Archive for: July 2016

Taban Deng Gai’s vice presidency appointment is a recipe for war: The Eastern Jikany Nuer Community Association of Australia Inc. (EJNCAA) condemns it

JUL/31/2016, Written by Gatwech Deng Wal | on behalf of the EJNCAA with unanimous consent from executives and elders.
Melbourne, Australia

In the strongest term possible, the EJNCAA is dismissing and condemning the appointment of Taban Deng Gai by the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit as the First Vice President of South Sudan (FVPSS). It is illegal and a violation of the Compromised Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in August last year by the two warring parties’ leaders, Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon.

The EJNCAA is informing Nuer Community (NC) and other South Sudanese in South Sudan and around the world that our support and loyalty still on the peoples’ movement, that is, Sudan People Liberation Army/Movement in Opposition (SPLA/M-IO) under the leadership of Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon.

We termed Taban Deng Gai’s appointment as a defection and an illegal sneak into the leadership that will bring no peace but increase danger to civilian lives and make the conflict worse. It is a recipe of war and destruction of our nation, South Sudan and should not be accepted.

Jikany would claim fatherhood and motherhood of South Sudan. This is due to the reason that all South Sudanese movements from “Any Anya One” to current movement formed and established in Jikany land.

However, Jikany will never therefore entertain any act of violence or support anyone who does not want peace but destruction of South Sudan such as Taban Deng Gai, Salva Kiir Mayardit and their supporters.

Our position is that, we need peace and stability in South Sudan. Thus we support the availability of the CPA in the hope that healing and reconciliation may come under it.

However, if it is used recklessly and becomes a killing or betrayal tool, the EJNCAA would not recognise and/or have any reservations or addendum to it.

Therefore, it does not matter whatever it takes, we will never betray peoples’ movement and in particular NC here in Australia, in South Sudan and elsewhere around the world with it.

We are urging peoples’ movement, that is, SPLA/M-IO, NC and other South Sudanese in South Sudan and around the world to stand together and condemn Taban Deng Gai’s appointment.

Furthermore, we are urging and calling for Intergovernmental Authority Development (IGAD), African Union (AU) and international communities to act quickly to deploy buffer zone forces and show tough reaction to President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit to reverse Taban Deng Gai’s appointment.

Written by Gatwech Deng Wal | on behalf of the Eastern Jikany Nuer Community Association of Australia Inc. (EJNCAA) with unanimous consent from executives and elders. Gatwech can be reached by email. His email is gatwechdeng@gmail.com

Signed by the chairperson of the EJNCAA

Tut Koryom Nyuon.

He can be reached by email. His email is tutnyuon@y7mail.com
Melbourne, Australia

LOU NUER COMMUNITY INTELLECTUALS WORLDWIDE, CONDEMN TABAN DENG GAI’S MALICIOUS ACT IN JUBA

July 30, 2016; Lou Nuer Intellectual Position Letter

We the Lou Nuer Community Intellectuals worldwide have condemned in the strongest terms possible, the asinine behavior of Taban Deng Gai for illegally occupying the position of Dr. Riek Machar as first Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan. We have gathered enough corroborate evidence pertaining to Taban’s motivation.

Taban Deng Gai was indeed the criminal mastermind for the incident of July 8th, 2016 at J1 Presidential Palace, where Dr. Riek Machar narrowly escaped his life. Taban’s plan was to kill Dr. Riek Machar so that he steps in as first Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan.

He carefully planned to assassinate Dr. Riek so that he gets closer to President Kiir and finds a way to rid him off as well. Taban’s prime goal is to take over the leadership of the country altogether from both Riek and Salva Kiir Mayardit.

After Taban led the IO advance team to Juba in April, he met with his colleagues from G 10 and discussed ways forward to the future of South Sudan leadership. He and his colleagues from G 10, have agreed to reorganize themselves and take over the leadership of the country in their hands and move forward with the SPLM vision of the late Dr. John Garang.

While Taban was a lead negotiator for SPLM-IO in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, he tried his best to build up friendship and trust with IGAD regional leaders and those of TROIKA and JMEC. He convinced the regional and international leaders that he and his colleagues from G10 would be the only alternative to bring lasting peace in South Sudan.

Taban used Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth as first-hand man to convince the US government to reconsider the weak leadership of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, and opt to recognize best alternatives for South Sudan leadership.

Taban is currently menacing the majority of the IO advance team in Juba hotels and extorting them to side with him or lose their lives. He promises to offer highest posts to few IO advance team members, that he manipulated to support him, should he successfully overthrows the leadership of Riek and Kiir.

The Lou Nuer Community intellectuals want to acknowledge the resistance of some Lou Nuer politicians under the SPLM-IO leadership, from Taban’s attempt to involve in his subversion conspiracy.

We further cautioned those who recently met with Taban in Juba, and represented themselves as the leaders of the Lou Nuer community in support to Taban. You must understand the legitimacy of Lou and therefore, required to refute your action in no time.

We want to join our Bieh State deputy governor and three IO country representatives from Lou, in their statements of condemning Taban’s malicious act against Dr. Riek Machar and IO leadership.

We, therefore, affirmed the IGAD position in disapproving the appointment of Taban to replace Dr. Riek Machar as country’s First Vice President.

The intellectuals of the Lou Nuer call upon all the Nuer intellectuals, and other IO supporters to stay away from Taban’s illegal internal rebellions against the SPLM-IO leadership.

The intellectuals of the Lou Nuer community have reached out to the entire Lou society and given a full analysis for the situation at hand. We all have agreed to die together with one cause.

The issue which led the Lou Nuer community to take arms against the government of South Sudan under the leadership of Salva Kiir Mayardit in 2013 has not been resolved. We stand strong together with our local Lou Nuer community in the protection of Lou, the IO, and the interest of South Sudan.

We strongly warned the people of South Sudan to understand that Taban Deng Gai is a very dangerous human being in our society. We notice that he is currently working tirelessly to recruit people using county resources and any other available tool to bribe those who should support his subversion idea.

We all must stay away from Taban’s illegal actions in order to ameliorate the situation in our country.

The Lou Nuer community intellectuals worldwide along with Lou’s politicians and our society leaders have all agreed for the disapproval of Taban’s appointment as the replacement of Dr. Riek Machar. We further preserve our full support to SPLM-IO under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar.

Signed by:
1. Dr. John Chuol Kuek, PhD in USA
2. Dr. Isaac Kueth Gang, PhD in USA
3. Mr. Kueth Yul Dieu, MS/MJ. JURISPRUDENCE- USA.
4. Mr. Chuol Peter Bell. M.Sc in India
5. Mr. Kayier Ruot Reat: (LL.B.) (LL.M.)Kenya.
6. Mr. Banak M. Kueth- BS. in USA
7. Mr. Toang Gatkuoth Buom- BA- Ethiopia.
8. Mr. Chuar Juet Jock. MSM– PHD candidates- USA
9. Mr. Nyang Mhar Thoa: BA- 3rd Year Kenya
10. Mr. Tut Wuor Gatkuoth- BS in USA
11. Hon. Thomas T. Doap- MPA in USA
12. Hon. Dong Thoat- Kenya
13. Hon. Kot Martin- Ethiopia
14. Hon. Kuajien Lual W. – Germany
15. Hon. Khor Gal- USA
16. Hon. Koang Rambang- Lou Nuer South Sudan.
17. Govn. Koang Kerjiok- Beih State Gov. Lou Nuer South Sudan.
18. Hon. Goi Jooyul Yol- Ethiopia
19. Hon. Gatluak Puok Kuenywar. USA.
20. Mr. John Jock Darwech- Canada
21. Mr. Reat Mar Nyuot-LLB. Kenya.
22. Rev. James Kwek- Canada
23. Rev. Michael B. Kuay. -USA
24. Rev. Pual Ruot Chol- USA
25. Mr. Khor Deng Khor- AS, -USA
26. Mr. Bang Nyuon Tot, 3rdAddis Ababa uni, Ethiopia
27. Mr. Chuol Chapen: Diploma- Nairobi Kenya
28. Mr. David Mai Tang: BA-USA.
29. Mr. Koang Puk Diew. Uganda
30. Mr. Ter Deng Gatluak- USA
31. Mr. Peter Kueth Chol – Canada
32. Mr. Gatwech Kutey Mut- Kenya
33. Elder Yak Reath- USA
34. Mr. Wany Nyang Diew. AS- Canada
35. Mr. Peter Wiyaual Dak- BA- USA
36. Ms. Tabitha Nyabiey Reath- Canada
37. Mr. Lam Gatluak Thot- AA- Ethiopia
38. Mr. James Kutey Thiep- BS- Australia
39. Mr. James Ker Kuek- MA- USA
40. Mr. Koang Riek Dhuordieng- BS- USA.
41. Mr. Nhial Bol Khor- South Sudan
42. Mr. Thomas Tut Choat- BS. South Sudan
43. Mr Chuol Pajok Bill BS. Australia.
44. MS. Nyalilit kok- BA- USA
45. Mr. Gatluak Geng Thanypiny- USA
46. Mr. Gatdel Riek Pajok- Nairobi- Kenya
47. Mr. Khot Hoth- USA.

The Root causes of Political Violence in South Sudan – What’re the Solutions?

BY: DR. LAKO Jada KWAJOK, JUL/31/2016, SSN;

From the outset, I must admit that this article was initiated by a desire to address some misconceptions that came up in Professor Mahmood Mamdani’s article, “Who’s to blame for the political violence in South Sudan? What’s the way forward? I also wanted to elaborate on my suggestion regarding United Nations trusteeship as the best solution for the crisis in South Sudan.

Professor Mamdani expressed many views some are controversial and some are similar to my personal views. To understand why a politically and ethnically engendered violence engulfed South Sudan 2 years after independence, we must go back to how the SPLM/SPLA came into being.

Some years back, retired Major General James Loro, the former President of the Transitional High Executive Council (THEC) was asked over SSTV about how the SPLM/SPLA started. The answer he gave was not the one the TV host hoped to hear. In fact, the audience wouldn’t have gotten the opportunity to know what the General disclosed if the show wasn’t live.

So what did the good General say? Being an honest man he stated that it started as a mutiny by Battalion 105 on a background of embezzlement of funds and salaries belonging to soldiers.

The accused officers upon being ordered to report to Juba immediately for investigation decided to stage a mutiny capitalising on the widespread dissent in the Jieng community against the re-division of South Sudan into three regions.

They joined forces with the Anyanya 2 movement that was active as a low-grade insurgency in the area since the Akobo uprising in 1975.

Loro’s statement is credible as he was a former commander of Battalion 105 which means he might have known the facts from his former subordinates. Moreover, he was the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Southern Division in Juba at the time of the mutiny.

Following that statement, the General never featured again on SSTV. Late Dr. John Garang was on leave and happened to be in the area. Using his leadership charisma, education, and political talents, he managed to hijack the mutineer’s movement and transformed it into what is now known as SPLM/SPLA.

However, he was up against stiff resistance from the Anyanya 2 group which ultimately succumbed after he succeeded in soliciting support for his group from Ethiopia. Garang was ruthless in his quest to consolidate power. Prominent leaders like Samuel Gai Tut, Akuot Atem, Joseph Oduho and Martin Majier were eliminated in an undignified manner.

The culture of violence is deeply-rooted within the SPLM/SPLA. In fact, it was born with it. When you hear the SPLA war songs like “Shaala Abowk Adi Talaga,” meaning (Even your father, put a bullet in him) – would there be any wonder regarding the numerous atrocities committed by the SPLA against the civil population?

Even if someone’s father were a traitor, it would be quite extreme and shocking for one to execute his dad. Those kinds of songs and even worse were taught to young recruits and child soldiers over 30 years ago. Some of those recruits are now the commanders and the high-ranking officers in the SPLA army units.

The above makes it too easy to understand why many citizens rate SPLA as the number one threat to their lives before disease, environmental catastrophes, and famine.

There is a further dimension to the violence that tends to be overlooked. It was reported at the beginning of the conflict that President Kiir addressed recruits exclusively drawn from his ethnic Dinka tribe saying in Dinka language, “The power I have, belongs to you and if some people (meaning Machar’s group) want to take it away from me, would you allow that to happen?”

Some of the rhetoric used was quite damaging to national unity. The recruits were told that the country is theirs and the rest are aliens. Equatorians are Ugandans, and the Nuer came over from Ethiopia. Just imagine what would be the outcome of such rhetoric continuously fed to illiterate people who hail from communities where cattle rustling is commonplace.

As we know, cattle rustling more often than not involves looting, rape and wanton killings. The new reality is that the cattle rustlers have now been authorised by the state to do the only thing they know. Thus it wasn’t a surprise to many when they ran amok on several occasions, killing innocent civilians and ransacking whatever in their way.

It’s a behaviour that stands in stark contrast to what people saw from the Anyanya movement. We never witnessed or heard of atrocities committed against civilians during the Anyanya war. In general, the Anyanya fighters were reputed for being protective and supportive of the civil population.

A hybrid political authority led by an African team to run South Sudan as suggested by Mamdani, would most likely deliver a partial solution to the problem or even further complicate the situation. The reasons are the following:

Firstly, the crisis in South Sudan is not only political but has social and humanitarian dimensions. The regime has pitted communities against each other and inflicted immeasurable damage to the social fabric of the country. As a consequence of its brutality that caused massive population displacement, famine has occurred or looming in many parts of South Sudan. Given the immensity of the problem, it’s less reassuring that an African team would be up to the task. The track records of previous AU missions that saw failures more than success stories evoke little confidence that things would be different this time around.

Secondly, the African regional forces that are sanctioned by the regional leaders to be deployed in South Sudan could be likened to giving a patient a pill that would cure his/her illness but in the long term would produce severe side effects that could prove lethal. The forces are to come from Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Sudan. Apart from Rwanda, all the rest have clear geopolitical interests in what is going on in South Sudan.

Many issues are unresolved between South Sudan and Sudan among them are, the disputed area of Abyei and others, the oil fields in Heglig and the transportation fees for South Sudan’s oil. Many South Sudanese are unaware that the Elleimi Triangle which is currently part of Kenya, does belong to South Sudan. Without a doubt, time will come for the case to be brought up. Ethiopia does have a large Nuer and Anuak population in the western province bordering South Sudan. We have seen how the war in South Sudan affected Ethiopia due to movement of refugees and attacks by the Murle militia across the borders.

The case of Uganda is a little bit worrying because it has shown a lack of neutrality by joining the war on the side of the government. The Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) has been stationed in Western Equatoria since 2005 in the quest to eliminate the threat of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Despite the fact that the LRA is nowhere to be found, yet the UPDF continues to be deployed in Western Equatoria.

More troubling is that of late the locals have been complaining about the presence of the UPDF in Eastern Equatoria where some appear to be involved in illegal mining. With South Sudan being the primary market for Uganda’s exports, it will do whatever in its capacity to influence the course of events in South Sudan. Ugandan influence may not necessarily be beneficial to the people of South Sudan.

It’s not a secret that there has been ups and downs and even open hostility in the relations between these regional powers. Therefore, the risks of South Sudan becoming a stage for settling scores or its political factions and militias being used to fight proxy wars are real. South Sudan could end up being “devoured” by the regional powers.

Thirdly, the AU and the IGAD neither have the resources nor the expertise to launch a massive humanitarian operation on the scale that is required in South Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people need to be returned to their homes that would also require help with reconstructions. Some areas need swift actions to limit the spread of famine. From where would the AU and the IGAD secure the funds if both couldn’t pay the bills for transporting SPLM/A-IO forces to Juba?

Fourthly, Accountability is fundamental to achieving a lasting peace in South Sudan. It will also hasten the process of healing and reconciliation between the communities. As we know, the AU stance on indictments by the International Criminal Court (ICC) remains nothing but antagonism. President Omar Al Bashir of Sudan had been indicted by the ICC since 2008. Despite being served with two arrest warrants he managed to evade justice because of lack of cooperation from some countries. President Museveni of Uganda has openly declared that he would not cooperate with the ICC.

In the light of the above, would it be feasible for the Hybrid Court of South Sudan to function without being influenced by the regional powers? It’s obvious that the only credible way to hold the perpetrators of atrocities responsible for their actions is to send them to the ICC at The Hague.

The option that would bring about sustainable peace and ensure a relatively smooth transition towards a united South Sudan is full United Nations Trusteeship.

The regional powers could contribute forces provided they wear the blue helmets and be under the UN designated military command. The UN would form the administrative body that would run the country for five years. Competent South Sudanese would be selected to join the administration through a national vetting committee. The committee would be principled by transparency and having the right qualifications wins someone a job.The five-year period would give the political parties and the candidates enough time to prepare for elections at the end of it.

As for Mamdani’s question, I quote, “how to isolate the perpetrators of political violence from their supporters?”, the answer is – it’s impossible at present. The question suggests a group of elites manipulating and misleading the masses for their personal benefits.

Outsiders would be amazed to know that some top-ranking SPLA commanders who command thousands of soldiers or militias are barely literate or not at all. It’s a cultural thing that links the perpetrators with their supporters.

The civil war wouldn’t have happened if the SPLA was truly a national army composed proportionately of all the ethnicities in South Sudan. Hence, the only solution is for the SPLA and the entire security forces to be disbanded.

The new administration would use the five-year period to build a professional army and a well-disciplined police force. In essence, South Sudan needs a government of institutions where the constitution guides the judiciary, the military, and the entire security organs for the common good of the country.

Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok

Use of starvation as a weapon of destruction in South Sudan

To: The Chair of IGAD-Plus, C/o H.E Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
 The President, UN Security Council
 African Union
CC European Union

From: South Sudanese Equatorian Community Leaders in the Diaspora
For correspondence: Mr. Federico Awi Vuni; livi.hope@yahoo.co.uk

Date: 25 July 2016
Your Excellencies,
Re: Use of starvation as a weapon of destruction in South Sudan
We welcome the efforts of the international community in trying to achieve a lasting peace in South Sudan. In particular, we thank the UN Security Council for its recent press statement on South Sudan issued on 10 July 2016 and the communique of the Heads of States and Governments of the IGAD-Plus on the situation in South Sudan issued on 16 July 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda.

The Government of South Sudan, under the leadership of President Kiir is using starvation as a weapon for destruction and prevention of civilians from going out in search of food. Those South Sudanese would like to leave the country are being held hostage and used as human shields. The limited food available in the World Food Programme warehouse in Juba has been looted by Government soldiers and they have distributed it to their ethnic groups. We condemn this act. This is evidence that the Government has recruited a burdensome army that it cannot sustain. It is further evidence of the economic collapse that has contributed to lawlessness by soldiers.

We condemn the ongoing use of rape and gender based violence, perpetrated against women and girls as a weapon of war in the current conflict.

The Government has failed to respect human rights of its citizens. Instead, the government has demonstrated that it is working against its own people. Journalists have been threatened, detained and killed for doing their job. More recently, Mr. Alfred Taban, the Editor of Juba Monitor, was arrested for exercising his right of freedom of expression by demanding the resignation of both President Kiir and First Vice President Dr Machar. We advocate for an alternative government that will represent entire South Sudanese.

Following the recent incident that occurred in Juba on the 7th, 8th and 11th July 2016, the Presidency has been unable to meet due to a lack of trust in security provision. It has been suggested by the Government that should Dr Machar not return to Juba then he should be replaced by an alternative individual from within his movement.

President Kiir issued a decree on 25th July 2016, in which he replaced First Vice President Dr. Macha with Taban Deng Gai. We object to any attempt by President Kiir to replace First Vice President Dr Machar. Under the current environment whereby all SPLM-IO in Juba are at the mercy of the Government it should be considered that they are effectively held hostage, and therefore unable to express their own views. They are being forced to comply with a course of action dictated by the SPLM under the direction of President Kiir.

Until such time as there is a neutral force in the country. It is unlikely that an honest partnership will exist between the principal peace partners.

In view of the distrust among the principal parties in the Presidency, we support the call for South Sudan to be placed under UN Trusteeship until such a time that a fair and transparent election can be held and a new leader with a genuine mandate is elected for our country.

We, the Equatorian Community Leaders in the Diaspora:
1. Condemn the use of starvation as a weapon of mass destruction;
2. Condemn government action to prevent civilians from leaving Juba and South Sudan;
3. Condemn the human rights abuses committed by the Government against its own citizens;
4. Condemn the lack of freedom in the country and the growing authoritarianism this represents;
5. Object to attempts by President Kiir to replace the First Vice President, Dr Machar with General Taban Deng Gai;
6. Support placing South Sudan under UN Trusteeship until a fair and transparent election can be held enabling new leadership to be chosen by the people.

We, the undersigned representatives of Equatorian Leaders in the Diaspora, call upon our peace partners to remain seized on the matter of restoring and enforcing peace in South Sudan.
Kind regards,

Federico Awi Vuni
Chairman, Executive Committee, Equatorian Community in the UK
UK

William Orule
Chairperson, Equatoria Community & Welfare Association, NSW
AUSTRALIA

Kwaje M. Lasu, MPH, RCP
President, Equatoria South Sudanese Community Association-USA (ESSCA-USA)
USA

Joseph Modi
President, Equatoria South Sudanese Community Association-Canada (ESSCA- Canada)
CANADA

Dr. Riek Machar Should Leave Politics for his Safety and the Nuer People

By John Adoor Deng, Australia, JUL/27/2016, SSN;

Having read through the lines, in and out, about the current conflict in South Sudan, I have come to the conclusion that at least the best way out of this serious situation is for Dr. Riek Machar Teny to sacrifice his political ambition and temporarily quit politics altogether.

This may sound odd to many hardliners on both sides of the political divide, especially the SPLM-IO supporters and presumably the FDs (former detainees) whose lifeline depends on IO victory. The following paragraphs shall illustrate why I came to this conclusion.

Indeed after thorough debates in my mind and after having seen and read the trends on which the conflict continues to turn each day in South Sudan, the following elucidations helped inform my inherent conclusions:

Firstly, the war is unwinnable in all aspects especially on the side of SPLA/M-IO and to some extent on the SPLA/M- IG as well. It is a baseless war, aims to achieve nothing but to notoriously kill, maim civilians, destroy properties and rob generations once again from gaining literacy and early childhood education.

Previously, we had lost generations into extreme illiteracy in civil wars; the war kills education opportunities, destroy infrastructure and germinate obnoxious hatred and mistrust among the elite themselves.

Recent wars have taught us to believe this, former enemies never in totality live in complete harmony. For instance, the atrocities of 1991 conflict are being sung and used as intimidation against those believed to have engineered them.

Although the bygones are gone through reconciliation, it is still the case in South Sudan.

Secondly, in the African context, conflicts are not won between brothers; the only winning point for each of the protagonists is reconciliation.

The war between Dinka and Nuer plus their acquaintances will only in my view be won by reconciliation and not in effect through the barrel of the gun as some generals may want to believe. The usage of artillery and bombing usage against each group in this conflict only serves to depopulate our country and leave unredeemed scars on our future generations.

Thirdly, the nature of contemporary Nuer people is rigorously characterized by defections and non-stick-ability on the perceived collective goal. This is true on how Dr. Riek Machar in most of his founded rebellions suffered rapid re-defections.

The data is replete with his followers changing allegiances at each of the critical time of his rebellion. For example, in the 1991 rebellion engineered by Dr Lam Akol and led by Dr Riek Machar, many officers from the Nuer tribe deserted their man to the mercy of SPLA/SPLM led by Dr John Garang De Mabior but were so kind to fully forgive him, and embrace him as his brother through true reconciliation.

History has repeated itself in the 2013 crisis, although many analysts believed that there wasn’t a planned coup at all but instead a mismanaged mutiny in the presidential guards unit.

Dr. Machar, for the second time, found himself exposed to a mounting another rebellion, which he had indeed led since 2013 to Aug 2016, that ended with IGAD brokered Agreement in what later became a short-lived and dishonored peace deal.

Again, for the third time, in July 2016, Dr. Machar has found himself exiled from the capital, Juba. Less than a month later, his close associate, Mr. Taban Deng Gai (his close relative) has taken up his position in a bloodless coup although some people are calling it a survival strategy by barricaded ministers at the wrath of roaring SPLA/M-IG.

Nevertheless, it true that some Machar’s appointed ministers in the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) have turned against him with the view that it is business as usual without Dr. Machar.

His contemporary acquired the spirit of a non-shameless notion of re-defection referred to earlier s has fallen on those of Taban Deng Gai and Ambassador Ezekiel Lol Garkuoth, who were until the recent days the very men at Dr. Machar‘s left hand (Machar is left-handed).

Fourthly, Dr. Machar forces may not at this stage win this third conflict given the sound realities; i.e. the government forces have considerable numbers and are well resourced with the backup from Uganda People Defence Force (UPDF).

He is likely to fight three enemies; SPLA-IG, SPLA-IO-Juba and external force in the form of UPDF. Thus for his own safety and for the safety of his remaining loyal Nuer members, he must quit politics temporarily as a matter of a long time strategy.

This pull back in my view may help spare innocent lives of Nuer people who might, if this war continues, be killed, bombed and displaced.

Ironically, the trust based on International Bodies (AU, IGADD, and UN) is certainly not a guarantee in for Dr. Machar’s survival and his factions. The Rwanda case is a good example of the profound failure of International Community.

Therefore, I believe that a decision to rescue this conflict and bring it to an end once and all rests with Machar relinquishing of his quest for power in South Sudan.

Although it is his democratic right, the prevailing situation in our young nation makes it fervently difficult to apply conventional realities.

The Dinka people who rarely change allegiances have at this point rallied around President Kiir, whether through the influence of the recent known politically notorious group referred to as Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) or through tribal bonds.

It is hard at this juncture and in the near future to think of taking leadership by opposition to the Dinka governing elites (this may sound tribal but these are the facts on the surface).

It may sound like giving up or surrendering position but in essence, it is the best option out of the mess. Dr. Machar has engendered enemies both within IO Juba faction, FDs and obviously SPLA Juba who all really want him buried.

The Taban’s faction may be more dangerous to Dr. Machar’s survival than SPLA-IG. There may be a plan of a close proximity assassination of Machar filtering through in the SPLA-IO-in-the-Bush.

Thus, there is a high possibility for the resumption of Nuer against Nuer conflict emerging as it has always been.

Finally, sometimes when rams fight, they pull back to gain momentum, consolidate power and later on apply the power.

To give Dr. Riek Machar the benefit of the doubt, he appeared to have learned his lessons from the past; he too is seen as a leader who can take the nation forward in terms of development. He is fairer in power distribution as illustrated in the allocation of his 10 ministries.

All regions of South Sudan were well equitably represented in his IO part of the government, unlike president Salva who in most of his appointments appreciates seeing his giant Dinka community equitably represented first plus pockets of other communities.

Significant contrast may be drawn between these two leaders. The circumstance as I had alluded to in previous paragraphs dictates Dr. Machar to defer his quest for leadership until when the dust settled and that there is peace and tranquility in the country. END

Mr. John Adoor Deng is the author of the book entitled: Politics of Ethnicity and Governance in South Sudan: Understanding the Complexity of the World’s Newest Country.
He is a student studying a Doctor of Philosophy at Torrens University of Australia (TUA). He can be reached at dengjohn780@gmail.com

South Sudanese Economy has collapsed

By: Dominic Ukelo (a South Sudanese economist), JUL/24/2016, SSN;

Since the returning of the SPLA-IO members and prior to the Juba Street fighting, which led to the South Sudanese economy to completely collapse, there has been high tension all over the country, especially in the capital Juba. Some elements in the government were unhappy with the returning of the SPLA-IO members.

Meanwhile, the SPLA-IOs were feeling bitter and disappointed with the government forces’ perpetual harassment and intimidation whenever they met in the capital city. Tension remained high as government security forces began killing SPLA-IO members, including Lt. Colonel George Gismala and Sgt. Domach Koat Pinyien on July 2, 2016, the incidents which fueled the already existing tension.

As a result of the tension, the SPLA and the SPLA-IO forces fought for five days inside Juba, starting from the event at Lou Clinic on Gudele road on Thursday July 7, 2016, followed by the deadly clashes outside the Presidential Palace (J1) on Friday July 8, 2016, leading to the several attacks on the IO position in Jebel Kujur, by the government forces.

Subsequently, the security situation deteriorated, especially, in the capital, Juba.

South Sudanese government has continued to fail to provide its citizens with basic public services, such as security, which any government in the world should have provided to its people in order for them to build their country and thrive economically.

For more than five (5) consecutive years, the regime in South Sudan adopted a ruling style like those of Zaire, Afghanistan and many other failed states, that are characterized by ill decisions, widespread corruption and predatory ruling.

Moreover, the regime relies entirely on crafting ill-advised policies by tribal elites that became dangerous and unsustainable, which have been for long time the reasons for the country to be destabilized and the economy growth to be sluggish.

High officials of Salva Kiir’s regime continued plundering the country’s resources which are only destined to increase their national stock of wealth, and yet the worst were the higher officials, including the president and his ministers, who decided to deposit the stolen money in foreign bank accounts offshore, which contributed mostly to the collapse of the economy.

What has been happening in the South Sudan is an unprecedented phenomenon. The economy was in critical condition even before the Juba Street fighting occurred. Before the Juba Street fighting, the government had failed to pay public servants in the country for almost four months.

Further, Salva Kiir Mayardit’s regime not only has shelved most important and urgent projects that would have contributed positively into the development of the economy if implemented.

Unfortunately, the regime has further abandoned its duties to financially support important institutions in the country, leaving for example hospitals without reliable electricity supply and the courts without ability to even go forward with there simplest duties, including failing to transport culprits from police stations to the courts.

After five days of Street fighting in the South Sudan capital, Juba, the fighting has finally dragged the already
deteriorated and abnormal economy to its knees.

As in the Venezuela, which has an inflation rate of 481.52 percent, the highest in the world, now the inflation rate in South Sudan is predicted to have reached an all-time highest of around one thousand (1000) percent, instead of 309.60 percent in June of 2016 and the average of 35.75 percent in 2008.

Moreover, foreign currency rates have climbed higher, leading to, for instance, one hundred dollars to be equivalent to eight thousand South Sudanese Pounds SSPs, instead of five hundred SSP just in June 2016 before the fighting.

As a result, the high rocketing of the hard currency rates have pushed the prices of the goods in the local markets to increase as well.

As of 16 July, 2016, one kilogram (kg) of sugar costs one hundred South Sudanese Pounds SSPs instead of thirteen SSP before the fighting, one piece of Onion has increased from five (5) SSP to thirty (30) SSP, one plastic bag of bread has reached to forty (40) SSP instead of four (4) SSP, a kg of meat costs eighty (80) SSP, one kg Maize flour eighty (80) SSP, a bag of charcoal costs hundred and twenty (120) SSP, and only four (4) pieces of tomatoes go for one hundred (100) SSP after the fighting in the capital, Juba.

In light of the hyper-inflation in the country, there has been a critical question raised by ordinary South Sudanese people, the question which needs an answer from their government.

If the average monthly salary in the country is seven hundred (700) SSP, considering that the public servants have not been paid their salaries for the last four consecutive months, how can population survive without or even with the salary of seven hundred (700) SSP?

The most devastating reasons that led to the South Sudanese economy to deteriorate so rapidly before being flunked by the recent clashes in Juba, are, for instance, the prevailing volatile political environment and constant civil wars in the country, both trends that could clog up the machine that powers any economy in the world, such as seen in Lebanon in the eighties (80th), as one example.

The International Monitory Fund IMF and the World Bank WB remain important factors that could help resuscitate the collapsed economy.

However, most contributors warn that major powers and the two financial organizations must be convinced first by the government of South Sudan in order to help support the failed economy. Mostly on the condition that parties are willing to put their differences aside, work together and are ready to put the country back together.

This condition, especially after the Juba Street fight, observers couldn’t foresee in the near future.

Therefore, as the economy has collapsed, the worst scenario for South Sudan if the international community do not intervene, would fortunately be either like another Rwanda or Somalia case in the continent.

By: Dominic Ukelo (a South Sudanese economist)

rapeofsouthsud

rapeofsouthsud

SPLM-IO in Scandinavia reject Taban Deng appointment as Vice-president

PRESS STATEMENT Jul/24/2016;

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Scandinavia countries of Denmark, Sweden, Finland and Norway takes this opportunity to inform all our members and sympathizers worldwide and those inside South Sudan that we strongly condemn the position which has already been taken by General Taban Deng Gai, former SPLM-IO Chief Negotiator and former Minister of Mining and Ambassador Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth to unlawfully announce the unceremonious removal of SPLM Chairman, First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan and Commander -in-Chief of SPLA-IO, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon from his position.

Nonetheless, we intensely appreciate and congratulate the Chairman and C-in-C SPLA-IO for having taken this bold and unwavering decision to remove General Taban Deng Gai from his doubling positions as SPLM-IO Chief Negotiator and Minister of Minister on 22nd July, before his fake coup d’état that was orchestrated by President Salva Kiir and Dinka/ Jieng Council of Elders was announced on 23rd July.

The SPLM-IO Mission to Scandinavia, nevertheless, congratulate the Troika, AU, EU, UN and other peace loving body to audaciously denounce the fake coup and continuous with their unwavering stand in recognizing the current SPLM-IO Chairman and FVP of the Republic of South Sudan, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon as the sole SPLM-IO leader and FVP of South Sudan. We also appreciate their relentless efforts to continuously persuading the two parties namely; SPLM/A-IO and SPLM/A-IG to implement the Agreement on Resolution to the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in spirit and letter.

In the same token, we condemn in strongest possible terms the ongoing lynching of SPLM-IO members and sympathizers, unsystematic and indiscriminate raping of women and young girls and looting of property of citizens, UNMISS and NGOs agencies by the SPLA-IG and their sponsored Dinka tribal militias known as ‘Mathiang Anyoor’ in Juba town and surrounding areas.

We strongly support and appreciate the position being taken by the IGAD Foreign Minister’s Summit in Nairobi and that of African Union heads of state’s Summit in Kigali, Rwanda and the endorsement of the UN Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki Moon to urgently send an intervention force from the neutral IGAD countries of Kenya, Ethiopia and Rwanda in order to maintain law and order and also to act as a buffer zone to separate the two antagonistic forces in Juba.

Finally, we take this opportunity and appeal to the international NGOs and UN agencies to immediately expedite and accelerate the humanitarian delivery to the affected citizens of Juba and other locations.

Daniel Wuor Joak
SPLM/A-IO Representative to Scandinavia, Norway

SPLM/A-IO Mission in Canada denounce Taban Deng & Ezekiel L. Gatkuoth

PRESS STATEMENT FROM SPLM/SPLA-IO MISSION IN CANADA JULY 22, 2016

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada would like to state its position on the escalating violence in the Republic of South Sudan that break out on July 08, 2016 during an assassination attempt on the life of our Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA / First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon which led unnecessary death to innocent citizens.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada would like to extend its earnest condolences, grief and sympathies to the families, relatives, friends, communities of those who sacrificed their lives in President Salva Kiir and associates the Jieng Council of Elder (JCE) murdering scheme.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada would like to make our position very clear that we stand behind and remains loyal to the Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA-IO H.E General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon as the only Leader of the SPLM/SPLA-IO and only Representative of SPLM/SPLA-IO in the Transitional Government of National Unity during this transitional period.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada denounced and disowned Former Chief Negotiator General Taban Deng Gai and Mr. Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth. We would like to inform the people of South Sudan that the Mission accepted that General Taban Deng Gai and cohorts dismissal by the Chairman and Commander in General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon from the SPLM/SPLA-IO and that the Chairman relieved Taban Deng Gai from ministerial position on July 22th 2016 for the reason that Mr. Gai has defected to Salva Kiir’s camp.The Mission denounced Taban Deng Gai Political Bureau endorsing him as First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan as illegal as the Political Bureau has no quorum and it is held in the absences of our Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon to chair the meeting.

The South Sudan President Salva Kiir has no right to appoint SPLM/SPLA-IO official in an attempt to replace the Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon as stipulated in the Compromised Peace Agreement that the allows for the Chairman of SPLM/SPLA-IO and its leadership to elect or select from their party to replace any official vacancy that comes as a results of death or mental problem. This is another violation of the ARCISS.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada condemns the assassination attempt on life of our Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon. We also condemn the continued attacks and hunt down of the Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon by Juba regime tribal militias and organized forces.

The Mission endorsed and accepted the Ceasefire declared by our Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon on July 11, 2016. The SPLM/SPLA-IO condemn Juba continues violation of the Ceasefire declared by the two partners to the Compromised Peace Agreement (The Presidency).

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada condemn the assassination of two SPLM/SPLA-IO Cadres Cde George Gismala and Comrade Domach Koat Pinyien by Juba SPLA-IG. We also condemn the torturing of the SPLM/SPLA-IO Secretary General Cde Dr. Dhieu Mathok Wol on July 14, 2016 leading to his deadly and vital organs injuries. The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission in Canada therefore appeals for the peace guarantors like TROIKA, IGAD PLUS and the international community to relocate our SPLM/SPLA-IO Advanced Team Members and Ministers Loyal to our Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon to Pagak General Headquarters.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada endorse the Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon position and call on the deployment of third party forces and any intervention armies from the IGAD, AU or United Nations in Juba to act a buffer. This will help the full implementation of ARCISS and deter Juba from continuous killing of its citizens and assassinations of SPLM/SPLA-IO officials in Juba.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada endorse the full deployment of SPLA-IO 2,910 force as per Security Arrangement to be fully positioned in the capital Juba before the return and commencement of our Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA-IO General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon position, duties and responsibilities as First Vice President of the Republic of Sudan.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada condemned the government of South Sudan militarization of Juba and its consistent violations of the Security arrangement and the Compromised Peace Agreement in general. The SPLM/SPLA-Canada Mission support and appeal for demilitarization of Juba to allow the full and peaceful implementation of the Transitional Government of National Unity and the Compromised Agreement in General.

The Mission endorse and calls for the establishment of Cantonment areas in Equatoria, Bahr El Ghazal regions as per the Security Arrangement and full deployment of SPLM/SPLA-IO forces in those regions in their respective cantonment barracks.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO condemned the redeployment of Uganda People Defence Forces and militarization of Juba by Uganda Armed Forces known as UPDF. This is a clear violation of the Compromised Peace Agreement that asked all foreign troops like Uganda to leave South Sudan.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada appeals to the international community, TROIKA member states, AU, China, IGAD PLUS to put more pressure on Uganda to withdraw their forces from South Sudan and avoid fueling the South Sudan conflict and delaying the implementation of the Compromised Peace Agreement.

We also support and calls for urgent establishment of the Hybrid Court of South Sudan to try the perpetrators of Juba genocide of December 2013 and other war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the war.

The Mission accepted and endorsed the AU Summit resolutions on the deployment of Third Party Intervention Forces, solidification of UNMISS in Mandate by the United Nations Security Council, the SPLM/SPLA Mission in Canada welcomed the IGAD Heads of State and governments summit resolutions in Kigali Rwanda on July 19th 2016. Furthermore,

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission in Canada welcomed IGAD Foreign Affairs Ministers Communique released in Nairobi on July 11th2016 which calls on the deployment of third party forces in South Sudan to protect civilians and allowed smooth running of the Transitional Government of National Unity and full implementation of the Agreement on Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS).

In conclusion, the SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission in Canada and SPLM/SPLA-IO fraternity under the leadership of General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon SPLM/SPLA-IO Chairman and Commander in Chief/ First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan is committed in the peaceful resolution of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan through dialogue.

The SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission endorse the right of the SPLM/SPLA-IO to self-defence and the right to protect civilians under the SPLM/SPLA-IO controlled areas and those at risk in the Republic of South Sudan threatened by Juba SPLA-IG. We call upon our members in Canada to a bide by the Chairman and Commander in Chief General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon orders and all members loyal to our leader General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon must desist all communications with the dismissed officials and coup plotters who attempted to assassinate our Chairman and commander in Chief on July 08th 2016 .

Long live and Viva to SPLM/SPLA-IO Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA-IO General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon.
Viva SPLM/SPLA-IO Freedom Fighters
Viva the Federal Republic of South Sudan

Long live and Viva to SPLM/SPLA-IO Chairman and Commander in Chief SPLM/SPLA-
IO General Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon.
Viva SPLM/SPLA-IO Freedom Fighters
Viva the Federal Republic of South Sudan

Struggle Continues and Victory is Certain.

Signed by:

1. Ambassador Lual Mathok Wol, Representative, SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada.
2. Ambassador Charles Wani Pioneson, Deputy Representative, SPLM/SPLA-IO Mission to Canada.
3. Cde John Jok Dawech, SPLM-IO National Coordinator Canada
4. Cde. Yohannes Malual Jal, Acting Director of Political Affairs.
5. Cde. James Nguen, Director Public Relations.
6. Cde. James Riek Hoth, Director Information Technology.
7. Cde. Manyang Gatuor Kuon, Director of Protocol.
8. Cde. Ruth Thomas Maluith , Director for Resources Mobilization officer.
9. Cde. Bejien Wang Koryom, Acting Director of Account.
10. Cde. Joyce Wichleek, Director of Community Relations and Culture.
11. Cde. Thomas Tut Kuonyae, Director for Finance and Administration.
12. Cde. Ruot Chuol Biel , SPLM-IO Ontario Provincial Coordinator
13. Cde. Samuel Hoth Dak,SPLM-IO Saskatchewan Provincial Coordinator
14. Cde. Beda Otwari, SPLM-IO Manitoba Provincial Coordinator
15. Cde. William Goldiet Dak, SPLM-IO British Columbia Provincial Coordinator
16. Cde. William Riek Tut, SPLM-IO Alberta Provincial Coordinator
17. Cde. Nhial Korow Wicleek, Country Director Relief Organization for South Sudan
18. Cde. Thomas Ruach Chuol, Nuer S. Sudanese Community of Calgary, Chairman
19. Cde. Mach Ter Thach , Nuer S. Sudanese Community of Edmonton, Chairman

Dr. Riek Machar: A First Vice president or a Failed Suicide bomber?

BY: Malith Kur, London, Canada, JUL/23/2016, SSN;

“Riek Machar had a gun in our meeting, reveals President Kiir as he recounts gun battle ordeal.” CCTV Africa Reporter (http://cctv-africa.com/2016/07/21/video).

As time goes by, extremely troubling details are emerging from what happened in and around the State House in Juba over a week ago. The scene of devastation and unexploded ordnances lying around the presidential compound are indications that a vicious battle took place there. It is a scene that an ordinary person would expect to see on a battlefield, but not within the vicinity of a presidential palace.

According to CCTV reporter, “it is an extraordinary tale.” It is a tale that betrays the madness which has always accompanied Riek Machar’s search for power in South Sudan. But what is even more extraordinary in the eyewitness—President Kiir—account is that the First Vice President was carrying a pistol, a gun.

The simple question to ask in this situation is, “why he carried a gun?” It is a legitimate question for South Sudanese and foreigners alike to ask. But before we try to answer this question, let us take a look at how senior government officials are protected in the world.

We understand that high-ranking government officials around the world fall under the protection of their assigned, professional security personnel. They do not need guns when they attend the business of running the affairs of a nation.

All nations protect their very important people very well. Their protection is governed by the so-called “first rule of protection,” which states that “the protector cannot be a protectee, at least not at the same time.” In other words, important government officials cannot function while looking after their own security. Somebody has to protect them.

Following that principle, presidents and other high-ranking officials worldwide are not responsible for their security details. The state agencies specializing in the protection of government officials carry this responsibility.

The business of the state officials is to run the country, not to manage the minute details of their security. Often well-trained security agents are given necessary resources by states to perform efficient protection of high-ranking officials.

So president Kiir, Fist Vice President Machar, and the Vice-President Wani have well-trained bodyguards and do not need guns to protect themselves.

Given the first rule of protection we have mentioned above, why did Riek Machar, the Fist Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, carry an undeclared gun to the meeting at the State House on July 8, 2016? It is an act that warrants a criminal investigation. It has gone beyond what we expect from political aspirants in the country.

As we now know, few hours before the fighting around the State House in Juba began, Mr Machar’s spokesman, James Gatdet, posted a note on his Facebook page in which he claimed that President Kiir attempted to put Machar behind bars. He also rushed to announcing the incident of fighting around the State House.

Indeed, there is a correlation between the Facebook post, the fighting that erupted at the State House, and the gun Mr Machar was carrying in his pocket.

Looking at these activities, one cannot fail to see that there was a coup planned to take place on that day. Machar came with a gun in the anticipation of a violent confrontation and he was ready to use his gun had the conditions permitted him to do so.

President Kiir is right when he says that Mr Machar was likely to assassinate him if he had a chance. The apparent reason Machar did not use his gun to assassinate the president was the fear for his own safety. If his forces had entered the State House, he would have shot the president and announced a takeover by force. That is it.

There is no doubt Mr James Gatdet, who is a professional liar, is going to come out denying that Machar had a gun is his pocket. He will go as far as suggesting that president Kiir is lying to gain sympathy from the public.

But we need to be very clear here that Dr Riek Machar has gone too far and his behaviors amount to a criminal activity. He has chosen terrorism instead of sound political discourse. The ways in which he is pursuing his opportunities to grasp power are no longer governed or supported by the international norms.

I heard him last time saying that he had never killed even a fly, but this time around he wanted to kill the President of South Sudan.

In this unprecedented episode, President Kiir has shown high standards of political civility and how a statesman should conduct himself when dealing with political enemies. He sacrificed his own safety in protecting Machar from a potential harm.

As I have learnt over the years the conduct of Riek Machar, he cannot protect his political enemies. If Mr Kiir were in Machar’s position, Machar would not have spared his life. It would have been an opportunity for him to get rid of a political competitor. This is how William Nyoun, Peter Panom Thinypin, and Karbino Kuanyin Bol died. Riek Machar’s political and military associates killed them in a cold blood.

In 1991, senior military and political figures from Dinka, Nuba, and other communities who were in Nasir but did not endorse his coup against John Garang were brutally butchered in front of him. He never lifted a finger to protect them.

The fact that Machar was armed when the fight occurred at the State House explains why he is refusing to return to Juba and call for a special protection force to intervene in South Sudan to guard him.

The emergence of these details concerning what happened in Juba on that fateful afternoon makes it impossible for the government and the South Sudanese populace to accept a third party intervention in the country at this time.

What needs to happen instead is for IGAD to launch an investigation into the events which occurred at the State House in Juba to establish its cause. This process does not require any military intervention. It requires urgent criminal investigation to uncover the hidden facts.

The revelation indicating that a member of South Sudanese Presidency carried an undeclared gun while in a meeting with the president is quite serious. It reveals a gang’s mentality that has developed in the rebel movement. This gang’s mentality prevalent in the SPLM/A-IO is the factor driving the endless violence in South Sudan.

South Sudanese would want to know why Mr. Machar carried a gun into the meeting at the presidential palace in Juba.
Those who call for Mr Machar to be replaced with someone else from his party are right. He is no longer a politician but a potential assassin, who is willing to lead a death squad as we have seen at the State House in Juba. He should not be allowed to come near the State House again. He is a failed suicide bomber.

Malith J. Kur
London Canada
mkur@uwo.ca