Archive for: January 2016

Calling Govt forces to stop Violation of cease-fire & crimes against innocent civilians in the Villages around Wau: SPLA-IO, Wau

Maj.Gen/Ashhab K. Fahal Ukanda
Commander SPLA/ IO Wau Devision
Loyal To Dr Riek Machar Teny 9th Jun 2016

Calling Government forces to stop Violation of cease-fire and crimes against innocent civilian in the Villages around Wau.

Wau villages are under burning, looting, rapping and killing by the Government forces in an attempt to draw the country back to war.

It is very unfortunately at this very important moment, when the South Sudanese are preparing to receive the peace, that, the Government forces ( Matiang Anyor) since 4th Jun2016 until today, are conducting wide campaign of violation in the villages around Wau under supervision of General Malong Awan.

Big numbers of the government forces are deployed in the areas around Wau, Civilian in the villages of Ngomgba, Momoi, Natabu, Brinji and others, are made to evacuate their home under gun shooting and bombardment.

Over two hundred fifty houses were looted and burned, rapping are taking place and killings are randomly committed, almost eight person dead. Properties are taken in the cars in daylight. Civilians are watching helpless.

The commander of Division (5) believed to have no power over those forces. The situation seems like absence of rule of law. But in the real sense, it is purposely made by the Government in order to provoke our forces react and draw the whole country back to the war.

With the witness of the international community, our forces are calm at their bases monitoring the violation, respecting the cease-fire and giving peace a chance to prevail in the country.

So at this historical Junction, we call upon the Government to go back to its sense and fulfill its commitment to the peace and withdraw their forces from the villages and avoid harming civilians.

We call Upon International community, all the agencies to intervene and especially (CTSAMM) Cease-fire and Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring Mechanism which is meant with this task, to carry out its mission upon this clear violation as provided in the recent peace agreement.

Immediate investigations are to be carried out in the villages mentioned, and those held responsible are to be brought for accountability.

Urgent assessment is to be conducted in the villages targeted, humanitarian assistance be provided to the civilian affected and necessary arrangement be made for their resettlement.

We confirmed our full commitment to the implementation of the peace agreement under our Chairman and commander in chief Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

There is no any room for the spirit of provocation that aims to the destruction of this nation and the suffering of its people.

An open letter to Maj. Gen. Rin Tueny Mabor: The governor of Eastern Lakes state

From: Bullen Bol Mathieng A. Kuc

I would like to congratulate his Excellency the President for his wise decision of recognizing Eastern lakes state to be a state and for appointing you as our governor, creating 28 states will definitely takes towns to people than people to towns where they end up in slums.

Since we are under the full devolution system of administration decentralization, a state is expected to be independent economically in a sense that, it has to plan how to collect its revenue and fund its development aspects of its government with exception of exploration of oil and minerals.

Since your challenge as well as of other governors is huge, a challenge where you are going to start a state government from scratch, I deem it necessary to say something since I also hail from that state as well.

Because states are not expected to depend so much on the central government transfers or grants as per full devolution terms, the followings avenues can be explored to gather enough revenue for our beloved state:

Physical Infrastructure. Shambe road, the most productive road after Juba and Rumbek roads, should be cleared and repaired. With shambe road repaired, the road would boost trade between Eastern lakes state and her neighboring states.

Normally when trade booms, tax revenue also increases. Besides repairing the road to ease the transportation of goods and services within the state and beyond, Shambe Port can also raise additional revenue as all incoming and outgoing goods are taxed.

Investing In Fishing. If your state government invest in fishing especially at Shambe coupled with repaired Shambe road suggested above that connects to Juba city through Shambe-Yirol-Juba road, an enormous amount of money could be generated as long as strong system is established. Small scale fishing can also be carried out along river Yirol, and other rivers at Yirol East to generate extra revenue.

Inter Counties’ Feeder Roads. Roads that links payam to payam, county to county, Boma Boma are advisable to be fixed. Having connected roads boost trade with in the state thereby increasing tax revenue for state government through booming trade, and with money changing hands over period of time, a real development can be seen in villages leave as well as in counties , payams and state capital.

Investing In Agriculture: Yirol has vast fertile land for agriculture. Because your state has not yet got businessmen who could cultivate vast land of agriculture on large scale bases, it should be the state government that should first invest in large scale farming and then privatized them to private sector in future.

When talking of large scale farming, our focus should be on simsim, groundnuts, rice and Dura. once simsim and groundnuts are harvested on large quantities, and instead of selling them within South Sudan as unfinished good, oil factory at Babur-dhet can be revived to turn the unfinished good (Simsim and ground nuts into cooking oil that can be sold freely with in South Sudan and neighboring countries, while doing so, a large number of state population would be employed while the government generates its much needed revenue from the above investment.

Wrestling. Although wrestling has been used as source of entertainment in the state at zero cost, this time, our wrestlers can both entertain us and generate a revenue.

Having read the above suggestions that relates to how your state could generate revenue, the question is where your government shall get initial capital for starting the above ventures?

The answer is: Bulls’ Collection from the Chiefs. Bulls should be collected from the chiefs as it used to be done during war’s time, after collecting them, they should be sold to raise initial capital.

Modification Of Taxes: taxes from animals’ auctioning, personal income taxes, sales taxes, among other taxes should be closely looked at, revenue from fines, licenses, land sales, number plates, etc. should strictly be regulated to generate a revenue that can augment government transfers.

Contribution from the sons and daughters of Yirol who are working in Juba and other states of South Sudan. This can easily be achieved through monthly fundraising meetings where the working classes can voluntarily attend and contribute to the development of their state financially.

Talking of contribution, your government can also pay a visit to diaspora where sons and daughters of the states are residing. I believe, the team cannot return without something there. If the contribution from Son and daughters of Yirol within South Sudan and diaspora continue at least for a year, a significant amount of money can be generated necessary for financing the above development projects.

Seeking giant investors that a state can partner with. Your state can lure investors from within the region and overseas to come and invest in Agriculture, health, roads, education and among others. This is achievable goal if your government starts to have some trips to the countries where possible investors can be obtained.

Luring NGOs to open their branches in Eastern lakes states. The NGOS which are now headquartered in the Rumbek the capital of the former Lakes state , should equally be divided among the new states, besides those that can be divided equally, your state can also seek more NGOS through NGOs forum.

With NGOs in the in the new states, the youth in the state can easily be employed, that can increased personal income tax (PIT) tax. With reasonable number of youth employed, their earnings can automatically contribute to the state development.

To ensure that the above measures succeed , your government should formulate stringent modalities to fight corruption, Nepotism, and tribalism so that, every one pound raised is well spend for the intended purpose, and right people are employed basing on who knows what than who knows who.

The write is a citizen of Eastern lakes states and can be reached at: or via phone: 0955744930/092709977

The Winds of Change are blowing over Equatoria

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, JAN/10/2016, SSN;

We have increasingly observed of late that a wave of change is slowly but inexorably spreading all over Equatoria. A sort of revolt against the current situation or simply what happens when you push people too far. It’s also a change in the way the indigenous population view the government in Juba.

It’s not simply that the government has run out of favour but rather a growing awareness that its actions made no distinction between it and an alien or a colonial regime.

There is a lot of anger particularly among the youth of what has become of Equatoria. The main reason is the insecurity that is rampant all over Equatoria. Innocent lives are being wantonly lost on a daily basis; in fact, could be by the hour in the capital Juba.

Equatorians have shown unmatched endurance over the past 10 years. They have been very patient believing in light at the end of the tunnel despite being at the receiving end of horrible acts.

They have had enough, and all the indicators are pointing towards a consensus that something needs doing. The change does not seem to be a well coordinated or organised movement under one leadership but rather multiple small uprisings all over Equatoria against the regime.

This step is overdue but not a surprise as it’s typical of a nonviolent society. Violence is always the last resort in Equatoria while it’s often the first resort in other parts of South Sudan.

This attitude is something to be proud of as it reflects our rich cultural heritage in addition to the influence of religion.

The fact that resistance movements are emerging from different corners of Equatoria is a testimony that our folks mean business. The sleeping giant has finally woken up.

It’s good that all the Equatorian movements have declared a ceasefire in respect and recognition of the peace agreement including the movements that did not join SPLM/A-IO. Let us give peace a chance with full implementation of the compromise peace agreement.

If done in good faith, it will certainly result in a lasting peace in South Sudan. But regardless of what would unfold following the implementation of the compromise peace agreement, Equatorians have three fundamental issues that need addressing without delay.

On the issue of insecurity that is rife all over Equatoria – the time has come to address it head-on. It’s unacceptable to allow others to change the way we live before our own eyes.

Following the independence of South Sudan, the people of Equatoria thought the time to enjoy the fruits of freedom and liberty has finally arrived. Little did they know that what they thought has been achieved, and tangible would quickly turn into a mirage.

You are not a free person when your life is constantly under threat and you live in a state of siege. When a villager in Equatoria is unable to live in his village and till the land as his ancestors used to do since time immemorial; you know that the situation has spiraled out of control.

The prevailing insecurity has forced him to abandon his village and move to town. He is a farmer and has got no other qualifications. How can he earn an honourable living in such a new environment?

This poor villager who was previously self-sufficient has now been condemned to abject poverty. The regime has created a situation contradictory to its cliché “Bringing towns to villages.” Instead, we have witnessed movement in the opposite direction where Village communities have moved into cities and towns.

The Equatorians are law-abiding and God-fearing citizens. They tend to solve their problems using peaceful means. But it makes no sense at all when you stick to that in the absence of rule of law. It’s even self-defeating and an exercise that works to your detriment.

This is happening on the background of armed communities in the rest of South Sudan except perhaps parts of Western Bahr El Ghazal state. I have even lost count of the Jieng militias and armed youth groups.

The Nuers have the white army that gained some international publicity by engaging the Ugandan army ( UPDF ) in combat. The Chollo and the Murle are decently armed and capable of defending their territories. It’s only the Equatorians and some western Bahr Ghazalians who are defenseless.

The principal duty of a government is to provide security to all its citizens. I don’t think there is any reasonable person who disputes the fact that the regime has miserably failed to provide security to the people of Equatoria.

To make things worse, it’s following a double-standard disarmament policy where the non-Jieng communities are disarmed while the Jieng are left to acquire stockpiles of arms or be armed as well. There can be no real peace if this situation continues.

Peace can only prevail in a state of total disarmament or the opposite of it namely mutual deterrence. As the government has clearly failed to deliver what is expected from it, Equatorians are left with no choice but to take care of their own security. All options should be on table including forming vigilante groups or local militias to defend themselves.

Equatorian leadership has been the subject of discussion among Equatorians for a little while. The common theme is that Equatoria lacks effective leadership at the present time. While this may be partly true, It’s by no means the whole truth.

I do believe that leadership is not an exhaustible resource. It has never been proven that nature ever left a generational gap where a community was devoid of capable leadership. There are always able leaders in any community; anywhere and anytime.

What Equatoria lacks is not effective leadership but leadership backed by military might. We are under the reign of a kleptocratic regime that uses force to intimidate, coerce or liquidate its opponents.

There is no room for a democratic debate regarding what is best for the country. In fact what is best for the tribe has replaced what is best for the country. Equatorian leaders should abide by the rules of the game.

Otherwise, they would continue to be irrelevant regarding political power. They should strengthen ties with their communities and do a proper homework.

In 1935, the French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval allegedly asked Stalin to improve the situation of the Catholics in the USSR to avoid a quarrel with the Pope. Stalin, with his sharp sense of humour asked, “The Pope? How many divisions does he have?”

It depicts the mentality of a dictator and the man at the helm of our government is no different.

The third issue is where do we go from here? What are the options? Historically, Equatorians are the pioneers in the struggle for independence of South Sudan. All the wars were mostly fought in Equatoria. We have contributed heavily both in terms of lives lost and material destroyed. All this happened by fighting the real enemy and not our brothers.

It’s disconcerting to see how Equatoria has been relegated by the regime to the third position despite the fact that it leads South Sudan in many aspects of life. Again this relates to the Stalin’s joke mentioned above – something that we could overcome in near future.

It must be clear to everyone that Equatoria is the entity holding South Sudan together. There can be no South Sudan without Equatoria though the reverse is not necessarily true.

We have embraced the compromise peace agreement wholeheartedly not because super powers forced us to accept it as some sceptics would like to say. It’s out of a genuine belief that despite its inadequacies, it remains the best possible option to stop the carnage.

Having said that, we should though be wary of what could happen 3 years from now. The creation of the 28 new states is akin to letting the genie out of the bottle. Thus, it would continue to pose a threat to the unity of South Sudan.

Our bottom line should be real federalism, and should be regarded as a deal breaker if not adopted and implemented. The national cake would be divided proportionately according to population size in each state.

Likewise political representation in the federal government would also be proportionate to population size in each state. In that context the Jieng could have as many states as they want. That would be their prerogative though they would run the risk of spending a large chunk of their revenues on unnecessary and unproductive state government positions.

There are those who throw at us lame arguments and excuses that a federal system of governance would need a lot of money to implement that we do not have. Well, do we have money to run the newly created 28 states?!

Again some would say it would lead to secession and disintegration of South Sudan. This notion does not hold water because the leading world powers are federal governments.

The truth of the matter is that the sceptics have ulterior motives centred around domination of other communities through a decentralised system of governance that is not federalism.

The carving out of chunks of ancestral lands from other communities and awarding them to the Jieng is a recipe for a state of continuous war in South Sudan.

Equatorians do not want to be part of it. We have already lost a decade and would not allow more of the same to happen in the next decade. We should not allow ourselves to be held hostage to communities supporting leaders who are borderline lunatics.

Equatoria should have a plan B in store where it could take full control of its own destiny or forge unity with others in what I would call “Unity of the willing.”

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Will 2016 be a Year of Peace?

By: Bol Khan, JAN/08/2016, SSN;

As all eyes all over the world are on South Sudan, the New Year, 2016, is expected to be a year of peace for South Sudanese people. If and only if: Implementations of the Peace Agreement signed last year but brokered by the regional bloc, IGAD can go smoothly.

However, will the IGAD-PLUS Compromise peace agreement entirely, be implemented as very much being expected? This is one of the pressing questions one needs to ask in this piece!

As we all know, that fragile peace document was regionally designed so that it must twist 2016 to be a year of peace for South Sudanese people. But the practical implementation of the peace agreement is now standing before a BIG question mark: To be or not to be implemented?

I know, while it is precisely clear to many including the author, it is also equally unclear enough to many others whether or not the South Sudan’s current rulers not leaders will live up (all) to the agreement they signed in August last year.

Perhaps, it is really unclear, especially for those who aren’t yet familiar with the SPLM’s ruling styles. For they may not know that SPLM’s rulers always every year utter one thing in words and put other different things into action.

To be specific, the rulers of course that I am referring to are those from the SPLM-Juba or SPLM-in-the Government. The SPLM-IG is still up to now tossing dices or playing a waiting game as usual.

Look, in an agreement the SPLM-I-G signed in August last year says: “There shall be only ten states in South Sudan during the transitional period of thirty (30) months”. But, contrary to this fact, the SPLM-I-G now has unilaterally decreed in, twenty-eight (28) unconstitutional states.

This unilateral decree has already invited more tribal, national problems and shall let the war to continue for other additional two or even more years. So as we speak, there is a flimsy reason to hope for peace and reconciliation in 2016. Take it or leave as my sick/healthy analysis!

In fact, if issues at hand can go, implemented as expected, and in accordance with IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement, one would hopefully say that this new year, 2016 will be a year of stability, Peace and Reconciliation. But, just from its look now or its smell, the year 2016 shall be as unhappy (more or less) as previous late 2013, 2014 and 2015 that had already passed.

Unless there is a drastic, surprising change or miracle which may be on the way coming, otherwise my analysis is so healthy. I am bringing it up this way; because of the following statements and reasons, issued by the country’s rulers themselves. You can read for yourself and I think you will agree with me that there are some people within the nation who are not preparing for peace but for opposite in South Sudan.

“As we begin a New Year, Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) would like to remind the International Community, the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) and all parties to the IGAD-PLUS peace agreement to cautiously tread the path to implementation of “ACRISS” due to the fact that certain clauses in the agreement undermine the sovereignty of our beloved Republic”.

This very statement was from the tribal powerful Jieng Council of Elders, it is so strong and should not be considered as simple as such. If I can repeat: “to cautiously tread the path to implementation of “ACRISS” due to the fact that certain clauses in the agreement undermine the sovereignty of our beloved Republic”.

This statement alone signifies that the Council has already planned something; indirectly using threat and on behalf of the government. I have one question here or two; what is a correlation between the two institutions, JCE and JMEC? Does it mean that the Jieng Council of Elders is a legislative body of South Sudan’s Government? I think you can even remember, when the council noted down the reservations in regards to IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement the same reservations were also brought up by the Government on the following day (s).

“The areas which brought names of women are conflict areas. But the women are weak and could not defend their states, in war zones, like men. So we don’t want our governor to be kidnapped and that is why we don’t bring women,” said president Kiir during the swearing in ceremony of 28 newly appointed governors on 29th Dec 2015.

If the nation, the President and the people are indeed preparing for peace the above statement would have not been stated by the President. At best, women are even better than men in translating and restoring peace to the levels men destroyed.

I am not betraying us; we the men, instead this is the truth itself I am stating! They women, without dispute, are the real peacemakers compared to almost ninety percent of men who may be war-liked ones.

In short, if the President Salva Kiir is for peace he would have appointed women to the governorship positions of his unilateral twenty-eight (28) imposed states. In another words, Salva Kiir’s action which apparently appeared in the above statement means that he is not ready for peace. And those twenty-eight men he appointed governors will continue with the war as they go to their respective states’ capitals in this very New Year; 2016.

So, the New Year, 2016 may not be a year of peace as expected or if the IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement is not implemented accordingly.

The author is a concerned South Sudanese. He can be reached at

One Against 63: Where’s the Alley to Peaceful Coexistence?

By: Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa* JAN/08/2016, SSN;

It would however be fair to assert that a sizable public opinion in South Sudan acknowledges that a significant contributory factor in the escalation of the turmoil that ushered in the harrowing development in the country is manifestly the handiwork of the Jieeng Council of Elders (JCE) alongside some opportunistic South Sudanese individual elements, accommodated on government’s pay list and who may or may not necessarily be aligned to the JCE.

This incontrovertible assertion is premised on the perceptible unconstructive practices and unconscionable conduct of this tribal entity in its plain role as the de facto Parliament and government of South Sudan.

A closer retrospective shufti and analysis of the reprehensible mayhem that occurred in Juba on the 15 December 2013 and the consequent poignant sagas that coalesced into the civil war in the entire South Sudan reveals a clandestine calculation of the JCE whose preoccupation is to entirely dominate and subjugate the people of South Sudan and rule them via a tribal iron fist.

Those innocent souls that have paid the ultimate price at the massacres and genocide in Juba in 2013 will indelibly be remembered for handing out the highest ransom in exchange for nothing other than their affiliation to Nuer ethnic group.

The JCE’s twisted logic seems to suggest that as long as a Dinka is involved in crimes against humanity, justice would not be permitted to take its natural course.

Ironically, the butchery in South Sudan has never held compassion in the hearts of those tyrannical and despotic JCE assemblages because those suffering are non-Dinka who should be forcibly dispossessed via an orchestrated policy of land grab.

Today, if anyone utters a word about accountability for those systematic murders conducted by the government with JCE blessings they are instantly castigated and threatened with further severe repercussions.

I am quite conscious that the point I make will be completely lost in the miasma of outrage, however, for any South Sudanese to have done nothing by way of exposing the subterranean façade of this malevolent Jieeng tribal outfit in such woeful settings in a country awash with misery is morally reprehensible.

The JCE had both authored and ordained the format and design of the 28 states in South Sudan, and simply handed to the President who runs the show to read out in a decree. The covert scheme has been designed with a three-pronged vindictive intention as follows:

1. The first vindictive intention or gambit is to diminish or effectively erode the historical name of “Equatoria” from South Sudan’s political lexicon. In accordance with the professed twisted philosophy of the JCE’s tribal flag-wavers, the elimination of the legendary designation “Equatoria” would essentially sever the umbilical cord of Greater Equatoria and the cohesion existing among the people of this vast region, so that no one state of Equatoria would get concerned with the affairs of the other two states during the process of divide and rule.

Perhaps the JCE’s fear stems from the old aphorism of the 1980s that says “when Equatoria coughs the whole Southern Sudan catches cold.” Thus, the formulation of the 28 states remains the most single majestic ploy and the last JCE’s Roulette to realize Dinka hegemonic ambition.

It has been anticipated by the tribal jingoists in Juba that this strategy would furnish the tribal bigots with both the wherewithal and instrumentality to begin the formal process of subjugation, not only of Greater Equatoria, but the entire South Sudan through the execution of divide and rule approach.

2. The second manoeuvre pertains to the possibility of JCE’s domination in a future democratic ambiance in the country after the expiry of the transitional government of National Unity.

Juxtaposing the map of South Sudan under the 10 states mandated by South Sudan’s interim constitution and the current controversial 28 states designed by the JCE would quickly reveal the underlying sinister intention.

A cursory glance at the map of the so-called 28 states shows that 12 of these are curved out of others’ territories that were originally possessed by either the Nuer or Shilluk in Greater Upper Nile region or a number of tribes in Greater Bahr El Ghazal and are now fraudulently and brazenly awarded them to the Dinka.

In the South Sudan rubber stamp Parliament that is overwhelmingly packed by the aficionados of SPLM Juba-faction, it would be easy to pass a piece of legislation that links voting systems and exercises to a number of states in South Sudan, and such a move would probably lend a golden bridge to the JCE to accomplish one of their majestic dreams of legitimately ascending to power and implementing their remaining programmes on the checklist, which includes among others, the imposition of Dinka as an official national language of South Sudan.

3. The third ploy is the control over the oil territories that belong to the Nuer people. The JCE is sentient that in order to manipulate and retain power, there must be a clearly defined access to the control of resources, namely the oil that remains the mainstay and oils the wheel of the country’s economy.

More than 5 billion US dollars’ worth of oil money have been stolen from state coffers since 2005 and no culprits have been brought to account for this staggering loss. A large number of these miscreants and reprobates who are linked to the JCE have stashed away the stolen money in foreign countries and are still shamefacedly determined to rule South Sudan for eternity by hooks or by crooks.

It is thus the duty of every peace stakeholder to understand that the sinister calculation of the JCE on the imposition of the 28 states is a real menace that portends an ominous, murky and bleak future for the world’s newest country, unless something is done to halt the tribal outfit from progressing further towards the execution of its nefarious scheme.

Regrettably, the government in Juba, buoyed by the JCE’s arcane dealings is bracing up in justifying the need to impose the 28 states decree in the country, in utter disregard of the stipulations of the Peace Accord that the vassal regime in Juba had promised to abide by.

The conflict now appears to be between 1 ethnic group – the ruling class of the Dinka (Not all Dinka) against the other 63 ethnicities that live in South Sudan, as all the 10 states have been engulfed in what could accurately be described as seething war with sporadic and coordinated assaults launched by government troops who are more often accompanied by tribal groups of armed cattle keeping militias affiliated to the JCE, against non-Dinka tribes living in Greater Equatoria; Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal regions.

Today the news emanating from Korokanda in Momoye area in Western Bahr El Ghazal is dire. Civilians have been killed; houses torched; rape sprees freely conducted as well as looting by SPLA government army in an apparent blatant disregard for the Peace Agreement on the table.

There appears to be no light at the end of the tunnel unless the haywire JCE and President Kiir altogether abandon their myopic, crackpot and unidimensional cogitations that do not have a counterpart in the real world and instead opt to work along the dimensions that create positive correlation and high degree of cooperation among all contending parties in the country in order to usher in an atmosphere of serenity and prosperity far divorced from the current ambience of lunacy created by the JCE that has utterly failed to put its finger on the pulse of South Sudanese public opinion.

Accordingly, I call upon the Chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), Mr. Festus Mogae to take up the gauntlet and address the issue of the implementation of the Peace Agreement more resolutely before the country relapses back into another cycle of extreme violence. South Sudan is yearning for the Halcyon days expected to arrive after a comprehensive and candid execution of the Agreement in its entirety.

Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa*
Former lecturer,
Graduate School of Business and Law (GSBL)
RMIT University
Emily McPherson Building 13,
379 – 405 Russell Street Melbourne
VIC 3000 Melbourne

Appeal to Padang Jieeng Leaders in Upper Nile State: From Collo Community in Sudan

Jan/07/2016, SSN;

We, Collo Community Council would like to send this brotherly letter to you so that you may review your position in regard to the annexation of Collo land in eastern side of Nile to the newly formed state called Eastern Upper Nile State.

Both communities namely Collo and Jieng co-existed for centuries without any kind of land grabbing or conflict in related to land issues. They were living in peace and harmony colored by intermarriage which bound them together and it created intimate relationship which no one can deny.

Collo was astonished in early 1980s, when certain elements in Jieng community started to claim that all lands in eastern side of Nile belong to them and all Collo Communities living in that side for five centuries must evacuate it and go to western side of Nile.

Those elements in Panigur meeting called by Late Dr. John Garang came up again with that request, but Dr. Garang rejected it by giving them the historical background that Malakal is a Collo land.

Unfortunately, the untimely death claimed the life of Chairman of SPLM/A, Dr. John Garang. Sadly, the present government has executed the agenda of anti-peace elements within Padang Jieng in Upper Nile.

Indeed, the Collo Council is hereby requesting reasonable thinking on your side about the claim made by your community in regard to Collo land.

As faithful Christians let’s look critically to what the Bible is teaching us “Never move an old boundary mark that your ancestors established” (Prov.22:28), also the Bible says ‘Never move an old mark or take over land owned by orphans for the Lord is their powerful defender, he will argue their case against you.’ (Prov.23:10-11).

Brethren, the ambitious scheme of land occupation is not an easy task to be attained because no single community will accept any invader to take away the ancestral land.

Moreover, you as community leaders must fully understand that the scheme of claiming Collo land is going to victimize your community and spoil healthy relationship between two communities that co-existed for centuries without trouble and war.

Be assured that the government which supports such ill-intended project is destroying your community and exposing you to danger, whole magnitude no one can tell you.

Honestly, neither Salva Kiir nor other Jieng communities will be there at the time fueling the fire of this criminal land grabbing project. Therefore, wish you to be mindful of the interest of your community; in having good neighborhood living with Collo.

You may want to be reminded that Collo community knows the consequence of war because they fought deadly wars with invaders such as the Turks and the Mahdists but never fought its neighbors.

Indeed, let’s examine our ways and turn back to the spirit of peaceful co-existence. We should be aware that the thought of pain, homelessness are bitter poison that will keep each community to stand for their rights.

Collo community is asking Padang Jieng to refrain from aggressive behavior; you shouldn’t think that the Collo community is weak when they didn’t react to President Kiir decision of giving away Pijo. They were hoping that matter would be resolved peaceful. But the same mistake is being repeated by the President.

We advise you to reject the decree of instituting Jieng state in Collo land as that will be the best way to ensure peace and tranquility in the area.

In case you don’t want to accept our advice and you are not ready to associate yourselves with Collo community in Upper Nile, that is your choice and it is respected, but we want your community to approach the office of President to make a second decree to institute your headquarters in one of your four counties and leave Collo land in peace.

So many people misunderstood Collo when they rejected creation of Eastern Upper Nile State that takes Collo land without its people.

President Kiir can protect the interest of Jieng by giving them a state in their own ancestors land and no one will have quarrel with such, but the problem come when he annexed other people’s land to Jieng.

The question of forcing Collo community to go to western side of Nile as only option to have relationship between Jieng and Collo will not materialize. Often it only remains fractional like the one of Israel and Palestine.

As Jieng leaders, you must be assured that instability and insecurity is more on your side. We know that you can take your wise decisions for benefit of your community. But any emotional or irrational decision will produce instability in Upper Nile state as whole.

We approach you in this appeal as brothers to foresee the negative consequence of the annexation of Collo land in eastern side of Nile without being part of that state.

Please see what the Bible is saying ‘Don’t be like the wicked who scheme to rob honest people or take away their houses, no matter how often honest people fall, they always get up against, but disaster destroys the wicked.’ (Prov.24:15-16).

Moreover, the Bible puts it clear that ‘People who set traps for others get caught themselves. People who start landslides get crushed.’ (Prov. 26:27)

Finally, we send you this brotherly letter in order to revisit the presidential decree for the creation of new state for you in Collo land, observe its benefits and consequences and try to weigh it thoroughly, we are ready to sit down as a family to sort out the issue if you are ready to denounce the decree as a starting point.

Best wishes,
Signed by
Samson Oyay Awin
Chairman of Collo Community Council in Khartoum

CC. United Nation Council
CC. Troika
CC. Human Right Commission
CC. Rt. Majesty, Reth Kwongo Dak
CC. Collo Intellectuals Committee

All Collo Community Leaders reject 28 states & their appointed Governors

To: Festus G. Mogae, Head and Chairman of JMEC, IGAD Office Juba Republic of South Sudan.

Subject: A letter of Rejection Presidential Order No36/2015 AD of President Salva Kiir for the establishment of 28 states on 2nd October 2015 and the appointment of 28 state governors on 24th December 2015 in South Sudan and in upper Nile state respectively.

Your Excellency, Mr. Festus G. Mogae, the Chairman of JMEC,
We, the Chollo community Council comprising of representatives Of Community Leaders, Church Leaders, Women group, Youth group, Intellectuals and civil society representatives in Khartoum state and other States in the Sudan, are hereby rejecting the Unconstitutional Presidential Order No 36/2015 AD issued by President Salva Kiir Mayerdit on Friday on 2nd October 2015 for the Establishment of28 States in South Sudan and the appointment of 28 state Governors on 24th December 2015 which is a violation of article numbers 162, 164 and 165 in the transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan of 2011.

Our Rejection and protesting is based on the following reasons:
1:1 In his Order Number 36/2015AD, President kiir annexed Chollo Community Land with its existing and established villages along both Sobat river and the White Nile River on the Eastern bank including Malakal the capital town of Upper Nile Stat to Dinka Padang in Upper Nile state.

1:2 All The Land and the existing villages which have been taken and given to Dinka Apadang along Sobat river and along the White Nile River on the Eastern bank including Malakal which belong to Chollo Community since the British Rule in Sudan based on the land demarcation and the borders of 1956 of the Eight Districts of Upper Nile by then.
Later on when the Malakal was raised to be the province Head Quarters of Upper Nile the borders of the eight Districts remained the same without re–demarcation. Similarly when the ten states were established and created in South Sudan there were no alteration in the borders within the counties and among the respective states.

1:3 In this regards the borders of the Chollo Community Land along the Sobat and the White Nile on the Eastern Bank had remained without any alteration in the borders between Chollo Community Land and the Dinka Community land in upper Nile.

1:4 Now, it is very clear that the motive behind President Salva Kiir order No 36/2015 is to make Chollo Community who are living on the Eastern bank of the white Nile river and Sobat River become internally displaced, refugees, and vulnerable because they will have no land of their own any more.

1:5 This Presidential order NO.36/2015 issued by president Salva Kiir is completely depriving and denying Chollo community from exercising and practicing their cultural, social, and economic activities on their own land.

1:6 This act by itself is a violation of fundamental human rights of chollo community, knowing the importance of land in providing people with settlement, livelihood and wealth.

1:7 Taking a way Chollo community ancestral land by President Salva Kiir by force and give it to Dinka Padang will definitely result in endless tribal fighting and war between the two neighboring communities who have been living peacefully for number of years.

1:7 In this regards, Chollo Community Council urges you, Mr. Chairman, IGAD Plus, and the Secretary General of the United Nations, Troika (USA, Norway and UK) to request President Salva Kiir to reverse his establishment Order no 36/2015 for creation of 28 states and the appointment of his 28 state governors in order to save the Peace Agreement for Conflict Resolution in South Sudan from being collapsing and to save South Sudan from being drawn into ethnic and tribal war.

1:8 This will save the Country – South Sudan from collapsing and being drawn into hostile tribal entities. It will also stop the unnecessary bloodshed between the Chollo and Dinka Padang communities in Upper Nile in particular and South Sudan in General.

1:9 It is necessary for President Kiir to nullify order no 36/2015 and return Chollo community land to its rightful owners for lasting peace to prevail in Upper Nile State and all over South Sudan.

Signed by:
Samson Oyay Awin
The chairman of chollo community council, Khartoum, Sudan, date: 5/1/2016

CC: The Secretary General of the United Nations, New York, USA.
CC: Troika member Countries (USA, NOWAY and UK)
CC: Chair Person of European UNION, BRUSSEL, Belgium
CC: Chair Person of Human Right, Geneva, Switzerland

Does Morality Count in the Real World of South Sudanese Politics?

By John Juac, Windsor, Canada, JAN/04/2015, SSN;

Strolling downtown Juba, the capital of the newly independent South Sudan, can be intimidating. After dinner, you take a stroll round the city and settle down to relax. Then you see people cross the street when they see a police officer or soldier coming in their way- not from a sense of guilt but from a reasonable fear of being assaulted or robbed in broad daylight.

During the night hours, streets are virtually empty, and “it is too risk to get out of your apartment room or house because you could be gunned down by an unidentified intruders,” said an insider in a recent telephone conversation.

With a population of almost a 10 million, South Sudan has been in a political turmoil after independence, and its citizens have not enjoyed political freedom and economic progress.

The simplest way to explain South Sudan’s problems is that it has never known good government for five years of its existence as a sovereign state. The former rebels-turned rulers in the new state have spent a long-time in power enriching themselves, intimidating their political opponents and actively frustrating a transition
to constitutional democratic rule.

They behave like old African chiefs and draw no distinction between their own property and that of the state. But let none of their citizens protest. Even now, in putative democracies in the neighboring states, it is a crime to criticize their governments’ wrong policies that hurt people and tarnish the images of the country abroad, the insider complained.

Some South Sudanese journalists have spent time in prisons while others have been murdered by the government security apparatus for criticizing the “thin-skinned” head of the state.

Human rights activists and NGOs- both the local and international- have been harassed, and life has been made more fragile by the depredations and abuses of the powerful.

Continued rule for a generation must turn a man into an autocrat and must result in certain disastrous situations too. So Arthur Conan Doyle has warned any political ruler to avoid that. “When one gets a good ox to lead the team it is pity to change him,” said Doyle. “If a good ox, however, is left to choose his own direction without guidance, he may draw his wagon into trouble.”

Doyle, author of The Great Boer War (1901), was referring to Paul Kruger, the first president of Transvaal which later became part of the Republic of South Africa. Kruger held office for 18 years and drew a tiny Island into a deadly war.

An observer has argued that later African presidents like Salva Kiir could be described so indulgently. Kiir has overstayed his welcome and chosen his own direction without guidance, and thereby drawn his nation into the never ending-internal crisis.

He came to power through the barrel of the gun in 2005, succeeding long-time guerrilla leader John Garang, who died in a helicopter crash.

He was re-elected as president in multiparty polls in April 2010, when the region was still part of Muslim Arab Sudan.

In July 2011, when South Sudan became independent, he became president of the new state. But the political independence has not brought peace and prosperity. Two years after decolonization, the president became so “greedy and egotistical” that tongues started wagging within his own party, the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM).

There was a growing dissension within the ruling party over the way the country was being governed and a decision by Riek Machar to challenge Kiir for the leadership of the ruling party and then the presidency in 2015.

Some leading members of the ruling party in particular felt that Kiir ignored the party in filling positions, ignored in fact the cabinet, and made decisions based on the advice of a narrow group of advisors from Great Bar El Ghazal, his home region.

Thus, the growing unhappiness within the national government about the way the president was managing affairs later degenerated into a power struggle between him and his vice president, and the new country went downhill. At the end of December 2013, the country exploded in an orgy of violence and a sense of shock and anxiety set in.

The civil war broke out and was quickly manipulated into a tribal slaughter, which first started in the national capital and then spread with an extraordinary speed and intensity countrywide.

Today, the international community is overwhelmed by the horrible crimes committed by both parties to Sudan Sudan’s internal war and continued humanitarian crisis.

It has killed thousands of people, maimed many more and displaced a million from their homes in countryside littered with landmines.

The warring parties signed a peace agreement in August, 2015, to end a 21 month-old conflict, but the implementation of the truce is not flourishing in the country governed by an intoxicated despot.

“With both government and opposition allegedly stockpiling weapons, many of the ingredients remain in place for a protracted conflict,” warned an international human rights body quoted in Sudan Tribune, December 20, 2015.

So the violence may not end very soon in South Sudan, where two rival tribes had been massacring each other for as long as anyone could remember.

Like other African leaders, Kiir has trouble giving up power; he can’t charm anyone into believing him. The fiercest critic within the opposition group asserted that “Kiir is more a man of rhetoric and calculation than a man of principles.”

He and his personal entourage have divided the central government, the party, the army and the entire country along ethnic and regional lines, hoping to keep their hold on power.

They are certainly not putting themselves at the disposal of their political rivals. Before the end of December 2015, Kiir announced the selection of governors-both for the new and the old states- switching off the lights on the peace agreement he signed with domestic rebels.

Indeed, the move has confirmed the continued allegations in social media that South Sudanese peace agreement is being kept on a life support.

Here are some questions that keep coming up in one’s mind: Where are the trained personnel to administer these subunits and provide better services to the people in the country’s various communities?

How would such 28 states function in the absence of peace and stability? Where would the money come from to finance them?

Since South Sudan is an oil exporter, no any question concerning cash flow problems for the president. But being heavily dependent upon the oil products, whose prices are shrinking in global markets these days, is more danger and a domestic threat.

Furthermore, patronage and corruption have a complex stranglehold on national life. For the international watchdog agency like Transparency International, South Sudan is a shabby place that has betrayed the hopes of its people and now lies hooked on corruption.

Corruption is taking off, even though Kiir and his finance minister seem to have kept the disease in check. Corruption is no doubt spreading and is ruining the economy.

With the dysfunctional economic system that has suffered the added burden of the dysfunctional political system, Kiir’s announcement is wrongheaded policy and no less, no more. He is fighting a losing struggle.

His reputation and that of the ruling SPLM have severely been tarnished by ten years of misrule, and so what general conclusions can be drawn from this sorry tale of the South Sudanese president?

Certainly, some southerners are tempted to think that the country will be better off under Machar than under Kiir. Of course, one does think so too. However, Machar is extremely controversial within the SPLM.

He split from the SPLM in 1991 and fought against it for years during north-south conflict. He united back with SPLM in 2001 and Kiir subsequently invited him to be vice president, but theirs was a difficult relationship.

Kiir assigned Machar only limited authority or responsibilities. According to the observer, Machar’s ambition thus poses a major challenge for the SPLM.

Denying him a path to the presidency, Machar could be a threat, either by leaving the SPLM and forming an opposition party, or worse, by drawing on his Nuer force from within the national army, and posing a military threat.

On the other hand, providing him a path to presidency would surely arouse strong opposition within the SPLM.

To imagine that morality counts in the real world of politics is to succumb to wishful thinking. The politician is wise to the power game. He knows that people are all in it for themselves. Machiavelli put it best, when he observed that, “in general, people are ungrateful, fickle, pretenders, evaders of danger and eager for gain.”

When push comes to shove, these unflattering assumptions concerning human motivations are about the only things that make Machar’s work account as a political rebel.

Machar and Deng Gai often speak out against Kiir’s undemocratic government, and in the process reveal a scandalous lack of democratic literacy. Scanning through their statements with benefit of hindsight, it is safe to say that they do not have democratic credentials at all, and it is a useful measure of intellectual honesty they admit that.

In fact, Machar and Gai are only motivated by power craziness and not by democratic politics. Practical judgments are now more important than moral ones, and there is little pressure for a democratic change. They believe that they are likely to lose than gain from political upheaval.

Even the existing opposition groups do not want to change a harshly repressive system very much, as they await for their turn to exploit it themselves.

Machar presided over the repressive regime when he was the vice president of Kiir, a man his supporters called a benevolent dictator. He supported Kiir’s suppression of political debate through the first nine years of their rule. Journalists were arrested over reports that criticized their government and their ruling SPLM. There were reported seizures of the national newspapers, or distributions, by the authorities.

Machar and Gai have agreed to enter a proposed government of national unity and they have done admirable job, even though the chances of success are domed. Hugs in power are not the people of principles and therefore would not honor the terms of the agreement concerning a government of national unity.

The absence of checks and balances, including free press and an independent judiciary, have allowed personal ambitions to weaken the foundations of the nation.

The rebel leaders know very well that the corruption political system would not give them a second chance. So what would they do? Throw up their hands at the lack of real cooperation and leave a government of national unity to return to their northern strongholds and the country suffers through a government of national division.

Good policies and leadership are essential. Leaders must set a good example to the rest of the people in their lives and in their activities. But Kiir and Machar have not tried to demonstrate these during their years in the public life.

They want to achieve their egotistical goals by mass killings and mass displacements. So they must now leave South Sudanese people alone to establish an open political system, stable government and good economic policies in spite of daunting conditions.

John Juac

January 2016 is Month of SPLM’s Do or Quit ARCISS in South Sudan

By James Okuk, PhD. JAN/05/2016, SSN;

The month of January was originally named by the Ancient Greek to signify a god of double heads: one head facing forward to a bright future and another head facing backward to a dark past. This Greek nomenclature mythology seems to be making sense with the current situation of the Republic of South Sudan under the confusing SPLM regime that has not learnt the dignity of revering credibility and truth.

The SPLM leaders have even spoiled the communist favorable term of ‘comrade’ which has now come to connote a ‘thief of public money’ – corruption – in the one-party dominated government. That is why some common South Sudanese react offendedly these days if you happen to call them ‘comrades’ as this liberation virtue got blown away by wind of kleptocracy.

The shameless SPLM’s behaviour could be the core reason that led to failure or hijacking of the leadership of the Republic of South Sudan to the extent that people don’t enjoy what can be called citizenship, peace, justice and prosperity for all.

The previously trusted SPLM liberators have turned around to betray the people’s trust by taking them back to the anguishing situation of wars and tribal hegemonic oppression that came to replace Jellaba’s injustice.

That is why President Salva Kiir Mayardit feels nostalgic at times about the bush life compared to the current terrible SPLM power wrangling situation he has been wrongly managing in futility.

Since the signing of August 2015 Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS), many days and months have been made to pass without putting an end to the senseless war so as to restore the sanctity of life through peace.

However, the month of January 2016 has come to remain the critical and deterministic epoch for ending the shameless SPLM status quo by effecting a rebooting political dispensation.

This January will tell soon that it is irrationally unrealistic to sign a peace agreement on paper and do something different on the ground. It would have been better for the SPLM leaders not to append their signatures on ARCISS if they didn’t believe in honoring it because this would have saved them from the wrath of contradictions and confusions.

Now, the commitment for ARCISS implementation is on their necks with escape routes blocked. The concerned international and regional communities have already entrenched themselves to deal with the SPLM regime even if it means ‘highway methodology.’

The fact that the UN Security Council has approved Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems (known as drones), tactical military helicopters and other sophisticated heaviest arms with additional troops being deployed to South Sudan under Chapter VII of UN Charter, is already a clear signal that leaders of the new country are not going to be left alone to continue misbehaving on their vulnerable citizens.

Peace is going to be enforced down on the throats of the unwilling SPLM regime by nooks and crooks because the biggest UN peacekeeping force in the world with unique civilian camps called PoCs shall not quit in shame.

There is not going to be a new negotiated peace deal but the ARCISS itself under supervision of the most able Botswana’s Former President and his deputies who were dispatched by western superpowers to teach the intransigent Machiavellian SPLM leaders some lessons of good governance and modern political discipline.

As it is commonly said that the whites’ taxpayers money (especially the Troika) can’t be spent with no returns, it has become evident that the SPLM regime has been caught finally at the tight corner of ARCISS they have been lying about in the wasted past months.

Hence, it will be a safer soft landing for the SPLM leaders to implement the ARCISS in letter and spirit in accordance with matrixes and timelines provided by the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC).

As the clock of the first week of the deterministic January 2016 is ticking towards a finishing line and as the second week is already knocking at the doors of the SPLM-J regime, the joint regional and international actors together with internal economic pressure is mounting yet again on the ruling SPLM leaders.

All the rivalling SPLM factions are already in Juba to tell the whole world, including the people of South Sudan, that they are for peace and nothing else. Thus, whoever would attempt to obstruct the peace process by acting unilaterally outside the ARCISS provisions should be designated to carry the cross of undesirable sanctions alone.

The ARCISS should be allowed to overrule the Transitional Constitutions (2011) and its amendments, including the recently created troublesome 28 states that lacks scientific feasibility studies apart from parochial dirty politicking.

The delayed National Constitutional Amendment Committee (NCAC) should be allowed to complete its work by second week of January 2016 without any attempt at renewed negotiations on ARCISS provisions.

As it has been stipulated in Article 13 of the ARCISS, the IGAD-led mediation initiated the formation of the 8-membered NCAC with mandate to complete the necessary tasks for transition period and establishment of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) with all its legislative, executive and judicial branches.

However, it has been very strange as usual for the GRSS representatives to object to the progress of NCAC’s duty on a lame duck excuse that they have not read and studied the ARCISS and should be given enough time to do so, when actually much time has already been wasted in vanity.

The Other Political Parties’ representative to NCAC has not been nominated due to obstruction by the GRSS’ wing who call themselves the ‘Programme Parties’ under satellitic leadership of Martin Elia Lomuro in contrast to the National Alliance under the astute liberalized leadership of Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin.

Nevertheless, the NCAC boat has been moving because the quorum is complete even with the absence of one member of political parties or two members of the GRSS. The draft peace constitutional amendments bill is supposed to be completed within 21 days from the date NCAC started its work (i.e., 22nd December 2015 – 12 January 2016).

Anything that the NCAC is unable to do in the set time shall be done by the supreme supervisor of the ARCISS, H.E. Festus Mogae, so that the GRSS Minister of Justice could receive the draft peace constitutional amendments and other relevant legislations to be tabled in the current Council of Ministers (before it is dissolved) and thereafter within 7 days to the 400-membered reconstituted Transitional National Assembly (TNLA) led by an elected strong Equatorian MP.

The TNLA is supposed to ratify the peace constitutional amendments within 30 days (i.e., by second week of February 2016) so that it is assented to by the President of the Republic immediately and thereafter be used as the supreme legal basis of conferred powers for establishment of institutions and mechanisms that are necessary for legitimatization of TGoNU, with consideration of inclusivity and national diversity of South Sudanese by their political parties, tribal affiliations and gender categorisations for appointments to government posts.

The ARCISS set time could even be shortened so that the loss pre-transition period is compensated all by January so that the actual peace government assumes its total mandate by February after appointments of the 1st VP Dr. Riek Machar, the VP James Wani Igga, the 30 National Ministers and 8 Deputies, and 10 governors of ten states with their ministers in accordance with the ARCISS lottery and quotas of the principal parties (GRSS, SPLM-IO, FDs and OPP).

The Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU), including 10 states governments, has to take up its duties as mandated horizontally and vertically with a new political dispensation for reforms and adjustments in the country.

However, if the SPLM regime misses January 2016 it will not miss U.S plan ‘B’ in collaboration with the IGAD-Plus countries and allies. Under this plan, the UNMISS with its well armed peacekeeping forces may automatically turn into an enemy of the SPLM-J regime, joined by IGAD-Plus stabilizing forces and other armed forces inside the country that are not happy with the political status quo.

The current JMEC leadership may also automatically be tasked with a direct UN-AU Trusteeship for South Sudan for a government of technocrats in the transitional period before elections of politicians takes place later in fair and free atmosphere.

Because of this possibility, a Rational Choice Theory would suggest that the loss that shall be incurred by the SPLM regime could be severe in case of opening up the auction for plan ‘B’ to get effected, compared to reasonable gains that are engrained in the ARCISS (or call it plan ‘A’) if it is implemented willingly.

Therefore, if there are ears left in SPLM leaders, I hope they got to hear it well now in this January 2016 before it is too late for their political salvation after. Let them grab quickly the forward head of January before it is grabbed for them by foreigners.

There is no ‘either or’ on the compromise of peace in South Sudan now because both the regional and international communities will not tolerate a making of another Somalia or Syria. South Sudan is a different gene altogether, especially its geopolitical position.

It would be better and safer to develop good faith for ARCISS implementation so that all of us can enjoy dividends of safety of peace in 2016 and beyond with the NCAC mandate extended up to a maximum of 12 months (i.e., December 2016) for drafting or revising the relevant legislations of reforms and peaceful adjustments in the country.

Otherwise, the GRSS would be left alone in the cold singing the outdated sovereignty song on unviable unilateral 28 states because it doesn’t fit into the ARCISS and it is not easy for this to get swallowed without causing death to the Mother Peace in all corners of our promised land.

With the unpredictability we have known of our President Kiir since the time he assumed the highest office in 2005, things may just turn around positively at the last peak hour as he did it with nomination of GoNU ministers in Khartoum in 2005, with SPLM ministers’ boycott of GoNU in 2007, with national census in 2008, with referendum for self-determination in 2010, and with his signature on ARCISS in Juba on 26th August 2015.

He may surprise the JMEC, the regional and international communities by endorsing the supremacy of the ARCISS over any decision he has taken and assenting to the supervisory directives of H.E. Festus G. Mogae who came to South Sudan with good intentions of helping the new country to exit fragility through peace, justice and prosperity so that any attempt for plan ‘B’ is aborted in shambles.

Let’s all converge on ARCISS implementation and other minor things shall get tackled harmoniously later with no abhorrent bloodshed any more. Viva South Sudan Viva!
Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics reachable at

JCE: Supports 28 states and appeals for survival as jieng nation!!

DECEMBER 28th, 2015;

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE), on behalf of the entire Jieng People wishes the people of the Republic of South Sudan a Happy and Prosperous New Year -2016. 2015 has been a year full of trials and should be remembered as a remarkable year because the people of South Sudan witnessed the following milestones:

1. Signing of Arusha SPLM Re-unification Agreement;
2. Signing of IGAD-PLUS led Peace agreement (ACRISS);
3. Presidential Order 36/2015 for establishment of twenty-eight (28) states;
4. Return to Juba of the SPLM-IO members and SPLM Former Detainees; and,
5. Appointment of the twenty-eight (28) state governors.

Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) applauds the President of the Republic, H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardiit, for his tireless efforts and wisdom to achieve Peace and desire to deliver on the wishes of the people of the beloved nation.

On this occasion JCE would like to welcome to South Sudan H.E. President Festus Mogae – Chairman of the Joint Monitoring & Evaluation Commission (JMEC) as he embarks on his assignment; welcome the return to Juba of SPLM-IO under the leadership of Riek Machar Teny and the SPLM-Former Detainees under the leadership of Pagan Amum Okiech.

We applaud their efforts to work towards peaceful implementation of the agreement with our government and people.

The Jieng Council of Elders (JCE), on behalf of the entire Jieng People, wholeheartedly congratulates the President of the Republic H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayayrdit, for the courageous decision to establish twenty-eight (28) states and appointment of 28 state governors.

This is the second historic and most popular decision and action ever made. The first event was when H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardiit united and led the people of South Sudan into the referendum – to vote for our independent new African nation.

The establishment of 28 states which was subsequently followed by the appointment of well selected governors is received with joy nationwide as it is a poplar fulfillment of a long awaited and aspired promise of the glorious liberation movement to gradually devolve powers to the people through deployment of educated, qualified and experienced manpower in the communities to develop the abundant natural resources, to provide modern infrastructure and to connect people countrywide.

This is the sure way of taking services and development to the people in rural areas. This action is worth praising as it is a response to public call for further meaningful decentralization.

JCE strongly supports this decision and calls upon the people of this nation to stand firm in its implementation.

The colonial administration divided the country into districts more or less categorized on tribal/ ethnic lines. If we may recall, the people of South Sudan expressed their approval of decentralization when re-division (Kokora) resulted into three (3) autonomous Southern regions in 1982- directly subjected to Khartoum authority.

Again, the call for ethnic based system of the “House of Nationalities” similar to the Switzerland’s system based on ethnic representation was advocated for by Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba and his ideologues from Equatoria region [see minutes of Juba Conference under three Governors of Equatoria States in 2014].

Moreover, Equatoria has demanded a federal arrangement while other Equatoria people still demand twenty-three (23) more states for Equatoria region alone.

Similarly SPLM-IO of Riek Machar tried to divide the country into twenty-one (21) states and appointed governors for their states.

Country-men and women, since colonial times, tribal administrative units prevailed as the mode of governance all over South Sudan. Organic unity in South Sudan ended with the High Executive Council in 1983 when late Eng. Joseph Tambura handed over the South to President Jaafer Nimeri to divide it up into 3 administrative regions.

Later on, President Omar al Bashir expanded the administrative units to 10 states. Therefore, there’s nothing new nor surprising about the establishment of 18 additional states out of 10 former states as there was no objection to other decentralization proposals by colonial masters.

If not mistaken, this twenty-eight states’ decision is also a solution to faulty charge of Jieng domination by other tribes at the centre.

It will allow comparative and competitive development of resources in each state after which it will be easy to develop the central governments’ institutions from resources contributed by the states. Hence, unity of purpose will be highly valued without grudges or prejudice.

As we begin a New Year, JCE would like to remind the International Community, the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) and all parties to the IGAD-PLUS peace agreement to cautiously tread the path to implementation of “ACRISS” due to the fact that certain clauses in the agreement undermine the sovereignty of our beloved Republic.

Finally, as we enter the New Year “2016”, JCE calls upon all feuding parties, sections, clans or tribes of Jieng in the Republic of South Sudan to choose civility and wisdom in their daily lives and insist on peaceful co-existence among ourselves and with other communities in South Sudan as one people, one nation.

Let us encourage ourselves to tow the footsteps of our forefathers who wisely taught us – generation after generation, Jieng cultures and traditional laws which guide us on how to amicably resolve disputes and differences through dialogue!

Our survival and existence as Jieng nation depends on upholding Jieng guiding principles of respecting ourselves, our neighbors, our cultures, traditions and God the creator!

May God bless our Country!
God bless the People of South Sudan!

Signed on behalf of Jieng Council of Elders (JCE):

Justice Ambrose Riny Thiik

Hon. Joshua Dau Diu

Hon. Aldo Ajou Deng

Hon. Maker Thiong Maal

Hon. Parmena Aluong