds alarm over rising ethnic tensions between Dinka and Equatoria communities

BY: Joseph Oduha in JUBA, The EAST AFRICAN, OCT/26/2016, SSN;


**Several leaflets with hateful messages were last week found outside the gates of humanitarian organisations in Awiel West, Northern Bahr el-Ghazal State.
**The leaflets, purportedly authored by individuals from the Dinka community, warned the Equatorians to leave Bahr el-Ghazal or be eliminated.
**President Salva Kiir recently said the leaders from Equatoria should take the responsibility and stop the ambushes along the highways in Central and Eastern Equatoria.

A United Nations agency has warned about the rising tensions between South Sudan’s Dinka and Equatoria communities.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mr Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein, said in a statement the tensions could explode into mass atrocities if leaders from both sides failed to immediately defuse them.

Mr Hussein identified the factors responsible as including ethnic rhetoric, hate speech and outright incitement to violence by sections of the two groups.

He said several leaflets with graphic hateful messages were last week found outside the gates of humanitarian organisations in Awiel West, Northern Bahr el-Ghazal State.

Northern Bahr el-Ghazal is the home of South Sudan Army Chief of General Staff Paul Malong.

Mr Hussein said the leaflets, purportedly authored by individuals from the Dinka community, warned the Equatorians to leave Bahr el-Ghazal or be eliminated.

“Retaliation attack must begin right now! One Nation, One People slogan is dead. The consequences will be graphically and horrifically huge,” read one leaflet dated October 14.

Community leaders

The UN official called on the political leaders to urgently condemn the incitement to violence and take action to remedy the situation.

Mr Hussein noted that an Equatorian staff member of a humanitarian organisation was attacked in Aweil Town on October 16, prompting the evacuation of at least 92 Equatoria aid workers from the area and 12 from Bor towns respectively.

“I urge President Salva Kiir and all political and community leaders with influence to urgently and unambiguously condemn the incitement to violence and to take urgent measures to defuse the tensions,” he said.

He said the threats were in reaction to the killing of an unconfirmed number of Dinka civilians travelling to Juba by bus along the Juba-Yei and Nimule highways on October 8 and October 10 respectively.

President Salva Kiir recently said the leaders from Equatoria should take the responsibility and stop the ambushes along the highways in Central and Eastern Equatoria.

President Kiir claimed that the regional leaders have the capacity to address insecurity concerns.

Israeli arms fuelling South Sudan conflict- Report


A confidential United Nations report accuses Israel of fueling the war in South Sudan through the sale of weapons to the government.

The Juba-based Miraya Radio said the report was discussed by the UN panel of experts last Thursday at a high level Security Council meeting.

According to the Miraya Radio, the report disclosed that there was substantial evidence to prove the arms deals between Israel and South Sudan, especially after the December 2013 outbreak of war in the later.

Bulgaria is also named in the report as an arms supplier to South Sudan.

“This evidence illustrates the well-established networks through which weapons procurement is coordinated from suppliers in eastern Europe and the Middle East and then transferred through middlemen in eastern Africa to South Sudan,” the report says.

It further says the bodyguards of former Vice-President Riek Machar, who were in the DR Congo, were armed with Israel-made automatic rifles that were part of a stock to Uganda in 2007.

The Bulgarian firm is also pointed in the report as delivering a shipment of small arms’ ammunition and 4,000 assault rifles to Uganda in July 2014, which were later transferred to South Sudan.

The South Sudan government was not yet to officially respond to the report.

South Sudanese government forces have acquired two jet fighters and truckloads of small arms ammunition and were seeking to manufacture bullets, while opposition troops have not received any significant arms shipments, UN sanctions monitors said in a confidential report seen by Reuters on Thursday.

They also said that armed government actors were imposing “debilitating movement restrictions” on UN peacekeepers and warned that the economy of the world’s newest nation has effectively collapsed due to government policies that include buying weapons instead of funding social services.

The report, on arms flows and security threats to South Sudan since a transitional government was formed in April, strengthens the case for an arms embargo, a move recommended by the monitors to the Security Council in January. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has also called for an arms embargo.

“There is no evidence to suggest that more weapons are required in South Sudan for the government to achieve a stable security environment,” the UN monitors said.

“Rather, the continued influx of weapons … contributes to spreading instability and the continuation of the conflict.”

They said that while Sudan had provided small arms, bullets and logistical support to opposition troops, they “found no evidence to date that Sudan – or any other neighbouring country – has provided heavy weapons … which has limited the opposition’s ability to mount large-scale operations.”

However, the monitors received reports that government troops have made significant, ongoing arms procurements including the likely recent acquisition of two L-39 fighter jets.

“While the panel has received preliminary reports from two sources that the jets were serviced and painted in Uganda, the panel has not yet been able to confirm their origin or if these jets have been purchased or are on loan,” the monitors said.

Two truckloads of ammunition were transferred to the capital Juba from Uganda in June, while late last year South Sudanese army chief Paul Malong asked a Lebanese company to begin developing a small ‘arms ammunition manufacturing facility in Juba, the monitors said.

“It is not clear from currently available information whether this project has proceeded in the intervening period,” they added.

Arms embargo

In the wake of deadly violence in Juba in July, the council said it would discuss an arms embargo if Ban reports this month that the government was not cooperating with the deployment of 4,000 more peacekeepers and was obstructing 12,000 UN troops already on the ground. END



The Scapegoat Has Escaped: Preventing Tribal Massacres in South Sudan

BY: Kuir ë Garang, Writer and author, Canada, OCT/19/2016, SSN;

Political blame-games are well-known scapegoats. But as one SPLA commander told Hilde Johnson as she related it in her new book, “South Sudan: The Untold Story,” the ‘scapegoat has escaped.’ No more Arabs to blame!

It’s therefore time for the leadership in South Sudan to face our despicable realities head-on. Sinister political maneuvers should be stopped. Replacing Riek with Taban isn’t a solution.

Tribal tokenism as a purported appeasement for Non-Jieeng tribes is a sociopolitical insult. What’s required is a long-term solution to tribal differences.

“One Nation, One People” and such like slogans that are meant to encourage government supporters to show the world an impression that the government is enjoying a broad-based support are inadequate. They come out as a bought-support, a coerced political agenda where citizens have no choice but to do as told.

Civilians with no choice aren’t happy people. And people with no choice can’t be seen as supportive people!

On the other hand, the slogan that “Kiir Must Go” wouldn’t end these killings nor will it bring an end to suffering in South Sudan. I agree “Kiir Must Go” but that he must go through the barrel of the gun is one thing I wouldn’t agree with.

The failure of President Kiir to leave power peacefully is actually the failure of all political leaders in South Sudan. From Riek Machar, Lam Akol, Pagan Amum, among others, their failure to use their wisdom to prevail on Kiir is their own leadership failure.

Kiir has to leave power but he has to leave power in a manner that will not lead to more suffering and bloodshed!
People have been angry for a long time and it’s time the leadership gets its head out of the mud.

South Sudanese civilians have turned against one another. Whether it’s thugs in the street, SPLM-IO in the bushes or the local Equatorian tribes that are killing civilians in angry retaliatory attacks, the murders have to be stopped.

However, the death will not stop as long as Juba adheres to the scapegoating narratives. We know the problem! What’s now required is a solution! Enforceable solution models with measurable outcomes.

When you don’t allow a breathing political space, you encourage civilians to bottle-up their feelings. When you don’t give the civil population and the political opposition an avenue to criticize government functions then you are building a culture of mistrust and clandestine political plots.

Civil populations (especially in Equatoria) that feel targeted by government security apparatuses have no means of airing out their views; but when they find a way to do so, they are silenced. What do you expect frustrated civilians to do?

Statements such as the recent one by the minister of information, Michael Makuei, that Equatorians should be careful or else the SPLA would not differentiate among them as to who is a civilian and who is not, is a sad case. It adds fuel to a situation that’s already ablaze.

And President Kiir’s statement that SPLA is mostly Jieeng because Equatorians don’t want to join the SPLA is nothing short of affirming what Non-Jieeng people say, that SPLA is a Jieeng army. Shouldn’t the government encourage Non-Jieeng to join SPLA in droves instead of blaming them? The leadership isn’t helping.

Jieeng people are targeted when they aren’t benefiting from the parochial elitism that has become Juba. But local Equatorian tribes feel targeted by SPLA security forces; and these tribes don’t’ see a difference between SPLA and Jieeng. They see them as one and the same.

However, instead of leadership coming up with feasible and functional modalities to end this mistrust and develop a cohesive national agenda, the officials fall back on the scapegoat that has already escaped.

Blaming SPLM-in-Opposition isn’t going to stop innocent Jieeng civilians’ death in Equatoria. The people of Equatoria need to feel that the government is their government. They need to understand that Jieeng civilians aren’t the government.

But this isn’t going to be possible as long as SPLA target civilians in Equatoria. Killing of civilians and burning down villages of those assumed to be supporters of ‘rebels’, has been used by Khartoum starting with Al-Azhari in the mid-1950s.

Jieeng civilians are as much victims of Kiir’s government as some Equatorian civilians. Systemic failures have turned tribes against one another.

The leadership needs to devise a strategy and send a multi-tribal leadership team to all 10 states (or the imaginary 28) in the process to encourage inter-tribal dialogue. But this is not a possibility as long as war is still on-going.

The fallacious assumption that if there’s no fighting in Juba then South Sudan is peaceful, is dangerous. A comprehensive end to the war is the only solution to the senseless murders of innocent civilians.

Every single warlord has to come to the peace table. Chest-thumbing will only make things worse. Peace among tribes is only possible if the war is ended comprehensively with no single warlord in the bush.

And this comprehensive peace shouldn’t be brought about by lies, political games and using money to buy support. All parties have to understand and accept peace without coercion.

As long as the leadership in Juba sticks to blame games, our civilians will turn against one another in masses and that’s Rwanda in the making. There should be no more excuses possible here. The blame game should stop!

1991 and 2013 should not be used as an excuse to get away with incompetence! Civilians are dying. 2013 was an ethnic targeting of Nuer by government forces. This time, it’s the average civilians who have turned against one another! This should concern everyone.

Kuir ë Garang is a South Sudanese poet, writer and author currently living in Canada. For contact visit

Equatorian Leaders in Diaspora condemn killings of all civilians in South Sudan

Press Release

We, the Equatorian Leaders in the Diaspora, express our grave concerns over the deteriorating security situation in South Sudan. We believe this insecurity is the direct result of the irresponsible military strategy being pursued by the government of South Sudan and its armed forces. The recent killing of civilians on the Juba-Yei road, and the Juba-Nimule road is a tragedy. We condemn these incidents along with all incidents that have taken place throughout the country where civilians have been targeted.

Civilians have been killed in Juba and elsewhere in Equatoria, at the hands of the so called “UNKNOWN GUNMEN”. These killings preceded the outbreak of the civil war in 2013 and continue to take place with alarming regularity.

We note with regret that President Kiir has shown insufficient concern over these killings. He has consistently failed to ensure that investigations into the killings are conducted and followed through to a satisfactory conclusion.

Only now that the victims are from his own Dinka community, does President Kiir display any alarm or regard for the outcome of the investigation. We believe this demonstrates that the President is partial. We are forced to conclude that he is unfit to govern the country, because he has failed in his obligation to treat all South Sudanese equally.

We are shocked and alarmed by the threatening statement made by Michael Makuei, the Minister of Information on national television. In this statement, he made it clear to communities in Equatoria that the government and its armed forces will not discriminate between combatants and non-combatants when engaged in upcoming counter-insurgency operations.

We have also been made aware of the beatings of innocent Equatorians in Aweil. This MUST stop immediately. These civilians are working for the benefit of their fellow South Sudanese in that area, and have neither incited nor committed any acts of violence. We have learned with regret the escalation of the situation in which “Angry Youth” from Dinka have decided to take matters into their own and have threatened to start killing Equatorians in Dinka land.

According to reliable sources, about a hundred Equatorians are reported to be taking shelter in NGO compound in Aweil, awaiting evacuation, but the Government has refused for them to be evacuated. We express our grave concern of the implications for the whole country if the situation is allowed to carry on in this path.

The ongoing and ethnically discriminatory targeting of innocent civilians in Juba, without due cause, by the National Security Service must also stop.

The solution to ending the misery facing our country is to ensure justice and fairness is accorded to all South Sudanese, and that all citizens are treated fairly and equally. A true and lasting peace will remain elusive while our country is held hostage to the twin injustices of kleptocracy and ethnocentrism, as masterminded by the Jieng Council of Elders, and faithfully implemented by the Government. Peace loving South Sudanese citizens will have no option but to continue to fight for their rights, for justice and for a fairer society in South Sudan.

We end by quoting a reflection by the prominent South Sudanese liberation leader, Mr. Joseph Lagu, on the lessons of pursuing justice without hatred. In this quote, which relates to the mutiny of the Southern Equatoria Corps in August 1955, we are reminded that it is wrong to target individuals on the basis of their ethnicity or appearance:

… Those Southern soldiers who mutinied killed Northerners indiscriminately. Starting with their Northern officers who failed to get away, they then broke out of the garrison into the rest of the town of Torit. From there, they went on the rampage throughout the province of Equatoria and beyond, in the South, killing men, women and children. This was the result of accumulated racial hatred that I shared at the time.

Later, I realised that the massacre of Northern civilians, simply because of their difference in colour of skin and appearance, was wrong. For that we in South Sudan were also guilty of racism. …That is a temptation that often affects us all. It is the evil from which we need to be delivered and protected, as we remember the concluding portion of our Lord’s prayer: ‘And deliver us from evil.’ (Joseph Lagu, 1994)

He further continued:
“Of course, I still maintain that any people deprived of their rights have a cause to struggle for justice. I stand for ‘The struggle for justice without hatred’ because hatred does not make one think soberly. It derails one from the real track, poisons one’s blood and harms oneself far more than the people hated.”

From: Equatorian Leaders in the Diaspora
17th October 2016

1. Mr. Federico Vuni, Equatorian Community Leader in the UK
2. Mr. Kwaje Lasu, Equatorian Community Leader in the USA
3. Mr. Joseph Modi, Equatorian Community Leader in Canada
4. Mr William Orule Equatorian Community Leader in Australia
For correspondence: Mr. Federico Awi Vuni;

MTN: Who’s behind the picking and killing of Dinka MTN?


This press release comes from the office of Jieng Union in East Africa. Jieng Union was formed in 2014 to represent the interest of Dinka people and act as their voice where there is a threat to their existence wherever they are.

Thus, acting on behave of the Dinka people, we, the leaders of Jieng Union in East Africa have noted with great and grave concern as it has come to our attention based on concrete evidence that the war in South Sudan is no longer against the government but against Dinka people because of their ethnicity.

As a matter of fact, which is supported by the evidence of the eye-witnesses and survivors, Dinka people are being targeted by certain organized groups whose intention is to eliminate them in South Sudan. The clear intention of these groups is shown by the use of the word “MTN”.

MTN is a well known South African Telephone Network that stands for Mobile Telephone Network, whose slogan is “Everywhere You Go” because it is found almost in all countries in Africa.

Therefore, the organized groups mentioned in the third paragraph above are using the slogan of the MTN, “Everywhere You Go” to refer to the Dinka people since they are also found everywhere in South Sudan, hence, derogatorily referring to them as “MTN.”

It is not a surprise that since the adoption of the word “MTN” which has now become synonymous with the word “Dinka people”, the killings of Dinka people has increased to disproportionate level.

Dinka people are being targeted everywhere, and in particular, on major roads in South Sudan. These major roads include: Juba-Yei Road, Juba-Mundari Road, Juba-Terekeka Road, Juba-Bor Road, Juba-Torit Road, Juba-Nimule Road, Juba-Kecji-Kecji Road and Yei-Kaya Road. The Vehicles travelling on these major roads are frequently stopped by these groups as already mentioned above, who then search those vehicles to find out whether Dinka people are on them. Once a Dinka person or Dinka people are found on board, they are ordered to go down from the buses or taxis and then killed without any strong reasons but because they are Dinkas.

As a result, many Dinka people have been killed because of their identity and ethnicity. What makes us to conclude that they are being targeted is the fact that once these groups stop the vehicles, they ask passengers to show their identity cards and when it is found out that the holder of the identity card is a Dinka or they are Dinkas, they are ordered to go down from the buses or taxis and immediately executed and dumped on roadsides.

For instance, on 30th of September 2016, 11 Dinka students who were undertaking training in nursing course at Kecji-Kecji in South Sudan were killed on the road from Kecji-Kecji to Juba because of their identity. As the evidence suggested and through the use of the “MTN,” they were singled out among other passengers and mercilessly murdered because they were Dinkas.

Again, on the 2nd of October, 2016, three (3) traffic Dinka police officers were killed in cold blood at Aruu Junction because of their identity.

On October 8, 2016, about 200 Dinka people, mostly women, children and elderly who were travelling from Yei to Juba were massacred in cold blood simply because they were Dinka members. On the same day as the killing was going on, on Juba-Yei Road, Dinka people who were staying at Rom Village at Meluth County in Eastern Nile State of South Sudan were killed and their houses burned down because they were Dinka people.

What makes the killings mentioned in the above paragraph even worse and heartbreaking was the way they were killed. They were killed and after that the dead bodies were mutilated and finally burned beyond recognition. It was horrific and gruesome killing and at the same time inhuman.

There are a lot of evidence substantial the existence of these horrible killings has already taken away hundreds of lives of Dinka people who are killed through target killings since the beginning of 2016 because of their identity and ethnicity.

Apart from killings, there are also evidences which show that the abovementioned groups are organized with the sole mission to use all means to eliminate Dinka people. For instance, these groups have now resorted into checking the names of Dinka people in the telephones of non-Dinka people and if the Dinka names are found in mobile telephones of non-Dinka, then the person whose telephone contain the name of the Dinka is detained and beaten because he has the name of Dinka people in his or her telephone.

In addition, these groups also check the logbook of the vehicle if the logbook is registered in name of the Dinka, then, the car, taxi or the bus is burned. This explains why Eco bus registration number SSB 154A which was burnt to ashes. According to the report, the attackers identified themselves as enemies of the Dinka people, fighting to take over government in South Sudan. They accused the Dinka and Ugandans of supporting the government of President Salva Kiir.

So their rationale of killing Dinkas is to eliminate of all of them because they are supporting the government, thus indiscriminately killing all children, women and elderly contrary to the international humanitarian law as we shall explain latter in this work.

We have, therefore, come to the conclusion that killing of Dinka people which include children, women and elder is not because of their support to the government but because of their ethnicity and identity.
Thus, the purpose of this press release is threefold: first of all, to condemn these barbaric killings in the strongest term possible, secondly, to bring to the attention of the international community that Dinka people are being targeted because of their ethnicity and therefore are entitled to self-defense unless the groups behind the killings stop the activities of extra-judicial killings with immediate effect, and finally, to warn these groups to unconditionally stop killings our people.

Condemnation of targeting killings against Dinka people
We, the leaders of Jieng Union in East Africa have condemned these barbaric killings of our people in the strongest terms possible. We would like to bring to the attention of these groups behind the killings of our people to the fact that the international human rights law, regional human rights law and South Sudan national law give the Dinka people the rights to life, security, integrity of persons and the rights to self-defense.

Thus, killings Dinka people due to their ethnicity violates the prohibition on the arbitrary deprivation of the right to life, which they enjoy under the law. In addition, these groups must know that during a non-international armed conflict, directing attacks against civilians not directly participating in hostilities, including extra-judicial killings is the violation of Additional Protocol II and Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions, which prohibits all violence directed against them including murder, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture.

We condemn these groups of people who target our Dinka people because of their ethnicity. Their actions of killing Dinka people who are innocent civilians based on their ethnicity amount to discriminatory diverse treatment, which is a violation of the international human rights law that prohibits discrimination. In addition, it also amounts to the violation of common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions and fundamental guarantees set forth in Article 4 of the Additional Protocol II.

We further strongly condemn the deliberate, ethnicity-based attacks on our people, which are widespread and systematic. The violence being directed against Dinka people is clearly defined by its scale and method, which indicates that they are being targeted because of their ethnicity. For instance, killings of our people is not random, accidental or isolated acts of violence, but rather it involves a high level of preparation that we believe it follows a certain pattern as indicated by the use of the word “MTN” to refer to Dinka people for easy identification and targeting.

We must stress that target killings and other acts of violence against Dinka people can constitute serious violations of international humanitarian law. Moreover, depending on the circumstances, which are met in this case, if established before the Court of law, such acts also amount to the violation of Article 13 (2) of Additional Protocol II.

We condemn and tell whoever is behind the killing of Dinka people that what they are doing is collective punishment, which is a reprisal directed against them due to their perceived support to the government, which is contrary to the international human rights law. The attacks on Dinka people who are accused of supporting the government of South Sudan can constitute a collective punishment which is in contravention of Article 4 (2) (b) of the Additional Protocol II.

Therefore, we condemn the killings of our people unreservedly and we would like to bring to the attention of all the International Community members that the war in South Sudan is no longer civil war between the government and the oppositions but it is now being directed against Dinka people because of their ethnicity since they are Dinka people were the President is coming from.

Our Information or warning to the International Community
As leaders of Jieng Community in East Africa, we have found it imperative to bring to the attention of the International Community that we are extremely disappointed and dismayed by the impotent response from the International Community to condemn these barbaric and inhuman acts which is in contravention of the international human rights and humanitarian law.

We would like also to inform the International Community that we, the Dinka people know how to fight and we can do it to the required standard but in this case, we have not chosen to adopt the violent means resolving the problems despite the fact that many of our people have been killed in cold blood.

The reason we have been keeping quiet and just watched helplessly though our people are being murdered everyday is because we need peace and unity in South Sudan. In other words, our interest is to save lives of innocent people and also to ensure that dispute is solved peacefully in South Sudan.

However, the way things have reached now as our people are being murdered mercilessly, we are likely to rethink our approach unless the groups behind the killings of our people stop with immediate effect. Thus, our information or warning is going to the international Community or whoever are in the contact with the rebels or these criminals who are killings our people to tell them to stop immediately and unconditionally. If they don’t stop these terrorist activities of targeting our people, we shall be forced to take the law into our hands to defend our people and since we have already warned the whole world in this press release, no one will again raise an accusing finger towards us because we are entitled to self-defense if we are being killed.

Warning to the people behind the killings of Dinka People
We would like to reiterate our call on these groups to stop killings innocent Dinka people and if they do not give heed to our appeal to stop inhuman activities, then this serves as a warning that unless the killings of our people stop with immediate effect, we shall be forced to take the law into our hands to defend ourselves. At that point, there will be no compromise as we shall begin with those who are working in Dinka areas and who come from the areas from which we suspect the people killings Dinka people to be coming from.

Inclusion, this press release is not intended to incite Dinka youth as we would like to emphasize that, we, the Dinka people need peace in South Sudan but we would also like to stress that though we need peace, the peace should not be maintained at our expenses because we are also citizens of South Sudan and we should be given equal treatment. We cannot be killed without defending ourselves on the ground that there is a need for peace in South Sudan. The role of peace keeping is for every citizen in South Sudan irrespective of their ethnical backgrounds.
Therefore, we again call upon the people killing our people to stop killing them and if they do not, then we shall be forced to fight in self-defense if these subversive and barbaric activities of killings our people due to their ethnicity do not stop.

By the office of Jieng Union in Diaspora (East Africa) and undersigned by the people listed below:
Signed by
Name Title Signature
1. Peter Maniel Kuc Chairperson of Jieng Union (+256774343608)
2. Mabior Ikau Chairperson of Greater Bahr el Ghazal made up of ten states
3. Koul Monytong Chairperson of Jieng Padang
4. Ngor Mayor Chairperson of Greater Lakes State made up of three States
5. Akot Garang Chairperson of Aweil States
6. Machar Chol Chairperson of Greater Warrap States

Note the Copies have been given to all the embassies, the UN High Commission for Human Rights office in Uganda and other civil societies. The photos shown below are for those who have been killed on the road because they are members of Dinka ethnic group.

The article entitled: Who is behind the picking and killing of MTN? A nickname for Dinkas in South Sudan. MTN is a network with logo of “everywhere you go”, the business company’s logo becomes nickname for Dinka in South Sudan. They ask people in vehicles, is there MTN? They said yes if available or no if not!
By David Matiop Gai, Juba South Sudan

The author is a co-founder of National Mental Health Care Organization; He holds Bachelor degree in Social work and social Administration from SSCUST, Bachelor degree in Theology from CLT in Kalispell, Montana USA, and a fellow researcher. He can be reach at

The above photo is of the nurse students who were training at Kecji-Kecji in South Sudan because he was a Dinka.

The person being carried in the above photo was one of the victims in Juba-Yei Road Massacre on 8/10/2016

The people who are lying dead in the above photo were some of the victims in Juba-Yei Road Massacre where over 200 people mostly women and children were killed on 8/10/2016

The vehicle above is carrying people killed on target killing because they are Dinka

The above photo is one of the massacres of Dinka people in target killings