Archive for: November 2015

Attack on Nyandeng & Majak by Dinka Bor is an attack on Twic Dinka

Twic East Community of South Sudan-USA Press Statement:

Nyadeng and Dr. Majak attacked by some from Dinka Bor, we do consider it as an attack on Twic Dinka.

To our people around the world, and in South Sudan nation also, we are aware of unfortunate incident that did occur in Jieng Emmanuel Church in Juba, the Capital City of South Sudan.

Twic East Community don’t like that, and we advice our neighbor to cease such behaviors against Founder Father’s widow and hero, otherwise your intellectuals too are under our radar.

For people who didn’t understand what we are trying to say here, we are talking about the attack that did happen on Sunday against: Hon. Rebecca Nyadeng and Dr. Majak Agoot. We heard what had has happened at Church, yet we are not surprised about that at all, which community have such an evil behavior that can do bad at Church.

Before we even confirm everything fully who were behind the unethical incident, and where such people who don’t respect place of Worship should come from.

In this matter, we will not shy away from where we can point our fingers right now, Dinka Bor. Again, this is 100% Dinka Bor behavior. Such an incident did happen before when Dr. Majak Agoot was released from jailed.

One of politicians said, “he can’t go to Church were rebels go to.” That politicians from Dinka Bor was talking about this Church, this Jieng Emmanuel Church where Dr. Majak goes to.

So for us, we know most of Bor County people don’t shy away from doing or talk bad things about others places like good gathering, Church, even funeral and so forth.

Our message is this, Twic people, you need to wake up and protect your intellectuals and yourselves, because they “Boo'” have spread lies or gossiping against Twic East Community to other Dinkas or other communities in exchange of many positions that have been given to them in South Sudan’s government.

For example, where in the world a small tribe Like Dinka Bor which is even not comparable to Eastern Twi Dinka through population wise. We need to stand up, Greater Twic East Community needs to stand up with one voice, please try your best wherever you are by uniting yourselves, and we in the Untied States are now on process to come together to deal with these provocative ideas from our neighbor.

We have liberated that land when there was no money, that is were our intellectuals were respected as intellectuals or freedom fighters to everybody. But after liberation emerge, our intellectuals are become Eastern Twi Dinka intellectuals sons and daughters because there is money now in SPLM/A whom some communities or people used to run away from it or betrayed our people just cause.

Either they are good or bad according to outsiders’ foes, still they are our sons and daughters, we can’t leave them alone in hand of blood-thirsty. We have to stand with them since they were actually chased away from government of South Sudan by jealousy due to them being Eastern Twi Dinka when ongoing conflict occur almost two years ago.

So it is must now us to protect our intellectuals, especially, you the Youths of ours. No more idle, our community has learned from many incidents that have occurred against us through many despicable ways.

Capt. Mabior was attacked many years by some Dinkas colleague, he was about to be murdered by attackers until one of attackers changed his mind and rescued Mabior Garang life. It is one of the reasons why he has been in exile.

Your own kinship trying to take his life away without any legitimate reason to takes his life away pre-maturely. He is now sustaining wounds of those attacks. Plus many other incidents again our people. We need to stop this.

So somebody touch them first, you have natural right to touch them back when it is appropriate time to do just that. What is the point here, Dr. Majak had already been proved in court of law as freeman that was wrongly accused, so who are these criminals still following a freeman?

Let’s take the word of Michael Makuei Lueth and others from Dinka Bor who have accused our entire Community of Twic as, “Rebels” without any good explanation when they are asked to prove their claims.

In this case, our Community was generalized as rebels because of these two intellectuals of ours wrong accusations. There was no any organized force that been found in Greater Twic East land where Dr. Majak planned to overthrow the government.

People! Things don’t click here, otherwise the foolish ones have different way to prove our community wrong-doings. There is no other way to put it, it is jealousy of our neighbor. The Dinka Bor accusation toward Twic Community is dull.

And why they are still following our innocent intellectuals or entire community of Twic Community? Something is really fishy from neighbor. Through difference ways, we have made our own research among Dinkas’ Communities in regard to our unfounded accusations from neighbor.

We didn’t find any other Communities of Jieng or Dinkas do have any issues with Eastern Twi Dinka or intellectuals of ours, except our neighbor jealousy. Reader [s] be the judge of your own.

Moreover, we really felt sad about what had happened to Dr. Chol son and our brother Barach Mayendit plus Pakeer bad incident where young children, elders and women were murdered in cold-blood.

May Almighty God Rest their Souls in Peace and at the sometime, we are forwarding our condolences to the families of our deceased souls as well.

Jieng say, there is, “Tieen Diar Mooc ekaamic.” between Eastern Twi Dinka and Bor Dinka.

Please PRAYS for Twic East Community concerning on going processes of our putting everything together to face common enemy we didn’t provoke.

God Bless our Community of Twi people. We are being hated by evil heart or dark heart that doesn’t believe in sincerity, justice and fairness to others.

Signed by Twic East Community of South Sudan-USA

SPLM a pathological organisation

BY: ELHAG Paul, 29/NOV/2015, SSN;

The behaviour of the SPLM/A since its inception has demonstrated symptoms of organisational illness, but this has continued to be ignored by the people either due to ignorance or opportunism.

Pathological organisations often reflect the collective ill mind of its members and this comes out clearly in the manner it conducts its business. SPLM/A’s pathology manifested itself initially with the killing of Samuel Gai Tut and Akwot Atem.

In his book, “SPLM-SPLA: Inside an African Revolution,” on page 260, Dr Lam Akol referring to an armed confrontation in the early stages of the movement points out that, “Samuel Gai Tut himself was killed during the fighting. This was on March 30, 1984. His body was not discovered until two days later. On receiving the news, Dr John Garang and Kerubino Kwanyin Bol flew by a helicopter to Adura where Kerubino lashed the decomposing body of Gai Tut fifty strokes while Garang looked on in appreciation. The body by then was beyond recognition were it not for the characteristic finger of Gai Tut.”

This surely is not normal behaviour, lashing a dead body is certainly the actions of a deranged mind. In this bizarre behaviour there are issues of pathological hatred and an abnormal thought process devoid of South Sudanese cultural beliefs and values.

With hindsight, the question can be asked: why was the body of Samuel Gai Tut (a Nuer) mutilated and that of his Jieng colleague not? Can this specific act portend the deadly relationship between the Nuer and Jieng in the SPLM/A?

The answer to this question only helps in understanding what has transpired since then, but can not provide a clue to the pathology of the SPLM/A as an organisation.

To understand the likely source of this malaise we have to go back to 1970s. On 3rd March 1972 when Anyanya forces under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu won regional autonomy for South Sudan, he allowed Mr Abel Alier to be the President of the High Executive Council, the highest body governing South Sudan.

Alier, unlike Lagu who devoted his time to develop a new generation of South Sudanese military leaders, engaged in promoting tribalism.

At the time an idea emerged from the Jieng politicians and intellectuals that they the (Jieng) are “born to rule”. The Jieng intellectuals led by late Dr Justin Yac and others loudly verbalised this phrase and put it into action.

In spite of the fact that this was an illusion, Alier systematically began to tribalise the government. He Jienganised the police force through Major General Ruben Mach.

What was bad was that most of the police force now consisted of illiterate officers who hardly knew how to write their names let alone taking a statement from a suspect or statement about an incident.

Pumped up with the belief of superiority they began to misbehave and abuse the people which led to Kokora. Kokora is a Bari word meaning division.

Basically the Equatorians called for Kokora (division of South Sudan into three self governing regions) to free themselves from Jieng abuse.

As can be seen, the implementation of the ideology of “born to rule” was concocted at the expense of the other tribes and of the unity of the South Sudanese people.

With the explosion of corruption in the Sudanese army in the Southern Command, Division 105 stationed in Bor led by Col. Kerubino Kwanyin rebelled sparking the war in 1983.

The coincidence of the rebellion and the redivision of South Sudan into three regions motivated the Jieng who hated the new system to flock to the bush.

The very promoters of Jieng supremacy joined the new rebellion and assumed positions of responsibility, and they continued on with their project in the emerging movement.

Please see, Fudging the Issue: President Kiir and Corruption in RSS

From 1983 to 2013, this group operated in the SPLM/A effectively but clandestinely. Albeit Dr Garang himself was a believer of this idea of the born to rule, he had greater ambitions of realising the born to rule ideology in his own project, ‘the New Sudan’.

The evidence for this can be gleaned from the way he filled all the important positions in the movement with his tribes mate, while he worked hand in hand with the Jieng supremacists.

The desire for dominance by the Jieng leaders therefore is not a new thing, it has been there for a long time and what is happening in Juba today is the pursuance of this policy.

Following the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in Juba in December 2013, they the Jieng leaders came out openly under the name of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE).

Unsurprisingly all the members of this group are the same personalities in Abel Alier’s government in the 1970s, who coined and spearheaded the ideology of the “born to rule”.

Why this group decided to come out at that particular time is unclear.

Perhaps this could be due to a new found confidence that they now have fully tribalised the army through the amalgamation of their various militia groups such as Dootku Beny, Mathiang Anyoor and Gelweng into the national army in addition to controlling the levers of the state.

In a sense their crimes of ethnic cleansing have given them confidence and assurance of possession of power.

Now that this group has come out publicly it is important to examine the characters of the membership of this group in future, so as to understand why this organisation exhibits such belligerence.

So the insanity that started in the 1970s with the utterance of few short-sighted individuals became group insanity taking its own self perpetuating life, infecting the SPLM/A.

As the organisation is supposed to be a liberation movement, those at the head of the liberation struggle automatically become the rulers. To oppose them, or to point to their mistake becomes an act of treason.

SPLM/A becomes Jieng and Jieng becomes SPLM/A. In fact the minutes of the Jieng meeting of 2009 in Ark Hotel in Kampala, Uganda declares this point.

Equally, SPLM/A becomes the state of South Sudan and the state of South Sudan becomes SPLM/A. The three are moulded into one.

Thus by default the Jieng are the party and the state. This abnormality comes out clearly in the letters of the JCE to IGAD in opposition to the then proposed Compromise Peace Agreement.

Please see, ‘JCE Response to the Latest IGAD Proposal on Power Sharing’ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Response%20to%20IGAD%20Proposal%20on%20Power%20Sharing%20(1).pdf and ‘Position of the JCE on the IGAD-Plus Proposal Compromise Agreement‘ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/JCE%20-%20Position%20on%20Proposed%20Compromise%20Agreement%20(1).pdf

SPLM/A as a result has become a tool of the JCE’s ideology of supremacy. This ideology is doomed to fail with incalculable consequences to the followers for two reasons.

First, internally it is unlikely to survive due to issues of management, contradictions and lack of a coherent supportive narrative. The ideology entirely depends on extreme violence for its survival.

Secondly, externally it constantly faces fierce resistance from the other tribes who believe in another ideology namely democracy.

The JCE’s insanity now is manifested in their claim of being the legitimate conveyors of South Sudan’s wishes as exemplified by the recent letters referred to above.

Corralling the masses like cattle under duress in order to deceive the world that the ideas of the JCE are a legitimate representation of the people of South Sudan will not work, especially as it is only in order to serve the interests of the JCE.

This unsustainable act of political fraudulence will not let the government off the hook, nor will it stop the hemorrhaging of support for the Juba regime.

This process is already in action. The supporters of this pathological ideology of the ‘born to rule’ are simply burning their bridges with all the other people of South Sudan for a short lived glory.

In its popular broadcast, South Sudan in Focus, Voice of America on the 22nd September 2015 shed some light on what is going on in the country in an interview with Mr Pagan Amum:
“John Tanza (VOA): which tribe is trying to hijack the SPLM?

Pagan Amum: of course you know, what is happening now in Juba, you have a Dinka or Jieng Elders Council which is almost becoming the leadership of the party that is in power.

It is the one that is determining every policy and it is the one that is making campaigns against other tribes in South Sudan (like the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer; the dispossession of Equatorian tribes, Chollo and Fertit people of their lands etc). It is very very unfortunate.”

For Amum to reach this correct conclusion about his beloved pathological organisation is very encouraging. He specifically played a very important role in nurturing this microbe that has critically infected South Sudanese society.

He doggedly defended the dysfunction and abuses of the SPLM/A blindly thinking they were liberating a country for all.

SPLM/A has a lot of unstable personalities in its leadership. This is no exaggeration or idle insult, but the fact and reality of the situation.

One of the main traits of the SPLM/A that distinguishes it from all other political organisations that existed in South Sudan is its extreme nonsensical brutality without any accountability.

This says a lot about the mind set of this organisation and the minds of the people who run it, and the minds of its members.

The SPLM in its totality, including all its factions are beyond any comprehension the evidence is plentiful.

For example, a clear examination of Dr Peter Nyaba’s book, Dr Lam Akol’s book, Minutes of the Rumbek meeting of 2004, the report of African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan, Human Rights Watch reports and others, will testify of such incomprehensible behaviour.

If an organisation wilfully remains chaotic and kills its own people, kills its young people, kills its women, kills its own members, this clearly shows that fundamentally something is wrong with it.

They castrate boys and leave them to die. They rape women and after that abomination they shoot them dead.

They throw babies and toddlers into fire etc.

The question is: how can a society have a future without women, children and the educated? Killing these groups is killing the very basis of the society itself and the country.

The article, Fight of the Beast in the Luak, was precisely written to make people think about the dire situation in the country but the message fell on deaf ears, and unfortunately the cost has been monumental in terms of lost lives, and the continuous destruction to our country South Sudan.

SPLM/A’s actions prove beyond reasonable doubt that it is not a humane organisation and it needs to be restrained for its members and South Sudan’s own good.

It is a danger to South Sudanese society as well as itself, and if left unchecked it will certainly destroy South Sudan.

Take for example the lunacy of the ‘Establishment Order.’ Without any feasibility study on the issue of states and boundary changes; without any respect for the interim constitution; and without honouring of the Compromise Peace Agreement, the SPLM goes ahead and imposes the creation of 28 states with the potential to further destabilise the country. Do you see the irrationality?

This pathological insanity that has firmly gripped SPLM/A can easily be seen by normal rational people as concerning.

However, if one wears the shoe of the supremacists that believe in the ‘born to rule’ ideology this very insanity makes sense from their perspective.

Let us look again at the behaviour of Dr John Garang and Kerubino Kwanyin with the body of Samuel Gai Tut.

Garang’s look of appreciation at the mutilation of Samuel Gai Tut’s body was an act of establishing the ultimate power for the Jieng in the new movement, and indeed from that time onwards Garang supported by Dr Justin Yac, Salva Kiir, Koul Manyang Juuk and others continued to inflict brutalities on the people of South Sudan to assert the idea of Jieng supremacy.

For example the massacres of the Nuer in the mid 1980s, the massacres of the Uduk people at the same time, the massacres of the Taposa people in the 1990s and so on.

At the root of the pathological behaviour of the SPLM is the objective of establishing the Jieng as the ultimate rulers of South Sudan. To the JCE, there is nothing wrong with SPLM.

Simply put, it is their tool of achieving the prioritisation of their interest in South Sudan.

The monopolisation of institutions by the Jieng is not a new thing. It has been there since Garang’s time and what President Kiir is doing now in Juba is the continuation of that agenda.

The execution of this supremacist program has not been done without the support of others.

From Garang’s time allies have been co-opted from other tribes to help this supremacist agenda.

In a nutshell the pathology of the SPLM/A is embedded in the delusional idea of the ‘born to rule’, which started in the 1970s during the self rule of South Sudan, and was later transferred to SPLM/A by the same pioneers of the idea who now call themselves officially the Jieng Council of Elders.

In conclusion, SPLM/A is unsalvageable. It is terminally infected, and in order for South Sudan to be rescued SPLM/A has to be disbanded or people should just walk away from it so it dies of its own accord.

Whether it is SPLM-IO or SPLM-G10 or SPLM-DC or SPLM-IG, they are all equally infected either pursuing tribal interest or individual personal opportunism.

The outcome of their programs has brought disaster for the people of South Sudan. The people now need to organize and mobilize under a new multi-tribal body that is truly representative of the people of South Sudan, to face down this insane monster SPLM/A once and for all.

Such a new body must be seen to do the right thing for the country as a whole.

In ‘Legitimacy of Violence as a Political Act,’ Noam Chomsky argues that, “A new society rises out of the actions, that are taken to form it and the institutions and the ideology it develops are not independent of those actions; in fact, they are shaped by them in many ways. And one can expect that actions that are cynical and vicious, whatever their intent, will inevitably condition and deface the quality of the ends that are achieved.”

Is it any wonder that the behavior of SPLM/A is all over the place?

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Juba peace still a mirage — UN report

Posted by: Kevin J. Kelley, The East African, NOV/29/2015, SSN;

Failure to implement a peace agreement signed in August after protracted negotiations underlies the pessimistic tone of the latest UN report on South Sudan.

Multiple risks are impeding South Sudan’s peace process nearly two years after the start of a civil war, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned in a “special report” last week.

Responding to continued insecurity in much of the country, the UN leader urged the Security Council to approve deployment of an additional 1,100 peacekeepers and to augment the “air assets” available to the 12,500 UN troops and police personnel already stationed in the country.

The expansion of the UN Mission in South Sudan (Unmiss) is needed in part, Mr Ban said, to better protect the nearly 180,000 civilians now sheltering at six UN sites that were not designed to accommodate displaced persons.

“Overcrowding and complex ethnic and intercommunal tensions between displaced communities are threatening the internal safety and security of the sites,” the report noted.

Unmiss has responded to nearly 3,000 “security incidents” at these sites, including killings, rapes and attacks on UN and humanitarian personnel, Mr Ban recounted.

The Security Council is scheduled to review Unmiss’s mandate in mid-December. But even if the 15-nation body approves Mr Ban’s request, such an increase is unlikely to be achieved quickly. More than a year passed before troop-contributing countries responded to the Security Council’s call in late 2013 for an increase in Unmiss personnel.

Failure to implement a peace agreement signed in August after protracted negotiations underlies the pessimistic tone of the latest UN report on South Sudan.

Continued fighting between government troops and rebel forces and both sides’ failure to meet deadlines for establishing transitional mechanisms “call into question their commitment to the peace process and their political buy-in with regard to implementation,” Mr Ban said.

A similar note of dismay was sounded last week by the “Troika” of Western countries — the United States, United Kingdom and Norway — most deeply involved in efforts to staunch the bloodshed in South Sudan.

The Troika expressed “deep concern that South Sudan’s leaders have not formed a new transitional government within the agreed 90-day timeline of the August peace agreement. “Each day,” the group added, “fighting and abuses continue, and an already grave humanitarian situation grows worse.”

Further delays in establishing transitional structures are likely, Mr Ban told the Security Council. Among the negative factors at play, he said, is “the continued centralisation of power around the presidency during the transition and the continued mismanagement of state resources.”

Neither side in the conflict fully controls elements of its respective coalition, the report added. And it warned that if this dissolution of command continues, there is a likelihood of “an increased number of armed actors negotiating their integration into the peace process through the use of force.”

Deep divisions among communities, along with “the high levels of brutality that have characterised the violence throughout the crisis, could lead to a pattern of revenge killings, in particular if human-rights perpetrators are not held accountable,” the report said.

28-States Proposal is a Myopic, Unforgivable National Disaster

BY: Kuir e Garang, NOV/29/2015, SSN;

History is supposed to be one of those phenomena that informs us about what we should and should not repeat. Unfortunately, in South Sudan, history is just irrelevant unless it serves the interest of the ruling elites.

And we’ve seen with a damning, scary reality how history has been used not only to repeat the past, but to also consciously destroy the nation.

Decisions coming out of the two sides of the political divide in South Sudan are depressing.

The rebels are intransigent; and they easily exploit government’s bad and ill-informed decisions/decrees.

And the government makes one dangerous decision after another without any thought put into how dangerous such decisions might be.

I’m going to ignore Dr. Riek Machar’s 21-State proposal because it was rejected during IGAD negotiation process. Dr. Riek too has no practical authority — unlike the president — to enforce his proposal.

Besides, 21-States proposal is another unnecessary re-division of the country.

However, the case of 28-States proposal (also known as Order Number 36/2015) is different and disconcertingly, futuristically, divisive and disastrous.

I’ll also ignore the then constitutional illegality of the 28-States proposal as it was clear the president had no legal authority to establish new states.

We also know that the vote to change the constitution to constitutionalize the unconstitutional order is something that needs no more explanation.

Undoubtedly, the country has been divided and the wounds are still fresh.

However, the primary goal of the leadership in South Sudan should be to find ways to make sure that South Sudanese come together, speak the truth about what happened, forgive one another, and then reconcile.

However, the leadership in Juba finds it expedient to further slice up the country into tribal states that’ll continue to keep people apart and close any window that’d have allowed South Sudanese of all tribal stripes to forgive.

People can only forgive if they are given an appropriate avenue to meet and talk.

Segregating tribes in their own ethnic enclaves is both myopic and disastrous for any possible future in which South Sudan is expected to reduce politicization of tribal differences.

Once South Sudan is divided into these 28 tribal states, people will have no incentives or need to travel to different states, especially between Nuer and Jieeng.

Since people are already afraid of one another because of the divisive, war generative effects, the fear of moving to other tribal states will even be worse.

For those who think that giving some tribes their own states will reduce tribal feuds, I have to tell you that these tribal states aren’t coming with Berlin Walls or Israeli walls, or would-be Trump-Wall.

As long as you don’t have walls separating these people, you should expect tribal feuds to continue to exist.

Murle will not stop attacking Twi, Bor, Nyarweng, Hol, or Lou Nuer simply because they have their own states.

Murle continue to attack and kill people in Jonglei even after the president gave them ‘Greater Pibor Administrative Area.”

We can also see in Mono-Tribal states like Warrap and majority Jieeng states like Lakes in the current 10-States system that clans continue to fight and kill one another in their hundreds.

So the advocates of 28-states system, the likes of the Jieeng Council of Elders, who argue that they proposed the 28-States to help solve the problem in South Sudan should know how ill-advised their intentions are.

When did political segregation ever work in the world? When did it ever become morally acceptable?

I also oppose the 28-States proposal because of redundancy. We can still decentralize power or federate governance within the current 10-States system.

We currently have 1 central/federal government, 10 states, 86 counties, 514 payams and over 2100 bomas.

Decentralizing power and administration to this administrative centers is better than the redivision of South Sudan into mostly tribal states that’ll further keep tribes apart and reduce the chance for people to forgive and reconcile.

Advisedly, some sectors and ministries should be given to the states. Law enforcement, education, agriculture, tourism and other appropriate sectors should be given to the states.

This will ensure that people who’d want to work in those sectors will be forced to move to the states and create residence there.

State governments can further move some sectors to counties and counties to payam.

For instance, a state government can further decentralize administration by making sure different sectors’ headquarters are distributed to different countries.

Counties can further decentralize power to different payams.

This arrangement will not only save money, it’ll bring the power to the people without any creation of more unnecessary controversies.

I also oppose the 28-States proposal because its proponents don’t have any solid rationale why they think it’s better than the current system.

The vacuous reasons given are mostly visceral reactions of “we now have our own state.” So?

Another reason being flaunted around is that “people in South Sudan love it.”

When did the populace develop any sense of political autonomy and informed decision-making?

We can only talk of ‘people love it’ if there’s a chance for the average person to publicly express his/her dissenting opinion.

Have we ever seen a public rally where South Sudanese expressed any disapproval of some government’s decisions?

Every public rally supports the president’s decisions however bad: “Kiir Mayardit Oyee!” What does that tell us?

The last reason why I oppose the 28-States proposal is the problem of borders.

Some tribal lands will be divided up and forcefully included in a different tribal state. This will cause tribal feuds and unnecessary deaths.

And we’ve seen that the government of South Sudan isn’t effective in preventing tribal deaths.

Why create a problem you shouldn’t create in the first place? Why create a problem you can’t help solve?

Let’s keep the current 10 states, avoid the creation of more problems and embark on a decentralized national development with what we currently have.

Kuir e Garang

Tiger Faction New Forces attacked & shoot down SPLA helicopter


The Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF) would like to inform that today 28th November, 2015 at 8:00 Am and 2:00 PM Sudan local time respectively, Government forces attacked our positions in Thoworgwang using two helicopter gunships.

Tiger gallant forces defended their positions with courage and valor and gun downed one of the attacking helicopter gunships. These attacks come when South Sudanese and the international community are eagerly anticipating the implementation of the comprehensive peace agreement signed in August.

However, President Kiir and his Jieng Council of elders are not interested in the implementation of singed peace agreement but are hell bend to continue war with devastating consequences upon the civil population.

We are prepared and determined to defend our civil population from Kiir’s dictatorship until the last man. As we write this statement Government forces with the assistant of Sudan’s rebels known as Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) have massed their troops in Omaar (Massabal) area with the intention of carrying further ground attacks on our forces around Wadakon.

President Kiir is consciously and willingly derailing the implementation of the signed comprehensive peace agreement with absolute impunity.

The Republic of South Sudan is heading towards Somalization as result of Kiir’s dictatorial tendencies and we therefore call upon IGAD and the United Nations Security Council to exert more pressure on Kiir’s government and to utilize resolution 2206 (2015) which layout ground for targeted sanctions on individuals blocking peace in South Sudan.

International Community must stand with the people of South Sudan and it is high time to sent a strong message to Kiir and his administration that there intransigence will not be tolerated any longer.

Long live the struggle of our People
Long live South Sudan
A lutta continua
Brig Gen: Otowang Achwang
Tel:+249961558003: E-mail:

Pres. Festus G. Mogae Rekindles Peace Hopeful Dividends For South Sudan

By James Okuk, PhD., JUBA, NOV/27/2015, SSN;

Friday 27th November 2015 had marked a very important step forward on the path of peace in the Republic of South Sudan despite lagging behind the schedules in the last wasted three months of pre-transition period. This good news had not happened out of a chance but determination by the Former Botswana President and prominent Veteran African personality, Festus Gontebanye Mogae.

His biography and profile alone tells in advance the wonders of peace dividends that could be expected in South Sudan soon. Gontebanye was born on 21th August 1939 at Serowe in the Central District of Botswana where he grow up and pursued his first formal education. Later he went to study economics at the universities of Oxford and Sussex in the United Kingdom.

After graduation in 1968 he started his public service career as an officer of planning in Botswana’s Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, in which he became Permanent Secretary from 1975 to 1976.

From 1976 to 1980 he served in Washington D.C as Alternate and Executive Director of International Monetary Fund for Anglophone Africa.

From 1980 to 1992 he became Governor of the Bank of Botswana, Permanent Secretary of the Office of Former Botswana President Quett Masire, Secretary to the Cabinet and Supervisor of Elections.

He became the Minister of Finance and Development Planning before he was appointed Vice-President of Botswana from 1992 to 1998.

Finally, Mr. Mogae became the President of Botswana on Democratic Party (BDP)’s ticket for two consecutive terms (from 1998 to 2008), after which he voluntarily retired to give his Vice President Lieutenant General Ian Khama a chance of alternative but continuous good leadership.

During his tenure, President Mogae enabled Botswana to demonstrate how a country with precious natural resources and agricultural opportunities (especially cattle keeping) can promote sustainable prosperity, preventive health, education, good governance and stability in a continent where too often mineral wealth – like diamond and oil – has become a source of curse.

President Mogae has received a number of honors such as Naledi Ya Botswana – Gaborone (2003); Grand Croix – Madagascar (2006) ; Officier de I’Order Nationale du – Mali (1977); Global Marketplace Award by the Corporate Council on Africa – Houston, USA (May 1999); Distinguished Achievement Award for AIDS Leadership in Southern Africa by the Medunsa Trust – Washington DC, USA (June 2000); the 2002 Congressional Black Caucus Annual Legislative Conference Weekend Chairman’s Award – Washington D.C., USA (September 2002); the Honorary Fellow – University College Oxford (2003); and the Knight Commander of the Most Courteous Order of the Kingdom of Lesotho (2004).

He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Légion d’honneur by former French President Nicolas Sarkozy on 20th March 2008 for his exemplary leadership that contributed to the making of Botswana a good model country for Africa.

He was chosen as the winner of the 2008 Mo Ibrahim Prize for African good leadership despite the criticism of Survival International based on the issue of his Republican Decree to evict the Bushmen from their ancestral land rights in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve in 2002. This was seen as disrespect for minorities even while pleasing the majority. The Bushmen filed a legal case in 2006 where Botswana High Court declared the eviction ‘unlawful and unconstitutional’. One of the judges regarded the Decree as starvation of Bushmen to death.

Along with former President Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania, Mr. Mogae co-chaired a sustainable development symposium, hosted by the UONGOZI Institute in collaboration with Club de Madrid. He served as the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General on Climate Change before the IGAD appointed him to become the Chairman of Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) for peace in South Sudan.

Since the first time Mogae visited Juba and now after launching his office rights and duties officially, we could not stop admiring the sagacious courage and serving humility from this 76-years great African statesman.

Despite the fact that the IGAD Head of States and Governments wanted him to wait longer for the start of the challenging peace mission, he defied all the honors and decided to land alone and quietly in Juba and Bor for warming up the beginning of implementation of the ARCISS process immediately as the people of South Sudan don’t deserve any further long wait in suffering.

When the GRSS tried to give a lame duck excuse that there is no money for implementation of the ARCISS and air tickets for repatriation of the FDs and SPLM-IO peace delegates, President Mogae intervened immediately to pay the money via IGAD Secretariat.

He does not tolerate mediocrity. He understands it very well that peace is a strategy worth sacrificing for, especially for a young African country like South Sudan. Malicious tactics have no place in his world.

Because of this unique and extraordinary conviction, the JMEC’s Chairman won the confidence of the Trioka (United States, United Kingdom and Kingdom of Norway) who have now thrown their superpower weight of support behind him.

The First impression about him is, indeed, becoming the right impression! The Trioka, in a press statement released timely on Thursday 26th November 2015, warned the SPLM political leaders to end the suffering inflicted on the population of South Sudan for the last past 23 months of the senseless war of leadership succession.

According to their findings, “Each day, the fighting and abuses continue, an already grave humanitarian situation grows worse”, hence, they urge the warring parties to establish the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) immediately and recommit to the timeline of the ARCISS lest the peace process will unravel.

On the other hand, the Troika commended H.E. Mogae for hosting the JMEC’s first meeting in Juba and moving ahead the boat of peace despite the stumbling blocks put on the way by the heartless war mongers who want to destroy the virgin country for their parochial selfish interests.

The Troika countries have put it categorically that any faction of the SPLM that fails to participate fully in launching of the JMEC and work jointly with Chairman Festus G. Mogae, will be regarded as a promoter of further delays of ARCISS implementation for the wrong sake of continuation of war and suffering.

The anti-peace elements will be made to pay bitterly for the consequence of their intransigence. It is only a matter of short time!

The Trioka countries have already asked President Salva Kiir Mayardit to reverse the EO#36/2015 of the 28 new states for South Sudan and are urging the SPLM-IO to not hold the ARCISS hostage as the JMEC’s Chairman will use his Veto Powers soon to defer it if Kiir doesn’t act quickly in the set time.

There is no more time to waste neither is there time for jokes on the value of peace. After all the on-going senseless war has no justification because the Report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) had it that there was no coup attempt nor genocide that took place in Juba.

The Hybrid Court shall give final verdicts for convicting the proven war criminals on individual bases.

Congratulations to H.E. Festus Gontebanye Mogae for his first day in office that demonstrated the beginning of Phase II of ARCISS Implementation. He is going to be our unforgettable hero because of his sacrifice to save South Sudan from abyss of war.

All the peace-loving people should rally behind his leadership for peace. He will be the main engine for directing the implementation of the ARCISS. Thanks be to God!

President Mogae has told the warring leaders that enough is enough for empty talking. He want to see to it that the money that was spent on IGAD-Plus mediated peace deal does not go to waste for nothing tangible. He will remind the leaders of South Sudan, especially the SPLM warring factions, to apologize unconditionally to the people as required in the Preamble of the ARCISS.

He will tell them to start preparation of the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity in accordance with the provisions of Chapter One.

He will urge them to put into action Chapter Two so that Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements become operational as Uganda gets appreciated for withdrawing its allied forces from the territory of South Sudan except in Western Equatoria.

The mercenaries from Sudan shall be warned not to meddle in fueling violence and looting in the territory of South Sudan any more, otherwise, they will risk getting disarmed as provided in ARCISS.

As long as the leaders of the warring parties and TGoNU show humility and good faith, the JMEC’s Chairman will urge the donors to come to aid of South Sudan by helping it implement Chapter Three so that Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction could be made more possible.

Along side with these, he will pressure South Sudanese leaders to start getting very serious and responsible on realizing Chapter Four on Resource, Economic and Financial Management Arrangements from the revenues that are already available in the country.

In order not to give future war criminals more incentives, President Mogae will push for implementation of Chapter Five so that Transitional Justice, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing are served duly in time for both victims and perpetrators.

And because one of the major problems of South Sudan is the constitution that has given exaggerated absolute centralized powers to the President of the Republic, Chairman Mogae will encourage implementation of Chapter Six on Parameters of Permanent Constitution where the issue of federalism and taking towns to villages shall be properly deliberated and addressed on sufficient and well-advised consultative consensus.

After all these reminders, President Mogae will officially practice his Veto Powers in accordance with Chapter Seven of ARCISS and warn the leaders of South Sudan not to temper with the agreed Supremacy of ARCISS and Procedures for Amendments as stipulated in Chapter Eight.

Mr. Mogae will exhort the representatives of the signatory Parties (GRSS, SPLM-IO, FDs and Other Political Parties), Other Stakeholders, Adherents, Guarantors and Witnesses to honor their signatures and not conduct any unilateral dangerous subversive actions on the ARCISS, because this shall be risky for the survival of the sovereignty and dignity of the new country.

From civilized soft landing, it might turn to a nasty crashing landing if the warring leaders don’t take it seriously to honor their commitment for sustainable peace in the country.

The Trioka, the frontline states and the entire African Union shall not allow South Sudan to become a second Syria. Thus, the SPLM warring leaders are hereby urged to respect this rare Great African Veteran because he is not going to give up on the blessings of peace in the coming three years and even beyond in South Sudan.

May he continue to have good health and long life of strength of wisdom and honest service of humanity in Africa.

The end is now around the corner for the political liars and war propagandists to be shamed and retired for good.

It is high time for truth tellers and peace missionaries to unite and move the new country forward in a desirable environment of peace for prosperity. Viva South Sudan!

Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer of politics reachable at

Why the SPLM must be dismantled?

By: Peter Gai Manyuon, NOV/25/2015, SSN;

Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) is a party that was formed in 1983 where Dr. John Garang became the head of the party after eliminating senior comrades within the movement those days.

Moreover, when the death of Dr. John Garang came accidentally in July 2005, President Kiir took the leadership of the party and eventually, the mission and vision of the party became the looting of resources, manipulating the rule of law, killing professional Journalists in the Country on daily basis, abusing human rights, lack of democratization processes in the country, raping, torturing, cannibalism, mass killing and genocide in the Juba city and eliminating any one who objects dictatorial Leadership existence in South Sudan.

Killing civilians on 16th, 17th and 18th of December 2013 in Juba was because of belonging to a certain ethnicity. Those are genuine points to dismantle the party for good in South Sudan for civilian’s safety unless those who have psychological disorder might dispute the reality.

The question might come, is it the SPLM or President Kiir wh’s the curse? The answer is, both the SPLM and President Kiir Kuethpiny are the curse to the nation.

Why God created Kiir Mayardit in South Sudan? Why God took away the lives of good people during the liberation struggle and left this current President in Juba?

More interestingly, audiences/masses might ask for the definition of the SPLM as the Party in South Sudan.

According to my own observation, SPLM can be defined in various ways but first it can be refer as the party that was formed by killers, hooligans, thieves and tribalist leaders in 1983 and is continuing killing the civilians on basis of ethnicity and political affiliation and the leadership structures are controlled by one ethnicity that calls itself rulers of the Nation.

In other words, it can be defined as the “Red bag” that contains rotten thieves, tribalists that always work on what each individual gets and puts aside the interest of civilians in the Country.

It could as well be defined as the “black house” where you could get prostitutes, thieves, tribalists, illiterates, cowboys and village boys combine together in order to loot the resources of the country using the slogan of “SPLM oyeee, SPLM akuma bi tana,” and divisive language characterized by primitiveness, hooliganism, sectarianism and nepotism.

In fact, its formation in 1983 was basically to fight for the rights and aspirations of South Sudanese from North Sudan, which was eventually changed after the Independence of South Sudan in 2011 to looting and dictatorship tendencies in the Country up to this particular period of time, where there is a council of elders that always determine the future of the Country.

What a disgrace and shame?

Subsequently, after the departure of Dr. John Garang in 2005, the current dictator President Salva Kiir Mayardit was endorsed by the group of SPLM Oyees to lead the people of South Sudan up to this particular period of time where South Sudanese divided themselves based on ethnicities and communities across the country.

Newsite meeting of 2005 that proposed Kiir to be the leader in South Sudan is what has lead to the massacre of the civilians in Juba 2013.

Anyone who endorsed this illiterate incumbent President in Juba has fully contributed to the killings of the civil population as well.

Hence, since the inception of the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011 up to date, SPLM has been known as the party that is being lead by hooligans and professional thieves that aim at looting the resources of the South Sudanese that could be used instead for developing infrastructures, hospitals and schools that citizens should benefits from.

SPLM is known as the party that always killed innocent civilians on basis of ethnicity. How can such a useless party exist in South Sudan?

Most of the civilians were killed in December 2013 in Juba due to the crisis that emerged within the party that had no connection with civilians in the Country.

If SPLM is the party of Ethnicity not for a Country, then this is the right time to dismantle it for good in order for civilians to stay peacefully across the Country.

The safety of civilians across the country should be the major concern rather than the stomach gains and riches of the SPLM.

Most of the SPLM leaders are tribalists, corrupts, illiterates that is why most of them don’t value human lives and suffering across the Country.

Tribalism is being practiced by the leaders within the SPLM as the ruling party.

Most of the civilians were killed on the basis of ethnicities and madness that is among the South Sudanese who claimed to be politicians while their upstairs is empty educationally and they lack maturity in thinking as well.

SPLM leadership has failed the Country and therefore should be dismantled immediately.

This party is problematic to everybody and has now turned to a tribal party that is mandated to castrate boys, rape girls and women and carryout genocide across the Country specifically in the Southern Unity State of Leer, Koch, Mayendit.

The current killing that is going on in Southern Unity State is motivated by the leaders who called themselves SPLM leaders.

People assume that all the civilians in Southern Unity State should be killed in order to reduce votes of Dr. Machar in 2018 coming elections. That is absolutely a childish thinking.

Moreover, Corruption within the SPLM members is something known internationally, regionally and locally.

Most of the top fifteen (15) members who are part of the disappearance of 4.5 million dollars are SPLM Leaders.

Anyone who supports SPLM party to exist in South Sudan is a curse to the country and therefore I call upon the living God of the universe and of South Sudan to deal with such persons properly.

Anyone who is celebrating the unification of the SPLM members is primitive and doesn’t project the suffering of South Sudanese in time to come.

Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on Human Rights and Democratization. He could be contact on

Why Pres. Kiir and Riek Machar must relinquish ethnic federalism ideology in South Sudan

BY: Chol Deng Yol, South Sudan, NOV/24/2015, SSN;

South Sudan, the world’s newest independent state, remains one of the most troubled country facing both external and internal threats from aggrieved neighboring country (Sudan) and internal power struggling among the SPLM Politicians.

The SPLM’s domineering political party, after secession from Khartoum, had dramatically robbed the people of their hard-won independence and returned the country back to civil war, pitting the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups against one another.

The South Sudanese civil war that started as a political dispute has been interpreted through the lens of ethnic bitterness, fueled by tribal animosities that remained unresolved since the inception of SPLM/A in 1983.

Just but to mention a few, the war has immensely claimed lives and destroyed peoples’ sources of livelihood.

It has led to the proliferation of small arms and ammunitions in civilian communities deepening tribal animosity, creating perceptions of insecurity besides breaking down of cultural values.

It has displaced thousands of people and destroyed schools and hospitals. The economy has indicatively shrunken.

As a redress to South Sudanese atrocities, the IGAD Plus has helped the warring parties to sign a compromised Peace Agreement which is yet to be implemented.

Apparently, the scars carried by Kiir and Machar’s survivors, inside and outside the country, are still raw and the recently signed ‘Compromised Peace Agreement’ that prompted return to status-quo of the former foes does nothing to free SPLM and SPLM-IO from the guilt of killing their own citizens.

With the loss nationhood innocence, Riek and Kiir must come to terms with their new ethnic federalism ideologies, otherwise trying to move forward will have deadly consequences.

Dr. Riek in his “SPLM-in-opposition’ Movement Manifesto was the first leader to split the country into 21 ethnic federal states only to be pebbly surprised by President Kiir in his unilateral decision that ordered the creation of 28 ethnic federal States.

The decisions taken by both Machar and President Kiir do not meet people‘s aspirations at all as they both have elements of tribal supremacy over power and resources.

Whether with 21 or 28 states, South Sudan is not ready for it at the movement, period!

South Sudanese are resilient people who need peace and prosperity, not federal states.

Regardless of the legality of creation of more states, the question that hangs in the mind of every South Sudanese is that, if we could not developed the already existing 10 states of the republic of South Sudan, how are we going to develop 21 or 28 ethic states given the rifts and tribal animosities caused by this senseless war?

In countries like Ethiopia and Nigeria, ethnic federation is applied in the context and strategy of resolving ethnic conflict on a permanent basis.

However in South Sudan, it is likely to exacerbate the already complicated unresolved political, economic and social issues.

One of the major peculiarities of the proposed federalism in South Sudan is how to designate the territorial location of an ethnic group given the history of internal seasonal migration and patterns of settlement, especially among the nomadic communities of Greater Upper Nile regions.

It will be very difficult for the federal government to demarcate ethnic territorial boundaries without experiencing multitudes of claims and counter claims from local tribes.

It will create another protracted war along ethnic lines.

In all the federal states inhabited by more than one ethnic community, there exist evidences that there will be problems of treating unequal ethnic groups equally.

In reality, tribes will be different in terms of territorial size, population and economic potentials which may complicate allocation of federal powers among various tribes.

Will federal seats be allotted on the proportion of population size or ethnic representation? It is very complicated to determine it.

Since the contested system of ethnic federalism in South Sudan is anchored on the very idea and principle of self-determination of the tribes, it will be likely that local communities at the borders, out of frustrations, may one day decide to secede which will ultimately result in disintegration of federal states.

In a nutshell, whether the decision to split the country into 21 or 28 ethnic federal states was based on former colonial districts or on popular demand model, the timing for adopting federalism in South Sudan is but just far from now.

It is high time we prioritize fixing things right by embracing peace and reconciliation.

We need to amend and restore our broken social fabrics without disintegrating into tribal webs that will further fan clannish wars.

We need to preserve our sovereignty and national pride in unity not in disunity.

As the English people put it that “a stitch in time saves nine,” in the interest of national pride and tranquility of our beloved motherland, it is imperative that our leaders in the persons of President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar listen to the voices of reason and immediately back down from their personal egos and tribal interests.

They must both relinquish their models and making of ethnic federalism ideology in South Sudan.

By Chol Deng Yol,

Tribal Domination & Dinkanization in the making in South Sudan

From: Nhial Ruach , South Sudan, NOV/23/2015, SSN;

While Salva Kiir and his Dinka Council of Evil are in the process of destroying South Sudan in order to establish their Dinkanization policy, other tribes are marching along with them, helping Kiir and Jieng Council of Elders (Evil) to achieve this objective.

Thus, many questions come to mind, such as, are the rest of the South Sudanese becoming blinded by greed for personal gains or are they just too afraid to stand up against the ongoing implementation of the Dinka domination?

Where in the world that you are helping an individual or a tribe to establish a kingdom over you without resisting it?

These could only happen when one does not know what is happening or when one is being defeated and forced to surrender.

South Sudanese must not allow Salva Kiir and his Dinka of Evil to employ strategies used by many colonial masters to dominate others in the country shared by all.

If domination is acceptable and it is good, why nations all over the world have fought against colonization to liberate themselves from their colonial masters?

Similarly, if the domination is good, why South Sudanese have fought against Khartoum regime if the domination and marginalization are acceptable systems?

Are Dinka asking for South Sudan to disintegrate into small nations along tribal lines, or what is that they are trying to do?

Do Dinkas think that they will continue to rule this nation for life under such domination?

The system of domination has been practiced by many leaders and tribes all over Africa, and the in Middle East but they all have failed.

It was employed in old Sudan by Mahadi but eventually collapsed, it was employed by Muomar Gaddafi in Libya, yet it came to vanish and was accompanied by terrible consequences.

It was employed in Iraq by Saddam Hussein but failed terribly. It was also employed in Ethiopia but failed. (Just to mention a few).

So, what make our brothers and sisters from Dinka to think that they will rule the country with an Iron Fist and their Kingdom in the making will last forever?

Many people may rush to conclusion that Salva Kiir created 28 states in South Sudan as to violate the newly signed peace agreement; however, Salva Kiir and his Dinka Council of Evil have been actively designing many ways to expand and to maintain Dinka domination in South Sudan by all means.

One of the mean is to create more states in favor of Dinka communities in order to maintain the Dinka domination that is supposed to last forever.

As one can see from what they have done, among the 28 States they created, 13 out of the 28 States are allocated to Dinkas, and only other fifteen are distributed among other 63 tribes.

In the 13 States they have allocated to Dinkas, they have annexed lands from every tribe in South Sudan. They have annexed land rich of oil from Eastern Nuer (Jikaany Nuer) and given it to Dinka in Upper Nile.

They also annexed land rich of oil from Western Nuer and given it to Dinka in Bar el Gazel, (Similar strategies that were employed by the Sudan government when it annexed oil rich areas to the North).

Also, they have annexed lands from Central Nuer and given it to Dinkas. Again they have annexed land from Shilluk, and given it to Dinkas.

They also annexed land from non-Dinka tribes in Bahar el Gezal and Equatoria and given it to Dinkas.

Is Dinka population larger compared to the rest of all tribes in South Sudan so that they can claim to deserve to be awarded those 13 States out of 28 States?

Where are the rest of South Sudanese, are you going to let Salva and his Dinka Elders of Evil to annex your land in broad daylight like that, while it is taking place right at your finger tips?

For your information, this primitive Salva Kiir with his outdated tribal Dinka Elders of Evil want to continue dominating the South Sudan by employing different kind of strategy as they imposed 28 states in favor of Dinka communities.

They want to continue to dominate the parliament so that when there is voting in the parliament, it will always go in their favor since they become the majority as they have done it when they voted for the implementation of the 28 states.

What is wrong with this man and his outdated Dinka Council of Evil?

Why all government institutions are being headed by Dinkas only than other tribes? Are the rest of the tribes not educated and qualified enough to be heads of the institutions?

Were Dinkas only one fougt for the liberation of the South from the North?

These are some of the questions, others must ask questions before supporting this tribal domination and fighting for Dinkas’ tribal interest?

Hence, domination comes through many forms, and the current structure in the new country portends oppression and marginalization of other tribes which may result in more conflicts if those who devise this evil will not reverse the course.

We must be wise enough to question this current system and call for reform before it is too late. If we claim that we can help bring change for the betterment of our society, then, let us dig deep and prevent our Dinkas brothers and sisters from these divisive activities.

Otherwise, South Sudan’s problem is far from over.

Therefore, resistance moment should not bother going to Juba because we need to solve most of our country’s problems now rather than later.

Hence, there will never be a real peace because communities will fight against one another due to their lands being annexed to Dinka communities in every corner all over the country.

Thus, all South Sudanese should stand together against these evil elders because they are primitively running the country while devising primitive ways and ideas to mislead our country.

Nhial T. Ruach
The writer of this article is a veteran of the United States Military, he holds a BS in Electronic Engineering and a MS in Social Justice, Peace, and Environmental Justice (Social Responsibility). He is author of a Book “The Traumatic Past and Uncertain Future of South Sudan”
He can be reached at

IGAD & Troika’s Absence of Sagacity to shepherd Peace Agreement in South Sudan is unaccommodating & dire

A Letter to: H. E. Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairman of the IGAD,
Addis Ababa,
Date: 22 November, 2015, SSN;

Your Excellency,
It is indisputably a regrettable development that the peace rapprochement arrived at between the government of South Sudan and the SPLM–IO after so much drudgery exerted by members of the international community would likely collapse sooner than later.

It increasingly appears unlikely that the realisation of peace would ever be accomplished in view of the inactivity and imperturbable disposition of IGAD and the Troika group specifically in the face of the recent blatant breach of the Peace Agreement by the government of South Sudan represented in the creation of the 28 states in the country.

Your Excellency,
For the benefit of executing the Peace Agreement between Government of South Sudan and the SPLM-IO, the following points could probably assist in this regard:

1. The IGAD and Troika, apart from expressing mere reservation about the illegal move adopted by the regime in South Sudan, have never expressly cautioned President Kiir about the unconstitutionality and inoperability of his order number 36/2015 that created the 28 states in the country from the licit 10 states enshrined in the interim constitution of the country. It is essential to note that the creation of the 28 states in South Sudan is the handiwork of a tribally constituted assemblage known as the Jeng Council of Elders (JCE) – the de facto Parliament of South Sudan and handed over the final draft to President Kiir to formally proclaim to the nation. Worringly, the 28 states was designed with dual sadistic intent as follows:

i) To create machinations and consequently violence and ethnic cleansing among the other 63 tribes in South Sudan and prepare the ground for a tribal hegemony in South Sudan. The case of the former Tutsi ethnic group in Rwanda before 1994 is nevertheless ripe;
ii) To execute consistent land-grab policy, particularly from the Shilluk tribe in Upper Nile state, as illustrated in the new map of the country.
Such intrigues and fascistic philosophies must be exposed and prevented from being realised in South Sudan if the country must attain peace and prosperity.

Your Excellency,
2. In this regard, the SPLM-IO would certainly not be expected to relocate to Juba and form a government of national unity with President Kiir when the latter has already decreed the establishment of 28 states and which has significantly impacted undesirably on the recognized power sharing format among the pertinent parties. Changing the goal post in the middle of the game would emphatically cause altercation and instability. Hence IGAD and Troika must address this issue promptly to prevent the resurgence of conflict and bloodshed in the country.

3. The claim of the withdrawal of the UPDF troops from South Sudan has never been verified by IGAD’s monitoring team and every concerned party would like to know whether or not the UPDF troops have been pulled out from the country, albeit Uganda and South Sudan have both declared that the withdrawal has been accomplished. IGAD and the Troika should constitute a team to establish the fact on the ground. Not doing so would amount to an apparent absence of Sagacity in shepherding the realisation of Peace in South Sudan and that could derail the Peace Agreement with a potential for further renewed violence.

Moreover, reliable sources contend that the UPDF soldiers have not been withdrawn from South Sudan because Uganda and South Sudan have reached yet another secret agreement that calls for further deployment of Ugandan forces in the troubled country. Furthermore, a sizable opinion in South Sudan does not agree with the tale of the “accomplished withdrawal”. Thus the onus now rests upon IGAD and the Troika to ensure that Peace is ushered in South Sudan by swiftly enforcing the implementation of the Agreement.

4. The demilitarization clause of 25 km stipulated in the peace accord must be fully honoured by the government of South Sudan. There must not be any further excuses to this imperative section of the agreement. It was an unfortunate scenario that IGAD was not aware at the time that it was critically important for the East African body to designate the precise numbers of combatants from the two contesting parties that would be deployed in Juba during the transition period. IGAD simply requested the divergent parties to negotiate the matter amicably.

Furthermore, the term “Demilitarization” as plainly understood in the military parlance means, the shifting of military units from one location to another. This is not the case with the government of South Sudan that believes in maintaining an excessively large numbers of troops in the capital city of Juba. Another worrying development is that the government in Juba could camouflage thousands of army units as police force in police uniform in order to evade and undermine the demilitarization process.

Again the IGAD is saddled with the responsibility to ensure the execution of the entire Agreement as envisaged. The SPLM-IO and the former G10 should not be urged to move to Juba without sufficient guarantees on their physical safety and it would sound utterly naïve to maintain that the government would honestly provide the former with security. Furthermore, the government in Juba should not be expected by IGAD to likewise provide physical security to SPLM-IO officials when the latter finally move to Juba, for fear of some sort of a shady game perhaps in the offing – a customary phenomenon in Africa. It is worth remembering that in December 2013, the government of South Sudan falsely claimed that an abortive coup had occurred and was organised by Dr. Riek Machar alongside the other detained politicians, but the verity remains that no coup has ever occur in South Sudan, as contained in the AU Report. President Museveni had also disputed the coup story. The wild allegation was simply a malign exploit by President Kiir to liquidate opposition within the party and country-wide.

IGAD should earnestly cogitate on the following matters:
(a) For the peace agreement to gain traction, President Salva Kiir must unreservedly rescind the order 36/2015 that established the 28 states in South Sudan;
(b) IGAD should verify a complete withdrawal of the Ugandan troops fighting in South Sudan on the side of the government of that country and make a public proclamation that indeed the UPDF soldiers have pulled out of South Sudan and to further ensure that these troops are not redeployed to the country under the cover of darkness or allowed to wear South Sudanese army flag patches on their combat fatigues to appear like SPLA government soldiers after their departure to Uganda. Those UPDF troops deployed in Western Equatoria state to hunt down the Lord’s Resistance Army of Joseph Kony must not be allowed to move to any part of South Sudan;
(c) The IGAD and Troika should supervise the demilitarization exercise and ensure its accomplishments and designed outcome;
(d) The SPLA-IO and the former detainees, known as the G10 should not be urged to relocate to Juba without the execution of the clause calling for the relocation of government troops within the distance of 25km radius.
Thank you.

Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa, Former Lecturer,
Graduate School of Business and Law (GSBL), RMIT University
The Emily MacPherson Building, Building 13, 379-405 Russell Street,
Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia

Copies to:
1. Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/A in opposition;
2. H. E. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, State House, Nairobi;
3. The Embassy of the United States of America in the Republic of South Sudan, Juba;
4 The British Embassy in South Sudan, Juba;
5 Embassy of the Republic of Sudan, Juba
6 The Embassy of the Republic of South Africa in South Sudan, Juba;
7. Representatives of Troika member countries;
8. Other Representatives of member countries of the IGAD;
9. Alpha Oumar Konaré, the AU high representative for South Sudan;
10. Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, Chairman, SPLM – DC, Juba;
11. South Sudan Civil Society Organisation, Juba;