Archive for: February 2016

Appointment of Dr. Riek Machar as 1st Vice Pres. of Republic is welcome but…?

“Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies.” – President J.F. Kennedy.

By Dr. James Okuk, PhD, JUBA, FEB/12/2016, SSN;

On Thursday February 11, 2016 President Salva Kiir Mayardit appointed by Republican Decree No.60/2015 the Chairman of SPLM/A-IO, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, as the First Vice President of the Republic in accordance with provisions of Article 6 of Chapter I of the August 2015 Agreement On Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS).

The move is supposed to affirm that for the duration of the transition, there shall be established the Office of the First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, to supervise the implementation of the reforms outlined in the ARCSS and exercise the powers, functions and responsibilities outlined therein.

After taking the oath of office, Dr. Riek Machar would be expected to exercise the following powers:

1) Coordinate the implementation of the ARCSS and initiate institutional reforms as prescribed in the Agreement;

2) Serve as Commander-in-Chief of the South Sudan Armed Opposition forces (SPLA-IO) during the Pre-Transition Period and the period or until the establishment of the shared unified command of the National Defence Forces of South Sudan (NDFSS);

3) Serve as the Acting Commander-in-Chief of the unified NDFSS in the event of any temporary absence of the President after the unification of the forces;

4) Chair the cabinet clusters;

5) Serve as Deputy Chair of Economic and Financial Management Authority (EFMA) Board;

6) Serve as Deputy Chair of the National Security Council (NSC);

7) Serve as Deputy Chair of the National Defence Council (NDC);

8) Oversee the preparation and consideration of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) business and programmes;

9) Follow up and ensure the implementation of Council of Ministers’ decisions with the relevant Ministries and institutions;

10) Oversee implementation of laws passed by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA);

11) Chair the Council of Ministers in the absence of the President; and

12) Carry out other functions as may be prescribed by law, as long as such laws do not contradict the terms of the Agreement.

In the event of temporary absence, the First Vice President may delegate a senior SPLM/A-IO Minister to carry out functions and duties as stipulated above. And in case Dr. Riek doesn’t make it for one acceptable reason or another (like what happened to Dr. John Garang de Mabior during the implementation period of the 2005 CPA), including mental infirmity or physical incapacity of the office holder, his replacement shall be nominated by the top leadership body of the SPLM/A-IO.

The process of replacement shall not exceed forty eight (48) hours after the declaration of vacancy of 1st VP post. The successor shall serve in Office until the end of the transition period unless another tragedy happens to him/her that would requires another replacement.

However, the announcement over the SSTV would not become practical from the ideal world until Dr. Riek Machar takes the decision to pack his things and come to Juba to take oath of office as well as his full duties and rights.

But it is highly improbable that Dr. Riek Machar shall risk coming to Juba before completion of architecture of the special security arrangements for the capital city as provided in Chapter II of the ARCSS and in the Minutes of Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements (PCTSA) Workshop that took place in Addis Ababa in September 13 – 18, 2015.

As Dr. Riek Machar doesn’t trust protection provided by President Salva Kiir, he will not risk being slaughtered in Juba as he said over the BBC last year, but will first ensure that his 1,500 police and 350 1st VP Presidential Guards are first deployed inside Juba together with 620 Guards for his Commanders and 200 for military police in addition to 140 for logistical battalion, 50 for administrative battalion and 50 for National Security Service.

In short, Dr. Riek will not feel safe in Juba until he ensures that a total of 2,910 of his forces are inside Juba and well-armed for his protection in case of any eventuality. He has learnt his lessons in the past and he will fear even a rope put on his way for a snake.

The condition of bringing in the well-armed armed SPLM-IO forces is that the GRSS’ well-armed armed forces that are not authorized by the ARCSS should first be redeployed 25 km zone radius from the center of Juba. Also Dr. Riek Machar doesn’t have instant means of transporting his authorized forces to Juba.

Thus, until these two hurdles are resolved there shouldn’t be celebrations over the announced appointment of Dr. Riek Machar as 1st VP because the cart of war is still blocking the horse of peace.

The solution is in an urgent ARCSS implementation prioritization by the warring parties who are supposed to have become peace partners by now.

The international and regional communities who are guarantors to the ARCSS must also increase the pressure on the GRSS to quickly redeploy the unauthorized armed forces from Juba while beefing up logistical support to transport the authorized SPLM-IO armed forces to Juba as soon as possible before the economy could entrench further its red pangs on the population.


Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics reachable at

To British Prime Minister: Kiir’s 28 states a violation of peace agreement, UK S.Sudanese

To: The Rt. Hon. David Cameron MP
British Prime Minister,
10 Downing Street, London, SW1A 2AA

From: Concerned South Sudanese Community in the UK
C/o: Federico Awi Vuni,
17 Pennwell Gate, Leeds, LS14 5NX

Date: 8 February 2016

Dear Prime Minister,
Re: Petition to Her Majesty’s Government from South Sudanese Communities in the UK.

We the undersigned members of the South Sudanese communities in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland would like first to take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation for all the efforts undertaken by the IGAD and the Troika countries (the United Kingdom, U.S.A and Norway), without which none of the belligerent South Sudanese factions or their foreign allies would have ceded to the signing of the August 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in Republic of South Sudan (ARCISS).

However, since then, the Government of South Sudan (GRSS) headed by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and assisted by self-appointed group of advisors who hail from the Dinka tribe, the same as the President and who refer to themselves as the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) continue to commit violations after violations against what still remains a fragile truce with the sole aim of derailing it altogether.

One very contentious issue now standing in the way of incorporating the August 2015 Peace Agreement into the country’s Transitional Constitution to pave the way for the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) as stipulated in the Peace Agreement, is the unilateral creation and implementation of the new 28 states.

This act by the government, aimed at imposing the 28 states into the transitional arrangement, is a flagrant violation of the articles of the peace agreement.

The agreement vividly defers any issues to do with the creation of new states or any re-structuring of the 10 states to the permanent constitution making process, well after the formation of the TGoNU.

While the Government would like the South Sudanese public and the international community to believe that the creation of 28 states is a popular demand, this is false. There had been no national consultation nor referendum carried out to back this claim.

An important matter such as this required a national referendum, and not the opinion of some self-appointed tribal advisors.

While there are those who celebrate the creation of the 28 states because they are in their favour, many South Sudanese tribes in Greater Equatoria, Greater Upper Nile, and Western Bahr el Gazal remain opposed to this unilateral action and see the inherent danger they are likely to bring to the country.

We all understand the fact that the August 2015 peace agreement is a compromise between two or more extreme positions held by the belligerents.

However, we believe that the compromises made in the peace agreement present the only way forward through which the guns can be silenced; a Transitional Government be formed; an extended inclusive transitional National Legislative Assembly be formed; a conducive environment be created for rehabilitation, reconciliation and healing processes among our people; and the transitional justice to be delivered within this year, 2016.

We welcome the Report to the UN Security Council (S/2016/70 ) dated 22 January 2016 by the Panel of Experts on South Sudan established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2206 (2015).

We are disappointed that Russia and China did not support this resolution, which was intended to prevent the violation of the Peace Agreement.

Now that the armed opposition, the SPLM-In Opposition, has allowed for its Advance Team to return to Juba and implement the Peace Agreement, we the signatories of this petition sincerely look to the leadership of HM Government and Parliament to take the lead and play a more robust role in mobilising the world opinion to stand by the peace agreement and its immediate implementation to the letter and spirit.

Similarly, we urge Her Majesty’s Government to use her influence to persuade Russia and China to come on board with the rest of members of the UN Security Council in order to stop humanitarian catastrophe in the new nation.

As the situation stands now, millions of voiceless civilians in South Sudan continue to suffer because of the self-fulfilling ambitions of its greedy and callous political leaders.

The government of South Sudan and its self-appointed tribal syndicate of the Jieng Council of Elders must be made to accept the implementation of the Agreement based on the 10 states as stated in the provisions of the compromise peace agreement to which the government is a signatory.

They must be reminded that the price of derailing the peace agreement through any of their malignant manoeuvres will never be taken lightly and the price tag will be very dear.

The intention of unilateral creation of the 28 states by the Government of South Sudan is to give political advantage to the Dinka tribe to continue the domination of the country, and to annex land that belongs to other tribes.

Left unresolved, this has a real potential to cause another war in the country.

We are saddened and concerned about the Government’s continued violation of the cessation of hostilities agreement by waging wars currently going on in Western Equatoria, resulting into humanitarian catastrophe.

More disturbing is the news that the Government has just used chemical weapons in Mundri, Western Equatoria on 1 February 2016. The international community must not take this lightly.

It should establish the facts, and if established, hold to account the party responsible for this act.

This is a replication of similar destruction of Chollo (Shilluk) community in Upper Nile State, Nuer community in Unity State, and Fertit community in Western Bahr el Gazal State.

In conclusion, we urge the British Government to exert pressure on the Government of South Sudan, led by President Salva Kiir, to suspend the 28 states, as recommended by IGAD in their communique of 31st January 2016 issued in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

We further urge the British Government to use her diplomatic channels to ensure that the Chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, H.E. Festus Mogae, does not give in to pressure to open the agreement to negotiation.

Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Federico Awi Vuni
Equatorian Community in the UK

William D Biliutut
Chairman of Nuer Community in the UK

Karlo Kwol Akol
Chollo (Shilluk) Community in the UK

Peter Gaere
Western Bahar El Gazal (Fertit) Community in the UK

Tiger Faction New Forces attacked by SPLA government forces


The Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF) under the leadership of Gen. Yoanes Okej would like to inform that today 8th/February, 2016 at 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM South Sudan local time; Government forces attacked our positions at Deba/Thrombaat near Wadakona, Manyo County in Northern Upper Nile.

Tiger gallant forces defended their positions courageously and defeated the attacking government’s forces forcing them to retreat back to their garrison of Wadakon licking their wounds.

Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF) managed to capture two vehicles mounted with machine guns and also captured alive two government soldiers in today’s battle.

Soldiers captured are; Private Deng Akol Akol and Private; Garang Aroul while government retreating forces carried with them 27 wounded.

We would like to inform the public that Kiir’s regime has been attacking our forces continuously since last week with the intention of clearing Shilluk (Collo) areas from armed groups in preparation for the operationalization of unconstitutional establishment order 36/2016 creating 28 states.

Although IGAD ministers issued a communique on 31st January,2016 demanding the full and unconstitutional implementation of the Agreement by the Parties, and for the government to suspend further action on implementation of the operationalization of new states until an inclusive, participatory National Boundary Commission comprising all Parties to ARCSS reviews proposed states and their boundaries, nevertheless, the government continues to operationalise the establishment order 36/2016 disregarding the Council of ministers communique with utter arrogance and impunity.

In light of operationalization of the illegal establishment order 36/2015 by Kiir’s dictatorial regime, under the new governor of so-called Eastern Nile state has given strict directives to all Shilluk government’s civil servants to move out from its state and relocate to Western Nile State.

Furthermore, the government of Eastern Nile State has embarked on distribution of Shilluk lands including the historical Shilluk town of Malakal amongst the Dinka of Balliet and Akok.

These provocative and unconstitutional steps taken by the Eastern Nile State governor would create instability and bloodshed in Upper Nile State between Shilluk and Dinka communities with far reaching consequences to the implementation of the Signed Peace Agreement.

We are calling upon the IGAD and its partners to seriously come out and condemn government actions regarding its violation of Council of ministers communique issued on 31st January, 2016, specially the operationalization of the new 28 states.

The risk of Somalization of South Sudan is becoming a reality under the continued violations of Signed Comprehensive Peace Agreement by Kiir’s dictatorial regime.

Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF) reiterate its call that the government of South Sudan must immediately revoke the establishment order 36/2015 without delay in order to save the country from total collapse.

The government must legally recognize Shilluk boundaries as the stood on 1/1/1956. If Kiir’s dictatorial regime continues its intransigence, our forces will wage a full scale war in Upper Nile and take back our ancestral land by any means necessary.

In this regard we call on the civil population residing in Wadakon to immediately evacuate the town to avoid unnecessary lost of lives and properties and as we intent to storm Wadakon at anytime.

Finally we call upon IGAD and the United Nations Security Council to exert more pressure on Kiir’s government and to utilize resolution 2206 (2015) which layout ground for targeted sanctions on individuals blocking peace in South Sudan.

International Community must stand with the people of South Sudan and it is high time to send a strong message to Kiir and his administration that violation of provisions of the peace agreement will not be tolerated anymore.

Tiger would like to refute the claims by the SPLM-IO spokesperson James Gadet Dak, to the Sudan Tribune on 8th February, 2016 that their military base at Deba in Wedakona was attacked by Government forces.

SPLM-IO does not have forces in Deba and it was Tiger Faction New Forces that have been fighting in that area with the Government since last week.

We therefore, caution the SPLM-IO not to claim victories scored by Tiger forces. Our movement is political and militarily independent from the SPLM-IO.

Long live the struggle of our People

Long live South Sudan

Alutta continua

Brig Gen: Otowang Achwang

View attachments on the web
Posted by: Olany Amum

Collo MPs’ protest take over of their State by Dinka Governor and his Padang Dinka

The Republic of South Sudan
National Legislative Assembly
Date: February 8, 2016

Press Statement;

We, the Collo MPs in South Sudan National Legislative Assembly are hereby obliged to bring to the attention of the peace loving people of the Republic of South Sudan, the blunders of the Governor of the so-called Eastern Nile State.

He has become so obsessed with the power given to him up to the extent of continuing to cause havoc to the Collo and Nuer government officials whom he has now dismissed illegally from the civil service.

He has also appointed the town Mayor and the deputy from his Dinka Padang with disregard to the feelings of the original inhabitants of Makal County, the Collo Community who are the right historical owners of Malakal town.

The evil intention of the governor has gotten exposed by the decree he issued that attempts to dismiss the rightful owners from Malakal and replace them with trespassing Padang Dinka. If we can cite a simple example of the Juba town which is accommodating everybody, we don’t hear the Governor giving orders to non-Bari to immediately leave the capital city.

The fact that former Sobat Rural Council was hosted in Malakal town didn’t translate into Malakal town being part of Sobat rural Council while the borders of Sobat Rural Council and former Kodok district lies at Banglay at least twenty miles east of Malakal town.

This unnecessary aggression by the governor must be responded to strongly. We condemn the behaviour of the Governor of the so-called Eastern Nile State in the strongest terms possible.The Governor should know that Malakal town belongs to Collo People, full stop. The baseless claim and the nonsensical noise the Jieng of Padang is making is not substantiated and must be dismissed with the contempt it deserves.

We know very well that the Executive Order Number 36/2015 that imposed the creation of 28 states is nothing much but an evil ploy to annex Collo lands east of the Nile and along Sobat river to Dinka areas.

That is why eight (8) unconnected counties are lump up to constitute this huge so-called Eastern Nile State as a conspiracy by the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) against Collo people. What criteria were used in dividing up the 28 states when a single or two counties could become a state in the Lakes, Warrap and Northern Bahr El Ghazel states? The available history and legal documents about Collo Kingdom speak volumes about the boundaries previous to and as of 01/01/1956.

It has been known even by the Turks, Egyptians, Arabs, British and French that Collo community have always lived on both sides of the river Nile and along Sobat river for centuries. The American Missionaries established Dolieb Hill Mission in 1902 which is the Collo land.

For more information, we can refer you to the Upper Nile Handbook (written in the 1930s) that clearly demarcated Collo District in Upper Nile, contrary to the illusion of the Padang Jieng.

We hope that the Jieng of Padang and their plotters understand it well that if this illegal occupation of Malakal and other Collo areas is not revoked, it would be a recipe for a nonstop deadly war, given the already broken social fabrics and coexistence that has been existing between Chollo and the Padang Dinka groups.

As we are standing before you today, we come from geographical constituencies of Malakal town and other Collo areas. Hon. Andrew Okony Ayom represents Constituency No 2 of Malakal South, Panyikang County (East and West bank of river Nile). Hon. Samuel Aban represents Constituency No 1 of Malakal North/Ogod (West and East}. Hon. Benjamin Bol Joknyang represents Malakal Center. Hon. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwec, Hon. Johnson Olami, and Hon. Mary Riro Jwac, were all voted for in both the eastern and western banks of the Nile of Fashoda,Manyo and Panyikango Counties. No single Jieng politician from Padang group contested and passed in Malakal town. If what they are claiming is not flagrant injustice then what else can we call it?

To qualify the injustice done so far, 75% of the civil servants working in Malakal alone are from Collo tribe, followed by 20% from Nuer and less than 5% from Padang Dinka. As this is the case, how convincing will the wrong claimers own Malakal?

It would be a surprise to many if they come to know that the Padang Dinka don’t even own land plots and houses in Malakal town beyond fifty (50), and if you ask of how many of them were born in Malakal town who are 40 years now, they will never go beyond thirty (30).

The architects of the false claim like Mr. Joshua Dau Diu of Lwac Jieng of Pangak District came to Malakal in 1970s. Together with some half educated (mostly in theology) politicians of Padang Dinka, they tried in 1980s (during the Southern Sudan Regional Government era) to put their dark hearts on the precious Collo lands.

They continued to conspire in 1990s with NCP of Omer Al Bashir. Further, they tried in 2000s with the SPLM/A able leader Dr. John Garang but were told categorically that their claims over the historical Collo lands on east of the Nile are all baseless and useless.

Now they have come around again to confuse President Salva Kiir Mayardit on the basis of controlling what they have called “Dinka Oil”. They will still fail in shame and shambles.

We stand resolutely by the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) on the implementation of the Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), and welcome the Communiqué released by the IGAD Council of Ministers in Addis Ababa on 31st January 2016 and adopted by the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) on Tuesday the 3rd instant as well as by all the Parties to be the new binding road-map for speedy implementation of the ARCSS with suspension of the operationalization of the proposed 28 states that has now taken more tribal troubles to Upper Nile people instead of services and development.

We appeal to the International community at large to urge the sitting government to reverse the evil that is taking place in Malakal, which is wrongfully given to Padang Dinka as their administrative capital. The unfounded imaginary Padang Dinka’s claim over Malakal and other areas of Collo Kingdom is hardly explained to those who know well the history and geography of the area. If this looming catastrophe is not contained quickly now, there will be no peace in Upper Nile State.

We want peace to prevail among the two communities in upper Nile as it used to be in the past. This will not be realized unless the Order of the governor dismissing Collo and Nuers from Malakak town is immediately revoked by the sitting government. And to withdraw forces in Malakal to their cantonment areas and deployment of joint Integrated Police force inside Malakal.

Thank so much for listening

God bless you all.
God bless South Sudan.


1-Hon. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwec ————————————————–
Constituency number 9 Fashoda and Manyo Counties (East and West)

2-Hon. Andrew Okony Ayomo —————————————————-
Constituency number 2 Malakal South and Panyikango County (East and West)

3-Hon. Samuel Aban Acien ———————————————————
Constituency number 1 Malakal North/Ogod (East and West)

4-Hon. Benjamin Bol Joknyang—————————————————–
Constituency number 3 Makal County (East and West)

5-Hon. Johnson Olami Nyikwec—————————————————–
Constituency number 1 Panyikango, Fashoda and Manyo Counties (East and West)

6-Hon. Mary Riro Jwac —————————————————————
Women list Upper Nile State

Forming Transitional Government of National Unity without addressing violations is playing into the hands of President Salva Kiir and JCE.

BY: ELHAG PAUL, Feb/09/2016, SSN;

Why is the chairman of Joint the Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), President Festus Mogae not exercising his powers to veto the Establishment Order of President Salva Kiir? The Compromise Peace Agreement of August 2015 has granted him all the necessary powers he requires to manage the transition period in South Sudan.

Why then does President Mogae feel impotent and unable to act in the face of a clear violation of the agreement by President Kiir, which he accepts and acknowledges?

President Mogae already has the support of the African Union (AU), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and Troika (United States of America, United Kingdom and Norway). With these powerful African organisations and powerful Western governments of which two are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council behind him, President Mogae should consider himself as a well resourced governor.

Therefore, with his immaculate leadership credentials, President Mogae should be able to exercise those powers without any hesitation to live up to his reputation.

President Mogae should not walk on a tight rope or sit on the fence as he is doing now with the issue of demilitarisation and the 28 states threatening the Agreement on Conflict Resolution in South Sudan (ARCISS).

As the person with the ultimate say in the country he needs to govern, and governing effectively calls for President Mogae to act at this critical time decisively.

President Kiir whose term of office expired in July 2015 enjoys the presidency now because ARCISS legitimised his continuation in power. Otherwise his continuation in that office would be unlawful.

His support base in the form of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) has gained a massive amount of confidence so much so that they openly challenge powerful groups internally, namely the Nuer and externally, the international community.

Sudan Tribune defines the JCE as, “The Dinka Council of Elders is not a traditional group but a self-appointed group comprising influential Dinka politicians and relatives of Pres. Salva Kiir who advice him on how to run the affairs of the country in the interest of ethnic Dinka.” Please see, ‘Jieng Council of Elders warn of war over new states’

From this definition it is crystal clear that the JCE does not in any way represent the people of South Sudan.

President Kiir and the JCE consider themselves invincible because they control all the resources of the country and they have Jienganised the entire security sector. They feel confident and comfortable to destabilise the country in the interest of their tribe.

To get a feel of their confidence please read their statements and press releases, some of which are quoted in this piece.

The JCE without a doubt is responsible for the entrenchment of tribalism in South Sudan in opposition to democracy and pluralism.

As described in the USA Senate meeting the Jieng “hijacked” the state of South Sudan and they are using it to commit grave crimes against its people.

Please see, ‘Independent South Sudan: A Failure of Leadership’

So the problems of the 28 states and the difficulties around demilitarisation of Juba on the in-tray of President Mogae directly emanate from the abuse of the state by the Jieng.

The JCE as a body is deeply implicated in the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer and killing of South Sudanese in general in pursuance of their interest which is to install themselves as the elites in the country.

The African Union Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan points an accusing finger to some members of the JCE as being instrumental in the planning and organisation of the Nuer ethnic cleansing in the country.

With this kind of background it should naturally be expected that President Kiir and the JCE are going to create obstacles on the road to peace. After all they initially refused to endorse the agreement. They were only brought in kicking and screaming by Troika.

The obstructions President Kiir and the JCE are heaping on ARCISS may be a continuous thing along the route. So far it seems the guarantors of the peace agreement do not have a plan B to deal with such inconveniences.

If this is the situation, I suggest that they should consider what is proposed here as one. Yes, the chairman of JMEC, President Festus Mogae said, and here I would like to say that most South Sudanese would agree with him, South Sudan should not be plunged back into war.

The driver of the vehicle of violence wreaking havoc in South Sudan is President Kiir and the JCE. To bring a genuine peace to the country, the JCE should be sanctioned. Its entire membership should be put under a rigorous regime of sanction.

In addition to this those implicated in the ethnic cleansing of December 2013 should specifically be referred to the International Criminal Court.

In a sense this will be like hitting the head of the snake in the house hard enough with a stick to disable it from biting anybody to restore a state of peace.

Without the JCE, the ‘scarcely literate’ President Kiir with his militia will not have another option but to implement ARCISS smoothly. It is noted President Mogae has said threats from this tribal body is unacceptable.

Though this is welcome, it is not enough without firm action to address abuses. It is important for President Mogae to make a statement of ‘no nonsense’ at this stage to drive the message to the system in Juba that he means business, that is if he wants to put a stop to the cycle of violence in South Sudan, as he expressed in his report to the 55th Extra Ordinary Session of IGAD Council of ministers held in Addis Ababa on 30th January 2016.

President Mogae needs to take a tough and firm action to put the JCE in its right place in regards to his own position.

It must be remembered this threat of war is not the first time the JCE has made such threats. During the consultation stage of the proposed compromise peace agreement the JCE dished out similar threats.

Please see, ‘Jieng Council of Elders rejects imposition of peace on South Sudan: A clear message to the potential perpetrators of South Sudan destruction.’

In this letter the JCE threatens and warns IGAD mediators by saying, “Any person who under estimates the will of liberators to defend the price of their liberation struggle is simply toying around with fire.”

The impression projected here deceptively portrays the Jieng as an invincible people who solely liberated South Sudan on their own. This elaborate facade ignores the facts documented about South Sudan’s liberation struggle in its totality.

This JCE’s heroic and jingoistic presentation does not take into consideration the reality that had Equatoria not intervened in the mid 1990s to rescue the SPLM/A from total defeat by Khartoum, SPLA would not be able to crow as they do now.

Furthermore, were it not to be for Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni’s uncalled for interference in South Sudanese affairs in December 2013, President Kiir and the JCE’s regime would have been consigned to history.

General Peter Gadet Yaka could have easily disarmed the ethnic cleansers in Juba and instituted a new system. So the JCE should spare the people of South Sudan this empty talk.

The current destruction in the country ignited by President Kiir’s Machiavellian plan to rid himself of the opposition operationalised through lies of a coup has been fought for the president mainly by foreigners: Uganda’s UPDF, Sudan’s Darfuri rebels and SPLM/A-North.

Even with its glaring weakness, President Kiir and the JCE stubbornly appear focused on pursuing the madness of war to achieve their failed objective of December 2013.

Which brings us to the irrational call of AU, IGAD and Troika for a transitional government to be formed “immediately” while leaving the contentious issues pending.

It is my belief that this decision influenced by a combination of Eurocentric and Afro-dictatorial thinking, devoid of any local perspective of South Sudan is resetting the country for another round of violence.

Unfortunately, this demand to form a transitional government ignores the fresh history of ethnic cleansing in the country.

Aljazeera interviewed Dr Riek Machar on the subject recently and it appears the concerted pressure brought on him has finally broken him. He seems to have caved in, indicating he would accept forming a TGONU.

Machar has failed to ask himself: why did President Kiir and the JCE violate the agreement? What was the violation supposed to achieve for them? What does suspending the implementation of 28 states exactly mean?

Which governance structure will apply in the mean time? What makes him sure that when the TGONU is formed and they later fail to agree that this issue will not lead to conflict and violence like in 2013?

The answers to these questions and others should have been taken into consideration in assessing the issue. How Machar reached his decision is baffling.

Please see ‘Q&A The Future Peace in South Sudan’

Everybody should ask herself/himself as to why ethnic cleansing happened in Juba in December 2013. The short answer is that in the struggle for power in the SPLM/A a simple thing like disagreement over the voting model to choose a leader set the country on fire.

Who were the leaders then? The same lot of the various SPLM/A factions which ARCISS ironically has empowered again.

With this knowledge in our hands, why does the international community want a transitional government set up of the same people with serious issues of disagreements left unresolved?

Is this not setting up a scenario similar or worse to that of December 2013?

It is common talk among South Sudanese at home and in the Diaspora that President Kiir and the JCE are still itching to complete their ethnic cleansing of the Nuer which started two years ago so they can intensify their aggression on Equatoria.

South Sudan has been traumatised more than enough by experiencing the brutality of SPLM/A. Everything should be done to avoid another political eruption that will compound their trauma.

Therefore, ARCISS should be implemented as agreed without deferment of issues of violation like the 28 states programme of President Kiir and the demilitarisation of Juba and so on.

It is better to delay the formation of a transitional government of national unity than to rush and end up with another catastrophe.

Better still if President Mogae exercises his powers as an arbiter on issues of difference in South Sudan to bring a quick solution to this simmering problem.

Without emphasis, if President Mogae continues to manage ARCISS in the manner he has since coming to the post, he runs the real risk of finding himself severely undermined, despised and turned into a laughing stalk of the SPLM/A.

He needs to come to terms with the reality found in the various internationally produced reports that he is dealing with a bunch of seasoned criminals who are well experienced in manipulation, mendacity and lawlessness.

These are masters of tying knots of confusion around the simplest of things to convert it into a nightmare in order for them to win.

Remember, these criminals know that ARCISS’ ultimate objective is to make them account for their crimes and they are not fools.

They will try every trick in the book including those not recorded to derail the agreement, and playing into their hands with the demand to form a TGONU with their violations shelved is helping them with their script of wreaking havoc on the agreement.

When it suits them they will cooperate and when it does not, they will vilify and demonise JMEC without thinking of the consequence of their loaded words.
Please see, ‘South Sudan’s senior officials’ irresponsible use of language’

Finally the insistence of the international community for President Kiir and Riek to form a government of national unity without the contentious issues of 28 states and demilitarisation of Juba, properly cleared carries a very serious risk to the successful implementation of ARCISS.

But worse still it runs the risk of exposing the people of South Sudan to the possibility of another conflict.

A month prior to the sad and tragic events of December 2013, the international community was warned through an article, ‘South Sudan Needs Intensive Care’ published in the various South Sudanese websites but the message fell on deaf ears.

As a result South Sudan exploded with tens of thousands of innocent civilians losing their lives and the displacement of millions more. The crucial question now is: can President Mogae reflect and act accordingly to avert another catastrophe in South Sudan?

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

The Oil Revenues’ Deal between South Sudan and Sudan: Does it make sense?

Dr. Lako Jada KWAJOK, FEB/07/2016, SSN, (Part Two);

As outlined in part one of this article, the two parties agreed to a 3 billion USDs compensatory package to be paid to Sudan over a three years period. Apparently, it was meant to cover the deficit in Sudan’s revenues following the loss of the oil money with secession of South Sudan.

The mere mention of compensating the Sudan raises eyebrows. It may appear to many South Sudanese as succumbing to the aggressor who massacred thousands of our citizens or rewarding a regime that was involved in acts of thievery and looting of our natural resources.

The question who deserves compensation is a valid one. To answer it, the government of Sudan needs viewing from two different angles. If we all agree that, Sudan was one country with a government responsible to all the people within its borders – then we should be bearing the following in our minds:

The secession of South Sudan relieved Sudan from responsibility towards the citizens of South Sudan regarding spending on health, education, economic projects, security and others.

It means the part of the national budget allocated to spending in South Sudan, has been abolished.

And people would agree that whatever amount of money spent in South Sudan was far less than what it deserved.

Even it could be argued that South Sudan was in reality run by money garnered from international grants and relief organisations.

Many people may not know that as a matter of fact, the budget of Abel Alier’s High Executive Council was far less than that of the University of Khartoum in those days. Hence, there are no grounds whatsoever to support loss of revenue by Sudan and entitlement for compensation.

Despite its turbulent history, Sudan has been one country for over half a century. No one can dispute the fact that South Sudanese contributed significantly to the building of Sudan.

It’s fair to say that the successive governments of Sudan directed all available resources to build the centre of the country and the north while the South was marginalised and left to neglect.

The sweat of South Sudanese and their natural resources were among the cornerstones of the economic growth in the north. The Jallaba traders in South Sudan played a significant role in the building of north Sudan.

Small towns and villages like “Um Doum” near Khartoum Bahri, flourished on wealth acquired in South Sudan.

There is a famous saying among the Jallabas that they buy chickens from South Sudanese at a low price only to sell them later the feathers of the same chickens at a much higher price. Of course, there is more to the saying that we cannot dwell into at this juncture.

The major government projects in agriculture, road constructions, dams, factories, schools, hospitals, government institutions, you name them, were never accomplished without active participation of the South Sudanese.

Therefore we are entitled to a share of all the assets held by the government of Sudan. At the time of the split, our government should have asked for its fair share of the assets.

There are precedence to this – when Czechoslovakia split up to the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993, the government assets were divided between the two countries in a ratio of 2 to 1 to the level of embassies.

Likewise, the same happened when the former Yugoslavia disintegrated into Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). We still have the right to claim our share of the assets and not to pay Sudan a penny.

The whole world witnessed the atrocities committed against the people of South Sudan by the successive Sudanese governments. The death from war and its consequences estimated at 2 million lives. That figure ranges between 20 to 25% of the population which is a significant loss for a country the size of France.

The Islamist regime in Khartoum took the situation to a different level. They declared “Jihad” against the “infidels” (Southerners) with implementation of the scorched earth policy in South Sudan.

The meager infrastructure left by the British colonial regime sustained extensive destruction in their “Holy War” against the Southerners. South Sudan deserves compensation for the destruction of the country and victimisation of its citizens.

Again there is precedence that is happening right to this day. In 1952 the Federal Republic of Germany signed an agreement with Israel to pay compensation for the Holocaust victim families and survivors. They were its citizens who have become Israeli citizens following Holocaust.

By 1978, the total amount paid by Germany was 53 billion Deutche Marks, a little below 30 billion USDs. It’s obvious that Sudan does not have money at present to pay us; nonetheless we should set the records straight to counter its unwarranted claims for compensation.

On the other hand, if Sudan’s reign over South Sudan was a colonial rule, then the following arguments are justified:

Firstly, when General Omar Al Bashir ascended to power in Khartoum through a military coup on 30th June 1989, Sudan’s economy was on the verge of collapse. The proof to that is from the mouths of the coup plotters themselves.

General Salah Karar, famously dubbed “Salah Dollar”, and a member of the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation (RCC), declared that if they didn’t take power through “revolution,” the US dollar would have risen to a Dollar per 10 Sudanese pounds.

Sudan was broke and could not have built the pipeline from its money. The oil revenues paid the costs of the construction of the pipeline and the oil refineries.

Therefore it’s not unreasonable to say that the pipeline is mostly the property of South Sudan although the longest part of it extends through Sudan’s soil. The same applies to the oil refineries and all the facilities related to the petroleum sector.

Sadly, our negotiators seemed to have overlooked the above assets and never contested their ownerships.

Secondly, not far from our borders, in neighbouring Kenya a situation similar to ours did exist and to some extent was reasonably addressed. On 06 June 2013, the British Foreign Secretary, William Hague expressed regret that thousands of Kenyans had been subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment during the Mau Mau insurgency over 50 years ago.

The British government would pay compensation for the victims and finance the construction of a memorial in Kenya for the victims of the colonial era torture. As some of you know President Obama’s grandfather was one of the victims.

Whatever the British did in Kenya was way far less than the atrocities committed by Sudan in South Sudan making the case for a far bigger compensation claim.

Thirdly, What about the participation of Northerners in the practice and dissemination of slave trade in Sudan?

Downplaying the issue has been the motto of the successive governments in Khartoum. It’s a well known fact that the Jallabas were the slave traders and brokers and their activities devastated many communities in South Sudan.

It’s outrageous that someone like Al Zubair Basha Rahama is regarded as a hero in Sudan’s history books while he was nothing but a despicable slave trader. Perhaps it’s time for the people of Daim Zubair in Western Bahr El Ghazal State to start thinking about changing the name of their town.

The slave trade is a brutal activity associated with inhumane practices and often wanton killings. Hence, it’s reasonable to believe that we lost thousands of lives at the peak of this horrible practice.

In 1999, the African World Reparations and Reparation Truth Commission called for a 777 trillion USDs to be paid to Africa over five years by “the West.”

Tony Blair, the former British Prime Minister apologised twice on 27th November 2006 and on 14th Marsh 2007 for Britain’s role in the slave trade. But the most remorseful and emotionally charged was what Ken Livingstone, the former Mayor of London said.

On 24th August 2007, he apologised publicly for London’s role in the slave trade. “You can look across there to see the institutions that still have the benefit of the wealth they created from slavery,” he said pointing towards the financial district, before breaking down in tears.

With the above deal in place, the Jallabas have got us exactly where they want us to be. It was an opportunity presented to them on a golden plate and they fully seized it.

The promise by President Omar Al Bashir to consider the request by the regime in Juba to reduce the transportation fees is likely to be an empty one.

Realistically, how much can he reduce to have a meaningful impact on South Sudan’s share while keeping Sudan’s economy afloat?!

For that to happen, Sudan would have to be contented with under $5.00 per a barrel. It will not happen voluntarily as the government in Khartoum initially asked for $36.00 per a barrel as transportation fee.

We must remind ourselves that we possess the strongest card in this oil revenues’ issue because the oil belongs to us. You can have oil in your soil untapped, but there can be no pipelines, refineries and oil companies if there is no oil in the first place.

Thus, the regime in Juba needs to re-negotiate the terms of the deal or declare it null and void.

Sudan should get transportation fees comparable to the international prices. Should Sudan refuse and continue its bullying attitude then South Sudan should stop pumping the oil and close the whole thing down.

Some people may say how South Sudan would survive without its “only” source of income?

Well, we are already in the midst of the worst ever economic downturn and continuing selling the oil under the deal’s terms makes no difference to the ordinary man in South Sudan.

We have other resources that need development and utilisation for the long-term but in the short-term a responsible government in Juba, perhaps the would-be Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) could secure loans with the guarantee of our untapped resources.

We are all aware that despite the oil money, still the government in Juba took loans, hence there is nothing new in having more loans and keeping the oil in our soil for better days.

In the meantime, it’s crucial to slim the government and reduce the sizes of the SPLA and the other security forces to one third of their present sizes. We do not need all those Generals who are a burden on government coffers, and some are good for nothing.

Repatriation of the embezzled 4 billion USDs could be one of the solutions and there are international mechanisms to enforce it.

The compensation of Sudan should have been a non-starter to the South Sudanese government. It’s an insult to the war victims and an act of rewarding an evil regime that waged a religious war against the South Sudanese people.

In law, it’s often said that the law does not protect fools, well in politics you would thank God for the opportunity of having a fool on the other side of the table.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Ambassador Donald Booth’s mission in South Sudan is an utter failure and must resign!


The Obama Administration appointed Ambassador Donald E. Booth, August 28th 2013, as the U.S. Special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan. The major Criteria for his choosing seemed his experience in the Horn of Africa as the American Ambassador to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The main focus of his government at that point seemed preventing Sudan and South Sudan from returning to war and to further help South Sudan not to slide into being a failed state.

Secretary John Kerry called it a “decisive moment,” in that “South Sudan did not vote for independence to create a failed state nor to return to violence;” here the Obama administration was thinking of a possible South Sudan war with the Sudan.

However, what they had not anticipated, at least not such sooner, was South Sudan tripping on its own foot and scoring double on the American concerns of the time, go to war but with itself and becoming by all measures a failed state at this stage.

On the day of Ambassador Booth’s appointment, Secretary John Kerry, in his official press release, stated, “While the ultimate choices resides with these two nations, the United States will do everything we can to support those working for peace and we will speak with candor about those whose actions undermine those hope”.

Clearly Ambassador Booth was chosen for different times and for a different reason. The ambassador and his Administration were caught napping when Juba exploded internally and went to war with itself not Khartoum and the ambassador and his administration startled, staggered and have been stammering ever since, why so?

It was because they lacked vision to clearly see that their boy, Kiir, was turning into a monster daily, that the infant president was pooping in the diaper and the ambassador and his administration had no clue how to deal with the noxious odors.

They relied on for understanding on Kiir’s well-placed tribal gangs in the likes of Francis Deng, who was busy protecting his homeboy.

Kiir, right in their face, grew by the day intolerant to opposing views, he did not promote the rule of law, rather broke the little there in; he became the absolute rule and ruler in town with preferential treatment of his tribes mates.

Majority of south Sudanese the ambassador and his administration came in contact with were and are Dinka and male, yet it did not occur to them that this is a sign Kiir is entrenching nepotism and tribalism nor did they realize to this day South Sudan is a nation of 64 ethnic groups, what they erroneously came to believe “the useless majority,” thanks to Kiir’s paid western advocacy/opinion writers groups (Mercenaries).

This Ethnic dominance however may not be too terrible a concern from the American prospective since in the USA, a rainbow nation, is itself ruled by one color.

What they should have been told is that in Africa, that “color” that rules in absolute and in preferential manners, if allowed to morph, will kill off the others and that is exactly what has been happening and the Americans actually helped to make it come true.

Kiir became bold and corrupt with billions of dollars stacked away by him and his accomplishes. His inabilities to keep up with the homegrown political pressures (rightly so, Secretary Kerry said, the choice belongs to the people, and the people did not give a free pass for Kiir on his way to becoming the current Monster, these Valiant patriots included the only woman in the pack, the matriarch of the nation, but is that not what democracy is all about?

But Booth got lost in the false narratives handed to them by Francis Deng et al. “Power struggles between Kiir and his Vice,” such democratic and political wrangles for Africans are termed power struggles whereas for the USA, it is the primaries?

There was more than just Machar in keeping Kiir from morphing into the dragon today that spews death and leading him to recruit illegal private Militia, defiles his oath of the presidency and lies of a non-existent coup.

He slaughtered fellow citizens by the thousands in the nation’s capital on the basis of their ethnicity and the amazing thing is, he got away with it.

Ambassador Booth timidly calls him out and since then Kiir grew even bolder, several Journalists dead, opinion writers killed, newspapers closed down, Political Jailing and assassinations and restrictions of movements.

When he jailed the original members of the founders of the liberation war, the group now called the former detainees, Booth and his government appealed for release but Kiir never yielded until he dragged them through dirt into a Kangaroo court before they were acquitted, once more showing, Booth and his administrations have no leverage, leave alone power on Kiir.

Thus he, Kiir does and undo anything in South Sudan at will not surprising including states, it’s elected governors etc.

Is it then therefore not up to we, the people, as rightly so said by secretary John Kerry to put an end to this and America should support, we the people?

When IGAD-plus to which America is a partner put together the compromise peace deal, mind you and imposed it, in order to end the devastating civil war, most south Sudanese agreed except that it drove a knife into Kiir’s tribal agendas and so he stalled and threw tantrum refusing to sign it, like a toddler running to his room for comfort. America in the body of IGAD took the papers for him to sign in his room.

But Kiir dropped a bigger cow dung in proportion to his tantrum, he created the 28 Dinka-centric states, in violation of the transitional constitution of South Sudan and in direct violation of the very Compromise peace deal put together by America itself in the body of IGAD.

Kiir abrogated the constitutional 10 states, changed their names and boundaries as well the constitution itself.

Part One, section 4:2 of the south Sudan constitution, states: “Any person or group of persons who attempts to…. suspend or abrogate this constitution commits treason.”

No question he did commit treason, making Kiir an enemy of the state deserving to be put to death.

Section of the same 4:3 proceeded on to say “Every Citizen shall have the duty to resist any persons or group of persons seeking to suspend or abrogate this constitution.” It also calls on the same for those who attempt to overthrow the constitutional government, however all agreed including the American that no one made a coup attempt… except Kiir against Kiir.

Therefor Kiir has committed treason and has become an enemy of the state, and it is the call of the constitution upon we the people, every citizen, to ensure that he, Kiir, does not leave above the soil of South Sudan.

But instead, the Ambassador and his administration, imposed a criminal on us, we the people, and the criminal himself is such intoxicated with the people’s blood that he is unwilling to take the lifeline thrown at him nor play by their books.

Instead they are choosing the path of least resistance, that is calling the SPLM-IO to yield and compromise even on matters of criminality at the expense of their very own lives and are now locked in the Lion’s den, in Juba, without any exit strategies, while they have so far shown no abilities to control Kiir when he goes into tantrum and spree of killings, not even a bit.

The latest concerns now are that he has resorted to using chemical weapons on the opposition forces while a large number of its leadership is in his control, including restricting their movements.

In this regards, the constitution calls on South Sudanese to depose Kiir as he has violated and abrogated the states and the constitution itself, but yet Ambassador Booth and IGAD call the 28 states a political issue needing to “think outside the box,” leading them to collude with Kiir against the south Sudanese people and its constitution.

Fellow compatriots, our constitution calls on us to resist such persons including Ambassador Booth who have failed to speak on behaves of, we the people, as Secretary Kerry promised.

Ambassador Booth and IGAD, we the south Sudanese other 63 ethnic groups will like you to take note. The 28 Dinka centric states is not a political issue, nor is it an issue between Kiir and Machar, or SPLM-Juba Vs. SPLM-IO, but rather it is Kiir against we the people, some who are not even part of the SPLM-IO.

It is Kiir pitching his tribesmen, the Dinka, against we the other 63 ethnic groups, it is a criminal issue.

It is an ethnic cleansing issue, it abrogate the constitution and the constitutionality, as well as ancestral boundaries in the benefit of the Dinka tribe of Kiir.

It takes away entire ancestral regions and gives it to the Dinka and the remaining regions are also spread with the Dinka Cattle and their armed to tooth herdsmen causing insecurities in traditionally stable regions of South Sudan.

Again Ambassador Booth and his nation may not see anything wrong with this because, this is what white America did to the Native Americans, and they are perfectly Ok with it thus they maliciously say, the issue of 28 states should not prevent the formation of the Transitional government, but alas on what foundations? It is the effect of living in a glass house.

The ethnic cleansing criminality of Kiir’s 28 Dinka centric state is such fundamental that it is enough for us to allow south Sudan to cease to exist rather than loose our ancestral lands in which the bones and spirit of our fathers rests time immemorial, it is spiritual for in them are shrines and holy places only understood by its owners and to it our identities and very lives are tied. An issue of to be or die and America must not belittle such matters.

So even if the SPLM-IO agree to the 28 state, this will not solve the south Sudanese Crises, but worsen it, rather removing this obstacle placed here intentionally by Kiir for this very purpose, to derail the compromise peace he had refused to sign in the first place is clearly what needed to be done but it will take a tooth because Kiir is bewitched, intoxicated with the blood of we the people.

Like Saddam Hussein and Gadhafi who came before him, he has reached a point of no return, no amount of pleasing nor compromise will change him but instead it simply embolden him as seen to date and give more lives for him to destroy.

It should be self evident that the criminal nature of these 28 Dinka Centric states, will result into ethnic cleansing, because we did not fight the Arabs for independent south Sudan to turn around and hand over our lives and our ancestral lands to the Dinkas of Salva Kiir.

Simply put replacing brown masters to the black ones, you can be sure Ambassador Booth, on the path of the Dinka achieving their tribal goal, like in America, they will have to ethnically cleanse the native owners of the lands they will eventually own, this is guaranteed.

This by the way Ambassador Booth does not apply only to the Shilluk, but to the Madi, Bari, the Fajulu, Azande, Muro, Balanda, but in fact the entire Greater Equatoria regions as well as the Upper Nile.

Politically no one person nor a single ethnic group in as many can just wake up one morning and decide there are now 28 states and move boundaries without consultations with the rest and yet Ambassador Booth and his administrations expect compromise but from the point of least resistance the victims of such agenda?

In conclusion, Kiir has been throwing eggs on Ambassador Booth’s face from the very day he was appointed. Ambassador Booth for some strange reasons each time moves the redline as does his boss and the day of reckoning never came for Kiir.

He lied about the coup and triggered an avalanche of bloodshed, carried ethnic killings, dismantled the rule of law, freedom of expressions and the press and now dismantled the very peace put together by Ambassador Booth in the body of IGAD but yet, Ambassador booth got stuck and stammers in one phrase, thanks to Francis Deng’s advocacy of protecting the bad guys, “Both sides have pooped”, really? It is this duality that emboldened Kiir.

Thanks Ambassador Booth, you have miserably and utterly failed in your mission, you have nothing to show since 2013, you and your administrations are a disgrace and have failed the south Sudanese people. You have babied Kiir in all his criminal ventures and never held him to the books.

Kiir’s “Supper tribe, the born to rule ideology”, designed by the Dinka council of elders is essentially a “Hitler” type of agenda for South Sudan and you are enabling him to achieve it.

You should not rely on IGAD leaders because, Kenyatta’s father did the same thing in Kenya and Kiir is emulating such, but in grandiose scale, comparable to what white America did to the natives of the Americas.

Like you, the former President of Botswana, JMEC chair Festus Mogae has failed so far and will fail, as he too has bought into this duality and lacks tooth in dealing with the cowboy’s serous tantrums unless you all get off from this duality of “both sides have pooped.”

Until your administration shows us real paths to peace without selling our souls to the devil, then the constitution calls on us to stand and resist an enemy of the state.

Ambassador Booth, you have failed our downtrodden people of South Sudan and you should admit it and leave that seat for someone else.

Dr. Peter Kopling


FEB/03/2016, News;

THERE is a ray of hope for unemployed graduates as South Sudan wants 20,000 Zimbabweans to work in different fields in the North African country.

The graduates will be paid United Nations international rates for expatriates which are far more than salaries most Zimbabweans are paid in foreign countries.

In June last year, the government invited those who graduated from the country’s tertiary institutions since 1980 to forward their names for possible employment outside the country while it works on various ways of creating employment as espoused in its economic blueprint, Zim-Asset.

Negotiations with a number of countries that include South Africa are on the cards.
Next week, the government will sign a memorandum with South Sudan to pave way for 20,000 Zimbabweans to work in that country.

Addressing academics, business leaders and government officials at the first annual Midlands State University (MSU) interface meeting in Gweru on Tuesday, the deputy director of higher education programmes in the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, Caleb Mharapira, said South Sudan wanted 20,000 professionals in different fields.

He said those who will be employed will leave for South Sudan “shortly”.
Mharapira said the government was still debating on which proposal to adopt between making the expatriates remit 25 percent of their salary back to their families or depositing it into a pool monitored by the government.

“There should be at least a percentage that will be remitted back to the country or directly into a government pool and we’re still looking at the proposals. So what it means is that their families, our banks and the government will benefit from their salaries,” said Mharapira.

He said those to be employed in South Sudan will be paid UN rates for expatriates.
Mharapira however said if people listen to the BBC and CNN, they would refuse to go and work in South Sudan because the media houses paint a gloomy picture of that country just as they do on Zimbabwe.

He said the government had also finished laying the ground work for graduates to go and work in Botswana, Namibia and Zambia.

Mharapira said they were still negotiating with South Africa and Malawi for possible MoUs.
“We’ve done the groundwork for those intending to work in Botswana, Namibia and Zambia and negotiations are underway with Malawi and South Africa. We want our graduates to be paid UN expatriates rates. In South Africa, our graduates are at the moment negotiating their salaries which shouldn’t be the case,” he said.

He said Britain and other European countries made it by exporting their human resources across the globe and this is what Zimbabwe is doing.

Mharapira said the graduates will be taken from the database of unemployed graduates which the government created. Last year, he said, the government called on unemployed graduates to register for possible job placements both abroad and locally. herald
News DzeZimbabwe

Honest Tribute to Bishop Santo Loku Pio of Juba Archdiocese!

By James Okuk, PhD, FEB/3/2016, SSN;

The Auxiliary Bishop Santo Loku Pio (born in 1969) of Juba Archdiocese has been consistent in his stance on faith and reason in the context of South Sudan. We should keep congratulating him for that faithful shepherding of the people of God, especially the downtrodden and the made-to-suffer, as Luky Dube used to sing for South Africa.

At a tough time like the one we are encountering now, the Republic of South Sudan needs nothing less than revolutionary theology even if not a liberation theology similar to that of Latin America.

But the concern of many analysts is Archbishop Paulino Lukudu Loro. He is unable to get into the shoes of Cardinal Gabriel Zubeir Wako who managed to stand tall against the oppressive Islamists regime in Khartoum during the SPLM/A just war of struggle.

It was disgusting last month seeing His Lordship Lukudu spraying holy water on 28 states which has been a violation to the signed peace agreement (ARCSS) in August 2015.

He did this when he decided to go to the Secretariat of the former Central Equatoria State Government to bless the three illegitimate governors of the so-called Jubek, Terekeka and Yei River states.

Did His Lordship know the evil he was blessing in that building? Why did he accept to do that when he knew that the ‘three-governors-in-one’ (as they would like to pretend in their operation) and their states are still pending political problems in making?

Is he not ashamed of shifting loyalty from 28 states (he blessed and endorsed for partitioning Central Equatoria State and erasing it from political map) to IGAD’s Communiqué which brings back the disintegrated Equatoria?

Now, thank God, that the Holy Archbishop has turned around to support the IGAD’s Communiqué that demands suspension of the proposed 28 states until it is discussed later by the established TGoNU in competition with other proposed states (Twenty One, Five, Three, None, etc).

Men of God should always stand where the truth is, like what Auxiliary Bishop Santo has been doing (including his homely of the new year 2016 when he told the faithful that he finds it hard even to pronounce some names of 28 states, e.g. ‘Nyamurnyang’ which is an insult to women).

It is high time Archbishop Lukudu start repenting and learning from the young truthful Bishop Santo how Catholic Bishops are supposed to conduct themselves when it comes to issues involving dirty politics of treacherous politicians.

We are blessed in Juba to have an articulate and caring Auxiliary Bishop Santo who has, indeed, proven himself time and again that he is unshakable voice of the voiceless like the known liberation theologian, Martin Niemöller (1892 -1984), who became a soldier in German Navy at age of fourteen and was sub-Lieutenant by the time the First World War began in 1914.

He also took interest in nationalistic politics and became a supporter of Adolf Hitler and Nazi’ regime. Even after he was ordained in 1929 as a Pastor of the Church of Jesus Christ at Dahlem, Rev. Niemöller remained an ardent supporter of Hitler.

However, he got arrested when he started criticizing in his sermons the evils of the Nazis and was sent to Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp to be “re-educated” in German patriotism.

Pastor Niemöller refused to change his revolutionary views and was later transferred to Dachau Prison. In 1938 Joseph Goebbels urged Hitler to execute him but Alfred Rosenberg opposed the idea as it would provide an opportunity to critics like Bishop George Bell of Chichester of the Church of England to attack fiercely the German Government and mobilize the Christians all over the world against it. Rev. Niemöller was allowed to live.

With his release from prison after the end of World War II, Rev. Niemöller became convinced that the German people had a collective responsibility (i.e., guilt) for the Nazi atrocities.

He became a pacifist as he realized that military force is never sustainable for political ends.

He joined the World Peace Movement and became an outspoken anti-war activist. On his 90th birthday, Rev. Niemöller confessed that he had started his political career as “an ultra-conservative” and later a “revolutionary”, but if he lived to be a hundred years he may become an “anarchist.”

Rev. Niemöller has remained well known for the following famous poetic quote:
“First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out – because I was not a communist;
Then they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out – because I was not a socialist; Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out – because I was not a trade unionist;
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out – because I was not a Jew;
When they came for me – and there was no one left to speak out for me.”

Milton Mayer in his book, They Thought They Were Free: The Germans (1955) gave a strong tribute that Niemöller is a great man of God who spoke for thousands of the oppressed masses in all corners of the world: “when the Nazis attacked the Communists, he was a little uneasy, but, after all, he was not a Communist, and so he did nothing; and then they attacked the Socialists, and he was a little uneasier, but, still, he was not a Socialist, and he did nothing; and then the schools, the press, the Jews, and so on, and he was always uneasier, but still he did nothing. And then they attacked the Church, and he was a Churchman, and he did something–but then it was too late.”

Together with Bishop Santo of Juba Archdiocese, let’s speak out for peace, justice, community development and prosperity in our dear country before it is too late for all of us to have strong voice of the people, amounting to the voice of God.

May the almighty God give more wisdom and courage to all our bishops and other men and women of God so that they don’t fear to always remind our astray leaders of the righteous path of peace in the Republic of South Sudan.

Dr. James Okuk is lecturer of politics, reachable at

Jonyang Community (JC) in UNMISS Juba PoCs, refute Kiir’s support

Press Statement

Jonyang Community (JC) in PoCs, Juba

Date 28th/1/2016

The Jonyang Community in UNMISS protection of Civilian Site in Juba is hereby denouncing the claimed of the media circulation bearing the fake and barbaric statements on defaming and tarnished the name of Jonyang community by saying that “we the Jonyang community in the PoC are supporting president Kiir order of creation of 28 states, and are behind the governor of western Bieh”.

This was posted into social media and disseminated all over to the outside world on 16/1/2016 at 10: 00 pm. On 21 the same January 2016 the same people went on to say by joking that “I L/CPL James Kuol Dhuor, the chairman of Jonyang Community, we are supporting the government, James Kok Ruea Oyee, Magok Rundial Oyee and Michael Mario Dhuor Oyee”.

Therefore, the Jonyang Community before God and before Nuer Community in general and Fangak Community in particular would like to be clear to all readers and listeners that these people were just trying to defame the chairman of Jonyang and Community at large with the reason best known to them; James Kok Ruea and his associates are like puppets in our eyes, we can’t support them.

It was not true; it was done by two men, Riir Diang Ngudeng the doer and the paramount chief Biel Machar Tot, the planner.

On 27th /1/2016 the Fangak Community in general held a meeting on this issue of defamation and blackmailing of the Jonyang community; both Riir Diang and Biel Machar had confessed and we had also pardoned them because they knew nothing on what they were doing. They were using this as a method of concocting the differences in the Community of Fangak which will not come up to the fore century.

The Jonyang Community is a peaceful community which couldn’t betray the thousand men, children and women who were massacred in Juba in cold blood by Salva Kiir and his all allies including James Kok.

We are totally against 28 states which rob us of our land and it resources; we can’t be slaves of our own to just accept the calamity, we will fight for it until the last man of ours.

The trustworthy men of Jonyang Militants and Politicians are in combat front to fight common man’s right in south Sudan where rule of law need to be in place as a matter of struggle.

We would like to conclude that our community unity is certain and forgiveness is crucial method in the family, we have forgiven Riir and Biel Machar, bear with us “we are not part of 28 states”.

Thank for your understanding.

Sign by ………… Sign by………………..

Yoal Gatkuoth Majok Rambang Tai Riak

Deputy Chairman of JC SG of Jonyang Community