Archive for: December 2015

South Sudan’s Brutal Civil War Shows No Signs of Fading Away

By: John Juac, WINDSOR, Canada, DEC/15/2015, SSN;

When the Republic of South Sudan officially came into being in 2011, after seceding from Muslim Arab Sudan, a large crowd waved the new southern flag during euphoric celebrations that swept across the world’s newest state. Then the new state was bursting with pride and great expectations and the founding fathers seemed to hold its future in their hands.

They were seen as the living repositories of the grand potential of a future South Sudan. So hope was overflowing among its diverse population, but the dreadful eruptions of violence which followed independence caused great uncertainty.

South Sudan’s first government was led by the leading liberation movement, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The SPLM and its national army, the SPLA, however are fragile coalitions of various militias and political entities that fought against each other during a long north-south civil war, and no any authentic national reconciliation process was undertaken after the 2005 peace.

All these factions and militia were brought together in the final run up to independence.

But much of this coalition building was achieved by adding various militias to the national army, but never fully integrating them.

The political alliances were covered over but did not resolve the competing political claims. Both the party and the army were unable to contain the competing ambitions and dissensions.

Despite independence, the country was divided against itself, and after just two years, in December 2013, it descended into a brutal civil war when disagreements between the president and the vice president led to fighting among government soldiers in Juba, the capital of new state.

The violence then spread across the land blinded by irrationality. Today, there are assertions by foreign think tanks that the 21-month-old civil war is about who will rule independent South Sudan, but it is more than just who will rule the country.

It marks the culmination of a year-long silent crisis in the ruling party, a crisis now so deep that the conflict will also determine whether the party of thieves and maniac warriors will survive at all as a viable political organization and ideology.

In other words, the situation in South Sudan is a tragedy in every sense of the word, first of all for the people who are suffering and those who have already lost family members and friends; second because the independence for which South Sudanese fought for many years is being wasted on internal warfare rather devoted to the needs of the people.

Hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese have died in senseless war, and many more have fled their homes after experiencing horrible crimes committed not only by government soldiers but numerous militant armed groups as well.

The main warring parties, the rebel SPLM led by Riek Machar and undemocratic SPLM in power under by Salva Kiir, had recently reached a negotiated settlement, but fighting is still ongoing in South Sudan despite a growing humanitarian crisis in the nascent country with fragile political structure.

On the final note, at the core of South Sudanese politics, there is the notion of conflict, but this is not what makes it specific and distinct.

All concepts of politics, whatever the kind, are about conflict and how to contain it. What is specific about Sudanese politics is what it declares the nature of the conflict to be and what it proclaims to be its necessary outcome.

In the liberal view of politics, conflict exists in terms of fundamental problems which need to be solved, and the hidden assumption is that conflict needs not run very deep. It can be managed by the exercise of reason and goodwill and readiness to compromise and agree.

Thus, politics is not internal warfare but a constant process of bargaining and accommodation, on the basis of accepted procedures, and between people who have decided as a preliminary that they can and want to live together more harmoniously.

South Sudan’s approach to conflict, however, is very different. Its approach is not a matter of the problems to be solved but of a state of domination and subjection to be ended by a civil war and by a total transformation of the conditions which gave rise to it in the first place.

This sort of approach has led to a campaign of incitement to ethnic hatred and use of violence for political end. In this situation, ethnic factors have played a role in the present conflict.

But I hope that one day we will manage to transform political despotism into political democracy and ethnic hatred and violence into a South Sudanese great patriotism.

What is meant by a South Sudanese great patriotism is the burning sensation of boundless love, unreserved devotion toward the homeland, deep responsibility for its fate and defense- it bubbles from the depths of people like a mighty spring.

We must be South Sudanese who are first among equals and who must treat each other with a holy feeling of friendship, love and gratitude.

We must actively participate in the building of national consciousness and fight together the underdevelopment, as we did during the great patriotic war against Muslim Arab colonial enemies, who had attempted to convert our African heritage into Arab Islamic culture.

The compulsory national language classes must be introduced in our public schools and must become the medium of teaching to replace English and Arabic scripts.

The great patriotic war must be seen as an even greater emphasis on South Sudanese nationalism and heroes from our past such as Late John Garang and other fallen heroes.

We must also remember that the creation of the nation-state is often the result of a vast effort by politicians, civil servants and civil society through the use of power of the national media, the national flag, and the national anthem, instruction in schools and publicity for sporting success to integrate population into the state.

In these circumstances, it is very easy to place the rights of the state and nation above those of individual.

In last resort, it has been asserted that the state has the right to mobilize its citizens and call on them to die for nation. It is impossible to construct a state that does not meet the ideal of a nation-state.

If the would-be reader is familiar with the literature on the ex-colonial states on African continent, they were artificial creations, many of them stemming from lines drawn on a map somewhere in Europe in the late nineteenth century or at the end of the First World War. They cut across tribal and ethnic boundaries with little regard for the people involved.

However, the new states which emerged in Europe claimed to be not just states but nations. They were seen as the embodiment of a particular people, their history, their language, their religion and their culture, all of which were different from those of any other group.

So having similar history, religion and culture, we must be one people and one nation in order to preserve peace and security in our ancestral home. Although some claim that nationalism is a highly ambiguous concept, it is the process of nation-building.

This aspect is particularly important for a new state like South Sudan which is trying to establish itself as an independent entity against outside pressure and begin the long process of modernization and creation of an industrial economy.

In fact, nationalism is derived from the existence of the people and its function is to mold these people, whom are a disparity tribal groups into a common identity.

A single national language is created from a multitude of local and regional languages, mainly through the power of the national media, leading to an achievement of unity, stability and order in a nation without tribalism and other conflicts.

In South Sudan, nationalism must be seen as a progressive force and not regressive one in the building of the modern state, and therefore we must take up this long process of nation-building to reach its conclusion.

We must be an identifiable national unit, even though we are highly diverse, with separate languages and cultures contained within an overall identity.

I wish you Merry Christmas and happy for 2016.

John Juac Deng
Journalist/writer
Juacd@yahoo.ca

There is no friend of Revolution

“When they smile, I see blood trickling down their faces, I see their insidious purposes, I see that the object of all their cajoling is—blood! I now warn my countrymen to beware of these execrable philosophers, whose only object it is to destroy everything that is good here, and to establish immorality and murder by precept and example—such men are evil-beware of them.” Edmund Burke.

By Majok Arol Dhieu, South Sudan, DEC/15/2015, SSN;

Revolution was described by Chinese former president chairman Mao Zedong as not a dinner party, nor essays, nor a painting, it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous but is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another while corruption in the Wikipedia of Corruption Perception Index (CPI) described corruption as “the misuse of public power for private benefit.”

However, both terms, when one erupted, another will appear automatically.

Since 1983, the two events were more or less contemporaneous, with only months between them. Although there was discrimination from the Arab, still the few South Sudanese in power were mistreating their fellows.

There was surely misuse of funds from very beginning. An activity that has been travelling with people in their minds for long distance that took 21 years till independence. There is no doubt that they have applied that same ideology deeply to rewards themselves.

Many prominent writers have flooded all websites shouting at the top of their lungs about corruption scandal. They have already put full description of all sorts of corruption such as bribery, cronyism, kleptocracy, economics of corruption, electoral fraud, legal plunder,
nepotism, slush fund, plutocracy, political scandal among others.

Thanks to them for taking the buffalo by its horn although we denied the facts. History too has had its fair share of disgusting evil men who were trusted to deliver services to the citizen and failed to accomplish the task in a fair manner.

The country stood on the brink of ruin. I agree with somebody who wrote that corruption was there even at the time of Jesus when his mother was put as the head of the women.

So Dr. Riek Machar recently has also imitated it to become an automatic pilot on appointment of his own wife as head of the security and defense committee. Dr. Riek, a barefaced liar who claims for reform after his removal, something he did not do when he was in power because he was busy in looting of country resources. It has to be null and void but for the sake of peace, let’s move on.

To come back to the point, you may ask the evidences of corruption in South Sudan. My friend, have you not seen those expensive cars and building?

Also what about medications? Those government officials used to go to China for treatment even malaria. Compare those luxurious things with individual salaries, you will find out the facts about corruption in South Sudan.

The existing laws covering corruption in this country are thought by many to be inadequate. Otherwise, the 75 officials who allegedly stole 4identified would have been put behind bars but they were not arrested because it could surely have caused counter-argument since they would have revealed in
the court that even their suppressors were not safe.

The Reform within the SPLM that caused December Revolution was just seen as the battle of wits where one group was trying hard to outwit the other. But in the really sense, 75 officials who were caught red-handed were the one pretending to make change when of course they were dirty in the eyes of the South Sudanese Citizen. Suppose they would have wait for populace to determine their fate all including the president.

I, in particularity say that we were all cheated in 2013 by the SPLM leaders. They MUST have made a secret meeting in different groups to agree on creation of problem because they have seen that they will be voted out of their offices soon. Who is then now the friend of revolution? It has brought destructions and it has made people run for refuge in other countries.

The huge money that would have gone for development is being used for military weapons and salaries for foreign forces. Corrupts official also have got another chance to corrupts public funds as much as their hands could carry, with perception that the rebels will shoulder it later on or simply the blame will be put on rebellion. So with such experiences, are we in support of rebellion?

No,the message here is simple; let us collectively join hands in support of peace for the country to overcome it backwardness and poverty. The proposition in the minds of all average South Sudanese is peace but not peace through the medium of war or conflict, not peace to be hunted through the labyrinth of intricate and endless negotiations as it has been happening, not peace to arise out of universal discord, it is simple peace, sought in its natural course
and in its ordinary haunts.

Without peace, it’s surely means suffering of the average South Sudanese people which in turn will benefit only few individuals. Let there be peace in order for us to do our own businesses in a free environment but without peace, there is a danger ahead of us.

It is peace sought in the spirit of peace, and laid in principles purely not complicated. I know that dispute had reached an impasse, as neither side would compromise but the few writers and the entire citizen of the country push very hard for peace because our resources are looted extremely and our future is robbed off.

The few loquacious internet warriors who applauded the revolution that has really dilapidated the country are very people that their avarice fathers and godfathers feed and educate with looted money. END

Commemorating cold-blooded Massacre of 20,000-plus Nuer Civilians on Dec/15/2013 by Pres. Kiir

From: J. Nguen, Dec/15/2015, SSN;

Today marks the 2nd anniversary of Dec. 15th, when 20,000-plus innocent Nuer civilians including women, elderly and children were summarily executed by their President, in cold blood. My own mother died too in this conflict. She was innocent and had to die because she was denied access to medical attention. My uncles and nephews summarily executed simply because they were Nuer.

They were considered enemy of the State because of their ethnicity. The African Union’s Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan’s Conflict Report rightly put it that the massacre of 20,000 Nuer civilians was a “state policy” sanctioned to erase one ethnic group from the map of South Sudan.

Because of this poorly thought out policy, my people, people of South Sudan were ruthlessly murdered in their houses on a door–to–door search-to-kill spree in Juba and across South Sudan.

They died bravely and with humility because they were not armed and did no provocation or had no political agenda but had to be executed because they were Nuer.

Their killers foolishly thought destroying their souls was an affliction on the Nuer Nation. Yes, immediately it was and as a result I will never see my uncles, nephews and mother again.

However, because of this twisted foresight thinking and exhortation of righteousness, South Sudan went in flame. Across this young nation, almost everyone is in anguish of sort.

As a result, the foundation of our nation is now challenged, wobbly to the core risking free fall at any time.

On a personal note, at the onset of this conflict, I promised my nation and my people that “I’ m alive not dead.” I promised I will use my talents to reverse the course of these horrific crimes.

I promised my dead mother that I will write about “your innocent demise to ensure that your blood and spirit will not go in vain.”

My goal was to expose and hold those who committed these crimes to account and do away with impunity. Others and I took this noble task with humility. We have written articles to inform the world that you were innocently murdered, with no apparent cause.

To some extent, we have made a head way given the African Union’s Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan’s Conflict Report, but I must state that there is much more to be done, which still required our collective actions.

President Salva Kiir and his thugs, militia allies from Bul Nuer, Darfur and SPLA-North rebels have committed horrific atrocities across Nuer Nation against innocent civilians. Crimes punishable by death when one is found alive or dead!

Therefore, I need not to remind you that Nuer women, young girls and elderly women were raped and burned alive after rape. I need not to mention that young Nuer boys were castrated and young Nuer girls had their breasts cut off and left for dead.

And I need not to say to you that elderly men in Unity State and Juba were forced to eat and drink the blood of their dead relatives and they were also killed afterward.

Finally, with gruesome brutalities, Nuer women were subjected to jump on fire for show and gang raped with sharp objects and allowed to bleed to death. These are heinous crimes committed by South Sudanese against their own fellow citizens.

It’s true that the scene of everlasting tragedy is set. To ease this tragic precedent, I call on all South Sudanese both at home and in Diaspora to commemorate December 15th of the Nuer massacre together as one people and condemn the wrong and those who took part committing these heinous crimes against our nation and our fellow countrymen and men.

J. Nguen

Juba Rogue Politics of Provocation

BY: Soro Loburang Taban Robert, Gauteng, Johannesburg, South Africa, DEC/13/2015, SSN;

Juba, South Sudan, serial elimination tactics have in the recent weeks been on the threshold of any sane human comprehension. The Obasanjo African Union report recently published had indicated how the mass Juba killings had been planned, promulgated and brutally executed by the Juba regime against one tribe, the mighty Nuer – God forbid Ngundeng Sons.

As they (Nuers) were running for their dear lives and the fact that the Shilluk fall into the same Upper Nile region, the regime decided to provoke the Shilluk as well to completely justify its Coup claim as already powerful Dr. Pagan Amum Okiech, Deng Oyai were in detention.

All eyes of the International Community were in Juba as the Coup de etat claim was falsely put into a majority of individuals who are believed to be directly or indirectly beneficiaries of the corrupt mismanaged Monies from the regime.

The Porte parole was Dr. Benjamin Marial Benjamin who is a well groomed, great speaker and sometimes I refer to as an intelligent liar.

If all these are in the name of personal gains or power while disregarding his fatherland and blood brothers and Sisters, then he (Dr. Marial) should be the richest and/or most powerful individual in the Government of South Sudan, but to the contrary.

If you fall in the same category as he, start regretting now!

Several government positions both in the civil and Military became vacant as the mass killings took place, the survived individuals had either to run for their dear lives or be in hibernation in fear of the butchering regime forces.

The key important strategic positions which the runaway targeted victims of the regime had left vacant became a point of contention among the 63 tribes of South Sudan.

The fact that the Juba – then South Sudan- escalated war was perpetrated with an intention of catching the great Nuer fighters unaware, unprepared as they are feared to be one of the deadliest fighters with big numbers that could pose a big challenge to the Dinka and the Jieng Council of elders’ future power plans.

In other words, as it is well known by many, the Shilluk and the Nuer were feared because of their Military brevity, utmost leadership reverence, organized and great human resource that was a challenge to the RULE FOREVER PLAN in the Jieng’s agenda.

Since the initial plan failed, we must embrace the brevity of the Ngundeng and Fashoda fighters, though it had led the Juba regime to resort to new tactics.

The Juba regime has started targeting the most talented, intelligent and learned tribes of South Sudan; the KUKU people of Kajo Keji.

Out of the blue and considering the majority of the strategic positions that were left vacant, the KUKU tribe saw their Sons and daughters rise to key influential positions and ministerial positions such as, Finance and Planning, Deputy Ministers, Deputy governor, Deputy Ministers in the state government, Auditor general, Major-General, General, Lt Colonels, Majors, Ambassadors and Deputy Ambassadors, Diplomats and so many other civil and military promotions.

These moves were met with great ululations among the Kajo-Kejians and they cemented their allegiance to the Central government in Juba.

Among my many affiliates and friends both in the civil and Military; they often ask why is it that “aulad” (people) of Kuku native are the ONLY ones getting promoted in the military and are raised to higher positions in the government?

My answer has always been that they are qualified, intelligent and deserve the positions since they participated and have been loyal to the SPLA/M.

Without any doubt, the majority of the Kuku people fought so hard to liberate this Country South Sudan either through armed men/women or the African chemistry (KGB style).

As all seemed to be working well and smiles were full in every Kajo-Kejians faces; something terrible struck. Thousand herds of cattle deliberately got migrated to our motherland.

The Kuku people depend on agriculture and do mixed farming. Complaints and demonstrations were made provoking the President to show the willingness to relocate and evacuate all the herds of cattle by signing a Presidential decree ordering cattle keepers to vacate all the agricultural areas.

It must have not been taken lightly by the Jiengs, including President Kiir’s insiders who had tens of thousands herds of cattle in the region.

Targeted killings started on the Juba-Kajo-Keji road, at least on daily basis a son or daughter of Kajo-Keji was robbed and killed on this road. Is this not a provocation?

The spokesperson of the government of Central Equatorial, without any substantial evidence referred to these killings and robberies as unfortunate criminal activities related to the rebel activities in the region. Absolute nonsense!

The killings went on and on until the Kuku became so brave that a few weeks ago a road robber was bundled down, his Ak-47 removed and he was shot dead on the spot. The fearful Dinka then resorted to such far isolated Kajo-Kejians.

Incidents like of a guy shot on boda boda going home, a journalist killed allegedly for airing to the SPLA/M In Opposition the President’s Shoot to kill address to journalists, Captain John’s shooting, a NGO’s worker Banja Charles shooting, Paramena’s brother robbing at a funeral, Louis Umbi beatings because he revealed he is a Kukutiyo, he was medically evacuated to Uganda by UNMISS and he is faring well while having a broken nose and ribs, are among daily killings in Juba targeting ONLY Kukus.

As mentioned previously the Military threat has been neutralized by the fact that SPLA/M in Opposition are not anywhere near the Juba Government at least for now they are temporarily safe.

Dealing with intelligentsia is their second option and we the most intelligent people of South Sudan, the KuKu people, should not take these matters lightly and I would suggest the following:
• Go back to our African chemical industry to silently eliminate these animals.
• Hold guns firmly and protect oneself/ourselves
• Take up Arrows and bows as they are silent and lethal
• Refuse further promotions and appointments in this regime
• Abiba and rainmakers to raise their game, flood ONLY these guys to drown.

I would suggest for the immediate implementation of the above and this is my decree as it seems South Sudanese understand only the directives by decrees.

I once again call on the people of Kajo-Keji not only to sit and mourn the deceased persons but take an action that could not be as suggested by inflicting pain to the Jieng oppressors, let them feel the pain of losing loved ones for this would make them understand how it is to part away your relations.

Otherwise at the moment they are caught up thinking only with their heads not hearts and do not sympathize even after the Juba mass killing. Then they are vampires and need more blood. We are not the exceptional ones in South Sudan.

Let’s join our fellow Equatorians in Yambio, Torit, Nimule, Magwi, Mundri, Maridi, Wonduruba, Yei and other parts of the country to completely exterminate the ill intentions and oppression of the Jieng Council of elders.

The writer is a heart broken Kajo-Kejian tired of the Juba regime political games of creating insecurity to prolong their period in power.
Long Live KK people! Long Live Equatoria! Long live South Sudan

Concerned Madi citizens respond & condemn Gov. Lobong’s existential threats against the Madi

From:- David Aju Kanyara, Republic of South Sudan, DEC/12/2015, SSN;

Disappointed and outraged over the provocative and desperate speech of the governor of Eastern Equatoria State, Louis Lobong Lejero, in his unannounced visit to Pageri and Mugali in the weekend [of 28 November], we the Ma’di youth and law abiding citizens, who gave 99.5 percent of our votes to send Lobong into the office of the top state job, are sorely disappointed with the careless and dangerous selections of words uttered by the governor of EES in particular his threats to our very core existences.

It has become crystal clear that Lobong’s position and feeling towards the Ma’di people is to be treated as “antagonistic, betrayal and hostile”.

We advised Lobong’s that his loyalties first must be with the people who gave him his job rather than paying blind loyalties to Kiir in the expenses of endangering the Ma’di in their native land, we cautioned the governor that his unfortunate selection of words amounts to instigation of ethnic cleansing by the Dinka tribal army of south Sudan against the unarmed Ma’di civilians.

Now he has clearly confirmed his stand as far as Ma’di issues are concerned, we have nowhere to turn with our grievances, both the Head of the nation and the state have declared open hostilities to our Ma’di nations with a clear intent for genocides. With this in mind, we sound the “Kelemete” and call upon the able bodies to rise and not sit in their houses and wait for sudden death to strike them.

In this “Kelemete” “a call to duty” of all the able bodies to be on full alert and unyielding watchfulness and to do absolutely anything and everything that will promote our survival as a people; we guarantee this much, we shall not stand and wait for our annihilation.

It is an absolute disgust when the angry Lobong expressed his animalistic raw emotions, first of all the man sounded desperate and anguished about his stomach, with the recent development and growing number of rebellions in his backyard right in Ikoto, and Idolu just 35 km away from his bedroom, he knew with growing number of rebellions, this will lead to loss of his job.

He fears Kiir more than those who voted for him, knowing if he cannot contain the rapid expansions of rebel activities in his state, Kiir will not spare him, hence Lobong who was visibly angry claimed he was send by Salva Kiir to warn the Ma’di people about the repercussions of supporting rebels, and he warned the Ma’di by supporting rebels they are now all rebels, and next time if there is any eruptions of gunfire the people of Ma’di will bear the brunt of government’s furors.

He went on saying “by giving food and harboring rebels” the Ma’di people have now become “prime target” for the now specialized genocidal army of Kiir.

Mr. Lobong as a head of state you don’t threatened your electorates but supports them and guides them and motivates them into right paths but instead we must assure you, that you have officially alienated we the Ma’di people. We are tired of you and we have had it with you.

From the Killing of Ajugo to the humiliations of our youths and leaders, you did nothing to protect your people but always worrying more about your position than lives of those your govern.

You have never, not even once stood for the Ma’di people in all the tortures we have faced under this tribal government. All in all because it was you who is running to Juba with fallacy of information, oh Ma’di people have done this and that, why can you handle issue of family like a man?

In your capacity as a governor, if the word governor is uphold to its standard and true meaning, you are supposed to be an executive person with the spirit of consultations and good choices of words of maturity and wisdom, not words of accusation and threats.

What benefit would you get by accusing the Ma’di; by the way some of these people you have accused of being rebels are your children’s direct uncles, because your wife is a Ma’di, which makes her a rebels too and your children half rebels!! You too are harboring rebels in your house Mr. no so Wiseman.

Lobong we would like to remind you here again, in our previous articles directed to you after you have murdered the paramount chief of Nimule two years ago, we wrote, reminding you about the “curse and bad omen” you will bring on your children born out of your relationship between you and your wife Natalina Tarakpwe.

Mr. Lobong, you have lost trust among our people today, it is very disturbing to hear those utter nonsense coming from your mouth, when will you mature?

Mr. Lobong you have enough of everything both wealth and politics but yet you are not satisfied. You said Ma’di people should be happy and satisfied yet we have nothing to be satisfied about, instead you should be satisfied because you robbed us from the benefit of 2% from custom revenue collection from Nimule.

Since you become a governor in 2010, you keep roaming between Nimule-Torit and Juba looking for more satisfactions by accusing people falsely, we remind you Mr. Lobong, this false accusation of the innocent in which some people ended up dead, be reminded the blood of those innocent will follow you to your grave and you will have no peace even in your final resting place, hopefully hell.

While speaking to few people in Mugali the treacherous or disloyal governor made it plain that he will not tolerate the Ma’di people, he added that the Ma’di people should be satisfied and happy, but he fell short in giving clear examples of why should the deprived Ma’di people whose lands are invaded by Jiengs under his very nose, whose youth have dropped out of schools due to insecurities, ordinary people subjected to daily unbearable intimidations, repressions, extortions, tortures, threatened with terror of Kiir’s killing machines, be happy and satisfied, this you said Mr. Bright?

Yes we would have been better off today if our land is not invaded and if our people are not subjected to harsh and hard living environment.

Additionally the likes of Lobong and Kiir expect Ma’di people to be happy because of Juba-Nimule highway, Mr Lobong, the highway which become a curse and epicenter of death for our people have not benefited any household of our community, this so called highway has killed more than 100 of our people since its inauguration in 2012, and will continues to kill because its construction lacks safety and above all the highway is not meant to benefit the Ma’di people, but rather the highway has enriched some government officials and the Jiengs in particular including yourself, because the employees along the Juba-Nimule highway, including at Nimule border crossing are no other ethnic groups but Jieng.

This highway is here because it has to be here simply because it has been there for more than 100 years and simply because it is the closest region to reach Uganda, not because we the Ma’di asked the government for it and it has been constructed in response to our request and not because the government did it with favors to the Ma’di people.

We can assure you this much, if there is another way to connect Uganda from Rumbek or Awail, Bor or Bahr el Ghazal directly, we are sure the jieng would deprived the people of Ma’di if there would be other alternative to divert this road so that it would bypass Ma’di region Kiir and the JCE would have done it in a heartbeat.

Our Call to Ma’di youth and to all those who are still undecided, now you have heard directly from the mouth piece of Kiir, do you still want to sit and say this government is your government?

Today Martin Kenyi has brought to us the golden opportunity to free ourselves from the lion’s den but if you want to sit and wait for Lobong to come and finish you, the choices are yours, now the official stand is clear from Torit, you are all labeled rebels and next time there is any gunfire eruptions, you will not be spared as they will send helicopter gunship to terrorize us which they have already done in western Equatoria and here in Magwi county.

So my people it is better to die in active duty than to be kill in the houses while there will be no words to mark your grave with, when you died in action, you will be held a hero and a liberator of your people.

They sing peace with their toothless mouths and pursue wars and death! IGAD is quiet and they know not how many of our people are tortured and killed all over the Equatoria land and Nuerland!

They started the killings in South Sudan and they have not laid down their arms yet and Lobong has given ours sons to die in the front land in greater Upper Nile now he comes to threaten us.
Gunfight are sure to erupt because Kiir’s dogs are roaming everywhere in Madiland even in the bushes, they are fooling the nation and the international communities; they have no interests in Peace.

As We write, they are torturing civilians all over the Ma’diland and the so Called IGAD-Plus only recognizes Jieng in this country and they are quiet about the tortures of our people are facing.

So we must defend ourselves until they show they are serious about true peace and leave us alone, not performing lip services while killing us day and night.

Lobong can Kill but will not be able to break our backs, today because we are stronger than few years ago, and if they could not do that to handful and thinner tribe of Murle, how could they do that to the people with long history of liberation, our forefathers fought and defeated the Tuku-Tuku, they fought the British with their bare hands and the defeat them, they lead the war against the Jalabas and made the lucky ones run dripping with blood while they the Mundukurus, shouted allahhuabar, who is Lobong?

Now that the man declared a genocidal intent against us, forgetting, had it not been your vote he would have not become a governor.

In our view we have no more options left other than that of self-defense, he wants our heads, let this man’s head become a trophy. Why would he visit our land unannounced if he thinks he is able and capable to inflict death on us, why address his anger towards civilians and children?

Our guess is because he knows we have men and we shall not go down silently, we all can bleed, we have not gone to rob other people’s land, The “Lemi”is in our site as we fight for our universal right, we have to sacrifice next time brothers, when this evil and traitor makes unannounced visit in our land insulting and calling us names such as rebels, while we are still sitting in our houses without guns.

We know there is only one road from Mugali to Torit, so the moment he utters those unschooled words, let “Jomboloko” and Mount Gordon shallow him alive and teach him unforgettable lessons.

Now with this new threat against Ma’di people coming from their worthless son in law who also stand accused by vast majority of sons and daughters of Equatorians for implicating and falsely accusing his former two colleagues, governors Wani and Bakosoro, Lonbong was directly believed to have leaked the secret documents of the three Equatorian governors which eventual led to the dismissal of the two governors outstanding sons of Equatoria who have eloquently spoken openly about issues of Equatoria including issue of federalism.

Since he is a favored slave of Kiir as he is also believed to be not only loyalist to Kiir but rather born by Dinka mother, Lobong and Kiir have biological blood relation, it is also credibly now revealed in the case of governor of Central Equatoria state Juma Ali Malou who is half Dinka and Jema Nuna Kumba who is half Dinka Wau.

It is crystal clear that now Equatoria is govern by Dinka Nephews and niece, those individuals will always threaten the peaceful people of Equatoria to benefit their uncles and in return they will not be remove from their posts, if you think we lying have you have seen Jema Nuna out of job since since 2005?

Only she was moved from one ministerial post to the other even though her performance bears no good record of excellence.

My fellow Equatorian, the Dinkas have encircled us and it is up to us to free ourselves. Our people say, “Kodra sa Kodra kasira.” No matter how many die, there shall always be survivors!

There shall always be South Sudan and there shall always be Equatroians.. And Ma’di people will not bow to intimidation designed to force us to relinquish our God given ancestral land; we shall shed the last drop of blood to save this land.
VIVA Madiland and Equatoria viva!!

David Aju Kanyara. On behalves of concerned Madi
“A voice of voiceless”
davidajuk@gmail.com

Corruption never dies: The case of South Sudanese union in Uganda

“SOUTH SUDANESE STUDENTS’ POLITICS IS THE GAME OF INTERESTS AS IT FAILS TO SEE THE FUTURE OF A NATION”

BY: JUOL NHOMNGEK DANIEL, UGANDA, Dec/12/2015, SSN;

South Sudanese Students’ leaders in Uganda: how different are they from South Sudanese politicians in South Sudan? This question came after a long analysis of South Sudanese Students’ politics in Uganda.

I should be excused for having been silent on the politics going in schools among the South Sudanese students. The fact is that I have never paid critical attention and deeply reflected over the future of South Sudanese politics until the time I became a victim of students’ politics in Uganda.

It is only when I was denied the help that I deserved; I realized that South Sudanese Students’ politics is the game of interests as it fails to see things at merit. It fails to appreciate the value of humanity but instead it deals purely with personal interests, and because of that, the resources given to the Union by the government in order to support students are either misappropriated or spent in accordance with the leaders’ interests; thus, the students who are serious and deserve, fail to get help.

However, those who get help are those who even have more, provided they express loyalty and support to the student leadership.

In reality, there is a biblical politics that says those who have will be given more while those who do not have even the little they have will be taken away from them. This kind of politics is the typical nature of students’ politics in Uganda, which has been going for a long time.

Of course, many people or students in Uganda will blame me for having been keeping quiet for a long time and letting students suffer.

At that point, I have accepted to be branded selfish for having failed to react to the situation around me while many South Sudanese students are facing a lot of sufferings in hands of miscreant gang disguised as Students’ leadership.

Thus, I would like to take this opportunity to apologize for the weakness and preemptness by telling those who express such sentiments that I am human being, and since I am human being, I am weak and I can also be wrong and sometime protect personal interests.

Having apologized, it is imperative to proceed with the comment on students’ politics in Uganda.

As theme of this article has clearly pointed out that South Sudanese Students’ politics is the game of interests as it fails to see the future of a nation, which is the nature of politics of South Sudanese Students in Uganda.

In Uganda to be precise, there is no season that is free from politics among South Sudanese students. The politics of South Sudanese students is played throughout Uganda. There is no day or night.

Every student portrays interest to become a leader which is good. However, once they have been elected, they renege on their promises that they had made to the students during the elections.

During elections, for instance, they promised heaven and earth that if elected, they would go to Juba on their behalf to get money and help them in paying for their tuition fees and other needs.

There was a time when one of the South Sudanese Students’ Union Presidential aspirants promised that he would install internet on every student’s roof without any shame. As a matter of fact he lost the elections when the students realized that he was a liar.

However, payment of tuition fees for students stands out in all the elections that take place in Uganda starting from the South Sudanese Students’ Union in Uganda on top to the smallest Community Associations (such as Payam associations).

Nonetheless, such students or community leaders after being elected they go around soliciting some money or resources with the aim of helping students. However once they get hands on those resources, they immediately changed colours.

For instance, those leaders who were humble and show good qualities of leadership during campaign change instantly.

They become arrogant, proud and conceited. Some even fail to pick up phone calls. They do not care about the sufferings of those around them. They begin discriminating students who opposed them during elections.

Hence, it is not rare to get one student either related to the leader or who supports him or her being given something like ten thousand USA Dollars ($ 10000) while leaving others who will be grateful to receive one million Ugandan shillings or less with nothing, and as a result, such students drop out of the schools or miss examinations.

I, the owner of this article, am the living example and I bear the negative impact of students’ politics in Uganda. I have been in Uganda since 2005. I finished my High School, University and I am now in Law Development Centre (LDC) in Uganda doing bar course.

Since I came to Uganda I had never been involved in politics as much as I was in 2014. However, when I was outside the politics I used to hear issues of endemic corruption in students’ politics but I had never taken them more seriously than the time I became a victim of students’ politics coupled with deadly corruption.

There are two instances, which have made me to come to the conclusion that South Sudanese Students’ politics is the game of interests as it fails to see the future of a nation.

The first instance was in 2014 when I was in the forefront of the South Sudanese students’ Union opposing the former Union President, Makuei Aguer.

I was opposing him due to some reasons I did not want him to go through though he disapproved me later to some extent that he is somehow a good leader as compared to his predecessors.

However, based on the standard of ideal leadership that South Sudanese want, he is not yet an ideal leader. The leader that South Sudan wants is someone who is a real reformer, ready to do justice and treats every South Sudanese equally.

Someone South Sudan wants is that person who is devoid of politics and personal interests.

The former President of the Union, whom I am talking about in this article though I acknowledge that he is to some extent a good leader, he still lacks some transparency.

Transparency is the most precious item that South Sudan badly needs for any leader to have in order for South Sudan to be stable.

I have made such judgment on him not because he failed to help me to pay for my tuition fee in the bar course but because of the way he was giving financial support which clearly indicated where his interests lie.

Though Makuei Aguer’s government supported students, he supported them in discriminatory and disproportionate manner.

As it is well known, South Sudan is currently in deep financial crisis, and despite the existence of the crisis, the government managed to raise forty thousand USA Dollars ($ 40, 000) hoping that the Union leadership would properly support the students.

Nonetheless, when money reached Uganda it was a different story. The Union leadership forgot that many students were in financial crisis, and instead, distributed money in unjust and uneven manner. It was really sad.

How could the Union give one student ten thousand USA Dollars ($10,000) while other students got nothing? What criteria was being used in supporting students while some of the students had been denied examination because of the failure to pay tuition fee? Where is justice, where is South Sudanese-ness?

Where is integrity? How could one close his or her eyes at the immense sufferings of South Sudanese students just because a student that comes from his or her state is more South Sudanese than other South Sudanese students; thus, he deserved to be paid more than others?

If that is the case, then, I have completely and totally lost hope since the future of South Sudanese Students’ politics is bleak.

The politics that discriminates because someone did not support you during the campaign is a politics that has failed to see the future of a nation.

To use myself as an example, personally, I was not supported because I did not support the former Union leadership in 2014, thus, I have to pay for my sin, which means that I must be allowed to miss the examinations as I did.

Indeed, it is the politics of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. It is the politics that fails to see the potentiality of individuals and the contribution that he or she will make to the development of South Sudan.

What made me bitter most is not that I was not helped but the way I was treated; I was treated badly and inhumanely.

It is always prudent that when someone applies for help, his or her application should be replied to promptly in order to enable him or her to look for other avenues, which was not the case in my scenario.

The reason for prompt reply is to avoid speculation and false hope and expectation growing in someone.

I sent my application to the Union seeking for help in School indicating the date and in that letter I also requested the Union to inform me earlier in case it could afford to assist me.

Fortunately or unfortunately, by the time I sent an application for financial assistance from the Union, there was still enough money, and I would have got assisted if there were no extraneous factors that affected me.

This fact is indicated by the truth that as soon as the Union leadership received my application it was tabled, and as I learned later from credible source, I was about to be given more than two thousand USA dollars, which would have cleared my tuition fee completely.

However in the same night after approving and tabling my application, things terribly changed for the worse contrary to the information that I received earlier as the money that was to be given me disappeared with lightening speed.

The money was not there and at the same time I was not given feedback. I waited and waited while hoping against hope that I would be bailed out in my financial crisis in school. However, night passed, day passed and night passed again but no call from the union.

Then, I became impatient as the deadline for paying tuition fee approached, then, I made a call personally to the President of the Union. The President picked my call and started telling more all stories around going from East to West, North to South and in the central of the Union without going to point but being educated person, I realized that there was a bad sign.

On realizing that fact, I helped the President by suggesting to him saying that “so, Mr. Makuei there is no any help that I could expect from the Union?”

He immediately with relief said “Yes”. At that point I was stranded and did not know what to do next as the evil I feared had come to pass.

I feared that I was going to miss examinations and so hoping that the Union would do something but it was all in vain. I was going to miss my examinations as I in fact missed it.

Nevertheless, I was annoyed not because of the failure to assist me financially but the failure to inform me earlier.

I did not understand why the Union leadership could not inform earlier enough though I realized the reasons for failing to inform on time later.

As I realized later, what made the Union leadership to take long without informing me was due to the fact that some of the students like me who applied for financial support from the Union reacted negatively when the Union informed them that no financial assistance would be extended to them and because of that, the Union leadership thought that I would react in the same way.

However, little did they know that they were mistaken? The Union Leadership misinterpreted me and instead wronged me more than those students. The Union wronged me by failing to tell me earlier enough to decide on what to do.

Partly, I have finally missed the examinations because of them for putting me on a false hope and illegitimate expectations. If I were in the USA or in the UK or other developed countries, I would have sued them under legitimate expectation principle in the protection of my human rights to education.

The death of democracy is likely to come in a way that the students will never elect good leaders or learn to tell the truth due to the fear of the repercussions of telling the truth or exercising individual’s democratic rights freely. Thus, all students will become snobbish, sheepish and uncouth in democratic behaviour.

In order to be fair, it is not only the South Sudanese Students’ Union in Uganda that is exercising the politics without future but other community associations have followed the suit. The major example of an association that is discriminating its own members in Uganda is the Jieng Union in East Africa.

The Jieng Union in East Africa was formed in 2014 in April by Dinka students in East Africa and being an association for majority ethnic group in South Sudan it gets a lot of resources from its members.

However, since its inception, its members have been at constant conflict with its leaders because the leaders are much concerned with acquiring money for personal enrichment through the name of Jieng Union than the welfare of Jieng Students and other members.

The first Chairperson of the Jieng Union in East Africa, for instance, was removed because of corruption. However, it is even worse with the current chairperson. For example, despite the fact that the current chairperson was given five hundred thousand South Sudanese Pounds, which is equivalent to one hundred and fifty thousand USD ($ 150,000), he has never helped any students.

Instead, he is using money for his own political popularity and other benefits for his close friends and relatives. He is not helping other Jieng Members suffering in school simply because they had opposed him during the elections.

Indeed, the same problems in South Sudanese Students Union and in Jieng Union are also common in all other associations of South Sudanese at different levels in Uganda and other parts of the world and even inside the country, which is bad for the young nation like South Sudan.

In my opinion as already stated above, there is a likelihood that the democracy will die with time in South Sudan as the generation growing up will be dishonest, snobbish and cheats.

In summary, we should be concerned with fairness, justice, democracy and instead avoid politics that is based purely on interests of the players. The politics that fails to see the future of a nation should be avoided by all means. We should learn to support our “enemies” in politics if they are promising to be potentially contributors to the nation.

We should help those who are potentially good for a nation although we may be opposed to their views. In short, we should deal with merit rather than our interests that coloured the truth and glorify falsehood.

NB// The Author is the South Sudanese Lawyer and a bar course student at LDC in Uganda and he can be reached via: juoldaniel@yahoo.com; +256783579256

Has South Sudan Sovereignty been compromised?

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, DEC/08/2015, SSN;

The downing of the Russian SU-24 bomber by the Turkish F-16s on 24/11/2015 brought to the forefront the issue of sovereignty and inviolability of a country’s territory. Some reports stated that the Russian warplane was only 17 seconds in the Turkish airspace when it was downed.

To many it may appear that the Turks were quite overzealous in defending their airspace but it’s a matter of principle that any encroachment needs to be dealt with straight away. Those who shot down the warplane must have been under strict orders to do so without hesitation.

Here is Turkey that possesses the fourth largest army in the world and though in itself not a superpower; still will not be cowed by a superpower violating its territory.

It was a dangerous encounter that led some pessimists and exaggerators to quickly point out that this could be the triggering event for the would-be Third World War.

Obviously they have been looking at a single incident on 28/06/1914 that led to the first world war. It was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire in Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist (Gavrilo Princip).

But things were quite different then and there was no nuclear powers or the concept of mutual destruction.

Furthermore the world was less democratic and more dictatorial allowing some rogue leaders to plunge countries into avoidable wars.

Turkey is an important NATO member guarding its southern front. Technically , it’s not a nuclear power but has been given nuclear bombs by NATO only to be used with NATO approval.

In theory, the situation could spiral out of control leading to a nuclear confrontation and the inevitable total destruction of planet Earth. As one would expect, the NATO Secretary General came out in support of the Turkish position.

The ball is now in Russia’s court, if it chooses to escalate the situation by military retaliation, then the world would draw closer to a third world war than it ever has been. The central point though remains that, Turkey has exercised its right as a sovereign state in accordance with the international law.

Back home, Dr Luka Biong was dismissed from his lecturing post at Juba university and reportedly expelled from the country. This was the result of direct instructions from president Kiir himself.

The cause was a public lecture organised by Biong’s Centre for peace and development studies at Juba University. The subject of debate was the constitutionality and legality of the presidential decree 36/2015 expanding the current 10 states to 28 states.

The views expressed by several participants were against the unilateral creation of more administrative units by the president. The debaters demonstrated the unconstitutionality of president Kiir’s decree and that it has no legal basis.

It was also reported that Ambrose Riing Thiik, the head of the Jieng Council of Elders ( JCE ) stormed out of the venue after being cornered by Dr Lam Akol in the debate. Apparently, he went straight to the president and requested dismissal of Dr Luka Biong from Juba university.

President Kiir later said, I quote, “Whoever is undermining our sovereignty and the demand of our people will have to answer. Those who have been made who they are today by this country and then turn around to turn their backs against the very country can be dealt with, if proven they are playing a negative role.”

It appears Dr Luka Biong has been accused of compromising the state’s sovereignty by organising that debate hence prompting reprisal from the president.

To understand the whole matter it’s worthwhile knowing how the term “sovereign state” originated. Westphalian sovereignty is the principle of international Law which states, each nation has sovereignty over its territory and domestic affairs to the exclusion of all external powers, on the principle of non-interference in another country’s domestic affairs, and that each state ( no matter how large or small ) is equal in international law.

The doctrine is named after the peace of Westphalia was signed in 1648 which ended the 30 years war in Europe.

One fundamental aspect of sovereignty is that it’s not enough for a particular state to declare it, it has to be recognised by its neighbours and the international community. Sovereignty can be lost when the state loses certain criteria and regained when they are re-instated.

Contemporary political thinking has challenged the doctrine and rendered it a non-absolute right of the state. This can be exemplified by the fact that no sovereignty exists in failed states and international intervention is justified on humanitarian grounds and by the threats posed by failed states to neighbouring countries and the world as a whole.

The global impact of refugees fleeing conflict areas is undeniable. For example the Syrian refugee crisis has affected countries up to several thousand miles away from the Syrian borders.

The debate organised by Biong, if anything, has provided the authorities with the result of a mini-opinion poll in regard to the presidential decree 36/2015.

It was also a sort of a snapshot into the minds of an elite group in the republic of South Sudan and served as a means among others to gauge public opinion. Those people are among the groups that form the vibrant part of our society and their opinions can not be regarded as alien to the general trend in the country.

While in other parts of the world, leaders pay much attention to public opinions as it’s in their best interests to be in people’s good books, in our part of the world, those who express opposing opinions get harassed, tortured, imprisoned or even liquidated.

Biong’s effort was a honest attempt by a concerned citizen to give the rulers the opportunity of knowing what is in people’s minds. Unfortunately instead of being commended for his effort to bring people together and fend off divisive actions, he ended up one step away from being charged with treason.

People could argue that what Biong did was indeed an effort to safeguard our sovereignty as the consequences of the decree would ultimately lead to disintegration of South Sudan.

The question is; has the president done his duty in the way of preserving our sovereignty and national pride?

In chronological order the following events would show to the readers how our sovereignty has been consistently undermined since the inception of the government of South Sudan.

The presence of the Ugandan People’s Defence Force ( UPDF ) on South Sudanese soil: The UPDF has been stationed within our borders before declaration of independence.

We were made to believe that a deal has been struck between the South Sudanese government and the Ugandan counterpart that paved the way for the UPDF to enter South Sudan in the quest to defeat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA ).

Whatever they have agreed upon, makes our sovereignty questionable. The mere presence of the UPDF in South Sudan is an insult to our sovereignty.

The two countries could have coordinated their efforts to combat the LRA without the UPDF crossing the borders into South Sudan. The Ugandans have been talking of a sort of a buffer zone within South Sudan to keep the LRA out of Uganda.

It’s an unusual situation; probably unheard of where a country moves forces across the borders into a neighbouring country to block attacks on its citizens from its own rebels.

People must realise that the LRA is Uganda’s internal problem and allowing the UPDF to operate on South Sudanese soil, means that our government has agreed on turning our country into a battlefield for settling Uganda’s internal conflict. No sovereign state would do such a thing.

The implications are many, for instance, it’s belittling as it shows the world that we are unable to defend our territory against intruders.

Also it implies that the safety of Ugandan citizens is more important than ours by making our land a buffer zone to seal off attacks on Uganda.

The regime hasn’t spared a thought to the fact that war brings unwelcome consequences wherever it’s fought. Collateral damages, effects on local economy and the impression on the international community that the country is a war zone, are just few to mention.

The irony is that, Uganda is now considered by the international community a war-free country while South Sudan continues to bear the consequences of the Uganda’s civil war.

It led to a boost in Uganda’s economy by encouraging foreign investments, promoting trade and attracting tourism. It’s the Ugandan interests that are being served here.

The Sudan Air Force ( SAF ) aggression: The bombing raids carried out by SAF’s Antonov’s in Northern Bahr El Gazal state and other states, have been largely downplayed by the regime in Juba. There has never been or will ever be retaliations for these raids under this government.

This stands in stark contrast to what the Turks did to the Russians. Less than 20 seconds violation of their airspace led to the shooting down of the Russian warplane.

Our response to SAF aggression was and still remains a joke. The Chief of General Staff, Paul Malong, even had the audacity of saying that the Sudan is trying to drag us into war.

It means the regime will continue to avoid responding to any future bombings by SAF for fear of triggering a war with Sudan!

It’s a disgraceful attitude that is unbecoming of proud people. This has embolden the SAF and on few occasions it carried bombing raids deeper into South Sudan as far as Bentiu in Unity state.

The SAF incursions into South Sudan have turned into picnic trips or training exercises for its pilots. It’s clear that our northern neighbour does not recognise our sovereignty and our government on the other hand did little to make it take notice of it.

UPDF intervention in the recent conflict: We were told that the basis for intervention was an agreement between the two governments. Well, what sort of an agreement is it?!

Around the world, countries do enter into defence pacts, most notable is the NATO alliance mentioned above. The purpose is mutual defence against foreign aggression.

This may entail stationing of forces or particular weapons within each other borders. Examples are the American Trident nuclear missiles in Scotland, American bases in Germany and NATO nuclear bombs in Turkey.

However, the world has never heard of a defence pact against an internal insurgency or a rebellion. There is also issues about the constitutionality and legality of the UPDF invitation by the government as the National Legislative Assembly was not consulted.

Again inviting a foreign force to intervene in an internal conflict is a breach of sovereignty and a recipe for division of the country. After all the opposition is not a foreign force, they are South Sudanese opposing a failed regime.

Uganda is not immune from the same ills plaguing South Sudan. It is not impossible for a similar conflict to happen in Uganda. Would it be prudent for South Sudan or any of the Uganda’s neighbours to intervene on the side of the government against the opposition?

Justice and Equality Movement ( JEM ) mercenaries: There is an abundance of evidence that JEM forces were used by the government to shore up its war effort against the opposition.

Again this kind of policy undermines our sovereignty as no sovereign state would allow a rebel group to work freely within its borders. The usual practice is to support foreign rebels in order to attack the country’s own rebels outside the borders.

The UN Drones: The UN security council has approved the deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles ( Drones ) in South Sudan against government opposition. It’s a confirmation that the international community now sees South Sudan as a country that lacks sovereignty.

A sovereign country would not allow let alone be forced to harbour foreign Drones on its soil or airspace.

So what sovereignty is president Kiir talking about?! The track record of his administration has greatly contributed to the erosion of our sovereignty and what is left is partial at best.

There is a window of opportunity coming up with the formation of the transitional government of national unity ( TGoNU ) and it should be used to fully restore our sovereignty.

Firstly, the UPDF should go home for good. Now that the LRA has disintegrated and ceased to be a threat, UPDF presence in South Sudan has become more unjustifiable than ever.

Even if there are still some small pockets of LRA in the depths of the jungle, their level of activities will not be beyond common banditry and local security forces should be able to tackle it.

Secondly, SAF bombing raids should not be allowed to continue with impunity. The helicopter gunships that were shamefully used against civilians in Wonduruba , Mundri and Maridi areas, could now rightly be used to retaliate against SAF aggression.

Thirdly, JEM and other rebel movements should be booted out of South Sudan. The regime has forged an unholy alliance with the most unlikely partner.

Some of you know that the deceased leader and founder of JEM, Dr Khalil Ibrahim, was the [ Amir (prince) ] of the so-called ” Dabbabeen ” in South Sudan before his rebellion against Bashir’s regime. He and some of his colleagues who are currently the leaders of JEM, were responsible of killing many South Sudanese.

Fourthly, freedom of speech should be observed and respected by the government. We ought to realise that sovereignty also relates to how the government treats its people.

A rogue state attracts the interference of the international community into its domestic affairs. This is because misrule and mishandling of its internal affairs leads to spilling over of its problems into neighbouring countries and countries beyond its borders.

An opinion expressed publicly by a citizen or by a group of citizens does not constitute a “threat” to sovereignty for the following reasons.

If the said opinion is shared only by a small portion of our population, then it will remain a minority opinion which poses no threat to the government and the country as a whole.

On the other hand if that opinion is supported by the majority of the population, then it means it stands for the common good and will be a threat to the government if it does not reverse course but never a threat to the country.

Governments do fall, and new ones get formed – People don’t!

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Equatorian Community in the UK deplores situation in South Sudan

Communique:
From: Equatorian Community in the UK
Date: 30th November 2015

The Equatorian Community in the United Kingdom, in its third meeting in the City of Reading, England on 28th November 2015, deliberated on the current political and military situation in South Sudan and resolved the followings:
1. Asks for adherents to the signed compromised peace agreement to resolve the conflict in South Sudan. We will continue to exert pressure on IGAD – plus, the main parties to the Agreement, other political stakeholders, to ensure full and effective implementation of the Agreement.
2. Applauds the chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) for the political and moral courage he has demonstrated in convening their first meeting, and trusts he will exert his statesmanship to ensure compliance with full implementation and hold obstructers and violators of the agreement to account.
3. Urges President Kiir in particular as the president of the republic of South Sudan to expedite formation of the Constitutional Review Commission to accelerate implementation of the Agreement.
4. Urges President Kiir and his caretaker government to guarantee safe environment for the return of the SPLM-IO leaders to take their legitimate place in formation and participation in the transitional government of South Sudan to usher the much needed peace, security and stability in the country.
5. Urges President Kiir to take immediate action to halt military action against innocent Equatorian civilians across Western, Central and Eastern Equatoria states, at a time when his government has signed permanent cessation of hostilities.
6. Urges humanitarian agencies to provide much needed relief and support to Equatorians who have been displaced from their homes by the recent cycle of violence in Wonduruba, Mundri, Maridi, Lainya, Kajo-Keji, Numule, Magwi and around the capital Juba.
7. Deeply deplores the daily murder and disappearances of civilians in and around Juba, and urges the President and the Chief of Staff to stop these atrocities or be held to account for failure to control the security forces.
8. Pleads with those who had expressed reservations about the peace agreement to stop further anti-peace rhetoric and hate speeches, and extend brotherly hand and heart of reconciliation to the returning brothers and sisters to give peace a chance in South Sudan.
9. Welcomes the release of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) and urges for full implementation of the recommendations therein, in particular the formation of the hybrid court and expediting implementation of the various facets of the prescribed transitional justice.
10. Calls upon the African Union and United Nations Human Rights Commission to institute a fresh investigation on atrocities committed in Equatoria to-date by the security forces and for the perpetrators to be held to account.
11. Urges the JMEC to be vigilant to ensure that the various mechanisms/instruments of government including the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU), the security sector and the various commissions are being formed to truly reflective the ethno-regional diversity that makes South Sudan to avoid the repeat of the current ideology and practice of exclusionary politics and domination of our public life by one or two tribes system.
12. Is deeply concerned about the government misinterpretation of the demilitarisation of Juba to mean deployment of SPLA soldiers along all the major roads to- and from Juba, and effectively besieging the capital city. Around Juba now, military posts and road blocks are erected in the natives’ land. The Local communities and travellers are being terrorised and to their livelihood badly affected.
13. Recommends that excess forces from Bahar-el-Ghazal states and Upper Nile states be deployed back into their states of origin, and that sons and daughters of Equatoria be recruited as per quota proposed in the AUCISS report into the military, police, and security forces to be deployed in Equatoria.

Federico Awi Vuni
Chairman, Equatorian Community in the UK

C.C.
• Chairman IGAD plus,
• British Government, High Commissions of USA, and Norway in London,
• UN Sec Gen,
• AU Chairperson
• President Salva Kiir, The Republic of South Sudan
• Dr Riak Machar, 1st Vice President Designate, Leader of SPLM –IO

Women of South Sudan: Rapes, broken bodies & shattered dreams

From: ALJAZEERA-ON-LINE, DEC/05/2015, SSN;

Victims of abuse and rape during the South Sudanese civil war tell their stories of broken dreams and a stolen future.

South Sudan’s peace agreement, signed in August, was meant to end a 21-month-old civil war that has left thousands dead and many more displaced in the wake of the country’s historic declaration of independence in 2011.

Hundreds of thousands of people fled their homes after experiencing horrible crimes. Last month, a previously secret report by the African Union was finally made public. It contains shocking details of human rights abuses in South Sudan, committed not only by government troops but by opposition militia as well.

“Our people were killed. Our husbands were killed. I was beaten up. The forces abducted women and girls and kids were suffering. We were not aware things were going to get bad. We are civilians and we thought the government would only fight with the opposition. So we stayed in our village and I even planted the garden…. They viewed us as enemies, not civilians from the country.” Anna

It paints a grim picture of what is happening in the country.

South Sudan separated from Sudan in 2011 to become the world’s youngest nation. But despite independence, the country was divided against itself, and after just two years, in December 2013, it descended into civil war when disagreements between the president and the vice president led to fighting among government soldiers in the capital, Juba.

The violence spread across the country, leaving thousands of people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced.

It is a complex war with many groups, and their loyalties not always clear cut. But on one side are armed men belonging mainly to the Nuer tribe, close to former vice president Riek Machar. And on the other side are troops belonging mostly, but not exclusively, to the Dinka tribe loyal to President Salva Kiir.

The main parties reached a negotiated settlement in August, but fighting is still ongoing in parts of the country.

Anna is a member of the Nuer tribe who fled her home and now lives in a UN camp. Her husband and her six-year-old stepson were killed and her daughter raped.

“The government forces came at around nine in the morning and started chasing some men and some soldiers. The women stayed with the children. We thought they would not do anything to us because we had nothing. After the government forces chased the men, they came back and beat up the women…,” Anna says.

“My daughter was raped. My house was burned by the forces. This happened in front of my eyes. After that we escaped and we decided to come to UNMISS [United Nations Mission in South Sudan] for protection. If we died on the way, then it would be better.”

Many seek protection, and in the displacement camp in Bentiu the population has doubled this year to about 124,000. There is not enough shelter, food or water to keep up with demand.

Mary is 24, has two children and does not know whether her husband is dead or alive. She moved from the north back to South Sudan when the country gained independence and was looking forward to building the new nation. But soon the fighting started and forced her to flee home.

She was raped and beaten by soldiers when she and other women left the UN displacement camp to collect firewood.

“Before the fighting not a lot of people were raped. We didn’t know, we didn’t even hear about it. But we started hearing about it after the fighting started. Now it’s common. You don’t go out. If you leave the UN camp, problems happen…. I thought they would kill us…. this is slow killing because you can’t stand yourself after this, but they didn’t shoot us. They leave you as good as dead,” Mary says.

The African Union collected testimonies and forensic evidence that it says back up allegations of human rights abuse in South Sudan. It says civilians were raped, killed, dismembered, and even forced to drink human blood and eat human flesh. It also compiled a list of people who it says should be investigated for instigating or carrying out the crimes.

Ateny Wek Ateny, the spokesman for President Salva Kiir, when confronted with the women’s allegations, told Al Jazeera it was “a total lie”. He says “most of the these stories are made-up stories.”

So does peace still have a chance in South Sudan?

Talk to Al Jazeera In the Field goes deep inside the country to find out the truth about a failed state, a country letting its people slip into despair. We meet South Sudanese women and listen to their stories of broken dreams and a stolen future.

Editor’s note: The names of the women have been changed for security reasons.

Source: Al Jazeera

Shelf Those Mini-Tribal States and Implement the Peace Agreement!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, DEC/03/2015, SSN;

Bravo and congratulations to all those who came out boldly in opposition of the crazy idea being circulated in Juba aimed at gerrymandering political constituencies by restructuring South Sudan into yet 28 mini-tribal enclaves.

As I came across many well-articulated arguments against those 28 tribal enclaves, I thought it would add more power to this noble and patriotic position if I can stand up tall and throw my lot with those who oppose the move and the manner in which the government has gone about imposing it..

As I completely join hands with those opposing this crazy idea, I have no single doubt in my mind that no one will benefit from further dragging the country into more unnecessary tribal animosities simply because some myopic politicians see their ways into leadership only through the unfortunate creation of those mini tribal states.

My hat also goes off for those brave, patriotic and above all nationalistic Members of Parliament in Juba who chose to be on the right side of .

Their staging a walk out in protest of the unconstitutionality of the procedures adopted by the Juba regime to its malicious plans down on the South Sudanese masses is worth the risk taken.

Kiir and his JCE should never be allowed a free hand to impose anything on our people by the way of manipulating, bullying, harassing or blackmailing the peoples’ representatives in the August House.

Going back to the history of our people , one testify that for all practical purposes, the relationships among Southern Sudanese were far better in the 1960s and 1970s when the region existed as Three Provinces of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal.

What our people wanted throughout history was a federal system of government, to which the Jallaba in Khartoum were opposed.

In late 1950s, as the Southern Sudanese voices in favour of federalism grew louder, Khartoum moved in to silence it. Firstly, they used brute force and we resisted it until Addis Ababa Agreement was signed in 1972 and Southern Sudan won semi-autonomous status under a Regional Government structure.

However in order to stop the Autonomy in Southern Sudan from metamorphosing into a full blown federal arrangement , the same Jallaba and their agents in Juba adopted the divide and rule tactics and implemented the first ever move which saw the Southern Sudan region move from three Provinces to six.

Equatoria gave way to Western and Eastern Equatoria, Upper Nile gave way to Upper Nile and Jonglei and Bahr Ghazal gave way to Bahr Ghazal and Lakes.

Historically, the currently existing ten (10) states were created under the National Islamic Front (NIF) regime of Turabi-Bashir. The whole exercise was laid and hatched by Sheikh Hassan Abdalla Al Turabi with the sole aim of more ‘Divide and Rule’ policy.

As it can be seen from the above narratives, all throughout history the proliferation of administrative units (provinces/ districts/states/ counties) all came about as the central authority’s attempts at dividing the peripheries in the name of decentralization, while in fact centrally retaining maximum grip on the country’s resources and government power.

Today the voices calling for federalism are still high. What we are witnessing now is that the central authority even in post-independence South Sudan isn’t really any different from its Jallaba predecessors!

It has come with yet another further fragmentation of the periphery. It also came riding on the back of yet another false decentralization while all political powers in the country become even more concentrated in the hands of one individual who runs the centre as if he is running a private enterprise and not a country.

In reality South Sudan doesn’t need all these artificially, yet problematic divisions into those useless mini tribal states.

Why Not Federate on Basis of the “Three Historical Provinces “And Stop Those Mini-Tribal Enclaves!

Indeed ‘Our People’ were better off and happier when they were under the historical ‘Three Provinces’ of Equatoria, Bahr El Ghazal and Upper Nile.

What South Sudan clearly needs is to regain its lost history and reinstate those Three Provinces structures as the basis for a Three Federal Government unit that will form the Federal Republic of South Sudan.

Of course as with our own experience as South Sudanese, we must not forget that although federalism is meant to devolve most of the powers and resources from the centre to the peripheries, still good governance and rule of law are central to the success of any system of governance.

Let’s us stop all these madness of more states and go back to what we really were before the enemy manipulated us with its mini-tribal structures which are only meant to distract us from the real issues.

South Sudan’s salvation squarely lies in the adoption of a federal system of government based on our historical ‘Three Provinces’ structure and forget about these ill-advised mini-tribal enclaves that are only meant to further de-destabilize the country and its people instead .

However, to be fair to anyone who holds any different views to those here, I totally respect that.

What I would humbly suggest at this stage is since for all of us to join hands in the implementation of the IGAD Plus Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflicts in South Sudan (ARCISS).

As such it will be a good idea that all proposals concerning this matter (including the Kiir-JCE proposal of the Twenty Eight (28) mini tribal enclaves ) be deferred for the time being and be instead presented to the Permanent Constitution Making Process for consideration as enshrined in the Peace Agreement.

Again as the Peace deal is clear on Federalism and devolution of powers and resources, let’s assume at this stage that the battle on these areas has been partly won.

Rightly so, it should only be at the constitution making process that we can argue which way things should go in as far as the number of states or administrative units the to be federal system should embrace.

Whether South Sudan goes back to become what is was in the past when it was only made up of those ‘Three Historical Provinces’ or to the Six(6) Nimeri-Alier structures, or the Ten (10) Turabi-Bashir structures or the Twenty One (21) SPLM-IO structures or the Twenty (28) Kiir- jieng Council of Elders (JCE) structures will all be decided when we are making the Permanent Constitution.

Is it not high time those decrees are silenced once and for all , while we embrace constitutionality and Rule of Law!

Author: Justin Ambago Ramba. Reachable at: justinramba@doctors.org.uk