Archive for: September 2016

Linkage between ARCISS’ Abrogation and ‘Dinka Development Plan for 200 Years: A Response to the Jieng Council of Elders’

BY: Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, PhD, SEP/30/2016, SSN;

It is a truism that ‘war is better than a bad peace’ and this is pertinent in the context of South Sudan. The ‘Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan’ (ARCISS) the Inter-Governmental Authority on Desertification (IGAD) brokered for two years, and the parties signed in August 2015, has collapsed consequent to lack of political will to implement it.

On initialing the peace agreement, President Salva Kiir registered reservations declaring that the ‘agreement will not be implemented because it was imposed from outside.’ It took the parties eight months to form the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

Moreover, barely two months into the formation of TGoNU in April 2016, the ARCISS collapsed plunging the country into another cycle of civil war.

The current crisis in the country trace back to the political failures of the SPLM/SPLA as the political-military force that dominated the politics of South Sudan since the war of national liberation. The ethnicization of politics shifted the focus to control of power and resources.

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) emerged as the strongest power broker close to President Salva Kiir, who did not blink at the political and economic empowerment of the Dinka elite. The eruption of violence in December 2013, barely two years into the independence of South Sudan, therefore became inevitable.

The agreement, therefore, was an attempt to reconcile factions of a class that made zero-sum game the power to control financial and economic resources of the country. It did not address the fundamental contradictions the SPLM led Government of South Sudan (GOSS) precipitated in nearly eleven years of misgovernment that condemned the people to extreme conditions of poverty and ignorance, making it easy for the political military elite to manipulate and fragment along ethnic and regional fault lines.

That the SPLM/A (IO) acquiesced and signed this agreement attributes to its political and military weaknesses. It prosecuted the war without clear strategic political and military objectives and did not build an army capable of confronting the government army.

This explains Salva Kiir’s reluctance to implement the agreement which makes Dr. Riek Machar the first vice president. It was therefore easy for President Salva to conspire, exploiting the differences that emerged within the SPLM/A (IO) leadership, to push Dr. Riek Machar out of TGoNU and abrogate the peace agreement.

It is possible and indeed necessary to view in that light the events of July 2016 leading to renewed conflict and subsequent withdrawal of the SPLM/A (IO) from Juba. The death of the peace agreement ensures Salva Kiir’s grip on power.

Salva Kiir’s main objectives or rather his raison d’êtré as president of the Republic of South Sudan is to entrench himself in power, and through this one-man dictatorship promote Dinka hegemony and domination over the other sixty-four non-Dinka entities in South Sudan.

The upsurge of Dinka ethnic nationalism with its ideology of superiority, because only of their demographic weight, is therefore one of the driving forces in the civil war.

Touted by the reactionary elements of the Dinka political elite, this fascist ideology represents negative ethnicity that renders explosive ethnic multiplicity that constitutes the South Sudan reality.

The objective is to define South Sudan on the parameter of Dinka-ism and state to be governed according to Dinka culture as proposed by the Jieng Council of Elders.

The outward aspect of this strategy is the political and economic empowerment of the Dinka people. In this context, the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) and the intellectual think tanks cum research centres: The Sudd Institute (supported by the Office of the President) and Ebony Centre (sourced by World Bank and IMF) have emerged as the power brokers behind Salva Kiir’s presidency.

The Dinka takeover of South Sudan from the Arab-dominated North Sudan, conceived in the context of the war of national liberation, would not be completed without the construction of a totalitarian dictatorship.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit has achieved this with the support of the National Security Service, Military Intelligence, Presidential Guards, Police, Prisons, Wildlife Forces, Civil Defence, the Judiciary and the Central Bank of South Sudan, all headed by Dinka nationals.

The control of the army and the security forces becomes important to intimidate and suppress any resistance to Dinka hegemony. President Salva Kiir in 2013 transformed into war what essentially was political contradiction in the SPLM to pre-empt Dr. Riek Machar ascendancy to the top leadership of the SPLM through a democratic process.

The targeting of ethnic Nuers in Juba was to send a clear message to the other non-Dinka entities about what would happen to them should their leaders aspire for the top job in the country.

The JCE is the policy instrument of Dinka nationalism. Comprising representatives from the Dinka sections and subsections, its mandate is to lobby for the social, economic and political interests of the Dinka.

It impresses on President Salva Kiir for Dinka control of the economy through preferential economic empowerment and sourcing of Dinka businesses by dishing out lucratively overpriced government contracts including letters of credit.

Most of the corrupt businesses in South Sudan belong to Dinka political and military elite close to President Salva Kiir.

They corrupted the business in forex through the Governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan, whereby the CBOSS gave them free access to convertible currency at the official rate of 2.9 SSP (South Sudanese pounds) to the dollar to sell at the parallel market at 18 SSP to the dollar.

They led to floating of the South Sudan Pound came against this policy with the objective to put out of business the non-Dinka businesses who had no access to foreign currency issued by the Central Bank of South Sudan. This eroded the purchasing power of the SSP, which deepened the economic crisis.

The JCE promotes, without shame, migration of Dinka en masse with their cattle to settle as communities in non-Dinka areas in Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal to establish their own traditional administration. This raised tensions and conflicts with the Acholi, Madi, Kuku, Kakwa, Moro, Azande, Shilluk, Nuer, and the fertit.

The idea was to have Dinka representation in all the states of South Sudan especially in traditionally non-Dinka regions.

The Establishment Order 36/2015 creating twenty-eight states essentially legitimizes the encroachment on and grabbing of ancestral lands of non-Dinka entities. It awards the Dinka 42% of land area of South Sudan fulfilling their ambition to access borders of East Africa and DR Congo.

There is also another disturbing dimension to the land grabbing, and how it ties up with the emerging Dinka parasitic capitalist class in the context of commercialized agricultural production.

It is not surprising some South Sudanese (Dinka and Nuer) connected to global capital and finance institutions have mortgaged much of rich potential lands in South Sudan and deposited this money in overseas banks. This is how low these people have gone to purchase real estate in Australia, America, Arab Gulf and East Africa.

This is double insult: denying social and economic development to our people by stealing the oil money and at the same time mortgage the land in order to render landless the masses of our people.

Some of the JCE rent seekers are involved in this scheme to the risk of fomenting conflict among Jieng sections, which surfaced recently in Malek in southern Bor area where they wanted to dispossess the Muonythanh of their ancestral lands.

Against this background, I want to discuss the “JCE Master Plan: Dinka Development for 200 years” signed by four members of the JCE, namely Ambrose Riiny Thiik, Joshua Dau Diu, Aldo Ajou Deng, Maker Thiong Maal and Permena Awieral Aluong and published by SSN (this website) on 14th September. The authenticity of the document cannot be doubted, the absence of their signatures notwithstanding.

South Sudanese people have not fragmented along ethnic fault lines as they are today and one finds intellectuals of the calibres of Justice Ambrose Riiny Thiik authoring such fascist policy document; one must really forget about South Sudan we have struggled for nearly six decades to place on the world map.

I am beginning to reminisce the night in 2004 when the SPLM activists burnt the House of Nationalities t-shirts. I am also beginning to understand why the SPLM shunted political education meant to raise the level of political consciousness among the combatants and the civil population.

It now confirms in my mind that the SPLM/A was a Dinka power project. Perhaps Salva Kiir is less sophisticated or has the time now come for what was mooted silently before during the war of national liberation to peddle openly, come what may.

The idea of one ethnic community in South Sudan, whatever their demographic weight, lording it over the sixty-four nationalities for two hundred years is something only myopic minds can conceive and put to plan. It is primitive, sadistic and fatalistic to say the least.

It smacks of the outburst of late Dr. Justin Yac Arop, which added to the flames of ‘kokora’ in early eighties.

It renders impossible ‘unity in diversity,’ which we fought against the successive Arab dominated Sudanese regimes.

This mindless arrogance has one positive consequence. It has demonstrated the political and moral bankruptcy of the JCE members on the one hand while on the other hand, it has united all the other ethnicities in the relentless struggle to overthrow this kleptocratic totalitarian regime erected and buttressed by the JCE.

While at that, I call on the progressive minded and patriotic Dinka to disown and condemn this plan, some elements of which are now being implemented, like the appointment of Hon. Lino Makana as the speaker of the National Legislative Assembly to blue print JCE policies. It is not feasible in the twenty first century.

South Sudan is burning in all its different regions. The cause of this conflict is the misguided ethnic politics pushed by the JCE.

The social and humanitarian impact of the conflict is staggering. The social capital, that bounded our people for centuries enabling them to undertake common struggle against foreign invaders, has been shattered beyond repairs. It will take political good will and patriotism to mend it.

What then should be done?

The JCE has imposed its war on the people of South Sudan. The writings are on the wall for everybody to read. Many people have already responded and have taken up arms not necessarily in the context of the SPLM/A (IO) but sui moto.

It is reminiscent of the early days of the first war in the sixties when students, youth, elderly and even women took to the bush with whatever was in their hands to fight against injustice, oppression, domination and exploitation by joining the ranks and file of the Anya-nya Land Freedom Army.

This time, it is different. The enemy is a local despot surrounded by his kin and kith purporting to represent the social, economic and political interests of the Dinka.

The war has a class character and must be fought differently using ideological and military tools. It is struggle between those who have looted the resources of the country since 2005 on the one hand and the masses of our people who have been denied social and economic development during the eleven years since the CPA.

In this context, the national democratic revolution pops up imperceptibly. A national democratic revolution with the strategic objective of constructing a national democratic state in South Sudan to accommodate all our people.

The national democratic state is to address the current social, economic and political crisis afflicting South Sudan. It should address the nationality/ethnicity question wrongly articulated by the JCE in terms of Jieng hegemony and domination over the other sixty-four nationalities that populate South Sudan.

This calls for unity of purpose of all the fighting groups around a common objective of regime change and transforming the lives of our people.

The correct definition of the problem will facilitate the charting of a minimum program for achieving the objective. It is the only way to frustrate, destroy and prevent the implementation of the “JCE Master Plan: Dinka Development Plan for 200 year”.

Long live the struggle for freedom, justice, fraternity and democracy
Long live the memory of the martyrs
Long live South Sudan
Shame and down to the JCE
Aluta continua

Peter Adwok Nyaba
30 September 2016

Nation Building in an innovation: A lesson learned from Gok State

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala- Uganda, SEP/28/2016, SSN;

Though it is inappropriate to rejoice at this moment in which it has been bad time for Gok Community for losing one of its respected and hard working generals (may his soul rest in peace), it is also important to inform Gok people and the rest of the world for the Great development that has just taken place in Gok State.

Telling the good news at this critical time in which Gok people are morning their son is based on the Dinka’s saying that though a person dies, people should continue to eat in order to survive.

Thus, based on the above Dinka’s saying, I would like to tell all the Gok people, South Sudanese and the rest of the world good news that Gok State has received a gift from China as I will explain what the gift is about shortly.

Nonetheless, before I explain the important gift given to Gok State and Gok people by the Chinese people through Government of South Sudan , it is imperative to tell those who may not be aware about Gok State and the economic standing of China in the world.

Gok is one of the 28 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Tonj to the west and Western Lakes to the east. It should be noted that last year (2015) this time, it was not known that that there was going to be something called Gok State that was going to be recognized by one of the second largest economies in the world: China.

However, due to the work of God through the President of South Sudan, H.E. General Kiir Mayordit and the presence of the right leadership in Gok State who cares for nothing but the welfare of Gok people, Gok State is today being recognized by China.

It is important to note in regard to China as explained in Wikipedia that China is the world’s second largest economy by nominal GDP, and the world’s largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the IMF, although China’s National Bureau of Statistics rejects this claim.

In addition, China is a global hub for manufacturing, and is the largest manufacturing economy in the world as well as the largest exporter of goods in the world.

In short, China is also the world’s fastest growing consumer market and second largest importer of goods in the world. In other words, China is a net importer of services products.

As explained above, China has a lot of incentives to give to the people of the World in terms of technology, infrastructure and economic aid. These and many others beyond this paper can only be accessed where there is peace, security and the rule of law.

Having briefly discussed what is the Gok State and the Chinese Economic standing in the world, it is important to go to the final point as to what gift the Chinese Government and her people have given to the people of Gok State.

The Chinese Government and her people have decided to provide Gok State and her people with development as a gift for the year, 2016 and this development is going to be in three areas: agricultural; infrastructural and health facilities development.

In fact, concerning this development, I have received true information from the right source coming from the office of the Governor of Gok State that two delegates from Gok State went to China to work on the development deals with the Chinese government. The two delegates are: Finance minister and the speaker of Gok State Assembly.

The Chinese Government is going to begin with the process of building State Legislative Assembly and later, the building of State hospital and agricultural development respectively.

Hence, as it has been stated by the former Vice President of Kenya, Kijana Wamala who died in 2003, anything done in good faith should be given a chance to succeed. It is, therefore, imperative that we Gok people should be grateful to the Governor of Gok State for putting our interest and welfare above everything.

Moreover, it is important to observe that it is history that Gok State is receiving development gift from the second super power and the second largest economic power house for the first time since the independence of South Sudan. All these are only possible due to the leadership of Madhang Majok.

It is a real gift because looking at the economic conditions of South Sudan, which put the prospect of development to the periphery of thoughts of many people and makes everybody a beggar, we should be grateful to the Chinese Government for the gift of development.

In addition, the Gok people should be grateful the government of South Sudan for giving them an opportunity to realize their potentials in the above stated areas and the question is: what prompts the decision of the Chinese Government in collaboration with the South Sudanese Government to choose Gok State as one of the first States among twenty eight (28) States to receive development package from China at this bad economic time in South Sudan?

In my opinion and in answering the above questions, three factors are critical. These are: stable security, relative peace and good leadership, which explain the reason why Gok State caught the attention of South Sudan and Chinese Government and her people.

Since the appointment of the current Governor, Hon. Madhang Majok Meen late last year, stable security, relative peace, rule of law and good leadership have been enjoyed by Gok people.

What is critical for development of any country or state is peace and innovation. But above all, “peace is the greatest weapon for development that any person can have” as Nelson Mandela puts one day.

In summary, nation or state building is an innovation that is achieved through peace, stable security, rule of law and good leadership and all of us who are aspiring to the become politicians in order to rule South Sudan should learn a lesson from Gok State and where the Governor and his Government got it right.

Otherwise, as we cry for the loss of the son of Gok State, Late General John Laat Makoi, we should also appreciate the governments of China and South Sudan for choosing Gok State among twenty States by saying that a friend in need is a friend indeed.

NB//: the author is the South Sudanese Human Rights lawyer and can be reached through: +256783579256;

South Sudan top Catholic Bishop Santo Laku, accuses leaders of carelessness causing war and suffering


A top Roman Catholic bishop in South Sudan has decried the cause of war in the country, asserting that carelessness brings curse and suffering to the people. Santo Laku, auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Juba told Christians during a homily after nearly a month of being out of church service that it was time for the leaders to stop spreading lies that there is peace in the country and that people are not suffering.

“There is no need to tell lies. Lies do not serve us. They do not help us. This country is getting down. We need to get up and stand strong and say God help us to carve a new way, rather than denying the suffering of the people.”

He continued: “We cannot deny the suffering of these people. How many young men and women are in prison today uncharged? People are locked in containers uncharged. This country can only be built on justice. When somebody commits anything, he should be brought in front of the law, according to the constitution, although our constitution is also sick with Malaria.”

His remarks come just days after South Sudan first Vice President, Taban Deng, addressed the general assembly of the United Nations at which he opposed deployment of the regional protection forces, claiming the country was peaceful and was only in need of humanitarian assistance instead of peacekeepers.

The outspoken bishop called on South Sudanese to share the blessing of the country rather than stealing the money for personal benefit.

He said the Lord called the people to share the blessing bestowed on humanity and leaders should uphold to the commandment of God giving the blessing for charity.

“Social charity is a direct demand of humans and Christian brotherhood and sisterhood. Human and Christian Brotherhood existed long time. God is demanding all from Human beings social Justice. Today there is wide spread disregard for the law of human solidarity and charity as we can see dictated by our common origin in the rationale nature of human beings. There is something very important in our life that makes us human,” he explained.

He said people of South Sudan like the people of Israel at the time of prophet Amos lack moral and religious responsibility causing death and displacement of thousands of residents all over the country.

“We were bestowed with a lot of resources when we came in 2005; we voted for independence, we had oil, resources which other countries do not have. What happened with these resources, many people are poor today or rich? Where is the oil money? Who has taken them? What is the money used for? If I ask these questions they say the bishop is talking politics.”

The bishop pointed that South Sudanese are suffering and fighting is ongoing due to what he called the carelessness of the country’s leadership.

“Carelessness brings a curse and brings suffering. The suffering of our country today is because of the carelessness of the leaders. Whether the leaders of the church or the leaders of the country, we have been careless and because of this carelessness now there is suffering.”

The religious leader said South Sudan only measured its progress by personal economic prosperity and forgot the moral prosperity which he said is weak, causing unnecessary ongoing evil in the new nation.

“True health of the society cannot be measured merely by economic prosperity. We have seen it already. It must be assessed by the moral performance of the community of the nation. Our prosperity of having the oil was not enough. Our moral responsibility has been weak,” he pointed out.

“That is why we are able to rape women and children. We rape them our sisters, South Sudanese. This is a poor moral responsibility that we lost. We are able to kill our own brothers and sisters. Why?” he asked.

“Because of oil, because of money, because of resources. Who gave us those resources, God. We start dividing ourselves into ethnic lines, political lines and we start destroying our nation.”

He said justice in all forms is essential for a proper functioning of a society. “If there is no justice in a society, in a community, then there is no social harmony. No peace. Why we are fighting today, why there is war in the country today because there is injustice and this has to be ‘injustice in capital letters.’

The perpetrators of social injustice in South Sudan, he explained, confuse their time by hypocritical religious acts such as by attending religious functions so that the public looks at them as holy.

“Those who perpetrate injustice they always come to church. They sit in front line. They ask for choirs to go and sing in their family. They move with the bible, with the cross and you think they are men of God, ‘Welle!’ No!”

He said in South Sudan there is at highest level ongoing corruption, embezzlement, injustices, oppression of the poor, flight of the capital including the Bank reserves. This, he said, accounts for the country’s instability.

“If the rich get richer at the expense of the poor who continue to sink into abject poverty and the poorest person in the world is found in South Sudan and one of the richest is found in South Sudan. How did this man become so rich and another become so poor that even and his grass house is torched.”

“Somebody has a Mansion, a building that is of multi-million dollars in South Sudan and a South Sudanese who has only a tukul, the tukul soldiers are sent to burn that tukul. So what kind of country is this? What is happening? The poor is even made poorer. He is deprived even of a grass house. The elite prosper educationally. They educate their family members at the expense of the nation. They build Mansions with stolen money. They pay unjust wages and continue the exploitation of the poor on day-to-day basis.”

He said people are paid low wages that do not even feed a single family member at the current market prices for a month. The economy, he said, is made to suit the interest of the rich who have houses all over in the world, saying those who remain in power leaving their population suffering in poverty should be condemned. He said some church leaders in South Sudan are afraid to tell the country leaders they are wrong but rather go to the palace to bless them.

“How many of our preachers today went to those palaces and blessed those corrupt leaders? How many of them? You become afraid to tell them that they’re wrong,” he said.

“Our people are dying, our people are suffering, there is no peace in the country, there is no freedom of speech, there is no freedom of movement, there is insecurity, Gali (that) we are in peace, the religious leaders saying that isn’t you, is it true that we are in peace?”

“And yet this religious leader cannot go to Yei by himself. In our country today the song of peace has been sung but the injustices have not been addressed. You cannot sing the song of peace without addressing the injustices caused on the people. How can you burn my tukul and you ask me to be peaceful and you do not allow me to go and cut the grass to build another tukul. How?”

“You burn the tukul, you send me away, but give me an opportunity to go and collect the grass so that I build another tukul. But if I am not allowed to go and collect the grass yet my tukul is gone and I am told to be peaceful, even a mad man cannot accept this.”

In South Sudan people fear to keep silent when told to say Oyeee (SPLM slogan) just to protect their jobs.

Bishop Laku welcomed The Sentry report and said it is a shame to be millionaire among the poor.

“If you are a thief, there are people who are more thieves like you. So the mujiremin (thieves) of the world are now looking for the stolen money of South Sudan. I hope my name will not be among those ones. If your name is among those ones be careful. The money is being looked after, is being looked for now.”

“Is it not a shame somebody is a millionaire in South Sudan and there is a young boy, a young girl in the streets looking for one pound and cannot find it and nobody can give to that boy, to that girl that one pound. I want to be rich. I need to have houses everywhere. My children should be the only ones to go to school. The rest of the children, let them go to hell. No,” the bishop said.

The Holy Bishop Santo Laku asked South Sudanese to be merciful to each other as the only way to enjoy the country and to reduce quarrels among the communities.

south sudan top religious leader says carelessness cause war”

Morobo, Yei River (Equatoria) State, reportedly has fallen to SPLA-IO

Kajo-keji, September 26, 2016;

Unconfirmed report indicates that Moroba was captured by heavily armed men believed to be associated with SPLA-IO. According to unconfirmed reports in the past few days, fighting to maintain and to capture Morobo has intensified between government forces and the armed men. According to some reports both sides have brought in more reinforcements to maintain their positions and stronghold.

There have been clashes in and around Morobo border town, but it has intensified on Monday morning when the government forces according to some people who left Morobo town heading to Kaya said the armed men have overrun the military garrison and have burnt all the buildings in Morobo military garrison.

Further report said Morobo was captured at dawn by the heavily armed men, mostly believed to be the local youth who have taken up arms against the government after members of their families were either killed or arbitrarily being kept in detention by government security forces.

Government forces, according to fleeing residents, said to have joined the civilian exodus, some have melted among civilians in plain civilian clothes now heading towards Kaya on the Uganda border. However South Sudan liberty cannot independently verify the fall of Morobo to the hands of rebels’ forces or the so called armed men.

What we can confirm with certainty is that fighting has been going on around and within Morobo for weeks. Many civilians have vacated the area for fear of their lives, because government security forces are targeting civilians in the area based on their ethnicities.

In similar development, Amadi in Western Equatoria, is reported to have seen heavy fighting between government forces and unknown gunmen since last weekend. It is predicted that in a matter of days if not weeks before the armed men will capture it from the government forces according to the report coming from Amadi.

Groups of armed men fighting in the area have predicted that government forces are now overstretched with no resources, they predicted that without fresh recruitment from Equatorian regions joining the Dinka-centric army, this has left the government in a very vulnerable and weak position; the government could no longer afford to send their exhausted and malnourished militias from Bahr el Ghazal to every corner to protect the Dinka interests.

In the past 72 hours, fighting was reported in Benitu, the state capital of oil-rich Unity State, so clearly speaking, the country is on the verge of collapsing, and though the government is trying to keep it from falling apart, the next few weeks will be the judgment day for Kiir and a D-Day for the people of Republic of South Sudan.

J. Roberts Swaka

No Cantonment Sites in Equatoria without Riek Machar in Government: SPLM/A-IO

SEP/26/2016, SSN;

South Sudan needs peace but this peace won’t be attained without Dr. Riek Matcher in any Government of the transitional Unity. Hence there is no way for the SPLM-IG and her International Partners will sideline Dr. Riek Macher in search of national peace because the Peace we need, Dr. Riek is part to it.

De facto, the approval of the Cantonment areas in Greater Equatoria by the SPLM-IG and the act of sidelining the SPLM-IO Dr. Riek Macher from the Government won’t resolved our National political crisis but worsen it because the problem of instability facing this nation is not the making of Dr. Riek Macher but making of the odd policies and practices of the SPLM-IG that is facing this nation, which is turning the peaceful citizens of this great Nation to arms themselves against the government.

In this regard, whether International Community will force Dr. Riek Machar into Exile or not, as long there is SPLM-IG under the
concurrent corrupt, tribal, dictatorial and visionless leadership of Salva Kirr and Taban Deng Gai, there will never be peace and
therefore, any efforts of International Community to bring peace and set the Country on its feet won’t work if International Community ignores to realize the magnitude of Dr. Riek Macher in South Sudan’s political affairs.

Dr. Riek Macher is remains the national recognized leader of the marginalized people, who increasingly enjoying the popular supports of south Sudanese from all works of life; therefore, any attempt to peripheral him political by SPLM-IG and International Community, will intensify the crisis and make South Sudan ungovernable.

We will neither accept any transitional Government without Dr. Riek Macher being part of it, nor accept cantonment areas in Greater Equatoria without Dr. Riek Macher being part to the Transition Government.

The approval of the cantonment areas for Greater Equatorial region will never bring peace because Cantonment is not the real grievance that made us to go to the bush, and fight against the regime of SPLM under the leadership of Salva Kirr.

The cantonment never means solution to our national problems as SPLM-IO forces from Great Equatoria; the solutions to our problems is laid on good political will of the government to give in for total reforms we demanded, and warrant national democratic systems to enhance freedom, justices and sustainable development that will restore the rights and dignities of south Sudanese at large.

Dr. Riek Macher is part to the national Peace and stability, therefore without Riek, never will there be peace and stability because SPLM-IG alone cannot bring peace and stability but crisis that we are trying hard to avoided.

The Government of Salva Kirr and Taban Deng with their International partners must know that, the SPLM-IO forces in Greater Equatoria Region remained royally to the leadership of Dr. Riek Macher and therefore, we are not going to these Cantonment areas, but will continue to fight with objectivity of ousting the regime of SPLM-IG that is manifested by corruption, tribalism, dictatorship, injustices and lack of political will to bring an end to the sufferings of the innocent souls in South Sudan.


Brigadier General John Sunday Martin
SPLA (IO) 3rd Brigade Commander
Division 9
Western Equatoria

Freeze assets of these warlords to bring peace to South Sudan


In Summary:
**Kenyan companies and individuals have also been benefiting from the conflict in South Sudan because Nairobi is the preferred residence of many South Sudanese warlords.
**President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar and top military officers in the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army and South Sudan’s armed forces own or rent luxurious homes in Nairobi and have accounts in Kenyan banks through which they have laundered millions of dollars.
**South Sudan’s leaders are enjoying first-class lifestyles in Nairobi while at least half of South Sudan’s population faces starvation and more than two million people are internally displaced.

During the tenure of Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government from 2004 till 2012, Nairobi was jokingly referred to as “the capital of Somalia” because most Somali government officials spent more time in the Kenyan capital than in Mogadishu.

These officials often met in the lobbies of posh hotels in Nairobi, where decisions about Somalia were made and business deals cut.

It is believed that corrupt Somali officials and warlords laundered their ill-gotten wealth by buying property in Nairobi.

Until African Union forces liberated sections of Mogadishu in 2011, few Somali presidents dared to move into Villa Somalia except maybe for a few days at a time; they spent more time in their Nairobi homes. Nairobi thus remained the nerve centre of the Somali government.

Because much of Somalia is considered a no-go zone by the United Nations, most of the UN’s Somalia operations are based in Nairobi. Supplies for these operations are procured in Kenya.

Kenyan companies have thus benefited financially from the conflict in Somalia. It is no wonder that Kenya has been rated as among the top 10 suppliers of goods and services to the UN.

Apparently Kenyan companies and individuals have also been benefiting from the conflict in South Sudan because Nairobi is the preferred residence of many South Sudanese warlords. According to a damning investigative report titled War Crimes Shouldn’t Pay, published by The Sentry, (foreword by George Clooney and John Prendergast), both President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar and top military officers in the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army and South Sudan’s armed forces own or rent luxurious homes in Nairobi and have accounts in Kenyan banks through which they have laundered millions of dollars.

Kenya’s property market and banking sector thus appear to have been big beneficiaries of South Sudan’s conflict.

The report confirms that the rivalry between Kiir and Machar is not so much about ethnic divisions as about competition over the country’s vast natural resources.

South Sudan’s leaders are enjoying first-class lifestyles in Nairobi while at least half of South Sudan’s population faces starvation and more than two million people are internally displaced. It is believed that Kiir and Machar’s armies could be responsible for the deaths of up to 300,000 people.

For years, South Sudan was the darling of the United States, which mistakenly believed that its war of secession with the north was about Christianity, not greed.

Western countries have provided billions of dollars of aid to South Sudan. Yet it is clear to all and sundry that Kiir and Machar and their generals have blood on their hands and are responsible for crimes against humanity that should ideally be referred to the International Criminal Court.

One way of ending the rivalry between these two men could be to freeze their assets in Kenya until they bring a semblance of normalcy to their bruised and battered country. END

D. Lam Akol forms political party, NDM, to get rid of Kiir and the SPLM

By FRED OLUOCH, THE EAST AFRICAN, Saturday, September/24/2016;

Former South Sudan agriculture minister Lam Akol has formed a new political party, which he says will inject some ideology into the country’s politics.
Dr Akol, who hails from Malakal in Upper Nile State, is the former leader of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), which he used to contest the presidency against President Kiir in the 2010 elections. He lost.

Former South Sudan agriculture minister Lam Akol has formed a new political party, which he says will inject some ideology into the country’s politics.

In an exclusive interview with The EastAfrican in Nairobi, Dr Akol said his new party, the National Democratic Movement (NDM), will fight against totalitarianism, corruption and ethnicity.

Dr Akol, who resigned from the Transitional Government in August on the grounds that President Salva Kiir had gone against the peace agreement, said that NDM will work closely with Dr Riek Machar and other groups to take over the government from President Kiir.

Core message

He said NDM aims to bring together political and civil society groups with the core message being to bring about change through politics, diplomacy and, if necessary, the military.

“These are groups who want to base their political discourse on the transformation of centuries-old conditions of poverty, illiteracy and the culture of violence,” said Dr Akol.

Dr Akol, who hails from Malakal in Upper Nile State, is the former leader of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), which he used to contest the presidency against President Kiir in the 2010 elections. He lost.

Dr Akol now says he wants to move away from the SPLM tag.

A curse

“SPLM has been a curse for the people. It has never been a political party but an independence movement that has not reformed into a conventional party,” he said.

He says he resigned from the SPLM-DC because it advocates only peaceful means for change, which is not working with President Kiir, forcing him to consider other means like using the military.

During the interim period between 2005 and 2011, Dr Akol was the foreign minister for Sudan until 2007. The then semi-autonomous south held 18 per cent of the government.

After the signing of the August 2015 peace agreement, Dr Akol joined the Cabinet, representing Other Political Parties.

Dr Machar’s SPLM-IO group held meetings in Khartoum last week, which Dr Akol was part of.

The former vice-president is strategising on his next move after being thrown out of the Transitional Government.

Where next for Machar: Ethiopia closes door on him & Khartoum wants him gone?



Dr Machar — who is currently in Khartoum after fleeing Juba on July 11— has been denied asylum in Ethiopia where he had hoped to take refuge after completing treatment in the Sudanese capital.
In Khartoum, Machar has been restricted from engaging in political activities, with Sudan saying he is only welcomed on “humanitarian” grounds.

In Juba, Dr Machar has since been replaced as the vice-president by his former lead negotiator, Taban Deng Gai.

South Sudanese ousted vice president, Dr Riek Machar, is increasingly becoming a pariah in the region with Ethiopia now declining to give him asylum, while Sudan is restricting his political activities.

Dr Machar — who is currently in Khartoum after fleeing Juba on July 11— has been denied asylum in Ethiopia where he had hoped to take refuge after completing treatment in the Sudanese capital.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, in a media interview on the sideline of the United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York this week, said that Addis Ababa “does not need someone who is leading an armed struggle on its soil.”

After the civil war broke out in Juba in December 2013, Ethiopia had hosted Dr Machar for most of the two-and-a-half years of the peace negotiations led by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (Igad). But Addis Ababa is now bowing to pressure from Juba and the dynamics of the deployment of the UN-backed regional protection force.

Ethiopia was supposed to provide the bulk of the 4,000 troops and this was going to complicate their participation if the country gave asylum to Dr Machar.

In Juba, Dr Machar has since been replaced as the vice-president by his former lead negotiator, Taban Deng Gai.

No political activities

Dr Machar suffered another blow on Thursday when the Sudanese government stopped him from holding a press conference in Khartoum after holding a week-long SPLM-IO leadership meeting to discuss the ongoing political crisis in South Sudan.

Information Minister and government spokesperson, Ahmed Bilal Osman, announced that Dr Machar was in Khartoum for treatment only and is therefore not allowed to conduct political activities. Mr Bilal said that Khartoum was waiting for the implementation of the security arrangements so that Dr Machar could return to South Sudan.

However, Dr Machar maintains that he can only return to Juba after the deployment of the regional protection force, which Juba appears to be reluctant to have more troops join the current 12,000 under the UN Mission in South Sudan.

According to the UN Security Council Resolution, the protection force is supposed to act as a buffer between President Salva Kiir’s soldiers and those of Dr Machar, and to secure humanitarian supply lines and key installations.

The government of South Sudan had protested to Sudan for hosting Dr Machar but Khartoum has maintained that they are hosting the ousted leader —who arrived in Khartoum in August from northeastern DR Congo — on “humanitarian” grounds.

Israeli high court hears case against sale of spy tech to Kiir’s South Sudan army

BY: JUDAH ARI GROSS, SEP/23/2016, The Times of Israel’s military correspondent;

Human rights attorney Eitay Mack presented arguments to Israel’s High Court of the Justice on Wednesday against the sale of surveillance equipment to civil war-hit South Sudan from being used against political dissidents as part of a petition filed by left-wing lawmaker Tamar Zandberg, the details of the trial are under a gag order.

The court did not reach a final decision on Wednesday. A ruling was expected to be issued on Thursday, but as of Thursday evening nothing has been handed down, Mack told The Times of Israel.

However, even when a decision is reached, the court’s ruling and the arguments presented in the case cannot be revealed, due to a gag order imposed by the court.

In May, Zandberg of the Meretz party, filed the petition that called for the Defense Ministry’s arms sales oversight department to rescind a permit allowing Israeli companies to sell tracking equipment to South Sudan, as the technology had been used, in part, to hunt down political opponents, according to a United Nations report.

In December 2013, the fledgling South Sudan, which broke off from Sudan two years before, descended into a bloody civil war. A ceasefire was reached between South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit and former vice president Riek Machar in August 2015, with Machar reinstated to his former position.

However, the shaky peace fell apart in July, forcing Machar to flee the country. The conflict has thus far killed tens of thousands of people — estimates range from 50,000 to 300,000 — and displaced 2 million.

While gun sales to South Sudan have reportedly stopped in 2013, surveillance equipment has been and may still be sold to the African nation, according to Zandberg.

In January, the UN Security Council released a report on the situation in South Sudan, which noted that Israeli technology had been used by Kiir Mayardit’s government in the “arbitrary arrest and detention” of those who support the opposition.

The people in custody are “subjected to beatings and other forms of inhuman or degrading treatment,” according to the January report.

“The [South Sudanese National Security] Service’s ability to identify and illegally apprehend individuals has been significantly enhanced since the beginning of the conflict because it has acquired additional communications interception equipment from Israel,” UN officials wrote.

The state requested that the contents of the case be kept secret, ostensibly to protect national security. The court granted the request in June, barring reporters from the courtroom and keeping the arguments under a gag order, prompting condemnation from Zandberg.

“The petition is based on open material that has been published in reports and the media,” she tweeted at the time. “What is there to be afraid of?”

Mack said he was also disappointed the case was being hidden from the public eye, especially since so much of the information comes from abroad and is drawn from public data, which is not subjected to the court’s suppression order.

“It’s insane. The whole story with the gag order only causes harm to the country,” Mack said.

“There’s a gag order in Israel, but [the information] is not something that’s at some secret base in Israel — it’s in South Sudan,” he said.

However, Mack saw a positive change in that the court would now provide “additional external oversight” to the arms export process, which was previously conducted “behind closed doors” and solely by the Defense Ministry.

“For decades it was carried out internally by the Defense Ministry, but there’s another branch of any democratic nation, the judicial branch, which now also monitors defense exports. This is something new. Every time this comes before a court, the court also has to give its approval for its legality,” Mack said.

Zandberg and Mack have been working together on the issue of Israeli arms sales to human rights violators for years, along with a number of other activists and politicians who work parallel to and with them.

‘What matters is context’
As the technology sold by Israel is being used to persecute political dissidents, Zandberg and Mack argue there is no difference between the surveillance equipment and a rifle.

“What matters is context,” Mack said over the phone.

“You can send rifles to prevent a genocide, to defend, or those rifles can be used to assist in the crimes. The same is true for a surveillance system. It can be used against terrorist organizations or it can be used against [political] opposition,” he said.

In a statement, Zandberg referred to the technology being sold as a “surveillance weapon,” which is “identical to a weapons system that shoots.”

According to the Meretz MK, the technology “directs the firearms of ruthless despots, who are going after civilians, women and children.”

A similar understanding was reached by the European Union, which has an embargo on the sale not only of weapons, but of “related materiel of all types,” according to a May 2015 regulation.

According to the UN and some international aid organizations, a portion of the casualties in the South Sudanese civil war were caused by Israeli Galil and Tavor assault rifles.

The sale of weapons, mostly small arms, to South Sudan by Israeli firms reportedly stopped in 2013, yet the UN found that the “Micro” variant of the Galil is “present in larger numbers than before the outbreak of the conflict.”

According to the Israeli government, those guns were purchased by South Sudan from Uganda, who had initially bought them from Israel. However, under Israeli law, companies are required to know who the end users of their products are — not just the buyer — in order to receive an export license, which means the sales to South Sudan were either done with the Defense Ministry’s knowledge or would have constituted a violation of the law and required an investigation into the offending company. No investigations are known to have been opened, Mack told the Associated Press earlier this month.

“The State of Israel cannot stand to the side and hide behind being gag orders and the secrecy of security in order to obfuscate the fact that weaponry and surveillance systems we have created are being used in one of the most bloodthirsty conflicts in the world,” Zandberg said.

The AP contributed to this report.

Lou Nuer Community in Ethiopia denounced the allegation that they met Taban Deng Gai in Addis Ababa

September 22, 2016 (Addis Ababa) – Speaking to the press on Saturday, September 17, 2016, the Lou Nuer Community chairperson in Ethiopia, Mr. Tut Gon, revealed that they didn’t meet the First Vice President during his visit to Ethiopian capital last month. Tut acknowledged that some of the elements from Lou Nuer who claimed to be board members and pastors met Taban Deng Gai in their own capacity.

“Yes I could not deny that some elements from Lou Nuer Community in Addis Ababa didn’t meet Taban Deng Gai. Of course these people met him on their own interest and their own capacity. They neither hold positions nor represent us.

As a chairperson, I would publicly announce that those were individuals who seek positions and money. We strongly condemned their illegal begging mechanism and we will further sue them in the court for using the Association’s name.”

This statement came as a resolution of Lou Nuer Community emergency meeting that was held in Addis Ababa after the community learnt that they were accused of meeting Gen. Taban Deng whom they believed betrays them in the struggle to topple Salva Kiir’s regime.

The resolutions of the meeting that was held in Addis Ababa highlight their position and support to Dr. Machar. The Secretary General of Lou Nuer Community said that they blame the elements that present themselves as board members to the government of South Sudan.

“This is an insane decision from the very few elements who had used our name to beg money and positions from the genocidal regime. We would like to tell the Lou Nuer Community around the world that we delayed to denounce this because we were trying to bring the community together in order to dismiss such allegation.”

Some of the members who attended the meeting and who had chance to be interviewed by the media personnel disclosed that one of the elements among the five bribed was present in the meeting.

The respondent who fails to mention his name claimed that four men who hold no titles in the community and one allegedly from abroad possibly from United States switched their allegiance to SPLM-IO of Crown Hotel under Taban Deng Gai. Meanwhile, Pastor Abraham Tuach Kier urged the church leaders to distance themselves from the politics.

In a separate statement, Rev. William Deng Ker whose name resembled one of the names among the listed Lou Nuer officials who were accused of meeting Taban Deng has commented that the name that was circulated on Internet as Rev. William Deng Khan is not his name.

“I received many phone calls from all over the world claiming that my name was seen on the list of suspected Lou Nuer officials who met Gen. Taban Deng Gai. That’s not my name and I would like to assure people to differentiate the pastor’s roles from politics. There is great different between Rev. William Deng Khan and Rev. William Deng Ker. I wonder why people fail to differentiate the names,…any rumors that were labeled on me are baseless and fraudulent to distort my reputation as a pastor.”

Rev. William added that he was in Gambella when Gen. Taban came to Addis Ababa. He made this comment when contacted by the media personal online from his residence in Gambella.

South Sudan conflict erupted in December 2013 and the current First Vice President – Gen. Taban Deng Gai was leading the talks as chief negotiator under opposition faction but plotted a coup against his former boss in Crown Hotel in Juba.

Machar was targeted in Juba that led him to flee South Sudan for Congo. Some close aides within Taban’s circle who failed to reveal their names disclosed that the July incident in Juba was a planed strategy to eliminate Machar.

Mekonen Tefere
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia