Archive for: December 2015

Will South Sudanese also pray for Justice for the innocent victims of both Kiir’s & Machar’s war crimes?

EDITORIAL: DEC/24/2015, SSN;

QUOTE: “This war has been hell for the people of South Sudan, but it has also been very lucrative for their leaders. War crimes pay has been the message…..when there are no limits to the hijacking of state resources or consequences for the use of violence.” John Prendergast, Enough Project, 2015.

As we get to the Christian season of Christmas, most South Sudanese Christians and even some of their Muslims fellow countrymen and women, will fervently be indulging in serious prayers for the peace that has for long eluded them as war and death became the most common tragedies in the last two years.

Yes, there’ll also be prayers for the hundreds of thousands of those who needlessly fell victims and were murdered in a senseless war fought between two sides of the criminal and soul-less SPLM/SPLA, an organization of unrepentant murderers who are utterly fearless of God.

Truly, these so-called leaders of this autocratic, atavistic, clannish and tribal system of SPLM/SPLA governance have betrayed and wasted the opportunity for our people that the independence had provided after decades of fighting for liberation.

No question, there will be more prayers for forgiveness for the leaders-cum-killers and for their unimaginable crimes against humanity they overtly and covertly committed especially first when Kiir and his jieeng tribal commanders premeditated, commissioned and committed the murders on December 15, 2013 without remorse or repentance.

As sure as the Sun will rise every morning, murderer/president Kiir, Machar, Wani Igga, Kuol Manyang and Paul Malong, Pieng and the many SPLM/SPLA killers of their fellow Christians will surely go to their respective tribal churches and devoutly proclaim their faith as ‘good’ Christians.

However, and most poignantly, would our people and our pastors/priests also pray for real justice for the tens of thousands of the innocent victims and survivors of this war that wrecked our the nation?

The prolific American writer, Guy H. King wrote that, “No one is a firmer believer in the power of prayers than the devil, not that he practices it, but suffers for it.”

As our nation supposedly is coming back together, that’s with the return of the so-called ‘rebel’ SPLM/A-IO, we must first exert greater exhortation for God’s revenge on those who started the war in 2015 that led to the subsequent murders that followed before we rush to call for forgiveness.

The Obasanjo Report just released abundantly exposed the unimaginable magnitude of the atrocities that our so-called SPLM/SPLA national leaders committed which even included unimaginable acts of cannibalism, rape, castration and burning our young boys and girls alive.

Historically, South Sudanese have had the misfortune of never ever seeing any justice and accountability for egregious crimes that predated the December 15/2013 Kiir-Machar war, and this goes back to the very genesis of the SPLM/A in 1983, followed by the 1991 First Jieeng-Nuer internecine war.

In both previous instances and just like in the current predicament, instead for seeking justice first followed by forgiveness and reconciliation, the powers-that-be had chosen to conspiratorially circumvent any justice and accountability.

Unlike the Europeans or Americans, where if a leader commits such horrendous crimes in office or in his command, he or she automatically steps down on his or her own volition from that office and is ready for any legal course against him or her.

More poignantly, if such leader were a Japanese or Korean, he would simply commit suicide as an atonement and a repentance for his crimes.

One thing specifically stands out and cries loudly about us, South Sudanese, never has any single person in the current SPLM/SPLA leadership, from John Garang to Kiir and Machar, has ever publicly expressed or showed contrition about the killings they commissioned or effected.

If we do negate those killings done during the bush war on the grounds that then it was a just war, how about those since the SPLM/SPLA predators took power over a peaceful Juba since 2005?

By some credible experts’ estimation, the SPLM/SPLA war killed more South Sudanese than the enemy Arab North Sudanese killed during the same period.

Returning to our current predicament, it’s absolutely unacceptable that we can tolerate the blatant disregard for the rule of law by those entrusted by the people to lead the country. Inside the SPLM/SPLA, there are proven murderers walking absolutely free as they’re somewhat emboldened by the ineffective lack of due justice and accountability.

During the outbreak of the Kiir-Machar war in December 2013, the nation’s Inspector General of Police, Gen. Pieng, for instance, threw out his police uniform and the law, and hurriedly put on the murder insignia of the SPLA as he dashed to the war front-lines in Bor to abet in the killings of the Nuer.

Gen. Pieng was live on BBC at that time then, vowing seriously to kill the Nuer who at that time were supposedly marching to ‘capture’ the Capital, Juba. No wonder, now that he is back as Police Chief, Juba is now the top Murder Capital of Africa, where killings are breaking records daily and without accountability!

Peace, especially a lasting peace in South Sudan, is untenable unless there is absolute justice whereby those known perpetrators of the egregious crimes of killing innocent citizens, whether the victims are Dinka, Nuer, Azande, Madi or Pojulu in Wonduruba, must be brought and tried by the court of law.

In an ironical twist of tribal retributive justice, the jieeng worshipers recently drove ‘rebel’ Madame Rebecca Nyandeng, the widow of late SPLM/SPLA founder himself, John Garang, from their church for allegedly ‘betraying’ the tribe by her supposed family support to rebel Machar.

However, instead of desecrating their tribal church in such a lawless way, what those jieeng worshipers should have done was to file a case in the courts of law against Rebecca Nyandeng and family for any war crimes allegedly commissioned or committed by this once-First-Family in the nation.

Anyway, since the real people who executed the Dinka-Nuer War of 2013 are already in Juba and more are soon arriving into town, perhaps this will be a propitious moment for citizens to take to the rule of law by filing lawsuits against some of the commanders and soldiers whom they suspected to have carried out the murders of their relatives.

Once again, as the Archbishops, priests and pastors conduct the prayers on these holy days of December, they must, as an obligation, vocalize the urgency for justice before rushing with the call for forgiveness.

Incidentally as alluded to above, these blood-stained and conscience-damaged SPLM/SPLA leaders on both sides of the party, like the ‘devils’ that they practically are, fervently believe in the power of prayers as shown by their habitual public manifestations of their various faiths in their respective churches.

But deep down in their souls, they are terribly scared of the power of justice and retribution. It’s time to bring more heavyweight pressure on them, positively for the churches foremost so as to make them accountable in spite of their misplaced sense of invincibility.

Finally, let’s just put in the backs of our minds that this new Dinka-Nuer or better still, this new Kiir-Machar coalition governance being soon put into place is another marriage from hell…..sooner rather than later, it will unravel and splinter once again!

Though on paper the agreement deceptively appears as absolutely comprehensive, it is just as fragile and untenable because it is dependent on the good cooperation and commitment between Kiir and Machar, but those things seem to be lacking as the two protagonists have little incentives to do so.

In short, nothing has changed very much, no transformative institutions have been set up first and those that are there are utterly inadequate.

Furthermore, the SPLM and the SPLA are two faces of the same coin, when the first gets the flu, the other one sneezes!

At the present moment, to reassert the experts’ deductions, Kiir can ‘never be the principal political vehicle for peace and reconciliation, just as neither the SPLM nor the SPLA, in their present form or in recreated “unified” forms, can ever act as unifying institutions in the country.

In the meantime, in this supposedly joyous season of birth of Christ, let’s all tell them that nobody is above the law and that all lives are sacred. This is my New Year message!

MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR.

Sowing and Harvesting One People, One Nation

By: Jwothab Amum Ajak, DEC/22/2015, SSN;

As we lament the state of disunity our people, the good thing is there is a hope still alive and a dream not yet dead. Therefore, this is not the time to bemoan. This is the time to work hard to revive the confidence and trust in the quickly fading away faith in the slogan of “one people, one nation” and make our people reunite once again.

Ultimately, reuniting our people and preserving our nation rests squarely on each of us. It is not only going to be the responsibility of the state alone but of us all. All are responsible to right the wrongs and dismantle the disservices done to that unity, each in his own sphere of influence.

But in order to restore our dwindling hope for a better tomorrow of “one people, one nation,” we need to stay firmly united, armed with objectivity, wisdom and knowledge in tackling our problems of disunity.

Yes, we can come together, because we haven’t reached a point of no return. But after the wounds have healed and after we have buried hatred and violence in the cemetery of yesterday and have worked out forgiveness, reconciliation and healing.

Hope never dies; they say. However, there must be something to sustain it otherwise it is no hope at all. What is that only remaining hope that will sustain our only hope in the hope of “one people, one nation?” An overwhelming majority believe it is the agreed-upon, federal governance structure, an alternative to the current status quo.

People believe federalism will not only provide a good rule foundation of governance based on justice, equality, the rule of law and fundamental human rights. But most importantly it will stop the war and save the lives of those who have not perished from this over 21 month’s ruthless war.

The TGoNU that will come out of the IGAD-mediated Compromise Peace Agreement CPA is important not for its sake but for its mandate to implement federalism. It is crucial for what it is going to do and do it differently and in a better way than the government it will replace.

Such as resource and financial management. That is the gist and crux of the matter. So let us wait and see what the coming days will reveal about that much-talked about transitional government of all political parties and of effective participation of all ethnic groups.

Our people look forward for a TGoNU capable to the task of nation-building. A TGoNU that will give adequate time to look deeper and longer into the underlying root causes of our long-standing communal strive and the unprecedented appalling brutality and violence as well as to address the cause of injustices and inequalities. Also find time to deal with many unresolved, overlooked, belittled, ignored and pushed under the carpet problems. These measures done in good faith will save us from the repeat of December 2013 worst ever tragedies and catastrophes our people has ever seen.

Importantly let it without delay pave the way for federalism, as a popular demand of the people. Let us experience it even as a pilot project that will be confirmed or not later through an informed referendum decision.

At the initial experimental stage what matter are the constitutional principles that provide balance and checks as enshrined in the separation of powers of the different government branches. The nitty gritty package character of the federal system can’t be left to a later date? Not that they matter less but will be decided as we go along our learning curve through the debate and experimenting of federal characteristics itself.

We look optimistically on the TGoNU and its era as a second chance, a second round, for the people of South Sudan to be transformed and begin, if they so decide this is what they want, sowing anew with the end in mind of “one people one nation.” In the past, I believe, we have not as individuals and as a government given our absolute to the programs and activities that unite our people.

To a country ravaged by war and divided on ethnic, regional lines the government of the day has been finding difficulty to sell this catchy mantra of “one people, one nation,”. Yet, even though we may differ with her on how it has been selling or approaching the slogan issue.

Still it is to be appreciated and encouraged for past and present efforts, activities and programs that have sought to drive the slogan’s message home after it had been driven out by bad blood, corruption, vicious tribalism, ethnic violence, racial hatred and stereotype between people of one nation.

Our only wish is the TGoNU start to walk the talk and follow the slogan by deeds. The world Great Teacher taught not only so much by word as by living the word. He was also the great example of the life He was preaching.

Our hope too is on the TGoNU to continue preparing the ground for the seed of “one people, one nation” to grow and to continue exerting real efforts of caring and watering the tree of unity such that we harvest the fruit of the seed sown. That is to say there is no short cut route to “one people one nation”. It is a process and like many processes in life it takes time and efforts.

So by our labour, life, character we shall reap to the full a well-earned fruit which we have sown. And we shall owe it to no one but ourselves. Because it is an eternal law that “no one harvest but from the seeds they have sown,” [and the seeds and the trees they have tended and cared for].

The Divine in His wisdom will not exempt us from the law of sowing and harvesting. Therefore we got to learn and apply the wisdom from Above, the wisdom of sowing and harvesting before we reap our dream of “one people, one nation,” And may the Lord bless our later end sowing more than the faulty less prepared beginning.

I will liken “one people, one nation,” to a fruit for simplification purpose. Peace, stability and harmony likened to the branches of a tree. Justice, equality and fairness likened to the roots. Good governance likened to watering of the tree.

The ground has to be prepared for the seed to grow and the tree has to be watered and taken care of, otherwise the tree will dry and wither away along with our expected fruit. A good fruit, therefore, comes from a good tree, the one which has been taken care of, the one, with healthy branches and roots.

So as the fruit is not only the work of the branches that proudly bear the fruit, nor the roots that uphold, nurture and nourish the branches with the necessary nutrients or to watering that carries the nutrients up to the tree. It is their work together.

The same is true peace, stability and harmony alone will not suffice to lead the country to” one people, one nation” we need justice, equality and fairness which enhance peace and social harmony and binds the people together.

But also we need good governance to sustain justice, equality and accomplish “one nation, one people.” lest the seed of “one people, one nation” will fail to grow shocked by hatred, violence, injustices and inequalities etc.

True a slogan cannot be fulfilled faster in a knee jerk reaction or instantly in the mystical fable fashion of Aladdin with the genie. The genie answering always with the statement “your wish is my command.” And there we have our wish of what we have asked for. In real world it is not going to be so. To realize a wish any wish including our slogan requires dedicated efforts to put down the right seeds and endure in weeding, pruning, so that it bears the good fruit desired.

Also true a slogan is not supposed to run indefinitely for eternity. Our slogan has run long enough. It is time to be subject to review, to examination, like any project, program or policy.

We got to review the slogan policy and reassess and revaluate its tools, methods and the modalities of its implementation and see why it has not been successful in achieving its objective outcomes or goals.

But before we proceed and do the review and analysis process we got to ask: is “one people, one nation” a feasible project? Yes or no. Yes, it was true some years back during the struggle and perhaps it will become so in future with real and sincere efforts. But now when tested and run through our minds and through the reality on the ground it is a near impossible mission to accomplish under the prevailing intense untoward circumstances of disunity. But let us be mindful that where there is a will there is away.

Implementing Monetary Policy on Exchange Rate: Devaluing the Overvalued SSP has been an overdue issue!

By: Ms Betty Imoya Angasi, 22/Dec/2015, Juba, SSN;

I would like to applaud the monetary and fiscal authorities in finally devaluing the overvalued SSP. This is a very positive move and an overdue process that would have taken place right in Aug 2012 after the RSS exhausted its oil reserve following the closure of oil pipeline, but it is a better move than not doing it at all.

This in fact is the first biggest achievement ever in the history of monetary policy instrument in this country.

It is understandable that the monetary authority has been very patient in trying to comfort the peoples’ will by upholding the irrelevant Fixed Exchange Rate (FER) regime throughout the economic difficulties that hit this country from Aug 2012-Dec 2015.

However, the purpose of this article is to answer a key question of: what is the right rate at which the exchange rate should have been devalued or unified that would be sufficiently credible to last?

In order to answer this question, this note revealed the causes of changes in exchange rates behaviour; it analyses the history of Exchange Rate Regime in South Sudan; Disadvantage of Fixed Exchange Rate (FER) Regime; Advantages of Managed Float/Flexible Exchange Rate (FLER); the need for Harmonization of Fiscal & Monetary Policy in particular Areas; and draw conclusions.

To start with, fluctuations in exchange rate are a normal part of development stages. In South Sudan, the Exchange rate reacts to speculations, insecurity and global oil price.

Aware that the BSS (Bank of South Sudan) or MOF (Ministry of Finance) does not print USD or hard currency locally, there is not enough reserve (USD, Euro, GBP, nor Yen, or Yuan) in this country that can defend the FER regime anymore (1USD@2.96-3.17) as much as there is no export revenue to cover the FER gap.

If these institutions are again pushed to print more SSP for full scale salary adjustments, then be ready for 1,000% plus rise in inflation.

There is no country in the world that brings dollar or hard currencies for spoon feeding its citizen but rather citizens can contribute in bringing various hard currencies to their economy through their individual exports or from overseas remittances to top up the efforts of their Govt.

Uganda is a typical life example where citizens cultivate and export to SS and the dollars goes to the Republic of Uganda period, and there is nothing we sell to Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, or Sudan to bring back our USD indirectly, therefore making a kind of holocaust imbalance in regional and International trade because SS became the main sources of hard currency to some immediate neighboring countries, unfortunately.

The International oil price which is the only export commodity in this country has dropped from $100-$107 to $35 per barrel when the USA which was the world’s major oil consumer started drilling its own soil (sand) oil.

Besides not all oil field stations are operational in South Sudan since the beginning of the internal War from Dec 2013. The oil revenue the RSS was enjoying until 2011 has dropped by 76%, leaving the country in a complete paralysis stage.

As the saying goes, when the USA sneezes, 80% of the world can catch flu, this alone is a food-for-thought for some South Sudanese who had consciously and openly propagated against the USA in newspapers eluding that the USA is after the RSS oil.

If that is the case, why are some of you then dying after the USA dollar, a currency that belongs to your presumed foreign enemy??

History of Exchange Rate Regimes in South Sudan:
The fixed exchange regime (FER) as a nominal anchor for monetary policy was adopted by the BSS on July 2011 as South Sudan got its independence with a good intention to stimulate economic growth and ensure macroeconomic stability in the country.

From Aug 2012- Mar 2014, the exchange rate in the black market (parallel exchange rate) soared to 1USD@5.34 SSP and from Jan-Dec 2015 the maximum rate was 1USD@25 SSP, telling there was no enough reserve to supply the rising demand for dollars in SS.

Abusively, 84 forex bureaus & 28 banks emerged in SS much more than in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Rwanda and other African Countries just for the sole reason of foreign exchange business using the FER, making the situation counterproductive to the economy.

Disadvantage of Fixed Exchange Rate (FER) Regime:
As a result between the periods of Aug 2012-13 Dec 2015, the FER regime under-served nothing but instead encouraged recycling of money, created rent-seeking behaviour (black marketeers), diverted Govt reserves meant for development for invisible purposes.

Some people who have access to USD became millionaires overnight by abusing the FER. The FER turns to auction or re-sale our oil in much lower price through subsidies (being it KSH, USH or USD allocations) because at the end of the day we tend to give out our hard currency on less value below the market demand value-subsidies.

The FER had a hypocritical banking system which turned to divert from basic banking business of lending to people for economic development to other unrealistic deals through LC’s Shilling transfers and exchange of USD.

The FER prohibits people who deserve and are direly in need of hard currency from accessing the hard currency; for instances how can you differentiate between a sick person or those with kids studying abroad from the ones who are not sick nor needed hard currency for external purpose if all had the same documents (Medical reports from the Medical Commission and Tuition fee papers)?

How can you as much prohibit LCs rent seekers who have access to hard currency using invisible companies from productive business people?

Where can the RSS get free USD or Euro to allocate to certain group of people every three to four months when there is no enough hard currency entering the economy/country in the first place?.

The hard workers are categories of people who earn their money through sweat; these are segmented group of people during the fixed exchange rate regime the black marketeers robbed their money from Aug 2012-Dec 2015 as they have no access to approvals for USD from the MOF, MOP, BSS, MOC to get the hard currency, and at the same time they want to keep their businesses running or children studying abroad as well cover their medical on their own.

This was a stage of economy of deprivation, imbalance and inequality that cannot bring macro-economic stability or equitable growth but rather nourish false millionaires in the face of rent seekers who have wide access to the little dollar that comes in and it encourages laziness.

Besides, the economic law of one price does not allow any market to clear at more than one price, hence the foreign (US dollar) exchange market obeys the same law and the exchange rate, which is the price in that market, should be unified. This is one of the key reforms of the economic program that the BSS should be highly applauded for finally coming to central bank consensus.

There shouldn’t be much reaction from the market because already prices of goods were throughout priced according to market exchange rate prices, and it is very clear in Uganda and Kenya, the SSP is rightly quoted in forexes according to its right value.

Advantages of Managed Float/Flexible Exchange Rate (FLER):
The Manage Float or rather Flexible Exchange Rate encourages competitions in banking sector and many banks will be willing to lend out money to the public to get profit other than relying on forex exchange profit.

The Banks can merge and reduce unnecessary opening of big forex bureaus under the umbrella name of commercial bank with quasi-business plans that do not contribute to the growth of the economy, it shall differentiate the work of banking and forex clearly.

The FLER is realistic and reflects the truth about an economy, it encourages people to work hard and gives chance for local production of goods and services in realistic price much lower than import goods. It gives opportunity for economies to diagnose and fix up things simply using right approaches, it reduces or clears out the parallel markets or black markets for dollars or fuel because these black markets businesses will not be profitable to the rent seekers any more as same prices will be applicable anywhere with slightly narrow differences of 1 or 2 SSP only.

Harmonization of Fiscal & Monetary Policy Areas:
There could be areas of harmonization needed in some areas especially for low income civil servants, the author suggest that a salary survey scale be carried out by the MOF and Public Services in countries SS trade with; Kenya, Uganda and Sudan to map the salary scales of civil servants of all levels in these countries such that an average salary plus slight addition be drawn for salaries of public civil servants in this country.

It is quite outrageous to note that from the onset of CPA and beyond, the finances that were used for paying civil servants in this country was 80% and development 20% making this country a complete paradox or drama in the world and upside down sort of country because in other countries it is the development finances that take 80% of the budget and 20% is for salaries.

While doing so, the said institutions should be careful in doing the financial adjustments while taking into consideration inflation pressures.

Maybe it is time we cultivate small garden farms in our backyards like before and advise the cattle herders to take care of their cattle from eating people’s farms.

We should be improving production of these cattle too for commercial purposes because we cannot claim to be among the countries with big number of livestock cattle while on the other hand importing meat from abroad- Uganda. We should be the ones exporting meat to others and get dollars from the meat exports not just faking to have the biggest number of cattle over the region with no proofs.

Conclusions:
The unification of the exchange rate has to be presented as a part of package of reforms designed to ensure macroeconomic stability, improve good governance of public resources, and create the conditions for inclusive growth and poverty reduction.

These reforms are supported by the international community, particularly the IMF. It is an economic law that the real market exchange rate is determined by the market forces of demand and supply of dollar for the case of South Sudan.

It is important to underscore that the proposed unified exchange rate is around the prevailing parallel exchange rate at the time of unification. There should therefore not be any negative impact on inflation, particularly of basic food items.

Given the perception among the public that are dealing in the parallel exchange rate as a legitimate business, the authorities should be careful to explain the benefits for the national economy of having one single exchange rate.

Therefore, based on the preceding exchange rate analysis, the newly implementation of a unified exchange rate or managed float, or flexible market rate, call it as in place that is market driven.

The Author is a financial economist in the Central Bank, she can be reached via: 0955322322; bettyangasi@gmail.com or betty.angasi.bss. Please note that this article reflects the views of the author as an individual

Nuer community in Uganda of false statement by self-proclaimed Nuer group

DEC/20/2015;
Nuer community in Uganda refutes the false statement by self-proclaimed group that they were blocked by Ugandan Police from commemorating the 2nd anniversary of Juba massacre.

We, the undersigned, duly elected Executive board of Nuer Community in Uganda; under the leadership of James Nyoat Biliu Babuoth, would like to refute the falsified statement issued by Evangelist Stephen Gai Kak and his group, alleging that Ugandan Police force blocked them from commemorating the December 15th. The false news story published on the 17th of December by both Nyamilepedia and Sudan Tribune websites, was first posted on the night of December 15th, 2015 at 11:08pm, on Facebook (SPLM-IO Youth League) by the self-appointed spokesperson of the deluded group called Ojum Deng Chol. This was after they went and met with Col. Gai Chatiem, who is the South Sudan’s Defense Attaché to Uganda at Fang-Fang Hotel on Monday 15th afternoon. We would like the whole world, and the media fraternity in particular, to know that this is what happened as we now want to give our truest version of the event.

For the starters, this is the crux of the matter, and the straw which broke the camel’s back! The Nuer Community in Uganda held its general elections on the 24th of August 2015. The contesting candidates for the highest position of the Chairmanship were Mr. James Nyoat Biliew and Mr. Stephen Gai Kak. Mr. James Nyoat Biliew won the elections, which was declared by the electoral committee composed of members from all the four Nuer communities, and headed by the cousin brother of Stephen Gai Kak. After the first count and tallying of the votes, he was beaten by so many votes but Gai Kak’s agents and campaign team disputed the results, saying they wanted a recount of the votes, which was agreed upon by both the entire campaign team of James Nyoat and the electoral committee. The votes were recounted again and the outcome was that James Nyoat won the election again by a big margin and the electoral committee declared James Nyoat Biliew as the duly elected Chairman of Nuer Community in Uganda, pending the handing over of the official documents and stamp in a ceremony as is always the practice. When they knew that they lost the elections, Stephen Gai and his group, instead of conceding and accepting defeat, they went to the house of the chairman of electoral committee and stole the stamp. This action made a lot of community members angry and they called upon us to take immediate action, but we cooled them down and told them to give these lost sons time as they may rethink and come back to the right path.

Instead of repenting and refraining the carrying out illegal activities, they went ahead and booked a venue where they wanted to have their own commemoration on the 2nd Anniversary of Nuer massacre in Juba by the current regime of Salva Kiir. When we were informed about this, we went to the central Police station and told the police that, we as a community, have arranged to celebrate this day in one place. We also told the police that those who booked this venue are operating illegally, with fake stamp and papers. They do not have a certificate of registration for the community. This is a small group of boys who lost elections in August and did/do not want to accept defeat or the outcome of the elections. Before we locked their illegal venue, the Chairman, Mr. Nyoat Biliew, called Stephen Gai Kak, Tek Chan and New-Land Khan at Kabalagala Police station and told them that the community will not allow them to have a parallel commemoration of the Juba Massacre by an illegal group. We told them point blank that we were going to block their venue; and if they so willingly wish, they could join the entire community at Hotel Equatorial – the venue booked for by the legitimate community body, under the recognized and legitimate leadership of James Nyoat. They resisted and insisted on going forward with their sinister plan, but the Police requested them to suffice the letter of approval from the Central Police Station, which they did not have in their possession. The Police told them they would not allow illegal assembly/gathering, and that only the legal body of Nuer Community in Uganda under the leadership of James Nyoat Biliew has the right to assembly under the law. The Police then locked the venue and went back to their station. Instead of contenting with this, they went and met Col. Gai with the mindset and assumption that it was him who told the Ugandan Police to block them from holding their illegal commemoration. Col. Gai Chatiem asked them to call the Police who will be the one to tell who blocked their venue. When the Police was called, the Police said that they acted within the parameters of the law and were told to do so by the Chairman of Nuer Community in Uganda Mr. James Nyoat Biliew and his team. Col. Gai Chatiem told them it was not him who told the Police and that was why he wanted the Police to be the one to tell you since you already have this mindset and assumption, if I tell you that I’m not the one who blocked your venue, you may not believe it. After their meeting with Col. Gai Chatiem, having been told by the Police in the presence of other South Sudanese eye-witnesses, that it was not Col. Gai Chatiem who blocked their venue, they went on a rampage to write a disparaging message on Facebook and disseminated to Nyamilepedia and Sudan Tribune claiming that they were blocked by Col. Gai Chatiem and Uganda Police from commemorating the Nuer Massacre. As they say, what gets the attention of many people is always the lies, falsehoods – and lies travel faster than the truth.

We would like to make a few points clearer to the general public who may not be cognizant of the glaring facts on this confusing situation. For the records:-

1. Col. Gai Chatiem Puoch (not Gai Chatiem Wang, as incorrectly written by Ojum) has never attended any Nuer Community meeting since he came to Uganda, unlike Tut Dak who always attend community meetings. So where does Col. Gai come in here? He does not involve himself in community activities. Why drag Col. Gai Chatiem into this, and insult him? This is a serious case of defamation and character assassination, with legal consequences; because you could be asked to produce hard evidence, not based on hearsays and assumptions. Or is it because he is from the same community (Fangak) as the chairman Nyoat Biliew or what?

2. Those who are engaging in these illegal activities are criminals misled by Evangelist Stephen Gai Kak, and they do not represent the entire Eastern Jikany community. They are boys from Nasir alone. Mr. Gai Kak himself cannot label others as being government supporters when he is a beneficiary of the same government. He has been getting monetary support from the Embassy under the student support and his name can be found at the entrance/register of the South Sudan Embassy in Kampala. We could also release the names of his accomplices, Ojum Deng and others, who always go to South Sudan Embassy. When he (Gai Kak) was campaigning for Nuer Community Chairmanship, he went and begged money from the same Col. Gai Chatiem Puoch that they are now insulting in the media. It’s a known and undeniable fact that Col. Gai Chatiem works as a defense attaché at the South Sudan embassy in Uganda, and therefore, no one can deny that he works for the government of Salva Kiir, but Col. Gai has never interfered in community activities; including disputes. But why do/did they go to him every time they need money if they are not government agents and beneficiaries? Unless Gai Kak and his gangsters turned SPLM-IO this week, but last week, they were not; and they’ve always not been SPLM-IO supporters.

3. They were given the money to hire the hall and other refreshments by the wife of Thomas Duoth Guet in Uganda and others in Juba government. So how can they claim to be SPLM-IO today when Juba government is and has been funding their activities, including this commemoration of our innocent Nuer people killed by the government of Salva Kiir? Unlike them, we got money through funds raising from our various communities and other well-wishers, in order to observe this day.

4. Yien Manykuac and Tut Dak work at the South Sudan embassy, the former being the one responsible for handling cases of anybody arrested or jailed by the police, the later working in the same office together with Col. Gai. Why they did not write against Yien and Tut? Why single out Col. Gai?

5. The decision to commemorate the 2nd anniversary of Nuer Massacre on the 16th of December, as opposed to 15th, came from the SPLM-IO leadership. We were in close contact and consultation with the SPLM-IO leadership, both at the Headquarters in Pagak and in the Chapter in Uganda. Hon. Makuach Teny Youk, SPLM-IO Representative to Uganda and other SPLM-IO dignitaries graced the occasion. Hon. Makuach Teny was the Guest of Honour for the day. The commemoration was attended by more than 700 community members, few of whom were not even from the Nuer community, per se.

6. We categorically would like to state that we do not have any relationship/connection with the embassy and the government of South Sudan. We are a community targeted and massacred in Juba from December 2013 up to date, on the basis of being Nuer, therefore, we unequivocally support the Resistant Movement led by the Chairman and Commander in Chief of the Movement, Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon.

7. The group of Evangelist Stephen Gai Kak has damaged the image and reputation of Ugandan Police by misleading the world through their falsified message that they were blocked by Uganda Police, which was not true at all. The commemoration took place peacefully and without any interference from the police. They have sent a wrong message to the world that Uganda Police is hostile to South Sudanese communities in general and Nuer Community in particular. They are also trying to strain the relations between our Movement and the Government of Uganda. Their venue was closed by the Police because they do not have the right to assembly since they are not a registered legal entity, unlike the Nuer Community under the leadership of James Nyoat.

1. James Nyoat Biliu Chairman
2. Wednexy Machar Deputy Chairman
3. Riek Tap Riek Secretary General
4. Kuol Majiok Secretary of Finance
5. Tesloach Joak Secretary of Education
6. Malual Bol Kiir Secretary of legal affairs
7. Kawai Kuer Speaker of Council
8. Jambiel Gatluak Coordinator

New Details of mass graves of Dec/2013 Nuer massacre by member of Presidential Guards, Lt. Deng Bol Alwat

From: Simon kur Peter, SS Liberty News, DEC/19/2015, SSN;

The details of the belligerent war exhibited by none other than president of the state, Lt Gen. Salva Kiir has been revealed by one of his loyalist member of Presidential guard during an unusual meeting with South Sudan Liberty News correspondent Simon Kur.

A man who’s claiming the rank and name of Lt. Deng Bol Alwat. Lt Deng Bol Alwat revealed to SSLN in an exclusive one-on-one interview with our undercover investigating journalist Simon Kur Peter, that the war which turned our nation into civil war just less than three years of our independence was deliberately executed by President Salva Kiir.

Lt Deng said Kiir is liable for the lives lost, therefore he must he held accountable by the nation.

He said the creation of Presidential guard comprising 15,000 strong men was solidly to achieve high scale massacre of Nuer people in Juba. He said the aim of the war was to cause national trauma and fear to scare people from organizing protests like in the Arab Spring, which had brought shift of power in North Africa.

According to our informant, President Kiir was afraid that the people of South Sudan will revolt against him and unseat him from power after many senior members of his party had called for reform.

He went on saying Juba massacre of Nuer people was an exact fulfillment of the purpose for which the presidential guard was created.

Lt Deng Bol Alwat claimed he is a member of the President guards unit also known as president’s private militia, mainly recruited from Warrap state, to protect and give the president safe exit in the eventuality of war.

He said that at the beginning, just before the war, Salva Kiir had no hope and trust in South Sudan army, the SPLA, because it was at the time dominated and controlled by the Nuer tribe.

Lt Deng Wol Alwat made this shocking revelation, as he claims, he is constantly being disturbed by the mass killing of Nuer people some of whom were his closed friends or relations through marriage.

Alwat further said there were seven sites of mass graves located within the capital Juba. He claimed that the mass graves were situated behind Nyakuron cultural center, Jebel Kujur and one located in Gumbo, and the remaining four are close to the military bases at New Site. He said that the mass graves were dug by excavators as the numbers of those murdered were huge, exceeding all expectations.

According to Lt Alwat, some senior high profile Nuer persons, the likes of Mr. Rech, were very top on the list. Late Reth was a blood brother of former South Sudan chief of general staff of SPLA, Gen. James Mai Hoth.

Also that James Hoth Mai himself was a prime target. He luckily escaped murder by taking refuge in the Presidential Palace.

He gave details of the circumstances in which Reth was murdered, claiming the man was his best friend. Their friendship grew when Reth was working for customs and immigration department in Yei after he (Reth) returned from the Netherlands where his family has been resettled.

Alwat went into details that Dr Barnaba Marial, the now foreign affairs minister felt very bad during his UK tour in 2014, to lecture about the alleged coup when Dr Marial met the widow of the late Reth in London, UK.

In order to compensate and comfort the grieving widow, Dr Marial decided to employ the elder daughter of late Reth to work in South Sudan embassy in Brussels, Belgium, despite being young, inexperienced and immature in politics.

Lt Alwat said the initial plan to murder Reth was to provoke his brother Gen James Hoth Mai to either lead the SPLA to crash the rebellion or to prompt him to rebel against the government.

Either way, the presidential guards, who were blood thirsty over the Nuer would still have launched the war to cleanse the Nuer. However, had the Gen James Hoth Mai stooped low to crush the so-called coup, this would have given Kiir the mandate to convinces the international community about an abortive coup.

Though he survived the slaughter, James Hoth did not survive his position. He did not want to stage war on tribal lines as a professional man.

Though an army man, Lt Alwat said he was very disturbed by the aftermath. The following three days from the onset of the killing saw Juba locked up in isolation to prevent eye witnesses from seeing the movement of lorry trucks loaded fully with bodies, including the bodies of babies mutilated beyond recognition.

Alwat went on saying that when the government realized some of the bodies had begun to decay, they decided to damp some of the decayed bodies into River Nile.

He said the Juba based government is guilty and is trying to hide the evidences of war crimes against humanity particularly crimes committed against unarmed Nuer civilians.

He added that mis-identification has also caused some lives among the Dinka from Lakes State too. These were Dinka who have the same tribal facial marks. Lt Alwat said this was unfortunate because in the process of hunting the locusts, innocent grasshoppers ended up in fire and frying pan instead.

He also said the President with his defense Minister Koul Manyang, and Gen Paul Malong have recently become worried, and they have doubled the security personnel around themselves. They fear the surging insecurity in Equatoria poses great threats to their lives, and they are worried that with greater numbers of Equatorians joining the war, it is likely the war will return to Juba.

Paul Malong, himself, is concerned that the return of war to Juba is eminent and unavoidable.

Lt Deng said both president and Malong expressed a sense of being unsecured. As for Salva Kiir, he no longer has trust on Equatorians in uniform for fear of his personal security. That is why he no longer assigns the likes of Gen Obutu Mamur Mete, and Gen Thomas Cirilo Swaka.

Unfortunately, despite acquisition of new weaponry from China, Lt Deng says the morale of the army is low because of the army personnel casualties recently inflicted by the Arrow Boys and rebel forces under General Kenyi in EES.

Besides, the Army are never paid on time, if ever, and once they are killed in line of duty, their orphans and widows are left to suffer the loss of the breadwinner for the rest of their lives.

On the same note, Lt Deng Bol Aalwat said he is astonished with the lack of response from some Nuer Politicians and he called them “dim doom,” characterizing them as people who are slow in responding due to personal issues.

He said the silence of Nuer politicians, the likes of Dr Riak Gai Kok, the minister of health, Dr Marial Benjamin, minister of foreign affairs and international cooperation, Rachel Nyadak Paul deputy minister of information, and many others about the killings of their people has baffled him.

He said the true solution of the South Sudan’s future depends on vast majority of Equatorian elites, who at the moment are the buffers of the situation.

The SSLN Editorial team was ever grateful for Awat’s time and contribution but went away asking, will there be a another bloodshed when Dr. Riak Machar and the team return?

Editorial Team
South Sudan Liberty News.

In Memories of those killed by Kiir in Massacre from 15-17 December 2013

Thoughts on the Dec. 2013 Massacre in Juba City

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, 19/DEC/2015, SSN;

December 15, used to be an ordinary day or perhaps a day full of excitement to those who follow the Christian faith as it’s only 10 days away from the big day, namely Christmas. It’s among the days that mark the warming up for Christmas and the new year celebrations. People go shopping, travel to see family members and friends and some travel to spend Christmas holidays in their villages.

It’s the happiest time of the year all over South Sudan. It will continue to be the same though now marred by the horrific events that started in Juba that day in 2013 and continued for three or more days.

The hostilities then quickly spread to other parts of the country and within a couple of weeks, South Sudan was plunged into a civil war.

Catastrophic events are not uncommon in the history of nations and countries. We have lived through multiple horrible events albeit not of such magnitude in terms of the number of victims and the level of savagery involved.

To the older population of Juba, the events brought back memories of days in August 1965 when the Sudanese army committed a massacre against the citizens of Juba. People were hunted down from house to house and shot dead or burned inside their homes.

There are similarities between the events in the past and what took place in Qudele and Mia Sabba residential areas in December 2013. The difference though is that the perpetrators in 1965 were Mundukuru (Arab) soldiers targeting all the South Sudanese citizens of Juba and not a single tribe.

At any rate, the events that started on the 15th of December 2013 remain puzzling to a great number of citizens and observers. The reason is that, if there is anything that properly fits the definition of a man-made catastrophe, it must be what befell the republic of South Sudan on that day.

There can be no logic or wisdom that could justify what happened.

The country has just arisen from a long and painful war and was well-received into the league of nations. Expectations were quite high both from the citizens and from friends and well-wishers.

It seemed logical that South Sudan was destined for rapid growth and prosperity taking full advantage of its huge natural resources and the unprecedented support from the international community.

The threat to nationhood was never perceived by South Sudanese to emanate from within but was and is still believed to come from the north. To the layperson, the Juba massacre was a startling realisation of a scenario that was unthinkable prior to its occurrence.

To a keen observer the trajectory was long pointing towards the direction of violence since the president settled to forming his tribal militia.

It’s the first major catastrophic event that happened to us as South Sudanese. All the other atrocities occurred while we were considered Sudanese citizens, hence foreign involvement even if minimal, cannot be discounted.

There can be no doubt about whom to blame for this massacre. The responsibility rests squarely on the regime’s head.

The brutality of the events transpires that something deeply troubling has come into being amidst our populace. Grotesque acts like forcing victims to eat burned human flesh and drink human blood can only mean one thing that is extreme hatred that has taken full control of the perpetrators. They have been trained and brainwashed by the real criminals at the top of the regime.

In essence they were used as tools to execute a satanic plot.

December 15/2013 also tells us about what irresponsible and short-sighted leadership could do to peoples’ lives. Up to the day before the events, all South Sudanese communities were living in harmony save the long-standing cattle rustling and pastoralists’ attacks in Equatoria.

People were aware of a conflict within the SPLM leadership and that the president and his deputy were embroiled in a power struggle.

The laypeople paid little attention to what was going on as they were busy in the pursuit of their daily livelihood. It was the regime’s irresponsible acts that pitted communities against each other culminating in the outburst of violence all over the country.

In these difficult times, the south Sudanese people regardless of their ethnicities should be supportive and lend a helping hand to the families of the victims. One would have expected the government to issue a statement about the December 2013 events as a sign of good will and readiness to lead the reconciliation process.

It will also be seen as an acceptance of responsibility and that it cares about the victims’ families.

I would have expected our national flag to be flown at half-mast in remembrance of the victims like the rest of the civilised world. The victims’ widows and families would have wanted the government to designate one of the days of the massacre as a national day of commemoration.

In fact all the major events that include the Juba massacre, the Wau shooting and the Bor massacre should have designated days for commemoration. Unfortunately nothing of that sort is forthcoming from the regime so far.

On the contrary, a futile attempt is underway to downplay the Juba massacre into oblivion.

It’s troubling that many supporters of the regime never condemned the Juba atrocities but tend to refer to the 1991 Bor massacre whenever the issue of accountability is discussed.

It is clear to everyone that heinous crimes were committed in Bor town in 1991, but those crimes by no means justify the December 2013 acts.

There is a principle in law that a person can not be tried twice for the same crime. And by the same token a person cannot be pardoned twice as well. Thus if Dr Riek Machar has accepted responsibility for what people under his command did in Bor town in 1991 and sought pardon from the Bor community which reportedly was granted to him, then it must be assumed that a new page has been opened.

Also his return to the SPLM/SPLA and being given the third top position in the leadership hierarchy, leaves us with the assumption that he has been fully rehabilitated.

The regime supporters’ position becomes quite weak when faced with the fact that Dr Riek Machar was the vice president and the deputy chairman of the SPLM party for 8 years. Why did they put up with a “criminal” at the top of the government and the party all that time?

Liability is not an on and off situation in the sense that if someone is considered a criminal he remains as such until his name has been cleared.

Moreover it’s ridiculous to accept someone as your vice president for 8 years and then when things go wrong, you go back to your old books and demand his trial for crimes committed almost quarter a century ago.

The regime supporters tried to sell to the public the coup d’etat narrative in their struggle to justify the Juba carnage. It turned out to be nothing but thin air and was rejected by the whole world including president Museveni, Kiir’s only ally.

If they were to be true nationalists, they would have stepped back after realising that they have been misled by the regime. They would have let themselves be guided by their conscience and moral values that we ought to assume they do possess them.

Instead we witnessed vigorous attempts to defend the indefensible and malicious efforts to create divisions within communities. They were quick to condemn the revenge attacks against civilians in Bor, Akobo and other towns but never did the same to the Juba massacre or the attacks against the Nuer civilians inside UNMISS camp in Bor town.

It turned out that blind tribalism and material gains have trumped their conscience and moral values.

The December 2013 Juba massacre and the revenge attacks that targeted civilians in Bor and other towns are all war crimes under the international law. All the perpetrators whether from the government side or from the opposition side should be brought to justice. It should include the top leaders and no one should be above the law .

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Athorbei and Koryom shouldn’t take People of South Sudan for Granted

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, NAIROBI, Kenya, DEC/17/2015, SSN;

I am not an economist or financial expert but a lawyer by profession and a concerned citizen who has gravely been affected by unscrupulous incessant rise in inflation rates in the country caused by inertia of people entrusted with responsibility to oversee, run and initiate policies that meets the demand of the common man not highly privileged members of this community.

The issue of inflation and hikes in prices has severely impacted on the common citizens who are unable to get even ten pounds a day for a living.

It has reached the unprecedented climax precipitated by dollarization of every item in the market. The decision taken by both the minister of finance and economic planning, Deng Athorbei, and Bank of South Sudan governor, Kornelio Koryom Mayiik, has added salt to the already bleeding wound at unprecedented scale.

If you allow the rate to be determined by the marketeers without rules and regulations, you have given okay to the thieves and market predators who think about nothing but how to benefit at the behest of the common man in South Sudan.

You have initialed and legalized the survival of the fittest forgetting that not everybody has the ability to meet that living.

In Juba today, you buy a cup of tea at unprecedented rate determined by tea-makers and if you ask as to why the price of the cup of tea has risen, the only answer you get is that the dollar has shoot-up and she’s selling it at such a price so that “I get something to eat with my children.”

Now that the dollar rate is fixed to 18.5 but subject to determination by marketeers, you gave them licenses to loot the public especially the poor in broad daylight at your watch.

One thing Athorbei and Koriom and their accomplices must know is the fact that not all of us are privileged to live a life they are living with their families and not all of us in this country have access to public funds to establish businesses that can sustain us in meeting the new changes and demands.

When you make policies as a leader, the only thing you put in mind is the common or poor man not people of your status.

This policy or realignment of demand and supply as the economists call it, will surely make matters worse for the common man and increase turmoil and criminal activities because eighty per cent of the people will have nothing to eat and they can’t allow themselves to die while seeing others eating.

I am not against the decision to initiate economic policies or align the demand and supply in the market but any decision that is taken must not be retrogressive and at the disadvantage of the common people who are less privileged members of the society.

This decision I believe didn’t take into consideration the low and less income groups of people who are the majority in the country.

One thing our leaders should know is the fact that over the past years, a wide gap has been created among the people and that economic imbalance still exists and grows wider and wider day and night.

If this decision is effected as per the order communicated by the two principal authorities, it will create a lot of retro-gradation and would accelerate the worsening situation where everybody rebels since only the gate to recruitment into the army is the only way you can get employment and this has caused a lot of criminal enterprises in the country.

This decision needs to be revisited and reversed before it provokes and causes outrage and havoc. It is worse than the one that was sought to be enforced by the Governor of Central Bank which was rejected and reversed by the National Assembly.

If the two principals are real economists and they wanted to rescue the situation effectively, they must call and sit down with all economists we have in this country to deliberate on most pressing economic issues and to design and devise mechanisms to address these issues instead of embarking on a process that will backfire and cause the government and its people heavily in material and lives.

Our leaders must think twice before making any decision. Athorbei and Koriom should not take people of South Sudan for granted.

We have been patient enough and have persistently persevered all odds and hardships of the highest order on this planet. Spare us this time and revisit if not reversing your so-called realignment policy to meet demands and supplies on rates to be determined by marketeers.

Market forces in South Sudan are economic predators who wanted to benefit overnight at the disadvantage of the paupers or common man because they affect the availability of goods and the demand for them, on the pretext that dollar rates are high.

Without any help or control by government, tens of thousands of people will surely starve to death just at the beginning of the new year.

Don’t take people of South Sudan for granted simply because they have tied their belts and suffered for a very long time; our patience will surely run out this time if you continue slapping us in the face.

Believe me or not, it’s a fact and you will pay heavy consequences if the people angrily storm your offices or residences.

You brought shame to our great party, the SPLM, and to the people of South Sudan in the eyes of the world.

The National Assembly must exercise its powers and functions under article 57(i) of the Transitional Constitution and cast a vote of no-confidence against the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning because his action is a threat to national security of the country which if not urgently dealt with properly will cause havoc and turmoil of unprecedented scale.

Tong Kot Kuocnin is a Master of Laws (LLM) Candidate at the School of Law, University of Nairobi. He can be reached at: tongbullen@gmail.com

SSAF/FDP marks Dec. 15/2015 as International Day of Nuer massacre in South Sudan

Press Release:
On the December 15, 2013, Salva Kiir Mayardit who is the president of South Sudan committed a crime against his people by killing the Nuer civilian in Juba. The slaughtering of the Nuer happened priority to the day the South Sudan election expected to be held in 2015. It is the beginning of frustration between the president and his vice increasing the tension of civil war.

The vice president declared ambitions to contest for the position of chairperson in the party and subsequently the presidency 2015. His critics on the government raise political discussions within the party relating to the adoption of the party consideration guidelines and rules and regulations in preparation for its registration under the new political parties to act 2012.

It is in this context of the source of conflict within the party. The president has relieved his vice president by decree of his executive powers in May 2013.

President Salva Kiir dismisses his vice president Riek Macher on July 23, 2013. The vice president was fired along with the entire Cabinet with the expectation of four ministers and suspended SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum for Alleged corruption.

He also removed three elected state governors of Jonglei, Unity, and lake and promoting the Jonglei governor to the position of minister of defense. The president is constitutionally empowered him to dismiss any minister and to remove the elected governors.

He removal Dr. Riek Machar because Riek and announced that he would challenge him for the presidency in 2015 in the election. It is the state of tension and consideration.

The meeting of the SPLM National Liberation Council eventually took place at the Nyakuren Culture Center in Juba on December 14 and 15 December 2013. The meetings were postponed several times since May 2013 because of the inability of leaders to predict the outcomes.

The former vice president appeared to command greater numbers within the SLPMS Party structures includes the Political Bureau and NLC, so the influence the situation of the National Liberations council.

NLC meeting raises three issues around which consideration revolve emerged to specify the voting month and whether the voting should by secret ballot or a show of hands and the proposed appointment of 5% delegates to the party by President these would eventually elect a chairman. Officials in the SPLM party includes president want the ticket for the presidency under advantage in the party elections.

After the first day of the NLC meeting on December 14, 2013, some described as manifesting hate speech created critics and consideration mood. Riek Machar and his group withdrew from the NLC failing to show up on December 15, 2013, in which between 10:30 Pm fighting broke out at SPLA headquarters barracks in Juba.

Tiger Division soldiers loyal to the president mostly of Dinka group fighting against Nuer soldier. Tiger battalion fight for hours of lighting involving military and some members of organized forces ( police prisons fire brigade ) and the fighting spread out into the general civil population.

After the fight, Riek runs away with his groups and the government start targeting of Nuer civilian from December 15, 2013, on Monday addition that was spiked by disagreement within the presidential guards. There was an order to disarm the Nuer section in the presidential guards inside the Division. Private

Dinka soldiers of Salva Kir committed a crime of humanity against his people. ON 16th Dec/to 18/and 19/to 20/21 five days was massacred for Nuer people searching them from door to door. The present construction opened freely election to be held in 2015.

Salva Kiir ordered his private army commands to disarm own presidential guards. Tiger Battalion in headquartered Marial Chenung ordered Nuer to surrender their guns and armed the Dinka soldiers when Nuer saw that the move was going against them quickly the fighting erupted between Dinka soldiers and Nuer.

Dinka soldiers were overrun and chased away from military headquarter, but early on Monday, December 16, 2013, the SPLA reinforcement arrived and forced the Nuer soldiers out of the town.

The conflict quickly was turned to Nuer civilians on the morning of Monday, December 16, 2013, searching the Nuer from door to door and killed around 30,000 Nuer civilian and Burned them and forced Nuer members to eat dead flesh of their brothers and sisters and raped women and men including underage kids.

The war displaced more than 2.5 million people to neighbors countries in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan and the conflict went beyond the distribute and restored the country. The civil war affected three namely Jonglei, Unity and Malakal. The Nuer people populate such states. It also destroys their way of living and economics of the country.

Our country lost out on foreign exchange to the street markets the definition of Dollars to South Sudan pound. It is large of cash from unspecified source incomes that cause the suffering of the people of South Sudan. The civil war reduces economic values in the country.

Let go back to the point that we believed President Salva Kiir personally gave orders to the National military intelligence and (MI) and the National Security Intelligence services (NSIS) which compose of majority Dinka soldiers. They are maintaining any of his orders because his two private forces are Galaweng and Dukubang.

Salva Kiir subjected to kill every Nuer across the Nation was to keep them in order and brought the fear down against the fundamental human rights to youngest world Nation of South Sudan. We would like to remain every Nuer over the world that we can never forget the blood of our lovely brothers and sisters on every day of December 15 every year.

We shall wipe and cry in the deep breathing inside our hearts to behold of our, and it will be like Japan earthquake of Tsunami 2011 when it erupted and missed 18,000 people when the violence shocking island of that is expanding off Japan and growing island off Nistinoshim and every around 1,000 kilometers south of Tokyo.

We would like to remain the International communities and United Nations Security Council including intergovernmental authority of development IGAD and TRIOKA to strongly declare of Africa youngest as a failed state because it lost it legitimate and the president should step down.

Salva Kiir Mayordit should step aside to give the peace chance because he killed off all people voters particular focused on the Nuer ethnicities in Juba. His extermination was targeting the Nuer, which is political and worsen moral crimes against humanity.

Adolf Hitter Salva Kirdit like and the notorious killer and murderers Paul Malong whose legacy will become a noisy and darkest for the Dinkas as an indelible group in the future. The Dinka power elite leadership and they cannot remain in power. If not, we will go back to Pagak one, which is divided greater nation to the reasonable alternative solution.

The best solution will be to partition further South Sudan into three Nations namely, Equatoria, Greater Bahrel Ghazel, and the greater Upper Nile. These were the best political solution based on the people will and consent.

It should become reasonable and acceptable standard to the international community an alternative solution to avoid civil war and more bloodshed in South Sudan. People will not accept any payment for more death and running blood.

We the Nuer urge the international community to understand the rights of the humanity of people. We mark this war as the fourth civil war from the beginning in 1956 and end 1972 and repeated in 1975 up to 1983 and ended 2005 for the CPA and NCL begins in 2013 over the one tribal ethnicities group lived in South Sudan. Nuer will present their souls to the creator in the end.

It is the day we remember our heroes and martyrs who died because of searching for our South Sudan independence in the long civil wars. Let them rest in peace on our soil.
Hon. Both Diu
Hon. Peter Gatkouth Gual
Lt Gen. Paulino Matip Nhial
Lt Gen. Benson kuany Latjor
Gen. Samuel Gai Tut
Gen. Choul Deng Luth
Pual Rout Wicluak

It is a special day to acknowledge our generals, sons, and daughters who are fighting the civil war.
Love live Gen. Peter Gatdet Yak
Long live Gen. Gabriel Tangenyine
Long live Gen. Gathoth Gatkouth
Long live Gen. Malieth Galuak
Long live Brig. Gen. Biel Tor Kay
Love live Brig Gen. Choul Gahakah
Long live Brig Gen.Gatwich Pouch

For more information contact the official spokespersons of SSAF/FDP-sign
Brig. Gen. Dhoal Larjin –Email: dtuolual@gmail.com
Col. Lony Chielchot
Col. Reangyian Paan Deng

The only way to save South Sudan may be by turning back to the colonial era: Recolonization!!

BY: Peter Jacobs, THE GUARDIAN UK, DEC/15/2015, SSN;

South Sudan has been hijacked, looted and betrayed by irresponsible and venal leaders and must be placed under international management if the total collapse of the world’s newest nation is to be avoided, the US Congress has been told.

The call came as the UN and International Red Cross warned of an imminent humanitarian catastrophe caused by the country’s civil war, which enters its third year this week. Thousands of people have died due to the fighting, 7 million are in need of food aid and 2 million have been displaced. A recent African Union report detailed appalling atrocities by both sides.

Princeton Lyman, a former US special envoy, told a Senate hearing that South Sudan was “one of the great tragedies of the world today [that] is also undermining the stability of one of the most sensitive regions in the world”. The country’s leaders had “betrayed their people and wasted the opportunity that independence [in 2011] provided” and could no longer be trusted, he said.

Bob Corker, chairman of the Senate foreign relations committee, accused President Salva Kiir, who leads the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government in the capital Juba, and his chief political and military rival, former vice-president Riek Machar, of together creating an utter shambles. Both deserved to be jailed, Corker said.

John Prendergast, director of the Enough Project lobby group, said South Sudan was not only a failed state but a hijacked one that had become a “violent kleptocracy”. He urged the Obama administration to imposes financial and legal sanctions.

“This war has been hell for the people of South Sudan, but it has also been very lucrative for their leaders. War crimes pay has been the message … when there are no limits to the hijacking of state resources or consequences for the use of violence,” Prendergast said.

The criticism came as fears intensified that a peace deal, agreed under intense US and African Union diplomatic pressure in August, is unravelling. Repeated ceasefire violations have been reported, atrocities against civilians are continuing, and weapons still flow into the country despite efforts to impose an arms embargo.

Peter Bashir Gbandi, South Sudan’s deputy foreign affairs minister, rejected the criticism and insisted the peace process was on track. Yet nearly six months on, key provisions including the creation of a national unity government, improved security in Juba, and the introduction of a special “hybrid court” to investigate war crimes have not been implemented.

Kiir’s SPLM is reportedly riven by infighting – a leadership convention at the weekend was postponed indefinitely at the last minute. Divisions are also apparent among South Sudan’s neighbours, notably between Uganda, which backs Kiir, and President Omar al-Bashir’s Sudan, the SPLM’s old enemy.

Lyman, US envoy to to South Sudan and Sudan from 2011-2013 and a former ambassador to South Africa and Nigeria, told the Senate the country had suffered systemic leadership and institutional failures since 2011 and now needed a strong external hand to take charge.

The ruling SPLM was politically weak and too much under the influence of military factions from its armed wing, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), Lyman said.

The AU’s recent report had shown that the SPLM, the legislature, the judiciary, the police, and civil society were “all inadequate to the challenge of keeping the rivalries among the leaders from spinning out of control … Without understanding the weaknesses of those institutions, the peace agreement will almost surely fail,” he said.

Meanwhile, the SPLA – “the guys with the guns” – was also deeply divided. After fighting erupted in Juba in December 2013, it fractured along ethnic lines, with Dinka units rallying to Kiir and the Nuer and Murle decamping to Machar.

“The point here is that the SPLA … cannot act as unifying institution.” And since neither Kiir nor Machar, with their continuing rivalry and ambitions, could be relied upon to act in South Sudan’s best interests, “that means that security for the peace process must come largely from outside,” Lyman said.

Lyman proposed that the AU, backed by the UN and the US, transform the joint monitoring and evaluation committee set up in August and chaired by the former Botswana president, Festus Mogae, into an internationally managed transitional authority.

“To be effective in this role, Mogae should be accorded by the AU the authority of a high commissioner, someone who can call the parties to order,” Lyman suggested.

To all intents and purposes, Mogae would exercise the powers of a colonial era governor-general, including financial policy and budget control and the power to sanction erring parties and individuals. He would also assist the hybrid court in bringing war criminals to justice.

Under the proposal, he would be backed up by an expanded UN peacekeeping mission, and/or by an AU force, supported by the US and leading aid donors such as Britain.

It is a tall order. Turning South Sudan into what, in effect, would be an international protectorate would be controversial, and highly complex to implement. It would be an admission that the 2011 independence gamble failed and must be fundamentally reworked.

But right now, the alternative – more political back-stabbing, more killings, more misery and widening instability – looks worse. END

Hopelessness in Juba camps as South Sudan marks two years of brutal war

Daily Nation: DEC/16/2015, SSN;

In Summary
*Two years later after civil war broke out in South Sudan more than 185,000 people are still sheltering inside UN camps across the country, still too frightened to leave.
*In Juba, many of those in the camps are from the country’s second biggest ethnic group, the Nuer, who were among the first to be targeted as troops loyal to President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, fought it out with those allied to his ousted deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer.
*UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last month warned that the broken ceasefire and failure to meet deadlines cast doubt on the parties’ commitment to the peace process.
*An African Union report – which listed a string of abuses, including forced cannibalism and dismemberment – gave little credence to Kiir’s claim that the war was a coup plot, and included testimony that ethnic violence had been planned.

They came for a night fleeing fighting, hammering on the gates of the United Nations base as gunmen rampaged through South Sudan’s capital killing and looting.

Two years later, more than 185,000 people are sheltering inside UN camps across the country, still too frightened to leave.

“There is no freedom,” said Bong Kubuong, 39, a father of three and one of the 27,000 people living inside two camps in Juba, miserable but safe from a war marked by atrocities, including ethnic massacres, gang rapes and accusations of forced cannibalism.

“We stay here with the hope that one day things will change,” he said, describing how he spends days walking in circles around the camp fence.

“You can stroll around within the camp parameter but without getting out because you can be killed.”

ETHNIC VIOLENCE

In Juba, many of those in the camps are from the country’s second biggest ethnic group, the Nuer, who were among the first to be targeted as troops loyal to President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, fought it out with those allied to his ousted deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer.

“They were looking from door to door and when they found you are a Nuer, they would kill you,” said Deng Diang Chuol, sitting in the crowded camp in Juba, remembering how the war began on December 15, 2013.

Officially there is peace after an August deal – at least the eighth ceasefire agreed upon.

But fighting and active recruitment of armies of child soldiers continues.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last month warned that the broken ceasefire and failure to meet deadlines cast doubt on the parties’ commitment to the peace process.

Both sides are accused of having perpetrated ethnic massacres, recruited and killed children and carried out widespread rape, torture and displacement of populations to “cleanse” areas of their opponents.

“By this time, we expected to be out of the camp but we cannot do that because we are afraid,” said 37-year-old Chuol who lives in the camp with his son.

“Our hopes are slim. This is a peace agreement on paper. There is no indication of implementation.”

LACK OF POLITICAL WILL

The army and rebels have repeatedly accused each other of breaking the internationally-brokered ceasefire, and the key deadline last month for Machar to return to Juba was missed.

“What has been put down on paper can only be a reality when leaders show political will to implement the deal and stop subjecting innocent South Sudanese to suffering,” said Edmund Yakani, a Juba activist.

Some estimate that 50,000 have been killed, including reports of children tossed into fires, but no record has been kept.

Civil war began when Kiir accused Machar of planning a coup, setting off a cycle of retaliatory killings that have split the poverty-stricken country along ethnic lines.

An African Union report – which listed a string of abuses, including forced cannibalism and dismemberment – gave little credence to Kiir’s claim that the war was a coup plot, and included testimony that ethnic violence had been planned.

About 2.3 million people have since fled their homes. END