Archive for: May 2016

Mr President: Is your mother a man or a woman?

By: Alma Zeno Riko Ettore- Equatorian citizen, UK, MAY/19/2016, SSN;

I wanted to write about this issue earlier but I gave the chance first and foremost to the Gender Minister, South Sudan Parliament and other well-placed women and men in South Sudan to challenge the President for a big “faux pas” he committed when he chose to offer women as sacrificial lambs to his wayward and unprofessional army. Seeing that no one has done so, I took the liberty to pen down my own thoughts.

Any woman has a special status in her community or the place where she lives: She can be a mother, a wife, a sister, a daughter, a grandmother, a godmother, a cousin, a friend, a granddaughter, a neighbour, a community member, a government official, a colleague at work, a Minister, a Prime Minister or a President of a country, a Princess or a Queen etc. etc.

This shows that a woman can positively affect any society, community or country in which she lives. Most women have done this quite well with little opportunities and resources; this is why this world is still rotating on its axis and the sun is where it is supposed to be, the moon is where God has placed it and man is still walking on this Earth. If any man denies the importance of women in his life then he is exhibiting nothing but ignorance, lack of knowledge, lack of education and total self-denial.

“If you educate a man you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nation”

This means that the mother affects the learning experience of a child from day one and therefore if she is learned and educated, her children will grow up to be a better breed of individuals because of that influence of the mother and as we all know, mothers make nations. The father’s educational influence is very little compared to the mother’s especially when the child is still growing and developing because a small child spends most of his/her time with the mother. A mother’s influence on individuals has been proven again and again in researches and statistics throughout the ages.

Every nation’s civilization, power and wealth is measured by the status of its women and not men; this is why South Sudan and its extremely low status of women who form the bulk of the population is one of the poorest in the world in spite of all he country’s natural resources and wealth. This is because these resources have fallen in the hands of ignorant men. As long as these ignorant men remain in power, South Sudan will remain poor and backward.

When President Salva Kiir gave the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) the green light to rape women as a reward and an incentive for their fight against the rebels, people around the world were stunned and dumbfounded with disbelief, shock and wonder. This is because President Salva Kiir is perceived to be the Head of a State and this is not how Heads of States speak but people have to know that President Salva Kiir is not any other Head of State: He is a leader of a “headless state.”

A Head of State metaphorically has eyes to see, ears to hear and brains to think. South Sudan has no government, no head. It is governed by the JCE, which is a self- appointed group of corrupt old people (average age 82) from the Dinka tribe who are the main advisors of the President. The President seems to fulfil their every wish, however destructive it might be to the nation.

Now South Sudan stands in the world arena like a headless nation, without vision, positive presence or principles. South Sudan has been reduced to a joke. Whenever anyone mentions the name “South Sudan” people’s demeanour changes to either pity or contempt.

This is not what we envisaged for our country. This is not why we went in droves to vote for the Referendum to secede from Sudan. This is not our vision for our beloved South Sudan. Everyone had a vision of freedom from slavery in all its kind; freedom from poverty and lack of education, from hatred, from malice and opportunism.

We envisaged South Sudan as a rich, powerful and exemplary country, a country leading in Africa. A country that will make us feel proud for the first time in 50 years and will stand out for the right reasons but President Salva Kiir and his JCE have other ideas.

Their vision for the country is to have slaves and masters, hatred and discord and division, one tribe against the other, one group against the other, death, poverty, hunger and confusion. This is indeed a Reign of Terror.

This President and his cohorts will stop at nothing. After mass- raiding the people of South Sudan’s public funds and looting and stealing from public resources, stashing the money in overseas bank accounts and buying businesses and private residences all over the globe, they became unable to give basic services such as salaries to the army on which they depend to terrorise and hold the nation at ransom.

As a result, the President has concocted the most disgusting and filthy means to reward the army by advising them to go out and rape women as a means for payment. The big question is “Who are those women that he is pointing out to be sacrificed?


God gave extra thought to create everything in the Earth for the comfort and survival of man. The Holy Scriptures goes on to tell us that He created the heavens with all its constellations, then the earth with its mountains, valleys, hills, oceans, rivers and then all the plants up to the microscopic algae and then the animals, birds, reptiles and invisible creatures.

All were created to perfection in order to serve man. When Adam was created God made him out of dust and he was told that he is the master of the Earth and that he should toil it in order to eat. Last of all, God created a being that is like Adam but far more sophisticated, complex and superior (This is why men being simple, will never understand women). God made that being out of Adam’s bone, not out of dust like Adam.

I will perhaps have to forgive the President for uttering such an unbecoming and shameful statement, which has been broadcast all over the world because the President lacks education, wisdom and vision. The reason he became the President of South Sudan in the first place is because at the time he was chosen, people were more concerned about seceding from the North of Sudan, therefore not much focus was put on him.

The other factor that helped him immensely is because he was hurriedly drafted in to fill the void vacated by the untimely death of Dr John Garang who was a highly educated, well-placed and visionary leader; the founder of the SPLA/M. If Dr. Garang was alive, Salva Kiir will never have the platform to insult the South Sudanese women or mess the country as he has done.

This President is the most unsuitable candidate for this job. He knows it, the JCE know and so does everyone in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese women have to fight for our rights much harder and the first fight is to stand together from all the 64 tribes as women of South Sudan in order to topple this evil regime of President Salva Kiir.

The President who seems to like to inflict on himself grievous bodily harm has to be reminded that we the South Sudanese women who he so much derides and holds in contempt constitute ¾ of the total population of South Sudan and we promise that we will be the chink in his armour, the Achilles tendon in his heel, the banana skin in his way. We will never rest until he is GONE with the wind.

In conclusion I want to give advice to people who can make some changes in the lives of our long suffering mothers, sisters and daughters in South Sudan. The Gender Minister was appointed to look after women. She should be the first person to tackle and challenge the unbecoming and insulting attitude and speech of the President and men of low education and low morality like him in government.

The President is setting an unfortunate precedence and a very bad example to young people and people who have spent all their time doing nothing but damage to communities. The Gender Minister has the duty to educate the men around her and stand for the cause of women so that they can have a better life.

I will therefor urge the Minister for Gender to ask the President to apologise to the women of South Sudan without reservations. I will also ask the Parliament of South Sudan which is the most impotent, useless and redundant Parliament in the world to stand up for the rights of the People of South Sudan at least once in their lifetime and condemn the President ‘s ill-advised and utterly revolting statement against women.

Long live every Woman in South Sudan

The SPLM Leadership fails to fix the most pressing challenges of South Sudan

By: John Juac, Windsor, Canada, MAY/18/2016, SSN;

The greatest problem facing South Sudan is a leadership crisis in all areas of the state activity, and this leadership crisis stems from the inability of those in power to meet the basic material needs of their population. In terms of natural resources, South Sudan is one of the richest countries on African continent and yet the bulk of its people live as if they were citizens of deserts.

In rural South Sudan, most villagers either live in unnecessary frustration, hopelessness and die of poverty and preventable diseases or move away from the countryside to the major urban cities to gain appreciation. Some 85 per cent of South Sudan’s poor live in rural areas and depend predominantly on traditional agriculture for their livelihoods.

Cities ought to play a key role as drivers of growth in a country’s development. In the newly independent state of South Sudan, they play opposite role.

Populations of the major urban cities like Malakal, Wau and Juba have grown larger than ever before. This huge influx of new settlers in South Sudanese cities has not been matched by a growth in widespread structures, facilities or public services like water systems, electricity, roads, houses, sewer, schools or health facilities.

Deep poverty, leave alone urban slums, is the fate of most South Sudanese city dwellers. Unemployment and underdevelopment are the rules rather than exception.

The vast numbers of newcomers are driven to urban areas by the harsh conditions of peasant life. Most soon become disillusioned, discovering that their only escape from chronic urban poverty is to eke out a meager living through the informal economy.

Few have become better workers for foreign capitalist investors exploiting the cheap labor, consumers of the expensive imported junks, as opposed to being producers of their own food crops in the rich land. Vastly more South Sudanese rely on this informal and haphazard way of making a living than on the formal economy that characterizes developed countries.

President Kiir and his cabinet ministers never give urban issues, especially urban poverty, substantial attention in their analyses or their policies and the international institutions that profoundly influence them have equally failed to make it a priority.

In the view of the local rights activists, the lack of work for young South Sudanese is a political and social time bomb waiting to explode. Many are under twenty five and are unemployed.

All these indicate that the Juba regime must find ways to disarm this time-bomb, but its leaders cannot figure out where to find the tens of millions more that are needed. It is no laughing matter because millions of South Sudanese are suffering for no reason other than the terrible choices and failures of the so-called nationalist leaders.

This crisis in South Sudan is not due to the civil war and famine as most foreign observers would make us believe, said one rights activist, noting that all those things are tied to the leadership in some capacity.

In fact, the failure to give a substantial attention to poverty, unemployment, and a mobilization of the population to produce its own food from the millions of natural resources, is primarily due to backward type of non-progressive leaders of the ruling party.

These leaders are naive, vision-less, opportunistic and totally compromised. How can they be good leaders when they have failed to fix the most pressing challenges of their nation?

They have left brothers and sisters behind the enemy line of poverty, and this is in contrast to the view that the people do not struggle for things in the heads of individuals. The people struggle and accept sacrifices demanded by the struggle in order to be able to live a better life in peace, to see their lives progress and to ensure their children’s future.

The struggle against colonialism, working for peace and progress- independence- all these are empty words without meaning for the people, unless they are translated into a real improvement of standards of living.

There are testimonies in South Sudan of the older people asking members of the ruling party when they can see political order and economic and social benefits of independence. This is a strong indictment of the failure of the post-independence state to provide at the very minimum the basic necessities of life, health centres and schools with adequate equipment, furniture and supplies in the rural regions, and good roads and transportation facilities to make it easier for peasant farmers to bring their products to urban markets.

Liberation from colonial domination is meaningful only when it goes beyond the political realm to involve the development of production, education, health facilities and trade. Some experts have argued that priority must be given to the development, modernization and transformation of agriculture.

Then the real challenge for the rulers of South Sudan is to be able to conceive and execute development strategies that satisfy the deepest aspirations of the popular masses for economic development and material prosperity. The rulers must also make common cause with their people by opting for those policies that meet their needs.

Nevertheless, the pathological rulers have sided with the international capitalists and accepted antisocial development strategies and polices imposed by the international institutions like the IMF and the World Bank. When one considers the topic of development it is important to realize that all conceptions of development necessarily reflect a particular set of social and political values.

Indeed, it is true say that development can be conceived only within an ideological framework, and this is evident in the dominant understanding by the majority of governments and international institutions which view development as synonymous with economic growth within the context of a free market international economy.

Economic growth is identified as necessary for combating poverty, defined as the inability of people to meet their basic material needs through cash transactions. A key issue in the debate about economic system is the choice between economic growth and economic development and one starts by drawing a distinction between economic growth and economic development.

One can have economic growth without economic development. Economic growth is a necessary but not sufficient condition of economic development. Economic growth simply means that the pie measured by GDP has grown bigger, but it says nothing about how the pie is divided. Economic development differs in being concerned with whether the average person’s standard of living has increased and whether the person has more freedom of choice.

Economic development can be measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI takes into account literacy rates, gender parity and life expectancy, which affect productivity and could lead to economic growth. Economic development implies an increase in real income for most families.

Economic development seeks to alleviate people from low standards of living and works toward providing citizens with jobs and suitable shelter. It seeks to improve lives without compromising the need of future generations. On the other hand, economic growth does not address the question of the depletion of natural resources and pollution and global warming.

The difference between economic growth and economic development can be well illustrated by Angola, where the GDP grew by 20 per cent and yet poverty increased substantially. Much of the higher GDP flowed into the pockets of the ruling elites and their relatives and cronies. The daughter of the president of Angola herself was a billionaire and yet did nothing to create value for Angola. By contrast, Bill Gates built a business called Microsoft that made him billionaire many times over, but at least the business contributed to the development of the U.S. economy and jobs

Furthermore, Egypt’s past ruler, Hosni Mubarak, had a fortune estimated at $42 billion, but also did nothing to create value for Egypt. In South Sudan, the central and state ministers are billionaire. But where did this money come from? A great deal came from petroleum dollars and foreign assistance designed to help with the economic development. Many South Sudanese blame poverty and unemployment problem on the incompetency, the corruption and the greedy of their leaders.

On final note, think South Sudan and many people think of endless ethnic strife, brutal civil war, pervasive corruption, universal poverty, diseases out of control and unworthy rulers. South Sudan faces a daunting list of challenges and its citizens live with no hopes and dreams. Their dreams of peace and prosperity have been shattered by the greedy, corrupted and unscrupulous rule of the nationalist leaders for most years of independence.

One would be contented with just a modest of development of better opportunities, health services, better education and eradication of poverty in urban centres and rural regions. But unfortunately even these modest goals are being thwarted by power hunger and rapacious leaders who can only achieve their very goals by depriving their people of the basic needs.

That much is understood by most southerners. What is less clear to an outsider is why many good people accept the warlords as their rulers and even celebrate their bad governments?

The answer has two parts: administrative corruption and traditional culture. Tribalism is the stumbling block to peaceful coexistence and progress. Ethnic ties in South Sudan are a magnified expression of family loyalty that become a fault line at times of political and economic distresses.

Like Islam in Muslim Arab Sudan, tribal attachments indeed can be convenient lever for a divide-and rule ploy by cynical political leaders. But, like nationalism, such solidarity is not necessarily a destructive force. South Sudanese are patient and long suffering to an extent probably unparalleled in East African region.

Indeed, any foreigner who knows the daily lives of most southerners must marvel that a percentage of the new country’s people is in civil turmoil. And those conflicts are largely the result of small groups vying for control of the nation’s resources rather than mass movements of protest against unjust governments.

Many southerners had sacrificed their lives during the national struggle to winning political freedom, but now most are passive and unwilling to interfere with what they see as the natural wheels of life. In this respect, they are like the rest of people in Western world. Few people in free countries write letters to the editor or campaign actively to change laws. But the extent and duration of dictatorship in South Sudan are such that political police or military force is not enough to explain it.

The ability of southerners to put up with difficult and mistreatment is reflected in the historically low incidence of depression and suicide in the country. There is a pain and suffering in South Sudan and yet people continue to accept bad governments for three reasons. First, the local culture induces them to respect their elders and accept their fate.

Second, patronage and corruption have a complex stranglehold on national life. Third, South Sudan has become a heavy-handed police state and dictatorship, where President Kiir and his cohorts do the dictating. Like the former colonial master, it is a one-party state, but the ruling elite is not disciplined and serious.

It lies on an elaborate network of the cell leaders who suppress inconvenient points of views, and these kleptocratic leaders have given South Sudan a bad name. They have plunged their people into abject poverty and despair, and incited bitter ethnic violence and even armed conflicts. They are the ones largely responsible for underdevelopment, food scarcities, rising infant mortality rates, soaring budget deficits, human rights abuses, breaches of the rule of law and prolonged serfdom for million South Sudanese.

They have, in short, brutally complicated the very sever political, economic, ethnic and health issues that challenge South Sudan. The new state will most probably continue to crumble until the new leadership come to value the long-term betterment of its population over its own personal and political interests.

With terrible weak national and state governmental institutions exacerbating South Sudan’s trauma, the leaders of the capitalist West, whose timorous approaches to African problems have been documented, cannot be expected to take strong hands in helping to resolve the political, social and economic problems.

Even as regards peace making and conflict prevention, only other African countries are likely to see the Western activity. On the other hand, there are ongoing conversations in the various South Sudanese online media about the lack of political democracy, but elections are merely indicator of the democratic process. They are not worth very much if one leader, or group totally dominates the system and if oppositions are harassed, intimidated, often shoot at, even arrested, and obligated to campaign fearing for their very lives. Sometimes they are even killed along with critical journalists.

South Sudan held elections in 2010, the year before independence, but now it is a new authoritarian state dominated by Kiir and Machar and their respective supporters. The lack of political democracy overall, the general weak economic growth, poverty, rampant diseases and sweeping neglect of the country’s agriculture by politicians does not bode well for South Sudan’s near-term future. As some local rights activists have indicated, South Sudan’s positive role models need to be offered to the new leaders.

John Juac Deng
Country: Windsor, Canada

What Uganda’s Pres. Museveni means for the people of South Sudan

By Emmanuel Kachoul, Uganda, MAY/16/2016, SSN;

Dear Editor, and my fellow South Sudanese allow me start by introducing myself. I’m a South Sudanese businessman who has greatly benefited from H.E. President Yoweri K. Museveni’s relentless efforts to stabilize the Great Lakes region AND East Africa at large including my own country South Sudan.

I would like to take advantage of this day when our dear Pan Africanist leader is being inaugurated or sworn in for his new term of office as President to express my gratitude to him, the NRM and the UPDF plus the entire people of Uganda for their sacrifice and contribution towards pacification of my country South Sudan.

Allow me make my submission as follows: The Republic of South Sudan is the youngest nation in the whole world having got its independence on the 9th July 2011. But this Republic has seen turbulent times and the journey to self-determination has been protracted and painful.

Thanks to all regional bodies including the IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development) and other International friends who played a leading role in negotiations that led to the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 that brought a semblance of peace which we still hold on until now.

These kinds of conflicts, we as freedom fighters have always prayed that they don’t happen again because they date back during the time of colonialism. Case study in 1974 southerners who had separated from the north, reunited with the north again, in 1955 again southern army officers mutinied forming the Anya Nya rebel groups. And in 1983 a major insurrection involving many uncomfortable southerners led by SPLM/A (Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement) under the able leadership of Cmdr. John Garang De Mabior fought a justified protracted peoples war for 21 years for self-determination, until the CPA was signed.

Although, this war alone resulted into untold suffering of people including loss of over 2 million people and displacing close to 5 million People women and children inclusive. All these wars have played negatively in the political, social and economic spheres of our nation a scenario that we must guard against zealously.

Unfortunately, in December 2013 fighting again broke out between government forces led by President Salva Kiir and rebels royal to his deputy vice president Riak Machar and fighting spread across the country leading to unnecessary loss of lives and untold suffering of innocent people.

Nevertheless, on my behalf and on behalf of my fellow South Sudanese and the fallen freedom fighters in SPLA/M who hold our beloved motherland with high esteem, we salute commander Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and congratulate him upon this well-deserved victory and pray that he continues with his visionary and wise leadership role, which he has manifested to us in the region and in Africa at large and a true Pan African Elder.

It should always remain fresh in the minds of all how his Excellency president Museveni swiftly moved to avert a looming genocide in the young and fragile nation of South Sudan in the just concluded civil war, amidst wild spread criticism across the globe but he single handily stood with the people of south Sudan by sending in well trained and disciplined African soldiers “ the UPDF troops” who didn’t disappoint but rather stood with their SPLA comrades to calm a situation which had run out of hand and saved the lives of innocent civilians and properties.

Bravo SPLA and UPDF for the love of your continent, you are our heroes. The courage and consistency of the Ugandan Army and the SPLA/M in resolving the chaos in South Sudan is the product of the Pan African state of mind and much is owed to the men and women who serve in these forces.

Painful lesson learnt; 1994 Rwanda genocide. One of the major reason this happened was because everybody among the regional leaders then sat and waited for UN and or I don’t know what to come and secure Rwandans.

And the biggest African shameful atrocity befell our brothers and sisters there as if they didn’t have neighbours to help, while our leaders stood aside and watched our sisters and brothers chopping themselves to death for a hooping one hundred dark days.

This should never happen again anywhere on the African continent and the world at large. Good neighbourhood demands that when you see smoke at your neighbour’s house, you know there is fire therefore you must move to extinguish it and this is exactly what UPDF under its able command did in 2013 in South Sudan.

I get disturbed when none of the national and international agencies don’t keep mentioning such a noble achievement. And had the genocide happened, it would be talked about up to date.

I think we should learn how to glorify positive achievements even for the next generation to be able to build on it in our enduring endeavour to make Africa a good place to be. The harmonised political, social and military approach has again brought a semblance of peace in juba manifested in the getting together of the two warring parties of president Salva Kiir and his vice Riak Macher.

Furthermore, All this has happened due to mature political and military engagements within our two neighbouring countries and truth be told, a big kudos must go to Commander Museveni and Commander Kiir Mayerdit, South Sudanese Peace loving people, IGAD Leadership as well as well-wishers.

Regionally, the admission of South Sudan into the EAC and now COMESA opens up opportunities for South Sudan investors and Citizens and this couldn’t have come at a better time since this re strengthens bilateral relations with our neighbours. Of equal importance is the formation of the East African Standby army to act as a deterrent and secure the region in times of imminent turmoil.

Time will come when we don’t have brave leaders who can bridge the gap hence there must be a concrete mechanism of joint security of people’s lives and property. To all my fellow south Sudanese back home and in the Diaspora. Please we must continue working hard and praying trusting in God’s ability to deliver us from the economic difficulties we still face and a passionate call to our governments to at all times uplift peoples’ liberties and freedom.

This can best be achieved if we all cherish and use freedom profitably bearing in mind that we don’t only have to do what we like but what we ought to do right.

Martin Luther king once said “That darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do that’’. He went ahead to say that ‘’Hate cannot drive out hate, only love can do that”. Please let us continue in the same footsteps of loving one another, because surely there is light at the end of the tunnel.

About the writer Comrade Emmanuel Kachoul is an SPLA former freedom fighter who is currently engaged in the fight against poverty and its related vices in South Sudan and trying to unlock South Sudan’s economic potential so that the Young nation can deliver on its promise of developing its people. The writer can be contacted on
+256 771869952/+254 708446804

TGoNU: Resolve Dispute over the Cantonment Sites

By: Mabor Maker Dhelbeny, JUBA, MAY/16/2016, SSN;

In the context of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) 2015, which provides the life span of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) as thirty (30) months, therefore, the parties to the Agreement must have come up with proper resolution of forces to be cantoned in former Western Equatoria as well as Western Bahr al-Ghazal States before the intervention of AU (African Union) MVM (Monitoring and Verification Mechanism) or CTSAMM (Ceasefire & Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism), the JMCC (Joint Military Ceasefire Commission) and UNMISS (United Nations Mission In South Sudan).

Because these are the bodies tasked to conduct the activities of cantonment sites, monitoring the compliance and implementation of permanent ceasefire. The word “Cantonment” seems to have originated from the French word – ‘canton’ meaning corner or district but it carries the same description of site or area where forces or troops are usually encamped for a certain period of time.

In a meeting conducted by the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) two (2) months ago before the formation of TGONU’s cabinet, the GRSS (Government of the Republic of South Sudan) and the SPLM/A-IO (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army–In Opposition) have disagreed over cantonment sites in Equatoria and Bahr El-Ghazal States.

According to Mr. Taban Deng Gai of the SPLM/A-IO advance team leader, “We have suggested about five (5) places in Equatoria and about four (4) places for cantonment in Greater Bahr El-Ghazal but…we could not resolve this because the government is refusing…”

In my own view, the ARCISS is silent in other areas such as Western Equatoria and Bahr El-Ghazal States about the sites of cantoning forces, although it partly provides that “…any other forces related to conflict in other areas that are declared by the warring parties (i.e. the GRSS & the SPLM/A-IO) during the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangement (PCTSA) workshop”.

Such ‘other areas’ however, would not be assumed as Western Equatoria and Bahr El-Ghazal States in its interpretation unless declared in September 2015 workshop by the PCTSA. In that workshop held at Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, the parties submitted the lists of declared cantonment/assembly sites to the IGAD Mediators which should have been released or published to the public so that those sites of cantonment agreed by the parties are known.

The question which remains to be asked is that: “Whether or not the parties had agreed that there was a conflict in other areas such as Western Equatoria and Bahr El-Ghazal States which they have declared during the PCTA workshop?”

In the PCTSA workshop convened by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Mediators in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the parties agreed on the following:
–(1) Declare the disposition of forces down to the level of battalion;
–(2) Establishment of demilitarized areas;
–(3) Withdrawal of routes and;
–(4) Cantonment sites;
–(5) Determine the size of forces to provide security in Juba, Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and other areas …; and
–(6) Ratify implementation matrix and ceasefire master map (Art. 1.8 of the ARCISS, 2015).

Since the size of forces to provide security in Juba had already been determined as 3,000 Joint Integrated Police and 2910 military from both – i.e. the South Sudan Army in Opposition and the SPLA, therefore the parties are left with Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and other areas.

Of course, Article 2 sub-article 2 of the ARCISS, 2015, stipulates that, “the warring parties agree that the forces that shall be cantoned shall be those forces previously in combat in Juba, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States, and any other forces related to the conflict in other areas that are declared by the warring parties during the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Workshop”.

The fact that Juba has been mentioned in the Agreement as one of the cantonment sites should not be construed as greater Equatoria but it was the place where the conflict of December 15 2013 broke out.

The GRSS’ insistence on resolving the outstanding issues which includes cantonment sites in the said areas claimed by the SPLM/A-IO will make war particularly in western part of the country to intensify and hence peace will remain a fragile peace.

At this critical moment, AU intervention would be needed in case if the parties fail to agree on the cantonment sites and to determine the dimension of military forces to be cantoned.

Unless the cantonment sites are resolved through consensus by the parties so that the protection and security of former combatants on the sites need to be given to the UNMISS as its primary responsibility, such responsibility must be authorized by the GRSS first after proper mechanisms are put in place because UNMISS forces are no longer being trusted either by the citizens or the government.

For instance, during the implementation of Burundi’s Peace and Reconciliation Agreement, UN was not allowed to have access to the cantonment site in Muyange, until the UN joint field mission was organized with following findings: (a) The South African Force (SAF) under the African Mission In Burundi (AMIB) is responsible for the protection and security of ex-combatants on the cantonment site; and (b) The World Health Organization is tasked with support to health services as provided through the medical team of SAF, because the needs the former combatants expressed were related to the improvement of health services and a permanent medical team on the site and additional food provisions.

The Arusha Accord however establishes the Joint Ceasefire Commission (JCC) as a forum which brings together the Burundi Armed Forces (FAB) and various armed groups to oversee the implementation of ceasefire Agreements of 7 October and 2 December 2002 between the TGOB and CNDD-FDD.

But one of the JCC responsibilities include monitoring the parties and investigating their violations of ceasefire agreements, deciding on cantonment areas and number of armed combatants to be placed in them (Nelson Alusala, January, 2004).

Significantly, the activities of forces that are expected to be assembled or cantoned will be conducted by the MVM, AU, UNMISS and Parties in order to identify and register the personnel, weapons and equipment accountability, registration of weapons and ammunitions; screening of elderly, sick, wounded, disable and underage soldiers; re-organization during disarmament, demobilization and re-integration programmes.

All forces that shall be cantoned shall receive non-military logistical supply such as food, shelter and access to medical care (See Art. 2.1 of the ARCISS, 2015). Therefore, the cantonment of all combatants would help the TGoNU in terms of absorbing them into the national army – SPLA or establishing the Joint Integrated Police (JIP) in order to provide security and protection in Juba City and other major towns in South Sudan.

And those (combatants) who would be remaining in the cantonment sites would be subjected to the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) process. This had happened some years back between the Transitional Government of Burundi (TGOB), led by the former President Domitien Ndayizeye and National Council for the Defence of Democracy / Forces for the Defence of Democracy (CN DD-FDD) of Mr Pierre Nkurunziza, currently the Burundian President under the Arusha Peace & Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi signed on August 28, 2000 and Dar-Es-Salaam Protocol on Power Sharing 2008.

Finally, it seems that the SPLM/A-IO forces have done regroupment in the nine (9) areas mentioned in Equatoria and Bahr el-Ghazal regions before they seek permission from the GRSS to concede cantonment sites.

This demonstrates that the SPLM/A-IO might have contracted an organization or UN agency to resupply all forces with logistics support of non-lethal nature such as food, water, clothing and medical care during the regroupment processes, pending the dispute over cantonment sites to be resolved.

By averting the continuation of hostilities in breach of permanent ceasefire and cessation of hostilities agreements, the TGoNU must resolve the dispute over cantonment sites in greater Equatoria and Bahr el-Ghazal regions as an urgent security challenge.

To paraphrase what I wrote previously in one of my articles (under the title: “CTSAMM to observe security ahead of the formation of TGoNU) that, “the parties therefore need to revisit the Agreement in order to resolve the problem of forces that assembled themselves in the former Western Equatoria and Western Bahr el-Ghazal States as claimed by the SPLM/A-IO Advance Team to be their forces. The interpretation of “all forces that are previously in combat” should not confused the parties with rules of IHL (International Humanitarian Law) and Geneva Conventions in their minds, nor should it be used as a political leverage to derail the implementation.

This brings me to the point that the party who alleged the presence of its forces in the said areas for cantonment, must prove it by giving the date before the signing of the compromise peace agreement on the 17th and 26th August, 2015 respectively.

Therefore the question that begs itself is that: “When did the forces, claimed by the SPLM/A-IO leadership wage their rebellion in both former Western of Equatoria and Bahr el-Ghazal States?” If these forces waged their rebellion after the ARCISS has been signed, subsequently followed by the declaration of PCTSA workshop, then they will not be granted the benefit of cantonment.”

The Writer is a Practising Lawyer and Legal Consultant in Juba and he can be reached for comment(s) via his email address:

Can the Opposing Quartet of Riak, Lam, Pres. Kiir & Yau Yau together restore peace, stability in torn fabric of politics in young nation?

Quote “Peace is costly but it’s worth the expenses” from African Ancestors.

By Luka Geng Geng,, University Campus (UBG), MAY/12/2015, SSN;

As I write this piece, it goes without saying that every South Sudanese citizen across the country and elsewhere on the world needs the country to heal, demands the politicians to close up an old page and start with the new chapter and therefore make a turn to restore and consolidate peace and stability, security, prosperity and ultimately resurface the torn fabric of political culture in the world’s youngest Republic of South Sudan.

However, ringing in the minds of everybody is the question that poses itself about the old time opposing quartet in the persons of Dr. Riak Machar, Dr. Lam Akol, Pres. Salva Kiir, and David Yau Yau, whose appearance in TGONU caught everybody by surprise.

This question remains open because there is no precisely short answer to slaughter it. But my dear esteemed readers, before getting down to the centerpiece of this article and imploring more, allow me here at the outset to seize this golden opportunity to send Mr. President and his newly appointed cabinet glad tidings from my abode.

Although this piece might not be timely on its publication owing to my inaccessibility to internet, I believe President Salva Kiir must be a peace loving and true nationalist having set the room to accommodate all odds. Indeed nobody was expecting all the faces of the aforesaid quartet to appear in the TGONU as thinking so could be a nightmare for those who dreamt of it….…..until the night of April 28, 2016 when the state owned SSTV let the cat out of the bag to raise the eyebrows for the entire nation.

After this secret was revealed through the presidential decree, the talk of the day was centered on the question that makes the title of this piece. What bothers much in this question lies squarely on the level of trust among this quartet whom the president tied down with a rope on the same wood, the fact that Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Riak Machar, President Salva Kiir and David Yau Yau all have had varied ideologies and political views has raised this question on top of others.

With Dr. Lam Akol, the chairman of Democratic Change Party in recent years seen as persistent critique to the government, Yau Yau fought the same government before he joined the SPLM main stream (SPLM-IG) and Dr. Riak Machar, the chairman of SPLM-IO, and a signatory to the peace agreement that brought the formation of TGONU, all now in the same boat.

We are left with only this question to ask, but the president’s remarks on the swearing ceremony of the newly formed cabinet is wise enough to provide a glimpse of hope to be relied upon.

On the swearing ceremony, Mr. President unreservedly called for “cooperation and the spirit of team work among the new cabinet to be employed so as to deliver the basic services for people” if the cabinet respond positively to that call, a unity can be regained without any doubt there.

In light of ensuring peace and stability, security, unity, prosperity and marshaling the torn fabric of political culture in the young republic of South Sudan, it is very imperative from my own perspective that our top leaders must understand that the stable peace can be restored on the basis of economic, social, political and military reforms by aiming at efforts that contribute directly or indirectly to an improvement of circumstances surrounding the security in the country.

Taking into account this perspective and in order to enhance durable peace in South Sudan, it is vital to consider political, economic, social and military aspects comprehensively; in particular, economic development has indispensable importance in reinforcing the political and social resilience of the nation and enhancing sustainable stability within the country.

It is also important for peace and stability of this country to solve and silence internal disputes and inter-communal clashes as the country looks on for peaceful coexistence.

In my personal point of view, the first step before even thinking of taking on these reforms must be the reconciliation and trust-building among the leaders themselves, by so doing, the gateway of transition from conflict to reconciliation demands that leaders and the general public must step away from previous mistrust, anger and old memories so that they may come to nuanced understanding of the previously erupted conflict and therefore prove themselves to be the exemplary for others.

Looking back at previous memories could be painful undeniably, although the fighting that erupted in Juba on December 15, 2013 may have been triggered by political disputes as a result of mistrust among the nation’s top leaders, the violence it sparked on the wider population cannot be solely explained by the political differences of the elite.

As such, the country top leaders and the public must step away from their old thoughts or memories and put the interest of the nation first above everything including their own interests. It will be disheartening for these country top leaders to fail to work in the spirit of teamwork in an attempt to restore the torn fabric of the fractured south Sudan that was torn in to pieces politically, economically, socially, ethnically and culturally because this time is the second best chance for peaceful coexistence South Sudan must embrace.

Peace means a lot to the south Sudanese citizens who have been desirous for positive changes and more specifically to the internally displaced population across the country.

Apparently, challenges on the road to revive the country and rebuilt the lives of its citizens are enormous, however, no one is expecting the current leadership to uproot them overnight……but if the leadership shows its commitment then with time, peace and stability shall be restored and the country shall soon be free of problems.

Now that the incumbent government must work to deliver peace and security, combat corruption and basic service delivery, repatriate the IDPs from the POCs and ultimately to bring unity, the government must not forget to build strong bilateral relationships with its neighboring country and international bodies whose bilateral relations went fragile over the last two and half years of conflict.

Although the international community fell short to support transitional government of national unity with funds and donations as soon as it was much expected, it is too early to expect such funding and support from them and the best thing to do is just to remain in close touch.

This time will also be a chance to reverse a trauma that had been inflicted on the millions of its citizens psychologically and physically, therefore the newly appointed cabinet ministers must show a spirit of hard work to ensure that peace, security and stability are restored.

All the parties should come together at this juncture and work for the progress of the country, dividing issues such as the twenty eight states as always claimed by SPLM-IO must not be the standpoints of withholding the peace in the country, both parties to the agreement must find a possible means to solve such issues amicably.

Give peace a chance so that it must prevail!

The writer of this piece is a medical student in the University of Bahr el Ghazal; Wau, He can be reached at

The Government of National Unity: What does it entail and what will it bring?

BY: Marial Mach, A’duot, Australia, MAY/12/2016, SSN;

It’s always worth celebrating, at least, by the people with a moral compass, when the rage of war is abridged from the catalysts of disaster to the level of an isolated violence. Whether you are an inept campaigner of an exaggerated and mythical, political legitimacy of the ruler, and the challenger, or an advocate of the dying people, subjected to a war that was avoidable, there is one thing ostensibly inevitable.

The last two-half years, since the war broke out in December 2013, have resembled a netherworld for the impoverish civilians across our great land, as unswayed politicians, military leaders, and their unscrupulous apologists, savage the lives and hopes that were slowly salvaged, after the shocks of the nearly five decades of war with the north and innumerable internal strives.

From the outlooks of radioactive war lobbies, the current window of peace is not good enough to sell political and ethnic propaganda which are not, in any essence, capable of assuring both irrational promises of the regime charge, as posited by some sections of our politics or an illusion at the halls of the power, that the government functioned like a colonial despot with less or no accountability whatsoever.

Having said that, it does not imply the author is under any means of illusion that things will unexpectedly be normal, once comes the government of the national unity.

The new government won’t function from a purposive unitary standpoint, but it will be operated as a utility site where psychotic individuals will be deployed in what I unapologetically called a political psychopathy; a mechanism of political and social moral disengagement which is extensively playing a greater role in the political and military violence.

It will be an avenue for the civil war boosters to continue and have a second chance in the political spotlight and of course, a ticket to mug public funds. What may be affected slightly by the new government, I believe, is the notion of political laisser-faire and perhaps the cherished commitment to the use of violence to force the political change.

That, of course, is not proficient in changing the working hypothesis in the minds of aggravated masses; that no one who stumped for the war, or the current political crisis in the country should give advice about the catastrophe now, or should get listened to.

Hence, the incoming administration will ascend on challenges of enormous scales: peace to build, the war to end and prevent, economy to fix, and large-scale Internally Displace Persons (IDPs) and refugees to settle. And most importantly, preventing the threat of the entire country not only from collapsing but also from becoming resentful between those who have and those who have not.

This assumption lies in the simple truth that the disproportionate privileges enjoyed by those in power may in near future create cumulative inducements for those people who have nothing to demand a systematic change and that call has been violently resisted and it may lead to another crisis unless the leaders rapidly revise their extreme egocentricity and apply moral-political consciousness.

In contrast to these issues, the major question is what does the new government, yet to be formed anyway, bring to the country’s destitute population?
The easiest, straightforward answer is nothing to the population.

This conclusion may seem little too insolent, or to some extent, I may be accused of being ignorant. First, because new political and security arrangement between the two factions of the SPLM did actually end the major part of the war, and second, the transition may lead to long-lasting political consensus, sustainable peace, and stability.

These are probable, and they need to be acknowledged.

What could be said, however, is the reality that such political arrangement pointed to how disputants should be able to divide the stakes, political authority, for instance, but how such arrangement should support the building of effective, accountable, and democratic institutions and civil societies that meet the needs of people is elusive.

The above suppositions are true only in the creeds of the political concession theory and in the conflict resolution and they tend to function only when the war-crazy buffoons test the acrimonious part of the violence they engineered through their intellect of political immaturity and impunity, and that I believe, in not the case in our situation.

Our political leaders have not learned their lesson, nor does it seem to be any consequence for the initiation of the war. What is coming inevitably in the ways of the leaders, which in my opinion, have committed war crimes is the reward for incumbency and reinsertion.

That promise is celebrated in Juba and in a subterranean world of Fagak where the SPLM in Opposition set up their imaginary political capital, as well as in many other mongoose-burrows across the country.

Why this is the case is intricate, but a careful review of the record of our political system and leader’s behaviours show a number of continuities with liberation tendencies, notably concerning with militarized politics and great power presence in the hands of the core political and military leaders.

Thus, various political commentators and experts have ridiculed the surface idea of democracy on the lips of South Sudan’s leaders, and which is, in fact, a falsified euphemism of what really caused the current war that will bring about the power-sharing arrangement.

The experts’ conclusion is that SPLM, in all its factions, operate a kleptocratic system where the power is obtained and used for personal benefit rather than service delivery to the governed, and I am not contesting, I agreed with that accusation.

Kleptocrats, of course, stock the looted money away in foreign accounts to serve as the rainy-day fund in the event they lost the power and that is not foreign to our rulers either. So, what will come with the new administration is an absolute individual ticket to power.

President Salva will keep the continuity of the status quo on behalf of his supporters while Dr. Riek, as First Vice President, will reward his political and military allies for returning him to power, a job well-done. Like those who remained in the government, their position allocations will, of course, be used to access the scarce resources, as well as used as the source of political influence.

The key outcome in this case, is a perpetual continuity of political and economic savagery by the same old leaders through the tactics of violence or the threats that usually come when one feels aggrieved to mobilise an armed faction when dismissed or discharged from lucrative and influential roles in the government, or even in the various rebellion sectors as we have seen recently.

The conclusion of what the government of national unity means to the politicians is what Jean-François Bayart called ‘The Politics of the Belly’. Bayart’s context is a classic portrayal of the nature of many African states buried deep in the mass of the savagery of the present status of political practices.

Bayart emphasis lies on the persistence of deeply entrenched patterns of statecraft, and, insofar as he recalled the impact of despotic formal institutions on the extent of political and economic outcomes. Bayart emphasizes the ordinariness of African societies, referring them as ‘ordinary and particularly ordinary in their politics’.

Whereas most students of contemporary politics study corruption around individual responsibilities, the context of The Politics of the Belly’ includes the role played by the state in aiding and abetting political deficiencies and corrupt practices. It is this process that the current political scientists tend to refer as criminalisation of the state. The criminalisation of the state, if we had to take it in South Sudan’s context would mean chronicles totality of state-supported criminal activities.

The ordinariness of our politics lies in political practices and with leaders who see the forms of political normality in violent competition for power where one form his own militancy to force his employment, institutionalised fraud and the plundering of public resources, the growth of private armies, the privatisation of state institutions, and the development of economies of plunder.

Within these political imperceptiveness lies the weakness of our leaders. No one, especially those who seem to understand politics better ever had a dream to see changes overnight in a country emerging from war and lacking every institutional capacity and at the same time led by almost erudite revolutionaries.

But what is also true is that outright embezzlement in the form of the state-sponsored bourgeoisie, cling to power or attempt to seize it by force are now a historical artefact in some part of the world, even though some leaders in Africa make them seem little exotic.

South Sudan as new states have not reached such dictatorial stage yet, but it has failed or it is failing on multiple fronts and the questions worth debating is what to blame for the failure; the legacy of wars or a blind personal ambitions among the leaders?

To end this note, what the people of South Sudan will get from the incoming government is a constant pattern of despotic political opportunism at different levels. My assumption is that factionalism and political violence is not something that happens only as an accident, but a political scheme glossed in structural condition of the SPLM/SPLA’s politics.

It’s proceeding from a desire to liquidate influences and power into possessions. I believed that the precariousness of our political equilibria is not a demonstration of total ethnic hostilities or an inadequacy of the state, but it becomes the case only because of uncontrolled reciprocal greediness of political elites.

For all the benefits of the doubt, I should say freedom of thought entitled every person to believe, or disagree, and this article is not devoid of that fact either, on my behalf as an author and for others to contest what I said.

Marial Mach, A’duot, is a South Sudanese resides in Melbourne, Australia. He can be reached for comment at

Chollo Community position on Implementation of the 28 States in Upper Nile

Date: 7/5/2016;

HE. Festus G. Mogae, Chairperson of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission,
Juba, South Sudan
Acknowledgment and appreciation for formation of TGoNU and your position in regard to 28 states:
Your Excellency,
We salute you for great effort, which you tirelessly made with your team for the formation of the TGoNU according to the Compromise Agreement that was signed by both parties. You’re authentic and outstanding position, which reiterated that JMEC never recognize 28 states, is acceptable by all peace lovers. Therefore, operating with the Compromise Agreement framework will make implementation quiet attainable. Ironical anything which was not agreed upon by partners in the Compromise Agreement should not be allowed to go without being challenge.

So we, the Chollo Community in upper Nile State would like to reaffirm our rejection of the implementation of the 28 states, which were established by President Salva Kiir vide his Establishment Order 36/2015 on 2nd October 2015 due to the following reasons:

1. Chollo Community is being targeted and marginalized by the implementation of the Presidential Decree that divided the country into 28 states.

2. The Decree has grabbed Chollo land east of the White Nile including Malakal town and has given it to the DinkaPadang in Upper Nile State.

3. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan Soldiers and the Militia of Dinka Padang under the leadership of Chol Thon, the Newly appointed Governor of the so- Called the Eastern Upper Nile state in collaboration with President Salva Kiir had committed massacre of our chollo innocent civilians who were under the protection of UNIMIS in Malakal as displaced persons from 17th – 18th February 2016.

4. That act was a deliberate strategic plan to dislodged chollo community from their ancestral land on the Eastern bank of White Nile and Sobat Rivers through killing and committing atrocities against the Chollo Community.

5. All people in the South Sudan are aware of the last IGAD Communiqué issued by its Council of Ministers on the 31st of January 2016, which had demanded from the Government of South Sudan to suspend the implementation of the 28 states. Unfortunately, President Salva kiir did not respond positively to it. Instead, he had ignored the IGAD Communiqué and had created number of counties in the 28 states including upper Nile state.

6. President Salva kiir had appointed William Othwonh to be the Governor of the so- called the Western State which he had created in the chollo Kingdom on the Western bank of the Nile without the agreement of the chollo community who are the residents and the rightful owners of that land.

Now, the Chollo Community Council is appealing to you again as Chairman of JMEC, together with IGAD member countries, AU, UN, Troika, China and other international partners to pressurize President Salva Kiir to revoke the 28 States, so as to avoid tribal war, particularly between Dinka Padang and Chollo communities in Upper Nile State.

Finally, we would like to inform you that Chollo people are peace loving known by many communities, however, they will not tolerate to accept being dislodged from their ancestral land. In case this toxic and undesirable Decree Number 36/2015 issued on 2nd of October 2015 is not revoked, then Chollo Community is more likely to defend their rights over their ancestral land, and it may happen later when all peace means were exhausted without tangible and productive result. Indeed, JMEC, IGAD Plus, Troika and the International community should not blame Chollo Community, in case they react to unpopular Decree of the creation of 28 states.

Please accept the assurances of our highest consideration and great esteem.
Thank you.

Samson Oyay Awin
Chairman of Chollo Community Council, Khartoum Sudan

CC. Chairman of the African Union (AU) Commision, Addis Ababa
CC. IGAD member countries (Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda)
CC. United Nations Secretary General, New York, USA.
CC. Troika Countries (USA, UK and Norway)
CC. His Majesty Reth Kwongo Dak Padiet, Reth of Chollo, Fashoda
CC. MPs in the National Legislative Assembly, Juba, South Sudan.
CC. Chairman of Chollo Intellectuals Committee, Juba, South Sudan.
CC. Chollo Community Members in Diaspora (USA, UK, Australia andothers)

Prioritising the Solutions to South Sudan’s Problems of Political & Tribal Bigotry

BY: Dr. Lako Jada KWAJOK, MAY/07/2016, SSN;

At this point, only a few among the countries of the world could rival South Sudan regarding the massive problems facing it. The simple fact that many tend to overlook is that the majority of these problems are man-made disasters. South Sudan didn’t suffer an environmental catastrophe but what we went through over the past couple of years resulted in devastation on the scale of a tsunami or a major earthquake. These disasters shouldn’t have happened in the first place and were entirely avoidable.

Political and tribal bigotry coupled with incompetence and corruption were what got us into the current sorry state. Clearly, we have a lot on our plates to handle at any particular time. In such a situation the conventional wisdom entails prioritisation as the best line of action to be taken by the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

Presently, the most pressing issues are the widespread insecurity and the absence of the rule of law in many parts of South Sudan. Insecurity is the single most crucial matter that needs to be resolved urgently by the TGoNU. I cannot overemphasise how important is the settlement of this issue for the full implementation of the peace agreement and for the maintenance of stability of the country.

People do realise that without significant progress in the way of improving the security situation in the country, there would be modest achievements or not at all on the other fronts. For example, those who have taken refuge in UNMISS camps all over the country, would not leave them if they don’t see tangible results that dispel their fears.

It would even be unrealistic to talk about mending what has been torn apart let alone enacting the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing (CTRH) while insecurity remains rampant and unabated.

Furthermore, there would be no hope for a robust economic growth and a speedy recovery if the working class and the farmers continue to feel unsafe in their homes.

At any rate, the formation of the TGoNU is the way forward but is not by any means the endgame in the political saga involving the country. Quick and favourable results are needed badly by the populace.

Regarding the issue of insecurity, the three Ministers required delivering sooner than later are the Minister of Defence, the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Interior. The Minister of Defence, Kuol Manyang Juuk, represents the status quo and the way he works and conducts himself is well-known to many on this forum; hence, meaningful reforms are very unlikely under his watch.

However, some degree of change is bound to happen as a consequence of the implementation of the security arrangements and the fact that SPLM-IG is no longer the only political entity running the government.

As for Paulino Wanawilla, the Minister of Justice – he did express frustration with the state of affairs in his ministry back in November 2015. The following are what he said then: “I know in South Sudan corruption is not in one place, but it’s very sad when everybody is stealing. I know there is corruption. I have evidence of people in this ministry (of Justice) who are legal counselors and taking bribes.”

It’s unclear as to whether Wanawilla managed to get rid of his corrupt officials or not. Perhaps the new dynamics emerging with the formation of the TGoNU would offer the opportunity to prosecute and weed out those corrupt elements. A clean up at the top should go hand in hand with a real effort to facilitate justice delivery at the courts. Wanawilla is probably aware of what has become a common knowledge where criminals are apprehended one day and set free the next day without ever being tried in a court of law.

The real potential for reforms emanates from the Ministry of Interior under the newly appointed Minister of Interior, Alfred Lado Gore. Some may say he is not a newcomer to the government as he had previously held the portfolio for Environmental Affairs thus not much of a reformer.

Well, it could also be argued that advocating reforms and democratisation of the SPLM party were the very reasons that led to the purging of him and his colleagues from the government and the SPLM party.

Alfred Lado Gore is a dedicated leader with an unwavering stance. He is a sort of a perfectionist that often set him at odds with his corrupt colleagues in the SPLM party before the split. It’s no wonder that the regime’s cronies regarded him as a thorn in their sides. Also it explains why he was made to lose the 2010 Central Equatoria Governorship election through extensive vote rigging by the regime.

Addressing the issue of insecurity requires setting up a policy blueprint with achievable targets and measurable outcomes. The Minister of Interior, Alfred Lado Gore, certainly has the political will to bring about change in the way things are done in his ministry. He probably has plenty up his sleeve that would define his leadership style.

Nonetheless, talking about the obvious matters that need fixing without delay is worthwhile. There is a consensus across the board, particularly in communities hit hard by insecurity – that something needs to be done now and fast.

In the first instance, the Inspector General of Police, General Makur Arol, ought to be sacked. He has convincingly failed to contain let alone eradicate the cycle of violence that has plagued our cities, towns and villages. He appears to be following the footsteps of his predecessors, General Achuil Tito Madut and General Pieng Deng Kuol.

The infamous phrase, “Killed by unknown gunmen,” came into common use during Achuil’s tenure, flourished under Pieng and reaffirmed with Makur Arol at the helm. Their legacies as the first three Police Chiefs would ever be marred by that telling phrase. And if not an act of sheer tribalism, why the Chief of Police post remains the monopoly of one tribe, the Jieng, despite repeated failures?

Why not give the opportunity to serve the country to a competent officer from another tribe?

The Minister of Interior knows that to succeed, he needs to start with a fresh team at the top of his administration and never “inherit” the same old faces that have failed. An overhaul of the ministry and demotion or purging of incompetent officials can only boost his popularity among the South Sudanese people.

The insecurity in Juba would be the biggest challenge for the Minister. One could argue that the reason for lawlessness is the fact that hitherto the people who have been entrusted with the duty of policing Central Equatoria state, have neither the knowledge of the people and their cultures nor relation or strong ties to the area.

It’s a well known fact that a significant number of crimes have been committed by individuals in uniforms. The time has come for sons and daughters of Equatoria to take over the responsibility of policing their areas. There is absolutely no reason that the Chief of Police in Central Equatoria state should not come from its community.

By the same token, the Police Chiefs and the bulk of the police forces in the other states should be from the indigenous populations. There are clear benefits in adopting such a policy as enthusiasm to tackle crimes would be at the highest level possible if someone is assigned to work in his or her community.

On the other hand corruption and police brutality would be at its lowest as no one would like to be seen mistreating his people. Moreover, it would lead to a substantial revenue savings by cutting down the costs of policing our communities. For example, accommodation and travel allowances would be kept at their minimum as there would be no justification for them if officers are stationed in their areas.

Finally, one could only hope that those who have been calling for reforms and even putting their lives at risk for effecting them – realise that a lot are at stake including their popularity and political survival.

There should be no room for tolerance of incompetent officials or officers. Failing to deliver the goods should equate with getting kicked out of office.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

JMEC and UNMISS must know 28 states is the redline of their politics of peace

By: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Law Development Centre (LDC), Kampala Uganda, MAY/06/2016, SSN;

On May 4, 2016, Peace monitoring body JMEC and the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) said that the 28 states created by President Salva Kiir are not in line with the peace agreement and are not recognized by them as legitimate.

The question is: who are they to recognize the rights of South Sudanese to self-determination in regard to the utilization of their resources? It is only the country that can be recognized by other countries but the right to self-determination of the people in the utilization of their resources is outside of the jurisdiction of any state.

The JMEC and UNMISS are playing political gimmicks and they should stop it with immediate effect. Enough is enough, we are tired with naked violence of the UNMISS wrapped in language of peace and peace keeping.

I have come to the realization and conclusion that what many South Sudanese people have been saying about the UNMISS is true. When the civil broke out in 2013, many South Sudanese pointed their fingers at UNMISS blaming it as one of the contributors to the outbreak and demise of South Sudanese unity and nationhood.

Thus, in confirmation the suspicion of South Sudanese as stated above, I was not supervised to see the UN representative inciting the violence in South Sudan on May 4, 2016. On that date at a news conference at UN House in the Jebel area of Juba, Ellen Loej, the Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) and Head of UNMISS, came out openly to confirm the suspicion against the UNMISS held by majority of South Sudanese by stating that they had not recognized 28 States citing ethnic tensions as the major reason.

What Ellen Loej did not understand is that her action and conduct contribute to an increased tension in the country by encouraging few disgruntled individuals who are not happy with the creation of New 28 States to increase their ethnic attacks as a way of achieving their demand through their sister UNMISS.

For the above reasons, I have realized that these international bodies take people for granted. I was actually devastated, I felt angry, helpless and stupid by that shameless UN representative who preached conflicts undercover of peace.

I felt like that because the UNMISS is hypocrite and inhuman. The UN preaches peace but its agencies like the UNMISS are preaching the violence and human rights violation under the cover of keeping peace or giving humanitarian support.

I am still wondering up to now where the UNMISS Madam Ellen Loej, gets the facts and courage to make such ignorant understatement backed by insufficient reasoning. She must understand that peace is not the absence of war but it exists where majority of the people are protected and happy.

Madam Ellen Loej, I wished you were around where I am to ask you this few questions: “Madam, you said you are in South Sudan to protect the rights of South Sudanese and to maintain peace: how many people were killed under the arrangement of ten States? Have you ever come out to confront the government in failing to protect citizens of South Sudan in different states? Was the UNMISS happy in what was happening in Lakes State, in particular in Cueibet county, which currently the Gok State among 28 States?”

Hypocrites! I have come to conclusion that UNMISS has the eyes but it does not see and has ears but does not hear the fact that people of South Sudan suffered to a greater extent under the previous ten states arrangement.

It appears that the UNMISS in South Sudan is not a peace keeping mission but a war broker mission bound to achieve the hidden agenda of their undisclosed principal who wants to destroy South Sudan in language of maintaining peace. This explains why the UNMISS officials do not even seek guides from the purpose and objective of the UN Charter of 1945, which is the Constitution governing UN and its member States.

In its Preamble, the UN Charter of 1945 provides for the maintenance international peace in order to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war (the World Wars), which twice has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to also reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

Hypocrisy! Is it how to reaffirm the UN faith in fundamental human rights in the dignity and worth of the human person by subjecting the innocent citizens to unworkable ten states arrangement that formerly existed in South Sudan, which were infested with grave and inhuman corruption?

The UNMISS should be realistic and stick to its objectives as provided under the UN Charter. In objectives 3 and 4 of the UN Charter it is further provided that the purpose of the UN is to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

In order to achieve the above objectives of the UN Charter, principle 1paragraph 2 of the same Charter provides that the principle and purpose of the United Nations is to achieve an ultimate goal of developing friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace.

Is it how to maintain international peace through violating human rights to self-determination? I would like to remind the UNMISS that the right to self-determination is the core of human rights.

The importance of the rights to self-determination is shown in both international human rights instruments which are: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights of 1966. In these two human rights instruments, the right to self-determination is provided in common article 1, and by virtue of that right, the people are protected by human rights law to freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

Moreover, in article 2 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights, the purpose of the rights to self-determination is explained that all peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. Hence, in no case as that article 2 above points out, may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.

On regional level, Article 20 (1) of the AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS (Adopted 27 June 1981, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982), entered into force 21 October 1986) provides that all peoples shall have the right to existence. They shall have the unquestionable and inalienable right to self- determination and they shall freely determine their political status and shall pursue their economic and social development according to the policy they have freely chosen.

Therefore, the question is: is it how to achieve the right to self-determination by denying people rights to self-determination and instead subject them to unworkable and inhuman arrangements called ten states? If ten States were a person, I would have brought the claim against it in the ICC because thousands of people were killed under it.

I can go on and on citing all international and regional human rights laws to show UNMISS that the rights to self-determination is a right firmly established under the international law and it is as well applicable to the people of South Sudan. South Sudanese have fundamental rights to determine their own survival irrespective of any consideration or politics.

However, what I have discovered to be the greatest problems with all international organizations including the UNMISS is that they do not see potential human rights violation unless people fight for it first and then later recognize it after thousands of lives have been lost.

The cause of this indifference may be that UNMISS and other human rights organization are there not to protect human rights but to create the modern sphere of influence for their respective nations by destroying the indigenous communities wherever they are found.
The UNMISS and JMEC must understand that the issue of 28 States is no longer debatable nor is it within the political arena. It has become a human right issue and any mistake made to destroy these states will be a destruction of majority of South Sudanese and also will cause another long and justified protracted war in South Sudan.

Warning! Some of us are outside South Sudan just waiting to hear that the 28 States are no longer there and the moment we hear that we will come to mobilize all youths and other citizens to start another dangerous war against whoever has the hands in destruction of 28 States.

As I have already stated above, the issue of 28 States is settled since it is a matter of human rights and it is red line for anybody to cross it. 28 States have helped our people to achieve some peace and the example is that unlike before the creation of 28 States where Lakes State was in danger of people destroying each other as hundreds of people were killed under the inefficient leadership of Matur Chut, today some parts of Lakes State such as Gok State and Eastern Lakes (the former Yirol) State are in peace but for the creation of 28 States.

However, JMEC and UNMISS are out there preaching the language of violence and threats against the new states and their people. The UNMISS must stop these languages of threat against human rights.

In fact, I completely fail to comprehend as to why the UNMISS complains that the creation of 28 States is not part of peace agreement and it is increasing ethic violence yet as I am aware, it is bringing peace, stability in term of security to the people who were previously in danger of destroying each other.

There must be another hidden agenda. South Sudanese must realize that the UNMISS is not there to create peace but to destroy South Sudan and after that leave the Country in tatters.

Furthermore, it appears that the UNMISS has misunderstood the cause of ethnic tension. The creation of States is not a cause of ethnic tension. Ethnic tension has its roots in history of the relation of South Sudanese with Sudan.

In that regard, ethnic tension was used as a tool by the previous Sudanese government to destroy the Unity of South Sudanese. Hence, the UNMISS should not take effect for the cause.

The hatred and misgiving among South Sudanese we see today is part of an inherent culture of tribal relation between different tribes in South Sudan as it was sown by the former colonial Northern Masters through their divide and rules policy polished by wrong education system.

Hence, destroying 28 states in order to appease other South Sudanese who are inciting violence is not a solution to South Sudanese problems. Instead, it will worsen the situation by pitting citizens even further against each other.

In my understanding and analysis, in order to achieve lasting peace, internal coherent and cohesion in South Sudan, the solution is not to destroy 28 States but to under the root causes of the hatred and misgiving and to deconstruct the history that gave rise to the current tension.

Otherwise, the UNMISS and JMEC have taken effect for the cause and are treading on dangerous grounds that can cause another even serious wars in South Sudan.

I have to repeat, destruction of 28 States is not even closer to getting solutions to the problems of South Sudan. If the UNMISS pushes further with its claim of not recognizing the existence of 28 States because some South Sudanese are causing ethnic violence, then, it appears that the JMEC and UNMISS are trying to impose the principle of victor justice where those with power are awarded something because of their victory.

The victor justice or the policy of digging a hole to fill a hole is not a solution to South Sudanese problems. The UNMISS and JMEC should not stick to peace agreement blindly to the extent of not seeing some impending dangerous issues.

What is wrong with 28 States? The creation of 28 States might have been ill-intended with political motivation but the way they are helping people today proves that South Sudan needs to adopt that approach if it were to achieve lasting peace and development.

Oil should not be the determinant of people rights. As my analysis shows, the contention is not over why 28 states were created but some selfish politicians want the destruction of 28 States in order to come up with other states that give them control over oil.

This was shown by the first 21 States that were created by Riek Machar when he curbed all areas of oil into the states he considered to be his.

As explained above if we look at the problems of South Sudan at the political angle solely then South Sudan will never achieve lasting peace. In order to achieve legitimate and lasting peace must look for the way how to make people happy. This means that if South Sudan were to create States even if it were based on family, but as long as, the citizens of South Sudan are protected and do anything that can protect their rights, then there is no problem with that.

This brings me to some concerns expressed by those who consider themselves South Sudanese nationalists who point out that creating states based on tribes could destroy the South Sudanese unity. This kind of reasoning is a fallacy of our modern thinking where we love the country without offering anything to it.

Instead, when we are given responsibility to run the country, we destroy it through corruption and after that leaving the country divided and in helpless state.

Thus, what I want to tell the people who bear this kind of thinking is that the unity of the country is not achieved through adopting a particular system of governance but it comes through the action of its leaders.

Once again, I would like to warn the JMEC and the UNMISS to leave out the issue of 28 States in the peace discourse. They must objectively assess the viability of 28 States instead of blindly condemning the whole project.

In order to be in Peace the UNMISS must avoid agitation for useless claim of not recognizing 28 States. Rather, it should help South Sudan to form the Commission or tribunal composed of respected people to objectively determine claims concerning the land grabbing involving the creation of 28 States and if that claim is genuine then those who claim must be given their rights.

NB//; the author is the Concerned South Sudanese lawyer in Uganda and can be reached through: +256783579256 or

Equatoria: This land of milk and honey is ours

By Alma Ettore- Equatorian citizen in the UK, MAY/05/2016, SSN;

I have been hearing many biblical quotations casually used by arrogant people and people of shallow knowledge to justify the injustices and terrible deeds done to innocent civilians in South Sudan. People who do not know anything about the Holy Scriptures have started to use the phrase “The land of milk and honey” to describe Equatoria and justify their carefully planned and forceful occupation of Equatoria, resulting in land-grabbing and brazen-faced daylight thieving.

They are likening Equatoria to the “promised land” that was promised to Israel by God in the Holy Scriptures. In reply I will say to these misguided people that misquoting from the Holy Scriptures is a satanic act because Satan (a fallen angel) knows the Holy Scriptures very well and often twists it for his own ends to confuse and mislead people.

In short, it means that Satan is a liar.

The land of “milk and honey” which is the land of Canaan according to history and the Holy Scriptures originally belonged to Israel (Jacob the descendant of Isaac and Abraham). Abraham, the grand-father of Jacob, used to live and own massive pieces of land in Canaan. Jacob (called Israel by God) and his descendants went to live in Egypt. They lived there for over 400 years by God’s plan.

Later they were delivered from the hands of the wicked ruler of Egypt (Pharaoh) through Moses, the man of God. God instructed Moses to take the sons of Israel back to their land (Canaan, called the land of milk and honey) because at that time ungodly people were living in that land, whom God wanted to punish and remove so that he gives that land back to Israel to facilitate the coming of Jesus Christ.

The bad people who God wanted to remove were people who did not know God but followed worshiping idols and performed obscene acts, displeasing to God. When the children of Israel were on their way to the land of Canaan, God consecrated them by giving them strict laws to keep themselves pure from sins so that they are set apart from the ungodly people in Canaan.

The basis of the law is the 10 commandments, which was given to Moses on Sinai Mountain. The Jewish people had to keep these laws or else they died. Of the commandments there were laws against worshiping idols, stealing, killing and coveting other people’s possessions.

That is why land grabbing and forceful occupation by the SPLA/M of Equatoria goes against the will of God. The SPLA/M are the opposite of the people of Israel who God blessed. The SPLA/M cannot claim that they are God’s people. On the contrary they are the same as the people who God wanted to eliminate from the land of Canaan.

So this will bring me to the question: Who was the character that ordered the SPLA/M who are predominantly Dinka to kill Equatorians and forcefully occupy their land? It is clearly not God. Was it Dr. John Garang De Mabior?

If it was he then why did the forces behind him collude, kill him and later stage his death? It is clearly not he as he would be immortal if he were to fight the will of God. He will have to be stronger than God in order to win.

By dying he showed that God is his creator and he was weak in front of God just like any one of us.

If he was behind “the milk and honey” legacy of occupation of Equatoria by the Dinka, then his followers will have to know that that is the wrong and deadly approach to follow because clearly God is not happy that his laws are being broken.

When things happen to us especially in a bad way, we need to sit down and think rationally about the root causes and ways to address them in a civilized, balanced and mature way. People have to know that the Equatorians will never give up their land and history has proved time and time again that any bunch of dictators, occupiers and forces of evil will never win.

One day the whole of Equatoria will be a free land through the will of God, where people will live in real peace, respect, love and harmony with each other.

God the Almighty created the land of milk and honey, thousands of years ago and He decided that “This great land shall be called Equatoria and the people who I am going to give it to will be called Equatorians.” Period. The same goes for the rest of the country.

The Dinka were created in Dinka-land. The Nuer in Nuer-land. The Fertit, in Fertit-land. Likewise all over the world; each and every people have their own designated countries. This was God’s plan when he created the Earth.

He started by putting Adam and Eve in a specific place called the Garden of Eden and when they did not obey his orders he expelled them from that specific place to show them that he was displeased with them, so they had to look by themselves for another specific place which they called “home” to live in.

This shows that land allocated by God is a plan of God. No man should change it at his/her whim. If any one wants to cross over in order to live among other groups of people they have to respect that land and its people because it is the land that God has given to that specific group however lowly or poor or weak they may be. It is their inheritance from God.

Living in one’s land is the cornerstone of peace, because however weak a person is, if you want to dispossess them of their inherited land, they will fight you to death and if they do not fight you, God and the land itself will fight you.

In the Aramaic Bible it is written in Mark 10:9, “The things that God unites let NOT a son of man separate.”

Let President Salva Kiir, who is a churchgoer, listen to these words from the Holy Bible. God has united the Equatorians with Juba, Yambio, Torit, Nimule, Yei and every inch of the land of Equatoria. Who is he to separate us from our land?

If he thinks that he wants the Dinka ethnic group to occupy Equatoria because he has helicopter gunships, SPLA/M, Bahr-El-Ghazal militia, the UDF, TBN Joshua and all the Nigerian Conjurers behind him, then I would say we have God on our side who created the Heavens and the Earth.

Who are President Museveni and TBN Joshua in the sight of God??? Listen to this:

Peter 1:2 New International Version (NIV):
“All people are like grass, and all their glory is like the flowers of the field; the grass withers and the flowers fall.”

This is how men are. Therefore I will fear my God only, not man who is made of dust; who is here today and gone tomorrow. It is only our legacy that will remain. If we preach and make hatred and war, hatred and war will follow us up to our fourth generation and even further if we do not repent.

Yes, Equatoria, the land of flowing milk and honey is ours. It belongs to our father’s fathers and their father’s fathers. It belongs to us the Equatorians. Our destiny is entwined.

The nomads do not understand our attachment to our land because they roam with their cows here and there and everywhere. They do not have a fixed abode nor have any ties with any piece of land. They do not know what land means, nor do they respect it.

Land is something that is alive. It has ears and eyes. It breathes and it fights back if provoked. It has its own spirits which never slumber or sleep. This is why we treat our land with reverence, respect and fear because it is directly linked with the spirit of God.

That is why people lay their lives to fight for their land. If someone takes your land, that means he has killed you and your descendants. No one will give up his or her land, because land is life itself. It is honour, integrity, destiny and longevity of the human race.

President Kiir has divided South Sudan into 28 states for his own political gain and ambition but doom is round the corner for him. He can change the name of the land but he will never change the fact that we are Equatorians and that our land will remain Equatoria as long as we live.

Changing the name of Equatoria is like changing the name of an individual. Will it change who the real person is if a person who is called “Peter” today decides to call himself “John” tomorrow?

Equatoria will always remain Equatoria however divisive are the forces that try to divide its people because Equatorians respect neighbours and boundaries. We as Equatorians will never infringe on other people’s territory and if there is a dispute we always settle it in a civilised way. We do not kill each other to settle issues. We talk before we act.

Daniel 7:39
“Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.”

“A strange god” means power; riches, lust, witch-craft, false prophets and people like Museveni of Uganda who are helping Kiir kill his people. Dividing the land of South Sudan (28 states instead of 10) for gain by President Kiir was mentioned in the Bible more than 2500 years ago.

This verse is describing the behaviour of the rulers of South Sudan who are not true leaders. This is a message for President Salva Kiir and similar rulers such as Bashar El Assad who are doing mirror image atrocities to their people.

As I said no man will be able to help bad rulers from the wrath of God. Dictators will always fall with a bang on their own swords. Look at the fate of Hitler, Mussolini, Saddam Hussein, and Gaddafi etc. History will always repeat itself. This shows that God is alive and working.

We the Equatorians cultivate, clean, nurture and love our land. We hold it sacred. For us our land is a gift from God. We are born on it, we live on it and we get buried with dignity within its soil. We choose a spot and God will bless it forever.

These are spots that we do not forcefully occupy or grab from other people. When we have a spot we mark it and respect our boundary. We live within our boundary and respect our neighbours.

If blood is spilled on the land we perform rituals taught by our ancestors to appease our ancestor’s souls and bring peace in the neighbourhood. Appeasing our ancestor’s souls means appeasing God’s angels that guard the land. This scenario is mentioned in the Bible:

Genesis 4:10 “And he said, what hast thou done? The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.”

That was a conversation between God and Cain after he killed his brother Abel and spilled his blood on the land God gave them. God later laid an eternal curse on Cain and his descendants because of his evil deed.

Many innocent Equatorians are killed on a daily basis and the SPLA/M land-grabbers spill their blood on the soil of Equatoria daily. The most infamous incidence occurred about 2 years ago during which 2 sisters; their cousin and children were killed in Juba a few months before the December 2013 incidence.

The young women killed were indigenous Bari citizens whose ancestral land is Juba. Their family did not retaliate against the Nuer SPLA who shot them in their own home, in cold blood like dogs over land dispute. How can a Nuer come all the way from their land and kill Bari citizens in their ancestral land? Do we have Nuer tribe in Equatoria???

The government of South Sudan did nothing to the culprits, and to rub salt on the wounds, they did not apologise to the bereaved family who made their peaceful protestations by taking the dead bodies of their loved ones to the House of Parliament in Juba to show the heinous crime committed against them.

The bereaved families did not retaliate but left every thing in the hands of God. God was greatly angered and so were the spirits of the ancestors that were being laid to rest hundreds of years ago. That day a tremendous black curse was laid at the doors of the SPLA/M: Men, women and children.

The blood of the innocent young women, their children and cousin cried out to God and God executed his wrath on South Sudan within weeks from the arbitrary and cowardly killings. The Holy Scriptures has clearly described the “Tall and dark-skinned people who live beyond the 2 rivers”. In the same chapter IGAD and TROIKA are referred to as “ambassadors travelling down the Nile” It is crystal clear and this shows that the Holy Bible is alive.

Isaiah 18 described the culprits as “…a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down; whose land the rivers have spoiled.”

A people “terrible” means awful and horrible people. It is people who can only do the things, which the SPLA/M are doing to innocent helpless civilians in Equatoria and other parts of South Sudan.

Verses 4-5 goes on to say:
“For so the Lord said unto me, I will consider in my dwelling place like a clear heat upon herbs, and like a cloud of dew in the heat of the harvest.
For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away and cut down the branches.”

This verse explains God’s anger “like a clear heat upon the herbs.” This anger resulted in the door to door killings in December 2013 when the SPLA/M turned upon itself and destroyed itself in Juba and the same deed later on spilled to the Dinka and Nuer lands where the “sprigs and branches were cut off.” These are the young people dying, thousands upon thousands and the rest were scattered in different direction.

The same chapter 18 continues in verse 6:
“They shall be left together unto the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth; and the fowls shall summer upon them and all the beasts of the earth shall winter on them.”

We have seen during the December 2013 war how the vultures and the eagles have pecked and feasted on the dead bodies of those killed and the hyenas, foxes and other beasts of prey have scavenged on the their bodies in Bor, Bentiu and Malakal. It was the most shocking and alarming event to unfold to the whole world.

We were all in tears of dismay and gripped by total fear, panic and utter shame. Can anyone dispute that God has delivered this unnatural phenomenon? Have we learnt any lessons yet???

How much more clearly do we need God to speak to us? Prophet Isaiah made these prophecies long before Jesus Christ was born. At that time he did not know anything about the land he prophesied against. He never set foot in Africa. It was God who put the words in Isaiah’s mouth so that it is written down and handed to us today so that we know why December 2013 happened and return back to Him (God). People are talking about “root causes”, looking at every issue under the sun but not seeing the gaping truth, which is staring them in the face.

Mark 8:18 (NIV)
“Do you have eyes but fail to see, and ears but fail to hear? And don’t you remember?”

God is saying to you “Don’t you remember the incidence which happened just weeks ago; the killing of the innocent young women and their children?” God has avenged them with thousands upon thousands of lives. Don’t you see with those eyes and hear with those ears that are on your heads?

Genesis 11: 5-7
But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. The Lord said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other”

This verse clearly shows that God has seen what was and still is in the hearts of the SPLA/SPLM leaders who were colluding together and planning dire things to the other tribes in South Sudan. The Nuer and Dinka were thinking, “we are the majority tribes and together we can overcome God’s plans and take over the whole of South Sudan.”

This is their “same language.” God therefore came and confused their language and the epic and spectacular fall out happened on December 15th 2013. The SPLA/M was a very strong force. It was like the tower of Babel. The people involved are arrogant and thought they will build their tower so that it reaches up to the heavens: (President Salva Kiir was prophesying that the SPLA/M will rule South Sudan for the next 100 years!!!

Now it looks more unlikely than ever. Is he stronger than God? Is it God’s will or his? This is all the blasphemy, wickedness and corruption committed after God blessed us with Independence in 2011, in one of the most beautiful and rich countries in Africa. He gave us everything but what did we give HIM in return?

THE ROOT CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR OF DECEMBER 2013 IS THE FORCEFULL OCCUPATION OF EQUATORIA AND THE PERSECUTION OF ITS INDIGENOUS CITIZENS. If the SPLA/M continues to grab land and kill innocent Equatorians, more calamities will befall them. If anyone is in doubt, let him or her check the Holy Scriptures.

Equatoria is our land and we will never let it go. Equatoria is our flesh and blood; we will guard it with our souls. Equatoria is our crown we will forever decorate our heads with it. Equatoria is our beginning and our end; we will defend it until the last man standing.

Before I lay down my pen I will share with you Psalm 137 4-6

“How shall we sing the Lord’s song in a strange land?
If I forget thee, O (Equatoria), let my right hand forget her skill.
If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not (Equatoria) above my chief joy. “
I would add if I prefer not Equatoria above my life.
This Equatoria, this land of milk and honey is ours, the land of our inheritance, given to us by God and no one, no man, no conjurer or a false prophet will ever be able to take it from us.
Yes, Indeed this land is ours. END