Archive for: December 2015

The decapitation of Equatoria by Pres. Salva Kiir & Jieeng Terror

From: Elhag Paul, DEC/30/2015, SSN;

The attack on Equatoria is evidenced by the series of abductions, detentions and killings of Equatorians in South Sudan and neighboring countries. The recent abduction and detention of Dr. Leonzio Angole Onek demonstrates this calculated attack to eliminate Equatoria leadership in South Sudan, as a means to render Equatoria leaderless, so as to be subject to control and abuse by the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

The objective of the JCE and The SPLM to destroy Equatoria is being recorded in contemporary history where a series of Equatorian leaders are presently unaccounted for, such as the elimination of Joseph Oduho, the elimination of Martin Kejivura, the elimination of Cecilia Oba Towongo, the elimination of John Nambu, the elimination of Equatorian police officers, the mysterious death of Dr. Wani Tombe, the unexplained disappearance of Justice Peter Sule and General Elias Lino Jada and many others.

Presently, this regime is actively terrorizing Joseph Bakasoro, the former Governor of Western Equatoria state. As I write he is being subjected to arbitrary detention afflicted with physical and emotional abuse.

If terror and death could extinguish the will for freedom and the ideas that go with it, South Sudan would not have been freed and born as a sovereign state; for the ideas and proclamations made by the pioneers of South Sudan liberation such as Emilio Tafeng, Paul Ali Gbatala, Joseph Oduho, Ezboni Mondiri, Fr. Santurlino Ohure, etc, would have atrophied with them.

However, their words and deeds became the fuel that ran the struggle against Khartoum for over half a century.

With the present oppression of Equatoria by the Jieng, the words of Peter Sule, Dr Wani Tombe etc.. will be the fuel that runs the emerging Equatoria resistance to the Jieng regime. Just listen to some of these words in this YouTube video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIcJ6IQw-SI

The abduction of Dr. Onek similar to the detention of Joseph Bakasoro further highlights the undeclared decapitation policy that the Jieng Council of Elders is promoting to destroy Equatoria. This Jieng’s policy eventually will intensify the resolve of the people of Equatoria to double their energies and efforts to assert their right.

The weakness pulling Equatoria down is the division that the SPLM has planted in its midst via vulnerable Equatorians, who are intimidated and bought with government posts. In addition to this the SPLM sets one tribe against the other.

Dr John Garang was the first to device the fragmentation of Equatoria by instituting a policy that any person wishing to join the SPLM must come as an individual. This policy that appeared simple and harmless on face value ensured that Equatorian leaders were stripped of their leadership and subsequently their following.

This was the initial process of decapitation of Equatoria. Please see, ‘The marginalisation of Equatoria’ http://southsudannation.com/opinion/articles/the-marginalisation-of-equatoria

The other SPLM factions similarly use the same intrigues to keep the Equatorians out of positions of power and influence; of all these techniques, the real problem lies in the pitting of one tribe against the other.

Presently, albeit the Equatorians are agreed that the current system in the country is their worst nightmare, they still operate as divided, with each tribe supporting their own in the ranks of the opposition.

For example, each tribe will collect material and monetary contributions to support the cause for their tribe. In this, the Equatorians have failed to see that without coming together under a clear objective and working as one there will be no headway.

Nimule, Wonduruba, Mundri, and Yambio will continue to burn and the other areas will follow too. This is the reality.

Politics, as Niccolo Machiavelli, the Italian thinker and author of the influential book “The Prince,” argues is about power, and getting power involves nasty things like those taking place in the mentioned towns in Equatoria. This is what is called realpolitik.

It is simply pragmatism and it has nothing to do with emotions and civility. Bari on their own means nothing, Moru on their own means nothing, Kuku on their own means nothing, Pojulu on their own means nothing, and Zande on their own means nothing etc.

Because Equatoria is fragmented the way it is, its enemies confidently find it easy to pick on them one by one.

For example, when President Kiir and the JCE abused Peter Sule, they did so, knowing that he did not have group support behind him. They are now abusing Dr Onek and Bakasoro knowing that there is a lack of regional group support.

The behaviour of President Kiir and the JCE is typical of predators preying on their quarry.

If Equatoria wants to regain its lost strength in order to be protective of its people, its people must discard short-sighted approaches and work as one, or Equatoria’s future in the jungle that is called South Sudan is bleak.

Simply put, if Equatorians cannot protect and sacrifice for their leaders, the future looks very bad.

This protection must start at home. First it is important for Equatorians to shun or distance themselves from Equatorian informers and lackeys of the “born to rule”. These informers should be shunned from the society in line with Equatorian cultures.

This is necessary for survival, as informers are used as tools by oppressors to aid in the subjugation and enslavement of a people(s). Addressing the issue of informers, allows for a group to begin addressing the oppressor; this is because the oppressor lacks leverage without informers.

The literature on conquest, social control and domination posits that for powerful groups to exercise their power over a target group that is to be dominated, the target group must not have leaders. Without this, it is next to impossible to succeed in colonising any people.

This is why the imperialists and colonialists in the past destroyed indigenous leaders and replaced them with handpicked leaders serving the masters.

In South Sudan, Equatoria’s handpicked lackeys include the Vice President, some of the national ministers, Equatorian apparatchiks of the SPLM, appointed governors, appointed members of parliament, and one or two appointed ambassadors who distinguish themselves by extreme subservience to the Jieng.

But why do the Jieng strive to colonise Equatoria? This is a big question that cannot be answered in one article. The genesis of this problem is explained in my previous article, ‘SPLM a pathological organisation’ http://www.southsudannation.com/opinion/editorials/splm-is-a-pathological-organization

In the mind of the Jieng, if they are to achieve their objective of establishing themselves as the elites in South Sudan, Equatoria must be destroyed. They believe that Equatorians hate the Jieng and as such it is the main obstacle to their project of ‘born to rule’.

This belief, though unfounded, is real to them.

In his book, ‘Sudan and South Sudan: from one to two’, Bona Malwal vividly conveys the feelings of the Jieng towards Equatorians. He argues that “Unfortunately, Equatoria, this rather unusual indeed non-existing constitutional being in South Sudan, has now got onto the bandwagon of Riek Machar Teny, hoping to defeat and overthrow the Dinka (Jieng) that Equatoria has always hated.”

The tone and sentiment expressed here speaks for itself. While the Jieng assume they are hated by Equatoria, what are the feelings of Equatorians?

In reality, the Equatorians do not hate the Jieng or any other social group in South Sudan for that matter. What they abhor is the uncalled for senseless violence of the Jieng. A good example is what is going on throughout Equatoria presently and the horrendous events of December 2013.

Equatoria, therefore, does not hate the Jieng people but certainly it hates their destructive and abusive behavior. If the Jieng could only discipline themselves and behave in a humane way, nobody in Equatoria would dislike their ways.

For example, the family of Gordon Ayom and the family of Khatir Jubara who hail from the Jieng, are integrated in Equatoria because they know how to interact with people with respect.

Now the United States has come to the same conclusion as the Equatorians about the behaviour of the Jieng and their government. Can President Kiir and the JCE really look the Americans in the eye and ask them as to why the US has a low opinion about their government?

If the Americans can not put up with the Juba nonsense, why should South Sudanese and Equatorians do so for that matter?

Please listen to the Senate Hearing titled, ‘Independent South Sudan: A Failure of Leadership’ http://www.foreign.senate.gov/hearings/independent-south-sudan-a-failure-of-leadership-121015

The paradox in this bitter relationship between the Jieng and Equatoria is found in the Jieng Council of Elders whose actual leadership is not Jieng. The most vocal and hawkish ones who intensely execrate Equatoria are of Equatorian and Jur blood.

These non-Jieng leaders of the Jieng have their own issues rooted in their childhood which unfortunately they internalised and turned them into depraved persons. They strongly hate their Equatorian and Jur traits.

By riding on the back of the entire Jieng they have found a convenient outlet to release their vent-up hatred towards their own people in Equatoria and Bahr El Ghazal.

This may come as a shock to many people as it sounds unbelievable. But it is the truth. Here we have a lost Equatorian and a lost Jur conniving to disguise their true identities in order to destroy the source of their very existence in this world. These are not the only ones in the JCE, there are more.

The behaviour of concealment is associated with many things chiefly among them is the feeling of shame. Shame often makes people feel inadequate and worthless. In order to feel better, some people suffering from shame will resort to cover up traits considered negative in their lives. The hawkish members of JCE appear to be doing exactly that.

Let us have a brief look at their background.

The Equatorian Jieng is a product of colonial intervention in Jieng cultural life. When the British came to Bahr El Ghazal they were shocked by the nudity of the Jieng. They decided to acculturise them, and the plan they put in place was to import Equatorian tailors into Jieng land specifically to produce Chabong – a half robe or ‘Nus Jalabya’ in Arabic.

Initially the British thought the locals would embrace the robe but the Jieng resisted. After a struggle the Jieng showed interest in Chabong. The preference to Chabong may have something to do with the comforts of air fanning the lower parts of the body.

It must be remembered that these specific parts are conditioned to free flow of air since time immemorial and the robe in its usual form blocks the entire body from receiving normal aeration. So the Chabong was the solution provided to introduce clothing to the Jieng.

Like most expats, the imported Equatorian tailors those days did not come with their women and as mother nature does not allow a vacuum, interaction with the local women ensued and there we have our Equatorian Jieng leader in the JCE.

So, in essence a combination of British resourcefulness, Equatorian ingenuity and Jieng nudity produced an angry individual who hates Equatoria, part of his own identity. This person has devoted most of his life to erase Equatoria out of existence.

As for the Jur, his story is tragic. When he was a young child, he was vulnerable and uncared for, he roamed the streets and found his way to Babanousa and then Khartoum through the weekly train service between Khartoum and Wau. Once in Khartoum he became a water boy in a house of an influential political family in Omdurman.

He grew up there in the nooks of the Arab kitchen feeding on daily leftovers under the supervision of Haja (an old Arab house wife). It is said that Haja used to refer to him in Arabic as – da walad kwes kalish, meaning this is a good boy.

The above is the brief background to the most hawkish of the JCE leadership. Is it any wonder why the JCE is doing what it is doing? These are people who are angry with the world.

People who have had a troubled and challenging childhood, and or those who have had an identity crisis, can experience internal conflict, low self-esteem and feelings of worthlessness. While some children grow up to be responsible adults who work through these conflicts, trauma and challenges, others grow to become destructive to themselves, their community and their society.

In the case of South Sudan, President Salva Kiir, who is another one with dubious background, refers to the JCE as dogs because he knows their background very well. These are individuals who have no loyalty to anybody on this earth but themselves.

They have now hijacked the Jieng tribe and they are using it to the maximum to fill the void in their lives to make themselves feel good. They do not care about the well being of the Jieng tribe.

Look at the emotional and mental destruction they are inflicting on the young Jieng boys they recruit into the killing machine of the Jieng militia armies (Dootku Beny, Mathiang Anyoor and Gelweng).

Malek Cook-Dwach in his article published by The Sudan Tribune, ‘Tribal politics is what is destroying our social fabric,’ correctly points out that the damages inflicted by the JCE’s war will have long term impact for the recovery of the Jieng youth to return to normality due to the economies lost, lack of education, physical and psychological trauma.

As for the overall consequences of the JCE’s evil plans, please see, ‘The Jieeng Council of Elders, the erosion of Jieeng values and the Jieengization of South Sudan’ http://www.southsudannation.com/jieeng-council-of-elders-the-erosion-of-jieengs-values-and-the-jieengization-of-south-sudan/

Therefore, the hatred of the JCE towards Equatoria is irrational and very dangerous as this group has set itself up to the task of destroying Equatoria. The destruction is being born out in two ways.

First, through the SPLM/A, the JCE is systematically eliminating Equatoria leaders and disempowering the whole community.

Secondly, the name Equatoria is being erased from existence in South Sudan through use of presidential decrees like the Decree 36/2015 Establishment Order. This decree fragments Equatoria into smaller states and wipes out the name Equatoria. Equatoria has no option left but it must rise to the challenge.

Now the abduction of Dr. Onek has its root in what has been expressed in this article. As a professor and a very intelligent person, the tribal system perceives him to be a threat because should he decide to lead his people one day it would be difficult for the JCE and President Salva Kiir to push him aside.

So, in line with Jieng policy of keeping Equatoria leaderless, Dr. Onek has been preyed upon. His abduction like the ongoing detention of Bakasoro is not only humiliation to him personally but in reality it is the humiliation of the whole Equatoria region.

Previously the system did this to the Kakwa chiefs, it did it to Justice Peter Sule whose story now remains an enigma, it did it to the chairman of the Equatoria caucus in the parliament, it did it to the paramount chief of Didinga, it did it to the chiefs of Madi and Acholi, it is doing it now to the former Governor of Western Equatoria, Joseph Bakasoro.

The message in all this is clear. If you are an Equatorian with potential, then your own survival is at risk because the JCE has decided to destroy Equatoria through decapitation. Their practice to achieve this objective includes arbitrary detentions, abductions, killings and terror.

The crucial question is: For how long is Equatoria going to be humiliated? The cases of Dr. Onek and that of Bakasoro are Equatorian cases and they must not be allowed to go on like what has happened to Peter Sule.

If the system has a case against Dr. Onek and Bakasoro, they must be brought to open court and let them have their day in court. It is just unacceptable that people are abused and oppressed to satisfy the ego of the JCE, because they are Equatorians.

This challenge demands the so-called Equatorian Front in SPLM-IO to do something about it because of their unique position as partner of President Kiir in the peace agreement.

If General Alfred Ladu Gore is an Equatorian leader as is claimed, he needs to speak out and ensure that Professor Onek and Bakasoro are safe and released immediately.

This is very important for three reasons. Firstly, this is because it is an act of solidarity. Secondly, it is an act to protect Equatoria, and thirdly and crucially it is an act of self protection – ensuring he does not fall in the same trap.

Equatoria community need to realize that their unity is a must if this predatory politics of the JCE is to be stopped once and for all.

So the Equatoria community in the country needs to write to the trio (President Festos Mogae, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar) demanding the release of Professor Onek and Bakasoro together with an inquiry on why Dr Onek was abducted and Bakasoro detained. This very piece should serve the same purpose.

Finally in the larger context, the survival of Equatoria depends on the extent to which the people of the region (a third of the population of South Sudan) are prepared to resist in self defence.

President Kiir and JCE’s terror directed to Equatoria leaders and the people must be brought to a halt through a concerted multi-prong action.

If Equatoria wants its sons and daughters to stand for it, it in turn has to protect them by whatever means available. Otherwise the future of Equatoria is bleak in a system run by people who hold deep unfounded grudges against it for no rational reason.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul
elhagpaul@aol.com

The future of South Sudan hangs in the balance, is Kiir a psychopath?

By: Gwado J. Ador, DEC/28/2015, SSN;

Things may not work well as we might have thought in 2016; nevertheless, there is little window of opportunity to restore our robbed liberty and to bind our wounds by God’s will!

After careful analysis and evaluation, I have found out that our future will still hang in the balance as long as Kiir is being recognized as legitimate president or considered for any leading role in the future Government of National Unity.

However, there will be no prospect for peace, and no hope for it even in the near future; because, Kiir has not yet settled whether peace could prevail in South Sudan or not. He thinks this could only happen unless under his own terms!

There was no any point for Kiir to proceed with the implementation of his controversial decree or unilaterally dividing the country in 28 states and appointing governors to them, which was obviously against the interest of the majority in various areas of South Sudan.

Although federalism has been popular demand, most of the people in South Sudan have rejected fragmentation on the bases of tribal affiliation as designed by Kiir and his fellow henchmen. I could remember he was hesitant to sign peace agreement in August, because of his heightened fear from unknown. But later he yielded under extreme pressure to sign the peace agreement in Juba.

Naming states’ governors of the “36” controversial order on Christmas Eve is yet another indictment of Kiir before the international public opinion. The peace mediators are still mounting pressure on him to respect his part of commitment.

But he is always as slippery as hard snow melting in shining sun. He says something and does the opposite. Doesn’t this alone mean something for us? Is he “mentally sound?”

Although I am not a psychiatrist or claims to know symptoms of a psychopath and how does a patient behave or react to situations, I believe Salva Kiir is suffering from “psychosis.” He is a dodgy character, unstable and unpredictable who keeps on saying something and negates it the following day!

Still fresh in mine, I could remember reports of Kiir having suffered from “hallucination” because he had nightmares. He saw late Dr. John Garang visiting him occasionally at night, showing sense of “denial and disapproval” as an accomplice in the plots which claimed his life!

So if this is true it will still haunt him even more for sometimes!

What was wrong is to have a bunch of idiots who were supposed to help console and advise him wisely, but instead they have been giving him misleading information so as to create irreparable rift among the people of one origin and past misfortune.

These self appointed opportunists (Jieng Council of Elders JCE) have caused a great damage in South Sudan for which they and their offspring will regret in the years to come.

Again, our politicians whom we have entrusted to represent us have turned their backs against us. They should have questioned the illegal JCE for having infringed into our affairs. No body mandated JCE to decide our fate, neither there any mention of them in the constitution.

Our politicians have been acting instead as patronages sponging off public funds, and their duty included, keeping president Kiir retain his seat and making him tyrant who’s promised to rule for life!

More often than not, they find themselves colluding with him against public interest. They don’t react to all sorts of humiliations and abuses being labeled against their people on daily basis and yet still they claim things are pretty fine in South Sudan.

I believe they have blindfolded themselves and don’t even feel how far things have deteriorated and affected the security of their loved ones at homes, because they reside in fortress-like houses and have racket businesses and stock exchanges all over places.

The recent attack on civilian targets in Shilluck (Collo) areas, which came as a “Christmas surprise” has proved beyond any reasonable doubt that Kiir is bent to crush his opponents, including innocent civilians in Collo Kingdom and elsewhere!

Certainly, the future of South Sudan under Kiir will still witness no any departure from past blatant abuses of human rights, tribal squabbles, agonies, arbitrary arrests and looting of public funds including general unrest across South Sudan.

I have strong conviction that his scheme of “28 States” will not work immediately for now or even in the near future because of the following simple facts.

First and foremost, our state of economy is flatly zero. Remember last week, the Minister of Finance David Deng Athorbei and Governor of the Central bank Kornelio Koriom came out publicly auctioning the remaining Dollar notes in the public coffer.

Where on earth shall we get money to spend for all these states of which most of them have virtually no basic infrastructure or even skilled manpower?

Secondly, the magnitude of distrust in certain parts of Upper Nile, especially Collo Kingdom, and Unity State will remain festering for sometimes with innocent civilians being maimed on daily basis in Juba as a result of Kiir’s policy of divide and rule.

Western and Eastern Equatoria, and some spots in Jonglie State including certain parts of Western Bhar el-Gazal will continue witnessing latent hostilities. Juba city on the other hand will remain a centre to score political vendettas and untold rampages by criminal thugs.

Kiir and his “Jieng Council of Elders” have shown persistent drive towards implementation of 28 States, a situation carefully designed, which will certainly give Dinka the upper hand in more than (10) ten States.

Having proceeded with such controversial order “36”, president Kiir might have intended to send a clear message to peace lovers that he is not any longer interested in the peace deal. This has come as a blow to peace mediators and their international friends, especially after Dr. Riek Machar, leader of SPLM –(IO), has sent some of his senior members in good will to Juba.

Finally, as long as Kiir still defies public interest and the international good will to bring about a just peace in South Sudan. I must confess and bet on that, under no illusion, the future of South Sudan will still hang in the balance under uncertainty of Kiir’s attitude towards peace and stability in South Sudan. END

gwadoa@yahoo.co.uk

Nomination of 28 States’ Governors: Does this mean the Peace Agreement is dead or still alive?

By: J. Nguen, Dec/27/2015, SSN;

As the world awoke to the news that President Salva Kiir of South Sudan has nominated governors of the controversial 28 States and the decree was televised on nation’s owned TV on the 24 of Dec. 2015, the world was profoundly shocked and citizens were deeply shaken and dumbfounded. The news was in-dignifying, unexpected and unwelcome.

Partners in the peace agreement and those who supported the peace agreement from the onset and wished normalcy to return to South Sudan after peace was signed in August 2015 were reported terribly disappointed by the development.

The declaration of 28 States’ governors leave everyone second guessing because the move begged the question whether the signed agreement is dead or alive? This simple question haunts South Sudanese populace.

For example, across the globe uncertainty is the order of the day. Before the declaration of 28 States’ governors, there were hopes that peace was nearing and senseless death shall soon cease in South Sudan. With the surprising decree, these very hopes are dashed.

Besides, question of trust and reliability on President Salva Kiir also emerged. Both at global stage, regional arenas and national circles, Kiir’s controversial decision proved that Mr. President is unreliable and can’t be trusted.

For instance, Kiir signed the Compromised Peace Agreement in August 2015 in presence of heads of States and delegations to witness and affirm his commitment and the accord is based on the ten States.

Therefore, with the establishment of 28 States and their administrative governments, Kiir has clearly violated the Compromised Peace Agreement and showed his dishonesty to the heads of States who witnessed and served as guarantors.

Kiir’s move is a far-fetched decision as far as the agreement and trust and honesty are concerned.

Without sugarcoating the agreement with “defunct” ten States means the agreement is dead. There is no shred of meat left to salvage for peace implementation, so to speak.

The covenant was brutally wounded by Kiir’s order and died overnight when Kiir named governors of 28 States on Christmas Eve.

No “African God(s)” will rescue and restore this broken covenant without restoring the ten States status in the country. In retrospect, the move proved Kiir’s previous statement that the compromise peace agreement was neither “the Bible nor Quran” and ought to be dishonored.

Thus, a repetition of an infamous statement which once trashed 1972 Addis Ababa agreement. A historical agreement aimed to resolve Sudan’s first civil war of Anya-Nya I.

History is repeating itself, but the only slight difference is that Sudan was not sectioned up into tribal enclaves in 1972. Hence, the abrogation of the agreement by President Kiir followed the same trajectory.

To my readers, the surest thing to share is that the covenant which was negotiated and signed in Addis and Juba respectively is broken and “no-more” unless President Salva Kiir revereed the 28 States.

No matter what, the implementation will not materialized in the letter to the agreement without the ten States. However, the sad part is, 28 States is a sure path to balkanization of South Sudan.

Though in the next few days, President Kiir will still claim his failed government’s readiness to implementing the peace agreement, this would be a lie.

Also, I heard Gen. Taban Deng, Dr. Dhieu Mathok and Mabior Garang of the SPLM/A–IO tried to be politically correct and sugarcoating the violation of the agreement. Both gentlemen underplayed the seriousness on the hole pierced through the accord on the pretext of not to give warmongers in the government a chance to bank on. However, such position will soon fade and reality will hit with deadly blows.

I repeat, as far as the peace agreement is concerned there is no peace if ten States do not exist. The Resolution on the South Sudan Conflict will never materialize without them as reference in the devolution and share of powers between partners in peace during the transitional government.

The IO need their fair share from the ten States. In the agreement it’s clearly articulated that it’s IO’s mandate to nominate governors of Upper Nile and Unity States from its ranks and files. Without this, there is no peace and no matter how much we can be politically correct.

However, it appears that without 28 States in place, Salva Kiir is not going to relent. Then, deadlock is ensued. Therefore, out of this mess, the SPLM/A–IO is now banking on the JMEC’s President Mr. Festus Mogae with unstoppable intervention.

Though hope is not a strategy, the IO is hoping that Mr. Mogae will perform some mysterious miracle blessed by an “African God” and thus will make Salva Kiir relent and withdraw order of 28 States.

On the civil side of things, the declaration of 28 States’ governors by president was a “nasty bitter Christmas Gift” to the people of South Sudan during this “holiday season.” This is one of the last things my people expected and would like to hear.

Not only that, the declaration of 28 States’ governors by President Salva Kiir is also a spat in the face of the IGAD–Plus, AU, Troika, EU, UN and JMEC, respectively. This is why I strongly believe what Mabior Garang, Dr. Dhieu and Gen. Taban is unrealistic. First off, who the heck is JMEC’s president alone for President Salva Kiir to listen to after all?

For example, Kiir has declared war in the form of nominating governors of 28 States in the presence of JMEC knowing quite well that JMEC’s heads and other partners in the peace agreement must be represented in any decision making process moving forward especially when peace was signed. Kiir didn’t care and gave a shit.

So, this is self-evident that JMEC and other partners in peace means nothing to President Kiir. In their face, Kiir made unilateral decision without regard of their inputs. Thus I see no chance Salva Kiir is conceding on the issue of 28 States come rain or sunshine if no tangible action is taken.

Another lame argument that I can see on the pipeline is the constitution review committee as an option to supersede Kiir’s creation of 28 States. Some think that the constitution review committee will fix President Kiir’s mischief.

If this thinking indeed exists among some partners in peace, I should say this is one of the poorest thought out frame of resolution.

Banking on the constitution review committee is nothing short than pure surrender. The fact is President Kiir will still chisel his way through using decree methodology.

So, if Kiir can use decree now, what is that unquestionable logic at hand which will prevent him from decreeing out any attempts to remove any constitutional clause on the 28 States? In my view, nothing of course.

Regarding Troika, AU, EU, IGAD-Plus and the UN, I feel sorry for them simply because President Kiir has betrayed them. These actors have worked extremely hard both financially and physically to ensure South Sudan return to normalcy.

Unfortunately, it appears that their hard work and contributions were rendered useless and trashed before sunset on the December 24, 2015. A man whom some have once called legitimate and elected President of South Sudan made their hard work and contributions obsolete. What a shame!

For the last 2 years, civil war in South Sudan has caused irreversible damage both socially, culturally, economically, politically, and above all on humans’ lives. After momentous glimpse of hope, President Kiir has once again declared continuation of war over peace. That say Kiir wanted more innocent lives to be wasted except his own. The surest way to do so is the recent nomination of 28 States’ governors.

With this mind, there is a need to call for calm but condemn Kiir’s decision in strongest terms possible and strong statement that it must be reversed by all sound minded human beings.

To exert more pressure on Salva Kiir, the writer recommended to IGAD-Plus, AU, Troika, UN and JMEC to perform the following steps:

1. The IGAD-Plus, AU, Troika, EU, UN and JMEC must condemn President Kiir’s unilateral decision and give him (Salva) an ultimatum to withdraw the order.
2. Former president of Botswana, Mr. Festus Mogae must call off all JMEC’s meetings until former notice.
3. The IGAD-Plus and partners must convene an emergence meeting and the agenda must include to urge the Republic of Sudan to withhold the transit of South Sudan’s oil from passing through her territory.
4. The Troika, EU, IGAD–Plus and other world governments must cut diplomatic ties, government to government trades and aides to the government of South Sudan.
5. It’s on public domain that South Sudan has pre-sold its oil to unknown buyers, but, it’s strongly recommended that any South Sudan’s oil shipments on route to the international markets be confiscated and sold and its proceeds held in escrow and used for humanitarian purposes to rescue and feed starving civil population in the country.
6. The IGAD–plus and partners must also impose economic sanctions, armed embargo, targeted individuals sanctions and financial freeze and recovery on those who obstruct peace in South Sudan.

These six items, if implemented, I believe will starve Kiir’s government’s finances and ensure her compliance to the term of the peace agreement without firing a bullet and which may put innocent lives at risk.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese citizen living in Canada. He can be reached at jamesnguen@gmail.com.

Is The Compromise Peace Agreement falling apart?

BY: Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, DEC/27/2015, SSN;

A quote from what president Kiir said on Wednesday 23/12/2015 reads as follows: “We will do everything to keep our commitments in the implementation of the peace agreement which we have signed with our brothers.” Kiir said that after meeting with representatives of the advance team of the SPLM-IO on Tuesday 22/12/2015 in Juba.

24 hours later he issued a presidential decree appointing governors for the newly created controversial states. This is an unequivocal violation of the compromise peace agreement as it is based on the legitimate 10 states.

The move is clearly not in the spirit of bringing peace and stability to the war-devastated country. It’s mind-boggling that a president could have two utterly different messages to his people within 24 hours. People heard a pro peace message on Wednesday only to be confronted with a pro-war message on Thursday embedded in the latest presidential decree.

So what do we make of what he said on Wednesday?! It does not qualify for political bullshit according to Harry Frankfurt philosophical definition of it. It was an outright lie.

Scepticism never truly parted with the peace process since its beginning. Extreme animosity, mistrust and leaders putting personal and tribal interests before country interests were and are still the order of the day.

The reservation about the peace deal that the president declared at the time of signing the document was a clear indication that a bumpy road is ahead of the peace process. It even became apparent that sabotage and delaying tactics were being employed to frustrate and disrupt the implementation of the peace agreement.

The government initially demanded to be provided with biographies of the advance team members beforehand. This was followed by a demand to limit the number of the advance team to 30 individuals only.

Of course both demands were rejected by SPLM-IO as there are no provisions in the compromise peace agreement that support the government’s demands. The purpose of such demands is unclear but certainly leads to suspicion and further erosion of trust between the two parties.

It was the pressure from the IGAD-PLUS peace mediators and the chairman of the Joint Monitoring and evaluation commission (JMEC), former President of Botswana, Festus Gontebanye Mogae, that brought about the breakthrough in the deadlock and led to rapid movement towards implementation of the peace deal.

Mogae should be applauded for the no-nonsense stance that he has exhibited by serving both parties of the peace agreement with a timetable for tasks to be completed within a timeframe. By doing so he managed to put both parties under pressure to start implementing the peace deal.

In the first meeting of the JMEC involving all the parties, he urged them to work vigorously to pursue their tasks even if it means they have to work during the holiday period. He was very keen to make up for lost time as the implementation of the peace accord is already behind schedule.

It’s somewhat embarrassing that a foreigner is fully aware of the plight of our people and has the understanding of the need to move fast to avert disaster while the government continues to drag its feet all along the way.

From the moment the SPLM-IO advance team arrived in Juba, it became clear that they are up to a rocky start. Neither the government chief negotiator nor the spokesperson of its negotiating team and the chief of general staff of the SPLA were there to receive them.

It has since been revealed that the military command council (MCC) of the SPLA is sharply divided over the implementation of the security arrangements.

The cantonment provision in the compromise peace agreement is facing a stiff resistance and was never adhered to by the SPLA high command. The chief of general staff of the SPLA and a number of high ranking officers are stubbornly opposed to the security arrangements and would not stick to what was agreed upon.

Furthermore, the National Constitutional Amendment Committee (NCAC) was supposed to have started its work by incorporating the compromise peace agreement into an amended constitution before the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) next month.

All these tell us that the peace agreement is in deep trouble.

However the appointment of the governors has elevated the conflict to a higher level. It should be noted that Festus G. Mogae made it clear to all the parties in the JMEC meeting that there will be no room for re-negotiation of the peace deal.

Now that new dynamics have come into play, we as South Sudanese citizens should be clear about where the country is heading to.

Key provisions in the compromise peace agreement have been made redundant by the latest presidential decree. The NCAC will not be able to function as stipulated in the peace accord because the government with the help of the illegitimate National Legislative Assembly (NLA) has enacted its unilateral amendments.

With the naming of the new state governors, SPLM-IO has been effectively blocked out of taking up its share of governorships. Also the states that were allocated to SPLM-IO do not exist anymore.

The future looks quite bleak even if the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) is finally formed.

Just consider two characters out of many, Paul Malong, the chief of general staff and Michael Makuei, the minister of information – whether they are kept in or left out of the would be TGoNU, they would still cause problems and not relent in their endeavour to derail the peace agreement.

At this moment in time; it’s fair to say that the appointment of the governors has rendered the peace agreement obsolete unless President Kiir rescinds it or refers it to the JMEC for discussion.

Now is the time for the heavyweight stakeholders to stand firm in support of the compromise peace agreement. The situation has reached the point of ‘to be or not to be’ for the peace agreement.

Kiir and his ruling clique should be put under maximum pressure to reverse course. Mogae should be empowered and given the support he needs to carry on with his highly appreciated efforts.

At this critical stage in the implementation of the peace agreement, there should be no ambiguity and the possibility of a showdown between Kiir’s regime and the international community should be borne in mind.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

An Open Letter to Mr. Philip Aguer and the People of Jonglei State

By Andrew K Michael, DEC/25/2015, SSN;

Recent politics is still fresh in the minds of South Sudanese as they celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ and the commencement of a New Year. While a lot has happened, including the return of our brothers from the opposition, the most conspicuous and perhaps controversial one is the relieving of ex-state governors and appointments of the new ones to head the highly disputed, newly created 28 states of South Sudan.

This came in the wake of the constitutional amendment by the country’s law-making body, the South Sudanese Parliament. Despite boycotts by a whole lot of MPs, it has been amended and in what stunned the holiday-going citizens, the results were aired out by the national broadcaster, the South Sudan Television (SSTV), on the eve of Christmas, 24 December 2015.

What bad or good impact this brings, revoking it now is a history and I need to, in a letter to my governor and fellow citizens of Jonglei (New Jonglei), focus on the way forward!

My worry disappeared into thin air a few minutes past 2000 hours last night when I learned that the President actually heeded to the call of the people of Twic East County when Mr. Philip Aguer was named the next governor of Jonglei State.

I was a bit concerned about the results because the politics that preceded the final announcement in a decree was ill-informed and mostly the elites preferred candidates the youth were not interested in becoming their leaders!

A number of youth were concerned and thought a leverage of some sort would be applied to thwart from being announced the governor on the eleventh hour a hard-working and approachable man, a man who likes his job and who believes in his people and who up to date is recalled for the job well done during the dark days, working for the welfare of the displaced, Mr. Philip Aguer Panyang.

I did not know Mr. Philip before, due to our social distance, especially in terms of age, but I learned about him later. In fact from the people he served during difficult days characterised by hunger and displacement and killing.

I would have been one of them had it not been the fact that I was displaced to other part of the country. Thanks and congratulations, Mr. Philip. Your becoming our leader is a true manifestation of that fact that honesty and doing ones’ best and working hard pay. Your people know you.

Hon. Philip, the people of Jonglei expect more from you and it is our hope you will not let us down. On the other hand, we will work with you for as long as you cooperate as you used to in the bad 1990s.

You know more than anyone else that it is quite challenging to manage people of a manageable size, let alone meeting the demands of close to a million people. But you can do that so long as you work with us together.

Jonglei is equally (I don’t want to be construed as bragging by using the word ‘more’) blessed with man power, resources among others, like any other state of the 28 states. You need to listen to what your people say and, of course, screen what they say and do what is best.

Your advisers must be of different backgrounds in terms of where they come from and what they know. They shouldn’t be the egocentric types who just think overnight of what will benefit them, advance those ideas to you pretending to be doing their job.

You need to double, double check what they say lest they create more problems in a state where people need positives changes.

Hon. Philip, our state will only move forward if key institutions are made to provide services beyond paying civil servant salaries as it appears to be the case now. The people who head ministries, the directors general who do administrative work of the ministries and the rest of the directors who head certain departments must prove they are capable of doing their job and to the expectation of the people.

Otherwise they lose their jobs if they continue to enjoy all the luxuries we sometimes see, including having large flat TVs in their offices, driving rather expensive vehicles (call them V8s or whatever!), some (some not all!) drinking beers during lunch hours in nearby restaurants after emptying their meal bowls.

All these at the expense of ordinary citizens (in most cases displaced from their homes) and low-ranking civil servants like teachers, police personnel and army soldiers who should be having almost equal share of the pie like their leaders and bosses.

Hon Philip, we had better develop a system that will hold these individuals heading the institutions accountable for what they do. This must happen and fast when you arrive in your Bor’s office.

These folks must report to work as per the labour law timing of the country-why on earth should government officials report back to work after lunch as late as 1500 hours? Why two-hour lunch breaks in each of the five working days? To drink beers in due course or what exactly?

Hon. Philip, you will let us know why they do this when you come to Jonglei in a few days!

With your coming, Hon. Philip, we are delighted and we will be able to expect senior civil servants holding high positions (mentioned earlier) to account for every South Sudanese Pound under their custody!

Because that money is not theirs, it is ours as citizens. We want it spent on constructing roads, hospitals, schools and other prominent infrastructures-it is not for buying TVs and V8s (can’t some simple land cruisers do?).

The money is ours because it is obtained from us in the form of taxes and natural resources. Everyone has a share and everyone doesn’t expect it lavishly spent on things that mount to one single objective: to comfort the elites in the form of TVs in their offices (and presumably in their homes who knows!) and window-tainted vehicles of all sorts of models and lavish spending like renting expensive houses abroad and paying near to million SSP in dowry to win parents who should be having their daughters in schools!

If we have roads, schools and hospitals in place, all the problems facing us now will vanish: Insecurity emanating from cattle rustling, poverty, diseases and illiteracy. These are achievable if we care about how the money is spent in the public domain and you must do something about this.

When you come, Hon. Philip, I suggest you go the Mugufuli (John Pombe Mugufuli is new Tanzanian President who in less than two months in office has shocked the region about his people-centred leadership approach) way, inspecting all the key institutions and question all that appears not in place. And then, instantly and swiftly, make any decision you think is worth taking, even if it means sacking somebody who not is doing their job to the expectation.

Hon. Philip, we expect not any sort of buttering you up and lobbying in a bit to taking certain positions that is not based on merits by the elites. You are given powers by the people to make informed decisions for as long as it is for the welfare of the people.

Such dilemmas as I don’t need to appoint my nephew who is very capable to be the minister of X ministry should not haunt you for as long as the results (positive) will be seen tomorrow!

The same is true; you just don’t need to pick minions because they come from certain clans not represented. We are going to be one clan anyway and will be interested in the positive results of our work, not representation!

The issue of some people having money sloshing around in their pockets and mostly spent in beer drinking areas must be checked and their source thoroughly audited because where do they get the money when they don’t have enterprises making money for them? Quite a challenging situation, but we ought to rescue it anyway. You lead us there.

To the people of Jonglei State, it is time to cut the cackle and get down to business. The time for game playing sun-rise to sun-set has surely passed; the time of finger-pointing and name-calling is now a distant history and so we must change.

We must prove, rather than preaching, that we are who we are: innovative, God-anointed, peace-loving, hard-working people! My fellow citizens, you will agree with me that in Greater Bor, we believe that it is not about what can be done for us; it’s about what can be done by us, together as citizens that counts!

Let’s make this our slogan and when we go by this slogan, not only can we become the peace makers and role models in this country, we can build the capacity of others-from the border states to the rest of the country. Yes, it is possible and we can do that!

Let us retrieve our heart of independence which once prevailed among us. Today, people are more dependent on others than ever before. Why? Because we do not want to work; work in this context means doing what you can (not criminality for sure!) even if it means making use of the waters of the River Nile to irrigate your vegetables and sell them.

This will enable you earn money and support yourself and your family. Boda boda riding is work. Chapatti making is a lucrative business right now and can be carried out by both men and women! It’s not Ugandans and Kenyans and Ethiopians and Sudanese and Eritreans who should do this kind of work while we sit all day long playing cards and knitting bed sheets (that are not converted into cash) and expect to eat at the end of the day!

If opportunities haven’t come your way to work in somebody’s office (which we seem to like) don’t give up. Unfortunately, youngsters seem to detest blue-collar jobs and this is noticeable on the streets of Bor and other major towns in South Sudan, with Ugandans proudly fetching water from stone-throw water points for us at a fee!

I am wondering if this was the case years back, but I doubt my judgement, for I learn from our elders who speak to us in various fora that we used to be industrious people. That spirit we have to bring it back and embrace it for us to have a future full of peace and all sort of development.

Finally, I charge you with the words of Martin Luther King Jr: ‘…even if it falls on your lot to be a street sweeper, go on out and sweep the street like Michelangelo painted picture; sweep streets like Handel and Beethoven composed music; sweep streets like Shakespeare wrote poetry; sweep streets so well that all the hosts of heaven and earth will have to pause and say: Here lived a great street sweeper who swept his job well.’

And now, more than ever before, the people of Greater Bor have the opportunity to move forward. I want to share with you and especially the young people a verse from the most inspirational book on earth, the Bible: Ephesians 5: 15-16. I always thank God for showing me this verse. I encourage you read it and think if it touches you as it does to me. Amen.

Happy Christmas and prosperous New Year!

Andrew K Michael can be reached at michaelkakuma98@gmail.com
(Note: I have used the title honourable (instead of H.E.) throughout this article because that is what the SSTV said during the announcement).

The arrest of former Governor Mr. Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro: PR Equatoria Leaders in Diaspora

Press Release From: Equatoria Leaders in the Diaspora

Date: 23rd December 2015

Subject: The arrest of former Governor Mr Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro

It has been brought to our attention that Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro, the former Governor of Western Equatoria State, has been arrested and detained by the South Sudan National Security Services on Tuesday 22/12/2015 after he was summoned for a meeting. We Equatorians in the Diaspora are deeply concerned about his arrest, welfare and safety.

This is not the first time the former Governor was harassed and detained by the South Sudan National Security Services. After the signing of the Compromise Peace Agreement in August 2015, he was similarly summoned by the Security Services and was arrested on the 16 August 2015 and detained without any charges. He was released only after concerted efforts from Equatorians within and outside the country and pressure from the International Community. This was soon after he was removed from his position as the Governor of Western Equatoria State by a Presidential decree.

We see this action of arbitrary arrest and harassment of the former Governor as a step by the Government of South Sudan to derail and frustrate the implementation of the peace process.

Given the return of the SPLM-IO into the country as part of the implementation of the peace process and the beginning of a new environment of peace and reconciliation, we feel that the arrest of the former Governor is unfair and counter-productive to realisation of peace and reconciliation.

In addition to the arrest of former Governor Bakaroso, we have learned of the arrest of Dr Leonzio Angole Onek of Juba University by the South Sudan Security Services. He was picked up from the University campus on 7 December 2015 and has not been seen since then. We are concerned about his safety and where about. We view these arrests as another example of systematic targeting of Equatorian leaders and intellectuals.

On behalf of all Equatorians and other peace lovers, we demand immediate and unconditional release of the former Governor, Professor Onek, and others who have been arbitrary arrested without any due legal process.

Contact person

Federico Awi Vuni
livi.hope@yahoo.co.uk

December25

december25-2

A plea to Mogae and Kiir to avert GRSouthSudan’s invective financial economy

By James Okuk, PhD. JUBA, DEC/24/2015, SSN;

Getting water and food, sleeping in peace at homes without fear of being harmed, and celebrating seasonal festivals for all citizens should have been the most immediate responsibility of the Government of South Sudan (GRSS) like any other normal governments in the world. Alas! This is happening only to a very limited number of isolated privileged few citizens these days.

The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army – In Opposition (SPLM-IO) advance delegation of peace have already arrived in Juba with accommodation and feeding in the best five star hotels while the common citizens are moaning economically at the suburbs and countryside.

Though their repatriation and return to Juba is good news to peace-loving citizens and international friends, still the recently prescribed disastrous capitalist economic shock by the Governor of Bank of South Sudan (BoSS) and Minister of Finance and Economic Development (MoFED) is opening another front of terrible poverty war.

What is the use of having dollars available in commercial banks and fuel stations if majority of the made-to-suffer poor South Sudanese cannot afford sufficient pounds (SSP) for a minimum purchasing power?

What is the utility of ‘free float’ or even call it ‘managed float’ if this is being mismanaged in the negative expend of the common citizens?

Where in the world a capital city can be proud to call itself a human habitat without available cheap drinking and bathing water for all the residents?

If the staggering abnormal economy of the Republic of South Sudan is still infected by Oil’s Dutch Disease, and worst by kleptocratic war situation, what a hell on earth have those who came up with ‘floating policy’ are bringing upon the common poor citizens?

Why would the international experts of well-established laissez-faire economic institutions and their South Sudanese stooges want to unethically experiment irrelevant economics theories on dear poor lives of already downtrodden citizens of the Child Republic of South Sudan?

If the BoSS and MoFED have secretly been suspected as the main suppliers of dollars to Atuots and few other paralleled hard currency black marketers (what President Kiir described as ‘illiterate shabby men with expensive new brand dollars under umbrellas in Juba and Custom markets’), will these GRSS’ financial institutions be free and credible this time round to act in favor of the most affected low-income citizens?

Despite the fact that the poor citizens have accepted to tolerate the situation of celebrating 2015 Christmas without new shoes, cloths, hair styles and cuts, cakes, sweets, local groundnuts, soft juices, hard drinks and delicious foods, I don’t think they will continue to afford a welcome of the New Year 2016 with the current demise of hard currency floating policy!

It is becoming clearer that the current messed-up financial economy of South Sudan is based on nothing dignified but irrelevant advanced laissez-fare policies akin to the Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) that was intended to neo-colonize Africa and the rest of least developed countries on deceptive and vicious traps of the so-called ‘Economic Growth’.

Like what the common citizens of the SAPs affected African, Latin America and Asian countries faced in 1970s and 1980s, the ordinary citizens of South Sudan are already paying the prize dearly while we continue encountering contradicting and confusing messages (as usual) from our old SPLM ruling party’s economists and their cunning international advisors.

I doubt whether the GRSS top decision-makers have been closely attached to the vulnerable disadvantaged poor so that they could know where and how they get charcoal, firewood and cooking dry grass!

I doubt whether these heartless decision-makers understand where water is fetched from for serving many residences in Juba were it not for the committed Eritrean truck drivers but who are now pushed by the hiked crazy fuel and dollar crises to charge the poor citizens accordingly and un-affordably!

I doubt whether these elites comprehend that those who used to sell Cleto’s 1.5 liter fuel plastic containers are poor women, neglected children, unemployed youth, and disabled elderly citizens who made some ends meet for temporary economic Intensive Care Units (ICUs) at the end of the bad days before things could get better after war! The litany of agony is longer.

That is why the poor citizens are now left with nothing much to console them at this tough of the toughest times but a honest plea to JMEC’s Chairman, H.E. Fesus Gontebanye Mogae, and GSS President, H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, to intervene quickly by using their joint veto powers to avert the on-going genocidal economic wrath and red pangs of poverty.

We are lucky to have with us an experienced people-oriented developmental economist and sagacious hard-working statesman in the person of Former Botswana President, who shall soon visit the other affected states of South Sudan to see the full image of the painfully regrettable level of SPLM/A’s made economic hazards and destructions in the new country.

If the disastrous hard currency floating policy cannot be canceled now, let Presidents Mogae and Kiir order serious and urgent subsidizing measures to be implemented immediately, particularly in the basic strategic economic sectors of fuel, water, food, transport, communication and pharmaceuticals. Prices of luxurious and prestigious items could be left to be determined by the floating markets reaction and bargain.

Friedman’s economic approach (i.e., controlling the supply of money and allowing the free market to fix itself) and Chicago Boys’ ‘Shock Doctrine’ is not a proper ‘therapy’ for the war affected South Sudan. It increases the vulnerability agony of the working-poor, leave alone the lazy-poor.

Also the Keynesian economic therapy is not totally relevant for unmodified adoption in South Sudan because productivity of goods and services is still a big problem due to the SPLM/A’s war legacy and perpetual politically motivated destabilization.

Depending on bad wills of reactive anarchical markets in South Sudan is a lethality prescription. It has already shown its counter-productivity in the last very few days. The Republic of South Sudan needs controlled and subsidized markets now, perhaps, until such a time when it has reached a status of adulthood where it could be economically self-reliant with productive sufficiency and surplus.

Playing the dirty politicized economic game by way of gerontocratic kleptocracy of financial anarchy without fixed principles (except anarchy itself) is too harmfully bad for the poverty-ridden South Sudan.

A utilitarian economic growth should be a function of a holistic people’s development and not mere numeric growth of calculated Gross National Income (GNI) without fair distributive and equal opportunity justice.

Thus, let Chairman Mogae and President Kiir come to the most urgent rescue of the poor citizens of the naturally resource-rich Republic of South Sudan. It is good for them to have tamed the politico-military anarchists by awarding them with power privileges in accordance with the provisions of the August 2015 Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS).

Nonetheless, they should do this simultaneously with taming of heartless economic (particularly financial) anarchists of South Sudan too. Let them use their legitimate peace powers to prescribe the most needed basic subsidies now before it is too late for the ordinary citizens to keep hanging on the thin thread of difficult livelihood these days. Waiting for a utopian prosperous future in the land of the ‘dead’ is a meaningless posterity. Lives of the majority of the citizens of South Sudan should be saved first from the current economic woes for good future promises to make sense later!

No best wishes for a Happy Christmas 2015 and Prosperous New Year 2016 till the current GRSS created invective financial economics is averted finally through pro-poor subsidy policy that should coexist with the pro-rich hard currency floating policy rate.

Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics reachable at okukjimy@hotmail.com

Are the Governors of South Sudan True Citizens of Their States or Mere Political Proxies?

BY: Juma Mabor Marial, Advocate, DEC/24/2015, SSN;

Due to the civil war and economic hardships that have prevailed in the country for the past two years, citizens’ attention has been completely switched from scrutinizing their leaders to concentrating on how to achieve peace and exit from these unprecedented economic difficulties.

In doing so, the leaders especially politicians get it as a tolerable window of opportunity to loot and short-change the country and citizens at different levels.

This article is going to have a discussion about the Governors of the ten states, both present and previous and answer the question on whether or otherwise, these Governors are true citizens of their respective states or just but power hungry politicians who are seen around or within the states when elected and/or appointed to lead at different times.

The hypothesis on this question and which we shall, throughout our discourse, endeavor to qualify is that, almost all the Governors especially the former ones are not true citizens of their states although they may be of course, biological citizens of those states.

This conclusion is drawn from the fact that, once sacked from their positions, such Governors catch the next flight to Juba on transit to Kenya and Uganda while those who have homes and families in Australia, Canada, America and other western countries proceed there in few days after their dismissal.

These actions show that those who are elected/appointed as Governors are only interested in power but not the people and this is why they leave their states as soon as the power is no longer in their hands.

The consequences of these behaviors are that some of the Governors who go to rule some states in South Sudan do not have any essential rapport with the citizens of their states, hence the lack of proper delivery of services to the people.

The reason is that the Governors especially the appointed politicians are total strangers to the citizens of the states and because there has never been a social contract between them and the citizens, they don’t see any obligation to develop policies that would help them in implementing some of the programs that they might have promised the electorates.

Instead, they only do things that impress their appointing authority even when these are things that are at the expense of the state citizens.

Comical enough, most of the former Governors in the states of South Sudan do not have houses in their states and villages but they have bought houses in Nairobi, Kampala and in most of the western countries.

Once appointed, most of them accommodate in the state houses while others are rented some private premises using state resources and this compromised the delivery of services to the state citizens.

The few that have built themselves houses in their states in turn rent them to the state government for themselves, which is a manifestation of fully pledged corruption and conflict of interest.

I know of one incumbent Governor who has rented out his own house as a coordination office in Juba for the state that he is currently leading.

In other countries, once out of power, the best place to retire to is the rural village, the examples are President Moi of Kenya who after his presidency went to Kabarak in Nakuru where he participates and interacts with local populations, the dignitaries and politicians comes to visit him there.

Others are George Walker Bush (Senior and Junior), the former Presidents of the United States of America who retired to their homes in Taxes. Mandela, Mwai Kabaki and most retired African leaders are some of the leaders that retired to their native homes once out of power.

The situation in South Sudan is different, once out of office especially the Governors, instead of going back to their homes, they come to Juba or proceed to East Africa and beyond.

I am not sure whether President Kiir will go to Akoon when he retires, we shall see that when the time comes. The importance of retiring home is that, you get out of public life and concentrate on your private life which you were unable to enjoy when you were in the public office.

Another benefit is that you are able to share with the local people some of their problems and help in resolving them. The retired leader can also initiate some projects based on his connections to help the communities in terms of service delivery.

His presence also enhances stability in the village or state and last but more importantly, it shows the citizens of your state that you are not only there for power but you are there for them all the times whether in power or not.

With these analyses, you would realize that most of the Governors especially the former Governors do not deliver adequate services to their people in the state because they don’t have children to go to schools there, wives to give birth, sick to go to hospitals in the state as their families are in far away countries where such services are available on demand.

The only thing they can do is to expedite their looting and remit money to their families abroad in order to access these services. This is why some of them just go to their states when they are given power but do not care about what happens to the citizens of the state when they are not in power.

It is unfortunate that most of the Governors who are sacked come to Juba and lobby to be reinstated as Governors or get other senior government positions at the centre.

Recommendations
In order to get rid of this habit of being visiting politicians to the states, the following recommendations should be considered:–

1. Random removal of Governors and replacing them with roaming politicians should be avoided so as to allow the citizens to scrutinize their leaders and elect only those that they know and the ones that are staying with them;
2. The President should try to appoint only those that are in the states to avoid politicians that pretend to be true citizens of the states in Juba to only achieve appointment to Governorship positions;
3. The citizens should also ensure that they reject those that are being imposed on them without knowing the concerns of the people;
4. All the politicians and those who aspire to be Governors should develop in them the spirit of nationalism and love for their states, they should do this by ensuring that they construct houses for themselves in their respective states;
5. The President or the citizens must make it as one of the mandatory criteria that, once appointed or elected as a Governor in any state of South Sudan, such individuals must bring their families to the state such that they can be able to offer the same services to all the people as if they were taking care of their immediate family. This will assist in building schools, hospitals, roads, among others, as no Governor would want the members of their family to die or be subjected to poor healthcare facilities or allow their children to go to sub-standard schools.
6. Last but not the least, it must be conditional upon the Governors to ensure that they stay in their states for at least six months before they could leave so as to show the citizens that they can stay in the state even if they are no longer in power.

Conclusion
The situation discussed above is not unique to the former Governors alone but it applies to all the politicians of South Sudan especially the state politicians.

This also tells us the reason why some politicians changed their political alliances as soon as they loose their political positions and some even become rebels.

In any case and for lack of better adjectives, one would easily accept the hypothesis that our politicians are only interested in power but care less about their people and the country.

I hope this habit will change with adoption of the above recommendations and the new reforms through the proper and timely implementation of the peace agreement.

I wish you all a happy and prosperous new year, 2016.

Juma Mabor Marial, Advocate
E-mail: jummabor@hotmail.com

PR on the remembrance of Reath Thoan & his fellow innocent Nuer of Juba’s genocide

On 19th December 2015, the Nuer Community in the United Kingdom, and members of South Sudanese Community convened in London to remember and honour the life of Reath Thoan Wako, husband of Persilla Nyakear and father of Nicki Wako, Koang Wako, Elijah Wako, Annette Wako and four other children.

Reath Thoan was a civil servant in Sudan; he became SPLM’s representative to The Kingdom of Netherlands in 1990s through to the time when CPA was signed; he then returned to South Sudan, where he resumed his civil service in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning.

Many thanks and gratitude are hereby conveyed to everyone who responded to an earlier invitation to attend a church service in remembrance of the lives lost in Juba’s genocide.

Special acknowledgement goes specifically to Mr Benjamin Taban, Chairman of South Sudanese Community in the United Kingdom, members of Nuer Community in North of England, Shilluk Community, members of Equatoria and Dinka Communities.

As we all understood, Reath was murdered in cold blood in Juba together with twenty thousand more innocent Nuer people.

Despite political service rendered by Reath for SPLM in the Diaspora throughout the years of Sudan civil war, President Kiir’s tribal militia, who were immensely influenced by the hatred of Nuer people, did not hesitate to take away the life of a South Sudanese patriot and a SPLM cadre simply for the purpose of being a Nuer.

By writing this message, I want to underscore that our coming together last Saturday to stand with Wako’s family was a beginning of a new chapter in our community in the United Kingdom.

It is time for our people here in the UK to move on. For this reason, services of a similar nature shall continue
to be organized annually with an aim to reconcile our people in the memory and the honour of the twenty thousand plus innocent lives lost in Juba and elsewhere in December 2013.

I wish you all Merry Christmas and a new year of peace, justice and reconciliation!

Signed:
William Dengchang Biliutut
Chairman of Nuer Community, UK
Email: william.btut@yahoo.co.uk
Mob: + 447784953053